DATASHEET

Dual 3A Low Quiescent Current High Efficiency
Synchronous Buck Regulator
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Features
ISL8033 is a dual integrated power controller rated for 3A per
channel with a 1MHz step-down regulator that is ideal for any low
power low-voltage applications. The ISL8033A offers 2.5MHz
operation for smaller more compacted design. The channels are
180° out-of-phase for input RMS current and EMI reduction. It is
optimized for generating low output voltages down to 0.8V each.
The supply voltage range is from 2.85V to 6V, allowing for the use
of a single Li+ cell, three NiMH cells or a regulated 5V input. It
has a guaranteed minimum output current of 3A each when ISET
is connected to VDD. The output current of each output is
selectable by setting ISET pin.
• Dual 3A High Efficiency Synchronous Buck Regulator with up
to 95% Efficiency
The ISL8033, ISL8033A includes a pair of low ON-resistance
P-Channel and N-Channel internal MOSFETs to maximize
efficiency and minimize external component count. 100% dutycycle operation allows less than 250mV dropout voltage at 3A.
• Negative Current Protection
The ISL8033, ISL8033A offers an independent 1ms Power-Good
(PG) timer at power-up. When shutdown, ISL8033, ISL8033A
discharges the output capacitor. Other features include internal
digital soft-start, enable for power sequence, controllable softstop output discharge during disabled, start-up with pre-biased
output, 100% maximum duty cycle for lowest dropout, 100%
duty cycle operation for smooth transition, less than 8µA logic
controlled shutdown current, independent enable, overcurrent
protection, and thermal shutdown.
• DC/DC POL Modules
The ISL8033, ISL8033A is offered in a 24 Ld 4mmx4mm QFN
package with 1mm maximum height. The complete converter
occupies less than 5.46cm2 area.
• 2% Output Accuracy Over-Temperature/Load/Line
• Internal Digital Soft-Start - 1.5ms
• External Synchronization up to 6MHz (ISL8033)
• Internal Current Mode Compensation
• Peak Current Limiting and Hiccup Mode Short Circuit
Protection
• Adjustable Peak Overload Current
• Pb-Free (RoHS Compliant)
Applications
• µC/µP, FPGA and DSP Power
• Plug-in DC/DC Modules for Routers and Switchers
• Test and Measurement Systems
• Li-ion Battery Power Devices
• Bar Code Readers
Related Literature
• See AN1606, ISL8033EVAL1Z Application Note
• See AN1611, ISL8033EVAL2Z Application Note
100
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
80
70
3.3VOUT
60
50
40
0.0
VIN = 5V
0.5
1.0
1.5
IOUT (A)
2.0
2.5
3.0
FIGURE 1. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD
March 24, 2011
FN6854.2
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2010, 2011. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Application Circuit
L1
1.5µH
INPUT 2.85V TO 6V
VIN1, 2
LX1
C2
2x22µF
VDD
C1
2x22µF
OUTPUT1
1.8V/3A
C3
12pF
PGND
ISET
R2
124k
ISL8033
FB1
EN1
R3
100k
PG1
SGND
L2
1.5µH
SYNC
OUTPUT2
1.8V/3A
LX2
C4
2x22µF
EN2
C5
12pF
PGND
R5
124k
PG2
FB2
R6
100k
SGND
FIGURE 2. TYPICAL APPLICATION DIAGRAM - DUAL INDEPENDENT OUTPUTS
TABLE 1. ISL8033 COMPONENT VALUE SELECTION
VOUT
0.8V
1.2V
1.5V
1.8V
2.5V
3.3V
C1
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
C2 (or C4)
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
C3 (or C5)
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
L1 (or L2)
1.0µH~2.2µH
1.0µH~2.2µH
1.0µH~2.2µH
1.0µH~3.3µH
1.0µH~3.3µH
1.0µH~4.7µH
R2 (or R5)
0
50k
87.5k
124k
212.5k
312.5k
R3 (or R6)
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
VOUT
0.8V
1.2V
1.5V
1.8V
2.5V
3.3V
C1
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
C2 (or C4)
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
2x22µF
C3 (or C5)
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
12pF
TABLE 2. ISL8033A COMPONENT VALUE SELECTION
L1 (or L2)
0.47~1.5µH
0.47~1.5µH
0.47~1.5µH
0.47~1.5µH
1.0~2.2µH
1.0~3.3µH
R2 (or R5)
0
50k
87.5k
124k
212.5k
312.5k
R3 (or R6)
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
NOTE: The minimum output capacitor value is given for different output voltage to make sure the whole converter system is stable. Output capacitance
should increase to support faster load transient requirement.
TABLE 3. SUMMARY OF DIFFERENCES
PART NUMBER
ISL8033
ISL8033A
SWITCHING FREQUENCY
Internally fixed switching frequency FSW = 1MHz
Internally fixed switching frequency FSW = 2.5MHz
2
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Block Diagram
27pF
SO FTS TA R T
SH U TD O W N
B A N D G A P 0.8V
S H U TD O W N
V IN
+
EN 1
0.3pF
390k
+
COMP
EA M P
3pF
SLO P E
COMP
PW M
LO G IC
C O N TR O LLER
PR O TEC TIO N
D R IV E R
PGND
+
FB 1
0.5V
1.6k
0.864V
+
CSA1
SC P
+
+
+
V IN
LX1
O S C ILLA TO R
0.736V
1M
PG1
SYNC
1m s
D E LA Y
SGND
TH ER M A L
S H U TD O W N
SO
FTSTA
S TA
R TR T
S H U TD O W N
27pF
390k
0.3pF
OCP
TH R E S H O LD
LO G IC
IS ET
S H U TD O W N
V IN
B A N D G A P 0.8V
+
EN 2
S H U TD O W N
+
COMP
EAM P
3pF
PW M
LO G IC
C O N TR O LLE R
P R O TEC TIO N
D R IV E R
LX2
PGND
SLO P E
COMP
+
+
CSA2
FB 2
0.5V
1.6k
0.864V
SCP
+
+
+
V IN
0.736V
1M
PG2
1m s
D E LA Y
SGND
3
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Pin Configuration
LX2
PGND2
PGND2
PGND1
PGND1
LX1
ISL8033, ISL8033A
(24 LD QFN)
TOP VIEW
24
23
22
21
20
19
LX2
1
18 LX1
VIN2
2
17 VIN1
VIN2
3
EN2
4
PG2
5
14 ISET
FB2
6
13 EN1
16 VIN1
25
PD
8
9
10
11
NC
FB1
SGND
PG1
12
SYNC
7
NC
15 VDD
Pin Descriptions
PIN NUMBER
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
1, 24
LX2
22, 23
PGND2
4
EN2
Regulator Channel 2 enable pin. Enable the output, VOUT2, when driven to high. Shutdown the VOUT2 and
discharge output capacitor when driven to low. Do not leave this pin floating.
5
PG2
1ms timer output. At power-up or EN HI, this output is a 1ms delayed Power-Good signal for the VOUT2 voltage.
6
FB2
The feedback network of the Channel 2 regulator. FB2 is the negative input to the transconductance error amplifier.
The output voltage is set by an external resistor divider connected to FB2. With a properly selected divider, the output
voltage can be set to any voltage between the power rail (reduced by converter losses) and the 0.8V reference. There
is an internal compensation to meet a typical application.
In addition, the regulator power-good and undervoltage protection circuitry use FB2 to monitor the Channel 2
regulator output voltage.
7, 8
NC
No connect pins. Please tie to GROUND.
9
FB1
The feedback network of the Channel 1 regulator. FB1 is the negative input to the transconductance error
amplifier. The output voltage is set by an external resistor divider connected to FB1. With a properly selected
divider, the output voltage can be set to any voltage between the power rail (reduced by converter losses) and the
0.8V reference. There is an internal compensation to meet a typical application.
In addition, the regulator power-good and undervoltage protection circuitry use FB1 to monitor the Channel 1
regulator output voltage.
10
SGND
11
PG1
1ms timer output. At power-up or EN HI, this output is a 1ms delayed Power-Good signal for the VOUT1 voltage.
12
SYNC
Connect to logic high or input voltage VIN. Connect to an external function generator for external Synchronization.
Negative edge trigger. Do not leave this pin floating. Do not tie this pin low (or to SGND).
13
EN1
Regulator Channel 1 enable pin. Enable the output, VOUT1, when driven to high. Shutdown the VOUT1 and
discharge output capacitor when driven to low. Do not leave this pin floating.
14
ISET
ISET is the output current limit setting of the regulators. See the “” table on page 6 for settings.
15
VDD
Input supply voltage for the logic. Connect VIN pin.
20, 21
PGND1
Negative supply for the power stage of Channel 1.
Switching node connection for Channel 2. Connect to one terminal of inductor for VOUT2.
Negative supply for the power stage of Channel 2.
System ground. Make a single point connection from these pins to PGND.
4
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Pin Descriptions (Continued)
PIN NUMBER
SYMBOL
18, 19
LX1
2, 3,
16, 17
VIN2,
VIN1
25
PD
DESCRIPTION
Switching node connection for Channel 1. Connect to one terminal of inductor for VOUT1.
Input supply voltage. Connect a 22µF ceramic capacitor to power-ground per channel.
The exposed pad must be connected to the PGND pin for proper electrical performance. Add as much vias as
possible under this pad for optimal thermal performance.
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 1, 2, 3)
PART
MARKING
TEMP. RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(Pb-free)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL8033IRZ*
80 33IRZ
-40 to +85
24 Ld 4x4 QFN
L24.4x4D
ISL8033AIRZ*
80 33AIRZ
-40 to +85
24 Ld 4x4 QFN
L24.4x4D
NOTES:
1. Add “-T*” suffix for tape and reel.Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100% matte
tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil Pbfree products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information page for ISL8033, ISL8033A. For more information on MSL, please see Technical
Brief TB363.
5
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Reference to SGND)
Thermal Information
VIN1,VIN2, VDD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 6.5V (DC) or 7V (20ms)
LX1, LX2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-1.5V (100ns)/-0.3V (DC) to 6.5V (DC) or 7V (20ms)
EN1, EN2, PG1, PG2, SYNC, ISET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +6.5V
FB1, FB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 2.7V
NC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 0.3V
ESD Ratings
Human Body Model (Tested per JESD22-A114) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4kV
Charged Device Model (Tested per JESD22-C101E). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2kV
Machine Model (Tested per JESD22-A115). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.3kV
Latch Up (Tested per JESD-78A; Class 2, Level A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100mA
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
θJA (°C/W) θJC (°C/W)
4x4 QFN Package (Notes 4, 5) . . . . . . . .
36
2
Junction Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-55°C to +150°C
Storage Temperature Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Ambient Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40°C to +85°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Recommended Operating Conditions
VIN Supply Voltage Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.85V to 6V
Load Current Range per Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0A to 3A
Junction Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-55°C to +125°C
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
4. θJA is measured in free air with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board with “direct attach” features. See Tech
Brief TB379.
5. For θJC, the “case temp” location is the center of the exposed metal pad on the package underside.
Electrical Specifications Unless otherwise noted, the typical specifications are measured at the following conditions:
TA = -40°C to +85°C, VIN = 3.6V, EN1 = EN2 = VDD, L = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.
Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C.
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 7)
TYP
MAX
(Note 7)
UNITS
2.5
2.85
V
INPUT SUPPLY
VIN Undervoltage Lockout Threshold
VUVLO
Rising
Hysteresis
50
100
mV
Quiescent Supply Current
IVDD
Shutdown Supply Current
ISD
SYNC = VDD, EN1 = EN2 = VDD,
FS = 1MHz, no load at the output
15
40
mA
SYNC = VDD, EN1 = EN2 = VDD,
FS = 2.5MHz, no load at the output
30
70
mA
VDD = 6V, EN1 = EN2 = SGND
8
20
µA
0.8
0.810
V
OUTPUT REGULATION
FB1, FB2 Regulation Voltage
VFB
FB1, FB2 Bias Current
IFB
0.790
VFB = 0.75V
Load Regulation
SYNC = VDD, output load from 0A to 3A
Line Regulation
VIN = VO + 0.5V to 6V (minimal 2.85V)
Soft-Start Ramp Time Cycle
0.1
µA
2
mV/A
0.1
%/V
1.5
ms
COMPENSATION
Error Amplifier Trans-Conductance
20
Trans-Resistance
RT
0.18
0.2
µA/V
0.22
Ω
OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
Dynamic Current Limit ON-time
tOCON
17
Clock pulses
Dynamic Current Limit OFF-time
tOCOFF
8
SS cycle
6
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Electrical Specifications Unless otherwise noted, the typical specifications are measured at the following conditions:
TA = -40°C to +85°C, VIN = 3.6V, EN1 = EN2 = VDD, L = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.
Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C. (Continued)
PARAMETER
MIN
(Note 7)
TYP
MAX
(Note 7)
UNITS
ISET = VDD
4.1
4.8
5.5
A
4.1
4.8
5.5
A
ISET = Float
4.1
4.8
5.5
A
2.7
3.3
3.9
A
SYMBOL
Positive Peak Overcurrent Limit
Ipoc1
TEST CONDITIONS
Ipoc2
Ipoc1
Ipoc2
Ipoc1
Negative Peak Overcurrent Limit
2.7
3.3
3.9
A
Ipoc2
ISET = GND
2.7
3.3
3.9
A
Inoc1
-3.5
-2.5
-1.5
A
Inoc2
-3.5
-2.5
-1.5
A
50
75
mΩ
VIN = 2.85V, IO = 200mA
70
100
mΩ
VIN = 6V, IO = 200mA
50
75
mΩ
VIN = 2.85V, IO = 200mA
70
100
mΩ
LX1, LX2
P-Channel MOSFET ON-Resistance
VIN = 6V, IO = 200mA
N-Channel MOSFET ON-Resistance
LX_ Maximum Duty Cycle
100
PWM Switching Frequency
FS
Synchronization Range
FSYNC
Channel 1 to Channel 2 Phase Shift
0.88
1.1
1.32
MHz
ISL8033A
2.15
2.5
2.85
MHz
ISL8033 (Note 6)
2.64
6
MHz
Rising edge to rising edge timing
LX Minimum On-Time
180
SYNC = High (forced PWM mode)
Soft Discharge Resistance
RDIS
LX Leakage Current
%
ISL8033
EN = LOW
80
Pulled up to 6V
°
140
ns
100
120
Ω
0.1
1
µA
0.3
V
PG1, PG2
Output Low Voltage
Sinking 1mA, VFB = 0.7V
PG_ Pin Leakage Current
PG = VIN = 6V
0.01
0.1
µA
Internal PGOOD Low Rising Threshold
Percentage of nominal regulation voltage
89.5
92
94.5
%
Internal PGOOD Low Falling Threshold
Percentage of nominal regulation voltage
85
88
91
Delay Time (Rising Edge)
1
Internal PGOOD Delay Time (Falling Edge)
7
%
ms
10
µs
0.4
V
0.1
1
µA
0.1
1
µA
EN1, EN2, SYNC
Logic Input Low
Logic Input High
1.5
SYNC Logic Input Leakage Current
ISYNC
Pulled up to 6V
Enable Logic Input Leakage Current
IEN
Pulled up to 6V
V
Thermal Shutdown
150
°C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
25
°C
NOTES:
6. The operational frequency per switching channel will be half of the SYNC frequency.
7. Compliance to datasheet limits is assured by one or more methods: production test, characterization and/or design.
7
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 = 1.8V,
IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A.
90
90
1.8VOUT
80
EFFICIENCY (%)
100
EFFICIENCY (%)
100
2.5VOUT
1.2VOUT
70
1.5VOUT
60
1.2VOUT
3.3VOUT
70
1.5VOUT
60
50
50
40
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
IOUT (A)
2.0
2.5
40
0.0
3.0
FIGURE 3. EFFICIENCY, TA = +25°C VIN = 3.3V
1.210
1.0
1.205
3.3VIN
1.0
1.5
IOUT (A)
2.0
2.5
3.0
5VIN
1.200
VOUT (V)
0.6
0.5
FIGURE 4. EFFICIENCY, TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V
1.2
0.8
PD (W)
2.5VOUT
1.8VOUT
80
5VIN
0.4
0.2
1.195
3.3VIN
1.190
1.185
0
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
1.180
3.0
0
0.5
1.0
IOUT (A)
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
IOUT (A)
FIGURE 5. POWER DISSIPATION, TA = +25°C VOUT = 1.8V
FIGURE 6. LOAD REGULATION, VOUT = 1.2V TA = +25°C
1.500
1.800
1.495
1.795
5VIN
1.790
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
1.490
1.485
3.3VIN
1.480
1.780
3.3VIN
1.775
1.475
1.470
5VIN
1.785
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
IOUT (A)
FIGURE 7. LOAD REGULATION, VOUT = 1.5V TA = +25°C
8
3.0
1.770
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
IOUT (A)
FIGURE 8. LOAD REGULATION, VOUT = 1.8V TA = +25°C
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 = 1.8V,
IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. (Continued)
3.270
2.490
2.485
3.265
5VIN
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
2.475
2.470
3.3VIN
3.255
3.250
3.245
2.465
2.460
0.0
5VIN
3.260
2.480
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.240
0.0
0.5
1.0
FIGURE 9. LOAD REGULATION, VOUT = 2.5V TA = +25°C
IL1 0.5A/DIV
FIGURE 11. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 1
(PWM)
2.0
2.5
3.0
FIGURE 10. LOAD REGULATION, VOUT = 3.3V TA = +25°C
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
1.5
IOUT (A)
IOUT (A)
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
.
IL2 0.5A/DIV
FIGURE 12. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 2
(PWM)
LX1 2V/Div
LX1 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/Div
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
FIGURE 13. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOAD
CHANNEL 1
9
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
IL1
2A/Div
FIGURE 14. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOAD
CHANNEL 2
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 = 1.8V,
IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. (Continued)
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
FIGURE 15. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOADS AT BOTH
CHANNELS
FIGURE 16. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 1 (PWM)
EN1 2V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
VOUT1 0.5V/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 17. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 2 (PWM)
EN2 2V/DIV
FIGURE 18. SOFT-START WITH NO LOAD CHANNEL 1
EN1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 0.5V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
PG 2V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 19. SOFT-START WITH NO LOAD CHANNEL 2
10
FIGURE 20. SOFT-START AT FULL LOAD CHANNEL 1
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 = 1.8V,
IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. (Continued)
EN2 2V/DIV
EN1 2V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
VOUT1 0.5V/DIV
IL2 1A/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
PG 2V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 21. SOFT-START AT FULL LOAD CHANNEL 2
EN2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 23. SOFT-DISCHARGE SHUTDOWN CHANNEL 2
LX2 2V/DIV
SYNCH 5V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 25. CHANNEL 2 STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD
WITH FREQUENCY = 6MHz
11
FIGURE 22. SOFT-DISCHARGE SHUTDOWN CHANNEL 1
LX1 2V/DIV
SYNCH 5V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 24. CHANNEL 1 STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD
WITH FREQUENCY = 6MHz
LX1 2V/DIV
SYNCH 5V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
FIGURE 26. CHANNEL 1 STEADY STATE OPERATION AT FULL LOAD
WITH FREQUENCY = 6MHz
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.5µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 = 1.8V,
IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. (Continued)
LX2 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
SYNCH 5V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
VOUT1 0.5V/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 27. CHANNEL 2 STEADY STATE OPERATION AT FULL LOAD
WITH FREQUENCY = 6MHz
FIGURE 28. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT CHANNEL 1
LX2 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 0.5V/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 29. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT RECOVERY CHANNEL 1
FIGURE 30. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT CHANNEL 2
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 31. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT RECOVERY CHANNEL 2
12
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033A
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = 0.68µH, L2 = 1µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 =
1.8V, IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A.
100
100
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
3.3VOUT
90
90
80
1.2VOUT
70
1.5VOUT
1.8VOUT
60
80
70
1.2VOUT
1.5VOUT
1.8VOUT
60
50
50
40
0.0
2.5VOUT
2.5VOUT
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
2.5
3.0
FIGURE 32. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 1MHz 3.3VIN DUAL CH1 +25°C
40
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
2.5
3.0
FIGURE 33. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 1MHz 5VIN, DUAL CH1 +25°C
LX2 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 34. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 1
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 36. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOAD
CHANNEL 1
13
IL2 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 35. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 2
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 0.2A/DIV
FIGURE 37. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOAD
CHANNEL 2
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Typical Operating Performance ISL8033A
Unless otherwise noted, operating conditions are: TA = +25°C, VIN = 5V, EN = VIN, L1 = 0.68µH, L2 = 1µH, C1 = C2 = C4 = 2x22µF, VOUT1 = 1.2V, VOUT2 =
1.8V, IOUT1 = IOUT2 = 0A to 3A. (Continued)
VOUT1 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
FIGURE 39. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 2
FIGURE 38. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 1
Theory of Operation
The ISL8033 is a dual 3A step-down switching regulator optimized
for battery-powered or mobile applications. The regulator operates
at 1MHz fixed switching frequency under heavy load condition. The
ISL8033A operates at 2.5MHz to allow small external inductor and
capacitors to be used for minimal printed-circuit board (PCB) area.
The two channels are 180° out-of-phase operation. The supply
current is typically only 8µA when the regulator is shutdown.
PWM Control Scheme
Pulling the SYNC pin HI (>1.5V) forces the converter into PWM
mode in the next switching cycle regardless of output current.
Each of the channels of the ISL8033, ISL8033A employ the
current-mode pulse-width modulation (PWM) control scheme for
fast transient response and pulse-by-pulse current limiting, as
shown in the “Theory of Operation” on page 14. The current loop
consists of the oscillator, the PWM comparator COMP, current
sensing circuit, and the slope compensation for the current loop
stability. The current sensing circuit consists of the resistance of
the P-channel MOSFET when it is turned on and the current sense
amplifier CSA1. The gain for the current sensing circuit is
typically 0.20V/A. The control reference for the current loops
comes from the error amplifier EAMP of the voltage loop.
The PWM operation is initialized by the clock from the oscillator.
The P-channel MOSFET is turned on at the beginning of a PWM
cycle and the current in the MOSFET starts to ramp-up. When the
sum of the current amplifier CSA1 (or CSA2 on Channel 2) and the
compensation slope (0.46V/µs) reaches the control reference of
the current loop, the PWM comparator COMP sends a signal to the
PWM logic to turn off the P-MOSFET and to turn on the N-channel
MOSFET. The N-MOSFET stays on until the end of the PWM cycle.
Figure 40 shows the typical operating waveforms during the PWM
operation. The dotted lines illustrate the sum of the compensation
ramp and the current-sense amplifier CSA_ output.
14
The output voltage is regulated by controlling the reference
voltage to the current loop. The bandgap circuit outputs a 0.8V
reference voltage to the voltage control loop. The feedback signal
comes from the VFB pin. The soft-start block only affects the
operation during the start-up and will be discussed separately.
The error amplifier is a transconductance amplifier that converts
the voltage error signal to a current output. The voltage loop is
internally compensated with the 27pF and 390kΩ RC network.
The maximum EAMP voltage output is precisely clamped to the
bandgap voltage (1.172V).
VEAMP
VCSA1
Duty
Cycle
IL
VOUT
FIGURE 40. PWM OPERATION WAVEFORMS
Synchronization Control (ISL8033)
The frequency of operation can be synchronized up to 6MHz by an
external signal applied to the SYNC pin. The 1st falling edge on the
SYNC triggered the rising edge of the PWM ON pulse of Channel 1. The
2nd falling edge of the SYNC triggers the rising edge of the PWM ON
pulse of the Channel 2. This process alternates indefinitely allowing
180° output phase operation between the two channels.
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Overcurrent Protection
CAS1 and CSA2 are used to monitor Output 1 and Output 2
channels respectively. The overcurrent protection is realized by
monitoring the CSA output with the OCP threshold logic, as
shown in Figure 40. The current sensing circuit has a gain of
0.20V/A, from the P-MOSFET current to the CSA output. When
the CSA1 output reaches the threshold set by ISET, the OCP
comparator is tripped to turn off the P-MOSFET immediately. The
overcurrent function protects the switching converter from a
shorted output by monitoring the current flowing through the
upper MOSFETs.
Upon detection of overcurrent condition, the upper MOSFET will be
immediately turned off and will not be turned on again until the next
switching cycle. Upon detection of the initial overcurrent condition,
the Overcurrent Fault Counter is set to 1 and the Overcurrent
Condition Flag is set from LOW to HIGH. If, on the subsequent cycle,
another overcurrent condition is detected, the OC Fault Counter will
be incremented. If there are 17 sequential OC fault detections, the
regulator will be shutdown under an Overcurrent Fault Condition. An
Overcurrent Fault Condition will result in the regulator attempting to
restart in a hiccup mode with the delay between restarts being 4
soft-start periods. At the end of the fourth soft-start wait period, the
fault counters are reset and soft-start is attempted again. If the
overcurrent condition goes away prior to the OC Fault Counter
reaching a count of four, the Overcurrent Condition Flag will set back
to LOW.
If the negative output current reaches -2.5A, the part enters
Negative Overcurrent Protection. At this point, all switching stops
and the part enters tri-state mode while the pull-down FET is
discharging the output until it reaches normal regulation voltage,
then the IC restarts.
0.5V; hence the PWM operating frequency is 1/2 of the normal
frequency.
When the IC ramps up at start-up, it can’t sink current even at
PWM mode.
Discharge Mode (Soft-Stop)
When a transition to shutdown mode occurs, or the output
undervoltage fault latch is set, its output discharges to PGND
through an internal 100Ω switch.
Power MOSFETs
The power MOSFETs are optimize for best efficiency. The ONresistance for the P-MOSFET is typically 50mΩ and the ONresistance for the N-MOSFET is typical 50mΩ.
100% Duty Cycle
The ISL8033 features 100% duty cycle operation to maximize
the battery life. When the battery voltage drops to a level that the
ISL8033, ISL8033A can no longer maintain the regulation at the
output, the regulator completely turns on the P-MOSFET. The
maximum drop-out voltage under the 100% duty-cycle operation
is the product of the load current and the ON-resistance of the PMOSFET.
Thermal Shutdown
The ISL8033, ISL8033A has built-in thermal protection. When the
internal temperature reaches +150°C, the regulator is completely
shutdown. As the temperature drops to +125°C, the ISL8033,
ISL8033A resumes operation by stepping through a soft start-up.
Applications Information
PG
Output Inductor and Capacitor Selection
There are two independent power-good signals. PG1 monitors
the Output Channel 1 and PG2 monitors the Output Channel 2.
When powering up, the open-collector Power-On Reset output
holds low for about 1ms after VO reaches the preset voltage. The
PG_ output also serves as a 1ms delayed Power-Good signal.
To consider steady state and transient operation, ISL8033
typically uses a 1.5µH output inductor. Higher or lower inductor
value can be used to optimize the total converter system
performance. For example, for a higher output voltage 3.3V
application, in order to decrease the inductor current ripple and
output voltage ripple, the output inductor value can be increased.
The inductor ripple current can be expressed in Equation 1:
UVLO
When the input voltage is below the undervoltage lock out (UVLO)
threshold, the regulator is disabled.
Enable
The enable (EN) input allows the user to control the turning on or
off the regulator for purposes such as power-up sequencing.
When the regulator is enabled, there is typically a 600µs delay
for waking up the bandgap reference and then the soft-start-up
will begin.
Soft Start-Up
The soft start-up eliminates the inrush current during the startup. The soft-start block outputs a ramp reference to both the
voltage loop and the current loop. The two ramps limit the
inductor current rising 1/2 speed as well as the output voltage
speed so that the output voltage rises in a controlled fashion. At
the very beginning of the start-up, the output voltage is less than
15
VO ⎞
⎛
V O • ⎜ 1 – --------⎟
V
⎝
IN⎠ΔI = ----------------------------------L • fS
(EQ. 1)
The inductor’s saturation current rating needs be at least larger
than the peak current. The ISL8033, ISL8033A protects the
typical peak current 4.8A. The saturation current needs be over
4.8A for maximum output current application.
ISL8033, ISL8033A uses an internal compensation network and
the output capacitor value is dependent on the output voltage.
The ceramic capacitor is recommended to be X5R or X7R. The
recommended minimum output capacitor values for the
ISL8033, ISL8033A are shown in Tables 1 and 2 on page 2.
Output Voltage Selection
The output voltage of the regulator can be programmed via an
external resistor divider, which is used to scale the output voltage
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
relative to the internal reference voltage and feed it back to the
inverting input of the error amplifier. Refer to Figure 2.
The output voltage programming resistor, R2 (or R5 in Channel
2), will depend on the desired output voltage of the regulator. The
value for the feedback resistor is typically between 0Ω and
750kΩ. Let R2 = 124kΩ, then R3 will be:
R 2 x0.8V
R 3 = ------------------------------V OUT – 0.8V
(EQ. 2)
For better performance, add 12pF in parallel to R2. If the output
voltage desired is 0.8V, then leave R3 unpopulated and short R2.
Input Capacitor Selection
The main functions for the input capacitor is to provide
decoupling of the parasitic inductance and to provide filtering
function to prevent the switching current flowing back to the
battery rail. One 22µF X5R or X7R ceramic capacitor is a good
starting point for the input capacitor selection per channel.
PCB Layout Recommendation
The PCB layout is a very important converter design step to make
sure the designed converter works well. For ISL8033, the power
loop is composed of the output inductor L’s, the output capacitor
COUT1 and COUT2, the LX’s pins, and the SGND pin. It is
necessary to make the power loop as small as possible and the
connecting traces among them should be direct, short and wide.
The switching node of the converter, the LX_ pins, and the traces
connected to the node are very noisy, so keep the voltage
feedback trace away from these noisy traces. The input capacitor
should be placed as closely as possible to the VIN pin . Also, the
ground of the input and output capacitors should be connected
as closely as possible. The heat of the IC is mainly dissipated
through the thermal pad. Maximizing the copper area connected
to the thermal pad is preferable. In addition, a solid ground plane
is helpful for better EMI performance. It is recommended to add
at least 5 vias ground connection within the pad for the best
thermal relief.
For additional products, see www.intersil.com/product_tree
Intersil products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems as noted
in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
16
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to web to make
sure you have the latest revision.
DATE
REVISION
1/12/2011
FN6854.2
CHANGE
Throughout:
Converted to new datasheet template
P1:
Added “Related Literature”
P5:
Updated Tape & Reel note in “Ordering Information” from "Add “-T” suffix for tape and reel." to new standard
"Add “-T*” suffix for tape and reel." The "*" covers all possible tape and reel options
P6:
Updated over temp note in Min Max column of spec tables from "Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are
100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization and are
not production tested." to new standard "Compliance to datasheet limits is assured by one or more methods:
production test, characterization and/or design."
10/12/10
FN6854.1
In Table 3 on page 2, corrected FSW for ISL8033 from 1Hz to 1MHz
9/29/10
FN6854.0
Initial Release.
Products
Intersil Corporation is a leader in the design and manufacture of high-performance analog semiconductors. The Company's products
address some of the industry's fastest growing markets, such as, flat panel displays, cell phones, handheld products, and notebooks.
Intersil's product families address power management and analog signal processing functions. Go to www.intersil.com/products for a
complete list of Intersil product families.
*For a complete listing of Applications, Related Documentation and Related Parts, please see the respective device information page
on intersil.com: ISL8033, ISL8033A
To report errors or suggestions for this datasheet, please go to www.intersil.com/askourstaff
FITs are available from our website at http://rel.intersil.com/reports/search.php
For additional products, see www.intersil.com/product_tree
Intersil products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems as noted
in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
17
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
ISL8033, ISL8033A
Package Outline Drawing
L24.4x4D
24 LEAD QUAD FLAT NO-LEAD PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 2, 10/06
4X 2.5
4.00
A
20X 0.50
B
PIN 1
INDEX AREA
PIN #1 CORNER
(C 0 . 25)
24
19
1
4.00
18
2 . 50 ± 0 . 15
13
0.15
(4X)
12
7
0.10 M C A B
0 . 07
24X 0 . 23 +- 0
. 05 4
24X 0 . 4 ± 0 . 1
TOP VIEW
BOTTOM VIEW
SEE DETAIL "X"
0.10 C
C
0 . 90 ± 0 . 1
BASE PLANE
( 3 . 8 TYP )
SEATING PLANE
0.08 C
SIDE VIEW
(
2 . 50 )
( 20X 0 . 5 )
C
0 . 2 REF
5
( 24X 0 . 25 )
0 . 00 MIN.
0 . 05 MAX.
( 24X 0 . 6 )
DETAIL "X"
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
NOTES:
1. Dimensions are in millimeters.
Dimensions in ( ) for Reference Only.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to AMSE Y14.5m-1994.
3. Unless otherwise specified, tolerance : Decimal ± 0.05
4. Dimension b applies to the metallized terminal and is measured
between 0.15mm and 0.30mm from the terminal tip.
5. Tiebar shown (if present) is a non-functional feature.
6. The configuration of the pin #1 identifier is optional, but must be
located within the zone indicated. The pin #1 indentifier may be
either a mold or mark feature.
18
FN6854.2
March 24, 2011
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