DATASHEET

ISL22326
Dual Digitally Controlled Potentiometers (XDCP™)
Data Sheet
September 9, 2015
FN6176.3
Low Noise, Low Power, I2C™ Bus, 128 Taps
Features
The ISL22326 integrates two digitally controlled potentiometers
(XDCP) and non-volatile memory on a monolithic CMOS
integrated circuit.
• Two potentiometers in one package
The digitally controlled potentiometers are implemented with
a combination of resistor elements and CMOS switches. The
position of the wipers are controlled by the user through the
I2C bus interface. Each potentiometer has an associated
volatile Wiper Register (WR) and a non-volatile Initial Value
Register (IVR) that can be directly written to and read by the
user. The contents of the WR controls the position of the
wiper. At power-up the device recalls the contents of the two
DCP’s IVR to the corresponding WRs.
The DCPs can be used as three-terminal potentiometers or
as two-terminal variable resistors in a wide variety of
applications including control, parameter adjustments, and
signal processing.
• 128 resistor taps
• I2C serial interface
- Three address pins, up to eight devices/bus
• Non-volatile storage of wiper position
• Wiper resistance: 70 typical @ VCC = 3.3V
• Shutdown mode
• Shutdown current 5µA max
• Power supply: 2.7V to 5.5V
• 50kor 10k total resistance
• High reliability
- Endurance: 1,000,000 data changes per bit per register
- Register data retention: 50 years @ T < +55°C
• 14 Ld TSSOP or 16 Ld QFN package
• Pb-free (RoHS compliant)
Pinouts
A0
12
RH1
RL0
4
11
RL1
RW0
5
10
RW1
A2
6
9
GND
SCL
7
8
SDA
1
A0
13
3
16
15
14
13
RH0
1
12 RH1
RL0
2
11 RL1
RW0
3
10 RW1
NC
4
9 NC
5
6
7
8
GND
2
RH0
A1
SHDN
SDA
A1
VCC
14
SCL
1
A2
VCC
SHDN
ISL22326
(16 LD QFN)
TOP VIEW
ISL22326
(14 LD TSSOP)
TOP VIEW
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) and XDCP are registered trademarks of Intersil Americas LLC.
Copyright Intersil Americas LLC. 2006, 2008, 2009, 2015. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL22326
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Note)
PART MARKING
RESISTANCE
OPTION
TEMP. RANGE
PACKAGE
(k)
(°C)
(RoHS Compliant) PKG. DWG. #
22326 UFVZ
ISL22326UFV14Z*
(No longer available, recommended replacement:
ISL22326WFR16Z-TK)
50
-40 to +125
14 Ld TSSOP
M14.173
223 26UFZ
ISL22326UFR16Z*
(No longer available, recommended replacement:
ISL22326WFR16Z-TK)
50
-40 to +125
16 Ld 4x4 QFN
L16.4x4A
ISL22326WFV14Z*
22326 WFVZ
10
-40 to +125
14 Ld TSSOP
M14.173
ISL22326WFR16Z*
223 26WFZ
10
-40 to +125
16 Ld 4x4 QFN
L16.4x4A
*Add “-TK” suffix for tape and reel. Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
NOTE: These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100%
matte tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations).
Intersil Pb-free products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J
STD-020.
Block Diagram
VCC
SCL
SDA
I2C
A0
INTERFACE
A1
POWER-UP
INTERFACE,
CONTROL
AND STATUS
LOGIC
RH1
WR1
RW1
RL1
A2
RH0
NONVOLATILE
REGISTERS
SHDN
WR0
RW0
RL0
GND
2
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Pin Descriptions
TSSOP PIN
NUMBER
QFN PIN
NUMBER
PIN NAME
1
15
VCC
2
16
SHDN
3
1
RH0
“High” terminal of DCP0
4
2
RL0
“Low” terminal of DCP0
5
3
RW0
“Wiper” terminal of DCP0
6
5
A2
7
6
SCL
Open drain I2C interface clock input
8
7
SDA
Open drain Serial data I/O for the I2C interface
9
8
GND
Device ground pin
10
10
RW1
“Wiper” terminal of DCP1
11
11
RL1
“Low” terminal of DCP1
12
12
RH1
“High” terminal of DCP1
13
13
A0
Device address input for the I2C interface
14
14
A1
Device address input for the I2C interface
4, 9
NC
No connection
EPAD*
DESCRIPTION
Power supply pin
Shutdown active low input
Device address input for the I2C interface
Exposed Die Pad internally connected to GND
*Note: PCB thermal land for QFN EPAD should be connected to GND plane or left floating. For more information refer to
http://www.intersil.com/data/tb/TB389.pdf
3
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Voltage at any Digital Interface Pin
with Respect to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to VCC + 0.3
VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +6V
Voltage at any DCP Pin with Respect to GND. . . . . . . -0.3V to VCC
IW (10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±6mA
Latchup (Note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class II, Level B @ +125°C
ESD Ratings
Human Body Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5kV
Machine Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .350V
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Notes 1, 2)
JA (°C/W) JC (°C/W)
14 Lead TSSOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
N/A
16 Lead QFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
3.0
Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package). . . . . . . . +150°C
Pb-free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Recommended Operating Conditions
Temperature Range (Extended Industrial). . . . . . . .-40°C to +125°C
VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7V to 5.5V
Power Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15mW
Wiper Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±3.0mA
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product reliability and
result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
1. JA is measured with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for details.
2. For JC, the “case temp” location is the center of the exposed metal pad on the package underside.
3. Jedec Class II pulse conditions and failure criterion used. Level B exceptions are: using a max positive pulse of 6.5V on the SHDN pin, and using
a max negative pulse of -0.8V for all pins.
Analog Specifications
SYMBOL
RTOTAL
Over recommended operating conditions, unless otherwise stated.
PARAMETER
RH to RL Resistance
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 20)
TYP
(Note 4)
MAX
(Note 20)
UNIT
W option
10
k
U option
50
k
RH to RL Resistance Tolerance
W and U option
End-to-End Temperature Coefficient
W option
±50
ppm/°C
(Note 17)
U option
±80
ppm/°C
(Note 17)
Wiper Resistance
VCC = 3.3V, wiper current = VCC/RTOTAL
70
VRH, VRL
VRH and VRL Terminal Voltages
VRH and VRL to GND
CH/CL/CW
(Note 19)
Potentiometer Capacitance
RW
ILkgDCP
Leakage on DCP Pins
-20
+20
0
200

VCC
V
10/10/25
Voltage at pin from GND to VCC
0.1
%
pF
1
µA
VOLTAGE DIVIDER MODE (0V @ RLi; VCC @ RHi; measured at RWi, unloaded; i = 0 or 1)
INL
(Note 9)
Integral Non-linearity
Monotonic over all tap positions, W and U
option
-1
1
LSB
(Note 5)
DNL
(Note 8)
Differential Non-linearity
Monotonic over all tap positions, W and U
option
-0.5
0.5
LSB
(Note 5)
ZSerror
(Note 6)
Zero-scale Error
W option
0
1
5
U option
0
0.5
2
LSB
(Note 5)
FSerror
(Note 7)
Full-scale Error
W option
-5
-1
0
U option
-2
-1
0
VMATCH
(Note 10)
DCP to DCP Matching
Any two DCPs at same tap position, same
voltage at all RH terminals, and same voltage
at all RL terminals
-2
TCV
(Note 11)
Ratiometric Temperature Coefficient
DCP register set to 40 hex
4
2
±4
LSB
(Note 5)
LSB
(Note 5)
ppm/°C
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Analog Specifications
SYMBOL
Over recommended operating conditions, unless otherwise stated. (Continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 20)
TYP
(Note 4)
MAX
(Note 20)
UNIT
RESISTOR MODE (Measurements between RWi and RLi with RHi not connected, or between RWi and RHi with RLi not connected. i = 0 or 1)
RINL
(Note 15)
Integral Non-linearity
DCP register set between 10h and 7Fh;
monotonic over all tap positions
-1
1
MI
(Note 12)
RDNL
(Note 14)
Differential Non-linearity
DCP register set between 10h and 7Fh;
monotonic over all tap positions, W option
-1
1
MI
(Note 12)
DCP register set between 10h and 7Fh;
monotonic over all tap positions, U option
-0.5
0.5
MI
(Note 12)
Roffset
(Note 13)
RMATCH
(Note 16)
Offset
DCP to DCP Matching
W option
0
1
5
MI
(Note 12)
U option
0
0.5
2
MI
(Note 12)
Any two DCPs at the same tap position with
the same terminal voltages
-2
2
MI
(Note 12)
Operating Specifications Over the recommended operating conditions, unless otherwise specified.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 20)
TYP
(Note 4)
MAX
(Note 20)
UNIT
ICC1
VCC Supply Current (Volatile
Write/Read)
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open; (for I2C, active,
read and write states)
0.5
mA
ICC2
VCC Supply Current (Non-volatile
Write/Read)
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open; (for I2C, active,
read and write states)
3
mA
VCC Current (Standby)
VCC = +5.5V @ +85°C, I2C interface in
standby state
5
µA
VCC = +5.5V @ +125°C, I2C interface in
standby state
7
µA
VCC = +3.6V @ +85°C, I2C interface in
standby state
3
µA
VCC = +3.6V @ +125°C, I2C interface in
standby state
5
µA
VCC = +5.5V @ +85°C, I2C interface in
standby state
3
µA
VCC = +5.5V @ +125°C, I2C interface in
standby state
5
µA
VCC = +3.6V @ +85°C, I2C interface in
standby state
2
µA
VCC = +3.6V @ +125°C, I2C interface in
standby state
4
µA
1
µA
ISB
ISD
ILkgDig
VCC Current (Shutdown)
Leakage Current, at Pins A0, A1, A2,
SHDN, SDA and SCL
Voltage at pin from GND to VCC
tWRT
(Note 19)
DCP Wiper Response Time
SCL falling edge of last bit of DCP data byte
to wiper new position
1.5
µs
tShdnRec
(Note 19)
DCP Recall Time from Shutdown
Mode
From rising edge of SHDN signal to wiper
stored position and RH connection
1.5
µs
SCL falling edge of last bit of ACR data byte
to wiper stored position and RH connection
1.5
µs
Vpor
VccRamp
Power-on Recall Voltage
VCC Ramp Rate
Minimum VCC at which memory recall
occurs
-1
2.0
0.2
5
2.6
V
V/ms
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Operating Specifications Over the recommended operating conditions, unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
SYMBOL
tD
PARAMETER
Power-up Delay
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 20)
TYP
(Note 4)
VCC above Vpor, to DCP Initial Value
Register recall completed, and I2C Interface
in standby state
MAX
(Note 20)
UNIT
3
ms
EEPROM SPECIFICATION
EEPROM Endurance
EEPROM Retention
tWC
(Note 18)
1,000,000
Temperature T < +55°C
Cycles
50
Non-volatile Write Cycle Time
Years
12
20
ms
SERIAL INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS
VIL
A2, A1, A0, SHDN, SDA, and SCL
Input Buffer LOW Voltage
-0.3
0.3*VCC
V
VIH
A2, A1, A0, SHDN, SDA, and SCL
Input Buffer HIGH Voltage
0.7*VCC
VCC + 0.3
V
SDA and SCL Input Buffer Hysteresis
0.05*VCC
Hysteresis
VOL
Cpin
(Note 19)
fSCL
SDA Output Buffer LOW Voltage,
Sinking 4mA
V
0
A2, A1, A0, SHDN, SDA, and SCL Pin
Capacitance
0.4
10
SCL Frequency
V
pF
400
kHz
tsp
Pulse Width Suppression Time at
SDA and SCL Inputs
Any pulse narrower than the max spec is
suppressed
50
ns
tAA
SCL falling edge to SDA output data
valid
SCL falling edge crossing 30% of VCC, until
SDA exits the 30% to 70% of VCC window
900
ns
tBUF
Time the Bus Must be Free Before the SDA crossing 70% of VCC during a STOP
Start of a New Transmission
condition, to SDA crossing 70% of VCC
during the following START condition
1300
ns
tLOW
Clock LOW Time
Measured at the 30% of VCC crossing
1300
ns
tHIGH
Clock HIGH Time
Measured at the 70% of VCC crossing
600
ns
tSU:STA
START Condition Setup Time
SCL rising edge to SDA falling edge; both
crossing 70% of VCC
600
ns
tHD:STA
START Condition Hold Time
From SDA falling edge crossing 30% of VCC
to SCL falling edge crossing 70% of VCC
600
ns
tSU:DAT
Input Data Setup Time
From SDA exiting the 30% to 70% of VCC
window, to SCL rising edge crossing 30% of
VCC
100
ns
tHD:DAT
Input Data Hold Time
From SCL rising edge crossing 70% of VCC
to SDA entering the 30% to 70% of VCC
window
0
ns
tSU:STO
STOP Condition Setup Time
From SCL rising edge crossing 70% of VCC
to SDA rising edge crossing 30% of VCC
600
ns
tHD:STO
STOP Condition Hold Time for Read,
or Volatile Only Write
From SDA rising edge to SCL falling edge;
both crossing 70% of VCC
1300
ns
Output Data Hold Time
From SCL falling edge crossing 30% of VCC,
until SDA enters the 30% to 70% of VCC
window
0
ns
tR
SDA and SCL Rise Time
From 30% to 70% of VCC
20 +
0.1*Cb
250
ns
tF
SDA and SCL Fall Time
From 70% to 30% of VCC
20 +
0.1*Cb
250
ns
tDH
6
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Operating Specifications Over the recommended operating conditions, unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 20)
TYP
(Note 4)
MAX
(Note 20)
UNIT
400
pF
Cb
Capacitive Loading of SDA or SCL
Total on-chip and off-chip
10
Rpu
SDA and SCL Bus Pull-up Resistor
Off-chip
Maximum is determined by tR and tF
For Cb = 400pF, max is about 2k~2.5k
For Cb = 40pF, max is about 15k~20k
1
k
tSU:A
A2, A1 and A0 Setup Time
Before START condition
600
ns
tHD:A
A2, A1 and A0 Hold Time
After STOP condition
600
ns
NOTES:
4. Typical values are for TA = +25°C and 3.3V supply voltage
5. LSB: [V(RW)127 – V(RW)0]/127. V(RW)127 and V(RW)0 are V(RW) for the DCP register set to 7F hex and 00 hex respectively. LSB is the
incremental voltage when changing from one tap to an adjacent tap.
6. ZS error = V(RW)0/LSB.
7. FS error = [V(RW)127 – VCC]/LSB.
8. DNL = [V(RW)i – V(RW)i-1]/LSB-1, for i = 1 to 127. i is the DCP register setting.
9. INL = [V(RW)i – i • LSB – V(RW)0]/LSB for i = 1 to 127.
10. VMATCH = [V(RWx)i – V(RWy)i]/LSB, for i = 1 to 127, x = 0 to 1 and y = 0 to 1.
Max  V  RW  i  – Min  V  RW  i 
10 6
11. TC V = ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------- for i = 16 to 112 decimal, T = -40°C to +125°C. Max( ) is the maximum value of the wiper
 Max  V  RW  i  + Min  V  RW  i    2 +165°C voltage and Min ( ) is the minimum value of the wiper voltage over the temperature range.
12. MI = |RW127 – RW0|/127. MI is a minimum increment. RW127 and RW0 are the measured resistances for the DCP register set to 7F hex and
00 hex respectively.
13. Roffset = RW0/MI, when measuring between RW and RL.
Roffset = RW127/MI, when measuring between RW and RH.
14. RDNL = (RWi – RWi-1)/MI -1, for i = 16 to 127.
15. RINL = [RWi – (MI • i) – RW0]/MI, for i = 16 to 127.
16. RMATCH = (RWi,x – RWi,y)/MI, for i = 1 to 127, x = 0 to 1 and y = 0 to 1.
6
 Max  Ri  – Min  Ri  
10
17. TC R = ----------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------- for i = 16 to 112, T = -40°C to +125°C. Max( ) is the maximum value of the resistance and Min ( ) is
 Max  Ri  + Min  Ri    2 +165°C the minimum value of the resistance over the temperature range.
18. tWC is the time from a valid STOP condition at the end of a Write sequence of I2C serial interface, to the end of the self-timed internal non-volatile
write cycle.
19. Limits should be considered typical and are not production tested.
20. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
7
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
SDA vs SCL Timing
tHIGH
tF
SCL
tLOW
tHD:STO
tsp
tR
tSU:DAT
tSU:STA
tHD:DAT
tHD:STA
SDA
(INPUT TIMING)
tSU:STO
tAA
tDH
tBUF
SDA
(OUTPUT TIMING)
A0, A1, and A2 Pin Timing
STOP
START
SCL
CLK 1
SDA
tSU:A
tHD:A
A0, A1, OR A2
[
Typical Performance Curves
100
1.2
80
70
1.0
60
0.8
ISB (µA)
WIPER RESISITANCE ()
1.4
VCC = 3.3V, T = +125°C
90
50
40
30
0.6
0.4
T = +25°C
VCC = 3.3V, T = -40°C
VCC = 3.3V, T = +20°C
20
0.2
10
0
T = +125°C
0
20
40
60
80
100
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 1. WIPER RESISTANCE vs TAP POSITION
[ I(RW) = VCC/RTOTAL ] FOR 10k (W)
8
120
0
2.7
3.2
3.7
4.2
4.7
5.2
VCC (V)
FIGURE 2. STANDBY ICC vs VCC
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
0.2
0.2
T = +25°C
T = +25°C
VCC = 2.7V
0.1
INL (LSB)
DNL (LSB)
0.1
0
-0.1
VCC = 2.7V
0
-0.1
VCC = 5.5V
-0.2
0
20
VCC = 5.5V
40
60
80
100
-0.2
120
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 3. DNL vs TAP POSITION IN VOLTAGE DIVIDER
MODE FOR 10k (W)
FIGURE 4. INL vs TAP POSITION IN VOLTAGE DIVIDER
MODE FOR 10k (W)
0.0
1.3
10k
1.1
-0.3
ZSERROR (LSB)
ZSERROR (LSB)
0.9
0.7
0.5
VCC = 2.7V
VCC = 5.5V
0.3
0.1
-0.3
-40
-20
0
20
VCC = 5.5V
50k
-0.6
-0.9
10k
-1.2
50k
-0.1
VCC = 2.7V
40
60
80
100
-1.5
-40
120
-20
0
TEMPERATURE (°C)
20
40
60
80
FIGURE 5. ZSERROR vs TEMPERATURE
0.4
T = +25°C
T = +25°C
VCC = 5.5V
0.2
VCC = 5.5V
0.2
0
INL (LSB)
DNL (LSB)
120
FIGURE 6. FSERROR vs TEMPERATURE
0.4
-0.2
-0.4
0
-0.2
-0.4
VCC = 2.7V
-0.6
16
100
TEMPERATURE (ºC)
36
VCC = 2.7V
56
76
96
116
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 7. DNL vs TAP POSITION IN RHEOSTAT MODE FOR
10k (W)
9
-0.6
16
36
56
76
96
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
116
FIGURE 8. INL vs TAP POSITION IN RHEOSTAT MODE FOR
10k (W)
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
105
90
0.5
75
VCC = 2.7V
TCv (ppm/°C)
END TO END RTOTAL CHANGE (%)
1.0
50k
0.0 VCC = 5.5V
10k
-0.5
60
45
50k
30
10k
15
-1.0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
16
36
TEMPERATURE (ºC)
56
76
96
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 9. END TO END RTOTAL % CHANGE vs
TEMPERATURE
FIGURE 10. TC FOR VOLTAGE DIVIDER MODE IN ppm
OUTPUT
INPUT
300
TCr (ppm/°C)
250
200
150
50k
10k
100
WIPER AT MID POINT (POSITION 40h)
RTOTAL = 9.5k
50
0
16
36
56
76
96
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 11. TC FOR RHEOSTAT MODE IN ppm
FIGURE 12. FREQUENCY RESPONSE (2.6MHz)
SCL
SIGNAL AT WIPER
(WIPER UNLOADED)
SIGNAL AT WIPER
(WIPER UNLOADED MOVEMENT
FROM 7Fh TO 00h)
WIPER MID POINT MOVEMENT
FROM 3Fh TO 40h
FIGURE 13. MIDSCALE GLITCH, CODE 3Fh TO 40h
10
FIGURE 14. LARGE SIGNAL SETTLING TIME
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Pin Descriptions
Principles of Operation
Potentiometers Pins
RHI AND RLI (i = 0, 1)
The high (RHi) and low (RLi) terminals of the ISL22326 are
equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical potentiometer.
RHi and RLi are referenced to the relative position of the wiper
and not the voltage potential on the terminals. With WRi set to
127 decimal, the wiper will be closest to RHi, and with the WRi
set to 0, the wiper is closest to RLi.
RWI (i = 0,1)
RWi is the wiper terminal and is equivalent to the movable
terminal of a mechanical potentiometer. The position of the
wiper within the array is determined by the WRi register.
SHDN
The SHDN pin forces the resistor to end-to-end open circuit
condition on RHi and shorts RWi to RLi. When SHDN is
returned to logic high, the previous latch settings put RWi at
the same resistance setting prior to shutdown. This pin is
logically ANDed with SHDN bit in ACR register. I2C interface
is still available in shutdown mode and all registers are
accessible. This pin must remain HIGH for normal operation.
RH
RW
RL
FIGURE 15. DCP CONNECTION IN SHUTDOWN MODE
Bus Interface Pins
SERIAL DATA INPUT/OUTPUT (SDA)
The SDA is a bidirectional serial data input/output pin for I2C
interface. It receives device address, operation code, wiper
address and data from an I2C external master device at the
rising edge of the serial clock SCL, and it shifts out data after
each falling edge of the serial clock.
SDA requires an external pull-up resistor, since it is an open
drain input/output.
The ISL22326 is an integrated circuit incorporating two
DCPs with their associated registers, non-volatile memory
and an I2C serial interface providing direct communication
between a host and the potentiometers and memory. The
resistor arrays are comprised of individual resistors
connected in series. At either end of the array and between
each resistor is an electronic switch that transfers the
potential at that point to the wiper.
The electronic switches on the device operate in a “make
before break” mode when the wiper changes tap positions.
When the device is powered down, the last value stored in
IVRi will be maintained in the non-volatile memory. When
power is restored, the contents of the IVRi are recalled and
loaded into the corresponding WRi to set the wipers to the
initial value.
DCP Description
Each DCP is implemented with a combination of resistor
elements and CMOS switches. The physical ends of each
DCP are equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical
potentiometer (RH and RL pins). The RW pin of each DCP is
connected to intermediate nodes, and is equivalent to the
wiper terminal of a mechanical potentiometer. The position
of the wiper terminal within the DCP is controlled by volatile
Wiper Register (WR). Each DCP has its own WR. When the
WR of a DCP contains all zeroes (WR[6:0]= 00h), its wiper
terminal (RW) is closest to its “Low” terminal (RL). When the
WR register of a DCP contains all ones (WR[6:0] = 7Fh), its
wiper terminal (RW) is closest to its “High” terminal (RH). As
the value of the WR increases from all zeroes (0) to all ones
(127 decimal), the wiper moves monotonically from the
position closest to RL to the closest to RH. At the same time,
the resistance between RW and RL increases monotonically,
while the resistance between RH and RW decreases
monotonically.
While the ISL22326 is being powered up, all WRs are reset
to 40h (64 decimal), which locates RW roughly at the center
between RL and RH. After the power supply voltage
becomes large enough for reliable non-volatile memory
reading, all WRs will be reload with the value stored in
corresponding non-volatile Initial Value Registers (IVRs).
requires an external pull-up resistor, since it is an open drain
input.
The WRs can be read or written to directly using the I2C
serial interface as described in the following sections. The
I2C interface Address Byte has to be set to 00h or 01h to
access the WR of DCP0 or DCP1 respectively.
DEVICE ADDRESS (A2 - A0)
Memory Description
The address inputs are used to set the least significant 3 bits
of the 7-bit I2C interface slave address. A match in the slave
address serial data stream must match with the Address
input pins in order to initiate communication with the
ISL22326. A maximum of 8 ISL22326 devices may occupy
the I2C serial bus.
The ISL22326 contains seven non-volatile and three volatile
8-bit registers. Memory map of ISL22326 is on Table 1. The
two non-volatile registers (IVRi) at address 0 and 1, contain
initial wiper value and volatile registers (WRi) contain current
wiper position. In addition, five non-volatile General Purpose
registers from address 2 to address 6 are available.
SERIAL CLOCK (SCL)
This is the serial clock input of the I2C serial interface. SCL
11
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
transmit and receive operations. Therefore, the ISL22326
operates as a slave device in all applications.
TABLE 1. MEMORY MAP
ADDRESS
NON-VOLATILE
VOLATILE
8
—
ACR
7
All communication over the I2C interface is conducted by
sending the MSB of each byte of data first.
Reserved
6
5
4
3
2
General Purpose
General Purpose
General Purpose
General Purpose
General Purpose
Not Available
Not Available
Not Available
Not Available
Not Available
1
0
IVR1
IVR0
WR1
WR0
Protocol Conventions
Data states on the SDA line must change only during SCL
LOW periods. SDA state changes during SCL HIGH are
reserved for indicating START and STOP conditions
(see Figure 16). On power-up of the ISL22326, the SDA pin
is in the input mode.
The non-volatile IVRi and volatile WRi registers are accessible
with the same address.
The Access Control Register (ACR) contains information
and control bits described in Table 2. The VOL bit at access
control register (ACR[7]) determines whether the access is
to wiper registers WRi or initial value registers IVRi.
TABLE 2. ACCESS CONTROL REGISTER (ACR)
VOL
SHDN
0
WIP
0
0
0
0
If VOL bit is 0, the non-volatile IVRi registers are accessible. If
VOL bit is 1, only the volatile WRi are accessible. Note, value
is written to IVRi register also is written to the corresponding
WRi. The default value of this bit is 0.
The SHDN bit (ACR[6]) disables or enables Shutdown mode.
This bit is logically ANDed with SHDN pin. When this bit is 0,
DCP is in Shutdown mode. Default value of SHDN bit is 1.
The WIP bit (ACR[5]) is read only bit. It indicates that
non-volatile write operation is in progress. It is impossible to
write to the IVRi, WRi or ACR while WIP bit is 1.
Shutdown Mode
The device can be put in Shutdown mode either by pulling the
SHDN pin to GND or setting the SHDN bit in the ACR register
to 0. The truth table for Shutdown mode is in Table 3.
TABLE 3.
SHDN pin
SHDN bit
Mode
High
1
Normal operation
Low
1
Shutdown
High
0
Shutdown
Low
0
Shutdown
All I2C interface operations must begin with a START
condition, which is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA while
SCL is HIGH. The ISL22326 continuously monitors the SDA
and SCL lines for the START condition and does not
respond to any command until this condition is met (see
Figure 16). A START condition is ignored during the
power-up of the device.
All I2C interface operations must be terminated by a STOP
condition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA while
SCL is HIGH (see Figure 16). A STOP condition at the end
of a read operation, or at the end of a write operation places
the device in its standby mode.
An ACK, Acknowledge, is a software convention used to
indicate a successful data transfer. The transmitting device,
either master or slave, releases the SDA bus after
transmitting eight bits. During the ninth clock cycle, the
receiver pulls the SDA line LOW to acknowledge the
reception of the eight bits of data (see Figure 17).
The ISL22326 responds with an ACK after recognition of a
START condition followed by a valid Identification Byte, and
once again after successful receipt of an Address Byte. The
ISL22326 also responds with an ACK after receiving a Data
Byte of a write operation. The master must respond with an
ACK after receiving a Data Byte of a read operation.
A valid Identification Byte contains 1010 as the four MSBs,
and the following three bits matching the logic values present
at pins A2, A1, and A0. The LSB is the Read/Write bit. Its
value is “1” for a Read operation, and “0” for a Write operation
(see Table 4).
TABLE 4. IDENTIFICATION BYTE FORMAT
Logic values at pins A2, A1, and A0 respectively
1
I2C Serial Interface
The ISL22326 supports an I2C bidirectional bus oriented
protocol. The protocol defines any device that sends data
onto the bus as a transmitter and the receiving device as the
receiver. The device controlling the transfer is a master and
the device being controlled is the slave. The master always
initiates data transfers and provides the clock for both
12
(MSB)
0
1
0
A2
A1
A0
R/W
(LSB)
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
SCL
SDA
START
DATA
STABLE
DATA
CHANGE
DATA
STABLE
STOP
FIGURE 16. VALID DATA CHANGES, START AND STOP CONDITIONS
SCL FROM
MASTER
1
8
9
SDA OUTPUT FROM
TRANSMITTER
HIGH IMPEDANCE
HIGH IMPEDANCE
SDA OUTPUT FROM
RECEIVER
START
ACK
FIGURE 17. ACKNOWLEDGE RESPONSE FROM RECEIVER
WRITE
S
T
A
R
T
SIGNALS FROM
THE MASTER
SIGNAL AT SDA
IDENTIFICATION
BYTE
ADDRESS
BYTE
1 0 1 0 A2 A1 A0 0
SIGNALS FROM
THE SLAVE
S
T
O
P
DATA
BYTE
0 0 0 0
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 18. BYTE WRITE SEQUENCE
SIGNALS
FROM THE
MASTER
S
T
A
R
T
SIGNAL AT SDA
IDENTIFICATION
BYTE WITH
R/W = 0
ADDRESS
BYTE
1 0 1 0 A2 A1 A0 0
A
C
K
S
A T
C O
K P
A
C
K
1 0 1 0 A2 A1 A0 1
0 0 0 0
A
C
K
SIGNALS FROM
THE SLAVE
S
T
A IDENTIFICATION
R
BYTE WITH
T
R/W = 1
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIRST READ
DATA BYTE
LAST READ
DATA BYTE
FIGURE 19. READ SEQUENCE
13
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Write Operation
Read Operation
A Write operation requires a START condition, followed by a
valid Identification Byte, a valid Address Byte, a Data Byte,
and a STOP condition. After each of the three bytes, the
ISL22326 responds with an ACK. At this time, the device
enters its standby state (see Figure 18). The device can
receive more than one byte of data by auto incrementing the
address after each received byte. Note after reaching the
address 08h, the internal pointer “rolls over” to address 00h.
A Read operation consist of a three byte instruction followed
by one or more Data Bytes (see Figure 19). The master
initiates the operation issuing the following sequence: a
START, the Identification byte with the R/W bit set to “0”, an
Address Byte, a second START, and a second Identification
byte with the R/W bit set to “1”. After each of the three bytes,
the ISL22326 responds with an ACK. Then the ISL22326
transmits Data Bytes as long as the master responds with an
ACK during the SCL cycle following the eighth bit of each
byte. The master terminates the read operation (issuing a
ACK and a STOP condition) following the last bit of the last
Data Byte (see Figure 19).
The non-volatile write cycle starts after STOP condition is
determined and it requires up to 20ms delay for the next
non-volatile write. Thus, non-volatile registers must be
written individually.
The Data Bytes are from the registers indicated by an
internal pointer. This pointer initial value is determined by the
Address Byte in the Read operation instruction, and
increments by one during transmission of each Data Byte.
After reaching the memory location 08h, the pointer “rolls
over” to 00h, and the device continues to output data for
each ACK received.
In order to read back the non-volatile IVR, it is recommended
that the application reads the ACR first to verify the WIP bit
is 0. If the WIP bit (ACR[5]) is not 0, the host should repeat
its reading sequence again.
14
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to the web to make
sure that you have the latest revision.
DATE
REVISION
CHANGE
September 9, 2015
FN6176.3
Updated Ordering Information table on page 2.
Added Revision History and About Intersil sections.
Updated Package Outline Drawing L16.4x4A to the latest revision.
-Revision 2 to Revision 3 changes - Updated to new POD format by removing table listing dimensions and
moving dimensions onto drawing. Added Typical Recommended Land Pattern. Removed package option.
Updated Package Outline Drawing M14.173 to the latest revision.
-Revision 2 to Revision 3 changes - Updated drawing to remove table and added land pattern.
About Intersil
Intersil Corporation is a leading provider of innovative power management and precision analog solutions. The company's products
address some of the largest markets within the industrial and infrastructure, mobile computing and high-end consumer markets.
For the most updated datasheet, application notes, related documentation and related parts, please see the respective product
information page found at www.intersil.com.
You may report errors or suggestions for improving this datasheet by visiting www.intersil.com/ask.
Reliability reports are also available from our website at www.intersil.com/support.
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9001 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
15
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Package Outline Drawing
L16.4x4A
16 LEAD QUAD FLAT NO-LEAD PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 3, 03/15
2.40
4.00
A
4X 1.50
B
6
13
PIN #1
INDEX AREA
16
6
PIN 1
INDEX AREA
12
1
4.00
12X 0.50
2.40
4
9
0.15
(4X)
5
8
TOP VIEW
0.10 M C A B
4 0.25 +0.05
-0.07
16x 0.40±0.01
BOTTOM VIEW
SEE
DETAIL "X"
0.90±0.10
0.10 C
SEATING
PLANE
C
0.08 C
SIDE VIEW
(3.8 TYP)
(
2.40)
(12x 0.50)
C
(16x 0.25)
(16x 0.60)
0.20 REF
5
+0.03/-0.02
DETAIL "X"
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
NOTES:
1. Dimensions are in millimeters.
Dimensions in ( ) for Reference Only.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to ASME Y14.5m-1994.
3. Unless otherwise specified, tolerance: Decimal ± 0.05
4. Dimension applies to the metallized terminal and is measured
between 0.15mm and 0.30mm from the terminal tip.
5. Tiebar shown (if present) is a non-functional feature.
6. The configuration of the pin #1 identifier is optional, but must be
located within the zone indicated. The pin #1 identifier may be either
a mold or mark feature.
16
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
ISL22326
Package Outline Drawing
M14.173
14 LEAD THIN SHRINK SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE (TSSOP)
Rev 3, 10/09
A
1
3
5.00 ±0.10
SEE
DETAIL "X"
8
14
6.40
PIN #1
I.D. MARK
4.40 ±0.10
2
3
1
0.20 C B A
7
B
0.65
0.09-0.20
TOP VIEW
END VIEW
1.00 REF
0.05
H
C
0.90 +0.15/-0.10
1.20 MAX
SEATING
PLANE
0.25 +0.05/-0.06
0.10 C
0.10
GAUGE
PLANE
0.25
5
0°-8°
0.05 MIN
0.15 MAX
CBA
SIDE VIEW
0.60 ±0.15
DETAIL "X"
(1.45)
NOTES:
1. Dimension does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
(5.65)
Mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15 per side.
2. Dimension does not include interlead flash or protrusion. Interlead
flash or protrusion shall not exceed 0.25 per side.
3. Dimensions are measured at datum plane H.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M-1994.
5. Dimension does not include dambar protrusion. Allowable protrusion
shall be 0.80mm total in excess of dimension at maximum material
condition. Minimum space between protrusion and adjacent lead is 0.07mm.
(0.65 TYP)
(0.35 TYP)
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
17
6. Dimension in ( ) are for reference only.
7. Conforms to JEDEC MO-153, variation AB-1.
FN6176.3
September 9, 2015
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