ATA5428 - Complete

ATA5428
UHF ASK/FSK Transceiver
DATASHEET
Features
● Multi channel half-duplex transceiver with approximately ±2.5MHz programmable
tuning range
● High FSK sensitivity: –106dBm at 20Kbit/s/–109.5dBm at 2.4Kbit/s (433.92MHz)
● High ASK sensitivity: –112.5dBm at 10Kbit/s/–116.5dBm at 2.4Kbit/s (433.92MHz)
● Low supply current: 10.5mA in RX and TX Mode (3V/TX with 5dBm)
● Data Rate: 1 to 20Kbit/s Manchester FSK, 1 to 10Kbit/s Manchester ASK
● ASK/FSK receiver uses a low-IF architecture with high selectivity, blocking, and low
intermodulation (typical blocking 55dB at ±750kHz/61dB at ±1.5MHz and
70dB at ±10MHz, system I1dBCP = –30dBm/system IIP3 = –20dBm)
● 226kHz/237kHz IF frequency with 30dB image rejection and 170kHz usable IF
bandwidth
● Transmitter uses closed loop fractional-N synthesizer for FSK modulation with a
high PLL bandwidth and an excellent isolation between PLL/VCO and PA
● Tolerances of XTAL compensated by fractional-N synthesizer with 800Hz RF
resolution
● Integrated RX/TX-switch, single-ended RF input and output
● RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator)
● Communication to microcontroller with SPI interface working at max.500kBit/s
● Configurable self polling and RX/TX protocol handling with FIFO-RAM buffering of
received and transmitted data
● Five push button inputs and one wake-up input are active in power-down mode
● integrated XTAL capacitors
● PA efficiency: up to 38% (433.92MHz/10dBm/3V)
● Low in-band sensitivity change of typically ±1.8dB within ±58kHz center frequency
change in the complete temperature and supply voltage range
● Supply voltage switch, supply voltage regulator, reset generation, clock/interrupt
generation and low battery indicator for microcontroller
4841H-WIRE-09/14
● Fully integrated PLL with low phase noise VCO, PLL loop filter and full support of multi-channel operation with arbitrary
channel distance due to fractional-N synthesizer
● Sophisticated threshold control and quasi-peak detector circuit in the data slicer
● Power management via different operation modes
● 433.92MHz and 868.3MHz without external VCO and PLL components
● Inductive supply with voltage regulator if battery is empty (AUX mode)
● Efficient XTO start-up circuit (> –1.5kΩ worst case real start-up impedance)
● Changing of modulation type ASK/FSK and data rate without component changes
● Minimal external circuitry requirements for complete system solution
● Adjustable output power: 0 to 10dBm adjusted and stabilized with external resistor
● ESD protection at all pins (1.5kV HBM, 200V MM, 1kV FCDM)
● Supply voltage range: 2.4V to 3.6V or 4.4V to 6.6V
● Temperature range: –40°C to +85°C
● Small 7 × 7mm QFN48 package
Applications
● Consumer industrial segment
● Access control systems
● Remote control systems
● Alarm and telemetry systems
● Energy metering
● Home automation
Benefits
● Low system cost due to very high system integration level
● Only one crystal needed in system
● Less demanding specification for the microcontroller due to handling of power-down mode, delivering of clock, reset, low
battery indication and complete handling of receive/transmit protocol and polling
● Single-ended design with high isolation of PLL/VCO from PA and the power supply allows a loop antenna in the remote
control unit to surround the whole application
2
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
1.
General Description
The Atmel® ATA5428 is a highly integrated UHF ASK/FSK multi-channel half-duplex transceiver with low power
consumption supplied in a small 7 x 7mm QFN48 package. The receive part is built as a fully integrated low-IF receiver,
whereas direct PLL modulation with the fractional-N synthesizer is used for FSK transmission and switching of the power
amplifier for ASK transmission.
The device supports data rates of 1Kbit/s to 20Kbit/s (FSK) and 1Kbit/s to 10Kbit/s (ASK) in Manchester, Bi-phase and other
codes in transparent mode. The ATA5428 can be used in the 431.5MHz to 436.5MHz and in the 862MHz to 872MHz bands.
The very high system integration level results in a small number of external components needed.
Due to its blocking and selectivity performance, together with the additional 15dB to 20dB loss and the narrow bandwidth of
a typical loop antenna in a remote control unit, a bulky blocking SAW is not needed in the remote control unit. Additionally,
the building blocks needed for a typical remote control and access control system on both sides (the base and the mobile
stations) are fully integrated.
Its digital control logic with self-polling and protocol generation enables a fast challenge-response system without using a
high-performance microcontroller. Therefore, the ATA5428 contains a FIFO buffer RAM and can compose and receive the
physical messages themselves. This provides more time for the microcontroller to carry out other functions such as
calculating crypto algorithms, composing the logical messages, and controlling other devices. Therefore, a standard 4-/8-bit
microcontroller without special periphery and clocked with the CLK output of about 4.5MHz is sufficient to control the
communication link. This is especially valid for passive entry and access control systems, where within less than 100ms
several challenge-response communications with arbitration of the communication partner have to be handled.
It is hence possible to design bi-directional remote control and access control systems with a fast challenge-response crypto
function, with the same PCB board size and with the same current consumption as uni-directional remote control systems.
Figure 1-1. System Block Diagram
ATA5428
RF Transceiver
Antenna
Digital Control
Logic
Power
Supply
ATmega
44/88/168
Microcontroller
Interface
Matching/
RF Switch
4 to 8
XTO
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
3
CDEM
RX_TX2
PWR_ON
RX_TX1
T5
T3
T4
T2
RX_ACTIVE
T1
NC
NC
Figure 1-2. Pinning QFN48
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37
NC
1
36
RSSI
NC
2
35
CS
NC
3
34
DEM_OUT
RF_IN
4
33
SCK
NC
5
32
SDI_TMDI
433_N868
6
31
SDO_TMDO
NC
7
30
CLK
R_PWR
8
29
IRQ
PWR_H
9
28
N_RESET
RF_OUT
10
27
VSINT
NC
11
26
NC
NC
12
25
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Table 1-1.
4
XTAL2
TXAL1
TEST2
DVCC
VSOUT
TEST1
VS1
VAUX
VS2
NC
AVCC
NC
NC
ATA5428
Pin Description
Pin
Symbol
Function
1
NC
Not connected
2
NC
Not connected
3
NC
Not connected
4
RF_IN
RF input
5
NC
6
433_N868
Not connected
7
NC
8
R_PWR
Resistor to adjust output power
Selects RF input/output frequency range
Not connected
9
PWR_H
Pin to select output power
10
RF_OUT
RF output
11
NC
Not connected
12
NC
Not connected
13
NC
Not connected
14
NC
Not connected
15
NC
Not connected
16
AVCC
17
VS2
Power supply input for voltage range 4.4V to 6.6V
18
VS1
Power supply input for voltage range 2.4V to 3.6V
19
VAUX
Auxiliary supply voltage input
20
TEST1
Test input, at GND during operation
21
DVCC
Blocking of the digital voltage supply
22
VSOUT
Output voltage power supply for external devices
23
TEST2
Test input, at GND during operation
24
XTAL1
Reference crystal
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Blocking of the analog voltage supply
Table 1-1.
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin
Symbol
25
XTAL2
26
NC
27
VSINT
28
N_RESET
Function
Reference crystal
Not connected
Microcontroller interface supply voltage
Output pin to reset a connected microcontroller
29
IRQ
Interrupt request
30
CLK
Clock output to connect a microcontroller
31
SDO_TMDO
Serial data out/transparent mode data out
32
SDI_TMDI
33
SCK
34
DEM_OUT
35
CS
36
RSSI
Serial data in/transparent mode data in
Serial clock
Demodulator open drain output signal
Chip select for serial interface
Output of the RSSI amplifier
Capacitor to adjust the lower cut-off frequency data filter
37
CDEM
38
RX_TX2
GND pin to decouple LNA in TX mode
39
RX_TX1
Switch pin to decouple LNA in TX mode
40
PWR_ON
41
T5
Key input 5 (can also be used to switch on the system (active low))
42
T4
Key input 4 (can also be used to switch on the system (active low))
43
T3
Key input 3 (can also be used to switch on the system (active low))
44
T2
Key input 2 (can also be used to switch on the system (active low))
45
T1
Key input 1 (can also be used to switch on the system (active low))
46
RX_ACTIVE
47
NC
Not connected
48
NC
Not connected
GND
Input to switch on the system (active high)
Indicates RX operation mode
Ground/backplane
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
5
Figure 1-3. Block Diagram
AVCC
433_N868
RX_ACTIVE
RF Transceiver
DVCC
Digital Control Logic
Power
Supply
Frontend Enable
R_PWR
PA
RX_TX1
RX/TX
Switch
RX_TX2
RF_IN
VSOUT
TX_DATA (FSK)
Switches
Regulators
Wake-up
Reset
RX/TX
PWR_H
LNA
CDEM
Fractional-N
Frequency
Synthesizer
Signal
Processing
(Mixer
IF Filter
IF Amplifier
FSK/ASK
Demodulator,
Data Filter
Data Slicer)
13
FREQ
VS1
VAUX
PA_Enable (ASK)
RF_OUT
VS2
FREF
PWR_ON
T1
Demod_Out
TX/RX - Data Buffer
Control Register
Status Register
Polling Circuit
Bit-check Logic
T2
T3
T4
T5
Reset
RSSI
XTAL1
XTO
XTAL2
DEM_OUT
CLK
TEST1
N_RESET
TEST2
IRQ
CS
Microcontroller
Interface
SCK
SPI
SDI_TMDI
SDO_TMDO
VSINT
6
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
GND
2.
Application Circuits
2.1
Typical Remote Control Unit Application with 1 Li Battery (3V)
Figure 2-1 shows a typical 433.92MHz Remote Control Unit application with one battery. The external components are
11 capacitors, 1 resistor, 2 inductors and a crystal. C1 to C4 are 68nF voltage supply blocking capacitors. C5 is a 10nF supply
blocking capacitor. C6 is a 15nF fixed capacitor used for the internal quasi-peak detector and for the high-pass frequency of
the data filter. C7 to C11 are RF matching capacitors in the range of 1pF to 33pF. L1 is a matching inductor of about 5.6nH to
56nH. L2 is a feed inductor of about 120nH. A load capacitor of 9pF for the crystal is integrated. R1 is typically 22kΩ and sets
the output power to about 5.5dBm. The loop antenna’s quality factor is somewhat reduced by this application due to the
quality factor of L2 and the RX/TX switch. On the other hand, this lower quality factor is necessary to have a robust design
with a bandwidth that is broad enough for production tolerances. Due to the single-ended and ground-referenced design, the
loop antenna can be a free-form wire around the application as it is usually employed in remote control uni-directional
systems. The ATA5428 provides sufficient isolation and robust pulling behavior of internal circuits from the supply voltage as
well as an integrated VCO inductor to allow this. Since the efficiency of a loop antenna is proportional to the square of the
surrounded area it is beneficial to have a large loop around the application board with a lower quality factor in order to relax
the tolerance specification of the RF components and to get a high antenna efficiency in spite of their lower quality factor.
Figure 2-1. Typical Remote Control Unit Application, 433.92MHz, 1 Li Battery (3V)
C11
C7
C6
NC
RX_TX2
RX_TX1
T4
T3
T2
T5
PWR_ON
NC
NC
T1
NC
RX_ACTIVE
Sensor
NC
CDEM
RSSI
CS
DEM_OUT
RF_IN
C5
SCK
433_N868
R1
L2
SDO_TMDO
ATA5428
CLK
NC
R_PWR
IRQ
PWR_H
N_RESET
RF_OUT
Loop Antenna
VSOUT
DVCC
TEST1
VAUX
VS1
VS2
AVCC
NC
C9
NC
NC
C10
VCC
VSINT
NC
NC
C8
ATmega
48/88/168
SDI_TMDI
NC
TEST2
AVCC
VSS
NC
TXAL1
20mm x 0.4mm
L1
XTAL2
C1
C4
13.25311MHz
C2
+ Lithium Cell
C3
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
7
2.2
Typical Base-station Application (5V)
Figure 2.2 shows a typical 433.92MHz VCC = 4.75V to 5.25V Base-station Application (5V). The external components are
12 capacitors, 1 resistor, 4 inductors, a SAW filter, and a crystal. C1 and C3 to C4 are 68nF voltage supply blocking
capacitors. C2 and C12 are 2.2µF supply blocking capacitors for the internal voltage regulators. C5 is a 10nF supply blocking
capacitor. C6 is a 15 nF fixed capacitor used for the internal quasi-peak detector and for the high-pass frequency of the data
filter. C7 to C11 are RF matching capacitors in the range of 1pF to 33pF. L2 to L4 are matching inductors of about 5.6nH to
56nH. A load capacitor for the crystal of 9pF is integrated. R1 is typically 22kΩ and sets the output power at RF_OUT to
about 10dBm. Since a quarter wave or PCB antenna, which has high efficiency and wide band operation, is typically used
here, it is recommended to use a SAW filter to achieve high sensitivity in case of powerful out-of-band blockers. L1, C9 and
C10 together form a low-pass filter, which is needed to filter out the harmonics in the transmitted signal to meet regulations.
An internally regulated voltage at pin VSOUT can be used in case the microcontroller only supports 3.3V operation, a
blocking capacitor with a value of C12 = 2.2µF has to be connected to VSOUT in any case.
Figure 2-2. Typical Base-station Application (5V), 433.92MHz
L3
C7
NC
RX_TX2
RX_TX1
T4
T3
T2
T5
PWR_ON
NC
NC
T1
NC
Sensor
RX_ACTIVE
CDEM
RSSI
CS
DEM_OUT
RF_IN
C5
SCK
433_N868
R1
CLK
R_PWR
IRQ
PWR_H
N_RESET
RFOUT
C10
VSOUT
DVCC
TEST1
VAUX
VS1
AVCC
NC
C8
NC
NC
NC
L1
NC
C1
C2
4841H–WIRE–09/14
13.25311MHz
C4
VCC = 4.75V to 5.25V
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
XTAL2
C9
C12
8
VCC
VSINT
RF_OUT
NC
50Ω
Connector
SDO_TMDO
ATA5428
NC
TEST2
L2
ATmega
48/88/168
SDI_TMDI
NC
VS2
AVCC
TXAL1
SAW-Filter
C6
NC
C11
20mm x 0.4mm
L4
C3
VSS
Typical Remote Control Unit Application, 2 Li Batteries (6V)
Figure 2-3 shows a typical 433.92Hz 2 Li battery Remote Control Unit application. The external components are
11 capacitors, 1 resistor, 2 inductors and a crystal. C1 and C4 are 68nF voltage supply blocking capacitors. C2 and C3 are
2.2µF supply blocking capacitors for the internal voltage regulators. C5 is a 10nF supply blocking capacitor. C6 is a 15nF
fixed capacitor used for the internal quasi-peak detector and for the high-pass frequency of the data filter. C7 to C11 are RF
matching capacitors in the range of 1pF to 33pF. L1 is a matching inductor of about 5.6nH to 56nH. L2 is a feed inductor of
about 120nH. A load capacitor for the crystal of 9pF is integrated. R1 is typically 22kΩ and sets the output power to about
5.5dBm.
Figure 2-3. Typical Remote Control Unit Application, 433.92MHz, 2 Li Batteries (6V)
C11
C7
C6
NC
RX_TX2
RX_TX1
T4
T3
T2
T5
PWR_ON
NC
NC
T1
NC
RX_ACTIVE
Sensor
NC
CDEM
RSSI
CS
DEM_OUT
SCK
RF_IN
NC
433_N868
R1
L2
SDO_TMDO
ATA5428
CLK
NC
R_PWR
IRQ
PWR_H
N_RESET
RF_OUT
Loop Antenna
C1
VSOUT
DVCC
TEST1
VAUX
VS1
VS2
AVCC
NC
C9
NC
NC
C10
VCC
VSINT
NC
NC
C8
ATmega
48/88/168
SDI_TMDI
TEST2
AVCC
C5
VSS
NC
TXAL1
L1
20mm x 0.4mm
2.3
XTAL2
C2
C4
+ Lithium Cell
13.25311MHz
C3
+ Lithium Cell
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
9
3.
RF Transceiver
As seen in Figure 1-3 on page 6, the RF transceiver consists of an LNA (Low-noise Amplifier), PA (Power Amplifier), RX/TX
switch, fractional-N frequency synthesizer and the signal processing part with mixer, IF filter, IF amplifier with analog RSSI,
FSK/ASK demodulator, data filter, and data slicer.
In receive mode the LNA pre-amplifies the received signal which is converted down to 226kHz (ATA5428), filtered and
amplified before it is fed into an FSK/ASK demodulator, data filter, and data slicer. The RSSI (Received Signal Strength
Indicator) signal and the raw digital output signal of the demodulator are available at the pins RSSI and DEM_OUT. The
demodulated data signal Demod_Out is fed to the digital control logic where it is evaluated and buffered as described in
section “Digital Control Logic” on page 30.
In transmit mode, the fractional-N frequency synthesizer generates the TX frequency which is fed to the PA. In ASK mode
the PA is modulated by the signal PA_Enable. In FSK mode the PA is enabled and the signal TX_DATA (FSK) modulates
the fractional-N frequency synthesizer. The frequency deviation is digitally controlled and internally fixed to about ±16kHz
(see Table 4-1 on page 23 for exact values). The transmit data can also be buffered as described in section “Digital Control
Logic” on page 30. A lock detector within the synthesizer ensures that the transmission will start only if the synthesizer is
locked.
The RX/TX switch can be used to combine the LNA input and the PA output to a single antenna with a minimum of losses.
Transparent modes without buffering of RX and TX data are also available to allow protocols and coding schemes other than
the internally supported Manchester encoding.
3.1
Low-IF Receiver
The receive path consists of a fully integrated low-IF receiver. It fulfills the sensitivity, blocking, selectivity, supply voltage and
supply current specification needed to manufacture, for example, an automotive remote control unit without the use of SAW
blocking filter (see Figure 2-1 on page 7). In a Base-station Application (5V) the receiver can be used with an additional
blocking SAW front-end filter as shown in Figure 2.2 on page 8.
At 433.92MHz the receiver has a typical system noise figure of 7.0dB, a system I1dBCP of -30dBm and a system IIP3 of –
20dBm. There is no AGC or switching of the LNA needed; thus, a better blocking performance is achieved. This receiver
uses an IF (Intermediate Frequency) of 226kHz, the typical image rejection is 30dB and the typical 3dB IF filter bandwidth is
185kHz (fIF = 226kHz ±92.5kHz, flo_IF = 133.5kHz and fhi_IF = 318.5kHz). The demodulator needs a signal to Gaussian noise
ratio of 8dB for 20Kbit/s Manchester with ±16kHz frequency deviation in FSK mode; thus, the resulting sensitivity at
433.92MHz is typically –106dBm at 20Kbit/s Manchester.
Due to the low phase noise and spurious emissions of the synthesizer in receive mode(1) together with the eighth order
integrated IF filter, the receiver has a better selectivity and blocking performance than more complex double superhet
receivers but without external components and without numerous spurious receiving frequencies.
A low-IF architecture is also less sensitive to second-order intermodulation (IIP2) than direct conversion receivers, where
every pulse or AM-modulated signal (especially the signals from TDMA systems like GSM) demodulates to the receiving
signal band at second-order non-linearities.
Note:
3.2
1.
–120dBC/Hz at ±1MHz and –75dBC at ±FREF at 433.92MHz
Input Matching at RF_IN
The measured input impedances as well as the values of a parallel equivalent circuit of these impedances can be seen in the
Table 3-1. The highest sensitivity is achieved with power matching of these impedances to the source impedance of 50Ω.
Table 3-1.
10
Measured Input Impedances of the RF_IN Pin
fRF/MHz
Z(RF_IN)
Rp//Cp
433.92
(32-j169)Ω
925Ω//2.1pF
868.3
(21-j78)Ω
311Ω//2.2pF
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
The matching of the LNA Input to 50Ω was done with the circuit shown in Figure 3-1 and with the values given in Table 3-2
on page 11. The reflection coefficients were always ≤ 10dB. Note that value changes of C1 and L1 may be necessary to
compensate for individual board layouts. The measured typical FSK and ASK Manchester code sensitivities with a Bit Error
Rate (BER) of 10-3 are shown in Table 3-3 on page 11 and Table 3-4 on page 11. These measurements were done with
inductors having a quality factor according to Table 3-2 on page 11, resulting in estimated matching losses of 0.7dB at
433.92MHz, 0.7dB at 868.3MHz. These losses can be estimated when calculating the parallel equivalent resistance of the
inductor with Rloss = 2 × π × f × L × QL and the matching loss with 10 log(1 + Rp/Rloss).
With an ideal inductor, for example, the sensitivity at 433.92MHz/FSK/20Kbit/s/±16kHz/Manchester can be improved from –
106dBm to –106.7dBm. The sensitivity depends on the control logic which examines the incoming data stream. The
examination limits must be programmed in control registers 5 and 6. The measurements in Table 3-3 on page 11 and Table
3-4 on page 11 are based on the values of registers 5 and 6 according to Table 9-3 on page 53.
Figure 3-1. Input Matching to 50Ω
ATA5428
C1
4
RF_IN
L1
Table 3-2.
Table 3-3.
Input Matching to 50Ω
fRF/MHz
C1/pF
L1/nH
QL1
433.92
1.8
27
70
868.3
1.2
6.8
50
Measured Sensitivity FSK, ±16kHz, Manchester, dBm, BER = 10–3
RF Frequency
BR_Range_0
1.0Kbit/s
BR_Range_0
2.4Kbit/s
BR_Range_1
5.0Kbit/s
BR_Range_2
10Kbit/s
BR_Range_3
20Kbit/s
433.92MHz
–109.0dBm
–109.5dBm
–108.0dBm
–107.0dBm
–106.0dBm
868.3MHz
–106.0dBm
–106.5dBm
–105.5dBm
–104.0dBm
–103.5dBm
Table 3-4.
Measured Sensitivity 100% ASK, Manchester, dBm, BER = 10–3
RF Frequency
BR_Range_0
1.0Kbit/s
BR_Range_0
2.4Kbit/s
BR_Range_1
5.0Kbit/s
BR_Range_2
10Kbit/s
433.92MHz
–116.0dBm
–116.5dBm
–114.0dBm
–112.5dBm
868.3MHz
–112.5dBm
–113.0dBm
–111.5dBm
–109.5dBm
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
11
3.3
Sensitivity versus Supply Voltage, Temperature and Frequency Offset
To calculate the behavior of a transmission system it is important to know the reduction of the sensitivity due to several
influences. The most important are frequency offset due to crystal oscillator (XTO) and crystal frequency (XTAL) errors,
temperature and supply voltage dependency of the noise figure and IF filter bandwidth of the receiver. Figure 3-2 shows the
typical sensitivity at 433.92MHz/FSK/20Kbit/s/±16kHz/Manchester versus the frequency offset between transmitter and
receiver with Tamb = –40°C, +25°C and +105°C and supply voltage VS1 = VS2 = 2.4V, 3.0V and 3.6V.
Measured Sensitivity 433.92MHz/FSK/20Kbit/s/±16kHz/Manchester versus Frequency Offset, Temperature and Supply Voltage
Sensitivity (dBm)
Figure 3-2.
-110
-109
-108
-107
-106
-105
-104
-103
-102
-101
-100
-99
-98
-97
-96
-95
-100
VS = 2.4V Tamb = -40°C
VS = 3.0V Tamb = -40°C
VS = 3.6V Tamb = -40°C
VS = 2.4V Tamb = +25°C
VS = 3.0V Tamb = +25°C
VS = 3.6V Tamb = +25°C
VS = 2.4V Tamb = +105°C
VS = 3.0V Tamb = +105°C
VS = 3.6V Tamb = +105°C
-80
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
Frequency Offset (kHz)
As can be seen in Figure 3-2 on page 12 the supply voltage has almost no influence. The temperature has an influence of
about +1.5/–0.7dB, and a frequency offset of ±65kHz also influences by about ±1dB. All these influences, combined with the
sensitivity of a typical IC, are then within a range of –103.7dBm and –107.3dBm over temperature, supply voltage and
frequency offset which is –105.5dBm ±1.8dB. The integrated IF filter has an additional production tolerance of only ±7kHz,
hence, a frequency offset between the receiver and the transmitter of ±58kHz can be accepted for XTAL and XTO
tolerances.
This small sensitivity spread over supply voltage, frequency offset and temperature is very unusual in such a receiver. It is
achieved by an internal, very fast and automatic frequency correction in the FSK demodulator after the IF filter, which leads
to a higher system margin. This frequency correction tracks the input frequency very quickly; if, however, the input frequency
makes a larger step (for example, if the system changes between different communication partners), the receiver has to be
restarted. This can be done by switching back to IDLE mode and then again to RX mode. For that purpose, an automatic
mode is also available. This automatic mode switches to IDLE mode and back into RX mode every time a bit error occurs
(see Section 7. on page 30).
3.4
Frequency Accuracy of the Crystals
The XTO is an amplitude regulated Pierce oscillator with integrated load capacitors. The initial tolerances (due to the
frequency tolerance of the XTAL, the integrated capacitors on XTAL1, XTAL2 and the XTO’s initial transconductance gm)
can be compensated to a value within ±0.5ppm by measuring the CLK output frequency and programming the control
registers 2 and 3 (see Table 7-7 on page 32 and Table 7-10 on page 33). The XTO then has a remaining influence of less
than ±2ppm over temperature and supply voltage due to the band gap controlled gm of the XTO.
The needed frequency stability of the used crystals over temperature and aging is hence
±58kHz/433.92MHz – 2 × ±2.5ppm = ±128.6ppm for 433.92Mz,
±58kHz/868.3MHz – 2 × ±2.5ppm = ±61.8ppm for 868.3MHz.
Thus, the used crystals in receiver and transmitter each need to be better than ±64.3ppm for 433.92MHz, ±30.9ppm for
868.3MHz. In access control systems it may be advantageous to have a more tight tolerance at the Base-station in order to
relax the requirement for the remote control unit.
12
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
3.5
RX Supply Current versus Temperature and Supply Voltage
Table 3-5 shows the typical supply current at 433.92MHz of the transceiver in RX mode versus supply voltage and
temperature with VS = VS1 = VS2. As can be seen, the supply current at 2.4V and –40°C is less than the typical supply
current; this is useful because this is also the operation point where a lithium cell has the worst performance. The typical
supply current at 868.3MHz in RX mode is about the same as for 433.92MHz.
Table 3-5.
VS = VS1 = VS2
2.4V
Tamb = –40°C
8.4mA
8.8mA
9.2mA
Tamb = 25°C
9.9mA
10.3mA
10.8mA
Tamb = 85°C
10.9mA
11.3mA
11.8mA
3.0V
3.6V
Blocking, Selectivity
As can be seen in Figure 3-3 and Figure 3-4 on page 13, the receiver can receive signals 3dB higher than the sensitivity
level in the presence of very large blockers of –47dBm/–34dBm with small frequency offsets of ±1/±10MHz.
Figure 3-3 shows narrow band blocking and Figure 3-4 wide band blocking characteristics. The measurements were done
with a signal of 433.92MHz/FSK/20Kbit/s/±16kHz/Manchester, and with a level of –106dBm + 3dB = –103dBm which is 3dB
above the sensitivity level. The figures show how much larger than –103dBm a continuous wave signal can be before the
BER is higher than 10–3. The measurements were done at the 50Ω input according to Figure 3-1 on page 11. At 1MHz, for
example, the blocker can be 56dB higher than –103dBm which is -103dBm + 56dB = –47dBm. These values, together with
the good intermodulation performance, avoid the need for a SAW filter in the remote control unit application.
Figure 3-3. Narrow Band 3dB Blocking Characteristic at 433.92MHz
70
Blocking Level (dBC)
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
Distance of Interfering to Receiving Signal (MHz)
Figure 3-4. Wide Band 3dB Blocking Characteristic at 433.92MHz
80
70
Blocking Level (dBC)
3.6
Measured 433.92 MHz Receive Supply Current in FSK Mode
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
Distance of Interfering to Receiving Signal (MHz)
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
13
Figure 3-5 on page 14 shows the blocking measurement close to the received frequency to illustrate the selectivity and
image rejection. This measurement was done 6dB above the sensitivity level with a useful signal of
433.92MHz/FSK/20Kbit/s/±16kHz/Manchester with a level of –106dBm + 6dB = –100dBm. The figure shows to which extent
a continuous wave signal can surpass –100dBm until the BER is higher than 10-3. For example, at 1MHz the blocker can
then be 59dB higher than –100dBm which is –100dBm + 59dB = –41dBm.
Table 3-6 on page 14 shows the blocking performance measured relative to –100dBm for some other frequencies. Note that
sometimes the blocking is measured relative to the sensitivity level (dBS) instead of the carrier (dBC).
Table 3-6.
Blocking 6dB Above Sensitivity Level with BER < 10–3
Frequency Offset
Blocker Level
Blocking
+0.75MHz
–45dBm
55dBC/61dBS
–0.75MHz
–45dBm
55dBC/61dBS
+1.5MHz
–38dBm
62dBC/68dBS
–1.5MHz
–38dBm
62dBC/68dBS
+10MHz
–30dBm
70dBC/76dBS
–10MHz
–30dBm
70dBC/76dBS
The ATA5428 can also receive FSK and ASK modulated signals if they are much higher than the I1dBCP. It can typically
receive useful signals at 10dBm. This is often referred to as the nonlinear dynamic range which is the maximum to minimum
receiving signal and is 116dB for 20Kbit/s Manchester. This value is useful if two transceivers have to communicate and are
very close to each other.
Figure 3-5. Close In 6dB Blocking Characteristic and Image Response at 433.92MHz
70
Blocking Level (dBC)
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-1.0
-0.8
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
Distance of Interfering to Receiving Signal (MHz)
This high blocking performance even makes it possible for some applications using quarter wave whip antennas to use a
simple LC band-pass filter instead of a SAW filter in the receiver.
When designing such an LC filter take into account that the 3dB blocking at 433.92MHz/2 = 216.96MHz is 43dBC and at
433.92MHz/3 = 144.64MHz is 48dBC and at 2 × (433.92MHz + 226kHz) + –226kHz = 868.066MHz/868.518MHz is 56dBC.
And especially that at 3 × (433.92MHz + 226kHz) + 226kHz = 1302.664MHz the receiver has its second LO harmonic
receiving frequency with only 12dBC blocking.
3.7
In-band Disturbers, Data Filter, Quasi-peak Detector, Data Slicer
If a disturbing signal falls into the received band or a blocker is not continuous wave, the performance of a receiver strongly
depends on the circuits after the IF filter. The demodulator, data filter and data slicer are important, in that case.
The data filter of the ATA5428 implies a quasi-peak detector. This results in a good suppression of the above mentioned
disturbers and exhibits a good carrier to Gaussian noise performance. The required useful signal to disturbing signal ratio to
be received with a BER of 10–3 is less than 12dB in ASK mode and less than 3dB (BR_Range_0 to BR_Range_2)/6dB
(BR_Range_3) in FSK mode.
14
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Due to the many different waveforms possible these numbers are measured for signal as well as for disturbers with peak
amplitude values. Note that these values are worst case values and are valid for any type of modulation and modulating
frequency of the disturbing signal as well as the receiving signal. For many combinations, lower carrier to disturbing signal
ratios are needed.
3.8
DEM_OUT Output
The internal raw output signal of the demodulator Demod_Out is available at pin DEM_OUT. DEM_OUT is an open drain
output and must be connected to a pull-up resistor if it is used (typically 100kΩ) otherwise no signal is present at that pin.
3.9
RSSI Output
The output voltage of the pin RSSI is an analog voltage, proportional to the input power level. Using the RSSI output signal,
the signal strength of different transmitters can be distinguished. The usable dynamic range of the RSSI amplifier is 70dB,
the input power range P(RFIN) is –115dBm to –45dBm and the gain is 8mV/dB. Figure 3-6 shows the RSSI characteristic of
a typical device at 433.92MHz with VS1 = VS2 = 2.4V to 3.6V and Tamb = –40°C to +85°C with a matched input according to
Table 3-2 on page 11 and Figure 3-1 on page 11. At 868.3MHz about 2.7dB more signal level is needed for the same RSSI
results.
Figure 3-6. Typical RSSI Characteristic versus Temperature and Supply Voltage
1100
VRSSI (mV)
1000
900
800
max.
700
typ.
min.
600
500
400
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
PRF_IN (dBm)
3.10
Frequency Synthesizer
The synthesizer is a fully integrated fractional-N design with internal loop filters for receive and transmit mode. The XTO
frequency fXTO is the reference frequency FREF for the synthesizer. The bits FR0 to FR12 in control registers 2 and 3 (see
Table 7-7 on page 32 and Table 7-10 on page 33) are used to adjust the deviation of fXTO. In transmit mode, at 433.92MHz,
the carrier has a phase noise of –111dBC/Hz at 1MHz and spurious emissions at FREF of –66dBC with a high PLL loop
bandwidth allowing the direct modulation of the carrier with 20Kbit/s Manchester data. Due to the closed loop modulation any
spurious emissions caused by this modulation are effectively filtered out as can be seen in Figure 3-9 on page 17. In RX
mode the synthesizer has a phase noise of –120dBC/Hz at 1MHz and spurious emissions of –75dBC.
The initial tolerances of the crystal oscillator due to crystal tolerances, internal capacitor tolerances and the parasitics of the
board have to be compensated at manufacturing setup with control registers 2 and 3 as can be seen in Table 4-1 on page
23. The other control words for the synthesizer needed for ASK, FSK and receive/transmit switching are calculated
internally. The RF (Radio Frequency) resolution is equal to the XTO frequency divided by 16384 which is 808.9Hz at
433.92MHz, 818.6Hz at 868.3MHz.
For the multi-channel system the frequency control word FREQ in control registers 2 and 3 can be programmed in the range
of 1000 to 6900, this is equivalent to a programmable tuning range of ±2.5MHz hence every frequency within the 433MHz,
868MHz ISM bands can be programmed as receive and as transmit frequency, and the position of channels within these
ISM bands can be chosen arbitrarily (see Table 4-1 on page 23).
Care must be taken as to the harmonics of the CLK output signal as well as to the harmonics produced by a microprocessor
clocked with it, since these harmonics can disturb the reception of signals. In a single-channel system, using FREQ = 3803
to 4053 ensures that harmonics of this signal do not disturb the receive mode.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
15
3.11
FSK/ASK Transmission
Due to the fast modulation capability of the synthesizer and the high resolution, the carrier can be internally FSK modulated,
which simplifies the application of the transceiver. The deviation of the transmitted signal is ±20 digital frequency steps of the
synthesizer which is equal to ±16.17kHz for 433.92MHz, ±16.37kHz for 868.3MHz.
Due to closed loop modulation with PLL filtering the modulated spectrum is very clean, meeting ETSI and CEPT regulations
when using a simple LC filter for the power amplifier harmonics as it is shown in Figure 2.2 on page 8. In ASK mode the
frequency is internally connected to the center of the FSK transmission and the power amplifier is switched on and off to
perform the modulation. Figure 3-7 to Figure 3-9 on page 17 show the spectrum of the FSK modulation with pseudo-random
data with 20Kbit/s/±16.17kHz/Manchester and 5dBm output power.
Figure 3-7. FSK-modulated TX Spectrum (433.92MHz/20Kbit/s/±16.17kHz/Manchester Code)
Ref 10dB
Samp
Log
10
dB/
Atten 20dB
VAvg
50
W1 S2
S3 FC
Center 433.92MHz
Res BW 100kHz
16
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
VBW 100kHz
Span 30MHz
Sweep 7.5ms (401 pts)
Figure 3-8. Unmodulated TX Spectrum 433.92MHz – 16.17kHz (fFSK_L)
Atten 20dB
Ref 10dB
Samp
Log
10
dB/
VAvg
50
W1 S2
S3 FC
Center 433.92MHz
Res BW 10kHz
VBW 10kHz
Span 1MHz
Sweep 27.5ms (401 pts)
Figure 3-9. FSK-modulated TX Spectrum (433.92MHz/20Kbit/s/±16.17kHz/Manchester Code)
Ref 10dB
Samp
Log
10
dB/
Atten 20dB
VAvg
50
W1 S2
S3 FC
Center 433.92MHz
Res BW 10kHz
VBW 10kHz
Span 1MHz
Sweep 27.5ms (401 pts)
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
17
3.12
Output Power Setting and PA Matching at RF_OUT
The Power Amplifier (PA) is a single-ended open collector stage which delivers a current pulse which is nearly independent
of supply voltage, temperature and tolerances due to band gap stabilization. Resistor R1, see Figure 3-10, sets a reference
current which controls the current in the PA. A higher resistor value results in a lower reference current, a lower output power
and a lower current consumption of the PA. The usable range of R1 is 15kΩ to 56kΩ. Pin PWR_H switches the output power
range between about 0dBm to 5dBm (PWR_H = GND) and 5dBm to 10dBm (PWR_H = AVCC) by multiplying this reference
current by a factor 1 (PWR_H = GND) and 2.5 (PWR_H = AVCC), which corresponds to about 5dB more output power.
If the PA is switched off in TX mode, the current consumption without output stage with VS1 = VS2 = 3V, Tamb = 25°C is
typically 6.5mA for 868.3MHz and 6.95mA for 433.92MHz.
The maximum output power is achieved with optimum load resistances RLopt according to Table 3-7 on page 19 with
compensation of the 1.0pF output capacitance of the RF_OUT pin by absorbing it into the matching network consisting of L1,
C1, C3 as shown in Figure 3-10 on page 18. There must also be a low resistive DC path to AVCC to deliver the DC current of
the power amplifier's last stage. The matching of the PA output was done with the circuit shown in Figure 3-10 on page 18
with the values in Table 3-7 on page 19. Note that value changes of these elements may be necessary to compensate for
individual board layouts.
Example:
According to Table 3-7 on page 19, with a frequency of 433.92 MHz and output power of 11dBm the overall current
consumption is typically 17.8mA; hence, the PA needs 17.8mA - 6.95mA = 10.85mA in this mode, which corresponds to an
overall power amplifier efficiency of the PA of (10(11dBm/10) × 1 mW)/(3V ×10.85mA) × 100% = 38.6% in this case.
Using a higher resistor in this example of R1 = 1.091 × 22kΩ = 24kΩ results in 9.1% less current in the PA of 10.85mA/1.091
= 9.95mA and 10 × log(1.091) = 0.38dB less output power if using a new load resistance of 300Ω × 1.091 = 327Ω. The
resulting output power is then 11dBm – 0.38dB = 10.6dBm and the overall current consumption is
6.95mA + 9.95mA = 16.9mA.
The values of Table 3-7 on page 19 were measured with standard multi-layer chip inductors with quality factors Q according
to Table 3-7 on page 19. Looking to the 433.92MHz/11dBm case with the quality factor of QL1 = 43 the loss in this inductor is
estimated with the parallel equivalent resistance of the inductor Rloss = 2 × π × f × L × QL1 and the matching loss with
10 log (1 + RLopt/Rloss) which is equal to 0.32dB losses in this inductor. Taking this into account, the PA efficiency is then
42% instead of 38.6%.
Be aware that the high power mode (PWR_H = AVCC) can only be used with a supply voltage higher than 2.7V, whereas
the low power mode (PWR_H = GND) can be used down to 2.4V as can be seen in the “Electrical Characteristics: General”
on page 58.
The supply blocking capacitor C2 (10nF) has to be placed close to the matching network because of the RF current flowing
through it.
Figure 3-10. Power Setting and Output Matching
AVCC
C2
L1
RFOUT
C1
ATA5428
10
RF_OUT
8
C3
R_PWR
R1
9
VPWR_H
18
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
PWR_H
Table 3-7.
Measured Output Power and Current Consumption with VS1 = VS2 = 3V, Tamb = 25°C
Frequency (MHz)
TX Current
(mA)
Output Power
(dBm)
R1 (kΩ)
VPWR_H
RLopt (Ω)
L1 (nH)
QL1
433.92
8.6
0.1
56
GND
2300
56
40
0.75
0
433.92
11.2
6.2
22
GND
890
47
38
1.5
0
433.92
17.8
11
22
AVCC
300
33
43
2.7
0
868.3
9.3
-0.3
33
GND
1170
12
58
1.0
3.3
868.3
11.5
5.4
15
GND
471
15
54
1.0
0
868.3
16.3
9.5
22
AVCC
245
10
57
1.5
0
3.13
C1 (pF) C3 (pF)
Output Power and TX Supply Current versus Supply Voltage and Temperature
Table 3-8 shows the measurement of the output power for a typical device with VS = VS1 = VS2 in the 433.92MHz and
6.2dBm case versus temperature and supply voltage measured according to Figure 3-10 on page 18 with components
according to Table 3-7. As opposed to the receiver sensitivity, the supply voltage has here the major impact on output power
variations because of the large signal behavior of a power amplifier. Thus, a two battery system with voltage regulator or a
5V system shows much less variation than a 2.4V to 3.6V one battery system because the supply voltage is then well within
3.0V and 3.6V.
The reason is that the amplitude at the output RF_OUT with optimum load resistance is AVCC – 0.4V and the power is
proportional to (AVCC – 0.4V)2 if the load impedance is not changed. This means that the theoretical output power reduction
if reducing the supply voltage from 3.0V to 2.4V is 10 log ((3V – 0.4V)2/(2.4V – 0.4V)2) = 2.2dB. Table 3-8 shows that
principle behavior in the measurement. This is not the same case for higher voltages, since here increasing the supply
voltage from 3V to 3.6V should theoretical increase the power by 1.8dB; but a gain of only 0.8dB in the measurement shows
that the amplitude does not increase with the supply voltage because the load impedance is optimized for 3V and the output
amplitude stays more constant.
Table 3-8.
Measured Output Power and Supply Current at 433.92MHz, PWR_H = GND
VS =
2.4V
3.0V
3.6V
Tamb = –40°C
10.19mA
3.8dBm
10.19mA
5.5dBm
10.78mA
6.2dBm
Tamb = +25°C
10.62mA
4.6dBm
11.19mA
6.2dBm
11.79mA
7.1dBm
Tamb = +85°C
11.4mA
3.9dBm
12.02mA
5.5dBm
12.73mA
6.6dBm
Table 3-9 shows the relative changes of the output power of a typical device compared to 3.0V/25°C. As can be seen, a
temperature change to –40°C as well as to +85°C reduces the power by less than 1dB due to the band gap regulated output
current. Measurements of all the cases in Table 3-7 on page 19 over temperature and supply voltage have shown about the
same relative behavior as shown in Table 3-9.
Table 3-9.
Measurements of Typical Output Power Relative to 3V/25°C
VS =
2.4V
3.0V
3.6V
Tamb = –40°C
–2.4dB
–0.7dB
0dB
Tamb = +25°C
–1.6dB
0dB
+0.9dB
Tamb = +85°C
–2.3dB
–0.7dB
+0.4dB
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
19
3.14
RX/TX Switch
The RX/TX switch decouples the LNA from the PA in TX mode, and directs the received power to the LNA in RX mode. To
do this, it has a low impedance to GND in TX mode and a high impedance to GND in RX mode. To design a proper RX/TX
decoupling, a linear simulation tool for radio frequency design together with the measured device impedances of Table 3-1
on page 10, Table 3-7 on page 19, Table 3-10 and Table 3-11 on page 21 should be used, but the exact element values have
to be found on-board. Figure 3-11 shows an approximate equivalent circuit of the switch. The principal switching operation is
described here according to the application of Figure 2-1 on page 7. The application of Figure 2.2 on page 8 works similarly.
Table 3-10. Impedance of the RX/TX Switch RX_TX2 Shorted to GND
Frequency
Z(RX_TX1) TX Mode
Z(RX_TX1) RX Mode
433.92MHz
(4.5 + j4.3)Ω
(10.3 – j153)Ω
868.3MHz
(5 + j9)Ω
(8.9 – j73)Ω
Figure 3-11. Equivalent Circuit of the Switch
RX_TX1
1.6nH
2.5pF
11Ω
3.15
TX
5Ω
Matching Network in TX Mode
In TX mode the 20mm long and 0.4mm wide transmission line which is much shorter than λ/4 is approximately switched in
parallel to the capacitor C9 to GND. The antenna connection between C8 and C9 has an impedance of about 50Ω locking
from the transmission line into the loop antenna with pin RF_OUT, L2, C10, C8 and C9 connected (using a C9 without the
added 7.6pF as discussed later). The transmission line can be approximated with a 16nH inductor in series with a 1.5Ω
resistor, the closed switch can be approximated according to Table 3-10 with the series connection of 1.6nH and 5Ω in this
mode. To have a parallel resonant high impedance circuit with little RF power going into it looking from the loop antenna into
the transmission line a capacitor of about 7.6pF to GND is needed at the beginning of the transmission line (this capacitor is
later absorbed into C9 which is then higher, as needed for 50Ω transformation). To keep the 50Ω impedance in RX mode at
the end of this transmission line, C7 also has to be about 7.6pF. This reduces the TX power by about 0.5dB at 433.92MHz
compared to the case the where the LNA path is completely disconnected.
20
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
3.16
Matching Network in RX Mode
In RX mode the RF_OUT pin has a high impedance of about 7kΩ in parallel with 1.0pF at 433.92MHz as can be seen in
Table 3-11. This, together with the losses of the inductor L2 with 120nH and QL2 = 25, gives about 3.7kΩ loss impedance at
RF_OUT. Since the optimum load impedance in TX mode for the power amplifier at RF_OUT is 890Ω the loss associated
with the inductor L2 and the RF_OUT pin can be estimated to be 10 × log(1 + 890/3700) = 0.95dB compared to the optimum
matched loop antenna without L2 and RF_OUT. The switch represents, in this mode at 433.92MHz, approximately an
inductor of 1.6nH in series with the parallel connection of 2.5pF and 2.0kΩ. Since the impedance level at pin RX_TX1 in RX
mode is about 50Ω this only negligibly dampens the received signal (by about 0.1dB). When matching the LNA to the loop
antenna, the transmission line and the 7.6pF part of C9 have to be taken into account when choosing the values of C11 and
L1 so that the impedance seen from the loop antenna into the transmission line with the 7.6pF capacitor connected is 50Ω.
Since the loop antenna in RX mode is loaded by the LNA input impedance, the loaded Q of the loop antenna is lowered by
about a factor of 2 in RX mode; hence the antenna bandwidth is higher than in TX mode.
Table 3-11. Impedance RF_OUT Pin in RX Mode
Frequency
Z(RF_OUT)RX
RP//CP
433.92MHz
19Ω – j 366Ω
7kΩ//1.0pF
868.3MHz
2.8Ω – j 141Ω
7kΩ//1.3pF
Note that if matching to 50Ω, like in Figure 2.2 on page 8, a high Q wire-wound inductor with a Q > 70 should be used for L2
to minimize its contribution to RX losses that will otherwise be dominant. The RX and TX losses will be in the range of 1.0dB
there.
4.
XTO
The XTO is an amplitude-regulated Pierce oscillator type with integrated load capacitances (2 × 18pF with a tolerance of
±17%) hence CLmin = 7.4pF and CLmax = 10.6pF. The XTO oscillation frequency fXTO is the reference frequency FREF for the
fractional-N synthesizer. When designing the system in terms of receiving and transmitting frequency offset, the accuracy of
the crystal and XTO have to be considered.
The synthesizer can adjust the local oscillator frequency for the initial frequency error in fXTO. This is done at nominal supply
voltage and temperature with the control registers 2 and 3 (see Table 7-7 on page 32 and Table 7-10 on page 33). The
remaining local oscillator tolerance at nominal supply voltage and temperature is then < ±0.5ppm. The XTO’s gm has very
low influence of less than ±2ppm on the frequency at nominal supply voltage and temperature.
In a single channel system less than ±150ppm should be corrected to avoid that harmonics of the CLK output disturb the
receive mode. If the CLK is not used or if it is carefully laid out on the application PCB (as needed for multi channel systems),
more than ±150ppm can be compensated.
Over temperature and supply voltage, the XTO's additional pulling is only ±2ppm. The XTAL versus temperature and its
aging is then the main source of frequency error in the local oscillator.
The XTO frequency depends on XTAL properties and the load capacitances CL1, 2 at pin XTAL1 and XTAL2. The pulling of
fXTO from the nominal fXTAL is calculated using the following formula:
C LN – C L
Cm
6
P = ------- × ----------------------------------------------------------- × 10 ppm.
2 ( C 0 + C LN ) × ( C 0 + C L )
Cm is the crystal's motional, C0 the shunt and CLN the nominal load capacitance of the XTAL found in its data sheet. CL is the
total actual load capacitance of the crystal in the circuit and consists of CL1 and CL2 in series connection.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
21
Figure 4-1. XTAL with Load Capacitance
Crystal equivalent circuit
C0
XTAL
Lm
CL1
CL2
Cm
Rm
CL = CL1 x CL2/ (CL1 + CL2)
With Cm ≤ 14fF, C0 ≥ 1.5pF, CLN = 9pF and CL = 7.4pF to 10.6pF, the pulling amounts to P ≤ ±100ppm and with Cm ≤ 7fF,
C0 ≥ 1.5pF, CLN = 9pF and CL = 7.4pF to 10.6pF, the pulling is P ≤ ±50ppm.
Since typical crystals have less than ±50ppm tolerance at 25°C, the compensation is not critical, and can in both cases be
done with the ±150ppm.
C0 of the XTAL has to be lower than CLmin/2 = 3.7pF for a Pierce oscillator type in order to not enter the steep region of
pulling versus load capacitance where there is a risk of an unstable oscillation.
To ensure proper start-up behavior the small signal gain, and thus the negative resistance, provided by this XTO at start is
very large; for example, oscillation starts up even in worst case with a crystal series resistance of 1.5kΩ at C0 ≤ 2.2pF with
this XTO. The negative resistance is approximately given by
 Z1 × Z3 + Z2 × Z3 + Z1 × Z2 × Z3 × gm 
Re { Z XTOcore } = Re  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
Z1 + Z2 + Z3 + Z1 × Z2 × gm


with Z1, Z2 as complex impedances at pin XTAL1 and XTAL2, hence
Z1 = –j/(2 × π × fXTO × CL1) + 5Ω and Z2 = –j/(2 × π × fXTO × CL2) + 5Ω.
Z3 consists of crystals C0 in parallel with an internal 110 kΩ resistor hence
Z3 = –j/(2 × π × fXTO × C0) /110kΩ, gm is the internal transconductance between XTAL1 and XTAL2 with typically 19mS at
25°C.
With fXTO = 13.5MHz, gm = 19mS, CL = 9pF, and C0 = 2.2pF, this results in a negative resistance of about 2kΩ. The worst
case for technological, temperature and supply voltage variations is then for C0 ≤ 2.2pF always higher than 1.5kΩ.
Due to the large gain at startup, the XTO is able to meet a very low start-up time. The oscillation start-up time can be
estimated with the time constant τ.
2
τ = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
2
4 × π × f m × C m × ( Re ( Z XTOcore ) + R m )
After 10τ to 20τ an amplitude detector detects the oscillation amplitude and sets XTO_OK to High if the amplitude is large
enough. This sets N_RESET to High and activates the CLK output if CLK_ON in control register 3 is High (see Table 7-7 on
page 32). Note that the necessary conditions of the VSOUT and DVCC voltage also have to be fulfilled (see Figure 4-2 on
page 23 and Figure 5-1 on page 25).
To save current in IDLE and Sleep modes, the load capacitors are partially switched off in these modes with S1 and S2, as
seen in Figure 4-2 on page 23.
It is recommended to use a crystal with Cm = 3.0fF to 7.0fF, CLN = 9pF, Rm < 120Ω and C0 = 1.0pF to 2.2pF.
Lower values of Cm can be used, this increases the start-up time slightly. Lower values of C0 or higher values of Cm (up to
15fF) can also be used, this has only little influence on pulling.
22
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Figure 4-2. XTO Block Diagram
XTAL1
XTAL2
CLK
&
fXTO
8pF
10pF
10pF
CL1
CLK_ON
(control
register 3)
8pF
VSOUT_OK
(from power supply)
Amplitude
detector
CL2
S1
DVCC_OK
(from power supply)
Divider
/3
XTO_OK
(to reset logic)
S2
Divider
/16
fDCLK
Divider
/1
/2
/4
/8
/16
fXDCLK
In IDLE mode and during Sleep mode (RX_Polling)
the switches S1 and S2 are open.
Baud1
Baud0
XLim
To find the right values used in control registers 2 and 3 (see Table 7-7 on page 32 and Table 7-10 on page 33), the
relationship between fXTO and the fRF is shown in Table 4-1 on page 23. To determine the right content, the frequency at pin
CLK as well as the output frequency at RF_OUT in ASK mode can be measured, then the FREQ value can be calculated
according to Table 4-1 on page 23 so that fRF is exactly the desired radio frequency.
Table 4-1.
Calculation of fRF
Frequency
(MHz)
Pin 6
433_N868
CREG1
Bit(4)
FS
fXTO (MHz)
fRF = fTX_ASK = fRX
fTX_FSK_L
fTX_FSK_H
433.92
AVCC
0
13.25311
FREQ + 20.5
f XTO ×  32.5 + --------------------------------

16384 
fRF –
16.17kHz
fRF +
16.17kHz
808.9Hz
868.3
GND
0
13.41191
FREQ + 20.5
f XTO ×  64.5 + --------------------------------

16384 
fRF –
16.37kHz
fRF +
16.37kHz
818.6Hz
Frequency
Resolution
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
23
The variable FREQ depends on FREQ2 and FREQ3, which are defined by the bits FR0 to FR12 in control register 2 and 3,
and is calculated as follows:
FREQ = FREQ2 + FREQ3
Care must be taken to the harmonics of the CLK output signal fCLK as well as to the harmonics produced by an
microprocessor clocked with it, since these harmonics can disturb the reception of signals if they get to the RF input. In a
single channel system, using FREQ = 3803 to 4053 ensures that the harmonics of this signal do not disturb the receive
mode. In a multichannel system, the CLK signal can either be not used or carefully laid out on the application PCB. The
supply voltage of the microcontroller must also be carefully blocked in a multichannel system.
4.1
Pin CLK
Pin CLK is an output to clock a connected microcontroller. The clock frequency fCLK is calculated as follows:
f XTO
f CLK = ----------3
Because the enabling of pin CLK is asynchronous, the first clock cycle may be incomplete. The signal at CLK output has a
nominal 50% duty cycle.
Figure 4-3. Clock Timing
VThres_2 = 2.38V (typically)
VSOUT
VThres_1 = 2.3V (typically)
CLK
N_RESET
CLK_ON
(Control register 3)
4.2
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry
The complete timing of the digital circuitry is derived from one clock. As shown in Figure 4-2 on page 23, this clock cycle
TDCLK is derived from the crystal oscillator (XTO) in combination with a divider.
f XTO
f DCLK = ----------16
TDCLK controls the following application relevant parameters:
● Timing of the polling circuit including bit check
●
TX bit rate
The clock cycle of the bit check and the TX bit rate depends on the selected bit-rate range (BR_Range) which is defined in
control register 6 (see Table 7-20 on page 35) and XLim which is defined in control register 4 (see Table 7-13 on page 33).
This clock cycle TXDCLK is defined by the following formulas for further reference:
BR_Range 
24
BR_Range 0: TXDCLK = 8 × TDCLK × XLim
BR_Range 1: TXDCLK = 4 × TDCLK × XLim
BR_Range 2: TXDCLK = 2 × TDCLK × XLim
BR_Range 3: TXDCLK = 1 × TDCLK × XLim
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
5.
Power Supply
Figure 5-1. Power Supply
VS1
SW_AVCC
IN
VS2
V_REG1
3.25V typ.
VSINT
OUT
AVCC
EN
(Control register 1)
AVCC_EN
≥1
FF1
PWR_ON
T1
S Q
to
R
T5
SW_VSOUT
DVCC_OK
S
0
0
1
1
(Command via SPI)
VS1+
0.55V
typ.
VAUX
DVCC
≥1
OFFCMD
+
IN
VSOUT_EN
R
0
1
0
1
Q
no change
0
1
1
P_On_Aux
SW_DVCC
V_Monitor
(1.5V typ.)
and
(Status register)
V_REG2
3.25V typ.
OUT
V_Monitor
(2.3V/
2.38V typ.)
DVCC_OK
(to XTO and
Reset Logic)
VSOUT_OK
(to XTO and
Reset Logic)
Low_Batt
(Status Register
and Reset Logic)
VSOUT
EN
(Control register 3)
The supply voltage range of the ATA5428 is 2.4V to 3.6V or 4.4V to 6.6V.
Pin VS1 is the supply voltage input for the range 2.4V to 3.6V and is used in 1 Li battery applications (3V) using a single
lithium 3V cell. Pin VS2 is the voltage input for the range 4.4V to 6.6V (2 Li battery application (6V) and Base-station
Application (5V); in this case, the voltage regulator V_REG1 regulates VS1 to typically 3.25V. If the voltage regulator is
active, a blocking capacitor of 2.2µF has to be connected to VS1.
Pin VAUX is an input for an additional auxiliary voltage supply and can be connected, for example, to an inductive supply
(see Figure 5-6 on page 29). This input can only be used together with a rectifier or as in the application shown in Figure 2.2
on page 8 and must otherwise be left open.
Pin VSINT is the voltage input for the Microcontoller_Interface and must be connected to the power supply of the
microcontroller. The voltage range of VVSINT is 2.4V to 5.25V (see Figure 5-5 on page 29 and Figure 5-6 on page 29).
AVCC is the internal operation voltage of the RF transceiver and is fed by VS1 via the switch SW_AVCC. AVCC must be
blocked with a 68nF capacitor (see Figure 2-1 on page 7, Figure 2.2 on page 8 and Figure 2-3 on page 9).
DVCC is the internal operation voltage of the digital control logic and is fed by VS1 or VSOUT via the switch SW_DVCC.
DVCC must be blocked on pin DVCC with 68 nF (see Figure 2-1 on page 7, Figure 2.2 on page 8 and Figure 2-3 on page 9).
Pin VSOUT is a power supply output voltage for external devices (for example, microcontrollers) and is fed by VS1 via the
switch SW_VSOUT, or by the auxiliary voltage supply VAUX via V_REG2. The voltage regulator V_REG2 regulates VSOUT
to typically 3.25V. If the voltage regulator is active, a blocking capacitor of 2.2µF has to be connected to VSOUT. VSOUT
can be switched off by the VSOUT_EN bit in control register 3 and is then reactivated by conditions found in Figure 5-2 on
page 26.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
25
Pin N_RESET is set to low if the voltage VVSOUT at pin VSOUT drops below 2.3V (typically) and can be used as a reset signal
for a connected microcontroller (see Figure 5-3 on page 28 and Figure 5-4 on page 28).
Pin PWR_ON is an input to switch on the transceiver (active high).
Pin T1 to T5 are inputs for push buttons and can also be used to switch on the transceiver (active low).
For current consumption reasons it is recommended to set T1 to T5 to GND, or PWR_ON to VCC only temporarily.
Otherwise, an additional current flows because of a 50kΩ pull-up resistor.
There are two voltage monitors generating the following signals (see Figure 5-1 on page 25):
● DVCC_OK if DVCC > 1.5V typically
●
●
VSOUT_OK if VSOUT > VThres1 (2.3V typically)
Low_Batt if VSOUT < VThres2 (2.38V typically)
Figure 5-2. Operation Modes Flow Chart
Bit AVCC_EN = 0 and OFF Command and
Pin PWR_ON = 0 and
Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 = 1
OFF Mode
Pin PWR_ON = 1 or
Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or
Pin T5
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = VS1
VVAUX > 3.5V (typ)
VVAUX < VS1 + 0.5V
IDLE Mode
VVAUX > VS1 + 0.5V
OPM1 OPM0
0
1
TX Mode
0
1
RX Polling Mode
1
1
RX Mode
Pin PWR_ON = 1 or
Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or
Pin T5 or
Bit AVCC_EN = 1
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = V_REG2
OPM1 = 0 and OPM0 = 0
IDLE Mode
VVAUX < 3.5V (typ)
AVCC = OFF
DVCC = OFF
VSOUT = OFF
Bit AVCC_EN = 0 and
OFF Command and
Pin PWR_ON = 0 and
Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 and
T5 = 1
VSOUT_EN = 0
Statusbit Power_On = 1
or
Event on Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5
AUX Mode
AVCC = OFF
DVCC = V_REG2
VSOUT = V_REG2
IDLE Mode
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = OFF
OPM1 = 0 and OPM0 = 1
TX Mode
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = VS1
or V_REG2
OPM1 = 0 and OPM0 = 1 RX Polling Mode
OPM1 = 1 and OPM0 = 0
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = VS1
or V_REG2
OPM1 = 1 and OPM0 = 0
OPM1 = 1 and OPM0 = 1
or Bit check ok
OPM1 = 1 and OPM0 = 1
VSOUT_EN = 0
Status bit Power_On = 1
or
Event on Pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5
RX Polling Mode
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = OFF
26
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Bit check ok
RX Mode
AVCC = VS1
DVCC = VS1
VSOUT = VS1
or V_REG2
5.1
OFF Mode
If the power supply (battery) is connected to pin VS1 and/or VS2, and if the voltage on pin VAUX VVAUX < 3.5V (typically),
then the transceiver is in OFF mode. In OFF mode AVCC, DVCC and VSOUT are disabled, resulting in very low power
consumption (IS_OFF is typically 10nA). In OFF mode the transceiver is not programmable via the 4-wire serial interface.
5.2
AUX Mode
The transceiver changes from OFF mode to AUX mode if the voltage at pin VAUX VVAUX > 3.5V (typically). In AUX mode
DVCC and VSOUT are connected to the auxiliary power supply input (VAUX) via the voltage regulator V_REG2. In AUX
mode the transceiver is programmable via the 4-wire serial interface, but no RX or TX operations are possible because
AVCC = OFF.
The state transition OFF mode to AUX mode is indicated by an interrupt at pin IRQ and the status bit P_On_Aux = 1.
5.3
IDLE Mode
In IDLE mode AVCC and DVCC are connected to the battery voltage (VS1).
From OFF mode the transceiver changes to IDLE mode if pin PWR_ON is set to 1 or pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5 is set to “0”.
This state transition is indicated by an interrupt at pin IRQ and the status bits Power_On = 1 or ST1, ST2, ST3, ST4 or ST5 =
1.
From AUX mode the transceiver changes to IDLE mode by setting AVCC_EN = 1 in control register 1 via the 4-wire serial
interface or if pin PWR_ON is set to “1” or pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5 is set to “0”.
VSOUT is either connected to VS1 or to the auxiliary power supply (V_REG2).
If VVAUX < VS1 + 0.5V, VSOUT is connected to VS1. If VVAUX > VS1 + 0.5V, VSOUT is connected to V_REG2 and the status
bit P_On_Aux is set to “1”.
In IDLE mode, the RF transceiver is disabled and the power consumption IS_IDLE is about 230 µA (VSOUT OFF and CLK
output OFF and VS = VS1 = VS2 = 3V). The exact value of this current is strongly dependent on the application and the
exact operation mode, therefore check the section “Electrical Characteristics: General” on page 58 for the appropriate
application case.
Via the 4-wire serial interface a connected microcontroller can program the required parameter and enable the TX, RX
polling or RX mode.
The transceiver can be set back to OFF mode by an OFF command via the 4-wire serial interface (the bit AVCC_EN must be
set to “0”, the input level of pin PWR_ON must be “0” and pin T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 = 1 before writing the OFF command).
Table 5-1.
5.4
Control Register 1
OPM1
OPM0
Function
0
0
IDLE mode
Reset Timing and Reset Logic
If the transceiver is switched on (OFF mode to IDLE mode, OFF mode to AUX mode) DVCC and VSOUT ramp up as
illustrated in Figure 5-3 on page 28 (AVCC only ramps up if the transceiver is set to the IDLE mode). The internal signal
DVCC_RESET resets the digital control logic and sets the control register to default values.
A voltage monitor generates a low level at pin N_RESET until the voltage at pin VSOUT exceeds 2.38V (typically) and the
start-up time of the XTO has elapsed (amplitude detector, see Figure 4-2 on page 23). After the voltage at pin VSOUT
exceeds 2.3V (typically) and the start-up time of the XTO has elapsed, the output clock at pin CLK is available. Because the
enabling of pin CLK is asynchronous, the first clock cycle may be incomplete.
The status bit Low_Batt is set to “1” if the voltage at pin VSOUT VVSOUT drops below VThres_2 (typically 2.38V). Low_Batt is
set to “0” if VVSOUT exceeds VThres_2 and the status register is read via the 4-wire serial interface or N_RESET is set to low.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
27
If VVSOUT drops below VThres_1 (typically 2.3V), N_RESET is set to low. If bit VSOUT_EN in control register 3 is “1”, a
DVCC_RESET is also generated. If VVSOUT was already disabled by the connected microcontroller by setting bit
VSOUT_EN = 0, no DVCC_RESET is generated.
Note:
If VSOUT < VThres_1 (typically 2.3 V) the output of the pin CLK is low, the Microcontroller_Interface is disabled
and the transceiver is not programmable via the 4-wire serial interface.
Figure 5-3. Reset Timing
VThres_2 = 2.38V (typ)
VThres_1 = 2.3V (typ)
VSOUT
1.5V (typically)
DVCC
(AVCC)
DVCC_RESET
VSOUT > 2.38V and the XTO is running
N_RESET
LOW_Batt
(Status Register)
VSOUT_EN
(Control Register 3)
VSOUT > 2.3V and the XTO is running
VSOUT
Figure 5-4. Reset Logic, SR Latch Generates the Hysteresis in the NRESET Signal
DVCC_OK
and
DVCC_RESET
≥1
XTO_OK
VSOUT_EN
and
N_RESET
and
S
Q
R
Q
VSOUT_OK
LOW_BATT
28
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
S R
Q
0
0
1
1
no change
0
1
no change
0
1
0
1
5.5
1 Li Battery Application (3V)
The supply voltage range is 2.4V to 3.6V and VAUX is not used.
Figure 5-5. 1 Li Battery Application (3V)
ATA5428
VS1
ATmega
48/88/168
2.4V to 3.6V
VS2
VAUX
RF Transceiver
Digital Control
Logic
AVCC
DVCC
VS
VSOUT
Microcontroller_Interface
VSINT
CS
OUT
SCK
OUT
SDI_TMDI
OUT
SDO_TMDO
IN
IRQ
IN
CLK
IN
NRESET
IN
DEM_OUT
2 Li Battery Application (6V)
The supply voltage range is 4.4V to 6.6V and VAUX is connected to an inductive supply.
Figure 5-6. 2 Li Battery Application (6V) with Inductive Emergency Supply
ATmega
48/88/168
ATA5428
VS1
VS2
4.4V to 6.6V
VAUX
RF Transceiver
AVCC
Digital Control
Logic
DVCC
VSOUT
VS
VSINT
Microcontroller_Interface
5.6
CS
OUT
SCK
OUT
SDI_TMDI
OUT
SDO_TMDO
IN
IRQ
IN
CLK
IN
NRESET
IN
DEM_OUT
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
29
6.
Microcontroller Interface
The microcontroller interface is a level converter which converts all internal digital signals that are referred to the DVCC
voltage into the voltage used by the microcontroller. Therefore, the pin VSINT has to be connected to the supply voltage of
the microcontroller.
This makes it possible to use the internal voltage regulator/switch at pin VSOUT as in Figure 2-1 on page 7 and Figure 2-3
on page 9 or to connect the microcontroller and the pin VSINT directly to the supply voltage of the microcontroller as in
Figure 2.2 on page 8.
7.
Digital Control Logic
7.1
Register Structure
The configuration of the transceiver is stored in RAM cells. The RAM contains a 16 × 8-bit TX/RX data buffer and a 6 × 8-bit
control register and is writable and readable via a 4-wire serial interface (CS, SCK, SDI_TMDI, SDO_TMDO).
The 1 × 8-bit status register is not part of the RAM and is readable via the 4-wire serial interface.
The RAM and the status information are stored as long as the transceiver is in any active mode (DVCC = VS1 or DVCC =
V_REG2) and are lost when the transceiver switches to OFF mode (DVCC =OFF).
After the transceiver is turned on via pin PWR_ON = High, T1 = Low, T2 = Low, T3 = Low, T4 = Low or T5 = Low or the
voltage at pin VAUX VVAUX > 3.5V (typically), the control registers are in the default state.
Figure 7-1. Register Structure
MSB
LSB
TX/RX Data Buffer:
16 x 8 Bit
30
IR1
IR0
AVCC
_EN
FS
-
FR6
FR5
FR4
FR3
FR2
FR1
FR12
FR11
FR10
FR9
FR8
FR7
ASK/
NFSK
Sleep
4
Sleep
3
Sleep
2
BitChk BitChk
1
0
Lim_
min5
Control Register 1 (ADR 0)
P_
MODE
Control Register 2 (ADR 1)
VSOUT CLK_
_EN
ON
Control Register 3 (ADR 2)
Sleep
1
Sleep
XSleep XLim
0
Control Register 4 (ADR 3)
Lim_
min4
Lim_
min3
Lim_
min2
Lim_
min1
Lim_
min0
Control Register 5 (ADR 4)
Lim_
max2
Lim_
max1
Lim_
max0
Control Register 6 (ADR 5)
Power_ Low_
On
Batt
P_On
_Aux
Status Register (ADR 8)
Baud
1
Baud
0
Lim_
max5
Lim_
max4
Lim_
max3
ST5
ST4
ST3
ST2
ST1
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
T_
MODE
OPM1 OPM0
FR0
7.2
TX/RX Data Buffer
The TX/RX data buffer is used to handle the data transfer during RX and TX operations.
7.3
Control Register
To use the transceiver in different applications, it can be configured by a connected microcontroller via the 4-wire serial
interface.
7.3.1
Control Register 1 (ADR 0)
Table 7-1.
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 7 and Bit 6 in RX Mode)
IR1
IR0
0
0
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 4 received bytes are in the TX/RX data buffer or a receiving error occurred
0
1
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 8 received bytes are in the TX/RX data buffer or a receiving error occurred
1
0
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 12 received bytes are in the TX/RX data buffer or a receiving error occurred
(default)
1
1
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if a receiving error occurred
Table 7-2.
Function (RX Mode)
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 7 and Bit 6 in TX Mode)
IR1
IR0
0
0
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 4 bytes remain in the TX/RX data buffer or the TX data buffer is empty
0
1
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 8 bytes remain in the TX/RX data buffer or the TX data buffer is empty
1
0
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if 12 bytes remain in the TX/RX data buffer or the TX data buffer is empty (default)
1
1
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if the TX data buffer is empty
Table 7-3.
Function (TX Mode)
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 5)
AVCC_EN
Function
0
(default)
Table 7-4.
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 4)
FS
Function (RX Mode, TX Mode)
0
Selected frequency 433/868MHz (default)
Table 7-5.
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 2 and Bit 1)
OPM1
OPM0
0
0
IDLE mode (default)
0
1
TX mode
1
0
RX polling mode
1
1
RX mode
Table 7-6.
Function
Control Register 1 (Function of Bit 0)
T_MODE
Function
0
TX and RX function via TX/RX data buffer (default)
1
Transparent mode, TX/RX data buffer disabled, TX modulation data stream via pin SDI_TMDI, RX
modulation data stream via pin SDO_TMDO
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
31
7.3.2
Control Register 2 (ADR 1)
Table 7-7.
Control Register 2 (Function of Bit 7, Bit 6, Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3, Bit 2 and Bit 1)
FR6
26
FR5
25
FR4
24
FR3
23
FR2
22
FR1
21
FR0
20
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FREQ2 = 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
FREQ2 = 1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
FREQ2 = 88 (default)
1
Note:
1
1
1
1
1
1
FREQ2 = 127
Tuning of fRF LSBs (total 13 bits), frequency trimming resolution of fRF is fXTO/16384, which is approximately
800Hz (see section “XTO”, Table 4-1 on page 23)
Table 7-8.
Control Register 2 (Function of Bit 0 in RX Mode)
P_MODE
Function (RX Mode)
0
Pin IRQ is set to “1” if the bit check is successful (default)
1
No effect on pin IRQ if the bit check is successful
Table 7-9.
Control Register 2 (Function of Bit 0 in TX Mode)
P_MODE
32
Function
Function (TX Mode)
0
Manchester modulator on (default)
1
Manchester modulator off (NRZ mode)
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
7.3.3
Control Register 3 (ADR 2)
Table 7-10. Control Register 3 (Function of Bit 7, Bit 6, Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3 and Bit 2)
FR12
212
FR11
211
FR10
210
FR9
29
FR8
28
FR7
27
0
0
0
0
0
0
FREQ3 = 0
0
0
0
0
0
1
FREQ3 = 128
0
0
0
0
1
0
FREQ3 = 256
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
0
1
1
1
1
0
FREQ3 = 3840 (default)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
0
FREQ3 = 7936
1
1
1
FREQ3 = 8064
1
Note:
1
1
Tuning of fRF MSBs
Function
Table 7-11. Control Register 3 (Function of Bit 1)
VSOUT_EN
0
1
Note:
Function
Output voltage power supply for external devices off (pin VSOUT)
Output voltage power supply for external devices on (default)
This bit is set to “1” if the bit check is OK (RX_Polling, RX mode), an event at pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5 occurs
or the bit Power_On in the status register is “1”.
Setting VSOUT_EN = 0 in AUX mode is not allowed
Table 7-12. Control Register_3 (Function of Bit 0)
CLK_ON
0
1
Note:
7.3.4
Function
Clock output off (pin CLK)
Clock output on (default)
This bit is set to “1” if the bit check is OK (RX_Polling, RX mode), an event at pin T1, T2, T3, T4 or T5 occurs
or the bit Power_On in the status register is “1”.
Control Register 4 (ADR 3)
Table 7-13. Control Register 4 (Function of Bit 7)
ASK_NFSK
Function (TX Mode, RX Mode)
0
FSK mode (default)
1
ASK mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
33
Table 7-14. Control Register 4 (Function of Bit 6, Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3 and Bit 2)
Sleep4
24
Sleep3
23
Sleep2
22
Sleep1
21
Sleep0
20
Function (RX Mode)
Sleep
(TSleep = Sleep × 1024 × TDCLK × XSleep)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
.
.
.
.
.
0
1
0
1
0
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
10
(TSleep = 10 × 1024 × TDCLK × XSleep)
(default)
Table 7-15. Control Register 4 (Function of Bit 1)
XSleep
Function
0
XSleep = 1; extended TSleep off (default)
1
XSleep = 8; extended TSleep on
Table 7-16. Control Register 4 (Function of Bit 0)
XLim
7.3.5
Function
0
XLim = 1; extended TLim_min, TLim_max off (default)
1
XLim = 2; extended TLim_min, TLim_max on
Control Register 5 (ADR 4)
Table 7-17. Control Register 5 (Function of Bit 7 and Bit 6)
34
BitChk1
BitChk0
0
0
NBit-check = 0 (0 bits checked during bit check)
0
1
NBit-check = 3 (3 bits checked during bit check) (default)
1
0
NBit-check = 6 (6 bits checked during bit check)
1
1
NBit-check = 9 (9 bits checked during bit check)
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Function
31
Table 7-18. Control Register 5 (Function of Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3, Bit 2, Bit 1 and Bit 0 in RX Mode)
Lim_min5
Lim_min4
Lim_min3
Lim_min2
Lim_min1
Lim_min0
Function (RX Mode)
Lim_min
(Lim_min < 10 are not applicable)
(TLim_min = Lim_min × TXDCLK)
0
0
1
0
1
0
10
0
0
1
0
1
1
11
.
.
.
.
.
.
0
1
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
1
16
(TLim_min = 16 × TXDCLK)
(default)
63
Table 7-19. Control Register 5 (Function of Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3, Bit 2, Bit 1 and Bit 0 in TX Mode)
Lim_min5
Lim_min4
Lim_min3
Lim_min2
Lim_min1
Lim_min0
Function (TX Mode) Lim_min
(Lim_min < 10 are not applicable)
(TX_Bitrate = 1/((Lim_min + 1) × TXDCLK × 2)
0
0
1
0
1
0
10
0
0
1
0
1
1
11
.
.
.
.
.
.
0
1
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
1
7.3.6
16
(TX_Bitrate = 1/((16 + 1) × TXDCLK × 2)
(default)
63
Control Register 6 (ADR 5)
Table 7-20. Control Register 6 (Function of Bit 7 and Bit 6)
Baud1
Baud0
Function
0
0
Bit-rate range 0 (B0) 1.0 Kbit/s to 2.5 Kbit/s;
TXDCLK = 8 × TDCLK × XLim
0
1
Bit-rate range 1 (B1) 2.0 Kbit/s to 5.0 Kbit/s;
TXDCLK = 4 × TDCLK × XLim
1
0
Bit-rate range 2 (B2) 4.0 Kbit/s to 10.0 Kbit/s;
TXDCLK = 2 × TDCLK × XLim; (default)
1
1
Bit-rate range 3 (B3) 8.0 Kbit/s to 20.0 Kbit/s;
TXDCLK = 1 × TDCLK × XLim
Note that the receiver does not work with >10 Kbit/s in ASK mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
35
Table 7-21. Control Register 6 (Function of Bit 5, Bit 4, Bit 3, Bit 2, Bit 1 and Bit 0)
Lim_max5
Lim_max4
Lim_max3
Lim_max2
Lim_max1
Lim_max0
Function Lim_max
(Lim_max < 12 is not Applicable)
(TLim_max = (Lim_max – 1) × TXDCLK)
0
0
1
1
0
0
12
0
0
1
1
0
1
13
.
.
.
.
.
.
0
1
1
1
0
0
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
1
7.4
28
(TLim_max = (28 – 1) × TXDCLK)
(default)
63
Status Register
The status register indicates the current status of the transceiver and is readable via the 4-wire serial interface. Setting
Power_On or P_On_Aux or an event on ST1, ST2, ST3, ST4 or ST5 is indicated by an IRQ.
Reading the status register resets the bits Power_On, Low_Batt, P_On_Aux and the IRQ.
7.4.1
Status Register (ADR 8)
Table 7-22. Status Register
Status Bit
36
ST5
Status of pin T5
Pin T5 = 0 → ST5 = 1
Pin T5 = 1 → ST5 = 0
(see Figure 7-3 on page 38)
ST4
Status of pin T4
Pin T4 = 0 → ST4 = 1
Pin T4 = 1 → ST4 = 0
(see Figure 7-3 on page 38)
ST3
Status of pin T3
Pin T3 = 0 → ST3 = 1
Pin T3 = 1 → ST3 = 0
(see Figure 7-3 on page 38)
ST2
Status of pin T2
Pin T2 = 0 → ST2 = 1
Pin T2 = 1 → ST2 = 0
(see Figure 7-3 on page 38)
ST1
Status of pin T1
Pin T1 = 0 → ST1 = 1
Pin T1 = 1 → ST1 = 0
(see Figure 7-3 on page 38)
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Function
Table 7-22. Status Register (Continued)
Status Bit
Function
Power_On
Indicates that the transceiver was woken up by pin PWR_ON (rising edge on
pin PWR_ON). During Power_On = 1, the bits VSOUT_EN and CLK_ON in
control register 3 are set to “1”. (see Figure 7-4 on page 39)
Low_Batt
Indicates that output voltage on pin VSOUT is too low
(VVSOUT < 2.38V typically), (see Figure 7-5 on page 40)
Indicates that the auxiliary supply voltage on pin VAUX is high enough to
operate.
State transition:
a) OFF mode → AUX mode (see Figure 5-2 on page 26)
b) IDLE mode (VSOUT = VS1) → IDLE mode (VSOUT = V_REG2)
(see Figure 7-6 on page 41)
P_On_Aux
7.5
Pin Tn
To switch the transceiver from OFF to IDLE mode, pin Tn must be set to “0” (maximum 0.2 × VVS2) for at least TTn_IRQ (see
Figure 7-2). The transceiver recognizes the negative edge, sets pin N_RESET to low and switches on DVCC, AVCC and the
power supply for external devices VSOUT.
If VDVCC exceeds 1.5V (typically) and the XTO is settled, the digital control logic is active and sets the status bit STn to “1”
and an interrupt is issued (TTn_IRQ).
After the voltage on pin VSOUT exceeds 2.3V (typically) and the start-up time of the XTO is elapsed, the output clock on pin
CLK is available. Because the enabling of pin CLK is asynchronous, the first clock cycle may be incomplete. N_RESET is set
to high if VVSOUT exceeds 2.38V (typically) and the XTO is settled.
Figure 7-2. Timing Pin Tn, Status Bit STn
Tn
VThres_2 = 2.38V (typ)
VThres_1 = 2.3V (typ)
VSOUT
1.5V (typ)
DVCC, AVCC
N_RESET
CLK
TTn_IRQ
STn
(Status register)
IRQ
OFF
Mode
IDLE
Mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
37
If the transceiver is in any active mode (IDLE, AUX, TX, RX, RX_Polling), an integrated debounce logic is active. If there is
an event on pin Tn a debounce counter is set to 0 (T = 0) and started. The status is updated, an interrupt is issued and the
debounce counter is stopped after reaching the counter value T = 8195 × TDCLK.
An event on the same key input before reaching T = 8195 × TDCLK stops the debounce counter. An event on an other key
input before reaching T = 8195 × TDCLK resets and restarts the debounce counter.
While the debounce counter is running, the bits VSOUT_EN and CLK_ON in control register 3 are set to “1”.
The interrupt is deleted after reading the status register or executing the command Delete_IRQ.
If pin Tn is not used, it can be left open because of an internal pull-up resistor (typically 50kΩ).
Figure 7-3. Timing Flow Pin Tn, Status Bit STn
IDLE Mode or
AUX Mode or
TX Mode or
RX Polling Mode or
RX Mode
Event on Pin Tn ?
N
Y
T=0
Start debounce counter
Event on Pin Tn ?
N
Y
T = 8195 x T ?
N
Y
Tn = STn ?
Y
Stop debounce counter
38
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
N
Pin Tn = 0 ?
N
Y
Stop debounce counter
STn = 1
IRQ = 1
Stop debounce counter
STn = 0
IRQ = 1
7.6
Pin PWR_ON
To switch the transceiver from OFF to IDLE mode, pin PWR_ON must be set to “1” (minimum 0.8 × VVS2) for at least
TPWR_ON (see Figure 7-4). The transceiver recognizes the positive edge, sets pin N_RESET to low, and switches on DVCC,
AVCC and the power supply for external devices VSOUT.
If VDVCC exceeds 1.5V (typically) and the XTO is settled, the digital control logic is active and sets the status bit Power_On to
“1” and an interrupt is issued (TPWR_ON_IRQ_1).
After the voltage on pin VSOUT exceeds 2.3V (typically) and the start-up time of the XTO is elapsed the output clock on pin
CLK is available. Because the enabling of pin CLK is asynchronous, the first clock cycle may be incomplete. N_RESET is set
to high if VVSOUT exceeds 2.38V (typically) and the XTO is settled.
If the transceiver is in any active mode (IDLE, AUX, RX, RX_Polling, TX), a positive edge on pin PWR_ON sets Power_On
to “1” (after TPWR_ON_IRQ_2). The state transition Power_On 0 → 1 generates an interrupt. If Power_On is still “1” during the
positive edge on pin PWR_ON no interrupt is issued. Power_On and the interrupt are deleted after reading the status
register.
During Power_On = 1, the bits VSOUT_EN and CLK_ON in control register 3 are set to “1”.
Note:
It is not possible to set the transceiver to OFF mode by setting pin PWR_ON to “0”. If pin PWR_ON is not used,
it must be connected to GND.
Figure 7-4. Timing Pin PWR_ON, Status Bit Power_On
TPWR_ON > TPWR_ON_IRQ_1
TPWR_ON > TPWR_ON_IRQ_2
PWR_ON
VThres_2 = 2.38V (typ)
VSOUT
VThres_1 = 2.V
(typ)
DVCC, AVCC
1.5V (typ)
N_RESET
CLK
TPWR_ON_IRQ_1
TPWR_ON_IRQ_2
Power_ON
(Status register)
IRQ
OFF
Mode
IDLE
Mode
IDLE, AUX, RX, RX Polling, TX
Mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
39
7.7
Low Battery Indicator
The status bit Low_Batt is set to “1” if the voltage VVSOUT on pin VSOUT drops below 2.38V (typically).
Low_Batt is set to “0” if VVSOUT exceeds VThres_2 and the status register is read via the 4-wire serial interface (see Figure 5-3
on page 28).
Figure 7-5. Timing Status Bit Low_Batt
IDLE, AUX, TX, RX
or
RX Polling Mode
VVSOUT < 2.38V (typ)
?
N
Y
Low_Batt = 1
Read Status Register
7.8
Pin VAUX
To switch the transceiver from OFF to AUX mode, the voltage VVAUX on pin VAUX must exceed 3.5V (typically) (see Figure
7-6 on page 41). If VVAUX exceeds 2V (typically) pin N_RESET is set to low, and DVCC and the power supply for external
devices VSOUT are switched on.
If VVAUX exceeds 3.5V (typically) the status bit P_On_Aux is set to “1” and an interrupt is issued.
After the voltage on pin VSOUT exceeds 2.3V (typically) and the start-up time of the XTO is elapsed, the output clock on pin
CLK is available. Because the enabling of pin CLK is asynchronous, the first clock cycle may be incomplete. N_RESET is set
to high if VVSOUT exceeds 2.38V (typically) and the XTO is settled.
If the transceiver is in any active mode (IDLE, TX, RX, RX_Polling), a positive edge on pin VAUX and VVAUX > VS1 + 0.5V
sets P_On_Aux to “1”. The state transition P_On_Aux 0 → 1 generates an interrupt. If P_On_Aux is still “1” during the
positive edge on pin VAUX no interrupt is issued. P_On_Aux and the interrupt are deleted after reading the status register.
40
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Figure 7-6. Timing Pin VAUX, Status Bit P_On_Aux
VSOUT
VVAUX > VS1 + 0.5V (typ)
3.5V (typ)
2.0V (typ)
VAUX
VVAUX > VS1 + 0.5V (typ)
VThres_2 = 2.38V (typ)
VThres_1 = 2.3V (typ)
DVCC
N_RESET
CLK
P_ON_AUX
(Status register)
IRQ
OFF
Mode
8.
AUX
Mode
IDLE, TX, RX, RX polling
Mode
Transceiver Configuration
The configuration of the transceiver takes place via a 4-wire serial interface (CS, SCK, SDI_TMDI, SDO_TMDO) and is
organized in 8-bit units. The configuration is initiated with an 8-bit command. While shifting the command into pin SDI_TMDI,
the number of bytes in the TX/RX data buffer are available on pin SDO_TMDO. The read and write commands are followed
by one or more 8-bit data units. Each 8-bit data transmission begins with the MSB. The serial interface is in the reset state if
the level on pin CS = Low.
8.1
Command: Read TX/RX Data Buffer
During a RX operation, the user can read the received bytes in the TX/RX data buffer successively.
Figure 8-1. Read TX/RX Data Buffer
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
SDI_TMDI
Command: Read TX/RX Data Buffer
X
X
SDO_TMDO
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
RX Data Byte 1
RX Data Byte 1
SCK
CS
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
41
8.2
Command: Write TX/RX Data Buffer
During a TX operation the user can write the bytes in the TX/RX data buffer successively. An echo of the command and the
TX data bytes are provided for the microcontroller on pin SDO_TMDO.
Figure 8-2. Write TX/RX Data Buffer
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
SDI_TMDI
Command: Write TX/RX Data Buffer
TX Data Byte 1
TX Data Byte 2
SDO_TMDO
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
Write TX/RX Data Buffer
TX Data Byte 1
SCK
CS
8.3
Command: Read Control/Status Register
The control and status registers can be read individually or successively.
Figure 8-3. Read Control/Status Register
MSB
SDI_TMDI
SDO_TMDO
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
Command: Read C/S Register X
Command: Read C/S Register Y
Command: Read C/S Register Z
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
Data C/S Register X
Data C/S Register Y
SCK
CS
8.4
Command: Write Control Register
The control registers can be written individually or successively. An echo of the command and the data bytes are provided
for the microcontroller on pin SDO_TMDO.
Figure 8-4. Write Control Register
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
SDI_TMDI
Command: Write Control Register X
Data Control Register X
Command: Write Control Register Y
SDO_TMDO
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
Write Control Register X
Data Control Register X
SCK
CS
8.5
Command: OFF Command
If AVCC_EN in control register 1 is “0”, the input level on pin PWR_ON is low and on the key inputs Tn is high, then the OFF
command sets the transceiver in the OFF mode.
Figure 8-5. OFF Command
MSB
SDI_TMDI
SDO_TMDO
SCK
CS
42
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
LSB
Command: OFF Command
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
8.6
Command: Delete IRQ
The delete IRQ command sets pin IRQ to low.
Figure 8-6. Delete IRQ
MSB
SDI_TMDI
SDO_TMDO
LSB
Command: Delete IRQ
No. Bytes in the TX/RX Data Buffer
SCK
CS
8.7
Command Structure
The three most significant bits of the command (bit 5 to bit 7) indicate the command type. Bit 0 to bit 4 describe the target
address when reading or writing a control or status register. In all other commands bit 0 to bit 4 have no effect and should be
set to “0” for compatibility with future products.
Table 8-1.
Command Structure
MSB
Command
8.8
LSB
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Read TX/RX data buffer
0
0
0
x
x
x
x
x
Write TX/RX data buffer
0
0
1
x
x
x
x
x
Read control/status register
0
1
0
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
Write control register
0
1
1
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
OFF command
1
0
0
X
X
X
X
X
Delete IRQ
1
0
1
X
X
X
X
X
Not used
1
1
0
X
X
X
X
X
Not used
1
1
1
X
X
X
X
X
4-wire Serial Interface
The 4-wire serial interface consists of the Chip Select (CS), the Serial Clock (SCK), the Serial Data Input (SDI_TMDI) and
the Serial Data Output (SDO_TMDO). Data is transmitted/received bit by bit in synchronization with the serial clock.
Note:
If the output level on pin N_RESET is low, no data communication with the microcontroller is possible.
When CS is low and the transparent mode is inactive (T_MODE = 0), SDO_TMDO is in a high impedance state. When CS is
low and the transparent mode is active (T_MODE = 1), the RX data stream is available on pin SDO_TMDO.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
43
Figure 8-7. Serial Timing
TCS_disable
CS
TCS_setup
TSCK_setup2
TCycle
TSCK_setup1
SCK
TSCK_hold
X
X
THold
TSetup
SDI_TMDI
X
MSB
X
TOut_enable
SDO_TMDO
MSB-1
X
X
TOut_delay
MSB
TOut_disable
MSB-1
LSB
X can be either ViL or ViH
9.
Operation Modes
9.1
RX Operation
The transceiver is set to RX operation with the bits OPM0 and OPM1 in control register 1.
Table 9-1.
Control Register 1
OPM1
OPM0
Function
1
0
RX polling mode
1
1
RX mode
The transceiver is designed to consume less than 1mA in RX operation while remaining sensitive to signals from a
corresponding transmitter. This is achieved via the polling circuit. This circuit enables the signal path periodically for a short
time. During this time the bit-check logic verifies the presence of a valid transmitter signal. Only if a valid signal is detected
does the transceiver remain active and transfer the data to the connected microcontroller. This transfer takes place either via
the TX/RX data buffer or via the pin SDO_TMDO. When there is no valid signal present, the transceiver is in sleep mode
most of the time, resulting in low current consumption. This condition is called RX polling mode. A connected microcontroller
can be disabled during this time.
All relevant parameters of the polling logic can be configured by the connected microcontroller. This flexibility enables the
user to meet the specifications in terms of current consumption, system response time, data rate, etc.
In RX mode the RF transceiver is enabled permanently and the bit-check logic verifies the presence of a valid transmitter
signal. When a valid signal is detected the transceiver transfers the data to the connected microcontroller. This transfer take
place either via the TX/RX data buffer or via the pin SDO_TMDO.
44
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
9.1.1
RX Polling Mode
When the transceiver is in RX polling mode it stays in a continuous cycle of three different modes. In sleep mode the RF
transceiver is disabled for the time period TSleep while consuming low current of IS = IIDLE_X. During the start-up period,
TStartup_PLL and TStartup_Sig_Proc, all signal processing circuits are enabled and settled. In the following bit-check mode, the
incoming data stream is analyzed bit by bit to see if it is a valid transmitter signal. If no valid signal is present, the transceiver
is set back to sleep mode after the period TBit-check. This period varies check by check as it is a statistical process. An
average value for TBit-check is given in the electrical characteristics. During TStartup_PLL the current consumption is IS =
IStartup_PLL_X. During TStartup_Sig_Proc and TBit-check the current consumption is IS = IRX_X. The condition of the transceiver is
indicated on pin RX_ACTIVE (see Figure 9-1 on page 46 and Figure 9-2 on page 47). The average current consumption in
RX polling mode IP is different in 1 Li battery application (3V), 2 Li battery application (6V) or Base-station Application (5V).
To calculate IP the index X must be replaced by VS1,VS2 in 1 Li battery application (3V), VS2 in 2 Li battery application (6V)
or VS2,VAUX in Base-station Application (5V) (see section “Electrical Characteristics: General” on page 58).
I IDLE_X × T Sleep + I Startup_PLL_X × T Startup_PLL + I RX_X × ( T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck )
I P = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T Sleep + T Startup_PLL + T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bit_check
To save current it is recommended that CLK and VVSOUT be disabled during RX polling mode. IP does not include the current
of the Microcontroller_Interface, IVSINT, or the current of an external device connected to pin VSOUT (for example,
microcontroller). If CLK and/or VSOUT is enabled during RX polling mode the current consumption is calculated as follows:
I S_Poll = I P + I VSINT + I EXT
During TSleep, TStartup_PLL and TStartup_Sig_Proc, the transceiver is not sensitive to a transmitter signal. To guarantee the
reception of a transmitted command, the transmitter must start the telegram with an adequate preburst. The required length
of the preburst, TPreburst, depends on the polling parameters TSleep, TStartup_PLL, TStartup_Sig_Proc and TBit-check. Thus, TBit-check
depends on the actual bit rate and the number of bits (NBit-check) to be tested.
T Preburst ≥ T Sleep + T Startup_PLL + T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bit_check
9.1.2
Sleep Mode
The length of period TSleep is defined by the 5-bit word sleep in control register 4, the extension factor XSleep defined by the bit
XSleep in control register 4, and the basic clock cycle TDCLK. It is calculated to be:
T Sleep = Sleep × 1024 × T DCLK × X Sleep
In US and European applications, the maximum value of TSleep is about 38ms if XSleep is set to 1 (which is done by setting the
bit XSleep in control register 4 to “0”). The time resolution is about 1.2ms in that case. The sleep time can be extended to
about 300ms by setting XSleep to 8 (which is done by setting XSleep in control register 4 to “1”), the time resolution is then
about 9.6ms.
9.1.3
Start-up Mode
During TStartup_PLL the PLL is enabled and starts up. If the PLL is locked, the signal processing circuit starts up
(TStartup_Sig_Proc). After the start-up time all circuits are in stable condition and ready to receive.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
45
Figure 9-1. Flow Chart Polling Mode/RX Mode (T_MODE = 0, Transparent Mode Inactive)
Start RX Polling Mode
Sleep mode:
All circuits for analog signal processing are disabled. Only XTO and Polling logic is enabled.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → Low; IS = IIDLE_X
TSleep = Sleep x 1024 x TDCLK x XSleep
Sleep:
XSleep:
TDCLK:
Defined by bits Sleep 0 to Sleep 4 in Control
Register 4
Defined by bit XSleep in Control register 4
Basic clock cycle
TStartup_PLL:
798.5 x TDCLK (typ)
TStartup_Sig_Proc:
882 x TDCLK
498 x TDCLK
306 x TDCLK
210 x TDCLK
Start RX Mode
Start-up mode:
Start-up PLL:
The PLL is enabled and locked.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High; IS = IStartup_PLL_X; IStartup_PLL
Start-up signal processing:
The signal processing circuit are enabled.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High; IS = IRX_X; TStartup_Sig_proc
(BR_Range 0)
(BR_Range 1)
(BR_Range 2)
(BR_Range 3)
Is defined by the selected baud rate range and
TDCLK .The baud-rate range is defined by bit
Baud 0 and Baud 1 in Control Register 6.
Bit-check mode:
The incomming data stream is analyzed. If the timing indicates a valid transmitter signal,
the control bits VSOUT_EN, CLK_ON and OPM0 are set to 1 and the transceiver is set to
receiving mode. Otherwise it is set to Sleep mode or to Start_up mode.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High
IS = IRX_X; TBit-check
TBit-check:
NO
Bit check
OK ?
YES
Set VSOUT_EN = 1
Set CLK_ON = 1
Set OPM0 = 1
NO
OPM0 = 1
?
YES
NO
NO
Depends on the result of the bit check.
If the bit check is ok, TBit-check depends on the
number of bits to be checked (NBit-check) and
on the utilized data rate.
If the bit check fails, the average time period for
that check despends on the selected bit-rate
range and on TXDCLK. The bit-rate range is
defined by bit Baud 0 and Baud 1 in Control
Register 6.
P_MODE = 0
?
YES
TSLEEP = 0
?
Set IRQ
YES
Receiving mode:
The incomming data stream is passed via the TX/RX Data Buffer to the connected
microcontroller. If an bit error occurs the transceiver is set back to Start-up mode.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High
IS = IRX_X
Start bit
detected ?
NO
YES
RX data stream is
written into the TX/RX
Data Buffer
Bit error ?
YES
46
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
NO
If the transceiver detects a bit errror after a
successful bit check and before the start bit is
detected pin IRQ will be set to high (only if
P_MODE = 0) and the transceiver is set back to
start-up mode.
Figure 9-2. Flow Chart Polling Mode/RX Mode (T_MODE = 1, Transparent Mode Active)
Start RX Polling Mode
Sleep mode:
All circuits for analog signal processing are disabled. Only XTO and Polling logic is enabled.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → Low; IS = IIDLE_X
TSleep = Sleep x 1024 x TDCLK x XSleep
Sleep:
XSleep:
TDCLK:
Defined by bits Sleep 0 to Sleep 4 in Control
Register 4
Defined by bit XSleep in Control register 4
Basic clock cycle
TStartup_PLL:
798.5 x TDCLK (typ)
TStartup_Sig_Proc:
882 x TDCLK
498 x TDCLK
306 x TDCLK
210 x TDCLK
Start RX Mode
Start-up mode:
Start-up PLL:
The PLL is enabled and locked.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High; IS = IStartup_PLL_X; IStartup_PLL
Start-up signal processing:
The signal processing circuit are enabled.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High; IS = IRX_X; TStartup_Sig_proc
(BR_Range 0)
(BR_Range 1)
(BR_Range 2)
(BR_Range 3)
Is defined by the selected baud rate range and
TDCLK .The baud-rate range is defined by bit
Baud 0 and Baud 1 in Control Register 6.
Bit-check mode:
The incomming data stream is analyzed. If the timing indicates a valid transmitter signal,
the control bits VSOUT_EN, CLK_ON and OPM0 are set to 1 and the transceiver is set to
receiving mode. Otherwise the transceiver is set to Sleep mode
(if OPM0 = 0 and TSleep > 0) or stays in Bit-check mode.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High
TBit-check:
IS = IRX_X; TBit-check
NO
Bit check
OK ?
YES
OPM0 = 1
?
If the bit check is ok, TBit-check depends on the
number of bits to be checked (NBit-check) and
on the utilized data rate.
NO
YES
Set VSOUT_EN = 1
Set CLK_ON = 1
Set OPM0 = 1
NO
Depends on the result of the bit check.
If the bit check fails, the average time period for
that check despends on the selected bit-rate
range and on TXDCLK. The bit-rate range is
defined by bit Baud 0 and Baud 1 in Control
Register 6.
TSLEEP = 0
?
YES
Receiving mode:
The incomming data stream is passed via PIN SDO_TMDO to the connected
microcontroller. If an bit error occurs the transceiver is not set back to Start-up mode.
Output level on pin RX_ACTIVE → High
IS = IRX_X
Level on pin
CS = Low ?
NO
If in FSK mode the datastream is interrupted the
FSK-Demodulator-PLL tends to lock out and is
further not able to lock in, even there is a valid
data stream available.
In this case the transceiver must be set back to
IDLE mode.
YES
RX data stream
available on pin
SDO_TMDO
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
47
9.1.4
Bit-check Mode
In bit-check mode the incoming data stream is examined to distinguish between a valid signal from a corresponding
transmitter and signals due to noise. This is done by subsequent time frame checks where the distance between 2 signal
edges are continuously compared to a programmable time window. The maximum count of this edge-to-edge test before the
transceiver switches to receiving mode is also programmable.
9.1.5
Configuration of the Bit Check
Assuming a modulation scheme that contains two edges per bit, two time frame checks verify one bit. This is valid for
Manchester, Bi-phase and most other modulation schemes. The maximum count of bits to be checked can be set to 0, 3, 6
or 9 bits via the variable NBit-check in control register 5. This implies 0, 6, 12 and 18 edge-to-edge checks, respectively. If NBitcheck is set to a higher value, the transceiver is less likely to switch to receiving mode due to noise. In the presence of a valid
transmitter signal, the bit check takes less time if NBit-check is set to a lower value. In RX polling mode, the bit-check time is not
dependent on NBit-check if no valid signal is present. Figure 9-3 shows an example where three bits are tested successfully.
Figure 9-3. Timing Diagram for Complete Successful Bit Check (Number of Checked Bits: 3)
RX_ACTIVE
Bit check ok
Bit check
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
Demod_Out
TBit-check
TStartup_Sig_Proc
Start-up mode
Bit check mode
Receiving mode
As seen in Figure 9-4, the time window for the bit check is defined by two separate time limits. If the edge-to-edge time tee is
in between the lower bit-check limit TLim_min and the upper bit-check limit TLim_max, the check will be continued. If tee is smaller
than limit TLim_min or exceeds TLim_max, the bit check will be terminated and the transceiver switches to sleep mode.
Figure 9-4. Valid Time Window for Bit Check
1/fSig
Demod_Out
tee
TLim_min
TLim_max
48
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
For the best noise immunity, use of a low span between TLim_min and TLim_max is recommended. This is achieved using a fixed
frequency at a 50% duty cycle for the transmitter preburst: a “11111...” or a “10101...” sequence in Manchester or Bi-phase
is a good choice. A good compromise between sensitivity and susceptibility to noise regarding the expected edge-to-edge
time, tee, is a time window of ±38%; to get the maximum sensitivity the time window should be ±50% and then NBit-check ≥ 6.
Using preburst patterns that contain various edge-to-edge time periods, the bit-check limits must be programmed according
to the required span.
The bit-check limits are determined by means of the formula below:
TLim_min = Lim_min × TXDCLK
TLim_max = (Lim_max -1) × TXDCLK
Lim_min is defined by the bits Lim_min 0 to Lim_min 5 in control register 5.
Lim_max is defined by the bits Lim_max 0 to Lim_max 5 in control register 6.
Using the above formulas, Lim_min and Lim_max can be determined according to the required TLim_min, TLim_max and TXDCLK.
The time resolution defining TLim_min and TLim_max is TXDCLK. The minimum edge-to-edge time tee is defined in the section
“Receiving Mode” on page 51. The lower limit should be set to Lim_min ≥ 10. The maximum value of the upper limit is
Lim_max = 63.
Figure 9-5, Figure 9-6 on page 50, and Figure 9-7 on page 50 illustrate the bit check for the bit-check limits Lim_min = 14
and Lim_max = 24. The signal processing circuits are enabled during TStartup_PLL and TStartup_Sig_Proc. The output of the
ASK/FSK demodulator (Demod_Out) is undefined during that period. When the bit check becomes active, the bit-check
counter is clocked with the cycle TXDCLK.
Figure 9-5 shows how the bit check proceeds if the bit-check counter value CV_Lim is within the limits defined by Lim_min
and Lim_max at the occurrence of a signal edge. In Figure 9-6 on page 50 the bit check fails because the value CV_Lim is
lower than the limit Lim_min. The bit check also fails if CV_Lim reaches Lim_max. This is illustrated in Figure 9-7 on page
50.
Figure 9-5. Timing Diagram During Bit Check
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
RX_ACTIVE
Bit check ok
Bit check ok
Bit check
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
Demod_Out
Bit-check counter
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1112131415 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
TXDCLK
TStartup_Sig_Proc
Start-up mode
TBit-check
Bit check mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
49
Figure 9-6. Timing Diagram for Failed Bit Check (Condition CV_Lim < Lim_min)
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
RX_ACTIVE
Bit check failed (CV_Lim < Lim_min)
Bit check
1/2 Bit
Demod_Out
Bit-check counter
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112
TStartup_Sig_Proc
0
TSleep
TBit_check
Start-up mode
Bit check mode
Sleep mode
Figure 9-7. Timing Diagram for Failed Bit Check (Condition: CV_Lim ≥ Lim_max)
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
RX_ACTIVE
Bit check failed (CV_Lim < Lim_min)
Bit check
1/2 Bit
Demod_Out
Bit-check counter
0
TStartup_Sig_Proc
Start-up mode
9.1.6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718192021222324
TBit_check
Bit check mode
0
TSleep
Sleep mode
Duration of the Bit Check
If no transmitter is present during the bit check, the output of the ASK/FSK demodulator delivers random signals. The bit
check is a statistical process and TBit-check varies for each check. Therefore, an average value for TBit-check is given in the
electrical characteristics. TBit-check depends on the selected bit-rate range and on TXDCLK. A higher bit-rate range causes a
lower value for TBit-check, resulting in a lower current consumption in RX polling mode.
In the presence of a valid transmitter signal, TBit-check is dependent on the frequency of that signal, fSignal, and the count of the
bits, NBit-check. A higher value for NBit-check therefore results in a longer period for TBit-check, requiring a higher value for the
transmitter pre-burst, TPreburst.
50
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
9.1.7
Receiving Mode
If the bit check was successful for all bits specified by NBit-check, the transceiver switches to receiving mode. To activate a
connected microcontroller, the bits VSOUT_EN and CLK_ON in control register 3 are set to “1”. An interrupt is issued at pin
IRQ if the control bits T_MODE = 0 and P_MODE = 0.
If the transparent mode is active (T_MODE = 1) and the level on pin CS is low (no data transfer via the serial interface), the
RX data stream is available on pin SDO_TMDO (Figure 9-8).
Figure 9-8. Receiving Mode (TMODE = 1)
Preburst
Bit check ok
Start
bit
Byte 1
Byte 2
Byte 3
Demod_Out
'0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '1' '0' '1' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '1' '1' '1' '1' '0' '0' '1' '1' '0' '1' '0' '1' '1' '0' '0'
SDO_TMDO
Bit-check mode
Receiving mode
If the transparent mode is inactive (T_MODE = 0), the received data stream is buffered in the TX/RX data buffer (see Figure
9-9 on page 52). The TX/RX data buffer is only usable for Manchester and Bi-phase coded signals. It is always possible to
transfer the data from the data buffer via the 4-wire serial interface to a microcontroller (see Figure 8-1 on page 41).
Buffering of the data stream:
After a successful bit check, the transceiver switches from bit-check mode to receiving mode. In receiving mode the TX/RX
data buffer control logic is active and examines the incoming data stream. This is done, as in the bit check, by subsequent
time frame checks where the distance between two edges is continuously compared to a programmable time window as
illustrated in Figure 9-9 on page 52. Only two time differences between two edges in Manchester and Bi-phase coded
signals are valid (T and 2T).
The limits for T are the same as used for the bit check. They can be programmed in control register 5 and 6 (Lim_min,
Lim_max).
The limits for 2T are calculated as follows:
Lower limit of 2T:
Lim_min_2T = ( Lim_min + Lim_max ) – ( Lim_max – Lim_min )/2
T Lim_min_2T = Lim_min_2T × T XDCLK
Upper limit of 2T:
Lim_max_2T = ( Lim_min + Lim_max ) + ( Lim_max – Lim_min )/2
T Lim_max_2T = ( Lim_max_2T - 1 ) × T XDCLK
If the result of Lim_min_2T or Lim_max_2T is not an integer value, it will be rounded up.
If the TX/RX data buffer control logic detects the start bit, the data stream is written in the TX/RX data buffer byte by byte.
The start bit is part of the first data byte and must be different from the bits of the preburst. If the preburst consists of a
sequence of “00000...”, the start bit must be a “1”. If the preburst consists of a sequence of “11111...”, the start bit must be a
“0”.
If the data stream consists of more than 16 bytes, a buffer overflow occurs and the TX/RX data buffer control logic overwrites
the bytes already stored in the TX/RX data buffer. Therefore, it is very important to ensure that the data is read in time so that
no buffer overflow occurs (see Figure 8-1 on page 41). There is a counter that indicates the number of received bytes in the
TX/RX data buffer (see section “Transceiver Configuration” on page 41). If a byte is transferred to the microcontroller, the
counter is decremented; if a byte is received, the counter is incremented. The counter value is available via the 4-wire serial
interface. An interrupt is issued if the counter (while counting up) reaches the value defined by the control bits IR0 and IR1 in
control register 1.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
51
Figure 9-9. Receiving Mode (TMODE = 0)
Preburst
Start
bit
T
Bit check ok
Byte 3
Byte 2
Byte 1
2T
Demod_Out
'0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '1' '0' '1' '0' '0' '0' '0' '0' '1' '1' '1' '1' '0' '0' '1' '1' '0' '1' '0' '1' '1' '0' '0'
Bit-check mode
Receiving mode
TX/RX Data Buffer
Byte 16, Byte 32, ...
Byte 15, Byte 31, ...
Byte 14, Byte 30, ...
Byte 13, Byte 29, ...
Byte 12, Byte 28, ...
Byte 11, Byte 27, ...
Byte 10, Byte 26, ...
Byte 9, Byte 25, ...
Byte 8, Byte 24, ...
Byte 7, Byte 23, ...
Byte 6, Byte 22, ...
Byte 5, Byte 21, ...
Byte 4, Byte 20, ...
Byte 3, Byte 19, ...
1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 Byte 2, Byte 18, ...
1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 Byte 1, Byte 17, ...
MSB
LSB
Readable via 4-wire serial interface
If the TX/RX data buffer control logic detects a bit error, an interrupt is issued and the transceiver is set back to the start-up
mode (see Figure 9-1 on page 46, Figure 9-2 on page 47 and Figure 9-10).
Bit error:
Note:
a) tee < TLim_min or TLim_max < tee < TLim_min_2T or tee > TLim_max_2T
b) Logical error (no edge detected in the bit center)
The byte consisting of the bit error will not be stored in the TX/RX data buffer. Thus, it is not available via the 4wire serial interface.
Writing the control register 1, 4, 5 or 6 during receiving mode resets the TX/RX data buffer control logic and the counter
which indicates the number of received bytes. If the bits OPM0 and OPM1 are still “1” after writing to a control register, the
transceiver changes to the start-up mode (start-up signal processing).
Figure 9-10. Bit Error (TMODE = 0)
Byte n
Byte n-1
Byte n+1
Byte 1
Preburst
Demod_Out
Receiving mode
Table 9-2.
Mode
Receiving mode
RX Modulation Scheme
ASK/_NFSK
0
RX
1
52
Start-up mode Bit-check mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
T_MODE
RFIN
Bit in TX/RX Data
Buffer
Level on Pin
SD0_TMDO
0
fFSK_L → fFSK_H
1
X
0
fFSK_H → fFSK_L
0
X
1
fFSK_H
–
1
1
fFSK_L
–
0
0
fASK off → fASK on
1
X
0
fASK on → fASK off
0
X
1
fASK on
–
1
1
fASK off
–
0
9.1.8
Recommended Lim_min and Lim_max for Maximum Sensitivity
The sensitivity measurements in the section “Low-IF Receiver” in Table 3-3 on page 11 and Table 3-4 on page 11 have been
done with the Lim_min and Lim_max values according to Table 9-3. These values are optimized for maximum sensitivity.
Note that since these limits are optimized for sensitivity, the number of checked bits, NBit-check, has to be at least 6 to prevent
the circuit from waking up to often in polling mode due to noise.
Table 9-3.
Recommended Lim_min and Lim_max Values for Different Bit Rates
fRF (fXTAL)/
MHz
1.0Kbit/s
BR_Range_0
XLim = 1
2.4Kbit/s
BR_Range_0
XLim = 0
5Kbit/s
BR_Range_1
XLim = 0
10Kbit/s
BR_Range_2
XLim = 0
20Kbit/s
BR_Range_3
XLim = 0
433.92
(13.25311)
Lim_min = 13 (251µs)
Lim_max = 38 (715µs)
Lim_min = 12 (116µs)
Lim_max = 34 (319µs)
Lim_min = 11 (53µs)
Lim_max = 32 (150µs)
Lim_min = 11 (27µs)
Lim_max = 32 (75µs)
Lim_min = 11 (13µs)
Lim_max = 32 (37µs)
868.3
(13.41191)
Lim_min = 13 (248µs)
Lim_max = 38 (706µs)
Lim_min = 12 (115µs)
Lim_max = 34 (315µs)
Lim_min = 11 (52µs)
Lim_max = 32 (148µs)
Lim_min = 11 (26µs)
Lim_max = 32 (74µs)
Lim_min = 11 (13µs)
Lim_max = 32 (37µs)
9.2
TX Operation
The transceiver is set to TX operation by using the bits OPM0 and OPM1 in the control register 1.
Table 9-4.
Control Register 1
OPM1
OPM0
Function
0
1
TX mode
Before activating TX mode, the TX parameters (bit rate, modulation scheme, etc.) must be selected as illustrated in Figure 911 on page 54. The bit rate depends on Baud 0 and Baud 1 in control register 6, Lim_min0 to Lim_min5 in control register 5
and XLIM in control register 4 (see section “Control Register” on page 31). The modulation is selected with ASK/_NFSK in
control register 4. The FSK frequency deviation is fixed to about ±16kHz. If P_Mode is set to “1”, the Manchester modulator
is disabled and pattern mode is active (NRZ, see Table 9-5 on page 56).
After the transceiver is set to TX mode, the start-up mode is active and the PLL is enabled. If the PLL is locked, the TX mode
is active.
If the transceiver is in start-up or TX mode, the TX/RX data buffer can be loaded via the 4-wire serial interface. After the first
byte is in the buffer and the TX mode is active, the transceiver starts transmitting automatically (beginning with the MSB).
While transmitting it is always possible to load new data in the TX/RX data buffer. To prevent a buffer overflow or
interruptions during transmitting, the user must ensure that data is loaded at the same speed as it is transmitted.
There is a counter that indicates the number of bytes to be transmitted (see section “Transceiver Configuration” on page 41).
If a byte is loaded, the counter is incremented, if a byte is transmitted, the counter is decremented. The counter value is
available via the 4-wire serial interface. An IRQ is issued if the counter (while counting down) reaches the value defined by
the control bits IR0 and IR1 in control register 1.
Note:
Writing to the control register 1, 4, 5 or 6 during TX mode resets the TX/RX data buffer and the counter which
indicates the number of bytes to be transmitted.
If T_Mode in control register 1 is set to “1”, the transceiver is in TX transparent mode. In this mode the TX/RX data buffer is
disabled and the TX data stream must be applied on pin SDI_TMDI. Figure 9-11 on page 54 illustrates the flow chart of the
TX transparent mode.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
53
Figure 9-11. TX Operation (T_MODE = 0)
Write Control Register 6
Baud1, BAUD0:
Lim_max0 to Lim_max5:
Select baud rate range
Don't care
Write Control Register 5
Lim_min0 to Lim_min5:
Bit_ck0, Bit_ck1:
Select the baud rate
Don't care
Write Control Register 4
XLim:
ASK/_NFSK:
Sleep0 to Sleep4:
XSleep:
Select the bit rate
Select modulation
Don't care
Don't care
Write Control Register 3
FR7, FR8:
VSOUT_EN:
CLK_ON:
Adjust fRF
Set VSOUT_EN = 1
Don't care
Write Control Register 2
FR0 to FR6:
P_mode:
Write Control Register 1
IR1, IR0:
AVCC_EN:
FS:
OPM1, OPM0:
T_mode:
Idle Mode
Adjust fRF
Enable or disable the
Manchester modulator
Select an event which activates
an interrupt
Don't care
Select operation frequency
Set OPM1 = 0 and OPM0 = 1
Set T_mode = 0
Write TX/RX Data Buffer (max. 16 byte)
Start-up
Mode (TX)
TStartup = 331.5 x TDCLK
N
Pin IRQ = 1 ?
Y
N
TX more Data
Bytes ?
Y
Command: Delete_IRQ
N
TX Mode
Write TX/RX Data Buffer (max. 16 - number of bytes still
in the TX/RX Data Buffer)
Pin IRQ = 1 ?
Y
Write Control Register 1
OPM1, OPM0:
Set IDLE
Idle Mode
54
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Figure 9-12. TX Transparent Mode (T_MODE = 1)
Write Control Register 4
XLim:
ASK/_NFSK:
Sleep0 to Sleep4:
XSleep:
Don't care
Select modulation
Don't care
Don't care
Write Control Register 3
FR7, FR8:
VSOUT_EN:
CLK_ON:
Adjust fRF
Set VSOUT_EN = 1
Don't care
Idle Mode
Write Control Register 2
FR0 to FR6:
P_mode:
Write Control Register 1
IR1, IR0:
AVCC_EN:
FS:
OPM1, OPM0:
T_mode:
Adjust fRF
Don't care
Don't care
Don't care
Select operation frequency
Set OPM1 = 0 and OPM0 = 1
Set T_mode = 1
Start-up
Mode (TX)
TStartup = 331.5 x TDCLK
Apply TX Data on Pin SDI_TMDI
Write Control Register 1
OPM1, OPM0:
TX Mode
Set IDLE (OPM1 = 0, OPM0 = 1
Idle Mode
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
55
Table 9-5.
TX Modulation Schemes
Mode
ASK/_NFSK
P_Mode
T_Mode
Bit in TX/RX
Data Buffer
Level on Pin
SDI_TMDI
RFOUT
0
0
1
X
fFSK_L → fFSK_H
0
0
0
X
fFSK_H → fFSK_L
1
0
1
X
fFSK_H
1
0
0
X
fFSK_L
X
1
X
1
fFSK_H
X
1
X
0
fFSK_L
0
0
1
X
fASK off → fASK on
0
0
0
X
fASK on → fASK off
1
0
1
X
fASK on
1
0
0
X
fASK off
X
1
X
1
fASK on
X
1
X
0
fASK off
0
TX
1
9.3
Interrupts
Via pin IRQ, the transceiver signals different operating conditions to a connected microcontroller. If a specific operating
condition occurs, pin IRQ is set to high.
If an interrupt occurs, it is recommended to delete the interrupt immediately by reading the status register, so that a further
potential interrupt doesn’t get lost. If the Interrupt pin doesn’t switch to low by reading the status register, the interrupt was
triggered by the RX/TX data buffer. In this case read or write the RX/TX data buffer according to Table 9-6.
Table 9-6.
Interrupt Handling
Operating Conditions Which Set Pin IRQ to High Level
Operations Which Set Pin IRQ to Low Level
Events in Status Register
State transition of status bit STn
(0 → 1; 1 → 0)
Appearance of status bit Power_On
(0 → 1)
Read status register or
Command Delete IRQ
Appearance of status bit P_On_Aux
(0 → 1)
Events During TX Operation (T_MODE = 0)
Write TX data buffer or
Write control register 1 or
4, 8 or 12 Bytes are in the TX data buffer or the TX data buffer is Write control register 4 or
empty (depends on IR0 and IR1 in control register 1).
Write control register 5 or
Write control register 6 or
Command delete IRQ
Events During RX Operation (T_MODE = 0)
4, 8 or 12 received bytes are in the RX data buffer or a receiving Read RX data buffer(1) or
error is occurred (depends on IR0 and IR1 in control register 1). Write control register 1 or
Write control register 4 or
Write control register 5 or
Successful bit check (P_MODE = 0)
Write control register 6 or
Command delete IRQ
Note:
56
1.
During reading of the RX/TX buffer, no IRQ is issued, due to the received bytes or a receiving error.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
10.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Parameters
Junction temperature
Symbol
Min.
Tj
Max.
Unit
150
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
–55
+125
°C
Ambient temperature
Tamb
–40
+85
°C
Supply voltage VS2
VMaxVS2
–0.3
+7.2
V
Supply voltage VS1
VMaxVS1
–0.3
+4
V
Supply voltage VAUX
VMaxVAUX
–0.3
+7.2
V
Supply voltage VSINT
VMaxVSINT
–0.3
+5.5
V
ESD (Human Body Model ESD S 5.1)
every pin
HBM
–1.5
+1.5
kV
ESD (Machine Model JEDEC A115A)
every pin
MM
–200
+200
V
ESD (Field Induced Charge Device Model ESD
STM 5.3.1–1999)
every pin
FCDM
–1
+1
kV
Maximum input level, input matched to 50Ω
Pin_max
10
dBm
11.
Thermal Resistance
Parameters
Junction ambient
Symbol
Value
Unit
RthJA
25
K/W
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
57
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
1
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
Min.
4, 10
fRF
4, 10
fRF
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
431.5
436.5
MHz
A
862
872
MHz
A
RtX_TX_IDLE Mode
ATA5428
RF operating frequency V433_N868 = AVCC
1.1
range
ATA5428
V433_N868 = GND
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V,
VVSINT = 0V
(1 battery) and
VVS2 = 6V (2 battery)
OFF mode is not
available if
VVS2 = VVAUX = 5V
VVSINT = 0V (base
station)
IS_OFF
< 10
nA
A
VVSOUT disabled,
XTO running
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V
(1 battery)
IS_IDLE
220
µA
B
VVS2 = 6V (2 battery)
IS_IDLE
310
µA
B
VVS2 = VVAUX = 5V
(base station)
IS_IDLE
310
µA
B
1.4 System start-up time
From OFF mode to
IDLE mode including
reset and XTO start-up
(see Figure 7-4 on page
39)
XTAL: Cm = 5fF,
C0 = 1.8pF, Rm =15Ω
TPWR_ON_IRQ_1
0.3
ms
C
1.5 RX start-up time
From IDLE mode to
receiving mode
NBit-check = 3
Bit rate = 20Kbit/s,
BR_Range_3
(see Figure 9-1 on page
46, Figure 9-2 on page
47 and Figure 9-3 on
page 48)
TStartup_PLL +
TStartup_Sig_Proc
+ TBit-chek
1.39
ms
A
1.6 TX start-up time
From IDLE mode to TX
mode (see Figure 9-11
on page 54)
TStartup
0.4
ms
A
1.2
1.3
Supply current
OFF mode
Supply current
IDLE mode
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
58
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
2
Receiver/RX Mode
2.1
Supply current RX
mode
Supply current
2.2
RX polling mode
2.3
2.4
Input sensitivity FSK
fRF = 433.92MHz
Input sensitivity ASK
fRF = 433.92MHz
Sensitivity change at
2.5
2.6
fRF = 868.3MHz
compared to
fRF = 433.92MHz
Maximum frequency
offset in FSK mode
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
fRF = 433.92MHz
17, 18
IS_RX
fRF = 868MHz
17, 18
TSleep = 49.45ms
XSLEEP = 8, Sleep = 5
Bit rate = 20Kbit/s FSK,
VVSOUT disabled
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
10.5
mA
A
IS_RX
10.3
mA
A
17, 18
IP
444
µA
B
Bit rate 20Kbit/s
(4)
PREF_FSK
–104.0
–106.0
–107.5
dBm
B
Bit rate 2.4bit/s
(4)
PREF_FSK
–107.5
–109.5
–111.0
dBm
B
Bit rate 10Kbit/s
(4)
PREF_ASK
–110.5
–112.5
–114.0
dBm
B
Bit rate 2.4Kbit/s
(4)
PREF_ASK
–114.5
–116.5
–118.0
dBm
B
(4)
ΔPREF1
dB
B
(4)
ΔfOFFSET
kHz
B
FSK deviation
fDEV = ±16kHz
limits according to
Table 9-3 on page 53,
BER = 10-3
Tamb = 25°C
ASK 100%, level of
carrier limits according
to Table 9-3 on page 53,
BER = 10-3
Tamb = 25°C
fRF = 433.92 MHz
to fRF = 868.3 MHz
P = PREF_ASK + ΔPREF1 +
ΔPREF2
+2.7
P = PREF_FSK + ΔPREF1 +
ΔPREF2
Maximum frequency
difference of fRF
between receiver and
transmitter in FSK mode
(fRF is the center
frequency of the FSK
signal with
fDEV = ±16kHz)
–58
+58
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
59
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
2.7
Supported FSK
frequency deviation
2.8 System noise figure
2.9 Intermediate frequency
Pin(1)
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
With up to 2dB
loss of sensitivity.
Note that the tolerable
frequency offset is for
fDEV = ±22kHz, 6kHz
lower than for
fDEV = ±16kHz hence
ΔfOFFSET ≤ ±52kHz
(4)
fDEV
±14
±16
±22
kHz
B
fRF = 433.92MHz
(4)
NF
7.0
dB
B
fRF = 868.3MHz
(4)
NF
9.7
dB
B
fRF = 433.92MHz
fIF
223
kHz
A
fRF = 868.3MHz
fIF
226
kHz
A
Test Conditions
2.10 System bandwidth
This value is for
information only!
Note that for crystal and
system frequency offset
calculations, ΔfOFFSET
must be used.
(4)
SBW
185
kHz
A
System outband
2nd-order input
2.11
intercept point with
respect to fIF
Δfmeas1 = 1,800MHz
Δfmeas2 = 2,026MHz
fIF = Δfmeas2 – Δfmeas1
(4)
IIP2
+50
dBm
C
(4)
IIP3
–21
dBm
C
(4)
IIP3
–17
dBm
C
(4)
I1dBCP
–30
dBm
C
Δfmeas1 = 1.8MHz
System outband
Δfmeas2 = 3.6MHz
2.12 3rd-order input intercept f = 433.92MHz
RF
point
fRF = 868.3MHz
2.13
Δfmeas1 = 1MHz
System outband input f = 433.92MHz
RF
1dB compression point
fRF = 868.3MHz
2.14 LNA input impedance
(4)
I1dBCP
–27
dBm
C
fRF = 433.92MHz
4
Zin_LNA
(32 – j169)
Ω
C
fRF = 868.3MHz
4
Zin_LNA
(21 – j78)
Ω
C
(4)
PIN_max
+10
–10
dBm
C
(4)
PIN_max
+10
–10
dBm
C
(4)
–57
dBm
C
(4)
–47
dBm
C
-3
2.15
BER < 10 ,
Allowable peak RF input ASK: 100%
level, ASK and FSK
FSK: fDEV = ±16kHz
f < 1GHz
2.16
LO spurious emission at f >1GHz
LNA_IN
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
(4)
–97
dBm
C
(4)
–84
dBm
C
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
60
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
2.17 Image rejection
Within the complete
image band
2.18
Useful signal to
interfering signal ratio
2.19 RSSI output
2.20
Pin(1)
Symbol
(4)
Min.
Typ.
20
30
Max.
Unit
Type*
dB
A
Peak level of useful
signal to peak level of
interferer for
BER < 10-3 with any
modulation scheme of
interferer
FSK BR_Ranges 0, 1, 2
(4)
SNRFSK0-2
2
3
dB
B
FSK BR_Range_3
(4)
SNRFSK3
4
6
dB
B
ASK (PRF < PRFIN_High)
(4)
SNRASK
10
12
dB
B
Dynamic range
(4), 36
DRSSI
70
dB
A
Lower level of range
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
(4), 36
PRFIN_Low
–115
–112
dBm
dBm
A
Upper level of range
fRF = 433.92 MHz
fRF = 868.3 MHz
(4), 36
PRFIN_High
–45
–42
dBm
dBm
A
Gain
(4), 36
10.5
mV/dB
A
Output voltage range
(4), 36
OVRSSI
400
1100
mV
A
36
RRSSI
8
32
12.5
50
kΩ
C
Output resistance RSSI RX mode
pin
TX mode
5.5
8.0
10
40
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
61
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
Pin(1)
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
dBC
C
dBC
C
nF
D
–3
Sensitivity (BER = 10 )
is reduced by 6dB if a
continuous wave
blocking signal at ±Δf is
ΔPBlock higher than the
useful signal level
(bit rate = 20 bit/s,
FSK, fDEV ±16kHz,
Manchester code)
2.21 Blocking
2.22 CDEM
3
3.1
fRF = 433.92MHz
Δf ±0.75MHz
Δf ±1.0MHz
Δf ±1.5MHz
Δf ±5MHz
Δf ±10MHz
(4)
fRF = 868.3MHz
Δf ±0.75MHz
Δf ±1.0MHz
Δf ±1.5MHz
Δf ±5MHz
Δf ±10MHz
(4)
Capacitor connected to
pin 37 (CDEM)
37
55
59
62
68
70
ΔPBlock
50
53
57
67
69
ΔPBlock
–5%
15
+5%
Power Amplifier/TX Mode
Supply current TX mode fRF = 868.3MHz
power amplifier OFF
fRF = 433.92MHz
IS_TX_PAOFF
6.50
mA
A
IS_TX_PAOFF
6.95
mA
A
dBm
B
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V
Tamb = 25°C
VPWR_H = 0V
3.2 Output power 1
fRF = 433.92MHz
RR_PWR = 56kΩ
RLopt = 2.3kΩ
fRF = 868.3MHz
RR_PWR = 30kΩ
RLopt = 1.3kΩ
(10)
PREF1
–2.5
0
+2.5
RF_OUT matched to
RLopt //
j/(2 × π × fRF × 1.0pF)
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
62
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
PA on/0 dBm
Supply current TX mode
fRF = 433.92 MHz
power amplifier ON 1
fRF = 868.3 MHz
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON1
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON1
(10)
PREF2
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON2
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON2
(10)
PREF3
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON3
17, 18
IS_TX_PAON3
No. Parameters
3.3
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
8.6
mA
B
9.6
mA
B
dBm
B
10.5
mA
B
11.2
mA
B
dBm
B
15.8
mA
B
17.3
mA
B
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V
Tamb = 25°C
VPWR_H = 0V
3.4 Output power 2
fRF = 433.92MHz
RR_PWR = 27kΩ
RLopt = 1.1kΩ
fRF = 868.3MHz
RR_PWR = 16kΩ
RLopt = 0.5kΩ
3.5
5.0
6.5
RF_OUT matched to
RLopt//
j/(2 × π × fRF × 1.0pF)
PA on/5 dBm
Supply current TX mode
3.5
fRF = 433.92MHz
power amplifier ON 2
fRF = 868.3MHz
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V
Tamb = 25°C
VPWR_H = AVCC
3.6 Output power 3
fRF = 433.92MHz
RR_PWR = 27kΩ
RLopt = 0.36kΩ
fRF = 868.3MHz
RR_PWR = 20kΩ
RLopt = 0.22kΩ
8.5
10
11.5
RF_OUT matched to
RLopt//
j/(2 × π × fRF × 1.0pF)
3.7
PA on/10dBm
Supply current TX mode
fRF = 433.92MHz
power amplifier ON 3
fRF = 868.3MHz
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
63
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
Pin(1)
Symbol
(10)
ΔPREF
(10)
(10)
10
ZRF_OUT_RX
10
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
Test Conditions
Tamb = –40°C to +85°C
Pout = PREFX + ΔPREFX
Output power variation X = 1, 2 or 3
3.8 for full temperature and VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V
supply voltage range
VVS1 = VVS2 = 2.7V
VVS1 = VVS2 = 2.4V
3.9
Impedance RF_OUT in fRF = 433.92MHz
RX mode
fRF = 868.3MHz
3.10
Noise floor power
amplifier
3.11 ASK modulation rate
4
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
–0.8
–1.5
dB
B
ΔPREF
–2.5
dB
B
ΔPREF
–3.5
dB
B
(19 – j366)
Ω
C
ZRF_OUT_RX
(2.8 – j141)
Ω
C
(10)
LTX10M
–126
dBC/Hz
C
(10)
LTX10M
–125
dBC/Hz
C
kHz
C
at ±10MHz/at 5dBm
This corresponds to
10Kbit/s Manchester
coding and 20Kbit/s
NRZ coding
fData_ASK
1
10
XTO
Pulling XTO due to
4.1 XTO, CL1 and CL2
tolerances
Pulling at nominal
temperature and supply
voltage
fXTAL = resonant
frequency of the XTAL
24, 25
C0 ≥ 1.0pF
Rm ≤ 120Ω
Cm ≤ 7.0fF
Cm ≤ 14fF
4.2
Min.
A
ΔfXTO1
At start-up; after
Transconductance XTO
start-up the amplitude is 24, 25
at start
regulated to VPPXTAL
–50
–100
gm, XTO
4.3 XTO start-up time
C0 ≤ 2.2pF
Cm < 14fF
Rm ≤ 120Ω
24, 25 TPWR_ON_IRQ_1
4.4 Maximum C0 of XTAL
Required for stable
operation with internal
load capacitors
24, 25
C0max
4.5 Internal capacitors
CL1 and CL2
24, 25
CL1, CL2
fXTAL
+50
+100
19
300
14.8
18
ppm
ms
B
800
µs
A
3.8
pF
D
21.2
pF
B
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
64
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
Min.
Pulling of radio
frequency fRF due to
4.6 XTO, CL1 and CL2
versus temperature and
supply changes
1.0pF ≤ C0 ≤ 2.2pF
Cm ≤ 14.0fF
Rm ≤ 120Ω
PLL adjusted with
FREQ at nominal
temperature and supply
voltage
4, 10
ΔfXTO2
–2
V(XTAL1, XTAL2)
peak-to-peak value
24, 25
VPPXTAL
V(XTAL1)
peak-to-peak value
24, 25
Real part of XTO
4.8
impedance at start-up
C0 ≤ 2.2pF, small signal
start impedance, this
value is important for
crystal oscillator startup
Maximum series
4.9 resistance Rm of XTAL
after start-up
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
+2
ppm
C
700
mVpp
C
VPPXTAL
350
mVpp
C
24, 25
ReXTO
–2,000
–1,500
Ω
B
C0 ≤ 2.2pF
Cm ≤ 14fFΩ
24, 25
Rm_max
15
120
Ω
B
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
24, 25
fXTAL
113.25311
13.41191
MHz
MHz
MHz
D
fRF = 433.92MHz
CLK division ratio = 3
CLK has nominal 50%
duty cycle
30
fCLK
4.418
MHz
D
fRF = 868.3MHz
CLK division ratio = 3
CLK has nominal 50%
duty cycle
30
fCLK
4.471
MHz
D
VDC(XTAL1, XTAL2)
XTO running
(IDLE mode, RX mode
and TX mode)
24, 25
VDCXTO
–30
mV
C
Cm = 5fF, C0 = 1.8pF
Rm =15Ω
4.7
4.10
Amplitude XTAL after
start-up
Nominal XTAL load
resonant frequency
4.11 External CLK frequency
DC voltage after
4.12
start-up
–150
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
65
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
5
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
Synthesizer
5.1 Spurious TX mode
5.2 Spurious RX mode
In loop phase noise
5.3
TX mode
At ±fCLK, CLK enabled
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
SPTX
–68
–70
dBC
C
At ±fXTO
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
SPTX
–66
–60
dBC
C
At ±fCLK, CLK enabled
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
SPRX
< –75
< –75
dBC
C
At ±fXTO
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
SPRX
–75
–68
dBC
C
Measured at 20kHz
distance to carrier
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
LTX20k
dBC/Hz
A
–80
–75
5.4
Phase noise at 1M
RX mode
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
LRX1M
–120
–113
dBC/Hz
C
5.5
Phase noise at 1M
TX mode
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
LTX1M
–111
–107
dBC/Hz
C
5.6
Phase noise at 10M
RX mode
Noise floor PLL
LRX10M
–135
dBC/Hz
C
5.7
Loop bandwidth PLL
TX mode
Frequency where the
absolute value loop gain
is equal to 1
fLoop_PLL
70
kHz
B
5.8
Frequency deviation
TX mode
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
fDEV_TX
±16.17
±16.37
kHz
D
ΔfStep_PLL
808.9
818.6
Hz
D
kHz
B
5.9 Frequency resolution
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
5.10 FSK modulation rate
This correspond to
20Kbit/s Manchester
coding and 40Kbit/s
NRZ coding
4, 10
fData_FSK
1
20
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
66
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
6
Symbol
RX mode, pin 38 with
short connection to
GND, fRF = 0Hz (DC)
39
ZSwitch_RX
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
39
TX mode, pin 38 with
short connection to
GND, fRF = 0Hz (DC)
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz
6.2 Impedance TX mode
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
23000
Ω
A
ZSwitch_RX
(10.3 – j153)
(8.9 – j73)
Ω
C
39
ZSwitch_TX
5
Ω
A
39
ZSwitch_RX
(4.5 + j4.3)
(5 + j9)
Ω
C
5.25
V
A
Microcontroller Interface
IVSINT < 10µA if CLK is
disabled and all
Voltage range for
7.1
interface pins are in
microcontroller interface
stable condition and
unloaded
fCLK < 4.5MHz
CL = 10pF
CLK output rise and fall CL = Load capacitance
7.2
time
on pin CLK
2.4V ≤ VVSINT ≤ 5.25V
20% to 80% VVSINT
Internal equivalent
capacitance
27, 28,
29, 30,
31, 32,
33, 34,
35
30
2.4
trise
20
30
ns
tfall
20
30
ns
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
( C CLK + C L ) × V VSINT × f XTO
I VSINT = -------------------------------------------------------------------------3
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
< 10µA
Current consumption of
VVSOUT disabled
7.4 the microcontroller
interface
CL = Load capacitance
on pin CLK
(All interface pins,
except pin CLK, are in
stable condition and
unloaded)
7.5
Min.
RX/TX Switch
6.1 Impedance RX mode
7
Pin(1)
Test Conditions
Used for current
calculation
27
IVSINT
30, 27
CCLK
B
< 10µA
8
pF
B
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
67
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General (Continued)
This device is manufactured with an industrial (not automotive) grade process and process controls. Although this device may meet
certain automotive grade criteria in performance, Atmel can not recommend that this device be used in any automotive application.
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V (1-battery application), VVS2 = 6.0V (2-battery
application) and VVS2 = VVAUX = 5.0V (Base-station Application). Typical values are given at fRF = 433.92MHz unless otherwise
specified. Details about current consumption, timing and digital pin properties can be found in the specific sections of the “Electrical
Characteristics”.
No. Parameters
8
Test Conditions
Pin(1)
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
3.5
V
A
500
500
µA
µA
B
Power Supply General Definitions and AUX Mode
IVSINT
IEXT = IVSOUT – IVSINT
VSINT
VSOUT
Current consumption of
an external device
8.1
connected to pin
VSOUT
IVSOUT IEXT
IEXT
IEXT = IVSOUT
IVSINT
VSINT
VSOUT
IEXT = IVSOUT
IAUX_VAUX
8.2 AUX mode
AUX mode
VVAUX ≥ 4V
IVSOUT ≤ 13.5mA
(3.25V regulator mode,
V_REG2, see
Figure 5-1 on page 25)
8.3
Power supply output
voltage
8.4
I
=0
Current in AUX mode on VSOUT
VVAUX = 6V
pin VAUX
VVAUX = 4V to 7V
8.5
8.6
Supply current
AUX mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
Supported voltage
range VAUX
22
VVSOUT
19
IAUX_VAUX
19, 22,
27
IS_AUX
19
VVAUX
VAUX
2.7
380
IS_AUX = IAUX_VAUX + IVSINT + IEXT
IS_AUX = IAUX_VAUX + IEXT
4
6
7
V
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
Pin numbers in brackets mean they were measured with RF_IN matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-1 on page 11
with component values according to Table 3-2 on page 11 and RF_OUT matched to 50Ω according to Figure 3-10 on
page 18 with component values according to Table 3-7 on page 19.
68
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
13.
Electrical Characteristics: 1 Li Battery Application (3V)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V. Application according to Figure 2-1 on page 7.
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
VS1
9
1 Li Battery Application (3V)
VS2
IIDLE_VS1,2
or IRX_VS2,2
or IStartup_PLL_VS1,2
or ITX_VS1,2
9.1
Supported voltage
range (every mode
except high power TX
mode)
1 Li battery application
(3V)
PWR_H = GND
17, 18
VVS1, VVS2
2.4
3.6
V
A
9.2
Supported voltage
range (high power TX
mode)
1 Li battery application
(3V)
PWR_H = AVCC
17, 18
VVS1, VVS2
2.7
3.6
V
A
22
VVSOUT
2.4
VVS1
V
B
27
VVSINT
2.4
5.25
V
A
1 Li battery application
(3V)
VVS1 = VVS2 ≥ 2.6V
VAUX open(1)
9.3
Power supply output
voltage
IVSOUT ≤ 13.5mA
(no voltage regulator to
stabilize VVSOUT)
VVS1 = VVS2 ≥ 2.425V
VAUX open(1)
IVSOUT ≤ 1.5mA
(no voltage regulator to
stabilize VVSOUT)
9.4
Supply voltage for
microcontroller
interface
9.5
Threshold hysteresis
22
ΔVThres
60
80
100
mV
B
9.6
Reset threshold voltage
at pin VSOUT
(N_RESET)
22
VThres_1
2.18
2.3
2.42
V
A
9.7
Reset threshold voltage
at pin VSOUT
(Low_Batt)
22
VThres_2
2.26
2.38
2.5
V
A
9.8
Supply current
OFF mode
17, 18,
22, 27
IS_OFF
2
350
nA
A
VThres_2 – VThres_1
VVS1 = VVS2 ≤ 3.6V
VVSINT = 0V
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
The voltage of VAUX may rise up to 2V. The current IVAUX may not exceed 100µA.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
69
13.
Electrical Characteristics: 1 Li Battery Application (3V) (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS1 = VVS2 = 3.0V. Application according to Figure 2-1 on page 7.
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
312
430
µA
A
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
260
370
µA
B
VVSOUT disabled
225
320
µA
B
VVS1 = VVS2 ≤ 3V
IVSOUT = 0
9.9
Current in IDLE mode
on pin VS1 and VS2
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 18
IIDLE_VS1, 2
9.10
Supply current
IDLE mode
17, 18,
22, 27
IS_IDLE
9.11
Current in RX mode on VVS1 = VVS2 ≤ 3V
pin VS1and VS2
IVSOUT = 0
17, 18
IRX_VS1, 2
9.12
Supply current
RX mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 18,
22, 27
IS_RX
9.13
Current during
TStartup_PLL on pin VS1
and VS2
VVS1 = VVS2 ≤ 3V
IVSOUT = 0
17, 18
IStartup_PLL_VS1, 2
9.14
Current in
I IDLE_VS1,2 × T SLEEP + I Startup_PLL_VS1,2 × T Startup_PLL + I RX_VS1,2 × ( T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck )
RX polling mode on pin I P = -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T Sleep + T Startup_PLL + T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck
VS1 and VS2
IS_IDLE = IIDLE_VS1, 2 + IVSINT + IEXT
10.5
Supply current
RX polling mode
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
8.8
11.5
17, 18,
22, 27
IS_Poll
9.17
Supply current
TX mode
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 18
ITX_VS1_VS2
17, 18,
22, 27
IS_TX
10.4
15.8
10.5
15.8
11.2
17.3
13.5
20.6
13.5
20.5
14.5
22.5
mA
IS_TX = ITX_VS1, 2 + IVSINT + IEXT
IS_TX = ITX_VS1, 2 + IEXT
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
The voltage of VAUX may rise up to 2V. The current IVAUX may not exceed 100µA.
Note:
1.
70
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
C
IS_Poll = IP
868.3MHz/5dBm
868.3MHz/10dBm
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
mA
IS_Poll = IP + IEXT
VVS1 = VVS2 ≤ 3V
IVSOUT = 0
Pout = 5dBm/10dBm
9.16
A
IS_Poll = IP + IVSINT + IEXT
VVSOUT disabled
Current in TX mode on
433.92MHz/5dBm
pin VS1 and VS2
433.92MHz/10dBm
mA
IS_RX = IRX_VS1, 2 + IVSINT + IEXT
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
9.15
14
B
14.
Electrical Characteristics: 2 Li Battery Application (6V)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS2 = 6.0V. Application according to Figure 2-3 on page 9
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
10
2 Li Battery Application (6V)
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
VS2
IIDLE_VS2
or IRX_VS2
or IStartup_PLL_VS2
or ITX_VS2
Supported voltage
range
2 Li battery application
(6V)
17
VVS2
4.4
6.6
V
A
10.2
Power supply output
voltage
2 Li battery application
(6V)
VVS2 ≥ 4.4V
VAUX open(1)
IVSOUT ≤ 13.5mA
(3.3V regulator mode,
V_REG1, see Figure 51 on page 25)
22
VVSOUT
3.0
3.5
V
A
10.3
Supply voltage for
microcontroller
interface
27
VVSINT
2.4
5.25
V
A
10.4
Threshold hysteresis
22
ΔVThres
60
80
100
mV
B
10.5
Reset threshold
voltage at pin VSOUT
(N_RESET)
22
VThres_1
2.18
2.3
2.42
V
A
10.6
Reset threshold
voltage at pin VSOUT
(Low_Batt)
22
VThres_2
2.26
2.38
2.5
V
A
10.7
Supply current
OFF mode
17, 22,
27
IS_OFF
10
350
nA
A
17
IIDLE_VS2
410
560
µA
A
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
348
490
µA
B
VVSOUT disabled
309
430
µA
B
10.1
VThres_2 – VThres_1
VVS2 ≤ 6.6V
VVSINT = 0V
VVS2 ≤ 6V
IVSOUT = 0
10.8
10.9
Current in IDLE mode
on pin VS2
Supply current IDLE
mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 22,
27
IS_IDLE
IS_IDLE = IIDLE_VS2 + IVSINT + IEXT
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
The voltage of VAUX may rise up to 2V. The current IVAUX may not exceed 100µA.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
71
14.
Electrical Characteristics: 2 Li Battery Application (6V) (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS2 = 6.0V. Application according to Figure 2-3 on page 9
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
10.10
Current in RX mode on
IVSOUT = 0
pin VS2
10.11
Supply current
RX mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
10.12
Current during
TStartup_PLL on pin VS2
IVSOUT = 0
Pin
Symbol
17
IRX_VS2
17, 22,
27
IS_RX
17
IStartup_PLL_VS2
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
10.8
14.5
mA
B
IS_RX = IRX_VS2 + IVSINT + IEXT
9.1
12
mA
C
Current in
I IDLE_VS2 × T SLEEP + I Startup_PLL_VS2 × T Startup_PLL + I RX_VS2 × ( T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck )
10.13 RX polling mode on pin I P = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T Sleep + T Startup_PLL + T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck
VS2
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
10.14
Supply current
RX polling mode
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
IS_Poll = IP + IVSINT + IEXT
17, 22,
27
IS_Poll
IS_Poll = IP + IEXT
IS_Poll = IP
VVSOUT disabled
IVSOUT = 0
Pout = 5dBm/10dBm
10.15
Current in TX mode on 433.92MHz/5dBm
pin VS2
433.92MHz/10dBm
17, 19
ITX_VS2
868.3MHz/5dBm
868.3MHz/10dBm
Supply current
10.16
TX mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 22,
27
IS_TX
10.9
16.3
14.0
21.0
11.6
17.8
15.0
23.0
mA
IS_TX = ITX_VS2 + IVSINT + IEXT
IS_TX = ITX_VS2 + IEXT
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
The voltage of VAUX may rise up to 2V. The current IVAUX may not exceed 100µA.
Note:
1.
72
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
B
15.
Electrical Characteristics: Base-station Application (5V)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS2 = 5.0V. Application according to Figure 2.2 on page 8
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
VAUX
11
Base-station Application (5V)
Supported voltage
range
Base-station
application (5V)
11.2
Power supply output
voltage
Base-station
application (5V)
VVS2 = VVAUX
IVSOUT ≤ 13.5mA
(3.25V regulator mode,
V_REG2, see
Figure 5-1 on page 25)
11.3
Supply voltage for
microcontrollerinterface
11.4
Threshold hysteresis
11.5
11.6
11.1
11.7
IIDLE_VS2_VAUX
or IRX_VS2_VAUX
or IStartup_PLL_VS2_VAUX
or ITX_VS2_VAUX
VS2
17, 19,
27
VVS2, VAUX
4.75
5.25
V
A
22
VVSOUT
3.0
3.5
V
A
27
VVSINT
2.4
5.25
V
A
22
ΔVThres
60
80
100
mV
B
Reset threshold voltage
at pin VSOUT
(N_RESET)
22
VThres_1
2.18
2.3
2.42
V
A
Reset threshold voltage
at pin VSOUT
(Low_Batt)
22
VThres_2
2.26
2.38
2.5
V
A
444
580
µA
B
Current in IDLE mode
on pin VS2 and VAUX
VThres_2 – VThres_1
IVSOUT = 0
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 19
IIDLE_VS2_VAUX
VVSOUT disabled
11.8
Supply current in IDLE
mode
17, 19,
22, 27
IS_IDLE
11.9
Current in RX mode on
IVSOUT = 0
pin VS2 and VAUX
17, 19
IRX_VS2_VAUX
11.10
Supply current in RX
mode
CLK enabled VVSOUT
enabled
17, 19,
22, 27
IS_RX
IVSOUT = 0
17, 19
IStartup_PLL_VS2,VA
Current during
11.11 TStartup_PLL on pin VS2
and VAUX
380
500
310
400
IS_IDLE = IIDLE_VS2_VAUX + IVSINT + IEXT
10.8
14.5
mA
B
IS_RX = IRX_VS2_VAUX + IVSINT + IEXT
9.1
12
mA
C
UX
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
73
15.
Electrical Characteristics: Base-station Application (5V) (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C, VVS2 = 5.0V. Application according to Figure 2.2 on page 8
fRF = 433.92MHz/868.3MHz unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
Current in RX_Polling_Mode on pin VS2 and VAUX
11.12
I IDLE_VS2,VAUX × T SLEEP + I Startup_PLL_VS2,VAUX × T Startup_PLL + I RX_VS2,VAUX × ( T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck )
I P = ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T Sleep + T Startup_PLL + T Startup_Sig_Proc + T Bitcheck
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
11.13
Supply current in RX
polling mode
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
IS_Poll = IP + IVSINT + IEXT
17, 19,
22, 27
IS_Poll
IS_Poll = IP + IEXT
VVSOUT disabled
IS_Poll = IP
IVSOUT = 0
Pout = 5dBm/10dBm
11.14
Current in TX mode on 433.92MHz/5dBm
pin VS2 and VAUX
433.92MHz/10dBm
17, 19
ITX_VS2_VAUX
868.3MHz/10dBm
868.3MHz/10dBm
11.15
Supply current in
TX mode
CLK enabled
VVSOUT enabled
CLK disabled
VVSOUT enabled
17, 19,
22, 27
IS_TX
10.9
16.3
14.0
21.0
11.6
17.8
15.0
23.0
mA
IS_TX = ITX_VS2_VAUX + IVSINT + IEXT
IS_TX = ITX_VS2_VAUX + IEXT
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
74
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
B
16.
Digital Timing Characteristics
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C. VVS1 = VS2 = 3.0V (1 Li battery application (3V)), VVS2 = 6.0V (2 Li battery
application (6V)) and VVS2 = 5.0V (Base-station Application(5V)) unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
12
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry
12.1
Test Conditions
Basic clock cycle
Pin
Symbol
Min.
TDCLK
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
16/fXTO
16/fXTO
µs
A
8
4
2
1
× TDCLK
8
4
2
1
× TDCLK
µs
A
16
8
4
2
× TDCLK
16
8
4
2
× TDCLK
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
TDCLK
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
TDCLK
ms
A
798.5 ×
TDCLK
µs
A
XLIM = 0
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
12.2
Extended basic clock
cycle
XLIM = 1
TXDCLK
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
13
RX Mode/RX Polling Mode
Sleep and XSleep are
defined in control
register 4
13.1
Sleep time
13.2
Start-up PLL RX mode from IDLE mode
13.3
13.4
Start-up signal
processing
Time for bit check
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
Bit-rate range
798.5 ×
TDCLK
TStartup_PLL
TStartup_Sig_Proc
882
498
306
210
× TDCLK
882
498
306
210
× TDCLK
TBit_check
3/fSignal
6/fSignal
9/fSignal
3.5/fSignal
1/fSignal 6.5/fSignal
9.5/fSignal
A
Average time during
polling. No RF signal
applied.
fSignal = 1/(2 × tee)
Signal data rate
Manchester
(Lim_min and Lim_max
up to ±50% of tee, see
Figure 9-4 on page 48)
Bit-check time for a valid
input signal fSignal
NBit-check = 0
NBit-check = 3
NBit-check = 6
NBit-check = 9
13.5
TSleep
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Range
1.0
2.0
4.0
8.0
2.5
5.0
10.0
20.0
ms
C
Kbit/s
A
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
75
16.
Digital Timing Characteristics (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C. VVS1 = VS2 = 3.0V (1 Li battery application (3V)), VVS2 = 6.0V (2 Li battery
application (6V)) and VVS2 = 5.0V (Base-station Application(5V)) unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
31
TDATA_min
10 ×
TXDCLK
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
TDATA
200
100
50
25
From IDLE mode
TStartup
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
µs
A
500
250
125
62.5
µs
B
331.5
× TDCLK
µs
A
XLIM = 0
13.6
Minimum time period
between edges at pin
SDO_TMDO in RX
transparent mode
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
XLIM = 1
BR_Range_0
BR_Range_1
BR_Range_2
BR_Range_3
13.7
14
14.1
15
Edge-to-edge time
period of the data signal
for full sensitivity in RX
mode
TX Mode
Start-up time
331.5
× TDCLK
Configuration of the Transceiver with 4-wire Serial Interface
33, 35
TCS_setup
1.5 ×
TDCLK
µs
A
33
TCycle
2
µs
A
SDI_TMDI set-up time
to rising edge of SCK
32, 33
TSetup
250
ns
C
15.4
SDI_TMDI hold time
from rising edge of SCK
32, 33
THold
250
ns
C
15.5
SDO_TMDO enable
time from rising edge of
CS
31, 35
TOut_enable
250
ns
C
15.6
SDO_TMDO output
delay from falling edge CL = 10pF
of SCK
31, 35
TOut_delay
250
ns
C
15.7
SDO_TMDO disable
time from falling edge of
CS
31, 33
TOut_disable
250
ns
C
15.8
CS disable time period
35
TCS_disable
1.5 ×
TDCLK
µs
A
15.9
Time period SCK low to
CS high
33, 35
TSCK_setup1
250
ns
C
15.10
Time period SCK low to
CS low
33, 35
TSCK_setup2
250
ns
C
15.11
Time period CS low to
SCK high
33, 35
TSCK_hold
250
ns
C
15.1
CS set-up time to rising
edge of SCK
15.2
SCK cycle time
15.3
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
76
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
16.
Digital Timing Characteristics (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C. VVS1 = VS2 = 3.0V (1 Li battery application (3V)), VVS2 = 6.0V (2 Li battery
application (6V)) and VVS2 = 5.0V (Base-station Application(5V)) unless otherwise specified.
No.
16
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
0.3
0.8
ms
2 Li battery application
(6V)
C1 = C4 = 68nF
C2 = C3 = 2.2µF
C5 = 10nF
0.45
1.3
ms
Base-station Application
(5V)
C1 = C3 = C4 = 68nF
C2 = C12 = 2.2µF
C5 = 10nF
0.45
1.3
ms
Type*
Start Time Push Button Tn and PWR_ON
Timing of Wake-up via PWR_ON or Tn
From OFF mode to IDLE
mode, applications
according to Figure 2-1
on page 7, Figure 2.2 on
page 8 and
Figure 2-3 on page 9
XTAL:
Cm < 14fF (typ. 5fF)
C0 < 2.2pF (typ. 1.8pF)
Rm ≤ 120Ω (typ. 15Ω)
16.1
PWR_ON high to
positive edge on pin
IRQ (see Figure 7-4 on
page 39)
1 Li battery application
(3V)
C1 = C2 = 68nF
C3 = C4 = 68nF
C5 = 10nF
29, 40 TPWR_ON_IRQ_1
B
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
77
16.
Digital Timing Characteristics (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = 25°C. VVS1 = VS2 = 3.0V (1 Li battery application (3V)), VVS2 = 6.0V (2 Li battery
application (6V)) and VVS2 = 5.0V (Base-station Application(5V)) unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
16.2
PWR_ON high to
positive edge on pin
Every mode except OFF
29, 40 TPWR_ON_IRQ_2
IRQ (see Figure 7-4 on mode
page 39)
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
2 × TDCLK
µs
A
0.3
0.8
ms
2 Li battery application
(6V)
C1 = C4 = 68nF
C2 = C3 = 2.2µF
C5 = 10nF
0.45
1.3
ms
Base-station Application
(5V)
C1 = C3 = C4 = 68nF
C2 = C12 = 2.2µF
C5 = 10nF
0.45
1.3
ms
8195
× TDCLK
µs
From OFF mode to IDLE
mode, applications
according to Figure 2-1
on page 7, Figure 2.2 on
page 8 and Figure 2-3
on page 9
XTAL:
Cm < 14fF (typ 5fF)
C0 < 2.2pF (typ 1.8pF)
Rm ≤ 120Ω (typ 15Ω)
16.3
16.4
1 Li battery application
(3V)
Tn low to positive edge
C = C2 = 68nF
on pin IRQ (see Figure 1
C3 = C4 = 68nF
7-2 on page 37)
C5 = 10nF
29, 41,
42, 43,
44, 45
29, 41,
Push button debounce Every mode except OFF
42, 43,
time
mode
44, 45
TTn_IRQ
TDebounce
8195
× TDCLK
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
78
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
B
A
17.
Digital Port Characteristics
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = –40°C to +85°C, VVS1 = VS2 = 2.4V to 3.6V (1 Li battery application (3V)) and
VVS2 = 4.4V to 6.6V (2 Li battery application (6V)) and VVS2 = 4.75V to 5.25V (Base-station Application (5V)). Typical values at
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V and Tamb = 25°C unless otherwise specified.
No.
Parameters
17
Digital Ports
17.1
17.2
17.3
Test Conditions
Pin
Symbol
CS input
V
= 2.4V to 5.25V
Low level input voltage VSINT
35
VIl
High level input voltage VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
35
VIh
SCK input
V
= 2.4V to 5.25V
Low level input voltage VSINT
33
VIl
High level input voltage VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
33
VIh
SDI_TMDI input
V
= 2.4V to 5.25V
Low level input voltage VSINT
32
VIl
High level input voltage VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
32
VIh
Min.
Max.
Unit
Type*
0.2 ×
VVSINT
V
A
VVSINT
V
A
0.2 ×
VVSINT
V
A
VVSINT
V
A
0.2 ×
VVSINT
V
A
0.8 ×
VVSINT
VVSINT
V
A
0.8 ×
VVSINT
0.8 ×
VVSINT
Typ.
17.4
TEST1 input
TEST1 input must
always be directly
connected to GND
20
0
0
V
17.5
TEST2 input
TEST2 input must
always be direct
connected to GND
23
0
0
V
0.4
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
17.6
Internal pull-down with
PWR_ON input
series connection of
Low level input voltage 40kΩ ±20% resistor
and diode
40
VIl
Internal pull-down with
series connection of
40kΩ ±20% resistor
and diode
40
VIh
High level input
voltage(1)
17.7
41, 42,
Tn input
Internal pull-up resistor
43, 44,
Low level input voltage of 50kΩ ±20%
45
VIl
41, 42,
Internal pull-up resistor
43, 44,
of 50kΩ ±20%
45
VIh
High level input
voltage(1)
17.8
0.8
× VVS2
0.2
× VVS2
× VVS2 –
0.5V
433_N868 input
Low level input voltage
6
VIl
0.25
V
A
Input current low
6
IIl
–5
µA
A
High level input voltage
6
VIh
AVCC
V
A
Input current high
6
IIh
1
µA
A
1.7
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
If a logic high level is applied to this pin, a minimum serial impedance of 100Ω must be ensured for proper operation
over full temperature range.
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
79
17.
Digital Port Characteristics (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND and are valid for Tamb = –40°C to +85°C, VVS1 = VS2 = 2.4V to 3.6V (1 Li battery application (3V)) and
VVS2 = 4.4V to 6.6V (2 Li battery application (6V)) and VVS2 = 4.75V to 5.25V (Base-station Application (5V)). Typical values at
VVS1 = VVS2 = 3V and Tamb = 25°C unless otherwise specified.
No.
17.9
17.10
Parameters
Pin
Symbol
PWR_H input
Low level input voltage
Max.
Unit
Type*
9
VIl
0.25
V
A
Input current low
9
IIl
–5
µA
A
High level input voltage
9
VIh
AVCC
V
A
Input current high
9
IIh
1
µA
A
SDO_TMDO output
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
Saturation voltage low ISDO_TMDO = 250µA
31
Vol
0.4
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
ISDO_TMDO = –250µA
31
Voh
V
B
IRQ output
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
Saturation voltage low IIRQ = 250µA
29
Vol
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
IIRQ = –250µA
29
Voh
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
ICLK = 100µA
CLK output
internal series resistor
Saturation voltage low of 1kΩ for spurious
emission reduction in
PLL
30
Vol
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
ICLK = –100µA
internal series resistor
Saturation voltage high
of 1kΩ for spurious
emission reduction in
PLL
30
Voh
V
B
N_RESET output
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
Saturation voltage low IN_RESET = 250µA
28
Vol
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
IN_RESET = –250µA
28
Voh
V
B
RX_ACTIVE output
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
Saturation voltage low IRX_ACTIVE = 25µA
46
Vol
V
B
VVSINT = 2.4V to 5.25V
IRX_ACTIVE = –1500µA
46
Voh
V
B
34
Vol
V
B
Saturation voltage high
17.11
Saturation voltage high
17.12
17.13
Saturation voltage high
17.14
Saturation voltage high
17.15
Test Conditions
DEM_OUT output
Open drain output
Saturation voltage low IDEM_OUT = 250µA
Min.
Typ.
1.7
0.15
VVSINT – VVSINT –
0.4
0.15
0.15
0.4
VVSINT – VVSINT –
0.4
0.15
0.15
0.4
VVSINT – VVSINT –
0.4
0.15
0.15
0.4
VVSINT – VVSINT –
0.4
0.15
0.25
VAVCC –
0.5
0.4
VAVCC –
0.15
0.15
0.4
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
Note:
1.
If a logic high level is applied to this pin, a minimum serial impedance of 100Ω must be ensured for proper operation
over full temperature range.
80
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
ATA5428C-PLQW-1
Remarks
QFN48
7mm × 7mm
Delivery
Taped and reeled, MOQ 4000
Package Information
Top View
D
48
1
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
E
PIN 1 ID
Dimensions in mm
Side View
A
A1
12
Bottom View
D2
13
24
25
12
E2
COMMON DIMENSIONS
1
A
36
48
37
e
A (10:1)
L
19.
Package
A3
18.
(Unit of Measure = mm)
Symbol
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
0.8
0.85
0.9
A1
A3
0
0.16
0.035
0.21
0.05
0.26
D
6.9
7
7.1
D2
5.5
5.6
5.7
E
6.9
7
7.1
E2
5.5
5.6
5.7
L
0.35
0.4
0.45
b
e
0.2
0.25
0.5
0.3
NOTE
b
05/20/14
TITLE
Package Drawing Contact:
[email protected]
Package: QFN_7x7_48L
Exposed pad 5.6x5.6
GPC
DRAWING NO.
REV.
6.543-5188.03-4
1
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
81
20.
Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this
document.
Revision No.
4841H-WIRE-09/14
History
• Section 18 “Ordering Information” on page 81 updated
• Section 19 “Package Information” on page 81 updated
4841G-WIRE-03/04
• Put datasheet in the latest template
4841F-WIRE-11/12
• Section 13 “Ordering Information” on page 82 updated
4841E-WIRE-03/12
4841D-WIRE-10/07
• Put datasheet in the latest template
• Deleted all the cancelled Parts (ATA5423, ATA5425, ATA5429)
• Put datasheet in the latest template
• Put datasheet in the latest template
4841C-WIRE-05/06
• kBaud replaced through Kbit/s
• Baud replaced through bit
• Table 9-6 “Interrupt Handling” on page 65 changed
82
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
21.
Table of Contents
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.
2.
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Application Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1
2.2
2.3
3.
RF Transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
4.
7.
10
10
12
12
13
13
14
15
15
15
16
18
19
20
20
21
Pin CLK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
6.
Low-IF Receiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Matching at RF_IN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sensitivity versus Supply Voltage, Temperature and Frequency Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency Accuracy of the Crystals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RX Supply Current versus Temperature and Supply Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blocking, Selectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In-band Disturbers, Data Filter, Quasi-peak Detector, Data Slicer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DEM_OUT Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RSSI Output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency Synthesizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FSK/ASK Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Power Setting and PA Matching at RF_OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Power and TX Supply Current versus Supply Voltage and Temperature . . . . . . . . .
RX/TX Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Matching Network in TX Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Matching Network in RX Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1
4.2
5.
Typical Remote Control Unit Application with 1 Li Battery (3V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Typical Base-station Application (5V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Typical Remote Control Unit Application, 2 Li Batteries (6V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
OFF Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUX Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IDLE Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Timing and Reset Logic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 Li Battery Application (3V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Li Battery Application (6V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
27
27
29
29
Microcontroller Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Digital Control Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
Register Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TX/RX Data Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pin Tn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pin PWR_ON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Battery Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pin VAUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
30
31
31
36
37
39
40
40
83
8.
Transceiver Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
9.
RX Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
TX Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
10.
Absolute Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
11.
Thermal Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
12.
Electrical Characteristics: General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
13.
Electrical Characteristics: 1 Li Battery Application (3V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
14.
Electrical Characteristics: 2 Li Battery Application (6V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
15.
Electrical Characteristics: Base-station Application (5V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
16.
Digital Timing Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
17.
Digital Port Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
18.
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
19.
Package Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
20.
Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
21.
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
ATA5428 [DATASHEET]
4841H–WIRE–09/14
41
42
42
42
42
43
43
43
Operation Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
9.1
9.2
9.3
84
Command: Read TX/RX Data Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command: Write TX/RX Data Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command: Read Control/Status Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command: Write Control Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command: OFF Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command: Delete IRQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command Structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-wire Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XXXXXX
Atmel Corporation
1600 Technology Drive, San Jose, CA 95110 USA
T: (+1)(408) 441.0311
F: (+1)(408) 436.4200
|
www.atmel.com
© 2014 Atmel Corporation. / Rev.: Rev.: 4841H–WIRE–09/14
Atmel®, Atmel logo and combinations thereof, Enabling Unlimited Possibilities®, and others are registered trademarks or trademarks of Atmel Corporation or its
subsidiaries. Other terms and product names may be trademarks of others.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this document is provided in connection with Atmel products. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property right
is granted by this document or in connection with the sale of Atmel products. EXCEPT AS SET FORTH IN THE ATMEL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALES LOCATED ON THE
ATMEL WEBSITE, ATMEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER AND DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY WARRANTY RELATING TO ITS PRODUCTS
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, SPECIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES
FOR LOSS AND PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF INFORMATION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ATMEL HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Atmel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this
document and reserves the right to make changes to specifications and products descriptions at any time without notice. Atmel does not make any commitment to update the information
contained herein. Unless specifically provided otherwise, Atmel products are not suitable for, and shall not be used in, automotive applications. Atmel products are not intended,
authorized, or warranted for use as components in applications intended to support or sustain life.
SAFETY-CRITICAL, MILITARY, AND AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS DISCLAIMER: Atmel products are not designed for and will not be used in connection with any applications where
the failure of such products would reasonably be expected to result in significant personal injury or death (“Safety-Critical Applications”) without an Atmel officer's specific written
consent. Safety-Critical Applications include, without limitation, life support devices and systems, equipment or systems for the operation of nuclear facilities and weapons systems.
Atmel products are not designed nor intended for use in military or aerospace applications or environments unless specifically designated by Atmel as military-grade. Atmel products are
not designed nor intended for use in automotive applications unless specifically designated by Atmel as automotive-grade.
Similar pages