DATASHEET

Improved Industry Standard Single-Ended Current
Mode PWM Controller
ISL78215
Features
The ISL78215 family of adjustable frequency, low power, pulse
width modulating (PWM) current mode controllers is designed for
a wide range of power conversion applications including boost,
flyback, and isolated output configurations. Peak current mode
control effectively handles power transients and provides
inherent overcurrent protection.
• 1A MOSFET Gate Driver
This advanced BiCMOS design is pin compatible with the industry
standard 384x family of controllers and offers significantly
improved performance. Features include low operating current,
60µA start-up current, adjustable operating frequency to 2MHz,
and high peak current drive capability with 20ns rise and fall
times.
• 20ns Rise and Fall Times with 1nF Output Load
The ISL78215 is tested to AEC-Q100 specifications.
• 60µA Start-up Current, 100µA Maximum
• 25ns Propagation Delay Current Sense to Output
• Fast Transient Response with Peak Current Mode Control
• Adjustable Switching Frequency to 2MHz
• Trimmed Timing Capacitor Discharge Current for Accurate
Deadtime/Maximum Duty Cycle Control
• High Bandwidth Error Amplifier
• Tight Tolerance Voltage Reference Over Line, Load, and
Temperature
• Tight Tolerance Current Limit Threshold
• Pb-Free (RoHS Compliant)
• AEC-Q100 Tested
Applications
• Automotive Power
• Telecom and Datacom Power
• Wireless Base Station Power
• File Server Power
• Industrial Power Systems
• PC Power Supplies
• Isolated Buck and Flyback Regulators
• Boost Regulators
Pin Configuration
ISL78215
(8 LD MSOP)
TOP VIEW
COMP 1
December 7, 2013
FN7673.1
1
8 VREF
FB 2
7 VDD
CS 3
6 OUT
RTCT 4
5 GND
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas LLC 2010, 2013. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL78215
Pin Description
PIN
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
1
COMP
2
FB
The output voltage feedback is connected to the inverting input of the error amplifier through this pin.
The non-inverting input of the error amplifier is internally tied to a reference voltage.
3
CS
This is the current sense input to the PWM comparator. The range of the input signal is nominally 0V to
1.0V and has an internal offset of 100mV.
4
RTCT
This is the oscillator timing control pin. The operational frequency and maximum duty cycle are set by
connecting a resistor, RT, between VREF and this pin and a timing capacitor, CT, from this pin to GND. The
oscillator produces a sawtooth waveform with a programmable frequency range up to 2.0MHz. The
charge time, tC, the discharge time, tD, the switching frequency, f, and the maximum duty cycle, Dmax,
can be calculated from Equations 1, 2, 3 and 4:
COMP is the output of the error amplifier and the input of the PWM comparator. The control loop
frequency compensation network is connected between the COMP and FB pins.
t C ≈ 0.583 • RT • CT
(EQ. 1)
0.0083 • RT – 4.3
t D ≈ – RT • CT • ln ⎛ ----------------------------------------------⎞
⎝ 0.0083 • RT – 2.4⎠
(EQ. 2)
f = 1 ⁄ (tC + tD)
(EQ. 3)
D = t
C
•f
(EQ. 4)
Figure 4 may be used as a guideline in selecting the capacitor and resistor values required for a given
frequency.
5
GND
GND is the power and small signal reference ground for all functions.
6
OUT
This is the drive output to the power switching device. It is a high current output capable of driving the
gate of a power MOSFET with peak currents of 1.0A.
7
VDD
VDD is the power connection for the device. The total supply current will depend on the load applied to
OUT. Total IDD current is the sum of the operating current and the average output current. Knowing the
operating frequency, f, and the MOSFET gate charge, Qg, the average output current can be calculated in
Equation 5:
I OUT = Qg × f
(EQ. 5)
To optimize noise immunity, bypass VDD to GND with a ceramic capacitor as close to the VDD and GND pins
as possible.
8
VREF
The 5.00V reference voltage output. +1.0/-1.5% tolerance over line, load and operating temperature.
Bypass to GND with a 0.1µF to 3.3µF capacitor to filter this output as needed.
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 2, 3)
PART MARKING
TEMP RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(Pb-free)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL78215AUZ
78215
-40 to +105
8 Ld MSOP
M8.118
ISL78215AUZ-T (Note 1)
78215
-40 to +105
8 Ld MSOP
M8.118
1. Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100% matte
tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil Pbfree products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information page for ISL78215. For more information on MSL please see techbrief TB363.
2
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
Functional Block Diagram
VREF
5.00V
VDD
VREF
UVLO
COMPARATOR
ENABLE
VDD OK
+
-
VREF FAULT
-
3
VREF
UV COMPARATOR
4.65V
4.80V
GND
A
2.5V
+
-
+
BG +-
BG
A = 0.5
PWM
COMPARATOR
+
100mV
ERROR
AMPLIFIER
2R
1.1V
CLAMP
+
-
FB
+
-
ISL78215
CS
ISL78215
Q
R
T
Q
COMP
OUT
VREF
S Q
R Q
2.6V
0.7V
ON
OSCILLATOR
COMPARATOR
+
RTCT
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
8.4mA
ON
CLOCK
RESET
DOMINANT
Typical Application - 48V Input Dual Output Flyback
CR5
+3.3V
C21
T1
+ C15
+ C16
R21
VIN+
+1.8V
C4
R3
CR4
C2
C17
CR2
C5
C22
+
+
C20
C19
4
RETURN
CR6
R1
36V TO 75V
C1
R17
R16
C6
C3
R18
R19
U2
Q1
C14
R22
C13
R15
U3
VIN-
R27
R20
U4
R26
COMP
VREF
CS
V DD
FB
OUT
RTCT
GND
ISL78215
R6
R10
CR1
Q3
C12
VR1
C8
R13
C11
ISL78215
R4
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
Typical Application - Boost Converter
R8
C10
CR1
L1
VIN+
+VOUT
+
C2
C3
5
R4
Q1
RETURN
R5
ISL78215
C9
C1
R1
R2
U1
COMP
ISL78215
FB
CS
C4
RTCT
R7
VREF
C8
VIN+
VDD
OUT
GND
R3
C5
C7
VIN-
C6
R6
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Supply Voltage, VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GND - 0.3V to +20.0V
OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GND - 0.3V to VDD + 0.3V
Signal Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .GND - 0.3V to 6.0V
Peak GATE Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A
ESD Rating
Human Body Model (Tested per JESD22-A11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2500V
Machine Model (Tested per JESD22-C101) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75V
Charged Device Model (Tested per JESD22-A115) . . . . . . . . . . . . 1500V
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
θJA (°C/W) θJC (°C/W)
MSOP Package (Notes 4, 5) . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
60
Maximum Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-55°C to +150°C
Maximum Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Operating Conditions
Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +105°C
Supply Voltage Range (Typical, Note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.5V to 18V
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
4. θJA is measured with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for details.
5. For θJC, the “case temp” location is taken at the package top center.
6. All voltages are with respect to GND.
Electrical Specifications Recommended operating conditions unless otherwise noted. Refer to “Functional Block Diagram” on page 3
and “Typical Application” schematics on page 4 and 5. VDD = 15V (Note 10), Rt = 10kΩ, Ct = 3.3nF, TA = -40 to +105°C, Typical values are at TA = +25°C.
Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +105°C.
MIN
(Note 7)
TYP
MAX
(Note 7)
UNITS
START Threshold
6.5
7.0
7.5
V
STOP Threshold
6.1
6.6
6.9
V
-
0.4
-
V
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT
Hysteresis
Start-up Current, IDD
VDD < START Threshold
-
60
100
µA
Operating Current, IDD
(Note 8)
-
3.3
4.0
mA
Operating Supply Current, ID
Includes 1nF GATE loading
-
4.1
5.5
mA
REFERENCE VOLTAGE
Overall Accuracy
Over line (VDD = 12V to 18V), load,
temperature
4.925
5.000
5.050
V
Long Term Stability
TA = +125°C, 1000 hours (Note 9)
-
5
-
mV
Fault Voltage
4.40
4.65
4.85
V
VREF Good Voltage
4.60
4.80
VREF - 0.05
V
Hysteresis
50
165
250
mV
Current Limit, Sourcing
-20
-
-
mA
Current Limit, Sinking
5
-
-
mA
CURRENT SENSE
Input Bias Current
VCS = 1V
-1.0
-
1.0
µA
CS Offset Voltage
VCS = 0V (Note 9)
95
100
105
mV
COMP to PWM Comparator Offset Voltage
VCS = 0V (Note 9)
0.80
1.15
1.30
V
0.91
0.97
1.03
V
2.5
3.0
3.5
V/V
-
25
40
ns
Input Signal, Maximum
Gain, ACS = ΔVCOMP/ΔVCS
0 < VCS < 910mV, VFB = 0V
(Note 9)
CS to OUT Delay
(Note 9)
6
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Electrical Specifications Recommended operating conditions unless otherwise noted. Refer to “Functional Block Diagram” on page 3
and “Typical Application” schematics on page 4 and 5. VDD = 15V (Note 10), Rt = 10kΩ, Ct = 3.3nF, TA = -40 to +105°C, Typical values are at TA = +25°C.
Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +105°C. (Continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 7)
TYP
MAX
(Note 7)
UNITS
ERROR AMPLIFIER
Open Loop Voltage Gain
(Note 9)
60
90
-
dB
Unity Gain Bandwidth
(Note 9)
3.5
5
-
MHz
Reference Voltage
VFB = VCOMP
2.475
2.514
2.55
V
FB Input Bias Current
VFB = 0V
-1.0
-0.2
1.0
µA
COMP Sink Current
VCOMP = 1.5V, VFB = 2.7V
1.0
-
-
mA
COMP Source Current
VCOMP = 1.5V, VFB = 2.3V
-0.4
-
-
mA
COMP VOH
VFB = 2.3V
4.80
-
VREF
V
COMP VOL
VFB = 2.7V
0.4
-
1.0
V
PSRR
Frequency = 120Hz, VDD = 12V to 18V
(Note 9)
60
80
-
dB
Frequency Accuracy
Initial, TJ = +25°C
49
52
55
kHz
Frequency Variation with VDD
T = +25°C (f18V - f12V)/f12V
-
0.2
1.0
%
Temperature Stability
(Note 9)
-
-
5
%
Amplitude, Peak-to-Peak
-
1.9
-
V
RTCT Discharge Voltage
-
0.7
-
V
7.2
8.4
9.5
mA
OSCILLATOR
Discharge Current
RTCT = 2.0V
OUTPUT
Gate VOH
VDD to OUT, IOUT = -200mA
-
1.0
2.0
V
Gate VOL
OUT to GND, IOUT = 200mA
-
1.0
2.0
V
Peak Output Current
COUT = 1nF (Note 9)
-
1.0
-
A
Rise Time
COUT = 1nF (Note 9)
-
20
40
ns
Fall Time
COUT = 1nF (Note 9)
-
20
40
ns
Maximum Duty Cycle
47
48
Minimum Duty Cycle
-
-
PWM
%
0
%
NOTES:
7. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
8. This is the VDD current consumed when the device is active but not switching. Does not include gate drive current.
9. Limits established by characterization and are not production tested.
10. Adjust VDD above the start threshold and then lower to 15V.
7
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Typical Performance Curves
1.001
1.000
1.01
NORMALIZED VREF
NORMALIZED FREQUENCY
1.02
1.00
0.99
0.98
0.97
-40
-10
20
50
80
0.999
0.998
0.997
0.996
0.995
-40 -25 -10
110
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 1. FREQUENCY vs TEMPERATURE
35
50
65
80
95 110
103
FREQUENCY (kHz)
NORMALIZED EA REFERENCE
20
FIGURE 2. REFERENCE VOLTAGE vs TEMPERATURE
1.002
1.000
0.998
0.996
0.994
5
TEMPERATURE (°C)
-40 -25 -10
5 20 35 50 65
TEMPERATURE (°C)
80
95 110
FIGURE 3. EA REFERENCE vs TEMPERATURE
100pF
100
220pF
330pF
470pF
1.0nF
10
1
10
2.2nF
3.3nF
4.7nF
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90 100
RT (kΩ)
FIGURE 4. RESISTANCE FOR CT CAPACITOR VALUES GIVEN
Functional Description
Soft-Start Operation
Features
Soft-start must be implemented externally. One method,
illustrated in Figure 5, clamps the voltage on COMP.
VREF
COMP
Oscillator
The ISL78215 controllers have a sawtooth oscillator with a
programmable frequency range to 2MHz, which can be
programmed with a resistor from VREF and a capacitor to GND
on the RTCT pin. (Please refer to Figure 4 for the resistor and
capacitance required for a given frequency.)
ISL78215
The ISL78215 current mode PWMs make an ideal choice for lowcost flyback and forward topology applications. With its greatly
improved performance over industry standard parts, it is the
obvious choice for new designs or existing designs which require
updating.
GND
FIGURE 5. SOFT-START
8
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Gate Drive
RTCT
VREF
Slope Compensation
CS
For applications where the maximum duty cycle is less than 50%,
slope compensation may be used to improve noise immunity,
particularly at lighter loads. The amount of slope compensation
required for noise immunity is determined empirically, but is
generally about 10% of the full scale current feedback signal. For
applications where the duty cycle is greater than 50%, slope
compensation is required to prevent instability. The minimum
amount of slope compensation required corresponds to 1/2 the
inductor downslope. Adding excessive slope compensation,
however, results in a control loop that behaves more as a voltage
mode controller than as a current mode controller.
CS SIGNAL (V)
ISL78215
The ISL78215 is capable of sourcing and sinking 1A peak
current. To limit the peak current through the IC, an optional
external resistor may be placed between the totem-pole output of
the IC (OUT pin) and the gate of the MOSFET. This small series
resistor also damps any oscillations caused by the resonant tank
of the parasitic inductances in the traces of the board and the
FET’s input capacitance.
Slope compensation may be added to the CS signal shown in
Figure 7.
DOWNSLOPE
CURRENT SENSE SIGNAL
FIGURE 7. SLOPE COMPENSATION
Fault Conditions
A Fault condition occurs if VREF falls below 4.65V. When a Fault
is detected, OUT is disabled. When VREF exceeds 4.80V, the Fault
condition clears, and OUT is enabled.
Ground Plane Requirements
Careful layout is essential for satisfactory operation of the device.
A good ground plane must be employed. A unique section of the
ground plane must be designated for high di/dt currents
associated with the output stage. VDD should be bypassed
directly to GND with good high frequency capacitors.
TIME
FIGURE 6. CURRENT SENSE DOWNSLOPE
9
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to web to make sure you
have the latest Rev.
DATE
REVISION
CHANGE
December 7, 2013
FN7673.1
Updated to newest template
Page 1 - updated copyright information
Page 10 - 2nd line of the disclaimer changed from:
“Intersil products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9001 quality systems as noted”
to:
“Intersil Automotive Qualified products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing TS16949 quality
systems as noted”
Page 11 - updated M8.118 to newest rev .4:
Changes from ref .3: Corrected lead width dimension in side view 1 from "0.25 - 0.036" to "0.25 - 0.36"
August, 16, 2010
FN7673.0
Initial Release.
About Intersil
Intersil Corporation is a leader in the design and manufacture of high-performance analog, mixed-signal and power management
semiconductors. The company's products address some of the largest markets within the industrial and infrastructure, personal
computing and high-end consumer markets. For more information about Intersil, visit our website at www.intersil.com.
For the most updated datasheet, application notes, related documentation and related parts, please see the respective product
information page found at www.intersil.com. You may report errors or suggestions for improving this datasheet by visiting
www.intersil.com/en/support/ask-an-expert.html. Reliability reports are also available from our website at
http://www.intersil.com/en/support/qualandreliability.html#reliability
For additional products, see www.intersil.com/en/products.html
Intersil Automotive Qualified products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing TS16949 quality systems as noted
in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/en/support/qualandreliability.html
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
10
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
ISL78215
Package Outline Drawing
M8.118
8 LEAD MINI SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 4, 7/11
5
3.0±0.05
A
DETAIL "X"
D
8
1.10 MAX
SIDE VIEW 2
0.09 - 0.20
4.9±0.15
3.0±0.05
5
0.95 REF
PIN# 1 ID
1
2
B
0.65 BSC
GAUGE
PLANE
TOP VIEW
0.55 ± 0.15
0.25
3°±3°
0.85±010
H
DETAIL "X"
C
SEATING PLANE
0.25 - 0.36
0.08 M C A-B D
0.10 ± 0.05
0.10 C
SIDE VIEW 1
(5.80)
NOTES:
(4.40)
(3.00)
1. Dimensions are in millimeters.
(0.65)
(0.40)
(1.40)
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
11
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to JEDEC MO-187-AA
and AMSEY14.5m-1994.
3. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15mm max per side are not
included.
4. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.15mm max per side are not
included.
5. Dimensions are measured at Datum Plane "H".
6. Dimensions in ( ) are for reference only.
FN7673.1
December 7, 2013
Similar pages