Data Sheet

UJA1168
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
Product data sheet
1. General description
The UJA1168 is a mini high-speed CAN System Basis Chip (SBC) containing an
ISO 11898-2/5/6 compliant HS-CAN transceiver and an integrated 5 V/100 mA supply for
a microcontroller. It also features a watchdog and a Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI). The
UJA1168 can be operated in very low-current Standby and Sleep modes with bus and
local wake-up capability and supports ISO 11898-6 compliant CAN partial networking by
means of a selective wake-up function. The microcontroller supply is switched off in Sleep
mode. The UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD versions contain a battery-related
high-voltage output (INH) for controlling an external voltage regulator, while the
UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD are equipped with a 5 V sensor supply (VEXT).
A dedicated implementation of the partial networking protocol has been embedded into
the UJA1168/FD variants, UJA1168TK/FD and UJA1168TK/VX/FD (see Section 6.8.1 for
further details on CAN FD). This function is called ‘FD-passive’ and is the ability to ignore
CAN FD frames while waiting for a valid wake-up frame in Sleep/Standby mode. This
additional feature of partial networking is the perfect fit for networks that support both CAN
FD and standard CAN 2.0 communications. It allows normal CAN controllers that do not
need to communicate CAN FD messages to remain in partial networking Sleep/Standby
mode during CAN FD communication without generating bus errors.
The UJA1168 implements the standard CAN physical layer as defined in the current
ISO11898 standard (-2, -5 and -6). Pending the release of the updated version of
ISO11898 including CAN FD, additional timing parameters defining loop delay symmetry
are included. This implementation enables reliable communication in the CAN FD fast
phase at data rates up to 2 Mbit/s.
A number of configuration settings are stored in non-volatile memory, allowing the SBC to
be adapted for use in a specific application. This makes it possible to configure the
power-on behavior of the UJA1168 to meet the requirements of different applications.
2. Features and benefits
2.1 General
 ISO 11898-2, ISO 11898-5 and ISO 11898-6 compliant high-speed CAN transceiver
 Loop delay symmetry timing enables reliable communication at data rates up to
2 Mbit/s in the CAN FD fast phase
 Autonomous bus biasing according to ISO 11898-6
 Fully integrated 5 V/100 mA low-drop voltage regulator for 5 V microcontroller
supply (V1)
 Bus connections are truly floating when power to pin BAT is off
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
 No ‘false’ wake-ups due to CAN FD frame detection in UJA1168TK/FD and
UJA1168TK/VX/FD
2.2 Designed for automotive applications
 8 kV ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection, according to the Human Body Model
(HBM) on the CAN bus pins
 6 kV ESD protection, according to IEC 61000-4-2 on the CAN bus pins, the sensor
supply output VEXT and on pins BAT and WAKE
 CAN bus pins short-circuit proof to 58 V
 Battery and CAN bus pins protected against automotive transients according to
ISO 7637-3
 Very low quiescent current in Standby and Sleep modes with full wake-up capability
 Leadless HVSON14 package (3.0 mm  4.5 mm) with improved Automated Optical
Inspection (AOI) capability and low thermal resistance
 Dark green product (halogen free and Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
compliant)
2.3 Low-drop voltage regulator for 5 V microcontroller supply (V1)
5 V nominal output; 2 % accuracy
100 mA output current capability
Current limiting above 150 mA
On-resistance of 5  (max)
Support for microcontroller RAM retention down to a battery voltage of 2 V
Undervoltage reset with selectable detection thresholds: 60 %, 70 %, 80 % or 90 % of
output voltage
 Excellent transient response with a 4.7 F ceramic output capacitor
 Short-circuit to GND/overload protection on pin V1
 Turned off in Sleep mode






2.4 Power Management
 Standby mode featuring very low supply current; voltage V1 remains active to maintain
the supply to the microcontroller
 Sleep mode featuring very low supply current with voltage V1 switched off
 Remote wake-up capability via standard CAN wake-up pattern or via ISO 11898-6
compliant selective wake-up frame detection
 Local wake-up via the WAKE pin
 Wake-up source recognition
 Local and/or remote wake-up can be disabled to reduce current consumption
 High-voltage output (INH) for controlling an external voltage (UJA1168TK and
UJA1168TK/FD)
2.5 System control and diagnostic features
 Mode control via the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
 Overtemperature warning and shutdown
 Watchdog with independent clock source
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
2 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking







Watchdog can be operated in Window, Timeout and Autonomous modes
Optional cyclic wake-up in watchdog Timeout mode
Watchdog automatically re-enabled when wake-up event captured
Watchdog period selectable between 8 ms and 4 s
Supports remote flash programming via the CAN bus
16-, 24- and 32-bit SPI for configuration, control and diagnosis
Bidirectional reset pin with variable power-on reset length to support a variety of
microcontrollers
 Configuration of selected functions via non-volatile memory
2.6 Sensor supply voltage (pin VEXT of UJA1168TK/VX and
UJA1168TK/VX/FD)







5 V nominal output; 2 % accuracy
30 mA output current capability
Current limiting above 30 mA
Excellent transient response with a 4.7 F ceramic output load capacitor
Protected against short-circuits to GND and to the battery
High ESD robustness of 6 kV according to IEC 61000-4-2
Can handle negative voltages as low as 18 V
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number[1]
UJA1168TK
UJA1168TK/VX
Package
Name
Description
Version
HVSON14
plastic thermal enhanced very thin small outline package; no
leads; 14 terminals; body 3  4.5  0.85 mm
SOT1086-2
UJA1168TK/FD[2]
UJA1168TK/VX/FD[2]
[1]
UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD contain a high-voltage output for controlling an external voltage regulator; UJA1168TK/X and
UJA1168TK/VX/FD include a 5 V/30 mA sensor supply.
[2]
UJA1168TK/FD and UJA1168TK/VX/FD can be configured to recognize CAN FD frames as valid data frames, but will not wake up when
a CAN FD frame is received (CAN FD-passive).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
3 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
4. Block diagram
UJA1168
BAT
10
HIGH VOLTAGE OUTPUT(1)
7
INH(1)/VEXT(2)
5 V SENSOR SUPPLY(2)
5
5 V MICROCONTROLLER SUPPLY (V1)
3
RSTN
V1
WATCHDOG
RXD
TXD
4
HS-CAN
1
13
12
CANH
CANL
PARTIAL NETWORKING
CAN FD-passive(3)
WAKE
SCK
SDI
SDO
SCSN
9
WAKE-UP
8
11
SPI
6
14
2
GND
015aaa254
(1) UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD only.
(2) UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD only.
(3) UJA1168TK/FD and UJA1168TK/VX/FD only.
Fig 1.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Block diagram of UJA1168
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
4 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
5. Pinning information
5.1 Pinning
terminal 1
index area
TXD
1
14 SCSN
GND
2
13 CANH
V1
3
12 CANL
RXD
4
RSTN
5
10 BAT
SDO
6
9
WAKE
INH/VEXT(1)
7
8
SCK
UJA1168
11 SDI
015aaa253
Transparent top view
(1) INH in the UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD; VEXT in the UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD
Fig 2.
Pin configuration diagram
5.2 Pin description
Table 2.
Pin
Description
TXD
1
transmit data input
GND
2[1]
ground
V1
3
5 V microcontroller supply voltage
RXD
4
receive data output; reads out data from the bus lines
RSTN
5
reset input/output
SDO
6
SPI data output
INH
7
high-voltage output for switching external regulators (UJA1168TK and
UJA1168TK/FD only)
VEXT
7
sensor supply voltage (UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD only)
SCK
8
SPI clock input
WAKE
9
local wake-up input
BAT
10
battery supply voltage
SDI
11
SPI data input
CANL
12
LOW-level CAN bus line
CANH
13
HIGH-level CAN bus line
SCSN
14
SPI chip select input
[1]
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Pin description
Symbol
The exposed die pad at the bottom of the package allows for better heat dissipation and grounding from the
SBC via the printed circuit board. For enhanced thermal and electrical performance, it is recommended to
solder the exposed die pad to GND.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
5 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6. Functional description
6.1 System controller
The system controller manages register configuration and controls the internal functions
of the UJA1168. Detailed device status information is collected and made available to the
microcontroller.
6.1.1 Operating modes
The system controller contains a state machine that supports seven operating modes:
Normal, Standby, Sleep, Reset, Forced Normal, Overtemp and Off. The state transitions
are illustrated in Figure 3.
6.1.1.1
Normal mode
Normal mode is the active operating mode. In this mode, all the hardware on the device is
available and can be activated (see Table 3). Voltage regulator V1 is enabled to supply the
microcontroller.
The CAN interface can be configured to be active and thus to support normal CAN
communication. Depending on the SPI register settings, the watchdog may be running in
Window or Timeout mode and the INH/VEXT output may be active.
Normal mode can be selected from Standby mode via an SPI command (MC = 111).
6.1.1.2
Standby mode
Standby mode is the first-level power-saving mode of the UJA1168, offering reduced
current consumption. The transceiver is unable to transmit or receive data in Standby
mode. The SPI remains enabled and V1 is still active; the watchdog is active (in Timeout
mode) if enabled. The behavior of INH/VEXT is determined by the SPI setting.
If remote CAN wake-up is enabled (CWE = 1; see Table 37), the receiver monitors bus
activity for a wake-up request. The bus pins are biased to GND (via Ri(cm)) when the bus is
inactive for t > tto(silence) and at approximately 2.5 V when there is activity on the bus
(autonomous biasing). CAN wake-up can occur via a standard wake-up pattern or via a
selective wake-up frame (selective wake-up is enabled when CPNC = PNCOK = 1;
otherwise standard wake-up is enabled).
Pin RXD is forced LOW when any enabled wake-up event is detected. This can be either
a regular wake-up (via the CAN bus or pin WAKE) or a diagnostic wake-up such as an
overtemperature event (see Section 6.11).
The UJA1168 switches to Standby mode via Reset mode:
• from Off mode if the battery voltage rises above the power-on detection threshold
(Vth(det)pon)
• from Overtemp mode if the chip temperature falls below the overtemperature
protection release threshold, Tth(rel)otp
• from Sleep mode on the occurrence of a regular or diagnostic wake-up event
Standby mode can also be selected from Normal mode via an SPI command (MC = 100).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
6 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
NORMAL
MC = Sleep &
no wake-up pending &
wake-up enabled &
SLPC = 0
MC = Normal
MC = Standby
SLEEP
STANDBY
MC = Sleep &
no wake-up pending &
wake-up enabled &
SLPC = 0
from Normal or Standby
MC = Sleep &
(wake-up pending OR
wake-up disabled)
any reset event
RSTN = HIGH
V1 undervoltage
no overtemperature
wake-up event
RESET
OVERTEMP
power-on
any reset event
FORCED
NORMAL
VBAT undervoltage
OFF
overtemperature event
from RESET mode
if FNMC = 1
from any mode
from any mode except Off & Sleep
MTP programming completed or
MTP factory presets restored
Fig 3.
015aaa270
UJA1168 system controller state diagram
6.1.1.3
Sleep mode
Sleep mode is the second-level power-saving mode of the UJA1168. The difference
between Sleep and Standby modes is that V1 is off in Sleep mode.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
7 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Any enabled regular wake-up via CAN or WAKE or any diagnostic wake-up event will
cause the UJA1168 to wake up from Sleep mode. The behavior of INH/VEXT is
determined by the SPI settings. The SPI and the watchdog are disabled. Autonomous bus
biasing is active.
Sleep mode can be selected from Normal or Standby mode via an SPI command
(MC = 001). The UJA1168 will switch to Sleep mode on receipt of this command, provided
there are no pending wake-up events and at least one regular wake-up source is enabled.
Any attempt to enter Sleep mode while one of these conditions has not been met will
cause the UJA1168 to switch to Reset mode and set the reset source status bits (RSS) to
10100 (‘illegal Sleep mode command received’; see Table 5).
Since V1 is off in Sleep mode, the only way the SBC can exit Sleep mode is via a wake-up
event (see Section 6.11).
Sleep mode can be permanently disabled in applications where, for safety reasons, the
supply voltage to the host controller must never be cut off. Sleep mode is permanently
disabled by setting the Sleep control bit (SLPC) in the SBC configuration register (see
Table 8) to 1. This register is located in the non-volatile memory area of the device. When
SLPC = 1, a Sleep mode SPI command (MC = 001) triggers an SPI failure event instead
of a transition to Sleep mode.
6.1.1.4
Reset mode
Reset mode is the reset execution state of the SBC. This mode ensures that pin RSTN is
pulled down for a defined time to allow the microcontroller to start up in a controlled
manner.
The transceiver is unable to transmit or receive data in Reset mode. The behavior of
INH/VEXT is determined by the settings of bits VEXTC and VEXTSUC (see Section 6.6).
The SPI is inactive; the watchdog is disabled; V1 and overtemperature detection are
active.
The UJA1168 switches to Reset mode from any mode in response to a reset event (see
Table 5 for a list of reset sources).
The UJA1168 exits Reset mode:
• and switches to Standby mode if pin RSTN is released HIGH
• and switches to Forced Normal mode if bit FNMC = 1
• if the SBC is forced into Off or Overtemp mode
If a V1 undervoltage event forced the transition to Reset mode, the UJA1168 will remain in
Reset mode until the voltage on pin V1 has recovered.
After the UJA1168 exits Reset mode (positive edge on RSTN), an SPI read/write access
must not be attempted for at least tto(SPI). Any earlier access may be ignored (without
generating an SPI failure event).
6.1.1.5
Off mode
The UJA1168 switches to Off mode when the battery is first connected or from any mode
when VBAT < Vth(det)poff. Only power-on detection is enabled; all other modules are
inactive. The UJA1168 starts to boot up when the battery voltage rises above the
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
8 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
power-on detection threshold Vth(det)pon (triggering an initialization process) and switches
to Reset mode after tstartup. In Off mode, the CAN pins disengage from the bus (zero load;
high-ohmic).
6.1.1.6
Overtemp mode
Overtemp mode is provided to prevent the UJA1168 being damaged by excessive
temperatures. The UJA1168 switches immediately to Overtemp mode from any mode
(other than Off mode or Sleep mode) when the global chip temperature rises above the
overtemperature protection activation threshold, Tth(act)otp.
To help prevent the loss of data due to overheating, the UJA1168 issues a warning when
the IC temperature rises above the overtemperature warning threshold (Tth(warn)otp). When
this happens, status bit OTWS is set and an overtemperature warning event is captured
(OTW = 1), if enabled (OTWE = 1).
In Overtemp mode, the CAN transmitter and receiver are disabled and the CAN pins are
in a high-ohmic state. No wake-up event will be detected, but a pending wake-up will still
be signalled by a LOW level on pin RXD, which will persist after the overtemperature
event has been cleared. V1 is off and pin RSTN is driven LOW after td(uvd)V1. In the
UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD, VEXT is off. In the UJA1168TK and
UJA1168TK/FD, INH remains unchanged when the SBC enters Overtemp mode.
The UJA1168 exits Overtemp mode:
• and switches to Reset mode if the chip temperature falls below the overtemperature
protection release threshold, Tth(rel)otp
• if the device is forced to switch to Off mode (VBAT < Vth(det)poff)
6.1.1.7
Forced Normal mode
Forced Normal mode simplifies SBC testing and is useful for initial prototyping and failure
detection, as well as first flashing of the microcontroller. The watchdog is disabled in
Forced Normal mode. The low-drop voltage regulator (V1) is active, VEXT/INH is enabled
and the CAN transceiver is active.
Bit FNMC is factory preset to 1, so the UJA1168 initially boots up in Forced Normal mode
(see Table 8). This allows a newly installed device to be run in Normal mode without a
watchdog. So the microcontroller can be flashed via the CAN bus in the knowledge that a
watchdog timer overflow will not trigger a system reset.
The register containing bit FNMC (address 74h) is stored in non-volatile memory (see
Section 6.12). So once bit FNMC is programmed to 0, the SBC will no longer boot up in
Forced Normal mode, allowing the watchdog to be enabled.
Even in Forced Normal mode, a reset event (e.g. an external reset or a V1 undervoltage)
will trigger a transition to Reset mode with normal Reset mode behavior (except that the
transmitter remains active if there is no V1 undervoltage). However, when the UJA1168
exits Reset mode, it will return to Forced Normal mode instead of switching to Standby
mode.
In Forced Normal mode, only the Main status register, the Watchdog status register, the
Identification register and registers stored in non-volatile memory can be read. The
non-volatile memory area is fully accessible for writing as long as the UJA1168 is in the
factory preset state (for details see Section 6.12).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
9 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
The UJA1168 switches from Reset mode to Forced Normal mode if bit FNMC = 1.
6.1.1.8
Table 3.
Block
Hardware characterization for the UJA1168 operating modes
Hardware characterization by functional block
Operating mode
Off
Forced Normal Standby
Normal
Sleep
Reset
Overtemp
V1
off[1]
on
on
on
off
on
off
VEXT/INH
off
on
determined by determined by bits
VEXTC and
bits VEXTC
VEXTSUC
and
VEXTSUC
(see Table 12)
determined by
bits VEXTC
and
VEXTSUC
determined VEXT off;
by bits
INH
VEXTC and unchanged
VEXTSUC
RSTN
LOW
HIGH
HIGH
HIGH
LOW
LOW
LOW
SPI
disabled active
active
active
disabled
disabled
disabled
Watchdog
off
off
determined by determined by bits
bits WMC (see WMC
Table 7)[2]
determined by off
bits WMC[2]
off
CAN
off
Active
Offline
Active/ Offline/
Listen-only
(determined by bits
CMC; see Table 14)
Offline
Offline
off
RXD
V1 level CAN bit stream
V1 level/LOW
if wake-up
detected
CAN bit stream if
CMC = 01/10/11;
otherwise same as
Standby/Sleep
V1 level/LOW
if wake-up
detected
V1
level/LOW if
wake-up
detected
V1
level/LOW if
wake-up
detected
[1]
When the SBC switches from Reset, Standby or Normal mode to Off mode, V1 behaves as a current source during power down while
VBAT is between 3 V and 2 V.
[2]
Window mode is only active in Normal mode.
6.1.2 System control registers
The operating mode is selected via bits MC in the Mode control register. The Mode control
register is accessed via SPI address 0x01 (see Section 6.16).
Table 4.
Mode control register (address 01h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
7:3
reserved
R
2:0
MC
R/W
Description
mode control:
001
Sleep mode
100
Standby mode
111
Normal mode
The Main status register can be accessed to monitor the status of the overtemperature
warning flag and to determine whether the UJA1168 has entered Normal mode after initial
power-up. It also indicates the source of the most recent reset event.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
10 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 5.
Main status register (address 03h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
7
reserved
R
6
OTWS
R
5
4:0
NMS
RSS
Description
overtemperature warning status:
0
IC temperature below overtemperature warning threshold
1
IC temperature above overtemperature warning threshold
R
Normal mode status:
0
UJA1168 has entered Normal mode (after power-up)
1
UJA1168 has powered up but has not yet switched to
Normal mode
R
reset source status:
00000
exited Off mode (power-on)
00001
CAN wake-up in Sleep mode
00100
wake-up via WAKE pin in Sleep mode
01100
watchdog overflow in Sleep mode (Timeout mode)
01101
diagnostic wake-up in Sleep mode
01110
watchdog triggered too early (Window mode)
01111
watchdog overflow (Window mode or Timeout mode with
WDF = 1)
10000
illegal watchdog mode control access
10001
RSTN pulled down externally
10010
exited Overtemp mode
10011
V1 undervoltage
10100
illegal Sleep mode command received
10110
wake-up from Sleep mode due to a frame detect error
6.2 Watchdog
The UJA1168 contains a watchdog that supports three operating modes: Window,
Timeout and Autonomous. In Window mode (available only in SBC Normal mode), a
watchdog trigger event within a closed watchdog window resets the watchdog timer. In
Timeout mode, the watchdog runs continuously and can be reset at any time within the
timeout time by a watchdog trigger. Watchdog timeout mode can also be used for cyclic
wake-up of the microcontroller. In Autonomous mode, the watchdog can be off or in
Timeout mode (see Section 6.2.4).
The watchdog mode is selected via bits WMC in the Watchdog control register (Table 7).
The SBC must be in Standby mode when the watchdog mode is changed. If Window
mode is selected (WMC = 100), the watchdog will remain in (or switch to) Timeout mode
until the SBC enters Normal mode. Any attempt to change the watchdog operating mode
(via WMC) while the SBC is in Normal mode will cause the UJA1168 to switch to Reset
mode and the reset source status bits (RSS) will be set to 10000 (‘illegal watchdog mode
control access’; see Table 5).
Eight watchdog periods are supported, from 8 ms to 4096 ms. The watchdog period is
programmed via bits NWP. The selected period is valid for both Window and Timeout
modes. The default watchdog period is 128 ms.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
11 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
A watchdog trigger event resets the watchdog timer. A watchdog trigger event is any valid
write access to the Watchdog control register. If the watchdog mode or the watchdog
period have changed as a result of the write access, the new values are immediately
valid.
Table 6.
Summary of watchdog settings
Watchdog configuration via SPI
FNMC
0
0
0
0
1
SDMC
x
x
0
1
x
WMC
100 (Window)
010 (Timeout)
001 (Autonomous) 001 (Autonomous) n.a.
Normal mode
Window
Timeout
Timeout
off
off
Timeout
Timeout
off
off
off
Timeout
Timeout
Timeout
off
off
Timeout
Timeout
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
SBC
Standby mode (RXD HIGH)
Operating Standby mode (RXD LOW)
Mode
Sleep mode
Other modes
Table 7.
Watchdog control register (address 00h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
7:5
WMC
R/W
watchdog mode control:
4
reserved
R
3:0
NWP
R/W
001[1]
Autonomous mode
010[2]
Timeout mode
100[3]
Window mode
nominal watchdog period
1000
8 ms
0001
16 ms
0010
32 ms
1011
64 ms
0100[2]
128 ms
1101
256 ms
1110
1024 ms
0111
4096 ms
[1]
Default value if SDMC = 1 (see Section 6.2.1)
[2]
Default value.
[3]
Selected in Standby mode but only activated when the SBC switches to Normal mode.
The watchdog is a valuable safety mechanism, so it is critical that it is configured correctly.
Two features are provided to prevent watchdog parameters being changed by mistake:
• redundant states of configuration bits WMC and NWP
• reconfiguration protection in Normal mode
Redundant states associated with control bits WMC and NWP ensure that a single bit
error cannot cause the watchdog to be configured incorrectly (at least two bits must be
changed to reconfigure WMC or NWP). If an attempt is made to write an invalid code to
WMC or NWP (e.g. 011 or 1001 respectively), the SPI operation is abandoned and an SPI
failure event is captured, if enabled (see Section 6.11).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
12 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Two operating modes have a major impact on the operation of the watchdog: Forced
Normal mode and Software Development mode (Software Development mode is provided
for test purposes and is not an SBC operating mode; the UJA1168 can be in any mode
with Software Development mode enabled; see Section 6.2.1). These modes are enabled
and disabled via bits FNMC and SDMC respectively in the SBC configuration control
register (see Table 8). Note that this register is located in the non-volatile memory area
(see Section 6.11). In Forced Normal mode (FNM), the watchdog is completely disabled.
In Software Development mode (SDM), the watchdog can be disabled or activated for test
purposes.
Information on the status of the watchdog is available from the Watchdog status register
(Table 9). This register also indicates whether Forced Normal and Software Development
modes are active.
Table 8.
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
7:6
reserved
R
5:4
V1RTSUC
R/W
3
2
FNMC
SDMC
R
0
SLPC
R/W
V1 undervoltage detection at 90 % of nominal value at
start-up (V1RTC = 00)
01
V1 undervoltage detection at 80 % of nominal value at
start-up (V1RTC = 01)
10
V1 undervoltage detection at 70 % of nominal value at
start-up (V1RTC = 10)
11
V1 undervoltage detection at 60 % of nominal value at
start-up (V1RTC = 11)
Forced Normal mode control:
0
Forced Normal mode disabled
1[1]
Forced Normal mode enabled
Software Development mode control:
0[1]
Software Development mode disabled
1
Software Development mode enabled
Sleep control:
0[1]
the SBC supports Sleep mode
1
Sleep mode commands will be ignored
Factory preset value.
Table 9.
Watchdog status register (address 05h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
7:4
reserved
R
3
FNMS
R
2
Product data sheet
V1 reset threshold (defined by bit V1RTC) at start-up:
00[1]
R/W
reserved
Description
-
R/W
1
[1]
UJA1168
SBC configuration control register (address 74h)
SDMS
R
Description
0
SBC is not in Forced Normal mode
1
SBC is in Forced Normal mode
0
SBC is not in Software Development mode
1
SBC is in Software Development mode
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
13 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 9.
Watchdog status register (address 05h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
1:0
WDS
R
watchdog status:
00
watchdog is off
01
watchdog is in first half of window
10
watchdog is in second half of window
11
reserved
6.2.1 Software Development mode
Software Development mode is provided to simplify the software design process. When
Software Development mode is enabled, the watchdog starts up in Autonomous mode
(WMC = 001) and is inactive after a system reset, overriding the default value (see
Table 7). The watchdog is always off in Autonomous mode if Software Development mode
is enabled (SDMC = 1; see Table 10).
Software can be run without a watchdog in Software Development mode. However, it is
possible to activate and deactivate the watchdog for test purposes by selecting Window or
Timeout mode via bits WMC while the SBC is in Standby mode (note that Window mode
will only be activated when the SBC switches to Normal mode). Software Development
mode is activated via bits SDMC in non-volatile memory (see Table 8).
6.2.2 Watchdog behavior in Window mode
The watchdog runs continuously in Window mode. The watchdog will be in Window mode
if WMC = 100 and the UJA1168 is in Normal mode.
In Window mode, the watchdog can only be triggered during the second half of the
watchdog period. If the watchdog overflows, or is triggered in the first half of the watchdog
period (before ttrig(wd)1), a system reset is performed. After the system reset, the reset
source (either ‘watchdog triggered too early’ or ‘watchdog overflow’) can be read via the
reset source status bits (RSS) in the Main Status register (Table 5). If the watchdog is
triggered in the second half of the watchdog period (after ttrig(wd)1 but before ttrig(wd)2), the
watchdog timer is restarted.
6.2.3 Watchdog behavior in Timeout mode
The watchdog runs continuously in Timeout mode. The watchdog will be in Timeout mode
if WMC = 010 and the UJA1168 is in Normal, Standby or Sleep mode. The watchdog will
also be in Timeout mode if WMC = 100 and the UJA1168 is in Standby or Sleep mode. If
Autonomous mode is selected (WMC = 001), the watchdog will be in Timeout mode if one
of the conditions for Timeout mode listed in Table 10 has been satisfied.
In Timeout mode, the watchdog timer can be reset at any time by a watchdog trigger. If the
watchdog overflows, a watchdog failure event (WDF) is captured. If a WDF is already
pending when the watchdog overflows, a system reset is performed. In Timeout mode, the
watchdog can be used as a cyclic wake-up source for the microcontroller when the
UJA1168 is in Standby or Sleep mode. In Sleep mode, a watchdog overflow generates a
wake-up event.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
14 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
When the SBC is in Sleep mode with watchdog Timeout mode selected, a wake-up event
is generated after the nominal watchdog period (NWP). If bit WDF is set, RXD is forced
LOW and V1 is turned on. The application software can then clear the WDF bit and trigger
the watchdog before it overflows.
6.2.4 Watchdog behavior in Autonomous mode
Autonomous mode is selected when WMC = 001. In Autonomous mode, the watchdog is
either off or in Timeout mode, according to the conditions detailed in Table 10.
Table 10.
Watchdog status in Autonomous mode
UJA1168 Operating mode
Watchdog status
SDMC = 0
SDMC = 1
Normal
Timeout mode
off
Standby; RXD HIGH
off
off
Sleep
off
off
any other mode
off
off
Standby; RXD LOW
Timeout mode
off
When Autonomous mode is selected, the watchdog will be in Timeout mode if the SBC is
in Normal mode or Standby mode with RXD LOW, provided Software Development mode
has been disabled (SDMC = 0). Otherwise the watchdog will be off.
In Autonomous mode, the watchdog will not be running when the SBC is in Standby (RXD
HIGH) or Sleep mode. If a wake-up event is captured, pin RXD is forced LOW to signal
the event and the watchdog is automatically restarted in Timeout mode. If the SBC was in
Sleep mode when the wake-up event was captured, it switches to Standby mode.
6.3 System reset
When a system reset occurs, the SBC switches to Reset mode and initiates process that
generates a low-level pulse on pin RSTN.
6.3.1 Characteristics of pin RSTN
Pin RSTN is a bidirectional open drain low side driver with integrated pull-up resistance,
as shown in Figure 4. With this configuration, the SBC can detect the pin being pulled
down externally, e.g. by the microcontroller. The input reset pulse width must be at least
tw(rst).
V1
RSTN
015aaa276
Fig 4.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
RSTN internal pin configuration
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
15 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.3.2 Selecting the output reset pulse width
The duration of the output reset pulse is selected via bits RLC in the Start-up control
register (Table 11). The SBC distinguishes between a cold start and a warm start. A cold
start is performed if the reset event was combined with a V1 undervoltage event
(power-on reset, reset during Sleep mode, over-temperature reset, V1 undervoltage
before entering or while in Reset Mode). The output reset pulse width for a cold start is
determined by the setting of bits RLC.
If any other reset event occurs without a V1 undervoltage (external reset, watchdog
failure, watchdog change attempt in Normal mode, illegal Sleep mode command) the SBC
uses the shortest reset length (tw(rst) = 1 ms to 1.5 ms). This is called warm start of the
microcontroller.
Table 11.
Bit
Start-up control register (address 73h)
Symbol
Access Value
7:6
reserved
R
5:4
RLC
R/W
3
2:0
[1]
RSTN output reset pulse width:
00[1]
tw(rst) = 20 ms to 25 ms
01
tw(rst) = 10 ms to 12.5 ms
10
tw(rst) = 3.6 ms to 5 ms
11
tw(rst) = 1 ms to 1.5 ms
VEXTSUC R/W
reserved
R
Description
VEXT/INH start-up control:
0[1]
bits VEXTC set to 00 at power-up
1
bits VEXTC set to 11 at power-up
-
Factory preset value.
6.3.3 Reset sources
The following events will cause the UJA1168 to switch to Reset mode:
UJA1168
Product data sheet
•
•
•
•
•
•
VV1 drops below the selected V1 undervoltage threshold defined by bits V1RTC
•
•
•
•
•
•
the SBC leaves Off mode
pin RSTN is pulled down externally
the watchdog overflows in Window mode
the watchdog is triggered too early in Window mode (before ttrig(wd)1)
the watchdog overflows in Timeout mode with WDF = 1 (watchdog failure pending)
an attempt is made to reconfigure the Watchdog control register while the SBC is in
Normal mode
local or CAN bus wake-up in Sleep mode
diagnostic wake-up in Sleep mode
the SBC leaves Overtemp mode
illegal Sleep mode command received
wake-up from Sleep mode due to a frame detect error
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
16 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.4 Global temperature protection
The temperature of the UJA1168 is monitored continuously, except in Sleep and Off
modes. The SBC switches to Overtemp mode if the temperature exceeds the
overtemperature protection activation threshold, Tth(act)otp. In addition, pin RSTN is driven
LOW and V1, VEXT and the CAN transceiver are switched off. When the temperature
drops below the overtemperature protection release threshold, Tth(rel)otp, the SBC
switches to Standby mode via Reset mode.
In addition, the UJA1168 provides an overtemperature warning. When the IC temperature
rises about the overtemperature warning threshold (Tth(warn)otp), status bit OTWS is set
and an overtemperature warning event is captured (OTW = 1).
6.5 Power supplies
6.5.1 Battery supply voltage (VBAT)
The internal circuitry is supplied from the battery via pin BAT. The device needs to be
protected against negative supply voltages, e.g. by using an external series diode. If VBAT
falls below the power-off detection threshold, Vth(det)poff, the SBC switches to Off mode.
However, the microcontroller supply voltage (V1) remains active until VBAT falls below 2 V.
The SBC switches from Off mode to Reset mode tstartup after the battery voltage rises
above the power-on detection threshold, Vth(det)pon. Power-on event status bit PO is set to
1 to indicate the UJA1168 has powered up and left Off mode (see Table 31).
6.5.2 Low-drop voltage supply for 5 V microcontroller (V1)
V1 is intended to supply the microcontroller and the internal CAN transceiver and delivers
up to 150 mA at 5 V. The output voltage on V1 is monitored. A system reset is generated
if the voltage on V1 drops below the selected undervoltage threshold (60 %, 70 %, 80 %
or 90 % of the nominal V1 output voltage, selected via V1RTC in the V1 and INH/VEXT
control register; see Table 12).
The internal CAN transceiver consumes 50 mA (max) when the bus is continuously
dominant, leaving 100 mA available for the external load on pin V1. In practice, the typical
current consumption of the CAN transceiver is lower (25 mA), depending on the
application, leaving more current available for the load.
The default value of the undervoltage threshold at power-up is determined by the value of
bits V1RTSUC in the SBC configuration control register (Table 8). The SBC configuration
control register is in non-volatile memory, allowing the user to define the undervoltage
threshold (V1RTC) at start-up.
In addition, an undervoltage warning (a V1U event; see Section 6.11) is generated if the
voltage on V1 falls below 90 % of the nominal value (and V1U event detection is enabled,
V1UE = 1; see Table 36). This information can be used as a warning, when the 60 %,
70 % or 80 % threshold is selected, to indicate that the level on V1 is outside the nominal
supply range. The status of V1, whether it is above or below the 90 % undervoltage
threshold, can be read via bit V1S in the Supply voltage status register (Table 13).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
17 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 12.
V1 and INH/VEXT control register (address 10h)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
7:4
reserved
R
3:2
VEXTC[1]
R/W
VEXT/INH configuration:
00
VEXT/INH off in all modes
01
VEXT/INH on in Normal mode
10
VEXT/INH on in Normal, Standby and Reset modes
11
1:0
Description
V1RTC[2] R/W
VEXT/INH on in Normal, Standby, Sleep and Reset modes
set V1 reset threshold:
00
reset threshold set to 90 % of V1 nominal output voltage
01
reset threshold set to 80 % of V1 nominal output voltage
10
reset threshold set to 70 % of V1 nominal output voltage
11
reset threshold set to 60 % of V1 nominal output voltage
[1]
Default value at power-up defined by setting of bits VEXTSUC (see Table 11).
[2]
Default value at power-up defined by setting of bits V1RTSUC (see Table 8).
Table 13.
Supply voltage status register (address 1Bh)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:3
reserved
R
-
2:1
VEXTS[1]
R/W
0
V1S
Description
VEXT status:
00[2]
VEXT voltage ok
01
VEXT output voltage below undervoltage threshold
10
VEXT output voltage above overvoltage threshold
11
VEXT disabled
R/W
V1 status:
0[2]
V1 output voltage above 90 % undervoltage threshold
1
V1 output voltage below 90 % undervoltage threshold
[1]
UJA1168TK/VX only; status will always be 00 in the UJA1168TK.
[2]
Default value at power-up.
6.6 High voltage output (UJA1168TK, UJA1168TK/FD) and external
sensor supply (UJA1168TK/VX, UJA1168TK/VX/FD)
Depending on the device version, pin 7 is a high voltage output (INH) or an external
sensor supply (VEXT).
In the UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD, the INH pin can be used to control external
devices, such as voltage regulators. Depending on the setting of bits VEXTC, pin INH will
either be disabled (to disable external devices) or at a battery-related HIGH level (to
enable external devices) in selected SBC operating modes (see Table 12). To ensure
external devices are not disabled due to an overtemperature event, pin INH does not
change state when the SBC switches to Overtemp mode.
In the UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD, the VEXT pin is a voltage output intended
to supply external components, delivering up to 30 mA at 5 V. Like INH, VEXT is also
configured via bits VEXTC in the V1 and INH/VEXT control register (Table 12).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
18 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
The default value of VEXTC at power-on is defined by bits VEXTSUC in non-volatile
memory (see Section 6.12).
In contrast to pin INH, pin VEXT is disabled when the SBC switches to Overtemp mode.
The status of VEXT can be read from the Supply voltage status register (Table 13).
6.7 High-speed CAN transceiver
The integrated high-speed CAN transceiver is designed for active communication at bit
rates up to 1 Mbit/s, providing differential transmit and receive capability to a CAN protocol
controller. The transceiver is ISO 11898-2, ISO 11898-5 and ISO 11898-6 compliant
(defining high-speed CAN with selective wake-up functionality and autonomous biasing).
The CAN transmitter is supplied from V1. The UJA1168 includes additional timing
parameters on loop delay symmetry to ensure reliable communication in fast phase at
data rates up to 2 Mbit/s, as used in CAN FD networks.
The CAN transceiver supports autonomous CAN biasing as defined in ISO 11898-6,
which helps to minimize RF emissions. CANH and CANL are always biased to 2.5 V when
the transceiver is in Active or Listen-only modes (CMC = 01/10/11).
Autonomous biasing is active in CAN Offline mode - to 2.5 V if there is activity on the bus
(CAN Offline Bias mode) and to GND if there is no activity on the bus for t > tto(silence)
(CAN Offline mode).
This is useful when the node is disabled due to a malfunction in the microcontroller or
when CAN partial networking is enabled. The SBC ensures that the CAN bus is correctly
biased to avoid disturbing ongoing communication between other nodes. The
autonomous CAN bias voltage is derived directly from VBAT.
6.7.1 CAN operating modes
The integrated CAN transceiver supports four operating modes: Active, Listen-only,
Offline and Offline Bias (see Figure 5). The CAN transceiver operating mode depends on
the UJA1168 operating mode and on the setting of bits CMC in the CAN control register
(Table 14).
When the UJA1168 is in Normal mode, the CAN transceiver operating mode (Active,
Listen-only or Offline) can be selected via bits CMC in the CAN control register (Table 14).
When the UJA1168 is in Standby or Sleep modes, the transceiver is forced to Offline or
Offline Bias mode (depending on bus activity).
6.7.1.1
CAN Active mode
In CAN Active mode, the transceiver can transmit and receive data via CANH and CANL.
The differential receiver converts the analog data on the bus lines into digital data, which
is output on pin RXD. The transmitter converts digital data generated by the CAN
controller (input on pin TXD) into analog signals suitable for transmission over the CANH
and CANL bus lines.
CAN Active mode is selected when CMC = 01 or 10. When CMC = 01, V1/CAN
undervoltage detection is enabled and the transceiver will go to CAN Offline or CAN
Offline Bias mode when the voltage on V1 drops below the 90 % threshold. When
CMC = 10, V1/CAN undervoltage detection is disabled. The transmitter will remain active
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
19 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
until the voltage on V1 drops below the V1 reset threshold (selected via bits V1RTC). The
SBC will then switch to Reset mode and the transceiver will switch to CAN Offline or CAN
Offline Bias mode.
The CAN transceiver is in Active mode when:
• the UJA1168 is in Normal mode (MC = 111) and the CAN transceiver has been
enabled by setting bits CMC in the CAN control register to 01 or 10 (see Table 14)
and:
– if CMC = 01, the voltage on pin V1 is above the 90 % undervoltage threshold
– if CMC = 10, the voltage on pin V1 is above the V1 reset threshold
If pin TXD is held LOW (e.g. by a short-circuit to GND) when CAN Active mode is selected
via bits CMC, the transceiver will not enter CAN Active mode but will switch to or remain in
CAN Listen-only mode. It will remain in Listen-only mode until pin TXD goes HIGH in
order to prevent a hardware and/or software application failure from driving the bus lines
to an unwanted dominant state.
In CAN Active mode, the CAN bias voltage is derived from V1.
The application can determine whether the CAN transceiver is ready to transmit/receive
data or is disabled by reading the CAN Transceiver Status (CTS) bit in the Transceiver
Status Register (Table 15).
6.7.1.2
CAN Listen-only mode
CAN Listen-only mode allows the UJA1168 to monitor bus activity while the transceiver is
inactive, without influencing bus levels. This facility could be used by development tools
that need to listen to the bus but do not need to transmit or receive data or for
software-driven selective wake-up. Dedicated microcontrollers could be used for selective
wake-up, providing an embedded low-power CAN engine designed to monitor the bus for
potential wake-up events.
In Listen-only mode the CAN transmitter is disabled, reducing current consumption. The
CAN receiver and CAN biasing remain active. This enables the host microcontroller to
switch to a low-power mode in which an embedded CAN protocol controller remains
active, waiting for a signal to wake up the microcontroller.
The CAN transceiver is in Listen-only mode when:
• the UJA1168 is in Normal mode and CMC = 11
The CAN transceiver will not leave Listen-only mode while TXD is LOW or CAN Active
mode is selected with CMC = 01 while the voltage on V1 is below the 90 % undervoltage
threshold.
6.7.1.3
CAN Offline and Offline Bias modes
In CAN Offline mode, the transceiver monitors the CAN bus for a wake-up event, provided
CAN wake-up detection is enabled (CWE = 1). CANH and CANL are biased to GND.
CAN Offline Bias mode is the same as CAN Offline mode, with the exception that the CAN
bus is biased to 2.5 V. This mode is activated automatically when activity is detected on
the CAN bus while the transceiver is in CAN Offline mode. The transceiver will return to
CAN Offline mode if the CAN bus is silent (no CAN bus edges) for longer than tto(silence).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
20 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
The CAN transceiver switches to CAN Offline mode from CAN Active mode or CAN
Listen-only mode if:
• the SBC switches to Reset or Standby or Sleep mode OR
• the SBC is in Normal mode and CMC = 00
provided the CAN-bus has been inactive for at least tto(silence). If the CAN-bus has been
inactive for less than tto(silence), the CAN transceiver switches first to CAN Offline Bias
mode and then to CAN Offline mode once the bus has been silent for tto(silence).
The CAN transceiver switches to CAN Offline/Offline Bias mode from CAN Active mode if
CMC = 01 and the voltage on V1 drops below the 90 % undervoltage threshold or
CMC = 10 and the voltage on V1 drops below the V1 reset threshold.
The CAN transceiver switches to CAN Offline mode:
• from CAN Offline Bias mode if no activity is detected on the bus (no CAN edges) for
t > tto(silence) OR
• when the SBC switches from Off or Overtemp mode to Reset mode
The CAN transceiver switches from CAN Offline mode to CAN Offline Bias mode if:
• a standard wake-up pattern (according to ISO11898-5/-6) is detected on the CAN bus
OR
• the SBC is in Normal mode, CMC = 01 and VV1 < 90 %
6.7.1.4
CAN Off mode
The CAN transceiver is switched off completely with the bus lines floating when:
• the SBC switches to Off or Overtemp mode OR
• VBAT falls below the CAN receiver undervoltage detection threshold, Vuvd(CAN)
It will be switched on again on entering CAN Offline mode when VBAT rises above the
undervoltage recovery threshold (Vuvr(CAN)) and the SBC is no longer in Off/Overtemp
mode. CAN Off mode prevents reverse currents flowing from the bus when the battery
supply to the SBC is lost.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
21 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
&$1$FWLYH
>5HVHW256WDQGE\
256OHHS25
1RUPDO&0& 25
&0& 9925
&0& 99957&@
W!WWRVLOHQFH
1RUPDO
>&0& 99!25
&0& 99!957&@
1RUPDO
>&0& 99!25
&0& 99!957&@
1RUPDO&0& >5HVHW256WDQGE\
256OHHS25
1RUPDO&0& 25
&0& 9925
&0& 99957&@
WWWRVLOHQFH
1RUPDO
>&0& 99!25
&0& 99!957&@
1RUPDO&0& &$12IIOLQH%LDV
WUDQVPLWWHURII
UHFHLYHURII
5;'ZDNHXSLQW
&$1+&$1/WHUPLQDWHG
WR9IURP9%$7 WUDQVPLWWHURQ
UHFHLYHURQ
5;'ELWVWUHDP
&$1+&$1/WHUPLQDWHG
WR9§9
1RUPDO
&0& 99
&$1/LVWHQRQO\
WUDQVPLWWHURII
UHFHLYHURQ
5;'ELWVWUHDP
&$1+&$1/WHUPLQDWHG
WR9IURP9%$7 >5HVHW256WDQGE\256OHHS25
1RUPDO&0& @
WWWRVLOHQFH
IURPDOOPRGHV
W!WWRVLOHQFH
1RUPDO&0& &$1EXVZDNHXS25
1RUPDO&0& 99
>5HVHW256WDQGE\256OHHS25
1RUPDO&0& @
W!WWRVLOHQFH
2II25
2YHUWHPS25
9%$79XYG&$1
&$12IIOLQH
WUDQVPLWWHURII
UHFHLYHURII
5;'ZDNHXSLQW
&$1+&$1/WHUPLQDWHG
WR*1'
&$12II
WUDQVPLWWHURII
UHFHLYHURII
5;'ZDNHXSLQW
&$1+&$1/IORDWLQJ
OHDYLQJ2II2YHUWHPS
9%$7!9XYU&$1
DDD
(1) To prevent the bus lines being driven to a permanent dominant state, the transceiver will not switch to CAN Active mode or CAN
Listen-only mode if pin TXD is held LOW (e.g. by a short-circuit to GND)
Fig 5.
CAN transceiver state machine (with FNMC = 0)
6.7.2 CAN standard wake-up (partial networking not enabled)
If the CAN transceiver is in Offline mode and CAN wake-up is enabled (CWE = 1), but
CAN selective wake-up is disabled (CPNC = 0 or PNCOK = 0), the UJA1168 will monitor
the bus for a wake-up pattern.
A filter at the receiver input prevents unwanted wake-up events occurring due to
automotive transients or EMI. A dominant-recessive-dominant wake-up pattern must be
transmitted on the CAN bus within the wake-up timeout time (tto(wake)) to pass the wake-up
filter and trigger a wake-up event (see Figure 6; note that additional pulses may occur
between the recessive/dominant phases). The recessive and dominant phases must last
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
22 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
at least twake(busrec) and twake(busdom), respectively.
GRPLQDQW
WGRP•WZDNHEXVGRP
UHFHVVLYH
GRPLQDQW
WUHF•WZDNHEXVUHF
WGRP•WZDNHEXVGRP
WZDNHWWRZDNH
&$1ZDNHXS
DDD
Fig 6.
CAN wake-up timing
When a valid CAN wake-up pattern is detected on the bus, wake-up bit CW in the
Transceiver event status register is set (see Table 33) and pin RXD is driven LOW. If the
SBC was in Sleep mode when the wake-up pattern was detected, V1 is enabled to supply
the microcontroller and the SBC switches to Standby mode via Reset mode.
6.7.3 CAN control and Transceiver status registers
Table 14.
Symbol
Access Value
7
reserved
R/W
6
CFDC
R/W
5
4
UJA1168
Product data sheet
CAN control register (address 20h)
Bit
PNCOK
CPNC
CAN FD tolerance (UJA1168TK/FD and
UJA1168TK/VX/FD only; otherwise ignored)
0
CAN FD tolerance disabled
1
CAN FD tolerance enabled
R/W
CAN partial networking configuration registers:
0
partial networking register configuration invalid
(wake-up via standard wake-up pattern only)
1
partial networking registers configured successfully
R/W
3:2
reserved
R
1:0
CMC
R/W
Description
CAN selective wake-up; when enabled, node is part of a
partial network:
0
disable CAN selective wake-up
1
enable CAN selective wake-up
CAN transceiver operating mode selection (available
when UJA1168 is in Normal mode; MC = 111):
00
Offline mode
01
Active mode (when the SBC is in Normal mode);
V1/CAN undervoltage detection active
10
Active mode (when the SBC is in Normal mode);
V1/CAN undervoltage detection disabled
11
Listen-only mode
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
23 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 15.
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
7
CTS
R
0
CAN transceiver not in Active mode
1
CAN transceiver in Active mode
6
CPNERR
R
0
no CAN partial networking error detected (PNFDE = 0
AND PNCOK = 1)
1
CAN partial networking error detected (PNFDE = 1 OR
PNCOK = 0; wake-up via standard wake-up pattern
only)
CAN partial networking configuration error detected
(PNCOK = 0)
5
CPNS
R
0
1
CAN partial networking configuration ok (PNCOK = 1)
4
COSCS
R
0
CAN partial networking oscillator not running at target
frequency
1
CAN partial networking oscillator running at target
frequency
0
CAN bus active (communication detected on bus)
1
CAN bus inactive (for longer than tto(silence))
3
R
reserved
R
-
1
VCS[1]
R
0
the output voltage on V1 is above the 90 % threshold
1
the output voltage on V1 is below the 90 % threshold
0
no TXD dominant timeout event detected
1
CAN transmitter disabled due to a TXD dominant
timeout event
[1]
Product data sheet
CBSS
2
0
UJA1168
Transceiver status register (address 22h)
CFS
R
Only active when CMC = 01.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
24 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.8 CAN partial networking
Partial networking allows nodes in a CAN network to be selectively activated in response
to dedicated wake-up frames (WUF). Only nodes that are functionally required are active
on the bus while the other nodes remain in a low-power mode until needed.
If both CAN wake-up (CWE = 1) and CAN selective wake-up (CPNC = 1) are enabled,
and the partial networking registers are configured correctly (PNCOK = 1), the transceiver
monitors the bus for dedicated CAN wake-up frames.
A wake-up frame is a CAN frame according to ISO11898-1, consisting of an identifier field
(ID), a Data Length Code (DLC), a data field and a Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) code
including the CRC delimiter.
The wake-up frame format, standard (11-bit) or extended (29-bit) identifier, is selected via
bit IDE in the Frame control register (Table 25).
A valid WUF identifier is defined and stored in the ID registers (Table 17 to Table 20). An
ID mask can be defined to allow a group of identifiers to be recognized as valid by an
individual node. The identifier mask is defined in the mask registers (Table 21 to
Table 24), where a 1 means ‘don’t care’.
In the example illustrated in Figure 7, based on the standard frame format, the 11-bit
identifier is defined as 0x1A0. The identifier is stored in ID registers 2 and 3 (Table 19 and
Table 20). The three least significant bits of the ID mask (bits 2 to 4 of Mask register 2;
Table 23) are ‘don’t care’. This means that any of eight different identifiers will be
recognized as valid in the received WUF (from 0x1A0 to 0x1A7).
UJA1168 SPI Settings
11-bit Identifier field:
0x1A0 stored in ID
registers 2 and 3
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
ID mask:
0x007 stored in Mask
registers 2 and 3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
x
x
x
Valid Wake-Up Identifiers: 0x1A0 to 0x1A7
0
0
1
015aaa439
Fig 7.
Evaluating the ID field in a selective wake-up frame
The data field indicates which nodes are to be woken up. Within the data field, groups of
nodes can be predefined and associated with bits in a data mask. By comparing the
incoming data field with the data mask, multiple groups of nodes can be woken up
simultaneously with a single wake-up message.
The data length code (bits DLC in the Frame control register; Table 25) determines the
number of data bytes (between 0 and 8) expected in the data field of a CAN wake-up
frame. If one or more data bytes are expected (DLC  0000), at least one bit in the data
field of the received wake-up frame must be set to 1 and at least one equivalent bit in the
associated data mask register in the transceiver (see Table 26) must also be set to 1 for a
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
25 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
successful wake-up. Each matching pair of 1s indicates a group of nodes to be activated
(since the data field is up to 8 bytes long, up to 64 groups of nodes can be defined). If
DLC = 0, a data field is not expected.
In the example illustrated in Figure 8, the data field consists of a single byte (DLC = 1).
This means that the data field in the incoming wake-up frame is evaluated against data
mask 7 (stored at address 6Fh; see Table 26 and Figure 9). Data mask 7 is defined as
10101000 in the example. This means the node is assigned to three groups (Group1,
Group 3 and Group 5).
The received message shown in Figure 8 could, potentially, wake up four groups of
nodes: groups 2, 3, 4 and 5. Two matches are found (groups 3 and 5) when the message
data bits are compared with the configured data mask (DM7).
DLC
stored
values
received
message
0
0
0
Data mask 7
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
Groups:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
015aaa365
Fig 8.
Evaluating the Data field in a selective wake-up frame
Optionally, the data length code and the data field can be excluded from the evaluation of
the wake-up frame. If bit PNDM = 0, only the identifier field is evaluated to determine if the
frame contains a valid wake-up message. If PNDM = 1 (the default value), the data field is
included for wake-up filtering.
When PNDM = 0, a valid wake-up message is detected and a wake-up event is captured
(and CW is set to 1) when:
• the identifier field in the received wake-up frame matches the pattern in the ID
registers after filtering AND
• the CRC field in the received frame (including a recessive CRC delimiter) was
received without error
When PNDM = 1, a valid wake-up message is detected when:
• the identifier field in the received wake-up frame matches the pattern in the ID
registers after filtering AND
• the frame is not a Remote frame AND
• the data length code in the received message matches the configured data length
code (bits DLC) AND
• if the data length code is greater than 0, at least one bit in the data field of the
received frame is set and the corresponding bit in the associated data mask register is
also set AND
• the CRC field in the received frame (including a recessive CRC delimiter) was
received without error
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
26 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
If the UJA1168 receives a CAN message containing errors (e.g. a ‘stuffing’ error) that are
transmitted in advance of the ACK field, an internal error counter is incremented. If a CAN
message is received without any errors appearing in front of the ACK field, the counter is
decremented. Data received after the CRC delimiter and before the next SOF is ignored
by the partial networking module. If the counter overflows (counter > 31), a frame detect
error is captured (PNFDE = 1) and the device wakes up; the counter is reset to zero when
the bias is switched off and partial networking is re-enabled.
Partial networking is assumed to be configured correctly when PNCOK is set to 1 by the
application software. The UJA1168 clears PNCOK after a write access to any of the CAN
partial networking configuration registers (see Section 6.8.2).
If selective wake-up is disabled (CPNC = 0) or partial networking is not configured
correctly (PNCOK = 0), and the CAN transceiver is in Offline mode with wake-up enabled
(CWE = 1), then any valid wake-up pattern (according to ISO 11898-5/-6) will trigger a
wake-up event.
If the CAN transceiver is not in Offline mode (CMC  00) or CAN wake-up is disabled
(CWE = 0), all wake-up patterns on the bus will be ignored.
6.8.1 CAN FD frames
CAN FD stands for ‘CAN with Flexible Data-Rate’. It is based on the CAN protocol as
specified in ISO 11898-1. It still uses the CAN bus arbitration method. However, it
increases the bit-rate by switching to a shorter bit time at the end of the arbitration process
and returns to the longer bit time at the CRC Delimiter, before the receivers transmit their
acknowledge bits. The effective data-rate is increased by allowing longer data fields. CAN
uses four bits for the data length code, allowing for 16 different codes. However, only the
first nine values are used to define the data field length (between 0 and 8 bytes; DLC
values from of 9 to 15 all indicate an 8-byte data field). In CAN FD, DLC codes 9 to 15 are
used to signify longer data fields.
CAN FD is being gradually introduced into automotive market. In time, all CAN controllers
will be required to comply with the new standard (enabling ‘FD-active’ nodes) or at least to
tolerate CAN FD communication (enabling ‘FD-passive’ nodes). The UJA1168TK/FD and
UJA1168TK/VX/FD enable FD-passive nodes by means of a dedicated implementation of
the partial networking protocol.
The UJA1168/FD variants can be configured to recognize CAN FD frames as valid
frames. When CFDC = 1, the error counter is decremented every time the control field of a
CAN FD frame is received. The UJA1168/FD remains in Sleep mode (CAN FD-passive)
with partial networking enabled. CAN FD frames are never recognized as valid wake-up
frames, even if PNDM = 0 and the frame contains a valid ID. After receiving the control
field of a CAN FD frame, the UJA1168/FD ignores further bus signals until idle is again
detected.
CAN FD frames are interpreted as frames with errors by the partial networking module in
the UJA1168/TK and UJA1168/TK/VX and in the UJA1168/FD variants when CFDC = 0.
So the error counter is incremented when a CAN FD frame is received. Bit PNFDE is set
to 1 and the device wakes up if the ratio of CAN FD frames to valid CAN frames exceeds
the threshold that triggers error counter overflow.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
27 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.8.2 CAN partial networking configuration registers
Dedicated registers are provided for configuring CAN partial networking.
Table 16.
Symbol
Access
Value
7:3
reserved
R
-
2:0
CDR
R/W
Table 17.
CAN data rate selection:
000
50 kbit/s
001
100 kbit/s
010
125 kbit/s
011
250 kbit/s
100
reserved (intended for future use; currently
selects 500 kbit/s)
101
500 kbit/s
110
reserved (intended for future use; currently
selects 500 kbit/s)
111
1000 kbit/s
ID register 0 (address 27h)
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:0
ID07:ID00
R/W
-
bits ID07 to ID00 of the extended frame format
ID register 1 (address 28h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:0
ID15:ID08
R/W
-
bits ID15 to ID08 of the extended frame format
Table 19.
ID register 2 (address 29h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:2
ID23:ID18
R/W
-
bits ID23 to ID18 of the extended frame format
bits ID05 to ID00 of the standard frame format
1:0
ID17:ID16
R/W
-
bits ID17 to ID16 of the extended frame format
Table 20.
ID register 3 (address 2Ah)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:5
reserved
R
-
4:0
ID28:ID24
R/W
-
Table 21.
Description
bits ID28 to ID24 of the extended frame format
bits ID10 to ID06 of the standard frame format
Mask register 0 (address 2Bh)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:0
M07:M00
R/W
-
mask bits ID07 to ID00 of the extended frame format
Table 22.
Product data sheet
Description
Bit
Table 18.
UJA1168
Data rate register (address 26h)
Bit
Mask register 1 (address 2Ch)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:0
M15:M08
R/W
-
mask bits ID15 to ID08 of the extended frame format
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
28 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 23.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:2
M23:M18
R/W
-
mask bits ID23 to ID18 of the extended frame format
mask bits ID05 to ID00 of the standard frame format
1:0
M17:M16
R/W
-
mask bits ID17 to ID16 of the extended frame format
Table 24.
Bit
Access
7:5
reserved
R
4:0
M28:M24
R/W
Value
Description
-
mask bits ID28 to ID24 of the extended frame format
mask. bits ID10 to ID06 of the standard frame format
Frame control register (address 2Fh)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7
IDE
R/W
-
identifier format:
6
Product data sheet
Mask register 3 (address 2Eh)
Symbol
Table 25.
UJA1168
Mask register 2 (address 2Dh)
PNDM
R/W
5:4
reserved
R
3:0
DLC
R/W
0
standard frame format (11-bit)
1
extended frame format (29-bit)
-
partial networking data mask:
0
data length code and data field are ‘don’t care’ for
wake-up
1
data length code and data field are evaluated at
wake-up
number of data bytes expected in a CAN frame:
0000
0
0001
1
0010
2
0011
3
0100
4
0101
5
0110
6
0111
7
1000
8
1001 to
1111
tolerated, 8 bytes expected; DM0 ignored
Table 26.
Data mask registers (addresses 68h to 6Fh)
Addr.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
68h
7:0
DM0
R/W
-
data mask 0 configuration
69h
7:0
DM1
R/W
-
data mask 1 configuration
6Ah
7:0
DM2
R/W
-
data mask 2 configuration
6Bh
7:0
DM3
R/W
-
data mask 3 configuration
6Ch
7:0
DM4
R/W
-
data mask 4 configuration
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
29 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 26.
Data mask registers (addresses 68h to 6Fh) …continued
Addr.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
6Dh
7:0
DM5
R/W
-
data mask 5 configuration
6Eh
7:0
DM6
R/W
-
data mask 6 configuration
6Fh
7:0
DM7
R/W
-
data mask 7 configuration
DLC > 8
00h
DM1
DM2
DM3
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DLC = 8
DM0
DM1
DM2
DM3
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM1
DM2
DM3
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM2
DM3
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM3
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM4
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM5
DM6
DM7
DM6
DM7
DLC = 7
DLC = 6
DLC = 5
DLC = 4
DLC = 3
DLC = 2
DLC = 1
DM7
015aaa280
Fig 9.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Data mask resister usage for different values of DLC
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
30 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.9 CAN fail-safe features
6.9.1 TXD dominant timeout
A TXD dominant time-out timer is started when pin TXD is forced LOW while the
transceiver is in CAN Active Mode. If the LOW state on pin TXD persists for longer than
the TXD dominant time-out time (tto(dom)TXD), the transmitter is disabled, releasing the bus
lines to recessive state. This function prevents a hardware and/or software application
failure from driving the bus lines to a permanent dominant state (blocking all network
communications). The TXD dominant time-out timer is reset when pin TXD goes HIGH.
The TXD dominant time-out time also defines the minimum possible bit rate of 15 kbit/s.
When the TXD dominant time-out time is exceeded, a CAN failure event is captured
(CF = 1; see Table 33), if enabled (CFE = 1; see Table 37). In addition, the status of the
TXD dominant timeout can be read via the CFS bit in the Transceiver status register
(Table 15) and bit CTS is cleared.
6.9.2 Pull-up on TXD pin
Pin TXD has an internal pull-up towards V1 to ensure a safe defined recessive driver state
in case the pin is left floating.
6.9.3 V1 undervoltage event
A CAN failure event is captured (CF = 1), if enabled, when the supply to the CAN
transceiver (V1) falls below 90 % of its nominal value. In addition, status bit VCS is set
to 1.
6.9.4 Loss of power at pin BAT
A loss of power at pin BAT has no influence on the bus lines or on the microcontroller. No
reverse currents will flow from the bus.
6.10 Local wake-up via WAKE pin
Local wake-up is enabled via bits WPRE and WPFE in the WAKE pin event capture
enable register (see Table 38). A wake-up event is triggered by a LOW-to-HIGH (if
WPRE = 1) and/or a HIGH-to-LOW (if WPFE = 1) transition on the WAKE pin. This
arrangement allows for maximum flexibility when designing a local wake-up circuit. In
applications that don’t make use of the local wake-up facility, local wake-up should be
disabled and the WAKE pin connected to GND to ensure optimal EMI performance.
Table 27.
WAKE status register (address 4Bh)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:2
reserved
R
-
1
WPVS
R
0
reserved
R
Description
WAKE pin status:
0
voltage on WAKE pin below switching threshold (Vth(sw))
1
voltage on WAKE pin above switching threshold (Vth(sw))
-
While the SBC is in Normal mode, the status of the voltage on pin WAKE can always be
read via bit WPVS. Otherwise, WPVS is only valid if local wake-up is enabled (WPRE = 1
and/or WPFE = 1).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
31 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.11 Wake-up and interrupt event diagnosis via pin RXD
Wake-up and interrupt event diagnosis in the UJA1168 is intended to provide the
microcontroller with information on the status of a range of features and functions. This
information is stored in the event status registers (Table 31 to Table 33) and is signaled on
pin RXD, if enabled.
A distinction is made between regular wake-up events and interrupt events (at least one
regular wake-up source must be enabled to allow the UJA1168 to switch to Sleep mode;
see Section 6.1.1.3).
Table 28.
Table 29.
Regular events
Symbol
Event
Power-on Description
CW
CAN wake-up
disabled
WPR
rising edge on WAKE disabled
pin
a rising-edge wake-up was detected on pin WAKE
WPF
falling edge on WAKE disabled
pin
a falling-edge wake-up was detected on pin WAKE
a CAN wake-up event was detected while the
transceiver was in CAN Offline mode.
Diagnostic events
Symbol
Event
Power-on
Description
PO
power-on
always
enabled
the UJA1168 has exited Off mode (after battery power has been
restored/connected)
OTW
overtemperature warning disabled
the IC temperature has exceeded the overtemperature warning
threshold (not in Sleep mode)
SPIF
SPI failure
disabled
SPI clock count error (only 16-, 24- and 32-bit commands are valid),
illegal WMC, NWP or MC code or attempted write access to locked
register (not in Sleep mode)
WDF
watchdog failure
always
enabled
watchdog overflow in Window or Timeout mode or watchdog triggered
too early in Window mode; a system reset is triggered immediately in
response to a watchdog failure in Window mode; when the watchdog
overflows in Timeout mode, a system reset is only performed if a WDF
is already pending (WDF = 1)
VEXTO[1]
VEXT overvoltage
disabled
VEXT overvoltage detected
VEXTU[1]
VEXT undervoltage
disabled
VEXT undervoltage detected
V1U
V1 undervoltage
disabled
voltage on V1 has dropped below the 90 % undervoltage threshold
when V1 is active (event is not captured in Sleep mode because V1 is
off). V1U event capture is independent of the setting of bits V1RTC.
PNFDE
PN frame detection error always
enabled
partial networking frame detection error
CBS
CAN bus silence
disabled
no activity on CAN bus for tto(silence) (detected only when CBSE = 1
while bus active)
CF
CAN failure
disabled
one of the following CAN failure events detected:
- CAN transceiver deactivated due to a V1 undervoltage
- CAN transceiver deactivated due to a dominant clamped TXD (not
in Sleep mode)
[1]
UJA1168TK/VX only.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
32 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
PO, WDF and PNFDE interrupts are always captured. Wake-up and interrupt detection
can be enabled/disabled for the remaining events individually via the event capture enable
registers (Table 35 to Table 37).
If an event occurs while the associated event capture function is enabled, the relevant
event status bit is set. If the transceiver is in CAN Offline mode with V1 active (SBC
Normal or Standby mode), pin RXD is forced LOW to indicate that a wake-up or interrupt
event has been detected. If the UJA1168 is in sleep mode when the event occurs, the
microcontroller supply, V1, is activated and the SBC switches to Standby mode (via Reset
mode).
The microcontroller can monitor events via the event status registers. An extra status
register, the Global event status register (Table 30), is provided to help speed up software
polling routines. By polling the Global event status register, the microcontroller can quickly
determine the type of event captured (system, supply, transceiver or WAKE pin) and then
query the relevant table (Table 31, Table 32, Table 33 or Table 34 respectively).
After the event source has been identified, the status flag should be cleared (set to 0) by
writing 1 to the relevant bit (writing 0 will have no effect). A number of status bits can be
cleared in a single write operation by writing 1 to all relevant bits.
It is strongly recommended to clear only the status bits that were set to 1 when the status
registers were last read. This precaution ensures that events triggered just before the
write access are not lost.
6.11.1 Interrupt/wake-up delay
If interrupt or wake-up events occur very frequently while the transceiver is in CAN Offline
mode, they can have a significant impact on the software processing time (because pin
RXD is repeatedly driven LOW, requiring a response from the microcontroller each time
an interrupt/wake-up is generated). The UJA1168 incorporates an event delay timer to
limit the disturbance to the software.
When one of the event capture status bits is cleared, pin RXD is released (HIGH) and a
timer is started. If further events occur while the timer is running, the relevant status bits
are set. If one or more events are pending when the timer expires after td(event), pin RXD
goes LOW again to alert the microcontroller.
In this way, the microcontroller is interrupted once to process a number of events rather
than several times to process individual events.
If all events are cleared while the timer is running, RXD remains HIGH after the timer
expires, since there are no pending events. The event capture registers can be read at
any time.
The event capture delay timer is stopped immediately when pin RSTN goes low (triggered
by a HIGH-to-LOW transition on the pin). RSTN is driven LOW when the SBC enters
Reset, Sleep, Overtemp and Off modes. A pending event is signaled on pin RXD when
the SBC enters Sleep mode.
6.11.2 Sleep mode protection
The wake-up event capture function is critical when the UJA1168 is in Sleep mode,
because the SBC will only leave Sleep mode in response to a captured wake-up event. To
avoid potential system deadlocks, the SBC distinguishes between regular and diagnostic
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
33 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
events (see Section 6.11). Wake-up events (via the CAN bus or the WAKE pin) are
classified as regular events; diagnostic events signal failure/error conditions or state
changes. At least one regular wake-up event must be enabled before the UJA1168 can
switch to Sleep mode. Any attempt to enter Sleep mode while all regular wake-up events
are disabled will trigger a system reset.
Another condition that must be satisfied before the UJA1168 can switch to Sleep mode is
that all event status bits must be cleared. If an event is pending when the SBC receives a
Sleep mode command (MC = 001), it will immediately switch to Reset mode. This
condition applies to both regular and diagnostic events.
Sleep mode can be permanently disabled in applications where, for safety reasons, the
supply voltage to the host controller must never be cut off. Sleep mode is permanently
disabled by setting the Sleep control bit (SLPC) in the SBC configuration register (see
Table 8) to 1. This register is located in the non-volatile memory area of the device. When
SLPC = 1, a Sleep mode SPI command (MC = 001) will trigger an SPI failure event
instead of a transition to Sleep mode.
6.11.3 Event status and event capture registers
After an event source has been identified, the status flag should be cleared (set to
0) by writing 1 to the relevant status bit (writing 0 will have no effect).
Table 30.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:4
reserved
R
-
3
WPE
R
0
no pending WAKE pin event
1
WAKE pin event pending at address 0x64
no pending transceiver event
TRXE
R
0
1
transceiver event pending at address 0x63
1
SUPE
R
0
no pending supply event
1
supply event pending at address 0x62
0
no pending system event
1
system event pending at address 0x61
SYSE
Table 31.
R
System event status register (address 61h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:5
reserved
R
-
4
PO
R/W
0
no recent power-on
1
the UJA1168 has left Off mode after power-on
Description
3
reserved
R
-
2
OTW
R/W
0
overtemperature not detected
1
the global chip temperature has exceeded the
overtemperature warning threshold (Tth(warn)otp)
0
no SPI failure detected
1
SPI failure detected
0
no watchdog failure event captured
1
watchdog failure event captured
1
0
Product data sheet
Description
2
0
UJA1168
Global event status register (address 60h)
SPIF
WDF
R/W
R/W
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
34 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 32.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:3
reserved
R
-
2
VEXTO[1]
R/W
0
no VEXT overvoltage event captured
1
VEXT overvoltage event captured
0
no VEXT undervoltage event captured
1
VEXT undervoltage event captured
0
no V1 undervoltage event captured
1
V1 undervoltage event captured
1
0
[1]
VEXTU[1]
V1U
Bit
R/W
Transceiver event status register (address 63h)
Symbol
Access
Value
7:6
reserved
R
-
5
PNFDE
R/W
0
no partial networking frame detection error detected
1
partial networking frame detection error detected
Description
4
CBS
R/W
0
CAN bus active
1
no activity on CAN bus for tto(silence)
3:2
reserved
R
-
1
CF
R/W
0
no CAN failure detected
1
CAN transceiver deactivated due to V1 undervoltage
OR dominant clamped TXD
0
no CAN wake-up event detected
1
CAN wake-up event detected while the transceiver is
in CAN Offline Mode
0
CW
Table 34.
R/W
WAKE pin event capture status register (address 64h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:2
reserved
R
-
1
WPR
R/W
0
no rising edge detected on WAKE pin
1
rising edge detected on WAKE pin
0
WPF
R/W
0
no falling edge detected on WAKE pin
1
falling edge detected on WAKE pin
Table 35.
Product data sheet
R/W
Description
UJA1168TK/VX only; reserved in the UJA1168TK.
Table 33.
UJA1168
Supply event status register (address 62h)
Description
System event capture enable register (address 04h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:3
reserved
R
-
2
OTWE
R/W
Description
overtemperature warning event capture:
0
overtemperature warning disabled
1
overtemperature warning enabled
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
35 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 35.
System event capture enable register (address 04h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
1
SPIFE
R/W
0
reserved
Table 36.
R
Value
SPI failure detection:
0
SPI failure detection disabled
1
SPI failure detection enabled
-
Supply event capture enable register (address 1Ch)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:3
reserved
R
-
2
VEXTOE[1]
R/W
1
0
[1]
VEXTUE[1]
V1UE
R/W
0
VEXT undervoltage detection disabled
1
VEXT undervoltage detection enabled
R/W
V1 undervoltage detection:
0
V1 undervoltage detection disabled
1
V1 undervoltage detection enabled
Transceiver event capture enable register (address 23h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:5
reserved
R
-
4
CBSE
R/W
3:2
reserved
R
1
CFE
R/W
CWE
Table 38.
Description
CAN bus silence detection:
0
CAN bus silence detection disabled
1
CAN bus silence detection enabled
CAN failure detection
1
Product data sheet
VEXT overvoltage detection enabled
VEXT undervoltage detection:
0
UJA1168
VEXT overvoltage detection disabled
UJA1168TK/VX only; reserved in the UJA1168TK.
Table 37.
0
Description
VEXT overvoltage detection:
0
1
Description
R/W
CAN failure detection disabled
CAN failure detection enabled
CAN wake-up detection:
0
CAN wake-up detection disabled
1
CAN wake-up detection enabled
WAKE pin event capture enable register (address 4Ch)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7:2
reserved
R
-
1
WPRE
R/W
Description
rising-edge detection on WAKE pin:
0
rising-edge detection on WAKE pin disabled
1
rising-edge detection on WAKE pin enabled
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
36 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 38.
WAKE pin event capture enable register (address 4Ch) …continued
Bit
Symbol
Access
0
WPFE
R/W
Value
Description
falling-edge detection on WAKE pin:
0
falling-edge detection on WAKE pin disabled
1
falling-edge detection on WAKE pin enabled
6.12 Non-volatile SBC configuration
The UJA1168 contains Multiple Time Programmable Non-Volatile (MTPNV) memory cells
that allow some of the default device settings to be reconfigured. The MTPNV memory
address range is from 0x73 to 0x74. An overview of the MTPNV registers is given in
Table 39.
Table 39.
Overview of MTPNV registers
Address Register Name
Bit:
7
6
5
4
3
2
0x73
Start-up control
(see Table 11)
reserved
RLC
VEXTSUC
reserved
0x74
SBC configuration control
(see Table 8)
reserved
V1RTSUC
FNMC
SDMC
1
0
reserved SLPC
6.12.1 Programming MTPNV cells
The UJA1168 must be in Forced Normal mode and the MTPNV cells must contain the
factory preset values before the non-volatile memory can be reprogrammed. The
UJA1168 will switch to Forced Normal mode after a reset event (e.g. pin RSTN LOW)
when the MTPNV cells contain the factory preset values (since FNMC = 1).
The factory presets may need to be restored before reprogramming can begin (see
Section 6.12.2). When the factory presets have been restored, a system reset is
generated automatically and UJA1168 switches to Forced Normal mode. This ensures
that the programming cycle cannot be interrupted by the watchdog.
Programming of the non-volatile memory registers is performed in two steps. First, the
required values are written to addresses 0x73 and 0x74. In the second step,
reprogramming is confirmed by writing the correct CRC value to the MTPNV CRC control
register (see Section 6.12.1.1). The SBC starts reprogramming the MTPNV cells as soon
as the CRC value has been validated. If the CRC value is not correct, reprogramming is
aborted. On completion, a system reset is generated to indicate that the MTPNV cells
have been reprogrammed successfully. Note that the MTPNV cells cannot be read while
they are being reprogrammed.
After an MTPNV programming cycle has been completed, the non-volatile memory is
protected from being overwritten via a standard SPI write operation.
The MTPNV cells can be reprogrammed a maximum of 200 times (Ncy(W)MTP; see
Table 58). Bit NVMPS in the MTPNV status register (Table 40) indicates whether the
non-volatile cells can be reprogrammed. This register also contains a write counter,
WRCNTS, that is incremented each time the MTPNV cells are reprogrammed (up to a
maximum value of 111111; there is no overflow). Note that this counter is provided for
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
37 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
information purposes only; reprogramming will not be aborted if it reaches its maximum
value. An error correction code status bit, ECCS, indicates whether reprogramming was
successful.
Table 40.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:2
WRCNTS
R
xxxxxx
write counter: contains the number of times the
MTPNV cells were reprogrammed
1
ECCS
R
0
no error detected during MTPNV cell programming
1
an error was detected during MTPNV cell
programming
0
MTPNV memory cannot be overwritten
1[1]
MTPNV memory is ready to be reprogrammed
0
[1]
6.12.1.1
MTPNV status register (address 70h)
NVMPS
R
Factory preset value.
Calculating the CRC value for MTP programming
The cyclic redundancy check value stored in bits CRCC in the MTPNV CRC control
register is calculated using the data written to registers 0x73 and 0x74.
Table 41.
MTPNV CRC control register (address 75h)
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
7:0
CRCC
R/W
-
CRC control data
The CRC value is calculated using the data representation shown in Figure 10 and the
modulo-2 division with the generator polynomial: X8 + X5 + X3 + X2 + X + 1. The result of
this operation must be bitwise inverted.
7
6
1
0
7
register 0x73
6
1
register 0x74
0
015aaa382
Fig 10. Data representation for CRC calculation
The following parameters can be used to calculate the CRC value (e.g. via the Autosar
method):
Table 42.
Parameters for CRC coding
Parameter
Value
CRC result width
8 bits
Polynomial
0x2F
Initial value
0xFF
Input data reflected
no
Result data reflected
no
XOR value
0xFF
Alternatively, the following algorithm can be used:
data = 0 // unsigned byte
crc = 0xFF
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
38 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
for i = 0 to 1
data = content_of_address(0x73 + i) EXOR crc
for j = 0 to 7
if data  128
data = data * 2 // shift left by 1
data = data EXOR 0x2F
else
data = data * 2 // shift left by 1
next j
crc = data
next i
crc = crc EXOR 0xFF
6.12.2 Restoring factory preset values
Factory preset values are restored if the following conditions apply for at least td(MTPNV)
during power-up:
• pin RSTN is held LOW
• CANH is pulled up to VBAT
• CANL is pulled down to GND
After the factory preset values have been restored, the SBC performs a system reset and
enters Forced normal Mode. Since the CAN bus is clamped dominant, pin RXDC is forced
LOW. During the factory preset restore process, this pin is forced HIGH; a falling edge on
this pin caused by bit PO being set after power-on then clearly indicates that the process
has been completed.
Note that the write counter, WRCNTS, in the MTPNV status register is incremented every
time the factory presets are restored.
6.13 Device ID
A byte is reserved at address 0x7E for a UJA1168 identification code.
Table 43.
Identification register (address 7Eh)
Bit
Symbol
Access
7:0
IDS[7:0]
R
Value
Description
device identification code
F8h
UJA1168TK
FCh
UJA1168TK/FD
E8h
UJA1168TK/VX
ECh
UJA1168TK/VX/FD
6.14 Lock control register
Sections of the register address area can be write-protected to protect against unintended
modifications. Note that this facility only protects locked bits from being modified via the
SPI and will not prevent the UJA1168 updating status registers etc.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
39 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 44.
Lock control register (address 0Ah)
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
7
reserved
R
cleared for future use
6
LK6C
R/W
5
4
LK5C
LK4C
-
lock control 6: address area 0x68 to 0x6F
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
R/W
lock control 5: address area 0x50 to 0x5F
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
R/W
lock control 4: address area 0x40 to 0x4F - WAKE pin control
0
1
3
2
1
0
LK3C
LK2C
LK1C
LK0C
R/W
SPI write-access enabled
SPI write-access disabled
lock control 3: address area 0x30 to 0x3F
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
R/W
lock control 2: address area 0x20 to 0x2F - transceiver control
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
R/W
lock control 1: address area 0x10 to 0x1F - regulator control
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
R/W
lock control 0: address area 0x06 to 0x09 - general purpose
memory
0
SPI write-access enabled
1
SPI write-access disabled
6.15 General purpose memory
UJA1168 allocates 4 bytes of RAM as general purpose registers for storing user
information. The general purpose registers can be accessed via the SPI at address 0x06
to 0x09 (see Table 45).
6.16 SPI
6.16.1 Introduction
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) provides the communication link with the
microcontroller, supporting multi-slave operations. The SPI is configured for full duplex
data transfer, so status information is returned when new control data is shifted in. The
interface also offers a read-only access option, allowing registers to be read back by the
application without changing the register content.
The SPI uses four interface signals for synchronization and data transfer:
• SCSN: SPI chip select; active LOW
• SCK: SPI clock; default level is LOW due to low-power concept (pull-down)
• SDI: SPI data input
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
40 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
• SDO: SPI data output; floating when pin SCSN is HIGH
Bit sampling is performed on the falling edge of the clock and data is shifted in/out on the
rising edge, as illustrated in Figure 11.
SCSN
SCK
02
01
03
04
N–1
N
sampled
SDI
SDO
X
floating
X
MSB
MSB–1
MSB–2
MSB–3
01
LSB
MSB
MSB–1
MSB–2
MSB–3
01
LSB
X
floating
015aaa255
Fig 11. SPI timing protocol
The SPI data in the UJA1168 is stored in a number of dedicated 8-bit registers. Each
register is assigned a unique 7-bit address. Two bytes must be transmitted to the SBC for
a single register write operation. The first byte contains the 7-bit address along with a
‘read-only’ bit (the LSB). The read-only bit must be 0 to indicate a write operation (if this bit
is 1, a read operation is assumed and any data on the SDI pin is ignored). The second
byte contains the data to be written to the register.
24- and 32-bit read and write operations are also supported. The register address is
automatically incremented, once for a 24-bit operation and twice for a 32-bit operation, as
illustrated in Figure 12.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
41 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Register Address Range
0x00
0x01
0x02
0x03
0x04
ID=0x05
addr 0000101
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
Address Bits
A1
A0
0x05
0x06
data
data
data byte 1
0x07
0x7D
0x7E
0x7F
data
data byte 2
data byte 3
RO
x
x
x
Read-only Bit
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Data Bits
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Data Bits
x
x
x
Data Bits
x
x
x
015aaa289
Fig 12. SPI data structure for a write operation (16-, 24- or 32-bit)
During an SPI data read or write operation, the contents of the addressed register(s) is
returned via pin SDO.
The UJA1168 tolerates attempts to write to registers that don't exist. If the available
address space is exceeded during a write operation, the data above the valid address
range is ignored (without generating an SPI failure event).
During a write operation, the UJA1168 monitors the number of SPI bits transmitted. If the
number recorded is not 16, 24 or 32, then the write operation is aborted and an SPI failure
event is captured (SPIF = 1).
If more than 32 bits are clocked in on pin SDI during a read operation, the data stream on
SDI is reflected on SDO from bit 33 onwards.
After the UJA1168 exits Reset mode (positive edge on RSTN), an SPI read/write access
must not be attempted for at least tto(SPI). Any earlier access may be ignored (without
generating an SPI failure event).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
42 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
6.16.2 Register map
The addressable register space contains 128 registers with addresses from 0x00 to 0x7F.
An overview of the register mapping is provided in Table 45 to Table 54. The functionality
of individual bits is discussed in more detail in relevant sections of the data sheet.
Table 45.
Overview of primary control registers
Address Register Name
Bit:
7
6
0x00
Watchdog control
WMC
0x01
Mode control
reserved
5
3
2
1
0
OTWE
SPIFE
reserved
FNMS
SDMS
WDS
LK3C
LK2C
LK1C
reserved NWP
MC
0x03
Main status
reserved OTWS
0x04
System event enable
reserved
0x05
Watchdog status
reserved
0x06
Memory 0
GPM[7:0]
0x07
Memory 1
GPM[15:8]
0x08
Memory 2
GPM[23:16]
0x09
Memory 3
GPM[31:24]
0x0A
Lock control
reserved LK6C
Table 46.
Overview of V1 and INH/VEXT control registers
Address Register Name
4
NMS
LK5C
RSS
LK4C
LK0C
Bit:
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
0x10
V1 and INH/VEXT control
reserved
0x1B
Supply status
reserved
VEXTS
0x1C
Supply event enable
reserved
VEXTOE VEXTUE V1UE
Table 47.
Overview of transceiver control and partial networking registers
Address Register Name
VEXTC
1
7
6
5
PNCOK
0x20
CAN control
reserved
0x22
Transceiver status
CTS
CPNERR CPNS
0x23
Transceiver event enable
reserved
0x26
Data rate
reserved
0x27
Identifier 0
ID[7:0]
0x28
Identifier 1
ID[15:8]
0x29
Identifier 2
ID[23:16]
0x2A
Identifier 3
reserved
0x2B
Mask 0
M[7:0]
0x2C
Mask 1
M[15:8]
0x2D
Mask 2
M[23:16]
0x2E
Mask 3
reserved
0x2F
Frame control
IDE
0x68
Data mask 0
DM0[7:0]
0x69
Data mask 1
DM1[7:0]
Product data sheet
V1S
Bit:
CFDC[1]
UJA1168
V1RTC
4
3
CPNC
reserved
COSCS CBSS
CBSE
2
1
0
reserved
VCS
CFS
CFE
CWE
CMC
reserved
CDR
ID[28:24]
M[28:24]
PNDM
reserved
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
DLC
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
43 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 47.
Overview of transceiver control and partial networking registers …continued
Address Register Name
Bit:
7
6
0x6A
Data mask 2
DM2[7:0]
0x6B
Data mask 3
DM3[7:0]
0x6C
Data mask 4
DM4[7:0]
0x6D
Data mask 5
DM5[7:0]
0x6E
Data mask 6
DM6[7:0]
0x6F
Data mask 7
DM7[7:0]
[1]
5
4
3
2
1
0
UJA1168TK/FD and UJA1168TK/VX/FD only; otherwise reserved.
Table 48.
Overview of WAKE pin control and status registers
Address
Register Name
Bit:
1
0
0x4B
WAKE pin status
reserved
WPVS
reserved
0x4C
WAKE pin enable
reserved
WPRE
WPFE
7
6
Table 49.
Overview of event capture registers
Address
Register Name
6
0x60
Global event status
reserved
0x61
System event status
reserved
0x62
Supply event status
reserved
0x63
Transceiver event status
reserved
0x64
WAKE pin event status
reserved
Table 50.
Overview of MTPNV status register
Register Name
Table 51.
Address
MTPNV status
Table 52.
Address
2
4
3
2
1
0
WPE
TRXE
SUPE
SYSE
SPIF
WDF
PO
reserved OTW
CBS
reserved
VEXTO
PNFDE
5
4
3
2
WRCNTS
VEXTU
V1U
CF
CW
WPR
WPF
1
0
ECCS
NVMPS
Overview of Startup control register
Register Name
Bit:
Startup control
6
5
reserved
4
RLC
3
2
1
0
VEXTSUC reserved
Overview of SBC configuration control register
Register Name
Bit:
7
0x74
5
6
7
0x73
3
Bit:
7
0x70
4
Bit:
7
Address
5
6
SBC configuration control reserved
UJA1168
Product data sheet
5
4
V1RTSUC
3
2
1
FNMC
SDMC
reserved SLPC
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
0
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
44 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 53.
Address
Overview of CRC control register
Register Name
Bit:
7
0x75
Table 54.
Address
MTPNV CRC control
6
4
3
2
1
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
CRCC[7:0]
Overview of Identification register
Register Name
Bit:
7
0x7E
5
Identification
6
IDS[7:0]
6.16.3 Register configuration in UJA1168 operating modes
A number of register bits may change state automatically when the UJA1168 switches
from one operating mode to another. This is particularly evident when the UJA1168
switches to Off mode. These changes are summarized in Table 55. If an SPI transmission
is in progress when the UJA1168 changes state, the transmission is ignored (automatic
state changes have priority).
Table 55.
Register bit settings in UJA1168 operating modes
Symbol
Off (power-on
default)
Standby
Normal
Sleep
Overtemp
Reset
CBS
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CBSE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CBSS
1
actual state
actual state
no change
actual state
actual state
CDR
101
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CF
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CFDC
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CFE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CFS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
CMC
00
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
COSCS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
CPNC
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CPNERR
1
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
CPNS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
CRCC
00000000
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CTS
0
0
actual state
0
0
0
CW
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
CWE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
DMn
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
DLC
0000
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
ECCS
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
FNMC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
FNMS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
GPMn
00000000
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
IDn
00000000
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
IDE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
45 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 55.
Register bit settings in UJA1168 operating modes …continued
Symbol
Off (power-on
default)
IDS
Standby
Normal
Sleep
Overtemp
Reset
1111 1000 (TK)
no change
1110 1000 (TKVX)
no change
no change
no change
no change
LKnC
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
MC
100
100
111
001
don’t care
100
NMS
1
no change
0
no change
no change
no change
NVMPS
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
NWP
0100
no change
no change
no change
0100
0100
OTW
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
OTWE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
OTWS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
PNCOK
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
PNDM
1
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
PNFDE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
PO
1
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
RLC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
RSS
00000
no change
no change
no change
10010
reset source
SDMC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
SDMS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
SLPC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
SPIF
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
SPIFE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
SUPE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
SYSE
1
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
TRXE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
V1RTC
defined by
V1RTSUC
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
V1RTSUC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
V1S
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
V1UE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
V1U
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
VCS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
VEXTC
defined by
VEXTSUC
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
VEXTO[1]
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
VEXTOE[1]
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
VEXTS[1]
00
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
VEXTSUC
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
MTPNV
VEXTU[1]
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
VEXTUE[1]
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WDF
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WDS
0
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
46 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 55.
Register bit settings in UJA1168 operating modes …continued
Symbol
Off (power-on
default)
Standby
Normal
Sleep
Overtemp
Reset
WMC
[2]
no change
no change
no change
no change
[2]
WPE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WPF
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WPR
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WPFE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WPRE
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WPVS
0
no change
no change
no change
no change
no change
WRCNTS
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
actual state
[1]
UJA1168TK/VX only.
[2]
001 if SDMC = 1; otherwise 010.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
47 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
7. Limiting values
Table 56. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Vx
voltage on pin x
DC value
voltage between pin
CANH and pin CANL
Vtrt
transient voltage
Max
Unit
V
0.2
+6
pins TXD, RXD, SDI, SDO, SCK, SCSN, RSTN
0.2
VV1 + 0.2 V
pins INH/VEXT/WAKE
18
+40
V
pin BAT
0.2
+40
V
pins CANH and CANL with respect to any other pin
58
+58
V
40
+40
V
150
+100
V
6
+6
kV
8
+8
kV
4
+4
kV
2
+2
kV
100
+100
V
750
+750
V
500
+500
V
40
+150
C
55
+150
C
[1]
pin V1
V(CANH-CANL)
Min
[2]
on pins
CANL, CANH, WAKE, VEXT;
pin BAT via reverse polarity diode and capacitor to
ground
VESD
electrostatic
discharge voltage
IEC 61000-4-2
[3]
on pins CANH and CANL; pin BAT with capacitor;
pin WAKE with 10 nF capacitor and 10 k resistor;
pin VEXT with 2.2 F capacitor
[4]
HBM
on pins CANH, CANL
[5]
on pins BAT, WAKE, VEXT
on any other pin
[6]
MM
on any pin
[7]
CDM
on corner pins
on any other pin
Tvj
virtual junction
temperature
Tstg
storage temperature
[8]
[1]
When the device is not powered up, IV1 (max) = 25 mA.
[2]
Verified by an external test house to ensure pins can withstand ISO 7637 part 2 automotive transient test pulses 1, 2a, 3a and 3b.
[3]
ESD performance according to IEC 61000-4-2 (150 pF, 330 ) has been verified by an external test house; the result was equal to or
better than 6 kV.
[4]
Human Body Model (HBM): according to AEC-Q100-002 (100 pF, 1.5 k).
[5]
V1 and BAT connected to GND, emulating the application circuit.
[6]
Machine Model (MM): according to AEC-Q100-003 (200 pF, 0.75 H, 10 ).
[7]
Charged Device Model (CDM): according to AEC-Q100-011 (field Induced charge; 4 pF).
[8]
In accordance with IEC 60747-1. An alternative definition of virtual junction temperature is: Tvj = Tamb + P  Rth(j-a), where Rth(j-a) is a
fixed value used in the calculation of Tvj. The rating for Tvj limits the allowable combinations of power dissipation (P) and ambient
temperature (Tamb).
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
48 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
8. Thermal characteristics
Table 57.
Symbol
Rth(vj-a)
[1]
Thermal characteristics
Parameter
Conditions
[1]
thermal resistance from virtual junction to ambient HVSON14
Typ
Unit
60
K/W
According to JEDEC JESD51-2, JESD51-5 and JESD51-7 at natural convection on 2s2p board. Board with two inner copper layers
(thickness: 35 m) and thermal via array under the exposed pad connected to the first inner copper layer (thickness: 70 m).
9. Static characteristics
Table 58. Static characteristics
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply; pin BAT
Vth(det)pon
power-on detection threshold
voltage
VBAT rising
4.2
-
4.55
V
Vth(det)poff
power-off detection threshold
voltage
VBAT falling
2.8
-
3
V
Vuvr(CAN)
CAN undervoltage recovery
voltage
VBAT rising
4.5
-
5
V
Vuvd(CAN)
CAN undervoltage detection
voltage
VBAT falling
4.2
-
4.55
V
IBAT
battery supply current
Sleep mode; MC = 001;
40 C < Tvj < 85 C; CAN
Offline mode; CWE = 1;
VBAT = 7 V to 18 V
-
41
59
A
Standby mode; MC = 100;
CWE = 1; CAN Offline mode;
IV1 = 0 A; VBAT = 7 V to 18 V;
40 C < Tvj < 85 C
-
60
85
A
additional current in CAN
Offline Bias mode;
40 C < Tvj < 85 C
-
46
63
A
additional current when partial
networking enabled; bus
active; CPNC = 1; PNCOK = 1
300
400
A
additional current from WAKE
input; WPRE = WPFE = 1;
40 C < Tvj < 85 C
2
3
A
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Normal mode; MC = 111;
CAN Active mode; CAN
recessive; VTXD = VV1
-
4
7.5
mA
Normal mode; MC = 111;
CAN Active mode; CAN
dominant; VTXD = 0 V
-
46
67
mA
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
49 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 58. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VBAT = 5.5 V to 18 V;
IV1 = 120 mA to 0 mA;
VTXD = VV1
4.9
5
5.1
V
VBAT = 5.65 V to 18 V;
IV1 = 150 mA to 0 mA;
VTXD = VV1
4.9
5
5.1
V
VBAT = 5.65 V to 18 V;
IV1 = 100 mA to 0 mA;
VTXD = 0 V; VCANH = 0 V
4.9
5
5.1
V
-
-
100
mV
10
mV
-
5

Voltage source: pin V1
VO
Vret(RAM)
output voltage
RAM retention voltage difference
between VBAT and VV1
VBAT = 2 V to 3 V;
IV1 = 2 mA
VBAT = 2 V to 3 V;
IV1 = 200 A
[1]
R(BAT-V1)
resistance between pin BAT and
pin V1
VBAT = 4 V to 6 V;
IV1 = 120 mA
VBAT = 3 V to 4 V; IV1 = 40 mA
-
2.625
-

Vuvd
undervoltage detection voltage
Vuvd(nom) = 90 %
4.5
-
4.75
V
Vuvd(nom) = 80 %
4
-
4.25
V
Vuvd(nom) = 70 %
3.5
3.75
V
Vuvd(nom) = 60 %
-
3
-
3.25
V
Vuvr
undervoltage recovery voltage
4.5
-
4.75
V
IO(sc)
short-circuit output current
300
-
150
mA
4.9
5
5.1
V
Voltage source: VEXT (UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD only)
VO
output voltage
VBAT = 6.5 V to 18 V;
IVEXT = 30 mA to 0 mA
Vuvd
undervoltage detection voltage
4.5
-
4.75
V
Vovd
overvoltage detection voltage
6.5
-
7
V
IO(sc)
short-circuit output current
125
-
30
mA
Voltage source: INH (UJA1168TK and UJA1168TK/FD only)
VO
output voltage
IINH = 180 A
VBAT
 0.8
-
VBAT
V
Rpd
pull-down resistance
Sleep mode
3
4
5
M
Serial peripheral interface inputs; pins SDI, SCK and SCSN
Vth(sw)
switching threshold voltage
0.25VV1
-
0.75VV1
V
Rpd(SCK)
pull-down resistance on pin SCK
40
60
80
k
Rpu(SCSN)
pull-up resistance on pin SCSN
40
60
80
k
ILI(SDI)
input leakage current on pin SDI
5
-
+5
A
Serial peripheral interface data output; pin SDO
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = 4 mA
VV1  0.4 -
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 4 mA
-
0.4
V
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
-
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
50 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 58. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ILO(off)
off-state output leakage current
VSCSN = VV1; VO = 0 V to VV1
5
-
+5
A
CAN transmit data input; pin TXD
Vth(sw)
switching threshold voltage
0.25VV1
-
0.75VV1
V
Rpu
pull-up resistance
40
60
80
k
CAN receive data output; pin RXD
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = 4 mA
VV1  0.4 -
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 4 mA
-
-
0.4
V
Rpu
pull-up resistance
CAN Offline mode
40
60
80
k
Local wake input; pin WAKE
Vth(sw)r
rising switching threshold voltage
2.8
-
4.1
V
Vth(sw)f
falling switching threshold voltage
2.4
-
3.75
V
Vhys(i)
input hysteresis voltage
250
-
800
mV
Ii
input current
-
-
1.5
A
pin CANH
2.75
3.5
4.5
V
pin CANL
0.5
1.5
2.25
V
400
-
+400
mV
0.9VV1
-
1.1VV1
V
CAN Active mode (dominant);
VTXD = 0 V;
VV1 = 4.75 V to 5.5 V;
R(CANH-CANL) = 45  to 65 
1.5
-
3.0
V
CAN Active mode (recessive);
CAN Listen-only mode;
CAN Offline mode; VTXD = VV1;
R(CANH-CANL) = no load
50
-
+50
mV
CAN Active mode; VTXD = VV1
R(CANH-CANL) = no load
2
0.5VV1
3
V
CAN Offline mode;
R(CANH-CANL) = no load
0.1
-
+0.1
V
CAN Offline Bias/Listen-only
modes; R(CANH-CANL) = no load;
VV1 = 0 V
2
2.5
3
V
pin CANH; VCANH = 0 V
50
-
-
mA
pin CANL; VCANL = 5 V
-
-
52
mA
3
-
+3
mA
Tvj = 40 C to +85 C
High-speed CAN bus lines; pins CANH and CANL
VO(dom)
dominant output voltage
CAN Active mode; VTXD = 0 V
Vdom(TX)sym
transmitter dominant voltage
symmetry
Vdom(TX)sym =
VV1  VCANH  VCANL; VV1 = 5 V
VTXsym
transmitter voltage symmetry
VTXsym = VCANH + VCANL;
fTXD = 250 kHz;
CSPLIT = 4.7 nF
VO(dif)bus
VO(rec)
IO(dom)
IO(rec)
bus differential output voltage
recessive output voltage
dominant output current
recessive output current
UJA1168
Product data sheet
[1]
[2]
CAN Active mode;
VTXD = 0 V; VV1 = 5 V
VCANL = VCANH = 27 V to
+32 V; VTXD = VV1
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
51 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 58. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vth(RX)dif
differential receiver threshold
voltage
CAN Active/Listen-only modes;
VCANL = VCANH = 12 V to
+12 V
0.5
0.7
0.9
V
CAN Offline mode;
VCANL = VCANH = 12 V to
+12 V
0.4
0.7
1.15
V
CAN Active/Listen-only modes;
VCANL = VCANH = 12 V to
+12 V
50
200
400
mV
Vhys(RX)dif
differential receiver hysteresis
voltage
Ri(cm)
common-mode input resistance
9
15
28
k
Ri
input resistance deviation
1
-
+1
%
Ri(dif)
differential input resistance
19
30
52
k
Ci(cm)
common-mode input capacitance
[1]
-
-
20
pF
Ci(dif)
differential input capacitance
[1]
-
-
10
pF
ILI
input leakage current
5
-
+5
A
VCANL = VCANH = 12 V to
+12 V
VBAT = VV1 = 0 V or VBAT = VV1
= shorted to ground via 47 k;
VCANH = VCANL = 5 V
Temperature protection
Tth(act)otp
overtemperature protection
activation threshold temperature
167
177
187
C
Tth(rel)otp
overtemperature protection
release threshold temperature
127
137
147
C
Tth(warn)otp
overtemperature protection
warning threshold temperature
127
137
147
C
0
-
0.2VV1
V
Reset output; pin RSTN
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
VV1 = 1.0 V to 5.5 V; pull-up
resistor to VV1  900 
Rpu
pull-up resistance
40
60
80
k
Vth(sw)
switching threshold voltage
0.25VV1
-
0.75VV1
V
-
-
200
-
MTP non-volatile memory
Ncy(W)MTP
number of MTP write cycles
[1]
Not tested in production; guaranteed by design.
[2]
The test circuit used to measure the bus output voltage symmetry (which includes CSPLIT) is shown in Figure 19.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
52 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
10. Dynamic characteristics
Table 59. Dynamic characteristics
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
from VBAT exceeding the
power-on detection threshold
until VV1 exceeds the 90 %
undervoltage threshold;
CV1 = 4.7 F
-
2.8
4.7
ms
6
-
54
s
Voltage source; pin V1
tstartup
start-up time
td(uvd)
undervoltage detection delay time
td(uvd-RSTNL)
delay time from undervoltage
detection to RSTN LOW
undervoltage on V1
-
-
63
s
td(buswake-VOH)
delay time from bus wake-up to
HIGH-level output voltage
HIGH = 0.8VO(V1);
IV1  100 mA
-
-
5
ms
Voltage source; pin VEXT
td(uvd)
undervoltage detection delay time
6
-
39
s
td(ovd)
overvoltage detection delay time
6
-
39
s
Serial peripheral interface timing; pins SCSN, SCK, SDI and SDO
tcy(clk)
clock cycle time
250
-
-
ns
tSPILEAD
SPI enable lead time
50
-
-
ns
tSPILAG
SPI enable lag time
50
-
-
ns
tclk(H)
clock HIGH time
125
-
-
ns
tclk(L)
clock LOW time
125
-
-
ns
tsu(D)
data input set-up time
50
-
-
ns
th(D)
data input hold time
50
-
-
ns
tv(Q)
data output valid time
pin SDO; CL = 20 pF
-
-
50
ns
tWH(S)
chip select pulse width HIGH
pin SCSN
250
-
-
ns
tto(SPI)
SPI time-out time
after leaving Reset mode
-
-
40
s
-
-
255
ns
-
-
350
ns
CAN transceiver timing; pins CANH, CANL, TXD and RXD
td(TXD-RXD)
delay time from TXD to RXD
RL = 60 ; CL = 100 pF;
50 % VTXD to 50 % VRXD;
CRXD = 15 pF;
fTXD = 250 kHz
RL = 120 ; CL = 200 pF;
50 % VTXD to 50 % VRXD;
CRXD = 15 pF;
fTXD = 250 kHz
[1]
td(TXD-busdom)
delay time from TXD to bus
dominant
-
80
-
ns
td(TXD-busrec)
delay time from TXD to bus
recessive
-
80
-
ns
td(busdom-RXD)
delay time from bus dominant to
RXD
-
105
-
ns
UJA1168
Product data sheet
CRXD = 15 pF
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
53 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 59. Dynamic characteristics …continued
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
td(busrec-RXD)
delay time from bus recessive to
RXD
CRXD = 15 pF
-
120
-
ns
tbit(RXD)
bit time on pin RXD
tbit(TXD) = 500 ns
400
-
550
ns
twake(busdom)
bus dominant wake-up time
first pulse (after first
recessive) for wake-up on
pins CANH and CANL;
CAN Offline mode
0.5
-
3.0
s
second pulse for wake-up on
pins CANH and CANL
0.5
-
3.0
s
first pulse for wake-up on pins
CANH and CANL;
CAN Offline mode
0.5
-
3.0
s
second pulse (after first
dominant) for wake-up on
pins CANH and CANL
0.5
-
3.0
s
twake(busrec)
bus recessive wake-up time
[2]
tto(wake)
wake-up time-out time
between first and second
dominant pulses; CAN Offline
mode
570
-
1200
s
tto(dom)TXD
TXD dominant time-out time
CAN Active mode;
VTXD = 0 V
2.7
-
3.3
ms
tto(silence)
bus silence time-out time
recessive time measurement
started in all CAN modes;
RL = 120 
0.95
-
1.17
s
td(busact-bias)
delay time from bus active to bias
-
-
200
s
tstartup(CAN)
CAN start-up time
-
-
220
s
when switching to Active
mode (CTS = 1)
Pin RXD: event capture timing (valid in CAN Offline mode only)
td(event)
event capture delay time
CAN Offline mode
0.9
-
1.1
ms
tblank
blanking time
when switching from Offline to
Active/Listen-only mode
-
-
25
s
ttrig(wd)1
watchdog trigger time 1
Normal mode; watchdog
Window mode only
[3]
0.45  NWP[4]
0.55  ms
NWP[4]
ttrig(wd)2
watchdog trigger time 2
Normal/Standby mode
[5]
0.9 
NWP[4]
1.11  ms
NWP[4]
RLC = 00
20
-
25
ms
RLC = 01
10
-
12.5
ms
RLC = 10
3.6
-
5
ms
RLC = 11
1
-
1.5
ms
18
-
-
s
Watchdog
Pin RSTN: reset pulse width
tw(rst)
reset pulse width
output pulse width
input pulse width
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
54 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
Table 59. Dynamic characteristics …continued
Tvj = 40 C to +150 C; VBAT = 3 V to 28 V; R(CANH-CANL) = 60 ; all voltages are defined with respect to ground; positive
currents flow into the IC; typical values are given at VBAT = 13 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
50
-
-
s
0.9
-
1.1
ms
Pin WAKE
twake
wake-up time
MTP non-volatile memory
td(MTPNV)
MTPNV delay time
before factory presets are
restored
[1]
Guaranteed by design.
[2]
See Figure 14.
[3]
A system reset will be performed if the watchdog is in Window mode and is triggered less than ttrig(wd)1 after the start of the watchdog
period (or in the first half of the watchdog period).
[4]
The nominal watchdog period is programmed via the NWP control bits.
[5]
The watchdog will be reset if it is in window mode and is triggered at least ttrig(wd)1, but not more than ttrig(wd)2, after the start of the
watchdog period (or in the second half of the watchdog period). A system reset will be performed if the watchdog is triggered more than
ttrig(wd)2 after the start of the watchdog period (watchdog overflows).
+,*+
7;'
/2:
&$1+
&$1/
GRPLQDQW
9
92GLIEXV
9
UHFHVVLYH
+,*+
5;'
/2:
WG7;'EXVGRP
WG7;'EXVUHF
WGEXVGRP5;'
WG7;'5;'
WGEXVUHF5;'
WG7;'5;'
DDD
Fig 13. CAN transceiver timing diagram
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
55 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
7;'
[WELW7;'
WELW7;'
5;'
WELW5;'
DDD
Fig 14. Loop delay symmetry timing diagram
6&61
W63,/($'
W63,/$*
WF\FON
WFON+
WFON/
WVX'
WK'
W:+6
6&.
6',
06%
;
/6%
;
WY4
IORDWLQJ
6'2
IORDWLQJ
;
06%
/6%
DDD
Fig 15. SPI timing diagram
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
56 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
11. Application information
11.1 Application diagram
e.g. off-board sensor supply
(1)
BAT
(1)
22 μF
BAT
7
10
10 kΩ
WAKE
V1
VEXT
3
5
RSTN
9
10 nF
14
6
UJA1168TK/VX
UJA1168TK/VX/FD
8
11
GND
RSTN
4
2
13
12
CANH
RT (2)
1
VCC
MICROCONTROLLER
SCSN
SDO
standard
μC ports
SCK
SDI
RXD
TXD
RXD
TXD
VSS
CANL
RT (2)
e.g.
4.7 nF
015aaa366
(1) Actual capacitance value must be a least 1.76 F with 5 V DC offset (recommended capacitor value is 4.7 F)
(2) For bus line end nodes, RT = 60  in order to support the ‘split termination concept’. For sub-nodes, an optional ‘weak’
termination of e.g. RT = 1.3 k can be used, if required by the OEM.
Fig 16. Typical application using the UJA1168TK/VX or UJA1168TK/VX/FD
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
57 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
e.g. INH as control signal for voltage regulator
3V
BAT
22 μF
3V
INH
(1)
BAT
7
10
10 kΩ
INH
V1
3
5
WAKE
RSTN
RSTN
9
10 nF
14
6
UJA1168TK
UJA1168TK/FD
8
11
GND
2
4
13
12
CANH
RT (2)
1
VCC
MICROCONTROLLER
SCSN
SDO
standard
μC ports
SCK
SDI
RXD
TXD
RXD
TXD
VSS
CANL
RT (2)
e.g.
4.7 nF
015aaa368
(1) Actual capacitance value must be a least 1.76 F with 5 V DC offset (recommended capacitor value is 4.7 F)
(2) For bus line end nodes, RT = 60  in order to support the ‘split termination concept’. For sub-nodes, an optional ‘weak’
termination of e.g. RT = 1.3 k can be used, if required by the OEM.
Fig 17. Typical application using the UJA1168TK or UJA1168TK/FD
11.2 Application hints
Further information on the application of the UJA1168 can be found in the NXP application
hints document AH1306 Application Hints - Mini high speed CAN system basis chips
UJA1163 / UJA1164 / UJA1167 / UJA1168.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
58 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
12. Test information
BAT
RXD
CANH
SBC
15 pF
TXD
RL
100 pF
CANL
GND
015aaa369
Fig 18. Timing test circuit for CAN transceiver
%$7
7;'
&$1+
ȍ
I N+]
&63/,7
Q)
6%&
&$1/
5;'
*1'
ȍ
DDD
Fig 19. Test circuit for measuring transceiver driver symmetry
12.1 Quality information
This product has been qualified in accordance with the Automotive Electronics Council
(AEC) standard Q100 Rev-G - Failure mechanism based stress test qualification for
integrated circuits, and is suitable for use in automotive applications.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
59 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
13. Package outline
+9621SODVWLFWKHUPDOHQKDQFHGYHU\WKLQVPDOORXWOLQHSDFNDJHQROHDGV
WHUPLQDOVERG\[[PP
627
;
%
'
$
$
(
$
F
WHUPLQDO
LQGH[DUHD
GHWDLO;
H
WHUPLQDO
LQGH[DUHD
H
Y
Z
E
&
& $ %
&
\ &
\
/
N
(K
'K
'LPHQVLRQV
8QLW
PP
PP
VFDOH
$
$
E
F
PD[ QRP PLQ '
'K
(
(K
H
H
N
/
Y
Z
\
\
VRW
5HIHUHQFHV
2XWOLQH
YHUVLRQ
,(&
-('(&
-(,7$
627
02
(XURSHDQ
SURMHFWLRQ
,VVXHGDWH
Fig 20. Package outline SOT1086-2 (HVSON14)
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
60 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
14. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling ensure that the appropriate precautions are taken as
described in JESD625-A or equivalent standards.
15. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
15.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
15.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
15.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
61 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
15.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 21) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 60 and 61
Table 60.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 61.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 21.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
62 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 21. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
16. Soldering of HVSON packages
Section 15 contains a brief introduction to the techniques most commonly used to solder
Surface Mounted Devices (SMD). A more detailed discussion on soldering HVSON
leadless package ICs can be found in the following application notes:
• AN10365 ‘Surface mount reflow soldering description”
• AN10366 “HVQFN application information”
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
63 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
17. Revision history
Table 62.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
UJA1168 v.2
20140411
Product data sheet
-
UJA1168 v.1
Modifications:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
UJA1168 v.1
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Section 1: text revised (3rd paragraph added)
Section 2.1: feature added (loop delay symmetry)
Table 2: table note amended
Section 6.1.1.4: last paragraph added
Section 6.1.1.6: text revised (3rd paragraph)
Section 6.1.1.7: text revised (4th paragraph)
Table 3: row CAN revised
Section 6.2.2: text revised
Section 6.3.1: text revised
Section 6.3.2: text revised
Section 6.7: text and state diagram revised
Table 14: description for bits CMC revised
Table 15: description for bit CTS revised
Table 16: bit reference corrected
Section 6.11.3: note added at beginning of section
Section 6.16.1: text revised (4th last paragraph); last paragraph added
Table 59: symbols and parameters revised for pins V1 and VEXT; parameters tto(SPI) and tbit(RXD)
added; additional measurement for parameter td(TXD-RXD); parameter tfltr(rst) renamed to tw(rst) and
value changed; parameter values changed: twake for pin WAKE
Figure 14: added
Section 11.2: added
Section 12.1: text updated
20130805
Product data sheet
-
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
-
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
64 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
18. Legal information
18.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
18.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
18.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
UJA1168
Product data sheet
Suitability for use in automotive applications — This NXP
Semiconductors product has been qualified for use in automotive
applications. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the product is not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer's own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
65 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
18.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
19. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
66 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
20. Contents
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.1.1
6.1.1.2
6.1.1.3
6.1.1.4
6.1.1.5
6.1.1.6
6.1.1.7
6.1.1.8
6.1.2
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.6
6.7
6.7.1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Designed for automotive applications. . . . . . . . 1
Low-drop voltage regulator for 5 V
microcontroller supply (V1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Power Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
System control and diagnostic features . . . . . . 2
Sensor supply voltage (pin VEXT of
UJA1168TK/VX and UJA1168TK/VX/FD). . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
System controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Standby mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Reset mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Off mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Overtemp mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Forced Normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Hardware characterization for the UJA1168
operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
System control registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Software Development mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Watchdog behavior in Window mode . . . . . . . 14
Watchdog behavior in Timeout mode . . . . . . . 14
Watchdog behavior in Autonomous mode . . . 15
System reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Characteristics of pin RSTN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Selecting the reset pulse width . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Reset sources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Global temperature protection . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Power supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Battery supply voltage (VBAT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Low-drop voltage supply for 5 V
microcontroller (V1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
High voltage output (UJA1168TK,
UJA1168TK/FD) and external sensor supply
(UJA1168TK/VX, UJA1168TK/VX/FD) . . . . . . 18
High-speed CAN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
CAN operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6.7.1.1
6.7.1.2
6.7.1.3
6.7.1.4
6.7.2
CAN Active mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAN Listen-only mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAN Offline and Offline Bias modes . . . . . . .
CAN Off mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAN standard wake-up (partial networking
not enabled) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.7.3
CAN control and Transceiver status registers
6.8
CAN partial networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.8.1
CAN FD frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.8.2
CAN partial networking configuration
registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9
CAN fail-safe features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9.1
TXD dominant timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9.2
Pull-up on TXD pin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9.3
V1 undervoltage event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9.4
Loss of power at pin BAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.10
Local wake-up via WAKE pin . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.11
Wake-up and interrupt event diagnosis via
pin RXD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.11.1
Interrupt/wake-up delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.11.2
Sleep mode protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.11.3
Event status and event capture registers. . . .
6.12
Non-volatile SBC configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
6.12.1
Programming MTPNV cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.12.1.1 Calculating the CRC value for MTP
programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.12.2
Restoring factory preset values . . . . . . . . . . .
6.13
Device ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.14
Lock control register. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.15
General purpose memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.16
SPI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.16.1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.16.2
Register map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.16.3
Register configuration in UJA1168 operating
modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
Thermal characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.1
Application diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.2
Application hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.1
Quality information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Handling information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
20
20
21
22
23
25
27
28
31
31
31
31
31
31
32
33
33
34
37
37
38
39
39
39
40
40
40
43
45
48
49
49
53
57
57
58
59
59
60
61
continued >>
UJA1168
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 16 April 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
67 of 68
UJA1168
NXP Semiconductors
Mini high-speed CAN system basis chip for partial networking
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering of HVSON packages. . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
61
61
61
62
63
64
65
65
65
65
66
66
67
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 16 April 2014
Document identifier: UJA1168
Similar pages