ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 - Complete

ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205
Industrial UHF ASK/FSK Receiver
DATASHEET
Features
● Frequency receiving range of (3 versions)
● f0 = 312.5MHz to 317.5MHz or
● f0 = 431.5MHz to 436.5MHz or
● f0 = 868MHz to 870MHz
● 30dB image rejection
● Receiving bandwidth
● BIF = 300kHz for 315MHz/433MHz version
● BIF = 600kHz for 868MHz version
● Fully integrated LC-VCO and PLL loop filter
● Very high sensitivity with power matched LNA
● Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204:
● –107dBm, FSK, BR_0 (1.0Kbit/s to 1.8Kbit/s), Manchester, BER 10E-3
● –113dBm, ASK, BR_0 (1.0Kbit/s to 1.8Kbit/s), Manchester, BER 10E-3
● Atmel ATA8205:
● –105dBm, FSK, BR_0 (1.0Kbit/s to 1.8Kbit/s), Manchester, BER 10E-3
● –111dBm, ASK, BR_0 (1.0Kbit/s to 1.8Kbit/s), Manchester, BER 10E-3
● High system IIP3
● –18dBm at 868MHz
● –23dBm at 433MHz
● –24dBm at 315MHz
● System 1-dB compression point
● –27.7dBm at 868MHz
● –32.7dBm at 433MHz
● –33.7dBm at 315MHz
● High large-signal capability at GSM band (blocking –33dBm at +10MHz,
IIP3 = –24dBm at +20MHz)
● Logarithmic RSSI output
● XTO start-up with negative resistor of 1.5kΩ
● 5V to 20V automotive compatible data interface
● Data clock available for manchester and bi-phase-coded signals
● Programmable digital noise suppression
● Low power consumption due to configurable polling
9121D-INDCO-09/14
● Temperature range –40°C to +85°C
● ESD protection 2kV HBM, All pins
● Communication to microcontroller possible using a single bi-directional data line
● Low-cost solution due to high integration level with minimum external circuitry requirements
● Supply voltage range 4.5V to 5.5V
Benefits
● Low BOM list due to high integration
● Use of low-cost 13MHz crystal
● Lowest average current consumption for application due to self polling feature
● Reuse of Atmel ATA5743 software
● World-wide coverage with one PCB due to 3 versions are pin compatible
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ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
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1.
Description
The Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 is a multi-chip PLL receiver device supplied in an SSO20 package. It has been
specially developed for the demands of RF low-cost data transmission systems with data rates from 1Kbit/s to 10Kbit/s in
Manchester or Bi-phase code. Its main applications are in the areas of aftermarket keyless entry systems, and tire pressure
monitoring systems, telemetering, consumer/industrial remote control applications, home entertainment, access control
systems, and security technology systems. It can be used in the frequency receiving range of f0 = 312.5MHz to 317.5MHz,
f0 = 431.5MHz to 436.5MHz or f0 = 868MHz to 870MHz for ASK or FSK data transmission. All the statements made below
refer to 315MHz, 433MHz and 868.3MHz applications.
Figure 1-1. System Block Diagram
UHF ASK/FSK
Remote control transmitter
UHF ASK/FSK
Remote control receiver
ATA8401/02/03/04/05
XTO
ATA8203/
ATA8204/
ATA8205 Demod.
1 to 5
Control
Microcontroller
PLL
Antenna
IF Amp
Antenna
VCO
Power
amp.
PLL
LNA
XTO
VCO
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
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3
Figure 1-2. Block Diagram
FSK/ASK
Demodulator
and Data Filter
CDEM
RSSI
RSSI
Dem_out
Data
Interface
Limiter out
RSSI
SENS
IF
Amp.
POLLING/_ON
Sensitivity
reduction
Polling Circuit
and Control Logic
AVCC
AGND
DATA_CLK
MODE
4. Order
f0 = 1 MHz
DGND
DATA
FE
CLK
DVCC
IC_ACTIVE
Standby
Logic
LPF
fg = 2.2 MHz
IF
Amp.
Loop
Filter
XTAL2
XTO
XTAL1
Poly-LPF
fg = 7 MHz
f
LC-VCO
LNAREF
f
LNA_IN
LNA
LNAGND
4
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
f
:2
or :4
:128
or :64
:2
or :3
2.
Pin Configuration
Figure 2-1. Pinning SSO20
Table 2-1.
SENS
1
20 DATA
IC_ACTIVE
2
19 POLLING/_ON
CDEM
3
18 DGND
AVCC
4
17 DATA_CLK
TEST1
5
RSSI
6
AGND
7
14 XTAL2
LNAREF
8
13 XTAL1
LNA_IN
9
12 TEST3
LNAGND 10
11 TEST2
ATA8203/
ATA8204/
ATA8205
16 MODE
15 DVCC
Pin Description
Pin
Symbol
1
SENS
2
IC_ACTIVE
3
CDEM
Lower cut-off frequency data filter
4
AVCC
Analog power supply
5
TEST 1
6
RSSI
RSSI output
7
AGND
Analog ground
8
LNAREF
High-frequency reference node LNA and mixer
9
LNA_IN
RF input
10
LNAGND
11
TEST 2
Do not connect during operating
12
TEST 3
Test pin, during operation at GND
13
XTAL1
Crystal oscillator XTAL connection 1
14
XTAL2
Crystal oscillator XTAL connection 2
15
DVCC
Digital power supply
16
MODE
Selecting 315MHz/other versions
Low: 315MHz version (Atmel ATA8203)
High: 433MHz/868MHz versions (Atmel ATA8204/ATA8205)
17
DATA_CLK
18
DGND
19
POLLING/_ON
20
DATA
Function
Sensitivity-control resistor
IC condition indicator: Low = sleep mode, High = active mode
Test pin, during operation at GND
DC ground LNA and mixer
Bit clock of data stream
Digital ground
Selects polling or receiving mode; Low: receiving mode, High: polling mode
Data output/configuration input
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3.
RF Front-end
The RF front-end of the receiver is a low-IF heterodyne configuration that converts the input signal into about 1MHz IF signal
with a typical image rejection of 30dB. According to Figure Figure 1-2 on page 4 the front-end consists of an LNA (Low Noise
Amplifier), LO (Local Oscillator), I/Q mixer, polyphase low-pass filter and an IF amplifier.
The PLL generates the drive frequency fLO for the mixer using a fully integrated synthesizer with integrated low noise LCVCO (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) and PLL-loop filter. The XTO (crystal oscillator) generates the reference frequency
fREF = fXTO/2 (868MHz and 433MHz versions) or fREF = fXTO/3 (315MHz version). The integrated LC-VCO generates two or
four times the mixer drive frequency fVCO. The I/Q signals for the mixer are generated with a divide by two or four circuit
(fLO = fVCO/2 for 868MHz version, fLO = fVCO/4 for 433MHz and 315MHz versions). fVCO is divided by a factor of 128 or 64 and
feeds into a phase frequency detector and is compared with fREF. The output of the phase frequency detector is fed into an
integrated loop filter and thereby generates the control voltage for the VCO. If fLO is determined, fXTO can be calculated using
the following formula: fREF = fLO/128 for 868MHz band, fREF = fLO/64 for 433MHz bands, fREF = fLO/64 for 315MHz bands.
The XTO is a two-pin oscillator that operates at the series resonance of the quartz crystal with high current but low voltage
signal, so that there is only a small voltage at the crystal oscillator frequency at pins XTAL1 and XTAL2. According to
Figure 3-1, the crystal should be connected to GND with two capacitors CL1 and CL2 from XTAL1 and XTAL2 respectively.
The value of these capacitors are recommended by the crystal supplier. Due to an inductive impedance at steady state
oscillation and some PCB parasitics, a lower value of CL1 and CL2 is normally necessary.
The value of CLx should be optimized for the individual board layout to achieve the exact value of fXTO and hence of fLO. (The
best way is to use a crystal with known load resonance frequency to find the right value for this capacitor.) When designing
the system in terms of receiving bandwidth and local oscillator accuracy, the accuracy of the crystal and the XTO must be
considered.
Figure 3-1. XTO Peripherals
DVCC
VS
CL2
XTAL2
XTAL1
CL1
TEST3
TEST2
The nominal frequency fLO is determined by the RF input frequency fRF and the IF frequency fIF using the following formula
(low-side injection):
fLO = fRF – fIF
To determine fLO, the construction of the IF filter must be considered. The nominal IF frequency is fIF = 950kHz. To achieve a
good accuracy of the filter corner frequencies, the filter is tuned by the crystal frequency fXTO. This means that there is a fixed
relationship between fIF and fLO.
fIF = fLO/318 for the 315MHz band (Atmel® ATA8203)
fIF = fLO/438 for the 433.92MHz band (Atmel ATA8204)
fIF = fLO/915 for the 868.3MHz band (Atmel ATA8205)
The relationship is designed to achieve the nominal IF frequency of:
fIF = 987Hz for the 315MHz and BIF = 300kHz (Atmel ATA8203)
fIF = 987kHz for the 433.92MHz and BIF = 300kHz (Atmel ATA8204)
fIF = 947.8kHz for the 868.3MHz and BIF = 600kHz (Atmel ATA8205)
The RF input either from an antenna or from an RF generator must be transformed to the RF input pin LNA_IN. The input
impedance of this pin is provided in the electrical parameters. The parasitic board inductances and capacitances influence
the input matching. The RF receiver Atmel ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 exhibits its highest sensitivity if the LNA is power
matched. Because of this, matching to a SAW filter, a 50Ω or an antenna is easier.
Figure 14-1 on page 30 “Application Circuit” shows a typical input matching network for fRF = 315MHz, fRF = 433.92MHz or
fRF = 868.3MHz to 50Ω. The input matching network shown in Table 14-2 on page 30 is the reference network for the
parameters given in the electrical characteristics.
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ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
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4.
Analog Signal Processing
4.1
IF Filter
The signals coming from the RF front-end are filtered by the fully integrated 4th-order IF filter. The IF center frequency is:
fIF = 987kHz for the 315 MHz and BIF = 300kHz (Atmel® ATA8203)
fIF = 987kHz for the 433.92 MHz and BIF = 300kHz (Atmel ATA8204)
fIF = 947.9kHz for the 868.3 MHz and BIF = 600kHz (Atmel ATA8205)
The nominal bandwidth is 300 kHz for ATA8203 and ATA8204 and 600 kHz for ATA8205.
Limiting RSSI Amplifier
The subsequent RSSI amplifier enhances the output signal of the IF amplifier before it is fed into the demodulator. The
dynamic range of this amplifier is ΔRRSSI = 60dB. If the RSSI amplifier is operated within its linear range, the best S/N ratio is
maintained in ASK mode. If the dynamic range is exceeded by the transmitter signal, the S/N ratio is defined by the ratio of
the maximum RSSI output voltage and the RSSI output voltage due to a disturber. The dynamic range of the RSSI amplifier
is exceeded if the RF input signal is approximately 60 dB higher compared to the RF input signal at full sensitivity.
The S/N ratio is not affected by the dynamic range of the RSSI amplifier in FSK mode because only the hard limited signal
from a high-gain limiting amplifier is used by the demodulator.
The output voltage of the RSSI amplifier (VRSSI) is available at pin RSSI. Using the RSSI output signal, the signal strength
of different transmitters can be distinguished. The usable input power range PRef is –100dBm to –55dBm.
Figure 4-1. RSSI Characteristics Atmel ATA8204
RSSI Characteristics
3.5
4.5V -40°C
5.0V -40°C
3
5.5V -40°C
4.5V 25°C
V_RSSI (V)
4.2
2.5
5.0V 25°C
5.5V 25°C
4.5V 85°C
2
5.0V 85°C
5.5V 85°C
1.5
1
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
PIN (dBm)
The output voltage of the RSSI amplifier is internally compared to a threshold voltage VTh_red. VTh_red is determined by the
value of the external resistor RSens. RSens is connected between pin SENS and GND or VS. The output of the comparator is
fed into the digital control logic. By this means, it is possible to operate the receiver at a lower sensitivity.
If RSens is connected to GND, the receiver switches to full sensitivity. It is also possible to connect the pin SENS directly to
GND to get the maximum sensitivity.
If RSens is connected to VS, the receiver operates at a lower sensitivity. The reduced sensitivity is defined by the value of
RSens, and the maximum sensitivity is defined by the signal-to-noise ratio of the LNA input. The reduced sensitivity depends
on the signal strength at the output of the RSSI amplifier.
Since different RF input networks may exhibit slightly different values for the LNA gain, the sensitivity values given in the
electrical characteristics refer to a specific input matching. This matching is described and illustrated in Section 14. “Data
Interface” on page 30.
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RSens can be connected to VS or GND using a microcontroller. The receiver can be switched from full sensitivity to reduced
sensitivity or vice versa at any time. In polling mode, the receiver does not wake up if the RF input signal does not exceed
the selected sensitivity. If the receiver is already active, the data stream at pin DATA disappears when the input signal is
lower than defined by the reduced sensitivity. Instead of the data stream, the pattern according to Figure 4-2 “Steady L State
Limited DATA Output Pattern” is issued at pin DATA to indicate that the receiver is still active (see Figure 13-2 on page 28
“Data Interface”).
Figure 4-2. Steady L State Limited DATA Output Pattern
DATA
tDATA_min
4.3
tDATA_L_max
FSK/ASK Demodulator and Data Filter
The signal coming from the RSSI amplifier is converted into the raw data signal by the ASK/FSK demodulator. The operating
mode of the demodulator is set using the bit ASK/_FSK in the OPMODE register. Logic L sets the demodulator to FSK,
applying H to ASK mode.
In ASK mode an automatic threshold control circuit (ATC) is employed to set the detection reference voltage to a value
where a good signal to noise ratio is achieved. This circuit also implements the effective suppression of any kind of in-band
noise signals or competing transmitters. If the S/N (ratio to suppress in-band noise signals) exceeds about 10dB the data
signal can be detected properly. However, better values are found for many modulation schemes of the competing
transmitter.
The FSK demodulator is intended to be used for an FSK deviation of 10kHz ≤ Δf ≤ 100kHz. The data signal in FSK mode
can be detected if the S/N (ratio to suppress in-band noise signals) exceeds about 2dB. This value is valid for all modulation
schemes of a disturber signal.
The output signal of the demodulator is filtered by the data filter before it is fed into the digital signal processing circuit. The
data filter improves the S/N ratio as its pass-band can be adopted to the characteristics of the data signal. The data filter
consists of a 1st order high-pass and a 2nd order low-pass filter.
The high-pass filter cut-off frequency is defined by an external capacitor connected to pin CDEM. The cut-off frequency of
the high-pass filter is defined by the following formula:
1
fcu_DF = ---------------------------------------------------------2 × π × 30 kΩ × CDEM
In self-polling mode the data filter must settle very rapidly to achieve a low current consumption. Therefore, CDEM cannot be
increased to very high values if self-polling is used. On the other hand, CDEM must be large enough to meet the data filter
requirements according to the data signal. Recommended values for CDEM are given in the electrical characteristics.
The cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter is defined by the selected baud-rate range (BR_Range). The BR_Range is
defined in the OPMODE register (refer to Section 11. “Configuring the Receiver” on page 23). The BR_Range must be set in
accordance to the baud-rate used.
The Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 is designed to operate with data coding where the DC level of the data signal is
50%. This is valid for Manchester and Bi-phase coding. If other modulation schemes are used, the DC level should always
remain within the range of VDC_min = 33% and VDC_max = 66%. The sensitivity may be reduced by up to 2dB in that condition.
Each BR_Range is also defined by a minimum and a maximum edge-to-edge time (tee_sig). These limits are defined in the
electrical characteristics. They should not be exceeded to maintain full sensitivity of the receiver.
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5.
Receiving Characteristics
The RF receiver Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 can be operated with and without a SAW front-end filter. In a typical
automotive application, a SAW filter is used to achieve better selectivity and large signal capability. The receiving frequency
response without a SAW front-end filter is illustrated in Figure 5-1 “Narrow Band Receiving Frequency Response ATA8204”.
This example relates to ASK mode. FSK mode exhibits a similar behavior. The plots are printed relatively to the maximum
sensitivity. If a SAW filter is used, an insertion loss of about 3dB must be considered, but the overall selectivity is much
better.
When designing the system in terms of receiving bandwidth, the LO deviation must be considered as it also determines the
IF center frequency. The total LO deviation is calculated, to be the sum of the deviation of the crystal and the XTO deviation
of the Atmel ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205. Low-cost crystals are specified to be within ±90ppm over tolerance, temperature,
and aging. The XTO deviation of the Atmel ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 is an additional deviation due to the XTO circuit.
This deviation is specified to be ±10ppm worst case for a crystal with CM = 7fF. If a crystal of ±90ppm is used, the total
deviation is ±100ppm in that case. Note that the receiving bandwidth and the IF-filter bandwidth are equivalent in ASK mode
but not in FSK mode.
Figure 5-1. Narrow Band Receiving Frequency Response ATA8204
Image Rejection versus RF Frequency
10
0
4.5V -40°C
5.0V -40°C
-10
5.5V -40°C
(dB)
-20
4.5V 25°C
5.0V 25°C
-30
5.5V 25°C
-40
-50
-60
-70
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
(MHz)
6.
Polling Circuit and Control Logic
The receiver is designed to consume less than 1 mA while being sensitive to signals from a corresponding transmitter. This
is achieved using the polling circuit. This circuit enables the signal path periodically for a short time. During this time the bitcheck logic verifies the presence of a valid transmitter signal. Only if a valid signal is detected, the receiver remains active
and transfers the data to the connected microcontroller. If there is no valid signal present, the receiver is in sleep mode most
of the time resulting in low current consumption. This condition is called polling mode. A connected microcontroller is
disabled during that time.
All relevant parameters of the polling logic can be configured by the connected microcontroller. This flexibility enables the
user to meet the specifications in terms of current consumption, system response time, data rate etc.
The receiver is very flexible with regards to the number of connection wires to the microcontroller. It can be either operated
by a single bi-directional line to save ports to the connected microcontroller or it can be operated by up to five uni-directional
ports.
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7.
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry
The complete timing of the digital circuitry and the analog filtering is derived from one clock. This clock cycle TClk is derived
from the crystal oscillator (XTO) in combination with a divide by 28 or 30 circuit. According to Section 3. “RF Front-end” on
page 6, the frequency of the crystal oscillator (fXTO) is defined by the RF input signal (fRFin) which also defines the operating
frequency of the local oscillator (fLO). The basic clock cycle for Atmel® ATA8204 and Atmel ATA8205 is TClk 28/fXTO giving
TClk = 2.066µs for fRF = 868.3MHz and TClk = 2.069µs for fRF = 433.92MHz. For Atmel ATA8203 the basic clock cycle is
TClk = 30/fREF giving TClk = 2.0382µs for fRF = 315MHz.
TClk controls the following application-relevant parameters:
● Timing of the polling circuit including bit check
●
●
●
●
Timing of the analog and digital signal processing
Timing of the register programming
Frequency of the reset marker
IF filter center frequency (fIF0)
Most applications are dominated by three transmission frequencies: fTransmit = 315MHz is mainly used in USA,
fTransmit = 868.3MHz and 433.92MHz in Europe. All timings are based on TClk. For the aforementioned frequencies, TClk is
given as:
● Application 315MHz band (fXTO = 14.71875MHz, fLO = 314.13MHz, TClk = 2.0382µs)
●
●
Application 868.3MHz band (fXTO = 13.55234MHz, fLO = 867.35MHz, TClk = 2.066µs)
Application 433.92MHz band (fXTO = 13.52875MHz, fLO = 432.93MHz, TClk = 2.0696µs)
For calculation of TClk for applications using other frequency bands, see table in Section 18. “Electrical Characteristics Atmel
ATA8204, ATA8205” on page 35.
The clock cycle of some function blocks depends on the selected baud-rate range (BR_Range), which is defined in the
OPMODE register. This clock cycle TXClk is defined by the following formulas:
BR_Range =
10
BR_Range0:
BR_Range1:
BR_Range2:
BR_Range3:
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
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TXClk = 8 × TClk
TXClk = 4 × TClk
TXClk = 2 × TClk
TXClk = 1 × TClk
8.
Polling Mode
According to Figure 8-1 on page 12, the receiver stays in polling mode in a continuous cycle of three different modes. In
sleep mode the signal processing circuitry is disabled for the time period TSleep while consuming low current of IS = ISoff.
During the start-up period, TStartup, all signal processing circuits are enabled and settled. In the following bit-check mode, the
incoming data stream is analyzed bit-by-bit and compared with a valid transmitter signal. If no valid signal is present, the
receiver is set back to sleep mode after the period TBit-check. This period varies according to each check as it is a statistical
process. An average value for TBitcheck is given in the electrical characteristics. During TStartup and TBit-check, the current
consumption is IS = ISon. The condition of the receiver is indicated on pin IC_ACTIVE. The average current consumption in
polling mode is dependent on the duty cycle of the active mode and can be calculated as:
I Soff × T Sleep + I Son × ( T Startup + T Bit-check )
I Spoll = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T Sleep + T Startup + T Bit-check
During TSleep and TStartup, the receiver is not sensitive to a transmitter signal. To guarantee the reception of a transmitted
command, the transmitter must start the telegram with an adequate preburst. The required length of the preburst depends on
the polling parameters TSleep, TStartup, TBit-check and the start-up time of a connected microcontroller, TStart_microcontroller. Thus,
TBit-check depends on the actual bit rate and the number of bits (NBit-check) to be tested.
The following formula indicates how to calculate the preburst length.
TPreburst ≥ TSleep + TStartup + TBit-check + TStart_microcontroller
8.1
Sleep Mode
The length of period TSleep is defined by the 5-bit word Sleep of the OPMODE register, the extension factor XSleep (according
to Table 11-8 on page 25), and the basic clock cycle TClk. It is calculated to be:
TSleep = Sleep × XSleep × 1024 × TClk
The maximum value of TSleep is about 60 ms if XSleep is set to 1. The time resolution is about 2 ms in that case. The sleep
time can be extended to almost half a second by setting XSleep to 8. XSleep can be set to 8 by bit XSleepStd to “1”.
Setting the configuration word Sleep to its maximal value puts the receiver into a permanent sleep mode. The receiver
remains in this state until another value for Sleep is programmed into the OPMODE register. This is particularily useful when
several devices share a single data line. (It can also be used for microcontroller polling: using pin POLLING/_ON, the
receiver can be switched on and off.)
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Figure 8-1. Polling Mode Flow Chart
Sleep Mode:
All circuits for signal processing are
disabled. Only XTO and Polling logic are
enabled.
Output level on Pin IC_ACTIVE = > low
Sleep:
5-bit word defined by Sleep 0 to
Sleep 4 in OPMODE register
XSleep:
Extension factor defined by
XSleepStd according to Table 11-8
TClk:
Basic clock cycle defined by fXTO
and Pin MODE
TStartup:
Is defined by the selected baud rate
range and TClk. The baud-rate range
is defined by Baud 0 and Baud 1 in
the OPMODE register.
IS = ISoff
TSleep = Sleep x XSleep x 1024 x TClk
Start-up Mode:
The signal processing circuits are
enabled. After the start-up time (TStartup)
all circuits are in stable
condition and ready to receive.
Output level on Pin IC_ACTIVE = > high
IS = ISon
TStartup
Bit-check Mode:
The incoming data stream is
analyzed. If the timing indicates a valid
transmitter signal, the receiver is set to
receiving mode. Otherwise it is set to
Sleep mode.
Output level on Pin IC_ACTIVE = > high
IS = ISon
TBit-check
NO
Bit Check
OK ?
YES
Receiving Mode:
The receiver is turned on permanently
and passes the data stream to the
connected microcontroller.
It can be set to Sleep mode through an
OFF command via Pin DATA or
Polling/_ON.
Output level on Pin IC_ACTIVE = > high
IS = ISon
TBit-check:
Depends on the result of the bit check
If the bit check is ok, TBit-check
depends on the number of bits to be
checked (NBit-check) and on the
data rate used.
If the bit check fails, the average
time period for that check depends
on the selected baud-rate range and
on TClk. The baud-rate range is
defined by Baud 0 and Baud 1 in the
OPMODE register.
OFF Command
8.2
Bit-check Mode
In bit-check mode the incoming data stream is examined to distinguish between a valid signal from a corresponding
transmitter and signals due to noise. This is done by subsequent time frame checks where the distances between 2 signal
edges are continuously compared to a programmable time window. The maximum number of these edge-to-edge tests,
before the receiver switches to receiving mode, is also programmable.
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8.3
Configuring the Bit Check
Assuming a modulation scheme that contains two edges per bit, two time frame checks verify one bit. This is valid for
Manchester, Bi-phase, and most other modulation schemes. The maximum count of bits to be checked can be set to 0, 3, 6,
or 9 bits using the variable NBit-check in the OPMODE register. This implies 0, 6, 12, and 18 edge-to-edge checks respectively.
If NBit-check is set to a higher value, the receiver is less likely to switch to receiving mode due to noise. In the presence of a
valid transmitter signal, the bit check takes less time if NBit-check is set to a lower value. In polling mode, the bit-check time is
not dependent on NBit-check. Figure 8-2 shows an example where three bits are tested successfully and the data signal is
transferred to pin DATA.
Figure 8-2. Timing Diagram for Complete Successful Bit Check
Bit check ok
(Number of checked Bits: 3)
IC_ACTIVE
Bit check
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
TStart-up
TBit-check
Start-up mode
Start-check mode
Receiving mode
According to Figure 8-3, the time window for the bit check is defined by two separate time limits. If the edge-to-edge time tee
is in between the lower bit-check limit TLim_min and the upper bit-check limit TLim_max, the check continues. If tee is smaller than
TLim_min or tee exceeds TLim_max, the bit check is terminated and the receiver switches to sleep mode.
Figure 8-3. Valid Time Window for Bit Check
1/fSig
Dem_out
tee
TLim_min
TLim_max
For best noise immunity using a low span between TLim_min and TLim_max is recommended. This is achieved using a fixed
frequency at a 50% duty cycle for the transmitter preburst. A “11111...” or a “10101...” sequence in Manchester or Bi-phase
is suitable for this. A good compromise between receiver sensitivity and susceptibility to noise is a time window of ±30%
regarding the expected edge-to-edge time tee. Using pre-burst patterns that contain various edge-to-edge time periods, the
bit-check limits must be programmed according to the required span.
The bit-check limits are determined by means of the formula below.
TLim_min = Lim_min × TXClk
TLim_max = (Lim_max – 1) × TXClk
Lim_min and Lim_max are defined by a 5-bit word each within the LIMIT register.
Using above formulas, Lim_min and Lim_max can be determined according to the required TLim_min, TLim_max and TXClk. The
time resolution defining TLim_min and TLim_max is TXClk. The minimum edge-to-edge time tee (tDATA_L_min, tDATA_H_min) is defined
according to the Section 8.6 “Digital Signal Processing” on page 15. The lower limit should be set to Lim_min ≥ 10. The
maximum value of the upper limit is Lim_max = 63.
If the calculated value for Lim_min is < 19, it is recommended to check 6 or 9 bits (NBit-check) to prevent switching to receiving
mode due to noise.
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13
Figure 8-4, Figure 8-5, and Figure 8-6 illustrate the bit check for the bit-check limits Lim_min = 14 and Lim_max = 24. When
the IC is enabled, the signal processing circuits are enabled during TStartup. The output of the ASK/FSK demodulator
(Dem_out) is undefined during that period. When the bit check becomes active, the bit-check counter is clocked with the
cycle TXClk.
Figure 8-4 shows how the bit check proceeds if the bit-check counter value CV_Lim is within the limits defined by Lim_min
and Lim_max at the occurrence of a signal edge. In Figure 8-5 the bit check fails as the value CV_Lim is lower than the limit
Lim_min. The bit check also fails if CV_Lim reaches Lim_max. This is illustrated in Figure 8-6.
Figure 8-4. Timing Diagram During Bit Check
Bit check ok
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
Bit check ok
IC_ACTIVE
Bit check
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
1/2 Bit
Dem_out
Bit-check
counter
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4
TXClk
TStart-up
TBit-check
Start-up mode
Bit-check mode
Figure 8-5. Timing Diagram for Failed Bit Check (Condition: CV_Lim < Lim_min)
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
Bit check failed (CV_Lim_ < Lim_min)
IC_ACTIVE
Bit check
1/2 Bit
Dem_out
Bit-check
counter
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
0
TStart-up
TBit-check
TSleep
Start-up mode
Bit-check mode
Sleep mode
Figure 8-6. Timing Diagram for Failed Bit Check (Condition: CV_Lim ≥ Lim_max)
(Lim_min = 14, Lim_max = 24)
Bit check failed (CV_Lim >= Lim_max)
IC_ACTIVE
Bit check
1/2 Bit
Dem_out
Bit-check
counter
14
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
TStart-up
TBit-check
TSleep
Start-up mode
Bit-check mode
Sleep mode
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0
8.4
Duration of the Bit Check
If no transmitter signal is present during the bit check, the output of the ASK/FSK demodulator delivers random signals. The
bit check is a statistical process and TBit-check varies for each check. Therefore, an average value for TBit-check is given in the
electrical characteristics. TBit-check depends on the selected baud-rate range and on TClk. A higher baud-rate range causes a
lower value for TBit-check resulting in a lower current consumption in polling mode.
In the presence of a valid transmitter signal, TBit-check is dependent on the frequency of that signal, fSig, and the count of the
checked bits, NBit-check. A higher value for NBit-check thereby results in a longer period for TBit-check requiring a higher value for
the transmitter pre-burst TPreburst.
8.5
Receiving Mode
If the bit check was successful for all bits specified by NBit-check, the receiver switches to receiving mode. According to Figure
8-2 on page 13, the internal data signal is switched to pin DATA in that case, and the data clock is available after the start bit
has been detected (see Figure 9-1 on page 18). A connected microcontroller can be woken up by the negative edge at pin
DATA or by the data clock at pin DATA_CLK. The receiver stays in that condition until it is switched back to polling mode
explicitly.
8.6
Digital Signal Processing
The data from the ASK/FSK demodulator (Dem_out) is digitally processed in different ways and as a result converted into
the output signal data. This processing depends on the selected baud-rate range (BR_Range). Figure 8-7 illustrates how
Dem_out is synchronized by the extended clock cycle TXClk. This clock is also used for the bit-check counter. Data can
change its state only after TXClk has elapsed. The edge-to-edge time period tee of the Data signal as a result is always an
integral multiple of TXClk.
The minimum time period between two edges of the data signal is limited to tee ≥ TDATA_min. This implies an efficient
suppression of spikes at the DATA output. At the same time it limits the maximum frequency of edges at DATA. This eases
the interrupt handling of a connected microcontroller.
The maximum time period for DATA to stay low is limited to TDATA_L_max. This function is employed to ensure a finite
response time in programming or switching off the receiver via pin DATA. TDATA_L_max is therefore longer than the maximum
time period indicated by the transmitter data stream. Figure 8-9 on page 16 gives an example where Dem_out remains Low
after the receiver has switched to receiving mode.
Figure 8-7. Synchronization of the Demodulator Output
TXClk
Clock bit-check
counter
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
tee
Figure 8-8. Debouncing of the Demodulator Output
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
tDATA_min
tDATA_min
tee
tDATA_min
tee
tee
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Figure 8-9. Steady L State Limited DATA Output Pattern After Transmission
IC_ACTIVE
Bit check
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
tDATA_min
Start-up mode
Bit-check mode
tDATA_L_max
Receiving mode
After the end of a data transmission, the receiver remains active. Depending of the bit Noise_Disable in the OPMODE
register, the output signal at pin DATA is high or random noise pulses appear at pin DATA (see Section 10. “Digital Noise
Suppression” on page 21). The edge-to-edge time period tee of the majority of these noise pulses is equal or slightly higher
than TDATA_min.
8.7
Switching the Receiver Back to Sleep Mode
The receiver can be set back to polling mode via pin DATA or via pin POLLING/_ON.
When using pin DATA, this pin must be pulled to low by the connected microcontroller for the period t1. Figure 8-10
illustrates the timing of the OFF command (see Figure 13-2 on page 28). The minimum value of t1 depends on the
BR_Range. The maximum value for t1 is not limited; however, exceeding the specified value to prevent erasing the reset
marker is not recommended. Note also that an internal reset for the OPMODE and the LIMIT register is generated if t1
exceeds the specified values. This item is explained in more detail in the Section 11. “Configuring the Receiver” on page 23.
Setting the receiver to sleep mode via DATA is achieved by programming bit 1 to “1” during the register configuration. Only
one sync pulse (t3) is issued.
The duration of the OFF command is determined by the sum of t1, t2, and t10. The sleep time TSleep elapses after the OFF
command. Note that the capacitive load at pin DATA is limited (see Section 14. “Data Interface” on page 30).
Figure 8-10. Timing Diagram of the OFF Command using Pin DATA
IC_ACTIVE
t1
t2
t3
t5
t4
t10
t7
Out1
(microcontroller)
Data_out (DATA)
X
Serial bi-directional
data line
X
Bit 1
("1")
(Start Bit)
OFF-command
Receiving mode
16
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TSleep
TStart-up
Sleep mode
Start-up mode
Figure 8-11. Timing Diagram of the OFF Command using Pin POLLING/_ON
IC_ACTIVE
ton2
Bit check ok
ton3
POLLING/_ON
Data_out (DATA)
X
X
Serial bi-directional
data line
X
X
Receiving mode
Sleep mode
Start-up mode
Bit-check mode
Receiving mode
Figure 8-12. Activating the Receiving Mode using Pin POLLING/_ON
IC_ACTIVE
ton1
POLLING/_ON
X
Data_out (DATA)
Serial bi-directional
data line
X
Sleep mode
Start-up mode
Receiving mode
Figure 8-11 “Timing Diagram of the OFF Command using Pin POLLING/_ON” illustrates how to set the receiver back to
polling mode using pin POLLING/_ON. The pin POLLING/_ON must be held to low for the time period ton2. After the positive
edge on pin POLLING/_ON and the delay ton3, the polling mode is active and the sleep time TSleep elapses.
Using the POLLING/_ON command is faster than using pin DATA; however, this requires the use of an additional connection
to the microcontroller.
Figure 8-12 “Activating the Receiving Mode using Pin “POLLING/_ON” illustrates how to set the receiver to receiving mode
using the pin POLLING/_ON. The pin POLLING/_ON must be held to low. After the delay ton1, the receiver changes from
sleep mode to start-up mode regardless of the programmed values for TSleep and NBit-check. As long as POLLING/_ON is held
to low, the values for TSleep and NBit-check is ignored, but not deleted (see Section 10. “Digital Noise Suppression” on page 21).
If the receiver is polled exclusively by a microcontroller, TSleep must be programmed to 31 (permanent sleep mode). In this
case the receiver remains in sleep mode as long as POLLING/_ON is held to high.
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9.
Data Clock
The pin DATA_CLK makes a data shift clock available to sample the data stream into a shift register. Using this data clock,
a microcontroller can easily synchronize the data stream. This clock can only be used for Manchester and Bi-phase coded
signals.
9.1
Generation of the Data Clock
After a successful bit check, the receiver switches from polling mode to receiving mode and the data stream is available at
pin DATA. In receiving mode, the data clock control logic (Manchester/Bi-phase demodulator) is active and examines the
incoming data stream. This is done, as with the bit check, by subsequent time frame checks where the distance between two
edges is continuously compared to a programmable time window. As illustrated in Figure 9-1 on page 18, only two distances
between two edges in Manchester and Bi-phase coded signals are valid (T and 2T).
The limits for T are the same as used with the bit check. They can be programmed in the LIMIT-register (Lim_min and
Lim_max, see Table 11-10 on page 26 and Table 11-11 on page 26).
The limits for 2T are calculated as follows:
Lower limit of 2T:
Lim_min_2T = (Lim_min + Lim_max) – (Lim_max – Lim_min)/2
Upper limit of 2T:
Lim_max_2T= (Lim_min + Lim_max) + (Lim_max – Lim_min)/2
(If the result for ’Lim_min_2T’ or ’Lim_max_2T’ is not an integer value, it is rounded up.)
The data clock is available, after the data clock control logic has detected the distance 2T (Start bit) and is issued with the
delay tDelay after the edge on pin DATA (see Figure 9-1 on page 18).
If the data clock control logic detects a timing or logical error (Manchester code violation), as illustrated in Figure 9-2 on page
19 and Figure 9-3 on page 19, it stops the output of the data clock. The receiver remains in receiving mode and starts with
the bit check. If the bit check was successful and the start bit has been detected, the data clock control logic starts again with
the generation of the data clock (see Figure 9-4 on page 19).
Use the function of the data clock only in conjunction with the bit check 3, 6 or 9 is recommended. If the bit check is set to 0
or the receiver is set to receiving mode using the pin POLLING/_ON, the data clock is available if the data clock control logic
has detected the distance 2T (Start bit).
Note that for Bi-phase-coded signals, the data clock is issued at the end of the bit.
Figure 9-1. Timing Diagram of the Data Clock
Preburst
Bit check ok
'1'
'1'
Data
T
'1'
'1'
2T
'1'
'0'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'0'
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
DATA_CLK
Bit-check mode
Start bit
tDelay
Receiving mode,
data clock control logic active
18
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tP_Data_Clk
Figure 9-2. Data Clock Disappears Because of a Timing Error
Data
Timing error
Tee < TLim_min or tLim_max < Tee < TLim_min_2T or Tee > TLim_max_2T
Tee
'1'
'1'
'1'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'0'
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
DATA_CLK
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Receiving mode,
bit check active
Figure 9-3. Data Clock Disappears Because of a Logical Error
Data
Logical error (Manchester code violation)
'1'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'1'
'?'
'0'
'0'
'1'
'0'
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
DATA_CLK
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Receiving mode,
bit check active
Figure 9-4. Output of the Data Clock After a Successful Bit Check
Data
Bit check ok
'1'
'1'
'1'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'1'
'0'
'1'
'0'
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
DATA_CLK
Receiving mode,
bit check active
Start bit
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
The delay of the data clock is calculated as follows: tDelay = tDelay1 + tDelay2
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tDelay1 is the delay between the internal signals Data_Out and Data_In. For the rising edge, tDelay1 depends on the capacitive
load CL at pin DATA and the external pull-up resistor Rpup. For the falling edge, tDelay1 depends additionally on the external
voltage VX (see Figure 9-5, Figure 9-6 on page 20 and Figure 13-2 on page 28). When the level of Data_In is equal to the
level of Data_Out, the data clock is issued after an additional delay tDelay2.
Note that the capacitive load at pin DATA is limited. If the maximum tolerated capacitive load at pin DATA is exceeded, the
data clock disappears (see Section 14. “Data Interface” on page 30).
Figure 9-5. Timing Characteristic of the Data Clock (Rising Edge on Pin DATA)
Data_Out
VX
VIH = 0.65 VS
Serial bi-directional
data line
VII = 0.65 VS
Data_In
DATA_CLK
tDelay1
tDelay2
tDelay tP_Data_Clk
Figure 9-6. Timing Characteristic of the Data Clock (Falling Edge of the Pin DATA)
Data_Out
VX
VIH = 0.65 VS
VII = 0.35 VS
Serial bi-directional
data line
Data_In
DATA_CLK
tDelay1
tDelay2
tDelay tP_Data_Clk
20
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10.
Digital Noise Suppression
After a data transmission, digital noise appears on the data output (see Figure 10-1 “Output of Digital Noise at the End of the
Data Stream”). To prevent digital noise keeping the connected microcontroller busy, it can be suppressed in two different
ways:
● Automatic Noise Suppression
●
10.1
Controlled Noise Suppression by the Microcontroller
Automatic Noise Suppression
The receiver changes to bit-check mode at the end of a valid data stream if the bit Noise_Disable (Table 11-9 on page 25) in
the OPMODE register is set to 1 (default). The digital noise is suppressed, and the level at pin DATA is high. The receiver
changes back to receiving mode, if the bit check was successful.
This method of noise suppression is recommended if the data stream is Manchester or Bi-phase coded and is active after
power on.
Figure 10-3 “Occurrence of a Pulse at the End of the Data Stream” illustrates the behavior of the data output at the end of a
data stream. If the last period of the data stream is a high period (rising edge to falling edge), a pulse occurs on pin DATA.
The length of the pulse depends on the selected baud-rate range.
Figure 10-1. Output of Digital Noise at the End of the Data Stream
Bit check ok
Bit check ok
Preburst
Data_out (DATA)
Data
Digital Noise
Digital Noise Preburst
Data
Digital Noise
DATA_CLK
Bit-check
mode
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Receiving mode,
bit check active
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Receiving mode,
bit check active
Figure 10-2. Automatic Noise Suppression
Bit check ok
Bit check ok
Preburst
Data_out (DATA)
Preburst
Data
Data
DATA_CLK
Bit-check
mode
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Bit-check
mode
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
Bit-check
mode
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Figure 10-3. Occurrence of a Pulse at the End of the Data Stream
Timing error
tee < TLim_min or TLim_max < tee < tLim_min_2T or tee > TLim_max_2T
Tee
Data stream
'1'
'1'
Digital noise
'1'
Dem_out
Data_out (DATA)
Tpulse
DATA_CLK
Receiving mode,
data clock control
logic active
10.2
Bit-check mode
Controlled Noise Suppression by the Microcontroller
Digital noise appears at the end of a valid data stream if the bit Noise_Disable (see Table 11-9 on page 25) in the OPMODE
register is set to 0. To suppress the noise, the pin POLLING/_ON must be set to low. The receiver remains in receiving
mode. The OFF command then causes a change to start-up mode. The programmed sleep time (see Table 11-7 on page 25)
is not executed because the level at pin POLLING/_ON is low; however, the bit check is active in this case. The OFF
command also activates the bit check if the pin POLLING/_ON is held to low. The receiver changes back to receiving mode
if the bit check was successful. To activate the polling mode at the end of the data transmission, the pin POLLING/_ON must
be set to high. This way of suppressing the noise is recommended if the data stream is not Manchester or Bi-phase coded.
Figure 10-4. Controlled Noise Suppression
OFF-command
Bit check ok
Serial bi-directional
data line
Preburst
Data
Bit check ok
Digital Noise
Preburst
Data
Digital Noise
(DATA_CLK)
POLLING/_ON
Bit-check
mode
22
Receiving mode
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Start-up Bit-check
mode
mode
Receiving mode
Sleep
mode
11.
Configuring the Receiver
The Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 receiver is configured using two 12-bit RAM registers called OPMODE and LIMIT.
The registers can be programmed by means of the bidirectional DATA port. If the register content has changed due to a
voltage drop, this condition is indicated by a the output pattern called reset marker (RM). If this occurs, the receiver must be
reprogrammed. After a Power-On Reset (POR), the registers are set to default mode. If the receiver is operated in default
mode, there is no need to program the registers. Table 11-3 on page 23 shows the structure of the registers. According to
Table 11-1, bit 1 defines whether the receiver is set back to polling mode using the OFF command (see “Receiving Mode” on
page 15) or whether it is programmed. Bit 2 represents the register address. It selects the appropriate register to be
programmed. For high programming reliability, bit 15 (Stop bit), at the end of the programming operation, must be set to 0.
Table 11-1. Effect of Bit 1 and Bit 2 on Programming the Registers
Bit 1
Bit 2
Action
1
x
The receiver is set back to polling mode (OFF command)
0
1
The OPMODE register is programmed
0
0
The LIMIT register is programmed
Table 11-2. Effect of Bit 15 on Programming the Register
Bit 15
Action
0
The values are written into the register (OPMODE or LIMIT)
1
The values are not written into the register
Table 11-3. Effect of the Configuration Words within the Registers
Bit 1
Bit 2
Bit 3
Bit 4
Bit 5
Bit 6
Bit 7
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
Bit 8
Bit 9
Bit 10
Bit 11
Bit 12
Bit 13
Bit 14
Bit 15
–
–
–
–
–
–
XSleep
Noise
Suppression
OFF command
–
–
OPMODE register
BR_Range
0
–
Modulation
NBit-check
1
Default
values of
Bit 3...14
Baud1
Baud0
BitChk1
BitChk0
ASK/
_FSK
0
0
0
1
0
–
–
Sleep
Sleep4 Sleep3
0
0
Sleep2
Sleep1
1
1
0
0
Noise_
Disable
1
LIMIT register
0
Default
values of
Bit 3...14
0
–
–
Lim_min
0
Sleep0 XSleepStd
Lim_max
–
Lim_
min5
Lim_
min4
Lim_
min3
Lim_
min2
Lim_
min1
Lim_
min0
Lim_
max5
Lim_
max4
Lim_
max3
Lim_
max2
Lim_
max1
Lim_
max0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
–
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The following tables illustrate the effect of the individual configuration words. The default configuration is highlighted for each
word.
BR_Range sets the appropriate baud-rate range and simultaneously defines XLim. XLim is used to define the bit-check
limits TLim_min and TLim_max as shown in Table 11-10 on page 26 and Table 11-11 on page 26.
Table 11-4. Effect of the configuration word BR_Range
BR_Range
Baud1
Baud0
Baud-rate Range/Extension Factor for Bit-check Limits (XLim)
0
0
BR_Range0
(BR_Range0 = 1.0Kbit/s to 1.8Kbit/s)
XLim = 8 (default)
0
1
BR_Range1
(BR_Range1 = 1.8Kbit/s to 3.2Kbit/s)
XLim = 4
1
0
BR_Range2
(BR_Range2 = 3.2Kbit/s to 5.6Kbit/s)
XLim = 2
1
1
BR_Range3
(BR_Range3 = 5.6Kbit/s to 10Kbit/s)
XLim = 1
Table 11-5. Effect of the Configuration word NBit-check
NBit-check
BitChk1
BitChk0
Number of Bits to be Checked
0
0
0
0
1
3 (default)
1
0
6
1
1
9
Table 11-6. Effect of the Configuration Bit Modulation
Modulation
24
ASK/_FSK
–
0
FSK (default)
1
ASK
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Selected Modulation
Table 11-7. Effect of the Configuration Word Sleep
Sleep
Start Value for Sleep Counter
(TSleep = Sleep × XSleep × 1024 × TClk)
Sleep4
Sleep3
Sleep2
Sleep1
Sleep0
0
0
0
0
0
0 (Receiver polls continuously until a valid signal
occurs)
0
0
0
0
1
If XSleep = 1
TSleep = 2.11ms for fRF = 868.3MHz,
TSleep = 2.12ms for fRF = 433.92MHz
TSleep = 2.08ms for fRF = 315MHz
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
0
1
1
3
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
0
1
1
0
If XSleep = 1
TSleep = 12.69ms for fRF = 868.3MHz,
TSleep = 12.71ms for fRF = 433.92MHz
TSleep = 12.52ms for fRF = 315MHz
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
1
1
0
1
29
1
1
1
1
0
30
1
1
1
1
1
31 (permanent sleep mode)
Table 11-8. Effect of the Configuration Bit XSleep
XSleep
XSleepStd
Extension Factor for Sleep Time
(TSleep = Sleep × XSleep × 1024 × TClk)
0
1 (default)
1
8
Table 11-9. Effect of the Configuration Bit Noise Suppression
Noise Suppression
Noise_Disable
Suppression of the Digital Noise at Pin DATA
0
Noise suppression is inactive
1
Noise suppression is active (default)
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Table 11-10. Effect of the Configuration Word Lim_min
Lim_min(1) (Lim_min < 10 is not Applicable)
Lower Limit Value for Bit Check
Lim_min5
Lim_min4
Lim_min3
Lim_min2
Lim_min1
Lim_min0
(TLim_min = Lim_min × XLim × TClk)
0
0
1
0
1
0
10
0
0
1
0
1
1
11
0
0
1
1
0
0
12
..
..
..
..
..
..
21 (default, BR_Range0)
(TLim_min = 347µs for fRF = 868.3MHz
TLim_min = 347µs for fRF = 433.92MHz
TLim_min = 342µs for fRF = 315MHz)
0
1
0
1
0
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
1
1
1
0
1
61
1
1
1
1
1
0
62
1
Note:
1.
1
1
1
1
1
63
Lim_min is also used to determine the margins of the data clock control logic (see Section 9. “Data Clock” on page 18).
.
Table 11-11. Effect of the Configuration Word Lim_max
Lim_max(1) (Lim_max < 12 is not applicable)
Upper Limit Value for Bit Check
Lim_max5
Lim_max4
Lim_max3
Lim_max2
Lim_max1
Lim_max0
(TLim_max = (Lim_max – 1) × XLim × TClk)
0
0
1
1
0
0
12
0
0
1
1
0
1
13
0
0
1
1
1
0
14
..
..
..
..
..
..
41 (default, BR_Range0)
(TLim_max = 66µs for fRF = 868.3MHz
TLim_max = 662µs for fRF = 433.92MHz
TLim_max = 652µs for fRF = 315MHz)
1
0
1
0
0
1
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
1
1
1
0
1
61
1
1
1
1
1
0
62
1
1
1
1
1
1
63
Lim_max is also used to determine the margins of the data clock control logic (see Section 9. “Data Clock” on page 18).
Note:
1.
26
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
12.
Conservation of the Register Information
The Atmel® ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 uses an integrated power-on reset and brown-out detection circuitry as a
mechanism to preserve the RAM register information.
According to Figure 12-1, a power-on reset (POR) is generated if the supply voltage VS drops below the threshold voltage
VThReset. The default parameters are programmed into the configuration registers in that condition. The POR is cancelled
after the minimum reset period tRst when VS exceeds VThReset. A POR is also generated when the supply voltage of the
receiver is turned on.
To indicate that condition, the receiver displays a reset marker (RM) at pin DATA after a reset. The RM is represented by the
fixed frequency fRM at a 50% duty-cycle. RM can be cancelled using a low pulse t1 at pin DATA. The RM has the following
characteristics:
● fRM is lower than the lowest feasible frequency of a data signal. Due to this, RM cannot be misinterpreted by the
connected microcontroller.
●
If the receiver is set back to polling mode using pin DATA, RM cannot be cancelled accidentally if t1 is applied as
described in the proposal in Section 13. “Programming the Configuration Register” on page 28.
Using this conservation mechanism, the receiver cannot lose its register information without communicating this condition
using the reset marker RM.
Figure 12-1. Generation of the Power-on Reset
VS
VThreset
POR
tRst
Data_out (DATA)
X
1/fRM
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
27
13.
Programming the Configuration Register
Figure 13-1. Timing of the Register Programming
IC_ACTIVE
t1
t2
t3
t5
t9
t8
t4
t6
t7
Out1
(microcontroller)
Data_out (DATA)
X
Serial bi-directional
data line
X
Bit 1
("0")
(Start bit)
Bit 2
("1")
(Register
select)
Bit 14
("0")
(Poll 8)
Bit 15
("0")
(Stop bit)
TSleep TStart-up
Programming frame
Receiving
mode
Sleep Start-up
mode mode
Figure 13-2. Data Interface
0V/5V
Data_in
VX = 5V to 20V
ATA8203
ATA8204
ATA8205
VS = 4.5V to 5.5V
Input
Interface
0V to 20V
Microcontroller
Rpup
DATA
I/O
Serial bi-directional data line
ID
CL
Data_out
Out1 (microcontroller)
The configuration registers are serially programmed using the bi-directional data line as shown in Figure 13-1 and
Figure 13-2.
To start programming, the serial data line DATA is pulled to low by the microcontroller for the time period t1. When DATA
has been released, the receiver becomes the master device. When the programming delay period t2 has elapsed, the
receiver emits 15 subsequent synchronization pulses with the pulse length t3. After each of these pulses, a programming
window occurs. The delay until the program window starts is determined by t4, the duration is defined by t5. The individual
bits are set within the programming window. If the microcontroller pulls down pin DATA for the time period t7 during t5, the
corresponding bit is set to “0”. If no programming pulse t7 is issued, this bit is set to “1”. All 15 bits are programmed this way.
The time frame to program a bit is defined by t6.
Bit 15 is followed by the equivalent time window t9. During this window, the equivalence acknowledge pulse t8 (E_Ack)
occurs if the just programmed mode word is equivalent to the mode word that was already stored in that register. E_Ack
should be used to verify that the mode word was correctly transferred to the register. The register must be programmed
twice in that case.
A register can be programmed when the receiver is in both sleep-mode and active mode. During programming, the LNA, LO,
low-pass filter, IF-amplifier, and the FSK/MSK demodulator are disabled. The t1 pulse is used to start the programming or to
switch the receiver back to polling mode (OFF command). (The receiver is switched back to polling mode with the OFF
command if bit 1 is set to „1“.) The following convention should be considered for the length of the programming start pulse
t1:
28
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
Using a t1 value of t1 (min) < t1 < 5632 TClk (where t1 (min) is the minimum specified value for the relevant BR_Range)
when the receiver is active i.e., not in reset mode initiates the programming or OFF command. However, if this t1 value is
used when the receiver is in reset mode, programming or OFF command is NOT initiated and RM remains present at pin
DATA. Note, the RM cannot be deleted when using this t1 value.
Using a t1 value of t1 > 7936 ´ TClk, programming or OFF command is initiated when the receiver is in both reset mode and
active mode. The registers PMODE and LIMIT are set to the default values and the RM is deleted, if present. This t1 values
can be used if the connected microcontroller detects an RM. Additionally, this t1 value can generally be used if the receiver
operates in default mode.
Note that the capacitive load at pin DATA is limited.
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
29
14.
Data Interface
The data interface (see Figure 13-2 on page 28) is designed for automotive requirements. It can be connected using the pullup resistor Rpup up to 20V and is short-circuit-protected.
The applicable pull-up resistor Rpup depends on the load capacity CL at pin DATA and the selected BR_range (see
Table 14-1).
Table 14-1. Applicable Rpup
-
BR_range
Applicable Rpup
B0
1.6kΩ to 47kΩ
B1
1.6kΩ to 22kΩ
B2
1.6 Ω to 12kΩ
B3
1.6kΩ to 5.6kΩ
B0
1.6kΩ to 470kΩ
B1
1.6kΩ to 220kΩ
B2
1.6kΩ to 120kΩ
B3
1.6kΩ to 56kΩ
CL ≤ 1nF
CL ≤ 100pF
Figure 14-1. Application Circuit: fRF = 315MHz(1), 433.92MHz or 868MHz without SAW Filter
VS
RSSI
+
C7
4.7μF
10%
IC_ACTIVE
R2
Sensitivity reduction
56kΩ to 150kΩ
VX = 5V to 20V
GND
R3
1.6kΩ
C14
39nF
5%
1
20
DATA
DATA
SENS
2
19
IC_ACTIVE
POLLING/_ON
POLLING/_ON
3
18
DGND
CDEM
17
DATA_CLK
DATA_CLK
4
16
5
C13
10nF
10%
TEST1
6
RSSI
7
AGND
RF_IN
15
DVCC
14
13
LNAREF
XTAL1
LNA_IN
TEST3
LNAGND
TEST2
F
crystal
12
10
L1
CL2
XTAL2
9
C16
Note:
ATA8203
ATA8204
ATA8205
8
C17
C12
10nF
10%
MODE
AVCC
11
CL1
For 315MHz application pin MODE must be connected to GND.
Table 14-2. Input Matching to 50Ω
LNA Matching
30
RF Frequency (MHz)
C16 (pF)
C17 (pF)
L1 (nH)
Crystal Frequency
fXTAL (MHz)
315
Not connected
3
39
14.71875
433.92
Not connected
3
20
13.52875
868.3
1
3
6.8
13.55234
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
15.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Parameters
Symbol
Min.
Max.
Unit
Supply voltage
VS
6
V
Power dissipation
Ptot
1000
mW
Junction temperature
Tj
150
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
–55
+125
°C
Ambient temperature
Tamb
–40
+85
°C
10
dBm
Maximum input level, input matched to 50Ω
16.
Pin_max
Thermal Resistance
Parameters
Junction ambient
Symbol
Value
Unit
RthJA
100
K/W
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
31
17.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 315MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
1
1.1
fRF = 315MHz
14.71875MHz Oscillator
Symbol
Basic clock
cycle
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
TClk
2.0382
2.0382
30/fXTO
30/fXTO
µs
A
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
TXClk
16.3057
8.1528
4.0764
2.0382
16.3057
8.1528
4.0764
2.0382
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
Sleep and
XSleep are
defined in the
OPMODE
register
TSleep
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
2.0382
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
2.0382
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 × TClk
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 × TClk
ms
A
1827
1044
1044
653
1827
1044
1044
653
896.5
512.5
512.5
320.5
× TClk
896.5
512.5
512.5
320.5
× TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
BR_Range0
Start-up time
BR_Range1
(see Figure
BR_Range2
2.2
8-1 and
BR_Range3
Figure 8-4)
TStartup
Time for bit
2.3 check (see
Figure 8-1
Average bitcheck time
while polling,
no RF applied
(see Figure 8-5
TBit-check
and Figure 8-6)
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
Time for bit
2.4 check (see
Figure 8-1
Bit-check time
for a valid input
signal fSig (see
Figure 8-5)
NBit-check = 0
NBit-check = 3
NBit-check = 6
NBit-check = 9
TBit-check
C
0.45
0.24
0.14
0.08
0.45
0.24
0.14
0.08
ms
ms
ms
ms
C
1 × TXClk
3/fSig
6/fSig
9/fSig
1 × TXClk
3.5/fSig
6.5/fSig
9.5/fSig
1 × TXClk
3/fSig
6/fSig
9/fSig
1 × TClk
3.5/fSig
6.5/fSig
9.5/fSig
ms
ms
ms
ms
Receiving Mode
3.1
Intermediate
frequency
3.2
Baud-rate
range
fIF
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Rang
e
987
1.0
1.8
3.2
5.6
1.8
3.2
5.6
10.0
fIF = fLO/318
kHz
A
BR_Range0 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range1 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range2 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range3 × 2 µs/TClk
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
A
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
32
Unit Type*
Polling Mode
Sleep time
(see
Figure 8-1,
2.1
Figure 8-10
and
Figure 13-1)
3
Min.
Variable Oscillator
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry
Extended
1.2 basic clock
cycle
2
Test
Conditions
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
17.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 315MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
Minimum
time period
between
edges at pin
DATA
(see Figure
3.3 4-2 and
Figure 8-8,
Figure 8-9)
(With the
exception of
parameter
TPulse)
Maximum
Low period
3.4 at pin DATA
(see
Figure 4-2)
Test
Conditions
fRF = 315MHz
14.71875MHz Oscillator
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Variable Oscillator
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit Type*
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
tDATA_min
tDATA_L_max
163.06
81.53
40.76
20.38
163.06
81.53
40.76
20.38
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
2120
1060
530
265
2120
1060
530
265
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
21.4
9.5 × TClk
10.5 × TClk
µs
A
µs
A
A
Delay to
activate the
3.5 start-up
mode (see
Figure 8-12)
Ton1
19.36
OFF
command at
pin
3.6
POLLING/
_ON (see
Figure 8-11)
Ton2
16.3
Delay to
activate the
3.7 sleep mode
(see
Figure 8-11)
Ton3
17.32
19.36
8.5 × TClk
9.5 × TClk
µs
16.3
8.15
4.07
2.04
16.3
8.15
4.07
2.04
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
Pulse on pin
DATA at the
end of a data
3.8
stream
(see
Figure 10-3)
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
TPulse
8 × TClk
A
A
C
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
33
17.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 315MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
4
Test
Conditions
fRF = 315MHz
14.71875MHz Oscillator
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Variable Oscillator
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit Type*
Configuration of the Receiver (see Figure 12-1 and Figure 13-1)
Frequency is
stable within
50ms after
POR
fRM
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
Programmin BR_Range1
4.2
g start pulse BR_Range2
BR_Range3
after POR
t1
Programmin
4.3 g delay
period
Frequency
4.1 of the reset
marker
1/
(4096 ×
TClk)
1/
(4096 ×
TClk)
11479
11479
11479
11479
1624 × TClk
1100 × TClk
838 × TClk
707 × TClk
7936 × TClk
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
783
785
384.5 × TClk
385.5 ×
TClk
µs
A
t3
261
261
128 × TClk
128 × TClk
µs
A
Delay until of
the program
4.5
window
starts
t4
129
129
63.5 × TClk
63.5 × TClk
µs
A
4.6
Programmin
g window
t5
522
522
256 × TClk
256 × TClk
µs
A
4.7
Time frame
of a bit
t6
1044
1044
512 × TClk
512 × TClk
µs
A
4.8
Programmin
g pulse
t7
130.5
522
64 × TClk
256 × TClk
µs
C
Equivalent
acknowledg
4.9
e pulse:
E_Ack
t8
261
261
128 × TClk
128 × TClk
µs
A
Equivalent
time window
t9
526
526
258 × TClk
258 × TClk
µs
A
OFF-bit
4.11 programmin
g window
t10
916
916
449.5 × TClk
449.5 ×
TClk
µs
A
0
0
0
0
16.3057
8.1528
4.0764
2.0382
0
0
0
0
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
C
65.2
32.6
16.3
8.15
65.2
32.6
16.3
8.15
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
119.78
119.78
3310
2242
1708
1441
16175
t2
Synchroniza
4.4 tion pulse
4.10
5
µs
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
A
Data Clock (see Figure 9-1 and Figure 9-6)
Minimum
delay time
between
5.1
edge at
DATA and
DATA_CLK
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Range =
Pulse width
BR_Range0
of negative
BR_Range1
5.2
pulse at pin
BR_Range2
DATA_CLK
BR_Range3
tDelay2
tP_DATA_CLK
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
34
Hz
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
A
18.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8204, ATA8205
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 868.3MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
6
6.1
Basic clock
cycle
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Variable Oscillator
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit Type*
TClk
2.0696
2.0696
2.066
2.066
28/fXTO
28/fXTO
µs
A
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
TXClk
16.557
8.278
4.139
2.069
16.557
8.278
4.139
2.069
16.528
8.264
4.132
2.066
16.528
8.264
4.132
2.066
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
Sleep and
XSleep are
defined in the
OPMODE
register
TSleep
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
2.0696
Sleep × Sleep ×
XSleep × XSleep ×
1024 × 1024 ×
2.0696 2.066
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 × TClk
ms
A
896.5
512.5
512.5
320.5
× TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
Polling Mode
Sleep time
(see
Figure 8-1,
7.1
Figure 8-10
and
Figure 13-1)
BR_Range0
Start-up time
BR_Range1
(see Figure
BR_Range2
7.2
8-1 and
BR_Range3
Figure 8-4)
Time for bit
7.3 check (see
Figure 8-1
Time for bit
7.4 check (see
Figure 8-1
8
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz,
13.52875MHz Oscillator 13.55234MHz Oscillator
Basic Clock Cycle of the Digital Circuitry
Extended
6.2 basic clock
cycle
7
Test
Conditions
TStartup
Average bitcheck time
while polling,
no RF applied
(see Figure 88 on page 15
and Figure 8-9
on page 16)
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
TBit-check
Bit-check time
for a valid
input signal fSig
(see Figure 85 on page 14)
NBit-check = 0
NBit-check = 3
NBit-check = 6
NBit-check = 9
TBit-check
1855
1060
1060
663
1855
1060
1060
663
Sleep ×
Sleep ×
XSleep ×
XSleep ×
1024 ×
1024 × TClk
2.066
1852
1058
1058
662
1852
1058
1058
662
896.5
512.5
512.5
320.5
× TClk
C
0.45
0.24
0.14
0.08
0.45
0.24
0.14
0.08
0.45
0.24
0.14
0.08
ms
ms
ms
ms
C
1 × TXClk
3/fSig
6/fSig
9/fSig
1 × TXClk 1 × TXClk
3.5/fSig
3/fSig
6.5/fSig
6/fSig
9.5/fSig
9/fSig
1 × TXClk
3.5/fSig
6.5/fSig
9.5/fSig
1 × TXClk
3/fSig
6/fSig
9/fSig
1 × TClk
3.5/fSig
6.5/fSig
9.5/fSig
ms
ms
ms
ms
Receiving Mode
8.1
Intermediate
frequency
8.2
Baud-rate
range
fIF
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Rang
e
987
1.0
1.8
3.2
5.6
947.9
1.8
3.2
5.6
10.0
1.0
1.8
3.2
5.6
1.8
3.2
5.6
10.0
fIF = fLO/438 for the 433.92MHz
band (ATA8204)
fIF = fLO/915 for the 868.3MHz band
(ATA8205)
kHz
A
BR_Range0 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range1 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range2 × 2 µs/TClk
BR_Range3 × 2 µs/TClk
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
Kbit/s
A
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
35
18.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 868.3MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
Minimum
time period
between
edges at pin
DATA
(see Figure
8.3 4-2 and
Figure 8-8,
Figure 8-9)
(With the
exception of
parameter
TPulse)
Maximum
Low period
8.4 at pin DATA
(see
Figure 4-2)
Test
Conditions
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz,
13.52875MHz Oscillator 13.55234MHz Oscillator
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
165.5
82.8
41.4
20.7
165.5
82.8
41.4
20.7
2152
1076
538
269
Typ.
Variable Oscillator
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit Type*
165.3
82.6
41.3
20.6
165.3
82.6
41.3
20.6
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
10 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
2152
1076
538
269
2148
1074
537
268.5
2148
1074
537
268.5
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
130 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
21.7
19.6
21.7
9.5 × TClk
10.5 × TClk
µs
A
µs
A
A
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
tDATA_min
tDATA_L_max
Delay to
activate the
8.5 start-up
mode (see
Figure 8-12)
Ton1
19.6
OFF
command at
pin
8.6
POLLING/
_ON (see
Figure 8-11)
Ton2
16.5
Delay to
activate the
8.7 sleep mode
(see
Figure 8-11)
Ton3
17.6
19.6
17.6
19.6
8.5 × TClk
9.5 × TClk
µs
16.557
8.278
4.139
2.069
16.557
8.278
4.139
2.069
16.528
8.264
4.132
2.066
16.528
8.264
4.132
2.066
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
8 × TClk
4 × TClk
2 × TClk
1 × TClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
Pulse on pin
DATA at the
end of a data
8.8
stream
(see
Figure 10-3)
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
TPulse
8 × TClk
16.5
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
36
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
A
A
C
18.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 868.3MHz unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameter
9
Test
Conditions
fRF = 433.92MHz
fRF = 868.3MHz,
13.52875MHz Oscillator 13.55234MHz Oscillator
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Variable Oscillator
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
1/
(4096 ×
TClk)
1/
(4096 ×
TClk)
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
5632 × TClk
Unit Type*
Configuration of the Receiver (see Figure 12-1 and Figure 13-1)
Frequency is
Frequency of
stable within
9.1 the reset
50ms after
marker
POR
fRM
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
after POR
t1
Program9.2 ming start
pulse
Programmin
9.3 g delay
period
117.9
117.9
118.2
118.2
Hz
3361
2276
1734
1463
16425
11656
11656
11656
11656
3355
2272
1731
1460
11636
11636
11636
11636
1624 × TClk
1100 × TClk
838 × TClk
707 × TClk
7936 × TClk
t2
796
798
794
796
384.5 × TClk
385.5 ×
TClk
µs
A
µs
µs
µs
µs
µs
A
A
9.4
Synchronization pulse
t3
265
265
264
264
128 × TClk
128 × TClk
µs
A
9.5
Delay until of
the program
window
starts
t4
131
131
131
131
63.5 × TClk
63.5 × TClk
µs
A
9.6
Programmin
g window
t5
530
530
529
529
256 × TClk
256 × TClk
µs
A
9.7
Time frame
of a bit
t6
1060
1060
1058
1058
512 × TClk
512 × TClk
µs
A
9.8
Programmin
g pulse
t7
132
530
132
529
64 × TClk
256 × TClk
µs
C
t8
265
265
264
264
128 × TClk
128 × TClk
µs
A
Equivalent
time window
t9
534
534
533
533
258 × TClk
258 × TClk
µs
A
OFF-bit
9.11 programmin
g window
t10
930
930
929
929
449.5 × TClk
449.5 ×
TClk
µs
A
0
0
0
0
16.557
8.278
4.139
2.069
0
0
0
0
16.528
8.264
4.132
2.066
0
0
0
0
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
1 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
C
66.2
33.1
16.5
8.3
62.2
33.1
16.5
8.3
66.1
33.0
16.5
8.25
66.1
33.0
16.5
8.25
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
4 × TXClk
µs
µs
µs
µs
Equivalent
9.9 acknowledge
pulse: E_Ack
9.10
10 Data Clock (see Figure 9-1 and Figure 9-6)
Minimum
delay time
between
10.1
edge at
DATA and
DATA_CLK
Pulse width
of negative
10.2
pulse at pin
DATA_CLK
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
BR_Range =
BR_Range0
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
tDelay2
tP_DATA_CLK
A
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
37
19.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203, ATA8204, ATA8205
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 868.3MHz, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 315MHz, unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
170
290
µA
A
8.5
8.0
11.0
10.4
mA
mA
11 Current Consumption
11.1 Current consumption
Sleep mode
(XTO and polling logic active)
ISoff
IC active (start-up-, bit-check-,
receiving mode) Pin DATA = H
FSK
ASK
ISon
A
12 LNA, Mixer, Polyphase Low-pass and IF Amplifier (Input Matched According to Figure 14-1 on page 30 Referred to RFIN)
12.1 Third-order intercept point
LNA/mixer/IF amplifier
868MHz
433MHz
315MHz
12.2 LO spurious emission
Required according to I-ETS 300220
ISLORF
12.3 System noise figure
With power matching |S11| < –10dB
NF
–18
–23
–24
IIP3
–70
At 868.3MHz
12.4 LNA_IN input impedance
AT 433.92MHz
ZiLNA_IN
At 315MHz
12.5 1 dB compression point
At 868.3MHz
AT 433.92MHz
At 315MHz
12.6 Image rejection
Within the complete image band
IP1db
20
–57
dBm
C
dBm
A
B
5
dB
(14.15 –
j73.53)
Ω
(19.3 –
j113.3)
Ω
(26.97 –
j158.7)
Ω
–27.7
–32.7
–33.7
dBm
C
30
dB
A
–10
–10
dBm
dBm
C
870
436.5
317.5
MHz
MHz
MHz
A
–140
–143
–143
–130
–133
–133
dBC/Hz
B
–55
–45
dBC
B
C
-3
12.7 Maximum input level
BER ≤ 10 ,
FSK mode
ASK mode
Pin_max
13 Local Oscillator
13.1
Operating frequency range
VCO
ATA8205
ATA8204
ATA8203
13.2 Phase noise local oscillator
fosc = 868.3MHz at 10MHz
fosc = 433.92MHz at 10MHz
fosc = 315MHz at 10MHz
13.3 Spurious of the VCO
At ±fXTO
13.4 XTO pulling
XTO pulling,
appropriate load capacitance must
be connected to XTAL, crystal CL1
and CL2
fXTAL = 14.71875MHz (315MHz band)
fXTAL = 13.52875MHz (433MHz band)
fXTAL = 13.55234MHz (868MHz band)
13.5
Series resonance resistor of
the crystal
Parameter of the supplied crystal
fVCO
868
431.5
312.5
L (fm)
B
fXTO
RS
–10ppm
fXTAL
+10ppm
MHz
120
Ω
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
38
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
B
19.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203, ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 868.3MHz, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 315MHz, unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
13.6
Static capacitance at pin
XTAL1 to GND
Parameter of the supplied crystal and
board parasitics
CL1
–5%
18
+5%
pF
B
13.7
Static capacitance at pin
XTAL2 to GND
Parameter of the supplied crystal and
board parasitics
CL2
–5%
18
+5%
pF
B
1.5
kΩ
B
1.5
kΩ
B
C0 < 1.8pF, CL = 9pF
fXTAL = 14.71875MHz
Crystal series resistor Rm at
13.8
C0 < 2.0pF, CL = 9pF
start-up
fXTAL = 13.52875MHz
fXTAL = 13.55234MHz
14 Analog Signal Processing (Input Matched According to Figure 14-1 on page 30 Referred to RFIN)
Input sensitivity ASK
14.1 300 kHz IF Filter
(ATA8203/ATA8204)
Input sensitivity ASK
14.2 600 kHz IF Filter
(ATA8205)
ASK (level of carrier)
BER ≤ 10-3, 100% Mod
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz
VS = 5V, Tamb = 25°C
fIF = 987kHz
BR_Range0
PRef_ASK
–111
–113
–115
dBm
B
BR_Range1
–109.5
–111.5
–113.5
dBm
B
BR_Range2
–109
–111
–113
dBm
B
BR_Range3
–107
–109
–111
dBm
B
–109
–111
–113
dBm
B
BR_Range1
–107.5
–109.5
–111.5
dBm
B
BR_Range2
–107
–109
–111
dBm
B
BR_Range3
–105
–107
–109
dBm
B
ASK (level of carrier)
BER ≤ 10-3, 100% Mod
fin = 868.3MHz
VS = 5V, Tamb = 25°C
fIF = 948kHz
BR_Range0
Sensitivity variation ASK for
the full operating range
300kHz and 600kHz
compared to Tamb = 25°C,
14.3
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz/868.3MHz
VS = 5V
P
= PRef_ASK + ΔPRef
(ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 ASK
)
300 kHz version
(ATA8203/ATA8204)
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz
fIF = 987kHz
fIF = –110kHz to +110kHz
Sensitivity variation ASK for f = –140kHz to +140kHz
IF
full operating range including P
14.4
ASK = PRef_ASK + ΔPRef
IF filter compared to
600kHz
version (ATA8205)
Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V
fin = 868.3MHz
fIF = 948kHz
fIF = –210kHz to +210kHz
fIF = –270kHz to +270kHz
PASK = PRef_ASK + ΔPRef
PRef_ASK
ΔPRef
+2.5
–1.5
dB
B
ΔPRef
+7.5
+9.5
–1.5
–1.5
dB
dB
B
ΔPRef
+6.5
+8.5
–1.5
–1.5
dB
dB
B
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
39
19.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203, ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 868.3MHz, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 315MHz, unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Type*
BR_Range0
df = ±16kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±30kHz
PRef_FSK
–104
–102
–107
–108.5
–108.5
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range1
df = ±16kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±30kHz
PRef_FSK
–102
–100
–105
–106.5
–106.5
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range2
df = ±16kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±30kHz
PRef_FSK
–100.5
–98.5
–103.5
–105
–105
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range3
df = ±16kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±30kHz
PRef_FSK
–98.5
–96.5
–101.5
–103
–103
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range0
df = ±16kHz to ±28kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±100kHz
PRef_FSK
–102
–100
–105
–106.5
–106.5
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range1
df = ±16kHz ±28kHz
df = ±10kHz to ±100kHz
PRef_FSK
–100
–98
–103
–104.5
–104.5
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range2
df = ±18kHz ±31kHz
df = ±13kHz to ±100kHz
PRef_FSK
–98.5
–96.5
–101.5
–103
–103
dBm
dBm
B
BR_Range3
df = ±25kHz ±44kHz
df = ±20kHz to ±100kHz
PRef_FSK
–96.5
–94.5
–99.5
–101
–101
dBm
dBm
B
ΔPRef
+3
–1.5
dB
B
-3
BER ≤ 10
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz
VS = 5V, Tamb = 25°C
fIF = 987kHz
Input sensitivity FSK
14.5 300kHz IF filter
(ATA8203/ATA8204)
BER ≤ 10-3
fin = 868.3MHz
VS = 5V, Tamb = 25°C
fIF = 948kHz
Input sensitivity FSK
14.6 600kHz IF filter
(ATA8205)
Sensitivity variation FSK for
the full operating range
300kHz and 600kHz versions
compared to Tamb = 25°C,
14.7
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz/868.3MHz
VS = 5V
P
= PRef_FSK + ΔPRef
(ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 FSK
)
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
40
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
19.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203, ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 868.3MHz, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 315MHz, unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameters
Test Conditions
Symbol
300kHz version (ATA8203/ATA8204)
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz
fIF = 987kHz
fIF = –110kHz to +110kHz
fIF = –140kHz to +140kHz
fIF = –180kHz to +180kHz
PFSK = PRef_FSK + ΔPRef
Sensitivity variation FSK for
the full operating range
14.8 including IF filter compared to
600kHz version (ATA8205)
Tamb = 25°C,
fin = 868.3MHz
VS = 5V
fIF = 948kHz
fIF = –150kHz to +150kHz
fIF = –200kHz to +200kHz
fIF = –260kHz to +150kHz
PFSK = PRef_FSK + ΔPRef
ΔPRef
ΔPRef
S/N ratio to suppress in-band
noise signals. Noise signals ASK mode
14.9
may have any modulation
FSK mode
scheme
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
+8
+10
+13
–2
–2
–2
dB
dB
dB
+7
+9
+12
–2
–2
–2
dB
dB
dB
12
3
dB
dB
C
dB
A
V
A
mV/dB
A
kHz
B
nF
nF
nF
nF
C
1000
560
320
180
ms
ms
ms
ms
C
4.0
7.2
12.0
23.0
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
SNRASK
SNRFSK
10
2
Dynamic range RSSI
amplifier
ΔRRSSI
60
14.11 RSSI output voltage range
VRSSI
14.12 RSSI gain
GRSSI
14.10
1
--------------------------------------------------------Lower cut-off frequency of the f cu_DF = 2 × π × 30 kΩ × CDEM
14.13
data filter
fcu_DF
1
3.5
20
0.11
0.16
0.20
Type*
B
B
CDEM = 33nF
Recommended CDEM for
14.14
best performance
BR_Range0 (default)
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
Edge-to-edge time period of
14.15 the input data signal for full
sensitivity
BR_Range0 (default)
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
CDEM
tee_sig
Upper cut-off frequency
programmable in 4 ranges
using a serial mode word
Upper cut-off frequency data
14.16
BR_Range0 (default)
filter
BR_Range1
BR_Range2
BR_Range3
14.17 Reduced sensitivity
39
22
12
8.2
fu
270
156
89
50
2.8
4.8
8.0
15.0
3.4
6.0
10.0
19.0
300kHz version (ATA8203/ATA8204)
RSense connected from pin SENS
to VS, input matched according to
Figure 14-1 “Application Circuit,
fin = 315MHz/433.92MHz,
VS = 5V, Tamb = +25°C
B
dBm
(peak
level)
RSense = 56kΩ
PRef_Red
–71
–79
–86
dBm
B
RSense = 100kΩ
PRef_Red
–80
–88
–96
dBm
B
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
41
19.
Electrical Characteristics Atmel ATA8203, ATA8204, ATA8205 (Continued)
All parameters refer to GND, Tamb = 25°C, VS = 5V, f0 = 868.3MHz, f0 = 433.92MHz and f0 = 315MHz, unless otherwise specified.
No. Parameters
14.18 Reduced sensitivity
14.19
Test Conditions
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
600kHz version (ATA8205)
RSense connected from pin SENS
to VS, input matched according to
Figure 14-1 “Application Circuit,
fin = 868.3MHz,
VS = 5V, Tamb = +25°C
Unit
Type*
dBm
(peak
level)
RSense = 56kΩ
PRef_Red
–60
–68
–76
dBm
B
RSense = 100kΩ
PRef_Red
–69
–77
–85
dBm
B
ΔPRed
5
5
0
0
0
0
dB
dB
C
RSense = 56kΩ
Reduced sensitivity variation
RSense = 100kΩ
over full operating range
PRed = PRef_Red + ΔPRed
Values relative to RSense = 56kΩ
RSense = 56kΩ
Reduced sensitivity variation
14.20
RSense = 68kΩ
for different values of RSense
RSense = 82kΩ
RSense = 100kΩ
14.21 Threshold voltage for reset
0
–3.5
–6.0
–9.0
ΔPRed
VThRESET
1.95
dB
dB
dB
dB
C
2.8
3.75
V
A
0.35
0.08
0.8
0.3
20
20
45
85
V
V
V
µA
mA
°C
0.35 ×
VS
V
V
0.4
V
V
A
0.4
V
V
A
0.2 × VS
V
V
A
15 Digital Ports
Data output
- Saturation voltage Low
- max voltage at pin DATA
- quiescent current
15.1 - short-circuit current
- ambient temp. in case of
permanent short-circuit
Data input
- Input voltage Low
- Input voltage High
Iol ≤ 12mA
Iol = 2mA
Voh = 20V
Vol = 0.8V to 20V
Voh = 0V to 20V
Vol
Vol
Voh
Iqu
Iol_lim
tamb_sc
VIl
Vich
13
30
0.65 × VS
DATA_CLK output
15.2 - Saturation voltage Low
- Saturation voltage High
IDATA_CLK = 1mA
IDATA_CLK = –1mA
Vol
Voh
VS – 0.4V
0.1
VS –
0.15V
IC_ACTIVE output
15.3 - Saturation voltage Low
- Saturation voltage High
IIC_ACTIVE = 1mA
IIC_ACTIVE = –1mA
Vol
Voh
VS – 0.4
V
0.1
VS –
0.15V
POLLING/_ON input
15.4 - Low level input voltage
- High level input voltage
Receiving mode
Polling mode
VIl
VIh
0.8 × VS
VIh
0.8 × VS
15.5
MODE pin
- High level input voltage
Test input must always be set to High
15.6
TEST 1 pin
- Low level input voltage
Test input must always be set to Low
VIl
V
0.2 × VS
*) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter
42
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
V
A
A
A
20.
Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
Package
Remarks
ATA8203P3C-TKQW
SSO20
315MHz version, MOQ 4000
ATA8204P3C-TKQW
SSO20
433MHz version, MOQ 4000
ATA8205P6C-TKQW
SSO20
868MHz version, MOQ 4000
Package Information
E1
A
L
C
b
A2
D
A1
21.
E
e
20
11
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
Dimensions in mm
1
10
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
Symbol
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
0.9
1.0
1.1
A1
0.05
0.1
0.15
A2
0.85
0.9
0.95
D
6.4
6.5
6.6
E
6.3
6.4
6.5
E1
4.3
4.4
4.5
L
0.5
0.6
0.7
C
0.1
0.15
0.2
b
0.2
0.25
0.3
e
NOTE
0.65 BSC
04/16/14
TITLE
Package Drawing Contact:
[email protected]
Package: SSO20
4.4mm
GPC
DRAWING NO.
REV.
6.543-5182.01-4
1
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
43
22.
Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this
document.
Revision No.
9121D-INDCO-09/14
44
History
• Section 20 “Ordering Information” on page 44 updated
• Section 21 “Package Information” on page 44 updated
9121C-INDCO-12/12
• Section 20 “Ordering Information” on page 43 changed
9121B-INDCO-04/09
• Figure 1-1 “System Block Diagram” on page 2 changed
ATA8203/ATA8204/ATA8205 [DATASHEET]
9121D–INDCO–09/14
XXXXXX
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