Data Sheet

PCA9549
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA9549 provides eight bits of high speed TTL-compatible bus switching controlled
by the I2C-bus. The low ON-state resistance of the switch allows connections to be made
with minimal propagation delay. Any individual A to B channel or combination of channels
can be selected via the I2C-bus, determined by the contents of the programmable Control
register. When the I2C-bus bit is HIGH (logic 1), the switch is on and data can flow from
Port A to Port B, or vice versa. When the I2C-bus bit is LOW (logic 0), the switch is open,
creating a high-impedance state between the two ports, which stops the data flow.
An active LOW reset input (RESET) allows the PCA9549 to recover from a situation
where the I2C-bus is stuck in a LOW state. Pulling the RESET pin LOW resets the I2C-bus
state machine and causes all the bits to be open, as does the internal power-on reset
function.
Three address pins allow up to eight devices on the same bus.
2. Features
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
8-bit bus switch (CBT)
5 Ω switch connection between two ports
I2C-bus interface logic; compatible with SMBus standards
Active LOW RESET input
3 address pins allowing up to 8 devices on the I2C-bus
Bit selection via I2C-bus, in any combination
Power-up with all bits deselected
Low Ron switches
No glitch on power-up
Supports hot insertion
Low standby current
Operating power supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V
5 V tolerant inputs
0 Hz to 400 kHz clock frequency
ESD protection exceeds 2000 V HBM per JESD22-A114, 200 V MM per
JESD22-A115 and 1000 V CDM per JESD22-C101
n Latch-up testing is done to JEDEC Standard JESD78 which exceeds 100 mA
n Packages offered: SO24, TSSOP24, HVQFN24
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
PCA9549D
SO24
plastic small outline package; 24 leads;
body width 7.5 mm
SOT137-1
PCA9549PW
TSSOP24
plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads;
body width 4.4 mm
SOT355-1
PCA9549BS
HVQFN24
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package;
no leads; 24 terminals; body 4 × 4 × 0.85 mm
SOT616-1
3.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Type number
Topside mark
Temperature range
PCA9549D
PCA9549D
−40 °C to +85 °C
PCA9549PW
PCA9549
−40 °C to +85 °C
PCA9549BS
9549
−40 °C to +85 °C
4. Block diagram
PCA9549
1A
1B
2A
2B
3A
3B
4A
4B
5A
5B
6A
6B
7A
7B
8A
8B
VSS
SWITCH CONTROL LOGIC
VDD
RESET
CIRCUIT
RESET
SCL
INPUT
FILTER
SDA
A0
I2C-BUS
CONTROL
A1
A2
002aaa991
Fig 1.
Block diagram
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
2 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
5. Pinning information
5.1 Pinning
A0
1
24 VDD
A0
1
A1
2
23 SDA
A1
2
24 VDD
23 SDA
RESET
3
22 SCL
RESET
3
22 SCL
1A
4
21 A2
1A
4
21 A2
1B
5
20 8A
1B
5
20 8A
2A
6
19 8B
2A
6
2B
7
18 7A
2B
7
3A
8
17 7B
3A
8
17 7B
3B
9
16 6A
3B
9
16 6A
4A 10
15 6B
4A 10
15 6B
4B 11
14 5A
4B 11
14 5A
VSS 12
13 5B
VSS 12
13 5B
PCA9549D
PCA9549PW
002aaa992
18 7A
002aaa993
Pin configuration of TSSOP24
19 SCL
20 SDA
21 VDD
22 A0
terminal 1
index area
23 A1
Fig 3.
24 RESET
Pin configuration of SO24
1A
1
18 A2
1B
2
17 8A
2A
3
2B
4
3A
5
14 7B
3B
6
13 6A
16 8B
15 7A
6B 12
9
VSS
5A 11
8
5B 10
7
4B
PCA9549BS
4A
Fig 2.
19 8B
002aaa994
Transparent top view
Fig 4.
Pin configuration of HVQFN24 (transparent top view)
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
3 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
5.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Symbol
A0
Pin description
Pin
Description
SO24, TSSOP24
HVQFN24
1
22
A1
2
23
address input 1
RESET
3
24
active LOW reset input
1A
4
1
input
1B
5
2
output
2A
6
3
input
2B
7
4
output
3A
8
5
input
3B
9
6
output
4A
10
7
input
4B
11
8
output
VSS
12
9[1]
supply ground
5B
13
10
output
5A
14
11
input
6B
15
12
output
6A
16
13
input
7B
17
14
output
7A
18
15
input
8B
19
16
output
8A
20
17
input
A2
21
18
address input 2
SCL
22
19
serial clock line
SDA
23
20
serial data line
VDD
24
21
supply voltage
[1]
HVQFN24 package die supply ground is connected to both the VSS pin and the exposed center pad. The
VSS pin must be connected to supply ground for proper device operation. For enhanced thermal, electrical,
and board-level performance, the exposed pad needs to be soldered to the board using a corresponding
thermal pad on the board, and for proper heat conduction through the board thermal vias need to be
incorporated in the PCB in the thermal pad region.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
address input 0
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
4 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
6. Functional description
6.1 Device addressing
Following a START condition, the bus master must output the address of the slave it is
accessing. The address of the PCA9549 is shown in Figure 5. To conserve power, no
internal pull-up resistors are incorporated on the hardware selectable address pins and
they must be pulled HIGH or LOW.
1
1
1
0
A2
fixed
A1
A0 R/W
hardware
selectable
002aaa962
Fig 5.
Slave address
The last bit of the slave address defines the operation to be performed. When set to
logic 1 a read is selected, while a logic 0 selects a write operation.
6.2 Control register
Following the successful acknowledgement of the slave address, the bus master will send
a byte to the PCA9549, which will be stored in the Control register. If multiple bytes are
received by the PCA9549, it will save the last byte received. This register can be written
and read via the I2C-bus.
channel selection bits
(read/write)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
B2
B1
B0
bit 1
bit 2
bit 3
bit 4
bit 5
bit 6
bit 7
bit 8
002aab254
Fig 6.
Control register
6.2.1 Control register definition
One or several bits are selected by the contents of the Control register. This register is
written after the PCA9549 has been addressed. The entire control byte is used to
determine which bit is to be selected. When a bit is selected to close, the bit will close
after the Acknowledge has been placed on the I2C-bus.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
5 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
Table 4.
Control register
Write = channel selection; read = channel status.
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
B2
B1
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
1
[1]
0
1
X
0
0
1
B0
0
bit 1 disabled
1
bit 1 enabled
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
Command
bit 2 disabled
bit 2 enabled
bit 3 disabled
bit 3 enabled
bit 4 disabled
bit 4 enabled
bit 5 disabled
bit 5 enabled
bit 6 disabled
bit 6 enabled
bit 7 disabled
bit 7 enabled
bit 8 disabled
bit 8 enabled
Several bits can be enabled at the same time. For example, B7 = 0, B6 = 1, B5 = 0, B4 = 0, B3 = 1, B2 = 1,
B1 = 0, B0 = 0, means that bit 8, bit 6, bit 5, bit 2, and bit 1 are disabled and bit 7, bit 4, and bit 3 are
enabled.
6.3 RESET input
The RESET input is an active LOW signal which may be used to recover from a bus fault
condition. By asserting this signal LOW for a minimum of tw(rst)L, the PCA9549 will reset its
registers and I2C-bus state machine and will open all bits. The RESET input must be
connected to VDD through a pull-up resistor.
6.4 Power-on reset
When power is applied to VDD, an internal Power-On Reset (POR) holds the PCA9549 in
a reset state until VDD has reached VPOR. At this point, the reset condition is released and
the PCA9549 registers and I2C-bus state machine are initialized to their default states, all
zeroes causing all the bits to be open (high-impedance state).
6.5 CBT characteristic over VDD range
The bus switch is optimized at 5.0 V but can operate over the entire supply range with
lower Vo(sw) voltage and higher gate resistance.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
6 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
002aaa964
5.0
Vo(sw)
(V)
4.0
(1)
(2)
3.0
(3)
2.0
1.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.5
5.0
VDD (V)
(1) maximum.
(2) typical.
(3) minimum.
Fig 7.
Vo(sw) voltage versus VDD
Figure 7 shows the voltage characteristics of the pass gate transistors (note that the
PCA9549 is only tested at the points specified in Section 9 “Static characteristics”). In
order for the PCA9549 to act as a voltage translator, the Vo(sw) voltage should be equal to,
or lower than the lowest bus voltage. For example, if the main bus was running at 5 V, and
the downstream buses were 3.3 V and 2.7 V, then Vo(sw) should be equal to or below 2.7 V
to effectively clamp the downstream bus voltages. Looking at Figure 7, we see that Vo(sw)
(maximum) will be at 2.7 V when the PCA9549 supply voltage is 3.5 V or lower so the
PCA9549 supply voltage could be set to 3.3 V. Pull-up resistors can then be used to bring
the bus voltages to their appropriate levels (see Figure 16).
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
7 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
7. Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for 2-way, 2-line communication between different ICs or modules. The two
lines are a serial data line (SDA) and a serial clock line (SCL). Both lines must be
connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor. Data transfer may be initiated only
when the bus is not busy.
7.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time
will be interpreted as control signals (see Figure 8).
SDA
SCL
data line
stable;
data valid
Fig 8.
change
of data
allowed
mba607
Bit transfer
7.1.1 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy. A HIGH-to-LOW
transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START condition (S).
A LOW-to-HIGH transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition (P) (see Figure 9).
SDA
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
mba608
Fig 9.
Definition of START and STOP conditions
7.2 System configuration
A device generating a message is a ‘transmitter’; a device receiving is the ‘receiver’. The
device that controls the message is the ‘master’ and the devices which are controlled by
the master are the ‘slaves’ (see Figure 10).
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
8 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
SDA
SCL
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
SLAVE
RECEIVER
SLAVE
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
I2C-BUS
MULTIPLEXER
SLAVE
002aaa966
Fig 10. System configuration
7.3 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and the STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is not limited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by one
acknowledge bit. The acknowledge bit is a HIGH level put on the bus by the transmitter,
whereas the master generates an extra acknowledge related clock pulse.
A slave receiver which is addressed must generate an acknowledge after the reception of
each byte. Also a master must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte
that has been clocked out of the slave transmitter. The device that acknowledges has to
pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable
LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge related clock pulse; set-up and hold
times must be taken into account.
A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition.
data output
by transmitter
not acknowledge
data output
by receiver
acknowledge
SCL from master
1
S
START
condition
2
8
9
clock pulse for
acknowledgement
002aaa987
Fig 11. Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
9 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
7.4 Bus transactions
Data is transmitted to the PCA9549 control register using the Write mode as shown in
Figure 12.
slave address
SDA
S
1
1
1
0
A2
control register
A1
A0
START condition
0
R/W
A
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
B2
acknowledge
from slave
B1
B0
A
P
acknowledge
from slave
STOP condition
002aac430
Fig 12. Write control register
Data is read from the PCA9549 using the Read mode as shown in Figure 13.
slave address
SDA
S
1
1
1
0
A2
START condition
last byte
control register
A1
A0
1
R/W
A
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
acknowledge
from slave
B2
B1
B0
A
P
no acknowledge
from master
STOP condition
002aac431
Fig 13. Read control register
8. Limiting values
Table 5.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).[1]
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Min
Max
Unit
supply voltage
−0.5
+7.0
V
VI
input voltage
−0.5
+7.0
V
II
input current
−20
+20
mA
IO
output current
−25
+25
mA
IDD
supply current
−100
+100
mA
ISS
ground supply current
−100
+100
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
Tstg
storage temperature
−60
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+85
°C
[1]
Conditions
operating
The performance capability of a high-performance integrated circuit in conjunction with its thermal
environment can create junction temperatures which are detrimental to reliability. The maximum junction
temperature of this integrated circuit should not exceed 125 °C.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
10 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
9. Static characteristics
Table 6.
Static characteristics at VDD = 2.3 V to 3.6 V
VSS = 0 V; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; unless otherwise specified. See Table 7 on page 12 for VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V[1].
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply
VDD
supply voltage
2.3
-
3.6
V
IDD
supply current
Operating mode; VDD = 3.6 V; no load;
VI = VDD or VSS; fSCL = 100 kHz
-
20
50
µA
Istb
standby current
Standby mode; VDD = 3.6 V; no load;
VI = VDD or VSS
-
0.1
1
µA
VPOR
power-on reset voltage
no load; VI = VDD or VSS
-
1.6
2.1
V
−0.5
-
+0.3VDD
V
[2]
Input SCL; input/output SDA
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
IOL
LOW-level output current
0.7VDD
-
6
V
VOL = 0.4 V
3
-
-
mA
VOL = 0.6 V
6
-
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS
−1
-
+1
µA
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
6
21
pF
Select inputs A0 to A2, RESET
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.3VDD
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
VDD + 0.5
V
ILI
input leakage current
pin at VDD or VSS
−1
-
+1
µA
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
2
5
pF
ON-state resistance
VDD = 3.0 V to 3.6 V; VO = 0.4 V;
IO = 15 mA
-
7
12
Ω
VDD = 2.3 V to 2.7 V; VO = 0.4 V;
IO = 10 mA
-
8
15
Ω
Vi(sw) = VDD = 3.3 V; Io(sw) = −100 µA
-
1.9
-
V
Vi(sw) = VDD = 3.0 V to 3.6 V;
Io(sw) = −100 µA
1.6
-
2.8
V
Vi(sw) = VDD = 2.5 V; Io(sw) = −100 µA
-
1.5
-
V
Vi(sw) = VDD = 2.3 V to 2.7 V;
Io(sw) = −100 µA
1.0
-
2.0
V
Pass gate
Ron
Vo(sw)
switch output voltage
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS
−1
-
+1
µA
Cio
input/output capacitance
VI = VSS
-
3
5
pF
[1]
For operation between published voltage ranges, refer to the worst-case parameters in both ranges.
[2]
VDD must be lowered to 0.2 V in order to reset part.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
11 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
Table 7.
Static characteristics at VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V
VSS = 0 V; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; unless otherwise specified. See Table 6 on page 11 for VDD = 2.3 V to 3.6 V[1].
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
4.5
-
5.5
V
Supply
VDD
supply voltage
IDD
supply current
Operating mode; VDD = 5.5 V;
no load; VI = VDD or VSS;
fSCL = 100 kHz
-
65
100
µA
Istb
standby current
Standby mode; VDD = 5.5 V;
no load; VI = VDD or VSS
-
0.6
2
µA
VPOR
power-on reset voltage
no load; VI = VDD or VSS
-
1.7
2.1
V
[2]
Input SCL; input/output SDA
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.3VDD
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
6
V
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.4 V
3
-
-
mA
VOL = 0.6 V
6
-
-
mA
IIL
LOW-level input current
VI = VSS
1
-
1
µA
IIH
HIGH-level input current
VI = VSS
1
-
1
µA
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
6
21
pF
Select inputs A0 to A2, RESET
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.3VDD
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
VDD + 0.5
V
ILI
input leakage current
pin at VDD or VSS
−1
-
+50
µA
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
2
5
pF
Ron
ON-state resistance
VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V; VO = 0.4 V;
IO = 15 mA
-
5
8
Ω
Vo(sw)
switch output voltage
Vi(sw) = VDD = 5.0 V;
Io(sw) = −100 µA
-
3.6
-
V
Vi(sw) = VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V;
Io(sw) = −100 µA
2.6
-
4.5
V
Pass gate
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS
−10
-
+10
µA
Cio
input/output capacitance
VI = VSS
-
3
5
pF
[1]
For operation between published voltage ranges, refer to the worst-case parameters in both ranges.
[2]
VDD must be lowered to 0.2 V in order to reset part.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
12 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
10. Dynamic characteristics
Table 8.
Dynamic characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Standard-mode
I2C-bus
A to B;
VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V
Fast-mode I2C-bus Unit
Min
Max
Min
-
0.25[1]
Max
-
0
100
0
400
4.7
-
1.3
-
µs
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
0.25[1] ns
tPD
propagation delay
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP and
START condition
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START condition
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
4.7
-
1.3
-
µs
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated START
condition
4.7
-
0.6
-
µs
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0[3]
3.45
0[3]
0.9
µs
[2]
kHz
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
250
-
100
-
ns
tr
rise time of both SDA and SCL
signals
-
1000
20 + 0.1Cb[4]
300
ns
tf
fall time of both SDA and SCL signals
-
300
20 + 0.1Cb[4]
300
ns
Cb
capacitive load for each bus line
-
400
-
400
pF
tSP
pulse width of spikes that must be
suppressed by the input filter
-
50
-
50
ns
tVD;DAT
data valid time
HIGH-to-LOW
-
1
-
1
µs
LOW-to-HIGH
-
0.6
-
0.6
µs
tVD;ACK
data valid acknowledge time
-
1
-
1
µs
tw(rst)L
LOW-level reset time
4
-
4
-
ns
trst
reset time
500
-
500
-
ns
tREC;STA
recovery time to START condition
0
-
0
-
ns
RESET
SDA clear
[1]
Pass gate propagation delay is calculated from the 6 Ω typical Ron and the 50 pF load capacitance.
[2]
After this period, the first clock pulse is generated.
[3]
A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300 ns for the SDA signal (referred to the VIH(min) of the SCL signal) in order to
bridge the undefined region of the falling edge of SCL.
[4]
Cb = total capacitance of one bus line in pF.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
13 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
SDA
tr
tBUF
tf
tHD;STA
tSP
tLOW
SCL
tHD;STA
P
tSU;STA
tHD;DAT
S
tHIGH
tSU;DAT
tSU;STO
Sr
P
002aaa986
Fig 14. Definition of timing on the I2C-bus
ACK or read cycle
START
SCL
70 %
SDA
trst
RESET
50 %
50 %
trec(rst)
50 %
tw(rst)L
002aac314
Fig 15. Definition of RESET timing
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
14 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
11. Application information
VDD = 5.0 V
VDD = 5.0 V
I2C-bus/SMBus
MASTER
SDA
SDA
1A
SCL
SCL
1B
RESET
bit 1
2A
bit 2
2B
3A
bit 3
3B
PCA9549
4A
bit 4
4B
5A
bit 5
5B
6A
bit 6
6B
7A
bit 7
7B
A2
A1
A0
8A
VSS
8B
bit 8
002aaa995
Remark: B can also be input and A can also be output as shown in bit 8.
Fig 16. Typical application
A
B
C
D
E
SCL
SDA
RESET
A
B
C
D
E
002aac279
Fig 17. Custom multiplexer or demultiplexer application
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
15 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
AA AB AC AD
BA BB BC BD
SCL
SDA
RESET
A
B
002aac280
Fig 18. 2 channel 4-to-1 multiplexer or demultiplexer
12. Test information
2VDD
VDD
RL
VO
PULSE
GENERATOR
DUT
CL
50 pF
RT
002aac315
CL = load capacitance includes jig and probe capacitance.
RL = load resistance.
RT = termination resistance; should be equal to Zo of pulse generator.
Fig 19. Test circuit
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
16 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
13. Package outline
SO24: plastic small outline package; 24 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT137-1
D
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
24
13
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
1
12
e
detail X
w M
bp
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
mm
2.65
0.3
0.1
2.45
2.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.32
0.23
15.6
15.2
7.6
7.4
1.27
10.65
10.00
1.4
1.1
0.4
1.1
1.0
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.01
0.019 0.013
0.014 0.009
0.61
0.60
0.30
0.29
0.05
0.419
0.043
0.055
0.394
0.016
inches
0.1
0.012 0.096
0.004 0.089
0.043
0.039
0.01
0.01
Z
(1)
0.9
0.4
0.035
0.004
0.016
θ
o
8
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT137-1
075E05
MS-013
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
Fig 20. SO24 package outline (SOT137-1)
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
17 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
TSSOP24: plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads; body width 4.4 mm
D
SOT355-1
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
13
24
Q
A2
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
A
θ
Lp
L
1
12
detail X
w M
bp
e
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (2)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.80
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.2
0.1
7.9
7.7
4.5
4.3
0.65
6.6
6.2
1
0.75
0.50
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.13
0.1
0.5
0.2
8o
0o
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT355-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
MO-153
Fig 21. TSSOP24 package outline (SOT355-1)
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
18 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
HVQFN24: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
24 terminals; body 4 x 4 x 0.85 mm
A
B
D
SOT616-1
terminal 1
index area
A
A1
E
c
detail X
e1
C
1/2 e
e
12
y
y1 C
v M C A B
w M C
b
7
L
13
6
e
e2
Eh
1/2 e
1
18
terminal 1
index area
24
19
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max.
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.30
0.18
0.2
4.1
3.9
2.25
1.95
4.1
3.9
2.25
1.95
0.5
2.5
2.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT616-1
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
01-08-08
02-10-22
Fig 22. HVQFN24 package outline (SOT616-1)
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
19 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
14. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
14.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
14.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
14.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
20 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
14.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 23) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 9 and 10
Table 9.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 10.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 23.
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
21 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 23. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
15. Abbreviations
Table 11.
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CBT
Cross Bar Technology
CDM
Charged-Device Model
DUT
Device Under Test
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C-bus
Inter-Integrated Circuit bus
MM
Machine Model
PCB
Printed-Circuit Board
SMBus
System Management Bus
TTL
Transistor-Transistor Logic
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
22 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
16. Revision history
Table 12.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCA9549_2
20090713
Product data sheet
-
PCA9549_1
Modifications:
•
The format of this data sheet has been redesigned to comply with the new identity
guidelines of NXP Semiconductors.
•
•
Legal texts have been adapted to the new company name where appropriate.
Table 8 “Dynamic characteristics”:
– Symbol tf: changed Unit from “µs” to “ns”.
– Symbol Cb: changed Unit from “µs” to “pF”.
•
PCA9549_1
Updated soldering information.
20060711
Product data sheet
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
-
-
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
23 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
17. Legal information
17.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
17.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
17.3 Disclaimers
General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or
warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of such
information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such
information.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) may cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of this document is not implied. Exposure to limiting
values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Terms and conditions of sale — NXP Semiconductors products are sold
subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial sale, as published
at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, including those pertaining to warranty,
intellectual property rights infringement and limitation of liability, unless
explicitly otherwise agreed to in writing by NXP Semiconductors. In case of
any inconsistency or conflict between information in this document and such
terms and conditions, the latter will prevail.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted
or construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the
grant, conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents
or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
17.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP B.V.
18. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCA9549_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 13 July 2009
24 of 25
PCA9549
NXP Semiconductors
Octal bus switch with individually I2C-bus controlled enables
19. Contents
1
2
3
3.1
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.3
6.4
6.5
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
15
16
17
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
18
19
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Device addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Control register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Control register definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
RESET input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Power-on reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
CBT characteristic over VDD range . . . . . . . . . . 6
Characteristics of the I2C-bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
START and STOP conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Bus transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2009.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 13 July 2009
Document identifier: PCA9549_2
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