CM1233 D

CM1233
ESD Clamp Array for High
Speed Data Line Protection
Product Description
The CM1233 is ideal for protecting systems with high data and
clock rates or for circuits requiring low capacitive loading and tightly
controlled signal skews (with channel−to−channel matching at 2%
max deviation).
The device is particularly well−suited for protecting systems using
high−speed ports such as DVI or HDMI, along with corresponding
ports in removable storage, digital camcorders, DVD−RW drives and
other applications where extremely low loading capacitance with ESD
protection are required.
The CM1233 also features easily routed “pass−through” pinouts in a
RoHS compliant (lead−free), 16−lead WDFN, small footprint
package.
16
1
WDFN16
DE SUFFIX
CASE 511AY
PINOUT DIAGRAM
Features
• ESD Protection for 4 Pairs of Differential Channels
• ESD Protection to IEC61000−4−2 Level 4 at ±8 kV Contact
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Discharge
Pass−through Impedance Matched Clamp Architecture
Flow−through Routing for High−speed Signal Integrity
Minimal Line Capacitance Change with Temperature and Voltage
100 W Matched Impedance for Each Paired Differential Channel
Each I/O Pin can Withstand Over 1000 ESD Strikes*
RoHS Compliant (lead−free) WDFN−16 Package
Applications
• DVI Ports, HDMI Ports in Notebooks, Set Top Boxes, Digital TVs,
and LCD Displays
Out_1+
Out_1−
Out_2+
Out_2−
Out_3+
Out_3−
Out_4+
Out_4−
1
GND
In_1+
In_1−
In_2+
In_2−
In_3+
In_3−
In_4+
In_4−
(Bottom View)
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 8 of this data sheet.
• General Purpose High−speed Data Line ESD Protection
*Standard test condition is IEC61000−4−2 level 4 test circuit with each pin
subjected to ±8 kV contact discharge for 1000 pulses. Discharges are timed at
1 second intervals and all 1000 strikes are completed in one continuous test run.
The part is then subjected to standard production test to verify that all of the
tested parameters are within spec after the 1000 strikes.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2014
January, 2014 − Rev. 4
1
Publication Order Number:
CM1233/D
CM1233
Figure 1. Electrical Schematic
ESD Protection Architecture
characteristic impedance that helps optimize 100 W load
impedance applications such as the HDMI high speed data
lines.
NOTE: When each of the channels are used individually
for single−ended signal lines protection, the
individual channel provides 50 W characteristic
impedance matching.
The load impedance matching feature of the CM1233
helps to simplify system designer’s PCB layout
considerations in impedance matching and also eliminates
associated passive components.
The route through the architecture enables the CM1233 to
provide matched impedance for the signal path between the
connector and the ASIC. Besides this function, this circuit
arrangement also changes the way the parasitic inductance
interacts with the ESD protection circuit and helps reduce
the IRESIDUAL current to the ASIC.
Conceptually, an ESD protection device performs the
following actions upon an ESD strike discharge into a
protected ASIC (see Figure 2):
1. When an ESD potential is applied to the system
under test (contact or air−discharge), Kirchoff’s
Current Law (KCL) dictates that the Electrical
Overstress (EOS) currents will immediately divide
throughout the circuit, based on the dynamic
impedance of each path.
2. Ideally, the classic shunt ESD clamp will switch
within 1 ns to a low−impedance path and return
the majority of the EOS current to the chassis
shield/reference ground. In actuality, if the ESD
component’s response time (tCLAMP) is slower
than the ASIC it is protecting, or if the Dynamic
Clamping Resistance (RDYN) is not significantly
lower than the ASIC’s I/O cell circuitry, then the
ASIC will have to absorb a large amount of the
EOS energy, and be more likely to fail.
3. Subsequent to the ESD/EOS event, both devices
must immediately return to their original
specifications, and be ready for an additional
strike. Any deterioration in parasitics or clamping
capability should be considered a failure, since it
can then affect signal integrity or subsequent
protection capability. (This is known as
“multi−strike” capability.)
In the CM1233 architecture, the signal line leading the
connector to the ASIC routes through the CM1233 chip
which provides 100 W matched differential channel
Figure 2. Standard ESD Protection Device Block
Diagram
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2
CM1233
The Architecture Advantages
leading to the ESD protection element. This limits the speed
that the ESD pulse can discharge through the ESD protection
element.
In the architecture, the inductive elements are in series to
the conduction path leading to the protected device. The
elements actually help to limit the current and voltage
striking the protected device.
First the reactance of the inductive element, L1, on the
connector side when an ESD strike occurs, acts in the
opposite direction of the ESD striking current. This helps
limit the peak striking voltage. Then the reactance of the
inductive element, L2, on the ASIC side forces this limited
ESD strike current to be shunted through the ESD protection
diodes. At the same time, the voltage drop across both series
element acts to lower the clamping voltage at the protected
device terminal.
Through this arrangement, the inductive elements also
tune the impedance of the ESD protection element by
cancelling the capacitive load presented by the ESD diodes
to the signal line. This improves the signal integrity and
makes the overall ESD protection device more transparent
to the high bandwidth data signals passing through the
channel.
The innovative architecture turns the disadvantages of the
parasitic inductive elements into useful components that
help to limit the ESD current strike to the protected device
and also improves the signal integrity of the system by
balancing the capacitive loading effects of the ESD diodes.
At the same time, this architecture provides an impedance
matched signal path for 50 W loading applications.
Board designs can take advantage of precision internal
component matching for improved signal integrity, which is
not otherwise possible with discrete components at the
system level. This helps to simplify the PCB layout
considerations by the system designer and eliminates the
associated passive components for load matching that is
normally required with standard ESD protection circuits.
Each ESD channel consists of a pair of diodes in series
which steer the positive or negative ESD current pulse to
either the Zener diode or to ground. This embedded Zener
diode also serves to eliminate the need for a separate bypass
capacitor to absorb positive ESD strikes to ground. The
CM1233 protects against ESD pulses up to ±8 kV contact
per the IEC 61000−4−2 standard.
Figure 3 illustrates a standard ESD protection device. The
inductor element represents the parasitic inductance arising
from the bond wire and the PCB trace leading to the ESD
protection diodes.
Figure 3. Standard ESD Protection Model
Figure 4 illustrates one of the channels. Similarly, the
inductor elements represent the parasitic inductance arising
from the bond wire and PCB traces leading to the ESD
protection diodes as well.
Figure 4. CM1233 ESD Protection Model
CM1233 Inductor Elements
In the CM1233 architecture, the inductor elements and
ESD protection diodes interact differently compared to the
standard ESD model.
In the standard ESD protection device model, the
inductive element presents high impedance against high
slew rate strike voltage, i.e. during an ESD strike. The
impedance increases the resistance of the conduction path
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CM1233
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin
Name
Description
1
In_1+
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
2
In_1−
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
3
In_2+
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
4
In_2−
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
5
In_3+
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
6
In_3−
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
7
In_4+
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
8
In_4−
Bidirectional Clamp to ASIC (inside system)
9
Out_4−
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
10
Out_4+
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
11
Out_3−
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
12
Out_3+
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
13
Out_2−
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
14
Out_2+
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
15
Out_1−
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
16
Out_1+
Bidirectional Clamp to Connector (outside system)
PAD
GND
Ground return to shield
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CM1233
Specifications
Table 1. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter
Rating
Units
Operating Temperature Range
−40 to +85
°C
Storage Temperature Range
−65 to +150
°C
Breakdown Voltage (Positive)
6
V
Stresses exceeding those listed in the Maximum Ratings table may damage the device. If any of these limits are exceeded, device functionality
should not be assumed, damage may occur and reliability may be affected.
Table 2. ELECTRICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
(All parameters specified at TA = –40°C to +85°C unless otherwise noted.)
Symbol
Parameter
VIN
I/O Voltage Relative to GND
IIN
Continuous Current through signal pins
(IN to OUT) 1000 Hr
IF
Conditions
Min
Typ
−0.5
Max
5.5
100
Units
V
mA
Channel Leakage Current
TA = 25°C; VN = 5 V
VESD
ESD Protection − Peak Discharge Voltage
at any channel input, in system:
Contact discharge per
IEC 61000−4−2 Standard
TA = 25°C
IRES
Residual ESD Peak Current on RDUP
(Resistance of Device Under Protection)
IEC 61000−4−2 8 kV;
RDUP = 5 W, TA = 25°C;
See Figure 7
VCL
Channel Clamp Voltage
(Channel clamp voltage per
IEC 61000−4−5 Standard)
Positive Transients
Negative Transients
IPP = 1 A, TA = 25°C,
tP = 8/20 mS
Dynamic Resistance
Positive Transients
Negative Transients
IPP = 1 A, TA = 25°C,
tP = 8/20 mS
Differential Channels pair
characteristic impedance
TR = 200 ps
100
W
DZo
Channel−to−Channel Impedance Match
(Differential)
TR = 200 ps
2
%
ZCHANNEL
Individual Channel Characteristic Impedance in Single−ended Connection
TR = 200 ps
50
W
DZCHANNEL
Channel−to−Channel Impedance Match
(Individual)
TR = 200 ps
2
%
RDYN
Zo
±0.1
±1.0
mA
kV
±8
3.2
A
V
+10
−1.8
W
0.9
0.55
Product parametric performance is indicated in the Electrical Characteristics for the listed test conditions, unless otherwise noted. Product
performance may not be indicated by the Electrical Characteristics if operated under different conditions.
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5
CM1233
Performance Information
Graphical Comparison and Test Setup
Figure 5 shows that the CM1233 (ESD protector) lowers the peak voltage and clamping voltage by 45% across a wide range
of loading conditions in comparison to a standard ESD protection device. Figure 6 also indicates that the DUP/ASIC protected
by the CM1233 dissipates less energy than a standard ESD protection device. This data was derived using the test setups shown
in Figure 7.
VPEAK
1.2
Energy (0−50 ns)
0.6
STD ESD Device
0.8
CM1233
0.6
0.4
0.4
CM1233
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
0
STD ESD Device
0.5
ENERGY (Normalized)
VOLTAGE (Normalized)
1.0
5
10
0
20
5
10
20
RDUP (W)
RDUP (W)
Figure 5. VPeak (8 KV IEC−61000 4−2 ESD
Contact Strike) and VClamp vs. Loading (RDUP)*
Figure 6. Energy Dissipated in DUP vs. RDUP*
*RDUP is the emulated Dynamic Resistance (load) of the Device Under Protection (DUP). See Figure 7.
IEC 61000−4−2
Test Standards
IEC 61000−4−2
Test Standards
Voltage
Probe
Voltage
Probe
CM1233
Standard
ESD Device
Standard ESD
Device Test Setup
Current
Probe
Device Under
Protection (DUP)
Device Under
Protection (DUP)
RVARIABLE
RVARIABLE
IRESIDUAL
CM1233 Test Setup
Figure 7. Test Setups: Standard Device (Left) and CM1233 (Right)
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6
Current
Probe
IRESIDUAL
CM1233
100.0 W
Figure 8. Typical Channel TDR Measured Across Out_x and In_x Per Each
Differential Channels Pair (Typical 200 ps Incident Rise Time)
Application Information
CM1233 Application and Guidelines
As a general rule, the CM1233 ESD protection array should be located as close as possible to the point of entry of expected
electrostatic discharges with minimum PCB trace lengths to the ground planes and between the signal input and the ESD device
to minimize stray series inductance.
Figure 9. Application of Positive ESD Pulse
Between Input Channel and Ground
Additional Information
See also ON Semiconductor Application Note “Design
Considerations for ESD Protection,” in the Applications
section at www.onsemi.com.
Figure 10. Typical PCB Layout
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7
CM1233
Ordering Information
PART NUMBERING INFORMATION
NOTE:
Pin
Package
Ordering Part Number
(Lead−Free Finish)
Part Marking
16
WDFN−16
CM1233−08DE
CM1233−08
Parts are shipped in Tape & Reel form unless otherwise specified.
TAPE AND REEL SPECIFICATIONS †
Part Number
Package Size (mm)
Pocket Size (mm)
B0 X A0 X K0
Tape Width
W
Reel
Diameter
Qty per
Reel
P0
P1
CM1233
6.00 X 4.00 X 0.75
6.30 X 4.30 X 1.10
12 mm
330 mm (13″)
3000
4 mm
8 mm
†For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging
Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.
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8
CM1233
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
WDFN16, 6x4, 0.75P
CASE 511AY−01
ISSUE O
A B
D
PIN ONE
REFERENCE
2X
0.10 C
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
0.10 C
2X
L
L1
DETAIL A
E
ALTERNATE TERMINAL
CONSTRUCTIONS
TOP VIEW
ÉÉÉ
ÇÇÇ
ÇÇÇ
EXPOSED Cu
(A3)
DETAIL B
0.10 C
A
A1
SIDE VIEW
DETAIL A
D2
1
C
16X
MOLD CMPD
ÇÇ
ÉÉ
DIM
A
A1
A3
b
D
D2
E
E2
e
K
L
L1
A3
A1
DETAIL B
0.08 C
NOTE 4
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER
ASME Y14.5M, 1994.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS.
3. DIMENSION b APPLIES TO PLATED
TERMINAL AND IS MEASURED BETWEEN
0.15 AND 0.30 MM FROM TERMINAL TIP.
4. COPLANARITY APPLIES TO THE EXPOSED
PAD AS WELL AS THE TERMINALS.
L
SEATING
PLANE
ALTERNATE
CONSTRUCTIONS
L
8
RECOMMENDED
SOLDERING FOOTPRINT*
E2
5.26
K
16
e
e/2
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
0.70
0.80
0.00
0.05
0.20 REF
0.20
0.30
6.00 BSC
5.05
5.15
4.00 BSC
1.75
1.85
0.75 BSC
0.70 REF
0.35
0.45
−−−
0.15
9
16X
b
0.10 C A B
0.05 C
16X
0.63
NOTE 3
BOTTOM VIEW
1.96
16X
0.32
4.30
0.75
PITCH
DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering
details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and
Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
ON Semiconductor and
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC owns the rights to a number of patents, trademarks,
copyrights, trade secrets, and other intellectual property. A listing of SCILLC’s product/patent coverage may be accessed at www.onsemi.com/site/pdf/Patent−Marking.pdf. SCILLC
reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any
particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without
limitation special, consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications
and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC
does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for
surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where
personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and
its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly,
any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture
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PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION
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For additional information, please contact your local
Sales Representative
CM1233/D
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