ENC28J60 DATA SHEET (12/12/2012) DOWNLOAD

ENC28J60
Stand-Alone Ethernet Controller with SPI Interface
Ethernet Controller Features
Operational
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
28-Pin SPDIP, SSOP, SOIC
8-Kbyte Transmit/Receive Packet Dual Port SRAM
Configurable Transmit/Receive Buffer Size
Hardware Managed Circular Receive FIFO
Byte-Wide Random and Sequential Access with
Auto-Increment
• Internal DMA for Fast Data Movement
• Hardware Assisted Checksum Calculation for
Various Network Protocols
Medium Access Controller (MAC)
Features
28-Pin QFN(2)
• Supports Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast
Packets
• Programmable Receive Packet Filtering and Wake-up
Host on Logical AND or OR of the Following:
- Unicast destination address
- Multicast address
- Broadcast address
- Magic Packet™
- Group destination addresses as defined by
64-bit Hash Table
- Programmable Pattern Matching of up to
64 bytes at user-defined offset
ENC28J60
•
•
•
•
VDD
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
LEDA
LEDB
VDDOSC
OSC2
OSC1
VSSOSC
VSSPLL
VDDPLL
VDDRX
VSSTX
TPOUT+
TPOUTVDDTX
28 27 26 25 24 23 22
NC(1)
SO
SI
SCK
CS
RESET
VSSRX
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
ENC28J60
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
VDDOSC
OSC2
OSC1
VSSOSC
VSSPLL
VDDPLL
VDDRX
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
TPINTPIN+
RBIAS
VDDTX
Physical Layer (PHY) Features
• Loopback mode
• Two Programmable LED Outputs for LINK, TX,
RX, Collision and Full/Half-Duplex Status
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
VCAP
VSS
CLKOUT
INT
NC(1)
SO
SI
SCK
CS
RESET
VSSRX
TPINTPIN+
RBIAS
Buffer
TPOUTTPOUT+
VSSTX
•
Package Types
INT
CLKOUT
VSS
VCAP
VDD
LEDA
LEDB
•
•
•
•
Six Interrupt Sources and One Interrupt Output Pin
25 MHz Clock Input Requirement
Clock Out Pin with Programmable Prescaler
Operating Voltage of 3.1V to 3.6V (3.3V typical)
5V Tolerant Inputs
Temperature Range: -40°C to +85°C Industrial,
0°C to +70°C Commercial (SSOP only)
• 28-Pin SPDIP, SSOP, SOIC, QFN Packages
IEEE 802.3™ Compatible Ethernet Controller
Fully Compatible with 10/100/1000Base-T Networks
Integrated MAC and 10Base-T PHY
Supports One 10Base-T Port with Automatic
Polarity Detection and Correction
Supports Full and Half-Duplex modes
Programmable Automatic Retransmit on Collision
Programmable Padding and CRC Generation
Programmable Automatic Rejection of Erroneous
Packets
SPI Interface with Clock Speeds up to 20 MHz
Note 1: Reserved pin; always leave disconnected.
2: The back pad on QFN devices should be connected
to Vss.
.
DS39662E-page 1
ENC28J60
Table of Contents
1.0 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.0 External Connections ................................................................................................................................................................... 5
3.0 Memory Organization ................................................................................................................................................................. 11
4.0 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)................................................................................................................................................. 25
5.0 Ethernet Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................... 31
6.0 Initialization................................................................................................................................................................................. 33
7.0 Transmitting and Receiving Packets .......................................................................................................................................... 39
8.0 Receive Filters............................................................................................................................................................................ 47
9.0 Duplex Mode Configuration and Negotiation.............................................................................................................................. 53
10.0 Flow Control ............................................................................................................................................................................... 55
11.0 Reset .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 59
12.0 Interrupts .................................................................................................................................................................................... 63
13.0 Direct Memory Access Controller ............................................................................................................................................... 71
14.0 Power-Down ............................................................................................................................................................................... 73
15.0 Built-in Self-Test Controller ........................................................................................................................................................ 75
16.0 Electrical Characteristics ............................................................................................................................................................ 79
17.0 Packaging Information................................................................................................................................................................ 83
Appendix A: Revision History............................................................................................................................................................... 93
The Microchip Web Site ....................................................................................................................................................................... 95
Customer Change Notification Service ................................................................................................................................................ 95
Customer Support ................................................................................................................................................................................ 95
Reader Response ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Product Identification System............................................................................................................................................................... 99
TO OUR VALUED CUSTOMERS
It is our intention to provide our valued customers with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip
products. To this end, we will continue to improve our publications to better suit your needs. Our publications will be refined and
enhanced as new volumes and updates are introduced.
If you have any questions or comments regarding this publication, please contact the Marketing Communications Department via
E-mail at [email protected] or fax the Reader Response Form in the back of this data sheet to (480) 792-4150. We
welcome your feedback.
Most Current Data Sheet
To obtain the most up-to-date version of this data sheet, please register at our Worldwide Web site at:
http://www.microchip.com
You can determine the version of a data sheet by examining its literature number found on the bottom outside corner of any page.
The last character of the literature number is the version number, (e.g., DS30000A is version A of document DS30000).
Errata
An errata sheet, describing minor operational differences from the data sheet and recommended workarounds, may exist for current
devices. As device/documentation issues become known to us, we will publish an errata sheet. The errata will specify the revision
of silicon and revision of document to which it applies.
To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please check with one of the following:
• Microchip’s Worldwide Web site; http://www.microchip.com
• Your local Microchip sales office (see last page)
When contacting a sales office, please specify which device, revision of silicon and data sheet (include literature number) you are
using.
Customer Notification System
Register on our web site at www.microchip.com to receive the most current information on all of our products.
DS39662E-page 2
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
1.0
OVERVIEW
The ENC28J60 consists of seven major functional
blocks:
The ENC28J60 is a stand-alone Ethernet controller
with an industry standard Serial Peripheral Interface
(SPI). It is designed to serve as an Ethernet network
interface for any controller equipped with SPI.
1.
2.
The ENC28J60 meets all of the IEEE 802.3 specifications. It incorporates a number of packet filtering
schemes to limit incoming packets. It also provides an
internal DMA module for fast data throughput and hardware assisted checksum calculation, which is used in
various network protocols. Communication with the
host controller is implemented via an interrupt pin and
the SPI, with clock rates of up to 20 MHz. Two
dedicated pins are used for LED link and network
activity indication.
3.
4.
5.
6.
A simple block diagram of the ENC28J60 is shown in
Figure 1-1. A typical application circuit using the device
is shown in Figure 1-2. With the ENC28J60, two pulse
transformers and a few passive components are all that
are required to connect a microcontroller to an Ethernet
network.
FIGURE 1-1:
7.
An SPI interface that serves as a communication channel between the host controller and the
ENC28J60.
Control registers which are used to control and
monitor the ENC28J60.
A dual port RAM buffer for received and
transmitted data packets.
An arbiter to control the access to the RAM buffer when requests are made from DMA, transmit
and receive blocks.
The bus interface that interprets data and
commands received via the SPI interface.
The MAC (Medium Access Control) module that
implements IEEE 802.3 compliant MAC logic.
The PHY (Physical Layer) module that encodes
and decodes the analog data that is present on
the twisted-pair interface.
The device also contains other support blocks, such as
the oscillator, on-chip voltage regulator, level translators
to provide 5V tolerant I/Os and system control logic.
ENC28J60 BLOCK DIAGRAM
LEDA
Buffer
LEDB
RX
8 Kbytes
Dual Port RAM
MAC
RXBM
TPOUT+
RXF (Filter)
CLKOUT
Control
Registers
DMA &
Checksum
ch0
Arbiter
ch1
TX
MII
Interface
ch0
PHY
TPOUT-
TPIN+
TX
ch1
RX
TXBM
INT
TPIN-
Flow Control
Bus Interface
MIIM
Interface
Host Interface
RBIAS
CS(1)
SI(1)
SO
OSC1
SPI
Power-on
Reset
System Control
Voltage
Regulator
25 MHz
Oscillator
OSC2
SCK(1)
VCAP
RESET(1)
Note 1:
These pins are 5V tolerant.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 3
ENC28J60
FIGURE 1-2:
TYPICAL ENC28J60 BASED INTERFACE
MCU
ENC28J60
TPIN+/-
CS
I/O
TPOUT+/-
SI
SDO
SO
SDI
SCK
SCK
TX/RX
Buffer
MAC
ETHERNET
TRANSFORMER
PHY
LEDA
INT
INTX
RJ45
LEDB
TABLE 1-1:
PINOUT I/O DESCRIPTIONS
Pin Number
SPDIP,
SOIC, SSOP
QFN
Pin
Type
Buffer
Type
VCAP
1
25
P
—
2.5V output from internal regulator. A low Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR)
capacitor, with a typical value of 10 µF and a minimum value of 1 µF to ground,
must be placed on this pin.
VSS
2
26
P
—
Ground reference.
CLKOUT
3
27
O
—
Programmable clock output pin.(1)
INT
4
28
O
—
INT interrupt output pin.(2)
NC
5
1
O
—
Reserved function; always leave unconnected.
SO
6
2
O
—
Data out pin for SPI interface.(2)
SI
7
3
I
ST
Data in pin for SPI interface.(3)
SCK
8
4
I
ST
Clock in pin for SPI interface.(3)
CS
9
5
I
ST
Chip select input pin for SPI interface.(3,4)
RESET
10
6
I
ST
Active-low device Reset input.(3,4)
VSSRX
11
7
P
—
TPIN-
12
8
I
ANA
Differential signal input.
Pin Name
Description
Ground reference for PHY RX.
TPIN+
13
9
I
ANA
Differential signal input.
RBIAS
14
10
I
ANA
Bias current pin for PHY. Must be tied to ground via a resistor (refer to
Section 2.4 “Magnetics, Termination and Other External Components”
for details).
VDDTX
15
11
P
—
TPOUT-
16
12
O
—
Positive supply for PHY TX.
Differential signal output.
TPOUT+
17
13
O
—
Differential signal output.
VSSTX
18
14
P
—
Ground reference for PHY TX.
VDDRX
19
15
P
—
Positive 3.3V supply for PHY RX.
VDDPLL
20
16
P
—
Positive 3.3V supply for PHY PLL.
VSSPLL
21
17
P
—
Ground reference for PHY PLL.
VSSOSC
22
18
P
—
Ground reference for oscillator.
OSC1
23
19
I
ANA
OSC2
24
20
O
—
VDDOSC
25
21
P
—
Positive 3.3V supply for oscillator.
LEDB
26
22
O
—
LEDB driver pin.(5)
LEDA
27
23
O
—
LEDA driver pin.(5)
28
24
P
—
Positive 3.3V supply.
VDD
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
Oscillator input.
Oscillator output.
I = Input, O = Output, P = Power, ANA = Analog Signal Input, ST = Schmitt Trigger
Pins have a maximum current capacity of 8 mA.
Pins have a maximum current capacity of 4 mA.
Pins are 5V tolerant.
Pins have an internal weak pull-up to VDD.
Pins have a maximum current capacity of 12 mA.
DS39662E-page 4
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
2.0
EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS
2.1
Oscillator
2.2
The ENC28J60 contains an Oscillator Start-up Timer
(OST) to ensure that the oscillator and integrated PHY
have stabilized before use. The OST does not expire
until 7500 OSC1 clock cycles (300 s) pass after
Power-on Reset or wake-up from Power-Down mode
occurs. During the delay, all Ethernet registers and buffer memory may still be read and written to through the
SPI bus. However, software should not attempt to
transmit any packets (set ECON1.TXRTS), enable
reception of packets (set ECON1.RXEN) or access any
MAC, MII or PHY registers during this period.
The ENC28J60 is designed to operate at 25 MHz with a
crystal connected to the OSC1 and OSC2 pins. The
ENC28J60 design requires the use of a parallel resonance crystal. Use of a series resonance crystal may give
a frequency out of the crystal manufacturer specifications.
A typical oscillator circuit is shown in Figure 2-1.
The ENC28J60 may also be driven by an external clock
source connected to the OSC1 pin as shown in
Figure 2-2.
FIGURE 2-1:
When the OST expires, the CLKRDY bit in the ESTAT
register will be set. The application software should poll
this bit as necessary to determine when normal device
operation can begin.
CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR
OPERATION
Note:
ENC28J60
OSC1
C1
Oscillator Start-up Timer
To Internal Logic
XTAL
RF(2)
After a Power-on Reset, or the ENC28J60
is removed from Power-Down mode, the
CLKRDY bit must be polled before
transmitting packets, enabling packet
reception or accessing any MAC, MII or
PHY registers.
RS(1)
OSC2
C2
Note 1:
A series resistor, RS, may be required for AT
strip cut crystals.
2:
The feedback resistor, RF , is typically in the
range of 2 to 10 M.
FIGURE 2-2:
EXTERNAL CLOCK
SOURCE(1)
ENC28J60
3.3V Clock from
External System
Open(2)
Note 1:
2:
OSC1
OSC2
Duty cycle restrictions must be observed.
A resistor to ground may be used to reduce
system noise. This may increase system
current.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 5
ENC28J60
2.3
CLKOUT Pin
value). Additionally, Power-Down mode may be
entered and the CLKOUT function will continue to
operate. When Power-Down mode is cancelled, the
OST will be reset but the CLKOUT function will
continue. When the CLKOUT function is disabled
(ECOCON = 0), the CLKOUT pin is driven low.
The Clock Out (CLKOUT) pin is provided to the system
designer for use as the host controller clock or as a
clock source for other devices in the system. The
CLKOUT has an internal prescaler which can divide the
output by 1, 2, 3, 4 or 8. The CLKOUT function is
enabled and the prescaler is selected via the ECOCON
register (Register 2-1).
The CLKOUT function is designed to ensure that minimum timings are preserved when the CLKOUT pin
function is enabled, disabled or the prescaler value is
changed. No high or low pulses will be outputted which
exceed the frequency specified by the ECOCON
configuration. However, when switching frequencies, a
delay between two and eight OSC1 clock periods will
occur where no clock pulses will be produced (see
Figure 2-3). During this period, CLKOUT will be held
low.
To create a clean clock signal, the CLKOUT pin is held
low for a period when power is first applied. After the
Power-on Reset ends, the OST will begin counting.
When the OST expires, the CLKOUT pin will begin outputting its default frequency of 6.25 MHz (main clock
divided by 4). At any future time that the ENC28J60 is
reset by software or the RESET pin, the CLKOUT function will not be altered (ECOCON will not change
FIGURE 2-3:
CLKOUT TRANSITION
ECOCON
Changed
REGISTER 2-1:
80 ns to 320 ns Delay
ECOCON: CLOCK OUTPUT CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
COCON2
COCON1
COCON0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
COCON<2:0>: Clock Output Configuration bits
11x = Reserved for factory test, do not use; glitch prevention is not assured
101 = CLKOUT outputs main clock divided by 8 (3.125 MHz)
100 = CLKOUT outputs main clock divided by 4 (6.25 MHz)
011 = CLKOUT outputs main clock divided by 3 (8.333333 MHz)
010 = CLKOUT outputs main clock divided by 2 (12.5 MHz)
001 = CLKOUT outputs main clock divided by 1 (25 MHz)
000 = CLKOUT is disabled, the pin is driven low
DS39662E-page 6
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
2.4
Magnetics, Termination and Other
External Components
A common-mode choke on the TPOUT interface, placed
between the TPOUT pins and the Ethernet transformer
(not shown), is not recommended. If a common-mode
choke is used to reduce EMI emissions, it should be
placed between the Ethernet transformer and pins 1 and
2 of the RJ-45 connector. Many Ethernet transformer
modules include common-mode chokes inside the same
device package. The transformers should have at least
the isolation rating specified in Table 16-5 to protect
against static voltages and meet IEEE 802.3 isolation
requirements (see Section 16.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for specific transformer requirements). Both
transmit and receive interfaces additionally require two
resistors and a capacitor to properly terminate the
transmission line, minimizing signal reflections.
To complete the Ethernet interface, the ENC28J60
requires several standard components to be installed
externally. These components should be connected as
shown in Figure 2-4.
The internal analog circuitry in the PHY module requires
that an external 2.32 k, 1% resistor be attached from
RBIAS to ground. The resistor influences the TPOUT+/signal amplitude. The resistor should be placed as close
as possible to the chip with no immediately adjacent
signal traces to prevent noise capacitively coupling into
the pin and affecting the transmit behavior. It is
recommended that the resistor be a surface mount type.
All power supply pins must be externally connected to
the same power source. Similarly, all ground references must be externally connected to the same
ground node. Each VDD and VSS pin pair should have
a 0.1 F ceramic bypass capacitor (not shown in the
schematic) placed as close to the pins as possible.
Some of the device’s digital logic operates at a nominal
2.5V. An on-chip voltage regulator is incorporated to
generate this voltage. The only external component
required is an external filter capacitor, connected from
VCAP to ground. The capacitor must have low equivalent series resistance (ESR), with a typical value of
10 F, and a minimum value of 1 F. The internal
regulator is not designed to drive external loads.
Since relatively high currents are necessary to operate
the twisted-pair interface, all wires should be kept as
short as possible. Reasonable wire widths should be
used on power wires to reduce resistive loss. If the
differential data lines cannot be kept short, they should
be routed in such a way as to have a 100 characteristic
impedance.
On the TPIN+/TPIN- and TPOUT+/TPOUT- pins,
1:1 center taped pulse transformers, rated for Ethernet
operations, are required. When the Ethernet module is
enabled, current is continually sunk through both
TPOUT pins. When the PHY is actively transmitting, a
differential voltage is created on the Ethernet cable by
varying the relative current sunk by TPOUT+ compared
to TPOUT-.
FIGURE 2-4:
ENC28J60 ETHERNET TERMINATION AND EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS
3.3V
ENC28J60
MCU
1
TPOUT+
I/O
SCK
SDO
SDI
CS
SCK
SI
SO
49.9, 1%
Ferrite
Bead(1,3)
49.9, 1%
0.1 F(3)
TPOUT-
1
2
3
1:1 CT
TPIN+
Level
Shift
Logic(2)
RJ-45
4
49.9, 1%
5
49.9, 1%
INT0
INT
0.1 F
6
1:1 CT
TPINRBIAS
VCAP
LEDA
7
LEDB
8
2.32 k, 1%
10 F
75(3) 75(3) 75(3) 75(3)
1 nF, 2 kV(3)
Note
1:
Ferrite Bead should be rated for at least 80 mA.
2:
Required only if the microcontroller is operating at 5V. See Section 2.5 “I/O Levels” for more information.
3:
These components are installed for EMI reduction purposes.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 7
ENC28J60
2.5
I/O Levels
2.6
The ENC28J60 is a 3.3V part; however, it was
designed to be easily integrated into 5V systems. The
SPI CS, SCK and SI inputs, as well as the RESET pin,
are all 5V tolerant. On the other hand, if the host
controller is operated at 5V, it quite likely will not be
within specifications when its SPI and interrupt inputs
are driven by the 3.3V CMOS outputs on the
ENC28J60. A unidirectional level translator would be
necessary.
The LEDA and LEDB pins support automatic polarity
detection on Reset. The LEDs can be connected such
that the pin must source current to turn the LED on, or
alternately connected such that the pin must sink current to turn the LED on. Upon system Reset, the
ENC28J60 will detect how the LED is connected and
begin driving the LED to the default state configured by
the PHLCON register. If the LED polarity is changed
while the ENC28J60 is operating, the new polarity will
not be detected until the next system Reset occurs.
An economical 74HCT08 (quad AND gate), 74ACT125
(quad 3-state buffer) or many other 5V CMOS chips
with TTL level input buffers may be used to provide the
necessary level shifting. The use of 3-state buffers
permits easy integration into systems which share the
SPI bus with other devices. Figure 2-5 and Figure 2-6
show example translation schemes.
FIGURE 2-5:
MCU
LEDB is unique in that the connection of the LED is
automatically read on Reset and determines how to
initialize the PHCON1.PDPXMD bit. If the pin sources
current to illuminate the LED, the bit is cleared on
Reset and the PHY defaults to half-duplex operation. If
the pin sinks current to illuminate the LED, the bit is set
on Reset and the PHY defaults to full-duplex operation.
Figure 2-7 shows the two available options. If no LED
is attached to the LEDB pin, the PDPXMD bit will reset
to an indeterminate value.
LEVEL SHIFTING USING
AND GATES
ENC28J60
I/O
SCK
LEDB POLARITY AND
RESET CONFIGURATION
OPTIONS
CS
SI
SI
SO
INT0
FIGURE 2-7:
SCK
SO
OSC1
LED Configuration
Full-Duplex Operation:
PDPXMD = 1
CLKOUT
+3.3V
LEDB
INT
Half-Duplex Operation:
PDPXMD = 0
FIGURE 2-6:
LEDB
LEVEL SHIFTING USING
3-STATE BUFFERS
ENC28J60
MCU
I/O
SCK
CS
SCK
CLKOUT
The LEDs can also be configured separately to control
their operating polarity (on or off when active), blink rate
and blink stretch interval. The options are controlled by
the LACFG<3:0> and LBCFG<3:0> bits. Typical values
for blink stretch are listed in Table 2-1.
INT
TABLE 2-1:
SO
SI
SI
SO
OSC1
INT0
LED BLINK STRETCH LENGTH
Stretch Length
TNSTRCH (normal)
DS39662E-page 8
.
Typical Stretch (ms)
40
TMSTRCH (medium)
70
TLSTRCH (long)
140
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 2-2:
PHLCON: PHY MODULE LED CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
r
r
r
r
LACFG3
LACFG2
LACFG1
LACFG0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-x
LBCFG3
LBCFG2
LBCFG1
LBCFG0
LFRQ1
LFRQ0
STRCH
r
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-14
Reserved: Write as ‘0’
bit 13-12
Reserved: Write as ‘1’
bit 11-8
LACFG<3:0>: LEDA Configuration bits
1111 = Reserved
1110 = Display duplex status and collision activity (always stretched)
1101 = Display link status and transmit/receive activity (always stretched)
1100 = Display link status and receive activity (always stretched)
1011 = Blink slow
1010 = Blink fast
1001 = Off
1000 = On
0111 = Display transmit and receive activity (stretchable)
0110 = Reserved
0101 = Display duplex status
0100 = Display link status
0011 = Display collision activity (stretchable)
0010 = Display receive activity (stretchable)
0001 = Display transmit activity (stretchable)
0000 = Reserved
bit 7-4
LBCFG<3:0>: LEDB Configuration bits
1110 = Display duplex status and collision activity (always stretched)
1101 = Display link status and transmit/receive activity (always stretched)
1100 = Display link status and receive activity (always stretched)
1011 = Blink slow
1010 = Blink fast
1001 = Off
1000 = On
0111 = Display transmit and receive activity (stretchable)
0110 = Reserved
0101 = Display duplex status
0100 = Display link status
0011 = Display collision activity (stretchable)
0010 = Display receive activity (stretchable)
0001 = Display transmit activity (stretchable)
0000 = Reserved
bit 3-2
LFRQ<1:0>: LED Pulse Stretch Time Configuration bits (see Table 2-1)
11 = Reserved
10 = Stretch LED events by TLSTRCH
01 = Stretch LED events by TMSTRCH
00 = Stretch LED events by TNSTRCH
bit 1
STRCH: LED Pulse Stretching Enable bit
1 = Stretchable LED events will cause lengthened LED pulses based on LFRQ<1:0> configuration
0 = Stretchable LED events will only be displayed while they are occurring
bit 0
Reserved: Write as ‘0’
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 9
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 10
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
3.0
MEMORY ORGANIZATION
The Ethernet buffer contains transmit and receive
memory used by the Ethernet controller in a single
memory space. The sizes of the memory areas are
programmable by the host controller using the SPI
interface. The Ethernet buffer memory can only be
accessed via the read buffer memory and write buffer
memory SPI commands (see Section 4.2.2 “Read
Buffer Memory Command” and Section 4.2.4 “Write
Buffer Memory Command”).
All memory in the ENC28J60 is implemented as static
RAM. There are three types of memory in the
ENC28J60:
• Control Registers
• Ethernet Buffer
• PHY Registers
The Control registers’ memory contains the registers
that are used for configuration, control and status
retrieval of the ENC28J60. The Control registers are
directly read and written to by the SPI interface.
The PHY registers are used for configuration, control
and status retrieval of the PHY module. The registers
are not directly accessible through the SPI interface;
they can only be accessed through Media Independent
Interface Management (MIIM) implemented in the
MAC.
Figure 3-1 shows the data memory organization for the
ENC28J60.
FIGURE 3-1:
ENC28J60 MEMORY ORGANIZATION
ECON1<1:0>
Control Registers
Ethernet Buffer
00h
0000h
Buffer Pointers in Bank 0
= 00
Bank 0
19h
1Ah
1Fh
00h
= 01
Bank 1
19h
1Ah
1Fh
00h
= 10
Bank 2
19h
1Ah
1Fh
00h
= 11
Bank 3
19h
1Ah
1Fh
Note:
Common
Registers
Common
Registers
Common
Registers
1FFFh
PHY Registers
00h
Common
Registers
1Fh
Memory areas are not shown to scale. The size of the control memory space has been scaled to show detail.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 11
ENC28J60
3.1
Control Registers
Some of the available addresses are unimplemented.
Any attempts to write to these locations are ignored
while reads return ‘0’s. The register at address 1Ah in
each bank is reserved; read and write operations
should not be performed on this register. All other
reserved registers may be read, but their contents must
not be changed. When reading and writing to registers
which contain reserved bits, any rules stated in the
register definition should be observed.
The Control registers provide the main interface
between the host controller and the on-chip Ethernet
controller logic. Writing to these registers controls the
operation of the interface, while reading the registers
allows the host controller to monitor operations.
The Control register memory is partitioned into four
banks, selectable by the bank select bits, BSEL<1:0>,
in the ECON1 register. Each bank is 32 bytes long and
addressed by a 5-bit address value.
Control registers for the ENC28J60 are generically
grouped as ETH, MAC and MII registers. Register
names starting with “E” belong to the ETH group.
Similarly, registers names starting with “MA” belong to
the MAC group and registers prefixed with “MI” belong
to the MII group.
The last five locations (1Bh to 1Fh) of all banks point to a
common set of registers: EIE, EIR, ESTAT, ECON2 and
ECON1. These are key registers used in controlling and
monitoring the operation of the device. Their common
mapping allows easy access without switching the bank.
The ECON1 and ECON2 registers are discussed later in
this section.
TABLE 3-1:
Bank 0
Address
00h
ENC28J60 CONTROL REGISTER MAP
Name
Bank 1
Address
Bank 2
Address
Name
Bank 3
Address
Name
Name
ERDPTL
00h
EHT0
00h
MACON1
00h
MAADR5
01h
ERDPTH
01h
EHT1
01h
Reserved
01h
MAADR6
02h
EWRPTL
02h
EHT2
02h
MACON3
02h
MAADR3
03h
EWRPTH
03h
EHT3
03h
MACON4
03h
MAADR4
04h
ETXSTL
04h
EHT4
04h
MABBIPG
04h
MAADR1
05h
ETXSTH
05h
EHT5
05h
—
05h
MAADR2
06h
ETXNDL
06h
EHT6
06h
MAIPGL
06h
EBSTSD
07h
ETXNDH
07h
EHT7
07h
MAIPGH
07h
EBSTCON
08h
ERXSTL
08h
EPMM0
08h
MACLCON1
08h
EBSTCSL
09h
ERXSTH
09h
EPMM1
09h
MACLCON2
09h
EBSTCSH
0Ah
ERXNDL
0Ah
EPMM2
0Ah
MAMXFLL
0Ah
MISTAT
0Bh
ERXNDH
0Bh
EPMM3
0Bh
MAMXFLH
0Bh
—
0Ch
ERXRDPTL
0Ch
EPMM4
0Ch
Reserved
0Ch
—
0Dh
ERXRDPTH
0Dh
EPMM5
0Dh
Reserved
0Dh
—
0Eh
ERXWRPTL
0Eh
EPMM6
0Eh
Reserved
0Eh
—
0Fh
ERXWRPTH
0Fh
EPMM7
0Fh
—
0Fh
—
10h
EDMASTL
10h
EPMCSL
10h
Reserved
10h
—
11h
EDMASTH
11h
EPMCSH
11h
Reserved
11h
—
12h
EDMANDL
12h
—
12h
MICMD
12h
EREVID
—
13h
EDMANDH
13h
—
13h
—
13h
14h
EDMADSTL
14h
EPMOL
14h
MIREGADR
14h
—
15h
EDMADSTH
15h
EPMOH
15h
Reserved
15h
ECOCON
16h
EDMACSL
16h
Reserved
16h
MIWRL
16h
Reserved
17h
EDMACSH
17h
Reserved
17h
MIWRH
17h
EFLOCON
18h
—
18h
ERXFCON
18h
MIRDL
18h
EPAUSL
19h
—
19h
EPKTCNT
19h
MIRDH
19h
EPAUSH
1Ah
Reserved
1Ah
Reserved
1Ah
Reserved
1Ah
Reserved
1Bh
EIE
1Bh
EIE
1Bh
EIE
1Bh
EIE
1Ch
EIR
1Ch
EIR
1Ch
EIR
1Ch
EIR
1Dh
ESTAT
1Dh
ESTAT
1Dh
ESTAT
1Dh
ESTAT
1Eh
ECON2
1Eh
ECON2
1Eh
ECON2
1Eh
ECON2
1Fh
ECON1
1Fh
ECON1
1Fh
ECON1
1Fh
ECON1
DS39662E-page 12
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
TABLE 3-2:
ENC28J60 CONTROL REGISTER SUMMARY
Register Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value
on
Reset
Details
on
Page
EIE
INTIE
PKTIE
DMAIE
LINKIE
TXIE
r
TXERIE
RXERIE
0000 0000
65
EIR
—
PKTIF
DMAIF
LINKIF
TXIF
r
TXERIF
RXERIF
-000 0000
66
ESTAT
INT
BUFER
r
LATECOL
—
RXBUSY
TXABRT
ECON2
AUTOINC
PKTDEC
PWRSV
r
VRPS
—
—
—
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
ECON1
ERDPTL
ERDPTH
EWRPTL
EWRPTH
ETXSTL
ETXSTH
ETXNDL
ETXNDH
ERXSTL
ERXSTH
ERXNDL
ERXNDH
ERXRDPTL
ERXRDPTH
ERXWRPTL
ERXWRPTH
EDMASTL
EDMASTH
EDMANDL
EDMANDH
EDMADSTL
EDMADSTH
EDMACSL
CLKRDY(1) 0000 -000
Read Pointer Low Byte ERDPT<7:0>)
—
—
—
Read Pointer High Byte (ERDPT<12:8>)
Write Pointer Low Byte (EWRPT<7:0>)
—
—
—
Write Pointer High Byte (EWRPT<12:8>)
TX Start Low Byte (ETXST<7:0>)
—
—
—
TX Start High Byte (ETXST<12:8>)
TX End Low Byte (ETXND<7:0>)
—
—
—
TX End High Byte (ETXND<12:8>)
RX Start Low Byte (ERXST<7:0>)
—
—
—
RX Start High Byte (ERXST<12:8>)
RX End Low Byte (ERXND<7:0>)
—
—
—
RX End High Byte (ERXND<12:8>)
RX RD Pointer Low Byte (ERXRDPT<7:0>)
—
—
—
RX RD Pointer High Byte (ERXRDPT<12:8>)
RX WR Pointer Low Byte (ERXWRPT<7:0>)
—
—
—
RX WR Pointer High Byte (ERXWRPT<12:8>)
DMA Start Low Byte (EDMAST<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA Start High Byte (EDMAST<12:8>)
DMA End Low Byte (EDMAND<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA End High Byte (EDMAND<12:8>)
DMA Destination Low Byte (EDMADST<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA Destination High Byte (EDMADST<12:8>)
DMA Checksum Low Byte (EDMACS<7:0>)
1000 0---
64
16
0000 0000
15
1111 1010
17
---0 0101
17
0000 0000
17
---0 0000
17
0000 0000
17
---0 0000
17
0000 0000
17
---0 0000
17
1111 1010
17
---0 0101
17
1111 1111
17
---1 1111
17
1111 1010
17
---0 0101
17
0000 0000
17
---0 0000
17
0000 0000
71
---0 0000
71
0000 0000
71
---0 0000
71
0000 0000
71
---0 0000
71
0000 0000
72
EDMACSH
DMA Checksum High Byte (EDMACS<15:8>)
0000 0000
72
EHT0
Hash Table Byte 0 (EHT<7:0>)
0000 0000
52
EHT1
Hash Table Byte 1 (EHT<15:8>)
0000 0000
52
EHT2
Hash Table Byte 2 (EHT<23:16>)
0000 0000
52
EHT3
Hash Table Byte 3 (EHT<31:24>)
0000 0000
52
EHT4
Hash Table Byte 4 (EHT<39:32>)
0000 0000
52
EHT5
Hash Table Byte 5 (EHT<47:40>)
0000 0000
52
EHT6
Hash Table Byte 6 (EHT<55:48>)
0000 0000
52
EHT7
Hash Table Byte 7 (EHT<63:56>)
0000 0000
52
EPMM0
Pattern Match Mask Byte 0 (EPMM<7:0>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM1
Pattern Match Mask Byte 1 (EPMM<15:8>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM2
Pattern Match Mask Byte 2 (EPMM<23:16>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM3
Pattern Match Mask Byte 3 (EPMM<31:24>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM4
Pattern Match Mask Byte 4 (EPMM<39:32>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM5
Pattern Match Mask Byte 5 (EPMM<47:40>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM6
Pattern Match Mask Byte 6 (EPMM<55:48>)
0000 0000
51
Pattern Match Mask Byte 7 (EPMM<63:56>)
0000 0000
51
EPMM7
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
3:
x = unknown, u = unchanged, - = unimplemented, q = value depends on condition, r = reserved, do not modify.
CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
EREVID is a read-only register.
ECOCON resets to ‘---- -100’ on Power-on Reset and ‘---- -uuu’ on all other Resets.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 13
ENC28J60
TABLE 3-2:
ENC28J60 CONTROL REGISTER SUMMARY (CONTINUED)
Register Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value
on
Reset
Details
on
Page
EPMCSL
Pattern Match Checksum Low Byte (EPMCS<7:0>)
0000 0000
51
EPMCSH
Pattern Match Checksum High Byte (EPMCS<15:0>)
0000 0000
51
EPMOL
Pattern Match Offset Low Byte (EPMO<7:0>)
EPMOH
ERXFCON
EPKTCNT
—
—
—
UCEN
ANDOR
CRCEN
Pattern Match Offset High Byte (EPMO<12:8>)
PMEN
MPEN
HTEN
MCEN
BCEN
Ethernet Packet Count
0000 0000
51
---0 0000
51
1010 0001
48
0000 0000
43
MACON1
—
—
—
r
TXPAUS
RXPAUS
PASSALL
MARXEN
---0 0000
34
MACON3
PADCFG2
PADCFG1
PADCFG0
TXCRCEN
PHDREN
HFRMEN
FRMLNEN
FULDPX
0000 0000
35
MACON4
—
DEFER
BPEN
NOBKOFF
—
—
r
r
-000 --00
36
MABBIPG
—
Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap (BBIPG<6:0>)
-000 0000
36
MAIPGL
—
Non-Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap Low Byte (MAIPGL<6:0>)
-000 0000
34
MAIPGH
—
Non-Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap High Byte (MAIPGH<6:0>)
-000 0000
34
MACLCON1
—
—
---- 1111
34
—
—
MACLCON2
—
—
Retransmission Maximum (RETMAX<3:0>)
Collision Window (COLWIN<5:0>)
MAMXFLL
Maximum Frame Length Low Byte (MAMXFL<7:0>)
MAMXFLH
Maximum Frame Length High Byte (MAMXFL<15:8>)
MICMD
—
—
—
MIREGADR
—
—
—
—
—
—
MIISCAN
MIIRD
MII Register Address (MIREGADR<4:0>)
--11 0111
34
0000 0000
34
0000 0110
34
---- --00
21
---0 0000
19
MIWRL
MII Write Data Low Byte (MIWR<7:0>)
0000 0000
19
MIWRH
MII Write Data High Byte (MIWR<15:8>)
0000 0000
19
19
MIRDL
MII Read Data Low Byte (MIRD<7:0>)
0000 0000
MIRDH
MII Read Data High Byte(MIRD<15:8>)
0000 0000
19
MAADR5
MAC Address Byte 5 (MAADR<15:8>)
0000 0000
34
MAADR6
MAC Address Byte 6 (MAADR<7:0>)
0000 0000
34
MAADR3
MAC Address Byte 3 (MAADR<31:24>), OUI Byte 3
0000 0000
34
MAADR4
MAC Address Byte 4 (MAADR<23:16>)
0000 0000
34
MAADR1
MAC Address Byte 1 (MAADR<47:40>), OUI Byte 1
0000 0000
34
MAADR2
MAC Address Byte 2 (MAADR<39:32>), OUI Byte 2
0000 0000
34
EBSTSD
Built-in Self-Test Fill Seed (EBSTSD<7:0>)
0000 0000
76
EBSTCON
PSV2
PSV1
PSV0
PSEL
TMSEL1
EBSTCSL
Built-in Self-Test Checksum Low Byte (EBSTCS<7:0>)
EBSTCSH
Built-in Self-Test Checksum High Byte (EBSTCS<15:8>)
TMSEL0
TME
BISTST
0000 0000
75
0000 0000
76
0000 0000
76
MISTAT
—
—
—
EREVID(2)
—
—
—
ECOCON(3)
—
—
—
—
—
COCON2
COCON1
COCON0
---- -100
6
EFLOCON
—
—
—
—
—
FULDPXS
FCEN1
FCEN0
---- -000
56
—
r
NVALID
SCAN
BUSY
Ethernet Revision ID (EREVID<4:0>)
---- 0000
21
---q qqqq
22
EPAUSL
Pause Timer Value Low Byte (EPAUS<7:0>)
0000 0000
57
EPAUSH
Pause Timer Value High Byte (EPAUS<15:8>)
0001 0000
57
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
3:
x = unknown, u = unchanged, - = unimplemented, q = value depends on condition, r = reserved, do not modify.
CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
EREVID is a read-only register.
ECOCON resets to ‘---- -100’ on Power-on Reset and ‘---- -uuu’ on all other Resets.
DS39662E-page 14
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
3.1.1
ECON1 REGISTER
The ECON1 register, shown in Register 3-1, is used to
control the main functions of the ENC28J60. Receive
enable, transmit request, DMA control and bank select
bits can all be found in ECON1.
REGISTER 3-1:
ECON1: ETHERNET CONTROL REGISTER 1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
TXRST: Transmit Logic Reset bit
1 = Transmit logic is held in Reset
0 = Normal operation
bit 6
RXRST: Receive Logic Reset bit
1 = Receive logic is held in Reset
0 = Normal operations
bit 5
DMAST: DMA Start and Busy Status bit
1 = DMA copy or checksum operation is in progress
0 = DMA hardware is Idle
bit 4
CSUMEN: DMA Checksum Enable bit
1 = DMA hardware calculates checksums
0 = DMA hardware copies buffer memory
bit 3
TXRTS: Transmit Request to Send bit
1 = The transmit logic is attempting to transmit a packet
0 = The transmit logic is Idle
bit 2
RXEN: Receive Enable bit
1 = Packets which pass the current filter configuration will be written into the receive buffer
0 = All packets received will be ignored
bit 1-0
BSEL<1:0>: Bank Select bits
11 = SPI accesses registers in Bank 3
10 = SPI accesses registers in Bank 2
01 = SPI accesses registers in Bank 1
00 = SPI accesses registers in Bank 0
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 15
ENC28J60
3.1.2
ECON2 REGISTER
The ECON2 register, shown in Register 3-2, is used to
control other main functions of the ENC28J60.
REGISTER 3-2:
ECON2: ETHERNET CONTROL REGISTER 2
R/W-1
R/W-0(1)
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
AUTOINC
PKTDEC
PWRSV
r
VRPS
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
AUTOINC: Automatic Buffer Pointer Increment Enable bit
1 = Automatically increment ERDPT or EWRPT on reading from or writing to EDATA
0 = Do not automatically change ERDPT and EWRPT after the buffer is accessed
bit 6
PKTDEC: Packet Decrement bit(1)
1 = Decrement the EPKTCNT register by one
0 = Leave EPKTCNT unchanged
bit 5
PWRSV: Power Save Enable bit
1 = MAC, PHY and control logic are in Low-Power Sleep mode
0 = Normal operation
bit 4
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 3
VRPS: Voltage Regulator Power Save Enable bit
When PWRSV = 1:
1 = Internal voltage regulator is in Low-Current mode
0 = Internal voltage regulator is in Normal Current mode
When PWRSV = 0:
The bit is ignored; the regulator always outputs as much current as the device requires.
bit 2-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
This bit is automatically cleared once it is set.
DS39662E-page 16
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
3.2
Ethernet Buffer
3.2.2
Any space within the 8-Kbyte memory, which is not
programmed as part of the receive FIFO buffer, is
considered to be the transmit buffer. The responsibility
of managing where packets are located in the transmit
buffer belongs to the host controller. Whenever the host
controller decides to transmit a packet, the ETXST and
ETXND Pointers are programmed with addresses
specifying where, within the transmit buffer, the particular packet to transmit is located. The hardware does
not check that the start and end addresses do not
overlap with the receive buffer. To prevent buffer
corruption, the host controller must make sure to not
transmit a packet while the ETXST and ETXND
Pointers are overlapping the receive buffer, or while the
ETXND Pointer is too close to the receive buffer. See
Section 7.1 “Transmitting Packets” for more
information.
The Ethernet buffer contains transmit and receive
memory used by the Ethernet controller. The entire
buffer is 8 Kbytes, divided into separate receive and
transmit buffer spaces. The sizes and locations of
transmit and receive memory are fully programmable
by the host controller using the SPI interface.
The relationship of the buffer spaces is shown in
Figure 3-2.
3.2.1
RECEIVE BUFFER
The receive buffer constitutes a circular FIFO buffer
managed by hardware. The register pairs,
ERXSTH:ERXSTL and ERXNDH:ERXNDL, serve as
pointers to define the buffer’s size and location within
the memory. The byte pointed to by ERXST and the
byte pointed to by ERXND are both included in the
FIFO buffer.
3.2.3
As bytes of data are received from the Ethernet
interface, they are written into the receive buffer
sequentially. However, after the memory pointed to by
ERXND is written to, the hardware will automatically
write the next byte of received data to the memory
pointed to by ERXST. As a result, the receive hardware
will never write outside the boundaries of the FIFO.
READING AND WRITING TO
THE BUFFER
The Ethernet buffer contents are accessed from the
host controller though separate Read and Write
Pointers (ERDPT and EWRPT) combined with the read
buffer memory and write buffer memory SPI
commands. While sequentially reading from the
receive buffer, a wrapping condition will occur at the
end of the receive buffer. While sequentially writing to
the buffer, no wrapping conditions will occur. See
Section 4.2.2 “Read Buffer Memory Command” and
Section 4.2.4 “Write Buffer Memory Command” for
more information.
The host controller may program the ERXST and
ERXND Pointers when the receive logic is not enabled.
The pointers must not be modified while the receive
logic is enabled (ECON1.RXEN is set). If desired, the
Pointers may span the 1FFFh to 0000h memory
boundary; the hardware will still operate as a FIFO.
The ERXWRPTH:ERXWRPTL registers define a
location within the FIFO where the hardware will write
bytes that it receives. The pointer is read-only and is
automatically updated by the hardware whenever a
new packet is successfully received. The pointer is
useful for determining how much free space is
available within the FIFO.
3.2.4
DMA ACCESS TO THE BUFFER
The integrated DMA controller must read from the buffer
when calculating a checksum and it must read and write
to the buffer when copying memory. The DMA follows
the same wrapping rules that SPI accesses do. While it
sequentially reads, it will be subject to a wrapping condition at the end of the receive buffer. All writes it does will
not be subject to any wrapping conditions. See
Section 13.0 “Direct Memory Access Controller” for
more information.
The ERXRDPT registers define a location within the
FIFO where the receive hardware is forbidden to write
to. In normal operation, the receive hardware will write
data up to, but not including, the memory pointed to by
ERXRDPT. If the FIFO fills up with data and new data
continues to arrive, the hardware will not overwrite the
previously received data. Instead, the new data will be
thrown away and the old data will be preserved. In
order to continuously receive new data, the host controller must periodically advance this pointer whenever
it finishes processing some, or all, of the old received
data.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
TRANSMIT BUFFER
.
DS39662E-page 17
ENC28J60
FIGURE 3-2:
ETHERNET BUFFER ORGANIZATION
Transmit Buffer Start
(ETXSTH:ETXSTL)
0000h
Buffer Write Pointer
(EWRPTH:EWRPTL)
Transmit Buffer Data
AAh
(WBM AAh)
Transmit
Transmit Buffer End
(ETXNDH:ETXNDL)
Buffer
Receive Buffer Start
(ERXSTH:ERXSTL)
Receive
Buffer
(Circular FIFO)
Buffer Read Pointer
(ERDPTH:ERDPTL)
Receive Buffer Data
(RBM 55h)
55h
Receive Buffer End
1FFFh
(ERXNDH:ERXNDL)
DS39662E-page 18
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
3.3
PHY Registers
To write to a PHY register:
The PHY registers provide configuration and control of
the PHY module, as well as status information about its
operation. All PHY registers are 16 bits in width. There
are a total of 32 PHY addresses; however, only 9 locations are implemented. Writes to unimplemented
locations are ignored and any attempts to read these
locations will return ‘0’. All reserved locations should be
written as ‘0’; their contents should be ignored when
read.
1.
Unlike the ETH, MAC and MII control registers, or the
buffer memory, the PHY registers are not directly
accessible through the SPI control interface. Instead,
access is accomplished through a special set of MAC
control registers that implement Media Independent
Interface Management (MIIM). These control registers
are referred to as the MII registers. The registers that
control access to the PHY registers are shown in
Register 3-3 and Register 3-4.
The PHY register will be written after the MIIM operation completes, which takes 10.24 s. When the write
operation has completed, the BUSY bit will clear itself.
The host controller should not start any MIISCAN or
MIIRD operations while busy.
3.3.1
2.
3.
3.3.3
READING PHY REGISTERS
1.
To read from a PHY register:
2.
3.
4.
5.
2.
Write the address of the PHY register to read
from into the MIREGADR register.
Set the MICMD.MIIRD bit. The read operation
begins and the MISTAT.BUSY bit is set.
Wait 10.24 s. Poll the MISTAT.BUSY bit to be
certain that the operation is complete. While
busy, the host controller should not start any
MIISCAN operations or write to the MIWRH
register.
When the MAC has obtained the register
contents, the BUSY bit will clear itself.
Clear the MICMD.MIIRD bit.
Read the desired data from the MIRDL and
MIRDH registers. The order that these bytes are
accessed is unimportant.
3.3.2
Write the address of the PHY register to read
from into the MIREGADR register.
Set the MICMD.MIISCAN bit. The scan operation begins and the MISTAT.BUSY bit is set. The
first read operation will complete after 10.24 s.
Subsequent reads will be done at the same
interval until the operation is cancelled. The
MISTAT.NVALID bit may be polled to determine
when the first read operation is complete.
After setting the MIISCAN bit, the MIRDL and MIRDH
registers will automatically be updated every 10.24 s.
There is no status information which can be used to
determine when the MIRD registers are updated. Since
the host controller can only read one MII register at a
time through the SPI, it must not be assumed that the
values of MIRDL and MIRDH were read from the PHY
at exactly the same time.
When the MIISCAN operation is in progress, the host
controller must not attempt to write to MIWRH or start
an MIIRD operation. The MIISCAN operation can be
cancelled by clearing the MICMD.MIISCAN bit and
then polling the MISTAT.BUSY bit. New operations may
be started after the BUSY bit is cleared.
WRITING PHY REGISTERS
When a PHY register is written to, the entire 16 bits is
written at once; selective bit writes are not implemented. If it is necessary to reprogram only select bits
in the register, the controller must first read the PHY
register, modify the resulting data and then write the
data back to the PHY register.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
SCANNING A PHY REGISTER
The MAC can be configured to perform automatic
back-to-back read operations on a PHY register. This
can significantly reduce the host controller complexity
when periodic status information updates are desired.
To perform the scan operation:
When a PHY register is read, the entire 16 bits are
obtained.
1.
Write the address of the PHY register to write to
into the MIREGADR register.
Write the lower 8 bits of data to write into the
MIWRL register.
Write the upper 8 bits of data to write into the
MIWRH register. Writing to this register automatically begins the MIIM transaction, so it must
be written to after MIWRL. The MISTAT.BUSY
bit becomes set.
.
DS39662E-page 19
Addr
Name
ENC28J60 PHY REGISTER SUMMARY
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset Values
—
—
PPWRSV
r
—
PDPXMD(1)
r
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
00-- 00-q 0--- ----
—
PFDPX
PHDPX
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
---1 1--- ---- -00-
PHCON1
01h
PHSTAT1
02h
PHID1
03h
PHID2
10h
PHCON2
—
FRCLNK
TXDIS
11h
PHSTAT2
—
—
TXSTAT
12h
PHIE
r
r
r
r
13h
PHIR
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
14h
PHLCON
r
r
r
r
LACFG3
LACFG2
LACFG1
LACFG0
Legend:
Note 1:
PRST PLOOPBK
Bit 13
00h
—
—
LLSTAT JBSTAT
PHY Identifier (OUI3:OUI18) = 0083h
PHY Identifier (OUI19:OUI24) = 000101
r
r
RXSTAT COLSTAT
r
0000 0000 1000 0011
PHY P/N (PPN<5:0>) = 00h
PHY Revision (PREV<3:0>) = 00h
JABBER
r
HDLDIS
r
r
r
r
r
r
LSTAT
DPXSTAT(1)
—
—
—
r
r
r
r
r
PLRITY
—
—
r
PLNKIE
r
r
r
r
PLNKIF
r
PGIF
0001 0100 0000 0000
r
r
—
—
—
--00 00q- --0- ----
r
PGEIE
r
0000 0000 0000 0000
r
r
xxxx xxxx xx00 00x0
STRCH
r
0011 0100 0010 001x
LBCFG3 LBCFG2 LBCFG1 LBCFG0 LFRQ1 LFRQ0
x = unknown, u = unchanged, — = unimplemented, q = value depends on condition, r = reserved, do not modify.
Reset values of the Duplex mode/status bits depend on the connection of the LED to the LEDB pin (see Section 2.6 “LED Configuration” for additional details).
-000 0000 0000 0000
ENC28J60
DS39662E-page 20
TABLE 3-3:
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 3-3:
MICMD: MII COMMAND REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
MIISCAN
MIIRD
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
MIISCAN: MII Scan Enable bit
1 = PHY register at MIREGADR is continuously read and the data is placed in MIRD
0 = No MII Management scan operation is in progress
bit 0
MIIRD: MII Read Enable bit
1 = PHY register at MIREGADR is read once and the data is placed in MIRD
0 = No MII Management read operation is in progress
REGISTER 3-4:
MISTAT: MII STATUS REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
—
—
—
—
r
NVALID
SCAN
BUSY
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 2
NVALID: MII Management Read Data Not Valid bit
1 = The contents of MIRD are not valid yet
0 = The MII Management read cycle has completed and MIRD has been updated
bit 1
SCAN: MII Management Scan Operation bit
1 = MII Management scan operation is in progress
0 = No MII Management scan operation is in progress
bit 0
BUSY: MII Management Busy bit
1 = A PHY register is currently being read or written to
0 = The MII Management interface is Idle
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 21
ENC28J60
3.3.4
PHSTAT REGISTERS
3.3.5
PHID1 AND PHID2 REGISTERS
The PHSTAT1 and PHSTAT2 registers contain readonly bits that show the current status of the PHY
module’s operations, particularly the conditions of the
communications link to the rest of the network.
The PHID1 and PHID2 registers are read-only
registers. They hold constant data that helps identify
the Ethernet controller and may be useful for
debugging purposes. This includes:
The PHSTAT1 register (Register 3-5) contains the
LLSTAT bit; it clears and latches low if the physical
layer link has gone down since the last read of the
register. Periodic polling by the host controller can be
used to determine exactly when the link fails. It may be
particularly useful if the link change interrupt is not
used.
• The part number of the PHY module
(PPN5:PPN0)
• The revision level of the PHY module
(PREV3:PREV0); and
• The PHY identifier, as part of Microchip’s
corporate Organizationally Unique Identifier (OUI)
(OUI3:OUI24)
The PHSTAT1 register also contains a jabber status bit.
An Ethernet controller is said to be “jabbering” if it continuously transmits data without stopping and allowing
other nodes to share the medium. Generally, the jabber
condition indicates that the local controller may be
grossly violating the maximum packet size defined by
the IEEE specification. This bit latches high to indicate
that a jabber condition has occurred since the last read
of the register.
The PHY part number and revision are part of PHID2.
The upper two bytes of the PHY identifier are located in
PHID1, with the remainder in PHID2. The exact
locations within registers are shown in Table 3-3.
The 22 bits of the OUI contained in the PHY Identifier
(OUI3:OUI24, corresponding to PHID1<15:0> and
PHID2<15:10>) are concatenated with ‘00’ as the first
two digits (OUI1 and OUI2) to generate the entire OUI.
For convenience, this 24-bit string is usually interpreted
in hexadecimal; the resulting OUI for Microchip
Technology is 0004A3h.
The PHSTAT2 register (Register 3-6) contains status
bits which report if the PHY module is linked to the
network and whether or not it is transmitting or
receiving.
DS39662E-page 22
Revision information is also stored in EREVID. This is
a read-only control register which contains a 5-bit
identifier for the specific silicon revision level of the
device. Details of this register are shown in Table 3-2.
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 3-5:
PHSTAT1: PHYSICAL LAYER STATUS REGISTER 1
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-1
R-1
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
PFDPX
PHDPX
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/LL-0
R/LH-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
LLSTAT
JBSTAT
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
1 = Bit is set
R = Read-only bit
0 = Bit is cleared
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
R/LH = Read-only latch bit
R/LL = Bit latches low
LH = Bit latches high
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12
PFDPX: PHY Full-Duplex Capable bit
1 = PHY is capable of operating at 10 Mbps in Full-Duplex mode (this bit is always set)
bit 11
PHDPX: PHY Half-Duplex Capable bit
1 = PHY is capable of operating at 10 Mbps in Half-Duplex mode (this bit is always set)
bit 10-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
LLSTAT: PHY Latching Link Status bit
1 = Link is up and has been up continously since PHSTAT1 was last read
0 = Link is down or was down for a period since PHSTAT1 was last read
bit 1
JBSTAT: PHY Latching Jabber Status bit
1 = PHY has detected a transmission meeting the jabber criteria since PHSTAT1 was last read
0 = PHY has not detected any jabbering transmissions since PHSTAT1 was last read
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 23
ENC28J60
REGISTER 3-6:
PHSTAT2: PHYSICAL LAYER STATUS REGISTER 2
U-0
U-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-x
U-0
—
—
TXSTAT
RXSTAT
COLSTAT
LSTAT
DPXSTAT(1)
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
R-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
PLRITY
—
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
TXSTAT: PHY Transmit Status bit
1 = PHY is transmitting data
0 = PHY is not transmitting data
bit 12
RXSTAT: PHY Receive Status bit
1 = PHY is receiving data
0 = PHY is not receiving data
bit 11
COLSTAT: PHY Collision Status bit
1 = A collision is occuring
0 = A collision is not occuring
bit 10
LSTAT: PHY Link Status bit (non-latching)
1 = Link is up
0 = Link is down
bit 9
DPXSTAT: PHY Duplex Status bit(1)
1 = PHY is configured for full-duplex operation (PHCON1<8> is set)
0 = PHY is configured for half-duplex operation (PHCON1<8> is clear)
bit 8-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5
PLRITY: Polarity Status bit
1 = The polarity of the signal on TPIN+/TPIN- is reversed
0 = The polarity of the signal on TPIN+/TPIN- is correct
bit 4-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
Reset values of the Duplex mode/status bit depends on the connection of the LED to the LEDB pin (see
Section 2.6 “LED Configuration” for additional details).
DS39662E-page 24
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
4.0
SERIAL PERIPHERAL
INTERFACE (SPI)
4.1
Overview
Commands and data are sent to the device via the SI
pin, with data being clocked in on the rising edge of
SCK. Data is driven out by the ENC28J60 on the SO
line, on the falling edge of SCK. The CS pin must be
held low while any operation is performed and returned
high when finished.
The ENC28J60 is designed to interface directly with the
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) port available on many
microcontrollers. The implementation used on this
device supports SPI mode 0,0 only. In addition, the SPI
port requires that SCK be at Idle in a low state;
selectable clock polarity is not supported.
FIGURE 4-1:
SPI INPUT TIMING
CS
SCK
SI
MSb In
High-Impedance State
SO
FIGURE 4-2:
LSb In
SPI OUTPUT TIMING
CS
SCK
SO
MSb Out
SI
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
LSb Out
Don’t Care
.
DS39662E-page 25
ENC28J60
4.2
SPI Instruction Set
followed by a 5-bit argument that specifies either a
register address or a data constant. Write and bit field
instructions are also followed by one or more bytes of
data.
The operation of the ENC28J60 depends entirely on
commands given by an external host controller over the
SPI interface. These commands take the form of
instructions, of one or more bytes, which are used to
access the control memory and Ethernet buffer spaces.
At the least, instructions consist of a 3-bit opcode,
TABLE 4-1:
A total of seven instructions are implemented on the
ENC28J60. Table 4-1 shows the command codes for
all operations.
SPI INSTRUCTION SET FOR THE ENC28J60
Instruction
Name and Mnemonic
Byte 0
Opcode
Byte 1 and Following
Argument
Data
Read Control Register
(RCR)
0
0
0
a
a
a
a
a
N/A
Read Buffer Memory
(RBM)
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
N/A
Write Control Register
(WCR)
0
1
0
a
a
a
a
a
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
Write Buffer Memory
(WBM)
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
Bit Field Set
(BFS)
1
0
0
a
a
a
a
a
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
Bit Field Clear
(BFC)
1
0
1
a
a
a
a
a
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
System Reset Command (Soft Reset)
(SRC)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
N/A
Legend: a = Control Register Address, d = Data Payload
DS39662E-page 26
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
4.2.1
READ CONTROL REGISTER
COMMAND
registers in the current bank. If the 5-bit address is an
ETH register, then data in the selected register will
immediately start shifting out MSb first on the SO pin.
Figure 4-3 shows the read sequence for these
registers.
The Read Control Register (RCR) command allows the
host controller to read any of the ETH, MAC and MII
registers in any order. The contents of the PHY registers are read via a special MII register interface (see
Section 3.3.1 “Reading PHY Registers” for more
information).
If the address specifies one of the MAC or MII registers,
a dummy byte will first be shifted out on the SO pin.
After the dummy byte, the data will be shifted out MSb
first on the SO pin. The RCR operation is terminated by
raising the CS pin. Figure 4-4 shows the read
sequence for MAC and MII registers.
The RCR command is started by pulling the CS pin low.
The RCR opcode is then sent to the ENC28J60,
followed by a 5-bit register address (A4 through A0).
The 5-bit address identifies any of the 32 control
FIGURE 4-3:
READ CONTROL REGISTER COMMAND SEQUENCE (ETH REGISTERS)
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
SCK
Opcode
SI
0
0
Address
4
0
3
2
1
0
Data Out
High-Impedance State
7
SO
FIGURE 4-4:
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
READ CONTROL REGISTER COMMAND SEQUENCE
(MAC AND MII REGISTERS)
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
SCK
Opcode
SI
0
0
0
Address
4
3
2
High-Impedance State
SO
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
1
0
Dummy Byte
7
6
5
4
3
.
2
Data Byte Out
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
DS39662E-page 27
ENC28J60
4.2.2
READ BUFFER MEMORY
COMMAND
4.2.3
The Read Buffer Memory (RBM) command allows the
host controller to read bytes from the integrated 8-Kbyte
transmit and receive buffer memory.
The Write Control Register (WCR) command allows
the host controller to write to any of the ETH, MAC and
MII Control registers in any order. The PHY registers
are written to via a special MII register interface (see
Section 3.3.2 “Writing PHY Registers” for more
information).
If the AUTOINC bit in the ECON2 register is set, the
ERDPT Pointer will automatically increment to point to
the next address after the last bit of each byte is read.
The next address will normally be the current address
incremented by one. However, if the last byte in the
receive buffer is read (ERDPT = ERXND), the ERDPT
Pointer will change to the beginning of the receive buffer (ERXST). This allows the host controller to read
packets from the receive buffer in a continuous stream
without keeping track of when a wraparound is needed.
If AUTOINC is set when address, 1FFFh, is read and
ERXND does not point to this address, the Read
Pointer will increment and wrap around to 0000h.
The WCR command is started by pulling the CS pin
low. The WCR opcode is then sent to the ENC28J60,
followed by a 5-bit address (A4 through A0). The 5-bit
address identifies any of the 32 control registers in the
current bank. After the WCR command and address
are sent, actual data that is to be written is sent, MSb
first. The data will be written to the addressed register
on the rising edge of the SCK line.
The WCR operation is terminated by raising the CS pin.
If the CS line is allowed to go high before eight bits are
loaded, the write will be aborted for that data byte.
Refer to the timing diagram in Figure 4-5 for a more
detailed illustration of the byte write sequence.
The RBM command is started by pulling the CS pin low.
The RBM opcode is then sent to the ENC28J60,
followed by the 5-bit constant, 1Ah. After the RBM command and constant are sent, the data stored in the
memory pointed to by ERDPT will be shifted out MSb
first on the SO pin. If the host controller continues to
provide clocks on the SCK pin, without raising CS, the
byte pointed to by ERDPT will again be shifted out MSb
first on the SO pin. In this manner, with AUTOINC
enabled, it is possible to continuously read sequential
bytes from the buffer memory without any extra SPI
command overhead. The RBM command is terminated
by raising the CS pin.
FIGURE 4-5:
WRITE CONTROL REGISTER
COMMAND
WRITE CONTROL REGISTER COMMAND SEQUENCE
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
SCK
Address
Opcode
SI
0
1
0
A4
3
2
Data Byte
1
0
D7
6
5
4
3
2
1
D0
High-Impedance State
SO
DS39662E-page 28
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
4.2.4
WRITE BUFFER MEMORY
COMMAND
The BFS command is started by pulling the CS pin low.
The BFS opcode is then sent, followed by a 5-bit
address (A4 through A0). The 5-bit address identifies
any of the ETH registers in the current bank. After the
BFS command and address are sent, the data byte
containing the bit field set information should be sent,
MSb first. The supplied data will be logically ORed to
the content of the addressed register on the rising
edge of the SCK line for the D0 bit.
The Write Buffer Memory (WBM) command allows the
host controller to write bytes to the integrated 8-Kbyte
transmit and receive buffer memory.
If the AUTOINC bit in the ECON2 register is set, after
the last bit of each byte is written, the EWRPT Pointer
will automatically be incremented to point to the next
sequential address (Current Address + 1). If address,
1FFFh, is written with AUTOINC set, the Write Pointer
will increment to 0000h.
If the CS line is brought high before eight bits are
loaded, the operation will be aborted for that data
byte. The BFS operation is terminated by raising the
CS pin.
The WBM command is started by lowering the CS pin.
The WBM opcode should then be sent to the
ENC28J60, followed by the 5-bit constant, 1Ah. After
the WBM command and constant are sent, the data to
be stored in the memory pointed to by EWRPT should
be shifted out MSb first to the ENC28J60. After 8 data
bits are received, the Write Pointer will automatically
increment if AUTOINC is set. The host controller can
continue to provide clocks on the SCK pin and send
data on the SI pin, without raising CS, to keep writing to
the memory. In this manner, with AUTOINC enabled, it
is possible to continuously write sequential bytes to the
buffer memory without any extra SPI command
overhead.
4.2.6
The Bit Field Clear (BFC) command is used to clear up
to 8 bits in any of the ETH Control registers. Note that
this command cannot be used on the MAC registers,
MII registers, PHY registers or buffer memory. The BFC
command uses the provided data byte to perform a bitwise NOTAND operation on the addressed register
contents. As an example, if a register had the contents
of F1h and the BFC command was executed with an
operand of 17h, then the register would be changed to
have the contents of E0h.
The BFC command is started by lowering the CS pin.
The BFC opcode should then be sent, followed by a
5-bit address (A4 through A0). The 5-bit address
identifies any of the ETH registers in the current bank.
After the BFC command and address are sent, a data
byte containing the bit field clear information should
be sent, MSb first. The supplied data will be logically
inverted and subsequently ANDed to the contents of
the addressed register on the rising edge of the SCK
line for the D0 bit.
The WBM command is terminated by bringing up the
CS pin. Refer to Figure 4-6 for a detailed illustration of
the write sequence.
4.2.5
BIT FIELD SET COMMAND
The Bit Field Set (BFS) command is used to set up to
8 bits in any of the ETH Control registers. Note that this
command cannot be used on the MAC registers, MII
registers, PHY registers or buffer memory. The BFS command uses the provided data byte to perform a bit-wise
OR operation on the addressed register contents.
FIGURE 4-6:
BIT FIELD CLEAR COMMAND
The BFC operation is terminated by bringing the CS pin
high. If CS is brought high before eight bits are loaded,
the operation will be aborted for that data byte.
WRITE BUFFER MEMORY COMMAND SEQUENCE
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
SCK
Opcode
SI
0
1
1
Address
1
1
0
1
SO
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Data Byte 0
0
7
6
5
4
3
Data Byte 1
2
1
D0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
High-Impedance State
.
DS39662E-page 29
ENC28J60
4.2.7
SYSTEM RESET COMMAND
The command is started by pulling the CS pin low. The
SRC opcode is the sent, followed by a 5-bit Soft Reset
command constant of 1Fh. The SRC operation is
terminated by raising the CS pin.
The System Reset Command (SRC) allows the host
controller to issue a System Soft Reset command.
Unlike other SPI commands, the SRC is only a single
byte command and does not operate on any register.
FIGURE 4-7:
Figure 4-7 shows a detailed illustration of the System
Reset Command sequence. For more information on
SRC’s Soft Reset, refer to Section 11.2 “System
Reset”.
SYSTEM RESET COMMAND SEQUENCE
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
SCK
Opcode
SI
SO
DS39662E-page 30
1
1
Data Constant (1Fh)
1
1
1
1
1
1
High-Impedance State
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
5.0
ETHERNET OVERVIEW
beginning of the Ethernet packet. Thus, traffic seen on
the twisted-pair cabling will appear as shown in
Figure 5-1.
Before discussing the use of the ENC28J60 as an
Ethernet interface, it may be helpful to review the
structure of a typical data frame. Users requiring more
information should refer to the IEEE 802.3 standard
which is the basis for the Ethernet protocol.
5.1
5.1.1
When transmitting and receiving data with the
ENC28J60, the preamble and Start-of-Frame delimiter
bytes will automatically be generated or stripped from
the packets when they are transmitted or received. The
host controller does not need to concern itself with
them. Normally, the host controller will also not need to
concern itself with padding and the CRC which the
ENC28J60 will also be able to automatically generate
when transmitting and verify when receiving. The
padding and CRC fields will, however, be written into
the receive buffer when packets arrive, so they may be
evaluated by the host controller if needed.
Packet Format
Normal IEEE 802.3 compliant Ethernet frames are
between 64 and 1518 bytes long. They are made up of
five or six different fields: a destination MAC address, a
source MAC address, a type/length field, data payload,
an optional padding field and a Cyclic Redundancy
Check (CRC). Additionally, when transmitted on the
Ethernet medium, a 7-byte preamble field and Start-ofFrame (SOF) delimiter byte are appended to the
FIGURE 5-1:
PREAMBLE/START-OF-FRAME
DELIMITER
ETHERNET PACKET FORMAT
Number
of Bytes
Field
Comments
7
Preamble
Filtered Out by the Module
1
SFD
Start-of-Frame Delimiter
(filtered out by the module)
6
DA
Destination Address,
such as Multicast, Broadcast or Unicast
6
SA
Source Address
2
Type/Length
Used in the
Calculation
of the FCS
Type of Packet or the Length of the Packet
Data
Packet Payload
(with optional padding)
46-1500
Padding
4
Note 1:
FCS(1)
Frame Check Sequence – CRC
The FCS is transmitted starting with bit 31 and ending with bit 0.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 31
ENC28J60
5.1.2
DESTINATION ADDRESS
5.1.5
The destination address field is a 6-byte field filled with
the MAC address of the device that the packet is directed
to. If the Least Significant bit in the first byte of the MAC
address is set, the address is a Multicast destination. For
example, 01-00-00-00-F0-00 and 33-45-67-89-AB-CD
are Multicast addresses, while 00-00-00-00-F0-00 and
32-45-67-89-AB-CD are not.
The data field is a variable length field, anywhere from 0
to 1500 bytes. Larger data packets will violate Ethernet
standards and will be dropped by most Ethernet nodes.
The ENC28J60, however, is capable of transmitting and
receiving larger packets when the Huge Frame Enable
bit is set (MACON3.HFRMEN = 1).
5.1.6
Packets with Multicast destination addresses are
designed to arrive and be important to a selected group
of Ethernet nodes. If the destination address field is the
reserved Multicast address, FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF, the
packet is a Broadcast packet and it will be directed to
everyone sharing the network. If the Least Significant
bit in the first byte of the MAC address is clear, the
address is a Unicast address and will be designed for
usage by only the addressed node.
When transmitting packets, the ENC28J60 automatically
generates zero-padding if the MACON3.PADCFG<2:0>
bits are configured to do so. Otherwise, the host controller should manually add padding to the packet before
transmitting it. The ENC28J60 will not prevent the
transmission of undersize packets should the host
controller command such an action.
SOURCE ADDRESS
When receiving packets, the ENC28J60 automatically
rejects packets which are less than 18 bytes; it is
assumed that a packet this small does not contain even
the minimum of source and destination addresses, type
information and FCS checksum required for all packets. All packets 18 bytes and larger will be subject to
the standard receive filtering criteria and may be
accepted as normal traffic. To conform with IEEE 802.3
requirements, the application itself will need to inspect
all received packets and reject those smaller than
64 bytes.
The source address field is a 6-byte field filled with the
MAC address of the node which created the Ethernet
packet. Users of the ENC28J60 must generate a
unique MAC address for each controller used.
MAC addresses consist of two portions. The first three
bytes are known as the Organizationally Unique
Identifier (OUI). OUIs are distributed by the IEEE. The
last three bytes are address bytes at the discretion of
the company that purchased the OUI.
When transmitting packets, the assigned source MAC
address must be written into the transmit buffer by the
host controller. The ENC28J60 will not automatically
transmit the contents of the MAADR registers which
are used for the Unicast receive filter.
5.1.4
5.1.7
CRC
The CRC field is a 4-byte field which contains an industry standard 32-bit CRC calculated with the data from
the destination, source, type, data and padding fields.
TYPE/LENGTH
When receiving packets, the ENC28J60 will check the
CRC of each incoming packet. If ERXFCON.CRCEN is
set, packets with invalid CRCs will automatically be
discarded. If CRCEN is clear and the packet meets all
other receive filtering criteria, the packet will be written
into the receive buffer and the host controller will be
able to determine if the CRC was valid by reading the
receive status vector (see Section 7.2 “Receiving
Packets”).
The type/length field is a 2-byte field which defines
which protocol the following packet data belongs to.
Alternately, if the field is filled with the contents of
05DCh (1500) or any smaller number, the field is
considered a length field and it specifies the amount of
non-padding data which follows in the data field. Users
implementing proprietary networks may choose to treat
this field as a length field, while applications implementing protocols such as the Internet Protocol (IP) or
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP), should program
this field with the appropriate type defined by the
protocol’s specification when transmitting packets.
DS39662E-page 32
PADDING
The padding field is a variable length field added to
meet IEEE 802.3 specification requirements when
small data payloads are used. The destination, source,
type, data and padding of an Ethernet packet must be
no smaller than 60 bytes. Adding the required 4-byte
CRC field, packets must be no smaller than 64 bytes. If
the data field is less than 46 bytes long, a padding field
is required.
The ENC28J60 incorporates receive filters which can
be used to discard or accept packets with Multicast,
Broadcast and/or Unicast destination addresses.
When transmitting packets, the host controller is
responsible for writing the desired destination address
into the transmit buffer.
5.1.3
DATA
When transmitting packets, the ENC28J60 will automatically generate a valid CRC and transmit it if the
MACON3.PADCFG<2:0> bits are configured to cause
this. Otherwise, the host controller must generate the
CRC and place it in the transmit buffer. Given the complexity of calculating a CRC, it is highly recommended
that the PADCFG bits be configured such that the
ENC28J60 will automatically generate the CRC field.
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
6.0
INITIALIZATION
6.2
All memory which is not used by the receive buffer is
considered the transmission buffer. Data which is to be
transmitted should be written into any unused space.
After a packet is transmitted, however, the hardware
will write a seven-byte status vector into memory after
the last byte in the packet. Therefore, the host controller should leave at least seven bytes between each
packet and the beginning of the receive buffer. No
explicit action is required to initialize the transmission
buffer.
Before the ENC28J60 can be used to transmit and
receive packets, certain device settings must be initialized. Depending on the application, some configuration
options may need to be changed. Normally, these tasks
may be accomplished once after Reset and do not
need to be changed thereafter.
6.1
Receive Buffer
Before receiving any packets, the receive buffer must
be initialized by programming the ERXST and ERXND
Pointers. All memory between and including the
ERXST and ERXND addresses will be dedicated to the
receive hardware. It is recommended that the ERXST
Pointer be programmed with an even address.
6.3
Receive Filters
The appropriate receive filters should be enabled or
disabled by writing to the ERXFCON register. See
Section 8.0 “Receive Filters” for information on how
to configure it.
Applications expecting large amounts of data and
frequent packet delivery may wish to allocate most of
the memory as the receive buffer. Applications that
may need to save older packets or have several
packets ready for transmission should allocate less
memory.
6.4
Waiting for OST
If the initialization procedure is being executed immediately following a Power-on Reset, the ESTAT.CLKRDY
bit should be polled to make certain that enough time
has elapsed before proceeding to modify the MAC and
PHY registers. For more information on the OST, see
Section 2.2 “Oscillator Start-up Timer”.
When programming the ERXST or ERXND Pointer, the
internal hardware copy of the ERXWRPT registers will
automatically be updated with the value of ERXST. This
value will be used as the starting location when the
receive hardware begins writing received data. The
ERXWRPT registers are updated by the hardware only
when a new packet is successfully received.
Note:
Transmit Buffer
After writing to ERXST or ERXND, the
ERXWRPT registers are not updated
immediately; only the internal hardware
copy of the ERXWRPT registers is
updated.
Therefore,
comparing
if
(ERXWRPT = = ERXST) is not practical in
a firmware initialization routine.
For tracking purposes, the ERXRDPT registers should
additionally be programmed with the same value. To
program ERXRDPT, the host controller must write to
ERXRDPTL first, followed by ERXRDPTH. See
Section 7.2.4 “Freeing Receive Buffer Space” for
more information.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 33
ENC28J60
6.5
MAC Initialization Settings
4.
Several of the MAC registers require configuration
during initialization. This only needs to be done once;
the order of programming is unimportant.
1.
2.
3.
Set the MARXEN bit in MACON1 to enable the
MAC to receive frames. If using full duplex, most
applications should also set TXPAUS and
RXPAUS to allow IEEE defined flow control to
function.
Configure the PADCFG, TXCRCEN and
FULDPX bits of MACON3. Most applications
should enable automatic padding to at least
60 bytes and always append a valid CRC. For
convenience, many applications may wish to set
the FRMLNEN bit as well to enable frame length
status reporting. The FULDPX bit should be set
if the application will be connected to a
full-duplex configured remote node; otherwise, it
should be left clear.
Configure the bits in MACON4. For conformance to the IEEE 802.3 standard, set the
DEFER bit.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
REGISTER 6-1:
Program the MAMXFL registers with the maximum frame length to be permitted to be received
or transmitted. Normal network nodes are
designed to handle packets that are 1518 bytes
or less.
Configure the Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap
register, MABBIPG. Most applications will program this register with 15h when Full-Duplex
mode is used and 12h when Half-Duplex mode
is used.
Configure the Non-Back-to-Back Inter-Packet
Gap register low byte, MAIPGL. Most applications
will program this register with 12h.
If half duplex is used, the Non-Back-to-Back
Inter-Packet Gap register high byte, MAIPGH,
should be programmed. Most applications will
program this register to 0Ch.
If Half-Duplex mode is used, program the
Retransmission and Collision Window registers,
MACLCON1 and MACLCON2. Most applications
will not need to change the default Reset values.
If the network is spread over exceptionally long
cables, the default value of MACLCON2 may
need to be increased.
Program the local MAC address into the
MAADR1:MAADR6 registers.
MACON1: MAC CONTROL REGISTER 1
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
r
TXPAUS
RXPAUS
PASSALL
MARXEN
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 3
TXPAUS: Pause Control Frame Transmission Enable bit
1 = Allow the MAC to transmit pause control frames (needed for flow control in full duplex)
0 = Disallow pause frame transmissions
bit 2
RXPAUS: Pause Control Frame Reception Enable bit
1 = Inhibit transmissions when pause control frames are received (normal operation)
0 = Ignore pause control frames which are received
bit 1
PASSALL: Pass All Received Frames Enable bit
1 = Control frames received by the MAC will be written into the receive buffer if not filtered out
0 = Control frames will be discarded after being processed by the MAC (normal operation)
bit 0
MARXEN: MAC Receive Enable bit
1 = Enable packets to be received by the MAC
0 = Disable packet reception
DS39662E-page 34
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 6-2:
MACON3: MAC CONTROL REGISTER 3
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PADCFG2
PADCFG1
PADCFG0
TXCRCEN
PHDREN
HFRMEN
FRMLNEN
FULDPX
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-5
PADCFG<2:0>: Automatic Pad and CRC Configuration bits
111 = All short frames will be zero-padded to 64 bytes and a valid CRC will then be appended
110 = No automatic padding of short frames
101 = MAC will automatically detect VLAN Protocol frames which have a 8100h type field and automatically pad to 64 bytes. If the frame is not a VLAN frame, it will be padded to 60 bytes. After
padding, a valid CRC will be appended.
100 = No automatic padding of short frames
011 = All short frames will be zero-padded to 64 bytes and a valid CRC will then be appended
010 = No automatic padding of short frames
001 = All short frames will be zero-padded to 60 bytes and a valid CRC will then be appended
000 = No automatic padding of short frames
bit 4
TXCRCEN: Transmit CRC Enable bit
1 = MAC will append a valid CRC to all frames transmitted regardless of PADCFG bits. TXCRCEN
must be set if the PADCFG bits specify that a valid CRC will be appended.
0 = MAC will not append a CRC. The last 4 bytes will be checked and if it is an invalid CRC, it will be
reported in the transmit status vector.
bit 3
PHDREN: Proprietary Header Enable bit
1 = Frames presented to the MAC contain a 4-byte proprietary header which will not be used when
calculating the CRC
0 = No proprietary header is present. The CRC will cover all data (normal operation).
bit 2
HFRMEN: Huge Frame Enable bit
1 = Frames of any size will be allowed to be transmitted and received
0 = Frames bigger than MAMXFL will be aborted when transmitted or received
bit 1
FRMLNEN: Frame Length Checking Enable bit
1 = The type/length field of transmitted and received frames will be checked. If it represents a length, the
frame size will be compared and mismatches will be reported in the transmit/receive status vector.
0 = Frame lengths will not be compared with the type/length field
bit 0
FULDPX: MAC Full-Duplex Enable bit
1 = MAC will operate in Full-Duplex mode. PDPXMD bit must also be set.
0 = MAC will operate in Half-Duplex mode. PDPXMD bit must also be clear.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 35
ENC28J60
REGISTER 6-3:
MACON4: MAC CONTROL REGISTER 4
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R-0
R-0
—
DEFER
BPEN
NOBKOFF
—
—
r
r
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
DEFER: Defer Transmission Enable bit (applies to half duplex only)
1 = When the medium is occupied, the MAC will wait indefinitely for it to become free when attempting
to transmit (use this setting for IEEE 802.3™ compliance)
0 = When the medium is occupied, the MAC will abort the transmission after the excessive deferral
limit is reached
bit 5
BPEN: No Backoff During Backpressure Enable bit (applies to half duplex only)
1 = After incidentally causing a collision during backpressure, the MAC will immediately begin
retransmitting
0 = After incidentally causing a collision during backpressure, the MAC will delay using the Binary
Exponential Backoff algorithm before attempting to retransmit (normal operation)
bit 4
NOBKOFF: No Backoff Enable bit (applies to half duplex only)
1 = After any collision, the MAC will immediately begin retransmitting
0 = After any collision, the MAC will delay using the Binary Exponential Backoff algorithm before
attempting to retransmit (normal operation)
bit 3-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1-0
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
REGISTER 6-4:
MABBIPG: MAC BACK-TO-BACK INTER-PACKET GAP REGISTER
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
BBIPG6
BBIPG5
BBIPG4
BBIPG3
BBIPG2
BBIPG1
BBIPG0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-0
BBIPG<6:0>: Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap Delay Time bits
When FULDPX (MACON3<0>) = 1:
Nibble time offset delay between the end of one transmission and the beginning of the next in a
back-to-back sequence. The register value should be programmed to the desired period in nibble times
minus 3. The recommended setting is 15h which represents the minimum IEEE specified Inter-Packet
Gap (IPG) of 9.6 s.
When FULDPX (MACON3<0>) = 0:
Nibble time offset delay between the end of one transmission and the beginning of the next in a
back-to-back sequence. The register value should be programmed to the desired period in nibble times
minus 6. The recommended setting is 12h which represents the minimum IEEE specified Inter-Packet
Gap (IPG) of 9.6 s.
DS39662E-page 36
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
6.6
PHY Initialization Settings
If using half duplex, the host controller may wish to set
the PHCON2.HDLDIS bit to prevent automatic
loopback of the data which is transmitted.
Depending on the application, bits in three of the PHY
module’s registers may also require configuration.
The PHY register, PHLCON, controls the outputs of
LEDA and LEDB. If an application requires a LED
configuration other than the default, PHLCON must be
altered to match the new requirements. The settings for
LED operation are discussed in Section 2.6 “LED
Configuration”. The PHLCON register is shown in
Register 2-2 (page 9).
The PHCON1.PDPXMD bit partially controls the
device’s half/full-duplex configuration. Normally, this bit
is initialized correctly by the external circuitry (see
Section 2.6 “LED Configuration”). If the external
circuitry is not present or incorrect, however, the host
controller must program the bit properly. Alternatively,
for an externally configurable system, the PDPXMD bit
may be read and the FULDPX bit be programmed to
match.
For proper duplex operation, the PHCON1.PDPXMD
bit must also match the value of the MACON3.FULDPX
bit.
REGISTER 6-5:
PHCON2: PHY CONTROL REGISTER 2
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
FRCLNK
TXDIS
r
r
JABBER
r
HDLDIS
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14
FRCLNK: PHY Force Linkup bit
1 = Force linkup even when no link partner is detected
0 = Normal operation
bit 13
TXDIS: Twisted-Pair Transmitter Disable bit
1 = Disable twisted-pair transmitter
0 = Normal operation
bit 12-11
Reserved: Write as ‘0’
bit 10
JABBER: Jabber Correction Disable bit
1 = Disable jabber correction
0 = Normal operation
bit 9
Reserved: Write as ‘0’
bit 8
HDLDIS: PHY Half-Duplex Loopback Disable bit
When PHCON1<8> = 1 or PHCON1<14> = 1:
This bit is ignored.
When PHCON1<8> = 0 and PHCON1<14> = 0:
1 = Transmitted data will only be sent out on the twisted-pair interface
0 = Transmitted data will be looped back to the MAC and sent out on the twisted-pair interface
bit 7-0
Reserved: Write as ‘0’
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 37
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 38
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
7.0
TRANSMITTING AND
RECEIVING PACKETS
7.1
Transmitting Packets
Additionally, the ENC28J60 requires a single per packet
control byte to precede the packet for transmission. The
per packet control byte is organized as shown in
Figure 7-1. Before transmitting packets, the MAC
registers which alter the transmission characteristics
should be initialized as documented in Section 6.0
“Initialization”.
The MAC inside the ENC28J60 will automatically generate the preamble and Start-of-Frame delimiter fields
when transmitting. Additionally, the MAC can generate
any padding (if needed) and the CRC if configured to do
so. The host controller must generate and write all other
frame fields into the buffer memory for transmission.
FIGURE 7-1:
For an example of how the entire transmit packet and
results will look in memory, see Figure 7-2.
FORMAT FOR PER PACKET CONTROL BYTES
—
—
—
—
PHUGEEN
PPADEN
PCRCEN
bit 7
POVERRIDE
bit 0
bit 7-4
Unused
bit 3
PHUGEEN: Per Packet Huge Frame Enable bit
When POVERRIDE = 1:
1 = The packet will be transmitted in whole
0 = The MAC will transmit up to the number of bytes specified by MAMXFL; if the packet is larger
than MAMXFL, it will be aborted after MAMXFL is reached
When POVERRIDE = 0:
This bit is ignored.
bit 2
PPADEN: Per Packet Padding Enable bit
When POVERRIDE = 1:
1 = The packet will be zero-padded to 60 bytes if it is less than 60 bytes
0 = The packet will be transmitted without adding any padding bytes
When POVERRIDE = 0:
This bit is ignored.
bit 1
PCRCEN: Per Packet CRC Enable bit
When POVERRIDE = 1:
1 = A valid CRC will be calculated and attached to the frame
0 = No CRC will be appended; the last 4 bytes of the frame will be checked for validity as a CRC.
When POVERRIDE = 0:
This bit is ignored.
bit 0
POVERRIDE: Per Packet Override bit
1 = The values of PCRCEN, PPADEN and PHUGEEN will override the configuration defined by
MACON3
0 = The values in MACON3 will be used to determine how the packet will be transmitted
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 39
ENC28J60
FIGURE 7-2:
SAMPLE TRANSMIT PACKET LAYOUT
Buffer Pointers
Address
Memory
ETXST = 0120h
0120h
0Eh
0121h
data[1]
0122h
data[2]
ETXND = 0156h
0156h
0157h
0158h
0159h
015Ah
015Bh
015Ch
015Dh
Description
Control
015Eh
2.
3.
4.
5.
Status Vector
Status Vector
Written by the Hardware
DMA and transmission engine share the same memory
access port. Similarly, if the DMAST bit in ECON1 is set
after TXRTS is already set, the DMA will wait until the
TXRTS bit becomes clear before doing anything. While
the transmission is in progress, none of the unshaded
bits (except for the ECON1 register’s bits) in Table 7-2
should be changed. Additionally, none of the bytes to be
transmitted should be read or written to through the SPI.
If the host controller wishes to cancel the transmission,
it can clear the TXRTS bit.
Appropriately program the ETXST Pointer to
point to an unused location in memory. It will
point to the per packet control byte. In the
example, it would be programmed to 0120h. It is
recommended that an even address be used for
ETXST.
Use the WBM SPI command to write the per
packet control byte, the destination address, the
source MAC address, the type/length and the
data payload.
Appropriately program the ETXND Pointer. It
should point to the last byte in the data payload.
In the example, it would be programmed to
0156h.
Clear EIR.TXIF, set EIE.TXIE and set EIE.INTIE
to enable an interrupt when done (if desired).
Start the transmission process by setting
ECON1.TXRTS.
When the packet is finished transmitting or is aborted
due to an error/cancellation, the ECON1.TXRTS bit will
be cleared, a seven-byte transmit status vector will be
written to the location pointed to by ETXND + 1, the
EIR.TXIF will be set and an interrupt will be generated
(if enabled). The ETXST and ETXND Pointers will not
be modified. To check if the packet was successfully
transmitted, the ESTAT.TXABRT bit should be read. If
it was set, the host controller may interrogate the
ESTAT.LATECOL bit in addition to the various fields in
the transmit status vector to determine the cause. The
transmit status vector is organized as shown in
Table 7-1. Multi-byte fields are written in little-endian
format.
If a DMA operation was in progress while the TXRTS bit
was set, the ENC28J60 will wait until the DMA operation is complete before attempting to transmit the
packet. This possible delay is required because the
DS39662E-page 40
Destination Address,
Source Address,
Type/Length and Data
Start of the Next Packet
To achieve the example layout shown in Figure 7-2 and
to transmit a packet, the host controller should:
1.
Data Packet
data[m]
tsv[7:0]
tsv[15:8]
tsv[23:16]
tsv[31:24]
tsv[39:32]
tsv[47:40]
tsv[55:48]
PHUGEEN, PPADN,
PCRCEN and POVERRIDE
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
TABLE 7-1:
Bit
55-52
TRANSMIT STATUS VECTORS
Field
Description
Zero
0
51
Transmit VLAN Tagged Frame
Frame’s length/type field contained 8100h which is the VLAN protocol
identifier.
50
Backpressure Applied
Carrier sense method backpressure was previously applied.
49
Transmit Pause Control Frame
The frame transmitted was a control frame with a valid pause opcode.
48
Transmit Control Frame
The frame transmitted was a control frame.
Total Bytes Transmitted on Wire
Total bytes transmitted on the wire for the current packet, including all
bytes from collided attempts.
47-32
31
Transmit Underrun
Reserved. This bit will always be ‘0’.
30
Transmit Giant
Byte count for frame was greater than MAMXFL.
29
Transmit Late Collision
Collision occurred beyond the collision window (MACLCON2).
28
Transmit Excessive Collision
Packet was aborted after the number of collisions exceeded the
retransmission maximum (MACLCON1).
27
Transmit Excessive Defer
Packet was deferred in excess of 24,287 bit times (2.4287 ms).
26
Transmit Packet Defer
Packet was deferred for at least one attempt but less than an excessive
defer.
25
Transmit Broadcast
Packet’s destination address was a Broadcast address.
24
Transmit Multicast
Packet’s destination address was a Multicast address.
23
Transmit Done
Transmission of the packet was completed.
22
Transmit Length Out of Range
Indicates that frame type/length field was larger than 1500 bytes
(type field).
21
Transmit Length Check Error
Indicates that frame length field value in the packet does not match the
actual data byte length and is not a type field. MACON3.FRMLNEN
must be set to get this error.
20
Transmit CRC Error
The attached CRC in the packet did not match the internally generated
CRC.
19-16
Transmit Collision Count
Number of collisions the current packet incurred during transmission
attempts. It applies to successfully transmitted packets and as such, will
not show the possible maximum count of 16 collisions.
15-0
Transmit Byte Count
Total bytes in frame not counting collided bytes.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 41
ENC28J60
TABLE 7-2:
Register
Name
EIE
EIR
ESTAT
ECON1
ETXSTL
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS USED FOR PACKET TRANSMISSION
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
INTIE
—
PKTIE
PKTIF
DMAIE
DMAIF
LINKIE
LINKIF
TXIE
TXIF
r
r
TXERIE
TXERIF
RXERIE
RXERIF
13
13
INT
BUFER
r
LATECOL
—
RXBUSY
TXABRT
CLKRDY(1)
13
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
TX Start Low Byte (ETXST<7:0>)
ETXSTH
—
ETXNDL
—
—
13
TX Start High Byte (ETXST<12:8>)
13
TX End Low Byte (ETXND<7:0>)
13
ETXNDH
—
—
—
MACON1
—
—
—
r
TXPAUS
RXPAUS
PASSALL
MARXEN
14
MACON3
PADCFG2
PADCFG1
PADCFG0
TXCRCEN
PHDREN
HFRMEN
FRMLNEN
FULDPX
14
MACON4
—
DEFER
BPEN
NOBKOFF
—
—
r
r
14
MABBIPG
—
Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap (BBIPG<6:0>)
14
MAIPGL
—
Non-Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap Low Byte (MAIPGL<6:0>)
14
MAIPGH
—
Non-Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap High Byte (MAIPGH<6:0>)
MACLCON1
—
—
—
—
MACLCON2
MAMXFLL
MAMXFLH
Legend:
Note 1:
—
TX End High Byte (ETXND<12:8>)
—
13
14
Retransmission Maximum (RETMAX<3:0>)
Collision Window (COLWIN<5:0>)
14
14
Maximum Frame Length Low Byte (MAMXFL<7:0>)
14
Maximum Frame Length High Byte (MAMXFL<15:8>)
14
— = unimplemented, r = reserved bit. Shaded cells are not used.
CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on a Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
DS39662E-page 42
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
7.2
Receiving Packets
7.2.1
After reception is enabled, packets which are not
filtered out will be written into the circular receive buffer.
Any packet which does not meet the necessary filter
criteria will be discarded and the host controller will not
have any means of identifying that a packet was thrown
away. When a packet is accepted and completely
written into the buffer, the EPKTCNT register will increment, the EIR.PKTIF bit will be set, an interrupt will be
generated (if enabled) and the Hardware Write Pointer,
ERXWRPT, will automatically advance.
ENABLING RECEPTION
Assuming that the receive buffer has been initialized,
the MAC has been properly configured and the receive
filters have been configured to receive Ethernet
packets, the host controller should:
1.
2.
3.
If an interrupt is desired whenever a packet is
received, set EIE.PKTIE and EIE.INTIE.
If an interrupt is desired whenever a packet is
dropped due to insufficient buffer space, clear
EIR.RXERIF and set both EIE.RXERIE and
EIE.INTIE
Enable reception by setting ECON1.RXEN.
7.2.2
Figure 7-3 shows the layout of a received packet. The
packets are preceded by a six-byte header which
contains a Next Packet Pointer, in addition to a receive
status vector which contains receive statistics, including the packet’s size. This receive status vector is
shown in Table 7-3.
After setting RXEN, the Duplex mode and the Receive
Buffer Start and End Pointers should not be modified.
Additionally, to prevent unexpected packets from arriving, it is recommended that RXEN be cleared before
altering the receive filter configuration (ERXFCON) and
MAC address.
FIGURE 7-3:
RECEIVE PACKET LAYOUT
If the last byte in the packet ends on an odd value
address, the hardware will automatically add a padding
byte when advancing the Hardware Write Pointer. As
such, all packets will start on an even boundary.
SAMPLE RECEIVE PACKET LAYOUT
Address
Memory
Description
Packet N – 1
End of the Previous Packet
101Fh
1020h
1021h
1022h
1023h
1024h
1025h
1026h
1027h
6Eh
10h
rsv[7:0]
rsv[15:8]
rsv[23:16]
rsv[30:24]
data[1]
data[2]
Low Byte
High Byte
status[7:0]
status[15:8]
status[23:16]
status[31:24]
Next Packet Pointer
Receive Status Vector
Packet N
1059h
105Ah
105Bh
105Ch
105Dh
105Eh
data[m-3]
data[m-2]
data[m-1]
data[m]
crc[31:24]
crc[23:16]
crc[15:8]
crc[7:0]
Packet N + 1
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Packet Data: Destination Address,
Source Address, Type/Length, Data,
Padding, CRC
Byte Skipped to Ensure
Even Buffer Address
Start of the Next Packet
.
DS39662E-page 43
ENC28J60
TABLE 7-3:
RECEIVE STATUS VECTORS
Bit
Field
Description
31
Zero
0
30
Receive VLAN Type Detected
Current frame was recognized as a VLAN tagged frame.
29
Receive Unknown Opcode
Current frame was recognized as a control frame but it contained an
unknown opcode.
28
Receive Pause Control Frame
Current frame was recognized as a control frame containing a valid pause
frame opcode and a valid destination address.
27
Receive Control Frame
Current frame was recognized as a control frame for having a valid
type/length designating it as a control frame.
26
Dribble Nibble
Indicates that after the end of this packet, an additional 1 to 7 bits were
received. The extra bits were thrown away.
25
Receive Broadcast Packet
Indicates packet received had a valid Broadcast address.
24
Receive Multicast Packet
Indicates packet received had a valid Multicast address.
23
Received Ok
Indicates that at the packet had a valid CRC and no symbol errors.
22
Length Out of Range
Indicates that frame type/length field was larger than 1500 bytes (type field).
21
Length Check Error
Indicates that frame length field value in the packet does not match the
actual data byte length and specifies a valid length.
20
CRC Error
Indicates that frame CRC field value does not match the CRC calculated
by the MAC.
19
Reserved
18
Carrier Event Previously Seen
17
Reserved
16
Long Event/Drop Event
Indicates a packet over 50,000 bit times occurred or that a packet was
dropped since the last receive.
Received Byte Count
Indicates length of the received frame. This includes the destination
address, source address, type/length, data, padding and CRC fields. This
field is stored in little-endian format.
15-0
7.2.3
Indicates that at some time since the last receive, a carrier event was
detected. The carrier event is not associated with this packet. A carrier
event is activity on the receive channel that does not result in a packet
receive attempt being made.
READING RECEIVED PACKETS
In the event that the application needed to do random
access to the packet, it would be necessary to manually calculate the proper ERDPT, taking care to not
exceed the end of the receive buffer if the packet spans
the ERXND-to-ERXST buffer boundary. In other words,
given the packet start address and a desired offset, the
application should follow the logic shown in
Example 7-1.
To process the packet, the host controller will normally
use the RBM SPI command and start reading from the
beginning of the next Packet Pointer. The host controller
will save the next Packet Pointer, any necessary bytes
from the receive status vector and then proceed to read
the actual packet contents. If ECON2.AUTOINC is set, it
will be able to sequentially read the entire packet without
ever modifying the ERDPT registers. The Read Pointer
would automatically wrap at the end of the circular
receive buffer to the beginning.
EXAMPLE 7-1:
RANDOM ACCESS ADDRESS CALCULATION
if Packet Start Address + Offset > ERXND, then
ERDPT = Packet Start Address + Offset – (ERXND – ERXST + 1)
else
ERDPT = Packet Start Address + Offset
DS39662E-page 44
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
7.2.4
FREEING RECEIVE BUFFER SPACE
Because only one pointer is available to control buffer
area ownership, the host controller must process packets in the order they are received. If the host controller
wishes to save a packet to be processed later, it should
copy the packet to an unused location in memory. It
may accomplish this efficiently using the integrated
DMA controller (see Section 13.0 “Direct Memory
Access Controller”).
After the host controller has processed a packet (or part
of the packet) and wishes to free the buffer space used
by the processed data, the host controller must advance
the Receive Buffer Read Pointer, ERXRDPT. The
ENC28J60 will always write up to, but not including, the
memory pointed to by the Receive Buffer Read Pointer.
If the ENC28J60 ever attempts to overwrite the Receive
Buffer Read Pointer location, the packet in progress will
be aborted, the EIR.RXERIF will be set and an interrupt
will be generated (if enabled). In this manner, the
hardware will never overwrite unprocessed packets.
Normally, the ERXRDPT will be advanced to the value
pointed to by the next Packet Pointer which precedes
the receive status vector for the current packet. Following such a procedure will not require any pointer
calculations to account for wrapping at the end of the
circular receive buffer.
7.2.5
At any time the host controller wishes to know how
much receive buffer space is remaining, it should read
the Hardware Write Pointer (ERXWRPT registers) and
compare it with the ERXRDPT registers. Combined
with the known size of the receive buffer, the free space
can be derived.
Note:
The Receive Buffer Read Pointer Low Byte
(ERXRDPTL register) is internally buffered to prevent
the pointer from moving when only one byte is updated
through the SPI. To move ERXRDPT, the host controller must write to ERXRDPTL first. The write will update
the internal buffer but will not affect the register. When
the host controller writes to ERXRDPTH, the internally
buffered low byte will be loaded into the ERXRDPTL
register at the same time. The ERXRDPT bytes can be
read in any order. When they are read, the actual value
of the registers will be returned. As a result, the
buffered low byte is not readable.
The ERXWRPT registers only update
when a packet has been successfully
received. If the host controller reads it just
before another packet is to be successfully completed, the value returned could
be stale and off by the maximum frame
length permitted (MAMXFL) plus 7. Furthermore, as the host controller reads one
byte of ERXWRPT, a new packet may
arrive and update the pointer before the
host controller has an opportunity to read
the other byte of ERXWRPT.
When reading the ERXWRPT register with the receive
hardware enabled, special care must be taken to
ensure the low and high bytes are read as a matching
set.
In addition to advancing the Receive Buffer Read
Pointer, after each packet is fully processed, the host
controller must write a ‘1’ to the ECON2.PKTDEC bit.
Doing so will cause the EPKTCNT register to
decrement by 1. After decrementing, if EPKTCNT is ‘0’,
the EIR.PKTIF flag will automatically be cleared.
Otherwise, it will remain set, indicating that additional
packets are in the receive buffer and are waiting to be
processed. Attempts to decrement EPKTCNT below 0
are ignored. Additionally, if the EPKTCNT register ever
maximizes at 255, all new packets which are received
will be aborted, even if buffer space is available. To
indicate the error, the EIR.RXERIF will be set and an
interrupt will be generated (if enabled). To prevent this
condition, the host controller must properly decrement
the counter whenever a packet is processed.
EXAMPLE 7-2:
RECEIVE BUFFER FREE SPACE
To be assured that a matching set is obtained:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Read the EPKTCNT register and save its
contents.
Read ERXWRPTL and ERXWRPTH.
Read the EPKTCNT register again.
Compare the two packet counts. If they are not
the same, go back to Step 2.
With the Hardware Write Pointer obtained, the free
space can be calculated as shown in Example 7-2. The
hardware prohibits moving the Write Pointer to the
same value occupied by ERXRDPT (except when the
Buffer Pointers are being configured), so at least one
byte will always go unused in the buffer. The example
calculation reflects the lost byte.
RECEIVE BUFFER FREE SPACE CALCULATION
if ERXWRPT > ERXRDPT, then
Free Space = (ERXND – ERXST) – (ERXWRPT – ERXRDPT)
else if ERXWRPT = ERXRDPT, then
Free Space = (ERXND – ERXST)
else
Free Space = ERXRDPT – ERXWRPT – 1
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 45
ENC28J60
TABLE 7-4:
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS USED FOR PACKET RECEPTION
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
INTIE
—
PKTIE
PKTIF
DMAIE
DMAIF
LINKIE
LINKIF
TXIE
TXIF
r
r
TXERIE
TXERIF
RXERIE
RXERIF
13
13
ESTAT
INT
BUFER
r
LATECOL
—
RXBUSY
TXABRT
CLKRDY(1)
13
ECON2
AUTOINC
PKTDEC
PWRSV
r
VRPS
—
—
—
13
ECON1
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
Register
Name
EIE
EIR
ERXSTL
RX Start Low Byte (ERXST<7:0>)
ERXSTH
—
ERXNDL
—
ERXRDPTL
13
RX Start High Byte (ERXST<12:8>)
13
—
—
13
RX End High Byte (ERXND<12:8>)
13
RX RD Pointer Low Byte (ERXRDPT<7:0>)
ERXRDPTH
EPKTCNT
—
RX End Low Byte (ERXND<7:0>)
ERXNDH
ERXFCON
—
13
—
—
—
RX RD Pointer High Byte (ERXRDPT<12:8>)
UCEN
ANDOR
CRCEN
PMEN
MPEN
HTEN
MCEN
BCEN
13
Ethernet Packet Count
14
14
MACON1
—
—
—
r
TXPAUS
RXPAUS
PASSALL
MARXEN
14
MACON3
PADCFG2
PADCFG1
PADCFG0
TXCRCEN
PHDREN
HFRMEN
FRMLNEN
FULDPX
14
MAMXFLL
Maximum Frame Length Low Byte (MAMXFL<7:0>)
14
MAMXFLH
Maximum Frame Length High Byte (MAMXFL<15:8>)
14
Legend:
Note 1:
— = unimplemented, r = reserved bit. Shaded cells are not used.
CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on a Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
DS39662E-page 46
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
8.0
RECEIVE FILTERS
The individual filters are all configured by the ERXFCON
register (Register 8-1). More than one filter can be active
at any given time. Additionally, the filters can be configured by the ANDOR bit to either logically AND, or
logically OR, the tests of several filters. In other words,
the filters may be set so that only packets accepted by
all active filters are accepted, or a packet accepted by
any one filter is accepted. The flowcharts in Figure 8-1
and Figure 8-2 show the effect that each of the filters will
have depending on the setting of ANDOR.
To minimize the processing requirements of the host
controller, the ENC28J60 incorporates several different
receive filters which can automatically reject packets
which are not needed. Six different types of packet
filters are implemented:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Unicast
Pattern Match
Magic Packet™
Hash Table
Multicast
Broadcast
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
The device can enter Promiscuous mode and receive
all packets by clearing the ERXFCON register. The
proper setting of the register will depend on the
application requirements.
.
DS39662E-page 47
ENC28J60
REGISTER 8-1:
R/W-1
UCEN
bit 7
R/W-0
ANDOR
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
ERXFCON: ETHERNET RECEIVE FILTER CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-1
CRCEN
R/W-0
PMEN
R/W-0
MPEN
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
R/W-0
HTEN
R/W-0
MCEN
R/W-1
BCEN
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
UCEN: Unicast Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets not having a destination address matching the local MAC address will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Packets with a destination address matching the local MAC address will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
ANDOR: AND/OR Filter Select bit
1 = AND: Packets will be rejected unless all enabled filters accept the packet
0 = OR: Packets will be accepted unless all enabled filters reject the packet
CRCEN: Post-Filter CRC Check Enable bit
1 = All packets with an invalid CRC will be discarded
0 = The CRC validity will be ignored
PMEN: Pattern Match Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets must meet the Pattern Match criteria or they will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Packets which meet the Pattern Match criteria will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
MPEN: Magic Packet™ Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets must be Magic Packets for the local MAC address or they will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Magic Packets for the local MAC address will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
HTEN: Hash Table Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets must meet the Hash Table criteria or they will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Packets which meet the Hash Table criteria will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
MCEN: Multicast Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets must have the Least Significant bit set in the destination address or they will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Packets which have the Least Significant bit set in the destination address will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
BCEN: Broadcast Filter Enable bit
When ANDOR = 1:
1 = Packets must have a destination address of FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF or they will be discarded
0 = Filter disabled
When ANDOR = 0:
1 = Packets which have a destination address of FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF will be accepted
0 = Filter disabled
DS39662E-page 48
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
FIGURE 8-1:
RECEIVE FILTERING USING OR LOGIC
Packet Detected on Wire,
ANDOR = 0 (OR)
UCEN, PMEN,
MPEN, HTEN,
MCEN and BCEN
all clear?
Yes
No
UCEN set?
Yes
No
PMEN set?
Unicast
packet?
Yes
CRCEN set?
Yes
No
Yes
No
Pattern
matches?
No
CRCEN valid?
Yes
Yes
Accept Packet
No
No
Reject Packet
MPEN set?
Yes
No
HTEN set?
Yes
Hash table
bit set?
Yes
No
Yes
Multicast
destination?
Yes
No
No
BCEN set?
Yes
No
No
MCEN set?
Magic Packet™
for us?
Yes
No
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Broadcast
destination?
Yes
No
.
DS39662E-page 49
ENC28J60
FIGURE 8-2:
RECEIVE FILTERING USING AND LOGIC
Packet Detected on Wire
ANDOR = 1 (AND)
UCEN set?
Yes
No
Unicast
packet?
No
Yes
PMEN set?
Yes
Pattern
matches?
No
No
Yes
MPEN set?
Yes
Magic Packet™
for us?
No
No
Yes
HTEN set?
Yes
Hash Table
bit set?
No
No
Yes
MCEN set?
Yes
Multicast
destination?
No
No
Yes
BCEN set?
Yes
Broadcast
destination?
No
No
Yes
No
CRCEN set?
Yes
No
CRC valid?
Yes
Accept Packet
DS39662E-page 50
.
Reject Packet
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
8.1
Unicast Filter
the filter criteria will immediately not be met, even if the
corresponding mask bits are all ‘0’. The Pattern Match
Checksum registers should be programmed to the
checksum which is expected for the selected bytes.
The checksum is calculated in the same manner that
the DMA module calculates checksums (see
Section 13.2 “Checksum Calculations”). Data bytes
which have corresponding mask bits programmed to ‘0’
are completely removed for purposes of calculating the
checksum, as opposed to treating the data bytes as
zero.
The Unicast receive filter checks the destination
address of all incoming packets. If the destination
address exactly matches the contents of the MAADR
registers, the packet will meet the Unicast filter criteria.
8.2
Pattern Match Filter
The Pattern Match filter selects up to 64 bytes from the
incoming packet and calculates an IP checksum of the
bytes. The checksum is then compared to the EPMCS
registers. The packet meets the Pattern Match filter
criteria if the calculated checksum matches the EPMCS
registers. The Pattern Match filter may be useful for
filtering packets which have expected data inside them.
As an example, if the application wished to filter all
packets having a particular source MAC address of
00-04-A3-FF-FF-FF, it could program the Pattern
Match offset to 0000h and then set bits 6 and 7 of
EPMM0 and bits 0, 1, 2 and 3 of EPMM1 (assuming all
other mask bits are ‘0’). The proper checksum to program into the EPMCS registers would be 0x5BFC. As
an alternative configuration, it could program the offset
to 0006h and set bits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of EPMM0. The
checksum would still be 5BFCh. However, the second
case would be less desirable as packets less than
70 bytes long could never meet the Pattern Match
criteria, even if they would generate the proper
checksum given the mask configuration.
To use the Pattern Match filter, the host controller must
program the Pattern Match offset (EPMOH:EPMOL),
all of the Pattern Match mask bytes (EPMM7:EPMM0)
and the Pattern Match Checksum register pair
(EPMCSH:EPMCSL). The Pattern Match offset should
be loaded with the offset from the beginning of the destination address field to the 64-byte window which will
be used for the checksum computation. Within the
64-byte window, each individual byte can be selectively
included or excluded from the checksum computation
by setting or clearing the respective bit in the Pattern
Match mask. If a packet is received which would cause
the 64-byte window to extend past the end of the CRC,
FIGURE 8-3:
Another example of a Pattern Matching filter is
illustrated in Figure 8-3.
SAMPLE PATTERN MATCH FORMAT
Input Configuration:
EMPOH:EPMOL = 0006h
EPMM7:EPMM0 = 0000000000001F0Ah
EPMCSH:EPMCSL = 563Fh
Field
DA
SA
Type/Length
Data
FCS
Received
Data
11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 AA BB CC 00 5A
09 0A 0B 0C 0D . . . 40 . . . FE 45 23 01
Byte #
0 1 2 3 4 5
14 15 16 17 18 . . . 70 . . .
6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13
Bytes Used for
Checksum Computation
64-Byte Window Used
for Pattern Match
Values Used for Checksum Computation = {88h, AAh, 09h, 0Ah, 0Bh, 0Ch, 0Dh, 00h}
(00h padding byte added by hardware)
Note:
Received data is shown in hexadecimal. Byte numbers are shown in decimal format.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 51
ENC28J60
8.3
Magic Packet™ Filter
within it, then the packet will meet the Magic Packet filter
criteria. The Magic Packet pattern consists of a sync
pattern of six 0xFF bytes, followed by 16 repeats of the
destination address. See Figure 8-4 for a sample Magic
Packet.
The Magic Packet filter checks the destination address
and data fields of all incoming packets. If the destination
address matches the MAADR registers and the data
field holds a valid Magic Packet pattern someplace
FIGURE 8-4:
SAMPLE MAGIC PACKET™ FORMAT
Received
Data
11 22 33 44 55 66
77 88 99 AA BB CC
00 FE
Field
Comments
DA
SA
Type/Length
09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E
FF FF FF FF FF 00
Sync Pattern
FF FF FF FF FF FF
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
Data
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
Sixteen Repeats of
the Station Address
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
11 22 33 44 55 66
19 1A 1B 1C 1D 1E
EF 54 32 10
8.4
FCS
Hash Table Filter
8.5
The Hash Table receive filter performs a CRC over the
six destination address bytes in the packet. The CRC is
then used as a pointer into the bits of the EHT registers.
If the pointer points to a bit which is set, the packet
meets the Hash Table filter criteria. For example, if the
CRC is calculated to be 0x5, bit 5 in the Hash Table will
be checked. If it is set, the Hash Table filter criteria will
be met. If every bit is clear in the Hash Table, the filter
criteria will never be met. Similarly, if every bit is set in
the Hash Table, the filter criteria will always be met.
DS39662E-page 52
Multicast Filter
The Multicast receive filter checks the destination
address of all incoming packets. If the Least Significant
bit of the first byte of the destination address is set, the
packet will meet the Multicast filter criteria.
8.6
Broadcast Filter
The Broadcast receive filter checks the destination
address of all incoming packets. If the destination
address is FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF, the packet will meet
the Broadcast filter criteria.
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
9.0
DUPLEX MODE
CONFIGURATION AND
NEGOTIATION
2.
The ENC28J60 does not support automatic duplex
negotiation. If it is connected to an automatic duplex
negotiation enabled network switch or Ethernet controller, the ENC28J60 will be detected as a half-duplex
device. To communicate in Full-Duplex mode, the
ENC28J60 and the remote node (switch, router or
Ethernet controller) must be manually configured for
full-duplex operation.
9.1
Half-Duplex Operation
The ENC28J60 operates in Half-Duplex mode when
MACON3.FULDPX = 0 and PHCON1.PDPXMD = 0. If
only one of these two bits is set, the ENC28J60 will be
in an indeterminate state and not function correctly.
Since switching between Full and Half-Duplex modes
may result in this indeterminate state, the host controller should not transmit any packets (maintain
ECON1.TXRTS clear) and packet reception should be
disabled (ECON1.RXEN and ESTAT.RXBUSY should
be clear) during this period.
When set in Half-Duplex mode, the Reset default
configuration will loop transmitted packets back to
itself. Unless the receive filter configuration filters these
packets out, they will be written into the circular receive
buffer, just as any other network traffic. To stop this
behavior, the host controller should set the
PHCON2.HDLDIS bit.
9.2
In Full-Duplex mode, packets will be transmitted
simultaneously while packets may be received. Given
this, it is impossible to cause any collisions when transmitting packets. Several configuration fields, such as
“Retransmission Maximum” (RETMAX) in MACLCON1
and “Collision Window” (COLWIN) in MACLCON2, will
not be used.
If the collision occurs before the number of
bytes specified by the “Collision Window”
in MACLCON2 were transmitted, the
ECON1.TXRTS bit will remain set, a random
exponential back off delay will elapse as defined
by the IEEE 802.3 specification and then a new
attempt to transmit the packet from the beginning will occur. The host controller will not need
to intervene. If the number of retransmission
attempts already matches the “Retransmission
Maximum” (RETMAX) defined in MACLCON1,
the packet will be aborted and ECON1.TXRTS
will be cleared. The host controller will then be
responsible for taking appropriate action. The
host controller will be able to determine that the
packet was aborted instead of being successfully transmitted by reading the ESTAT.TXABRT
flag. For more information, see Section 7.1
“Transmitting Packets”. A transmit abort will
cause the transmit error interrupt.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Full-Duplex Operation
The ENC28J60 operates in Full-Duplex mode when
MACON3.FULDPX = 1 and PHCON1.PDPXMD = 1. If
only one of these two bits is clear, the ENC28J60 will
be in an indeterminate state and not function correctly.
Since switching between Full and Half-Duplex modes
may result in this indeterminate state, the host controller should not transmit any packets (maintain
ECON1.TXRTS clear) and packet reception should be
disabled (ECON1.RXEN and ESTAT.RXBUSY should
be clear) during this period.
In Half-Duplex mode, only one Ethernet controller may
be transmitting on the physical medium at any time. If
the host controller sets the ECON1.TXRTS bit,
requesting that a packet be transmitted while another
Ethernet controller is already transmitting, the
ENC28J60 will delay, waiting for the remote transmitter
to stop. After the transmission stops, the ENC28J60
will attempt to transmit its packet. If another Ethernet
controller starts transmitting at approximately the same
time that the ENC28J60 starts transmitting, the data on
the wire will become corrupt and a collision will occur.
The hardware will handle this condition in one of two
ways:
1.
If the collision occurs after the number of bytes
specified by the “Collision Window” in
MACLCON2 were transmitted, the packet will be
immediately aborted without any retransmission
attempts. Ordinarily, in IEEE 802.3 compliant
networks which are properly configured, this late
collision will not occur. User intervention may be
required to correct the issue. This problem may
occur as a result of a full-duplex node attempting
to transmit on the half-duplex medium. Alternately, the ENC28J60 may be attempting to
operate in Half-Duplex mode while it may be
connected to a full-duplex network. Excessively
long cabling and network size may also be a
possible cause of late collisions.
When set in Full-Duplex mode, the Reset default
configuration will not loop transmitted packets back to
itself. If loopback is desired for diagnostic purposes, the
PHCON1.PLOOPBK bit should be set by the host
controller. Enabling loopback in Full-Duplex mode will
disable the twisted-pair output driver and ignore all
incoming data, thus dropping any link (if established).
All packets received as a result of the loopback configuration will be subject to all enabled receive filters, just
as ordinary network traffic would be.
.
DS39662E-page 53
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 54
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
10.0
matically decrement every 512 bit times or 51.2 s.
While the timer is counting down, reception of packets
is still enabled. If new pause frames arrive, the timer will
be reinitialized with the new pause timer value. When
the timer reaches zero or was sent a frame with a zero
pause timer value, the MAC that received the pause
frame will resume transmitting any pending packets. To
prevent a pause frame from stopping all traffic on the
entire network, Ethernet switches and routers do not
propagate pause control frames in Full-Duplex mode.
The pause operation only applies to the recipient.
FLOW CONTROL
The ENC28J60 implements hardware flow control for
both Full and Half-Duplex modes. The operation of this
feature differs depending on which mode is being used.
10.1
Half-Duplex Mode
In Half-Duplex mode, setting the EFLOCON.FCEN0 bit
causes flow control to be enabled. When FCEN0 is set,
a continuous preamble pattern of alternating ‘1’s and
‘0’s (55h) will automatically be transmitted on the
Ethernet medium. Any connected nodes will see the
transmission and either not transmit anything, waiting
for the ENC28J60’s transmission to end, or will attempt
to transmit and immediately cause a collision. Because
a collision will always occur, no nodes on the network
will be able to communicate with each other and no
new packets will arrive.
A sample network is shown in Figure 10-1. If
Computer A were to be transmitting too much data to
the ENC28J60 in Full-Duplex mode, the ENC28J60
could transmit a pause control frame to stop the data
which is being sent to it. The Ethernet switch would
take the pause frame and stop sending data to the
ENC28J60. If Computer A continues to send data, the
Ethernet switch will buffer the data so it can be
transmitted later when its pause timer expires. If the
Ethernet switch begins to run out of buffer space, it will
likely transmit a pause control frame of its own to
Computer A. If, for some reason, the Ethernet switch
does not generate a pause control frame of its own, or
one of the nodes does not properly handle the pause
frame it receives, then packets will inevitably be
dropped. In any event, any communication between
Computer A and Computer B will always be completely
unaffected.
When the host controller tells the ENC28J60 to
transmit a packet by setting ECON1.TXRTS, the
preamble pattern will stop being transmitted. An InterPacket Gap delay will pass as configured by register
MABBIPG and then the ENC28J60 will attempt to
transmit its packet. During the Inter-Packet Gap delay,
other nodes may begin to transmit. Because all traffic
was jammed previously, several nodes may begin
transmitting and a series of collisions may occur. When
the ENC28J60 successfully finishes transmitting its
packet or aborts it, the transmission of the preamble
pattern will automatically restart. When the host
controller wishes to no longer jam the network, it should
clear the FCEN0 bit. The preamble transmission will
cease and normal network operation will resume.
FIGURE 10-1:
Given the detrimental network effects that are possible
and lack of effectiveness, it is not recommended that
half-duplex flow control be used unless the application
will be in a closed network environment with proper
testing.
10.2
SAMPLE FULL-DUPLEX
NETWORK
Computer A
Computer B
Full-Duplex Mode
In Full-Duplex mode (MACON3.FULDPX = 1), hardware
flow control is implemented by means of transmitting
pause control frames as defined by the IEEE 802.3
specification. Pause control frames are 64-byte frames
consisting of the reserved Multicast destination address
of 01-80-C2-00-00-01, the source address of the sender,
a special pause opcode, a 2-byte pause timer value and
padding/CRC.
Ethernet Switch
Normally, when a pause control frame is received by a
MAC, the MAC will finish the packet it is transmitting
and then stop transmitting any new frames. The pause
timer value will be extracted from the control frame and
used to initialize an internal timer. The timer will auto-
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP22S80
E N C 28 J 60
.
DS39662E-page 55
ENC28J60
To enable flow control on the ENC28J60 in Full-Duplex
mode, the host controller must set the TXPAUS and
RXPAUS bits in the MACON1 register. Then, at any time
that the receiver buffer is running out of space, the host
controller should turn flow control on by writing the value
02h to the EFLOCON register. The hardware will periodically transmit pause frames loaded with the pause timer
value specified in the EPAUS registers. The host
controller can continue to transmit its own packets
without interfering with the flow control hardware.
When RXPAUS is set in the MACON1 register and a
valid pause frame arrives with a non-zero pause timer
value, the ENC28J60 will automatically inhibit
transmissions. If the host controller sets the
ECON1.TXRTS bit to send a packet, the hardware will
simply wait until the pause timer expires before
attempting to send the packet and subsequently clearing
the TXRTS bit. Normally, the host controller will never
know that a pause frame has been received. However, if
it is desirable to the host controller to know when the
MAC is paused or not, it should set the PASSALL bit in
MACON1 and then manually interpret the pause control
frames which may arrive.
When space has been made available for more packets
in the receive buffer, the host controller should turn flow
control off by writing the value 03h to the EFLOCON
register. The hardware will send one last pause frame
loaded with a pause timer value of 0000h. When the
pause frame is received by the remote node, it will
resume normal network operations.
REGISTER 10-1:
EFLOCON: ETHERNET FLOW CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
FULDPXS
FCEN1
FCEN0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
FULDPXS: Read-Only MAC Full-Duplex Shadow bit
1 = MAC is configured for Full-Duplex mode, FULDPX (MACON3<0>) is set
0 = MAC is configured for Half-Duplex mode, FULDPX (MACON3<0>) is clear
bit 1-0
FCEN<1:0>: Flow Control Enable bits
When FULDPXS = 1:
11 = Send one pause frame with a ‘0’ timer value and then turn flow control off
10 = Send pause frames periodically
01 = Send one pause frame then turn flow control off
00 = Flow control off
When FULDPXS = 0:
11 = Flow control on
10 = Flow control off
01 = Flow control on
00 = Flow control off
DS39662E-page 56
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
TABLE 10-1:
Name
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS USED WITH FLOW CONTROL
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
MACON1
—
—
—
r
TXPAUS
RXPAUS
MABBIPG
—
ECON1
EFLOCON
—
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
PASSALL MARXEN
Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap (BBIPG<6:0>)
—
—
—
—
14
14
FULDPXS
FCEN1
FCEN0
14
EPAUSL
Pause Timer Value Low Byte (EPAUS<7:0>)
14
EPAUSH
Pause Timer Value High Byte (EPAUS<15:8>)
14
Legend: r = reserved, — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Shaded cells are not used.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 57
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 58
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
11.0
RESET
The ENC28J60 differentiates between various kinds of
Reset:
•
•
•
•
•
Power-on Reset (POR)
System Reset
Transmit Only Reset
Receive Only Reset
Miscellaneous MAC and PHY Subsystem Resets
A simplified block diagram of the On-Chip Reset Circuit
is shown in Figure 11-1.
FIGURE 11-1:
ON-CHIP RESET CIRCUIT
Soft Reset Command
Hardware Reset
System Reset
POR
Reset Host Interface
Reset Transmit
Transmit Reset
Reset Receive
Receive Reset
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 59
ENC28J60
11.1
Power-on Reset (POR)
After a System Reset, all PHY registers should not be
read or written to until at least 50 s have passed since
the Reset has ended. All registers will revert to their
Reset default values. The dual port buffer memory will
maintain state throughout the System Reset.
A Power-on Reset pulse is generated on-chip
whenever VDD rises above a certain threshold. This
allows the device to start in the initialized state when
VDD is adequate for operation.
11.3
The POR circuitry is always enabled. As a result, most
applications do not need to attach any external circuitry
to the RESET pin to ensure a proper Reset at powerup. The RESET pin’s internal weak pull-up will maintain
a logical high level on the pin during normal device
operation.
The Transmit Only Reset is performed by writing a ‘1’ to
the TXRST bit in the ECON1 register using the SPI interface. If a packet was being transmitted when the TXRST
bit was set, the hardware will automatically clear the
TXRTS bit and abort the transmission. This action resets
the transmit logic only. The System Reset automatically
performs the Transmit Only Reset. Other register and
control blocks, such as buffer management and host
interface, are not affected by a Transmit Only Reset
event. When the host controller wishes to return to
normal operation, it should clear the TXRST bit.
To ensure proper POR operation, a minimum rise rate
for VDD is specified (Parameter D003). The application
circuit must meet this requirement to allow the Oscillator
Start-up Timer and CLKOUT functions to reset properly.
After a Power-on Reset, the contents of the dual port
buffer memory will be unknown. However, all registers
will be loaded with their specified Reset values. Certain
portions of the ENC28J60 must not be accessed
immediately after a POR. See Section 2.2 “Oscillator
Start-up Timer” for more information.
11.2
Transmit Only Reset
11.4
Receive Only Reset
The Receive Only Reset is performed by writing a ‘1’ to
the RXRST bit in the ECON1 register using the SPI interface. If packet reception was enabled (the RXEN bit was
set) when RXRST was set, the hardware will automatically clear the RXEN bit. If a packet was being received,
it would be immediately aborted. This action resets
receive logic only. The System Reset automatically
performs Receive Only Reset. Other register and control
blocks, such as the buffer management and host interface blocks, are not affected by a Receive Only Reset
event. When the host controller wishes to return to
normal operation, it should clear the RXRST bit.
System Reset
The System Reset of ENC28J60 can be accomplished
by either the RESET pin, or through the SPI interface.
The RESET pin provides an asynchronous method for
triggering an external Reset of the device. A Reset is
generated by holding the RESET pin low. The
ENC28J60 has a noise filter in the RESET path which
detects and ignores small pulses of time, tRSTLOW, or
less. When the RESET pin is held high, the ENC28J60
will operate normally.
The ENC28J60 can also be reset via the SPI using the
System Reset Command. See Section 4.0 “Serial
Peripheral Interface (SPI)”.
The RESET pin will not be driven low by any internal
Resets, including a System Reset command via the
SPI interface.
DS39662E-page 60
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
11.5
PHY Subsystem Reset
Unlike other Resets, the PHY cannot be removed from
Reset immediately after setting PRST. The PHY
requires a delay, after which the hardware automatically clears the PRST bit. After a Reset is issued, the
host controller should poll PRST and wait for it to
become clear before using the PHY.
The PHY module may be reset by writing a ‘1’ to the
PRST bit in the PHCON1 register (Register 11-1). All
the PHY register contents will revert to their Reset
defaults.
REGISTER 11-1:
PHCON1: PHY CONTROL REGISTER 1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
PRST
PLOOPBK
—
—
PPWRSV
r
—
PDPXMD(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
r
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
PRST: PHY Software Reset bit
1 = PHY is processing a Software Reset (automatically resets to ‘0’ when done)
0 = Normal operation
bit 14
PLOOPBK: PHY Loopback bit
1 = All data transmitted will be returned to the MAC. The twisted-pair interface will be disabled.
0 = Normal operation
bit 13-12
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 11
PPWRSV: PHY Power-Down bit
1 = PHY is shut down
0 = Normal operation
bit 10
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 9
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 8
PDPXMD: PHY Duplex Mode bit(1)
1 = PHY operates in Full-Duplex mode
0 = PHY operates in Half-Duplex mode
bit 7
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 6-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
Reset values of the Duplex mode/status bits depend on the connection of the LED to the LEDB pin (see
Section 2.6 “LED Configuration” for additional details).
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 61
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 62
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
12.0
INTERRUPTS
When an enabled interrupt occurs, the interrupt pin will
remain low until all flags which are causing the interrupt
are cleared or masked off (enable bit is cleared) by the
host controller. If more than one interrupt source is
enabled, the host controller must poll each flag in the
EIR register to determine the source(s) of the interrupt.
It is recommended that the Bit Field Clear (BFC) SPI
command be used to reset the flag bits in the EIR register rather than the normal Write Control Register
(WCR) command. This is necessary to prevent
unintentionally altering a flag that changes during the
write command. The BFC and WCR commands are
discussed in detail in Section 4.0 “Serial Peripheral
Interface (SPI)”.
The ENC28J60 has multiple interrupt sources and an
interrupt output pin to signal the occurrence of events
to the host controller. The interrupt pin is designed for
use by a host controller that is capable of detecting
falling edges.
Interrupts are managed with two registers. The EIE
register contains the individual interrupt enable bits for
each interrupt source, while the EIR register contains
the corresponding interrupt flag bits. When an interrupt
occurs, the interrupt flag is set. If the interrupt is
enabled in the EIE register and the INTIE global interrupt enable bit is set, the INT pin will be driven low (see
Figure 12-1).
Note:
After an interrupt occurs, the host controller should
clear the global enable bit for the interrupt pin before
servicing the interrupt. Clearing the enable bit will
cause the interrupt pin to return to the non-asserted
state (high). Doing so will prevent the host controller
from missing a falling edge should another interrupt
occur while the immediate interrupt is being serviced.
After the interrupt has been serviced, the global enable
bit may be restored. If an interrupt event occurred while
the previous interrupt was being processed, the act of
resetting the global enable bit will cause a new falling
edge on the interrupt pin to occur.
Except for the LINKIF interrupt flag,
interrupt flag bits are set when an interrupt
condition occurs regardless of the state of
its corresponding enable bit or the associated global enable bit. User software
should ensure the appropriate interrupt flag
bits are clear prior to enabling an interrupt.
This feature allows for software polling.
FIGURE 12-1:
ENC28J60 INTERRUPT LOGIC
PKTIF
PKTIE
DMAIF
PLNKIF
PLNKIE
PGIF
PGEIE
LINKIF
DMAIE
INT
LINKIE
INT
TXIF
TXIE
INTIE
TXERIF
TXERIE
RXERIF
RXERIE
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 63
ENC28J60
12.1
INT Interrupt Enable (INTIE)
When any of the above interrupts are enabled and
generated, the virtual bit, INT in the ESTAT register
(Register 12-1), will be set to ‘1’. If EIE.INTIE is ‘1’, the
INT pin will be driven low.
The INT Interrupt Enable bit (INTIE) is a global enable
bit which allows the following interrupts to drive the INT
pin:
•
•
•
•
•
•
12.1.1
Receive Error Interrupt (RXERIF)
Transmit Error Interrupt (TXERIF)
Transmit Interrupt (TXIF)
Link Change Interrupt (LINKIF)
DMA Interrupt (DMAIF)
Receive Packet Pending Interrupt (PKTIF)
REGISTER 12-1:
INT INTERRUPT REGISTERS
The registers associated with the INT interrupts are
shown in Register 12-2, Register 12-3, Register 12-4
and Register 12-5.
ESTAT: ETHERNET STATUS REGISTER
R-0
R/C-0
R-0
R/C-0
U-0
R-0
R/C-0
R/W-0
INT
BUFER
r
LATECOL
—
RXBUSY
TXABRT
CLKRDY(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
C = Clearable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
INT: INT Interrupt Flag bit
1 = INT interrupt is pending
0 = No INT interrupt is pending
bit 6
BUFER: Ethernet Buffer Error Status bit
1 = An Ethernet read or write has generated a buffer error (overrun or underrun)
0 = No buffer error has occurred
bit 5
Reserved: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
LATECOL: Late Collision Error bit
1 = A collision occurred after 64 bytes had been transmitted
0 = No collisions after 64 bytes have occurred
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
RXBUSY: Receive Busy bit
1 = Receive logic is receiving a data packet
0 = Receive logic is Idle
bit 1
TXABRT: Transmit Abort Error bit
1 = The transmit request was aborted
0 = No transmit abort error
bit 0
CLKRDY: Clock Ready bit(1)
1 = OST has expired; PHY is ready
0 = OST is still counting; PHY is not ready
Note 1:
CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
DS39662E-page 64
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 12-2:
EIE: ETHERNET INTERRUPT ENABLE REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
INTIE
PKTIE
DMAIE
LINKIE
TXIE
r
TXERIE
RXERIE
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 7
INTIE: Global INT Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Allow interrupt events to drive the INT pin
0 = Disable all INT pin activity (pin is continuously driven high)
bit 6
PKTIE: Receive Packet Pending Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Enable receive packet pending interrupt
0 = Disable receive packet pending interrupt
bit 5
DMAIE: DMA Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Enable DMA interrupt
0 = Disable DMA interrupt
bit 4
LINKIE: Link Status Change Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Enable link change interrupt from the PHY
0 = Disable link change interrupt
bit 3
TXIE: Transmit Enable bit
1 = Enable transmit interrupt
0 = Disable transmit interrupt
bit 2
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 1
TXERIE: Transmit Error Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Enable transmit error interrupt
0 = Disable transmit error interrupt
bit 0
RXERIE: Receive Error Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Enable receive error interrupt
0 = Disable receive error interrupt
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39662E-page 65
ENC28J60
REGISTER 12-3:
EIR: ETHERNET INTERRUPT REQUEST (FLAG) REGISTER
U-0
R-0
R/C-0
R-0
R/C-0
R-0
R/C-0
R/C-0
—
PKTIF
DMAIF
LINKIF
TXIF
r
TXERIF
RXERIF
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
C = Clearable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
PKTIF: Receive Packet Pending Interrupt Flag bit
1 = Receive buffer contains one or more unprocessed packets; cleared when PKTDEC is set
0 = Receive buffer is empty
bit 5
DMAIF: DMA Interrupt Flag bit
1 = DMA copy or checksum calculation has completed
0 = No DMA interrupt is pending
bit 4
LINKIF: Link Change Interrupt Flag bit
1 = PHY reports that the link status has changed; read PHIR register to clear
0 = Link status has not changed
bit 3
TXIF: Transmit Interrupt Flag bit
1 = Transmit request has ended
0 = No transmit interrupt is pending
bit 2
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 1
TXERIF: Transmit Error Interrupt Flag bit
1 = A transmit error has occurred
0 = No transmit error has occurred
bit 0
RXERIF: Receive Error Interrupt Flag bit
1 = A packet was aborted because there is insufficient buffer space or the packet count is 255
0 = No receive error interrupt is pending
DS39662E-page 66
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
REGISTER 12-4:
PHIE: PHY INTERRUPT ENABLE REGISTER
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
bit 15
bit 8
R-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
r
r
r
PLNKIE
r
r
PGEIE
r
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-6
Reserved: Write as ‘0’, ignore on read
bit 5
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
bit 4
PLNKIE: PHY Link Change Interrupt Enable bit
1 = PHY link change interrupt is enabled
0 = PHY link change interrupt is disabled
bit 3-2
Reserved: Write as ‘0’, ignore on read
bit 1
PGEIE: PHY Global Interrupt Enable bit
1 = PHY interrupts are enabled
0 = PHY interrupts are disabled
bit 0
Reserved: Maintain as ‘0’
REGISTER 12-5:
x = Bit is unknown
PHIR: PHY INTERRUPT REQUEST (FLAG) REGISTER
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
bit 15
bit 8
R-x
R-x
R-0
R/SC-0
R-0
R/SC-0
R-x
R-0
r
r
r
PLNKIF
r
PGIF
r
r
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
SC = Self-Clearing bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-6
Reserved: Do not modify
bit 5
Reserved: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
PLNKIF: PHY Link Change Interrupt Flag bit
1 = PHY link status has changed since PHIR was last read; resets to ‘0’ when read
0 = PHY link status has not changed since PHIR was last read
bit 3
Reserved: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
PGIF: PHY Global Interrupt Flag bit
1 = One or more enabled PHY interrupts have occurred since PHIR was last read; resets to ‘0’ when read
0 = No PHY interrupts have occurred
bit 1
Reserved: Do not modify
bit 0
Reserved: Read as ‘0’
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 67
ENC28J60
12.1.2
RECEIVE ERROR INTERRUPT
FLAG (RXERIF)
Upon any of these conditions, the EIR.TXERIF flag is set
to ‘1’. Once set, it can only be cleared by the host
controller or by a Reset condition. If the transmit error
interrupt is enabled (EIE.TXERIE = 1 and EIE.INTIE = 1),
an interrupt is generated by driving the INT pin low until
the interrupt flag or interrupt enable is cleared. If the
transmit error interrupt is not enabled (EIE.TXERIE = 0 or
EIE.INTIE = 0), the host controller may poll the
ENC28J60 for the TXERIF and take appropriate action.
Once the interrupt is processed, the host controller
should use the BFC command to clear the EIR.TXERIF
bit.
The Receive Error Interrupt Flag (RXERIF) is used to
indicate a receive buffer overflow condition. Alternately,
this interrupt may indicate that too many packets are in
the receive buffer and more cannot be stored without
overflowing the EPKTCNT register.
When a packet is being received and the receive buffer
runs completely out of space, or EPKTCNT is 255 and
cannot be incremented, the packet being received will
be aborted (permanently lost) and the EIR.RXERIF bit
will be set to ‘1’. Once set, RXERIF can only be cleared
by the host controller or by a Reset condition. If the
receive error interrupt and INT interrupt are enabled
(EIE.RXERIE = 1 and EIE.INTIE = 1), an interrupt is
generated by driving the INT pin low. If the receive error
interrupt is not enabled (EIE.RXERIE = 0 or
EIE.INTIE = 0), the host controller may poll the
ENC28J60 for the RXERIF and take appropriate
action.
After a transmit abort, the TXRTS bit will be cleared, the
ESTAT.TXABRT bit will be set and the transmit status
vector will be written at ETXND + 1. The MAC will not
automatically attempt to retransmit the packet. The
host controller may wish to read the transmit status
vector and LATECOL bit to determine the cause of the
abort. After determining the problem and solution, the
host controller should clear the LATECOL (if set) and
TXABRT bits so that future aborts can be detected
accurately.
Normally, upon the receive error condition, the host
controller would process any packets pending from the
receive buffer and then make additional room for future
packets by advancing the ERXRDPT registers (low
byte first) and decrementing the EPKTCNT register.
See Section 7.2.4 “Freeing Receive Buffer Space”
for more information on processing packets. Once
processed, the host controller should use the BFC
command to clear the EIR.RXERIF bit.
12.1.3
In Full-Duplex mode, Condition 5 is the only one that
should cause this interrupt. Collisions and other problems related to sharing the network are not possible on
full-duplex networks. The conditions which cause the
transmit error interrupt meet the requirements of the
transmit interrupt. As a result, when this interrupt
occurs, TXIF will also be simultaneously set.
12.1.4
TRANSMIT ERROR INTERRUPT
FLAG (TXERIF)
The Transmit Interrupt Flag (TXIF) is used to indicate
that the requested packet transmission has ended
(ECON1.TXRTS has transitioned from ‘1’ to ‘0’). Upon
transmission completion, abort or transmission cancellation by the host controller, the EIR.TXIF flag will be set to
‘1’. If the host controller did not clear the TXRTS bit and
the ESTAT.TXABRT bit is not set, then the packet was
successfully transmitted. Once TXIF is set, it can only be
cleared by the host controller or by a Reset condition. If
the transmit interrupt is enabled (EIE.TXIE = 1 and
EIE.INTIE = 1), an interrupt is generated by driving the
INT pin low. If the transmit interrupt is not enabled
(EIE.TXIE = 0 or EIE.INTIE = 0), the host controller may
poll the ENC28J60 for the TXIF bit and take appropriate
action. Once processed, the host controller should use
the BFC command to clear the EIR.TXIF bit.
The Transmit Error Interrupt Flag (TXERIF) is used to
indicate that a transmit abort has occurred. An abort
can occur because of any of the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Excessive collisions occurred as defined by the
Retransmission Maximum (RETMAX) bits in the
MACLCON1 register.
A late collision occurred as defined by the
Collision Window (COLWIN) bits in the
MACLCON2 register.
A collision after transmitting 64 bytes occurred
(ESTAT.LATECOL set).
The transmission was unable to gain an
opportunity to transmit the packet because the
medium was constantly occupied for too long.
The deferral limit (2.4287 ms) was reached and
the MACON4.DEFER bit was clear.
An attempt to transmit a packet larger than the
maximum frame length defined by the MAMXFL
registers was made without setting the
MACON3.HFRMEN bit or per packet
POVERRIDE and PHUGEEN bits.
DS39662E-page 68
TRANSMIT INTERRUPT
FLAG (TXIF)
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
12.1.5
LINK CHANGE INTERRUPT
FLAG (LINKIF)
12.1.6
DMA INTERRUPT FLAG (DMAIF)
The DMA interrupt indicates that the DMA module has
completed its memory copy or checksum calculation
(ECON1.DMAST has transitioned from ‘1’ to ‘0’). Additionally, this interrupt will be caused if the host controller
cancels a DMA operation by manually clearing the
DMAST bit. Once set, DMAIF can only be cleared by the
host controller or by a Reset condition. If the DMA
interrupt is enabled (EIE.DMAIE = 1 and EIE.INTIE = 1),
an interrupt is generated by driving the INT pin low. If the
DMA interrupt is not enabled (EIE.DMAIE = 0 or
EIE.INTIE = 0), the host controller may poll the
ENC28J60 for the DMAIF and take appropriate action.
Once processed, the host controller should use the BFC
command to clear the EIR.DMAIF bit.
The LINKIF indicates that the link status has changed.
The actual current link status can be obtained from the
PHSTAT1.LLSTAT or PHSTAT2.LSTAT (see Register 3-5
and Register 3-6). Unlike other interrupt sources, the link
status change interrupt is created in the integrated PHY
module; additional steps must be taken to enable it.
By Reset default, LINKIF is never set for any reason. To
receive it, the host controller must set the
PHIE.PLNKIE and PGEIE bits. After setting the two
PHY interrupt enable bits, the LINKIF bit will then
shadow the contents of the PHIR.PGIF bit. The PHY
only supports one interrupt, so the PGIF bit will always
be the same as the PHIR.PLNKIF bit (when both PHY
enable bits are set).
12.1.7
Once LINKIF is set, it can only be cleared by the
host controller or by a Reset. If the link change
interrupt is enabled (EIE.LINKIE = 1, EIE.INTIE = 1,
PHIE.PLNKIE = 1 and PHIE.PGEIE = 1), an interrupt
will be generated by driving the INT pin low. If the link
change interrupt is not enabled (EIE.LINKIE = 0,
EIE.INTIE = 0, PHIE.PLNKIE = 0 or PHIE.PGEIE = 0),
the host controller may poll the ENC28J60 for the
PHIR.PLNKIF bit and take appropriate action.
RECEIVE PACKET PENDING
INTERRUPT FLAG (PKTIF)
The Receive Packet Pending Interrupt Flag (PKTIF) is
used to indicate the presence of one or more data packets in the receive buffer and to provide a notification
means for the arrival of new packets. When the receive
buffer has at least one packet in it, EIR.PKTIF will be set.
In other words, this interrupt flag will be set anytime the
Ethernet Packet Count register (EPKTCNT) is non-zero.
If the receive packet pending interrupt is enabled
(EIE.PKTIE = 1 and EIE.INTIE = 1), an interrupt will be
generated by driving the INT pin low whenever a new
packet is successfully received and written into the
receive buffer. If the receive packet pending interrupt is
not enabled (EIE.PKTIE = 0 or EIE.INTIE = 0), the host
controller will not be notified when new packets arrive.
However, it may poll the PKTIF bit and take appropriate
action.
The LINKIF bit is read-only. Because reading from PHY
registers requires non-negligible time, the host controller
may instead set PHIE.PLNKIE and PHIE.PGEIE and
then poll the EIR.LINKIF bit. Performing an MII read on
the PHIR register will clear the LINKIF, PGIF and
PLNKIF bits automatically and allow for future link status
change interrupts. See Section 3.3 “PHY Registers”
for information on accessing the PHY registers.
The PKTIF bit can only be cleared by the host controller
or by a Reset condition. In order to clear PKTIF, the
EPKTCNT register must be decremented to ‘0’. See
Section 7.2 “Receiving Packets” for more information about clearing the EPKTCNT register. If the last
data packet in the receive buffer is processed,
EPKTCNT will become zero and the PKTIF bit will
automatically be cleared.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 69
ENC28J60
12.2
Wake-On-LAN/Remote Wake-up
12.2.1
Wake-On-LAN or Remote Wake-up is useful in conserving system power. The host controller and other
subsystems can be put in Low-Power mode and be
woken up by the ENC28J60 when a wake-up packet is
received from a remote station. The ENC28J60 must not
be in Power-Save mode and the transmit and receive
modules must be enabled in order to receive a wake-up
packet. The ENC28J60 wakes up the host controller via
the INT signal when the Interrupt Mask registers are
properly configured. The receive filter can also be set up
to only receive a specific wake-up packet (see
Register 8-1 for available options). Section 12.2.1
“Setup Steps for Waking Up on a Magic Packet”
shows the steps necessary in configuring the ENC28J60
to send an interrupt signal to the host controller upon the
reception of a Magic Packet.
DS39662E-page 70
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
SETUP STEPS FOR WAKING UP ON
A MAGIC PACKET
Set ERXFCON.CRCEN and ERXFCON.MPEN.
Service all pending packets.
Set EIE.PKTIE and EIE.INTIE.
Set up the host controller to wake-up on an
external interrupt INT signal.
Put the host controller and other subsystems to
Sleep to save power.
Once a Magic Packet is received, the EPKTCNT is
incremented to ‘1’, which causes the EIR.PKTIF bit to
set. In turn, the ESTAT.INT bit is set and the INT signal
is driven low, causing the host to wake-up.
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
13.0
DIRECT MEMORY ACCESS
CONTROLLER
13.1
To copy memory within the buffer:
The ENC28J60 incorporates a dual purpose DMA
controller which can be used to copy data between
locations within the 8-Kbyte memory buffer. It can also
be used to calculate a 16-bit checksum which is
compatible with various industry standard protocols,
including TCP and IP.
1.
When a DMA operation begins, the EDMAST register
pair is copied into an Internal Source Pointer. The DMA
will execute on one byte at a time and then increment
the Internal Source Pointer. However, if a byte is
processed and the Internal Source Pointer is equal to
the Receive Buffer End Pointer, ERXND, the Source
Pointer will not be incremented. Instead, the Internal
Source Pointer will be loaded with the Receive Buffer
Start Pointer, ERXST. In this way, the DMA will follow
the circular FIFO structure of the receive buffer and
received packets can be processed using one operation. The DMA operation will end when the Internal
Source Pointer matches the EDMAND Pointer.
2.
3.
4.
Appropriately program the EDMAST, EDMAND
and EDMADST register pairs. The EDMAST
registers should point to the first byte to copy
from, the EDMAND registers should point to the
last byte to copy and the EDMADST registers
should point to the first byte in the destination
range. The destination range will always be
linear, never wrapping at any values except from
8191 to 0 (the 8-Kbyte memory boundary).
Extreme care should be taken when
programming the Start and End Pointers to
prevent a never ending DMA operation which
would overwrite the entire 8-Kbyte buffer.
If an interrupt at the end of the copy process is
desired, set EIE.DMAIE and EIE.INTIE and
clear EIR.DMAIF.
Verify that ECON1.CSUMEN is clear.
Start the DMA copy by setting ECON1.DMAST.
If a transmit operation is in progress (TXRTS set) while
the DMAST bit is set, the ENC28J60 will wait until the
transmit operation is complete before attempting to do
the DMA copy. This possible delay is required because
the DMA and transmission engine share the same
memory access port.
While any DMA operation is in progress, the DMA
Pointers and the ECON1.CSUMEN bit should not be
modified. The DMA operation can be canceled at any
time by clearing the ECON1.DMAST bit. No registers
will change; however, some memory bytes may already
have been copied if a DMA copy was in progress.
When the copy is complete, the DMA hardware will
clear the DMAST bit, set the DMAIF bit and generate
an interrupt (if enabled). The pointers and the
EDMACS registers will not be modified.
Note 1: If the EDMAND Pointer cannot be
reached because of the receive buffer
wrapping behavior, the DMA operation
will never end.
After the DMA module has been initialized and has
begun its copy, two main clock cycles will be required
for each byte copied. As a result, if a maximum size
1518-byte packet was copied, the DMA module would
require slightly more than 121.44 s to complete. The
time required to copy a minimum size packet of
64 bytes would be dominated by the time required to
configure the DMA.
2: By design, the DMA module cannot
be used to copy only one byte
(EDMAST = EDMAND). An attempt to
do so will overwrite all memory in the
buffer and may never end.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Copying Memory
.
DS39662E-page 71
ENC28J60
13.2
Checksum Calculations
Pointers will not be modified and no memory will be
written to. The EDMACSH and EDMACSL registers will
contain the calculated checksum. The host controller
may write this value into a packet, compare this value
with a received checksum, or use it for other purposes.
The checksum calculation logic treats the source data as
a series of 16-bit big-endian integers. If the source range
contains an odd number of bytes, a padding byte of 00h
is effectively added to the end of the series for purposes
of calculating the checksum. The calculated checksum
is the 16-bit one’s complement of the one’s complement
sum of all 16-bit integers. For example, if the bytes
included in the checksum were {89h, ABh, CDh}, the
checksum would begin by computing 89ABh + CD00h.
A carry out of the 16th bit would occur in the example, so
in 16-bit one’s complement arithmetic, it would be added
back to the first bit. The resulting value of 56ACh would
finally be complemented to achieve a checksum of
A953h.
Various protocols, such as TCP and IP, have a checksum
field inside a range of data which the checksum covers.
If such a packet is received and the host controller needs
to validate the checksum, it can do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
To calculate a checksum:
1.
Program the EDMAST and EDMAND register
pairs to point to the first and last bytes of buffer
data to be included in the checksum. Care should
be taken when programming these pointers to
prevent a never ending checksum calculation
due to receive buffer wrapping.
To generate an optional interrupt when the
checksum calculation is done, clear EIR.DMAIF,
set EIE.DMAIE and set EIE.INTIE.
Start the calculation by setting ECON1.CSUMEN
and ECON1.DMAST.
2.
3.
Writing to the receive buffer is permitted when the write
address is protected by means of the ERXRDPT
Pointers. See Section 7.2 “Receiving Packets” for
additional information.
The IP checksum has unique mathematical properties
which may be used in some cases to reduce the
processing requirements further. Writing to the receive
buffer may be unnecessary in some applications.
When operating the DMA in Checksum mode, it will
take one main clock cycle for every byte included in the
checksum. As a result, if a checksum over 1446 bytes
were performed, the DMA module would require
slightly more than 57.84 s to complete the operation.
When the checksum is finished being calculated, the
hardware will clear the DMAST bit, set the DMAIF bit
and an interrupt will be generated if enabled. The DMA
TABLE 13-1:
Read the checksum from the packet and save it
to a temporary location
Write zeros to the checksum field.
Calculate a new checksum using the DMA
controller.
Compare the results with the saved checksum
from Step 1.
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DMA CONTROLLER
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
EIE
INTIE
PKTIE
DMAIE
LINKIE
TXIE
r
TXERIE
RXERIE
13
EIR
—
PKTIF
DMAIF
LINKIF
TXIF
r
TXERIF
RXERIF
13
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
Register
Name
ECON1
ERXNDL
RX End Low Byte (ERXND<7:0>)
—
ERXNDH
—
—
13
RX End High Byte (ERXND<12:8>)
13
EDMASTL
EDMASTH
EDMANDL
EDMANDH
EDMADSTL
EDMADSTH
EDMACSL
DMA Start Low Byte (EDMAST<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA Start High Byte (EDMAST<12:8>)
DMA End Low Byte (EDMAND<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA End High Byte (EDMAND<12:8>)
DMA Destination Low Byte (EDMADST<7:0>)
—
—
—
DMA Destination High Byte (EDMADST<12:8>)
DMA Checksum Low Byte (EDMACS<7:0>)
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
EDMACSH
DMA Checksum High Byte (EDMACS<15:8>)
13
Legend: r = reserved bit, — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Shaded cells are not used with the DMA controller.
DS39662E-page 72
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
14.0
POWER-DOWN
When normal operation is desired, the host controller
must perform a slightly modified procedure:
The ENC28J60 may be commanded to power-down
via the SPI interface. When powered down, it will no
longer be able to transmit and receive any packets.
1.
2.
To maximize power savings:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn off packet reception by clearing
ECON1.RXEN.
Wait for any in-progress packets to finish being
received by polling ESTAT.RXBUSY. This bit
should be clear before proceeding.
Wait for any current transmissions to end by
confirming ECON1.TXRTS is clear.
Set ECON2.VRPS (if not already set).
Enter Sleep by setting ECON2.PWRSV. All
MAC, MII and PHY registers become
inaccessible as a result. Setting PWRSV also
clears ESTAT.CLKRDY automatically.
3.
After leaving Sleep mode, there is a delay of many
milliseconds before a new link is established (assuming
an appropriate link partner is present). The host
controller may wish to wait until the link is established
before attempting to transmit any packets. The link
status can be determined by polling the
PHSTAT2.LSTAT bit. Alternatively, the link change
interrupt may be used if it is enabled. See
Section 12.1.5 “Link Change Interrupt Flag
(LINKIF)” for additional details.
In Sleep mode, all registers and buffer memory will
maintain their states. The ETH registers and buffer
memory will still be accessible by the host controller.
Additionally, the clock driver will continue to operate.
The CLKOUT function will be unaffected (see
Section 2.3 “CLKOUT Pin”).
TABLE 14-1:
Name
ESTAT
ECON2
ECON1
Wake-up by clearing ECON2.PWRSV.
Wait at least 300 s for the PHY to stabilize. To
accomplish the delay, the host controller may
poll ESTAT.CLKRDY and wait for it to become
set.
Restore receive capability by setting
ECON1.RXEN.
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS USED WITH POWER-DOWN
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
INT
BUFER
r
LATECOL
—
RXBUSY
PWRSV
r
VRPS
—
—
—
13
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
AUTOINC PKTDEC
TXRST
RXRST
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
Bit 7
TXABRT CLKRDY(1)
13
Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’, r = reserved bit. Shaded cells are not used for
power-down.
Note 1: CLKRDY resets to ‘0’ on Power-on Reset but is unaffected on all other Resets.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 73
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 74
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
15.0
BUILT-IN SELF-TEST
CONTROLLER
The BIST controller is operated through four registers:
• EBSTCON register (control and status register)
• EBSTSD register (fill seed/initial shift value)
• EBSTCSH and EBSTCSL registers (high and low
bytes of generated checksum)
The ENC28J60 features a Built-in Self-Test (BIST)
module which is designed to confirm proper operation
of each bit in the 8-Kbyte memory buffer. Although it is
primarily useful for testing during manufacturing, it
remains present and available for diagnostic purposes
by the user. The controller writes to all locations in the
buffer memory and requires several pieces of hardware
shared by normal Ethernet operations. Thus, the BIST
should only be used on Reset or after necessary
hardware is freed. When the BIST is used, the ECON1
register’s DMAST, RXEN and TXRTS bits should all be
clear.
REGISTER 15-1:
The EBSTCON register (Register 15-1) controls the
module’s overall operation, selecting the Testing
modes and starting the self-test process. The bit pattern for memory tests is provided by the EBSTSD seed
register; its content is either used directly, or as the
seed for a pseudo-random number generator,
depending on the Test mode.
EBSTCON: ETHERNET SELF-TEST CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PSV2
PSV1
PSV0
PSEL
TMSEL1
TMSEL0
TME
BISTST
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7-5
PSV<2:0>: Pattern Shift Value bits
When TMSEL<1:0> = 10:
The bits in EBSTSD will shift left by this amount after writing to each memory location.
When TMSEL<1:0> = 00, 01 or 11:
This value is ignored.
bit 4
PSEL: Port Select bit
1 = DMA and BIST modules will swap ports when accessing the memory
0 = Normal configuration
bit 3-2
TMSEL<1:0>: Test Mode Select bits
11 = Reserved
10 = Pattern shift fill
01 = Address fill
00 = Random data fill
bit 1
TME: Test Mode Enable bit
1 = Enable Test mode
0 = Disable Test mode
bit 0
BISTST: Built-in Self-Test Start/Busy bit
1 = Test in progress; cleared automatically when test is done
0 = No test running
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 75
ENC28J60
15.1
Using the BIST
At any time during a test, the test can be canceled by
clearing the BISTST, DMAST and TME bits. While the
BIST is filling memory, the EBSTSD register should not
be accessed, nor should any configuration changes
occur. When the BIST completes its memory fill and
checksum generation, the BISTST bit will automatically
be cleared.
When the BIST controller is started, it will fill the entire
buffer with the data generated for the current test
configuration and it will also calculate a checksum of
the data as it is written. When the BIST is complete, the
EBSTCS registers will be updated with the checksum.
The host controller will be able to determine if the test
passed or failed by using the DMA module to calculate
a checksum of all memory. The resulting checksum
generated by the DMA should match the BIST checksum. If after any properly executed test, the checksums
differ, a hardware Fault may be suspected.
The BIST module requires one main clock cycle for
each byte that it writes into the RAM. The DMA
module’s checksum implementation requires the same
time but it can be started immediately after the BIST is
started. As a result, the minimum time required to do
one test pass is slightly greater than 327.68 s.
The BIST controller supports 3 different operations:
15.2
• Random Data Fill
• Address Fill
• Pattern Shift Fill
In Random Data Fill mode, the BIST controller will write
pseudo-random data into the buffer. The random data
is generated by a Linear Feedback Shift Register
(LFSR) implementation. The random number generator is seeded by the initial contents of the EBSTSD
register and the register will have new contents when
the BIST is finished.
The ports through which the BIST and DMA modules
access the dual port SRAM can be swapped for each
of the four Test modes to ensure proper read/write
capability from both ports.
To use the BIST:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Because of the LFSR implementation, an initial seed of
zero will generate a continuous pattern of zeros. As a
result, a non-zero seed value will likely perform a more
extensive memory test. Selecting the same seed for
two separate trials will allow a repeat of the same test.
Program the EDMAST register pair to 0000h.
Program EDMAND and ERXND register pairs to
1FFFh.
Configure the DMA for checksum generation by
setting CSUMEN in ECON1.
Write the seed/initial shift value byte to the
EBSTSD register (this is not necessary if
Address Fill mode is used).
Enable Test mode, select the desired test, select
the desired port configuration for the test.
Start the BIST by setting EBSTCON.BISTST.
Start the DMA checksum by setting DMAST in
ECON1. The DMA controller will read the
memory at the same rate the BIST controller will
write to it, so the DMA can be started any time
after the BIST is started.
Wait for the DMA to complete by polling the
DMAST bit or receiving the DMA interrupt (if
enabled).
Compare the EDMACS registers with the
EBSTCS registers.
15.3
Address Fill Mode
In Address Fill mode, the BIST controller will write the
low byte of each memory address into the associated
buffer location. As an example, after the BIST is operated, the location 0000h should have 00h in it, location
0001h should have 01h in it, location 0E2Ah should
have 2Ah in it and so on. With this fixed memory
pattern, the BIST and DMA modules should always
generate a checksum of F807h. The host controller
may use Address Fill mode to confirm that the BIST
and DMA modules themselves are both operating as
intended.
15.4
Pattern Shift Fill Mode
In Pattern Shift Fill mode, the BIST controller writes the
value of EBSTSD into memory location 0000h. Before
writing to location 0001h, it shifts the contents of
EBSTSD to the left by the value specified by the
PSV2:PSV0 bits in EBSTCON. Bits that leave the most
significant end of EBSTSD are wrapped around to the
least significant side. This shift is repeated for each
new address. As a result of shifting the data, a checkerboard pattern can be written into the buffer memory to
confirm that adjacent memory elements do not affect
each other when accessed.
To ensure full testing, the test should be redone with
the Port Select bit, PSEL, altered. When not using
Address Fill mode, additional tests may be done with
different seed values to gain greater confidence that
the memory is working as expected.
DS39662E-page 76
Random Data Fill Mode
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
TABLE 15-1:
Name
ECON1
ERXNDL
ERXNDH
EDMASTL
EDMASTH
EDMANDL
EDMANDH
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SELF-TEST CONTROLLER
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Reset
Values
on page
TXRST
RXRST
DMAST
CSUMEN
TXRTS
RXEN
BSEL1
BSEL0
13
RX End Low Byte (ERXND<7:0>)
—
—
—
RX End High Byte (ERXND<12:8>)
DMA Start Low Byte (EDMAST<7:0>)
—
—
—
13
13
13
DMA Start High Byte (EDMAST<12:8>)
13
DMA End Low Byte (EDMAND<7:0>)
—
—
—
13
DMA End High Byte (EDMAND<12:8>)
13
EDMACSL
DMA Checksum Low Byte (EDMACS<7:0>)
13
EDMACSH
DMA Checksum High Byte (EDMACS<15:8>)
13
EBSTSD
Built-in Self-Test Fill Seed (EBSTSD<7:0>)
EBSTCON
PSV2
PSV1
PSV0
14
PSEL
TMSEL1
TMSEL0
TME
BISTST
14
EBSTCSL
Built-in Self-Test Checksum Low Byte (EBSTCS<7:0>)
14
EBSTCSH
Built-in Self-Test Checksum High Byte (EBSTCS<15:8>)
14
Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Shaded cells are not used.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 77
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 78
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
16.0
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Storage temperature ...............................................................................................................................-65°C to +150°C
Ambient temperature under bias............................................................................................. -40°C to +85°C (Industrial)
0°C to +70°C (Commercial)
Voltage on VDD, VDDOSC, VDDPLL, VDDRX and VDDTX, with respect to VSS ................................................. -0.3V to 3.6V
Voltage on RESET, CS, SCK and SI, with respect to VSS ........................................................................... -0.3V to 6.0V
Voltage on CLKOUT, SO, OSC1, OSC2, LEDA and LEDB, with respect to VSS ...............................-0.3V to VDD + 0.3V
Voltage on TPIN+/- and TPOUT+/- with respect to VSS ............................................................................... -0.3V to 5.0V
VCAP with respect to VSS (Note 1) ............................................................................................................. -0.3V to 2.75V
ESD protection on all pins.......................................................................................................................................... 2 kV
Current sourced or sunk by LEDA, LEDB ...............................................................................................................12 mA
Current sourced or sunk by CLKOUT .......................................................................................................................8 mA
Current sourced or sunk by INT and SO...................................................................................................................4 mA
Note 1:
VCAP is not designed to supply an external load. No external voltage should be applied to this pin.
† Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This
is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those indicated in
the operational listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods
may affect device reliability.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 79
ENC28J60
16.1
DC Characteristics: ENC28J60 (Industrial and Commercial)
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param.
No.
Sym
Characteristic
D001
VDD
Supply Voltage
D002
VPOR
VDD Power-on Reset
Voltage
D003
SVDD
VDD Rise Rate to Ensure
Internal Power-on Reset
Signal
VIH
Input High Voltage
D004
SCK, CS, SI, RESET
D005
OSC1
VIL
Standard Operating Conditions
-40°C TA +85°C, 3.10V VDD 3.60V (Industrial)
0°C TA +70°C, 3.10V VDD 3.60V (Commercial)
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
3.10
3.30
3.60
V
—
—
0.7
V
See Section 11.1, Power-on
Reset (POR) for details
0.05
—
—
V/ms
See Section 11.1, Power-on
Reset (POR) for details
2.25
—
5.5
V
0.7 VDD
—
VDD
V
Input Low Voltage
D006
SCK, CS, SI, RESET
VSS
—
1.0
V
D007
OSC1
VSS
—
0.3 VDD
V
VDD – 0.7
VDD – 0.7
VDD – 0.7
—
—
—
—
—
—
V
V
V
IOH = -12.0 mA (Note 1)
IOH = -8.0 mA (Note 1)
IOH = -4.0 mA (Note 1)
—
—
—
—
—
—
0.4
0.4
0.4
V
V
V
IOL = 12.0 mA
IOL = 8.0 mA
IOL = 4.0 mA
74K
—
173K

All Input Pins except OSC1
—
—
±1
A
CS = RESET = VDD,
VSS VPIN  VDD, pins in
high-impedance state
(Note 1)
OSC1 pin
—
—
±200
A
OSC1 = VDD (Note 1)
Transmitting Ethernet
Packets
—
160
180
mA
VDD = 3.30V, FSCK = 10 MHz,
SO = Open, LEDA and LEDB
Open, ECON2<PWRSV> = 0
Active, not Transmitting
Ethernet Packets
—
120
—
mA
VDD = 3.30V,
LEDA and LEDB Open,
ECON2<PWRSV> = 0
Standby Current
(Sleep mode)
—
1.2
2.0
mA
CS = VDD, Inputs tied to VDD
or VSS, VDD = 3.3V,
TA = 25°C,
ECON2<PWRSV> = 1
VOH
Output High Voltage
LEDA, LEDB
CLKOUT
INT, SO
VOL
Output Low Voltage
LEDA, LEDB
CLKOUT
INT, SO
RPU
Weak Pull-up Resistance
IIL
Input Leakage Current
IDD
IDDS
Note 1:
Operating Current
Negative current is defined as current sourced by the pin.
DS39662E-page 80
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
TABLE 16-1:
AC CHARACTERISTICS: ENC28J60 (INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL)
Standard Operating Conditions
-40°C TA +85°C, 3.10V VDD 3.60V (Industrial)
0°C TA +70°C, 3.10V VDD 3.60V (Commercial)
AC CHARACTERISTICS
TABLE 16-2:
Param.
No.
OSCILLATOR TIMING CHARACTERISTICS
Sym
Min
Max
Units
25
25
MHz
FOSC
Clock In Frequency
TOSC
Clock In Period
40
40
ns
TDUTY
Duty Cycle
(external clock input)
40
60
%
f
Clock Tolerance
—
50
ppm
Min
Max
Units
TABLE 16-3:
Param.
No.
Sym
Characteristic
trl
RESET Pin High Time
(between Reset events)
2
—
s
tRSTLOW
RESET Pin Low Time to
Trigger Reset
400
—
ns
Min
Max
Units
Param.
No.
Conditions
RESET AC CHARACTERISTICS
TABLE 16-4:
Note 1:
Characteristic
Conditions
CLKOUT PIN AC CHARACTERISTICS
Sym
Characteristic
Conditions
thCLKOUT
CLKOUT Pin High Time
16.5
—
ns
TDUTY = 50% (Note 1)
tlCLKOUT
CLKOUT Pin Low Time
16.5
—
ns
TDUTY = 50% (Note 1)
trCLKOUT
CLKOUT Pin Rise Time
—
3
ns
Measured from 0.1 VDD to
0.9 VDD, Load = 10 pF (Note 1)
tfCLKOUT
CLKOUT Pin Fall Time
—
4
ns
Measured from 0.9 VDD to
0.1 VDD, Load = 10 pF (Note 1)
CLKOUT prescaler is set to divide by one.
TABLE 16-5:
REQUIREMENTS FOR EXTERNAL MAGNETICS
Parameter
Min
Norm
Max
Units
—
1:1
—
—
TX Transformer Turns Ratio
—
1:1
—
—
Insertion Loss
0.0
0.6
1.1
dB
Primary Inductance
350
—
—
H
Transformer Isolation
—
1.5
—
kV
Differential to Common Mode Rejection
40
—
—
dB
Return Loss
-16
—
—
dB
RX Transformer Turns Ratio
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
Conditions
Transformer Center Tap = 3.3V
8 mA bias
0.1 to 10 MHz
DS39662E-page 81
ENC28J60
FIGURE 16-1:
SPI INPUT TIMING
TCSS
TCSH
TCSD
CS
SCK
TSU THD
MSb In
SI
LSb In
1/FSCK
SO
High-Impedance
FIGURE 16-2:
SPI OUTPUT TIMING
CS
SCK
TV
SO
TDIS
TV
MSb Out
LSb Out
1/FSCK
SI
LSb In
Don’t Care
TABLE 16-6:
Param.
No.
Sym
SPI INTERFACE AC CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Min
Max
Units
DC
20
MHz
Conditions
FSCK
Clock Frequency
1
TCSS
CS Setup Time
50
—
ns
2
TCSH
CS Hold Time
10
—
ns
ETH registers and memory buffer
210
—
ns
MAC and MII registers
3
TCSD
CS Disable Time
50
—
ns
4
TSU
Data Setup Time
10
—
ns
5
THD
Data Hold Time
10
—
ns
6
TV
Output Valid from Clock Low
—
10
ns
SO Load = 30 pF
7
TDIS
Output Disable Time
—
10
ns
SO Load = 30 pF
DS39662E-page 82
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
17.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
17.1
Package Marking Information
28-Lead SPDIP
Example
ENC28J60-I/SP e3
1210017
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
28-Lead SOIC
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
ENC28J60-I/SO e3
1210017
28-Lead SSOP
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
ENC28J60
/SS e3
1210017
28-Lead QFN
Example
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
ENC28J60
-I/ML e3
1210017
Legend: XX...X
Y
YY
WW
NNN
e3
*
Note:
Customer-specific information
Year code (last digit of calendar year)
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn)
This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 )
can be found on the outer packaging for this package.
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available
characters for customer-specific information.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 83
ENC28J60
17.2
Package Details
The following sections give the technical details of the packages.
/HDG6NLQQ\3ODVWLF'XDO,Q/LQH63±PLO%RG\>63',3@
1RWH
)RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW
KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ
N
NOTE 1
E1
1
2 3
D
E
A2
A
L
c
b1
A1
b
e
eB
8QLWV
'LPHQVLRQ/LPLWV
1XPEHURI3LQV
,1&+(6
0,1
1
120
0$;
3LWFK
H
7RSWR6HDWLQJ3ODQH
$
±
±
0ROGHG3DFNDJH7KLFNQHVV
$
%DVHWR6HDWLQJ3ODQH
$
±
±
6KRXOGHUWR6KRXOGHU:LGWK
(
0ROGHG3DFNDJH:LGWK
(
2YHUDOO/HQJWK
'
7LSWR6HDWLQJ3ODQH
/
/HDG7KLFNQHVV
F
E
E
H%
±
±
8SSHU/HDG:LGWK
/RZHU/HDG:LGWK
2YHUDOO5RZ6SDFLQJ†
%6&
1RWHV
3LQYLVXDOLQGH[IHDWXUHPD\YDU\EXWPXVWEHORFDWHGZLWKLQWKHKDWFKHGDUHD
†6LJQLILFDQW&KDUDFWHULVWLF
'LPHQVLRQV'DQG(GRQRWLQFOXGHPROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQV0ROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQVVKDOOQRWH[FHHGSHUVLGH
'LPHQVLRQLQJDQGWROHUDQFLQJSHU$60(<0
%6& %DVLF'LPHQVLRQ7KHRUHWLFDOO\H[DFWYDOXHVKRZQZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHV
0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ &%
DS39662E-page 84
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 85
ENC28J60
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
DS39662E-page 86
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 87
ENC28J60
/HDG3ODVWLF6KULQN6PDOO2XWOLQH66±PP%RG\>6623@
1RWH
)RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW
KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ
D
N
E
E1
1 2
NOTE 1
b
e
c
A2
A
φ
A1
L
L1
8QLWV
'LPHQVLRQ/LPLWV
1XPEHURI3LQV
0,//,0(7(56
0,1
1
120
0$;
3LWFK
H
2YHUDOO+HLJKW
$
±
%6&
±
0ROGHG3DFNDJH7KLFNQHVV
$
6WDQGRII
$
±
±
2YHUDOO:LGWK
(
0ROGHG3DFNDJH:LGWK
(
2YHUDOO/HQJWK
'
)RRW/HQJWK
/
)RRWSULQW
/
5()
/HDG7KLFNQHVV
F
±
)RRW$QJOH
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
/HDG:LGWK
E
±
1RWHV
3LQYLVXDOLQGH[IHDWXUHPD\YDU\EXWPXVWEHORFDWHGZLWKLQWKHKDWFKHGDUHD
'LPHQVLRQV'DQG(GRQRWLQFOXGHPROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQV0ROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQVVKDOOQRWH[FHHGPPSHUVLGH
'LPHQVLRQLQJDQGWROHUDQFLQJSHU$60(<0
%6& %DVLF'LPHQVLRQ7KHRUHWLFDOO\H[DFWYDOXHVKRZQZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHV
5() 5HIHUHQFH'LPHQVLRQXVXDOO\ZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHIRULQIRUPDWLRQSXUSRVHVRQO\
0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ &%
DS39662E-page 88
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 89
ENC28J60
DS39662E-page 90
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 91
ENC28J60
/HDG3ODVWLF4XDG)ODW1R/HDG3DFNDJH0/±[PP%RG\>4)1@
ZLWKPP&RQWDFW/HQJWK
1RWH
)RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW
KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ
DS39662E-page 92
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
APPENDIX A:
REVISION HISTORY
Revision A (January 2006)
Original data sheet for the ENC28J60.
Revision B (July 2006)
Minor edits and format changes throughout the
document.
Revision C (January 2008)
Added one line to the “Ethernet Controller Features”
section and added omitted revision history. Minor edits
to text throughout document.
Revision D (July 2012)
Updated package drawings in Section 17.0, Packaging Information and updated marking examples in the
“Product Identification System” section. Minor edits
and format changes throughout the document.
Revision E (November 2012)
Removed references to Commercial temperatures;
specifically in Section 17.0 “Packaging Information”
and the Product Identification System section.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 93
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 94
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at
www.microchip.com. This web site is used as a means
to make files and information easily available to
customers. Accessible by using your favorite Internet
browser, the web site contains the following
information:
Users of Microchip products can receive assistance
through several channels:
•
•
•
•
•
• Product Support – Data sheets and errata,
application notes and sample programs, design
resources, user’s guides and hardware support
documents, latest software releases and archived
software
• General Technical Support – Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ), technical support requests,
online discussion groups, Microchip consultant
program member listing
• Business of Microchip – Product selector and
ordering guides, latest Microchip press releases,
listing of seminars and events, listings of
Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory
representatives
Distributor or Representative
Local Sales Office
Field Application Engineer (FAE)
Technical Support
Development Systems Information Line
Customers
should
contact
their
distributor,
representative or field application engineer (FAE) for
support. Local sales offices are also available to help
customers. A listing of sales offices and locations is
included in the back of this document.
Technical support is available through the web site
at: http://microchip.com/support
CUSTOMER CHANGE NOTIFICATION
SERVICE
Microchip’s customer notification service helps keep
customers current on Microchip products. Subscribers
will receive e-mail notification whenever there are
changes, updates, revisions or errata related to a
specified product family or development tool of interest.
To register, access the Microchip web site at
www.microchip.com. Under “Support”, click on
“Customer Change Notification” and follow the
registration instructions.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 95
ENC28J60
READER RESPONSE
It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip
product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our
documentation can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at
(480) 792-4150.
Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this document.
TO:
Technical Publications Manager
RE:
Reader Response
Total Pages Sent ________
From: Name
Company
Address
City / State / ZIP / Country
Telephone: (_______) _________ - _________
FAX: (______) _________ - _________
Application (optional):
Would you like a reply?
Y
N
Device: ENC28J60
Literature Number: DS39662E
Questions:
1. What are the best features of this document?
2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs?
3. Do you find the organization of this document easy to follow? If not, why?
4. What additions to the document do you think would enhance the structure and subject?
5. What deletions from the document could be made without affecting the overall usefulness?
6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)?
7. How would you improve this document?
DS39662E-page 96
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
INDEX
A
Ethernet
Packet Format ............................................................ 31
CRC Field ........................................................... 32
Data Field ........................................................... 32
Destination Address ........................................... 32
Padding Field ..................................................... 32
Preamble/Start-of-Frame Delimiter..................... 31
Source Address .................................................. 32
Type/Length Field............................................... 32
Ethernet Buffer ................................................................... 17
DMA Controller
Access ................................................................ 17
Reading and Writing ................................................... 17
Receive....................................................................... 17
Transmit...................................................................... 17
Ethernet Module
Transmitting and Receiving Data
Receive Packet Layout....................................... 43
Transmit Packet Layout...................................... 40
Ethernet Overview .............................................................. 31
AC Characteristics
CLKOUT Pin ............................................................... 81
Industrial and Commercial .......................................... 81
Reset........................................................................... 81
SPI Interface (table) .................................................... 82
B
BIST
Address Fill Mode ....................................................... 76
Associated Registers .................................................. 77
EBSTCS registers....................................................... 76
EBSTSD Register ....................................................... 76
Pattern Shift Fill Mode................................................. 76
Random Data Fill Mode .............................................. 76
Usage.......................................................................... 76
Block Diagrams
Crystal Oscillator Operation .......................................... 5
ENC28J60 Architecture ................................................ 3
Ethernet Buffer Organization ...................................... 18
Ethernet Packet Format .............................................. 31
Ethernet Termination and External Connections .......... 7
External Clock Source .................................................. 5
I/O Level Shifting Using 3-State Buffers ....................... 8
I/O Level Shifting Using AND Gates ............................. 8
Interrupt Logic ............................................................. 63
LEDB Polarity and Reset Configuration........................ 8
Magic Packet Format .................................................. 52
Memory Organization.................................................. 11
On-Chip Reset Circuit ................................................. 59
Pattern Match Filter Format ........................................ 51
Typical ENC28J60 Based Interface .............................. 4
Built-in Self-Test Controller (BIST)...................................... 75
F
Flow Control........................................................................ 55
Associated Registers.................................................. 57
Full-Duplex Mode ....................................................... 55
Half-Duplex Mode....................................................... 55
Sample Full-Duplex Network (Diagram) ..................... 55
Flowcharts
Receive Filters Using AND Logic ............................... 50
Receive Filters Using OR Logic.................................. 49
Full-Duplex Mode
Operation.................................................................... 53
H
C
Half-Duplex Mode
Operation.................................................................... 53
Checksum Calculations ...................................................... 72
CLKOUT Pin ......................................................................... 6
Control Register Summary............................................ 13–14
Control Registers ................................................................ 12
Map ............................................................................. 12
Customer Change Notification Service ............................... 95
Customer Notification Service............................................. 95
Customer Support ............................................................... 95
I
I/O Level Shifting .................................................................. 8
Initialization ......................................................................... 33
MAC Settings.............................................................. 34
PHY Settings .............................................................. 37
Receive Buffer ............................................................ 33
Receive Filters............................................................ 33
Transmit Buffer ........................................................... 33
Waiting for OST .......................................................... 33
Internet Address ................................................................. 95
Interrupts ............................................................................ 63
DMA Flag (DMAIF) ..................................................... 69
INT Enable (INTIE) ..................................................... 64
Link Change Flag (LINKIF)......................................... 69
Receive Error Flag (RXERIF) ..................................... 68
Receive Packet Pending Flag (PKTIF) ....................... 69
Transmit Error Flag (TXERIF) .................................... 68
Transmit Interrupt Flag (TXIF) .................................... 68
D
DC Characteristics
Industrial and Commercial .......................................... 80
DMA Controller ................................................................... 71
Associated Registers .................................................. 72
Checksum Calculations .............................................. 72
Copying Memory......................................................... 71
Duplex Mode
Configuration and Negotiation .................................... 53
E
Electrical Characteristics..................................................... 79
Absolute Maximum Ratings ........................................ 79
Oscillator Timing ......................................................... 81
Requirements for External Magnetics......................... 81
EREVID Register ................................................................ 22
Errata .................................................................................... 2
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
L
LED Configuration ................................................................ 8
M
Magnetics and External Components................................... 7
Memory Organization ......................................................... 11
Microchip Internet Web Site................................................ 95
.
DS39662E-page 97
ENC28J60
O
MICMD (MII Command).............................................. 21
MISTAT (MII Status) ................................................... 21
PHCON1 (PHY Control 1) .......................................... 61
PHCON2 (PHY Control 2) .......................................... 37
PHID (PHY Device ID)................................................ 22
PHIE (PHY Interrupt Enable) ...................................... 67
PHIR (PHY Interrupt Request, Flag)........................... 67
PHLCON (PHY Module LED Control)........................... 9
PHSTAT1 (Physical Layer Status 1)........................... 23
PHSTAT2 (Physical Layer Status 2)........................... 24
Resets................................................................................. 59
MAC, PHY Subsystem................................................ 61
Power-on Reset .......................................................... 60
Receive Only .............................................................. 60
System........................................................................ 60
Transmit Only ............................................................. 60
Revision History.................................................................. 93
Oscillator ............................................................................... 5
Start-up Timer (OST) .................................................... 5
P
Package Types ..................................................................... 1
Packaging Information ........................................................ 83
Details ......................................................................... 84
Marking ....................................................................... 83
Per Packet Control Byte Format ......................................... 39
PHID Registers ................................................................... 22
PHSTAT Registers.............................................................. 22
PHY Register Summary ...................................................... 20
PHY Registers..................................................................... 19
Reading....................................................................... 19
Scanning ..................................................................... 19
Writing ......................................................................... 19
Pin Diagrams......................................................................... 1
Pinout I/O Descriptions ......................................................... 4
Power-Down........................................................................ 73
Associated Registers .................................................. 73
Power-on Reset (POR) ....................................................... 60
S
Serial Peripheral Interface. See SPI.
SPI
Bit Field Clear Command............................................ 29
Bit Field Set Command............................................... 29
Instruction Set............................................................. 26
Overview..................................................................... 25
Read Buffer
Memory Command ............................................. 28
Read Control Register Command............................... 27
System Reset Command............................................ 30
Write Buffer
Memory Command ............................................. 29
Write Control Register Command............................... 28
R
Read Control Register (RCR) ............................................. 27
Reader Response ............................................................... 96
Receive Filters .................................................................... 47
Broadcast .................................................................... 52
Hash Table.................................................................. 52
Magic Packet .............................................................. 52
Multicast ...................................................................... 52
Pattern Match Filter..................................................... 51
Unicast Filter ............................................................... 51
Receiving Packets............................................................... 43
Associated Registers .................................................. 46
Calculating Buffer Free Space .................................... 45
Calculating Free Receive Buffer Space ...................... 45
Calculating Random Access Address ......................... 44
Enabling Reception ..................................................... 43
Freeing Buffer Space .................................................. 45
Layout ......................................................................... 43
Reading....................................................................... 44
Status Vectors............................................................. 44
Registers
EBSTCON (Ethernet Self-Test Control)...................... 75
ECOCON (Clock Output Control) ................................. 6
ECON1 (Ethernet Control 1) ....................................... 15
ECON2 (Ethernet Control 2) ....................................... 16
EFLOCON (Ethernet Flow Control) ............................ 56
EIE (Ethernet Interrupt Enable)................................... 65
EIR (Ethernet Interrupt Request, Flag) ....................... 66
ERXFCON (Ethernet Receive Filter Control) .............. 48
ESTAT (Ethernet Status) ............................................ 64
MABBIPG (MAC Back-to-Back Inter-Packet Gap)...... 36
MACON1 (MAC Control 1).......................................... 34
MACON3 (MAC Control 3).......................................... 35
MACON4 (MAC Control 4).......................................... 36
DS39662E-page 98
T
Termination Requirement ..................................................... 7
Timing Diagrams
CLKOUT Transition ...................................................... 6
Read Control Register Command
(ETH Registers).................................................. 27
Read Control Register Command
(MAC/MII Registers) ........................................... 27
SPI Input ............................................................... 25, 82
SPI Output ............................................................ 25, 82
System Reset Command Sequence........................... 30
Write Buffer Memory Command Sequence ................ 29
Write Control Register Command Sequence.............. 28
Transmitting Packets .......................................................... 39
Associated Registers .................................................. 42
Status Vectors ............................................................ 41
W
WWW Address ................................................................... 95
WWW, On-Line Support ....................................................... 2
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
ENC28J60
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
PART NO.
-X
/XX
Device
Temperature
Range
Package
Device
Examples:
a)
b)
ENC28J60: Ethernet Controller w/SPI Interface
ENC28J60T: Ethernet Controller w/SPI Interface
(Tape and Reel)
Temperature
Range
I
= -40C to +85C (Industrial)
(SPDIP, SOIC, SSOP and QFN packages)
(Blank) = 0C to +70C (Commercial)
(SSOP packages only)
Package
SP
SO
SS
ML
=
=
=
=
c)
d)
e)
f)
ENC28J60-I/SP: Industrial temperature,
SPDIP package.
ENC28J60-I/SO: Industrial temperature,
SOIC package.
ENC28J60T-I/SO: Tape and Reel, Industrial
temperature, SOIC package.
ENC28J60/SS: Commercial temperature,
SSOP package.
ENC28J60T-I/SS: Tape and Reel, Industrial
temperature, SSOP package.
ENC28J60-I/ML: Industrial temperature,
QFN package.
SPDIP (Skinny Plastic DIP)
SOIC (Plastic Small Outline)
SSOP (Plastic Shrink Small Outline)
QFN (Quad Flat No Lead)
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
.
DS39662E-page 99
ENC28J60
NOTES:
DS39662E-page 100
.
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR
WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION,
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC,
FlashFlex, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro,
PICSTART, PIC32 logo, rfPIC, SST, SST Logo, SuperFlash
and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology
Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor,
MTP, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions
Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology
Incorporated in the U.S.A.
Silicon Storage Technology is a registered trademark of
Microchip Technology Inc. in other countries.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, BodyCom,
chipKIT, chipKIT logo, CodeGuard, dsPICDEM,
dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial
Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPF, MPLAB
Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Omniscient Code
Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit,
PICtail, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, SQI, Serial Quad I/O,
Total Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock, ZENA
and Z-Scale are trademarks of Microchip Technology
Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
GestIC and ULPP are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Germany II GmbH & Co. & KG, a subsidiary of
Microchip Technology Inc., in other countries.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2006-2012, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in
the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
ISBN: 978-1-62076-686-6
QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
CERTIFIED BY DNV
== ISO/TS 16949 ==
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2009 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California
and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures
are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
DS39662E-page 101
Worldwide Sales and Service
AMERICAS
ASIA/PACIFIC
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Corporate Office
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 480-792-7200
Fax: 480-792-7277
Technical Support:
http://www.microchip.com/
support
Web Address:
www.microchip.com
Asia Pacific Office
Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor
Tower 6, The Gateway
Harbour City, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
India - Bangalore
Tel: 91-80-3090-4444
Fax: 91-80-3090-4123
India - New Delhi
Tel: 91-11-4160-8631
Fax: 91-11-4160-8632
Austria - Wels
Tel: 43-7242-2244-39
Fax: 43-7242-2244-393
Denmark - Copenhagen
Tel: 45-4450-2828
Fax: 45-4485-2829
India - Pune
Tel: 91-20-2566-1512
Fax: 91-20-2566-1513
France - Paris
Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20
Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79
Japan - Osaka
Tel: 81-66-152-7160
Fax: 81-66-152-9310
Germany - Munich
Tel: 49-89-627-144-0
Fax: 49-89-627-144-44
Atlanta
Duluth, GA
Tel: 678-957-9614
Fax: 678-957-1455
Boston
Westborough, MA
Tel: 774-760-0087
Fax: 774-760-0088
Chicago
Itasca, IL
Tel: 630-285-0071
Fax: 630-285-0075
Cleveland
Independence, OH
Tel: 216-447-0464
Fax: 216-447-0643
Dallas
Addison, TX
Tel: 972-818-7423
Fax: 972-818-2924
Detroit
Farmington Hills, MI
Tel: 248-538-2250
Fax: 248-538-2260
Indianapolis
Noblesville, IN
Tel: 317-773-8323
Fax: 317-773-5453
Los Angeles
Mission Viejo, CA
Tel: 949-462-9523
Fax: 949-462-9608
Santa Clara
Santa Clara, CA
Tel: 408-961-6444
Fax: 408-961-6445
Toronto
Mississauga, Ontario,
Canada
Tel: 905-673-0699
Fax: 905-673-6509
Australia - Sydney
Tel: 61-2-9868-6733
Fax: 61-2-9868-6755
China - Beijing
Tel: 86-10-8569-7000
Fax: 86-10-8528-2104
China - Chengdu
Tel: 86-28-8665-5511
Fax: 86-28-8665-7889
China - Chongqing
Tel: 86-23-8980-9588
Fax: 86-23-8980-9500
Netherlands - Drunen
Tel: 31-416-690399
Fax: 31-416-690340
Korea - Daegu
Tel: 82-53-744-4301
Fax: 82-53-744-4302
Spain - Madrid
Tel: 34-91-708-08-90
Fax: 34-91-708-08-91
China - Hangzhou
Tel: 86-571-2819-3187
Fax: 86-571-2819-3189
Korea - Seoul
Tel: 82-2-554-7200
Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or
82-2-558-5934
China - Hong Kong SAR
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 60-3-6201-9857
Fax: 60-3-6201-9859
China - Nanjing
Tel: 86-25-8473-2460
Fax: 86-25-8473-2470
Malaysia - Penang
Tel: 60-4-227-8870
Fax: 60-4-227-4068
China - Qingdao
Tel: 86-532-8502-7355
Fax: 86-532-8502-7205
Philippines - Manila
Tel: 63-2-634-9065
Fax: 63-2-634-9069
China - Shanghai
Tel: 86-21-5407-5533
Fax: 86-21-5407-5066
Singapore
Tel: 65-6334-8870
Fax: 65-6334-8850
China - Shenyang
Tel: 86-24-2334-2829
Fax: 86-24-2334-2393
Taiwan - Hsin Chu
Tel: 886-3-5778-366
Fax: 886-3-5770-955
China - Shenzhen
Tel: 86-755-8203-2660
Fax: 86-755-8203-1760
Taiwan - Kaohsiung
Tel: 886-7-213-7828
Fax: 886-7-330-9305
China - Wuhan
Tel: 86-27-5980-5300
Fax: 86-27-5980-5118
Taiwan - Taipei
Tel: 886-2-2508-8600
Fax: 886-2-2508-0102
China - Xian
Tel: 86-29-8833-7252
Fax: 86-29-8833-7256
Thailand - Bangkok
Tel: 66-2-694-1351
Fax: 66-2-694-1350
UK - Wokingham
Tel: 44-118-921-5869
Fax: 44-118-921-5820
China - Xiamen
Tel: 86-592-2388138
Fax: 86-592-2388130
China - Zhuhai
Tel: 86-756-3210040
Fax: 86-756-3210049
DS39662E-page 102
Italy - Milan
Tel: 39-0331-742611
Fax: 39-0331-466781
Japan - Yokohama
Tel: 81-45-471- 6166
Fax: 81-45-471-6122
10/26/12
 2006-2012 Microchip Technology Inc.
Similar pages