cd00004132

AN1229
Application note
SD2932 RF MOSFET for 300 W FM amplifier
Introduction
This application note gives a description of a broadband power amplifier operating over the
frequency range 88 - 108 MHz using the new STMicroelectronics RF MOSFET transistor
SD2932.
Table 1.
July 2007
Typical achievable performances
Parameter
Performance
Device
1 X SD2932
Frequency
88-108 MHz
Vdd
50 V
Idq
200 mA
Pout
300 W
Gain
>19 dB
Input return loss
< -11 dB
Drain efficiency
>70%
Rev 3
1/7
www.st.com
Amplifier design
AN1229
1
Amplifier design
1.1
Input matching network
Typical input gate-to-gate impedance of SD2932 at 100 MHz is Zin = Rs + jXs = 2 - 2.6 j,
and can also be expressed as the combination of parallel resistance and reactance using
the following formulas:
Equation 1
Xs
Rp = Rs • 1 + ⎛ -------⎞
⎝ Rs⎠
2
= 5.38Ω
Equation 2
XS
X P = R P ⁄ ⎛ -------⎞ = – 4.14jΩ
⎝ R S⎠
Therefore, in order to achieve good input matching performances over the frequency range
88-108 MHz the unbalanced 50 Ω is to be transformed into an impedance with a value as
close as possible to Rp of 5.38 Ω.
From the circuit schematic given in Figure 6 , we can see that the input matching network is
based on a two section balun (1:1 balun in cascade with a 9:1 balun transformer) which
transforms the unbalanced 50 Ω to a balanced 5.56 Ω (2 x 2.78 Ω / 9:1 ratio). The first
section, a 5" long - 50 Ω coaxial cable and the second section, a two 3.9" long - 25 Ω flexible
coaxial cables with ferrite core NEOSIDE, are connected as described: a 10 nH inductor
(L1) is connected between the two gates to compensate SD2932 input parallel reactance
Xp.
1.2
Input matching network tuning
Figure 1.
Input Impedance of 1:1 balun in cascade with 4:1 balun
-10
S11 (dB)
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0
50
100
150
200
Frequency (MHz)
2/7
250
300
350
AN1229
Amplifier design
Figure 2.
Input Impedance of 1:1 balun in cascade with 9:1 balun
0
-5
S11 (dB)
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Frequency (MHz)
SD2932 input matching network was tuned in order to achieve the best compromise in
terms of power gain (Gp) and input return loss (Rtl) over the frequency range 88 - 108 MHz.
Best results were achieved by adding a 10 pF chip capacitor (C1) between RFIN and the
1 nF blocking capacitor (C2).
1.3
Output matching network
The output impedance of each side is a combination of the output capacitance Coss (
195 pF) and the optimum load resistance which can be determined as follows:
Equation 3
2
( 0.85 • Vdd )
0.85 • 2500
Rp = ------------------------------------- = ------------------------------- = 6.02Ω
2 • Pout
2 • 150W
The total optimum load, seen by SD2932 (drain to drain), is 2 x 6.02 = 12.04 Ω. Therefore, a
simple two section balun (1:1 balun in cascade with a 4:1 balun transformer) is used to
transform the unbalanced 50 Ω to a balanced 12.5 Ω (2 x 6.25 Ω) which is very near to the
total optimum load resistance.
The first section, a 5" long - 50 Ω flexible coaxial cable, and the second section, two 5" long
- 25 Ω flexible coaxial cables, are connected as described in Figure 6.
To compensate for the output capacitance Coss of SD2932 , a 40 nH inductor (L2) is
connected between the two drains. This LC network (L2 & Coss) is a high pass filter with a
resonance frequency calculated at 10 % below the minimum operating frequency:
Equation 4
C OSS (per side) 180pF
= ----------------- = 90pF
C OSS = -------------2
2
Equation 5
Frequency of resonance = 0.9 • 88MHz = 80MHz
Equation 6
2
L2 • Coss • ( 2 • pi • F ) = 1 →L2 = 44nH
3/7
Amplifier design
Figure 3.
AN1229
Power gain vs. frequency
22
Power Gain (dB)
21
20
19
18
Pout = 300W Vdd = 50V Idq = 200 mA
17
85
90
95
100
105
110
Frequency (MHz)
Figure 4.
Drain efficiency vs. frequency
80
Drain Efficiency (%)
78
76
74
72
70
68
66
64
62
Pout = 300W Vdd = 50V Idq = 200 mA
60
85
90
95
100
105
110
Frequency (MHz)
Figure 5.
Drain efficiency vs. frequency
0
Return Loss - Rtl (dB)
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
-14
-16
-18
Pout = 300W Vdd = 50V Idq = 200 mA
-20
85
90
95
100
Frequency (MHz)
4/7
105
110
AN1229
2
SD2932 typical performances and conclusion
SD2932 typical performances and conclusion
Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure 5 show power gain, efficiency and input return loss over the
frequency range 88 - 108 MHz at a constant output power of 300 W and a drain supply
voltage of 50 V and a quiescent current of 200 mA. Typical performances are as follows:
Table 2.
Typical performances
Parameters
Min
Max
Gp
19.3 dB
19.6 dB
RTL
-18 dB
-11 dB
Eff
71%
73%
Finally, in this report we have demonstrated ST’s SD2932 MOSFET transistor excellent
performance as a wideband 300 W - 50 V push-pull amplifier for FM applications.
Figure 6.
88-108 MHz circuit schematic
Table 3.
88-108 MHz circuit components list
Symbol
Description
PCB
1/32” Woven fiberglass 0.0030 Cu, 2 side, er
T1
50 Ω Flexible coax cable OD 0.006”, 5” long
T2/ T3
9:1 Transformer, 25 Ω flexible coax cable OD 0.1” 3.9”. ferrite core NEOSIDE
T4 / T5
4:1 Transformer, 25 Ω flexible coax cable OD 0.1” 5.0” long.
T6
50 Ω flexible coax cable OD 0.1” 5.0” long.
FB1
VK200
C1
10 pf Ceramic capacitor
C2/C3/C4/C7/C8
1 nF Chip capacitor
C5/C6
1 nF ATC chip capacitor
5/7
Revision history
AN1229
Table 3.
3
88-108 MHz circuit components list (continued)
Symbol
Description
C9
470 pF ATC chip capacitor
C10
100 nF chip capacitor
R1
56 Ω Resistor
R2/R4
10 Ω Chip resistor
R3
10 K Ω Resistor
R5
5.6 K Ω Resistor
R6
10K Ω 10 Turn trim resistor
R7
3.3 K Ω/ 1 W Resistor
R8
15 Ω/ 1 W Resistor
D1
6.8 V Zener diode
L1
10 nH inductor
L2
40 nH inductor
L3
70 nH inductor
Revision history
Table 4.
6/7
Revision history
Date
Revision
Changes
21-Jun-2006
2
Minor text changes
30-Jul-2007
3
The document has been reformatted
AN1229
Please Read Carefully:
Information in this document is provided solely in connection with ST products. STMicroelectronics NV and its subsidiaries (“ST”) reserve the
right to make changes, corrections, modifications or improvements, to this document, and the products and services described herein at any
time, without notice.
All ST products are sold pursuant to ST’s terms and conditions of sale.
Purchasers are solely responsible for the choice, selection and use of the ST products and services described herein, and ST assumes no
liability whatsoever relating to the choice, selection or use of the ST products and services described herein.
No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted under this document. If any part of this
document refers to any third party products or services it shall not be deemed a license grant by ST for the use of such third party products
or services, or any intellectual property contained therein or considered as a warranty covering the use in any manner whatsoever of such
third party products or services or any intellectual property contained therein.
UNLESS OTHERWISE SET FORTH IN ST’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE ST DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTY WITH RESPECT TO THE USE AND/OR SALE OF ST PRODUCTS INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE (AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS
OF ANY JURISDICTION), OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT.
UNLESS EXPRESSLY APPROVED IN WRITING BY AN AUTHORIZED ST REPRESENTATIVE, ST PRODUCTS ARE NOT
RECOMMENDED, AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED FOR USE IN MILITARY, AIR CRAFT, SPACE, LIFE SAVING, OR LIFE SUSTAINING
APPLICATIONS, NOR IN PRODUCTS OR SYSTEMS WHERE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY,
DEATH, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE. ST PRODUCTS WHICH ARE NOT SPECIFIED AS "AUTOMOTIVE
GRADE" MAY ONLY BE USED IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS AT USER’S OWN RISK.
Resale of ST products with provisions different from the statements and/or technical features set forth in this document shall immediately void
any warranty granted by ST for the ST product or service described herein and shall not create or extend in any manner whatsoever, any
liability of ST.
ST and the ST logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of ST in various countries.
Information in this document supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied.
The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics. All other names are the property of their respective owners.
© 2007 STMicroelectronics - All rights reserved
STMicroelectronics group of companies
Australia - Belgium - Brazil - Canada - China - Czech Republic - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Israel - Italy - Japan Malaysia - Malta - Morocco - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - United States of America
www.st.com
7/7
Similar pages