55A/330W

Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
36-75 V
100 V
6V
330 W
2250 V dc
Quarter-brick
Input
Transient Input
Output
Max Power
Isolation
DC-DC Converter
The SQ60060QPx55 bus converter is a next-generation,
board-mountable, isolated, fixed switching frequency dcdc converter that uses synchronous rectification to achieve
extremely high conversion efficiency. The power dissipated
by the converter is so low that a heatsink is not required,
which saves cost, weight, height, and application effort. The
SQ BusQor series provides an isolated step down voltage
from 48 V to a semi-regulated 12 V or 6 V intermediate
bus. SQ BusQor converters are ideal for customers who
need multiple outputs and wish to build or buy point of load
converters to work with a 12 V or 6 V rail. RoHS Compliant
(see page last).
®
Operational Features
• High efficiency, 93.7% at full rated load current
• Delivers up to 55 A of output current (330 W power)
with minimal derating - no heatsink required
SQ60060QPx55 Model
• Wide input voltage range: 36-75 V, with
100 V 100 ms input voltage transient capability
• Fixed frequency switching provides predictable EMI performance
• No minimun load requirement
•
•
•
•
Mechanical Features
•
•
•
•
Industry standard
Industry standard
Total Open Frame
Total Open Frame
Protection Features
quarter-brick pin-out configuration
size: 2.30" x 1.45" (58.4 x 36.8mm)
height: 0.48” (12.3mm)
weight: 1.5 oz (42 g)
Input under-voltage lockout
Output current limit and short circuit protection
Input and output over-voltage protection
Thermal shutdown
Control Features
• On/Off control referenced to input side
• Inherent current share (by droop method) for high current and
parallel applications.
Page No.
Safety Features
• UL 60950-1/R2011-12
• EN60950-1/A2:2013
• CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Contents
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Open Frame Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Baseplated Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Standards & Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Application Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 1
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Open Frame Mechanical
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
1.45[36,8]
.750[19,05]
.600[15,24]
.483± .032
[ 12,27± 0,81 ]
OVERALL HEIGHT
.150[3,81]
.145
[3,68]
SEE NOTE 5
5 4
7 6
2.30
[58,4]
2.00
[50,8]
SCALE
0.750
.14
[3,6]
1
2
3
.033± .032
[ 0,84± 0,81 ]
BOTTOMSIDE
CLEARANCE
.43[10,8]
.300[7,62]
.600[15,24]
NOTES
1) Pins 1-3 are 0.040” (1.02mm) diameter with 0.080” (2.03 mm)
diameter standoff shoulders.
2) Pins 4-7 are 0.062” (1.57 mm) diameter with 0.100” (2.54 mm)
diameter standoff shoulders.
3) Other pin lengths available. Recommended pin length is 0.03”
(0.76mm) greater than the PCB thickness.
4) All Pins: Material: Copper Alloy
Finish: Matte Tin over Nickel plate
5) Undimensioned components are shown for visual reference only.
6) All dimensions in inches (mm)
Tolerances: x.xx +/-0.02 in. (x.x +/-0.5mm)
x.xxx +/-0.010 in. (x.xx +/-0.25mm)
7) Weight: 1.5 oz (42 g) typical
8) Workmanship: Meets or exceeds IPC-A-610 Class II
9) UL/TUV standards require a clearance of 0.04” (1.02mm) around
primary areas of the module.
10) The flanged pins are designed to permit surface mount soldering
(allowing to avoid the wave soldering process) through the use of the
flanged pin-in-paste technique.
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Phone 1-888-567-9596
PIN DESIGNATIONS
Pin
Name
Function
1 Vin(+) Positive input voltage
2 ON/OFF Logic control input to turn converter on/off.
3 Vin(–) Negative input
4 Vout(+) Positive output
5 Vout(–) Negative output
6 Vout(+) Positive output
7 Vout(+) Negative output
Notes: Pins in Italic shaded text are Optional
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 2
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Baseplated Mechanical
1.45[36,8]
.750[19,05]
.600[15,24]
.500± .034
[12.70 ± 0.86]
OVERALL HEIGHT
.150[3,81]
5 4
7 6
.145
[3,68]
SEE NOTE 5
M3x.5 THREADED HOLE
x3
SEE NOTES 1 & 2
2.30
[58,4]
SIDE VIEW
2.00
[50,8]
1.860
[47,24]
TOP VIEW
SCALE
0.750
.14
[3,6]
.220
[5,59]
1
.160[4,06]
2
3
.033± .032
[ 0,84± 0,81 ]
BOTTOMSIDE
CLEARANCE
1.130
[28,7]
.43[10,8]
.300[7,62]
.600[15,24]
NOTES
1) M3 screws used to bolt unit's baseplate to other surfaces such as
heatsinks must not exceed 0.10" (2.54mm) depth below the surface
of the baseplate.
2) Applied torque per screw should not exceed 6in-lb (0.7nm)
3) Pins 1-3 are 0.040" (1.02mm) dia. With 0.080" (2.03mm) dia.
standoff shoulders
4) Pins 4-7 are 0.062" (1.57mm) dia. With 0.100" (2.54mm) dia.
standoff shoulders
5) Other pin extension lengths available
6) All pins: Material: Copper Alloy
Finish: Matte Tin over Nickel plate
7) Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.004" (0.10mm) TIR for surface
8) Undimensioned components are shown for visual reference only
9) Weight: 2.2 oz (62 g) typical
10) All dimensions in inches (mm)
Tolerances: x.xx +/-0.02 in. (x.x +/-0.5mm)
x.xxx +/-0.010 in. (x.xx +/-0.25mm)
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Phone 1-888-567-9596
PIN DESIGNATIONS
Pin
Name
Function
1 Vin(+) Positive input voltage
2 ON/OFF Logic control input to turn converter on/off.
3 Vin(–) Negative input
4 Vout(+) Positive output
5 Vout(–) Negative output
6 Vout(+) Positive output
7 Vout(+) Negative output
Notes: Pins in Italic shaded text are Optional
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 3
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
SQ60060QPx55 Electrical Characteristics
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 48 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C ambient temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage
Non-Operating
Operating
Operating Transient Protection
Isolation Voltage
Input to Output
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Voltage at ON/OFF input pin
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
Input Under-Voltage Lockout
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Lockout Voltage Hysteresis
Input Over-Voltage Shutdown
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current
Disabled Input Current
Input Reflected-Ripple Current
Input Terminal-Ripple Current
Recommended Input Fuse (see Note 1)
Recommended External Input Capacitance
Input Filter Component Values (L\C)
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
Output DC Current-Limit Inception
Output DC Current-Limit Shutdown Voltage
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
Maximum Output Capacitance
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Typ.
-1
36
-40
-45
-2
36
Max.
100
75
100
V
V
V
2250
100
125
18
V
°C
°C
V
75
V
34.5
32
4
V
V
V
V
V
V
A
mA
mA
mA
mA
A
µF
µH\µF
48
31.0
27.6
2
95
105
7
200
12
110
8.5
15
400
15
47
0.47\6.6
6.475
6.5
6.525
V
6.850
V
V
mV
V
+0.35\-0.60
+0\-0.80
±150
5.000
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190
45
0
Units Notes & Conditions
300
90
55
63
5.5
100
10,000
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mV
mV
A
A
V
mA
µF
Continuous
Continuous
100 ms transient, square wave
RMS through 10 µH inductor
RMS, full load
Fast blow external fuse recommended
Typical ESR 0.1-0.2 Ω
Internal values
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; see Note 2
Full load
Full load
Subject to thermal derating
Output voltage 10% Low
Negative current drawn from output
Vout nominal at full load (resistive load)
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 4
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
SQ60060QPx55 Electrical Characteristics (continued)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 48 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C ambient temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A/µs)
Settling Time
Turn-On Transient
Turn-On Time
Start-Up Inhibit Time
Output Voltage Overshoot
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Isolation Voltage (dielectric strength)
Isolation Resistance
Isolation Capacitance (input to output)
TEMPERATURE LIMITS FOR POWER DERATING CURVES
Semiconductor Junction Temperature
Board Temperature
Transformer Temperature
EFFICIENCY
100% Load
50% Load
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency
225
ON/OFF Control (Option P)
Off-State Voltage
-1
On-State Voltage
2.4
ON/OFF Control (Option N)
Off-State Voltage
2.4
On-State Voltage
-1
ON/OFF Control (Either Option)
Pull-Up Voltage
Pull-Up Resistance
Output Over-Voltage Protection
Typ.
Max.
625
2000
950
3000
mV
µs
50% to 75% to 50% Iout max
To within 1% Vout nom
8
200
0
12
ms
ms
%
Full load, Vout=90% nom.
-40 °C to +125 °C; Figure E
10 mF load capacitance
2250
V
MΩ
pF
See Absolute Maximum Ratings
°C
°C
°C
Package rated to 150 °C
UL rated max operating temp 130 °C
30
470
125
125
125
93.7
94.5
250
Units Notes & Conditions
See Note 3
%
%
275
kHz
0.8
18
V
V
18
0.8
V
V
Application notes Figure B
5.0
124
V
kΩ
7.5
V
Over full temp range; no load
Over-Temperature Shutdown OTP Trip Point
112
°C
Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis
10
°C
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Calculated MTBF (Telcordia) TR-NWT-000332
2.6
106 Hrs. 80% load, 200LFM, 40 °C Ta
Calculated MTBF (MIL-217) MIL-HDBK-217F
2.1
106 Hrs. 80% load, 200LFM, 40 °C Ta
Field Demonstrated MTBF
106 Hrs. See our website for details
Note 1: UL’s product certification tests were carried out using 15 A fast blow fuse. Fuse interruption characteristics have to be taken into account
while designing input traces. User should ensure that Input trace is capable of withstanding fault currents
Note 2: For applications requiring reduced output voltage ripple and noise, consult SynQor applications support (e-mail: [email protected])
Note 3: Isolation capacitance can be added external to the module.
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 5
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
Standards Compliance & Qualification Testing
Parameter
Notes & Conditions
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
UL 60950-1/R2011-12
Basic insulation
EN60950-1/A2:2013
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
Note: An external input fuse must always be used to meet these safety requirements. Contact SynQor for official safety certificates on new
releases or download from the SynQor website.
Parameter
QUALIFICATION TESTING
Life Test
Vibration
Mechanical Shock
Temperature Cycling
Power/Thermal Cycling
Design Marginality
Humidity
Solderability
Product # SQ60060QPx55
# Units
32
5
5
10
5
5
5
15 pins
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Test Conditions
95% rated Vin and load, units at derating point, 1000 hours
10-55 Hz sweep, 0.060" total excursion, 1 min./sweep, 120 sweeps for 3 axis
100g minimum, 2 drops in x, y and z axis
-40 °C to 100 °C, unit temp. ramp 15 °C/min., 500 cycles
Toperating = min to max, Vin = min to max, full load, 100 cycles
Tmin-10 °C to Tmax+10 °C, 5 °C steps, Vin = min to max, 0-105% load
85 °C, 95% RH, 1000 hours, continuous Vin applied except 5 min/day
MIL-STD-883, method 2003
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Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 6
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
30
100
95
25
Power Dissipation (W)
Efficiency (%)
90
85
80
75
70
36 Vin
48 Vin
65
20
15
10
36 Vin
5
48 Vin
75 Vin
75 Vin
60
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Load Current (A)
40
45
50
0
55
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Load Current (A)
40
45
50
55
Figure 2: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current for
minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
13
96.0
Power Dissipation (W)
95.5
Efficiency (%)
95.0
94.5
94.0
25º C
40º C
55º C
93.5
93.0
100
200
Air Flow (LFM)
300
12
11
10
25º C
40º C
55º C
9
100
400
Figure 3: Efficiency at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power vs. airflow
rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and 55°C (nominal input
voltage).
200
Air Flow (LFM)
300
400
Figure 4: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power
vs. airflow rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and 55°C (nominal
input voltage).
60
50
Iout (A)
40
30
20
400
300
200
100
10
LFM (2.0
LFM (1.5
LFM (1.0
LFM (0.5
m/s)
m/s)
m/s)
m/s)
0
25
40
55
70
Semiconductor junction temperature is
within 1°C of surface temperature
85
Ambient Air Temperature (ºC)
Figure 5: Maximum output power derating curves vs. ambient air temperature
for airflow rates of 100 LFM through 400 LFM with air flowing from pin 3 to pin
1 (nominal input voltage).
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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Figure 6: Thermal plot of converter at 46.9A load current (275 W) with 55ºC air
flowing at the rate of 200 LFM. Air is flowing across the converter from pin 3 to
pin 1 (nominal input voltage).
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 7
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
60
50
Iout (A)
40
30
20
400
300
200
100
10
LFM (2.0
LFM (1.5
LFM (1.0
LFM (0.5
m/s)
m/s)
m/s)
m/s)
0
25
40
55
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (ºC)
Figure 7: Maximum output power derating curves vs. ambient air temperature
for airflow rates of 100 LFM through 400 LFM with air flowing from output to
input (nominal input voltage).
Figure 8: Thermal plot of converter at 43A load current (252 W) with 55ºC air
flowing at the rate of 200 LFM. Air is flowing across the converter from output
to input (nominal input voltage).
Figure 9: Turn-on transient at full load (resistive load) (5.0ms/div). Load cap:
15µF, 100mΩ ESR tantalum capacitor and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Input voltage
pre-applied. CH1: Vout (1V/div). CH2: ON/OFF input (1V/div). Vin = 48V.
Figure 10: Turn-on transient at zero load (5.0ms/div). Load cap: 15µF, 100mΩ
ESR tantalum capacitor and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Input voltage pre-applied.
CH1: Vout (1V/div). CH2: ON/OFF input (1V/div). Vin = 48V.
Figure 11: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%50%) of Iout (max); dI/dt = 0.1A/µs). Load cap 15µF, 100mΩ ESR tantalum
capacitor and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Ch 1: Vout (1V/div), Ch 2: Iout (20A/div).
Vin = 48V
Figure 12: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%50%) of Iout (max); dI/dt = 1A/µs). Load cap 15µF, 100mΩ ESR tantalum
capacitor and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Ch 1: Vout (1V/div), Ch 2: Iout (20A/div).
Vin = 48V
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 8
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
Input
Reflected
Ripple
Current
source
impedance
Input
Terminal
Ripple
Current
iS
iC
Output
Voltage
Ripple
DC-DC
Converter
VOUT
VSOURCE
electrolytic
capacitor
ceramic electrolytic
capacitor capacitor
Figure 13: Test set-up diagram showing measurement points for Input Terminal
Ripple Current (Figure 14), Input Reflected Ripple Current (Figure 15), and
Output Voltage Ripple (Figure 16).
Figure 14: Input Terminal Ripple Current, ic, at full rated output current and
nominal input voltage with a 10µH source impedance and 47 µF electrolytic
capacitor (200mA/div). See Figure 13.
Figure 15: Input reflected ripple current, is, through a 10µH source inductor;
using a 47µF electrolytic input capacitor (20mA/div) at nominal input voltage
and rated load current . See Figure 13.
Figure 16: Output voltage ripple at nominal input voltage and rated load current
(100mV/div). Load capacitance: 1µF ceramic capacitor and 15µF tantalum
capacitor. Bandwidth: 20Mhz. See Figure 13.
Figure 17: Load Current (50A/div) as a function of time when the converter
attempts to turn on into a 1 mΩ short circuit. Top trace (500µs/div) is an
expansion of the on-time portion of the bottom trace. Vin = 48V
Figure 18: Load Current (50A/div) as a function of time when the converter
attempts to turn on into a 1 mΩ short circuit. Top trace (500µs/div) is an
expansion of the on-time portion of the bottom trace. Vin = 48V
Product # SQ60060QPx55
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 9
Input: 36-75 V
Output: 6 V
Current: 55A
Package: Quarter-brick
Technical Specification
1
0
-5
Forward Transmission (dB)
Output Impedance (ohms)
-10
0.1
0.01
36 Vin
48 Vin
75 Vin
0.001
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
-45
36 Vin
48 Vin
75 Vin
-50
-55
0.0001
-60
10
100
1,000
Hz
10,000
100,000
Figure 19: Magnitude of incremental output impedance for minimum, nominal,
and maximum input voltage at full rated power.
10
100
1,000
Hz
10,000
100,000
Figure 20: Magnitude of incremental forward transmission for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at full rated power.
100
5
Input Impedance (ohms)
Reverse Transmission (dB)
-5
-15
-25
-35
36 Vin
48 Vin
75 Vin
-45
10
1
36 Vin
48 Vin
75 Vin
0.1
-55
10
100
1,000
10,000
10
100,000
Hz
100
1,000
10,000
100,000
Hz
Figure 21: Magnitude of incremental reverse transmission for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at full rated power.
Figure 22: Magnitude of incremental input impedance for minimum, nominal,
and maximum input voltage at full rated power.
Figure 23: Output voltage vs. load current showing typical current limit curves
and converter shutdown points.
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 10
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Application Section
BASIC OPERATION AND FEATURES
CONTROL FEATURES
With voltages dropping and currents rising, the economics
of an Intermediate Bus Architecture (IBA) are becoming
more attractive, especially in systems requiring multiple
low voltages. IBA systems separate the role of isolation and
voltage scaling from regulation and sensing. The BusQor
series bus converter provides isolation and a coarse voltage
step down in one compact module, leaving regulation to
simpler, less expensive non-isolated converters.
REMOTE ON/OFF (Pin 2): The ON/OFF input, Pin 2,
permits the user to control when the converter is on or off.
This input is referenced to the return terminal of the input
bus, Vin(-). There are two versions of the converter that
differ by the sense of the logic used for the ON/OFF input.
In Figure A below, the BusQor module provides the isolation
stage of the IBA system. The isolated bus then distributes
power to the non-isolated buck regulators to generate the
required voltage levels at the point of load. In this case, the
bucks are represented with SynQor’s NiQor series of nonisolated dc-dc converters. In many applications requiring
multiple low voltage outputs, significant savings can be
achieved in board space and overall system costs.
In the positive logic version, the ON/OFF input is active
high (meaning that a high turns the converter on). In the
negative logic version, the ON/OFF signal is active low
(meaning that a low turns the converter on). Figure B is a
detailed look of the internal ON/OFF circuitry.
When designing an IBA system with bus converters, the
designer can select from a variety of bus voltages. While
there is no universally ideal bus voltage, most designs
employ one of the following: 12V, 9V, 7.5V, 5V, or 3.3V.
Higher bus voltages can lead to lower efficiency for the buck
regulators but are more efficient for the bus converter and
provide lower board level distribution current. Lower bus
voltages offer the opposite trade offs.
SynQor’s SQ BusQor modules accept the full 48/60V
telecom bus voltage and have a narrow output voltage
range compatible with many non-isolated point of load
converters. When used in IBA systems, the output variation
of the BusQor must be in accordance with the input voltage
range of the non-isolated converters being employed.
3.3V
48Vdc
36-75V
2.5V
BusQor
Converter
6Vdc
Vin(+)
1.8V
+5V
5V
124k
1.5V
0.9V
Typical User Board
NiQor
Converters
ON/OFF
49.9k
TTL
Loads
100k
48Vdc
Front End
Vin(_)
Figure A: Example of Intermediate Bus Architecture using BusQor bus converter
and NiQor non-isolated converters
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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Figure B: Internal ON/OFF pin circuitry
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Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 11
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Application Section
Protection Features
Input Under-Voltage Lockout: The converter is designed
to turn off when the input voltage is too low, helping avoid
an input system instability problem, described in more detail
in the application note titled “Input System Instability”
available on www.SynQor.com . The lockout circuitry is a
comparator with DC hysteresis. When the input voltage is
rising, it must exceed the typical Turn-On Voltage Threshold
value (listed on the specification page) before the converter
will turn on. Once the converter is on, the input voltage
must fall below the typical Turn-Off Voltage Threshold value
before the converter will turn off. Also see figure E.
Output Current Limit: The output of the BusQor module
is electronically protected against output overloads. When
an overload current greater than the “DC Current-Limit
Inception” specification is drawn from the output, the
output of the BusQor will shutdown to zero volts after the
1 ms have elapsed (see Figure C). The shutdown period
lasts for a typical period of 200ms (Figure D) after which the
BusQor tries to power up again. If the overload persists, the
output voltage will go through repeated cycles of shutdown
and restart with a duty cycle of 20ms (On) and 200 ms (Off)
respectively. The BusQor module returns (auto resetting)
to normal operation once the overload is removed. The
BusQor is designed to survive in this mode indefinitely
without damage and without human intervention.
Output Short Circuit Protection: When the output of
the BusQor module is shorted, a peak current of typically 75A
will flow into the short circuit for a time of about 20ms. The
output of the BusQor will shutdown to zero volts after the
20ms have elapsed (Figure D). The shutdown period lasts
for a time of 200ms, at the end of which the BusQor module
tries to power up again. If the short circuit persists, the
output voltage will go through repeated cycles of shutdown
and restart with a duty cycle of 20ms (On) and 200ms (Off)
respectively. The BusQor module returns (auto resetting)
to normal operation once the short circuit is removed. The
BusQor is designed to survive in this mode indefinitely
without damage and without human intervention.
In the Auto resetting mode, also referred to as “Hiccup”
mode, the power drawn from the 48 V input is about 5
Watts, most of which is dissipated into the external fault.
It is important that copper traces and pads from the output
circuit be designed to withstand the short term peaks,
although the average current into the fault may be as low
as 100 mA typical. See Figure 17 for appropriate waveform.
Over-Temperature Shutdown: A temperature sensor
on the converter senses the average temperature of the
module. The thermal shutdown circuit is designed to turn
the converter off when the temperature at the sensed
location reaches the Over-Temperature Shutdown value.
It will allow the converter to turn on again when the
temperature of the sensed location falls by the amount of
the Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis value.
Output
Current
Output
Current
65A
55A
Output
Voltage
Output
Voltage
<4V
<12V
6V
0V
0V
1ms
Time
Figure C: Output Overload protection diagram (not to scale)
Product # SQ60060QPx55
75A
Peak
peak
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Time
Shutdown
200ms
Period
Duty
20ms
Cycle
Figure D: Output Short Circuit and Auto-Resetting protection diagram (not to scale)
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 12
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Application Section
APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS
Startup Inhibit Period: Figure E details the Start-Up
Inhibit Period for the BusQor module when Vin is applied
with the On/Off pin asserted (enabled). Before time t1,
when the input voltage Off pin asserted (enabled). Before
time t1, when the input voltage is below the UVL threshold,
the unit is disabled by the Input Under-Voltage Lockout
feature. When the input voltage rises above the UVL
threshold, the Input Under-Voltage Lockout is released, and
a typical Startup Inhibit Period of 8ms from a Vin start-up.
Once the module recognizes it should be on it waits an
additional 4ms before it starts. When starting from an on/
off event the module has an inhibit time of 200ms like our
standard products. The output builds up to 90% or higher
of the nominal voltage and stabilizes to its nominal output
voltage in a total time of 8ms typical.
At time t2, when the On/Off pin is de-asserted (disabled),
the BusQor module stops switching immediately. Fall time
from 6V to 0V is dependent on output capacitance load
current, and any parasitic trace inductance in the output
load circuit.
At time t3, when the On/Off pin is re-asserted (enabled),
the BusQor module output begins to build up after the
inhibit period of 200ms typical.
Vin
UVLO
On/Off
(N logic)
OFF
ON
t0
t1
t2
t
t3
Vout
12V
12 ms
Start-up
Inhibit
200 ms
Fault Inhibit
Start-Up
Time
8 ms
Figure E: Power Up/Down Diagram (not to scale) showing Start-Up Inhibit Period.
Refer to the Control Features section of the data sheet for
details on enabling and disabling methods for N and P logic
type modules.
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 13
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Application Section
Droop Current Sharing:
This product has primary side regulation only. Primary side
regulation results in a voltage droop as the load current
increase (droop characteristic). The inherent impedance
of the power stage due to its droop characteristic can be
used to balance the load current between multiple modules
that are placed in parallel. The graphs in this section show
two units by way of example, but there is no fundamental
limit to the number of units that can be placed in parallel.
When multiple units having droop characteristics are placed
in parallel, the current sharing accuracy is determined by
the output voltage set point accuracy relative to the total
output voltage droop for a given load current range. A
difference in voltage between two units will cause a
differential current to flow out of one unit and into the other.
Figure F shows an example with two units with an output
voltage mismatched by 0.5 %. In this example, when Unit
A is at 100 % of its full rated load current, Unit B is only
at 90%, effectively reducing the total available current by
10%. Figures F and G shows a typical droop characteristic
for the SQ60060QPA55 product. SynQor uses factory
calibration of each unit to ensure that output voltage is well
matched. The total system droop characteristic is a function
of the module drrop characteristics and the different system
impedances. Care should be taken to try and match the
system impedances of the different parallel modules.
Temperature Mismatch Self Balancing: the slope of
the output voltage droop characteristic of semi regulated
module increases with increased temperature. Therefore,
if a paralleled unit were hotter than its neighbor because it
is supplying more load current, then its output voltage will
droop further forcing the cooler module(s) to increase its
load current. The increase in effective output resistance
due to an increase in temperature acts as a self correcting
mechanism (Figure G) when two or more modules are
connected in a parallel configuration.
Droop Characteristics with Voltage Mismatch
0.0%
-0.5%
-0.50%
Output Voltage Droop (% of Nominal)
Output Voltage Droop (% of Nominal)
Droop Characteristics with Temperature Mismatch (Self Balancing)
0.00%
-1.0%
-1.5%
-2.0%
-2.5%
-3.0%
-3.5%
Unit A
-1.00%
-1.50%
-2.00%
-2.50%
-3.00%
-3.50%
Unit A (cooler)
Unit B
Unit B (hotter)
-4.00%
-4.0%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Load Current (% of Rated Value)
Load Current (% of Rated Value)
Figure F: Example of Droop Characteristic with Output Voltage Mismatch. Figure G: Droop Characteristic with Temperature Mismatch
(self balancing)
Product # SQ60060QPx55
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www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 14
Technical
Specification
SQ60060QPx55
Ordering Information
Part Numbering System
Ordering Information
The part numbering system for SynQor’s dc-dc converters follows the format
shown in the example below.
The tables below show the valid model numbers and ordering options for
converters in this product family. When ordering SynQor converters, please
ensure that you use the complete 15 character part number consisting of
the 12 character base part number and the additional characters for options.
Add “-G” to the model number for 6/6 RoHS compliance.
SQ 6 0 0 6 0 Q P B 5 5 N R S - G
6/6 RoHS
Options
(see
Ordering Information)
Model Number
SQ60060QPw55xyz-G
Input
Voltage
36-75 V
Output
Voltage
6V
Max Output
Current
55 A
Output Current
Thermal Design
The following options must be included in place of the w x y z spaces in the
model numbers listed above.
Performance Level
Package Size
Thermal Design
Output Voltage
A - Open Frame
B - Baseplated
Input Voltage
Product Family
The first 12 characters comprise the base part number and the last 3
characters indicate available options. The “-G” suffix indicates 6/6 RoHS
compliance.
Options Description: w x y z
Enable Logic
Pin Style
N - Negative
P - Positive
K - 0.110"
N - 0.145"
R - 0.180"
Y - 0.250"
Feature Set
S - Standard; 1 set
of Output Pins
2 - Two sets of
Output Pins
Not all combinations make valid part numbers, please contact SynQor for
availability. See the Product Summary web page for more options.
Application Notes
A variety of application notes and technical white papers can be downloaded
in pdf format from our website.
RoHS Compliance: The EU led RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous
Substances) Directive bans the use of Lead, Cadmium, Hexavalent
Chromium, Mercury, Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB), and Polybrominated
Diphenyl Ether (PBDE) in Electrical and Electronic Equipment. This SynQor
product is 6/6 RoHS compliant. For more information please refer to
SynQor’s RoHS addendum available at our RoHS Compliance / Lead Free
Initiative web page or e-mail us at [email protected]
PATENTS
SynQor holds numerous U.S. patents, one or more of which apply to most of its power converter
products. Any that apply to the product(s) listed in this document are identified by markings on
the product(s) or on internal components of the product(s) in accordance with U.S. patent laws.
SynQor’s patents include the following:
Contact SynQor for further information:
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
Product # SQ60060QPx55
978-849-0600
888-567-9596
978-849-0602
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
155 Swanson Road
Boxborough, MA 01719
USA
Phone 1-888-567-9596
5,999,417
6,222,742
6,545,890
6,594,159
6,731,520
6,894,468
6,896,526
6,927,987
7,050,309
7,072,190
7,085,146
7,119,524
7,269,034
7,272,021
7,272,023
7,558,083
7,564,702
7,765,687
7,787,261
8,023,290
8,149,597
8,493,751
8,644,027
Warranty
SynQor offers a three (3) year limited warranty. Complete warranty
information is listed on our website or is available upon request from
SynQor.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0005130 Rev. F
05/13/15
Page 15
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