Datasheet

MICROCHANNEL PLATEPHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES (MCP-PMT)
R3809U-50 SERIES
FEATURES
●High Speed
Rise Time: 160 ps
IRF (Instrument Response Function) A: 55 ps (FWHM)
●Low Noise
●Compact Profile
Useful Photocathode: 11 mm diameter
(Overall length: 70.2 mm Outer diameter: 45.0 mm)
APPLICATIONS
●Molecular Science
Analysis of Molecular Structure
●Medical Science
Optical Computer Tomography
●Biochemistry
Fast Gene Sequencing
●Material Engineering
Semiconductor Analysis
Crystal Research
Figure 2: Transit Time Spread (T.T.S.)
104
TPMHB0178EB
FWHM 25 ps
COUNTS
103
FWTM 65 ps
PMT
: R3809U-50
SUPPLY VOLTAGE : -3000 V
LASER PULSE
: 5 ps (FWHM)
WAVELENGTH
: 596 nm
102
101
PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)
Figure 1: Spectral Response Characteristics
103
TPMHB0771EB
-200
102
-58
0
200
400
600
800
QE=25 %
-53, -57
TIME (ps)
QE=10 %
-50, -58
-51
QE=1 %
101
Figure 3: Block Diagram of T.T.S. Mesuring System
MIRROR
MODE LOCKED Nd-YAG LASER
-52
PULSE
COMPRESSOR
QE=0.1 %
100
MIRROR
-50, -53
MONOCHROMETER
-57
10-1
R3809U-50
10-2
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100
AMP
CFD
DYE
JET
LASER PULSE WIDTH: 5 ps (FWHM)
FILTER
BS
CAVITY
DUMPER
POWER
SUPPLY
HAMAMATSU
C9727
HAMAMATSU
C5594
ORTEC 457
STOP
START
TAC
WAVELENGTH (nm)
MCA
TRIGGER
CIRCUIT HAMAMATSU
PD S5973
DELAY
CFD
TENNELEC
TC-454 (=CANBERRA 454)
COMPUTER
TPMHC0078ED
Subject to local technical requirements and regulations, availability of products included in this promotional material may vary. Please consult with our sales office.
Information furnished by HAMAMATSU is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions. Specifications are
subject to change without notice. No patent rights are granted to any of the circuits described herein. ©2015 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
MCP-PMTs R3809U-50 SERIES
SPECIFICATIONS
PHOTOCATHODE SELECTION GUIDE
Suffix Number
50
51
52
53
57
58
Spectral Response (nm)
Range
Peek Wavelength
160 to 850
430
600
160 to 910
160 to 650
400
160 to 320
230 to 250
115 to 320
230 to 250
115 to 850
430
Photocathode Material
Window Material
Multialkali
Extended Red Multialkali
Bialkali
Cs-Te
Cs-Te
Multialkali
Synthetic Silica
Synthetic Silica
Synthetic Silica
Synthetic Silica
MgF2
MgF2
GENERAL
Parameter
Effective Photocathode Diameter
MCP Channel Diameter
Dynode Structure B
Capacitance between Anode and MCP out
Weight
Operating Ambient Temperature C
Storage Temperature
Description / Value
11
6
2-stage Filmed MCP
3
99.5
-50 to +50
-50 to +50
Unit
mm
µm
—
pF
g
°C
°C
Value
-3400
100
350
110
Unit
V
nA
mA
µA
MAXIMUM RATINGS (Absolute Maximum Values)
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Average Anode Current
Pulsed Peak Current D
Voltage Divider Current
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (R3809U-50) at 25 °C E
Parameter
Cathode Sensitivity
Luminous F
Radiant at 430 nm
Gain at -3000 V
Anode Dark Counts at -3000 V
Time Response
Rise Time G
Fall Time H
I.R.F. (FWHM) I
T.T.S. (FWHM)
Min.
100
—
1 × 105
—
—
—
—
—
Typ.
180
70
3 × 105
—
160
360
45 J
—
Max.
—
—
—
2000
200
650
55
25 K
Unit
µA/lm
mA/W
—
s-1
ps
ps
ps
ps
NOTES
A Transit-time spread (T.T.S.) is the fluctuation in transit time between individual pulse and specified as an FWHM (full width at half maximum) with the incident light
having a single photoelectron state.
B Two microchannel plates (MCP) are incorporated as a standard but we can provide it with either one or three MCPs as an option depending upon your request.
C We recommend use R3809U-51 with thermoelectric cooling unit to reduce dark counts (Refer to Figure 5)
D This is specified under the operating conditions that the repetition rate of light input is 100 Hz or below and its pulse width is 70 ps.
E This data is based on R3809U-50. All other types (suffix number 51 through 58) have different characteristics on cathode sensitivity and anode dark counts.
F The light source used to measure the luminous sensitivity is a tungsten filament lamp operated at a distribution temperature of 2856 K. The incident light intensity is
10–4 lumen and 100 V is applied between the photocathode and all other electrodes connected as an anode.
G This is the mean time difference between the 10 % and 90 % amplitude points on the output waveform for full cathode illumination.
H This is the mean time difference between the 90 % and 10 % amplitude points on the tailing edge of the output waveform for full cathode illumination.
I I.R.F. stands for Instrument Response Function which is a convolution of the δ pulse function (H(t)) of the measuring system and the excitation function (E(t)) of a
laser. The I.R.F. is given by the following formula:
I.R.F. = H(t) × E(t)
J We specify the I.R.F. as an FWHM of the time distribution taken by using the measuring system in Figure 13 that is Hamamatsu standard I.R.F. measurement. It can
be temporary estimated by the following equation:
(I.R.F. (FWHM))2 = (T.T.S.)2 + (Tw)2 + (Tj)2
where Tw is the pulse width of the laser used and Tj is the time jitter of all equipments used. An I.R.F. data is provided with the tube purchased as a standard.
K T.T.S. stands for Transit Time Spread (seeA above). Assuming that a laser pulse width (Tw) and time jitter of all equipments (Tj) used in Figure 3 are negligible,
I.R.F. can be estimated as equal to T.T.S. (seeJ) above. Therefore, T.T.S. can be estimated to be 25 ps or less.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE DATA
Figure 4: Typical Gain
107
Figure 5: Variation of Dark Counts Depending
on Ambient Temperature
TPMHB0179EB
105
TPMHB0180EE
R3809U-51
104
DARK COUNT (s-1)
CURRENT GAIN
106
105
104
103
102
-2.0
103
R3809U-50
102
101
100
10-1
-2.2
-2.4
-2.6
-2.8
-3.0
-3.2
-3.4
-40
-20
0
20
40
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (kV)
Figure 6: Typical Output Deviation as a Function
of Anode DC Current
Figure 7: Typical Output Deviation as a Function
of Anode Count Rate
TPMHB0182EA
TPMHB0181EA
OVERALL SUPPLY VOLTAGE : -3000 V
MCP RESISTANCE
: 200 MΩ
MCP STRIP CURRENT
: 8.15 µA
SUPPLY VOLTAGE : -3000 V
MCP RESISTANCE : 200 MΩ
MCP STRIP CURRENT : 8.15 µA
50
DEVIATION (%)
DEVIATION (%)
50
-50
-50
-100
101
102
ANODE CURRENT (nA)
103
104
-100
105
106
COUNT RATE (s-1)
107
108
MCP-PMTs R3809U-50 SERIES
Figure 8: Typical Output Waveform
Figure 9: Block Diagram of Output Waveform Measuring
System
TPMHB0183EA
ND FILTER
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (20 mV/div)
TRIGGER
OUT
PICOSECOND
LIGHT
PULSER
R3809U-50
HAMAMATSU C9727
HAMAMATSU
MODEL#PLP-01
WAVELENGTH: 410 nm
PULSE WIDTH
(FWHM)
: 35 ps
HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY
TRIGGER IN
SUPPLY VOLTAGE : -3000 V
RISE TIME
: 160 ps
FALL TIME
: 360 ps
PULSE WIDTH : 300 ps
OSCILLOSCOPE
50 Ω LOAD
COMPUTER
TPMHC0079EE
TIME (0.2 ns/div)
Figure 10: Typical Pulse Height Distribution (PHD)
Figure 11: Block Diagram of PHD Measuring System
TPMHB0080EB
SUPPLY VOLTAGE
: -3000 V
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE : 25 °C
DARK COUNTS
: 2000 s-1 (Max.)
: R3809U-50
PMT
: 200 ch
PEAK
: 50 ch
DISCRI.LEVEL
10
COUNTS (1 × 10)
ND FILTER
HALOGEN
LAMP
8
R3809U-50
HAMAMATSU
HIGH VOLTAGE
C9727
POWER SUPPLY
6
SIGNAL + DARK COUNTS
COMPUTER
4
MCA
LINEAR
AMP
PREAMP
CANBERRA 2005
2
DARK COUNTS
TPMHC0080EE
0
50
200
400
600
800
PULSE HEIGHT (CHANNEL NUMBER)
1000
Figure 12: Typical Instrument Response Function (I.R.F.)
Figure 13: Block Diagram of I.R.F. Measuring System
TPMHB0083EB
FWHM: 45 ps
104
COUNTS (s-1)
ND FILTER
HAMAMATSU
PICOSECOND
MODEL#PLP-01
WAVELENGTH: 410 nm LIGHT
PULSER
PULSE WIDTH
(FWHM)
: 35 ps
TRIGGER
OUT
103
R3809U-50
HAMAMATSU C9727
HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY
102
HAMAMATSU
C5594
101
AMP
ORTEC 457
START
DELAY
100
TAC
STOP
ORTEC 425A
CFD
TENNELEC TC-454
(=CANBERRA 454)
MCA
COMPUTER
TIME (0.2 ns/div)
TPMHC0081EE
Figure 14: Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)
52.5 ± 0.5
WINDOW
FACE PLATE
-HV INPUT
SHV-R CONNECTOR
11 MIN.
3.0 ± 0.2
13.7 ± 0.2
70.2 ± 0.5
45.0 ± 0.3
EFFECTIVE
PHOTOCATHODE
DIAMETER
11 MIN.
3.2 ± 0.1
7.0 ± 0.2
PHOTOCATHODE
ANODE OUTPUT
SMA-R CONNECTOR
TPMHA0352EC
MCP-PMTs R3809U-50 SERIES
PRECAUTIONS FOR PROPER OPERATION
Handling on set-up
1) The photomultiplier tube (PMT) is a glass product under high vacuum. EXCESSIVE PRESSURE, VIBRATIONS OR
SHOCKS TO THE TUBE FROM THE SURROUNDING COULD CAUSE A PERMANENT DAMAGE. Please pay special
attention on insuring proper handling.
2) DO NOT PLACE ANY OBJECTS OF GROUND POTENTIAL CLOSER THAN 5mm TO THE PHOTOCATHODE WINDOW
when negative high voltage is applied to the photocathode. It could generate extra noise and damage the photocathode
permanently.
3) DO NOT EXPOSE THE PHOTOCATHODE TO SUNLIGHT DIRECTLY and any light stronger than the room light even
during of no operation.
4) NEVER TOUCH THE INPUT WINDOW WITH YOUR BARE HANDS. In case the window contaminated by dust or grease,
wipe it off using alcohol and a soft cloth or dust free tissue.
5) DO NOT OPERATE OR STORE IN A PLACE OF UNSPECIFIED TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY.
Supplying high voltage
1) DO NOT SUPPLY ANY VOLTAGE HIGHER THAN SPECIFIED. Also make sure the output current does NOT EXCEED
THE MAXIMUM CURRENT specified.
2) This device is very sensitive even with weak light input. When applying high voltage to the tube, GRADUALLY (IDEALLY
100 Vdc STEP BUT 500 Vdc STEP IS OK) AND CAREFULLY INCREASE THE VOLTAGE while monitoring the output using
an ammeter or oscilloscope. Also make sure before use that the polarity of the applied voltage is correct.
3) DO NOT REMOVE OR CONNECT ANY INPUT OR OUTPUT CABLES WHILE HIGH VOLTAGE IS APPLIED. If a high
voltage is applied when its output is opened, DO NOT CONNECT ANY READOUT CIRCUIT TO THE TUBE IMMEDIATELY
after turning the high voltage off. Ground the anode of the tube before connecting in order to avoid possible damage to the
readout circuit due to an excessive electron charge flowing from its anode.
4) IT IS RECOMMENDED TO TURN HIGH VOLTAGE OFF WHILE NOT BEING USED FOR MEASUREMENTS. This is to
avoid shortening its period of life time as well as a risk of damage due to an exposure of excessive incident light.
Incident light amount
1) KEEP THE INCIDENT LIGHT AMOUNT AS LOWS AS POSSIBLE to extend its period of life time.
2) In a case of photon counting application, it is recommended to KEEP THE SIGNAL COUNT RATE LESS THAN 20 ks-1.
3) ILLUMINATE PHOTOCATHODE EFFECTIVE AREA AS LARGE AS POSSIBLE to keep better linearity characteristics and
avoid an excessive stress in partial area, which may result in a reduction of sensitivity partially.
Usage in vacuum
1) DO NOT USE A PMT AS AN INTERFACE BETWEEN VACUUM AND ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURE.
Standard MCP-PMT is not designed for vacuum-tight construction.
2) KEEP THE TUBE CLEAN. Unless otherwise, it would cause outgassing in a vacuum.
3) DO NOT SUPPLY HIGH VOLTAGE UNLESS THE VACUUM LEVEL REACHES 1 × 10–3 Pa OR HIGHER.
4) DO NOT PROCEED BAKING VACUUM INSTRUMENTS WHILE THE TUBE IS PLACED INSIDE.
OTHERS
1) If the tube won't be used with a cooler, it is recommended to LEAVE THE TUBE IN DARKNESS (YOUR INSTRUMENT
WITHOUT ANY INPUT LIGHT) FOR 30 min OR SO before start any measurements because it occasionally takes a
little while until its dark noise settles down.
WARRANTY
The detectors indicated in this data sheet are warranted to the original purchaser for a period of 12 MONTHS following the date
of shipment. The warranty is limited to repair or replacement of any defective material due to defects in workmanship or
materials used in manufacture.
1) Any claim for damage of shipment must be made directly to the delivering carrier within five days.
2) Customer must inspect and test all detectors within 30 days after shipment. Failure to accomplish said incoming inspection
shall limit all claims to 75% of invoice value.
3) No credit will be issued for broken detector unless in the opinion of Hamamatsu the damage is due to a manufacturing defect.
4) No credit will be issued for any detector which in the judgement of Hamamatsu has been damaged, abused, modified or
whose serial number or type number have been obliterated or defaced.
5) No detector will be accepted for return unless permission has been obtaind from Hamamatsu in writing, the shipment has
been returned repaired and insured, the detector is packed in their original box and accompanied by the original data sheet
furnished to the customer with the tube, and a full written explanation of the reason for rejection of detector.
ACCESSORIES
THERMOELECTRIC COOLING UNIT C10373 Series
HOLDER E3059-500
Left: Power Supply Right: Cooled PMT Housing
Parameter
Cooling Method
Heat Exchange Medium
Cooling Temperature (with cooling water at +20 °C)
Cooling Time
Applicable PMT Holder (sold separately) *
AC Input Voltage
Operating Ambient Temperature A
Storage Temperature A
Description / Value
Thermoelectric cooling using peltier module
Water
Approx. -30 °C
Approx. 120 min
E3059-500
100 V to 240 V
+5 °C to +40 °C / Below 75 %
-15 °C to +50 °C / Below 80 %
NOTE: ANo condensation
* The E3059-500 exclusive holder is necessary for R3809U-50 series.
HIGH SPEED AMPLIFIER C5594 Series
BENCH-TOP HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY C9727/-01
Suffix number and input / output connector
Specifications
Input Connector
Output Connector
Type No.
SMA Plug (male)
SMA Receptacle (female)
C5594-12
C5594-22 SMA Receptacle (female) SMA Receptacle (female)
C5594-44 BNC Receptacle (female) BNC Receptacle (female)
Specifications
Parameter
Frequency Response Range
Typ.
Voltage Gain
Current-to-Voltage Conversion Factor
Input / Output Impedance
Typ.
Noise Figure (NF)
Supply Voltage
Max.
Supply Current
Description / Value
50 kHz to 1.5 GHz
36 dB
3.15 mV/µA
50 Ω
5 dB
+12 V to 16 V
95 mA
Parameter
Description / Value
Output Voltage
0 V to -3500 V
Maximum Output Current
2 mA
Line Regulation Against
Max.
±0.005 %
±10 % Line Voltage Change AB
Load Regulation Against
Max.
±0.03 %
0 % to 100 % Load Change A
Typ.
Ripple / Noise (p-p) AB
0.003 %
Drift (after 30 min Warm-up) AB Typ.
±0.05 % / h
Temperature Coefficient AB Typ.
±0.01 % / °C
AC Input Voltage
100 V to 240 V
Power Consumption AB Max.
60 V·A
Operating Ambient
0 °C to +40 °C / below 85 %
Temperature / Humidity C
C
Storage Temperature / Humidity -20 °C to +50 °C / below 90 %
NOTE: AAt maximum output voltage
BAt maximum output current
CNo condensation
MCP-PMTs R3809U-50 SERIES
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
www.hamamatsu.com
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Electron Tube Division
314-5, Shimokanzo, Iwata City, Shizuoka Pref., 438-0193, Japan, Telephone: (81)539/62-5248, Fax: (81)539/62-2205
U.S.A.: Hamamatsu Corporation: 360 Foothill Road, Bridgewater. N.J. 08807-0910, U.S.A., Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218 E-mail: [email protected]
Germany: Hamamatsu Photonics Deutschland GmbH: Arzbergerstr. 10, D-82211 Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany, Telephone: (49)8152-375-0, Fax: (49)8152-2658 E-mail: [email protected]
France: Hamamatsu Photonics France S.A.R.L.: 19, Rue du Saule Trapu, Parc du Moulin de Massy, 91882 Massy Cedex, France, Telephone: (33)1 69 53 71 00, Fax: (33)1 69 53 71 10 E-mail: [email protected]
United Kingdom: Hamamatsu Photonics UK Limited: 2 Howard Court, 10 Tewin Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 1BW, United Kingdom, Telephone: (44)1707-294888, Fax: (44)1707-325777 E-mail: [email protected]
North Europe: Hamamatsu Photonics Norden AB: Torshamnsgatan 35 SE-164 40 Kista, Sweden, Telephone: (46)8-509-031-00, Fax: (46)8-509-031-01 E-mail: [email protected]
TPMH1067E11
Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia S.r.l.: Strada della Moia, 1 int. 6, 20020 Arese (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-93581733, Fax: (39)02-93581741 E-mail: [email protected]
China: Hamamatsu Photonics (China) Co., Ltd.: B1201 Jiaming Center, No.27 Dongsanhuan Beilu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China, Telephone: (86)10-6586-6006, Fax: (86)10-6586-2866 E-mail: [email protected]
MAY 2015. IP
Similar pages