A3211 and A3212 Datasheet

A3211 and A3212
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
DESCRIPTION
•
•
•
•
•
The A3211 and A3212 integrated circuits are ultrasensitive, pole
independent Hall-effect switches with latched digital output.
These devices are especially suited for operation in batteryoperated, hand-held equipment such as cellular and cordless
telephones, pagers, and palmtop computers. A 2.5 to 3.5 V
operation and a unique clocking scheme reduce the average
operating power requirements to less than 15 μW with a
2.75 V supply.
•
•
•
•
AEC-Q100 automotive qualified
Micropower operation
Operation with north or south pole
2.5 to 3.5 V battery operation
Chopper stabilized
□□ Superior temperature stability
□□ Extremely low switchpoint drift
□□ Insensitive to physical stress
High ESD protection
Solid-state reliability
Small size
Easily manufacturable with magnet pole independence
Packages:
Unlike other Hall-effect switches, either a north or south pole
of sufficient strength will turn the output on in the A3212,
and in the absence of a magnetic field, the output is off. The
A3211 provides an inverted output. The polarity independence
and minimal power requirements allow these devices to easily
replace reed switches for superior reliability and ease of
manufacturing, while eliminating the requirement for signal
conditioning.
DFN (EL)
Improved stability is made possible through chopper
stabilization (dynamic offset cancellation), which reduces the
residual offset voltage normally caused by device overmolding,
temperature dependencies, and thermal stress.
DFN (EH)
This device includes on a single silicon chip a Hall-voltage
generator, small-signal amplifier, chopper stabilization, a
latch, and a MOSFET output. Advanced CMOS processing
is used to take advantage of low-voltage and low-power
SIP (UA)
SOT23W (LH)
Continued on next page....
Not to scale
SUPPLY
SWITCH
LATCH
OUTPUT
SAMPLE
& HOLD
X
DYNAMIC
OFFSET CANCELLATION
TIMING
LOGIC
GROUND
Dwg. FH-020-5
Functional Block Diagram
3211-DS, Rev. 22
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
Description (continued)
requirements, component matching, very low input-offset errors,
and small component geometries.
Four package styles provide magnetically optimized solutions for
most applications. Miniature low-profile surface-mount package
types EH and EL (0.75 and 0.50 mm nominal height) are leadless, LH
is a 3-pin low-profile SMD, and UA is a three-pin SIP for throughhole mounting. Packages are lead (Pb) free (suffix, –T) with 100%
matte-tin-plated leadframes.
SPECIFICATIONS
Selection Guide
Part Number
Packing1
Package
A3211EEHLT–T2,3,4
3000 pieces per reel
2 mm x 3 mm, 0.75 mm nominal height DFN
A3211EELLT–T2,4,5
3000 pieces per reel
2 mm x 2 mm, 0.50 mm nominal height DFN
A3211ELHLT–T4
3000 pieces per reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3211ELHLX–T4
10000 pieces per 13-in. reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3212EEHLT–T2,3
3000 pieces per reel
2 mm x 3 mm, 0.75 mm nominal height DFN
A3212EELLT–T2,5
3000 pieces per reel
2 mm x 2 mm, 0.50 mm nominal height DFN
A3212ELHLT–T
3000 pieces per reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3212ELHLX–T
10000 pieces per 13-in. reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3212EUA–T
500 pieces per bulk bag
SIP-3 through hole
A3212LLHLT–T
3000 pieces per reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3212LLHLX–T
10000 pieces per 13-in. reel
3-pin surface mount SOT23W
A3212LUA–T
500 pieces per bulk bag
SIP-3 through hole
Ambient Temperature
TA (°C)
State in
Magnetic Field
–40 to 85
Off
–40 to 85
On
–40 to 150
1 Contact Allegro
for additional packaging and handling options.
2 Allegro products sold in DFN package types are not intended for automotive applications.
3 Variant is no longer in production. The device should not be purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available. Date of status change:
June 1, 2015 (A3212EEHLT-T), December 1, 2015 (A3211EEHLT-T).
4 For automotive sales, please contact the field applications engineer.
5 Variant is in production but has been determined to be NOT FOR NEW DESIGN. This classification indicates that sale of the variant is currently restricted to existing customer applications. The variant should not be purchased for new design applications because obsolescence in the near future is probable. Samples are no longer available.
Status change: March 2, 2015.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Supply Voltage
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Units
VDD
5
V
B
Unlimited
G
Output Off Voltage
VOUT
5
V
Output Current
IOUT
1
mA
Range E
–40 to 85
ºC
Range L
Magnetic Flux Density
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
–40 to 150
ºC
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Storage Temperature
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
Pinout Drawings
NO
CONNECTION
GROUND
6
5
4
Package Suffix ‘EL’ Pinning
(Leadless Chip Carrier)
Dwg. PH-016-2
SUPPLY
Package Suffix ‘EH’ Pinning
(Leadless Chip Carrier)
3
X
VDD
V
DD
GROUND
n
Package Suffix ‘LH’ Pinning
(SOT23W)
OUTPUT
NO
CONNECTION
2
GROUND
3
SUPPLY
2
OUTPUT
1
1
Dwg. PH-016-1
Package Suffix ‘UA’ Pinning
(SIP)
X
3
V
OUTPUT
2
GROUND
SUPPLY
1
Dwg. PH-016-1
1
2
3
OUTPUT
DD
GROUND
V
SUPPLY
DD
Dwg. PH-016
Pinning is shown viewed from branded side.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: over operating voltage and temperature range (unless otherwise specified).
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Supply Voltage Range
VDD
Operating
Output Leakage Current
IOFF
VOUT = 3.5 V, Output off
Output On Voltage
VOUT
IOUT = 1 mA, VDD = 2.75 V
Awake Time
tawake
Period
tperiod
d.c.
Duty Cycle
Chopping Frequency
Supply Current
fC
Limits
Min.
Typ.*
Max.
Units
2.5
2.75
3.5
V
–
<1.0
1.0
µA
–
100
300
mV
–
45
90
µs
–
45
90
ms
–
0.1
–
%
–
340
–
kHz
–
–
2.0
mA
IDD(EN)
Chip awake (enabled)
IDD(DIS)
Chip asleep (disabled)
–
–
8.0
µA
VDD = 2.75 V
–
5.1
10
µA
VDD = 3.5 V
–
6.7
10
µA
IDD(AVG)
* Typical data is at TA = 25°C and VDD = 2.75 V, and is for design information only.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
A3211 MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS over operating voltage range (unless otherwise specified)
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Limits
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Over Temperature Range E: TA = –40°C to 85°C
Operate Points
Release Points
Hysteresis
NOTES:
BOPS
South pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
–
37
55
G
BOPN
North pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
–55
–40
–
G
BRPS
South pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
10
31
–
G
BRPN
North pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
–
–34
–10
G
BHYS
|BOPx - BRPx|
–
5.9
–
G
Typ.
Max.
Units
1. Negative flux densities are defined as less than zero (algebraic convention), i.e., -50 G is less than +10 G.
2. BOPx = operate point (output turns off); BRPx = release point (output turns on).
3. Typical Data is at TA = +25°C and VDD = 2.75 V and is for design information only.
4. 1 gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
A3212 MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS over operating voltage range (unless otherwise specified)
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Limits
Min.
Over Temperature Range E: TA = –40°C to 85°C
Operate Points
Release Points
Hysteresis
BOPS
South pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
–
37
55
G
BOPN
North pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
–55
–40
–
G
BRPS
South pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
10
31
–
G
BRPN
North pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
–
–34
–10
G
BHYS
|BOPx - BRPx|
–
5.9
–
G
Over Temperature Range L: TA = –40°C to 150°C
Operate Points
Release Points
Hysteresis
NOTES:
BOPS
South pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
–
37
65
G
BOPN
North pole to branded side; B > BOP, VOUT = Low (Output On)
–65
–40
–
G
BRPS
South pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
10
31
–
G
BRPN
North pole to branded side; B < BRP, VOUT = High (Output Off)
–
–34
–10
G
BHYS
|BOPx - BRPx|
–
5.9
–
G
1. Negative flux densities are defined as less than zero (algebraic convention), i.e., -50 G is less than +10 G.
2. BOPx = operate point (output turns on); BRPx = release point (output turns off).
3. Typical Data is at TA = +25°C and VDD = 2.75 V and is for design information only.
4. 1 gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
TYPICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
Switch Points
60
60
BOPS
BRPS
20
VDD = 2.75 V
0
-20
BRPN
-40
-60
-25
0
25
BRPS
20
TA = 25°C
0
-20
BRPN
-40
BOPN
-50
BOPS
40
SWITCH POINTS IN GAUSS
SWITCH POINTS IN GAUSS
40
50
75
100
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IN °C
125
-60
2.4
150
BOPN
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
SUPPLY VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
Dwg. GH-027-3
3.6
Dwg. GH-057-2
Supply Current
7.0
AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT IN µA
AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT IN µA
7.0
6.0
VDD =3.5 V
VDD =2.75 V
5.0
VDD =2.5 V
4.0
3.0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IN ° C
100
125
150
Dwg. GH-028-11
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.4
TA = 25°C
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
SUPPLY VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3.6
Dwg. GH-058-7
6
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Low Average Power
Internal timing circuitry activates the IC for 45 µs and deactivates
it for the remainder of the period (45 ms). A short "awake" time
allows for stabilization prior to the sampling and data latching on
the falling edge of the timing pulse. The output during the "sleep"
time is latched in the last sampled state. The supply current is not
affected by the output state.
B
+V
—
PERIOD
IDD(EN)
"AWAKE"
"SLEEP"
HALL
VOLTAGE
SAMPLE &
OUTPUT LATCHED
IDD(DIS)
+
0
Dwg. AH-011-2
Dwg. WH-017-2
Chopper-Stabilized Technique
More detailed descriptions of the circuit operation can be found
in: Technical Paper STP 97-10, Monolithic Magnetic Hall Sensing
Using Dynamic Quadrature Offset Cancellation and Technical
Paper STP 99-1, Chopper-Stabilized Amplifiers With A Track-andHold Signal Demodulator.
+V
SAMPLE
& HOLD
The Hall element can be considered as a resistor array similar to a
Wheatstone bridge. A large portion of the offset is a result of the
mismatching of these resistors. These devices use a proprietary
dynamic offset cancellation technique, with an internal high-frequency clock to reduce the residual offset voltage of the Hall element that is normally caused by device overmolding, temperature
dependencies, and thermal stress. The chopper-stabilizing technique cancels the mismatching of the resistor circuit by changing the direction of the current flowing through the Hall plate
using CMOS switches and Hall voltage measurement taps, while
maintaing the Hall-voltage signal that is induced by the external
magnetic flux. The signal is then captured by a sample-and-hold
circuit and further processed using low-offset bipolar circuitry.
This technique produces devices that have an extremely stable
quiescent Hall output voltage, are immune to thermal stress, and
have precise recoverability after temperature cycling. A relatively
high sampling frequency is used for faster signal processing capability can be processed.
X
Dwg. EH-012-1
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
A3211 and
A3212
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
Operation
A3211
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
0
-B
+B
MAGNETIC FLUX
A3212
OUTPUT OFF
5V
MAX
B OPS
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
B OPN
OUTPUT ON
BRPS
BRPN
OUTPUT ON
0
0
-B
+B
MAGNETIC FLUX
50 k
2
OUT P UT
1
DD
V
www.allegromicro.com
B OPS
OUTPUT ON
3
The simplest form of magnet that will operate these devices is
a bar magnet with either pole near the branded surface of the
device. Many other methods of operation are possible. Extensive
applications information for Hall-effect devices is available in:
• Hall-Effect IC Applications Guide, Application Note 27701;
• Hall-Effect Devices: Guidelines for Designing Subassemblies
Using Hall-Effect Devices, Application Note 27703.1;
• Soldering Methods for Allegro’s Products — SMD and ThroughHole, Application Note 26009.
All are provided at
RPS
0
Applications
It is strongly recommended that an external bypass capacitor be
connected (in close proximity to the Hall element) between the
supply and ground of the device to reduce both external noise
and noise generated by the chopper-stabilization technique. This
is especially true due to the relatively high impedance of battery
supplies.
B
BRPN
B OPN
As used here, negative flux densities are defined as less than zero
(algebraic convention), i.e., -50 G is less than +10 G.
Allegro's pole-independent processing technique allows for operation with either a north pole or south pole magnet orientation,
enhancing the manufacturability of the device. The state-of-theart technology provides the same output polarity for either pole
face.
OUTPUT OFF
OUTPUT OFF
5V
MAX
X
The output of the A3212 switches low (turns on) when a magnetic
field perpendicular to the Hall element exceeds the operate point
BOPS (or is less than BOPN). After turn-on, the output is capable
of sinking up to 1 mA and the output voltage is VOUT(ON). When
the magnetic field is reduced below the release point BRPS (or
increased above BRPN), the device output switches high (turns
off). The difference in the magnetic operate and release points is
the hysteresis (Bhys) of the device. This built-in hysteresis allows
clean switching of the output even in the presence of external
mechanical vibration and electrical noise. The A3211 functions in
the same manner, except the output voltage is reversed from the
A3212, as shown in the figures to the right.
0.1 ∝F
S UP P LY
(3 V B AT T E R Y )
Dwg. E H-013-2
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
PACKAGE OUTLINE DRAWINGS
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2861 and JEDEC MO-229WCED, Type 1)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
0.30
2.00 ±0.15
E
0.88
0.50
F
6
6
1.00
1.57 E
3.70
3.00 ±0.15
A
1
1.25
E
2
1
7X
D
0.95
C
0.75 ±0.05
0.08
C
C
SEATING
PLANE
PCB Layout Reference View
0.25 ±0.05
0.5 BSC
1
2
YWW
LLL
NN
0.55 ±0.10
1.224 ±0.050
1
B
G
Standard Branding Reference View
Y = Last two digits of year of manufacture
W = Week of manufacture
L = Lot number
N = Last two digits of device part number
6
1.042
+0.100
–0.150
A
Terminal #1 mark area
D
Coplanarity includes exposed thermal pad and terminals
B
Exposed thermal pad (reference only, terminal #1 identifier appearance at supplier discretion)
E
Hall Element (not to scale); U.S. customary dimensions controlling
C
Reference land pattern layout; all pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances;
when mounting on a multilayer PCB, thermal vias at the exposed thermal pad land can
improve thermal dissipation (reference EIA/JEDEC Standard JESD51-5)
F
Active Area Depth, 0.32 mm NOM
G
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
Package EH, 6-Pin DFN
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2861 and JEDEC MO-229UCCD)
All dimension nominal – Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
2.00
1.250
E
1.03
0.325
0.30
F
3
3
E
0.74 E
0.925
2.00
0.138
2.40
A
0.65
1
2
1
0.30
9X
1.00
C
D
0.50
0.08 C
C
SEATING
PLANE
PCB Layout Reference View
0.25
1.00
1
2
A
Terminal #1 mark area
B
Exposed thermal pad (reference only, terminal #1 identifier appearance at supplier discretion)
C
Reference land pattern layout (reference IPC7351); all pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all
adjacent pads; adjust as necessary to meet application process requirements and PCB layout
tolerances; when mounting on a multilayer PCB, thermal vias at the exposed thermal pad land
can improve thermal dissipation (reference EIA/JEDEC Standard JESD51-5)
D
Coplanarity includes exposed thermal pad and terminals
E
Hall element (not to scale); U.S. customary dimensions controlling
F
Active area depth = 0.18
0.40
0.138
0.925
B
3
1.250
0.325
Package EL, 3-Pin DFN
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2840)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
D
1.49
4° ±4°
A
3
+0.020
0.180 –0.053
0.96
D
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Branded Face
Gauge Plane
B
PCB Layout Reference View
8X 10°
REF
1.00 ±0.13
NNN
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.95 BSC
0.40 ±0.10
C
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last three digits of device part number
A Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm
B Reference land pattern layout; all pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D Hall elements, not to scale
Package LH, 3-Pin SOT-23W
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
11
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-9065)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
2 X 45°
B
4.09
+0.08
–0.05
1.52 ±0.05
E
2.04
C
3 X 10°
1.44 E
3.02
E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
–0.05
45°
Branded
Face
1.02 MAX
1.02 MAX
A
0.79 REF
1
2
3
0.43
+0.05
–0.07
0.41
+0.03
–0.06
1.27 NOM
NNN
14.99 ±0.25
1
D
Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last three digits of device part number
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B
Gate and tie bar burr area
C
Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
Package UA, 3-Pin SIP
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
12
Micropower, Ultrasensitive
Hall-Effect Switches
A3211 and
A3212
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
18
December 11, 2013
Description of Revision
19
August 1, 2014
Revised footnote on Selection Guide
20
January 1, 2015
Added LX option to Selection Guide
21
September 22, 2015
22
December 1, 2015
Update application note references
Corrected LH package Active Area Depth value; added AEC-Q100 qualification under
Features and Benefits
Updated product status in Selection Guide and footnotes
Copyright ©2015, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of
Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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115 Northeast Cutoff
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1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
13
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