### CE204022 PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator.pdf

```CE204022 - PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform
Generator
Objective
This code example shows the user the basics of using the IDAC7 found in some PSoC® 4 devices. A simple sawtooth or
voltage ramp waveform is generated using the IDAC7 current Digital to Analog converter.
Overview
This code example generates a linear voltage ramp (sawtooth) waveform by incrementing the current DAC’s output until the
maximum value, it then starts back at zero. Since the IDAC7 is a current DAC, an external load resistor is used to generate a
voltage from the current source.
Requirements
Tool: PSoC Creator 3.3 SP2 or higher
Programming Language: C (GCC 4.9.0) or higher
Associated Parts: PSoC 4000S, PSoC 4100S and PSoC Analog Coprocessor
Related Hardware: CY8CKIT-041-40XX, CY8CKIT-041-41XX and CY8CKIT-048
Design
This simple design demonstrates how to create a voltage waveform from a current source. The IDAC is used to source a
current through an external resistor connected to Vss, See Figure 1 below. The waveform is seen across the resistor between
Vss and Vout. The internal IDAC7 is connected to GPIO port P0[7]. The Load Resistor is connected between P0[7] and Vss as
shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Voltage Ramp Generator Schematic
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PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator
Design Considerations
With the 3.3K load resistor and using the highest current range (600 uA), the voltage swing will be between 0 and 2Vpp. Use
ohms law to calculate the voltage range that is required for a specific project. The load resistor was selected to generate a 2
volt peak-to-peak signal using the highest current range. The load resistor is calculated using ohms law R = V/I, see Equation
1 below.
Equation 1
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଺଴଴୳୅
= 3.3 ‫ܱ ܭ‬ℎ݉ ‫ݏ‬
By either changing the load resistor and/or selecting one of 6 current ranges, any voltage range between the supply rails can
be achieved. Additionally a waveform may be referenced to Vdda instead of Vss by changing the Polarity to “Negative (Sink)”
and connecting the load resistor to Vdda instead of Vss. The IDAC’s range and polarity may also be changed during runtime
with the IDAC7_1_SetRange() and IDAC7_1_SetPolarity() functions respectively.
Hardware Setup
For this code example a 3.3K resistor needs to be connected from Port P0[7] to Vss as shown in Figure 1. Connect an
oscilloscope across the resistor to observe the waveform.
Components
Table 1 lists the PSoC Creator Components used in this example, as well as the hardware resources used by each.
Table 1. List of PSoC Creator Components
Component or User Module
Version
Hardware Resources
IDAC7_1
1.0
Capsense block
Iout
2.20
GPIO ( P0[7] )
Resistor
1.0
External Components
Parameter Settings
The IDAC7 component has three parameters, Polarity, Range, and Value. For this example, the Polarity should be set to
“Positive (Source)” and the Range to “0-609.6 uA”. The Value does not matter since it will be changed during runtime in the
code.
Figure 2 IDAC7 user interface
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PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator
Operation
1)
Attach 3.3K load resistor between port P0[7] and Vss.
2)
Attach scope probe across load resistor.
3)
Observe a 2 volt peak-to-peak sawtooth waveform on oscilloscope.
Related Documents
Table 2 lists all relevant application notes, code examples, knowledge base articles, device datasheets, and Component
datasheets.
Table 2. Related Documents
Application Notes
AN211293
Getting Started with PSoC® Analog Coprocessor
PSoC Creator Component Datasheets
IDAC7
IDAC7 Datasheet
Pins
General Purpose IO Pins
Device Documentation
CY8C4Axx Datasheet
PSoC® Analog Coprocessor: CY8C4Axx Family Datasheet
CY8C4200 Datasheet
PSoC® 4200 Programmable Digital
CY8C4200M Datasheet
PSoC® 4: PSoC 4200M Family Datasheet
Development Kit (DVK) Documentation
CY8CKIT-048 PSoC® Analog Coprocessor Pioneer Kit
CY8CKIT-042 PSoC® Pioneer Kit
CY8CKIT-044 PSoC® Pioneer Kit
PSoC® Family Web Page
PSoC® Analog Coprocessor
32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M0 PSoC® 4200 Programmable Digital
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Document No. 002-04022 Rev.**
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PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator
Document History
Document Title: CE204022 - PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator
Document Number: 002-04022
Revision
**
ECN
5265164
www.cypress.com
Orig. of
Change
MEH
Submission
Date
1/22/2016
Description of Change
New Code Example
Document No. 002-04022 Rev.**
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PSoC® 4 IDAC7 Sawtooth Waveform Generator
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