Datasheet

austriamicrosystems AG
is now
ams AG
The technical content of this austriamicrosystems datasheet is still valid.
Contact information:
Headquarters:
ams AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
Tel: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
e-Mail: [email protected]
Please visit our website at www.ams.com
Da tas he et
A S11 23
C o n s t a n t - C u r r e n t , 1 6 - C h a n n e l L E D D r i v e r w i th D i a g n o s t i c s
2 Key Features
The AS1123 is designed to drive up to 16 LEDs through a fast serial
interface and features 16 output constant current drivers and an onchip diagnostic read-back function.
16 Constant-Current Output Channels
Excellent Output Current Accuracy
al
id
1 General Description
- Between Channels: <±3%
- Between Devices: <±3%
The high clock-frequency (up to 50MHz), adjustable output current,
and flexible serial interface makes the device perfectly suited for
high-volume transmission applications.
Output Current Per Channel: 0.5mA to 40mA
Output current is adjustable (up to 40mA/channel) using an external
resistor (REXT).
Over-Temperature, Open-LED, Shorted-LED
Diagnostic Functions
The serial interface with Schmitt trigger inputs includes an integrated
shift register. Additionally, an internal data register stores the currently displayed data.
Low-Current Test Mode
Global Fault Monitoring
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
The device features integrated diagnostics for overtemperature, open-LED, and shorted-LED conditions. Integrated
registers store global fault status information during load as well as
the detailed temperature/open-LED/shorted-LED diagnostics results.
The AS1123 also features a low-current diagnostic mode to minimize
display flicker during fault testing.
The AS1123 is available in a 24-pin QSOP and a 24-pin TQFN
(4x4mm) package.
Fast Serial Interface: 50MHz
Cascaded Configuration
Extremely Fast Output Drivers Suitable for PWM
Output Delay for controlling Inrush Current (on request)
24-pin QSOP and 24-pin TQFN (4x4mm) Package
3 Applications
The device is ideal for fixed- or slow-rolling displays using static or
multiplexed LED matrix and dimming functions, large LED matrix displays, mixed LED display and switch monitoring, displays in elevators, public transports (underground, trains, buses, taxis, airplanes,
etc.), large displays in stadiums and public areas, price indicators in
retail stores, promotional panels, bar-graph displays, industrial controller displays, white good panels, emergency light indicators, and
traffic signs.
Te
LD
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
OEN
REXT
Revision 1.00
OUTN15
OUTN14
OUTN13
OUTN12
OUTN11
OUTN10
OUTN9
OUTN8
OUTN7
OUTN6
AS1123
SDI
CLK
OUTN5
OUTN4
OUTN3
OUTN2
ch
ni
OUTN1
OUTN0
+VLED
ca
Figure 1. AS1123 - Typical Application Diagram
SDO
GND
VDD
1 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - P i n o u t
4 Pinout
Pin Assignments
18 OUTN4
OUTN12
2
AS1123
OUTN13
3
OUTN14
4
24-pin TQFN
(4x4mm)
OUTN15
5
QSOP
TQFN
1
10
2
11
3
12
4
13
5:20
1:5, 14:24
6
lv
1
2
3
4
5
GND
SDI
CLK
LD
OUTN0
OUTN1
OUTN2
OUTN3
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
OUTN7
VDD
Pin Name
OUTN4
OUTN5
OUTN6
10 11 12
CLK
9
SDI
8
Description
GND
Ground
SDI
Serial Data Input
CLK
Serial Data Clock. The rising edge of the CLK signal is used to clock data into and out of the
AS1123 shift register. In error mode, the rising edge of the CLK signal is used to switch error
modes.
LD
Serial Data Load. Pull-down Resistor
OUTN0:15
Output Current Drivers. These pins are used as LED drivers or for input sense for diagnostic
modes. Data is transferred to the data register at the rising edge of these pins.
OEN
Output Enable. Pull-up Resistor. The active-low pin OEN signal can always enable output drivers
to sink current independent of the AS1123 mode.
0 = Output drivers are enabled.
1 = Output drivers are disabled.
ni
21
13 LD
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Pin Number
24-pin QSOP
ca
Table 1. Pin Descriptions
AS1123
14 OUTN0
GND
SDO
7
Pin Descriptions
16 OUTN2
15 OUTN1
REXT
OEN 6
24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13
17 OUTN3
Exposed
Pad
al
id
1
OUTN8
24 23 22 21 20 19
OUTN11
OUTN11
OUTN10
OUTN9
VDD
REXT
SDO
OEN
OUTN15
OUTN14
OUTN13
OUTN12
OUTN5
OUTN6
OUTN7
OUTN8
OUTN9
OUTN10
Figure 2. Pin Assignments (Top View)
7
SDO
23
8
REXT
External Resistor Connection. This pin connects through the external resistor (REXT) to GND, to
setup the load current.
24
9
VDD
Positive Supply Voltage
-
Exposed
Pad
Te
ch
22
Serial Data Output. In normal mode SDO is latched out 8.5 clock cycles after SDI is latched in.
In global error detection mode this pin indicates the occurrence of a global error.
0 = Global error mode returned an error.
1 = No errors.
Exposed Pad. This pin also functions as a heat sink. Solder it to a large pad or to the circuit-board
ground plane to maximize power dissipation.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
2 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - A b s o l u t e M a x i m u m R a t i n g s
5 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed in Table 2 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of
the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in Section 6 Electrical Characteristics on page 4 is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Table 2. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Min
Max
Units
Comments
al
id
Parameter
Electrical Parameters
0
7
V
-0.4
VDD+0.4
V
Output Voltage
-0.4
7
V
2000
mA
24-pin QSOP package
2800
mA
24-pin TQFN (4x4mm) package
+100
mA
Norm: JEDEC 78
GND Pin Current
Electrostatic Discharge
-100
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Input Current (latch-up immunity)
lv
VDD to GND
Input Voltage
Electrostatic Discharge HBM
+/- 1
kV
Norm: MIL 883 E method 3015
Temperature Ranges and Storage Conditions
Thermal Resistance ΘJA
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature
-55
Package Body Temperature
Humidity
5
ºC/W
on PCB, 24-pin QSOP package
ºC/W
on PCB, 24-pin TQFN (4x4mm) package
150
°C
150
ºC
+260
ºC
The reflow peak soldering temperature (body temperature)
specified is in accordance with IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020
“Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity Classification for NonHermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices”.
The lead finish for Pb-free leaded packages is matte tin
(100% Sn).
85
%
Non-condensing
3
Represents a max. floor life time of 168h
Te
ch
ni
ca
Moisture Sensitive Level
88
23
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
3 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
6 Electrical Characteristics
VDD = +3.0V to +5.5V, Typical values are at TAMB = +25°(unless otherwise specified). All limits are guaranteed. The parameters with min and
max values are guaranteed with production tests or SQC (Statistical Quality Control) methods.
Table 3. Electrical Characteristics
Parameter
Condition
TAMB
Operating Ambient Temperature
-40
TJ
Operating Junction Temperature
-40
VDD
Supply Voltage
3.0
VDS
Output Voltage
IOH
OUTN0:15
0
OUTN0:15, VDD = 5V
0.5
SDO
-1.0
Output Current
IOL
SDO
VIH
Input Voltage
VIL
CLK, OEN, LD, SDI
Low Level
IDS(OFF)
Output Leakage Current
VOL
Output
Voltage
VOH
Max
Unit
+85
°C
+125
°C
5.5
V
5.5
V
40
mA
1.0
0.7 x
VDD
VDD +
0.3
-0.3
0.3 x
VDD
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
High Level
Typ
lv
IOUT
Min
al
id
Symbol
OEN = 1, VDS = 5.5V
1.5
IOL = +1.0mA
SDO
V
µA
0.4
IOH = -1.0mA
VDD 0.4V
38.8
V
Device-to-Device Average Output Current
from OUTN0 to OUTN15
VDS = 0.6V, VDD = Const.,
REXT = 470Ω
∆IAV1
Current Skew
(Between Channels)
VDS ≥ 0.6V, VDD = Const.,
REXT = 470Ω
IAV2
Device-to-Device Average Output Current
from OUTN0 to OUTN15
VDS = 0.5V, VDD > 3.3V,
REXT = 1.87kΩ
∆IAV2
Current Skew
(Between Channels)
VDS ≥ 0.5V, VDD = Const.,
REXT = 1.87kΩ
ILC
Low-Current Diagnosis Mode
VDS = 0.8V, VDD = 5.0V
%/∆VDS
Output Current vs.
Output Voltage Regulation
VDS within 1.0 and 3.0V @ IOUT = 40mA
±0.7
%/V
%/∆VDD
Output Current vs.
Supply Voltage Regulation
VDD within 3.0 and 5.0V
±0.2
%/V
RIN(UP)
Pullup Resistance
OEN
250
500
800
kΩ
Pulldown Resistance
LD
250
500
800
kΩ
0.3
0.45
V
VTHL
ni
RIN(DOWN)
ca
IAV1
Error Detection Threshold Voltage
ch
Error Detection Threshold Voltage
(Level1 = default)
Te
VTHH
TOV1
Error Detection Threshold Voltage
(Level2)
Supply Current
IDD(ON)
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
mA
±3
%
10.4
mA
±1
±4
%
0.6
0.8
mA
±1
9.6
0.4
0.25
VDD = 3.0V
1.6
VDD = 5.0V
2.7
VDD = 3.0V
2.4
VDD = 5.0V
4
Overtemperature Threshold Flag
IDD(OFF)
41.2
V
V
150
ºC
REXT = 470Ω, OUTN0:15 = Off
4
5.5
REXT = 1.87kΩ, OUTN0:15 = Off
2
3.5
REXT = 470Ω, OUTN0:15 = On
15
18
REXT = 1.87kΩ, OUTN0:15 = On
5
7
Revision 1.00
mA
4 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Switching Characteristics
VDD = 3.0 to 5.5V, VDS = 0.8V, VIH = VDD, VIL = GND, REXT = 940Ω, VLOAD = 4.0V, RLOAD = 64Ω, CLOAD = 10pF; The Switching Characteristics are guaranteed by design.
Table 4. Switching Characteristics for VDD = 5V
Propagation Delay Time
(Without Staggered Output Delay)
tSU(OE)
tGSW(ERROR)
tSU(ERROR)
tP(I/O)
tSW(ERROR)
fCLK
tP3,ON
tP3,OFF
Typ
5
250
250
Max
10
500
500
10
Output Rise Time of VOUT (Turn Off)
Output Fall Time of VOUT (Turn On)
Setup Time for SDI
Hold Time for SDI
Setup Time for LD
Hold Time for LD
OEN Time for Error Detection
Staggered Output Delay
(only for AS1123B)
Output Enable Setup Time
Global Error Switching Setup Time
Global Error Detection Setup Time
Propagation Delay Global Error Flag
Switching Time Global Error Flag
Clock Frequency (Cascade Operation)
Low-Current Test Mode
Propagation Delay Time
External Resistor Reaction Time
tREXT2,1
External Resistor Reaction Time
ca
tREXT2,1
*
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
lv
CLK Fall Time
tSTAG
15
15
500
OEN (@IOUT < 40mA)
*
tTESTING
CLK
LD
Pulse Width
CLK Rise Time
tSU(D)
tH(D)
tSU(L)
tH(L)
Min
Propagation Delay Time
*
tF
tOR
tOF
Conditions
CLK - SDO
LD - OUTNn
OEN - OUTNn
500
ns
500
ns
tbd
tbd
500
500
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
20
40
ns
3
0.05
5
10
30
5
0.1
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
MHz
µs
µs
0.5
1
µs
0.5
1
µs
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
tR
Parameter
al
id
Symbol
tP1
tP2
tP3
tP4
tW(CLK)
tW(L)
tW(OE)
5
5
5
5
2000
20
10
10
Turn ON
Turn OFF
Change from REXT1 = 470Ω, IOUT1 = 40mA to
REXT2 = 4.7kΩ, IOUT2 = 4mA
Change from REXT1 = 4.7kΩ, IOUT1 = 4mA to
REXT2 = 470Ω, IOUT2 = 40mA
Te
ch
ni
If multiple AS1123 devices are cascaded and tr or tf is large, it may be critical to achieve the timing required for data transfer between two cascaded LED drivers.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
5 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
7 Typical Operating Characteristics
VDD = +3.0V to +5.5V, TAMB = 25ºC (unless otherwise specified).
Figure 3. Output Current vs. Output Voltage
Figure 4. ICOC vs. Supply Voltage; REXT = 470Ω
42
30
20
Iout = 10mA (1.8kΩ)
10
Iout = 4mA (4.7kΩ)
al
id
Iout = 40mA (470Ω)
40
41.5
41
40.5
40
lv
Constant Output Current (mA)
50
39.5
39
38.5
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Constant Output Current (mA)
60
38
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3
3.25
3.5
Figure 5. ICOC vs. Temperature; REXT = 470Ω
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
Figure 6. ICOC vs. Temperature; REXT = 1.8kΩ
Constant Output Current (mA)
12
41.5
41
40.5
40
39.5
39
38.5
38
11.5
11
10.5
10
9.5
9
8.5
8
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
ca
Constant Output Current (mA)
42
3.75
Supply Voltage (V)
Output Voltage (V)
Temperature (ΣC)
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
Temperature (ΣC)
ni
Figure 7. LED Error Detection Threshold vs. Supply Voltage
Vthh - Level 1 (default)
ch
Error Detection Threshold (mV)
5
Vthh - Level 2
4
Vthl
Te
3
2
1
0
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
Supply Voltage (V)
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
6 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8 Detailed Description
The AS1123 is designed to drive up to 16 LEDs through a fast serial interface and 16 constant-current output drivers. Furthermore, the AS1123
provides diagnostics for detecting open- or shorted-LEDs, as well as over-temperature conditions for LED display systems, especially LED traffic
sign applications.
al
id
The AS1123 contains an 16-bit shift register and an 16-bit data register, which convert serial input data into parallel output format. At AS1123 output stages, sixteen regulated current sinks are designed to provide uniform and constant current with excellent matching between ports for driving LEDs within a wide range of forward voltage variations. External output current is adjustable from 0.5 to 40mA using an external resistor for
flexibility in controlling the brightness intensity of LEDs. The AS1123 guarantees to endure 5.5V maximum at the outputs.
The serial interface is capable of operating at a minimum of 30 MHz, satisfying the requirements of high-volume data transmission.
lv
Using a multiplexed input/output technique, the AS1123 adds additional functionality to pins SDO, LD and OEN. These pins provide highly useful
functions (open- and shorted-LED detection, over-temperature detection), thus reducing pin count. Over-temperature detection will work on-therun, whereas the open- and shorted-LED detection can be used on-the-run or in low-current diagnostic mode (see page 14).
Figure 8. AS1123 - Block Diagram
Temperature
Detection
REXT
16-Bit Open
Detection &
Error Register
16-Bit Short
Detection &
Error Register
OUTN15
OUTN14
OUTN13
OUTN12
OUTN11
OUTN10
OUTN9
OUTN8
OUTN7
OUTN6
OUTN5
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
OUTN4
OUTN3
OUTN2
OUTN1
OUTN0
+VLED
AS1123
Current
Generators
OEN
LD
16-Bit Data
Register
CLK
Detailed
Error
Detection
Global
Error
Detection
ca
16-Bit Shift
Register
Control Logic
ni
SDI
Te
ch
SDO
Indicates 16 Bit
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
7 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Serial Interface
Data accesses are made serially via pins SDI and SDO. At each CLK rising edge, the signal present at pin SDI is shifted into the first bit of the
internal shift register and the other bits are shifted ahead of the first bit. The MSB is the first bit to be clocked in. In error-detection mode the shift
register will latch-in the corresponding error data of temperature-, open-, and short-error register with each falling edge of LD.
The 16-bit data register will latch the data of the shift register at each rising edge of LD. This data is then used to drive the current generator output drivers to switch on the corresponding LEDs as OEN goes low.
al
id
Timing Diagrams
This section contains timing diagrams referenced in other sections of this data sheet.
Figure 9. Normal Mode Timing Diagram
50%
CLK
SDI
50%
SDO
50%
tH(D)
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
tSU(D)
50%
lv
tW(CLK)
50%
50%
tP1
tW(L)
LD
50%
50%
tSU(L)
OEN
tH(L)
OEN Low = Output Enabled
OUTNx
OUTNx High = Output Off
50%
OUTNx Low = Output On
ca
tP2
Figure 10. Output Delay Timing Diagram
ni
OEN
tW(OE)
50%
50%
tP3
90%
50%
10%
tOF
tP3
90%
50%
10%
tOR
Te
ch
OUTN0:15
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
8 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Figure 11. Data Input Timing Diagram
OEN
tW(OE)
tSU(L)
LD
tW(L)
al
id
16 CLK Pulses
CLK
Data Bit
15
Data Bit
14
Data Bit
13
Data Bit
12
Data Bit Data Bit
n
2
Data Bit
1
lv
tSU(D)
SDI0
Data Bit
0
Don’t Care
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
tH(D)
Old Data Old Data Old Data Old Data Old Data Old Data Old Data Old Data
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit n
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
SDO0
tSU(OE)
Don’t Care
tP1
Figure 12. Data Input Example Timing Diagram
Time 0
CLK
SDI
OEN
OUTN0
OUTN1
OUTN2
3
4
5
D12 D11 D10
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
D9
D8
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
ca
OUTN3
OUTN4
OUTN5
ni
OUTN6
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
ch
OUTN8
2
D15 D14 D13
LD
OUTN7
1
OUTN9
OUTN10
OUTN11
Te
OUTN12
OUTN13
OUTN14
OUTN15
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
9 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Figure 13. Switching Global Error Mode Timing Diagram
tTESTING
OEN
tGSW(ERROR)
tGSW(ERROR)
tSU(ERROR)
tP(I/O)
tP(I/O)
al
id
tP(I/O)
tGSW(ERROR)
CLK
TFLAG(IN)
SDI
Don’t
Care
SFLAG(IN)
Don’t
Care
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Don’t
Care
SDO
OFLAG(IN)
lv
LD
Acquisition of
Error Status
tP4
TFLAG
OFLAG
tSW(ERROR)
SFLAG
tSW(ERROR)
Error-Detection Mode
Acquisition of the error status occurs at the rising edge of OEN. Error-detection mode is started on the rising edge of LD when OEN is high. The
CLK signal must be low when entering error detection mode. Error detection for open- and shorted-LEDs can only be performed for LEDs that
are switched on during test time. To switch between error-detection modes clock pulses are needed (see Table 5).
Note: To test all LEDs, a test pattern that turns on all LEDs must be input to the AS1123.
Global Error Mode
Global error mode is entered when error-detection mode is started. Clock pulses during this period are used to select between temperature,
open-LED, and shorted-LED tests, as well as low-current diagnostic mode and shutdown mode (see Table 5). In global error mode, an error flag
(TFLAG, OFLAG, SFLAG) is delivered to pin SDO if any errors are encountered.
Clock
Pulses
Output Port
0
Don't Care
1
Enabled
ca
Table 5. Global Error Mode Selections
2
Enabled
Shorted-LED Detection
Error-Detection Mode
Over-Temperature Detection
ch
ni
Open-LED Detection
Don't Care
Low-Current Diagnostic Mode
4
Don't Care
VTHH Level
TFLAG = SDO = 1: No over-temperature warning.
TFLAG = SDO = 0: Over-temperature warning.
OFLAG = SDO = 1: No open-LED error.
OFLAG = SDO = 0: Open-LED error.
SFLAG = SDO = 1: No shorted-LED error.
SFLAG = SDO = 0: Shorted-LED error.
SDI = 1: Level1, VTHH set to 54% VDD (default)
SDI = 0: Level2, VTHH set to 80% VDD
Te
3
Global Error Flag/Shutdown Condition
Note: For a valid result SDI must be 1 for the first device.
If there are multiple AS1123s in a chain, the error flag will be gated through all devices. To get a valid result at the end of the chain, a logic 1 must
be applied to the SDI input of the first device of the chain. If one device produces an error this error will show up after n*tP(I/O) + tSW(ERROR) at
pin SDO of the last device in the chain. This means it is not possible to identify which device in the chain produced the error. Therefore, if a global
error occurs, the detailed error report can be run to identify which AS1123, or LED produced the error.
Note: When no error has occurred, the detailed error report can be skipped, setting LD and subsequently OEN low.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
10 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Error Detection Functions
Open-LED Detection
The AS1123 open-LED detection is based on the comparison between VDS and VTHL. The open LED status is aquired at the rising edge of
OEN and stored internally. While detecting open-LEDs the output port must be turned on. Open LED detection can be started with 1 clock pulse
during error detection mode while the output port is turned on.
Note: LEDs which are turned off at test time cannot be tested and will be shown as a logic 1 in the detailed error report.
Effective Output
Point Conditions
VDS < VTHL
VDS > VTHL
Output Port State
On
On
al
id
Table 6. Open LED Detection Modes
Detected Open-LED
Error Status Code
0
1
Open Circuit
Normal
lv
Shorted-LED
Meaning
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
The AS1123 shorted-LED detection is based on the comparison between VDS and VTHH. The shortened LED status is acquired at the rising
edge of OEN and stored internally. While detecting shorted-LEDs the output port must be turned on. Shorted-LED detection can be started with
2 clock pulses during error detection mode while the output port is turned on.
For valid results, the voltage at OUTN0:OUTN15 must be lower then VTHH under low-current diagnostic mode operating conditions. This can be
achieved by reducing the VLED voltage or by adding additional diodes, resistors or LED’s.
Note: LEDs which are turned off at test time cannot be tested and will be shown as a logic 1 in the detailed error report.
Table 7. Shorted LED Detection Modes
Output Port State
On
On
Overtemperature
Effective Output
Point Conditions
VDS > VTHH
VDS < VTHH
Detected Shorted-LED
Error Status Code
0
1
Meaning
Short Circuit
Normal
Thermal protection for the AS1123 is provided by continuously monitoring the device’s core temperature. The overtemperature status is acquired
at the rising edge of OEN and stored internally.
Table 8. Overtemperature Modes
Output Port State
Detected Overtemperature
Status Code
0
1
Meaning
Overtemperature Condition
Normal
Te
ch
ni
ca
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Effective Output
Point Conditions
Temperature > TOV1
Temperature < TOV1
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
11 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Detailed Error Reports
The detailed error report can be read out after global error mode has been run. At the falling edge of LD, the detailed error report of the selected
test is latched into the shift register and can be clocked out with n*16 clock cycles (n is the number of AS1123s in a chain) via pin SDO. At the
same time new data can be written into the shift register, which is loaded on the next rising edge of pin LD. This pattern is shown at the output
drivers, at the falling edge of OEN.
Detailed Temperature Warning Report
al
id
The detailed temperature warning report can be read out immediately after global error mode has been run. SDI must be 1 for the first device.
Bit0 of the 16bit data word represents the temperature flag of the chip.
Figure 14. Detailed Temperature Warning Report Timing Diagram
Global Flag Readout
Detailed Error Report Readout
lv
OEN
tH(L)
tGSW(ERROR)
LD
CLK
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
t(SU)ERROR
tP4
DBit15
SDI
DBit14
DBit13 DBit12
DBitn
DBit2
DBit1
DBit0
Don’t
Care
New Data Input
TFLAG
SDO
tP4
Undefined
Temperature Error Report Output
TBit0
Don’t
Care
tP1
For detailed timing information see Timing Diagrams on page 8.
Detailed Temperature Warning Report Example:
Consider a case where four AS1123s are cascaded in one chain. The detailed error report lists the temperatures for each device in the chain:
IC1:[70°] IC2:[85°] IC3:[170°] IC4:[60°]
In this case, IC3 is overheated and will generate a global error, and therefore 4*16 clock cycles are needed to write out the detailed temperature
warning report, and optionally read in new data. The detailed temperature warning report would look like this:
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX1 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX1 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX0 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX1
ca
The 0 in the detailed temperature warning report indicates that IC3 is the device with the over-temperature condition.
Te
ch
ni
Note: In an actual report there are no spaces in the output.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
12 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Detailed Open-LED Error Report
The detailed open-LED error report can be read out immediately after global error mode has been run. SDI must be 1 for the first device.
Figure 15. Detailed Open-LED Error Report Timing Diagram
Global Flag Readout
Detailed Error Report Readout
tTESTING
LD
al
id
OEN
tH(L)
tSU(ERROR)
tGSW(ERROR)
tP4
CLK
tSW(ERROR)
DBit14 DBit13 DBit12 DBitn
DBit2
DBit1
Don’t
Care
DBit0
New Data Input
TFlag
SDO
DBit15
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
SDI
Acquisition of
Error Status
tGSW(ERROR)
lv
tGSW(ERROR)
OFlag
OBit15 OBit14 OBit13 OBit12 OBitn
tP4
OBit2
Open Error Report Output
OBit1
OBit0
Don’t
Care
tP1
For detailed timing information see Timing Diagrams on page 8.
Detailed Open-LED Error Report Example:
Consider a case where three AS1123s are cascaded in one chain. A 1 indicates a LED is on, a 0 indicates a LED is off, and an X indicates an
open LED. The open-LED test is only applied to LEDs that are turned on. This test is used with a test pattern where all LEDs are on at test time.
IC1:[1111111111111111] IC2:[111XX11111111X11] IC3:[1111111111111111]
IC2 has three open LEDs switched on due to input. 3*16 clock cycles are needed to write the entire error code out. The detailed error report
would look like this:
Input Data:
1111111111111111
1111111111111111
11111111 11111111
LED Status:
1111111111111111
111XX11111111X11
11111111 11111111
Failure Code: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1110011111111011
111111 1111111111
ca
Comparing this report with the input data indicates that IC2 is the device with two open LEDs at position 4 and 5 and one open LED at position
14. For such a test it is recommended to enter low-current diagnostic mode first (see Low-Current Diagnostic Mode on page 14) to reduce screen
flickering.
This test can be used also on-the-fly without using an all 1s test pattern (see Figure 19 on page 16).
Te
ch
ni
Note: In an actual report there are no spaces in the output. LEDs turned off during test time cannot be tested and will show a logic 1 in the
detailed error report.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
13 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Detailed Shorted-LED Error Report
The detailed shorted-LED error report can be read out immediately after global error mode has been run (see Global Error Mode on page 10).
SDI must be 1 for the first device.
Figure 16. Detailed Shorted-LED Error Report Timing Diagram
Global Flag Readout
Detailed Error Report Readout
al
id
OEN
LD
tSU(ERROR)
tH(L)
tGSW(ERROR)
tP4
tGSW(ERROR)
CLK
SDI
DBit15
tSW(ERROR)
TTFLAG
FLAG OFLAG
SDO
DBit14 DBit13 DBit12
DBitn
DBit2
DBit1
Don’t
Care
DBit0
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Acquisition of
Error Status
tGSW(ERROR)
lv
tTESTING
New Data Input
SBit15
SFLAG
SBit14 SBit13 SBit12
SBitn
SBit2
SBit1
Shorted-LED Error Report Output
tP4
SBit0
Don’t
Care
tP1
For detailed timing information see Timing Diagrams on page 8.
Detailed Shorted-LED Error Report Example
Consider a case where three AS1123s are cascaded in one chain. A 1 indicates a LED is on, a 0 indicates a LED is off, and an X indicates a
shorted LED. This test is used on-the-fly.
IC1:[11111XX111111111] IC2:[1111111111111111] IC3:[X100011111111111]
IC1 has two shorted LEDs which are switched on, IC3 has one shorted LED switched off due to input. 3*16 clock cycles are needed to write the
entire error code out. The detailed error report would look like this:
1111111111111111
1111111111111111
0100011111111111
LED Status:
11111XX111111111
1111111111111111
X1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Failure Code:
1111100111111111
1111111111111111
1111111111111111
ca
Input Data:
ni
Showing IC1 as the device with two shorted LEDs at position 6 and 7, and IC3 with one shorted LED at position 1. The shorted LED at position 1
of IC3 cannot be detected, since LEDs turned off at test time are not tested and will show a logic "1" at the detailed error report. To test all LEDs
this test should be run with an all 1s test pattern. For a test with an all on test pattern, low-current diagnostic mode should be entered first to
reduce on-screen flickering.
ch
Note: In an actual report there are no spaces in the output. LEDs turned off during test time cannot be tested and will show a logic 1 in the
detailed error report.
Low-Current Diagnostic Mode
Te
To run the open- or shorted-LED test, a test pattern must be used that will turn on each LED to be tested. This test pattern will cause a short
flicker on the screen while the test is being performed. The low-current diagnostic mode can be initiated prior to running a detailed error report to
reduce this on-screen flickering.
Note: Normally, displays using such a diagnostic mode require additional cables, resistors, and other components to reduce the current. The
AS1123 has this current-reduction capability built-in, thereby minimizing the number of external components required.
Low-current diagnostic mode can be initiated via 3 clock pulses during error-detection mode. After the falling edge of LD, a test pattern displaying
all 1s can be written to the shift register which will be used for the next error-detection test.
On the next falling edge of OEN, current is reduced to ILC. With the next rising edge of OEN the current will immediately increase to normal levels and the detailed error report can be read out entering error-detection mode.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
14 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Figure 17. Switching into Low-Current Diagnostic Mode Timing Diagram
Low-Current
Diagnosis Mode
OEN
tTESTING
tGSW(ERROR)
tH(L)
CLK
tGSW(ERROR)
tSW(ERROR)
SDI
Re-entering Error Detection
Mode
(see Figure 15 on page 13)
(see Figure 16 on page 14)
lv
SDO
Don’t
Care
TFLAG OFLAG SFLAG
al
id
Load Internal all 1s
Test Pattern
(optional)
tSU(ERROR)
LD
Normal Operation Current
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
tP1
For detailed timing information see Timing Diagrams on page 8.
VTHH Level
Two different threshold levels of the error detection can be set via a bit. The bit can be entered via 4 clock pulses during error-detection mode. To
set level 2 (VTHH is 80% of Vdd) a 0 must be placed at SDI after the rising edge of the 3rd clock pulse.
To set level 1 (VTHH is 54% of Vdd) a 1 must be placed at SDI after the 3rd clock pulse. The level 1/level 2 information will be latched through if
multiple AS1123 devices are in a chain. At the rising edge of the 4th clock pulse the bit will be read out and the AS1123 is set to Level1 or Level2.
Figure 18. VTHH Level Timing Diagram
OEN
LD
tSU(ERROR)
1 = Level1
ni
ch
SDI
ca
CLK
1 = Level1
TFLAG
OFLAG
SFLAG
tP4
0 = Level2
tSU(D)
Te
SDO
0 = Levle2
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
15 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9 Application Information
Error Detection
The AS1123 features two types of error detection. The error detection can be used on-the-fly, for active LEDs, without any delay, or by entering
into low-current diagnosis mode.
Error Detection On-The-Fly
al
id
Error detection on-the-fly will output the status of active LEDs during operation. Without choosing an error mode this will output the temperature
flag at every input/output cycle. Triggering one clock pulse for open or two clock pulses for short detection during error detection mode outputs
the detailed open- or short-error report with the next input/output cycle (see Figure 19). LEDs turned off at test time are not tested and will show
a logic "1" at the detailed error report.
Display
Data1
Data2
SDI
Data2
Data3
SDO
T/O or S Error Code
Data0
Data3
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Data4
T/O or S Error Code
Data1
GEF
Clock for Error
Mode 0x/1x/2x
CLK
OEN
lv
Figure 19. Normal Operation with Error Detection During Operation – 64 Cascaded AS1123s
T/O or S Error Code
Data2
GEF
Clock for Error
Mode 0x/1x/2x
1024x
1024x
1024x
Rising Edge of OEN
Acquisition of Error Status
Rising Edge of OEN
Acquisition of Error Status
Falling Edge of LD; Error Register is copied into Shift Register
LD
Falling Edge of LD; Error Register is copied into Shift Register
≤ 40mA
Current
GEF = Global Error Flag
Error Detection with Low-Current Diagnosis Mode
This unique feature of the AS1123 uses an internal all 1s test pattern for a flicker free diagnosis of all LEDs. This error detection mode can be
started at the end of each input cycle (see Figure 20).
ca
Figure 20. Low-Current Diagnosis Mode with Internal All 1s Test Pattern – 64 Cascaded AS1123s
Data0
Data1
T/O or S Error Code
Data0
ch
SDO
ni
Display
SDI
1024x
OEN
Rising Edge of OEN
Acquisition of Error Status
Te
CLK
Data1
Data2
Data2
Data3
O or S Error Code from
GEF
All 1s Test Pattern
GEF
GEF
Temperature Error Code
3x Clocks Low- Clock for Error
Current Mode Mode 1x/2x
1024x
1024x
Use Internal All 1s Falling Edge LD; Error Register
is copied into Shift Register
Test Pattern
LD
Current
Low-Current Diagnosis Mode
≤ 40mA
≤ 40mA
≤ 0.8mA
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
GEF = Global Error Flag
Revision 1.00
16 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
The last pattern written into the shift register will be saved before starting low-current diagnosis mode and can be displayed immediately after the
test has been performed.
Low-current diagnostic mode is started with 3 clock pulses during error detection mode. Then OEN should be enabled for ≥2µs for testing. With
the rising edge of OEN the LED test is stopped, and while LD is high the desired error mode can be selected with the corresponding clock
pulses. After LD and OEN go low again the previously saved pattern can be displayed at the outputs.
With the next data input the detailed error code will be clocked out at pin SDO.
al
id
Note: See Figure 21 for use of an external test pattern.
Figure 21. Low-Current Diagnosis Mode with External Test Pattern – 64 Cascaded AS1123s
Low-Current Diagnosis Mode
Display
Data2
T/O or S Error Code
Data0
SDO
CLK
O or S Error Code
from Test Pattern
GEF
3x Clocks
Low-Current
Mode
Data3
lv
Data2
External all 1s Test Pattern
Temperature Error Code
GEF
Clock for Error
Mode 1x/2x
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
SDI
Data1
1024x
1024x
1024x
Rising Edge of OEN
Acquisition of Error Status
OEN
Falling Edge LD; Error Register is copied into Shift Register
LD
Current
≤ 40mA
≤ 40mA
≤ 0.8mA
GEF = Global Error Flag
Cascading Devices
To cascade multiple AS1123 devices, pin SDO must be connected to pin SDI of the next AS1123 (see Figure 22). At each rising edge of CLK the
LSB of the shift register will be written into the shift register SDI of the next AS1123 in the chain.
Note: When n*AS1123 devices are in one chain, n*16 clock pulses are needed to latch-in the input data.
SDI
AS1123 #1
ch
SDI
ni
ca
Figure 22. Cascading AS1123 Devices
CLK
LD
SDO SDI
OEN
AS1123 #2
CLK
LD
SDO
OEN
SDI
AS1123 #n-1
CLK
LD
SDO
OEN
Te
CLK
LD
OEN
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
17 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
Constant Current
In LED display applications, the AS1123 provides virtually no current variations from channel-to-channel and from AS1123-to-AS1123. This is
mostly due to 2 factors:
While IOUT ³ 10mA, the maximum current skew is less than ±3% between channels and less than ±3% between AS1123 devices.
In the saturation region, the characteristic curve of the output stage is flat. Thus, the output current can be kept constant regardless of the
variations of LED forward voltages (VF).
al
id
Adjusting Output Current
The AS1123 scales up the reference current (IREF) set by external resistor (REXT) to sink a current (IOUT) at each output port. As shown the
output current in the saturation region is extremely flat so that it is possible to define it as target current (IOUT TARGET). IOUT TARGET can be
calculated by:
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Where:
REXT is the resistance of the external resistor connected to pin REXT.
VREXT is the voltage on pin REXT.
(EQ 1)
(EQ 2)
(EQ 3)
lv
VREXT = 1.253V
IREF = VREXT/REXT (if the other end of REXT is connected to ground)
IOUT TARGET = IREF*15 = (1.253V/REXT)*15
The magnitude of current (as a function of REXT) is around 40mA at 470Ω and 20mA at 940Ω.
Package Power Dissipation
The maximum allowable package power dissipation (PD) is determined as:
PD(MAX) = (TJ-TAMB)/RTH(J-A)
When 16 output channels are turned on simultaneously, the actual package power dissipation is:
PD(ACT) = (IDD*VDD) + (IOUT*Duty*VDS*16)
(EQ 4)
(EQ 5)
Therefore, to keep PD(ACT) ≤ PD(MAX), the maximum allowed output current as a function of duty cycle is:
IOUT = {[(TJ-TAMB)/RTH(J-A)]-(IDD*VDD)}/VDS/Duty/16
Where:
TJ = -40°C to +125°C
(EQ 6)
Delayed Outputs (only for AS1123B)
The AS1123B has graduated delay circuits between outputs. These delay circuits can be found between OUTNn and the constant current block.
ca
The fixed delay time is 20 ns (typ) where OUTN0:3 has no delay, OUTN4:7 has 20ns delay, OUTN8:11 has 40ns delay and OUTN12:15 has
60ns delay. This delay prevents large inrush currents, which reduce power supply bypass capacitor requirements when the outputs turn on.
Switching-Noise Reduction
ni
LED drivers are frequently used in switch-mode applications which normally exhibit switching noise due to parasitic inductance on the PCB.
Load Supply Voltage
ch
Considering the package power dissipation limits, the AS1123 should be operated within the range of VDS = 0.4 to 1.0V.
For example, if VLED is higher than 5V, VDS may be so high that PD(ACT) > PD(MAX) where VDS = VLED - VF. In this case, the lowest possible
supply voltage or a voltage reducer (VDROP) should be used. The voltage reducer allows
VDS = (VLED -VF) - VDROP.
Te
Note: Resistors or zener diodes can be used as a voltage reducer as shown in Figure 23 on page 19.
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
18 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
Figure 23. Voltage Reducer using Resistor (Left) and Zener Diode (Right)
Voltage Supply
}
VLED
VDROP
VDROP
{
VF
VF
VDS
VLED
VDS
AS1123
Te
ch
ni
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
AS1123
al
id
Voltage Supply
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
19 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
10 Package Drawings and Markings
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
al
id
Figure 24. 24-pin QSOP Marking
Figure 25. 24-pin TQFN (4x4mm) Marking
Table 9. Packaging Code YYWWRZZ or YYWWXZZ
WW
R/X
ZZ
manufacturing week
plant identifier
free choice / traceability code
ca
YY
Te
ch
ni
last two digits of the current year
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
20 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
Te
ch
ni
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
al
id
Figure 26. 24-pin TQFN (4x4mm) Package
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
21 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet
Te
ch
ni
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
al
id
Figure 27. 24-pin QSOP Package
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
22 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
11 Ordering Information
The device is available as the standard products shown in Table 10.
Table 10. Ordering Information
Description
Delivery Form
Package
AS1123-BQFT
AS1123
Constant-Current, 16-Channel LED Driver with
Diagnostics
Tape and Reel
24-pin TQFN (4x4mm)
AS1123-BTST
AS1123
Constant-Current, 16-Channel LED Driver with
Diagnostics
Tape and Reel
24-pin QSOP
AS1123B*
AS1123B
Constant-Current, 16-Channel LED Driver with
Diagnostics with controlled inrush Current
Tape and Reel
tbd
*) on request
Note: All products are RoHS compliant and austriamicrosystems green.
Buy our products or get free samples online at ICdirect: http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/ICdirect
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Technical Support is found at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/Technical-Support
al
id
Marking
lv
Ordering Code
Te
ch
ni
ca
For further information and requests, please contact us mailto:[email protected]
or find your local distributor at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/distributor
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
23 - 24
AS1123
Datasheet
Copyrights
Copyright © 1997-2011, austriamicrosystems AG, Tobelbaderstrasse 30, 8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria-Europe. Trademarks Registered ®.
All rights reserved. The material herein may not be reproduced, adapted, merged, translated, stored, or used without the prior written consent of
the copyright owner.
All products and companies mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
al
id
Disclaimer
lv
Devices sold by austriamicrosystems AG are covered by the warranty and patent indemnification provisions appearing in its Term of Sale. austriamicrosystems AG makes no warranty, express, statutory, implied, or by description regarding the information set forth herein or regarding the
freedom of the described devices from patent infringement. austriamicrosystems AG reserves the right to change specifications and prices at
any time and without notice. Therefore, prior to designing this product into a system, it is necessary to check with austriamicrosystems AG for
current information. This product is intended for use in normal commercial applications. Applications requiring extended temperature range,
unusual environmental requirements, or high reliability applications, such as military, medical life-support or life-sustaining equipment are specifically not recommended without additional processing by austriamicrosystems AG for each application. For shipments of less than 100 parts the
manufacturing flow might show deviations from the standard production flow, such as test flow or test location.
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
The information furnished here by austriamicrosystems AG is believed to be correct and accurate. However, austriamicrosystems AG shall not
be liable to recipient or any third party for any damages, including but not limited to personal injury, property damage, loss of profits, loss of use,
interruption of business or indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, of any kind, in connection with or arising out of the furnishing,
performance or use of the technical data herein. No obligation or liability to recipient or any third party shall arise or flow out of
austriamicrosystems AG rendering of technical or other services.
Headquarters
ni
Contact Information
ch
austriamicrosystems AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
A-8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
Te
Tel: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
Fax: +43 (0) 3136 525 01
For Sales Offices, Distributors and Representatives, please visit:
http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/contact
www.austriamicrosystems.com/LED-Driver-ICs
Revision 1.00
24 - 24
Similar pages