Data Sheet

PCF8533
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCF8533 is a peripheral device which interfaces to almost any Liquid Crystal Display
(LCD)1 with low multiplex rates. It generates the drive signals for any static or multiplexed
LCD containing up to four backplanes and up to 80 segments and can easily be cascaded
for larger LCD applications. The PCF8533 is compatible with most microcontrollers and
communicates via the two-line bidirectional I2C-bus. Communication overheads are
minimized by a display RAM with auto-incremental addressing, by hardware
subaddressing and by display memory switching (static and duplex drive modes).
2. Features and benefits
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1.
Single-chip LCD controller and driver
Selectable backplane drive configuration: static, 2, 3, or 4 backplane multiplexing
Selectable display bias configuration: static, 1⁄2, or 1⁄3
Internal LCD bias generation with voltage follower buffers
80 segment outputs allowing to drive:
 40 7-segment alphanumeric characters
 20 14-segment alphanumeric characters
 Any graphics of up to 320 elements
80  4 bit RAM for display data storage
Auto-incremental display data loading across device subaddress boundaries
Display memory bank switching in static and duplex drive modes
Versatile blinking modes
Independent supplies possible for LCD and logic voltages
Wide power supply range: from 1.8 V to 5.5 V
Wide LCD supply range: from 2.5 V for low threshold LCDs up to 6.5 V for high
threshold twisted nematic LCDs
Low power consumption
400 kHz I2C-bus interface
May be cascaded for large LCD applications (up to 5120 elements possible)
No external components required
Compatible with Chip-On-Glass (COG) technology
Manufactured using silicon gate CMOS process
The definition of the abbreviations and acronyms used in this data sheet can be found in Section 17.
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
PCF8533U/2/F2
Name
Description
Version
bare die
99 bumps; 5.28 x 1.4 x 0.38 mm
PCF8533-2
3.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Type number
IC
revision
Sales item (12NC)
Delivery form
PCF8533U/2/F2[2]
2
935262345026
chip with hard bumps in tray
[1]
Bump hardness see Table 26.
[2]
Not to be used for new designs. Replacement part PCF85133U/2DA/1 for industrial parts and
PCA85133U/2DA/Q1 for automotive parts.
4. Marking
Table 3.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Marking codes
Type number
Marking code
PCF8533U/2/F2
PC8533-2
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
5. Block diagram
S0 to S79
BP0 BP1 BP2 BP3
80
VLCD
BACKPLANE
OUTPUTS
DISPLAY SEGMENT OUTPUTS
DISPLAY REGISTER
LCD
VOLTAGE
SELECTOR
OUTPUT BANK SELECT
AND BLINK CONTROL
DISPLAY
CONTROL
LCD BIAS
GENERATOR
VSS
PCF8533
CLK
SYNC
CLOCK SELECT
AND TIMING
BLINKER
TIMEBASE
OSC
OSCILLATOR
POWER-ON
RESET
SCL
INPUT
FILTERS
SDA
WRITE DATA
CONTROL
I2C-BUS
CONTROLLER
SA0
Fig 1.
COMMAND
DECODE
DISPLAY
RAM
DATA POINTER AND
AUTO INCREMENT
SUBADDRESS
COUNTER
SDAACK
VDD
A0
A1
A2
mgl743
Block diagram of PCF8533
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
6. Pinning information
S12
D4
D3
.
.
.
.
.
.
D6
D5
S67
6.1 Pinning
y
S11
D1
D2
BP2
BP0
S0
S1
S2
VLCD
VSS
SA0
A2
A1
SYNC
VDD
CLK
SCL
SDA
SDAACK
S79
BP3
BP1
D7
D8
S68
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
A0
x
0,0
OSC
PCF8533U
mgl759
Viewed from active side. For mechanical details, see Figure 28.
Fig 2.
Pin configuration for PCF8533U
6.2 Pin description
Table 4.
Pin description overview
Symbol
Pin
Type
Description
SDAACK
1
output
I2C-bus acknowledge
SDA
2 and 3
input/output
I2C-bus serial data
SCL
4 and 5
input
I2C-bus serial clock
CLK
6
input/output
clock input/output
VDD
7
supply
supply voltage
SYNC
8
input/output
cascade synchronization
OSC
9
input
oscillator select
A0, A1 and A2
10 to 12
input
subaddress
SA0
13
input
I2C-bus slave address
VSS[1]
14
supply
ground supply voltage
VLCD
15
supply
LCD supply voltage
BP0, BP1, BP2 and BP3 17, 99, 16 and
98
output
LCD backplane output
S0 to S79
output
LCD segment output
-
dummy pins
18 to 97
D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6,
D7, D8
[1]
PCF8533
Product data sheet
The substrate (rear side of the die) is at VSS potential and should be electrically isolated.
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7. Functional description
The PCF8533 is a versatile peripheral device designed to interface between any
microcontroller to a wide variety of LCD segment or dot-matrix displays. It can directly
drive any static or multiplexed LCD containing up to four backplanes and up to
80 segments.
7.1 Commands of PCF8533
The five commands available to the PCF8533 are defined in Table 5.
Table 5.
Definition of commands
Command
Operation code
Reference
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
mode-set
1
1
0
0
E
B
M[1:0]
load-data-pointer
0
P[6:0]
device-select
1
1
1
0
0
A[2:0]
bank-select
1
1
1
1
1
0
I
blink-select
1
1
1
1
0
AB
BF[1:0]
0
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
O
Table 9
Table 10
7.1.1 Command: mode-set
The mode-set command allows configuring the multiplex mode, the bias levels and
enabling or disabling the display.
Table 6.
Mode-set command bit description
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7 to 4
-
1100
fixed value
3
E
2
Product data sheet
0[2]
disabled (blank)[3]
1
enabled
LCD bias configuration[4]
B
1 to 0
PCF8533
display status[1]
0[2]
1⁄
3
bias
1
1⁄
2
bias
M[1:0]
LCD drive mode selection
01
static; 1 backplane
10
1:2 multiplex; 2 backplanes
11
1:3 multiplex; 3 backplanes
00[2]
1:4 multiplex; 4 backplanes
[1]
The possibility to disable the display allows implementation of blinking under external control.
[2]
Default value.
[3]
The display is disabled by setting all backplane and segment outputs to VLCD.
[4]
Not applicable for static drive mode.
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.1.2 Command: load-data-pointer
The load-data-pointer command defines the display RAM address where the following
display data will be sent to.
Table 7.
Load-data-pointer command bit description
See Section 7.6.1.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
-
0
fixed value
P[6:0]
0000000[1]
data pointer
to 1001111
7-bit binary value of 0 to 79, transferred to the data pointer to
define one of 80 display RAM addresses
6 to 0
[1]
Default value.
7.1.3 Command: device-select
The device-select command allows defining the subaddress counter value.
Table 8.
Device-select command bit description
See Section 7.6.2.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7 to 3
-
11100
fixed value
A[2:0]
000[1]
to 111 device selection
2 to 0
3-bit binary value of 0 to 7, transferred to the subaddress
counter to define one of 8 hardware subaddresses
[1]
Default value.
7.1.4 Command: bank-select
The bank-select command controls where data is written to RAM and where it is displayed
from.
Table 9.
Bank-select command bit description
See Section 7.6.5.1 and Section 7.6.5.2.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description[1]
Static
7 to 2
-
1
I
0
PCF8533
Product data sheet
111110
1:2 multiplex
fixed value
Input bank selection: storage of arriving display data
0[2]
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
O
Output bank selection: retrieval of LCD display data
0[2]
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
[1]
The bank-select command has no effect in 1:3 or 1:4 multiplex drive modes.
[2]
Default value.
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.1.5 Command: blink-select
The blink-select command allows configuring the blink mode and the blink frequency.
Table 10. Blink-select command bit description
See Section 7.1.5.1.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7 to 3
-
11110
fixed value
2
AB
1 to 0
7.1.5.1
blink mode selection[1]
0[2]
normal blinking
1
blinking by alternating display RAM banks
blink mode selection[3]
BF[1:0]
00[2]
off
01
1
10
2
11
3
[1]
Only normal blinking can be selected in multiplexer 1:3 or 1:4 drive modes.
[2]
Default value.
[3]
For the blink frequency, see Table 11.
Blinking
The display blink capabilities of the PCF8533 are very versatile. The whole display can
blink at frequencies selected by the blink-select command (see Table 10). The blink
frequencies are fractions of the clock frequency. The ratios between the clock and blink
frequencies depend on the blink mode selected (see Table 11).
Table 11.
Blink frequencies
Blink mode
Normal operating
mode ratio
Nominal blink frequency of fclk Unit
(typical fclk = 1.536 kHz)
Off
-
blinking off
Hz
1
f clk
-------768
2
Hz
2
f clk
----------1536
1
Hz
3
f clk
----------3072
0.5
Hz
An additional feature is for an arbitrary selection of LCD segments to blink. This applies to
the static and 1:2 multiplex drive modes and can be implemented without any
communication overheads. With the output bank selector, the displayed RAM banks are
exchanged with alternate RAM banks at the blink frequency. This mode can also be
specified by the blink-select command.
In the 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex modes, where no alternate RAM bank is available, groups of
LCD segments can blink by selectively changing the display RAM data at fixed time
intervals.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
The entire display can blink at a frequency other than the typical blink frequency. This can
be effectively performed by resetting and setting the display enable bit E at the required
rate using the mode-set command (see Table 6).
7.2 Power-On Reset (POR)
At power-on, the PCF8533 resets to the following starting conditions:
1. All backplane outputs are set to VLCD.
2. All segment outputs are set to VLCD.
3. The selected drive mode is: 1:4 multiplex with 1⁄3 bias.
4. Blinking is switched off.
5. Input and output bank selectors are reset.
6. The I2C-bus interface is initialized.
7. The data pointer and the subaddress counter are cleared (set to logic 0).
8. The display is disabled (bit E = 0, see Table 6).
Remark: Do not transfer data on the I2C-bus for at least 1 ms after a power-on to allow
the reset action to complete.
7.3 Possible display configurations
The display configurations possible with the PCF8533 depend on the required number of
active backplane outputs. A selection of display configurations is given in Table 12.
All of the display configurations given in Table 12 can be implemented in a typical system
as shown in Figure 4.
dot matrix
7-segment with dot
14-segment with dot and accent
013aaa312
Fig 3.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Example of displays suitable for PCF8533
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 12.
Selection of possible display configurations
Number of
Backplanes
Icons
Digits/Characters
7-segment[1]
14-segment[2]
Dot matrix/
Elements
4
320
40
20
320 (4  80)
3
240
30
15
240 (3  80)
2
160
20
10
160 (2  80)
1
80
10
5
80 (1  80)
[1]
7 segment display has 8 elements including the decimal point.
[2]
14 segment display has 16 elements including decimal point and accent dot.
VDD
R≤
tr
2Cb
SDAACK
VDD
VLCD
SDA
HOST
MICROPROCESSOR/
MICROCONTROLLER
80 segment drives
SCL
PCF8533
OSC
4 backplanes
A0
A1
A2
SA0 VSS
LCD PANEL
(up to 320
elements)
mgl744
VSS
Fig 4.
Typical system configuration
The host microcontroller maintains the 2-line I2C-bus communication channel with the
PCF8533. The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting pin OSC to pin VSS. The
appropriate biasing voltages for the multiplexed LCD waveforms are generated internally.
The only other connections required to complete the system are the power supplies (VDD,
VSS, and VLCD) and the LCD panel chosen for the application.
7.3.1 LCD bias generator
Fractional LCD biasing voltages are obtained from an internal voltage divider of three
impedances connected between pins VLCD and VSS. The center impedance is bypassed
by switch if the 1⁄2 bias voltage level for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode configuration is
selected.
7.3.2 LCD voltage selector
The LCD voltage selector coordinates the multiplexing of the LCD in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. The operation of the voltage selector is controlled by the
mode-set command from the command decoder. The biasing configurations that apply to
the preferred modes of operation, together with the biasing characteristics as functions of
VLCD and the resulting discrimination ratios (D) are given in Table 13.
Discrimination is a term which is defined as the ratio of the on and off RMS voltage across
a segment. It can be thought of as a measurement of contrast.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 13.
Biasing characteristics
LCD drive
mode
Number of:
LCD bias
Backplanes Levels configuration
V off  RMS 
------------------------V LCD
V on  RMS 
-----------------------V LCD
static
V on  RMS 
D = -----------------------V off  RMS 
1
2
static
0
1

1:2 multiplex 2
3
1⁄
2
0.354
0.791
2.236
1:2 multiplex 2
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.745
2.236
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.638
1.915
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.577
1.732
1:3 multiplex 3
1:4 multiplex 4
A practical value for VLCD is determined by equating Voff(RMS) with a defined LCD
threshold voltage (Vth(off)), typically when the LCD exhibits approximately 10 % contrast. In
the static drive mode, a suitable choice is VLCD > 3Vth(off).
Multiplex drive modes of 1:3 and 1:4 with 1⁄2 bias are possible but the discrimination and
hence the contrast ratios are smaller.
1
Bias is calculated by ------------- , where the values for a are
1+a
a = 1 for 1⁄2 bias
a = 2 for 1⁄3 bias
The RMS on-state voltage (Von(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 1:
V on  RMS  =
V LCD
a 2 + 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
(1)
where the values for n are
n = 1 for static drive mode
n = 2 for 1:2 multiplex drive mode
n = 3 for 1:3 multiplex drive mode
n = 4 for 1:4 multiplex drive mode
The RMS off-state voltage (Voff(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 2:
V off  RMS  =
V LCD
a 2 – 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
(2)
Discrimination is the ratio of Von(RMS) to Voff(RMS) and is determined from Equation 3:
V on  RMS 
D = ---------------------- =
V off  RMS 
2
a + 2a + n
--------------------------2
a – 2a + n
(3)
Using Equation 3, the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:3 multiplex with
PCF8533
Product data sheet
1⁄
2
bias is
1⁄
2
21
bias is ---------- = 1.528 .
3
3 = 1.732 and the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:4 multiplex with
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
The advantage of these LCD drive modes is a reduction of the LCD full scale voltage VLCD
as follows:
• 1:3 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD =
6  V off  RMS  = 2.449V off  RMS 
4  3
- = 2.309V off  RMS 
• 1:4 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD = --------------------3
These compare with V LCD = 3V off  RMS  when 1⁄3 bias is used.
VLCD is sometimes referred as the LCD operating voltage.
7.3.2.1
Electro-optical performance
Suitable values for Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are dependent on the LCD liquid used. The
RMS voltage, at which a pixel will be switched on or off, determine the transmissibility of
the pixel.
For any given liquid, there are two threshold values defined. One point is at 10 % relative
transmission (at Vth(off)) and the other at 90 % relative transmission (at Vth(on)), see
Figure 5. For a good contrast performance, the following rules should be followed:
V on  RMS   V th  on 
(4)
V off  RMS   V th  off 
(5)
Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are properties of the display driver and are affected by the selection
of a, n (see Equation 1 to Equation 3) and the VLCD voltage.
Vth(off) and Vth(on) are properties of the LCD liquid and can be provided by the module
manufacturer. Vth(off) is sometimes named Vth. Vth(on) is sometimes named saturation
voltage Vsat.
It is important to match the module properties to those of the driver in order to achieve
optimum performance.
100 %
Relative Transmission
90 %
10 %
Vth(off)
OFF
SEGMENT
Vth(on)
GREY
SEGMENT
VRMS [V]
ON
SEGMENT
013aaa494
Fig 5.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Electro-optical characteristic: relative transmission curve of the liquid
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.3 LCD drive mode waveforms
7.3.3.1
Static drive mode
The static LCD drive mode is used when a single backplane is provided in the LCD. The
backplane (BPn) and segment drive (Sn) waveforms for this mode are shown in Figure 6.
Tfr
LCD segments
VLCD
BP0
VSS
state 1
(on)
VLCD
state 2
(off)
Sn
VSS
VLCD
Sn+1
VSS
(a) Waveforms at driver.
VLCD
state 1
0V
−VLCD
VLCD
state 2
0V
−VLCD
(b) Resultant waveforms
at LCD segment.
mgl745
Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = V(Sn+1)(t)  VBP0(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0 V.
Fig 6.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Static drive mode waveforms
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.3.2
1:2 multiplex drive mode
The 1:2 multiplex drive mode is used when two backplanes are provided in the LCD. This
mode allows fractional LCD bias voltages of 1⁄2 bias or 1⁄3 bias as shown in Figure 7 and
Figure 8.
Tfr
VLCD
BP0
LCD segments
VLCD / 2
VSS
state 1
VLCD
BP1
state 2
VLCD / 2
VSS
VLCD
Sn
VSS
VLCD
Sn+1
VSS
(a) Waveforms at driver.
VLCD
VLCD / 2
state 1
0V
−VLCD / 2
−VLCD
VLCD
VLCD / 2
state 2
0V
−VLCD / 2
−VLCD
(b) Resultant waveforms
at LCD segment.
mgl746
Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.791VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.354VLCD.
Fig 7.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄2 bias
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Tfr
VLCD
BP0
LCD segments
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
state 1
VLCD
BP1
state 2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
Sn+1
VLCD / 3
VSS
(a) Waveforms at driver.
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 1
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 2
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
(b) Resultant waveforms
at LCD segment.
mgl747
Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.745VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 8.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.3.3
1:3 multiplex drive mode
The 1:3 multiplex drive mode is used when three backplanes are provided in the LCD as
shown in Figure 9.
Tfr
VLCD
BP0
LCD segments
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
state 1
VLCD
BP1
state 2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
BP2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn+1
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn+2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
(a) Waveforms at driver.
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 1
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 2
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
(b) Resultant waveforms
at LCD segment.
mgl748
Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.638VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 9.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.3.4
1:4 multiplex drive mode
The 1:4 multiplex drive mode is used when four backplanes are provided in the LCD as
shown in Figure 10.
Tfr
VLCD
BP0
LCD segments
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
state 1
VLCD
BP1
state 2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
BP2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
BP3
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn+1
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn+2
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
VLCD
Sn+3
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
VSS
(a) Waveforms at driver.
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 1
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
VLCD
2VLCD / 3
VLCD / 3
state 2
0V
−VLCD / 3
−2VLCD / 3
−VLCD
(b) Resultant waveforms
at LCD segment.
mgl749
Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.577VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 10. Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.4 Oscillator
The internal logic and the LCD drive signals of the PCF8533 are timed by a frequency fclk,
which either is derived from the built-in oscillator frequency fosc or equals an external clock
frequency fclk(ext).
f osc
f clk = ------64
The clock frequency fclk determines the LCD frame frequency ffr (see Table 14) and is
calculated as follows:
f clk
f fr = ------24
Table 14.
LCD frame frequency
Nominal clock frequency (Hz)
LCD frame frequency (Hz)
1536
64
7.4.1 Internal clock
The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting pin OSC to VSS. In this case, the output
from pin CLK provides the clock signal for cascaded PCF8533 in the system.
7.4.2 External clock
Pin CLK is enabled as an external clock input by connecting pin OSC to VDD.
Remark: A clock signal must always be supplied to the device; removing the clock may
freeze the LCD in a DC state, which is not suitable for the liquid crystal.
7.4.3 Timing
The PCF8533 timing controls the internal data flow of the device. This includes the
transfer of display data from the display RAM to the display segment outputs. In cascaded
applications, the synchronization signal (SYNC) maintains the correct timing relationship
between all PCF8533 in the system. The timing also generates the LCD frame signal (ffr)
whose frequency is derived as an integer division of the clock frequency fclk (see
Table 14), applied to pin CLK from either the internal or an external clock.
7.5 Backplane and segment outputs
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.5.1 Backplane outputs
The LCD drive section includes four backplane outputs: BP0 to BP3. The backplane
output signals are generated based on the selected LCD drive mode.
• In 1:4 multiplex drive mode: BP0 to BP3 must be connected directly to the LCD.
If less than four backplane outputs are required, the unused outputs can be left
open-circuit.
• In 1:3 multiplex drive mode: BP3 carries the same signal as BP1, therefore these two
adjacent outputs can be tied together to give enhanced drive capabilities.
• In 1:2 multiplex drive mode: BP0 and BP2, respectively, BP1 and BP3 carry the same
signals and can also be paired to increase the drive capabilities.
• In static drive mode: The same signal is carried by all four backplane outputs; and
they can be connected in parallel for very high drive requirements.
7.5.2 Segment outputs
The LCD drive section includes 80 segment outputs (S0 to S79) which must be connected
directly to the LCD. The segment output signals are generated in accordance with the
multiplexed backplane signals and with data residing in the display register. When less
than 80 segment outputs are required, the unused segment outputs must be left
open-circuit.
7.6 Display RAM
The display RAM is a static 80  4 bit RAM which stores LCD data.
There is a one-to-one correspondence between
• the bits in the RAM bitmap and the LCD elements
• the RAM columns and the segment outputs
• the RAM rows and the backplane outputs.
A logic 1 in the RAM bitmap indicates the on-state of the corresponding LCD element;
similarly, a logic 0 indicates the off-state.
The display RAM bit map, Figure 11, shows rows 0 to 3 which correspond with the
backplane outputs BP0 to BP3, and columns 0 to 79 which correspond with the segment
outputs S0 to S79. In multiplexed LCD applications the segment data of the first, second,
third and fourth row of the display RAM are time-multiplexed with BP0,
BP1, BP2, and BP3 respectively.
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
columns
display RAM addresses/segment outputs (S)
0
rows
1
2
3
4
75
76
77
78
79
0
display RAM rows/
backplane outputs 1
(BP)
2
3
013aaa214
The display RAM bitmap shows the direct relationship between the display RAM addresses and
the segment outputs and between the bits in a RAM word and the backplane outputs.
Fig 11. Display RAM bitmap
When display data is transmitted to the PCF8533, the received display bytes are stored in
the display RAM in accordance with the selected LCD drive mode. The data is stored as it
arrives and depending on the current multiplex drive mode the bits are stored singularly, in
pairs, triples or quadruples. To illustrate the filling order, an example of a 7-segment
display showing all drive modes is given in Figure 12; the RAM filling organization
depicted applies equally to other LCD types.
• In static drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed into row 0 as one byte.
• In 1:2 multiplex drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed in pairs into
row 0 and 1 as two successive 4-bit RAM words.
• In 1:3 multiplex drive mode the eight bits are placed in triples into row 0, 1, and 2 as
three successive 3-bit RAM words, with bit 3 of the third address left unchanged. It is
not recommended to use this bit in a display because of the difficult addressing. This
last bit may, if necessary, be controlled by an additional transfer to this address, but
care should be taken to avoid overwriting adjacent data because always full bytes are
transmitted (see Section 7.6.3).
• In 1:4 multiplex drive mode, the eight transmitted data bits are placed in quadruples
into row 0, 1, 2, and 3 as two successive 4-bit RAM words.
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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
Sn+2
Sn+3
static
display RAM filling order
b
f
Sn+1
BP0
rows
display RAM 0
rows/backplane
1
outputs (BP)
2
3
g
e
Sn+6
Sn
Sn+7
c
DP
d
n
n+1
n+2
n+3
n+4
n+5
n+6
n+7
c
x
x
x
b
x
x
x
a
x
x
x
f
x
x
x
g
x
x
x
e
x
x
x
d
x
x
x
DP
x
x
x
Sn
a
b
f
g
multiplex
Sn+2
BP1
e
Sn+3
c
Sn+1
1:3
Sn+2
DP
d
a
b
Sn
multiplex
BP1
c
b
f
BP0
g
multiplex
e
BP1
c
d
g e d DP
n
n+1
n+2
n+3
a
b
x
x
f
g
x
x
e
c
x
x
d
DP
x
x
MSB
a b
LSB
f
g e c d DP
n
rows
display RAM 0 b
rows/backplane
1 DP
outputs (BP)
2 c
3 x
n+1
n+2
a
d
g
x
f
e
x
x
MSB
LSB
b DP c a d g
f
e
DP
BP2
n
rows
display RAM 0 a
rows/backplane
1 c
BP3 outputs (BP) 2 b
3 DP
n+1
f
e
g
d
MSB
a c b DP f
LSB
e g d
001aaj646
x = data bit unchanged
Fig 12. Relationships between LCD layout, drive mode, display RAM filling order, and display data transmitted over the I2C-bus
PCF8533
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Sn+1
f
columns
display RAM address/segment outputs (s)
byte1
byte2
byte3
byte4
byte5
a
Sn
1:4
BP2
DP
d
c b a
columns
display RAM address/segment outputs (s)
byte1
byte2
byte3
g
e
rows
display RAM 0
rows/backplane
1
outputs (BP)
2
3
BP0
f
LSB
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
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Sn+1
MSB
columns
display RAM address/segment outputs (s)
byte1
byte2
BP0
1:2
transmitted display byte
columns
display RAM address/segment outputs (s)
byte1
a
Sn+4
Sn+5
LCD backplanes
NXP Semiconductors
PCF8533
Product data sheet
LCD segments
drive mode
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.6.1 Data pointer
The addressing mechanism for the display RAM is realized using a data pointer. This
allows the loading of an individual display data byte, or a series of display data bytes, into
any location of the display RAM. The sequence commences with the initialization of the
data pointer by the load-data-pointer command (see Table 7). Following this command, an
arriving data byte is stored at the display RAM address indicated by the data pointer. The
filling order is shown in Figure 12. After each byte is stored, the content of the data pointer
is automatically incremented by a value dependent on the selected LCD drive mode:
•
•
•
•
In static drive mode by eight
In 1:2 multiplex drive mode by four
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode by three
In 1:4 multiplex drive mode by two
If an I2C-bus data access is terminated early, then the state of the data pointer is
unknown. So, the data pointer must be rewritten before further RAM accesses.
7.6.2 Subaddress counter
The storage of display data is determined by the content of the subaddress counter.
Storage is allowed only when the content of the subaddress counter match with the
hardware subaddress applied to A0, A1, and A2. The subaddress counter value is defined
by the device-select command (see Table 8). If the content of the subaddress counter and
the hardware subaddress do not match, then data storage is inhibited but the data pointer
is incremented as if data storage had taken place. The subaddress counter is also
incremented when the data pointer overflows.
The storage arrangements described lead to extremely efficient data loading in cascaded
applications. When a series of display bytes are sent to the display RAM, automatic
wrap-over to the next PCF8533 occurs when the last RAM address is exceeded.
Subaddressing across device boundaries is successful even if the change to the next
device in the cascade occurs within a transmitted character.
The hardware subaddress must not be changed while the device is being accessed on the
I2C-bus interface.
7.6.3 RAM writing in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode, the RAM is written as shown in Table 15 (see Figure 12 as
well).
Table 15. Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 and so on, are not connected to any elements on the
display.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
0
a7
a4
a1
b7
b4
b1
c7
c4
c1
d7
:
1
a6
a3
a0
b6
b3
b0
c6
c3
c0
d6
:
2
a5
a2
-
b5
b2
-
c5
c2
-
d5
:
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
If the bit at position BP2/S2 would be written by a second byte transmitted, then the
mapping of the segment bits would change as illustrated in Table 16.
Table 16. Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 and so on, are connected to elements on the display.
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
0
a7
a4
a1/b7 b4
b1/c7 c4
1
a6
a3
a0/b6 b3
2
a5
a2
b5
b2
3
-
-
-
-
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
c1/d7 d4
d1/e7 e4
:
b0/c6 c3
c0/d6 d3
d0/e6 e3
:
c5
c2
d5
d2
e5
e2
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
In the case described in Table 16 the RAM has to be written entirely and BP2/S2, BP2/S5,
BP2/S8 and so on, have to be connected to elements on the display. This can be
achieved by a combination of writing and rewriting the RAM like follows:
• In the first write to the RAM, bits a7 to a0 are written
• The data-pointer (see Section 7.6.1 on page 21) has to be set to the address of bit a1
• In the second write, bits b7 to b0 are written, overwriting bits a1 and a0 with bits b7
and b6
• The data-pointer has to be set to the address of bit b1
• In the third write, bits c7 to c0 are written, overwriting bits b1 and b0 with bits c7 and
c6
Depending on the method of writing to the RAM (standard or entire filling by rewriting),
some elements remain unused or can be used, but it has to be considered in the module
layout process as well as in the driver software design.
7.6.4 Writing over the RAM address boundary
In all multiplex drive modes, depending on the setting of the data pointer, it is possible to
fill the RAM over the RAM address boundary. If the PCF8533 is part of a cascade, the
additional bits fall into the next device that also generates the acknowledge signal. If the
PCF8533 is a single device or the last device in a cascade, the additional bits will be
discarded and no acknowledge signal will be generated.
7.6.5 Bank selection
7.6.5.1
Output bank selector
The output bank selector (see Table 9) selects one of the four rows per display RAM
address for transfer to the display register. The actual row selected depends on the
selected LCD drive mode in operation and on the instant in the multiplex sequence.
• In 1:4 multiplex mode, all RAM addresses of row 0 are selected, these are followed by
the contents of row 1, 2, and then 3
• In 1:3 multiplex mode, rows 0, 1, and 2 are selected sequentially
• In 1:2 multiplex mode, rows 0 and 1 are selected
• In static mode, row 0 is selected
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
The PCF8533 includes a RAM bank switching feature in the static and 1:2 multiplex drive
modes. In the static drive mode, the bank-select command may request the contents of
row 2 to be selected for display instead of the contents of row 0. In the 1:2 multiplex mode,
the contents of rows 2 and 3 may be selected instead of rows 0 and 1. This gives the
provision for preparing display information in an alternative bank and to be able to switch
to it once it is assembled.
7.6.5.2
Input bank selector
The input bank selector loads display data into the display RAM in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. Display data can be loaded in row 2 in static drive mode
or in rows 2 and 3 in 1:2 multiplex drive mode by using the bank-select command (see
Table 9). The input bank selector functions independently to the output bank selector.
7.6.5.3
RAM bank switching
The PCF8533 includes a RAM bank switching feature in the static and 1:2 multiplex drive
modes. A bank can be thought of as one RAM row or a collection of RAM rows (see
Figure 13). The RAM bank switching gives the provision for preparing display information
in an alternative bank and to be able to switch to it once it is complete.
!"###$
$##/
&#'!&*##+-
&*
&*
#:/;
&*
&*
DDD
Fig 13. RAM banks in static and multiplex driving mode 1:2
There are two banks; bank 0 and bank 1. Figure 13 shows the location of these banks
relative to the RAM map. Input and output banks can be set independently from one
another with the Bank-select command (see Table 9 on page 6). Figure 14 shows the
concept.
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
LQSXWEDQNVHOHFWLRQ
FRQWUROVWKHLQSXW
GDWDSDWK
RXWSXWEDQNVHOHFWLRQ
FRQWUROVWKHRXWSXW
GDWDSDWK
%$1.
0,&52&21752//(5
',63/$<
5$0
%$1.
DDD
Fig 14. Bank selection
In the static drive mode, the bank-select command may request the contents of row 2 to
be selected for display instead of the contents of row 0. In the 1:2 multiplex mode, the
contents of rows 2 and 3 may be selected instead of rows 0 and 1. This gives the
provision for preparing display information in an alternative bank and to be able to switch
to it once it is assembled.
In Figure 15 an example is shown for 1:2 multiplex drive mode where the displayed data is
read from the first two rows of the memory (bank 0), while the transmitted data is stored in
the second two rows of the memory (bank 1).
FROXPQV
GLVSOD\5$0FROXPQVVHJPHQWRXWSXWV6
URZV
RXWSXW5$0EDQN
WRWKH/&'
GLVSOD\5$0URZV
EDFNSODQHRXWSXWV %3
WRWKH5$0
LQSXW5$0EDQN
DDD
Fig 15. Example of the Bank-select command with multiplex drive mode 1:2
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
8. I2C-bus interface
8.1 Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for bidirectional, two-line communication between different ICs or modules.
The two lines are a Serial Data line (SDA) and a Serial CLock line (SCL). Both lines must
be connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output
stages of a device. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
By connecting pin SDAACK to pin SDA on the PCF8533, the SDA line becomes fully
I2C-bus compatible. In COG applications where the track resistance from the SDAACK
pin to the system SDA line can be significant, possibly a voltage divider is generated by
the bus pull-up resistor and the Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) track resistance. As a
consequence, it may be possible that the acknowledge generated by the PCF8533 cannot
be interpreted as logic 0 by the master. In COG applications where the acknowledge cycle
is required, it is therefore necessary to minimize the track resistance from the SDAACK
pin to the system SDA line to guarantee a valid LOW level.
By separating the acknowledge output from the serial data line (having the SDAACK open
circuit) design efforts to generate a valid acknowledge level can be avoided. However, in
that case the I2C-bus master has to be set up in such a way that it ignores the
acknowledge cycle.2
The following definition assumes that SDA and SDAACK are connected and refers to the
pair as SDA.
8.1.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time
will be interpreted as a control signal; see Figure 16.
SDA
SCL
data line
stable;
data valid
change
of data
allowed
mba607
Fig 16. Bit transfer
8.1.2 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy.
A HIGH-to-LOW change of the data line, while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START
condition (S).
2.
For further information, please consider the NXP application note: Ref. 1 “AN10170”.
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
A LOW-to-HIGH change of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition (P).
The START and STOP conditions are shown in Figure 17.
SDA
SDA
SCL
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
mbc622
Fig 17. Definition of START and STOP conditions
8.1.3 System configuration
A device generating a message is a transmitter; a device receiving a message is a
receiver. The device that controls the message is the master and the devices which are
controlled by the master are the slaves; see Figure 18.
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
SLAVE
RECEIVER
SLAVE
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
SDA
SCL
mga807
Fig 18. System configuration
8.1.4 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is unlimited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by an acknowledge
cycle.
• A slave receiver, which is addressed, must generate an acknowledge after the
reception of each byte.
• A master receiver must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte that
has been clocked out of the slave transmitter.
• The device that acknowledges must pull-down the SDA line during the acknowledge
clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the
acknowledge related clock pulse (set-up and hold times must be considered).
• A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition.
Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus is illustrated in Figure 19.
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
data output
by transmitter
not acknowledge
data output
by receiver
acknowledge
SCL from
master
1
2
8
9
S
clock pulse for
acknowledgement
START
condition
mbc602
Fig 19. Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus
8.1.5 I2C-bus controller
The PCF8533 acts as an I2C-bus slave receiver. It does not initiate I2C-bus transfers or
transmit data to an I2C-bus master receiver. The only data output from the PCF8533 is the
acknowledge signal of the selected device. Device selection depends on the I2C-bus
slave address, the transferred command data and the hardware subaddress.
In single device applications, the hardware subaddress inputs A0, A1, and A2 are
normally tied to VSS which defines the hardware subaddress 0. In multiple device
applications A0, A1, and A2 are tied to VSS or VDD using a binary coding scheme, so that
no two devices with a common I2C-bus slave address have the same hardware
subaddress.
8.1.6 Input filters
To enhance noise immunity in electrically adverse environments, RC low-pass filters are
provided on the SDA and SCL lines.
8.1.7 I2C-bus protocol
Two I2C-bus slave addresses (0111 000 and 0111 001) are reserved for the PCF8533.
The PCF8533 slave address is illustrated in Table 17.
Table 17.
I2C slave address byte
Slave address
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
0
0
LSB
1
1
1
0
0
SA0
R/W
The least significant bit of the slave address that a PCF8533 will respond to is defined by
the level tied to its SA0 input. The PCF8533 is a write-only device and will not respond to
a read access. Having two reserved slave addresses allows the following on the same
I2C-bus:
• Up to 16 PCF8533 for very large LCD applications
• The use of two types of LCD multiplex drive modes.
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
The I2C-bus protocol is shown in Figure 20. The sequence is initiated with a START
condition (S) from the I2C-bus master which is followed by one of two possible PCF8533
slave addresses available. All PCF8533 whose SA0 inputs correspond to bit 0 of the slave
address respond by asserting an acknowledge in parallel. This I2C-bus transfer is ignored
by all PCF8533 whose SA0 inputs are set to the alternative level.
R/W = 0
slave address
control byte
S
C R
S 0 1 1 1 0 0 A 0 A
O S
0
RAM/command byte
M
A S
B
L
S P
B
EXAMPLES
a) transmit two bytes of RAM data
S
S 0 1 1 1 0 0 A 0 A 0 1
0
RAM DATA
A
RAM DATA
A
A
COMMAND
A 0 0
A
COMMAND
A P
A
COMMAND
A 0 1
A
RAM DATA
A
A P
b) transmit two command bytes
S
S 0 1 1 1 0 0 A 0 A 1 0
0
c) transmit one command byte and two RAM date bytes
S
S 0 1 1 1 0 0 A 0 A 1 0
0
RAM DATA
A P
mgl752
Fig 20. I2C-bus protocol
After acknowledgement, the control byte is sent defining if the next byte is a RAM or
command information. The control byte also defines if the next byte is a control byte or
further RAM or command data (see Figure 21 and Table 18). In this way, it is possible to
configure the device and then fill the display RAM with little overhead.
MSB
7
6
5
4
CO RS
3
2
LSB
0
1
not relevant
mgl753
Fig 21. Control byte format
Table 18.
Control byte description
Bit
Symbol
7
CO
6
5 to 0
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Value
continue bit
0
last control byte
1
control bytes continue
RS
-
Description
register selection
0
command register
1
data register
not relevant
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
The command bytes and control bytes are also acknowledged by all addressed PCF8533
connected to the bus.
The display bytes are stored in the display RAM at the address specified by the data
pointer and the subaddress counter; see Section 7.6.1 and Section 7.6.2.
The acknowledgement after each byte is made only by the (A0, A1, and A2) addressed
PCF8533. After the last (display) byte, the I2C-bus master asserts a STOP condition (P).
Alternatively a START may be asserted to RESTART an I2C-bus access.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
9. Internal circuitry
VDD
VDD
VSS
VSS
SCL, SDA,
SDAACK
VLCD
VSS
SA0, CLK, SYNC,
OSC, A0, A1, A2
BP0, BP1, BP2,
BP3, S0 to S79
VLCD
VSS
VSS
013aaa281
Fig 22. Device protection diagram
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
10. Limiting values
CAUTION
Static voltages across the liquid crystal display can build up when the LCD supply voltage
(VLCD) is on while the IC supply voltage (VDD) is off, or vice versa. This may cause unwanted
display artifacts. To avoid such artifacts, VLCD and VDD must be applied or removed together.
Table 19. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Unit
VDD
supply voltage
0.5
+6.5
V
LCD supply voltage
0.5
+7.5
V
Vi(n)
voltage on any input
VDD-related inputs
0.5
+6.5
V
Vo(n)
voltage on any output
VLCD-related outputs
0.5
+7.5
V
II
input current
10
+10
mA
IO
output current
10
+10
mA
IDD
supply current
50
+50
mA
ISS
ground supply current
50
+50
mA
IDD(LCD)
LCD supply current
50
+50
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
P/out
power dissipation per output
-
100
mW
[1]
-
4500
V
[2]
-
200
V
latch-up current
[3]
-
200
mA
Tstg
storage temperature
[4]
65
+150
C
Tamb
ambient temperature
40
+85
C
electrostatic discharge voltage HBM
MM
Ilu
Product data sheet
Max
VLCD
VESD
PCF8533
Min
operating device
[1]
Pass level; Human Body Model (HBM), according to Ref. 6 “JESD22-A114”.
[2]
Pass level; Machine Model (MM), according to Ref. 7 “JESD22-A115”.
[3]
Pass level; latch-up testing according to Ref. 8 “JESD78” at maximum ambient temperature (Tamb(max)).
[4]
According to the store and transport requirements (see Ref. 11 “UM10569”) the devices have to be stored
at a temperature of +8 C to +45 C and a humidity of 25 % to 75 %.
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
11. Static characteristics
Table 20. Static characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supplies
VDD
supply voltage
1.8
-
5.5
V
VLCD
LCD supply voltage
2.5
-
6.5
V
VPOR
power-on reset voltage
IDD
IDD(LCD)
supply current
LCD supply current
1.0
1.3
1.6
V
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
[1][2]
-
3
5
A
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
[1]
-
25
30
A
Logic
VSS  0.5 -
VDD + 0.5 V
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC,
A0 to A2, SA0
VSS
-
0.3VDD
V
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC,
A0 to A2, SA0
0.7VDD
-
VDD
V
0.5
-
VDD + 0.5 V
VI
input voltage
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
VO
output voltage
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
0.8VDD
-
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
-
-
0.2VDD
V
IL
leakage current
on pins OSC, CLK, SCL, SDA,
A0 to A2, SA0; VI = VDD or VSS
1
-
+1
A
IOL
LOW-level output current
output sink current; on pins
CLK, SYNC; VOL = 0.4 V;
VDD = 5 V
1
-
-
mA
IOH
HIGH-level output current
output source current; on pin
CLK; VOH = 4.6 V; VDD = 5 V
1
-
-
mA
CI
input capacitance
-
-
7
pF
3
-
-
mA
[3]
I2C-bus[4]
IOL(SDA)
LOW-level output current on
pin SDA
VOL = 0.4 V; VDD = 5 V
Input on pins SDA and SCL
VI
input voltage
VSS  0.5 -
5.5
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VSS
-
0.3VDD
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
5.5
V
ILI
input leakage current
1
-
+1
A
-
-
7
pF
CI
VI = VDD or VSS
[3]
input capacitance
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 20. Static characteristics …continued
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
LCD outputs
Output pins BP0 to BP3 and S0 to S79
VO
output resistance
RO
[1]
output voltage variation
on pins BP0 to BP3;
Cbpl = 35 nF
[5]
100
-
+100
mV
on pins S0 to S79;
Csgm = 5 nF
[6]
100
-
+100
mV
on pins BP0 to BP3
[7]
-
1.5
10
k
on pins S0 to S79
[7]
-
6.0
13.5
k
VLCD = 5 V
LCD outputs are open-circuit; inputs at VSS or VDD; external clock with 50 % duty factor; I2C-bus inactive.
[2]
For typical values, see Figure 23.
[3]
Not tested, design specification only.
[4]
The I2C-bus interface of PCF8533 is 5 V tolerant.
[5]
Cbpl = backplane capacitance.
[6]
Csgm = segment capacitance.
[7]
Outputs measured individually and sequentially.
001aal523
5
IDD
(μA)
4
3
2
1
0
2
3
4
5
6
VDD (V)
Tamb = 30 C; 1:4 multiplex drive mode; VLCD = 6.5 V; fclk(ext) = 1.536 kHz; all RAM written with
logic 1; no display connected; I2C-bus inactive.
Fig 23. Typical IDD with respect to VDD
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
12. Dynamic characteristics
Table 21. Dynamic characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Clock
fclk(int)
internal clock frequency
[1][2]
960
1536
3046
Hz
fclk(ext)
external clock frequency
[1][2]
797
1536
3046
Hz
tclk(H)
HIGH-level clock time
130
-
-
s
tclk(L)
LOW-level clock time
130
-
-
s
Synchronization: input pin SYNC
tPD(SYNC_N)
SYNC propagation delay
-
30
-
ns
tSYNC_NL
SYNC LOW time
1
-
-
s
-
-
30
s
Outputs: pins BP0 to BP3 and S0 to S79
tPD(drv)
driver propagation delay
VLCD = 5 V
I2C-bus: timing[3]; see Figure 25
Pin SCL
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
-
-
400
kHz
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
1.3
-
-
s
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
100
-
-
ns
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
-
-
ns
Pin SDA
Pins SCL and SDA
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP and
START condition
1.3
-
-
s
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
0.6
-
-
s
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START condition
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated START
condition
0.6
-
-
s
tr
rise time of both SDA and SCL signals fSCL = 400 kHz
-
-
0.3
s
fSCL < 125 kHz
-
-
1.0
s
tf
fall time of both SDA and SCL signals
-
-
0.3
s
Cb
capacitive load for each bus line
-
-
400
pF
tw(spike)
spike pulse width
-
-
50
ns
on bus
[1]
Typical output duty cycle of 50 %.
[2]
The corresponding frame frequency is f fr = f clk  24 .
All timing values are valid within the operating supply voltage and ambient temperature range and are referenced to VIL and VIH with an
input voltage swing of VSS to VDD.
[3]
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
1 / fCLK
tclk(L)
tclk(H)
0.7 VDD
CLK
0.3 VDD
0.7 VDD
SYNC
0.3 VDD
tPD(SYNC_N)
tSYNC_NL
0.5 V
BP0 to BP3,
and S0 to S79
(VDD = 5 V)
0.5 V
tPD(drv)
001aag591
Fig 24. Driver timing waveforms
SDA
tBUF
tLOW
tf
SCL
tHD;STA
tr
tHD;DAT
tHIGH
tSU;DAT
SDA
tSU;STA
tSU;STO
mga728
Fig 25. I2C-bus timing waveforms
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
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Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
13. Application information
13.1 Cascaded operation
Large display configurations of up to sixteen PCF8533 can be recognized on the same
I2C-bus by using the 3-bit hardware subaddress (A0, A1 and A2) and the programmable
I2C-bus slave address (SA0).
Table 22.
Cluster
1
2
Addressing cascaded PCF8533
Bit SA0
0
1
Pin
Device
A2
A1
A0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
2
0
1
1
3
1
0
0
4
1
0
1
5
1
1
0
6
1
1
1
7
0
0
0
8
0
0
1
9
0
1
0
10
0
1
1
11
1
0
0
12
1
0
1
13
1
1
0
14
1
1
1
15
When cascaded PCF8533 are synchronized, they can share the backplane signals from
one of the devices in the cascade. Such an arrangement is cost-effective in large LCD
applications since the backplane outputs of only one device need to be through-plated to
the backplane electrodes of the display. The other PCF8533 of the cascade contribute
additional segment outputs, but their backplane outputs are left open-circuit
(see Figure 26).
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
SDAACK
VDD
VLCD
SDA
80 segment drives
SCL
SYNC
LCD PANEL
PCF8533
CLK
(up to 5120
elements)
OSC
A0
A1
A2
SA0 VSS
BP0 to BP3
(open-circuit)
VLCD
VDD
R≤
HOST
MICROPROCESSOR/
MICROCONTROLLER
tr
2Cb
SDAACK
VDD
SDA
VLCD
80 segment drives
SCL
SYNC
PCF8533
CLK
4 backplanes
BP0 to BP3
OSC
mgl754
VSS
A0
A1
A2
SA0 VSS
Fig 26. Cascaded PCF8533 configuration
The SYNC line is provided to maintain the correct synchronization between all cascaded
PCF8533. This synchronization is guaranteed after the Power-On Reset (POR). The only
time that SYNC is likely to be needed is if synchronization is accidentally lost (for
example, by noise in adverse electrical environments, or by the definition of a multiplex
mode when PCF8533 with different SA0 levels are cascaded).
SYNC is organized as an input/output pin; the output selection being realized as an
open-drain driver with an internal pull-up resistor. A PCF8533 asserts the SYNC line at the
onset of its last active backplane signal and monitors the SYNC line at all other times.
Should synchronization in the cascade be lost, it will be restored by the first PCF8533 to
assert SYNC. The timing relationships between the backplane waveforms and the SYNC
signal for the various drive modes of the PCF8533 are shown in Figure 27.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Tfr =
1
ffr
BP0
SYNC
(a) static drive mode.
BP0
(1/2 bias)
BP0
(1/3 bias)
SYNC
(b) 1:2 multiplex drive mode.
BP0
(1/3 bias)
SYNC
(c) 1:3 multiplex drive mode.
BP0
(1/3 bias)
SYNC
(d) 1:4 multiplex drive mode.
mgl755
Fig 27. Synchronization of the cascade for the various PCF8533 drive modes
The contact resistance between the SYNC pins of cascaded devices must be controlled. If
the resistance is too high, then the device will not be able to synchronize properly. This is
particularly applicable to COG applications. Table 23 shows the limiting values for contact
resistance.
Table 23.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
SYNC contact resistance
Number of devices
Maximum contact resistance
2
6000 
3 to 5
2200 
6 to 10
1200 
11 to 16
700 
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
14. Bare die outline
Bare die; 99 bumps; 5.28 x 1.4 x 0.38 mm
PCF8533-2
X
D
85
30
y
PC8533-2
E
x
0,0
99 1
29
Y
b
A
e1
e
A1
L
detail X
detail Y
0
1
scale
Dimensions
Unit
mm
2 mm
A
A1
b
D
E
e(1)
e1(1)
L
0.289 0.093
max
0.020 0.053
nom 0.381 0.017 0.050 5.276 1.402
0.090
min
0.014 0.047
0.08
0.087
Note
1. Dimension not drawn to scale
Outline
version
pcf8533-2_do
References
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
European
projection
Issue date
09-09-08
10-01-28
PCF8533-2
Fig 28. Bare die outline of PCF8533-2
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 24. Bump locations
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the centre of each bump with respect to the center
(x/y = 0) of the chip; see Figure 28.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Symbol
Bump
X (m)
SDAACK
1
1079.20 594.40
Y (m)
[1]
Description
I2C-bus acknowledge output
SDA
2
839.20
594.40
[1]
I2C-bus serial data input
SDA
3
759.20
594.40
[1]
SCL
4
599.20
594.40
SCL
5
519.20
594.40
CLK
6
414.80
594.40
clock input/output
VDD
7
284.80
594.40
supply voltage
I2C-bus serial clock input
SYNC
8
4.20
594.40
cascade synchronization input/output
OSC
9
119.20
594.40
oscillator select
A0
10
249.20
594.40
subaddress input
A1
11
379.20
594.40
A2
12
581.20
594.40
SA0
13
711.20
594.40
I2C-bus slave address input; bit 0
VSS
14
841.20
594.40
ground supply voltage
VLCD
15
1099.60
594.40
LCD supply voltage
BP2
16
1277.60
594.40
LCD backplane output
BP0
17
1357.60
594.40
S0
18
1437.60
594.40
S1
19
1517.60
594.40
S2
20
1597.60
594.40
S3
21
1677.60
594.40
S4
22
1757.60
594.40
S5
23
1837.60
594.40
S6
24
1917.60
594.40
S7
25
1997.60
594.40
S8
26
2077.60
594.40
S9
27
2157.60
594.40
S10
28
2237.60
594.40
S11
29
2317.60
594.40
S12
30
2357.60
594.40
S13
31
2277.60
594.40
S14
32
2197.60
594.40
S15
33
2117.60
594.40
S16
34
2037.60
594.40
S17
35
1957.60
594.40
S18
36
1877.60
594.40
S19
37
1797.60
594.40
S20
38
1717.60
594.40
S21
39
1637.60
594.40
LCD segment output
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 24. Bump locations
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the centre of each bump with respect to the center
(x/y = 0) of the chip; see Figure 28.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Symbol
Bump
X (m)
Y (m)
Description
S22
40
1557.60
594.40
LCD segment output
S23
41
1477.60
594.40
S24
42
1317.60
594.40
S25
43
1237.60
594.40
S26
44
1157.60
594.40
S27
45
1077.60
594.40
S28
46
997.60
594.40
S29
47
917.60
594.40
S30
48
837.60
594.40
S31
49
757.60
594.40
S32
50
677.60
594.40
S33
51
597.60
594.40
S34
52
437.60
594.40
S35
53
357.60
594.40
S36
54
277.60
594.40
S37
55
197.60
594.40
S38
56
117.60
594.40
S39
57
37.60
594.40
S40
58
42.40
594.40
S41
59
122.40
594.40
S42
60
202.40
594.40
S43
61
282.40
594.40
S44
62
362.40
594.40
S45
63
442.40
594.40
S46
64
602.40
594.40
S47
65
682.40
594.40
S48
66
762.40
594.40
S49
67
842.40
594.40
S50
68
922.40
594.40
S51
69
1002.40 594.40
S52
70
1082.40 594.40
S53
71
1162.40 594.40
S54
72
1242.40 594.40
S55
73
1322.40 594.40
S56
74
1402.40 594.40
S57
75
1562.40 594.40
S58
76
1642.40 594.40
S59
77
1722.40 594.40
S60
78
1802.40 594.40
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 24. Bump locations
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the centre of each bump with respect to the center
(x/y = 0) of the chip; see Figure 28.
Symbol
Bump
X (m)
S61
79
1882.40 594.40
S62
80
1962.40 594.40
S63
81
2042.40 594.40
S64
82
2122.40 594.40
S65
83
2202.40 594.40
S66
84
2282.40 594.40
S67
85
2362.40 594.40
S68
86
2322.40 594.40
S69
87
2242.40 594.40
S70
88
2162.40 594.40
S71
89
2082.40 594.40
S72
90
2002.40 594.40
S73
91
1922.40 594.40
S74
92
1842.40 594.40
S75
93
1762.40 594.40
S76
94
1682.40 594.40
S77
95
1602.40 594.40
S78
96
1522.40 594.40
S79
97
1442.40 594.40
BP3
98
1362.40 594.40
BP1
99
1282.40 594.40
D1
-
2469.70
594.40
D2
-
2549.70
594.40
D3
-
2517.60
594.40
D4
-
2437.60
594.40
D5
-
2442.30 594.40
D6
-
2522.30 594.40
D7
-
2554.40 594.40
D8
-
2474.40 594.40
Product data sheet
Description
LCD segment output
LCD backplane output
[2]
dummy bump
[1]
For most applications SDA and SDAACK are shorted together; see Section 8.1.
[2]
The dummy bumps are connected to the adjacent segments but are not tested.
Table 25.
PCF8533
Y (m)
Alignment mark locations
Symbol
X (m)
Y (m)
C1
2300.5
55.0
C2
2320.2
107.0
F
2208.3
165.4
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42 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
REF
REF
C2
C1
F
REF
mgl756
The positions of the alignment marks are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 28.
Fig 29. Alignment marks of PCF8533
Table 26.
Gold bump hardness
Type number
Min
Max
Unit[1]
PCF8533U/2/F2
60
120
HV
[1]
Pressure of diamond head: 10 g to 50 g.
15. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) devices ensure that
all normal precautions are taken as described in JESD625-A, IEC 61340-5 or equivalent
standards.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
16. Packing information
16.1 Tray information
-
$
+
%
$
$
[
;
GLH
.
GHWDLO;
'
\
\
*
[
)
(
&
1
/
0
6(&7,21$$
<
GHWDLO<
'LPHQVLRQVLQPP
DDD
Fig 30. Tray details
Table 27. Description of tray details
Tray details are shown in Figure 30.
Tray details
Dimensions
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
Unit
7.0
2.4
5.38
1.50
50.8
45.72
35.0
5.0
7.9
40.8
3.96
2.18
2.49
mm
Number of pockets
x direction
y direction
6
18
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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44 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
marking code
001aaj643
Fig 31. Tray alignment
The orientation of the IC in a pocket is indicated by the position of the IC type name on the
die surface with respect to the chamfer on the upper left corner of the tray. Refer to
Figure 28 for the orientation and position of the type name on the die surface.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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45 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
17. Abbreviations
Table 28.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
COG
Chip-On-Glass
DC
Direct Current
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit bus
IC
Integrated Circuit
ITO
Indium Tin Oxide
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MM
Machine Model
MOS
Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
MSB
Most Significant Bit
POR
Power-On Reset
RC
Resistance-Capacitance
RAM
Random Access Memory
RMS
Root Mean Square
SCL
Serial CLock line
SDA
Serial DAta line
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PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
18. References
[1]
AN10170 — Design guidelines for COG modules with NXP monochrome LCD
drivers
[2]
AN10706 — Handling bare die
[3]
AN10853 — ESD and EMC sensitivity of IC
[4]
IEC 60134 — Rating systems for electronic tubes and valves and analogous
semiconductor devices
[5]
IEC 61340-5 — Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena
[6]
JESD22-A114 — Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitivity Testing Human Body
Model (HBM)
[7]
JESD22-A115 — Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitivity Testing Machine Model
(MM)
[8]
JESD78 — IC Latch-Up Test
[9]
JESD625-A — Requirements for Handling Electrostatic-Discharge-Sensitive
(ESDS) Devices
[10] UM10204 — I2C-bus specification and user manual
[11] UM10569 — Store and transport requirements
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
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47 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
19. Revision history
Table 29.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCF8533 v.6
20121001
Product data sheet
-
PCF8533 v.5
Modifications:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Removed withdrawn product type
Adjusted values for IDD and IDD(LCD) in Table 20
Changed tray information (Section 16.1)
Added ordering options (Section 3.1)
Enhanced display RAM description (Section 7.6)
Improved description of bit E (Table 6)
PCF8533 v.5
20110629
Product data sheet
-
PCF8533_4
PCF8533_4
20100305
Product data sheet
-
PCF8533_3
PCF8533_3
20080424
Product data sheet
-
PCF8533_2
PCF8533_2
19990730
Product specification
-
PCF8533_SDS_1
PCF8533_SDS_1
19990312
Product specification
-
-
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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48 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
20. Legal information
20.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
20.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
20.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
PCF8533
Product data sheet
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
49 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
Bare die — All die are tested on compliance with their related technical
specifications as stated in this data sheet up to the point of wafer sawing and
are handled in accordance with the NXP Semiconductors storage and
transportation conditions. If there are data sheet limits not guaranteed, these
will be separately indicated in the data sheet. There are no post-packing tests
performed on individual die or wafers.
NXP Semiconductors has no control of third party procedures in the sawing,
handling, packing or assembly of the die. Accordingly, NXP Semiconductors
assumes no liability for device functionality or performance of the die or
systems after third party sawing, handling, packing or assembly of the die. It
is the responsibility of the customer to test and qualify their application in
which the die is used.
All die sales are conditioned upon and subject to the customer entering into a
written die sale agreement with NXP Semiconductors through its legal
department.
20.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP B.V.
21. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
50 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
22. Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Table 27.
Table 28.
Table 29.
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Marking codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Pin description overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Definition of commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Mode-set command bit description . . . . . . . . . .5
Load-data-pointer command bit description . . .6
Device-select command bit description . . . . . . .6
Bank-select command bit description . . . . . . . .6
Blink-select command bit description . . . . . . . .7
Blink frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Selection of possible display configurations . . . .9
Biasing characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
LCD frame frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive
mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3
multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
I2C slave address byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Control byte description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Addressing cascaded PCF8533 . . . . . . . . . . .37
SYNC contact resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Bump locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Alignment mark locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Gold bump hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Description of tray details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
PCF8533
Product data sheet
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Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
51 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
23. Figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 14.
Fig 15.
Fig 16.
Fig 17.
Fig 18.
Fig 19.
Fig 20.
Fig 21.
Fig 22.
Fig 23.
Fig 24.
Fig 25.
Fig 26.
Fig 27.
Fig 28.
Fig 29.
Fig 30.
Fig 31.
Block diagram of PCF8533 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Pin configuration for PCF8533U . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Example of displays suitable for PCF8533 . . . . . .8
Typical system configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Electro-optical characteristic: relative
transmission curve of the liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Static drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄2 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Display RAM bitmap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Relationships between LCD layout, drive mode,
display RAM filling order, and display data
transmitted over the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
RAM banks in static and multiplex driving
mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Example of the Bank-select command with
multiplex drive mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Definition of START and STOP conditions. . . . . .27
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . .28
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Control byte format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Device protection diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Typical IDD with respect to VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Driver timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
I2C-bus timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Cascaded PCF8533 configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Synchronization of the cascade for the various
PCF8533 drive modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Bare die outline of PCF8533-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Alignment marks of PCF8533 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Tray details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Tray alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
PCF8533
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 6 — 1 October 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
52 of 53
PCF8533
NXP Semiconductors
Universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
24. Contents
1
2
3
3.1
4
5
6
6.1
6.2
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.1.5
7.1.5.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.2.1
7.3.3
7.3.3.1
7.3.3.2
7.3.3.3
7.3.3.4
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.5
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.6.5
7.6.5.1
7.6.5.2
7.6.5.3
8
8.1
8.1.1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Commands of PCF8533 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Command: mode-set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Command: load-data-pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: device-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: bank-select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: blink-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Blinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power-On Reset (POR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Possible display configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
LCD bias generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
LCD voltage selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Electro-optical performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
LCD drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Static drive mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1:2 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1:3 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1:4 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Oscillator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Internal clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
External clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Backplane and segment outputs . . . . . . . . . . 17
Backplane outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Segment outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Display RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Data pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Subaddress counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
RAM writing in 1:3 multiplex drive mode. . . . . 21
Writing over the RAM address boundary . . . . 22
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Output bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Input bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
RAM bank switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
I2C-bus interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Characteristics of the I2C-bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.1.4
8.1.5
8.1.6
8.1.7
9
10
11
12
13
13.1
14
15
16
16.1
17
18
19
20
20.1
20.2
20.3
20.4
21
22
23
24
START and STOP conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . .
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cascaded operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bare die outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tray information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
27
27
28
28
28
31
32
33
35
37
37
40
44
45
45
47
48
49
50
50
50
50
51
51
52
53
54
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2012.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 1 October 2012
Document identifier: PCF8533
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