DC1315A - Demo Manual

QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1315
DUAL STEP-DOWN 1.5A LED DRIVER
LT3475-1
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1315 features the
LT®3475-1 dual step-down 1.5A LED driver in a
16-lead TSSOP thermally enhanced package.
The demonstration circuit is designed to drive
two 1.5A LED strings (one on each channel)
from a high input voltage. The high switching
frequency scheme permits the use of a small
inductor and ceramic capacitors to save space
and cost. The current mode PWM control
scheme provides fast transient response and
cycle-by-cycle current limiting. DC1315 is
specifically designed for high power LED
applications such as automotive and avionic
lighting, architectural detail lighting and display
backlighting. See the LT3475-1 datasheet for
more detailed information on LED brightness
and dimming control using both the PWM pin
function and the VADJ pin function. The PWM
terminals can be used to dim the LEDs with the
addition of a PWM MOSFET and the resistorshort connection from LED- to GND removed.
The efficiency of DC1315A with 20V input and 4
white LEDs on each 1.5A channel is 91.5%.
NOTE: The input voltage is limited to 30V during
startup. During normal (non-startup) operation,
the input voltage can be as high as 36V.
DC1315 allows LED string voltages up to 23V.
However, some combinations of VIN, VLED,
and ILED can result in the LT3475-1 getting hot.
Please consult the datasheet for thermal calculations and details. The voltages, the LED current, and the switching frequency can be adjusted for optimal thermal performance.
Design files for this circuit board are available. Call the LTC factory.
LT is a registered trademark of Linear Technology Corporation
QUICK START PROCEDURE
DC1315 is easily set up for evaluating the
LT3475-1 dual step-down 1.5A LED driver
circuit. Follow the test procedure outlined below
and see Figure 1.
1. Connect a bench supply with power OFF
to the VIN and GND terminals.
2. Connect a 1.5A LED string with forward
voltage >13V to the LED1+ and LED1terminals.
diode or use another boost method. Please
see the datasheet for details.
4. Turn on the input power supply and set
the voltage above the LED string voltage
and below 30V.
5. Observe the LEDs working properly at
1.5A without looking straight at the LEDs.
The brightness is harmful to the eye.
3. Connect a 1.5A LED string with forward
voltage >13V to the LED2+ and LED2terminals.
NOTE: The boost circuitry on DC1315 is designed to work best with VLED >13V since
there is a 9V zener diode limiting the boost
voltage. If lower voltage LED strings are required, please lower the voltage of the zener
1
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1315
DUAL STEP-DOWN 1.5A LED DRIVER
to be added to the board. The LED- to GND resistor-short connections (R2, R3) must be removed
from the board to enable PWM dimming when the
PWM dimming MOSFETs are stuffed with their
gate pull-down resistors (R6, R7).
EXTENDED PWM DIMMING
Figure 1. Proper Measurement Equipment
Setup
INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE
The operating input voltage range for the LT34751 IC is 4V to 36V with an absolute maximum rating of 40V. Under some conditions, it is not recommended to run the IC up to 36V non-transient
DC voltage. Please see the datasheet for input
voltage range calculations based on switching frequency, LED output voltage, and compensation
network topology during startup. As assembled,
the DC1315 should not be started up above 30V
DC input without first assembling the C-R-C compensation network as shown in the datasheet or
using a bigger inductor with up to 3.2A capability
in order to maintain control of the switch current.
PWM DIMMING
DC1315 is assembled to show a combination of
the most basic operation of the IC and the small
solution size. The optional PWM dimming MOSFETs (Q1, Q2) are not stuffed on DC1315, but
there are two SOT23 spaces designated for these
The PWM dimming range can be extended by
adding the components Q3, R13, and C7 to the
circuit as shown in the datasheet. Q3 is located on
the back of the PCB near the PWM terminal. The
datasheet describes the calculation of maximum
PWM dimming range with and without the extended dimming range components. When these
components are added to the circuit, the PWM1
signal is directly connected to the extended dimming range components. If both channel 1 and
channel 2 are being used in PWM dimming mode
and the extended dimming range circuit is used,
the PWM2 signal must be synchronized with the
PWM1 signal. The rising edges must occur at the
same time although their duty cycles may vary.
Failure to do this may result in significant jitter on
the second channel or limited PWM dimming
range. Please note that a C-R-C compensation
network may also help provide the highest pwm
dimming range as shown in the datasheet.
LED STRINGS
DC1315 is assembled with optimized components
for driving four white LEDs at 1.5A on each of its
two channels from an input voltage of 20V. The
LEDs are not assembled on the PCB and should
be attached to the LED terminals as shown in Figure 1. If the LEDs are not attached, DC1315 will
protect itself and survive an open LED condition.
If a different number of LEDs is attached in series
to either output, the inductor size, switching frequency, and/or input voltage range may need to
be adjusted for proper operation. Consult the
datasheet for proper sizing of the inductor for
given input and output voltage conditions. The
2
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1315
DUAL STEP-DOWN 1.5A LED DRIVER
maximum LED output voltage is 23V as defined by
the external clamp voltage. This limits the number
of LEDs in series on the output and sets the open
LED maximum output voltage.
Please note the zener diode in the boost path. The
9V zener diode reduces the boost voltage by 9V
from the LED (output) voltage. A minimum of 3V is
required on the boost voltage capacitor for proper
operation. Please consult the datasheet for details
regarding the boost circuit in relation to the input
voltage, output voltage, thermals, and maximum
ratings.
3
E4
GND
E7
PWM1
GND
MMBT3904
100k
R15
1
VC1
Q4
22V
D7
Q3
VADJ1
REF
LED1
PW M 1
OU T1
SW 1
OPTIONAL
O PT
EXTENDED DIMMING RANGE
2N7002
OPT
220pF
C7
1.0M
OPT
C3
VC1
19
17
2
20
1
4
BOOST1
0.1uF
R13
R8
OPT
OPT
R4
REF
B240A
D3
25V
0.22uF
C1
3
OPT
R2
0
E8
E9
UP TO
LED1+
23V
LED1- 1.5A
1k 1%
R19
L1 47uH
1N4448W
D1
R6
Q1
OPT
Si2318DS
50V
2.2uF
COUT1
10k
R16
9.1V
D5
50V
4.7uF
CIN1
VC 1
18
3
2
5
V IN
6
V IN
VIN
RT
14
UP TO 36V
E3
GND
20k
R1
600kHz
24.3k 1%
R12
15
E2
GND
21
16
VC2
D2
D6
OPT
R9
1k 1%
B240A
R3
0
E11
LED2-
LED2+
E10
R20
D4
C2
1N4448W 9.1V
0.22uF
25V
L2 47uH
REF
OPT
R5
0.1uF
12
9
11
10
7
8
LT3475EFE-1
U1
OPT
R14
C4
VADJ2
LED2
PW M 2
OU T2
SW 2
BOOST2
SH DN
VC 2
13
OPT
R7
Q2
OPT
Si2318DS
UP TO
23V
1.5A
COUT2
2.2uF
50V
10k
R17
22V
D8
100k
R18
1
E6
E5
FMMT3904
Q5
VC2
3
2
E1
SHDN
GND
PWM2
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1315
DUAL STEP-DOWN 1.5A LED DRIVER
4
Similar pages