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User manual
STSW-BAT001 open source driver for the STC3115
Aurelien Mazard
Introduction
The STC3115 open source driver is a ready-to-use, configurable software (STSW-BAT001) which
allows the STC3115 gas gauge IC to be rapidly integrated to the final system software. The driver is
split into five C language files and can be compiled with any operating system for any processor.
The STC3115 open source driver comes with a full API which uses simple input information to initialize
and control the STC3115 registers and RAM and return battery status information in a simple structure
to the system.
The open source driver is available for free to manage system requirements and to handle the
complexity of STC3115 initialization. It is intended only for example purposes.
This user manual describes the STC3115 open source driver (STSW-BAT001) package content,
capabilities, and correct usage. It also explains the step-by-step procedure to configure and integrate
the open source driver in a complete software architecture.
The figure below shows an overview of the STC3115 software driver architecture. No additional
software is needed to manage the STC3115.
Figure 1: STC3115 software driver architecture
Application
Main
STC3115
Driver.C
Application layer
STC3115 driver layer
STC3115 Driver.h
STC3115 Battery.h
STC3115
I2C.C
STC3115 intermediate
I2C layer
STC3115 I2C.h
Hardware driver layer
I2C dri ver
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Contents
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Contents
1
2
3
4
Software overview ........................................................................... 3
1.1
stc3115_Driver.c ............................................................................... 3
1.2
stc3115_Driver.h ............................................................................... 3
1.3
stc3115_Battery.h ............................................................................. 3
1.4
stc3115_I2C.c ................................................................................... 3
1.5
stc3115_I2C.h ................................................................................... 4
Software configuration ................................................................... 5
2.1
Battery parameters configuration ...................................................... 5
2.2
Application parameters configuration ................................................ 6
API overview .................................................................................... 7
3.1
Exchange data structures ................................................................. 7
3.2
Main functions of the API .................................................................. 8
3.3
Additional functions of the API .......................................................... 9
How to use the driver .................................................................... 11
4.1
Hardware initialization ..................................................................... 11
4.2
Software initialization ...................................................................... 11
4.3
Periodic update of the battery state................................................. 12
4.4
Stopping and resetting the STC3115 .............................................. 12
5
Code to call the API of the STC3115 open source driver ........... 13
6
Related documentation ................................................................. 14
7
Revision history ............................................................................ 15
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Software overview
Software overview
The STC3115 device is a battery monitoring IC which uses simple battery parameters and
system information to provide information on the battery state, such as the remaining
battery capacity, battery voltage, and battery current.
The STC3115 software driver package manages the STC3115 including device
configuration and battery information read back. Management and configuration of the
device is in accordance with battery and application events.
The STC3115 software driver package provides several files; the content of each is
described in the sections below. Their organization and connections are shown in Figure 1.
1.1
stc3115_Driver.c
This file contains the functions to initialize and report the battery state based on STC3115
algorithms. The functions include the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
1.2
2
Dedicated I C functions which are linked to the interface driver functions in the
2
stc3115_I2C.c file (see Section 1.4). The hardware system has to support multiple I C
access commands to guarantee data integrity during the 16-bit register read/write
operations.
The STC3115 driver's own functions which are contained in the first part of the
stc3115_Driver.c file. These functions should not be accessed by external functions.
Gas gauge functions which are the main interface functions and which have to be
used by the application to initialize, monitor, and stop the STC3115 device.
Power saving functions which can be used to manage the STC3115 operating mode
(mixed mode or voltage mode). Power saving functions have to be called by an
external program to change the STC3115 operating mode after STC3115 initialization.
Alarm management functions which have to be called to set, stop, get, clear, and
change the alarm thresholds after STC3115 initialization.
stc3115_Driver.h
This file defines the STC3115 constant numbers and the driver API structures and
functions as follows:
•
•
•
1.3
The STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure is filled by the driver with battery
configuration data from the stc3115_Battery.h (see Section 1.3) information.
The STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef structure is filled by the driver with the battery
state.
The RAMData structure is the RAM memory map description which is used internally
by the driver. This structure must not be modified by external accesses.
stc3115_Battery.h
This file is used to describe the battery and application configuration. It has to be filed with
battery and application data (see Section 2).
1.4
stc3115_I2C.c
2
This file is used to define the I C exchange functions between the STC3115 driver and the
2
2
application I C driver. This file has to be updated with the functions of the application I C
2
driver. The hardware system has to support multiple I C access commands to guarantee
data integrity during the 16-bit register read/write operations.
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stc3115_I2C.h
2
This file is used to declare the I C exchange functions between the STC3115 driver and the
2
application I C driver.
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Software configuration
Software configuration
Configuration of the STC3115 open source driver is done using the stc3115_Battery.h file.
This file allows the battery and application parameters to be configured with the minimum
variable set.
2.1
Battery parameters configuration
An extract of the stc3115_Battery.h file where battery parameters are defined is shown
below. A detailed explanation of the terms used in this code (CAPACITY, RINT, and
OCV_OFFSET_TAB) is also available below.
/*Battery parameters define ----------------------------------------*/
#define CAPACITY 1500 /* battery nominal capacity in mAh
*/
#define RINT 200 /* Internal battery impedance in mOhms,0 if unknown*/
#define OCV_OFFSET_TAB {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}
/* OCVTAB */
The CAPACITY parameter describes the typical battery capacity in mAh.
The RINT parameter describes the internal battery impedance in mOhm. The value has to
include battery cell impedance and battery security IC impedance. If the battery is
connected to the STC3115 by long and/or small wires, the wire impedance has also to be
included in this parameter. If this parameter is unknown, it can be declared as zero. In this
case, a default value of 200 mOhms is used for the RINT.
The OCV_OFFSET_TAB is the REG_OCVTAB register described in the STC3115
datasheet. This register can be filled by using the battery open circuit voltage (OCV) curve
(see AN4324). If the OCV adjustment table is set up at 0, the OCV curve used to monitor
the battery is the default OCV programmed in the STC3115 internal registers (see
STC3115 datasheet). This default configuration is adequate to maintain a functional
system. The OCV adjustment table must not be filled with any value below -127 or above
127.
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Software configuration
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Application parameters configuration
An extract of the stc3115_Battery.h file where the application parameters are defined is
shown below. A detailed explanation of the parameters used in this code (VMODE,
ALM_EN, ALM_SOC, ALM_VBAT, RSENSE, APP_EOC_CURRENT, and
APP_CUTOFF_VOLTAGE) is also available below.
/*Application parameters define ------------------------------------*/
#define VMODE MIXED_MODE/* running mode constant, VM_MODE or
MIXED_MODE*/
#define ALM_EN 0
/* Alarm enable constant, set at 1 to enable */
#define ALM_SOC 10
/* SOC alarm in %
*/
#define ALM_VBAT 3600 /* Voltage alarm in mV
*/
#define RSENSE 10
/* sense resistor in mOhms
*/
#define APP_EOC_CURRENT 75
/* end charge current in mA
*/
#define APP_CUTOFF_VOLTAGE 3000 /* application cut-off voltage in mV*/
The VMODE parameter describes the VMODE bit in the REG_MODE register
(see STC3115 datasheet). This parameter has to be set up as the default operating mode
of the application. It can be initialized with MIXED_MODE or VM_MODE. If mixed mode is
selected, an external sense resistor is mandatory to measure the battery current that is
flowing. Also, if mixed mode is selected, it is possible to switch to voltage mode after
STC3115 initialization (see Section 3: API overview)
The ALM_EN parameter is dedicated to the alarm. If the value of ALM_EN is set to 0, the
alarm is not enabled by default. Consequently, dedicated API alarm functions have to be
used to enable and configure the alarm. If the value of ALM_EN is set to 1, the alarm is
enabled by default and alarm thresholds such as ALM_SOC and ALM_VBAT (see below)
can be initialized.
The ALM_SOC parameter is an alarm threshold in % which is based on the state-of-charge
(SOC) value. If the alarm is enabled and the REG_SOC register is below the ALM_SOC
parameter, the alarm pin is driven low (active) automatically.
The ALM_VBAT parameter is an alarm threshold in mV which is based on the voltage
value. If the alarm is enabled and the REG_VOLTAGE register is below the ALM_VBAT
parameter, the alarm pin is driven low (active) automatically.
The RSENSE parameter is the sense resistor value in milliohms. This parameter can be a
value between 5 and 50 milliohms. If there is no sense resistor, RSENSE can be set to 0
but, in this case, VMODE must be set to 1 (VM_MODE).
The APP_EOC_CURRENT parameter has to be configured with a targeted end-of charge
(EOC) current in mA. Typically, the EOC current is equal to the battery capacity divided by
20. However, this value has to be set according to application charger behavior and can be
different to the standard value.
The APP_CUTOFF_VOTLAGE parameter has to be configured with the application
minimum voltage in mV. This value is the minimum voltage which cuts off the application.
Below this voltage, the STSW-BAT001 driver reports an SOC of 0 %, the application cuts
off and is thereby secured.
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API overview
API overview
The STC3115 open source driver comes with a full API which allows the driver to be more
easily used. The API is declared in the stc3115_Driver.h file and is described in the two
sections below. The first of these sections deals with exchange data structures which are
used to exchange information between the STC3115 layer and the upper software layer
(see Figure 1: "STC3115 software driver architecture"). The second section describes the
main functions of the API.
3.1
Exchange data structures
There are two exchange data structures:
•
•
STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef
STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef
They have to be created to exchange information between the STC3115 layer and the
upper software layer (see Figure 1: "STC3115 software driver architecture"). The
STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure is filled by the STSW-BAT001 driver based on
the stc3115_Driver.h file content. Its content is used to configure the STC3115. The
STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef structure is filled by the STSW-BAT001 driver and is
returned to the upper software layer with an updated battery state. It contains the battery
state information.
The text below shows an extract of the ConfigData code and the BatteryData code
respectively.
/*stc3115 configuration structure ----------------------------------- */
typedef struct {
int Vmode;
/* 1=Voltage mode, 0=mixed mode */
int Alm_SOC;
/* SOC alarm level in % */
int Alm_Vbat;
/* Vbat alarm level in mV */
int CC_cnf;
/* nominal battery CC_cnf */
int VM_cnf;
/* nominal battery VM cnf */
int Cnom;
/* nominal battery capacity in mAh */
int Rsense;
/* sense resistor in mOhms */
int RelaxCurrent;
/* relaxation current(< C/20) in mA */
unsigned char OCVOffset[16]; /* OCV curve adjustment in 0.55mV */
} STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef;
/*battery output structure -----------------------------------------typedef struct {
int status; /* STC3115 status registers
int HRSOC; /* battery relative SOC (%) in 1/512%
int SOC; /* battery relative SOC (%) in 0.1%
int Voltage; /* battery voltage in mV
int Current; /* battery current in mA
int Temperature; /* battery temperature in 0.1°C
int ConvCounter; /* STC3115 convertion counter in 0.5s
int OCV; /* battery relax voltage in mV
int Presence; /* battery presence
int ChargeValue; /* battery remaining capacity in mAh
int RemTime; /* battery remaining operating time during discharge
} STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef;
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*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
*/
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API overview
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Main functions of the API
Four main functions of the API are used to start, stop, and benefit from the battery
monitoring features of the STC3115. In general, these functions are sufficient to manage
the STC3115. The functions are described below:
int GasGauge_Initialization(STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef*,STC3115_BatteryData_
TypeDef*)
* Description: starts the STC3115 battery tracking algorithm system
* Input: algorithm parameters in the stc3115_Battery.h file
2
* Return: 0 means ok, -1 means the STC3115 is not found or because there is an I C error
* Result: initializes ConfigData and returns the early battery status in BatteryData
void GasGauge_Reset(void)
* Function name: GasGauge_Reset
* Description: resets the gas gauge system, this function must not be used frequently
* Input: none
2
* Return: 0 means ok, -1 means there is an I C error
int GasGauge_Stop(void)
* Function name: GasGauge_Stop
* Description: stops the gas gauge system and saves the context in the RAM of the
STC3115.
* Input: none
2
* Return: 0 means ok, -1 means there is an I C error
int GasGauge_Task(STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef*,STC3115_BatteryData_
TypeDef*)
* Function name: GasGauge_Task
* Description: periodic gas gauge task, to be called periodically (every 1 to 60 seconds)
* Input: STC315 ConfigData structure filled by GasGauge_Initialization function
* Return: 1 means data are available, 0 means no data are available, and -1 means there is
an error.
* Result: fills the BatteryData structure with the updated battery status
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3.3
API overview
Additional functions of the API
Several additional functions of the API are used to manage some features of the STC3115.
These functions have to be called after the GasGauge_Initialization function.
If the STC3115 is configured by default in MIXED MODE, the device can be set up in
power-saving mode on the fly while the application is running. This saves energy when the
application is in low power periods. The following two API functions concern power-saving
mode.
int STC3115_SetPowerSavingMode(void)
* Function name: STC3115_SetPowerSavingMode
* Description: sets power-saving mode
* Input: none
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
int STC3115_StopPowerSavingMode(void)
* Function name: STC3115_StopPowerSavingMode
* Description: stops power-saving mode
* Input: none
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
The STC3115 provides an alarm pin which can be used to report the battery status to the
application. This alarm pin can be managed by the following API functions:
int STC3115_AlarmSet(void)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmSet
* Description: sets the alarm function
* Input: none
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
int STC3115_AlarmStop(void)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmStop
* Description: stops the alarm function
* Input: none
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
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int STC3115_AlarmGet(void)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmGet
* Description: returns the alarm status
* Input: none
* Return: alarm status: 00 = no alarm, 01 = SOC alarm, 10 = voltage alarm, and 11 = SOC
and voltage alarm.
int STC3115_AlarmClear(void)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmClear
* Description: clears the alarm signal
* Input: none
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
int STC3115_AlarmSetVoltageThreshold(STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef*, int)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmSetVoltageThreshold
* Description: sets the alarm threshold
* Input: internal voltage threshold in mV
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
int STC3115_AlarmSetSOCThreshold(STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef*, int)
* Function name: STC3115_AlarmSetSOCThreshold
* Description: sets the alarm threshold
* Input: internal SOC threshold in %
* Return: error status (OK, !OK)
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How to use the driver
How to use the driver
There are three basic steps to using the driver. They are
•
•
•
Hardware initialization
Software initialization
Periodic update of the battery state
These steps are described in more detail in the three sections below.
4.1
Hardware initialization
1.
2.
4.2
2
Update the I2C_Write and I2C_Read functions in the stc3115_I2C.c file with the I C
driver functions of the application.
2
Initialize the STC3115 dedicated hardware externally from the driver (e.g. the I C
interface, GPIOs, etc).
Software initialization
1.
2.
3.
Fill the STC3115_Battery.h file with the battery and application parameters
Declare one STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure and one
STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef parameter structure.
At application start-up, call once only the GasGauge_Initialization function with uninitialized structures as parameters. This:
−
Fills the STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure with STC3115_Battery.h data.
−
Fills the STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef structure with the STC3115 algorithm
results which returns the battery state to the application.
GasGauge_initialization function
•
•
•
•
Initialize the software structures
Check the battery history, for example, is it a new battery, a swapped battery, or is the
battery already connected?
Initialize the STC3115 registers according to the battery history
Initialize the RAM memory of the STC3115 according to the battery history
GasGauge_initialization returns
•
•
2
(-1) indicates that the STC3115 cannot be accessed. Either the I C bus is not properly
configured or the STC3115 is not power supplied.
(0) indicates that initialization has been successful
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Periodic update of the battery state
Call the GasGauge_Task function when battery information is needed. Normally this is
every 1 to 30 seconds (no frequency accuracy is needed). Transfer the
STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure and the STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef
structure to the GasGauge_Task function.
The GasGauge_Task function:
•
•
Uses the STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef structure in case the STC3115 has to be
initialized again.
Fills the STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef structure with the STC3115 algorithm results
(which returns the battery state to the application).
GasGauge_Task function
•
•
•
Check the state of the STC3115, the battery, and the application
If the battery is ok, update the current battery data
Battery state information is returned
GasGauge_Task returns
•
•
•
4.4
Stopping and resetting the STC3115
1.
2.
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2
(-1) indicates that the STC3115 cannot be assessed. In other words, the I C bus is
busy, the STC3115 is not power supplied, or the BATD/CD pin is in high level state.
(0) indicates that only the battery SOC, voltage, and OCV data are available
(1) indicates that all STC3115_BatteryData_typeDef data are available
Call the GasGauge_Stop function during the application switch off sequence. This
stops the STC3115 and saves energy which, in turn, helps recover the battery context
during the next GasGauge_Initialization function.
Do not use the GasGauge_Reset function by default. This function should only be
called in abnormal use cases.
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Code to call the API of the STC3115 open source
driver
Code to call the API of the STC3115 open source
driver
The code below is an example of how to call the API of the STC3115 open source driver to
report battery information to the application.
#include "stc3115_Driver.h"
int main(void)
{
int i=0;
STC3115_ConfigData_TypeDef STC3115_ConfigData;
STC3115_BatteryData_TypeDef STC3115_BatteryData;
/* Initialize I2C and GPIO */
IO_Init();
/* Initialize Gas Gauge */
GasGauge_Initialization(&STC3115_ConfigData, &STC3115_BatteryData);
/* Read and print Gas Gauge values */
while(1){
/* Update Gas Gauge driver */
if(i == GASGAUGE_PERIOD){
GasGauge_Task(&STC3115_ConfigData, &STC3115_BatteryData);
printf("Vbat: %i mV, I=%i mA SoC=%i, C=%i, P=%i A=%i , CC=%d\r\n",
STC3115_BatteryData.Voltage,
STC3115_BatteryData.Voltage,
STC3115_BatteryData.Current,
STC3115_BatteryData.SOC,
STC3115_BatteryData.ChargeValue,
STC3115_BatteryData.Presence,
STC3115_BatteryData.status >> 13,
STC3115_BatteryData.ConvCounter);
i=0;
}
i++;
}
Return 0;
}
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Related documentation
6
Related documentation
•
•
•
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STC3115 datasheet: Gas gauge IC with alarm output for handheld applications
STSW-BAT001 data brief: STC3115 open source driver
AN4324: STC3115 system integration
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Revision history
Revision history
Table 1: Document revision history
Date
Revision
10-Dec-2014
1
Changes
Initial release.
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