Datasheet

Key Features
®
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Data Sheet
June 17, 2008
FN6725.0
TMDS Regenerators with Multiplexers
Features
The ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A are highperformance TMDS (Transition Minimized Differential
Signaling) timing regenerators and multiplexers. The
receiver contains a programmable equalizer and a clock
data recovery (CDR) function for each of the 3 TMDS pairs
in an HDMI or DVI signal. The TMDS data outputs of the
ISL5410xA are regenerated and perfectly aligned to the
regenerated TMDS clock signal, creating an extremely
clean, low-jitter DVI/HDMI signal that can be easily
decoded by any TMDS receiver.
• ISL54100A: 4:1 TMDS regenerator and multiplexer
The ISL5410xA’s design and package footprint supports
many compound configurations. Two ISL54100As can
create a DualLink 4:1 mux, a 4:2 crosspoint, or an 8:1 mux.
Additional ISL54100As can create larger combinations of
these building blocks. The ISL54102A with its 2:1
multiplexing function serves applications with fewer inputs,
while the ISL54101A can be used as a cable extender, to
clean up a noisy/jittery TMDS source, or to provide a very
stable TMDS signal to a marginal DVI or HDMI receiver.
Certified HDMI 1.3a compliant by the HDMI ATC for the
following features: 12 bit Deep Color (1080i/720p
guaranteed, 1080p typical), x.v.Color™, and all HDMI1.3
audio formats and options.
• ISL54101A: 1:1 TMDS regenerator
• ISL54102A: 2:1 TMDS regenerator and multiplexer
• Clock Data Recovery and Retiming function enables use
as TMDS range extender
• Programmable pre-emphasis on output driver
• Channel activity detect based on input TMDS clock activity
• Symmetrical pinout enables high-performance DualLink,
4:2 crosspoint and 8:1 multiplexing options
• Programmable internal 50Ω, 100Ω, or high-Z termination
• External pins for channel select, activity detection
• Stand-alone or I2C software-controlled operation
• Hardware, software, or automatic channel selection
• Pb-free (RoHS compliant)
Applications
• KVM switches
• A/V receivers
• DVI/HDMI extenders
• Televisions/PC monitors/projectors
4X2
TMDS IN (B) 4X2
TMDS IN (C) 4X2
TMDS IN (D) 4X2
4:1 MUX
TMDS IN (A)
INTERNAL
TERMINATION
Block Diagrams
RECOVERY AND
REGENERATION
TMDS TX
4X2
TMDS OUT
TMDS IN 4X2
INTERNAL
TERMINATION
ISL54100A
RECOVERY AND
REGENERATION
TMDS TX
4X2
TMDS OUT
TMDS IN (B)
4X2
4X2
2:1 MUX
TMDS IN (A)
INTERNAL
TERMINATION
ISL54101A
RECOVERY AND
REGENERATION
TMDS TX
4X2
TMDS OUT
ISL54102A
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2008. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Block Diagram of ISL54100A (ISL54101A, ISL54102A identical except for number of channels)
RXC_A
2
RX0_A
2
RX1_A
RX2_A
2
2
TERMINATION
AND
EQUALIZATION
RXC_B
2
TERMINATION
RX0_B
TERMINATION
2
RX1_B
RX2_B
2
2
TERMINATION
AND
EQUALIZATION
RXC_C
2
TERMINATION
RX0_C
2
RX1_C
RX2_C
2
2
TERMINATION
AND
EQUALIZATION
RXC_D
2
TERMINATION
RX0_D
RX1_D
2
RX2_D
PLL
CH0
CH1
CH2
CDR
CDR
FIFO
2
TXC
2
TX0
2
2
CDR
TX1
TX2
TERMINATION
AND
EQUALIZATION
2
2
RES_TERM
BIAS
GENERATION
RES_BIAS
SDA
SCL
ADDR
7
CH_A_ACTIVE
CH_B_ACTIVE
PD
CONFIGURATION AND CONTROL
CH_C_ACTIVE
CH_D_ACTIVE
RESET
AUTO_CH_SEL
CH_SEL_ 0
CH_SEL_1
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Note)
NUMBER OF
CHANNELS
TEMP. RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(Pb-Free)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL54100ACQZ
4
0 to +70
128 Ld MQFP
MDP0055
ISL54101ACQZ
1
0 to +70
128 Ld MQFP
MDP0055
ISL54102ACQZ
2
0 to +70
128 Ld MQFP
MDP0055
NOTE: These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100%
matte tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil
Pb-free products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
2
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Voltage on VD (referenced to GND). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0V
Voltage on any Input Pin (referenced to GND) . . . -0.3V to VD+0.3V
Voltage on any “5V Tolerant” Input Pin
(referenced to GND). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +6.0V
Current into any Output Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±20mA
ESD Classification
Human Body Model . . . >4000V, higher voltage testing in progress
Machine Model . . . . . . . .>200V, higher voltage testing in progress
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1)
θJA (°C/W)
MQFP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Maximum Biased Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +125°C
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Pb-free reflow profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Recommended Operating Conditions
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0°C to +70°C
Supply Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VD = 3.3V
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product reliability and
result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTE:
1. θJA is measured with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for details.
Electrical Specifications
SYMBOL
Specifications apply for VD = 3.3V, pixel rate = 165MHz, TA = +25°C, RES_TERM = 1kΩ, RES_BIAS = 3.16kΩ,
TMDS output load = 50Ω, TMDS output termination voltage VTERM = 3.0V unless otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
COMMENT
MIN
(Note 2)
TYP
165
225
MAX
(Note 2)
UNIT
FULL CHANNEL CHARACTERISTICS
fDATA_MAX
Maximum Rx Clock Frequency/Pixel Rate
fDATA_MIN
Minimum Rx Clock Frequency/Pixel Rate
(Note 3)
MHz
25
MHz
50
150
mVP-P
TMDS RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS
VSENS
Minimum Differential Input Sensitivity
R50
50Ω Termination Resistance
45
50
55
Ω
R100
100Ω Termination Resistance
90
97
110
Ω
Rx Clock Duty Cycle
20
80
%
CLKDUTY
TMDS TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS
jTX_CLOCK
Total Jitter on Clock Outputs
Independent of incoming jitter
32
ps
jTX_DATA
Total Jitter on Data Outputs
Independent of incoming jitter
52
ps
±4
ps
SKEWINTRA Intra-Pair (+ to -) Differential Skew
SKEWINTER Inter-Pair (channel-to-channel) Skew
Added with respect to incoming
inter-pair skew
2
UI
tRISE
Rise Time into 50Ω Load to 3.3V
20% to 80%
80
240
ps
tFALL
Fall Time into 50Ω Load to 3.3V
20% to 80%
80
240
ps
TX VOH
Single-Ended High Level Output Voltage
VTERM - 10
VTERM + 10
mV
TX VOL
Single-Ended Low Level Output Voltage
VTERM - 600
VTERM - 400
mV
DIGITAL SCHMITT INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
VIH
High Threshold Voltage
VIL
High to Low Threshold Voltage
I
2.0
V
0.8
Input Leakage Current
V
±10
nA
RPU
Internal Pull-Up Resistance
SDA and SCL pins
65
kΩ
RPD
Internal Pull-Down Resistance
AUTO_CH_SEL, CH_SEL_x,
RESET, ADDRx, PD pins
60
kΩ
CIN
Input Capacitance
5
pF
3
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Electrical Specifications
SYMBOL
Specifications apply for VD = 3.3V, pixel rate = 165MHz, TA = +25°C, RES_TERM = 1kΩ, RES_BIAS = 3.16kΩ,
TMDS output load = 50Ω, TMDS output termination voltage VTERM = 3.0V unless otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
MIN
(Note 2)
COMMENT
TYP
MAX
(Note 2)
UNIT
DIGITAL OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
VOH
Output HIGH Voltage, IO = 8mA
VOL
Output LOW Voltage, IO = -8mA
2.4
V
0.4
V
3.3
3.6
V
387
435
mA
ISL54101A
357
405
mA
ISL54102A
370
415
mA
20
26
mA
400
kHz
470
ns
POWER SUPPLY REQUIREMENTS
VD
Supply Voltage
ID
Supply Current
3
All available inputs driven by
165Mpixel/s TMDS signals.
Default register settings
ISL54100A
ID
Supply Current in Power-down Mode
All available inputs driven by
165Mpixel/s TMDS signals.
AC TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (2-WIRE INTERFACE)
fSCL
SCL Clock Frequency
tAA
SCL LOW to SDA Data Out Valid
tBUF
Time the Bus Must be Free Before a New
Transmission Can Start
1.3
tLOW
Clock LOW Time
1.3
0.1
µs
tHIGH
Clock HIGH Time
0.6
0.2
µs
tSU:STA
Start Condition Setup Time
0.6
0.03
µs
tHD:STA
Start Condition Hold Time
0.6
0.07
µs
tSU:DAT
Data In Setup Time
100
0.03
ns
tHD:DAT
Data In Hold Time
0
ns
tSU:STO
Stop Condition Setup Time
0.6
µs
Data Output Hold Time
160
ns
tDH
0
200
µs
NOTE:
2. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
3. Operation up to 165MHz is guaranteed. While many parts will typically operate up to 225MHz, operation above 165MHz is not guaranteed.
tHIGH
tF
SCL
tLOW
tR
tSU:DAT
tSU:STA
tHD:DAT
tSU:STO
tHD:STA
SDA IN
tAA
tDH
tBUF
SDA OUT
FIGURE 1. 2-WIRE INTERFACE TIMING
4
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
103 ADDR0
104 GND
105 VD
106 VD
107 GND
108 VD
109 GND
110 VD
111 RX0-_A
112 RX0+_A
113 VD
114 RX1-_A
115 RX1+_A
116 VD
117 RX2-_A
118 RX2+_A
119 VD
120 GND
121 VD
122 RX0-_B
123 RX0+_B
124 VD
125 RX1-_B
126 RX1+_B
127 VD
128 ADDR1
ISL54100A Pin Configuration
ADDR2
1
102
CH_D_ACTIVE
PD
2
101
CH_C_ACTIVE
VD
3
100
CH_B_ACTIVE
RX2-_B
4
99
CH_A_ACTIVE
RX2+_B
5
98
VD
VD
6
97
GND
GND
7
96
GND
VD
8
95
VD_ESD
RXC-_A
9
94
VD
RXC+_A
10
93
GND
VD
11
92
VD
RXC-_B
12
91
GND
RXC+_B
13
90
TXC+
VD
14
89
TXC-
GND
15
88
GND
VD
16
87
TX2+
GND
17
86
TX2-
GND
18
85
GND
VD
19
84
TX1+
RES_TERM
20
83
TX1-
VD
21
82
GND
RES_BIAS
22
81
TX0+
GND
23
80
TX0-
GND
24
79
GND
VD
25
78
GND
RXC-_C
26
77
VD
RXC+_C
27
76
GND
VD
28
75
GND
RXC-_D
29
74
VD_ESD
RXC+_D
30
73
VD
VD
31
72
GND
GND
32
71
TEST
SCL
VD
33
70
RX0-_C
34
69
SDA
RX0+_C
35
68
CH_SEL_1
CH_SEL_0
63
64
VD
ADDR5
GND
62
60
61
59
GND
VD
58
GND
57
VD
VD
VD
RX2+_D
51
56
50
RX0+_D
55
49
VD
RX0-_D
RX2-_D
48
GND
54
47
VD
46
VD
53
45
RX2+_C
52
44
RX1-_D
43
VD
RX2-_C
5
RX1+_D
42
RX1+_C
ADDR6
41
ADDR3
65
RX1-_C
AUTO_CH_SEL
38
40
66
39
67
37
VD
36
ADDR4
VD
RESET
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
103 ADDR0
104 GND
105 VD
106 VD
107 GND
108 VD
109 GND
110 VD
111 RX0-_A
112 RX0+_A
113 VD
114 RX1-_A
115 RX1+_A
116 VD
117 RX2-_A
118 RX2+_A
119 VD
120 GND
121 VD
122 NC
123 NC
124 VD
125 NC
126 NC
127 VD
128 ADDR1
ISL54101A Pin Configuration
ADDR2
1
102
NC
PD
2
101
NC
VD
3
100
NC
NC
4
99
CH_A_ACTIVE
NC
5
98
VD
VD
6
97
GND
GND
7
96
GND
VD
8
95
VD_ESD
RXC-_A
9
94
VD
RXC+_A
10
93
GND
VD
11
92
VD
NC
12
91
GND
NC
13
90
TXC+
VD
14
89
TXC-
GND
15
88
GND
VD
16
87
TX2+
GND
17
86
TX2-
GND
18
85
GND
VD
19
84
TX1+
RES_TERM
20
83
TX1-
VD
21
82
GND
RES_BIAS
22
81
TX0+
GND
23
80
TX0-
GND
24
79
GND
VD
25
78
GND
NC
26
77
VD
NC
27
76
GND
VD
28
75
GND
NC
29
74
VD_ESD
NC
30
73
VD
VD
31
72
GND
GND
32
71
TEST
VD
33
70
SCL
NC
34
69
SDA
NC
35
68
NC
64
VD
ADDR5
VD
63
57
NC
62
56
NC
61
55
VD
VD
54
NC
GND
53
NC
GND
52
VD
60
51
NC
59
50
NC
58
49
VD
VD
48
GND
47
NC
46
45
VD
44
6
GND
43
VD
NC
ADDR6
NC
65
42
38
41
ADDR3
40
GND
VD
NC
66
NC
67
37
39
36
ADDR4
VD
RESET
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
103 ADDR0
104 GND
105 VD
106 VD
107 GND
108 VD
109 GND
110 VD
111 RX0-_A
112 RX0+_A
113 VD
114 RX1-_A
115 RX1+_A
116 VD
117 RX2-_A
118 RX2+_A
119 VD
120 GND
121 VD
122 RX0-_B
123 RX0+_B
124 VD
125 RX1-_B
126 RX1+_B
127 VD
128 ADDR1
ISL54102A Pin Configuration
ADDR2
1
102
NC
PD
2
101
NC
CH_B_ACTIVE
VD
3
100
RX2-_B
4
99
CH_A_ACTIVE
RX2+_B
5
98
VD
VD
6
97
GND
GND
7
96
GND
VD
8
95
VD_ESD
RXC-_A
9
94
VD
RXC+_A
10
93
GND
VD
11
92
VD
RXC-_B
12
91
GND
RXC+_B
13
90
TXC+
VD
14
89
TXC-
GND
15
88
GND
VD
16
87
TX2+
GND
17
86
TX2-
GND
18
85
GND
VD
19
84
TX1+
RES_TERM
20
83
TX1-
VD
21
82
GND
RES_BIAS
22
81
TX0+
GND
23
80
TX0-
GND
24
79
GND
VD
25
78
GND
NC
26
77
VD
NC
27
76
GND
VD
28
75
GND
NC
29
74
VD_ESD
NC
30
73
VD
57
58
59
60
NC
VD
VD
GND
GND
ADDR5
56
NC
64
55
63
54
VD
VD
53
NC
62
52
VD
NC
61
51
NC
VD
50
7
GND
49
NC
ADDR6
48
AUTO_CH_SEL
65
VD
66
38
47
37
46
RESET
ADDR3
VD
CH_SEL_0
GND
67
45
36
NC
NC
VD
44
SDA
68
NC
69
35
43
34
NC
42
NC
VD
SCL
NC
70
NC
33
41
TEST
VD
40
GND
71
39
72
32
VD
31
ADDR4
VD
GND
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Pin Descriptions
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
RX0-_A, RX0+_A, RX1-_A, RX1+_A,
RX2-_A, RX2+_A
TMDS Inputs. Incoming TMDS data signals for Channel A.
RX0-_B, RX0+_B, RX1-_B, RX1+_B,
RX2-_B, RX2+_B
TMDS Inputs. Incoming TMDS data signals for Channel B (ISL54100A and ISL54102A only).
RX0-_C, RX0+_C, RX1-_C, RX1+_C,
RX2-_C, RX2+_C
TMDS Inputs. Incoming TMDS data signals for Channel C (ISL54100A only).
RX0-_D, RX0+_D, RX1-_D, RX1+_D,
RX2-_D, RX2+_D
TMDS Inputs. Incoming TMDS data signals for Channel D (ISL54100A only).
RXC-_A, RXC+_A, RXC-_B, RXC+_B,
RXC-_C, RXC+_C, RXC-_D, RXC+_D
TMDS Inputs. Incoming TMDS clock signals for Channels A, B, C and D (ISL54100A), Channels A and
B (ISL54102A), or Channel A (ISL54101A).
TX0-, TX0+, TX1-, TX1+, TX1-, TX1+
TMDS Outputs. TMDS output data for selected channel.
TXC-, TXC+
TMDS Outputs. TMDS output clock for selected channel.
SCL
Digital input, 5V tolerant, 500mV hysteresis. Serial data clock for 2-wire interface.
Note: Internal 65kΩ pull-up to VD.
SDA
Bidirectional Digital I/O, open drain, 5V tolerant. Serial data I/O for 2-wire interface.
Note: Internal 65kΩ pull-up to VD.
ADDR[6:0]
Digital inputs, 5V tolerant. 7-Bit address for serial interface.
Note: Internal 60kΩ pull-down to GND.
CH_SEL_0, CH_SEL_1
Digital inputs, 3.3V. Channel select inputs for stand-alone operation. Pull to ground with a 47k resistor if
unused.
AUTO_CH_SEL
Digital Input. Pull high to have the mux automatically select the highest channel (A is highest, D is lowest)
with an active TMDS clock. Low is manual channel select.
CHA_Active, CHB_Active,
CHC_Active, CHD_Active
Digital Outputs, 3.3V. Output goes high when there is an active TMDS clock on that channel's input. Used
for activity detect in a stand-alone configuration.
CHC_Active and CHD_Active are NC (do Not Connect) for the ISL54102A.
CHB_Active, CHC_Active and CHD_Active are NC (do Not Connect) for the ISL54101A.
RES_BIAS
Tie to GND through a 3.16k external resistor. Sets up internal bias currents.
RES_TERM
Tie to VD through a 1.0k 1% external resistor. During calibration, the termination resistor closest in value
to RES_TERM/20 (= 50Ω) is selected.
PD
Digital Input, 3.3V. PD = Power-down. Pull high to put the ISL5410xA in a minimum power consumption
mode.
Note: To ensure proper operation, this pin must be held low during power-up. It may be taken high 100ms
after the power supplies have settled to 3.3V ±10%.
When exiting Power-down, a termination resistor Recalibration cycle must be run to re-trim the
termination resistors (see register 0x03[7]).
Note: Internal 60kΩ pull-down to GND.
RESET
Digital Input, 3.3V. Pull high then low to reset the mux. Tie to GND in final application.
Note: Internal 60k pull-down to GND.
TEST
Digital Input. Used for production testing only. Tie to GND in final application. This pin has an internal
pulldown to GND, so it is also acceptable to leave this pin floating.
VD
Power supply. Connect to a 3.3V supply and bypass each pin to GND with 0.1µF.
VD_ESD
Power supply for ESD protection diodes. Connect one of these pins (pin 74 or 95) to the 3.3V VD supply
rail with a low VF (0.4V or lower) Schottky diode, with the cathode connected to VD_ESD and the anode
connected to VD. Bypass each pin to GND with 0.1µF.
GND
Ground return for VD.
8
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Register Listing
ADDRESS
0x00
0x01
0x02
REGISTER (DEFAULT VALUE)
Device ID (read only)
Channel Activity Detect (read only)
Channel Selection (0x0C)
9
BIT(S)
FUNCTION NAME
DESCRIPTION
3:0
Device Revision
1 = initial silicon, 2 = second revision, etc.
7:4
Device ID
3 = ISL5410xA
0
Channel A Active
0: TMDS clock not present on Channel A
1: TMDS clock detected on Channel A
1
Channel B Active
0: TMDS clock not present on Channel B
1: TMDS clock detected on Channel B
2
Channel C Active
0: TMDS clock not present on Channel C
1: TMDS clock detected on Channel C
3
Channel D Active
0: TMDS clock not present on Channel D
1: TMDS clock detected on Channel D
Channel Select
Selects the input channel for the mux. These 2 bits are Read
Only if Auto Channel Select is enabled.
0: Channel A selected
1: Channel B selected
2: Channel C selected
3: Channel D selected
1:0
2
Auto Channel Select 0: Manual Channel Select (using bits 0 and 1).
1: Auto Channel Select. Mux always selects the active
channel with the highest priority. A = 1st (highest), B = 2nd,
C = 3rd, D = 4th (lowest) priority.
An active channel is a channel that has clock activity on its
TMDS clock lines. If no channels are active, the A channel
is selected. (default)
3
Hardware Channel
Select
0: Software channel selection (using bits 0-2 of this register)
1: Hardware channel selection (using “Auto Channel Select”
and “CH Sel 0/1” external pins) (default)
4
Reset
Full chip reset. Write a 1 to reset. Will set itself to 0 when
reset is complete.
5
Power-down
0: Normal Operation
1: Puts the chip in a minimal power consumption mode,
turning off all TMDS outputs and open-circuiting all TMDS
inputs.
This bit is OR'ed with the Power-down input pin. If either is
set, the chip will enter power-down. Serial
I/O stays operational in PD mode.
Note: When exiting Power-down, a termination resistor
Recalibration cycle must be run to re-trim the termination
resistors (see register 0x03[7]).
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Register Listing (Continued)
ADDRESS
0x03
REGISTER (DEFAULT VALUE)
Input Control (0x12)
Recommended default: 0x62
10
BIT(S)
FUNCTION NAME
DESCRIPTION
0
Tri-state Unselected
Clock Inputs
0: Normal Operation
1: Termination of unselected TMDS clock inputs is tri-stated
to save power. Setting this bit will disable the activity detect
function. This bit should not be set in crosspoint
configuration because it will make the clock termination
resistance variable depending on which 2 inputs are
selected. In general, this bit should always be set to 0.
1
Tri-state Unselected
Data Inputs
0: Normal Operation
1: Unselected Data inputs are tri-stated to save power. This
bit should not be set in crosspoint configuration because it
will make the data input termination resistance variable
depending on which 2 inputs are selected. (default)
2
Tri-state Selected
Clock Inputs
0: Selected Clock inputs are terminated into
50Ω/100Ω.
1: Selected Clock inputs are tri-stated (to allow chip to
operate in parallel with another TMDS receiver with fixed
50Ω termination)
3
Tri-state Selected
Data Inputs
0: Selected Data inputs are terminated into
50Ω/100Ω.
1: Selected Data inputs are tri-stated (to allow chip to
operate in parallel with another TMDS receiver with fixed
50Ω termination)
4
Activity Detect Mode 0: AC Activity. Activity detection is based on the presence of
AC activity on TMDS clock inputs. This setting (along with a
hysteresis of 20mV enabled) provides reliable activity
detection. (recommended setting)
1: Common Mode Voltage. If the common mode voltage is
above ~3.05V, the input is considered inactive. This method
has been found to be unreliable with small signal swings and
should not be used. This setting is the silicon default but
should be changed in software for more reliable activity
detection.
5
Clock Rx Hysteresis
Enables hysteresis for the clock inputs to prevent false clock
detection when both inputs are high. Data inputs do not get
hysteresis.
0: TMDS input hysteresis disabled
1: TMDS input hysteresis enabled. Eliminates false activity
detects on unconnected channels. (recommended setting)
6
Clock Rx Hysteresis
Magnitude
Controls the amount of hysteresis in the clock inputs.
0: 10mV
1: 20mV (recommended setting)
7
Recalibrate
0: Normal Operation
1: Recalibrates termination resistance. To recalibrate, take
this bit high, wait at least 1ms, then take this bit low.
Calibration is automatically done after power-on, but
performing a recalibration after the supply voltage and
temperature have stabilized may result in termination
resistances closer to the desired 50Ω.
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Register Listing (Continued)
ADDRESS
0x04
0x05
0x06
REGISTER (DEFAULT VALUE)
Termination Control (0x00)
Output Options (0x00)
Data Output Drive (0x00)
11
BIT(S)
FUNCTION NAME
DESCRIPTION
0
Data Termination A
0: Channel A TMDS Data inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel A TMDS Data inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
1
Data Termination B
0: Channel B TMDS Data inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel B TMDS Data inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
2
Data Termination C
0: Channel C TMDS Data inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel C TMDS Data inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
3
Data Termination D
0: Channel D TMDS Data inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel D TMDS Data inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
4
Clk Termination A
0: Channel A TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel A TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
5
Clk Termination B
0: Channel B TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel B TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
6
Clk Termination C
0: Channel C TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel C TMDS Clock inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
7
Clk Termination D
0: Channel D TMDS Data inputs terminated into 50Ω
(normal operation)
1: Channel D TMDS Data inputs terminated into 100Ω (for
paralleled inputs)
0
Tri-state Clock
Outputs
0: Normal Operation
1: Clock outputs tri-stated (allows another chip to drive the
output clock pins)
1
Tri-state Data
Outputs
0: Normal Operation
1: Data outputs tri-stated (allows another chip to drive the
output data pins)
2
Invert Output
Polarity
0: Normal Operation
1: The polarity of the TMDS data outputs is inverted
(+ becomes -, - becomes +). TMDS clock unchanged.
3
Reverse Output
Order
0: Normal Operation
1: CH0 data is output on CH2 and CH2 data is output on
CH0. No change to CH1.
3:0
Transmit Current
Transmit Drive Current for data signals, adjustable in
0.125mA steps. Clock current is fixed at 10mA.
0x0: 10mA
0x8: 11mA
0xF: 11.875mA
7:4
Transmit
Pre-emphasis
Drive boost (in 0.125mA steps) added during first half of
each bit period for data signals. Clock signals do not have
pre-emphasis.
0x0: 0mA
0x8: 1mA
0xF: 1.875mA
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Register Listing (Continued)
ADDRESS
0x07
REGISTER (DEFAULT VALUE)
Equalization 1 (0xCC)
BIT(S)
3:0
7:4
0x08
Equalization 2 (0xCC)
3:0
7:4
0x09
Test Pattern Generator (0x00)
1:0
2
FUNCTION NAME
DESCRIPTION
Channel A Equalizer Boost (dB) = 1dB + <gain value> * 0.8dB
Gain
0x0: 1dB boost at 800MHz
Channel B Equalizer
0xC: 10.6dB boost at 800MHz (default)
Gain
0xF: 13dB boost at 800MHz
Channel C Equalizer Boost (dB) = 1dB + <gain value> * 0.8dB
Gain
0x0: 1dB boost at 800MHz
Channel D Equalizer
0xC: 10.6dB boost at 800MHz (default)
Gain
0xF: 13dB boost at 800MHz
Generator Mode
When a 25MHz to 165MHz clock is applied to the selected
channel’s clock input, this function will output a PRBS7
pattern on the TX pins.
0: Normal operation (test patterns disabled)
1: PRBS7 pattern
2: Low frequency toggle (0000011111…)
3: High frequency toggle (1010101010…)
Note: When switching from the high frequency toggle
pattern to the low frequency toggle pattern, you must first
select normal operation.
Enable PRBS7 Error Enables PRBS7 error counter in registers 0x0A to 0x0C.
Counter
0: Disable PRBS7 Error Counter
1: Enable PRBS7 Error Counter
0x0A
PRBS7 Error Counter Link 0 (read only)
7:0
PRBS7 Error
Counter Link 0
PRBS7 Error Counter of Link 0. Saturates at 0xFF. Reading
this register clears this register at end of read
0x0B
PRBS7 Error Counter Link 1 (read only)
7:0
PRBS7 Error
Counter Link 1
PRBS7 Error Counter of Link 1. Saturates at 0xFF. Reading
this register clears this register at end of read
0x0C
PRBS7 Error Counter Link 2 (read only)
7:0
PRBS7 Error
Counter Link 2
PRBS7 Error Counter of Link 2. Saturates at 0xFF. Reading
this register clears this register at end of read
0x10
PLL Bandwidth (0x10)
Recommended default: 0x12
1:0
PLL Bandwidth
Selects between 4 PLL bandwidth settings
0: 4MHz (silicon default)
1: 2MHz
2: 1MHz (recommended default)
3: 500kHz
1MHz provides slightly better performance with high jitter/
high noise signals.
7:2
Reserved
Keep set to 000100 binary.
12
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Application Information
The ISL54100A, ISL54101A, and ISL54102A are TMDS
regenerators, locking to the incoming DVI or HDMI signal
with triple Clock Data Recovery units (CDRs) and a Phase
Locked Loop (PLL). The PLL generates a low jitter pixel
clock from the incoming TMDS clock. The TMDS data
signals are equalized, sliced by the CDR, re-aligned to the
PLL clock, and sent out the TMDS outputs. The ISL54100A
and ISL54102A also include an input multiplexer.
Compatibility With the ISL5410x Family
The ISL54100A and ISL54102A are plug-in and backwards
compatible with the ISL54100 and ISL54102 in every
respect except one: the CH_SEL pins.
The CH_SEL pins on the ISL54100 and ISL54102 are
bi-directional. They can be used as inputs to externally
chose which channel is selected, or they can be used as
outputs to indicate which channel has been selected (either
via I2C programming or automatic selection).
However the CH_SEL pins on the ISL54100A and
ISL54102A are inputs only. When channel selection is done
via I2C programming or automatically, these pins are
floating, and should be pulled to ground via 47k resistors.
The ISL54101A does not have any CH_SEL pins and is
therefore 100% plug-in and backwards compatible with the
ISL54100.
Multiplexer Operation
The ISL54100A and ISL54102A have 4:1 and 2:1
(respectively) input multiplexers. After power-up or a
hardware reset, the IC defaults to hardware channel
selection, using the AUTO_CH_SEL and CH_SEL_x pins. If
AUTO_CH_SEL is pulled high, the highest priority channel
with an active TMDS clock will be automatically selected
(Channel A = highest priority, B = second highest priority,
C = second lowest, and D = lowest priority). If, for example,
a DVD player is attached to Channel A, a set-top-box (STB)
is attached to Channel B, and a video game is attached to
Channel C, the DVD player will have the highest priority,
overriding the STB and the video game whenever the DVD
player is transmitting a TMDS clock. Likewise, the STB will
have higher priority than the video game. Table 1 shows the
auto channel selection priority matrix.
TABLE 1. AUTO CHANNEL SELECTION PRIORITIES
(ISL54102A OPTIONS IN BLUE)
CHANNEL A CHANNEL B CHANNEL C CHANNEL D OUTPUT
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
Active
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Channel A
Inactive
Active
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Channel B
Inactive
Inactive
Active
Don’t Care
Channel C
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
Active
Channel D
13
In the auto channel select mode, the selected channel can
be determined by reading register 0x02 bits 1:0.
If manual channel selection is desired, the AUTO_CH_SEL
pin should be tied to ground and the CH_SEL_x pins used to
select the desired channel.
The input multiplexer can also be controlled by software via
the I2C interface. Software control is initiated by writing a 0 to
the Hardware Channel Select bit (bit 3 of register 0x02). In
this case, the Auto Channel Select bit (bit 2 of register 0x02)
and the Channel Select bits (bits 0 and 1 of register 0x02)
perform the same functions as the external pins described
above. In the Auto Channel Select mode, the Channel
Select bits are read only, indicating the currently selected
channel. In the Manual Channel Select mode, the Channel
Select bits are read/write, and used to select the channel.
Activity Detection
A channel is considered active using one of two methods. The
original default activity detect method (register 0x03b4 = 1) is
to measure the common mode of the TMDS clock input for
each channel. If the common mode is 3.3V, it indicates that
there is nothing connected to that input, or that whatever is
connected is turned off (inactive). This has been found to be
relatively unreliable, particularly with weak signals.
The preferred method of activity detection is looking for an
active AC signal on the TMDS clock input for that channel
(register 0x03b4 = 1). This is more robust, however
disconnected inputs will cause both inputs to the differential
receiver to be the same level - 3.3V. If the offset error of the
differential TMDS receiver is very small, the receiver can not
resolve a 1 or a 0 and will randomly switch between states,
which may be detected as an active clock. Register 0x03 bits
5 and 6 allow a 10mV or 20mV offset to be added to the input
stage of the clock inputs, eliminating this problem. This offset
will slightly reduce the sensitivity of TMDS receiver for the
clock lines, but since the clock signals are much lower
frequency than the data, they will not be nearly as
attenuated, so this is not a problem in practice.
Again, using the AC activity detection method (register
0x03b4 = 0) is recommended.
Rx Equalization
Registers 0x07 and 0x08 control the amount of equalization
applied to the TMDS inputs, with 4 bits of control for each
channel. The equalization range available is from a minimum
of 1dB boost to a maximum of 13dB at 800MHz, in 0.8dB
increments. Ideally, the equalization is adjusted in the final
application to provide optimal performance with the specific
DVI/HDMI transmitter and cable used. In general, the
amount of equalization required is proportional to the cable
length. If the equalization must be fixed (can not be adjusted
in the final application), an equalization setting of 0xA works
well with short cables as well as medium to longer cables.
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Tx Pre-emphasis
The transmit pre-emphasis function sinks additional current
during the first bit after every transition, increasing the slew
rate for a given capacitance, and helping to maintain the
slew rate when using longer/higher capacitance cables.
Pre-emphasis is controlled by register 0x06 bits 7:4, and
ranges from a minimum of 0mA (no pre-emphasis) to
1.875mA (max pre-emphasis).
PLL Bandwidth
The 2-bit PLL Bandwidth register controls the loop
bandwidth of the PLL used to recover the incoming clock
signal. The default 4MHz setting works well in most
applications, however a lower bandwidth of 1MHz has
proven to work just as well with good TMDS sources and
slightly better with marginal sources.
However the FIFO read pointers may be positioned up to 2
bits apart relative to each other, introducing a random, fixed
channel-to-channel skew of skew of 1 or (much less
frequently) 2 bits. The random skew is introduced whenever
there is a discontinuity in the input signal (typically a video
mode change or a new mux channel selection). After the
CDRs and PLL lock, the skew is fixed until the next
discontinuity. This adds up to 2 bits of skew in addition to any
incoming skew, as shown in the following examples.
Figure 2 shows an input (the top three signals) with essentially
no skew. After the ISL5410xA locks on to the signal, there
may be 1 bit of skew on the output, as shown in Figure 2.
INPUT SKEW
(none, in this
example)
Power-down
The chip can be placed in a Power-down mode when not in
use to conserve power. Setting the Power-down bit (register
0x02 bit 5) to a 1 or pulling the PD input pin high places the
chip in a minimal power consumption mode, turning off all
TMDS outputs and disconnecting all TMDS inputs. Serial I/O
stays operational in PD mode. Note that the PD pin must be
low during power-on in order to initialize the I2C interface.
Note: When exiting Power-down, a termination resistor
Recalibration cycle must be run to re-trim the termination
resistors (see register 0x03[7]).
Power Dissipation and Supply Current
Due to the large number of TMDS inputs and outputs, a
significant amount of current flows into and out of the
SL5410x. This makes calculating the total power dissipation
of the ISL5410xA slightly more complicated than simply
multiplying the supply current by the supply voltage.
The supply current measurement includes the current
flowing through all the active TMDS termination resistors.
This current is supplied by the ISL5410xA's VD supplies, but
only 15% of it (0.5V*10mA per TMDS pair) is dissipated as
power inside the ISL5410xA. The majority of the power
(2.8V * 10mA per active TMDS pair) is dissipated in the
TMDS transmitter driving the ISL5410xA. Likewise, the
ISL5410xA dissipates 85% of the power generated by the
current from the external receiver attached to the
ISL5410xA's Tx pins. Any worst-case on-chip power
dissipation calculation needs to account for this.
Inter-Pair (Channel-to-Channel) Skew
The read pointers for Channel 0, 1, and 2 of the FIFO that
follows the CDR all have the same clock, so all 3 channels
transition within a few picoseconds of each other - there is
essentially no skew between the transitions of the three
channels.
14
OUTPUT SKEW
(1 bit – 615ps at
162.5Mpixels/s)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
FIGURE 2. MAXIMUM ADDITIONAL INTERCHANNEL SKEW
FOR INPUTS WITH NO OR LITTLE SKEW
When there is pre-existing skew on the input, the ISL5410xA
can add up to 2 bits to the channel-to-channel skew. In the
example in Figure 3, the incoming red channel has 2.3 bits of
skew relative to the incoming green and blue. The FIFO’s
quantization (worst case) increases the total skew to 4.0 bits.
Bit 5
INPUT SKEW
(2.3 bits/1.4ns
in this example)
OUTPUT SKEW
(4 bits/2.5ns at
162.5Mpixels/s)
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
B
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
Bit 8
B
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
B
FIGURE 3. MAXIMUM ADDITIONAL INTERCHANNEL SKEW
FOR INPUTS WITH MODERATE TO LARGE
SKEW
While increasing skew is not desirable, DVI and HDMI
receivers are required to have a minimum of 6 bits of inter-pair
skew tolerance, so the addition of 2 bits of skew is only a
problem with the most pathological cables and transmitters. It
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
does, however, limit the number of ISL5410xAs that can be
put in series (although statistically, it is unlikely that all the
skews would line up in a worst-case configuration).
The eye is not meeting the minimum requirements of either
the HDMI or DVI standards and the Dell Monitor is unable to
recover the data and display an image.
Typical Performance
Setup B inserts an ISL54100A and an additional 15m cable
between the pattern generator and the monitor:
Setup A (Figure 4) was used to capture the TMDS eye
diagrams shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6:
CHROMA 2326
VIDEO PATTERN
GENERATOR @
UXGA 60Hz
CHROMA 2326
VIDEO PATTERN
GENERATOR
15m DUAL-LINK
DVI CABLE
FIGURE 5
DELL 2000FP
UXGA MONITOR
FIGURE 6
FIGURE 4. TEST SETUP A
The 162.5Mpixel/s (UXGA 60Hz) DVI output of the Chroma
2326 was terminated into a TPA2 Plug adapter and
measured with a LeCroy differential probe and 6MHz SDA
using the LeCroy’s software clock recovery. As Figure 5
shows, the amplitude of the TMDS signal is slightly low, but
the eye is otherwise acceptable.
FIGURE 5
15m DUAL-LINK
DVI CABLE
FIGURE 6
ISL54100A
FIGURE 9
15m DUAL-LINK
DVI CABLE
DELL 2000FP
UXGA MONITOR
FIGURE 8
FIGURE 7. TEST SETUP B
Given the input signal shown in Figure 6, the ISL54100A’s
TMDS output signal (Figure 8) is extremely clean. The
output is an improvement over the original signal coming
from the pattern generator in both amplitude and jitter.
FIGURE 5. EYE DIAGRAM AT OUTPUT OF CHROMA
GENERATOR
Next, a 15m DualLink DVI cable was attached and terminated
into a female TPA2 adapter and the eye captured in Figure 6.
FIGURE 8. EYE DIAGRAM AT OUTPUT OF ISL54100
The cleaner signal generated at the output of the ISL54100A
results in an improved eye at the end of another 15m cable
(Figure 9). The eye is open enough that the Dell 2000FP can
now display a UXGA image with no visible sparkle or other
artifacts.
FIGURE 6. CHROMA EYE DIAGRAM AFTER 15m CABLE
15
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
This is non-ideal and will cause the ISL5410xA to fail HDMI
Compliance Test 7-3 (“VOFF”). VOFF is the voltage across
each 50Ω RxN resistor when the power is removed from the
device containing the ISL5410xA.
To prevent this leakage current, insert a Schottky diode
between the VD power net and the VD_ESD pins as shown
in Figure 11. With the addition of this diode the system will
pass compliance test 7-3.
3.3VTX
3.3VRX
VD
RxN
50
D1
VD_ESD
FIGURE 9. ISL54100 EYE DIAGRAM AFTER 15m CABLE
Tx Loading Considerations
0.1μF
When the ISL5410xA is powered-up and its Tx outputs are
disabled, via either the PD (power-down) pin, the
power-down register bit (register 0x02[5]), or the tri-state
outputs bits (register 0x05[1:0]), the Tx pins are high
impedance. In this state they will draw no current from the
Rx pins of any TMDS receiver they may be connected to.
However if power to the ISL5410xA is removed, the Tx pins
are no longer high-impedance. Figure 10 shows the relevant
equivalent circuit, including the internal ESD protection
diodes. For simplicity, only one of the eight Tx outputs, ESD
protection diodes, and Rx termination resistors are shown.
When VD to the ISL5410xA drops below ~2.7V and power is
applied to the external TMDS receiver, ESD protection
diodes inside the ISL5410xA can become forward-biased,
drawing current from the external TMDS receiver it is
attached to.
3.3VTX
3.3VRX
VD
RxN
VD_ESD
50
(74, 95)
Tx
TxN
(74, 95)
C1
Tx
TxN
ISL5410xA
FIGURE 11. SCHOTTKY DIODE MODIFICATION
PCB Layout Recommendations
Because of the high speed of the TMDS signals, careful
PCB layout is critical to maximize performance. The
following guidelines should be adhered to as closely as
possible:
• All TMDS pair traces should have a characteristic
impedance of 50Ω with respect to the power/ground
planes and 100Ω with respect to each other. Failure to
meet this requirement will increase reflections, shrinking
the available eye.
• Avoid vias for all 3 high speed TMDS pairs. Vias add
inductance which causes a discontinuity in the
characteristic impedance of the trace. Keep all the traces
on the top (or the bottom) of the PCB. The TMDS clock
can have vias if necessary, since it is lower speed and less
critical. If you must use a via, ensure the vias are
symmetrical (put identical vias in both lines of the
differential pair).
• For each TMDS channel, the trace lengths of the 3 TMDS
pairs (0, 1 and 2) should ideally be the same to reduce
inter channel skew introduced by the board.
ISL5410xA
FIGURE 10. ISL5410xA ESD PROTECTION DIODES
16
• The trace length of the clock pair is not critical at all.
Since the clock is only used as a frequency reference, its
phase/delay is inconsequential. In addition, since the
TMDS clock frequency is 1/10th the pixel rate, the clock
signal itself is much more noise-immune. So liberties
(such as vias and circuitous paths) can be taken when
routing the clock lines.
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
• Minimize capacitance on all TMDS lines. The lower the
capacitance, the sharper the rise and fall times.
injected into the supply. Follow the good supply bypassing
rules shown in Figure 13 to the extent possible.
• Maintain a constant, solid ground (or power) plane under
the 3 high speed TMDS signals. Do not route the signals
over gaps in the ground plane or over other traces.
VIA TO
POWER
PLANE
V+
CBYPASS
VIA TO
POWER
PLANE
IC
GND
V+
CBYPASS
VIAS
TO
GND
IC
GND
EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT
VIAS
TO
GND
POWER PLANE
RVIA
EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT
RTRACE
POWER PLANE
RTRACE
V+
RVIA
V+
RTRACE
CBYPASS
GROUND PLANE
IC
GND
GROUND PLANE
FIGURE 12. SUB-OPTIMAL BYPASS CAPACITOR LAYOUT
• Ideally each supply should be bypassed to ground with a
0.1µF capacitor. Minimize trace length and vias to
minimize inductance and maximize noise rejection.
Figure 12 demonstrates a common but non-ideal PCB
layout and its equivalent circuit. The additional trace
resistance between the bypass capacitor and the power
supply/IC reduces its effectiveness. Figure 13
demonstrates a better layout. In this case there is still
series trace resistance (it is impossible to completely
eliminate it), but now it is being put to good use, as part of
a “T” filter, attenuating supply noise before it gets to the IC,
and reducing the amount of IC-generated noise that gets
17
IC
GND
V+
V+
CBYPASS
RTRACE
FIGURE 13. OPTIMAL (“T”) BYPASS CAPACITOR LAYOUT
ISL5410xA Serial Communication
Overview
The ISL5410xA uses a 2-wire serial bus for communication
with its host. SCL is the Serial Clock line, driven by the host
and SDA is the Serial Data line, which can be driven by all
devices on the bus. SDA is open drain to allow multiple
devices to share the same bus simultaneously.
Communication is accomplished in three steps:
1. The Host selects the ISL5410xA it wishes to
communicate with.
2. The Host writes the initial ISL5410xA Configuration
Register address it wishes to write to or read from.
3. The Host writes to or reads from the ISL5410xA’s
Configuration Register. The ISL5410xA’s internal
address pointer auto increments, so to read registers
0x00 through 0x1B, for example, one would write 0x00 in
step 2, then repeat step three 28 times, with each read
returning the next register value.
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
The ISL5410xA has a 7-bit address on the serial bus,
determined by the ADDR0-ADDR6 bits. This allows up to
128 ISL5410xAs to be independently controlled by the same
serial bus.
The bus is nominally inactive, with SDA and SCL high.
Communication begins when the host issues a START
command by taking SDA low while SCL is high (Figure 14).
The ISL5410xA continuously monitors the SDA and SCL
lines for the start condition and will not respond to any
command until this condition has been met. The host then
transmits the 7-bit serial address plus a R/W bit, indicating if
the next transaction will be a Read (R/W = 1) or a Write (R/W
= 0). If the address transmitted matches that of any device
on the bus, that device must respond with an
ACKNOWLEDGE (Figure 15).
Once the serial address has been transmitted and
acknowledged, one or more bytes of information can be
written to or read from the slave. Communication with the
selected device in the selected direction (read or write) is
ended by a STOP command, where SDA rises while SCL is
high (Figure 14), or a second START command, which is
commonly used to reverse data direction without
relinquishing the bus.
Data on the serial bus must be valid for the entire time SCL
is high (Figure 16). To achieve this, data being written to the
ISL5410xA is latched on a delayed version of the rising edge
of SCL. SCL is delayed and deglitched inside the ISL5410xA
for three crystal clock periods (120ns for a 25MHz crystal) to
eliminate spurious clock pulses that could disrupt serial
communication.
When the contents of the ISL5410xA are being read, the
SDA line is updated after the falling edge of SCL, delayed
and deglitched in the same manner.
Configuration Register Write
Figure 17 shows two views of the steps necessary to write
one or more words to the Configuration Register.
Configuration Register Read
Figure 18 shows two views of the steps necessary to read
one or more words from the Configuration Register.
SCL
SDA
START
STOP
FIGURE 14. VALID START AND STOP CONDITIONS
SCL FROM
HOST
1
8
9
DATA OUTPUT
FROM TRANSMITTER
DATA OUTPUT
FROM RECEIVER
START
ACKNOWLEDGE
FIGURE 15. ACKNOWLEDGE RESPONSE FROM RECEIVER
SCL
SDA
DATA STABLE
DATA CHANGE
DATA STABLE
FIGURE 16. VALID DATA CHANGES ON THE SDA BUS
18
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Signals the beginning of serial I/O
START Command
ISL5410xA Serial Bus
R/W
ISL5410xA Device Select Address Write
ADDR6 ADDR5 ADDR4 ADDR3 ADDR2 ADDR1 ADDR0
The first 7 bits of the first byte select the ISL5410xA on the 2wire bus at the address set by the ADDR[6:0} pins. The R/W bit
is a 0, indicating that the next transaction will be a write.
0
ISL5410xA Register Address Write
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
This is the address of the ISL5410xA’s configuration register
that the following byte will be written to.
ISL5410xA Register Data Write(s)
This is the data to be written to the ISL5410xA’s configuration
register.
(Repeat if desired)
Note: The ISL5410xA’s Configuration Register’s address pointer
auto increments after each data write: repeat this step to write
Signals the ending of serial I/O
STOP Command
Signals from
the Host
SDA Bus
Signals from
the
S
T Serial Bus
A
R Address
T
Register
Address
aaaaaaa0
AAAAAAAA
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
Data
Write*
* The data write step may be repeated to write to the
ISL5410xA’s Configuration Register sequentially, beginning at
the Register Address written in the previous step.
dddddddd
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 17. CONFIGURATION REGISTER WRITE
19
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Signals the beginning of serial I/O
START Command
ISL5410xA Serial Bus
R/W
ISL5410xA Device Select Address Write
ADDR6 ADDR5 ADDR4 ADDR3 ADDR2 ADDR1 ADDR0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
0
The first 7 bits of the first byte select the ISL5410xA on the 2wire bus at the address set by the ADDR[6:0} pins. R/W = 0,
indicating that the next transaction will be a write.
ISL5410xA Register Address Write
A0
This sets the initial address of the ISL5410xA’s configuration
register for subsequent reading.
Ends the previous transaction and starts a new one
ISL5410xA Serial Bus
R/W
ISL5410xA Serial Bus Address Write
ADDR6 ADDR5 ADDR4 ADDR3 ADDR2 ADDR1 ADDR0
1
START Command
This is the same 7-bit address that was sent previously, however
the R/W bit is now a 1, indicating that the next transaction(s) will
be a read.
ISL5410xA Register Data Read(s)
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Note: The ISL5410xA’s Configuration Register’s address pointer
auto increments after each data read: repeat this step to read
multiple sequential bytes of data from the Configuration Register.
Signals the ending of serial I/O
(Repeat if desired)
STOP Command
Signals from
the Host
SDA Bus
Signals from
the
S
T Serial Bus
A
R Address
T
R
E
S
T Serial Bus
A Address
R
T
Register
Address
aaaaaaa0
AAAAAAAA
A
C
K
This is the data read from the ISL5410xA’s configuration register.
Data
Read*
aaaaaaa1
A
C
K
S
T
O
AP
C
K
* The data read step may be repeated to read
from the ISL5410xA’s Configuration Register
sequentially, beginning at the Register
Address written in the two steps previous.
Adddddddd
C
K
FIGURE 18. CONFIGURATION REGISTER READ
20
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
ISL54100A, ISL54101A, ISL54102A
Metric Plastic Quad Flatpack Packages (MQFP)
D
MDP0055
D1
14x20mm 128 LEAD MQFP (WITH AND WITHOUT HEAT
SPREADER) 3.2mm FOOTPRINT
128
PIN 1 ID
1
DIMENSIONS
(MILLIMETERS)
A
Max 3.40
20.000 ±0.100
(E1)
19.870 ±0.100
18.500 REF
E1 E
SYMBOL
12.500 REF
C0.600x0.350
(4X)
13.870 ±0.100
A
1
A
14.000 ±0.100
(D1)
12° ALL
AROUND
Y
b
T1
T
REMARKS
Overall height
A1
0.250~0.500
Standoff
A2
2.750 ±0.250
Package thickness
α
0°~7°
b
0.220 ±0.050
Foot angle
b1
0.200 ±0.030
D
17.200 ±0.250
Lead width 1
Lead base metal width 1
Lead tip to tip
D1
14.000 ±0.100
Package length
E
23.200 ±0.250
Lead tip to tip
E1
20.000 ±0.100
Package width
e
0.500 Base
Lead pitch
L
0.880 ±0.150
Foot length
L1
1.600 Ref.
Lead length
T
0.170 ±0.060
Frame thickness 1
T1
0.152 ±0.040
ccc
0.100
Frame base metal thickness 1
Foot coplanarity
ddd
0.100
Foot position
Rev. 2 2/07
b1
NOTES:
1 SECTION A-A
DROP IN HEAT SPREADER
4 STAND POINTS MAY BE EXPOSED
DO NOT TRY TO CONNECT ELECTRICALLY
1. General tolerance: Distance ±0.100, Angle +2.5°.
2.
1 Matte finish on package body surface except ejection and
pin 1 marking (Ra 0.8~2.0um).
3. All molded body sharp corner RADII unless otherwise specified
(Max RO.200).
4. Package/Leadframe misalignment (X, Y): Max. 0.127
5. Top/Bottom misalignment (X, Y): Max. 0.127
R0.25 TYP
ALL AROUND
6. Drawing does not include plastic or metal protrusion or cutting
burr.
0.200 MIN
7.
0° MIN
A2
R0.13 MIN
ccc C
A
2 Compliant to JEDEC MS-022.
0.13~0.30
α
SEATING
PLANE
L
e
A1
C
GAUGE
PLANE
0.25 BASE
L1
b
T
ddd M C
DETAIL Y
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
21
FN6725.0
June 17, 2008
Similar pages