MICROCHIP 16GA002

PIC24FJ64GA004 Family
Data Sheet
28/44-Pin General Purpose,
16-Bit Flash Microcontrollers
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
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Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC,
KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART,
rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor,
MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control
Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial
Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified
logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Octopus, Omniscient Code
Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit,
PICtail, PIC32 logo, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total
Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA
are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the
U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2010, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
ISBN: 978-1-60932-022-5
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California
and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures
are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
DS39881D-page 2
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
28/44-Pin General Purpose, 16-Bit Flash Microcontrollers
High-Performance CPU:
Analog Features:
• Modified Harvard Architecture
• Up to 16 MIPS Operation @ 32 MHz
• 8 MHz Internal Oscillator with 4x PLL Option and
Multiple Divide Options
• 17-Bit by 17-Bit Single-Cycle Hardware Multiplier
• 32-Bit by 16-Bit Hardware Divider
• 16-Bit x 16-Bit Working Register Array
• C Compiler Optimized Instruction Set Architecture:
- 76 base instructions
- Flexible addressing modes
• Two Address Generation Units for Separate Read
and Write Addressing of Data Memory
• 10-Bit, up to 13-Channel Analog-to-Digital Converter:
- 500 ksps conversion rate
- Conversion available during Sleep and Idle
• Dual Analog Comparators with Programmable
Input/Output Configuration
Peripheral Features:
Special Microcontroller Features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating Voltage Range of 2.0V to 3.6V
5.5V Tolerant Input (digital pins only)
High-Current Sink/Source (18 mA/18 mA) on All I/O Pins
Flash Program Memory:
- 10,000 erase/write
- 20-year data retention minimum
Power Management modes:
- Sleep, Idle, Doze and Alternate Clock modes
- Operating current 650 A/MIPS typical at 2.0V
- Sleep current 150 nA typical at 2.0V
Fail-Safe Clock Monitor Operation:
- Detects clock failure and switches to on-chip,
low-power RC oscillator
On-Chip, 2.5V Regulator with Tracking mode
Power-on Reset (POR), Power-up Timer (PWRT)
and Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST)
Flexible Watchdog Timer (WDT) with On-Chip,
Low-Power RC Oscillator for Reliable Operation
In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™) and
In-Circuit Debug (ICD) via 2 Pins
JTAG Boundary Scan Support
• Peripheral Pin Select:
- Allows independent I/O mapping of many peripherals
- Up to 26 available pins (44-pin devices)
- Continuous hardware integrity checking and safety
interlocks prevent unintentional configuration changes
• 8-Bit Parallel Master/Slave Port (PMP/PSP):
- Up to 16-bit multiplexed addressing, with up to
11 dedicated address pins on 44-pin devices
- Programmable polarity on control lines
• Hardware Real-Time Clock/Calendar (RTCC):
- Provides clock, calendar and alarm functions
• Programmable Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
• Two 3-Wire/4-Wire SPI modules (support 4 Frame
modes) with 8-Level FIFO Buffer
• Two I2C™ modules support Multi-Master/Slave
mode and 7-Bit/10-Bit Addressing
• Two UART modules:
- Supports RS-485, RS-232, and LIN 1.2
- On-chip hardware encoder/decoder for IrDA®
- Auto-wake-up on Start bit
- Auto-Baud Detect
- 4-level deep FIFO buffer
• Five 16-Bit Timers/Counters with Programmable Prescaler
• Five 16-Bit Capture Inputs
• Five 16-Bit Compare/PWM Outputs
• Configurable Open-Drain Outputs on Digital I/O Pins
• Up to 4 External Interrupt Sources
PIC24FJ
Device
Pins
Program
Memory
(bytes)
SRAM
(bytes)
Remappable
Pins
Timers
16-Bit
Capture
Input
Compare/
PWM
Output
UART w/
IrDA®
SPI
I2C™
10-Bit A/D
(ch)
Comparators
PMP/PSP
JTAG
Remappable Peripherals
16GA002
28
16K
4K
16
5
5
5
2
2
2
10
2
Y
Y
32GA002
28
32K
8K
16
5
5
5
2
2
2
10
2
Y
Y
48GA002
28
48K
8K
16
5
5
5
2
2
2
10
2
Y
Y
64GA002
28
64K
8K
16
5
5
5
2
2
2
10
2
Y
Y
16GA004
44
16K
4K
26
5
5
5
2
2
2
13
2
Y
Y
32GA004
44
32K
8K
26
5
5
5
2
2
2
13
2
Y
Y
48GA004
44
48K
8K
26
5
5
5
2
2
2
13
2
Y
Y
64GA004
44
64K
8K
26
5
5
5
2
2
2
13
2
Y
Y
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 3
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Pin Diagrams
28-Pin QFN(1)
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
VDD
VSS
AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15
AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14
AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13
AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12
PGC2/EMUC2/TMS/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11
PGD2/EMUD2/TDI/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10
VCAP/VDDCORE
DISVREG
TDO/RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9
TCK/RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8
RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7
PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6
28 27 26 25 24 23 22
1
21
2
20
3
19
4 PIC24FJXXGA002 18
5
17
6
16
7
15
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13
AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12
PGC2/EMUC2/TMS/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11
PGD2/EMUD2/TDI/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10
VCAP/VDDCORE
DISVREG
TDO/RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9
SOSCI/RP4/PMBE/CN1/RB4
SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/PMA1/RA4
VDD
PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5
PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6
RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7
TCK/RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8
PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0
PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1
AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2
AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3
VSS
OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2
OSCO/CLKO/CN29/PMA0/RA3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1
AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0
MCLR
VDD
VSS
AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15
AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14
MCLR
AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0
AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1
PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0
PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1
AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2
AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3
VSS
OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2
OSCO/CLKO/CN29/PMA0/RA3
SOSCI/RP4/PMBE/CN1/RB4
SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/PMA1/RA4
VDD
PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5
PIC24FJXXGA002
28-Pin SPDIP, SSOP, SOIC
Legend:
Note 1:
RPn represents remappable peripheral pins.
Back pad on QFN devices should be connected to Vss.
DS39881D-page 4
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
44-Pin QFN(1)
RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8
RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7
PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6
PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5
VDD
VSS
RP21/CN26/PMA3/RC5
RP20/CN25/PMA4/RC4
RP19/CN28/PMBE/RC3
TDI/PMA9/RA9
SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RA4
Pin Diagrams (Continued)
PIC24FJXXGA004
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
SOSCI/RP4/CN1/RB4
TDO/PMA8/RA8
OSCO/CLKO/CN29/RA3
OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2
VSS
VDD
AN8/RP18/CN10/PMA2/RC2
AN7/RP17/CN9/RC1
AN6/RP16/CN8/RC0
AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3
AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2
TMS/PMA10/RA10
TCK/PMA7/RA7
AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14
AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15
AVSS
AVDD
MCLR
AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0
AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1
PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0
PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1
RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9
RP22/CN18/PMA1/RC6
RP23/CN17/PMA0/RC7
RP24/CN20/PMA5/RC8
RP25/CN19/PMA6/RC9
DISVREG
VCAP/VDDCORE
PGD2/EMUD2/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10
PGC2/EMUC2/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11
AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12
AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13
Legend:
Note 1:
RPn represents remappable peripheral pins.
Back pad on QFN devices should be connected to Vss.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 5
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Pin Diagrams (Continued)
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8
RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7
PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6
PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5
VDD
VSS
RP21/CN26/PMA3/RC5
RP20/CN25/PMA4/RC4
RP19/CN28/PMBE/RC3
TDI/PMA9/RA9
SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RA4
44-Pin TQFP
PIC24FJXXGA004
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
SOSCI/RP4/CN1/RB4
TDO/PMA8/RA8
OSCO/CLKO/CN29/RA3
OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2
VSS
VDD
AN8/RP18/CN10/PMA2/RC2
AN7/RP17/CN9/RC1
AN6/RP16/CN8/RC0
AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3
AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2
TMS/PMA10/RA10
TCK/PMA7/RA7
AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14
AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15
AVSS
AVDD
MCLR
AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0
AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1
PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0
PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1
RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9
RP22/CN18/PMA1/RC6
RP23/CN17/PMA0/RC7
RP24/CN20/PMA5/RC8
RP25/CN19/PMA6/RC9
DISVREG
VCAP/VDDCORE
PGD2/EMUD2/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10
PGC2/EMUC2/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11
AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12
AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13
Legend:
RPn represents remappable peripheral pins.
DS39881D-page 6
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Table of Contents
1.0 Device Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.0 Guidelines for Getting Started with 16-bit Microcontrollers ........................................................................................................ 19
3.0 CPU ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 25
4.0 Memory Organization ................................................................................................................................................................. 31
5.0 Flash Program Memory.............................................................................................................................................................. 49
6.0 Resets ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55
7.0 Interrupt Controller ..................................................................................................................................................................... 61
8.0 Oscillator Configuration .............................................................................................................................................................. 95
9.0 Power-Saving Features............................................................................................................................................................ 103
10.0 I/O Ports ................................................................................................................................................................................... 105
11.0 Timer1 ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 125
12.0 Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 ............................................................................................................................................................ 127
13.0 Input Capture............................................................................................................................................................................ 133
14.0 Output Compare....................................................................................................................................................................... 135
15.0 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)............................................................................................................................................... 141
16.0 Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C™) ................................................................................................................................................. 151
17.0 Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) ........................................................................................................... 159
18.0 Parallel Master Port (PMP)....................................................................................................................................................... 167
19.0 Real-Time Clock And Calendar (RTCC) ................................................................................................................................. 177
20.0 Programmable Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) Generator .................................................................................................. 187
21.0 10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter ............................................................................................................................................ 191
22.0 Comparator Module.................................................................................................................................................................. 201
23.0 Comparator Voltage Reference................................................................................................................................................ 205
24.0 Special Features ...................................................................................................................................................................... 207
25.0 Development Support............................................................................................................................................................... 217
26.0 Instruction Set Summary .......................................................................................................................................................... 221
27.0 Electrical Characteristics .......................................................................................................................................................... 229
28.0 Packaging Information.............................................................................................................................................................. 247
Appendix A: Revision History............................................................................................................................................................. 259
Appendix B: Additional Guidance for PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Applications ................................................................................... 260
Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 261
The Microchip Web Site ..................................................................................................................................................................... 265
Customer Change Notification Service .............................................................................................................................................. 265
Customer Support .............................................................................................................................................................................. 265
Reader Response .............................................................................................................................................................................. 266
Product Identification System ............................................................................................................................................................ 267
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 7
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TO OUR VALUED CUSTOMERS
It is our intention to provide our valued customers with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip
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If you have any questions or comments regarding this publication, please contact the Marketing Communications Department via
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welcome your feedback.
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You can determine the version of a data sheet by examining its literature number found on the bottom outside corner of any page.
The last character of the literature number is the version number, (e.g., DS30000A is version A of document DS30000).
Errata
An errata sheet, describing minor operational differences from the data sheet and recommended workarounds, may exist for current
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To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please check with one of the following:
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When contacting a sales office, please specify which device, revision of silicon and data sheet (include literature number) you are
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DS39881D-page 8
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
1.0
DEVICE OVERVIEW
This document contains device-specific information for
the following devices:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PIC24FJ16GA002
PIC24FJ32GA002
PIC24FJ48GA002
PIC24FJ64GA002
PIC24FJ16GA004
PIC24FJ32GA004
PIC24FJ48GA004
PIC24FJ64GA004
This family introduces a new line of Microchip devices:
a 16-bit microcontroller family with a broad peripheral
feature set and enhanced computational performance.
The PIC24FJ64GA004 family offers a new migration
option for those high-performance applications which
may be outgrowing their 8-bit platforms, but don’t
require the numerical processing power of a digital
signal processor.
1.1
1.1.1
Core Features
16-BIT ARCHITECTURE
1.1.2
POWER-SAVING TECHNOLOGY
All of the devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family
incorporate a range of features that can significantly
reduce power consumption during operation. Key
items include:
• On-the-Fly Clock Switching: The device clock
can be changed under software control to the
Timer1 source or the internal, low-power RC
oscillator during operation, allowing the user to
incorporate power-saving ideas into their software
designs.
• Doze Mode Operation: When timing-sensitive
applications, such as serial communications,
require the uninterrupted operation of peripherals,
the CPU clock speed can be selectively reduced,
allowing incremental power savings without
missing a beat.
• Instruction-Based Power-Saving Modes: The
microcontroller can suspend all operations, or
selectively shut down its core while leaving its
peripherals active, with a single instruction in
software.
1.1.3
OSCILLATOR OPTIONS AND
FEATURES
Central to all PIC24F devices is the 16-bit modified
Harvard architecture, first introduced with Microchip’s
dsPIC® digital signal controllers. The PIC24F CPU core
offers a wide range of enhancements, such as:
All of the devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family offer
five different oscillator options, allowing users a range
of choices in developing application hardware. These
include:
• 16-bit data and 24-bit address paths with the
ability to move information between data and
memory spaces
• Linear addressing of up to 12 Mbytes (program
space) and 64 Kbytes (data)
• A 16-element working register array with built-in
software stack support
• A 17 x 17 hardware multiplier with support for
integer math
• Hardware support for 32 by 16-bit division
• An instruction set that supports multiple
addressing modes and is optimized for high-level
languages such as ‘C’
• Operational performance up to 16 MIPS
• Two Crystal modes using crystals or ceramic
resonators.
• Two External Clock modes offering the option of a
divide-by-2 clock output.
• A Fast Internal Oscillator (FRC) with a nominal
8 MHz output, which can also be divided under
software control to provide clock speeds as low as
31 kHz.
• A Phase Lock Loop (PLL) frequency multiplier,
available to the External Oscillator modes and the
FRC oscillator, which allows clock speeds of up to
32 MHz.
• A separate internal RC oscillator (LPRC) with a
fixed 31 kHz output, which provides a low-power
option for timing-insensitive applications.
The internal oscillator block also provides a stable
reference source for the Fail-Safe Clock Monitor. This
option constantly monitors the main clock source
against a reference signal provided by the internal
oscillator and enables the controller to switch to the
internal oscillator, allowing for continued low-speed
operation or a safe application shutdown.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 9
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
1.1.4
EASY MIGRATION
Regardless of the memory size, all devices share the
same rich set of peripherals, allowing for a smooth
migration path as applications grow and evolve.
The consistent pinout scheme used throughout the
entire family also aids in migrating to the next larger
device. This is true when moving between devices with
the same pin count, or even jumping from 28-pin to
44-pin devices.
The PIC24F family is pin-compatible with devices in the
dsPIC33 family, and shares some compatibility with the
pinout schema for PIC18 and dsPIC30. This extends
the ability of applications to grow from the relatively
simple, to the powerful and complex, yet still selecting
a Microchip device.
1.2
Other Special Features
• Communications: The PIC24FJ64GA004 family
incorporates a range of serial communication
peripherals to handle a range of application
requirements. There are two independent I2C
modules that support both Master and Slave
modes of operation. Devices also have, through
the peripheral pin select feature, two independent
UARTs with built-in IrDA encoder/decoders and
two SPI modules.
• Peripheral Pin Select: The peripheral pin select
feature allows most digital peripherals to be
mapped over a fixed set of digital I/O pins. Users
may independently map the input and/or output of
any one of the many digital peripherals to any one
of the I/O pins.
• Parallel Master/Enhanced Parallel Slave Port:
One of the general purpose I/O ports can be
reconfigured for enhanced parallel data communications. In this mode, the port can be configured
for both master and slave operations, and
supports 8-bit and 16-bit data transfers with up to
16 external address lines in Master modes.
• Real-Time Clock/Calendar: This module
implements a full-featured clock and calendar with
alarm functions in hardware, freeing up timer
resources and program memory space for use of
the core application.
• 10-Bit A/D Converter: This module incorporates
programmable acquisition time, allowing for a
channel to be selected and a conversion to be
initiated without waiting for a sampling period, as
well as faster sampling speeds.
DS39881D-page 10
1.3
Details on Individual Family
Members
Devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are available
in 28-pin and 44-pin packages. The general block
diagram for all devices is shown in Figure 1-1.
The devices are differentiated from each other in two
ways:
1.
2.
3.
Flash program memory (64 Kbytes for
PIC24FJ64GA devices, 48 Kbytes for
PIC24FJ48GA devices, 32 Kbytes for
PIC24FJ32GA devices and 16 Kbytes for
PIC24FJ16GA devices).
Internal SRAM memory (4k for PIC24FJ16GA
devices, 8k for all other devices in the family).
Available I/O pins and ports (21 pins on 2 ports
for 28-pin devices and 35 pins on 3 ports for
44-pin devices).
All other features for devices in this family are identical.
These are summarized in Table 1-1.
A list of the pin features available on the
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, sorted by function, is
shown in Table 1-2. Note that this table shows the pin
location of individual peripheral features and not how
they are multiplexed on the same pin. This information
is provided in the pinout diagrams in the beginning of
the data sheet. Multiplexed features are sorted by the
priority given to a feature, with the highest priority
peripheral being listed first.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Operating Frequency
Program Memory (bytes)
64GA004
48GA004
32GA004
16GA004
64GA002
48GA002
Features
32GA002
DEVICE FEATURES FOR THE PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
16GA002
TABLE 1-1:
DC – 32 MHz
16K
32K
48K
64K
16K
32K
48K
64K
Program Memory (instructions)
5,504
11,008
16,512
22,016
5,504
11,008
16,512
22,016
Data Memory (bytes)
4096
8192
Interrupt Sources
(soft vectors/NMI traps)
I/O Ports
Total I/O Pins
4096
8192
43
(39/4)
Ports A, B
Ports A, B, C
21
35
Timers:
5(1)
Total Number (16-bit)
32-Bit (from paired 16-bit timers)
2
Input Capture Channels
5(1)
Output Compare/PWM Channels
5(1)
Input Change Notification Interrupt
21
30
Serial Communications:
UART
2(1)
SPI (3-wire/4-wire)
2(1)
I2C™
2
Parallel Communications (PMP/PSP)
Yes
JTAG Boundary Scan
Yes
10-Bit Analog-to-Digital Module
(input channels)
10
Analog Comparators
Remappable Pins
Resets (and delays)
Instruction Set
Packages
Note 1:
13
2
16
26
POR, BOR, RESET Instruction, MCLR, WDT, Illegal Opcode,
REPEAT Instruction, Hardware Traps, Configuration Word Mismatch
(PWRT, OST, PLL Lock)
76 Base Instructions, Multiple Addressing Mode Variations
28-Pin SPDIP/SSOP/SOIC/QFN
44-Pin QFN/TQFP
Peripherals are accessible through remappable pins.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 11
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 1-1:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data Bus
Interrupt
Controller
16
16
8
16
Data Latch
PSV & Table
Data Access
Control Block
Data RAM
PCH
PCL
Program Counter
Repeat
Stack
Control
Control
Logic
Logic
23
Address
Latch
PORTA(1)
RA0:RA9
16
23
16
Read AGU
Write AGU
Address Latch
PORTB
Program Memory
RB0:RB15
Data Latch
16
EA MUX
24
Inst Latch
Literal Data
Address Bus
PORTC(1)
16
16
RC0:RC9
Inst Register
RP(1)
Instruction
Decode &
Control
Control Signals
OSCO/CLKO
OSCI/CLKI
Timing
Generation
FRC/LPRC
Oscillators
DISVREG
RP0:RP25
16 x 16
W Reg Array
Oscillator
Start-up Timer
16-Bit ALU
Power-on
Reset
Watchdog
Timer
Voltage
Regulator
BOR and
LVD(2)
Timer1
17x17
Multiplier
Power-up
Timer
Precision
Band Gap
Reference
VDDCORE/VCAP
Divide
Support
VDD, VSS
16
MCLR
Timer2/3(3)
Timer4/5(3)
RTCC
10-Bit
ADC
Comparators(3)
PMP/PSP
IC1-5(3)
Note
1:
2:
3:
PWM/
OC1-5(3)
CN1-22(1)
SPI1/2(3)
I2C1/2
UART1/2(3)
Not all pins or features are implemented on all device pinout configurations. See Table 1-2 for I/O port pin descriptions.
BOR and LVD functionality is provided when the on-board voltage regulator is enabled.
Peripheral I/Os are accessible through remappable pins.
DS39881D-page 12
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS
Pin Number
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
Input
Buffer
2
27
19
I
ANA
AN1
3
28
20
I
ANA
AN2
4
1
21
I
ANA
AN3
5
2
22
I
ANA
AN4
6
3
23
I
ANA
Function
AN0
Description
A/D Analog Inputs.
AN5
7
4
24
I
ANA
AN6
—
—
25
I
ANA
AN7
—
—
26
I
ANA
AN8
—
—
27
I
ANA
AN9
26
23
15
I
ANA
AN10
25
22
14
I
ANA
AN11
24
21
11
I
ANA
AN12
23
20
10
I
ANA
ASCL1
15
12
42
I/O
I2C
Alternate I2C1 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output.(1)
2
ASDA1
14
11
41
I/O
I C
Alternate I2C2 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output. (1)
AVDD
—
—
17
P
—
Positive Supply for Analog Modules.
AVSS
—
—
16
P
—
Ground Reference for Analog Modules.
C1IN-
6
3
23
I
ANA
Comparator 1 Negative Input.
C1IN+
7
4
24
I
ANA
Comparator 1 Positive Input.
C2IN-
4
1
21
I
ANA
Comparator 2 Negative Input.
C2IN+
5
2
22
I
ANA
Comparator 2 Positive Input.
CLKI
9
6
30
I
ANA
CLKO
10
7
31
O
—
Legend:
Note 1:
Main Clock Input Connection.
System Clock Output.
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 13
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Pin Number
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
Input
Buffer
CN0
12
9
34
I
ST
CN1
11
8
33
I
ST
CN2
2
27
19
I
ST
CN3
3
28
20
I
ST
CN4
4
1
21
I
ST
CN5
5
2
22
I
ST
CN6
6
3
23
I
ST
CN7
7
4
24
I
ST
CN8
—
—
25
I
ST
CN9
—
—
26
I
ST
Function
CN10
—
—
27
I
ST
CN11
26
23
15
I
ST
CN12
25
22
14
I
ST
CN13
24
21
11
I
ST
CN14
23
20
10
I
ST
CN15
22
19
9
I
ST
CN16
21
18
8
I
ST
CN17
—
—
3
I
ST
CN18
—
—
2
I
ST
CN19
—
—
5
I
ST
CN20
—
—
4
I
ST
CN21
18
15
1
I
ST
CN22
17
14
44
I
ST
CN23
16
13
43
I
ST
CN24
15
12
42
I
ST
CN25
—
—
37
I
ST
CN26
—
—
38
I
ST
CN27
14
11
41
I
ST
CN28
—
—
36
I
ST
CN29
10
7
31
I
ST
Description
Interrupt-on-Change Inputs.
CN30
9
6
30
I
ST
CVREF
25
22
14
O
ANA
DISVREG
19
16
6
I
ST
Voltage Regulator Disable.
EMUC1
5
2
21
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output.
Comparator Voltage Reference Output.
EMUD1
4
1
22
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output.
EMUC2
22
19
9
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output.
EMUD2
21
18
8
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output.
EMUC3
15
12
42
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output.
EMUD3
14
11
41
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output.
INT0
16
13
43
I
ST
External Interrupt Input.
MCLR
1
26
18
I
ST
Master Clear (device Reset) Input. This line is brought low
to cause a Reset.
Legend:
Note 1:
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
DS39881D-page 14
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Pin Number
Function
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
Input
Buffer
Description
OSCI
9
6
30
I
ANA
Main Oscillator Input Connection.
OSCO
10
7
31
O
ANA
Main Oscillator Output Connection.
PGC1
5
2
22
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP™ Programming Clock
PGD1
4
1
21
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data.
PGC2
22
19
9
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Clock.
PGD2
21
18
8
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data.
PGC3
14
12
42
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Clock.
PGD3
15
11
41
I/O
ST
In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data.
PMA0
10
7
3
I/O
ST/TTL
Parallel Master Port Address Bit 0 Input (Buffered Slave
modes) and Output (Master modes).
PMA1
12
9
2
I/O
ST/TTL
Parallel Master Port Address Bit 1 Input (Buffered Slave
modes) and Output (Master modes).
PMA2
—
—
27
O
—
PMA3
—
—
38
O
—
PMA4
—
—
37
O
—
PMA5
—
—
4
O
—
PMA6
—
—
5
O
—
PMA7
—
—
13
O
—
PMA8
—
—
32
O
—
PMA9
—
—
35
O
—
PMA10
—
—
12
O
—
PMA11
—
—
—
O
—
PMA12
—
—
—
O
—
PMA13
—
—
—
O
—
Parallel Master Port Address (Demultiplexed Master
modes).
PMBE
11
8
36
O
—
Parallel Master Port Byte Enable Strobe.
PMCS1
26
23
15
O
—
Parallel Master Port Chip Select 1 Strobe/Address Bit 14.
Parallel Master Port Data (Demultiplexed Master mode) or
Address/Data (Multiplexed Master modes).
PMD0
23
20
10
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD1
22
19
9
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD2
21
18
8
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD3
18
15
1
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD4
17
14
44
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD5
16
13
43
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD6
15
12
42
I/O
ST/TTL
PMD7
14
11
41
I/O
ST/TTL
PMRD
24
21
11
O
—
Parallel Master Port Read Strobe.
PMWR
25
22
14
O
—
Parallel Master Port Write Strobe.
Legend:
Note 1:
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 15
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Pin Number
Input
Buffer
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
RA0
2
27
19
I/O
ST
RA1
3
28
20
I/O
ST
Function
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
RA2
9
6
30
I/O
ST
RA3
10
7
31
I/O
ST
RA4
12
9
34
I/O
ST
RA7
—
—
13
I/O
ST
RA8
—
—
32
I/O
ST
RA9
—
—
35
I/O
ST
RA10
—
—
12
I/O
ST
RB0
4
1
21
I/O
ST
RB1
5
2
22
I/O
ST
RB2
6
3
23
I/O
ST
RB3
7
4
24
I/O
ST
RB4
11
8
33
I/O
ST
RB5
14
11
41
I/O
ST
RB6
15
12
42
I/O
ST
RB7
16
13
43
I/O
ST
RB8
17
14
44
I/O
ST
RB9
18
15
1
I/O
ST
RB10
21
18
8
I/O
ST
RB11
22
19
9
I/O
ST
RB12
23
20
10
I/O
ST
RB13
24
21
11
I/O
ST
RB14
25
22
14
I/O
ST
RB15
26
23
15
I/O
ST
RC0
—
—
25
I/O
ST
RC1
—
—
26
I/O
ST
RC2
—
—
27
I/O
ST
RC3
—
—
36
I/O
ST
RC4
—
—
37
I/O
ST
RC5
—
—
38
I/O
ST
RC6
—
—
2
I/O
ST
RC7
—
—
3
I/O
ST
RC8
—
—
4
I/O
ST
—
—
5
I/O
ST
RC9
Legend:
Note 1:
Description
PORTA Digital I/O.
PORTB Digital I/O.
PORTC Digital I/O.
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
DS39881D-page 16
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Pin Number
Input
Buffer
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
RP0
4
1
21
I/O
ST
RP1
5
2
22
I/O
ST
RP2
6
3
23
I/O
ST
RP3
7
4
24
I/O
ST
RP4
11
8
33
I/O
ST
RP5
14
11
41
I/O
ST
RP6
15
12
42
I/O
ST
RP7
16
13
43
I/O
ST
RP8
17
14
44
I/O
ST
RP9
18
15
1
I/O
ST
RP10
21
18
8
I/O
ST
RP11
22
19
9
I/O
ST
RP12
23
20
10
I/O
ST
RP13
24
21
11
I/O
ST
RP14
25
22
14
I/O
ST
RP15
26
23
15
I/O
ST
RP16
—
—
25
I/O
ST
RP17
—
—
26
I/O
ST
RP18
—
—
27
I/O
ST
RP19
—
—
36
I/O
ST
RP20
—
—
37
I/O
ST
RP21
—
—
38
I/O
ST
RP22
—
—
2
I/O
ST
RP23
—
—
3
I/O
ST
RP24
—
—
4
I/O
ST
RP25
—
—
5
I/O
ST
RTCC
25
22
14
O
—
Real-Time Clock Alarm Output.
SCL1
17
14
44
I/O
I2C
I2C1 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output.
SCL2
7
4
24
I/O
I2C
I2C2 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output.
SDA1
18
15
1
I/O
I2C
I2C1 Data Input/Output.
Function
Description
Remappable Peripheral.
SDA2
6
3
23
I/O
I2C
SOSCI
11
8
33
I
ANA
Secondary Oscillator/Timer1 Clock Input.
12
9
34
O
ANA
Secondary Oscillator/Timer1 Clock Output.
SOSCO
Legend:
Note 1:
I2C2 Data Input/Output.
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 17
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 1-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Pin Number
Function
28-Pin
SPDIP/
SSOP/SOIC
28-Pin
QFN
44-Pin
QFN/TQFP
I/O
Input
Buffer
Description
T1CK
12
9
34
I
ST
Timer1 Clock.
TCK
17
14
13
I
ST
JTAG Test Clock Input.
TDI
21
18
35
I
ST
JTAG Test Data Input.
TDO
18
15
32
O
—
JTAG Test Data Output.
TMS
22
19
12
I
ST
JTAG Test Mode Select Input.
VDD
13, 28
10, 25
28, 40
P
—
Positive Supply for Peripheral Digital Logic and I/O Pins.
VDDCAP
20
17
7
P
—
External Filter Capacitor Connection (regulator enabled).
VDDCORE
20
17
7
P
—
Positive Supply for Microcontroller Core Logic (regulator
disabled).
VREF-
3
28
20
I
ANA
VREF+
2
27
19
I
ANA
8, 27
5, 24
29, 39
P
—
VSS
Legend:
Note 1:
A/D and Comparator Reference Voltage (low) Input.
A/D and Comparator Reference Voltage (high) Input.
Ground Reference for Logic and I/O Pins.
TTL = TTL input buffer
ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer
ANA = Analog level input/output
I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer
Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared.
DS39881D-page 18
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
2.0
GUIDELINES FOR GETTING
STARTED WITH 16-BIT
MICROCONTROLLERS
FIGURE 2-1:
RECOMMENDED
MINIMUM CONNECTIONS
C2(2)
• All VDD and VSS pins
(see Section 2.2 “Power Supply Pins”)
• All AVDD and AVSS pins, regardless of whether or
not the analog device features are used
(see Section 2.2 “Power Supply Pins”)
• MCLR pin
(see Section 2.3 “Master Clear (MCLR) Pin”)
• ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE pins
(PIC24FJ devices only)
(see Section 2.4 “Voltage Regulator Pins
(ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE)”)
These pins must also be connected if they are being
used in the end application:
• PGECx/PGEDx pins used for In-Circuit Serial
Programming™ (ICSP™) and debugging purposes
(see Section 2.5 “ICSP Pins”)
• OSCI and OSCO pins when an external oscillator
source is used
(see Section 2.6 “External Oscillator Pins”)
Additionally, the following pins may be required:
• VREF+/VREF- pins used when external voltage
reference for analog modules is implemented
Note:
VSS
VDD
R2
(1) (1)
(EN/DIS)VREG
MCLR
VCAP/VDDCORE
C1
C7
PIC24FXXXX
VSS
VDD
VDD
VSS
C3(2)
C6(2)
C5(2)
VSS
The following pins must always be connected:
R1
VDD
Getting started with the PIC24FJ64GA004 Family of
16-bit microcontrollers requires attention to a minimal
set of device pin connections before proceeding with
development.
VDD
AVSS
Basic Connection Requirements
AVDD
2.1
C4(2)
Key (all values are recommendations):
C1 through C6: 0.1 F, 20V ceramic
C7: 10 F, 6.3V or greater, tantalum or ceramic
R1: 10 kΩ
R2: 100Ω to 470Ω
Note 1:
2:
See Section 2.4 “Voltage Regulator Pins
(ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE)”
for explanation of ENVREG/DISVREG pin
connections.
The example shown is for a PIC24F device
with five VDD/VSS and AVDD/AVSS pairs.
Other devices may have more or less pairs;
adjust the number of decoupling capacitors
appropriately.
The AVDD and AVSS pins must always be
connected, regardless of whether any of
the analog modules are being used.
The minimum mandatory connections are shown in
Figure 2-1.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 19
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
2.2
2.2.1
Power Supply Pins
DECOUPLING CAPACITORS
The use of decoupling capacitors on every pair of
power supply pins, such as VDD, VSS, AVDD and
AVSS is required.
Consider the following criteria when using decoupling
capacitors:
• Value and type of capacitor: A 0.1 F (100 nF),
10-20V capacitor is recommended. The capacitor
should be a low-ESR device with a resonance
frequency in the range of 200 MHz and higher.
Ceramic capacitors are recommended.
• Placement on the printed circuit board: The
decoupling capacitors should be placed as close
to the pins as possible. It is recommended to
place the capacitors on the same side of the
board as the device. If space is constricted, the
capacitor can be placed on another layer on the
PCB using a via; however, ensure that the trace
length from the pin to the capacitor is no greater
than 0.25 inch (6 mm).
• Handling high-frequency noise: If the board is
experiencing high-frequency noise (upward of
tens of MHz), add a second ceramic type capacitor in parallel to the above described decoupling
capacitor. The value of the second capacitor can
be in the range of 0.01 F to 0.001 F. Place this
second capacitor next to each primary decoupling
capacitor. In high-speed circuit designs, consider
implementing a decade pair of capacitances as
close to the power and ground pins as possible
(e.g., 0.1 F in parallel with 0.001 F).
• Maximizing performance: On the board layout
from the power supply circuit, run the power and
return traces to the decoupling capacitors first,
and then to the device pins. This ensures that the
decoupling capacitors are first in the power chain.
Equally important is to keep the trace length
between the capacitor and the power pins to a
minimum, thereby reducing PCB trace
inductance.
2.2.2
TANK CAPACITORS
On boards with power traces running longer than six
inches in length, it is suggested to use a tank capacitor
for integrated circuits including microcontrollers to
supply a local power source. The value of the tank
capacitor should be determined based on the trace
resistance that connects the power supply source to
the device, and the maximum current drawn by the
device in the application. In other words, select the tank
capacitor so that it meets the acceptable voltage sag at
the device. Typical values range from 4.7 F to 47 F.
DS39881D-page 20
2.3
Master Clear (MCLR) Pin
The MCLR pin provides two specific device
functions: device Reset, and device programming
and debugging. If programming and debugging are
not required in the end application, a direct
connection to VDD may be all that is required. The
addition of other components, to help increase the
application’s resistance to spurious Resets from
voltage sags, may be beneficial. A typical
configuration is shown in Figure 2-1. Other circuit
designs may be implemented, depending on the
application’s requirements.
During programming and debugging, the resistance
and capacitance that can be added to the pin must
be considered. Device programmers and debuggers
drive the MCLR pin. Consequently, specific voltage
levels (VIH and VIL) and fast signal transitions must
not be adversely affected. Therefore, specific values
of R1 and C1 will need to be adjusted based on the
application and PCB requirements. For example, it is
recommended that the capacitor, C1, be isolated
from the MCLR pin during programming and
debugging operations by using a jumper (Figure 2-2).
The jumper is replaced for normal run-time
operations.
Any components associated with the MCLR pin
should be placed within 0.25 inch (6 mm) of the pin.
FIGURE 2-2:
EXAMPLE OF MCLR PIN
CONNECTIONS
VDD
R1
R2
JP
MCLR
PIC24FXXXX
C1
Note 1:
R1  10 k is recommended. A suggested
starting value is 10 k. Ensure that the
MCLR pin VIH and VIL specifications are met.
2:
R2  470 will limit any current flowing into
MCLR from the external capacitor, C, in the
event of MCLR pin breakdown, due to
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) or Electrical
Overstress (EOS). Ensure that the MCLR pin
VIH and VIL specifications are met.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Note:
Voltage Regulator Pins
(ENVREG/DISVREG and
VCAP/VDDCORE)
FIGURE 2-3:
The on-chip voltage regulator enable/disable pin
(ENVREG or DISVREG, depending on the device
family) must always be connected directly to either a
supply voltage or to ground. The particular connection
is determined by whether or not the regulator is to be
used:
• For ENVREG, tie to VDD to enable the regulator,
or to ground to disable the regulator
• For DISVREG, tie to ground to enable the
regulator or to VDD to disable the regulator
Refer to Section 24.2 “On-Chip Voltage Regulator”
for details on connecting and using the on-chip
regulator.
When the regulator is enabled, a low-ESR (<5Ω)
capacitor is required on the VCAP/VDDCORE pin to
stabilize the voltage regulator output voltage. The
VCAP/VDDCORE pin must not be connected to VDD, and
must use a capacitor of 10 F connected to ground. The
type can be ceramic or tantalum. A suitable example is
the Murata GRM21BF50J106ZE01 (10 F, 6.3V) or
equivalent. Designers may use Figure 2-3 to evaluate
ESR equivalence of candidate devices.
The placement of this capacitor should be close to
VCAP/VDDCORE. It is recommended that the trace
length not exceed 0.25 inch (6 mm). Refer to
Section 27.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for
additional information.
When the regulator is disabled, the VCAP/VDDCORE pin
must be tied to a voltage supply at the VDDCORE level.
Refer to Section 27.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for
information on VDD and VDDCORE.
FREQUENCY vs. ESR
PERFORMANCE FOR
SUGGESTED VCAP
10
This section applies only to PIC24FJ
devices with an on-chip voltage regulator.
1
ESR ()
2.4
0.1
0.01
0.001
0.01
Note:
2.5
0.1
1
10
100
Frequency (MHz)
1000 10,000
Data for Murata GRM21BF50J106ZE01 shown.
Measurements at 25°C, 0V DC bias.
ICSP Pins
The PGECx and PGEDx pins are used for In-Circuit
Serial Programming (ICSP) and debugging purposes.
It is recommended to keep the trace length between
the ICSP connector and the ICSP pins on the device as
short as possible. If the ICSP connector is expected to
experience an ESD event, a series resistor is recommended, with the value in the range of a few tens of
ohms, not to exceed 100Ω.
Pull-up resistors, series diodes and capacitors on the
PGECx and PGEDx pins are not recommended as they
will interfere with the programmer/debugger communications to the device. If such discrete components are
an application requirement, they should be removed
from the circuit during programming and debugging.
Alternatively, refer to the AC/DC characteristics and
timing requirements information in the respective
device Flash programming specification for information
on capacitive loading limits and pin input voltage high
(VIH) and input low (VIL) requirements.
For device emulation, ensure that the “Communication
Channel Select” (i.e., PGECx/PGEDx pins) programmed
into the device matches the physical connections for the
ICSP to the Microchip debugger/emulator tool.
For more information on available Microchip
development tools connection requirements, refer to
Section 25.0 “Development Support”.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 21
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
2.6
External Oscillator Pins
FIGURE 2-4:
Many microcontrollers have options for at least two
oscillators: a high-frequency primary oscillator and a
low-frequency
secondary
oscillator
(refer to
Section 8.0 “Oscillator Configuration” for details).
The oscillator circuit should be placed on the same
side of the board as the device. Place the oscillator
circuit close to the respective oscillator pins with no
more than 0.5 inch (12 mm) between the circuit
components and the pins. The load capacitors should
be placed next to the oscillator itself, on the same side
of the board.
Use a grounded copper pour around the oscillator circuit to isolate it from surrounding circuits. The
grounded copper pour should be routed directly to the
MCU ground. Do not run any signal traces or power
traces inside the ground pour. Also, if using a two-sided
board, avoid any traces on the other side of the board
where the crystal is placed.
Single-Sided and In-line Layouts:
Copper Pour
(tied to ground)
For additional information and design guidance on
oscillator circuits, please refer to these Microchip
Application Notes, available at the corporate web site
(www.microchip.com):
• AN826, “Crystal Oscillator Basics and Crystal
Selection for rfPIC™ and PICmicro® Devices”
• AN849, “Basic PICmicro® Oscillator Design”
• AN943, “Practical PICmicro® Oscillator Analysis
and Design”
• AN949, “Making Your Oscillator Work”
Primary Oscillator
Crystal
DEVICE PINS
Primary
Oscillator
OSCI
C1
`
OSCO
GND
C2
`
SOSCO
SOSC I
Secondary
Oscillator
Crystal
Layout suggestions are shown in Figure 2-4. In-line
packages may be handled with a single-sided layout
that completely encompasses the oscillator pins. With
fine-pitch packages, it is not always possible to completely surround the pins and components. A suitable
solution is to tie the broken guard sections to a mirrored
ground layer. In all cases, the guard trace(s) must be
returned to ground.
In planning the application’s routing and I/O assignments, ensure that adjacent port pins and other signals
in close proximity to the oscillator are benign (i.e., free
of high frequencies, short rise and fall times and other
similar noise).
SUGGESTED PLACEMENT
OF THE OSCILLATOR
CIRCUIT
`
Sec Oscillator: C1
Sec Oscillator: C2
Fine-Pitch (Dual-Sided) Layouts:
Top Layer Copper Pour
(tied to ground)
Bottom Layer
Copper Pour
(tied to ground)
OSCO
C2
Oscillator
Crystal
GND
C1
OSCI
DEVICE PINS
DS39881D-page 22
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
2.7
Configuration of Analog and
Digital Pins During ICSP
Operations
If an ICSP compliant emulator is selected as a debugger, it automatically initializes all of the A/D input pins
(ANx) as “digital” pins. Depending on the particular
device, this is done by setting all bits in the ADnPCFG
register(s), or clearing all bit in the ANSx registers.
All PIC24F devices will have either one or more
ADnPCFG registers or several ANSx registers (one for
each port); no device will have both. Refer to
Section 21.0 “10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter” for
more specific information.
The bits in these registers that correspond to the A/D
pins that initialized the emulator must not be changed
by the user application firmware; otherwise,
communication errors will result between the debugger
and the device.
If your application needs to use certain A/D pins as
analog input pins during the debug session, the user
application must modify the appropriate bits during
initialization of the ADC module, as follows:
• For devices with an ADnPCFG register, clear the
bits corresponding to the pin(s) to be configured
as analog. Do not change any other bits, particularly those corresponding to the PGECx/PGEDx
pair, at any time.
• For devices with ANSx registers, set the bits
corresponding to the pin(s) to be configured as
analog. Do not change any other bits, particularly
those corresponding to the PGECx/PGEDx pair,
at any time.
When a Microchip debugger/emulator is used as a
programmer, the user application firmware must
correctly configure the ADnPCFG or ANSx registers.
Automatic initialization of this register is only done
during debugger operation. Failure to correctly
configure the register(s) will result in all A/D pins being
recognized as analog input pins, resulting in the port
value being read as a logic '0', which may affect user
application functionality.
2.8
Unused I/Os
Unused I/O pins should be configured as outputs and
driven to a logic low state. Alternatively, connect a 1 kΩ
to 10 kΩ resistor to VSS on unused pins and drive the
output to logic low.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 23
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 24
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
3.0
Note:
CPU
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 2. CPU” (DS39703).
The PIC24F CPU has a 16-bit (data) modified Harvard
architecture with an enhanced instruction set and a
24-bit instruction word with a variable length opcode
field. The Program Counter (PC) is 23 bits wide and
addresses up to 4M instructions of user program
memory space. A single-cycle instruction prefetch
mechanism is used to help maintain throughput and provides predictable execution. All instructions execute in a
single cycle, with the exception of instructions that
change the program flow, the double-word move
(MOV.D) instruction and the table instructions. Overhead-free program loop constructs are supported using
the REPEAT instructions, which are interruptible at any
point.
PIC24F devices have sixteen, 16-bit working registers
in the programmer’s model. Each of the working
registers can act as a data, address or address offset
register. The 16th working register (W15) operates as
a Software Stack Pointer for interrupts and calls.
The upper 32 Kbytes of the data space memory map
can optionally be mapped into program space at any
16K word boundary defined by the 8-bit Program Space
Visibility Page Address (PSVPAG) register. The program
to data space mapping feature lets any instruction
access program space as if it were data space.
The Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) has been
significantly enhanced beyond that of the PIC18, but
maintains an acceptable level of backward compatibility. All PIC18 instructions and addressing modes are
supported, either directly, or through simple macros.
Many of the ISA enhancements have been driven by
compiler efficiency needs.
For most instructions, the core is capable of executing
a data (or program data) memory read, a working register (data) read, a data memory write and a program
(instruction) memory read per instruction cycle. As a
result, three parameter instructions can be supported,
allowing trinary operations (that is, A + B = C) to be
executed in a single cycle.
A high-speed, 17-bit by 17-bit multiplier has been
included to significantly enhance the core arithmetic
capability and throughput. The multiplier supports
Signed, Unsigned and Mixed mode, 16-bit by 16-bit or
8-bit by 8-bit, integer multiplication. All multiply
instructions execute in a single cycle.
The 16-bit ALU has been enhanced with integer divide
assist hardware that supports an iterative non-restoring
divide algorithm. It operates in conjunction with the
REPEAT instruction looping mechanism and a selection
of iterative divide instructions to support 32-bit (or
16-bit), divided by 16-bit, integer signed and unsigned
division. All divide operations require 19 cycles to
complete but are interruptible at any cycle boundary.
The PIC24F has a vectored exception scheme with up
to 8 sources of non-maskable traps and up to 118 interrupt sources. Each interrupt source can be assigned to
one of seven priority levels.
A block diagram of the CPU is shown in Figure 3-1.
3.1
Programmer’s Model
The programmer’s model for the PIC24F is shown in
Figure 3-2. All registers in the programmer’s model are
memory mapped and can be manipulated directly by
instructions. A description of each register is provided
in Table 3-1. All registers associated with the
programmer’s model are memory mapped.
The core supports Inherent (no operand), Relative,
Literal, Memory Direct and three groups of addressing
modes. All modes support Register Direct and various
Register Indirect modes. Each group offers up to seven
addressing modes. Instructions are associated with
predefined addressing modes depending upon their
functional requirements.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 25
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 3-1:
PIC24F CPU CORE BLOCK DIAGRAM
PSV & Table
Data Access
Control Block
Data Bus
Interrupt
Controller
16
8
16
16
Data Latch
23
23
PCH
PCL
Program Counter
Loop
Stack
Control
Control
Logic
Logic
16
Data RAM
Address
Latch
23
16
RAGU
WAGU
Address Latch
Program Memory
EA MUX
Address Bus
Data Latch
ROM Latch
24
Control Signals
to Various Blocks
Instruction Reg
Hardware
Multiplier
Divide
Support
16
Literal Data
Instruction
Decode &
Control
16
16 x 16
W Register Array
16
16-Bit ALU
16
To Peripheral Modules
DS39881D-page 26
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 3-1:
CPU CORE REGISTERS
Register(s) Name
Description
W0 through W15
Working Register Array
PC
23-Bit Program Counter
SR
ALU STATUS Register
SPLIM
Stack Pointer Limit Value Register
TBLPAG
Table Memory Page Address Register
PSVPAG
Program Space Visibility Page Address Register
RCOUNT
Repeat Loop Counter Register
CORCON
CPU Control Register
FIGURE 3-2:
PROGRAMMER’S MODEL
15
Divider Working Registers
0
W0 (WREG)
W1
W2
Multiplier Registers
W3
W4
W5
W6
W7
Working/Address
Registers
W8
W9
W10
W11
W12
W13
W14
Frame Pointer
W15
Stack Pointer
0
SPLIM
0
22
0
0
PC
7
0
TBLPAG
7
0
PSVPAG
15
0
RCOUNT
SRH
SRL
— — — — — — — DC
IPL
RA N OV Z C
2 1 0
15
15
Stack Pointer Limit
Value Register
Program Counter
Table Memory Page
Address Register
Program Space Visibility
Page Address Register
Repeat Loop Counter
Register
0
ALU STATUS Register (SR)
0
— — — — — — — — — — — — IPL3 PSV — —
CPU Control Register (CORCON)
Registers or bits shadowed for PUSH.S and POP.S instructions.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 27
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
3.2
CPU Control Registers
REGISTER 3-1:
SR: ALU STATUS REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
DC
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0(1)
IPL2
R/W-0(1)
(2)
IPL1
(2)
R/W-0(1)
IPL0
(2)
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
RA
N
OV
Z
C
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-9
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 8
DC: ALU Half Carry/Borrow bit
1 = A carry-out from the 4th low-order bit (for byte-sized data) or 8th low-order bit (for word-sized data)
of the result occurred
0 = No carry-out from the 4th or 8th low-order bit of the result has occurred
bit 7-5
IPL2:IPL0: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bits(1,2)
111 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 (15); user interrupts disabled.
110 = CPU interrupt priority level is 6 (14)
101 = CPU Interrupt Priority Level is 5 (13)
100 = CPU interrupt priority level is 4 (12)
011 = CPU interrupt priority level is 3 (11)
010 = CPU interrupt priority level is 2 (10)
001 = CPU interrupt priority level is 1 (9)
000 = CPU interrupt priority level is 0 (8)
bit 4
RA: REPEAT Loop Active bit
1 = REPEAT loop in progress
0 = REPEAT loop not in progress
bit 3
N: ALU Negative bit
1 = Result was negative
0 = Result was non-negative (zero or positive)
bit 2
OV: ALU Overflow bit
1 = Overflow occurred for signed (2’s complement) arithmetic in this arithmetic operation
0 = No overflow has occurred
bit 1
Z: ALU Zero bit
1 = An operation which effects the Z bit has set it at some time in the past
0 = The most recent operation which effects the Z bit has cleared it (i.e., a non-zero result)
bit 0
C: ALU Carry/Borrow bit
1 = A carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred
0 = No carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred
Note 1:
2:
The IPL Status bits are read-only when NSTDIS (INTCON1<15>) = 1.
The IPL Status bits are concatenated with the IPL3 bit (CORCON<3>) to form the CPU Interrupt Priority
Level (IPL). The value in parentheses indicates the IPL when IPL3 = 1.
DS39881D-page 28
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 3-2:
CORCON: CPU CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
—
U-0
—
—
U-0
R/C-0
(1)
—
IPL3
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
PSV
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
IPL3: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bit(1)
1 = CPU interrupt priority level is greater than 7
0 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 or less
bit 2
PSV: Program Space Visibility in Data Space Enable bit
1 = Program space visible in data space
0 = Program space not visible in data space
bit 1-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
3.3
x = Bit is unknown
User interrupts are disabled when IPL3 = 1.
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
The PIC24F ALU is 16 bits wide and is capable of addition, subtraction, bit shifts and logic operations. Unless
otherwise mentioned, arithmetic operations are 2’s
complement in nature. Depending on the operation, the
ALU may affect the values of the Carry (C), Zero (Z),
Negative (N), Overflow (OV) and Digit Carry (DC)
Status bits in the SR register. The C and DC Status bits
operate as Borrow and Digit Borrow bits, respectively,
for subtraction operations.
The ALU can perform 8-bit or 16-bit operations,
depending on the mode of the instruction that is used.
Data for the ALU operation can come from the W
register array, or data memory, depending on the
addressing mode of the instruction. Likewise, output
data from the ALU can be written to the W register array
or a data memory location.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
The PIC24F CPU incorporates hardware support for
both multiplication and division. This includes a
dedicated hardware multiplier and support hardware
for 16-bit divisor division.
3.3.1
MULTIPLIER
The ALU contains a high-speed, 17-bit x 17-bit
multiplier. It supports unsigned, signed or mixed sign
operation in several multiplication modes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
16-bit x 16-bit signed
16-bit x 16-bit unsigned
16-bit signed x 5-bit (literal) unsigned
16-bit unsigned x 16-bit unsigned
16-bit unsigned x 5-bit (literal) unsigned
16-bit unsigned x 16-bit signed
8-bit unsigned x 8-bit unsigned
DS39881D-page 29
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
3.3.2
DIVIDER
3.3.3
The divide block supports 32-bit/16-bit and 16-bit/16-bit
signed and unsigned integer divide operations with the
following data sizes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
32-bit signed/16-bit signed divide
32-bit unsigned/16-bit unsigned divide
16-bit signed/16-bit signed divide
16-bit unsigned/16-bit unsigned divide
The quotient for all divide instructions ends up in W0
and the remainder in W1. Sixteen-bit signed and
unsigned DIV instructions can specify any W register
for both the 16-bit divisor (Wn), and any W register
(aligned) pair (W(m + 1):Wm) for the 32-bit dividend.
The divide algorithm takes one cycle per bit of divisor,
so both 32-bit/16-bit and 16-bit/16-bit instructions take
the same number of cycles to execute.
TABLE 3-2:
Instruction
MULTI-BIT SHIFT SUPPORT
The PIC24F ALU supports both single bit and
single-cycle, multi-bit arithmetic and logic shifts.
Multi-bit shifts are implemented using a shifter block,
capable of performing up to a 15-bit arithmetic right
shift, or up to a 15-bit left shift, in a single cycle. All
multi-bit shift instructions only support Register Direct
Addressing for both the operand source and result
destination.
A full summary of instructions that use the shift
operation is provided below in Table 3-2.
INSTRUCTIONS THAT USE THE SINGLE AND MULTI-BIT SHIFT OPERATION
Description
ASR
Arithmetic shift right source register by one or more bits.
SL
Shift left source register by one or more bits.
LSR
Logical shift right source register by one or more bits.
DS39881D-page 30
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.0
MEMORY ORGANIZATION
As Harvard architecture devices, PIC24F microcontrollers feature separate program and data memory
spaces and busses. This architecture also allows the
direct access of program memory from the data space
during code execution.
4.1
Program Address Space
The program address memory space of the
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices is 4M instructions.
The space is addressable by a 24-bit value derived
FIGURE 4-1:
from either the 23-bit Program Counter (PC) during program execution, or from table operation or data space
remapping, as described in Section 4.3 “Interfacing
Program and Data Memory Spaces”.
User access to the program memory space is restricted
to the lower half of the address range (000000h to
7FFFFFh). The exception is the use of TBLRD/TBLWT
operations which use TBLPAG<7> to permit access to
the Configuration bits and Device ID sections of the
configuration memory space.
Memory maps for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of
devices are shown in Figure 4-1.
PROGRAM SPACE MEMORY MAP FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES
PIC24FJ16GA
PIC24FJ32GA
PIC24FJ48GA
PIC24FJ64GA
GOTO Instruction
Reset Address
Interrupt Vector Table
GOTO Instruction
Reset Address
Interrupt Vector Table
GOTO Instruction
Reset Address
Interrupt Vector Table
GOTO Instruction
Reset Address
Interrupt Vector Table
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Alternate Vector Table
Alternate Vector Table
Alternate Vector Table
Alternate Vector Table
User Flash
Program Memory
(11K instructions)
User Flash
Program Memory
(16K instructions)
User Flash
Program Memory
(5.5K instructions)
User Memory Space
Flash Config Words
000000h
000002h
000004h
0000FEh
000100h
000104h
0001FEh
000200h
002BFEh
002C00h
User Flash
Program Memory
(22K instructions)
0057FEh
005800h
Flash Config Words
0083FEh
008400h
Flash Config Words
Unimplemented
Read ‘0’
Flash Config Words
Unimplemented
Read ‘0’
Unimplemented
Read ‘0’
00ABFEh
00AC00h
Unimplemented
Read ‘0’
Configuration Memory Space
7FFFFFh
800000h
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Device Config Registers
Device Config Registers
Device Config Registers
Device Config Registers
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
DEVID (2)
DEVID (2)
DEVID (2)
DEVID (2)
F7FFFEh
F80000h
F8000Eh
F80010h
FEFFFEh
FF0000h
FFFFFFh
Note:
Memory areas are not shown to scale.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 31
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.1.1
PROGRAM MEMORY
ORGANIZATION
4.1.3
In PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the top two words
of on-chip program memory are reserved for configuration information. On device Reset, the configuration
information is copied into the appropriate Configuration
registers. The addresses of the Flash Configuration
Word for devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are
shown in Table 4-1. Their location in the memory map
is shown with the other memory vectors in Figure 4-1.
The program memory space is organized in
word-addressable blocks. Although it is treated as
24 bits wide, it is more appropriate to think of each
address of the program memory as a lower and upper
word, with the upper byte of the upper word being
unimplemented. The lower word always has an even
address, while the upper word has an odd address
(Figure 4-2).
The Configuration Words in program memory are a
compact format. The actual Configuration bits are
mapped in several different registers in the configuration
memory space. Their order in the Flash Configuration
Words do not reflect a corresponding arrangement in the
configuration space. Additional details on the device
Configuration Words are provided in Section 24.1
“Configuration Bits”.
Program memory addresses are always word-aligned
on the lower word, and addresses are incremented or
decremented by two during code execution. This
arrangement also provides compatibility with data
memory space addressing and makes it possible to
access data in the program memory space.
4.1.2
HARD MEMORY VECTORS
TABLE 4-1:
All PIC24F devices reserve the addresses between
00000h and 000200h for hard coded program execution vectors. A hardware Reset vector is provided to
redirect code execution from the default value of the
PC on device Reset to the actual start of code. A GOTO
instruction is programmed by the user at 000000h with
the actual address for the start of code at 000002h.
msw
Address
PIC24FJ16GA
5.5
002BFCh:
002BFEh
PIC24FJ32GA
11
0057FCh:
0057FEh
PIC24FJ48GA
16
0083FCh:
0083FEh
PIC24FJ64GA
22
00ABFCh:
00ABFEh
least significant word
most significant word
16
8
PC Address
(lsw Address)
0
000000h
000002h
000004h
000006h
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
Program Memory
‘Phantom’ Byte
(read as ‘0’)
DS39881D-page 32
Configuration
Word
Addresses
PROGRAM MEMORY ORGANIZATION
23
000001h
000003h
000005h
000007h
FLASH CONFIGURATION
WORDS FOR PIC24FJ64GA004
FAMILY DEVICES
Program
Memory
(K words)
Device
PIC24F devices also have two interrupt vector tables,
located from 000004h to 0000FFh and 000100h to
0001FFh. These vector tables allow each of the many
device interrupt sources to be handled by separate
ISRs. A more detailed discussion of the interrupt vector
tables is provided in Section 7.1 “Interrupt Vector
Table”.
FIGURE 4-2:
FLASH CONFIGURATION WORDS
Instruction Width
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.2
Data Address Space
The PIC24F core has a separate, 16-bit wide data memory space, addressable as a single linear range. The
data space is accessed using two Address Generation
Units (AGUs), one each for read and write operations.
The data space memory map is shown in Figure 4-3.
All Effective Addresses (EAs) in the data memory space
are 16 bits wide and point to bytes within the data space.
This gives a data space address range of 64 Kbytes or
32K words. The lower half of the data memory space
(that is, when EA<15> = 0) is used for implemented
memory addresses, while the upper half (EA<15> = 1) is
reserved for the program space visibility area (see
Section 4.3.3 “Reading Data From Program Memory
Using Program Space Visibility”).
PIC24FJ64GA family devices implement a total of
8 Kbytes of data memory. Should an EA point to a
location outside of this area, an all zero word or byte will
be returned.
4.2.1
DATA SPACE WIDTH
The data memory space is organized in
byte-addressable, 16-bit wide blocks. Data is aligned
in data memory and registers as 16-bit words, but all
data space EAs resolve to bytes. The Least Significant
Bytes of each word have even addresses, while the
Most Significant Bytes have odd addresses.
DATA SPACE MEMORY MAP FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES(1)
FIGURE 4-3:
MSB
Address
0001h
07FFh
0801h
Implemented
Data RAM
MSB
LSB
SFR Space
LSB
Address
0000h
07FEh
0800h
Data RAM
1FFFh
2001h
27FFh(2)
2801h
SFR
Space
Near
Data Space
1FFEh
2000h
27FEh(2)
2800h
Unimplemented
Read as ‘0’
7FFFh
8001h
7FFFh
8000h
Program Space
Visibility Area
FFFFh
Note 1:
2:
FFFEh
Data memory areas are not shown to scale.
Upper memory limit for PIC24FJ16GAXXX devices is 17FFh.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 33
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.2.2
DATA MEMORY ORGANIZATION
AND ALIGNMENT
A sign-extend instruction (SE) is provided to allow
users to translate 8-bit signed data to 16-bit signed
values. Alternatively, for 16-bit unsigned data, users
can clear the MSB of any W register by executing a
zero-extend (ZE) instruction on the appropriate
address.
To maintain backward compatibility with PIC® devices
and improve data space memory usage efficiency, the
PIC24F instruction set supports both word and byte
operations. As a consequence of byte accessibility, all
Effective Address (EA) calculations are internally scaled
to step through word-aligned memory. For example, the
core recognizes that Post-Modified Register Indirect
Addressing mode [Ws++] will result in a value of Ws + 1
for byte operations and Ws + 2 for word operations.
Although most instructions are capable of operating on
word or byte data sizes, it should be noted that some
instructions operate only on words.
4.2.3
The 8-Kbyte area between 0000h and 1FFFh is
referred to as the near data space. Locations in this
space are directly addressable via a 13-bit absolute
address field within all memory direct instructions. The
remainder of the data space is addressable indirectly.
Additionally, the whole data space is addressable using
MOV instructions, which support Memory Direct
Addressing with a 16-bit address field.
Data byte reads will read the complete word which contains the byte, using the LSb of any EA to determine
which byte to select. The selected byte is placed onto
the LSB of the data path. That is, data memory and registers are organized as two parallel, byte-wide entities
with shared (word) address decode but separate write
lines. Data byte writes only write to the corresponding
side of the array or register which matches the byte
address.
4.2.4
All word accesses must be aligned to an even address.
Misaligned word data fetches are not supported, so
care must be taken when mixing byte and word operations, or translating from 8-bit MCU code. If a
misaligned read or write is attempted, an address error
trap will be generated. If the error occurred on a read,
the instruction underway is completed; if it occurred on
a write, the instruction will be executed but the write will
not occur. In either case, a trap is then executed, allowing the system and/or user to examine the machine
state prior to execution of the address Fault.
SFR SPACE
The first 2 Kbytes of the near data space, from 0000h
to 07FFh, are primarily occupied with Special Function
Registers (SFRs). These are used by the PIC24F core
and peripheral modules for controlling the operation of
the device.
SFRs are distributed among the modules that they
control and are generally grouped together by module.
Much of the SFR space contains unused addresses;
these are read as ‘0’. A diagram of the SFR space,
showing where SFRs are actually implemented, is
shown in Table 4-2. Each implemented area indicates
a 32-byte region where at least one address is implemented as an SFR. A complete listing of implemented
SFRs, including their addresses, is shown in Tables 4-3
through 4-24.
All byte loads into any W register are loaded into the
Least Significant Byte. The Most Significant Byte is not
modified.
TABLE 4-2:
NEAR DATA SPACE
IMPLEMENTED REGIONS OF SFR DATA SPACE
SFR Space Address
xx00
xx20
xx60
Core
000h
Timers
100h
200h
xx40
I
2C™
ICN
Capture
UART
A/D
300h
xx80
—
SPI
xxA0
xxC0
xxE0
Interrupts
Compare
—
—
—
—
—
—
I/O
—
—
—
—
—
—
400h
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
500h
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
600h
PMP
RTC/Comp
CRC
—
700h
—
—
System
NVM/PMD
—
—
—
—
PPS
Legend: — = No implemented SFRs in this block
DS39881D-page 34
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 4-3:
CPU CORE REGISTERS MAP
Addr
WREG0
0000
Working Register 0
0000
WREG1
0002
Working Register 1
0000
WREG2
0004
Working Register 2
0000
WREG3
0006
Working Register 3
0000
WREG4
0008
Working Register 4
0000
WREG5
000A
Working Register 5
0000
WREG6
000C
Working Register 6
0000
WREG7
000E
Working Register 7
0000
WREG8
0010
Working Register 8
0000
WREG9
0012
Working Register 9
0000
WREG10
0014
Working Register 10
0000
WREG11
0016
Working Register 11
0000
WREG12
0018
Working Register 12
0000
WREG13
001A
Working Register 13
0000
WREG14
001C
Working Register 14
0000
WREG15
001E
Working Register 15
0800
SPLIM
0020
Stack Pointer Limit Value Register
xxxx
PCL
002E
Program Counter Low Byte Register
PCH
0030
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
TBLPAG
0032
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
PSVPAG
0034
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
RCOUNT
0036
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0000
Program Counter Register High Byte
0000
—
Table Memory Page Address Register
0000
—
Program Space Visibility Page Address Register
0000
Repeat Loop Counter Register
xxxx
SR
0042
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
DC
IPL2
IPL1
IPL0
RA
N
OV
Z
C
0000
CORCON
0044
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
IPL3
PSV
—
—
0000
DISICNT
0052
—
—
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
TABLE 4-4:
Disable Interrupts Counter Register
ICN REGISTER MAP
DS39881D-page 35
File
Addr
Name
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
CNEN1 0060
CN15IE
CN14IE
CN13IE
CN12IE
CN11IE
CN10IE(1)
CN9IE(1)
CN27IE
(1)
CNEN2 0062
—
Legend:
Note
1:
—
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
CN8IE(1)
CN7IE
CN6IE
CN5IE
CN4IE
CN3IE
CN2IE
CN1IE
CN0IE
0000
CN24IE
CN23IE
CN22IE
CN21IE
CN20IE(1)
CN19IE(1)
CN18IE(1)
CN17IE(1)
CN16IE
0000
CN11PUE CN10PUE(1) CN9PUE(1) CN8PUE(1) CN7PUE
CN6PUE
CN5PUE
CN4PUE
CN3PUE
CN2PUE
CN1PUE
CN0PUE
0000
CN30PUE CN29PUE CN28PUE(1) CN27PUE CN26PUE(1) CN25PUE(1) CN24PUE CN23PUE CN22PUE CN21PUE CN20PUE(1) CN19PUE(1) CN18PUE(1) CN17PUE(1) CN16PUE
0000
CN30IE
CN29IE
CNPU1 0068 CN15PUE CN14PUE CN13PUE
CNPU2 006A
xxxx
(1)
CN28IE
CN12PUE
CN26IE
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’.
(1)
CN25IE
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
File
Name
File
Name
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
All
Resets
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
INTCON1
0080
NSTDIS
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
0000
INTCON2
0082
ALTIVT
DISI
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
INT2EP
INT1EP
INT0EP
0000
IFS0
0084
—
—
AD1IF
U1TXIF
U1RXIF
SPI1IF
SPF1IF
T3IF
T2IF
OC2IF
IC2IF
—
T1IF
OC1IF
IC1IF
INT0IF
0000
IFS1
0086
U2TXIF
U2RXIF
INT2IF
T5IF
T4IF
OC4IF
OC3IF
—
—
—
—
INT1IF
CNIF
CMIF
MI2C1IF
SI2C1IF
0000
IFS2
0088
—
—
PMPIF
—
—
—
OC5IF
—
IC5IF
IC4IF
IC3IF
—
—
—
SPI2IF
SPF2IF
0000
IFS3
008A
—
RTCIF
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
MI2C2IF
SI2C2IF
—
0000
IFS4
008C
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIF
—
—
—
—
CRCIF
U2ERIF
U1ERIF
—
0000
IEC0
0094
—
—
AD1IE
U1TXIE
U1RXIE
SPI1IE
SPF1IE
T3IE
T2IE
OC2IE
IC2IE
—
T1IE
OC1IE
IC1IE
INT0IE
0000
IEC1
0096
U2TXIE
U2RXIE
INT2IE
T5IE
T4IE
OC4IE
OC3IE
—
—
—
—
INT1IE
CNIE
CMIE
MI2C1IE
SI2C1IE
0000
IEC2
0098
—
—
PMPIE
—
—
—
OC5IE
—
IC5IE
IC4IE
IC3IE
—
—
—
SPI2IE
SPF2IE
0000
IEC3
009A
—
RTCIE
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
MI2C2IE
SI2C2IE
—
0000
IEC4
009C
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIE
—
—
—
—
CRCIE
U2ERIE
U1ERIE
—
0000
IPC0
00A4
—
T1IP2
T1IP1
T1IP0
—
OC1IP2
OC1IP1
OC1IP0
—
IC1IP2
IC1IP1
IC1IP0
—
INT0IP2
INT0IP1
INT0IP0
4444
IPC1
00A6
—
T2IP2
T2IP1
T2IP0
—
OC2IP2
OC2IP1
OC2IP0
—
IC2IP2
IC2IP1
IC2IP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC2
00A8
—
—
SPI1IP2
SPI1IP1
SPI1IP0
—
SPF1IP2
SPF1IP1
SPF1IP0
—
T3IP2
T3IP1
T3IP0
4444
IPC3
00AA
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
AD1IP2
AD1IP1
AD1IP0
—
U1TXIP2
U1TXIP1
U1TXIP0
4444
IPC4
00AC
—
CNIP2
CNIP1
CNIP0
—
CMIP2
CMIP1
CMIP0
—
MI2C1P0
—
SI2C1P2
SI2C1P1
SI2C1P0
4444
IPC5
00AE
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
INT1IP2
INT1IP1
INT1IP0
4444
IPC6
00B0
—
T4IP2
T4IP1
T4IP0
—
OC4IP2
OC4IP1
OC4IP0
—
OC3IP2
OC3IP1
OC3IP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC7
00B2
—
U2TXIP2
U2TXIP1
U2TXIP0
—
U2RXIP2 U2RXIP1 U2RXIP0
—
INT2IP2
INT2IP1
INT2IP0
—
T5IP2
T5IP1
T5IP0
4444
IPC8
00B4
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
SPI2IP2
SPI2IP1
SPI2IP0
—
SPF2IP2
SPF2IP1
SPF2IP0
4444
IPC9
00B6
—
IC5IP2
IC5IP1
IC5IP0
—
IC4IP2
IC4IP1
IC4IP0
—
IC3IP2
IC3IP1
IC3IP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC10
00B8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
OC5IP2
OC5IP1
OC5IP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC11
00BA
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
PMPIP2
PMPIP1
PMPIP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC12
00BC
—
—
—
—
—
—
SI2C2P2
SI2C2P1
SI2C2P0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC15
00C2
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC16
00C4
—
CRCIP2
CRCIP1
CRCIP0
—
U1ERIP0
—
—
—
—
4444
IPC18
00C8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIP2
LVDIP1
LVDIP0
4444
Legend:
U1RXIP2 U1RXIP1 U1RXIP0
MI2C2P2 MI2C2P1 MI2C2P0
RTCIP2
RTCIP1
RTCIP0
U2ERIP2 U2ERIP1 U2ERIP0
—
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
—
—
—
—
MI2C1P2 MI2C1P1
U1ERIP2 U1ERIP1
—
—
MATHERR ADDRERR STKERR OSCFAIL
Bit 0
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DS39881D-page 36
TABLE 4-5:
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 4-6:
File Name
Addr
TIMER REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
TMR1
0100
Timer1 Register
PR1
0102
Timer1 Period Register
T1CON
0104
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0000
FFFF
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
—
TSYNC
TCS
—
0000
TMR2
0106
Timer2 Register
0000
TMR3HLD
0108
Timer3 Holding Register (for 32-bit timer operations only)
0000
TMR3
010A
Timer3 Register
0000
PR2
010C
Timer2 Period Register
FFFF
PR3
010E
Timer3 Period Register
T2CON
0110
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
T3CON
0112
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
TMR4
0114
Timer4 Register
0000
TMR5HLD
0116
Timer5 Holding Register (for 32-bit operations only)
0000
FFFF
—
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
T32
—
TCS
—
0000
—
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
—
—
TCS
—
0000
0118
Timer5 Register
0000
PR4
011A
Timer4 Period Register
FFFF
PR5
011C
Timer5 Period Register
T4CON
011E
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
T32
—
TCS
—
0000
T5CON
0120
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
—
—
TCS
—
0000
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
ICI1
ICI0
ICOV
ICBNE
ICM2
ICM1
ICM0
0000
ICI1
ICI0
ICOV
ICBNE
ICM2
ICM1
ICM0
0000
ICI1
ICI0
ICOV
ICBNE
ICM2
ICM1
ICM0
0000
ICI1
ICI0
ICOV
ICBNE
ICM2
ICM1
ICM0
0000
ICI1
ICI0
ICOV
ICBNE
ICM2
ICM1
ICM0
0000
TABLE 4-7:
File
Name
Addr
IC1BUF
0140
IC1CON
0142
IC2BUF
0144
IC2CON
0146
DS39881D-page 37
IC3BUF
0148
IC3CON
014A
IC4BUF
014C
IC4CON
014E
FFFF
INPUT CAPTURE REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
Input 1 Capture Register
—
ICTMR
FFFF
Input 2 Capture Register
—
ICTMR
FFFF
Input 3 Capture Register
—
ICTMR
FFFF
Input 4 Capture Register
IC5BUF
0150
IC5CON
0152
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
—
ICTMR
FFFF
Input 5 Capture Register
—
ICTMR
FFFF
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TMR5
OUTPUT COMPARE REGISTER MAP
File
Name
Addr
OC1RS
0180
Output Compare 1 Secondary Register
OC1R
0182
Output Compare 1 Register
OC1CON
0184
OC2RS
0186
Output Compare 2 Secondary Register
OC2R
0188
Output Compare 2 Register
OC2CON
018A
OC3RS
018C
Output Compare 3 Secondary Register
OC3R
018E
Output Compare 3 Register
OC3CON
0190
OC4RS
0192
Output Compare 4 Secondary Register
OC4R
0194
Output Compare 4 Register
OC4CON
0196
OC5RS
0198
Output Compare 5 Secondary Register
OC5R
019A
Output Compare 5 Register
OC5CON
019C
Legend:
Bit 15
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 14
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 13
OCSIDL
OCSIDL
OCSIDL
OCSIDL
OCSIDL
Bit 12
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 11
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 10
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 9
Bit 8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 7
—
—
—
—
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
FFFF
FFFF
—
—
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2
OCM1
OCM0
0000
FFFF
FFFF
—
—
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2
OCM1
OCM0
0000
FFFF
FFFF
—
—
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2
OCM1
OCM0
0000
FFFF
FFFF
—
—
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2
OCM1
OCM0
0000
FFFF
FFFF
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2
OCM1
OCM0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0000
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
TABLE 4-9:
I2C™ REGISTER MAP
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
File
Name
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
I2C1RCV
0200
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Receive Register 1
0000
I2C1TRN
0202
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Transmit Register 1
00FF
I2C1BRG
0204
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
I2C1CON
0206
I2CEN
—
I2CSIDL
SCLREL
IPMIEN
A10M
DISSLW
SMEN
GCEN
STREN
ACKDT
ACKEN
RCEN
PEN
RSEN
SEN
1000
I2C1STAT
0208
ACKSTAT
TRSTAT
—
—
—
BCL
GCSTAT
ADD10
IWCOL
I2COV
D/A
P
S
R/W
RBF
TBF
0000
AMSK7
AMSK6
AMSK3
AMSK2
AMSK1
AMSK0
Bit 4
Bit 3
Baud Rate Generator Register 1
All
Resets
0000
I2C1ADD
020A
—
—
—
—
—
—
I2C1MSK
020C
—
—
—
—
—
—
AMSK9
AMSK8
I2C2RCV
0210
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Receive Register 2
0000
I2C2TRN
0212
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Transmit Register 2
00FF
I2C2BRG
0214
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
I2C2CON
0216
I2CEN
—
I2CSIDL
SCLREL
IPMIEN
A10M
DISSLW
SMEN
GCEN
STREN
ACKDT
ACKEN
RCEN
PEN
RSEN
SEN
1000
I2C2STAT
0218
ACKSTAT
TRSTAT
—
—
—
BCL
GCSTAT
ADD10
IWCOL
I2COV
D/A
P
S
R/W
RBF
TBF
0000
AMSK9
AMSK8
AMSK7
AMSK6
AMSK3
AMSK2
AMSK1
AMSK0
I2C2ADD
021A
—
—
—
—
—
—
I2C2MSK
021C
—
—
—
—
—
—
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Address Register 1
AMSK5
AMSK4
0000
Baud Rate Generator Register 2
0000
Address Register 2
AMSK5
AMSK4
0000
0000
0000
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DS39881D-page 38
TABLE 4-8:
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 4-10:
File
Name
Addr
UART REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
—
USIDL
IREN
RTSMD
—
UEN1
UEN0
—
UTXBRK
UTXEN
UTXBF
TRMT
—
UTX8
UTX7
—
URX8
URX7
U1MODE
0220
UARTEN
U1STA
0222
UTXISEL1 UTXINV UTXISEL0
U1TXREG
0224
—
—
—
—
—
—
U1RXREG
0226
—
—
—
—
—
—
U1BRG
0228
U2MODE
0230
UARTEN
U2STA
0232
UTXISEL1 UTXINV UTXISEL0
U2TXREG
0234
—
—
—
U2RXREG
0236
—
—
—
U2BRG
0238
Legend:
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
WAKE
LPBACK
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0000
ABAUD
RXINV
BRGH
PDSEL1
PDSEL0
STSEL
ADDEN
RIDLE
PERR
FERR
OERR
URXDA
0110
UTX6
UTX5
UTX4
UTX3
UTX2
UTX1
UTX0
0000
URX6
URX5
URX4
URX3
URX2
URX1
URX0
0000
ABAUD
RXINV
BRGH
PDSEL1
PDSEL0
STSEL
0000
URXISEL1 URXISEL0
Baud Rate Generator Prescaler Register
—
USIDL
WAKE
LPBACK
0000
IREN
RTSMD
—
UEN1
UEN0
—
UTXBRK
UTXEN
UTXBF
TRMT
ADDEN
RIDLE
PERR
FERR
OERR
URXDA
0110
—
—
—
—
UTX8
UTX7
UTX6
UTX5
UTX4
UTX3
UTX2
UTX1
UTX0
0000
—
—
—
—
URX8
URX7
URX6
URX5
URX4
URX3
URX2
URX1
URX0
0000
URCISEL1 URCISEL0
Baud Rate Generator Prescaler
0000
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
SPI REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
SPIBEC2 SPIBEC1 SPIBEC0
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0000
SPI1STAT
0240
SPIEN
—
SPISIDL
—
—
SRMPT
SPIROV
SRXMPT
SISEL2
SISEL1
SISEL0
SPITBF
SPIRBF
SPI1CON1
0242
—
—
—
DISSCK
DISSDO
MODE16
SMP
CKE
SSEN
CKP
MSTEN
SPRE2
SPRE1
SPRE0
PPRE1
PPRE0
0000
SPI1CON2
0244
FRMEN
SPIFSD
SPIFPOL
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
SPIFE
SPIBEN
0000
SPI1BUF
0248
SPI2STAT
0260
SPIEN
—
SPISIDL
—
—
SRMPT
SPIROV
SRXMPT
SISEL2
SISEL1
SISEL0
SPITBF
SPIRBF
0000
SPI1 Transmit/Receive Buffer
SPIBEC2 SPIBEC1 SPIBEC0
0000
SPI2CON1
0262
—
—
—
DISSCK
DISSDO
MODE16
SMP
CKE
SSEN
CKP
MSTEN
SPRE2
SPRE1
SPRE0
PPRE1
PPRE0
0000
SPI2CON2
0264
FRMEN
SPIFSD
SPIFPOL
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
SPIFE
SPIBEN
0000
SPI2BUF
0268
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
SPI2 Transmit/Receive Buffer
0000
DS39881D-page 39
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 4-11:
File
Name
Bit 9
File
Name
TRISA
PORTA REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
02C0
—
—
—
—
—
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
TRISA10(1) TRISA9(1) TRISA8(1) TRISA7(1)
TRISA1
TRISA0
079F
—
RA4
RA3(2)
RA2(3)
RA1
RA0
0000
—
—
LATA4
LATA3(2)
LATA2(3)
LATA1
LATA0
0000
ODA4
ODA3(2)
ODA2(3)
ODA1
ODA0
0000
—
LATA
02C4
—
—
—
—
—
LATA10(1)
LATA9(1)
LATA8(1)
LATA7(1)
—
ODA10(1)
ODA9(1)
ODA8(1)
ODA7(1)
—
—
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’.
Bits are available only when the primary oscillator is disabled (POSCMD<1:0> = 00); otherwise read as ‘0’.
Bits are available only when the primary oscillator is disabled or EC mode is selected (POSCMD<1:0> = 00 or 11) and CLKO is disabled (OSCIOFNC = 0); otherwise, read as ‘0’.
TABLE 4-13:
File
Name
All
Resets
—
—
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
3:
Bit 0
TRISA4
—
—
TRISA3(2) TRISA2(3)
Bit 1
—
—
—
Bit 2
—
—
—
Bit 3
RA7(1)
02C2
—
Bit 4
RA8(1)
PORTA
02C6
Bit 5
RA9(1)
RA10(1)
ODCA
Bit 6
Addr
PORTB REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
TRISB
02C8
TRISB10
TRISB9
TRISB8
TRISB7
TRISB6
TRISB5
TRISB4
TRISB3
TRISB2
TRISB1
TRISB0
FFFF
PORTB
02CA
RB15
RB14
RB13
RB12
RB11
RB10
RB9
RB8
RB7
RB6
RB5
RB4
RB3
RB2
RB1
RB0
0000
LATB
02CC
LATB15
LATB14
LATB13
LATB12
LATB11
LATB10
LATB9
LATB8
LATB7
LATB6
LATB5
LATB4
LATB3
LATB2
LATB1
LATB0
0000
ODCB
02CE
ODB15
ODB14
ODB13
ODB12
ODB11
ODB10
ODB9
ODB8
ODB7
ODB6
ODB5
ODB4
ODB3
ODB2
ODB1
ODB0
0000
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
TABLE 4-14:
File
Name
TRISB15 TRISB14 TRISB13 TRISB12 TRISB11
Bit 10
PORTC REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TRISC(1)
02D0
—
—
—
—
—
—
TRISC9
TRISC8
TRISC7
TRISC6
TRISC5
TRISC4
TRISC3
TRISC2
TRISC1
TRISC0
03FF
PORTC(1)
02D2
—
—
—
—
—
—
RC9
RC8
RC7
RC6
RC5
RC4
RC3
RC2
RC1
RC0
0000
LATC(1)
02D4
—
—
—
—
—
—
LATC9
LATC8
LATC7
LATC6
LATC5
LATC4
LATC3
LATC2
LATC1
LATC0
0000
ODCC(1)
02D6
—
—
—
—
—
—
ODC9
OSC8
ODC7
ODC6
ODC5
ODC4
ODC3
ODC2
ODC1
ODC0
0000
Bit 0
All
Resets
Legend:
Note 1:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’.
TABLE 4-15:
PAD CONFIGURATION REGISTER MAP
File
Name
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
PADCFG1
02FC
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bit 1
RTSECSEL PMPTTL
0000
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DS39881D-page 40
TABLE 4-12:
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 4-16:
ADC REGISTER MAP
All
Resets
File
Name
Addr
ADC1BUF0
0300
ADC Data Buffer 0
xxxx
ADC1BUF1
0302
ADC Data Buffer 1
xxxx
ADC1BUF2
0304
ADC Data Buffer 2
xxxx
ADC1BUF3
0306
ADC Data Buffer 3
xxxx
ADC1BUF4
0308
ADC Data Buffer 4
xxxx
ADC1BUF5
030A
ADC Data Buffer 5
xxxx
ADC1BUF6
030C
ADC Data Buffer 6
xxxx
ADC1BUF7
030E
ADC Data Buffer 7
xxxx
ADC1BUF8
0310
ADC Data Buffer 8
xxxx
ADC1BUF9
0312
ADC Data Buffer 9
xxxx
ADC1BUFA
0314
ADC Data Buffer 10
xxxx
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
ADC1BUFB
0316
ADC Data Buffer 11
xxxx
ADC1BUFC
0318
ADC Data Buffer 12
xxxx
ADC1BUFD
031A
ADC Data Buffer 13
xxxx
ADC1BUFE
031C
ADC Data Buffer 14
xxxx
031E
0320
ADON
—
ADSIDL
—
—
—
FORM1
ADC Data Buffer 15
FORM0
SSRC2
SSRC1
SSRC0
—
—
ASAM
SAMP
DONE
0000
AD1CON2
0322
VCFG2
VCFG1
VCFG0
—
—
CSCNA
—
—
BUFS
—
SMPI3
SMPI2
SMPI1
SMPI0
BUFM
ALTS
0000
0000
xxxx
AD1CON3
0324
ADRC
—
—
SAMC4
SAMC3
SAMC2
SAMC1
SAMC0
ADCS7
ADCS6
ADCS5
ADCS4
ADCS3
ADCS2
ADCS1
ADCS0
AD1CHS
0328
CH0NB
—
—
—
CH0SB3
CH0SB2
CH0SB1
CH0SB0
CH0NA
—
—
—
CH0SA3
CH0SA2
CH0SA1
CH0SA0
0000
AD1PCFG
032C
PCFG15
—
—
PCFG12
PCFG11
PCFG10
PCFG9
PCFG8(1) PCFG7(1) PCFG6(1)
PCFG5
PCFG4
PCFG3
PCFG2
PCFG1
PCFG0
0000
0330
CSSL15
—
—
CSSL12
CSSL11
CSSL10
CSSL9
CSSL8(1) CSSL7(1) CSSL6(1)
CSSL5
CSSL4
CSSL3
CSSL2
CSSL1
CSSL0
0000
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
AD1CSSL
Legend:
Note 1:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’.
TABLE 4-17:
PARALLEL MASTER/SLAVE PORT REGISTER MAP
File
Name
Addr
Bit 15
PMCON
0600
PMPEN
—
PSIDL
CSF1
CSF0
ALP
—
CS1P
BEP
WRSP
RDSP
0000
PMMODE
0602
BUSY
IRQM1
IRQM0
INCM1
INCM0
MODE16
MODE1
MODE0
WAITB1
WAITB0
WAITM3
WAITM2
WAITM1
WAITM0
WAITE1
WAITE0
0000
PMADDR
0604
—
CS1
—
—
—
ADDR10
ADDR9
ADDR8
ADDR7
ADDR6
ADDR5
ADDR4
ADDR3
ADDR2
ADDR1
ADDR0
0000
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
ADRMUX1 ADRMUX0 PTBEEN PTWREN PTRDEN
Bit 7
Bit 6
DS39881D-page 41
PMDOUT1
Parallel Port Data Out Register 1 (Buffers 0 and 1)
0000
PMDOUT2 0606
Parallel Port Data Out Register 2 (Buffers 2 and 3)
0000
0000
PMDIN1
0608
Parallel Port Data In Register 1 (Buffers 0 and 1)
PMDIN2
060A
Parallel Port Data In Register 2 (Buffers 2 and 3)
PMAEN
060C
—
PTEN14
—
—
—
PTEN10
PTEN9
PTEN8
PTEN7
PTEN6
PTEN5
PTEN4
PTEN3
PTEN2
PTEN1
PTEN0
0000
PMSTAT
060E
IBF
IBOV
—
—
IB3F
IB2F
IB1F
IB0F
OBE
OBUF
—
—
OB3E
OB2E
OB1E
OB0E
0000
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
0000
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
ADC1BUFF
AD1CON1
File
Name
Addr
REAL-TIME CLOCK AND CALENDAR REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
ALRMEN
CHIME
AMASK3
AMASK2
AMASK1
Bit 10
ALRMVAL
0620
ALCFGRPT
0622
RTCVAL
0624
RCFGCAL
0626
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
TABLE 4-19:
File
Name
Bit 6
ARPT6
RTCEN
—
RTCWREN RTCSYNC HALFSEC
RTCOE
RTCPTR1
RTCPTR0
CAL7
CAL6
All
Resets
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
ARPT5
ARPT4
ARPT3
ARPT2
ARPT1
ARPT0
0000
CAL5
CAL4
CAL3
CAL2
CAL1
CAL0
0000
xxxx
RTCC Value Register Window Based on RTCPTR<1:0>
xxxx
DUAL COMPARATOR REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
CMCON
0630
CMIDL
—
C2EVT
C1EVT
C2EN
C1EN
0632
—
—
—
—
—
—
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Addr
Bit 7
Alarm Value Register Window Based on ALRMPTR<1:0>
CVRCON
File
Name
Bit 8
AMASK0 ALRMPTR1 ALRMPTR0 ARPT7
Addr
TABLE 4-20:
Bit 9
Bit 9
Bit 8
C2OUTEN C1OUTEN
—
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
C2OUT
C1OUT
C2INV
C1INV
C2NEG
C2POS
C1NEG
C1POS
0000
—
CVREN
CVROE
CVRR
CVRSS
CVR3
CVR2
CVR1
CVR0
0000
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
—
CRCGO
PLEN3
PLEN2
PLEN1
PLEN0
0040
X5
X4
X3
X2
X1
—
0000
CRC REGISTER MAP
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
CRCCON
0640
—
—
CSIDL
CRCXOR
0642
X15
X14
X13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
VWORD4 VWORD3 VWORD2 VWORD1 VWORD0 CRCFUL CRCMPT
X12
X11
X10
X9
X8
X7
X6
CRCDAT
0644
CRC Data Input Register
0000
CRCWDAT
0646
CRC Result Register
0000
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DS39881D-page 42
TABLE 4-18:
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 4-21:
File
Name
PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0680
—
—
—
INT1R4
INT1R3
INT1R2
INT1R1
INT1R0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1F00
0682
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
INT2R4
INT2R3
INT2R2
INT2R1
INT2R0
001F
RPINR3
0686
—
—
—
T3CKR4
T3CKR3
T3CKR2
T3CKR1
T3CKR0
—
—
—
T2CKR4
T2CKR3
T2CKR2
T2CKR1
T2CKR0
1F1F
RPINR4
0688
—
—
—
T5CKR4
T5CKR3
T5CKR2
T5CKR1
T5CKR0
—
—
—
T4CKR4
T4CKR3
T4CKR2
T4CKR1
T4CKR0
1F1F
RPINR7
068E
—
—
—
IC2R4
IC2R3
IC2R2
IC2R1
IC2R0
—
—
—
IC1R4
IC1R3
IC1R2
IC1R1
IC1R0
1F1F
RPINR8
0690
—
—
—
IC4R4
IC4R3
IC4R2
IC4R1
IC4R0
—
—
—
IC3R4
IC3R3
IC3R2
IC3R1
IC3R0
1F1F
RPINR9
0692
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
IC5R4
IC5R3
IC5R2
IC5R1
IC5R0
001F
RPINR11
0696
—
—
—
OCFBR4
OCFBR3
OCFBR2
OCFBR1
OCFBR0
—
—
—
OCFAR4
OCFAR3
OCFAR2
OCFAR1
OCFAR0
1F1F
RPINR18
06A4
—
—
—
U1CTSR4 U1CTSR3 U1CTSR2 U1CTSR1 U1CTSR0
—
—
—
U1RXR4
U1RXR3
U1RXR2
U1RXR1
U1RXR0
1F1F
RPINR19
06A6
—
—
—
U2CTSR4 U2CTSR3 U2CTSR2 U2CTSR1 U2CTSR0
—
—
—
U2RXR4
U2RXR3
U2RXR2
U2RXR1
U2RXR0
1F1F
RPINR20
06A8
—
—
—
SCK1R4
SCK1R3
SCK1R2
SCK1R1
SCK1R0
—
—
—
SDI1R4
SDI1R3
SDI1R2
SDI1R1
SDI1R0
1F1F
RPINR21
06AA
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
SS1R4
SS1R3
SS1R2
SS1R1
SS1R0
001F
RPINR22
06AC
—
—
—
SCK2R4
SCK2R3
SCK2R2
SCK2R1
SCK2R0
—
—
—
SDI2R4
SDI2R3
SDI2R2
SDI2R1
SDI2R0
1F1F
RPINR23
06AE
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
SS2R4
SS2R3
SS2R2
SS2R1
SS2R0
001F
RPOR0
06C0
—
—
—
RP1R4
RP1R3
RP1R2
RP1R1
RP1R0
—
—
—
RP0R4
RP0R3
RP0R2
RP0R1
RP0R0
0000
RPOR1
06C2
—
—
—
RP3R4
RP3R3
RP3R2
RP3R1
RP3R0
—
—
—
RP2R4
RP2R3
RP2R2
RP2R1
RP2R0
0000
RPOR2
06C4
—
—
—
RP5R4
RP5R3
RP5R2
RP5R1
RP5R0
—
—
—
RP4R4
RP4R3
RP4R2
RP4R1
RP4R0
0000
RPOR3
06C6
—
—
—
RP7R4
RP7R3
RP7R2
RP7R1
RP7R0
—
—
—
RP6R4
RP6R3
RP6R2
RP6R1
RP6R0
0000
RPOR4
06C8
—
—
—
RP9R4
RP9R3
RP9R2
RP9R1
RP9R0
—
—
—
RP8R4
RP8R3
RP8R2
RP8R1
RP8R0
0000
RPOR5
06CA
—
—
—
RP11R4
RP11R3
RP11R2
RP11R1
RP11R0
—
—
—
RP10R4
RP10R3
RP10R2
RP10R1
RP10R0
0000
RPOR6
06CC
—
—
—
RP13R4
RP13R3
RP13R2
RP13R1
RP13R0
—
—
—
RP12R4
RP12R3
RP12R2
RP12R1
RP12R0
0000
RPOR7
06CE
—
—
—
RP15R4
RP15R3
RP15R2
RP15R1
RP15R0
—
—
—
RP14R4
RP14R3
RP14R2
RP14R1
RP14R0
0000
RPOR8
06D0
—
—
—
RP17R4(1) RP17R3(1) RP17R2(1) RP17R1(1) RP17R0(1)
—
—
—
RP16R4(1) RP16R3(1) RP16R2(1) RP16R1(1) RP16R0(1)
0000
RPOR9
06D2
—
—
—
RP19R4(1) RP19R3(1) RP19R2(1) RP19R1(1) RP19R0(1)
—
—
—
RP18R4(1) RP18R3(1) RP18R2(1) RP18R1(1) RP18R0(1)
0000
RPOR10
06D4
—
—
—
RP21R4(1) RP21R3(1) RP21R2(1) RP21R1(1) RP21R0(1)
—
—
—
RP20R4(1) RP20R3(1) RP20R2(1) RP20R1(1) RP20R0(1)
0000
RPOR11
06D6
—
—
—
RP23R4(1) RP23R3(1) RP23R2(1) RP23R1(1) RP23R0(1)
—
—
—
RP22R4(1) RP22R3(1) RP22R2(1) RP22R1(1) RP22R0(1)
0000
RPOR12
06D8
—
—
—
RP25R4(1) RP25R3(1) RP25R2(1) RP25R1(1) RP25R0(1)
—
—
—
RP24R4(1) RP24R3(1) RP24R2(1) RP24R1(1) RP24R0(1)
0000
Legend:
Note 1:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
DS39881D-page 43
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
RPINR0
RPINR1
File
Name
CLOCK CONTROL REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
RCON
0740
TRAPR
IOPUWR
OSCCON
0742
—
COSC2
CLKDIV
0744
ROI
DOZE2
OSCTUN
0748
—
—
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
—
—
—
COSC1
COSC0
—
DOZE1
DOZE0
DOZEN
—
—
—
Bit 10
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
EXTR
SWR
SWDTEN
WDTO
SLEEP
IDLE
BOR
CLKLOCK
IOLOCK
LOCK
—
CF
—
SOSCEN
All
Resets
POR
(Note 1)
Bit 8
—
CM
VREGS
NOSC2
NOSC1
NOSC0
RCDIV2
RCDIV1
RCDIV0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
3140
—
—
—
—
—
TUN5
TUN4
TUN3
TUN2
TUN1
TUN0
0000
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
OSWEN (Note 2)
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
RCON register Reset values are dependent on type of Reset.
OSCCON register Reset values are dependent on configuration fuses and by type of Reset.
TABLE 4-23:
NVM REGISTER MAP
File Name
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
—
ERASE
—
0760
WR
WREN
WRERR
—
—
—
—
—
0766
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Legend:
Note 1:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
Reset value shown is for POR only. Value on other Reset states is dependent on the state of memory write or erase operations at the time of Reset.
TABLE 4-24:
—
NVMOP3 NVMOP2 NVMOP1 NVMOP0 0000(1)
NVMCON
NVMKEY
File Name
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 9
NVMKEY<7:0>
0000
PMD REGISTER MAP
Addr
Bit 15
Bit 14
Bit 13
Bit 12
Bit 11
Bit 10
Bit 9
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
All
Resets
0000
PMD1
0770
T5MD
T4MD
T3MD
T2MD
T1MD
—
—
—
I2C1MD
U2MD
U1MD
SPI2MD
SPI1MD
—
—
ADC1MD
PMD2
0772
—
—
—
IC5MD
IC4MD
IC3MD
IC2MD
IC1MD
—
—
—
OC5MD
OC4MD
OC3MD
OC2MD
OC1MD
0000
PMD3
0774
—
—
—
—
—
CMPMD
RTCCMD
PMPMD
CRCPMD
—
—
—
—
—
I2C2MD
—
0000
Legend:
— = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DS39881D-page 44
TABLE 4-22:
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.2.5
SOFTWARE STACK
4.3
In addition to its use as a working register, the W15
register in PIC24F devices is also used as a Software
Stack Pointer. The pointer always points to the first
available free word and grows from lower to higher
addresses. It pre-decrements for stack pops and
post-increments for stack pushes, as shown in
Figure 4-4. Note that for a PC push during any CALL
instruction, the MSB of the PC is zero-extended before
the push, ensuring that the MSB is always clear.
Note:
A PC push during exception processing
will concatenate the SRL register to the
MSB of the PC prior to the push.
The Stack Pointer Limit Value register (SPLIM), associated with the Stack Pointer, sets an upper address
boundary for the stack. SPLIM is uninitialized at Reset.
As is the case for the Stack Pointer, SPLIM<0> is
forced to ‘0’ because all stack operations must be
word-aligned. Whenever an EA is generated using
W15 as a source or destination pointer, the resulting
address is compared with the value in SPLIM. If the
contents of the Stack Pointer (W15) and the SPLIM
register are equal, and a push operation is performed,
a stack error trap will not occur. The stack error trap will
occur on a subsequent push operation. Thus, for
example, if it is desirable to cause a stack error trap
when the stack grows beyond address 2000h in RAM,
initialize the SPLIM with the value, 1FFEh.
Similarly, a Stack Pointer underflow (stack error) trap is
generated when the Stack Pointer address is found to
be less than 0800h. This prevents the stack from
interfering with the Special Function Register (SFR)
space.
A write to the SPLIM register should not be immediately
followed by an indirect read operation using W15.
FIGURE 4-4:
Stack Grows Towards
Higher Address
0000h
CALL STACK FRAME
15
0
PC<15:0>
000000000 PC<22:16>
<Free Word>
W15 (before CALL)
W15 (after CALL)
POP : [--W15]
PUSH : [W15++]
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
Interfacing Program and Data
Memory Spaces
The PIC24F architecture uses a 24-bit wide program
space and 16-bit wide data space. The architecture is
also a modified Harvard scheme, meaning that data
can also be present in the program space. To use this
data successfully, it must be accessed in a way that
preserves the alignment of information in both spaces.
Aside from normal execution, the PIC24F architecture
provides two methods by which program space can be
accessed during operation:
• Using table instructions to access individual bytes
or words anywhere in the program space
• Remapping a portion of the program space into
the data space (program space visibility)
Table instructions allow an application to read or write
to small areas of the program memory. This makes the
method ideal for accessing data tables that need to be
updated from time to time. It also allows access to all
bytes of the program word. The remapping method
allows an application to access a large block of data on
a read-only basis, which is ideal for look ups from a
large table of static data. It can only access the least
significant word of the program word.
4.3.1
ADDRESSING PROGRAM SPACE
Since the address ranges for the data and program
spaces are 16 and 24 bits, respectively, a method is
needed to create a 23-bit or 24-bit program address
from 16-bit data registers. The solution depends on the
interface method to be used.
For table operations, the 8-bit Table Memory Page
Address register (TBLPAG) is used to define a 32K word
region within the program space. This is concatenated
with a 16-bit EA to arrive at a full 24-bit program space
address. In this format, the Most Significant bit of
TBLPAG is used to determine if the operation occurs in
the user memory (TBLPAG<7> = 0) or the configuration
memory (TBLPAG<7> = 1).
For remapping operations, the 8-bit Program Space
Visibility Page Address register (PSVPAG) is used to
define a 16K word page in the program space. When
the Most Significant bit of the EA is ‘1’, PSVPAG is concatenated with the lower 15 bits of the EA to form a
23-bit program space address. Unlike table operations,
this limits remapping operations strictly to the user
memory area.
Table 4-25 and Figure 4-5 show how the program EA is
created for table operations and remapping accesses
from the data EA. Here, P<23:0> refers to a program
space word, whereas D<15:0> refers to a data space
word.
DS39881D-page 45
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 4-25:
PROGRAM SPACE ADDRESS CONSTRUCTION
Program Space Address
Access
Space
Access Type
<23>
<22:16>
<15>
<14:1>
<0>
Instruction Access
(Code Execution)
User
TBLRD/TBLWT
(Byte/Word Read/Write)
User
TBLPAG<7:0>
Data EA<15:0>
0xxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
Configuration
TBLPAG<7:0>
Data EA<15:0>
1xxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
0
0xx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxx0
Program Space Visibility
(Block Remap/Read)
Note 1:
PC<22:1>
0
User
0
PSVPAG<7:0>
Data EA<14:0>(1)
0
xxxx xxxx
xxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
Data EA<15> is always ‘1’ in this case, but is not used in calculating the program space address. Bit 15 of
the address is PSVPAG<0>.
FIGURE 4-5:
DATA ACCESS FROM PROGRAM SPACE ADDRESS GENERATION
Program Counter(1)
Program Counter
0
0
23 Bits
EA
Table Operations(2)
1/0
1/0
TBLPAG
8 Bits
16 Bits
24 Bits
Select
Program Space Visibility(1)
(Remapping)
0
EA
1
0
PSVPAG
8 Bits
15 Bits
23 Bits
User/Configuration
Space Select
Byte Select
Note 1: The LSb of program space addresses is always fixed as ‘0’ in order to maintain word alignment of
data in the program and data spaces.
2: Table operations are not required to be word-aligned. Table read operations are permitted in the
configuration memory space.
DS39881D-page 46
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.3.2
DATA ACCESS FROM PROGRAM
MEMORY USING TABLE
INSTRUCTIONS
2.
The TBLRDL and TBLWTL instructions offer a direct
method of reading or writing the lower word of any
address within the program space without going through
data space. The TBLRDH and TBLWTH instructions are
the only method to read or write the upper 8 bits of a
program space word as data.
The PC is incremented by two for each successive
24-bit program word. This allows program memory
addresses to directly map to data space addresses.
Program memory can thus be regarded as two 16-bit
word-wide address spaces, residing side by side, each
with the same address range. TBLRDL and TBLWTL
access the space which contains the least significant
data word, and TBLRDH and TBLWTH access the space
which contains the upper data byte.
Two table instructions are provided to move byte or
word-sized (16-bit) data to and from program space.
Both function as either byte or word operations.
1.
TBLRDL (Table Read Low): In Word mode, it
maps the lower word of the program space
location (P<15:0>) to a data address (D<15:0>).
In Byte mode, either the upper or lower byte of
the lower program word is mapped to the lower
byte of a data address. The upper byte is
selected when byte select is ‘1’; the lower byte
is selected when it is ‘0’.
FIGURE 4-6:
TBLRDH (Table Read High): In Word mode, it
maps the entire upper word of a program address
(P<23:16>) to a data address. Note that
D<15:8>, the ‘phantom’ byte, will always be ‘0’.
In Byte mode, it maps the upper or lower byte of
the program word to D<7:0> of the data
address, as above. Note that the data will
always be ‘0’ when the upper ‘phantom’ byte is
selected (byte select = 1).
In a similar fashion, two table instructions, TBLWTH
and TBLWTL, are used to write individual bytes or
words to a program space address. The details of
their operation are explained in Section 5.0 “Flash
Program Memory”.
For all table operations, the area of program memory
space to be accessed is determined by the Table
Memory Page Address register (TBLPAG). TBLPAG
covers the entire program memory space of the
device, including user and configuration spaces. When
TBLPAG<7> = 0, the table page is located in the user
memory space. When TBLPAG<7> = 1, the page is
located in configuration space.
Note:
Only table read operations will execute in
the configuration memory space, and only
then, in implemented areas such as the
Device ID. Table write operations are not
allowed.
ACCESSING PROGRAM MEMORY WITH TABLE INSTRUCTIONS
Program Space
TBLPAG
02
Data EA<15:0>
23
15
0
000000h
23
16
8
0
00000000
020000h
030000h
00000000
00000000
00000000
‘Phantom’ Byte
TBLRDH.B (Wn<0> = 0)
TBLRDL.B (Wn<0> = 1)
TBLRDL.B (Wn<0> = 0)
TBLRDL.W
800000h
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
The address for the table operation is determined by the data EA
within the page defined by the TBLPAG register.
Only read operations are shown; write operations are also valid in
the user memory area.
DS39881D-page 47
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
4.3.3
READING DATA FROM PROGRAM
MEMORY USING PROGRAM SPACE
VISIBILITY
The upper 32 Kbytes of data space may optionally be
mapped into any 16K word page of the program space.
This provides transparent access of stored constant
data from the data space without the need to use
special instructions (i.e., TBLRDL/H).
Program space access through the data space occurs if
the Most Significant bit of the data space EA is ‘1’, and
program space visibility is enabled by setting the PSV bit
in the CPU Control register (CORCON<2>). The location of the program memory space to be mapped into the
data space is determined by the Program Space Visibility Page Address register (PSVPAG). This 8-bit register
defines any one of 256 possible pages of 16K words in
program space. In effect, PSVPAG functions as the
upper 8 bits of the program memory address, with the
15 bits of the EA functioning as the lower bits. Note that
by incrementing the PC by 2 for each program memory
word, the lower 15 bits of data space addresses directly
map to the lower 15 bits in the corresponding program
space addresses.
Data reads to this area add an additional cycle to the
instruction being executed, since two program memory
fetches are required.
Although each data space address, 8000h and higher,
maps directly into a corresponding program memory
address (see Figure 4-7), only the lower 16 bits of the
FIGURE 4-7:
24-bit program word are used to contain the data. The
upper 8 bits of any program space locations used as
data should be programmed with ‘1111 1111’ or
‘0000 0000’ to force a NOP. This prevents possible
issues should the area of code ever be accidentally
executed.
PSV access is temporarily disabled during
table reads/writes.
Note:
For operations that use PSV and are executed outside
a REPEAT loop, the MOV and MOV.D instructions will
require one instruction cycle in addition to the specified
execution time. All other instructions will require two
instruction cycles in addition to the specified execution
time.
For operations that use PSV which are executed inside
a REPEAT loop, there will be some instances that
require two instruction cycles in addition to the
specified execution time of the instruction:
• Execution in the first iteration
• Execution in the last iteration
• Execution prior to exiting the loop due to an
interrupt
• Execution upon re-entering the loop after an
interrupt is serviced
Any other iteration of the REPEAT loop will allow the
instruction accessing data, using PSV, to execute in a
single cycle.
PROGRAM SPACE VISIBILITY OPERATION
When CORCON<2> = 1 and EA<15> = 1:
Program Space
PSVPAG
02
23
15
Data Space
0
000000h
0000h
Data EA<14:0>
010000h
018000h
The data in the page
designated by PSVPAG is mapped into
the upper half of the
data memory
space....
8000h
PSV Area
FFFFh
800000h
DS39881D-page 48
...while the lower 15
bits of the EA specify
an exact address
within the PSV area.
This corresponds
exactly to the same
lower 15 bits of the
actual program space
address.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
5.0
Note:
RTSP is accomplished using TBLRD (table read) and
TBLWT (table write) instructions. With RTSP, the user
may write program memory data in blocks of 64 instructions (192 bytes) at a time, and erase program memory
in blocks of 512 instructions (1536 bytes) at a time.
FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section
4.
Program
Memory”
(DS39715).
5.1
Regardless of the method used, all programming of
Flash memory is done with the table read and table
write instructions. These allow direct read and write
access to the program memory space from the data
memory while the device is in normal operating mode.
The 24-bit target address in the program memory is
formed using the TBLPAG<7:0> bits and the Effective
Address (EA) from a W register specified in the table
instruction, as shown in Figure 5-1.
The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices contains internal Flash program memory for storing and executing
application code. The memory is readable, writable and
erasable when operating with VDD over 2.25V.
Flash memory can be programmed in three ways:
• In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™)
• Run-Time Self-Programming (RTSP)
• Enhanced In-Circuit Serial Programming
(Enhanced ICSP)
The TBLRDL and the TBLWTL instructions are used to
read or write to bits<15:0> of program memory.
TBLRDL and TBLWTL can access program memory in
both Word and Byte modes.
ICSP allows a PIC24FJ64GA004 family device to be
serially programmed while in the end application circuit.
This is simply done with two lines for the programming
clock and programming data (which are named PGCx
and PGDx, respectively), and three other lines for
power (VDD), ground (VSS) and Master Clear (MCLR).
This allows customers to manufacture boards with
unprogrammed devices and then program the microcontroller just before shipping the product. This also
allows the most recent firmware or a custom firmware
to be programmed.
FIGURE 5-1:
Table Instructions and Flash
Programming
The TBLRDH and TBLWTH instructions are used to read
or write to bits<23:16> of program memory. TBLRDH
and TBLWTH can also access program memory in Word
or Byte mode.
ADDRESSING FOR TABLE REGISTERS
24 Bits
Using
Program
Counter
Program Counter
0
0
Working Reg EA
Using
Table
Instruction
User/Configuration
Space Select
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
1/0
TBLPAG Reg
8 Bits
16 Bits
24-Bit EA
Byte
Select
DS39881D-page 49
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
5.2
RTSP Operation
The PIC24F Flash program memory array is organized
into rows of 64 instructions or 192 bytes. RTSP allows
the user to erase blocks of eight rows (512 instructions)
at a time and to program one row at a time. It is also
possible to program single words.
The 8-row erase blocks and single row write blocks are
edge-aligned, from the beginning of program memory, on
boundaries of 1536 bytes and 192 bytes, respectively.
When data is written to program memory using TBLWT
instructions, the data is not written directly to memory.
Instead, data written using table writes is stored in
holding latches until the programming sequence is
executed.
Any number of TBLWT instructions can be executed
and a write will be successfully performed. However,
64 TBLWT instructions are required to write the full row
of memory.
To ensure that no data is corrupted during a write, any
unused addresses should be programmed with
FFFFFFh. This is because the holding latches reset to
an unknown state, so if the addresses are left in the
Reset state, they may overwrite the locations on rows
which were not rewritten.
The basic sequence for RTSP programming is to set up
a Table Pointer, then do a series of TBLWT instructions
to load the buffers. Programming is performed by
setting the control bits in the NVMCON register.
Data can be loaded in any order and the holding registers can be written to multiple times before performing
a write operation. Subsequent writes, however, will
wipe out any previous writes.
Note:
Writing to a location multiple times without
erasing it is not recommended.
All of the table write operations are single-word writes
(2 instruction cycles), because only the buffers are written. A programming cycle is required for programming
each row.
DS39881D-page 50
5.3
Enhanced In-Circuit Serial
Programming
Enhanced In-Circuit Serial Programming uses an
on-board bootloader, known as the program executive,
to manage the programming process. Using an SPI
data frame format, the program executive can erase,
program and verify program memory. For more
information on Enhanced ICSP, see the device
programming specification.
5.4
Control Registers
There are two SFRs used to read and write the
program Flash memory: NVMCON and NVMKEY.
The NVMCON register (Register 5-1) controls which
blocks are to be erased, which memory type is to be
programmed and when the programming cycle starts.
NVMKEY is a write-only register that is used for write
protection. To start a programming or erase sequence,
the user must consecutively write 55h and AAh to the
NVMKEY register. Refer to Section 5.5 “Programming
Operations” for further details.
5.5
Programming Operations
A complete programming sequence is necessary for
programming or erasing the internal Flash in RTSP
mode. During a programming or erase operation, the
processor stalls (waits) until the operation is finished.
Setting the WR bit (NVMCON<15>) starts the operation and the WR bit is automatically cleared when the
operation is finished.
Configuration Word values are stored in the last two
locations of program memory. Performing a page erase
operation on the last page of program memory clears
these values and enables code protection. As a result,
avoid performing page erase operations on the last
page of program memory.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 5-1:
NVMCON: FLASH MEMORY CONTROL REGISTER
R/SO-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
WR
WREN
WRERR
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-0
—
U-0
ERASE
—
U-0
R/W-0
—
NVMOP3
R/W-0
(1)
R/W-0
(1)
NVMOP2
NVMOP1
R/W-0
(1)
NVMOP0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
SO = Set Only bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
WR: Write Control bit
1 = Initiates a Flash memory program or erase operation. The operation is self-timed and the bit is
cleared by hardware once operation is complete.
0 = Program or erase operation is complete and inactive
bit 14
WREN: Write Enable bit
1 = Enable Flash program/erase operations
0 = Inhibit Flash program/erase operations
bit 13
WRERR: Write Sequence Error Flag bit
1 = An improper program or erase sequence attempt or termination has occurred (bit is set
automatically on any set attempt of the WR bit)
0 = The program or erase operation completed normally
bit 12-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
ERASE: Erase/Program Enable bit
1 = Perform the erase operation specified by NVMOP3:NVMOP0 on the next WR command
0 = Perform the program operation specified by NVMOP3:NVMOP0 on the next WR command
bit 5-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3-0
NVMOP3:NVMOP0: NVM Operation Select bits(1)
1111 = Memory bulk erase operation (ERASE = 1) or no operation (ERASE = 0)(2)
0011 = Memory word program operation (ERASE = 0) or no operation (ERASE = 1)
0010 = Memory page erase operation (ERASE = 1) or no operation (ERASE = 0)
0001 = Memory row program operation (ERASE = 0) or no operation (ERASE = 1)
Note 1:
2:
All other combinations of NVMOP3:NVMOP0 are unimplemented.
Available in ICSP™ mode only. Refer to device programming specification.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 51
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
5.5.1
PROGRAMMING ALGORITHM FOR
FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY
4.
5.
The user can program one row of Flash program memory
at a time. To do this, it is necessary to erase the 8-row
erase block containing the desired row. The general
process is:
1.
2.
3.
Read eight rows of program memory
(512 instructions) and store in data RAM.
Update the program data in RAM with the
desired new data.
Erase the block (see Example 5-1):
a) Set the NVMOP bits (NVMCON<3:0>) to
‘0010’ to configure for block erase. Set the
ERASE (NVMCON<6>) and WREN
(NVMCON<14>) bits.
b) Write the starting address of the block to be
erased into the TBLPAG and W registers.
c) Write 55h to NVMKEY.
d) Write AAh to NVMKEY.
e) Set the WR bit (NVMCON<15>). The erase
cycle begins and the CPU stalls for the duration of the erase cycle. When the erase is
done, the WR bit is cleared automatically.
EXAMPLE 5-1:
DS39881D-page 52
For protection against accidental operations, the write
initiate sequence for NVMKEY must be used to allow
any erase or program operation to proceed. After the
programming command has been executed, the user
must wait for the programming time until programming
is complete. The two instructions following the start of
the programming sequence should be NOPs, as shown
in Example 5-3.
ERASING A PROGRAM MEMORY BLOCK
; Set up NVMCON for block erase operation
MOV
#0x4042, W0
MOV
W0, NVMCON
; Init pointer to row to be ERASED
MOV
#tblpage(PROG_ADDR), W0
MOV
W0, TBLPAG
MOV
#tbloffset(PROG_ADDR), W0
TBLWTL W0, [W0]
DISI
#5
MOV
MOV
MOV
MOV
BSET
NOP
NOP
6.
Write the first 64 instructions from data RAM into
the program memory buffers (see Example 5-1).
Write the program block to Flash memory:
a) Set the NVMOP bits to ‘0001’ to configure
for row programming. Clear the ERASE bit
and set the WREN bit.
b) Write 55h to NVMKEY.
c) Write AAh to NVMKEY.
d) Set the WR bit. The programming cycle
begins and the CPU stalls for the duration
of the write cycle. When the write to Flash
memory is done, the WR bit is cleared
automatically.
Repeat steps 4 and 5, using the next available
64 instructions from the block in data RAM by
incrementing the value in TBLPAG, until all
512 instructions are written back to Flash
memory.
#0x55, W0
W0, NVMKEY
#0xAA, W1
W1, NVMKEY
NVMCON, #WR
;
; Initialize NVMCON
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR
Initialize in-page EA[15:0] pointer
Set base address of erase block
Block all interrupts with priority <7
for next 5 instructions
Write the 55 key
Write the AA key
Start the erase sequence
Insert two NOPs after the erase
command is asserted
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
EXAMPLE 5-2:
LOADING THE WRITE BUFFERS
; Set up NVMCON for row programming operations
MOV
#0x4001, W0
;
MOV
W0, NVMCON
; Initialize NVMCON
; Set up a pointer to the first program memory location to be written
; program memory selected, and writes enabled
MOV
#0x0000, W0
;
MOV
W0, TBLPAG
; Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR
MOV
#0x6000, W0
; An example program memory address
; Perform the TBLWT instructions to write the latches
; 0th_program_word
MOV
#LOW_WORD_0, W2
;
MOV
#HIGH_BYTE_0, W3
;
TBLWTL
W2, [W0]
; Write PM low word into program latch
TBLWTH
W3, [W0++]
; Write PM high byte into program latch
; 1st_program_word
MOV
#LOW_WORD_1, W2
;
MOV
#HIGH_BYTE_1, W3
;
TBLWTL
W2, [W0]
; Write PM low word into program latch
TBLWTH
W3, [W0++]
; Write PM high byte into program latch
; 2nd_program_word
MOV
#LOW_WORD_2, W2
;
MOV
#HIGH_BYTE_2, W3
;
; Write PM low word into program latch
TBLWTL
W2, [W0]
; Write PM high byte into program latch
TBLWTH
W3, [W0++]
•
•
•
; 63rd_program_word
MOV
#LOW_WORD_31, W2
;
MOV
#HIGH_BYTE_31, W3
;
; Write PM low word into program latch
TBLWTL
W2, [W0]
; Write PM high byte into program latch
TBLWTH
W3, [W0]
EXAMPLE 5-3:
INITIATING A PROGRAMMING SEQUENCE
DISI
#5
MOV
MOV
MOV
MOV
BSET
NOP
NOP
BTSC
BRA
#0x55, W0
W0, NVMKEY
#0xAA, W1
W1, NVMKEY
NVMCON, #WR
NVMCON, #15
$-2
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
; Block all interrupts with priority <7
; for next 5 instructions
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
Write the 55 key
Write the AA key
Start the erase sequence
2 NOPs required after setting WR
Wait for the sequence to be completed
DS39881D-page 53
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
5.5.2
PROGRAMMING A SINGLE WORD
OF FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY
If a Flash location has been erased, it can be programmed using table write instructions to write an
instruction word (24-bit) into the write latch. The
TBLPAG register is loaded with the 8 Most Significant
Bytes of the Flash address. The TBLWTL and TBLWTH
EXAMPLE 5-4:
instructions write the desired data into the write latches
and specify the lower 16 bits of the program memory
address to write to. To configure the NVMCON register
for a word write, set the NVMOP bits (NVMCON<3:0>)
to ‘0011’. The write is performed by executing the
unlock sequence and setting the WR bit (see
Example 5-4).
PROGRAMMING A SINGLE WORD OF FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY
; Setup a pointer to data Program Memory
MOV
#tblpage(PROG_ADDR), W0
;
MOV
W0, TBLPAG
;Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR
MOV
#tbloffset(PROG_ADDR), W0
;Initialize a register with program memory address
MOV
MOV
TBLWTL
TBLWTH
#LOW_WORD_N, W2
#HIGH_BYTE_N, W3
W2, [W0]
W3, [W0++]
;
;
; Write PM low word into program latch
; Write PM high byte into program latch
; Setup NVMCON for programming one word to data Program Memory
MOV
#0x4003, W0
;
MOV
W0, NVMCON
; Set NVMOP bits to 0011
DISI
MOV
MOV
MOV
MOV
BSET
NOP
NOP
#5
#0x55, W0
W0, NVMKEY
#0xAA, W0
W0, NVMKEY
NVMCON, #WR
DS39881D-page 54
; Disable interrupts while the KEY sequence is written
; Write the key sequence
; Start the write cycle
; 2 NOPs required after setting WR
;
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
6.0
Note:
RESETS
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 7. Reset” (DS39712).
The Reset module combines all Reset sources and
controls the device Master Reset Signal, SYSRST. The
following is a list of device Reset sources:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
POR: Power-on Reset
MCLR: Pin Reset
SWR: RESET Instruction
WDT: Watchdog Timer Reset
BOR: Brown-out Reset
CM: Configuration Mismatch Reset
TRAPR: Trap Conflict Reset
IOPUWR: Illegal Opcode Reset
UWR: Uninitialized W Register Reset
Any active source of Reset will make the SYSRST
signal active. Many registers associated with the CPU
and peripherals are forced to a known Reset state.
Most registers are unaffected by a Reset; their status is
unknown on POR and unchanged by all other Resets.
Note:
All types of device Reset will set a corresponding status
bit in the RCON register to indicate the type of Reset
(see Register 6-1). A Power-on Reset will clear all bits
except for the BOR and POR bits (RCON<1:0>) which
are set. The user may set or clear any bit at any time
during code execution. The RCON bits only serve as
status bits. Setting a particular Reset status bit in
software will not cause a device Reset to occur.
The RCON register also has other bits associated with
the Watchdog Timer and device power-saving states.
The function of these bits is discussed in other sections
of this manual.
A simplified block diagram of the Reset module is
shown in Figure 6-1.
FIGURE 6-1:
Refer to the specific peripheral or CPU
section of this manual for register Reset
states.
Note:
The status bits in the RCON register
should be cleared after they are read so
that the next RCON register value after a
device Reset will be meaningful.
RESET SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM
RESET
Instruction
Glitch Filter
MCLR
WDT
Module
Sleep or Idle
VDD Rise
Detect
POR
Brown-out
Reset
BOR
SYSRST
VDD
Enable Voltage Regulator
Trap Conflict
Illegal Opcode
Configuration Mismatch
Uninitialized W Register
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 55
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
RCON: RESET CONTROL REGISTER(1)
REGISTER 6-1:
R/W-0
TRAPR
bit 15
R/W-0
IOPUWR
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
CM
R/W-0
VREGS
bit 8
R/W-0
EXTR
bit 7
R/W-0
SWR
R/W-0
SWDTEN(2)
R/W-0
WDTO
R/W-0
SLEEP
R/W-0
IDLE
R/W-1
BOR
R/W-1
POR
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13-10
bit 9
bit 8
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
Note 1:
2:
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
TRAPR: Trap Reset Flag bit
1 = A Trap Conflict Reset has occurred
0 = A Trap Conflict Reset has not occurred
IOPUWR: Illegal Opcode or Uninitialized W Access Reset Flag bit
1 = An illegal opcode detection, an illegal address mode or uninitialized W register used as an
Address Pointer caused a Reset
0 = An illegal opcode or uninitialized W Reset has not occurred
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
CM: Configuration Word Mismatch Reset Flag bit
1 = A Configuration Word Mismatch Reset has occurred
0 = A Configuration Word Mismatch Reset has not occurred
VREGS: Voltage Regulator Standby Enable bit
1 = Regulator remains active during Sleep
0 = Regulator goes to standby during Sleep
EXTR: External Reset (MCLR) Pin bit
1 = A Master Clear (pin) Reset has occurred
0 = A Master Clear (pin) Reset has not occurred
SWR: Software Reset (Instruction) Flag bit
1 = A RESET instruction has been executed
0 = A RESET instruction has not been executed
SWDTEN: Software Enable/Disable of WDT bit(2)
1 = WDT is enabled
0 = WDT is disabled
WDTO: Watchdog Timer Time-out Flag bit
1 = WDT time-out has occurred
0 = WDT time-out has not occurred
SLEEP: Wake From Sleep Flag bit
1 = Device has been in Sleep mode
0 = Device has not been in Sleep mode
IDLE: Wake-up From Idle Flag bit
1 = Device has been in Idle mode
0 = Device has not been in Idle mode
BOR: Brown-out Reset Flag bit
1 = A Brown-out Reset has occurred. Note that BOR is also set after a Power-on Reset.
0 = A Brown-out Reset has not occurred
POR: Power-on Reset Flag bit
1 = A Power-up Reset has occurred
0 = A Power-up Reset has not occurred
All of the Reset status bits may be set or cleared in software. Setting one of these bits in software does not
cause a device Reset.
If the FWDTEN Configuration bit is ‘1’ (unprogrammed), the WDT is always enabled, regardless of the
SWDTEN bit setting.
DS39881D-page 56
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 6-1:
RESET FLAG BIT OPERATION
Flag Bit
Setting Event
Clearing Event
TRAPR (RCON<15>)
Trap Conflict Event
POR
IOPUWR (RCON<14>)
Illegal Opcode or Uninitialized W Register Access
POR
CM (RCON<9>)
Configuration Mismatch Reset
POR
EXTR (RCON<7>)
MCLR Reset
POR
SWR (RCON<6>)
RESET Instruction
POR
WDTO (RCON<4>)
WDT Time-out
SLEEP (RCON<3>)
PWRSAV #SLEEP Instruction
POR
IDLE (RCON<2>)
PWRSAV #IDLE Instruction
POR
BOR (RCON<1>)
POR, BOR
—
POR (RCON<0>)
POR
—
Note:
6.1
PWRSAV Instruction, POR
All Reset flag bits may be set or cleared by the user software.
Clock Source Selection at Reset
If clock switching is enabled, the system clock source at
device Reset is chosen as shown in Table 6-2. If clock
switching is disabled, the system clock source is always
selected according to the oscillator Configuration bits.
Refer to Section 8.0 “Oscillator Configuration” for
further details.
TABLE 6-2:
Reset Type
POR
BOR
MCLR
WDTO
OSCILLATOR SELECTION vs.
TYPE OF RESET (CLOCK
SWITCHING ENABLED)
Clock Source Determinant
FNOS Configuration bits
(CW2<10:8>)
6.2
Device Reset Times
The Reset times for various types of device Reset are
summarized in Table 6-3. Note that the system Reset
signal, SYSRST, is released after the POR and PWRT
delay times expire.
The time that the device actually begins to execute
code will also depend on the system oscillator delays,
which include the Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST) and
the PLL lock time. The OST and PLL lock times occur
in parallel with the applicable SYSRST delay times.
The FSCM delay determines the time at which the
FSCM begins to monitor the system clock source after
the SYSRST signal is released.
COSC Control bits
(OSCCON<14:12>)
SWR
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 57
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 6-3:
Reset Type
RESET DELAY TIMES FOR VARIOUS DEVICE RESETS
Clock Source
SYSRST Delay
EC, FRC, FRCDIV, LPRC TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST
POR
BOR
System Clock
Delay
FSCM
Delay
—
—
Notes
1, 2, 3
ECPLL, FRCPLL
TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST
TLOCK
TFSCM
1, 2, 3, 5, 6
XT, HS, SOSC
TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST
TOST
TFSCM
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
XTPLL, HSPLL
TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST TOST + TLOCK
TFSCM
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
EC, FRC, FRCDIV, LPRC
TSTARTUP + TRST
—
—
ECPLL, FRCPLL
TSTARTUP + TRST
TLOCK
TFSCM
2, 3, 5, 6
XT, HS, SOSC
TSTARTUP + TRST
TOST
TFSCM
2, 3, 4, 6
XTPLL, HSPLL
TSTARTUP + TRST
TOST + TLOCK
TFSCM
2, 3, 4, 5, 6
2, 3
MCLR
Any Clock
TRST
—
—
3
WDT
Any Clock
TRST
—
—
3
Software
Any clock
TRST
—
—
3
Illegal Opcode
Any Clock
TRST
—
—
3
Uninitialized W
Any Clock
TRST
—
—
3
Trap Conflict
Any Clock
TRST
—
—
3
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
TPOR = Power-on Reset delay (10 s nominal).
TSTARTUP = TVREG (10 s nominal) if on-chip regulator is enabled or TPWRT (64 ms nominal) if on-chip
regulator is disabled.
TRST = Internal state Reset time.
TOST = Oscillator Start-up Timer. A 10-bit counter counts 1024 oscillator periods before releasing the
oscillator clock to the system.
TLOCK = PLL lock time (2 ms nominal).
TFSCM = Fail-Safe Clock Monitor delay.
DS39881D-page 58
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
6.2.1
POR AND LONG OSCILLATOR
START-UP TIMES
The oscillator start-up circuitry and its associated delay
timers are not linked to the device Reset delays that
occur at power-up. Some crystal circuits (especially
low-frequency crystals) will have a relatively long
start-up time. Therefore, one or more of the following
conditions is possible after SYSRST is released:
• The oscillator circuit has not begun to oscillate.
• The Oscillator Start-up Timer has not expired (if a
crystal oscillator is used).
• The PLL has not achieved a lock (if PLL is used).
The device will not begin to execute code until a valid
clock source has been released to the system. Therefore, the oscillator and PLL start-up delays must be
considered when the Reset delay time must be known.
6.2.2
FAIL-SAFE CLOCK MONITOR
(FSCM) AND DEVICE RESETS
If the FSCM is enabled, it will begin to monitor the
system clock source when SYSRST is released. If a
valid clock source is not available at this time, the
device will automatically switch to the FRC oscillator
and the user can switch to the desired crystal oscillator
in the Trap Service Routine.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
6.2.2.1
FSCM Delay for Crystal and PLL
Clock Sources
When the system clock source is provided by a crystal
oscillator and/or the PLL, a small delay, TFSCM, will
automatically be inserted after the POR and PWRT
delay times. The FSCM will not begin to monitor the
system clock source until this delay expires. The FSCM
delay time is nominally 100 s and provides additional
time for the oscillator and/or PLL to stabilize. In most
cases, the FSCM delay will prevent an oscillator failure
trap at a device Reset when the PWRT is disabled.
6.3
Special Function Register Reset
States
Most of the Special Function Registers (SFRs) associated with the PIC24F CPU and peripherals are reset to a
particular value at a device Reset. The SFRs are
grouped by their peripheral or CPU function and their
Reset values are specified in each section of this manual.
The Reset value for each SFR does not depend on the
type of Reset, with the exception of four registers. The
Reset value for the Reset Control register, RCON, will
depend on the type of device Reset. The Reset value
for the Oscillator Control register, OSCCON, will
depend on the type of Reset and the programmed
values of the FNOSC bits in the CW2 register (see
Table 6-2). The RCFGCAL and NVMCON registers are
only affected by a POR.
DS39881D-page 59
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 60
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
7.0
Note:
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 8. Interrupts” (DS39707).
The PIC24F interrupt controller reduces the numerous
peripheral interrupt request signals to a single interrupt
request signal to the PIC24F CPU. It has the following
features:
•
•
•
•
Up to 8 processor exceptions and software traps
7 user-selectable priority levels
Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) with up to 118 vectors
A unique vector for each interrupt or exception
source
• Fixed priority within a specified user priority level
• Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) for debug
support
• Fixed interrupt entry and return latencies
7.1
Interrupt Vector Table
The Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) is shown in Figure 7-1.
The IVT resides in program memory, starting at location
000004h. The IVT contains 126 vectors, consisting of
8 non-maskable trap vectors, plus up to 118 sources of
interrupt. In general, each interrupt source has its own
vector. Each interrupt vector contains a 24-bit wide
address. The value programmed into each interrupt
vector location is the starting address of the associated
Interrupt Service Routine (ISR).
7.1.1
ALTERNATE INTERRUPT VECTOR
TABLE
The Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) is located
after the IVT, as shown in Figure 7-1. Access to the
AIVT is provided by the ALTIVT control bit
(INTCON2<15>). If the ALTIVT bit is set, all interrupt
and exception processes will use the alternate vectors
instead of the default vectors. The alternate vectors are
organized in the same manner as the default vectors.
The AIVT supports emulation and debugging efforts by
providing a means to switch between an application
and a support environment without requiring the interrupt vectors to be reprogrammed. This feature also
enables switching between applications for evaluation
of different software algorithms at run time. If the AIVT
is not needed, the AIVT should be programmed with
the same addresses used in the IVT.
7.2
Reset Sequence
A device Reset is not a true exception because the
interrupt controller is not involved in the Reset process.
The PIC24F devices clear their registers in response to
a Reset which forces the PC to zero. The microcontroller then begins program execution at location
000000h. The user programs a GOTO instruction at the
Reset address, which redirects program execution to
the appropriate start-up routine.
Note:
Any unimplemented or unused vector
locations in the IVT and AIVT should be
programmed with the address of a default
interrupt handler routine that contains a
RESET instruction.
Interrupt vectors are prioritized in terms of their natural
priority; this is linked to their position in the vector table.
All other things being equal, lower addresses have a
higher natural priority. For example, the interrupt associated with vector 0 will take priority over interrupts at
any other vector address.
PIC24FJ64GA004
family
devices
implement
non-maskable traps and unique interrupts. These are
summarized in Table 7-1 and Table 7-2.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 61
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 7-1:
PIC24F INTERRUPT VECTOR TABLE
Decreasing Natural Order Priority
Reset – GOTO Instruction
Reset – GOTO Address
Reserved
Oscillator Fail Trap Vector
Address Error Trap Vector
Stack Error Trap Vector
Math Error Trap Vector
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Interrupt Vector 0
Interrupt Vector 1
—
—
—
Interrupt Vector 52
Interrupt Vector 53
Interrupt Vector 54
—
—
—
Interrupt Vector 116
Interrupt Vector 117
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Oscillator Fail Trap Vector
Address Error Trap Vector
Stack Error Trap Vector
Math Error Trap Vector
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Interrupt Vector 0
Interrupt Vector 1
—
—
—
Interrupt Vector 52
Interrupt Vector 53
Interrupt Vector 54
—
—
—
Interrupt Vector 116
Interrupt Vector 117
Start of Code
Note 1:
TABLE 7-1:
000000h
000002h
000004h
000014h
00007Ch
00007Eh
000080h
Interrupt Vector Table (IVT)(1)
0000FCh
0000FEh
000100h
000102h
000114h
Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT)(1)
00017Ch
00017Eh
000180h
0001FEh
000200h
See Table 7-2 for the interrupt vector list.
TRAP VECTOR DETAILS
Vector Number
IVT Address
AIVT Address
Trap Source
0
000004h
000104h
1
000006h
000106h
Oscillator Failure
2
000008h
000108h
Address Error
Reserved
3
00000Ah
00010Ah
Stack Error
4
00000Ch
00010Ch
Math Error
5
00000Eh
00010Eh
Reserved
6
000010h
000110h
Reserved
7
000012h
0001172h
Reserved
DS39881D-page 62
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 7-2:
IMPLEMENTED INTERRUPT VECTORS
Interrupt Source
ADC1 Conversion Done
Vector
Number
IVT Address
13
00002Eh
Interrupt Bit Locations
AIVT
Address
Flag
Enable
Priority
00012Eh
IFS0<13>
IEC0<13>
IPC3<6:4>
Comparator Event
18
000038h
000138h
IFS1<2>
IEC1<2>
IPC4<10:8>
CRC Generator
67
00009Ah
00019Ah
IFS4<3>
IEC4<3>
IPC16<14:12>
External Interrupt 0
0
000014h
000114h
IFS0<0>
IEC0<0>
IPC0<2:0>
External Interrupt 1
20
00003Ch
00013Ch
IFS1<4>
IEC1<4>
IPC5<2:0>
External Interrupt 2
29
00004Eh
00014Eh
IFS1<13>
IEC1<13>
IPC7<6:4>
I2C1 Master Event
17
000036h
000136h
IFS1<1>
IEC1<1>
IPC4<6:4>
I2C1 Slave Event
16
000034h
000034h
IFS1<0>
IEC1<0>
IPC4<2:0>
I2C2 Master Event
50
000078h
000178h
IFS3<2>
IEC3<2>
IPC12<10:8>
I2C2 Slave Event
49
000076h
000176h
IFS3<1>
IEC3<1>
IPC12<6:4>
Input Capture 1
1
000016h
000116h
IFS0<1>
IEC0<1>
IPC0<6:4>
Input Capture 2
5
00001Eh
00011Eh
IFS0<5>
IEC0<5>
IPC1<6:4>
Input Capture 3
37
00005Eh
00015Eh
IFS2<5>
IEC2<5>
IPC9<6:4>
Input Capture 4
38
000060h
000160h
IFS2<6>
IEC2<6>
IPC9<10:8>
Input Capture 5
39
000062h
000162h
IFS2<7>
IEC2<7>
IPC9<14:12>
Input Change Notification
19
00003Ah
00013Ah
IFS1<3>
IEC1<3>
IPC4<14:12>
Output Compare 1
2
000018h
000118h
IFS0<2>
IEC0<2>
IPC0<10:8>
IPC1<10:8>
Output Compare 2
6
000020h
000120h
IFS0<6>
IEC0<6>
Output Compare 3
25
000046h
000146h
IFS1<9>
IEC1<9>
IPC6<6:4>
Output Compare 4
26
000048h
000148h
IFS1<10>
IEC1<10>
IPC6<10:8>
Output Compare 5
41
000066h
000166h
IFS2<9>
IEC2<9>
IPC10<6:4>
Parallel Master Port
45
00006Eh
00016Eh
IFS2<13>
IEC2<13>
IPC11<6:4>
Real-Time Clock/Calendar
62
000090h
000190h
IFS3<14>
IEC3<13>
IPC15<10:8>
SPI1 Error
9
000026h
000126h
IFS0<9>
IEC0<9>
IPC2<6:4>
SPI1 Event
10
000028h
000128h
IFS0<10>
IEC0<10>
IPC2<10:8>
SPI2 Error
32
000054h
000154h
IFS2<0>
IEC0<0>
IPC8<2:0>
SPI2 Event
33
000056h
000156h
IFS2<1>
IEC2<1>
IPC8<6:4>
Timer1
3
00001Ah
00011Ah
IFS0<3>
IEC0<3>
IPC0<14:12>
Timer2
7
000022h
000122h
IFS0<7>
IEC0<7>
IPC1<14:12>
Timer3
8
000024h
000124h
IFS0<8>
IEC0<8>
IPC2<2:0>
Timer4
27
00004Ah
00014Ah
IFS1<11>
IEC1<11>
IPC6<14:12>
Timer5
28
00004Ch
00014Ch
IFS1<12>
IEC1<12>
IPC7<2:0>
UART1 Error
65
000096h
000196h
IFS4<1>
IEC4<1>
IPC16<6:4>
IPC2<14:12>
UART1 Receiver
11
00002Ah
00012Ah
IFS0<11>
IEC0<11>
UART1 Transmitter
12
00002Ch
00012Ch
IFS0<12>
IEC0<12>
IPC3<2:0>
UART2 Error
66
000098h
000198h
IFS4<2>
IEC4<2>
IPC16<10:8>
UART2 Receiver
30
000050h
000150h
IFS1<14>
IEC1<14>
IPC7<10:8>
UART2 Transmitter
31
000052h
000152h
IFS1<15>
IEC1<15>
IPC7<14:12>
LVD Low-Voltage Detect
72
0000A4h
000124h
IFS4<8>
IEC4<8>
IPC17<2:0>
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 63
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
7.3
Interrupt Control and Status
Registers
The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices implements a
total of 28 registers for the interrupt controller:
•
•
•
•
•
INTCON1
INTCON2
IFS0 through IFS4
IEC0 through IEC4
IPC0 through IPC12, IPC15, IPC16 and IPC18
Global interrupt control functions are controlled from
INTCON1 and INTCON2. INTCON1 contains the Interrupt Nesting Disable (NSTDIS) bit, as well as the
control and status flags for the processor trap sources.
The INTCON2 register controls the external interrupt
request signal behavior and the use of the Alternate
Interrupt Vector Table.
The IFSx registers maintain all of the interrupt request
flags. Each source of interrupt has a status bit which is
set by the respective peripherals, or external signal,
and is cleared via software.
The interrupt sources are assigned to the IFSx, IECx
and IPCx registers in the same sequence that they are
listed in Table 7-2. For example, the INT0 (External
Interrupt 0) is shown as having a vector number and a
natural order priority of 0. Thus, the INT0IF status bit is
found in IFS0<0>, the INT0IE enable bit in IEC0<0>
and the INT0IP<2:0> priority bits in the first position of
IPC0 (IPC0<2:0>).
Although they are not specifically part of the interrupt
control hardware, two of the CPU control registers contain bits that control interrupt functionality. The ALU
STATUS register (SR) contains the IPL2:IPL0 bits
(SR<7:5>). These indicate the current CPU interrupt
priority level. The user may change the current CPU
priority level by writing to the IPL bits.
The CORCON register contains the IPL3 bit, which
together with IPL2:IPL0, also indicates the current CPU
priority level. IPL3 is a read-only bit so that trap events
cannot be masked by the user software.
All interrupt registers are described in Register 7-1
through Register 7-29, in the following pages.
The IECx registers maintain all of the interrupt enable
bits. These control bits are used to individually enable
interrupts from the peripherals or external signals.
The IPCx registers are used to set the interrupt priority
level for each source of interrupt. Each user interrupt
source can be assigned to one of eight priority levels.
DS39881D-page 64
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-1:
SR: ALU STATUS REGISTER (IN CPU)
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
DC(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
IPL2
(2,3)
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
IPL1(2,3)
IPL0(2,3)
RA(1)
N(1)
OV(1)
Z(1)
C(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
IPL2:IPL0: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bits(2,3)
111 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 (15). User interrupts disabled.
110 = CPU interrupt priority level is 6 (14)
101 = CPU interrupt priority level is 5 (13)
100 = CPU interrupt priority level is 4 (12)
011 = CPU interrupt priority level is 3 (11)
010 = CPU interrupt priority level is 2 (10)
001 = CPU interrupt priority level is 1 (9)
000 = CPU interrupt priority level is 0 (8)
bit 7-5
Note 1:
2:
3:
See Register 3-1 for the description of the remaining bit(s) that are not dedicated to interrupt control
functions.
The IPL bits are concatenated with the IPL3 bit (CORCON<3>) to form the CPU interrupt priority level.
The value in parentheses indicates the interrupt priority level if IPL3 = 1.
The IPL Status bits are read-only when NSTDIS (INTCON1<15>) = 1.
REGISTER 7-2:
CORCON: CPU CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/C-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
IPL3(2)
PSV(1)
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
IPL3: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bit(2)
1 = CPU interrupt priority level is greater than 7
0 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 or less
bit 3
Note 1:
2:
See Register 3-2 for the description of the remaining bit(s) that are not dedicated to interrupt control
functions.
The IPL3 bit is concatenated with the IPL2:IPL0 bits (SR<7:5>) to form the CPU interrupt priority level.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 65
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-3:
INTCON1: INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTER 1
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
NSTDIS
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
—
MATHERR
ADDRERR
STKERR
OSCFAIL
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
NSTDIS: Interrupt Nesting Disable bit
1 = Interrupt nesting is disabled
0 = Interrupt nesting is enabled
bit 14-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
MATHERR: Arithmetic Error Trap Status bit
1 = Overflow trap has occurred
0 = Overflow trap has not occurred
bit 3
ADDRERR: Address Error Trap Status bit
1 = Address error trap has occurred
0 = Address error trap has not occurred
bit 2
STKERR: Stack Error Trap Status bit
1 = Stack error trap has occurred
0 = Stack error trap has not occurred
bit 1
OSCFAIL: Oscillator Failure Trap Status bit
1 = Oscillator failure trap has occurred
0 = Oscillator failure trap has not occurred
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 66
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-4:
INTCON2: INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTER 2
R/W-0
R-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
ALTIVT
DISI
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
INT2EP
INT1EP
INT0EP
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
ALTIVT: Enable Alternate Interrupt Vector Table bit
1 = Use Alternate Interrupt Vector Table
0 = Use standard (default) vector table
bit 14
DISI: DISI Instruction Status bit
1 = DISI instruction is active
0 = DISI instruction is not active
bit 13-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
INT2EP: External Interrupt 2 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit
1 = Interrupt on negative edge
0 = Interrupt on positive edge
bit 1
INT1EP: External Interrupt 1 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit
1 = Interrupt on negative edge
0 = Interrupt on positive edge
bit 0
INT0EP: External Interrupt 0 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit
1 = Interrupt on negative edge
0 = Interrupt on positive edge
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 67
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-5:
IFS0: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 0
U-0
—
bit 15
U-0
—
R/W-0
AD1IF
R/W-0
U1TXIF
R/W-0
U1RXIF
R/W-0
SPI1IF
R/W-0
SPF1IF
R/W-0
T3IF
bit 8
R/W-0
T2IF
bit 7
R/W-0
OC2IF
R/W-0
IC2IF
U-0
—
R/W-0
T1IF
R/W-0
OC1IF
R/W-0
IC1IF
R/W-0
INT0IF
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 15-14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
AD1IF: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
U1TXIF: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
U1RXIF: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
SPI1IF: SPI1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
SPF1IF: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
T3IF: Timer3 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
T2IF: Timer2 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
OC2IF: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
IC2IF: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
T1IF: Timer1 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
OC1IF: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
IC1IF: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
INT0IF: External Interrupt 0 Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
DS39881D-page 68
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-6:
R/W-0
U2TXIF
bit 15
IFS1: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 1
R/W-0
U2RXIF
R/W-0
INT2IF
R/W-0
T5IF
R/W-0
T4IF
U-0
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
INT1IF
R/W-0
CNIF
bit 7
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8-5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W-0
OC3IF
U-0
—
bit 8
U-0
—
bit 15
R/W-0
OC4IF
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
R/W-0
CMIF
R/W-0
MI2C1IF
R/W-0
SI2C1IF
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
U2TXIF: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
U2RXIF: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
INT2IF: External Interrupt 2 Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
T5IF: Timer5 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
T4IF: Timer4 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
OC4IF: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
OC3IF: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
INT1IF: External Interrupt 1 Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
CNIF: Input Change Notification Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
CMIF: Comparator Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
MI2C1IF: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
SI2C1IF: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 69
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-7:
IFS2: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 2
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
PMPIF
—
—
—
OC5IF
—
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
IC5IF
IC4IF
IC3IF
—
—
—
SPI2IF
SPF2IF
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
PMPIF: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 12-10
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 9
OC5IF: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7
IC5IF: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 6
IC4IF: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 5
IC3IF: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 4-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
SPI2IF: SPI2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 0
SPI2IF: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
DS39881D-page 70
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-8:
IFS3: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 3
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
RTCIF
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
MI2C2IF
SI2C2IF
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14
RTCIF: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 13-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
MI2C2IF: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 1
SI2C2IF: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 71
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-9:
IFS4: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 4
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIF
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
CRCIF
U2ERIF
U1ERIF
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-9
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 8
LVDIF: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 7-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
CRCIF: CRC Generator Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 2
U2ERIF: UART2 Error Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 1
U1ERIF: UART1 Error Interrupt Flag Status bit
1 = Interrupt request has occurred
0 = Interrupt request has not occurred
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 72
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-10:
IEC0: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 0
U-0
—
bit 15
U-0
—
R/W-0
AD1IE
R/W-0
U1TXIE
R/W-0
U1RXIE
R/W-0
SPI1IE
R/W-0
SPF1IE
R/W-0
T2IE
bit 7
R/W-0
OC2IE
R/W-0
IC2IE
U-0
—
R/W-0
T1IE
R/W-0
OC1IE
R/W-0
IC1IE
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 15-14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
Note 1:
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
R/W-0
T3IE
bit 8
R/W-0
INT0IE(1)
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
AD1IE: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
U1TXIE: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
U1RXIE: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
SPI1IE: SPI1 Transfer Complete Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
SPF1IE: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
T3IE: Timer3 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
T2IE: Timer2 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
OC2IE: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
IC2IE: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
T1IE: Timer1 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
OC1IE: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
IC1IE: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
INT0IE: External Interrupt 0 Enable bit(1)
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
If INTxIE = 1, this external interrupt input must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4
”Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 73
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-11:
R/W-0
U2TXIE
bit 15
IEC1: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 1
R/W-0
U2RXIE
R/W-0
INT2IE(1)
R/W-0
T5IE
R/W-0
T4IE
U-0
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
INT1IE(1)
R/W-0
CNIE
bit 7
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8-5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
Note 1:
R/W-0
OC3IE
U-0
—
bit 8
U-0
—
bit 15
R/W-0
OC4IE
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
R/W-0
CMIE
R/W-0
MI2C1IE
R/W-0
SI2C1IE
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
U2TXIE: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
U2RXIE: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
INT2IE: External Interrupt 2 Enable bit(1)
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
T5IE: Timer5 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
T4IE: Timer4 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
OC4IE: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
OC3IE: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
INT1IE: External Interrupt 1 Enable bit(1)
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
CNIE: Input Change Notification Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
CMIE: Comparator Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
MI2C1IE: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
SI2C1IE: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
If INTxIE = 1, this external interrupt input must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4
”Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
DS39881D-page 74
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-12:
IEC2: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 2
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
PMPIE
—
—
—
OC5IE
—
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
IC5IE
IC4IE
IC3IE
—
—
—
SPI2IE
SPF2IE
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
PMPIE: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 12-10
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 9
OC5IE: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7
IC5IE: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 6
IC4IE: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 5
IC3IE: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 4-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
SPI2IE: SPI2 Event Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 0
SPF2IE: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 75
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-13:
IEC3: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 3
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
RTCIE
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
MI2C2IE
SI2C2IE
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14
RTCIE: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 13-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
MI2C2IE: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 1
SI2C2IE: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 76
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-14:
IEC4: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 4
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIE
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
CRCIE
U2ERIE
U1ERIE
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-9
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 8
LVDIE: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Enable Status bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 7-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
CRCIE: CRC Generator Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 2
U2ERIE: UART2 Error Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 1
U1ERIE: UART1 Error Interrupt Enable bit
1 = Interrupt request enabled
0 = Interrupt request not enabled
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 77
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-15:
IPC0: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
T1IP2
T1IP1
T1IP0
—
OC1IP2
OC1IP1
OC1IP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
IC1IP2
IC1IP1
IC1IP0
—
INT0IP2
INT0IP1
INT0IP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
T1IP2:T1IP0: Timer1 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
OC1IP2:OC1IP0: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
IC1IP2:IC1IP0: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
INT0IP2:INT0IP0: External Interrupt 0 Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
DS39881D-page 78
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-16:
IPC1: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 1
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
T2IP2
T2IP1
T2IP0
—
OC2IP2
OC2IP1
OC2IP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
IC2IP2
IC2IP1
IC2IP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
T2IP2:T2IP0: Timer2 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
OC2IP2:OC2IP0: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
IC2IP2:IC2IP0: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 79
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-17:
IPC2: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 2
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
U1RXIP2
U1RXIP1
U1RXIP0
—
SPI1IP2
SPI1IP1
SPI1IP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
SPF1IP2
SPF1IP1
SPF1IP0
—
T3IP2
T3IP1
T3IP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
U1RXIP2:U1RXIP0: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
SPI1IP2:SPI1IP0: SPI1 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
SPF1IP2:SPF1IP0: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
T3IP2:T3IP0: Timer3 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
DS39881D-page 80
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-18:
IPC3: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 3
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
AD1IP2
AD1IP1
AD1IP0
—
U1TXIP2
U1TXIP1
U1TXIP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
AD1IP2:AD1IP0: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
U1TXIP2:U1TXIP0: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 81
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-19:
IPC4: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 4
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
CNIP2
CNIP1
CNIP0
—
CMIP2
CMIP1
CMIP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
MI2C1P2
MI2C1P1
MI2C1P0
—
SI2C1P2
SI2C1P1
SI2C1P0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
CNIP2:CNIP0: Input Change Notification Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
CMIP2:CMIP0: Comparator Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
MI2C1P2:MI2C1P0: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
SI2C1P2:SI2C1P0: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
DS39881D-page 82
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-20:
IPC5: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 5
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
INT1IP2
INT1IP1
INT1IP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
INT1IP2:INT1IP0: External Interrupt 1 Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 83
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-21:
IPC6: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 6
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
T4IP2
T4IP1
T4IP0
—
OC4IP2
OC4IP1
OC4IP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
OC3IP2
OC3IP1
OC3IP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
T4IP2:T4IP0: Timer4 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
OC4IP2:OC4IP0: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
OC3IP2:OC3IP0: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 84
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-22:
IPC7: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 7
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
U2TXIP2
U2TXIP1
U2TXIP0
—
U2RXIP2
U2RXIP1
U2RXIP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
INT2IP2
INT2IP1
INT2IP0
—
T5IP2
T5IP1
T5IP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
U2TXIP2:U2TXIP0: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
U2RXIP2:U2RXIP0: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
INT2IP2:INT2IP0: External Interrupt 2 Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
T5IP2:T5IP0: Timer5 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 85
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-23:
IPC8: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
SPI2IP2
SPI2IP1
SPI2IP0
—
SPF2IP2
SPF2IP1
SPF2IP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
SPI2IP2:SPI2IP0: SPI2 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
SPF2IP2:SPF2IP0: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
DS39881D-page 86
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-24:
IPC9: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 9
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
IC5IP2
IC5IP1
IC5IP0
—
IC4IP2
IC4IP1
IC4IP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
IC3IP2
IC3IP1
IC3IP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
IC5IP2:IC5IP0: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
IC4IP2:IC4IP0: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
IC3IP2:IC3IP0: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 87
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-25:
IPC10: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 10
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
OC5IP2
OC5IP1
OC5IP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
OC5IP2:OC5IP0: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
REGISTER 7-26:
IPC11: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 11
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
PMPIP2
PMPIP1
PMPIP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
PMPIP2:PMPIP0: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 88
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-27:
IPC12: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 12
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
MI2C2P2
MI2C2P1
MI2C2P0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
SI2C2P2
SI2C2P1
SI2C2P0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
MI2C2P2:MI2C2P0: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
SI2C2P2:SI2C2P0: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 89
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-28:
IPC15: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 15
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
RTCIP2
RTCIP1
RTCIP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
RTCIP2:RTCIP0: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 90
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-29:
IPC16: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 16
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
CRCIP2
CRCIP1
CRCIP0
—
U2ERIP2
U2ERIP1
U2ERIP0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
U1ERIP2
U1ERIP1
U1ERIP0
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
CRCIP2:CRCIP0: CRC Generator Error Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
U2ERIP2:U2ERIP0: UART2 Error Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
U1ERIP2:U1ERIP0: UART1 Error Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
bit 3-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 91
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 7-30:
IPC18: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 18
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
LVDIP2
LVDIP1
LVDIP0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2-0
LVDIP2:LVDIP0: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Priority bits
111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt)
•
•
•
001 = Interrupt is priority 1
000 = Interrupt source is disabled
DS39881D-page 92
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
7.4
Interrupt Setup Procedures
7.4.1
INITIALIZATION
To configure an interrupt source:
1.
2.
Set the NSTDIS Control bit (INTCON1<15>) if
nested interrupts are not desired.
Select the user-assigned priority level for the
interrupt source by writing the control bits in the
appropriate IPCx register. The priority level will
depend on the specific application and type of
interrupt source. If multiple priority levels are not
desired, the IPCx register control bits for all
enabled interrupt sources may be programmed
to the same non-zero value.
Note:
3.
4.
At a device Reset, the IPCx registers are
initialized, such that all user interrupt
sources are assigned to priority level 4.
Clear the interrupt flag status bit associated with
the peripheral in the associated IFSx register.
Enable the interrupt source by setting the
interrupt enable control bit associated with the
source in the appropriate IECx register.
7.4.2
7.4.3
TRAP SERVICE ROUTINE
A Trap Service Routine (TSR) is coded like an ISR,
except that the appropriate trap status flag in the
INTCON1 register must be cleared to avoid re-entry
into the TSR.
7.4.4
INTERRUPT DISABLE
All user interrupts can be disabled using the following
procedure:
1.
2.
Push the current SR value onto the software
stack using the PUSH instruction.
Force the CPU to priority level 7 by inclusive
ORing the value OEh with SRL.
To enable user interrupts, the POP instruction may be
used to restore the previous SR value.
Note that only user interrupts with a priority level of 7 or
less can be disabled. Trap sources (level 8-15) cannot
be disabled.
The DISI instruction provides a convenient way to
disable interrupts of priority levels 1-6 for a fixed period
of time. Level 7 interrupt sources are not disabled by
the DISI instruction.
INTERRUPT SERVICE ROUTINE
The method that is used to declare an ISR and initialize
the IVT with the correct vector address will depend on
the programming language (i.e., ‘C’ or assembler) and
the language development toolsuite that is used to
develop the application. In general, the user must clear
the interrupt flag in the appropriate IFSx register for the
source of the interrupt that the ISR handles. Otherwise,
the ISR will be re-entered immediately after exiting the
routine. If the ISR is coded in assembly language, it
must be terminated using a RETFIE instruction to
unstack the saved PC value, SRL value and old CPU
priority level.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 93
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 94
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
8.0
• Software-controllable switching between various
clock sources
• Software-controllable postscaler for selective
clocking of CPU for system power savings
• A Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM) that detects
clock failure and permits safe application recovery
or shutdown
OSCILLATOR
CONFIGURATION
Note:
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 6. Oscillator” (DS39700).
A simplified diagram of the oscillator system is shown
in Figure 8-1.
The oscillator system for PIC24FJ64GA004 family
devices has the following features:
• A total of four external and internal oscillator options
as clock sources, providing 11 different clock modes
• On-chip 4x PLL to boost internal operating frequency
on select internal and external oscillator sources
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY CLOCK DIAGRAM
PIC24FJ64GA004 Family
Primary Oscillator
XT, HS, EC
OSCO
OSCI
4 x PLL
8 MHz
(nominal)
8 MHz
4 MHz
Postscaler
FRC
Oscillator
CLKDIV<10:8>
LPRC
Oscillator
CLKO
CLKDIV<14:12>
XTPLL, HSPLL
ECPLL,FRCPLL
Postscaler
FIGURE 8-1:
CPU
FRCDIV
Peripherals
FRC
LPRC
31 kHz (nominal)
Secondary Oscillator
SOSC
SOSCO
SOSCI
SOSCEN
Enable
Oscillator
Clock Control Logic
Fail-Safe
Clock
Monitor
WDT, PWRT
Clock Source Option
for Other Modules
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 95
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
8.1
CPU Clocking Scheme
8.2
The system clock source can be provided by one of
four sources:
• Primary Oscillator (POSC) on the OSCI and
OSCO pins
• Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) on the SOSCI and
SOSCO pins
• Fast Internal RC (FRC) Oscillator
• Low-Power Internal RC (LPRC) Oscillator
The primary oscillator and FRC sources have the
option of using the internal 4x PLL. The frequency of
the FRC clock source can optionally be reduced by the
programmable clock divider. The selected clock source
generates the processor and peripheral clock sources.
The processor clock source is divided by two to produce the internal instruction cycle clock, FCY. In this
document, the instruction cycle clock is also denoted
by FOSC/2. The internal instruction cycle clock, FOSC/2,
can be provided on the OSCO I/O pin for some
operating modes of the primary oscillator.
Initial Configuration on POR
The oscillator source (and operating mode) that is
used at a device Power-on Reset event is selected
using Configuration bit settings. The oscillator Configuration bit settings are located in the Configuration
registers in the program memory (refer to
Section 24.1 “Configuration Bits” for further
details). The Primary Oscillator Configuration bits,
POSCMD1:POSCMD0 (Configuration Word 2<1:0>),
and the Initial Oscillator Select Configuration bits,
FNOSC2:FNOSC0
(Configuration Word 2<10:8>),
select the oscillator source that is used at a Power-on
Reset. The FRC primary oscillator with postscaler
(FRCDIV) is the default (unprogrammed) selection.
The secondary oscillator, or one of the internal
oscillators, may be chosen by programming these bit
locations.
The Configuration bits allow users to choose between
the various clock modes, shown in Table 8-1.
8.2.1
CLOCK SWITCHING MODE
CONFIGURATION BITS
The FCKSM Configuration bits (Configuration
Word 2<7:6>) are used to jointly configure device clock
switching and the Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM).
Clock switching is enabled only when FCKSM1 is
programmed (‘0’). The FSCM is enabled only when
FCKSM1:FCKSM0 are both programmed (‘00’).
TABLE 8-1:
CONFIGURATION BIT VALUES FOR CLOCK SELECTION
Oscillator Source
POSCMD1:
POSCMD0
FNOSC2:
FNOSC0
Note
Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler
(FRCDIV)
Internal
11
111
1, 2
(Reserved)
Internal
xx
110
1
Oscillator Mode
Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC)
Internal
11
101
1
Secondary
00
100
1
Primary Oscillator (XT) with PLL
Module (XTPLL)
Primary
01
011
Primary Oscillator (EC) with PLL
Module (ECPLL)
Primary
00
011
Primary Oscillator (HS)
Primary
10
010
Primary Oscillator (XT)
Primary
01
010
Primary Oscillator (EC)
Primary
00
010
Fast RC Oscillator with PLL Module
(FRCPLL)
Internal
11
001
1
Fast RC Oscillator (FRC)
Internal
11
000
1
Secondary (Timer1) Oscillator
(SOSC)
Note 1:
2:
OSCO pin function is determined by the OSCIOFCN Configuration bit.
This is the default oscillator mode for an unprogrammed (erased) device.
DS39881D-page 96
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
8.3
Control Registers
The operation of the oscillator is controlled by three
Special Function Registers:
• OSCCON
• CLKDIV
• OSCTUN
The OSCCON register (Register 8-1) is the main control register for the oscillator. It controls clock source
switching and allows the monitoring of clock sources.
REGISTER 8-1:
The Clock Divider register (Register 8-2) controls the
features associated with Doze mode, as well as the
postscaler for the FRC oscillator.
The FRC Oscillator Tune register (Register 8-3) allows
the user to fine tune the FRC oscillator over a range of
approximately ±12%. Each bit increment or decrement
changes the factory calibrated frequency of the FRC
oscillator by a fixed amount.
OSCCON: OSCILLATOR CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
U-0
R/W-x(1)
R/W-x(1)
R/W-x(1)
—
COSC2
COSC1
COSC0
—
NOSC2
NOSC1
NOSC0
bit 15
bit 8
R/SO-0
R/W-0
R-0(3)
U-0
R/CO-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CLKLOCK
IOLOCK(2)
LOCK
—
CF
—
SOSCEN
OSWEN
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
CO = Clear Only bit
SO = Set Only bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
COSC2:COSC0: Current Oscillator Selection bits
111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV)
110 = Reserved
101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC)
100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC)
011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL)
010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC)
001 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL)
000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC)
bit 11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
NOSC2:NOSC0: New Oscillator Selection bits(1)
111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV)
110 = Reserved
101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC)
100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC)
011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL)
010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC)
001 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL)
000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC)
Note 1:
2:
3:
x = Bit is unknown
Reset values for these bits are determined by the FNOSC Configuration bits.
The state of the IOLOCK bit can only be changed once an unlocking sequence has been executed. In
addition, if the IOL1WAY Configuration bit is ‘1’ once the IOLOCK bit is set, it cannot be cleared.
Also resets to ‘0’ during any valid clock switch or whenever a non-PLL Clock mode is selected.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 97
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 8-1:
OSCCON: OSCILLATOR CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 7
CLKLOCK: Clock Selection Lock Enabled bit
If FSCM is enabled (FCKSM1 = 1):
1 = Clock and PLL selections are locked
0 = Clock and PLL selections are not locked and may be modified by setting the OSWEN bit
If FSCM is disabled (FCKSM1 = 0):
Clock and PLL selections are never locked and may be modified by setting the OSWEN bit.
bit 6
IOLOCK: I/O Lock Enable bit(2)
1 = I/O lock is active
0 = I/O lock is not active
bit 5
LOCK: PLL Lock Status bit(3)
1 = PLL module is in lock or PLL module start-up timer is satisfied
0 = PLL module is out of lock, PLL start-up timer is running or PLL is disabled
bit 4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
CF: Clock Fail Detect bit
1 = FSCM has detected a clock failure
0 = No clock failure has been detected
bit 2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
SOSCEN: 32 kHz Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) Enable bit
1 = Enable secondary oscillator
0 = Disable secondary oscillator
bit 0
OSWEN: Oscillator Switch Enable bit
1 = Initiate an oscillator switch to clock source specified by NOSC2:NOSC0 bits
0 = Oscillator switch is complete
Note 1:
2:
3:
Reset values for these bits are determined by the FNOSC Configuration bits.
The state of the IOLOCK bit can only be changed once an unlocking sequence has been executed. In
addition, if the IOL1WAY Configuration bit is ‘1’ once the IOLOCK bit is set, it cannot be cleared.
Also resets to ‘0’ during any valid clock switch or whenever a non-PLL Clock mode is selected.
DS39881D-page 98
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 8-2:
R/W-0
CLKDIV: CLOCK DIVIDER REGISTER
R/W-0
ROI
R/W-1
DOZE2
DOZE1
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
DOZE0
DOZEN(1)
RCDIV2
RCDIV1
RCDIV0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-1
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
ROI: Recover on Interrupt bit
1 = Interrupts clear the DOZEN bit and reset the CPU peripheral clock ratio to 1:1
0 = Interrupts have no effect on the DOZEN bit
bit 14-12
DOZE2:DOZE0: CPU Peripheral Clock Ratio Select bits
111 = 1:128
110 = 1:64
101 = 1:32
100 = 1:16
011 = 1:8
010 = 1:4
001 = 1:2
000 = 1:1
bit 11
DOZEN: DOZE Enable bit(1)
1 = DOZE2:DOZE0 bits specify the CPU peripheral clock ratio
0 = CPU peripheral clock ratio set to 1:1
bit 10-8
RCDIV2:RCDIV0: FRC Postscaler Select bits
111 = 31.25 kHz (divide by 256)
110 = 125 kHz (divide by 64)
101 = 250 kHz (divide by 32)
100 = 500 kHz (divide by 16)
011 = 1 MHz (divide by 8)
010 = 2 MHz (divide by 4)
001 = 4 MHz (divide by 2)
000 = 8 MHz (divide by 1)
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
bit 5-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
This bit is automatically cleared when the ROI bit is set and an interrupt occurs.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 99
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 8-3:
OSCTUN: FRC Oscillator Tune Register
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
—
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
TUN5(1)
TUN4(1)
TUN3(1)
TUN2(1)
TUN1(1)
TUN0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-0
TUN5:TUN0: FRC Oscillator Tuning bits
011111 = Maximum frequency deviation
011110 =



000001 =
000000 = Center frequency, oscillator is running at factory calibrated frequency
111111 =



100001 =
100000 = Minimum frequency deviation
Note 1:
8.4
Increments or decrements of TUN5:TUN0 may not change the FRC frequency in equal steps over the
FRC tuning range, and may not be monotonic.
Clock Switching Operation
With few limitations, applications are free to switch
between any of the four clock sources (POSC, SOSC,
FRC and LPRC) under software control and at any
time. To limit the possible side effects that could result
from this flexibility, PIC24F devices have a safeguard
lock built into the switching process.
Note:
The primary oscillator mode has three
different submodes (XT, HS and EC)
which are determined by the POSCMDx
Configuration bits. While an application
can switch to and from primary oscillator
mode in software, it cannot switch
between the different primary submodes
without reprogramming the device.
DS39881D-page 100
8.4.1
ENABLING CLOCK SWITCHING
To enable clock switching, the FCKSM1 Configuration
bit in Flash Configuration Word 2 must be programmed
to ‘0’. (Refer to Section 24.1 “Configuration Bits” for
further details.) If the FCKSM1 Configuration bit is
unprogrammed (‘1’), the clock switching function and
Fail-Safe Clock Monitor function are disabled. This is
the default setting.
The NOSCx control bits (OSCCON<10:8>) do not
control the clock selection when clock switching is disabled. However, the COSCx bits (OSCCON<14:12>)
will reflect the clock source selected by the FNOSCx
Configuration bits.
The OSWEN control bit (OSCCON<0>) has no effect
when clock switching is disabled. It is held at ‘0’ at all
times.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
8.4.2
OSCILLATOR SWITCHING
SEQUENCE
A recommended code sequence for a clock switch
includes the following:
At a minimum, performing a clock switch requires this
basic sequence:
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If
desired,
read
the
COSCx
bits
(OSCCON<14:12>), to determine the current
oscillator source.
Perform the unlock sequence to allow a write to
the OSCCON register high byte.
Write the appropriate value to the NOSCx bits
(OSCCON<10:8>) for the new oscillator source.
Perform the unlock sequence to allow a write to
the OSCCON register low byte.
Set the OSWEN bit to initiate the oscillator
switch.
3.
4.
5.
Once the basic sequence is completed, the system
clock hardware responds automatically as follows:
6.
1.
7.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The clock switching hardware compares the
COSCx bits with the new value of the NOSCx
bits. If they are the same, then the clock switch
is a redundant operation. In this case, the
OSWEN bit is cleared automatically and the
clock switch is aborted.
If a valid clock switch has been initiated, the
LOCK (OSCCON<5>) and CF (OSCCON<3>)
bits are cleared.
The new oscillator is turned on by the hardware
if it is not currently running. If a crystal oscillator
must be turned on, the hardware will wait until
the OST expires. If the new source is using the
PLL, then the hardware waits until a PLL lock is
detected (LOCK = 1).
The hardware waits for 10 clock cycles from the
new clock source and then performs the clock
switch.
The hardware clears the OSWEN bit to indicate a
successful clock transition. In addition, the
NOSCx bit values are transferred to the COSCx
bits.
The old clock source is turned off at this time,
with the exception of LPRC (if WDT or FSCM
are enabled) or SOSC (if SOSCEN remains
set).
Note 1: The processor will continue to execute
code throughout the clock switching
sequence. Timing sensitive code should
not be executed during this time.
8.
Disable interrupts during the OSCCON register
unlock and write sequence.
Execute the unlock sequence for the OSCCON
high byte by writing 78h and 9Ah to
OSCCON<15:8>
in
two
back-to-back
instructions.
Write new oscillator source to the NOSCx bits in
the instruction immediately following the unlock
sequence.
Execute the unlock sequence for the OSCCON
low byte by writing 46h and 57h to
OSCCON<7:0> in two back-to-back instructions.
Set the OSWEN bit in the instruction immediately
following the unlock sequence.
Continue to execute code that is not clock
sensitive (optional).
Invoke an appropriate amount of software delay
(cycle counting) to allow the selected oscillator
and/or PLL to start and stabilize.
Check to see if OSWEN is ‘0’. If it is, the switch
was successful. If OSWEN is still set, then
check the LOCK bit to determine the cause of
failure.
The core sequence for unlocking the OSCCON register
and initiating a clock switch is shown in Example 8-1.
EXAMPLE 8-1:
BASIC CODE SEQUENCE
FOR CLOCK SWITCHING
;Place the new oscillator selection in W0
;OSCCONH (high byte) Unlock Sequence
MOV
#OSCCONH, w1
MOV
#0x78, w2
MOV
#0x9A, w3
MOV.b
w2, [w1]
MOV.b
w3, [w1]
;Set new oscillator selection
MOV.b
WREG, OSCCONH
;OSCCONL (low byte) unlock sequence
MOV
#OSCCONL, w1
MOV
#0x46, w2
MOV
#0x57, w3
MOV.b
w2, [w1]
MOV.b
w3, [w1]
;Start oscillator switch operation
BSET
OSCCON,#0
2: Direct clock switches between any
primary oscillator mode with PLL and
FRCPLL mode are not permitted. This
applies to clock switches in either direction. In these instances, the application
must switch to FRC mode as a transition
clock source between the two PLL
modes.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 101
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
8.4.3
Note:
SECONDARY OSCILLATOR
LOW-POWER OPERATION
This feature is implemented only on
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices with a
major silicon revision level of B or later
(DEVREV register value is 3042h or
greater).
The Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) can operate in two
distinct levels of power consumption based on device
configuration. In Low-Power mode, the oscillator
operates in a low-gain, low-power state. By default, the
oscillator uses a higher gain setting, and therefore,
requires more power. The Secondary Oscillator Mode
Selection bits, SOSCSEL<1:0> (CW2<12:11>),
determine the oscillator’s power mode.
When Low-Power mode is used, care must be taken in
the design and layout of the SOSC circuit to ensure that
the oscillator will start up and oscillate properly. The
lower gain of this mode makes the SOSC more
sensitive to noise and requires a longer start-up time.
DS39881D-page 102
8.4.4
OSCILLATOR LAYOUT
On low pin count devices, such as those in the
PIC24FJ64GA004 family, due to pinout limitations, the
SOSC is more susceptible to noise than other PIC24F
devices. Unless proper care is taken in the design and
layout of the SOSC circuit, it is possible for
inaccuracies to be introduced into the oscillator's
period.
In general, the crystal circuit connections should be as
short as possible. It is also good practice to surround
the crystal circuit with a ground loop or ground plane.
For more detailed information on crystal circuit design,
please refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
Section 6. “Oscillator” (DS39700) and Microchip
Application Notes: AN826, “Crystal Oscillator Basics
and Crystal Selection for rfPIC® and PICmicro®
Devices” (DS00826) and AN849, “Basic PICmicro®
Oscillator Design” (DS00849).
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
9.0
Note:
POWER-SAVING FEATURES
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 10. Power-Saving Features”
(DS39698). Additional power-saving tips
can also be found in Appendix B: “Additional Guidance for PIC24FJ64GA004
Family Applications” of this document.
The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices provides the
ability to manage power consumption by selectively
managing clocking to the CPU and the peripherals. In
general, a lower clock frequency and a reduction in the
number of circuits being clocked constitutes lower
consumed power. All PIC24F devices manage power
consumption in four different ways:
•
•
•
•
Clock frequency
Instruction-based Sleep and Idle modes
Software controlled Doze mode
Selective peripheral control in software
Combinations of these methods can be used to selectively tailor an application’s power consumption, while
still maintaining critical application features, such as
timing-sensitive communications.
9.1
Clock Frequency and Clock
Switching
PIC24F devices allow for a wide range of clock
frequencies to be selected under application control. If
the system clock configuration is not locked, users can
choose low-power or high-precision oscillators by simply
changing the NOSC bits. The process of changing a system clock during operation, as well as limitations to the
process, are discussed in more detail in Section 8.0
“Oscillator Configuration”.
9.2
Instruction-Based Power-Saving
Modes
and code execution, but allows peripheral modules to
continue operation. The assembly syntax of the
PWRSAV instruction is shown in Example 9-1.
Sleep and Idle modes can be exited as a result of an
enabled interrupt, WDT time-out or a device Reset.
When the device exits these modes, it is said to
“wake-up”.
Note:
9.2.1
SLEEP_MODE and IDLE_MODE are constants defined in the assembler include
file for the selected device.
SLEEP MODE
Sleep mode has these features:
• The system clock source is shut down. If an
on-chip oscillator is used, it is turned off.
• The device current consumption will be reduced
to a minimum provided that no I/O pin is sourcing
current.
• The Fail-Safe Clock Monitor does not operate
during Sleep mode since the system clock source
is disabled.
• The LPRC clock will continue to run in Sleep
mode if the WDT is enabled.
• The WDT, if enabled, is automatically cleared
prior to entering Sleep mode.
• Some device features or peripherals may
continue to operate in Sleep mode. This includes
items such as the input change notification on the
I/O ports, or peripherals that use an external clock
input. Any peripheral that requires the system
clock source for its operation will be disabled in
Sleep mode.
The device will wake-up from Sleep mode on any of the
these events:
• On any interrupt source that is individually
enabled
• On any form of device Reset
• On a WDT time-out
On wake-up from Sleep, the processor will restart with
the same clock source that was active when Sleep
mode was entered.
PIC24F devices have two special power-saving modes
that are entered through the execution of a special
PWRSAV instruction. Sleep mode stops clock operation
and halts all code execution; Idle mode halts the CPU
EXAMPLE 9-1:
PWRSAV
PWRSAV
PWRSAV INSTRUCTION SYNTAX
#SLEEP_MODE
#IDLE_MODE
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
; Put the device into SLEEP mode
; Put the device into IDLE mode
DS39881D-page 103
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
9.2.2
IDLE MODE
Idle mode has these features:
• The CPU will stop executing instructions.
• The WDT is automatically cleared.
• The system clock source remains active. By
default, all peripheral modules continue to operate
normally from the system clock source, but can
also be selectively disabled (see Section 9.4
“Selective Peripheral Module Control”).
• If the WDT or FSCM is enabled, the LPRC will
also remain active.
The device will wake from Idle mode on any of these
events:
• Any interrupt that is individually enabled.
• Any device Reset.
• A WDT time-out.
On wake-up from Idle, the clock is reapplied to the CPU
and instruction execution begins immediately, starting
with the instruction following the PWRSAV instruction or
the first instruction in the ISR.
9.2.3
INTERRUPTS COINCIDENT WITH
POWER SAVE INSTRUCTIONS
Any interrupt that coincides with the execution of a
PWRSAV instruction will be held off until entry into Sleep
or Idle mode has completed. The device will then
wake-up from Sleep or Idle mode.
9.3
Doze Mode
Generally, changing clock speed and invoking one of
the power-saving modes are the preferred strategies
for reducing power consumption. There may be circumstances, however, where this is not practical. For
example, it may be necessary for an application to
maintain uninterrupted synchronous communication,
even while it is doing nothing else. Reducing system
clock speed may introduce communication errors,
while using a power-saving mode may stop
communications completely.
Doze mode is a simple and effective alternative method
to reduce power consumption while the device is still
executing code. In this mode, the system clock continues to operate from the same source and at the same
speed. Peripheral modules continue to be clocked at
the same speed while the CPU clock speed is reduced.
Synchronization between the two clock domains is
maintained, allowing the peripherals to access the
SFRs while the CPU executes code at a slower rate.
Doze mode is enabled by setting the DOZEN bit
(CLKDIV<11>). The ratio between peripheral and core
clock speed is determined by the DOZE2:DOZE0 bits
(CLKDIV<14:12>). There are eight possible
configurations, from 1:1 to 1:256, with 1:1 being the
default.
DS39881D-page 104
It is also possible to use Doze mode to selectively
reduce power consumption in event driven applications. This allows clock sensitive functions, such as
synchronous communications, to continue without
interruption while the CPU Idles, waiting for something
to invoke an interrupt routine. Enabling the automatic
return to full-speed CPU operation on interrupts is
enabled by setting the ROI bit (CLKDIV<15>). By
default, interrupt events have no effect on Doze mode
operation.
9.4
Selective Peripheral Module
Control
Idle and Doze modes allow users to substantially
reduce power consumption by slowing or stopping the
CPU clock. Even so, peripheral modules still remain
clocked and thus consume power. There may be cases
where the application needs what these modes do not
provide: the allocation of power resources to CPU
processing with minimal power consumption from the
peripherals.
PIC24F devices address this requirement by allowing
peripheral modules to be selectively disabled, reducing
or eliminating their power consumption. This can be
done with two control bits:
• The Peripheral Enable bit, generically named,
“XXXEN”, located in the module’s main control
SFR.
• The Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bit,
generically named, “XXXMD”, located in one of
the PMD control registers.
Both bits have similar functions in enabling or disabling
its associated module. Setting the PMD bit for a module
disables all clock sources to that module, reducing its
power consumption to an absolute minimum. In this
state, the control and status registers associated with
the peripheral will also be disabled, so writes to those
registers will have no effect and read values will be
invalid. Many peripheral modules have a corresponding
PMD bit.
In contrast, disabling a module by clearing its XXXEN
bit disables its functionality, but leaves its registers
available to be read and written to. Power consumption
is reduced, but not by as much as the PMD bit does.
Most peripheral modules have an enable bit;
exceptions include capture, compare and RTCC.
To achieve more selective power savings, peripheral
modules can also be selectively disabled when the
device enters Idle mode. This is done through the
control bit of the generic name format, “XXXIDL”. By
default, all modules that can operate during Idle mode
will do so. Using the disable on Idle feature allows further reduction of power consumption during Idle mode,
enhancing power savings for extremely critical power
applications.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
10.0
Note:
When a peripheral is enabled and the peripheral is
actively driving an associated pin, the use of the pin as
a general purpose output pin is disabled. The I/O pin
may be read, but the output driver for the parallel port
bit will be disabled. If a peripheral is enabled, but the
peripheral is not actively driving a pin, that pin may be
driven by a port.
I/O PORTS
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 12. I/O Ports with Peripheral
Pin Select (PPS)” (DS39711).
All of the device pins (except VDD, VSS, MCLR and
OSCI/CLKI) are shared between the peripherals and
the parallel I/O ports. All I/O input ports feature Schmitt
Trigger inputs for improved noise immunity.
10.1
Parallel I/O (PIO) Ports
A parallel I/O port that shares a pin with a peripheral is,
in general, subservient to the peripheral. The peripheral’s output buffer data and control signals are
provided to a pair of multiplexers. The multiplexers
select whether the peripheral or the associated port
has ownership of the output data and control signals of
the I/O pin. The logic also prevents “loop through”, in
which a port’s digital output can drive the input of a
peripheral that shares the same pin. Figure 10-1 shows
how ports are shared with other peripherals and the
associated I/O pin to which they are connected.
FIGURE 10-1:
All port pins have three registers directly associated
with their operation as digital I/O. The Data Direction
register (TRISx) determines whether the pin is an input
or an output. If the data direction bit is a ‘1’, then the pin
is an input. All port pins are defined as inputs after a
Reset. Reads from the Output Latch register (LATx),
read the latch. Writes to the latch, write the latch.
Reads from the port (PORTx), read the port pins, while
writes to the port pins, write the latch.
Any bit and its associated data and control registers
that are not valid for a particular device will be
disabled. That means the corresponding LATx and
TRISx registers and the port pin will read as zeros.
When a pin is shared with another peripheral or function that is defined as an input only, it is, nevertheless,
regarded as a dedicated port because there is no
other competing source of outputs.
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF A TYPICAL SHARED PORT STRUCTURE
Peripheral Module
Output Multiplexers
Peripheral Input Data
Peripheral Module Enable
I/O
Peripheral Output Enable
1
Peripheral Output Data
0
PIO Module
Read TRIS
Data Bus
WR TRIS
1
Output Enable
Output Data
0
D
Q
I/O Pin
CK
TRIS Latch
D
WR LAT +
WR PORT
Q
CK
Data Latch
Read LAT
Input Data
Read PORT
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 105
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
10.1.1
OPEN-DRAIN CONFIGURATION
In addition to the PORT, LAT and TRIS registers for
data control, each port pin can also be individually configured for either digital or open-drain output. This is
controlled by the Open-Drain Control register, ODCx,
associated with each port. Setting any of the bits configures the corresponding pin to act as an open-drain
output.
The open-drain feature allows the generation of
outputs higher than VDD (e.g., 5V) on any desired
digital only pins by using external pull-up resistors. The
maximum open-drain voltage allowed is the same as
the maximum VIH specification.
10.2
Configuring Analog Port Pins
The use of the AD1PCFG and TRIS registers control
the operation of the A/D port pins. The port pins that are
desired as analog inputs must have their corresponding TRIS bit set (input). If the TRIS bit is cleared
(output), the digital output level (VOH or VOL) will be
converted.
When reading the PORT register, all pins configured as
analog input channels will read as cleared (a low level).
Pins configured as digital inputs will not convert an
analog input. Analog levels on any pin that is defined as
a digital input (including the ANx pins) may cause the
input buffer to consume current that exceeds the
device specifications.
10.2.1
I/O PORT WRITE/READ TIMING
One instruction cycle is required between a port
direction change or port write operation and a read
operation of the same port. Typically, this instruction
would be a NOP.
10.2.2
ANALOG INPUT PINS AND
VOLTAGE CONSIDERATIONS
The voltage tolerance of pins used as device inputs is
dependent on the pin’s input function. Pins that are used
as digital only inputs are able to handle DC voltages up
to 5.5V, a level typical for digital logic circuits. In contrast,
pins that also have analog input functions of any kind
can only tolerate voltages up to VDD. Voltage excursions
beyond VDD on these pins are always to be avoided.
Table 10-1 summarizes the input capabilities. Refer to
Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics” for more details.
EXAMPLE 10-1:
MOV
MOV
NOP
BTSS
0xFF00, W0
W0, TRISBB
PORTB, #13
DS39881D-page 106
TABLE 10-1:
Port or Pin
PORTA<4:0>
INPUT VOLTAGE LEVELS
Tolerated
Input
Description
VDD
Only VDD input levels
tolerated.
5.5V
Tolerates input levels
above VDD, useful for
most standard logic.
PORTB<15:12>
PORTB<4:0>
PORTC<2:0>(1)
PORTA<10:7>(1)
PORTB<11:5>
PORTC<9:3>(1)
Note 1:
10.3
Unavailable on 28-pin devices.
Input Change Notification
The input change notification function of the I/O ports
allows the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices to generate interrupt requests to the processor in response to
a change of state on selected input pins. This feature is
capable of detecting input change of states even in
Sleep mode, when the clocks are disabled. Depending
on the device pin count, there are up to 22 external signals that may be selected (enabled) for generating an
interrupt request on a change of state.
There are four control registers associated with the CN
module. The CNEN1 and CNEN2 registers contain the
interrupt enable control bits for each of the CN input
pins. Setting any of these bits enables a CN interrupt
for the corresponding pins.
Each CN pin also has a weak pull-up connected to it.
The pull-ups act as a current source that is connected
to the pin, and eliminate the need for external resistors
when push button or keypad devices are connected.
The pull-ups are enabled separately using the CNPU1
and CNPU2 registers, which contain the control bits for
each of the CN pins. Setting any of the control bits
enables the weak pull-ups for the corresponding pins.
When the internal pull-up is selected, the pin pulls up to
VDD – 0.7V (typical). Make sure that there is no external
pull-up source when the internal pull-ups are enabled,
as the voltage difference can cause a current path.
Note:
Pull-ups on change notification pins
should always be disabled whenever the
port pin is configured as a digital output.
PORT WRITE/READ EXAMPLE
;
;
;
;
Configure PORTB<15:8> as inputs
and PORTB<7:0> as outputs
Delay 1 cycle
Next Instruction
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
10.4
Peripheral Pin Select
A major challenge in general purpose devices is providing the largest possible set of peripheral features while
minimizing the conflict of features on I/O pins. The challenge is even greater on low pin count devices similar
to the PIC24FJ64GA family. In an application that
needs to use more than one peripheral multiplexed on
single pin, inconvenient workarounds in application
code or a complete redesign may be the only option.
A key difference between pin select and non pin select
peripherals is that pin select peripherals are not associated with a default I/O pin. The peripheral must
always be assigned to a specific I/O pin before it can be
used. In contrast, non pin select peripherals are always
available on a default pin, assuming that the peripheral
is active and not conflicting with another peripheral.
10.4.2.1
Peripheral Pin Select Function
Priority
The peripheral pin select feature provides an alternative to these choices by enabling the user’s peripheral
set selection and their placement on a wide range of
I/O pins. By increasing the pinout options available on
a particular device, users can better tailor the
microcontroller to their entire application, rather than
trimming the application to fit the device.
When a pin selectable peripheral is active on a given
I/O pin, it takes priority over all other digital I/O and digital communication peripherals associated with the pin.
Priority is given regardless of the type of peripheral that
is mapped. Pin select peripherals never take priority
over any analog functions associated with the pin.
The peripheral pin select feature operates over a fixed
subset of digital I/O pins. Users may independently
map the input and/or output of any one of many digital
peripherals to any one of these I/O pins. Peripheral pin
select is performed in software and generally does not
require the device to be reprogrammed. Hardware
safeguards are included that prevent accidental or
spurious changes to the peripheral mapping once it has
been established.
10.4.3
10.4.1
The association of a peripheral to a peripheral selectable pin is handled in two different ways, depending on
if an input or an output is being mapped.
AVAILABLE PINS
The peripheral pin select feature is used with a range
of up to 26 pins; the number of available pins is dependent on the particular device and its pincount. Pins that
support the peripheral pin select feature include the
designation “RPn” in their full pin designation, where
“RP” designates a remappable peripheral and “n” is the
remappable pin number. See Table 1-2 for pinout
options in Each Package Offering.
10.4.2
AVAILABLE PERIPHERALS
The peripherals managed by the peripheral pin select
are all digital only peripherals. These include general
serial communications (UART and SPI), general purpose timer clock inputs, timer related peripherals (input
capture and output compare) and external interrupt
inputs. Also included are the outputs of the comparator
module, since these are discrete digital signals.
CONTROLLING PERIPHERAL PIN
SELECT
Peripheral pin select features are controlled through
two sets of Special Function Registers: one to map
peripheral inputs, and one to map outputs. Because
they are separately controlled, a particular peripheral’s
input and output (if the peripheral has both) can be
placed on any selectable function pin without
constraint.
10.4.3.1
Input Mapping
The inputs of the peripheral pin select options are
mapped on the basis of the peripheral; that is, a control
register associated with a peripheral dictates the pin it
will be mapped to. The RPINRx registers are used to
configure peripheral input mapping (see Register 10-1
through Register 10-14). Each register contains two
sets of 5-bit fields, with each set associated with one of
the pin selectable peripherals. Programming a given
peripheral’s bit field with an appropriate 5-bit value
maps the RPn pin with that value to that peripheral. For
any given device, the valid range of values for any of
the bit fields corresponds to the maximum number of
peripheral pin selections supported by the device.
The peripheral pin select module is not applied to
I2C™, change notification inputs, RTCC alarm outputs
or peripherals with analog inputs.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 107
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 10-2:
SELECTABLE INPUT SOURCES (MAPS INPUT TO FUNCTION)(1)
Function Name
Register
Configuration
Bits
External Interrupt 1
External Interrupt 2
Timer2 External Clock
Timer3 External Clock
Timer4 External Clock
Timer5 External Clock
Input Capture 1
Input Capture 2
Input Capture 3
Input Capture 4
Input Capture 5
Output Compare Fault A
Output Compare Fault B
UART1 Receive
INT1
INT2
T2CK
T3CK
T4CK
T5CK
IC1
IC2
IC3
IC4
IC5
OCFA
OCFB
U1RX
RPINR0
RPINR1
RPINR3
RPINR3
RPINR4
RPINR4
RPINR7
RPINR7
RPINR8
RPINR8
RPINR9
RPINR11
RPINR11
RPINR18
INTR1<4:0>
INTR2R<4:0>
T2CKR<4:0>
T3CKR<4:0>
T4CKR<4:0>
T5CKR<4:0>
IC1R<4:0>
IC2R<4:0>
IC3R<4:0>
IC4R<4:0>
IC5R<4:0>
OCFAR<4:0>
OCFBR<4:0>
U1RXR<4:0>
UART1 Clear To Send
UART2 Receive
U1CTS
U2RX
RPINR18
RPINR19
U1CTSR<4:0>
U2RXR<4:0>
Input Name
UART2 Clear To Send
U2CTS
RPINR19
SPI1 Data Input
SDI1
RPINR20
SPI1 Clock Input
SCK1IN
RPINR20
SPI1 Slave Select Input
SS1IN
RPINR21
SPI2 Data Input
SDI2
RPINR22
SPI2 Clock Input
SCK2IN
RPINR22
SPI2 Slave Select Input
SS2IN
RPINR23
Note 1: Unless otherwise noted, all inputs use the Schmitt Trigger input buffers.
10.4.3.2
Output Mapping
In contrast to inputs, the outputs of the peripheral pin
select options are mapped on the basis of the pin. In
this case, a control register associated with a particular
pin dictates the peripheral output to be mapped. The
RPORx registers are used to control output mapping.
Like the RPINRx registers, each register contains two
5-bit fields; each field being associated with one RPn
pin (see Register 10-15 through Register 10-27). The
value of the bit field corresponds to one of the peripherals and that peripheral’s output is mapped to the pin
(see Table 10-3).
DS39881D-page 108
U2CTSR<4:0>
SDI1R<4:0>
SCK1R<4:0>
SS1R<4:0>
SDI2R<4:0>
SCK2R<4:0>
SS2R<4:0>
Because of the mapping technique, the list of peripherals for output mapping also includes a null value of
‘00000’. This permits any given pin to remain disconnected from the output of any of the pin selectable
peripherals.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 10-3:
Function
SELECTABLE OUTPUT
SOURCES (MAPS FUNCTION
TO OUTPUT)
Output Function
Number(1)
Output Name
NULL(2)
C1OUT
C2OUT
U1TX
0
1
2
3
NULL
Comparator 1 Output
Comparator 2 Output
UART1 Transmit
U1RTS(3)
U2TX
4
5
UART1 Request To Send
UART2 Transmit
U2RTS(3)
6
UART2 Request To Send
SDO1
7
SPI1 Data Output
SCK1OUT
8
SPI1 Clock Output
SS1OUT
9
SPI1 Slave Select Output
SDO2
10
SPI2 Data Output
SCK2OUT
11
SPI2 Clock Output
SS2OUT
12
SPI2 Slave Select Output
OC1
18
Output Compare 1
OC2
19
Output Compare 2
OC3
20
Output Compare 3
OC4
21
Output Compare 4
OC5
22
Output Compare 5
Note 1: Value assigned to the RPn<4:0> pins corresponds to the peripheral output function
number.
2: The NULL function is assigned to all RPn
outputs at device Reset and disables the
RPn output function.
3: IrDA® BCLK functionality uses this output.
10.4.3.3
Mapping Limitations
The control schema of the peripheral pin select is
extremely flexible. Other than systematic blocks that
prevent signal contention caused by two physical pins
being configured as the same functional input or two
functional outputs configured as the same pin, there
are no hardware enforced lock outs. The flexibility
extends to the point of allowing a single input to drive
multiple peripherals or a single functional output to
drive multiple output pins.
10.4.4
CONTROLLING CONFIGURATION
CHANGES
10.4.4.1
Control Register Lock
Under normal operation, writes to the RPINRx and
RPORx registers are not allowed. Attempted writes will
appear to execute normally, but the contents of the
registers will remain unchanged. To change these registers, they must be unlocked in hardware. The register
lock is controlled by the IOLOCK bit (OSCCON<6>).
Setting IOLOCK prevents writes to the control
registers; clearing IOLOCK allows writes.
To set or clear IOLOCK, a specific command sequence
must be executed:
1.
2.
3.
Write 46h to OSCCON<7:0>.
Write 57h to OSCCON<7:0>.
Clear (or set) IOLOCK as a single operation.
Unlike the similar sequence with the oscillator’s LOCK
bit, IOLOCK remains in one state until changed. This
allows all of the peripheral pin selects to be configured
with a single unlock sequence followed by an update to
all control registers, then locked with a second lock
sequence.
10.4.4.2
Continuous State Monitoring
In addition to being protected from direct writes, the
contents of the RPINRx and RPORx registers are
constantly monitored in hardware by shadow registers.
If an unexpected change in any of the registers occurs
(such as cell disturbances caused by ESD or other
external events), a Configuration Mismatch Reset will
be triggered.
10.4.4.3
Configuration Bit Pin Select Lock
As an additional level of safety, the device can be configured to prevent more than one write session to the
RPINRx and RPORx registers. The IOL1WAY
(CW2<4>) Configuration bit blocks the IOLOCK bit
from being cleared after it has been set once. If
IOLOCK remains set, the register unlock procedure will
not execute and the Peripheral Pin Select Control registers cannot be written to. The only way to clear the bit
and re-enable peripheral remapping is to perform a
device Reset.
In the default (unprogrammed) state, IOL1WAY is set,
restricting users to one write session. Programming
IOL1WAY allows users unlimited access (with the
proper use of the unlock sequence) to the Peripheral
Pin Select registers.
Because peripheral remapping can be changed during
run time, some restrictions on peripheral remapping
are needed to prevent accidental configuration
changes. PIC24F devices include three features to
prevent alterations to the peripheral map:
• Control register lock sequence
• Continuous state monitoring
• Configuration bit remapping lock
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 109
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
10.4.5
CONSIDERATIONS FOR
PERIPHERAL PIN SELECTION
The ability to control peripheral pin selection introduces
several considerations into application design that
could be overlooked. This is particularly true for several
common peripherals that are available only as
remappable peripherals.
The main consideration is that the peripheral pin
selects are not available on default pins in the device’s
default (Reset) state. Since all RPINRx registers reset
to ‘11111’ and all RPORx registers reset to ‘00000’, all
peripheral pin select inputs are tied to RP31 and all
peripheral pin select outputs are disconnected.
Note:
In tying peripheral pin select inputs to
RP31, RP31 does not have to exist on a
device for the registers to be reset to it.
This situation requires the user to initialize the device
with the proper peripheral configuration before any
other application code is executed. Since the IOLOCK
bit resets in the unlocked state, it is not necessary to
execute the unlock sequence after the device has
come out of Reset. For application safety, however, it is
best to set IOLOCK and lock the configuration after
writing to the control registers.
Because the unlock sequence is timing critical, it must
be executed as an assembly language routine in the
same manner as changes to the oscillator configuration. If the bulk of the application is written in C or
another high-level language, the unlock sequence
should be performed by writing inline assembly.
Choosing the configuration requires the review of all
peripheral pin selects and their pin assignments,
especially those that will not be used in the application.
In all cases, unused pin-selectable peripherals should
be disabled completely. Unused peripherals should
have their inputs assigned to an unused RPn pin
function. I/O pins with unused RPn functions should be
configured with the null peripheral output.
The assignment of a peripheral to a particular pin does
not automatically perform any other configuration of the
pin’s I/O circuitry. In theory, this means adding a
pin-selectable output to a pin may mean inadvertently
driving an existing peripheral input when the output is
driven. Users must be familiar with the behavior of
other fixed peripherals that share a remappable pin and
know when to enable or disable them. To be safe, fixed
digital peripherals that share the same pin should be
disabled when not in use.
Along these lines, configuring a remappable pin for a
specific peripheral does not automatically turn that feature on. The peripheral must be specifically configured
for operation and enabled, as if it were tied to a fixed pin.
Where this happens in the application code (immediately
following device Reset and peripheral configuration or
inside the main application routine) depends on the
peripheral and its use in the application.
DS39881D-page 110
A final consideration is that peripheral pin select functions neither override analog inputs, nor reconfigure
pins with analog functions for digital I/O. If a pin is
configured as an analog input on device Reset, it must
be explicitly reconfigured as digital I/O when used with
a peripheral pin select.
Example 10-2 shows a configuration for bidirectional
communication with flow control using UART1. The
following input and output functions are used:
• Input Functions: U1RX, U1CTS
• Output Functions: U1TX, U1RTS
EXAMPLE 10-2:
CONFIGURING UART1
INPUT AND OUTPUT
FUNCTIONS
//*************************************
// Unlock Registers
//*************************************
asm volatile ( "MOV
#OSCCON, w1 \n"
"MOV
#0x46, w2
\n"
"MOV
#0x57, w3
\n"
"MOV.b w2, [w1]
\n"
"MOV.b w3, [w1]
\n"
"BCLR OSCCON,#6");
//***************************
// Configure Input Functions
// (See Table 10-2)
//***************************
//***************************
// Assign U1RX To Pin RP0
//***************************
RPINR18bits.U1RXR = 0;
//***************************
// Assign U1CTS To Pin RP1
//***************************
RPINR18bits.U1CTSR = 1;
//***************************
// Configure Output Functions
// (See Table 10-3)
//***************************
//***************************
// Assign U1TX To Pin RP2
//***************************
RPOR1bits.RP2R = 3;
//***************************
// Assign U1RTS To Pin RP3
//***************************
RPOR1bits.RP3R = 4;
//*************************************
// Lock Registers
//*************************************
asm volatile ( "MOV
#OSCCON, w1 \n"
"MOV
#0x46, w2
\n"
"MOV
#0x57, w3
\n"
"MOV.b w2, [w1]
\n"
"MOV.b w3, [w1]
\n"
"BSET
OSCCON, #6" );
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
10.5
Peripheral Pin Select Registers
Note:
The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices implements a
total of 27 registers for remappable peripheral
configuration:
• Input Remappable Peripheral Registers (14)
• Output Remappable Peripheral Registers (13)
REGISTER 10-1:
Input and output register values can only
be changed if OSCCON<IOLOCK> = 0.
See Section 10.4.4.1 “Control Register
Lock” for a specific command sequence.
RPINR0: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
INT1R4
INT1R3
INT1R2
INT1R1
INT1R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
INT1R4:INT1R0: Assign External Interrupt 1 (INT1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
REGISTER 10-2:
RPINR1: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 1
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
INT2R4
INT2R3
INT2R2
INT2R1
INT2R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
INT2R4:INT2R0: Assign External Interrupt 2 (INT2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 111
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-3:
RPINR3: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 3
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
T3CKR4
T3CKR3
T3CKR2
T3CKR1
T3CKR0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
T2CKR4
T2CKR3
T2CKR2
T2CKR1
T2CKR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
T3CKR4:T3CKR0: Assign Timer3 External Clock (T3CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
T2CKR4:T2CKR0: Assign Timer2 External Clock (T2CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-4:
RPINR4: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 4
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
T5CKR4
T5CKR3
T5CKR2
T5CKR1
T5CKR0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
T4CKR4
T4CKR3
T4CKR2
T4CKR1
T4CKR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
T5CKR4:T5CKR0: Assign Timer5 External Clock (T5CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
T4CKR4:T4CKR0: Assign Timer4 External Clock (T4CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
DS39881D-page 112
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-5:
RPINR7: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 7
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
IC2R4
IC2R3
IC2R2
IC2R1
IC2R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
IC1R4
IC1R3
IC1R2
IC1R1
IC1R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
IC2R4:IC2R0: Assign Input Capture 2 (IC2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
IC1R4:IC1R0: Assign Input Capture 1 (IC1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-6:
RPINR8: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
IC4R4
IC4R3
IC4R2
IC4R1
IC4R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
IC3R4
IC3R3
IC3R2
IC3R1
IC3R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
IC4R4:IC4R0: Assign Input Capture 4 (IC4) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
IC3R4:IC3R0: Assign Input Capture 3 (IC3) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 113
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-7:
RPINR9: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 9
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
IC5R4
IC5R3
IC5R2
IC5R1
IC5R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
IC5R4:IC5R0: Assign Input Capture 5 (IC5) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-8:
RPINR11: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 11
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
OCFBR4
OCFBR3
OCFBR2
OCFBR1
OCFBR0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
OCFAR4
OCFAR3
OCFAR2
OCFAR1
OCFAR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
OCFBR4:OCFBR0: Assign Output Compare Fault B (OCFB) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
OCFAR4:OCFAR0: Assign Output Compare Fault A (OCFA) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
DS39881D-page 114
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-9:
RPINR18: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 18
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
U1CTSR4
U1CTSR3
U1CTSR2
U1CTSR1
U1CTSR0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
U1RXR4
U1RXR3
U1RXR2
U1RXR1
U1RXR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-13
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
U1CTSR4:U1CTSR0: Assign UART1 Clear to Send (U1CTS) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
U1RXR4:U1RXR0: Assign UART1 Receive (U1RX) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-10: RPINR19: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 19
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
U2CTSR4
U2CTSR3
U2CTSR2
U2CTSR1
U2CTSR0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
U2RXR4
U2RXR3
U2RXR2
U2RXR1
U2RXR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-13
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
U2CTSR4:U2CTSR0: Assign UART2 Clear to Send (U2CTS) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
U2RXR4:U2RXR0: Assign UART2 Receive (U2RX) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 115
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-11: RPINR20: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 20
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SCK1R4
SCK1R3
SCK1R2
SCK1R1
SCK1R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SDI1R4
SDI1R3
SDI1R2
SDI1R1
SDI1R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
SCK1R4:SCK1R0: Assign SPI1 Clock Input (SCK1IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
SDI1R4:SDI1R0: Assign SPI1 Data Input (SDI1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-12: RPINR21: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 21
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SS1R4
SS1R3
SS1R2
SS1R1
SS1R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
SS1R4:SS1R0: Assign SPI1 Slave Select Input (SS1IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
DS39881D-page 116
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-13: RPINR22: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 22
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SCK2R4
SCK2R3
SCK2R2
SCK2R1
SCK2R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SDI2R4
SDI2R3
SDI2R2
SDI2R1
SDI2R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
SCK2R4:SCK2R0: Assign SPI2 Clock Input (SCK2IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
SDI2R4:SDI2R0: Assign SPI2 Data Input (SDI2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
REGISTER 10-14: RPINR23: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 23
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
—
—
—
SS2R4
SS2R3
SS2R2
SS2R1
SS2R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
SS2R4:SS2R0: Assign SPI2 Slave Select Input (SS2IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 117
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-15: RPOR0: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP1R4
RP1R3
RP1R2
RP1R1
RP1R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP0R4
RP0R3
RP0R2
RP0R1
RP0R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP1R4:RP1R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP1 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP0R4:RP0R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP0 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
REGISTER 10-16: RPOR1: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 1
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP3R4
RP3R3
RP3R2
RP3R1
RP3R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP2R4
RP2R3
RP2R2
RP2R1
RP2R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP3R4:RP3R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP3 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP2R4:RP2R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP2 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
DS39881D-page 118
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-17: RPOR2: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 2
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP5R4
RP5R3
RP5R2
RP5R1
RP5R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP4R4
RP4R3
RP4R2
RP4R1
RP4R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP5R4:RP5R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP5 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP4R4:RP4R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP4 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
REGISTER 10-18: RPOR3: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 3
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP7R4
RP7R3
RP7R2
RP7R1
RP7R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP6R4
RP6R3
RP6R2
RP6R1
RP6R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP7R4:RP7R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP7 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP6R4:RP6R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP6 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 119
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-19: RPOR4: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 4
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP9R4
RP9R3
RP9R2
RP9R1
RP9R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP8R4
RP8R3
RP8R2
RP8R1
RP8R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP9R4:RP9R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP9 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP8R4:RP8R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP8 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
REGISTER 10-20: RPOR5: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 5
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP11R4
RP11R3
RP11R2
RP11R1
RP11R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP10R4
RP10R3
RP10R2
RP10R1
RP10R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP11R4:RP11R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP11 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP10R4:RP10R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP10 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
DS39881D-page 120
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-21: RPOR6: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 6
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP13R4
RP13R3
RP13R2
RP13R1
RP13R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP12R4
RP12R3
RP12R2
RP12R1
RP12R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP13R4:RP13R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP13 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP12R4:RP12R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP12 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
REGISTER 10-22: RPOR7: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 7
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP15R4
RP15R3
RP15R2
RP15R1
RP15R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP14R4
RP14R3
RP14R2
RP14R1
RP14R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP15R4:RP15R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP15 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP14R4:RP14R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP14 Output Pin bits
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 121
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-23: RPOR8: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP17R4(1)
RP17R3(1)
RP17R2(1)
RP17R1(1)
RP17R0(1)
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
—
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
RP16R4
(1)
R/W-0
RP16R3
(1)
R/W-0
RP16R2
(1)
R/W-0
RP16R1
(1)
R/W-0
RP16R0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP17R4:RP17R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP17 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP16R4:RP16R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP16 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
Note 1:
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
REGISTER 10-24: RPOR9: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 9
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP19R4
RP19R3
RP19R2
RP19R1
RP19R0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP18R4
RP18R3
RP18R2
RP18R1
RP18R0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP19R4:RP19R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP19 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP18R4:RP18R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP18 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
Note 1:
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
DS39881D-page 122
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-25: RPOR10: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 10
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP21R4(1)
RP21R3(1)
RP21R2(1)
RP21R1(1)
RP21R0(1)
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP20R4(1)
RP20R3(1)
RP20R2(1)
RP20R1(1)
RP20R0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP21R4:RP21R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP21 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP20R4:RP20R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP20 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
Note 1:
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
REGISTER 10-26: RPOR11: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 11
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
RP23R4(1)
RP23R3(1)
RP23R2(1)
RP23R1(1)
RP23R0(1)
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
—
—
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
RP22R4(1)
RP22R3(1)
RP22R2(1)
RP22R1(1)
RP22R0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP23R4:RP23R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP23 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP22R4:RP22R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP22 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
Note 1:
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 123
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 10-27: RPOR12: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 12
U-0
U-0
—
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
RP25R4
(1)
R/W-0
RP25R3
(1)
R/W-0
RP25R2
(1)
R/W-0
RP25R1
(1)
R/W-0
RP25R0(1)
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
—
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
RP24R4
(1)
R/W-0
RP24R3
(1)
R/W-0
RP24R2
(1)
R/W-0
RP24R1
(1)
R/W-0
RP24R0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
RP25R4:RP25R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP25 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
bit 7-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4-0
RP24R4:RP24R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP24 Output Pin bits(1)
(see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers)
Note 1:
Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’.
DS39881D-page 124
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
11.0
Note:
Figure 11-1 presents a block diagram of the 16-bit timer
module.
TIMER1
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 14. Timers” (DS39704).
To configure Timer1 for operation:
1.
2.
3.
The Timer1 module is a 16-bit timer which can serve as
the time counter for the Real-Time Clock (RTC), or
operate as a free-running, interval timer/counter.
Timer1 can operate in three modes:
4.
5.
• 16-Bit Timer
• 16-Bit Synchronous Counter
• 16-Bit Asynchronous Counter
6.
Set the TON bit (= 1).
Select the timer prescaler ratio using the
TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits.
Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS
and TGATE bits.
Set or clear the TSYNC bit to configure
synchronous or asynchronous operation.
Load the timer period value into the PR1
register.
If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable
bit, T1IE. Use the priority bits, T1IP2:T1IP0, to
set the interrupt priority.
Timer1 also supports these features:
• Timer Gate Operation
• Selectable Prescaler Settings
• Timer Operation during CPU Idle and Sleep
modes
• Interrupt on 16-Bit Period Register Match or
Falling Edge of External Gate Signal
FIGURE 11-1:
16-BIT TIMER1 MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM
TCKPS1:TCKPS0
SOSCO/
T1CK
1x
SOSCEN
SOSCI
Gate
Sync
01
TCY
00
Prescaler
1, 8, 64, 256
TGATE
TCS
TGATE
Set T1IF
2
TON
1
Q
D
0
Q
CK
Reset
0
TMR1
1
Equal
Comparator
Sync
TSYNC
PR1
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 125
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 11-1:
T1CON: TIMER1 CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
—
TSYNC
TCS
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
TON: Timer1 On bit
1 = Starts 16-bit Timer1
0 = Stops 16-bit Timer1
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
TGATE: Timer1 Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit
When TCS = 1:
This bit is ignored.
When TCS = 0:
1 = Gated time accumulation enabled
0 = Gated time accumulation disabled
bit 5-4
TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timer1 Input Clock Prescale Select bits
11 = 1:256
10 = 1:64
01 = 1:8
00 = 1:1
bit 3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
TSYNC: Timer1 External Clock Input Synchronization Select bit
When TCS = 1:
1 = Synchronize external clock input
0 = Do not synchronize external clock input
When TCS = 0:
This bit is ignored.
bit 1
TCS: Timer1 Clock Source Select bit
1 = External clock from T1CK pin (on the rising edge)
0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2)
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 126
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
12.0
Note:
TIMER2/3 AND TIMER4/5
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 14. Timers” (DS39704).
The Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 modules are 32-bit timers,
which can also be configured as four independent 16-bit
timers with selectable operating modes.
To configure Timer2/3 or Timer4/5 for 32-bit operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
As a 32-bit timer, Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 operate in
three modes:
Set the T32 bit (T2CON<3> or T4CON<3> = 1).
Select the prescaler ratio for Timer2 or Timer4
using the TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits.
Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS
and TGATE bits. If TCS is set to external clock,
RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral
Pin Select” for more information.
Load the timer period value. PR3 (or PR5) will
contain the most significant word of the value
while PR2 (or PR4) contains the least significant
word.
If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable
bit, T3IE or T5IE; use the priority bits,
T3IP2:T3IP0 or T5IP2:T5IP0, to set the interrupt
priority. Note that while Timer2 or Timer4 controls the timer, the interrupt appears as a Timer3
or Timer5 interrupt.
Set the TON bit (= 1).
• Two independent 16-bit timers (Timer2 and
Timer3) with all 16-bit operating modes (except
Asynchronous Counter mode)
• Single 32-bit timer
• Single 32-bit synchronous counter
5.
They also support these features:
6.
•
•
•
•
•
The timer value, at any point, is stored in the register
pair, TMR3:TMR2 (or TMR5:TMR4). TMR3 (TMR5)
always contains the most significant word of the count,
while TMR2 (TMR4) contains the least significant word.
Timer gate operation
Selectable prescaler settings
Timer operation during Idle and Sleep modes
Interrupt on a 32-Bit Period register match
ADC Event Trigger (Timer4/5 only)
Individually, all four of the 16-bit timers can function as
synchronous timers or counters. They also offer the
features listed above, except for the ADC Event
Trigger; this is implemented only with Timer5. The
operating modes and enabled features are determined
by setting the appropriate bit(s) in the T2CON, T3CON,
T4CON and T5CON registers. T2CON and T4CON are
shown in generic form in Register 12-1; T3CON and
T5CON are shown in Register 12-2.
For 32-bit timer/counter operation, Timer2 and Timer4
are the least significant word; Timer3 and Timer4 are
the most significant word of the 32-bit timers.
Note:
For 32-bit operation, T3CON and T5CON
control bits are ignored. Only T2CON and
T4CON control bits are used for setup and
control. Timer2 and Timer4 clock and gate
inputs are utilized for the 32-bit timer
modules, but an interrupt is generated with
the Timer3 or Timer5 interrupt flags.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
To configure any of the timers for individual 16-bit
operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Clear the T32 bit corresponding to that timer
(T2CON<3> for Timer2 and Timer3 or
T4CON<3> for Timer4 and Timer5).
Select the timer prescaler ratio using the
TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits.
Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS
and TGATE bits. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral
Pin Select” for more information.
Load the timer period value into the PRx register.
If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable
bit, TxIE; use the priority bits, TxIP2:TxIP0, to
set the interrupt priority.
Set the TON bit (TxCON<15> = 1).
DS39881D-page 127
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 12-1:
TIMER2/3 AND TIMER4/5 (32-BIT) BLOCK DIAGRAM
TCKPS1:TCKPS0
2
TON
T2CK
(T4CK)
1x
Gate
Sync
01
TCY
00
Prescaler
1, 8, 64, 256
TGATE
TGATE(2)
TCS(2)
Q
1
Set T3IF (T5IF)
Q
0
PR3
(PR5)
ADC Event Trigger(3)
Equal
D
CK
PR2
(PR4)
Comparator
MSB
LSB
TMR3
(TMR5)
Reset
TMR2
(TMR4)
Sync
16
Read TMR2 (TMR4)
(1)
Write TMR2 (TMR4)(1)
16
TMR3HLD
(TMR5HLD)
16
Data Bus<15:0>
Note 1:
2:
3:
The 32-Bit Timer Configuration bit, T32, must be set for 32-bit timer/counter operation. All control bits are
respective to the T2CON and T4CON registers.
This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section
10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
The ADC event trigger is available only on Timer2/3.
DS39881D-page 128
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 12-2:
TIMER2 AND TIMER4 (16-BIT SYNCHRONOUS) BLOCK DIAGRAM
TON
T2CK
(T4CK)
TCKPS1:TCKPS0
2
1x
Gate
Sync
Prescaler
1, 8, 64, 256
01
00
TGATE
TCS(1)
TCY
1
Set T2IF (T4IF)
0
Reset
Equal
Q
D
Q
CK
TGATE(1)
TMR2 (TMR4)
Sync
Comparator
PR2 (PR4)
This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section
10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
Note 1:
FIGURE 12-3:
TIMER3 AND TIMER5 (16-BIT SYNCHRONOUS) BLOCK DIAGRAM
T3CK
(T5CK)
Sync
1x
TON
TCKPS1:TCKPS0
2
Prescaler
1, 8, 64, 256
01
00
TGATE
TCY
1
Set T3IF (T5IF)
0
Reset
ADC Event Trigger(2)
Equal
Q
D
Q
CK
TCS(1)
TGATE(1)
TMR3 (TMR5)
Comparator
PR3 (PR5)
Note 1:
2:
This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section
10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
The ADC event trigger is available only on Timer3.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 129
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 12-1:
TxCON: TIMER2 AND TIMER4 CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
TON
—
TSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
TGATE
TCKPS1
TCKPS0
T32(1)
—
TCS(2)
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
TON: Timerx On bit
When TxCON<3> = 1:
1 = Starts 32-bit Timerx/y
0 = Stops 32-bit Timerx/y
When TxCON<3> = 0:
1 = Starts 16-bit Timerx
0 = Stops 16-bit Timerx
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
TGATE: Timerx Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit
When TCS = 1:
This bit is ignored.
When TCS = 0:
1 = Gated time accumulation enabled
0 = Gated time accumulation disabled
bit 5-4
TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timerx Input Clock Prescale Select bits
11 = 1:256
10 = 1:64
01 = 1:8
00 = 1:1
bit 3
T32: 32-Bit Timer Mode Select bit(1)
1 = Timerx and Timery form a single 32-bit timer
0 = Timerx and Timery act as two 16-bit timers
In 32-bit mode, T3CON control bits do not affect 32-bit timer operation.
bit 2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
TCS: Timerx Clock Source Select bit(2)
1 = External clock from pin, TxCK (on the rising edge)
0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2)
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
2:
x = Bit is unknown
In 32-bit mode, the T3CON or T5CON control bits do not affect 32-bit timer operation.
If TCS = 1, RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”.
DS39881D-page 130
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 12-2:
TyCON: TIMER3 AND TIMER5 CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
TON(1)
—
TSIDL(1)
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
—
TGATE(1)
TCKPS1(1)
TCKPS0(1)
—
—
TCS(1,2)
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
TON: Timery On bit(1)
1 = Starts 16-bit Timery
0 = Stops 16-bit Timery
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit(1)
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6
TGATE: Timery Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit(1)
When TCS = 1:
This bit is ignored.
When TCS = 0:
1 = Gated time accumulation enabled
0 = Gated time accumulation disabled
bit 5-4
TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timery Input Clock Prescale Select bits(1)
11 = 1:256
10 = 1:64
01 = 1:8
00 = 1:1
bit 3-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
TCS: Timery Clock Source Select bit(1,2)
1 = External clock from pin TyCK (on the rising edge)
0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2)
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
Note 1:
2:
x = Bit is unknown
When 32-bit operation is enabled (T2CON<3> or T4CON<3> = 1), these bits have no effect on Timery
operation; all timer functions are set through T2CON and T4CON.
If TCS = 1, RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral
Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 131
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 132
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
13.0
INPUT CAPTURE
Note:
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 15. Input Capture” (DS39701).
FIGURE 13-1:
INPUT CAPTURE BLOCK DIAGRAM
From 16-Bit Timers
TMRy TMRx
16
1
Prescaler
Counter
(1, 4, 16)
ICTMR
(ICxCON<7>)
ICM<2:0> (ICxCON<2:0>)
Mode Select
FIFO
3
0
FIFO
R/W
Logic
Edge Detection Logic
and
Clock Synchronizer
ICx Pin
16
ICOV, ICBNE (ICxCON<4:3>)
ICxBUF
ICI<1:0>
ICxCON
Interrupt
Logic
System Bus
Set Flag ICxIF
(in IFSn Register)
Note 1:
2:
An ‘x’ in a signal, register or bit name denotes the number of the capture channel.
This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 133
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
13.1
Input Capture Registers
REGISTER 13-1:
ICxCON: INPUT CAPTURE x CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
ICSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
ICTMR
ICI1
R/W-0
ICI0
R-0, HC
ICOV
R-0, HC
R/W-0
ICBNE
ICM2(1)
R/W-0
(1)
ICM1
R/W-0
ICM0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
HC = Hardware Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
ICSIDL: Input Capture x Module Stop in Idle Control bit
1 = Input capture module will halt in CPU Idle mode
0 = Input capture module will continue to operate in CPU Idle mode
bit 12-8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7
ICTMR: Input Capture x Timer Select bit
1 = TMR2 contents are captured on capture event
0 = TMR3 contents are captured on capture event
bit 6-5
ICI1:ICI0: Select Number of Captures per Interrupt bits
11 = Interrupt on every fourth capture event
10 = Interrupt on every third capture event
01 = Interrupt on every second capture event
00 = Interrupt on every capture event
bit 4
ICOV: Input Capture x Overflow Status Flag bit (read-only)
1 = Input capture overflow occurred
0 = No input capture overflow occurred
bit 3
ICBNE: Input Capture x Buffer Empty Status bit (read-only)
1 = Input capture buffer is not empty, at least one more capture value can be read
0 = Input capture buffer is empty
bit 2-0
ICM2:ICM0: Input Capture x Mode Select bits(1)
111 = Input capture functions as interrupt pin only when device is in Sleep or Idle mode (rising edge
detect only, all other control bits are not applicable)
110 = Unused (module disabled)
101 = Capture mode, every 16th rising edge
100 = Capture mode, every 4th rising edge
011 = Capture mode, every rising edge
010 = Capture mode, every falling edge
001 = Capture mode, every edge (rising and falling) – ICI<1:0> bits do not control interrupt generation
for this mode
000 = Input capture module turned off
Note 1:
RPINRx (ICxRx) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select”.
DS39881D-page 134
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
14.0
Note:
14.1
OUTPUT COMPARE
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section
16.
Output
Compare”
(DS39706).
Setup for Single Output Pulse
Generation
When the OCM control bits (OCxCON<2:0>) are set to
‘100’, the selected output compare channel initializes
the OCx pin to the low state and generates a single
output pulse.
To generate a single output pulse, the following steps
are required (these steps assume the timer source is
initially turned off, but this is not a requirement for the
module operation):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Determine the instruction clock cycle time. Take
into account the frequency of the external clock
to the timer source (if one is used) and the timer
prescaler settings.
Calculate time to the rising edge of the output
pulse relative to the TMRy start value (0000h).
Calculate the time to the falling edge of the pulse
based on the desired pulse width and the time to
the rising edge of the pulse.
Write the values computed in steps 2 and 3
above into the Output Compare x register,
OCxR, and the Output Compare x Secondary
register, OCxRS, respectively.
Set Timer Period register, PRy, to value equal to
or greater than value in OCxRS, the Output
Compare x Secondary register.
Set the OCM bits to ‘100’ and the OCTSEL
(OCxCON<3>) bit to the desired timer source.
The OCx pin state will now be driven low.
Set the TON (TyCON<15>) bit to ‘1’, which
enables the compare time base to count.
Upon the first match between TMRy and OCxR,
the OCx pin will be driven high.
When the incrementing timer, TMRy, matches the
Output Compare x Secondary register, OCxRS,
the second and trailing edge (high-to-low) of the
pulse is driven onto the OCx pin. No additional
pulses are driven onto the OCx pin and it remains
at low. As a result of the second compare match
event, the OCxIF interrupt flag bit is set, which
will result in an interrupt if it is enabled, by setting the OCxIE bit. For further information on
peripheral interrupts, refer to Section 7.0
“Interrupt Controller”.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
10. To initiate another single pulse output, change the
Timer and Compare register settings, if needed,
and then issue a write to set the OCM bits to ‘100’.
Disabling and re-enabling of the timer and clearing the TMRy register are not required, but may
be advantageous for defining a pulse from a
known event time boundary.
The output compare module does not have to be disabled after the falling edge of the output pulse. Another
pulse can be initiated by rewriting the value of the
OCxCON register.
14.2
Setup for Continuous Output
Pulse Generation
When the OCM control bits (OCxCON<2:0>) are set to
‘101’, the selected output compare channel initializes
the OCx pin to the low state and generates output
pulses on each and every compare match event.
For the user to configure the module for the generation
of a continuous stream of output pulses, the following
steps are required (these steps assume the timer
source is initially turned off, but this is not a requirement
for the module operation):
1.
Determine the instruction clock cycle time. Take
into account the frequency of the external clock
to the timer source (if one is used) and the timer
prescaler settings.
2. Calculate time to the rising edge of the output
pulse relative to the TMRy start value (0000h).
3. Calculate the time to the falling edge of the pulse
based on the desired pulse width and the time to
the rising edge of the pulse.
4. Write the values computed in step 2 and 3 above
into the Output Compare x register, OCxR, and
the Output Compare x Secondary register,
OCxRS, respectively.
5. Set Timer Period register, PRy, to value equal to
or greater than value in OCxRS.
6. Set the OCM bits to ‘101’ and the OCTSEL bit to
the desired timer source. The OCx pin state will
now be driven low.
7. Enable the compare time base by setting the TON
(TyCON<15>) bit to ‘1’.
8. Upon the first match between TMRy and OCxR,
the OCx pin will be driven high.
9. When the compare time base, TMRy, matches the
OCxRS, the second and trailing edge (high-to-low)
of the pulse is driven onto the OCx pin.
10. As a result of the second compare match event,
the OCxIF interrupt flag bit set.
11. When the compare time base and the value in its
respective Timer Period register match, the TMRy
register resets to 0x0000 and resumes counting.
12. Steps 8 through 11 are repeated and a continuous
stream of pulses is generated indefinitely. The
OCxIF flag is set on each OCxRS/TMRy compare
match event.
DS39881D-page 135
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
14.3
Note:
EQUATION 14-1:
Pulse-Width Modulation Mode
This peripheral contains input and output
functions that may need to be configured
by the peripheral pin select. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for
more information.
PWM Period = [(PRy) + 1] • TCY • (Timer Prescale Value)
where:
PWM Frequency = 1/[PWM Period]
Note 1:
The following steps should be taken when configuring
the output compare module for PWM operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set the PWM period by writing to the selected
Timer Period register (PRy).
Set the PWM duty cycle by writing to the OCxRS
register.
Write the OCxR register with the initial duty cycle.
Enable interrupts, if required, for the timer and
output compare modules. The output compare
interrupt is required for PWM Fault pin utilization.
Configure the output compare module for one of
two PWM Operation modes by writing to the
Output Compare Mode bits, OCM<2:0>
(OCxCON<2:0>).
Set the TMRy prescale value and enable the time
base by setting TON (TxCON<15>) = 1.
Note:
14.3.1
Note:
14.3.2
Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC, Doze mode
and PLL are disabled.
A PRy value of N will produce a PWM
period of N + 1 time base count cycles. For
example, a value of 7 written into the PRy
register will yield a period consisting of
8 time base cycles.
PWM DUTY CYCLE
The PWM duty cycle is specified by writing to the
OCxRS register. The OCxRS register can be written to
at any time, but the duty cycle value is not latched into
OCxR until a match between PRy and TMRy occurs
(i.e., the period is complete). This provides a double
buffer for the PWM duty cycle and is essential for glitchless PWM operation. In the PWM mode, OCxR is a
read-only register.
The OCxR register should be initialized
before the output compare module is first
enabled. The OCxR register becomes a
Read-Only Duty Cycle register when the
module is operated in the PWM modes.
The value held in OCxR will become the
PWM duty cycle for the first PWM period.
The contents of the Output Compare x
Secondary register, OCxRS, will not be
transferred into OCxR until a time base
period match occurs.
Some important boundary parameters of the PWM duty
cycle include:
• If the Output Compare x register, OCxR, is loaded
with 0000h, the OCx pin will remain low (0% duty
cycle).
• If OCxR is greater than PRy (Timer Period
register), the pin will remain high (100% duty
cycle).
• If OCxR is equal to PRy, the OCx pin will be low
for one time base count value and high for all
other count values.
PWM PERIOD
See Example 14-1 for PWM mode timing details.
Table 14-1 shows example PWM frequencies and
resolutions for a device operating at 10 MIPS.
The PWM period is specified by writing to PRy, the
Timer Period register. The PWM period can be
calculated using Equation 14-1.
EQUATION 14-2:
CALCULATING THE PWM
PERIOD(1)
CALCULATION FOR MAXIMUM PWM RESOLUTION(1)
log10
Maximum PWM Resolution (bits) =
(F
PWM
)
FCY
• (Timer Prescale Value)
bits
log10(2)
Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
DS39881D-page 136
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
EXAMPLE 14-1:
PWM PERIOD AND DUTY CYCLE CALCULATIONS(1)
1. Find the Timer Period register value for a desired PWM frequency of 52.08 kHz, where FOSC = 8 MHz with PLL
(32 MHz device clock rate) and a Timer2 prescaler setting of 1:1.
TCY = 2 * Tosc = 62.5 ns
PWM Period = 1/PWM Frequency = 1/52.08 kHz = 19.2 s
PWM Period = (PR2 + 1) • TCY • (Timer 2 Prescale Value)
19.2 s
= (PR2 + 1) • 62.5 ns • 1
PR2
= 306
2. Find the maximum resolution of the duty cycle that can be used with a 52.08 kHz frequency and a 32 MHz device clock rate:
PWM Resolution = log10 (FCY/FPWM)/log102) bits
= (log10 (16 MHz/52.08 kHz)/log102) bits
= 8.3 bits
Note 1:
Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC, Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
TABLE 14-1:
EXAMPLE PWM FREQUENCIES AND RESOLUTIONS AT 4 MIPS (FCY = 4 MHz)(1)
PWM Frequency
7.6 Hz
61 Hz
122 Hz
977 Hz
3.9 kHz
31.3 kHz
125 kHz
Timer Prescaler Ratio
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
Period Register Value
FFFFh
FFFFh
7FFFh
0FFFh
03FFh
007Fh
001Fh
16
16
15
12
10
7
5
Resolution (bits)
Note 1:
Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
TABLE 14-2:
EXAMPLE PWM FREQUENCIES AND RESOLUTIONS AT 16 MIPS (FCY = 16 MHz)(1)
PWM Frequency
30.5 Hz
244 Hz
488 Hz
3.9 kHz
15.6 kHz
125 kHz
500 kHz
Timer Prescaler Ratio
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
Period Register Value
FFFFh
FFFFh
7FFFh
0FFFh
03FFh
007Fh
001Fh
16
16
15
12
10
7
5
Resolution (bits)
Note 1:
Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 137
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 14-1:
OUTPUT COMPARE MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM
Set Flag bit
OCxIF(1)
OCxRS(1)
Output
Logic
OCxR(1)
3
OCM2:OCM0
Mode Select(4)
Comparator
0
16
OCTSEL
1
2:
3:
4:
OCx(1)
Output Enable
OCFA or OCFB(2)
1
16
TMR register inputs
from time bases
(see Note 3).
Note 1:
0
S Q
R
Period match signals
from time bases
(see Note 3).
Where ‘x’ is shown, reference is made to the registers associated with the respective output compare channels 1
through 5.
OCFA pin controls OC1-OC4 channels. OCFB pin controls the OC5 channel.
Each output compare channel can use one of two selectable time bases. Refer to the device data sheet for the time
bases associated with the module.
This peripheral’s inputs and outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select” section for more information.
DS39881D-page 138
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
14.4
Output Compare Register
REGISTER 14-1:
OCxCON: OUTPUT COMPARE x CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
OCSIDL
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-0, HC
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
OCFLT
OCTSEL
OCM2(1)
OCM1(1)
OCM0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
HC = Hardware Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
OCSIDL: Stop Output Compare x in Idle Mode Control bit
1 = Output Compare x will halt in CPU Idle mode
0 = Output Compare x will continue to operate in CPU Idle mode
bit 12-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
OCFLT: PWM Fault Condition Status bit
1 = PWM Fault condition has occurred (cleared in HW only)
0 = No PWM Fault condition has occurred (this bit is only used when OCM<2:0> = 111)
bit 3
OCTSEL: Output Compare x Timer Select bit
1 = Timer3 is the clock source for Output Compare x
0 = Timer2 is the clock source for Output Compare x
Refer to the device data sheet for specific time bases available to the output compare module.
bit 2-0
OCM2:OCM0: Output Compare x Mode Select bits(1)
111 = PWM mode on OCx, Fault pin, OCFx, enabled(2)
110 = PWM mode on OCx, Fault pin, OCFx, disabled(2)
101 = Initialize OCx pin low, generate continuous output pulses on OCx pin
100 = Initialize OCx pin low, generate single output pulse on OCx pin
011 = Compare event toggles OCx pin
010 = Initialize OCx pin high, compare event forces OCx pin low
001 = Initialize OCx pin low, compare event forces OCx pin high
000 = Output compare channel is disabled
Note 1:
2:
RPORx (OCx) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select”.
OCFA pin controls OC1-OC4 channels. OCFB pin controls the OC5 channel.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 139
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 140
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
15.0
Note:
SERIAL PERIPHERAL
INTERFACE (SPI)
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 23. Serial Peripheral Interface
(SPI)” (DS39699)
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) module is a
synchronous serial interface useful for communicating
with other peripheral or microcontroller devices. These
peripheral devices may be serial EEPROMs, shift registers, display drivers, A/D Converters, etc. The SPI
module is compatible with Motorola’s SPI and SIOP
interfaces.
The module supports operation in two buffer modes. In
Standard mode, data is shifted through a single serial
buffer. In Enhanced Buffer mode, data is shifted
through an 8-level FIFO buffer.
Note:
Do not perform read-modify-write operations (such as bit-oriented instructions) on
the SPIxBUF register in either Standard or
Enhanced Buffer mode.
The SPI serial interface consists of four pins:
•
•
•
•
SDIx: Serial Data Input
SDOx: Serial Data Output
SCKx: Shift Clock Input or Output
SSx: Active-Low Slave Select or Frame
Synchronization I/O Pulse
The SPI module can be configured to operate using 2,
3 or 4 pins. In the 3-pin mode, SSx is not used. In the
2-pin mode, both SDOx and SSx are not used.
Block diagrams of the module in Standard and
Enhanced modes are shown in Figure 15-1 and
Figure 15-2.
Depending on the pin count, devices of the
PIC24FJ64GA004 family offer one or two SPI modules
on a single device.
Note:
In this section, the SPI modules are
referred to together as SPIx or separately
as SPI1 and SPI2. Special Function Registers will follow a similar notation. For
example, SPIxCON1 or SPIxCON2 refers
to the control register for the SPI1 or SPI2
module.
The module also supports a basic framed SPI protocol
while operating in either Master or Slave mode. A total
of four framed SPI configurations are supported.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 141
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
To set up the SPI module for the Standard Master mode
of operation:
To set up the SPI module for the Standard Slave mode
of operation:
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If using interrupts:
a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx
register.
b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx
register.
c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx
register to set the interrupt priority.
Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and
SPIxCON2
registers
with
MSTEN
(SPIxCON1<5>) = 1.
Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>).
Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit
(SPIxSTAT<15>).
Write the data to be transmitted to the SPIxBUF
register. Transmission (and reception) will start
as soon as data is written to the SPIxBUF
register.
FIGURE 15-1:
Clear the SPIxBUF register.
If using interrupts:
a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx
register.
b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx
register.
c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx
register to set the interrupt priority.
Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1
and SPIxCON2 registers with MSTEN
(SPIxCON1<5>) = 0.
Clear the SMP bit.
If the CKE bit is set, then the SSEN bit
(SPIxCON1<7>) must be set to enable the SSx
pin.
Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>).
Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit
(SPIxSTAT<15>).
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
SPIx MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM (STANDARD MODE)
SCKx
1:1 to 1:8
Secondary
Prescaler
SSx/FSYNCx
Sync
Control
1:1/4/16/64
Primary
Prescaler
Select
Edge
Control
Clock
SPIxCON1<1:0>
SPIxCON1<4:2>
Shift Control
SDOx
Enable
Master Clock
bit 0
SDIx
FCY
SPIxSR
Transfer
Transfer
SPIxBUF
Read SPIxBUF
Write SPIxBUF
16
Internal Data Bus
DS39881D-page 142
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
To set up the SPI module for the Enhanced Buffer
Master mode of operation:
To set up the SPI module for the Enhanced Buffer
Slave mode of operation:
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
If using interrupts:
a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx
register.
b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx
register.
c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx
register.
Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and
SPIxCON2
registers
with
MSTEN
(SPIxCON1<5>) = 1.
Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>).
Select Enhanced Buffer mode by setting the
SPIBEN bit (SPIxCON2<0>).
Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit
(SPIxSTAT<15>).
Write the data to be transmitted to the SPIxBUF
register. Transmission (and reception) will start
as soon as data is written to the SPIxBUF
register.
FIGURE 15-2:
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clear the SPIxBUF register.
If using interrupts:
• Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx
register.
• Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx
register.
• Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx
register to set the interrupt priority.
Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and
SPIxCON2
registers
with
MSTEN
(SPIxCON1<5>) = 0.
Clear the SMP bit.
If the CKE bit is set, then the SSEN bit must be
set, thus enabling the SSx pin.
Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>).
Select Enhanced Buffer mode by setting the
SPIBEN bit (SPIxCON2<0>).
Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit
(SPIxSTAT<15>).
SPIx MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM (ENHANCED MODE)
SCKx
1:1 to 1:8
Secondary
Prescaler
SSx/FSYNCx
Sync
Control
1:1/4/16/64
Primary
Prescaler
Select
Edge
Control
Clock
SPIxCON1<1:0>
SPIxCON1<4:2>
Shift Control
SDOx
Enable
Master Clock
bit0
SDIx
FCY
SPIxSR
Transfer
Transfer
8-Level FIFO
Receive Buffer
8-Level FIFO
Transmit Buffer
SPIxBUF
Read SPIxBUF
Write SPIxBUF
16
Internal Data Bus
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 143
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 15-1:
R/W-0
SPIEN
(1)
SPIxSTAT: SPIx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
—
SPISIDL
—
—
SPIBEC2
SPIBEC1
SPIBEC0
bit 15
bit 8
R-0
R/C-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R-0
SRMPT
SPIROV
SRXMPT
SISEL2
SISEL1
SISEL0
SPITBF
SPIRBF
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
SPIEN: SPIx Enable bit(1)
1 = Enables module and configures SCKx, SDOx, SDIx and SSx as serial port pins
0 = Disables module
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
SPISIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinues module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continues module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
SPIBEC2:SPIBEC0: SPIx Buffer Element Count bits (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode)
Master mode:
Number of SPI transfers pending.
Slave mode:
Number of SPI transfers unread.
bit 7
SRMPT: Shift Register (SPIxSR) Empty bit (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode)
1 = SPIx Shift register is empty and ready to send or receive
0 = SPIx Shift register is not empty
bit 6
SPIROV: Receive Overflow Flag bit
1 = A new byte/word is completely received and discarded. The user software has not read the previous
data in the SPIxBUF register.
0 = No overflow has occurred
bit 5
SRXMPT: Receive FIFO Empty bit (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode)
1 = Receive FIFO is empty
0 = Receive FIFO is not empty
bit 4-2
SISEL2:SISEL0: SPIx Buffer Interrupt Mode bits (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode)
111 = Interrupt when SPIx transmit buffer is full (SPITBF bit is set)
110 = Interrupt when last bit is shifted into SPIxSR; as a result, the TX FIFO is empty
101 = Interrupt when the last bit is shifted out of SPIxSR; now the transmit is complete
100 = Interrupt when one data is shifted into the SPIxSR; as a result, the TX FIFO has one open spot
011 = Interrupt when SPIx receive buffer is full (SPIRBF bit set)
010 = Interrupt when SPIx receive buffer is 3/4 or more full
001 = Interrupt when data is available in receive buffer (SRMPT bit is set)
000 = Interrupt when the last data in the receive buffer is read; as a result, the buffer is empty
(SRXMPT bit is set)
Note 1:
If SPIEN = 1, these functions must be assigned to available RPn pins before use. See Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
DS39881D-page 144
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 15-1:
SPIxSTAT: SPIx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 1
SPITBF: SPIx Transmit Buffer Full Status bit
1 = Transmit not yet started, SPIxTXB is full
0 = Transmit started, SPIxTXB is empty
In Standard Buffer mode:
Automatically set in hardware when CPU writes SPIxBUF location, loading SPIxTXB.
Automatically cleared in hardware when SPIx module transfers data from SPIxTXB to SPIxSR.
In Enhanced Buffer mode:
Automatically set in hardware when CPU writes SPIxBUF location, loading the last available buffer location.
Automatically cleared in hardware when a buffer location is available for a CPU write.
bit 0
SPIRBF: SPIx Receive Buffer Full Status bit
1 = Receive complete, SPIxRXB is full
0 = Receive is not complete, SPIxRXB is empty
In Standard Buffer mode:
Automatically set in hardware when SPIx transfers data from SPIxSR to SPIxRXB.
Automatically cleared in hardware when core reads SPIxBUF location, reading SPIxRXB.
In Enhanced Buffer mode:
Automatically set in hardware when SPIx transfers data from SPIxSR to buffer, filling the last unread
buffer location.
Automatically cleared in hardware when a buffer location is available for a transfer from SPIxSR.
Note 1:
If SPIEN = 1, these functions must be assigned to available RPn pins before use. See Section 10.4
“Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 145
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 15-2:
SPIXCON1: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 1
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
DISSCK(1)
DISSDO(2)
MODE16
SMP
CKE(3)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CKP
MSTEN
SPRE2
SPRE1
SPRE0
PPRE1
PPRE0
(4)
SSEN
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12
DISSCK: Disables SCKx pin bit (SPI Master modes only)(1)
1 = Internal SPI clock is disabled; pin functions as I/O
0 = Internal SPI clock is enabled
bit 11
DISSDO: Disables SDOx pin bit(2)
1 = SDOx pin is not used by module; pin functions as I/O
0 = SDOx pin is controlled by the module
bit 10
MODE16: Word/Byte Communication Select bit
1 = Communication is word-wide (16 bits)
0 = Communication is byte-wide (8 bits)
bit 9
SMP: SPIx Data Input Sample Phase bit
Master mode:
1 = Input data sampled at end of data output time
0 = Input data sampled at middle of data output time
Slave mode:
SMP must be cleared when SPIx is used in Slave mode.
bit 8
CKE: SPIx Clock Edge Select bit(3)
1 = Serial output data changes on transition from active clock state to Idle clock state (see bit 6)
0 = Serial output data changes on transition from Idle clock state to active clock state (see bit 6)
bit 7
SSEN: Slave Select Enable bit (Slave mode)(4)
1 = SSx pin used for Slave mode
0 = SSx pin not used by module; pin controlled by port function
bit 6
CKP: Clock Polarity Select bit
1 = Idle state for clock is a high level; active state is a low level
0 = Idle state for clock is a low level; active state is a high level
bit 5
MSTEN: Master Mode Enable bit
1 = Master mode
0 = Slave mode
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
If DISSCK = 0, SCKx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin
Select” for more information.
If DISSDO = 0, SDOx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin
Select” for more information.
The CKE bit is not used in the Framed SPI modes. The user should program this bit to ‘0’ for the Framed
SPI modes (FRMEN = 1).
If SSEN = 1, SSx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”
for more information.
DS39881D-page 146
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 15-2:
SPIXCON1: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 1 (CONTINUED)
bit 4-2
SPRE2:SPRE0: Secondary Prescale bits (Master mode)
111 = Secondary prescale 1:1
110 = Secondary prescale 2:1
...
000 = Secondary prescale 8:1
bit 1-0
PPRE1:PPRE0: Primary Prescale bits (Master mode)
11 = Primary prescale 1:1
10 = Primary prescale 4:1
01 = Primary prescale 16:1
00 = Primary prescale 64:1
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
If DISSCK = 0, SCKx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin
Select” for more information.
If DISSDO = 0, SDOx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin
Select” for more information.
The CKE bit is not used in the Framed SPI modes. The user should program this bit to ‘0’ for the Framed
SPI modes (FRMEN = 1).
If SSEN = 1, SSx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”
for more information.
REGISTER 15-3:
R/W-0
SPIxCON2: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 2
R/W-0
FRMEN
SPIFSD
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
SPIFPOL
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
SPIFE
SPIBEN
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
FRMEN: Framed SPIx Support bit
1 = Framed SPIx support enabled
0 = Framed SPIx support disabled
bit 14
SPIFSD: Frame Sync Pulse Direction Control on SSx pin bit
1 = Frame sync pulse input (slave)
0 = Frame sync pulse output (master)
bit 13
SPIFPOL: Frame Sync Pulse Polarity bit (Frame mode only)
1 = Frame sync pulse is active-high
0 = Frame sync pulse is active-low
bit 12-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
SPIFE: Frame Sync Pulse Edge Select bit
1 = Frame sync pulse coincides with first bit clock
0 = Frame sync pulse precedes first bit clock
bit 0
SPIBEN: Enhanced Buffer Enable bit
1 = Enhanced Buffer enabled
0 = Enhanced Buffer disabled (Legacy mode)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 147
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 15-3:
SPI MASTER/SLAVE CONNECTION (STANDARD MODE)
PROCESSOR 1 (SPI Master)
PROCESSOR 2 (SPI Slave)
SDIx
SDOx
Serial Receive Buffer
(SPIxRXB)(2)
Serial Receive Buffer
(SPIxRXB)(2)
SDOx
SDIx
Shift Register
(SPIxSR)
LSb
MSb
MSb
Serial Transmit Buffer
(SPIxTXB)(2)
SPIx Buffer
(SPIxBUF)(2)
Shift Register
(SPIxSR)
LSb
Serial Transmit Buffer
(SPIxTXB)(2)
SCKx
Serial Clock
SCKx
SPIx Buffer
(SPIxBUF)(2)
SSx(1)
SSEN (SPIxCON1<7>) = 1 and MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0
MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1)
Note
1:
2:
FIGURE 15-4:
Using the SSx pin in Slave mode of operation is optional.
User must write transmit data to read received data from SPIxBUF. The SPIxTXB and SPIxRXB registers are memory
mapped to SPIxBUF.
SPI MASTER/SLAVE CONNECTION (ENHANCED BUFFER MODES)
PROCESSOR 1 (SPI Enhanced Buffer Master)
Shift Register
(SPIxSR)
PROCESSOR 2 (SPI Enhanced Buffer Slave)
SDOx
SDIx
SDIx
SDOx
LSb
MSb
MSb
8-Level FIFO Buffer
SPIx Buffer
(SPIxBUF)(2)
Note
1:
2:
LSb
8-Level FIFO Buffer
SCKx
SSx
MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1 and
SPIBEN (SPIxCON2<0>) = 1
Shift Register
(SPIxSR)
Serial Clock
SCKx
SPIx Buffer
(SPIxBUF)(2)
SSx(1)
SSEN (SPIxCON1<7>) = 1,
MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0 and
SPIBEN (SPIxCON2<0>) = 1
Using the SSx pin in Slave mode of operation is optional.
User must write transmit data to read received data from SPIxBUF. The SPIxTXB and SPIxRXB registers are memory
mapped to SPIxBUF.
DS39881D-page 148
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 15-5:
SPI MASTER, FRAME MASTER CONNECTION DIAGRAM
PROCESSOR 2
PIC24F
(SPI Slave, Frame Slave)
SDIx
SDOx
SDOx
SDIx
SCKx
SSx
FIGURE 15-6:
Serial Clock
Frame Sync
Pulse
SCKx
SSx
SPI MASTER, FRAME SLAVE CONNECTION DIAGRAM
PROCESSOR 2
PIC24F
SPI Master, Frame Slave)
SDOx
SDIx
SDIx
SDOx
SCKx
SSx
FIGURE 15-7:
Serial Clock
Frame Sync
Pulse
SCKx
SSx
SPI SLAVE, FRAME MASTER CONNECTION DIAGRAM
PROCESSOR 2
PIC24F
(SPI Slave, Frame Slave)
SDOx
SDIx
SDIx
SDOx
SCKx
SSx
FIGURE 15-8:
Serial Clock
Frame Sync.
Pulse
SCKx
SSx
SPI SLAVE, FRAME SLAVE CONNECTION DIAGRAM
PROCESSOR 2
PIC24F
(SPI Master, Frame Slave)
SDIx
SDOx
SDOx
SDIx
SCKx
SSx
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
Serial Clock
Frame Sync
Pulse
SCKx
SSx
DS39881D-page 149
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
EQUATION 15-1:
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEVICE AND SPI CLOCK SPEED(1)
FCY
FSCK =
Primary Prescaler * Secondary Prescaler
Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
TABLE 15-1:
SAMPLE SCK FREQUENCIES(1,2)
Secondary Prescaler Settings
FCY = 16 MHz
1:1
Primary Prescaler Settings
2:1
4:1
6:1
8:1
1:1
Invalid
8000
4000
2667
2000
4:1
4000
2000
1000
667
500
16:1
1000
500
250
167
125
64:1
250
125
63
42
31
1:1
5000
2500
1250
833
625
FCY = 5 MHz
Primary Prescaler Settings
Note 1:
2:
4:1
1250
625
313
208
156
16:1
313
156
78
52
39
64:1
78
39
20
13
10
Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
SCKx frequencies shown in kHz.
DS39881D-page 150
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
16.0
Note:
INTER-INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
(I2C™)
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 24. Inter-Integrated Circuit
(I2C™)” (DS39702).
The Inter-Integrated Circuit™ (I2C™) module is a serial
interface useful for communicating with other peripheral or microcontroller devices. These peripheral
devices may be serial EEPROMs, display drivers, A/D
Converters, etc.
The I
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2C
module supports these features:
Independent master and slave logic
7-bit and 10-bit device addresses
General call address, as defined in the I2C protocol
Clock stretching to provide delays for the
processor to respond to a slave data request
Both 100 kHz and 400 kHz bus specifications.
Configurable address masking
Multi-Master modes to prevent loss of messages
in arbitration
Bus Repeater mode, allowing the acceptance of
all messages as a slave regardless of the address
Automatic SCL
16.2
The details of sending a message in Master mode
depends on the communications protocol for the device
being communicated with. Typically, the sequence of
events is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
A block diagram of the module is shown in Figure 16-1.
13.
16.1
Communicating as a Master in a
Single Master Environment
Assert a Start condition on SDAx and SCLx.
Send the I 2C device address byte to the slave
with a write indication.
Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the
slave.
Send the first data byte (sometimes known as
the command) to the slave.
Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the
slave.
Send the serial memory address low byte to the
slave.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 until all data bytes are
sent.
Assert a Repeated Start condition on SDAx and
SCLx.
Send the device address byte to the slave with
a read indication.
Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the
slave.
Enable master reception to receive serial
memory data.
Generate an ACK or NACK condition at the end
of a received byte of data.
Generate a Stop condition on SDAx and SCLx.
Peripheral Remapping Options
I2C
The
modules are tied to fixed pin assignments, and
cannot be reassigned to alternate pins using peripheral
pin select. To allow some flexibility with peripheral
multiplexing, the I2C1 module in all devices, can be
reassigned to the alternate pins, designated as ASCL1
and ASDA1 during device configuration.
Pin assignment is controlled by the I2C1SEL Configuration bit; programming this bit (= 0) multiplexes the
module to the ASCL1 and ASDA1 pins.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 151
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 16-1:
I2C™ BLOCK DIAGRAM
Internal
Data Bus
I2CxRCV
SCLx
Read
Shift
Clock
I2CxRSR
LSB
SDAx
Address Match
Match Detect
Write
I2CxMSK
Write
Read
I2CxADD
Read
Start and Stop
Bit Detect
Write
Start and Stop
Bit Generation
Control Logic
I2CxSTAT
Collision
Detect
Read
Write
I2CxCON
Acknowledge
Generation
Read
Clock
Stretching
Write
I2CxTRN
LSB
Read
Shift Clock
Reload
Control
BRG Down Counter
Write
I2CxBRG
Read
TCY/2
DS39881D-page 152
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
16.3
Setting Baud Rate When
Operating as a Bus Master
16.4
The I2CxMSK register (Register 16-3) designates
address bit positions as “don’t care” for both 7-Bit and
10-Bit Addressing modes. Setting a particular bit location (= 1) in the I2CxMSK register causes the slave
module to respond whether the corresponding address
bit value is a ‘0’ or a ‘1’. For example, when I2CxMSK
is set to ‘00100000’, the slave module will detect both
addresses, ‘0000000’ and ‘00100000’.
To compute the Baud Rate Generator reload value, use
Equation 16-1.
EQUATION 16-1:
Slave Address Masking
COMPUTING BAUD RATE
RELOAD VALUE(1)
FCY
FSCL = --------------------------------------------------------------------FCY
I2CxBRG + 1 + ----------------------------10 000 000
or
To enable address masking, the IPMI (Intelligent
Peripheral Management Interface) must be disabled by
clearing the IPMIEN bit (I2CxCON<11>).
Note:
FCY
FCY
I2CxBRG =  ------------ – ------------------------------ – 1
 FSCL 10 000 000
Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and
PLL are disabled.
As a result of changes in the I2C™ protocol, the addresses in Table 16-2 are
reserved and will not be Acknowledged in
Slave mode. This includes any address
mask settings that include any of these
addresses.
I2C™ CLOCK RATES(1)
TABLE 16-1:
Required
System
FSCL
FCY
I2CxBRG Value
100 kHz
100 kHz
(Decimal)
(Hexadecimal)
Actual
FSCL
16 MHz
8 MHz
157
78
9D
4E
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
400 kHz
4 MHz
16 MHz
39
37
27
25
99 kHz
404 kHz
400 kHz
400 kHz
8 MHz
4 MHz
18
9
12
9
404 kHz
385 kHz
400 kHz
1 MHz
2 MHz
16 MHz
4
13
4
D
385 kHz
1.026 MHz
1 MHz
1 MHz
8 MHz
4 MHz
6
3
6
3
1.026 MHz
0.909 MHz
Note 1:
Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
TABLE 16-2:
I2C™ RESERVED ADDRESSES(1)
Slave
Address
R/W
Bit
0000 000
0
General Call Address(2)
0000 000
1
Start Byte
0000 001
x
Cbus Address
0000 010
x
Reserved
0000 011
x
Reserved
0000 1xx
x
HS Mode Master Code
1111 1xx
x
Reserved
1111 0xx
x
10-Bit Slave Upper Byte(3)
Note 1:
2:
3:
Description
The address bits listed here will never cause an address match, independent of the address mask settings.
Address will be Acknowledged only if GCEN = 1.
Match on this address can only occur on the upper byte in 10-Bit Addressing mode.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 153
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 16-1:
I2CxCON: I2Cx CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-1 HC
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
I2CEN
—
I2CSIDL
SCLREL
IPMIEN
A10M
DISSLW
SMEN
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0, HC
GCEN
STREN
ACKDT
ACKEN
RCEN
PEN
RSEN
SEN
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
HC = Hardware Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
I2CEN: I2Cx Enable bit
1 = Enables the I2Cx module and configures the SDAx and SCLx pins as serial port pins
0 = Disables I2Cx module. All I2C™ pins are controlled by port functions.
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
I2CSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinues module operation when device enters an Idle mode
0 = Continues module operation in Idle mode
bit 12
SCLREL: SCLx Release Control bit (when operating as I2C Slave)
1 = Releases SCLx clock
0 = Holds SCLx clock low (clock stretch)
If STREN = 1:
Bit is R/W (i.e., software may write ‘0’ to initiate stretch and write ‘1’ to release clock). Hardware clear at
beginning of slave transmission. Hardware clear at end of slave reception.
If STREN = 0:
Bit is R/S (i.e., software may only write ‘1’ to release clock). Hardware clear at beginning of slave transmission.
bit 11
IPMIEN: Intelligent Peripheral Management Interface (IPMI) Enable bit
1 = IPMI Support mode is enabled; all addresses Acknowledged
0 = IPMI mode is disabled
bit 10
A10M: 10-Bit Slave Addressing bit
1 = I2CxADD is a 10-bit slave address
0 = I2CxADD is a 7-bit slave address
bit 9
DISSLW: Disable Slew Rate Control bit
1 = Slew rate control disabled
0 = Slew rate control enabled
bit 8
SMEN: SMBus Input Levels bit
1 = Enables I/O pin thresholds compliant with SMBus specification
0 = Disables SMBus input thresholds
bit 7
GCEN: General Call Enable bit (when operating as I2C slave)
1 = Enables interrupt when a general call address is received in the I2CxRSR (module is enabled for
reception)
0 = General call address disabled
bit 6
STREN: SCLx Clock Stretch Enable bit (when operating as I2C slave)
Used in conjunction with SCLREL bit.
1 = Enables software or receive clock stretching
0 = Disables software or receive clock stretching
DS39881D-page 154
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REGISTER 16-1:
I2CxCON: I2Cx CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 5
ACKDT: Acknowledge Data bit (When operating as I2C master. Applicable during master receive.)
Value that will be transmitted when the software initiates an Acknowledge sequence.
1 = Sends NACK during Acknowledge
0 = Sends ACK during Acknowledge
bit 4
ACKEN: Acknowledge Sequence Enable bit (When operating as I2C master. Applicable during master
receive.)
1 = Initiates Acknowledge sequence on SDAx and SCLx pins and transmits ACKDT data bit. Hardware
clear at end of master Acknowledge sequence.
0 = Acknowledge sequence not in progress
bit 3
RCEN: Receive Enable bit (when operating as I2C master)
1 = Enables Receive mode for I2C. Hardware clear at end of eighth bit of master receive data byte.
0 = Receives sequence not in progress
bit 2
PEN: Stop Condition Enable bit (when operating as I2C master)
1 = Initiates Stop condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master Stop sequence.
0 = Stop condition not in progress
bit 1
RSEN: Repeated Start Condition Enabled bit (when operating as I2C master)
1 = Initiates Repeated Start condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master
Repeated Start sequence.
0 = Repeated Start condition not in progress
bit 0
SEN: Start Condition Enabled bit (when operating as I2C master)
1 = Initiates Start condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master Start sequence.
0 = Start condition not in progress
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 155
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 16-2:
I2CxSTAT: I2Cx STATUS REGISTER
R-0, HSC
R-0, HSC
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/C-0, HS
R-0, HSC
R-0, HSC
ACKSTAT
TRSTAT
—
—
—
BCL
GCSTAT
ADD10
bit 15
bit 8
R/C-0, HS
R/C-0, HS
R-0, HSC
R/C-0, HSC
R/C-0, HSC
R-0, HSC
R-0, HSC
R-0, HSC
IWCOL
I2COV
D/A
P
S
R/W
RBF
TBF
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
HS = Hardware Settable bit
HSC = Hardware Settable,
Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
ACKSTAT: Acknowledge Status bit
1 = NACK was detected last
0 = ACK was detected last
Hardware set or clear at end of Acknowledge.
bit 14
TRSTAT: Transmit Status bit
(When operating as I2C™ master. Applicable to master transmit operation.)
1 = Master transmit is in progress (8 bits + ACK)
0 = Master transmit is not in progress
Hardware set at beginning of master transmission. Hardware clear at end of slave Acknowledge.
bit 13-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10
BCL: Master Bus Collision Detect bit
1 = A bus collision has been detected during a master operation
0 = No collision
Hardware set at detection of bus collision.
bit 9
GCSTAT: General Call Status bit
1 = General call address was received
0 = General call address was not received
Hardware set when address matches general call address. Hardware clear at Stop detection.
bit 8
ADD10: 10-Bit Address Status bit
1 = 10-bit address was matched
0 = 10-bit address was not matched
Hardware set at match of 2nd byte of matched 10-bit address. Hardware clear at Stop detection.
bit 7
IWCOL: Write Collision Detect bit
1 = An attempt to write the I2CxTRN register failed because the I2C module is busy
0 = No collision
Hardware set at occurrence of write to I2CxTRN while busy (cleared by software).
bit 6
I2COV: Receive Overflow Flag bit
1 = A byte was received while the I2CxRCV register is still holding the previous byte
0 = No overflow
Hardware set at attempt to transfer I2CxRSR to I2CxRCV (cleared by software).
bit 5
D/A: Data/Address bit (when operating as I2C slave)
1 = Indicates that the last byte received was data
0 = Indicates that the last byte received was device address
Hardware clear at device address match. Hardware set by write to I2CxTRN or by reception of slave byte.
DS39881D-page 156
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 16-2:
I2CxSTAT: I2Cx STATUS REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 4
P: Stop bit
1 = Indicates that a Stop bit has been detected last
0 = Stop bit was not detected last
Hardware set or clear when Start, Repeated Start or Stop detected.
bit 3
S: Start bit
1 = Indicates that a Start (or Repeated Start) bit has been detected last
0 = Start bit was not detected last
Hardware set or clear when Start, Repeated Start or Stop detected.
bit 2
R/W: Read/Write Information bit (when operating as I2C slave)
1 = Read – indicates data transfer is output from slave
0 = Write – indicates data transfer is input to slave
Hardware set or clear after reception of I 2C device address byte.
bit 1
RBF: Receive Buffer Full Status bit
1 = Receive complete, I2CxRCV is full
0 = Receive not complete, I2CxRCV is empty
Hardware set when I2CxRCV is written with received byte. Hardware clear when software reads I2CxRCV.
bit 0
TBF: Transmit Buffer Full Status bit
1 = Transmit in progress, I2CxTRN is full
0 = Transmit complete, I2CxTRN is empty
Hardware set when software writes I2CxTRN. Hardware clear at completion of data transmission.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 157
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 16-3:
I2CxMSK: I2Cx SLAVE MODE ADDRESS MASK REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
AMSK9
AMSK8
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
AMSK7
AMSK6
AMSK5
AMSK4
AMSK3
AMSK2
AMSK1
AMSK0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-10
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 9-0
AMSK9:AMSK0: Mask for Address Bit x Select bits
1 = Enable masking for bit x of incoming message address; bit match not required in this position
0 = Disable masking for bit x; bit match required in this position
16.5
Acknowledge Status
In both Master and Slave modes, the ACKSTAT bit is
only updated when transmitting data resulting in the
reception of an ACK or NACK from another device. Do
not check the state of ACKSTAT when receiving data,
either as a Slave or a Master. Reading ACKSTAT after
receiving address or data bytes returns an invalid
result.
DS39881D-page 158
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
17.0
UNIVERSAL ASYNCHRONOUS
RECEIVER TRANSMITTER
(UART)
Note:
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 21. UART” (DS39708).
The Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
(UART) module is one of the serial I/O modules available
in the PIC24F device family. The UART is a full-duplex
asynchronous system that can communicate with
peripheral devices, such as personal computers, LIN,
RS-232 and RS-485 interfaces. The module also supports a hardware flow control option with the UxCTS and
UxRTS pins and also includes an IrDA® encoder and
decoder.
The primary features of the UART module are:
• Full-Duplex, 8 or 9-Bit Data Transmission through
the UxTX and UxRX Pins
• Even, Odd or No Parity Options (for 8-bit data)
• One or Two Stop bits
• Hardware Flow Control Option with UxCTS and
UxRTS Pins
FIGURE 17-1:
• Fully Integrated Baud Rate Generator with 16-Bit
Prescaler
• Baud Rates Ranging from 1 Mbps to 15 bps at
16 MIPS
• 4-Deep, First-In-First-Out (FIFO) Transmit Data
Buffer
• 4-Deep FIFO Receive Data Buffer
• Parity, Framing and Buffer Overrun Error Detection
• Support for 9-bit mode with Address Detect
(9th bit = 1)
• Transmit and Receive Interrupts
• Loopback mode for Diagnostic Support
• Support for Sync and Break Characters
• Supports Automatic Baud Rate Detection
• IrDA Encoder and Decoder Logic
• 16x Baud Clock Output for IrDA Support
A simplified block diagram of the UART is shown in
Figure 17-1. The UART module consists of these key
important hardware elements:
• Baud Rate Generator
• Asynchronous Transmitter
• Asynchronous Receiver
UART SIMPLIFIED BLOCK DIAGRAM
Baud Rate Generator
IrDA®
BCLKx
Hardware Flow Control
UxRTS
UxCTS
Note:
UARTx Receiver
UxRX
UARTx Transmitter
UxTX
This peripheral’s inputs and outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please
see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 159
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
17.1
UART Baud Rate Generator (BRG)
The UART module includes a dedicated 16-bit Baud
Rate Generator. The UxBRG register controls the
period of a free-running, 16-bit timer. Equation 17-1
shows the formula for computation of the baud rate
with BRGH = 0.
EQUATION 17-1:
Baud Rate =
The maximum baud rate (BRGH = 0) possible is
FCY/16 (for UxBRG = 0) and the minimum baud rate
possible is FCY/(16 * 65536).
Equation 17-2 shows the formula for computation of
the baud rate with BRGH = 1.
EQUATION 17-2:
UART BAUD RATE WITH
BRGH = 0(1)
Baud Rate =
FCY
16 • (UxBRG + 1)
UxBRG =
UxBRG =
FCY
–1
16 • Baud Rate
Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode
and PLL are disabled.
Note 1:
Example 17-1 shows the calculation of the baud rate
error for the following conditions:
• FCY = 4 MHz
• Desired Baud Rate = 9600
EXAMPLE 17-1:
Desired Baud Rate
UART BAUD RATE WITH
BRGH = 1(1)
Note 1:
FCY
4 • (UxBRG + 1)
FCY
4 • Baud Rate
–1
Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode
and PLL are disabled.
The maximum baud rate (BRGH = 1) possible is FCY/4
(for UxBRG = 0) and the minimum baud rate possible
is FCY/(4 * 65536).
Writing a new value to the UxBRG register causes the
BRG timer to be reset (cleared). This ensures the BRG
does not wait for a timer overflow before generating the
new baud rate.
BAUD RATE ERROR CALCULATION (BRGH = 0)(1)
= FCY/(16 (UxBRG + 1))
Solving for UxBRG value:
UxBRG
UxBRG
UxBRG
= ((FCY/Desired Baud Rate)/16) – 1
= ((4000000/9600)/16) – 1
= 25
Calculated Baud Rate= 4000000/(16 (25 + 1))
= 9615
Error
Note 1:
= (Calculated Baud Rate – Desired Baud Rate)
Desired Baud Rate
= (9615 – 9600)/9600
= 0.16%
Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
DS39881D-page 160
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
17.2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set up the UART:
a) Write appropriate values for data, parity and
Stop bits.
b) Write appropriate baud rate value to the
UxBRG register.
c) Set up transmit and receive interrupt enable
and priority bits.
Enable the UART.
Set the UTXEN bit (causes a transmit interrupt
2 cycles after being set).
Write data byte to lower byte of UxTXREG word.
The value will be immediately transferred to the
Transmit Shift Register (TSR), and the serial bit
stream will start shifting out with next rising edge
of the baud clock.
Alternately, the data byte may be transferred
while UTXEN = 0, and then the user may set
UTXEN. This will cause the serial bit stream to
begin immediately because the baud clock will
start from a cleared state.
A transmit interrupt will be generated as per
interrupt control bit, UTXISELx.
17.3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode
Transmitting in 9-Bit Data Mode
Set up the UART (as described in Section 17.2
“Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode”).
Enable the UART.
Set the UTXEN bit (causes a transmit interrupt
2 cycles after being set).
Write UxTXREG as a 16-bit value only.
A word write to UxTXREG triggers the transfer
of the 9-bit data to the TSR. Serial bit stream will
start shifting out with the first rising edge of the
baud clock.
A transmit interrupt will be generated as per the
setting of control bit, UTXISELx.
17.4
Break and Sync Transmit
Sequence
17.5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Receiving in 8-Bit or 9-Bit Data
Mode
Set up the UART (as described in Section 17.2
“Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode”).
Enable the UART.
A receive interrupt will be generated when one
or more data characters have been received as
per interrupt control bit, URXISELx.
Read the OERR bit to determine if an overrun
error has occurred. The OERR bit must be reset
in software.
Read UxRXREG.
The act of reading the UxRXREG character will move
the next character to the top of the receive FIFO,
including a new set of PERR and FERR values.
17.6
Operation of UxCTS and UxRTS
Control Pins
UARTx Clear to Send (UxCTS) and Request to Send
(UxRTS) are the two hardware controlled pins that are
associated with the UART module. These two pins
allow the UART to operate in Simplex and Flow Control
mode. They are implemented to control the transmission and reception between the Data Terminal
Equipment (DTE). The UEN<1:0> bits in the UxMODE
register configure these pins.
17.7
Infrared Support
The UART module provides two types of infrared UART
support: one is the IrDA clock output to support external IrDA encoder and decoder device (legacy module
support), and the other is the full implementation of the
IrDA encoder and decoder. Note that because the IrDA
modes require a 16x baud clock, they will only work
when the BRGH bit (UxMODE<3>) is ‘0’.
17.7.1
EXTERNAL IrDA SUPPORT – IrDA
CLOCK OUTPUT
The following sequence will send a message frame
header made up of a Break, followed by an auto-baud
Sync byte.
To support external IrDA encoder and decoder devices,
the BCLKx pin (same as the UxRTS pin) can be
configured to generate the 16x baud clock. With
UEN<1:0> = 11, the BCLKx pin will output the 16x
baud clock if the UART module is enabled. It can be
used to support the IrDA codec chip.
1.
2.
17.7.2
3.
4.
5.
Configure the UART for the desired mode.
Set UTXEN and UTXBRK – sets up the Break
character.
Load the UxTXREG with a dummy character to
initiate transmission (value is ignored).
Write ‘55h’ to UxTXREG – loads the Sync
character into the transmit FIFO.
After the Break has been sent, the UTXBRK bit
is reset by hardware. The Sync character now
transmits.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
BUILT-IN IrDA ENCODER AND
DECODER
The UART has full implementation of the IrDA encoder
and decoder as part of the UART module. The built-in
IrDA encoder and decoder functionality is enabled
using the IREN bit (UxMODE<12>). When enabled
(IREN = 1), the receive pin (UxRX) acts as the input
from the infrared receiver. The transmit pin (UxTX) acts
as the output to the infrared transmitter.
DS39881D-page 161
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 17-1:
R/W-0
UxMODE: UARTx MODE REGISTER
U-0
(1)
UARTEN
—
R/W-0
USIDL
R/W-0
IREN
(2)
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0(3)
R/W-0(3)
RTSMD
—
UEN1
UEN0
bit 15
bit 8
R/C-0, HC
R/W-0
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
WAKE
LPBACK
ABAUD
RXINV
BRGH
PDSEL1
PDSEL0
STSEL
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
HC = Hardware Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
UARTEN: UARTx Enable bit(1)
1 = UARTx is enabled; all UARTx pins are controlled by UARTx as defined by UEN<1:0>
0 = UARTx is disabled; all UARTx pins are controlled by PORT latches; UARTx power consumption is
minimal
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
USIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12
IREN: IrDA® Encoder and Decoder Enable bit(2)
1 = IrDA encoder and decoder enabled
0 = IrDA encoder and decoder disabled
bit 11
RTSMD: Mode Selection for UxRTS Pin bit
1 = UxRTS pin in Simplex mode
0 = UxRTS pin in Flow Control mode
bit 10
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 9-8
UEN1:UEN0: UARTx Enable bits(3)
11 = UxTX, UxRX and BCLKx pins are enabled and used; UxCTS pin controlled by PORT latches
10 = UxTX, UxRX, UxCTS and UxRTS pins are enabled and used
01 = UxTX, UxRX and UxRTS pins are enabled and used; UxCTS pin controlled by PORT latches
00 = UxTX and UxRX pins are enabled and used; UxCTS and UxRTS/BCLKx pins controlled by PORT
latches
bit 7
WAKE: Wake-up on Start Bit Detect During Sleep Mode Enable bit
1 = UARTx will continue to sample the UxRX pin; interrupt generated on falling edge, bit cleared in
hardware on following rising edge
0 = No wake-up enabled
bit 6
LPBACK: UARTx Loopback Mode Select bit
1 = Enable Loopback mode
0 = Loopback mode is disabled
bit 5
ABAUD: Auto-Baud Enable bit
1 = Enable baud rate measurement on the next character – requires reception of a Sync field (55h);
cleared in hardware upon completion
0 = Baud rate measurement disabled or completed
Note 1:
2:
3:
If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
This feature is only available for the 16x BRG mode (BRGH = 0).
Bit availability depends on pin availability.
DS39881D-page 162
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 17-1:
UxMODE: UARTx MODE REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 4
RXINV: Receive Polarity Inversion bit
1 = UxRX Idle state is ‘0’
0 = UxRX Idle state is ‘1’
bit 3
BRGH: High Baud Rate Enable bit
1 = BRG generates 4 clocks per bit period (4x baud clock, High-Speed mode)
0 = BRG generates 16 clocks per bit period (16x baud clock, Standard mode)
bit 2-1
PDSEL1:PDSEL0: Parity and Data Selection bits
11 = 9-bit data, no parity
10 = 8-bit data, odd parity
01 = 8-bit data, even parity
00 = 8-bit data, no parity
bit 0
STSEL: Stop Bit Selection bit
1 = Two Stop bits
0 = One Stop bit
Note 1:
2:
3:
If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
This feature is only available for the 16x BRG mode (BRGH = 0).
Bit availability depends on pin availability.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 163
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 17-2:
UxSTA: UARTx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0, HC
R/W-0
R-0
R-1
UTXISEL1
UTXINV
UTXISEL0
—
UTXBRK
UTXEN(1)
UTXBF
TRMT
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-1
R-0
R-0
R/C-0
R-0
URXISEL1
URXISEL0
ADDEN
RIDLE
PERR
FERR
OERR
URXDA
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
HC = Hardware Clearable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15,13
UTXISEL1:UTXISEL0: Transmission Interrupt Mode Selection bits
11 = Reserved; do not use
10 = Interrupt when a character is transferred to the Transmit Shift Register (TSR) and as a result, the
transmit buffer becomes empty
01 = Interrupt when the last character is shifted out of the Transmit Shift Register; all transmit
operations are completed
00 = Interrupt when a character is transferred to the Transmit Shift Register (this implies there is at
least one character open in the transmit buffer)
bit 14
UTXINV: IrDA® Encoder Transmit Polarity Inversion bit
If IREN = 0:
1 = UxTX Idle ‘0’
0 = UxTX Idle ‘1’
If IREN = 1:
1 = UxTX Idle ‘1’
0 = UxTX Idle ‘0’
bit 12
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 11
UTXBRK: Transmit Break bit
1 = Send Sync Break on next transmission – Start bit, followed by twelve ‘0’ bits, followed by Stop bit;
cleared by hardware upon completion
0 = Sync Break transmission disabled or completed
bit 10
UTXEN: Transmit Enable bit(1)
1 = Transmit enabled, UxTX pin controlled by UARTx
0 = Transmit disabled, any pending transmission is aborted and buffer is reset. UxTX pin controlled by
the PORT register.
bit 9
UTXBF: Transmit Buffer Full Status bit (read-only)
1 = Transmit buffer is full
0 = Transmit buffer is not full, at least one more character can be written
bit 8
TRMT: Transmit Shift Register Empty bit (read-only)
1 = Transmit Shift Register is empty and transmit buffer is empty (the last transmission has completed)
0 = Transmit Shift Register is not empty, a transmission is in progress or queued
bit 7-6
URXISEL1:URXISEL0: Receive Interrupt Mode Selection bits
11 = Interrupt is set on RSR transfer, making the receive buffer full (i.e., has 4 data characters)
10 = Interrupt is set on RSR transfer, making the receive buffer 3/4 full (i.e., has 3 data characters)
0x = Interrupt is set when any character is received and transferred from the RSR to the receive buffer.
Receive buffer has one or more characters.
Note 1:
If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
DS39881D-page 164
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 17-2:
UxSTA: UARTx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 5
ADDEN: Address Character Detect bit (bit 8 of received data = 1)
1 = Address Detect mode enabled. If 9-bit mode is not selected, this does not take effect.
0 = Address Detect mode disabled
bit 4
RIDLE: Receiver Idle bit (read-only)
1 = Receiver is Idle
0 = Receiver is active
bit 3
PERR: Parity Error Status bit (read-only)
1 = Parity error has been detected for the current character (character at the top of the receive FIFO)
0 = Parity error has not been detected
bit 2
FERR: Framing Error Status bit (read-only)
1 = Framing error has been detected for the current character (character at the top of the receive FIFO)
0 = Framing error has not been detected
bit 1
OERR: Receive Buffer Overrun Error Status bit (clear/read-only)
1 = Receive buffer has overflowed
0 = Receive buffer has not overflowed (clearing a previously set OERR bit (1  0 transition) will reset
the receiver buffer and the RSR to the empty state)
bit 0
URXDA: Receive Buffer Data Available bit (read-only)
1 = Receive buffer has data; at least one more character can be read
0 = Receive buffer is empty
Note 1:
If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 165
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 17-3:
UxTXREG: UARTx TRANSMIT REGISTER
U-x
—
bit 15
U-x
—
U-x
—
U-x
—
U-x
—
U-x
—
U-x
—
W-x
UTX8
bit 8
W-x
UTX7
bit 7
W-x
UTX6
W-x
UTX5
W-x
UTX4
W-x
UTX3
W-x
UTX2
W-x
UTX1
W-x
UTX0
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 15-9
bit 8
bit 7-0
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
UTX8: Data of the Transmitted Character bit (in 9-bit mode)
UTX7:UTX0: Data of the Transmitted Character bits
REGISTER 17-4:
UxRXREG: UARTx RECEIVE REGISTER
U-0
—
bit 15
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
R-0
URX8
bit 8
R-0
URX7
bit 7
R-0
URX6
R-0
URX5
R-0
URX4
R-0
URX3
R-0
URX2
R-0
URX1
R-0
URX0
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
-n = Value at POR
bit 15-9
bit 8
bit 7-0
W = Writable bit
‘1’ = Bit is set
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
URX8: Data of the Received Character bit (in 9-bit mode)
URX7:URX0: Data of the Received Character bits
DS39881D-page 166
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
18.0
Key features of the PMP module include:
PARALLEL MASTER PORT
(PMP)
Note:
• Up to 16 Programmable Address Lines
• One Chip Select Line
• Programmable Strobe Options:
- Individual Read and Write Strobes or;
- Read/Write Strobe with Enable Strobe
• Address Auto-Increment/Auto-Decrement
• Programmable Address/Data Multiplexing
• Programmable Polarity on Control Signals
• Legacy Parallel Slave Port Support
• Enhanced Parallel Slave Support:
- Address Support
- 4-Byte Deep Auto-Incrementing Buffer
• Programmable Wait States
• Selectable Input Voltage Levels
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 13. Parallel Master Port
(PMP)” (DS39713).
The Parallel Master Port (PMP) module is a parallel
8-bit I/O module, specifically designed to communicate
with a wide variety of parallel devices, such as communication peripherals, LCDs, external memory devices
and microcontrollers. Because the interface to parallel
peripherals varies significantly, the PMP is highly
configurable.
Note:
A number of the pins for the PMP are not
present on PIC24FJ64GA004 devices.
Refer to the specific device’s pinout to
determine which pins are available.
FIGURE 18-1:
PMP MODULE OVERVIEW
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
PMA<0>
PMALL
PIC24F
Parallel Master Port
PMA<1>
PMALH
(1)
Up to 11-Bit Address
PMA<10:2>
EEPROM
PMCS1
PMBE
PMRD
PMRD/PMWR
Microcontroller
LCD
FIFO
Buffer
PMWR
PMENB
PMD<7:0>
PMA<7:0>
PMA<15:8>
Note 1:
8-Bit Data
PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 167
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-1:
PMCON: PARALLEL PORT CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
PMPEN
—
PSIDL
R/W-0
R/W-0
ADRMUX1(1) ADRMUX0(1)
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PTBEEN
PTWREN
PTRDEN
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0(2)
U-0
R/W-0(2)
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CSF1
CSF0
ALP
—
CS1P
BEP
WRSP
RDSP
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
PMPEN: Parallel Master Port Enable bit
1 = PMP enabled
0 = PMP disabled, no off-chip access performed
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
PSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-11
ADRMUX1:ADRMUX0: Address/Data Multiplexing Selection bits(1)
11 = Reserved
10 = All 16 bits of address are multiplexed on PMD<7:0> pins
01 = Lower 8 bits of address are multiplexed on PMD<7:0> pins, upper 3 bits are multiplexed on
PMA<10:8>
00 = Address and data appear on separate pins
bit 10
PTBEEN: Byte Enable Port Enable bit (16-Bit Master mode)
1 = PMBE port enabled
0 = PMBE port disabled
bit 9
PTWREN: Write Enable Strobe Port Enable bit
1 = PMWR/PMENB port enabled
0 = PMWR/PMENB port disabled
bit 8
PTRDEN: Read/Write Strobe Port Enable bit
1 = PMRD/PMWR port enabled
0 = PMRD/PMWR port disabled
bit 7-6
CSF1:CSF0: Chip Select Function bits
11 = Reserved
10 = PMCS1 functions as chip set
01 = Reserved
00 = Reserved
bit 5
ALP: Address Latch Polarity bit(2)
1 = Active-high (PMALL and PMALH)
0 = Active-low (PMALL and PMALH)
bit 4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3
CS1P: Chip Select 1 Polarity bit(2)
1 = Active-high (PMCS1/PMCS1)
0 = Active-low (PMCS1/PMCS1)
Note 1:
2:
PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices.
These bits have no effect when their corresponding pins are used as address lines.
DS39881D-page 168
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-1:
PMCON: PARALLEL PORT CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 2
BEP: Byte Enable Polarity bit
1 = Byte enable active-high (PMBE)
0 = Byte enable active-low (PMBE)
bit 1
WRSP: Write Strobe Polarity bit
For Slave modes and Master Mode 2 (PMMODE<9:8> = 00,01,10):
1 = Write strobe active-high (PMWR)
0 = Write strobe active-low (PMWR)
For Master Mode 1 (PMMODE<9:8> = 11):
1 = Enable strobe active-high (PMENB)
0 = Enable strobe active-low (PMENB)
bit 0
RDSP: Read Strobe Polarity bit
For Slave modes and Master Mode 2 (PMMODE<9:8> = 00,01,10):
1 = Read strobe active-high (PMRD)
0 = Read strobe active-low (PMRD)
For Master Mode 1 (PMMODE<9:8> = 11):
1 = Read/write strobe active-high (PMRD/PMWR)
0 = Read/write strobe active-low (PMRD/PMWR)
Note 1:
2:
PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices.
These bits have no effect when their corresponding pins are used as address lines.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 169
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-2:
PMMODE: Parallel Port Mode Register
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
BUSY
IRQM1
IRQM0
INCM1
INCM0
MODE16
MODE1
MODE0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
WAITB1
R/W-0
(1)
WAITB0
(1)
R/W-0
WAITM3
R/W-0
WAITM2
R/W-0
WAITM1
R/W-0
R/W-0
WAITM0
WAITE1
(1)
R/W-0
WAITE0(1)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
BUSY: Busy bit (Master mode only)
1 = Port is busy (not useful when the processor stall is active)
0 = Port is not busy
bit 14-13
IRQM1:IRQM0: Interrupt Request Mode bits
11 = Interrupt generated when Read Buffer 3 is read or Write Buffer 3 is written (Buffered PSP mode)
or on a read or write operation when PMA<1:0> = 11 (Addressable PSP mode only)
10 = No interrupt generated, processor stall activated
01 = Interrupt generated at the end of the read/write cycle
00 = No interrupt generated
bit 12-11
INCM1:INCM0: Increment Mode bits
11 = PSP read and write buffers auto-increment (Legacy PSP mode only)
10 = Decrement ADDR<10:0> by 1 every read/write cycle
01 = Increment ADDR<10:0> by 1 every read/write cycle
00 = No increment or decrement of address
bit 10
MODE16: 8/16-Bit Mode bit
1 = 16-bit mode: Data register is 16 bits, a read or write to the Data register invokes two 8-bit transfers
0 = 8-bit mode: Data register is 8 bits, a read or write to the Data register invokes one 8-bit transfer
bit 9-8
MODE1:MODE0: Parallel Port Mode Select bits
11 = Master Mode 1 (PMCS1, PMRD/PMWR, PMENB, PMBE, PMA<x:0> and PMD<7:0>)
10 = Master Mode 2 (PMCS1, PMRD, PMWR, PMBE, PMA<x:0> and PMD<7:0>)
01 = Enhanced PSP, control signals (PMRD, PMWR, PMCS1, PMD<7:0> and PMA<1:0>)
00 = Legacy Parallel Slave Port, control signals (PMRD, PMWR, PMCS1 and PMD<7:0>)
bit 7-6
WAITB1:WAITB0: Data Setup to Read/Write Wait State Configuration bits(1)
11 = Data wait of 4 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 4 TCY
10 = Data wait of 3 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 3 TCY
01 = Data wait of 2 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 2 TCY
00 = Data wait of 1 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 1 TCY
bit 5-2
WAITM3:WAITM0: Read to Byte Enable Strobe Wait State Configuration bits
1111 = Wait of additional 15 TCY
...
0001 = Wait of additional 1 TCY
0000 = No additional wait cycles (operation forced into one TCY)
bit 1-0
WAITE1:WAITE0: Data Hold After Strobe Wait State Configuration bits(1)
11 = Wait of 4 TCY
10 = Wait of 3 TCY
01 = Wait of 2 TCY
00 = Wait of 1 TCY
Note 1:
WAITB and WAITE bits are ignored whenever WAITM3:WAITM0 = 0000.
DS39881D-page 170
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-3:
PMADDR: PARALLEL PORT ADDRESS REGISTER
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
CS1
—
—
—
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ADDR<10:8>(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
(1)
ADDR<7:0>
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14
CS1: Chip Select 1 bit
1 = Chip select 1 is active
0 = Chip select 1 is inactive
bit 13-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-0
ADDR10:ADDR0: Parallel Port Destination Address bits(1)
x = Bit is unknown
PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices.
Note 1:
REGISTER 18-4:
U-0
PMAEN: PARALLEL PORT ENABLE REGISTER
R/W-0
—
U-0
PTEN14
—
U-0
—
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
PTEN10(1)
PTEN9(1)
PTEN8(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
(1)
PTEN7
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PTEN6(1)
PTEN5(1)
PTEN4(1)
PTEN3(1)
PTEN2(1)
PTEN1
PTEN0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14
PTEN14: PMCS1 Strobe Enable bit
1 = PMCS1 functions as chip select
0 = PMCS1 pin functions as port I/O
bit 13-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-2
PTEN10:PTEN2: PMP Address Port Enable bits(1)
1 = PMA<10:2> function as PMP address lines
0 = PMA<10:2> function as port I/O
bit 1-0
PTEN1:PTEN0: PMALH/PMALL Strobe Enable bits
1 = PMA1 and PMA0 function as either PMA<1:0> or PMALH and PMALL
0 = PMA1 and PMA0 pads functions as port I/O
Note 1:
PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 171
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-5:
PMSTAT: PARALLEL PORT STATUS REGISTER
R-0
R/W-0, HS
U-0
U-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
IBF
IBOV
—
—
IB3F
IB2F
IB1F
IB0F
bit 15
bit 8
R-1
R/W-0, HS
U-0
U-0
R-1
R-1
R-1
R-1
OBE
OBUF
—
—
OB3E
OB2E
OB1E
OB0E
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
HS = Hardware Set bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
IBF: Input Buffer Full Status bit
1 = All writable input buffer registers are full
0 = Some or all of the writable input buffer registers are empty
bit 14
IBOV: Input Buffer Overflow Status bit
1 = A write attempt to a full input byte register occurred (must be cleared in software)
0 = No overflow occurred
bit 13-12
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 11-8
IB3F:IB0F Input Buffer x Status Full bits
1 = Input buffer contains data that has not been read (reading buffer will clear this bit)
0 = Input buffer does not contain any unread data
bit 7
OBE: Output Buffer Empty Status bit
1 = All readable output buffer registers are empty
0 = Some or all of the readable output buffer registers are full
bit 6
OBUF: Output Buffer Underflow Status bits
1 = A read occurred from an empty output byte register (must be cleared in software)
0 = No underflow occurred
bit 5-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3-0
OB3E:OB0E Output Buffer x Status Empty bits
1 = Output buffer is empty (writing data to the buffer will clear this bit)
0 = Output buffer contains data that has not been transmitted
DS39881D-page 172
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 18-6:
PADCFG1: PAD CONFIGURATION CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
—
U-0
—
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
R/W-0
(1)
RTSECSEL
PMPTTL
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
RTSECSEL: RTCC Seconds Clock Output Select bit(1)
1 = RTCC seconds clock is selected for the RTCC pin
0 = RTCC alarm pulse is selected for the RTCC pin
bit 0
PMPTTL: PMP Module TTL Input Buffer Select bit
1 = PMP module uses TTL input buffers
0 = PMP module uses Schmitt Trigger input buffers
Note 1:
x = Bit is unknown
To enable the actual RTCC output, the RTCOE (RCFGCAL) bit needs to be set.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 173
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 18-2:
LEGACY PARALLEL SLAVE PORT EXAMPLE
Master
PIC24F Slave
PMD<7:0>
FIGURE 18-3:
PMD<7:0>
PMCS1
PMCS1
PMRD
PMRD
PMWR
PMWR
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
ADDRESSABLE PARALLEL SLAVE PORT EXAMPLE
Master
PIC24F Slave
PMA<1:0>
PMA<1:0>
PMD<7:0>
PMD<7:0>
Write
Address
Decode
Read
Address
Decode
PMDOUT1L (0)
PMDIN1L (0)
PMCS1
PMCS1
PMDOUT1H (1)
PMDIN1H (1)
PMRD
PMRD
PMDOUT2L (2)
PMDIN2L (2)
PMWR
PMWR
PMDOUT2H (3)
PMDIN2H (3)
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
TABLE 18-1:
SLAVE MODE ADDRESS RESOLUTION
PMA<1:0>
Output Register (Buffer)
Input Register (Buffer)
00
PMDOUT1<7:0> (0)
PMDIN1<7:0> (0)
01
PMDOUT1<15:8> (1)
PMDIN1<15:8> (1)
10
PMDOUT2<7:0> (2)
PMDIN2<7:0> (2)
11
PMDOUT2<15:8> (3)
PMDIN2<15:8> (3)
FIGURE 18-4:
MASTER MODE, DEMULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ AND
WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT)
PIC24F
PMA<10:0>
PMD<7:0>
PMCS1
PMRD
Address Bus
Data Bus
PMWR
DS39881D-page 174
Control Lines
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 18-5:
MASTER MODE, PARTIALLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ
AND WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT)
PIC24F
PMA<10:8>
PMD<7:0>
PMA<7:0>
PMCS1
Address Bus
PMALL
FIGURE 18-6:
PMRD
Multiplexed
Data and
Address Bus
PMWR
Control Lines
MASTER MODE, FULLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ AND
WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT)
PMD<7:0>
PMA<7:0>
PMA<15:8>
PIC24F
PMCS1
PMALL
PMALH
FIGURE 18-7:
PMRD
Multiplexed
Data and
Address Bus
PMWR
Control Lines
EXAMPLE OF A MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING APPLICATION
PIC24F
PMD<7:0>
PMALL
373
A<7:0>
D<7:0>
373
PMALH
A<15:8>
A<15:0>
D<7:0>
CE
OE
WR
PMCS1
FIGURE 18-8:
Address Bus
PMRD
Data Bus
PMWR
Control Lines
EXAMPLE OF A PARTIALLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING APPLICATION
PIC24F
PMD<7:0>
373
PMALL
PMA<10:8>
PMCS1
PMRD
PMWR
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
A<7:0>
D<7:0>
A<10:8>
A<10:0>
D<7:0>
CE
OE
WR
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
DS39881D-page 175
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 18-9:
EXAMPLE OF AN 8-BIT MULTIPLEXED ADDRESS AND DATA APPLICATION
PIC24F
Parallel Peripheral
PMD<7:0>
PMALL
AD<7:0>
ALE
PMCS1
CS
Address Bus
PMRD
RD
Data Bus
PMWR
WR
Control Lines
FIGURE 18-10:
PARALLEL EEPROM EXAMPLE (UP TO 11-BIT ADDRESS, 8-BIT DATA)
PIC24F
PMA<n:0>
Parallel EEPROM
A<n:0>
PMD<7:0>
D<7:0>
PMCS1
CE
PMRD
OE
PMWR
WR
FIGURE 18-11:
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
PARALLEL EEPROM EXAMPLE (UP TO 11-BIT ADDRESS, 16-BIT DATA)
PIC24F
Parallel EEPROM
PMA<n:0>
A<n:1>
PMD<7:0>
D<7:0>
PMBE
A0
PMCS1
CE
PMRD
OE
PMWR
WR
FIGURE 18-12:
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
LCD CONTROL EXAMPLE (BYTE MODE OPERATION)
PIC24F
PM<7:0>
PMA0
PMRD/PMWR
PMCS1
LCD Controller
D<7:0>
RS
R/W
E
Address Bus
Data Bus
Control Lines
DS39881D-page 176
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.0
Note:
REAL-TIME CLOCK AND
CALENDAR (RTCC)
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 29. Real-Time Clock and
Calendar (RTCC)” (DS39696).
FIGURE 19-1:
RTCC BLOCK DIAGRAM
RTCC Clock Domain
32.768 kHz Input
from SOSC Oscillator
CPU Clock Domain
RCFGCAL
RTCC Prescalers
ALCFGRPT
YEAR
0.5s
RTCC Timer
Alarm
Event
MTHDY
RTCVAL
WKDYHR
MINSEC
Comparator
ALMTHDY
Compare Registers
with Masks
ALRMVAL
ALWDHR
ALMINSEC
Repeat Counter
RTCC Interrupt
RTCC Interrupt Logic
Alarm Pulse
RTCC Pin
RTCOE
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 177
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.1
TABLE 19-2:
RTCC Module Registers
The RTCC module registers are organized into three
categories:
• RTCC Control Registers
• RTCC Value Registers
• Alarm Value Registers
19.1.1
To limit the register interface, the RTCC Timer and
Alarm Time registers are accessed through corresponding register pointers. The RTCC Value register
window (RTCVALH and RTCVALL) uses the RTCPTR
bits (RCFGCAL<9:8>) to select the desired Timer
register pair (see Table 19-1).
By writing the RTCVALH byte, the RTCC Pointer value,
RTCPTR<1:0> bits, decrement by one until they reach
‘00’. Once they reach ‘00’, the MINUTES and SECONDS value will be accessible through RTCVALH and
RTCVALL until the pointer value is manually changed.
RTCVAL REGISTER MAPPING
RTCC Value Register Window
RTCPTR
<1:0>
RTCVAL<15:8>
RTCVAL<7:0>
00
MINUTES
SECONDS
01
WEEKDAY
HOURS
10
MONTH
DAY
11
—
YEAR
The Alarm Value register window (ALRMVALH and
ALRMVALL)
uses
the
ALRMPTR
bits
(ALCFGRPT<9:8>) to select the desired Alarm register
pair (see Table 19-2).
Alarm Value Register Window
ALRMVAL<15:8> ALRMVAL<7:0>
ALRMMIN
00
REGISTER MAPPING
TABLE 19-1:
ALRMPTR
<1:0>
ALRMVAL REGISTER
MAPPING
ALRMSEC
01
ALRMWD
ALRMHR
10
ALRMMNTH
ALRMDAY
11
—
—
Considering that the 16-bit core does not distinguish
between 8-bit and 16-bit read operations, the user must
be aware that when reading either the ALRMVALH or
ALRMVALL bytes will decrement the ALRMPTR<1:0>
value. The same applies to the RTCVALH or RTCVALL
bytes with the RTCPTR<1:0> being decremented.
Note:
19.1.2
This only applies to read operations and
not write operations.
WRITE LOCK
In order to perform a write to any of the RTCC Timer
registers, the RTCWREN bit (RCFGCAL<13>) must be
set (refer to Example 19-1).
Note:
To avoid accidental writes to the timer, it is
recommended that the RTCWREN bit
(RCFGCAL<13>) is kept clear at any
other time. For the RTCWREN bit to be
set, there is only 1 instruction cycle time
window allowed between the 55h/AA
sequence and the setting of RTCWREN;
therefore, it is recommended that code
follow the procedure in Example 19-1.
By writing the ALRMVALH byte, the Alarm Pointer
value, ALRMPTR<1:0> bits, decrement by one until
they reach ‘00’. Once they reach ‘00’, the ALRMMIN
and ALRMSEC value will be accessible through
ALRMVALH and ALRMVALL until the pointer value is
manually changed.
EXAMPLE 19-1:
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
asm
SETTING THE RTCWREN BIT
volatile("push w7");
volatile("push w8");
volatile("disi #5");
volatile("mov #0x55, w7");
volatile("mov w7, _NVMKEY");
volatile("mov #0xAA, w8");
volatile("mov w8, _NVMKEY");
volatile("bset _RCFGCAL, #13"); //set the RTCWREN bit
volatile("pop w8");
volatile("pop w7");
DS39881D-page 178
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.1.3
RTCC CONTROL REGISTERS
REGISTER 19-1:
R/W-0
RTCEN
RCFGCAL: RTCC CALIBRATION AND CONFIGURATION REGISTER(1)
U-0
(2)
R/W-0
—
RTCWREN
R-0
RTCSYNC
R-0
(3)
HALFSEC
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
RTCOE
RTCPTR1
RTCPTR0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CAL7
CAL6
CAL5
CAL4
CAL3
CAL2
CAL1
CAL0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
RTCEN: RTCC Enable bit(2)
1 = RTCC module is enabled
0 = RTCC module is disabled
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
RTCWREN: RTCC Value Registers Write Enable bit
1 = RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers can be written to by the user
0 = RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers are locked out from being written to by the user
bit 12
RTCSYNC: RTCC Value Registers Read Synchronization bit
1 = RTCVALH, RTCVALL and ALCFGRPT registers can change while reading due to a rollover ripple
resulting in an invalid data read. If the register is read twice and results in the same data, the data
can be assumed to be valid.
0 = RTCVALH, RTCVALL or ALCFGRPT registers can be read without concern over a rollover ripple
bit 11
HALFSEC: Half-Second Status bit(3)
1 = Second half period of a second
0 = First half period of a second
bit 10
RTCOE: RTCC Output Enable bit
1 = RTCC output enabled
0 = RTCC output disabled
bit 9-8
RTCPTR1:RTCPTR0: RTCC Value Register Window Pointer bits
Points to the corresponding RTCC Value registers when reading the RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers; the RTCPTR<1:0> value decrements on every read or write of RTCVALH until it reaches ‘00’.
RTCVAL<15:8>:
00 = MINUTES
01 = WEEKDAY
10 = MONTH
11 = Reserved
RTCVAL<7:0>:
00 = SECONDS
01 = HOURS
10 = DAY
11 = YEAR
Note 1:
2:
3:
The RCFGCAL register is only affected by a POR.
A write to the RTCEN bit is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
This bit is read-only. It is cleared to ‘0’ on a write to the lower half of the MINSEC register.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 179
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 19-1:
bit 7-0
Note 1:
2:
3:
RCFGCAL: RTCC CALIBRATION AND CONFIGURATION REGISTER(1)
CAL7:CAL0: RTC Drift Calibration bits
01111111 = Maximum positive adjustment; adds 508 RTC clock pulses every one minute
...
01111111 = Minimum positive adjustment; adds 4 RTC clock pulses every one minute
00000000 = No adjustment
11111111 = Minimum negative adjustment; subtracts 4 RTC clock pulses every one minute
...
10000000 = Maximum negative adjustment; subtracts 512 RTC clock pulses every one minute
The RCFGCAL register is only affected by a POR.
A write to the RTCEN bit is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
This bit is read-only. It is cleared to ‘0’ on a write to the lower half of the MINSEC register.
REGISTER 19-2:
PADCFG1: PAD CONFIGURATION CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
RTSECSEL(1)
PMPTTL
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-2
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 1
RTSECSEL: RTCC Seconds Clock Output Select bit(1)
1 = RTCC seconds clock is selected for the RTCC pin
0 = RTCC alarm pulse is selected for the RTCC pin
bit 0
PMPTTL: PMP Module TTL Input Buffer Select bit
1 = PMP module uses TTL input buffers
0 = PMP module uses Schmitt Trigger input buffers
Note 1:
x = Bit is unknown
To enable the actual RTCC output, the RTCOE (RCFGCAL) bit needs to be set.
DS39881D-page 180
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 19-3:
ALCFGRPT: ALARM CONFIGURATION REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ALRMEN
CHIME
AMASK3
AMASK2
AMASK1
AMASK0
ALRMPTR1
ALRMPTR0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ARPT7
ARPT6
ARPT5
ARPT4
ARPT3
ARPT2
ARPT1
ARPT0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
ALRMEN: Alarm Enable bit
1 = Alarm is enabled (cleared automatically after an alarm event whenever ARPT<7:0> = 00h and
CHIME = 0)
0 = Alarm is disabled
bit 14
CHIME: Chime Enable bit
1 = Chime is enabled; ARPT<7:0> bits are allowed to roll over from 00h to FFh
0 = Chime is disabled; ARPT<7:0> bits stop once they reach 00h
bit 13-10
AMASK3:AMASK0: Alarm Mask Configuration bits
0000 = Every half second
0001 = Every second
0010 = Every 10 seconds
0011 = Every minute
0100 = Every 10 minutes
0101 = Every hour
0110 = Once a day
0111 = Once a week
1000 = Once a month
1001 = Once a year (except when configured for February 29th, once every 4 years)
101x = Reserved – do not use
11xx = Reserved – do not use
bit 9-8
ALRMPTR1:ALRMPTR0: Alarm Value Register Window Pointer bits
Points to the corresponding Alarm Value registers when reading ALRMVALH and ALRMVALL registers;
the ALRMPTR<1:0> value decrements on every read or write of ALRMVALH until it reaches ‘00’.
ALRMVAL<15:8>:
00 = ALRMMIN
01 = ALRMWD
10 = ALRMMNTH
11 = Unimplemented
ALRMVAL<7:0>:
00 = ALRMSEC
01 = ALRMHR
10 = ALRMDAY
11 = Unimplemented
bit 7-0
ARPT7:ARPT0: Alarm Repeat Counter Value bits
11111111 = Alarm will repeat 255 more times
...
00000000 = Alarm will not repeat
The counter decrements on any alarm event. The counter is prevented from rolling over from 00h to
FFh unless CHIME = 1.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 181
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.1.4
RTCVAL REGISTER MAPPINGS
YEAR: YEAR VALUE REGISTER(1)
REGISTER 19-4:
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
YRTEN3
YRTEN2
YRTEN1
YRTEN0
YRONE3
YRONE2
YRONE1
YRONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7-4
YRTEN3:YRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Year’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
bit 3-0
YRONE3:YRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Year’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
Note 1:
A write to the YEAR register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
REGISTER 19-5:
MTHDY: MONTH AND DAY VALUE REGISTER(1)
U-0
U-0
U-0
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
R-x
—
—
—
MTHTEN0
MTHONE3
MTHONE2
MTHONE1
MTHONE0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
DAYTEN1
DAYTEN0
DAYONE3
DAYONE2
DAYONE1
DAYONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12
MTHTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Tens Digit; Contains a value of ‘0’ or ‘1’
bit 11-8
MTHONE3:MTHONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
bit 7-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-4
DAYTEN1:DAYTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 3
bit 3-0
DAYONE3:DAYONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
Note 1:
A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
DS39881D-page 182
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
WKDYHR: WEEKDAY AND HOURS VALUE REGISTER(1)
REGISTER 19-6:
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
—
—
—
WDAY2
WDAY1
WDAY0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
HRTEN1
HRTEN0
HRONE3
HRONE2
HRONE1
HRONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
WDAY2:WDAY0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Weekday Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 6
bit 7-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-4
HRTEN1:HRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 2
bit 3-0
HRONE3:HRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
Note 1:
A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
REGISTER 19-7:
MINSEC: MINUTES AND SECONDS VALUE REGISTER
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
MINTEN2
MINTEN1
MINTEN0
MINONE3
MINONE2
MINONE1
MINONE0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
SECTEN2
SECTEN1
SECTEN0
SECONE3
SECONE2
SECONE1
SECONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
MINTEN2:MINTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5
bit 11-8
MINONE3:MINONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
SECTEN2:SECTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5
bit 3-0
SECONE3:SECONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 183
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.1.5
ALRMVAL REGISTER MAPPINGS
REGISTER 19-8:
ALMTHDY: ALARM MONTH AND DAY VALUE REGISTER(1)
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
—
MTHTEN0
MTHONE3
MTHONE2
MTHONE1
MTHONE0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
DAYTEN1
DAYTEN0
DAYONE3
DAYONE2
DAYONE1
DAYONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12
MTHTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Tens Digit; Contains a value of ‘0’ or ‘1’
bit 11-8
MTHONE3:MTHONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
bit 7-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-4
DAYTEN1:DAYTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 3
bit 3-0
DAYONE3:DAYONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
Note 1:
A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
REGISTER 19-9:
ALWDHR: ALARM WEEKDAY AND HOURS VALUE REGISTER(1)
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
—
—
—
WDAY2
WDAY1
WDAY0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
—
HRTEN1
HRTEN0
HRONE3
HRONE2
HRONE1
HRONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10-8
WDAY2:WDAY0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Weekday Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 6
bit 7-6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-4
HRTEN1:HRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 2
bit 3-0
HRONE3:HRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
Note 1:
A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1.
DS39881D-page 184
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 19-10:
ALMINSEC: ALARM MINUTES AND SECONDS VALUE REGISTER
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
MINTEN2
MINTEN1
MINTEN0
MINONE3
MINONE2
MINONE1
MINONE0
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
—
SECTEN2
SECTEN1
SECTEN0
SECONE3
SECONE2
SECONE1
SECONE0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 14-12
MINTEN2:MINTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5
bit 11-8
MINONE3:MINONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
bit 7
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 6-4
SECTEN2:SECTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5
bit 3-0
SECONE3:SECONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9
19.2
Calibration
The real-time crystal input can be calibrated using the
periodic auto-adjust feature. When properly calibrated,
the RTCC can provide an error of less than 3 seconds
per month. This is accomplished by finding the number
of error clock pulses and storing the value into the
lower half of the RCFGCAL register. The 8-bit signed
value loaded into the lower half of RCFGCAL is multiplied by four and will be either added or subtracted from
the RTCC timer, once every minute. Refer to the steps
below for RTCC calibration:
1.
2.
Using another timer resource on the device, the
user must find the error of the 32.768 kHz
crystal.
Once the error is known, it must be converted to
the number of error clock pulses per minute.
EQUATION 19-1:
(Ideal Frequency† – Measured Frequency) * 60 = Clocks
per Minute
† Ideal frequency = 32,768 Hz
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
3.
a) If the oscillator is faster then ideal (negative
result form step 2), the RCFGCAL register value
needs to be negative. This causes the specified
number of clock pulses to be subtracted from
the timer counter once every minute.
b) If the oscillator is slower then ideal (positive
result from step 2) the RCFGCAL register value
needs to be positive. This causes the specified
number of clock pulses to be subtracted from
the timer counter once every minute.
4.
Divide the number of error clocks per minute by
4 to get the correct CAL value and load the
RCFGCAL register with the correct value.
(Each 1-bit increment in CAL adds or subtracts
4 pulses).
Writes to the lower half of the RCFGCAL register
should only occur when the timer is turned off, or
immediately after the rising edge of the seconds pulse.
Note:
It is up to the user to include in the error
value the initial error of the crystal, drift
due to temperature and drift due to crystal
aging.
DS39881D-page 185
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
19.3
After each alarm is issued, the value of the ARPT bits
is decremented by one. Once the value has reached
00h, the alarm will be issued one last time, after which
the ALRMEN bit will be cleared automatically and the
alarm will turn off.
Alarm
• Configurable from half second to one year
• Enabled using the ALRMEN bit
(ALCFGRPT<15>, Register 19-3)
• One-time alarm and repeat alarm options
available
19.3.1
Indefinite repetition of the alarm can occur if the CHIME
bit = 1. Instead of the alarm being disabled when the
value of the ARPT bits reaches 00h, it rolls over to FFh
and continues counting indefinitely while CHIME is set.
CONFIGURING THE ALARM
The alarm feature is enabled using the ALRMEN bit.
This bit is cleared when an alarm is issued. Writes to
ALRMVAL should only take place when ALRMEN = 0.
19.3.2
At every alarm event, an interrupt is generated. In addition, an alarm pulse output is provided that operates at
half the frequency of the alarm. This output is
completely synchronous to the RTCC clock and can be
used as a trigger clock to other peripherals.
As shown in Figure 19-2, the interval selection of the
alarm is configured through the AMASK bits
(ALCFGRPT<13:10>). These bits determine which and
how many digits of the alarm must match the clock
value for the alarm to occur.
Note:
The alarm can also be configured to repeat based on a
preconfigured interval. The amount of times this occurs
once the alarm is enabled is stored in the ARPT bits,
ARPT7:ARPT0 (ALCFGRPT<7:0>). When the value of
the ARPT bits equals 00h and the CHIME bit
(ALCFGRPT<14>) is cleared, the repeat function is
disabled and only a single alarm will occur. The alarm
can be repeated up to 255 times by loading
ARPT7:ARPT0 with FFh.
FIGURE 19-2:
ALARM INTERRUPT
Changing any of the registers, other then
the RCFGCAL and ALCFGRPT registers
and the CHIME bit while the alarm is
enabled (ALRMEN = 1), can result in a
false alarm event leading to a false alarm
interrupt. To avoid a false alarm event, the
timer and alarm values should only be
changed while the alarm is disabled
(ALRMEN = 0). It is recommended that the
ALCFGRPT register and CHIME bit be
changed when RTCSYNC = 0.
ALARM MASK SETTINGS
Alarm Mask Setting
(AMASK3:AMASK0)
Day of
the
Week
Month
Day
Hours
Minutes
Seconds
0000 – Every half second
0001 – Every second
0010 – Every 10 seconds
s
0011 – Every minute
s
s
m
s
s
m
m
s
s
0100 – Every 10 minutes
0101 – Every hour
0110 – Every day
0111 – Every week
d
1000 – Every month
1001 – Every year(1)
Note 1:
DS39881D-page 186
m
m
h
h
m
m
s
s
h
h
m
m
s
s
d
d
h
h
m
m
s
s
d
d
h
h
m
m
s
s
Annually, except when configured for February 29.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
20.0
Consider the CRC equation:
PROGRAMMABLE CYCLIC
REDUNDANCY CHECK (CRC)
GENERATOR
Note:
x16 + x12 + x5 + 1
To program this polynomial into the CRC generator,
the CRC register bits should be set as shown in
Table 20-1.
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 30. Programmable Cyclic
Redundancy Check (CRC)” (DS39714).
TABLE 20-1:
The programmable CRC generator offers the following
features:
Bit Name
Bit Value
PLEN3:PLEN0
1111
X<15:1>
000100000010000
Note that for the value of X<15:1>, the 12th bit and the
5th bit are set to ‘1’, as required by the equation. The 0
bit required by the equation is always XORed. For a
16-bit polynomial, the 16th bit is also always assumed
to be XORed; therefore, the X<15:1> bits do not have
the 0 bit or the 16th bit.
• User-programmable polynomial CRC equation
• Interrupt output
• Data FIFO
The module implements a software configurable CRC
generator. The terms of the polynomial and its length
can be programmed using the CRCXOR (X<15:1>) bits
and the CRCCON (PLEN3:PLEN0) bits, respectively.
FIGURE 20-1:
EXAMPLE CRC SETUP
The topology of a standard CRC generator is shown in
Figure 20-2.
CRC SHIFTER DETAILS
PLEN<3:0>
0
1
2
15
CRC Shift Register
Hold
XOR
DOUT
OUT
IN
BIT 0
p_clk
X1
0
1
Hold
OUT
IN
BIT 1
p_clk
X2
0
1
Hold
OUT
IN
BIT 2
X3
X15
0
0
1
1
p_clk
Hold
OUT
IN
BIT 15
p_clk
CRC Read Bus
CRC Write Bus
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 187
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
CRC GENERATOR RECONFIGURED FOR x16 + x12 + x5 + 1
FIGURE 20-2:
XOR
D
Q
D
Q
D
Q
D
Q
D
Q
SDOx
BIT 0
BIT 4
BIT 5
BIT 12
BIT 15
p_clk
p_clk
p_clk
p_clk
p_clk
CRC Read Bus
CRC Write Bus
20.1
20.1.1
User Interface
DATA INTERFACE
To start serial shifting, a ‘1’ must be written to the
CRCGO bit.
The module incorporates a FIFO that is 8 deep when
PLEN (PLEN<3:0>) > 7, and 16 deep, otherwise. The
data for which the CRC is to be calculated must first be
written into the FIFO. The smallest data element that
can be written into the FIFO is one byte. For example,
if PLEN = 5, then the size of the data is PLEN + 1 = 6.
The data must be written as follows:
data[5:0] = crc_input[5:0]
data[7:6] = ‘bxx
Once data is written into the CRCWDAT MSb (as
defined by PLEN), the value of the VWORD bits
(CRCCON<12:8>) increments by one. The serial
shifter starts shifting data into the CRC engine when
CRCGO = 1 and VWORD > 0. When the MSb is
shifted out, VWORD decrements by one. The serial
shifter continues shifting until the VWORD reaches 0.
Therefore, for a given value of PLEN, it will take
(PLEN + 1) * VWORD number of clock cycles to
complete the CRC calculations.
When VWORD reaches 8 (or 16), the CRCFUL bit will
be set. When VWORD reaches 0, the CRCMPT bit will
be set.
To continually feed data into the CRC engine, the recommended mode of operation is to initially “prime” the
FIFO with a sufficient number of words so no interrupt
is generated before the next word can be written. Once
that is done, start the CRC by setting the CRCGO bit to
‘1’. From that point onward, the VWORD bits should be
polled. If they read less than 8 or 16, another word can
be written into the FIFO.
DS39881D-page 188
To empty words already written into a FIFO, the
CRCGO bit must be set to ‘1’ and the CRC shifter
allowed to run until the CRCMPT bit is set.
Also, to get the correct CRC reading, it will be
necessary to wait for the CRCMPT bit to go high before
reading the CRCWDAT register.
If a word is written when the CRCFUL bit is set, the
VWORD Pointer will roll over to 0. The hardware will
then behave as if the FIFO is empty. However, the condition to generate an interrupt will not be met; therefore,
no interrupt will be generated (See Section 20.1.2
“Interrupt Operation”).
At least one instruction cycle must pass after a write to
CRCWDAT before a read of the VWORD bits is done.
20.1.2
INTERRUPT OPERATION
When the VWORD4:VWORD0 bits make a transition
from a value of ‘1’ to ‘0’, an interrupt will be generated.
20.2
20.2.1
Operation in Power Save Modes
SLEEP MODE
If Sleep mode is entered while the module is operating,
the module will be suspended in its current state until
clock execution resumes.
20.2.2
IDLE MODE
To continue full module operation in Idle mode, the
CSIDL bit must be cleared prior to entry into the mode.
If CSIDL = 1, the module will behave the same way as
it does in Sleep mode; pending interrupt events will be
passed on, even though the module clocks are not
available.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
20.3
Registers
There are four registers used to control programmable
CRC operation:
•
•
•
•
CRCCON
CRCXOR
CRCDAT
CRCWDAT
REGISTER 20-1:
CRCCON: CRC CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
—
—
CSIDL
VWORD4
VWORD3
VWORD2
VWORD1
VWORD0
bit 15
bit 8
R-0
R-1
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CRCFUL
CRCMPT
—
CRCGO
PLEN3
PLEN2
PLEN1
PLEN0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
CSIDL: CRC Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-8
VWORD4:VWORD0: Pointer Value bits
Indicates the number of valid words in the FIFO. Has a maximum value of 8 when PLEN3:PLEN0 > 7,
or 16 when PLEN3:PLEN0 7.
bit 7
CRCFUL: FIFO Full bit
1 = FIFO is full
0 = FIFO is not full
bit 6
CRCMPT: FIFO Empty Bit
1 = FIFO is empty
0 = FIFO is not empty
bit 5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
CRCGO: Start CRC bit
1 = Start CRC serial shifter
0 = CRC serial shifter turned off
bit 3-0
PLEN3:PLEN0: Polynomial Length bits
Denotes the length of the polynomial to be generated minus 1.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 189
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 20-2:
CRCXOR: CRC XOR POLYNOMIAL REGISTER
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
X15
X14
X13
X12
X11
X10
X9
X8
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
X7
X6
X5
X4
X3
X2
X1
—
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-1
X15:X1: XOR of Polynomial Term Xn Enable bits
bit 0
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DS39881D-page 190
x = Bit is unknown
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
21.0
Note:
10-BIT HIGH-SPEED A/D
CONVERTER
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 17. 10-Bit A/D Converter”
(DS39705).
A block diagram of the A/D Converter is shown in
Figure 21-1.
To perform an A/D conversion:
1.
The 10-bit A/D Converter has the following key
features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Successive Approximation (SAR) conversion
Conversion speeds of up to 500 ksps
Up to 13 analog input pins
External voltage reference input pins
Automatic Channel Scan mode
Selectable conversion trigger source
16-word conversion result buffer
Selectable Buffer Fill modes
Four result alignment options
Operation during CPU Sleep and Idle modes
2.
Configure the A/D module:
a) Select port pins as analog inputs
(AD1PCFG<15:0>).
b) Select voltage reference source to match
expected range on analog inputs
(AD1CON2<15:13>).
c) Select the analog conversion clock to
match desired data rate with processor
clock (AD1CON3<7:0>).
d) Select the appropriate sample/conversion
sequence
(AD1CON1<7:5>
and
AD1CON3<12:8>).
e) Select how conversion results are
presented in the buffer (AD1CON1<9:8>).
f) Select interrupt rate (AD1CON2<5:2>).
g) Turn on A/D module (AD1CON1<15>).
Configure A/D interrupt (if required):
a) Clear the AD1IF bit.
b) Select A/D interrupt priority.
Depending on the particular device pinout, the 10-bit
A/D Converter can have up to three analog input pins,
designated AN0 through AN12. In addition, there are
two analog input pins for external voltage reference
connections. These voltage reference inputs may be
shared with other analog input pins. The actual number
of analog input pins and external voltage reference
input configuration will depend on the specific device.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 191
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 21-1:
10-BIT HIGH-SPEED A/D CONVERTER BLOCK DIAGRAM
Internal Data Bus
VR Select
AVDD
AVSS
VREF+
16
VR+
VR-
Comparator
VREF-
VINH
VINL
AN0
VRS/H
VINH
AN1
AN3
AN4
DAC
10-Bit SAR
MUX A
AN2
VR+
Conversion Logic
Data Formatting
VINL
ADC1BUF0:
ADC1BUFF
AN5
AN6(1)
AD1CON1
AD1CON2
AN7(1)
MUX B
AN8(1)
AN9
AD1CON3
AD1CHS
AD1PCFG
AD1CSSL
VINH
VINL
AN10
AN11
Sample Control
AN12
Control Logic
Conversion Control
Input MUX Control
Pin Config. Control
VBG(2)
Note 1:
2:
Analog channels AN6 through AN8 are available on 44-pin devices only.
Band gap voltage reference (VBG) is internally connected to analog channel AN15, which does not appear on any pin.
DS39881D-page 192
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 21-1:
AD1CON1: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 1
R/W-0
U-0
R/C-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ADON
—
ADSIDL
—
—
—
FORM1
FORM0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0, HCS
R/W-0, HCS
SSRC2
SSRC1
SSRC0
—
—
ASAM
SAMP
DONE
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
C = Clearable bit
HCS = Hardware Clearable/Settable bit
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
ADON: A/D Operating Mode bit
1 = A/D Converter module is operating
0 = A/D Converter is off
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
ADSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode
0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode
bit 12-10
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 9-8
FORM1:FORM0: Data Output Format bits
11 = Signed fractional (sddd dddd dd00 0000)
10 = Fractional (dddd dddd dd00 0000)
01 = Signed integer (ssss sssd dddd dddd)
00 = Integer (0000 00dd dddd dddd)
bit 7-5
SSRC2:SSRC0: Conversion Trigger Source Select bits
111 = Internal counter ends sampling and starts conversion (auto-convert)
110 = Reserved
10x = Reserved
011 = Reserved
010 = Timer3 compare ends sampling and starts conversion
001 = Active transition on INT0 pin ends sampling and starts conversion
000 = Clearing SAMP bit ends sampling and starts conversion
bit 4-3
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 2
ASAM: A/D Sample Auto-Start bit
1 = Sampling begins immediately after last conversion completes. SAMP bit is auto-set.
0 = Sampling begins when SAMP bit is set
bit 1
SAMP: A/D Sample Enable bit
1 = A/D sample/hold amplifier is sampling input
0 = A/D sample/hold amplifier is holding
bit 0
DONE: A/D Conversion Status bit
1 = A/D conversion is done
0 = A/D conversion is NOT done
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 193
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 21-2:
AD1CON2: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 2
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
U-0
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
VCFG2
VCFG1
VCFG0
—
—
CSCNA
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
R-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
BUFS
—
SMPI3
SMPI2
SMPI1
SMPI0
BUFM
ALTS
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15-13
x = Bit is unknown
VCFG2:VCFG0: Voltage Reference Configuration bits
VCFG2:VCFG0
*
VR+
VR-
000
AVDD*
AVSS*
001
External VREF+ pin
AVSS*
010
AVDD*
External VREF- pin
011
External VREF+ pin
External VREF- pin
1xx
AVDD*
AVSS*
AVDD and AVSS inputs are tied to VDD and VSS on 28-pin devices.
bit 12-11
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 10
CSCNA: Scan Input Selections for CH0+ S/H Input for MUX A Input Multiplexer Setting bit
1 = Scan inputs
0 = Do not scan inputs
bit 9-8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7
BUFS: Buffer Fill Status bit (valid only when BUFM = 1)
1 = A/D is currently filling buffer 08-0F, user should access data in 00-07
0 = A/D is currently filling buffer 00-07, user should access data in 08-0F
bit 6
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 5-2
SMPI3:SMPI0: Sample/Convert Sequences Per Interrupt Selection bits
1111 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 16th sample/convert sequence
1110 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 15th sample/convert sequence
.....
0001 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 2nd sample/convert sequence
0000 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each sample/convert sequence
bit 1
BUFM: Buffer Mode Select bit
1 = Buffer configured as two 8-word buffers (ADC1BUFn<15:8> and ADC1BUFn<7:0>)
0 = Buffer configured as one 16-word buffer (ADC1BUFn<15:0>)
bit 0
ALTS: Alternate Input Sample Mode Select bit
1 = Uses MUX A input multiplexer settings for first sample, then alternates between MUX B and
MUX A input multiplexer settings for all subsequent samples
0 = Always uses MUX A input multiplexer settings
DS39881D-page 194
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 21-3:
AD1CON3: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 3
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ADRC
—
—
SAMC4
SAMC3
SAMC2
SAMC1
SAMC0
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
ADCS7
ADCS6
ADCS5
ADCS4
ADCS3
ADCS2
ADCS1
ADCS0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
ADRC: A/D Conversion Clock Source bit
1 = A/D internal RC clock
0 = Clock derived from system clock
bit 14-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-8
SAMC4:SAMC0: Auto-Sample Time bits
11111 = 31 TAD
·····
00001 = 1 TAD
00000 = 0 TAD (not recommended)
bit 7-0
ADCS7:ADCS0: A/D Conversion Clock Select bits
11111111
······ = Reserved
01000000
00111111 = 64 • TCY
······
00000001 = 2 • TCY
00000000 = TCY
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
DS39881D-page 195
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 21-4:
AD1CHS: A/D INPUT SELECT REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
CH0NB
—
—
—
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CH0SB3(1,2) CH0SB2(1,2) CH0SB1(1,2) CH0SB0(1,2)
bit 15
bit 8
U-0
R/W-0
CH0NA
—
U-0
—
U-0
—
R/W-0
CH0SA3
(1,2)
R/W-0
R/W-0
(1,2)
CH0SA2
CH0SA1
(1,2)
R/W-0
CH0SA0(1,2)
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
CH0NB: Channel 0 Negative Input Select for MUX B Multiplexer Setting bit
1 = Channel 0 negative input is AN1
0 = Channel 0 negative input is VR-
bit 14-12
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 11-8
CH0SB3:CH0SB0: Channel 0 Positive Input Select for MUX B Multiplexer Setting bits(1,2)
1111 = Channel 0 positive input is AN15 (band gap voltage reference)
1100 = Channel 0 positive input is AN12
1011 = Channel 0 positive input is AN11
·····
0001 = Channel 0 positive input is AN1
0000 = Channel 0 positive input is AN0
bit 7
CH0NA: Channel 0 Negative Input Select for MUX A Multiplexer Setting bit
1 = Channel 0 negative input is AN1
0 = Channel 0 negative input is VR-
bit 6-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3-0
CH0SA3:CH0SA0: Channel 0 Positive Input Select for MUX A Multiplexer Setting bits(1,2)
1111 = Channel 0 positive input is AN15 (band gap voltage reference)
1100 = Channel 0 positive input is AN12
1011 = Channel 0 positive input is AN11
·····
0001 = Channel 0 positive input is AN1
0000 = Channel 0 positive input is AN0
Note 1:
2:
Combinations ‘1101’ and ‘1110’ are unimplemented; do not use.
Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; do not use.
DS39881D-page 196
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 21-5:
AD1PCFG: A/D PORT CONFIGURATION REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PCFG15
—
—
PCFG12
PCFG11
PCFG10
PCFG9
PCFG8(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
PCFG7(1)
PCFG6(1)
PCFG5
PCFG4
PCFG3
PCFG2
PCFG1
PCFG0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
PCFG15: Analog Input Pin Configuration Control bits
1 = Band gap voltage reference is disabled
0 = Band gap voltage reference enabled
bit 14-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-0
PCFG12:PCFG0: Analog Input Pin Configuration Control bits(1)
1 = Pin for corresponding analog channel is configured in Digital mode; I/O port read enabled
0 = Pin configured in Analog mode; I/O port read disabled, A/D samples pin voltage
Note 1:
Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; leave these corresponding bits
set.
REGISTER 21-6:
AD1CSSL: A/D INPUT SCAN SELECT REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
U-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CSSL15
—
—
CSSL12
CSSL11
CSSL10
CSSL9
CSSL8(1)
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CSSL7(1)
CSSL6(1)
CSSL5
CSSL4
CSSL3
CSSL2
CSSL1
CSSL0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 15
CSSL15: Band Gap Reference Input Pin Scan Selection bits
1 = Band gap voltage reference channel selected for input scan
0 = Band gap voltage reference channel omitted from input scan
bit 14-13
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 12-0
CSSL12:CSSL0: A/D Input Pin Scan Selection bits(1)
1 = Corresponding analog channel selected for input scan
0 = Analog channel omitted from input scan
Note 1:
x = Bit is unknown
Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; leave these corresponding bits
cleared.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 197
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
A/D CONVERSION CLOCK PERIOD(1)
EQUATION 21-1:
TAD = TCY • (ADCS +1)
ADCS =
Note 1:
FIGURE 21-2:
TAD
–1
TCY
Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC; Doze mode and PLL are disabled.
10-BIT A/D CONVERTER ANALOG INPUT MODEL
VDD
Rs
VA
RIC  250
VT = 0.6V
ANx
CPIN
6-11 pF
(Typical)
VT = 0.6V
Sampling
Switch
RSS  5 k(Typical)
RSS
ILEAKAGE
500 nA
CHOLD
= DAC capacitance
= 4.4 pF (Typical)
VSS
Legend: CPIN
= Input Capacitance
= Threshold Voltage
VT
ILEAKAGE = Leakage Current at the pin due to
various junctions
= Interconnect Resistance
RIC
= Sampling Switch Resistance
RSS
= Sample/Hold Capacitance (from DAC)
CHOLD
Note: CPIN value depends on device package and is not tested. Effect of CPIN negligible if Rs  5 k.
DS39881D-page 198
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 21-3:
A/D TRANSFER FUNCTION
Output Code
(Binary (Decimal))
11 1111 1111 (1023)
11 1111 1110 (1022)
10 0000 0011 (515)
10 0000 0010 (514)
10 0000 0001 (513)
10 0000 0000 (512)
01 1111 1111 (511)
01 1111 1110 (510)
01 1111 1101 (509)
00 0000 0001 (1)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
(VINH – VINL)
VR+
1024
1023*(VR+ – VR-)
VR- +
1024
VR- +
512*(VR+ – VR-)
1024
VR- +
Voltage Level
VR+ – VR-
0
VR-
00 0000 0000 (0)
DS39881D-page 199
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 200
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
22.0
COMPARATOR MODULE
Note:
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section
16.
Output
Compare”
(DS39706).
FIGURE 22-1:
COMPARATOR I/O OPERATING MODES
C1NEG
C1IN+
C1IN-
C1EN
VINC1OUT(1)
C1POS
C1IN+
CVREF
C1
VIN+
C2NEG
C2IN+
C2IN-
C1OUTEN
C2EN
CMCON<7>
C2INV
VINC2OUT(1)
C2POS
C2IN+
CVREF
Note 1:
CMCON<6>
C1INV
C2
VIN+
C2OUTEN
This peripheral’s outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 201
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 22-1:
CMCON: COMPARATOR CONTROL REGISTER
R/W-0
U-0
R/C-0
R/C-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CMIDL
—
C2EVT
C1EVT
C2EN
C1EN
R/W-0
R/W-0
C2OUTEN(1) C1OUTEN(2)
bit 15
bit 8
R-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
C2OUT
C1OUT
C2INV
C1INV
C2NEG
C2POS
C1NEG
C1POS
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15
CMIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit
1 = When device enters Idle mode, module does not generate interrupts; module is still enabled
0 = Continue normal module operation in Idle mode
bit 14
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 13
C2EVT: Comparator 2 Event
1 = Comparator output changed states
0 = Comparator output did not change states
bit 12
C1EVT: Comparator 1 Event
1 = Comparator output changed states
0 = Comparator output did not change states
bit 11
C2EN: Comparator 2 Enable
1 = Comparator is enabled
0 = Comparator is disabled
bit 10
C1EN: Comparator 1 Enable
1 = Comparator is enabled
0 = Comparator is disabled
bit 9
C2OUTEN: Comparator 2 Output Enable(1)
1 = Comparator output is driven on the output pad
0 = Comparator output is not driven on the output pad
bit 8
C1OUTEN: Comparator 1 Output Enable(2)
1 = Comparator output is driven on the output pad
0 = Comparator output is not driven on the output pad
bit 7
C2OUT: Comparator 2 Output bit
When C2INV = 0:
1 = C2 VIN+ > C2 VIN0 = C2 VIN+ < C2 VINWhen C2INV = 1:
0 = C2 VIN+ > C2 VIN1 = C2 VIN+ < C2 VIN-
bit 6
C1OUT: Comparator 1 Output bit
When C1INV = 0:
1 = C1 VIN+ > C1 VIN0 = C1 VIN+ < C1 VINWhen C1INV = 1:
0 = C1 VIN+ > C1 VIN1 = C1 VIN+ < C1 VIN-
DS39881D-page 202
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 22-1:
CMCON: COMPARATOR CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED)
bit 5
C2INV: Comparator 2 Output Inversion bit
1 = C2 output inverted
0 = C2 output not inverted
bit 4
C1INV: Comparator 1 Output Inversion bit
1 = C1 output inverted
0 = C1 output not inverted
bit 3
C2NEG: Comparator 2 Negative Input Configure bit
1 = Input is connected to VIN+
0 = Input is connected to VINSee Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes.
bit 2
C2POS: Comparator 2 Positive Input Configure bit
1 = Input is connected to VIN+
0 = Input is connected to CVREF
See Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes.
bit 1
C1NEG: Comparator 1 Negative Input Configure bit
1 = Input is connected to VIN+
0 = Input is connected to VINSee Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes.
bit 0
C1POS: Comparator 1 Positive Input Configure bit
1 = Input is connected to VIN+
0 = Input is connected to CVREF
See Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes.
Note 1:
2:
If C2OUTEN = 1, the C2OUT peripheral output must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
If C1OUTEN = 1, the C1OUT peripheral output must be configured to an available RPn pin. See
Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 203
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 204
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
23.0
Note:
23.1
COMPARATOR VOLTAGE
REFERENCE
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
“PIC24F Family Reference Manual”,
”Section 20. Comparator Voltage
Reference Module” (DS39709).
Configuring the Comparator
Voltage Reference
voltage, each with 16 distinct levels. The range to be
used is selected by the CVRR bit (CVRCON<5>). The
primary difference between the ranges is the size of the
steps selected by the CVREF Selection bits
(CVR3:CVR0), with one range offering finer resolution.
The comparator reference supply voltage can come
from either VDD and VSS, or the external VREF+ and
VREF-. The voltage source is selected by the CVRSS
bit (CVRCON<4>).
The settling time of the comparator voltage reference
must be considered when changing the CVREF
output.
The voltage reference module is controlled through the
CVRCON register (Register 23-1). The comparator
voltage reference provides two ranges of output
FIGURE 23-1:
COMPARATOR VOLTAGE REFERENCE BLOCK DIAGRAM
VREF+
AVDD
CVRSS = 1
8R
CVRSS = 0
CVR3:CVR0
R
CVREN
R
R
16-to-1 MUX
R
16 Steps
R
CVREF
R
R
CVRR
VREF-
8R
CVRSS = 1
CVRSS = 0
AVSS
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 205
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 23-1:
CVRCON: COMPARATOR VOLTAGE REFERENCE CONTROL REGISTER
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
U-0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 15
bit 8
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
CVREN
CVROE
CVRR
CVRSS
CVR3
CVR2
CVR1
CVR0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 15-8
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 7
CVREN: Comparator Voltage Reference Enable bit
1 = CVREF circuit powered on
0 = CVREF circuit powered down
bit 6
CVROE: Comparator VREF Output Enable bit
1 = CVREF voltage level is output on CVREF pin
0 = CVREF voltage level is disconnected from CVREF pin
bit 5
CVRR: Comparator VREF Range Selection bit
1 = CVRSRC range should be 0 to 0.625 CVRSRC with CVRSRC/24 step size
0 = CVRSRC range should be 0.25 to 0.719 CVRSRC with CVRSRC/32 step size
bit 4
CVRSS: Comparator VREF Source Selection bit
1 = Comparator reference source CVRSRC = VREF+ – VREF0 = Comparator reference source CVRSRC = AVDD – AVSS
bit 3-0
CVR3:CVR0: Comparator VREF Value Selection 0  CVR3:CVR0  15 bits
When CVRR = 1:
CVREF = (CVR<3:0>/ 24)  (CVRSRC)
When CVRR = 0:
CVREF = 1/4  (CVRSRC) + (CVR<3:0>/32)  (CVRSRC)
DS39881D-page 206
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
24.0
Note:
SPECIAL FEATURES
This data sheet summarizes the features
of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not
intended to be a comprehensive reference
source. For more information, refer to the
following sections of the “PIC24F Family
Reference Manual”:
• Section 9. “Watchdog Timer (WDT)”
(DS39697)
• Section 32. “High-Level Device
Integration” (DS39719)
• Section 33. “Programming and
Diagnostics” (DS39716)
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices include several
features intended to maximize application flexibility and
reliability, and minimize cost through elimination of
external components. These are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Flexible Configuration
Watchdog Timer (WDT)
Code Protection
JTAG Boundary Scan Interface
In-Circuit Serial Programming
In-Circuit Emulation
24.1.1
CONSIDERATIONS FOR
CONFIGURING PIC24FJ64GA004
FAMILY DEVICES
In PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the configuration
bytes are implemented as volatile memory. This means
that configuration data must be programmed each time
the device is powered up. Configuration data is stored
in the two words at the top of the on-chip program
memory space, known as the Flash Configuration
Words. Their specific locations are shown in
Table 24-1. These are packed representations of the
actual device Configuration bits, whose actual
locations are distributed among five locations in configuration space. The configuration data is automatically
loaded from the Flash Configuration Words to the
proper Configuration registers during device Resets.
Note:
Configuration data is reloaded on all types
of device Resets.
TABLE 24-1:
Device
24.1
Configuration Bits
The Configuration bits can be programmed (read as ‘0’),
or left unprogrammed (read as ‘1’), to select various
device configurations. These bits are mapped starting at
program memory location F80000h. A complete list is
shown in Table 24-1. A detailed explanation of the various bit functions is provided in Register 24-1 through
Register 24-4.
Note that address F80000h is beyond the user program
memory space. In fact, it belongs to the configuration
memory space (800000h-FFFFFFh) which can only be
accessed using table reads and table writes.
FLASH CONFIGURATION
WORD LOCATIONS FOR
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
DEVICES
Configuration Word
Addresses
1
2
PIC24FJ16GA
002BFEh
002BFCh
PIC24FJ32GA
0057FEh
0057FCh
PIC24FJ48GA
0083FEh
0083FCh
PIC24FJ64GA
00ABFEh
00ABFCh
When creating applications for these devices, users
should always specifically allocate the location of the
Flash Configuration Word for configuration data. This is
to make certain that program code is not stored in this
address when the code is compiled.
The Configuration bits are reloaded from the Flash
Configuration Word on any device Reset.
The upper byte of both Flash Configuration Words in
program memory should always be ‘1111 1111’. This
makes them appear to be NOP instructions in the
remote event that their locations are ever executed by
accident. Since Configuration bits are not implemented
in the corresponding locations, writing ‘1’s to these
locations has no effect on device operation.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 207
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 24-1:
CW1: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 1
U-1
U-1
U-1
U-1
U-1
U-1
U-1
U-1
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
bit 23
bit 16
r-x
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
r-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
r
JTAGEN
GCP
GWRP
DEBUG
r
ICS1
ICS0
bit 15
bit 8
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
U-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
FWDTEN
WINDIS
—
FWPSA
WDTPS3
WDTPS2
WDTPS1
WDTPS0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
PO = Program Once bit
-n = Value when device is unprogrammed
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘1’ = Bit is set
bit 23-16
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
bit 15
Reserved: The value is unknown; program as ‘0’
bit 14
JTAGEN: JTAG Port Enable bit
1 = JTAG port is enabled
0 = JTAG port is disabled
bit 13
GCP: General Segment Program Memory Code Protection bit
1 = Code protection is disabled
0 = Code protection is enabled for the entire program memory space
bit 12
GWRP: General Segment Code Flash Write Protection bit
1 = Writes to program memory are allowed
0 = Writes to program memory are disabled
bit 11
DEBUG: Background Debugger Enable bit
1 = Device resets into Operational mode
0 = Device resets into Debug mode
bit 10
Reserved: Always maintain as ‘1’
bit 9-8
ICS1:ICS0: Emulator Pin Placement Select bits
11 = Emulator EMUC1/EMUD1 pins are shared with PGC1/PGD1
10 = Emulator EMUC2/EMUD2 pins are shared with PGC2/PGD2
01 = Emulator EMUC3/EMUD3 pins are shared with PGC3/PGD3
00 = Reserved; do not use
bit 7
FWDTEN: Watchdog Timer Enable bit
1 = Watchdog Timer is enabled
0 = Watchdog Timer is disabled
bit 6
WINDIS: Windowed Watchdog Timer Disable bit
1 = Standard Watchdog Timer enabled
0 = Windowed Watchdog Timer enabled; FWDTEN must be ‘1’
bit 5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
bit 4
FWPSA: WDT Prescaler Ratio Select bit
1 = Prescaler ratio of 1:128
0 = Prescaler ratio of 1:32
DS39881D-page 208
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 24-1:
bit 3-0
CW1: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 1 (CONTINUED)
WDTPS3:WDTPS0: Watchdog Timer Postscaler Select bits
1111 = 1:32,768
1110 = 1:16,384
1101 = 1:8,192
1100 = 1:4,096
1011 = 1:2,048
1010 = 1:1,024
1001 = 1:512
1000 = 1:256
0111 = 1:128
0110 = 1:64
0101 = 1:32
0100 = 1:16
0011 = 1:8
0010 = 1:4
0001 = 1:2
0000 = 1:1
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 209
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 24-2:
U-1
—
bit 23
R/PO-1
IESO
bit 15
R/PO-1
FCKSM1
bit 7
CW2: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 2
U-1
—
U-1
—
U-1
—
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
R/PO-1
WUTSEL1(1) WUTSEL0(1) SOSCSEL1(1) SOSCSEL0(1)
R/PO-1
FCKSM0
R/PO-1
OSCIOFCN
R/PO-1
IOL1WAY
Legend:
r = Reserved bit
R = Readable bit
PO = Program Once bit
-n = Value when device is unprogrammed
bit 23-16
bit 15
bit 14-13
bit 12-11
bit 10-8
bit 7-6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
U-1
—
U-1
—
U-1
—
U-1
—
U-1
—
bit 16
R/PO-1
FNOSC2
R/PO-1
FNOSC1
R/PO-1
FNOSC0
bit 8
R/PO-1
I2C1SEL
R/PO-1
POSCMD1
R/PO-1
POSCMD0
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
IESO: Internal External Switchover bit
1 = IESO mode (Two-Speed Start-up) enabled
0 = IESO mode (Two-Speed Start-up) disabled
WUTSEL1:WUTSEL0: Voltage Regulator Standby Mode Wake-up Time Select bits(1)
11 = Default regulator start-up time used
01 = Fast regulator start-up time used
x0 = Reserved; do not use
SOSCSEL1:SOSCSEL0: Secondary Oscillator Power Mode Select bits(1)
11 = Default (High Drive Strength) mode
01 = Low-Power (Low Drive Strength) mode
x0 = Reserved; do not use
FNOSC2:FNOSC0: Initial Oscillator Select bits
111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV)
110 = Reserved
101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC)
100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC)
011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL)
010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC)
001 = Fast RC Oscillator with postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL)
000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC)
FCKSM1:FCKSM0: Clock Switching and Fail-Safe Clock Monitor Configuration bits
1x = Clock switching and Fail-Safe Clock Monitor are disabled
01 = Clock switching is enabled, Fail-Safe Clock Monitor is disabled
00 = Clock switching is enabled, Fail-Safe Clock Monitor is enabled
OSCIOFCN: OSCO Pin Configuration bit
If POSCMD1:POSCMD0 = 11 or 00:
1 = OSCO/CLKO/RA3 functions as CLKO (FOSC/2)
0 = OSCO/CLKO/RA3 functions as port I/O (RA3)
If POSCMD1:POSCMD0 = 10 or 01:
OSCIOFCN has no effect on OSCO/CLKO/RA3.
IOL1WAY: IOLOCK One-Way Set Enable bit
1 = The OSCCON<IOLOCK> bit can be set once, provided the unlock sequence has been completed.
Once set, the Peripheral Pin Select registers cannot be written to a second time.
0 = The OSCCON<IOLOCK> bit can be set and cleared as needed, provided the unlock sequence has
been completed
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
DS39881D-page 210
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 24-2:
bit 2
bit 1-0
Note 1:
CW2: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 2 (CONTINUED)
I2C1SEL: I2C1 Pin Select bit
1 = Use default SCL1/SDA1 pins
0 = Use alternate SCL1/SDA1 pins
POSCMD1:POSCMD0: Primary Oscillator Configuration bits
11 = Primary oscillator disabled
10 = HS Oscillator mode selected
01 = XT Oscillator mode selected
00 = EC Oscillator mode selected
These bits are implemented only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h or greater). Refer to Section 28.0 “Packaging Information” in the device data sheet
for the location and interpretation of product date codes.
REGISTER 24-3:
DEVID: DEVICE ID REGISTER
U
—
bit 23
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
bit 15
U
—
R
FAMID7
R
FAMID6
R
FAMID5
R
FAMID4
R
FAMID3
R
FAMID2
bit 8
R
FAMID0
R
DEV5
R
DEV4
R
DEV3
R
DEV2
R
DEV1
R
DEV0
bit 0
R
FAMID1
bit 7
Legend: R = Read-only bit
bit 23-14
bit 13-6
bit 5-0
U
—
bit 16
U = Unimplemented bit
Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’
FAMID7:FAMID0: Device Family Identifier bits
00010001 = PIC24FJ64GA004 family
DEV5:DEV0: Individual Device Identifier bits
000100 = PIC24FJ16GA002
000101 = PIC24FJ32GA002
000110 = PIC24FJ48GA002
000111 = PIC24FJ64GA002
001100 = PIC24FJ16GA004
001101 = PIC24FJ32GA004
001110 = PIC24FJ48GA004
001111 = PIC24FJ64GA004
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 211
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
REGISTER 24-4:
DEVREV: DEVICE REVISION REGISTER
U
—
bit 23
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
bit 16
U
—
bit 15
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
U
—
R
MAJRV2
bit 8
R
MAJRV0
U
—
U
—
U
—
R
DOT2
R
DOT1
R
MAJRV1
bit 7
Legend: R = Read-only bit
bit 23-9
bit 8-6
bit 5-3
bit 2-0
R
DOT0
bit 0
U = Unimplemented bit
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
MAJRV2:MAJRV0: Major Revision Identifier bits
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
DOT2:DOT0: Minor Revision Identifier bits
DS39881D-page 212
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
24.2
On-Chip Voltage Regulator
All of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices power
their core digital logic at a nominal 2.5V. This may
create an issue for designs that are required to operate
at a higher typical voltage, such as 3.3V. To simplify
system design, all devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004
family incorporate an on-chip regulator that allows the
device to run its core logic from VDD.
The regulator is controlled by the DISVREG pin. Tying
VSS to the pin enables the regulator, which in turn, provides power to the core from the other VDD pins. When
the regulator is enabled, a low-ESR capacitor (such as
ceramic) must be connected to the VDDCORE/VCAP pin
(Figure 24-1). This helps to maintain the stability of the
regulator. The recommended value for the filter capacitor
is provided in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”.
FIGURE 24-1:
Regulator Enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS):
3.3V
PIC24FJ64GA
VDD
DISVREG
VDDCORE/VCAP
CEFC
(10 F typ)
VOLTAGE REGULATOR TRACKING
MODE AND LOW-VOLTAGE
DETECTION
2.5V(1)
When the device enters Tracking mode, it is no longer
possible to operate at full speed. To provide information
about when the device enters Tracking mode, the
on-chip regulator includes a simple, Low-Voltage
Detect circuit. When VDD drops below full-speed operating voltage, the circuit sets the Low-Voltage Detect
Interrupt Flag, LVDIF (IFS4<8>). This can be used to
generate an interrupt and put the application into a
low-power operational mode, or trigger an orderly
shutdown.
Low-Voltage Detection is only available when the
regulator is enabled.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
3.3V(1)
PIC24FJ64GA
VDD
DISVREG
VDDCORE/VCAP
VSS
Regulator Disabled (VDD tied to VDDCORE):
2.5V(1)
When it is enabled, the on-chip regulator provides a
constant voltage of 2.5V nominal to the digital core
logic.
The regulator can provide this level from a VDD of about
2.5V, all the way up to the device’s VDDMAX. It does not
have the capability to boost VDD levels below 2.5V. In
order to prevent “brown out” conditions when the voltage drops too low for the regulator, the regulator enters
Tracking mode. In Tracking mode, the regulator output
follows VDD, with a typical voltage drop of 100 mV.
VSS
Regulator Disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD):
If DISVREG is tied to VDD, the regulator is disabled. In
this case, separate power for the core logic at a nominal 2.5V must be supplied to the device on the
VDDCORE/VCAP pin to run the I/O pins at higher voltage
levels, typically 3.3V. Alternatively, the VDDCORE/VCAP
and VDD pins can be tied together to operate at a lower
nominal voltage. Refer to Figure 24-1 for possible
configurations.
24.2.1
CONNECTIONS FOR THE
ON-CHIP REGULATOR
PIC24FJ64GA
VDD
DISVREG
VDDCORE/VCAP
VSS
Note 1:
24.2.2
These are typical operating voltages. Refer
to Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics” for
the full operating ranges of VDD and
VDDCORE.
ON-CHIP REGULATOR AND POR
When the voltage regulator is enabled, it takes approximately 20 s for it to generate output. During this time,
designated as TSTARTUP, code execution is disabled.
TSTARTUP is applied every time the device resumes
operation after any power-down, including Sleep mode.
If the regulator is disabled, a separate Power-up Timer
(PWRT) is automatically enabled. The PWRT adds a
fixed delay of 64 ms nominal delay at device start-up.
DS39881D-page 213
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
24.2.3
ON-CHIP REGULATOR AND BOR
When
the
on-chip
regulator
is
enabled,
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices also have a simple
brown-out capability. If the voltage supplied to the regulator is inadequate to maintain the tracking level, the
regulator Reset circuitry will generate a Brown-out
Reset. This event is captured by the BOR flag bit
(RCON<1>). The brown-out voltage levels are specified in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”.
24.2.4
POWER-UP REQUIREMENTS
The on-chip regulator is designed to meet the power-up
requirements for the device. If the application does not
use the regulator, then strict power-up conditions must
be adhered to. While powering up, VDDCORE must
never exceed VDD by 0.3 volts.
Note:
24.2.5
For more information, see Section 27.0
“Electrical Characteristics”.
VOLTAGE REGULATOR STANDBY
MODE
24.3
Watchdog Timer (WDT)
For PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the WDT is
driven by the LPRC oscillator. When the WDT is
enabled, the clock source is also enabled.
The nominal WDT clock source from LPRC is 31 kHz.
This feeds a prescaler that can be configured for either
5-bit (divide-by-32) or 7-bit (divide-by-128) operation.
The prescaler is set by the FWPSA Configuration bit.
With a 31 kHz input, the prescaler yields a nominal
WDT time-out period (TWDT) of 1 ms in 5-bit mode, or
4 ms in 7-bit mode.
A variable postscaler divides down the WDT prescaler
output and allows for a wide range of time-out periods.
The postscaler is controlled by the WDTPS3:WDTPS0
Configuration bits (Flash Configuration Word 1<3:0>),
which allow the selection of a total of 16 settings, from
1:1 to 1:32,768. Using the prescaler and postscaler,
time-out periods ranging from 1 ms to 131 seconds can
be achieved.
The WDT, prescaler and postscaler are reset:
When enabled, the on-chip regulator always consumes
a small incremental amount of current over IDD/IPD,
including when the device is in Sleep mode, even
though the core digital logic does not require power. To
provide additional savings in applications where power
resources are critical, the regulator automatically
places itself into Standby mode whenever the device
goes into Sleep mode. This feature is controlled by the
VREGS bit (RCON<8>). By default, this bit is cleared,
which enables Standby mode.
• On any device Reset
• On the completion of a clock switch, whether
invoked by software (i.e., setting the OSWEN bit
after changing the NOSC bits), or by hardware
(i.e., Fail-Safe Clock Monitor)
• When a PWRSAV instruction is executed
(i.e., Sleep or Idle mode is entered)
• When the device exits Sleep or Idle mode to
resume normal operation
• By a CLRWDT instruction during normal execution
For select PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the time
required for regulator wake-up from Standby mode is
controlled by the WUTSEL<1:0> Configuration bits
(CW2<14:13>). The default wake-up time for all
devices is 190 s. Where the WUTSEL Configuration
bits are implemented, a fast wake-up option is also
available. When WUTSEL<1:0> = 01, the regulator
wake-up time is 25 s.
If the WDT is enabled, it will continue to run during
Sleep or Idle modes. When the WDT time-out occurs,
the device will wake the device and code execution will
continue from where the PWRSAV instruction was executed. The corresponding SLEEP or IDLE bits
(RCON<3:2>) will need to be cleared in software after
the device wakes up.
Note:
This feature is implemented only on
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices with a
major silicon revision level of B or later
(DEVREV register value is 3042h or
greater).
When the regulator’s Standby mode is turned off
(VREGS = 1), Flash program memory stays powered
in Sleep mode and the device can wake-up in less than
10 s. When VREGS is set, the power consumption
while in Sleep mode will be approximately 40 A higher
than power consumption when the regulator is allowed
to enter Standby mode.
DS39881D-page 214
The WDT Flag bit, WDTO (RCON<4>), is not automatically cleared following a WDT time-out. To detect
subsequent WDT events, the flag must be cleared in
software.
Note:
The CLRWDT and PWRSAV instructions
clear the prescaler and postscaler counts
when executed.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
24.3.1
WINDOWED OPERATION
24.3.2
The Watchdog Timer has an optional Fixed Window
mode of operation. In this Windowed mode, CLRWDT
instructions can only reset the WDT during the last 1/4
of the programmed WDT period. A CLRWDT instruction
executed before that window causes a WDT Reset,
similar to a WDT time-out.
Windowed WDT mode is enabled by programming the
WINDIS Configuration bit (CW1<6>) to ‘0’.
FIGURE 24-2:
CONTROL REGISTER
The WDT is enabled or disabled by the FWDTEN
Configuration bit. When the FWDTEN Configuration bit
is set, the WDT is always enabled.
The WDT can be optionally controlled in software when
the FWDTEN Configuration bit has been programmed
to ‘0’. The WDT is enabled in software by setting the
SWDTEN control bit (RCON<5>). The SWDTEN
control bit is cleared on any device Reset. The software
WDT option allows the user to enable the WDT for
critical code segments and disable the WDT during
non-critical segments for maximum power savings.
WDT BLOCK DIAGRAM
SWDTEN
FWDTEN
LPRC Control
FWPSA
WDTPS3:WDTPS0
Prescaler
(5-bit/7-bit)
LPRC Input
31 kHz
Wake from Sleep
WDT
Counter
Postscaler
1:1 to 1:32.768
1 ms/4 ms
WDT Overflow
Reset
All Device Resets
Transition to
New Clock Source
Exit Sleep or
Idle Mode
CLRWDT Instr.
PWRSAV Instr.
Sleep or Idle Mode
24.4
JTAG Interface
PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices implement a JTAG
interface, which supports boundary scan device
testing.
24.5
Program Verification and
Code Protection
For all devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of
devices, the on-chip program memory space is treated
as a single block. Code protection for this block is
controlled by one Configuration bit, GCP. This bit
inhibits external reads and writes to the program
memory space. It has no direct effect in normal
execution mode.
Write protection is controlled by the GWRP bit in the
Configuration Word. When GWRP is programmed to
‘0’, internal write and erase operations to program
memory are blocked.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
24.5.1
CONFIGURATION REGISTER
PROTECTION
The Configuration registers are protected against
inadvertent or unwanted changes or reads in two ways.
The primary protection method is the same as that of
the RP registers – shadow registers contain a complimentary value which is constantly compared with the
actual value.
To safeguard against unpredictable events, Configuration bit changes resulting from individual cell level
disruptions (such as ESD events) will cause a parity
error and trigger a device Reset.
The data for the Configuration registers is derived from
the Flash Configuration Words in program memory.
When the GCP bit is set, the source data for device
configuration is also protected as a consequence.
DS39881D-page 215
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
24.6
In-Circuit Serial Programming
PIC24FJ64GA004 family microcontrollers can be serially programmed while in the end application circuit.
This is simply done with two lines for clock (PGCx) and
data (PGDx) and three other lines for power, ground
and the programming voltage. This allows customers to
manufacture boards with unprogrammed devices and
then program the microcontroller just before shipping
the product. This also allows the most recent firmware
or a custom firmware to be programmed.
DS39881D-page 216
24.7
In-Circuit Debugger
When MPLAB® ICD 2 is selected as a debugger, the
in-circuit debugging functionality is enabled. This function allows simple debugging functions when used with
MPLAB IDE. Debugging functionality is controlled
through the EMUCx (Emulation/Debug Clock) and
EMUDx (Emulation/Debug Data) pins.
To use the in-circuit debugger function of the device,
the design must implement ICSP connections to
MCLR, VDD, VSS, PGCx, PGDx and the
EMUDx/EMUCx pin pair. In addition, when the feature
is enabled, some of the resources are not available for
general use. These resources include the first 80 bytes
of data RAM and two I/O pins.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
25.0
DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
The PIC® microcontrollers are supported with a full
range of hardware and software development tools:
• Integrated Development Environment
- MPLAB® IDE Software
• Assemblers/Compilers/Linkers
- MPASMTM Assembler
- MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 C Compilers
- MPLINKTM Object Linker/
MPLIBTM Object Librarian
- MPLAB ASM30 Assembler/Linker/Library
• Simulators
- MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
• Emulators
- MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator
- MPLAB REAL ICE™ In-Circuit Emulator
• In-Circuit Debugger
- MPLAB ICD 2
• Device Programmers
- PICSTART® Plus Development Programmer
- MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
- PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer
• Low-Cost Demonstration and Development
Boards and Evaluation Kits
25.1
MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment Software
The MPLAB IDE software brings an ease of software
development previously unseen in the 8/16-bit microcontroller market. The MPLAB IDE is a Windows®
operating system-based application that contains:
• A single graphical interface to all debugging tools
- Simulator
- Programmer (sold separately)
- Emulator (sold separately)
- In-Circuit Debugger (sold separately)
• A full-featured editor with color-coded context
• A multiple project manager
• Customizable data windows with direct edit of
contents
• High-level source code debugging
• Visual device initializer for easy register
initialization
• Mouse over variable inspection
• Drag and drop variables from source to watch
windows
• Extensive on-line help
• Integration of select third party tools, such as
HI-TECH Software C Compilers and IAR
C Compilers
The MPLAB IDE allows you to:
• Edit your source files (either assembly or C)
• One touch assemble (or compile) and download
to PIC MCU emulator and simulator tools
(automatically updates all project information)
• Debug using:
- Source files (assembly or C)
- Mixed assembly and C
- Machine code
MPLAB IDE supports multiple debugging tools in a
single development paradigm, from the cost-effective
simulators, through low-cost in-circuit debuggers, to
full-featured emulators. This eliminates the learning
curve when upgrading to tools with increased flexibility
and power.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 217
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
25.2
MPASM Assembler
The MPASM Assembler is a full-featured, universal
macro assembler for all PIC MCUs.
The MPASM Assembler generates relocatable object
files for the MPLINK Object Linker, Intel® standard HEX
files, MAP files to detail memory usage and symbol
reference, absolute LST files that contain source lines
and generated machine code and COFF files for
debugging.
The MPASM Assembler features include:
• Integration into MPLAB IDE projects
• User-defined macros to streamline
assembly code
• Conditional assembly for multi-purpose
source files
• Directives that allow complete control over the
assembly process
25.5
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler produces relocatable
machine code from symbolic assembly language for
dsPIC30F devices. MPLAB C30 C Compiler uses the
assembler to produce its object file. The assembler
generates relocatable object files that can then be
archived or linked with other relocatable object files and
archives to create an executable file. Notable features
of the assembler include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Support for the entire dsPIC30F instruction set
Support for fixed-point and floating-point data
Command line interface
Rich directive set
Flexible macro language
MPLAB IDE compatibility
25.6
25.3
MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30
C Compilers
The MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 Code Development
Systems are complete ANSI C compilers for
Microchip’s PIC18 and PIC24 families of microcontrollers and the dsPIC30 and dsPIC33 family of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful
integration capabilities, superior code optimization and
ease of use not found with other compilers.
For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide
symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE
debugger.
25.4
MPLINK Object Linker/
MPLIB Object Librarian
The MPLINK Object Linker combines relocatable
objects created by the MPASM Assembler and the
MPLAB C18 C Compiler. It can link relocatable objects
from precompiled libraries, using directives from a
linker script.
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker
and Librarian
MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator allows code
development in a PC-hosted environment by simulating the PIC MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs on an instruction
level. On any given instruction, the data areas can be
examined or modified and stimuli can be applied from
a comprehensive stimulus controller. Registers can be
logged to files for further run-time analysis. The trace
buffer and logic analyzer display extend the power of
the simulator to record and track program execution,
actions on I/O, most peripherals and internal registers.
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator fully supports
symbolic debugging using the MPLAB C18 and
MPLAB C30 C Compilers, and the MPASM and
MPLAB ASM30 Assemblers. The software simulator
offers the flexibility to develop and debug code outside
of the hardware laboratory environment, making it an
excellent, economical software development tool.
The MPLIB Object Librarian manages the creation and
modification of library files of precompiled code. When
a routine from a library is called from a source file, only
the modules that contain that routine will be linked in
with the application. This allows large libraries to be
used efficiently in many different applications.
The object linker/library features include:
• Efficient linking of single libraries instead of many
smaller files
• Enhanced code maintainability by grouping
related modules together
• Flexible creation of libraries with easy module
listing, replacement, deletion and extraction
DS39881D-page 218
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
25.7
MPLAB ICE 2000
High-Performance
In-Circuit Emulator
The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator is intended
to provide the product development engineer with a
complete microcontroller design tool set for PIC
microcontrollers. Software control of the MPLAB ICE
2000 In-Circuit Emulator is advanced by the MPLAB
Integrated Development Environment, which allows
editing, building, downloading and source debugging
from a single environment.
The MPLAB ICE 2000 is a full-featured emulator
system with enhanced trace, trigger and data monitoring features. Interchangeable processor modules allow
the system to be easily reconfigured for emulation of
different processors. The architecture of the MPLAB
ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator allows expansion to
support new PIC microcontrollers.
The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator system has
been designed as a real-time emulation system with
advanced features that are typically found on more
expensive development tools. The PC platform and
Microsoft® Windows® 32-bit operating system were
chosen to best make these features available in a
simple, unified application.
25.8
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit
Emulator System
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System is
Microchip’s next generation high-speed emulator for
Microchip Flash DSC and MCU devices. It debugs and
programs PIC® Flash MCUs and dsPIC® Flash DSCs
with the easy-to-use, powerful graphical user interface of
the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE),
included with each kit.
The MPLAB REAL ICE probe is connected to the design
engineer’s PC using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and
is connected to the target with either a connector
compatible with the popular MPLAB ICD 2 system
(RJ11) or with the new high-speed, noise tolerant, LowVoltage Differential Signal (LVDS) interconnection
(CAT5).
25.9
MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger
Microchip’s In-Circuit Debugger, MPLAB ICD 2, is a
powerful, low-cost, run-time development tool,
connecting to the host PC via an RS-232 or high-speed
USB interface. This tool is based on the Flash PIC
MCUs and can be used to develop for these and other
PIC MCUs and dsPIC DSCs. The MPLAB ICD 2 utilizes
the in-circuit debugging capability built into the Flash
devices. This feature, along with Microchip’s In-Circuit
Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) protocol, offers costeffective, in-circuit Flash debugging from the graphical
user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment. This enables a designer to develop and
debug source code by setting breakpoints, single stepping and watching variables, and CPU status and
peripheral registers. Running at full speed enables
testing hardware and applications in real time. MPLAB
ICD 2 also serves as a development programmer for
selected PIC devices.
25.10 MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
The MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer is a universal,
CE compliant device programmer with programmable
voltage verification at VDDMIN and VDDMAX for
maximum reliability. It features a large LCD display
(128 x 64) for menus and error messages and a modular, detachable socket assembly to support various
package types. The ICSP™ cable assembly is included
as a standard item. In Stand-Alone mode, the MPLAB
PM3 Device Programmer can read, verify and program
PIC devices without a PC connection. It can also set
code protection in this mode. The MPLAB PM3
connects to the host PC via an RS-232 or USB cable.
The MPLAB PM3 has high-speed communications and
optimized algorithms for quick programming of large
memory devices and incorporates an SD/MMC card for
file storage and secure data applications.
MPLAB REAL ICE is field upgradeable through future
firmware downloads in MPLAB IDE. In upcoming
releases of MPLAB IDE, new devices will be supported,
and new features will be added, such as software breakpoints and assembly code trace. MPLAB REAL ICE
offers significant advantages over competitive emulators
including low-cost, full-speed emulation, real-time
variable watches, trace analysis, complex breakpoints, a
ruggedized probe interface and long (up to three meters)
interconnection cables.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 219
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
25.11 PICSTART Plus Development
Programmer
25.13 Demonstration, Development and
Evaluation Boards
The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is an
easy-to-use, low-cost, prototype programmer. It
connects to the PC via a COM (RS-232) port. MPLAB
Integrated Development Environment software makes
using the programmer simple and efficient. The
PICSTART Plus Development Programmer supports
most PIC devices in DIP packages up to 40 pins.
Larger pin count devices, such as the PIC16C92X and
PIC17C76X, may be supported with an adapter socket.
The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is CE
compliant.
A wide variety of demonstration, development and
evaluation boards for various PIC MCUs and dsPIC
DSCs allows quick application development on fully functional systems. Most boards include prototyping areas for
adding custom circuitry and provide application firmware
and source code for examination and modification.
25.12 PICkit 2 Development Programmer
The PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer is a low-cost
programmer and selected Flash device debugger with
an easy-to-use interface for programming many of
Microchip’s baseline, mid-range and PIC18F families of
Flash memory microcontrollers. The PICkit 2 Starter Kit
includes a prototyping development board, twelve
sequential lessons, software and HI-TECH’s PICC™
Lite C compiler, and is designed to help get up to speed
quickly using PIC® microcontrollers. The kit provides
everything needed to program, evaluate and develop
applications using Microchip’s powerful, mid-range
Flash memory family of microcontrollers.
DS39881D-page 220
The boards support a variety of features, including LEDs,
temperature sensors, switches, speakers, RS-232
interfaces, LCD displays, potentiometers and additional
EEPROM memory.
The demonstration and development boards can be
used in teaching environments, for prototyping custom
circuits and for learning about various microcontroller
applications.
In addition to the PICDEM™ and dsPICDEM™ demonstration/development board series of circuits, Microchip
has a line of evaluation kits and demonstration software
for analog filter design, KEELOQ® security ICs, CAN,
IrDA®, PowerSmart battery management, SEEVAL®
evaluation system, Sigma-Delta ADC, flow rate
sensing, plus many more.
Check the Microchip web page (www.microchip.com)
for the complete list of demonstration, development
and evaluation kits.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
26.0
Note:
INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY
This chapter is a brief summary of the
PIC24F instruction set architecture, and is
not intended to be a comprehensive
reference source.
The PIC24F instruction set adds many enhancements
to the previous PIC® MCU instruction sets, while maintaining an easy migration from previous PIC MCU
instruction sets. Most instructions are a single program
memory word. Only three instructions require two
program memory locations.
Each single-word instruction is a 24-bit word divided
into an 8-bit opcode, which specifies the instruction
type and one or more operands, which further specify
the operation of the instruction. The instruction set is
highly orthogonal and is grouped into four basic
categories:
•
•
•
•
Word or byte-oriented operations
Bit-oriented operations
Literal operations
Control operations
• A literal value to be loaded into a W register or file
register (specified by the value of ‘k’)
• The W register or file register where the literal
value is to be loaded (specified by ‘Wb’ or ‘f’)
However, literal instructions that involve arithmetic or
logical operations use some of the following operands:
• The first source operand which is a register ‘Wb’
without any address modifier
• The second source operand which is a literal
value
• The destination of the result (only if not the same
as the first source operand) which is typically a
register ‘Wd’ with or without an address modifier
The control instructions may use some of the following
operands:
• A program memory address
• The mode of the table read and table write
instructions
Table 26-1 shows the general symbols used in
describing the instructions. The PIC24F instruction set
summary in Table 26-2 lists all the instructions, along
with the status flags affected by each instruction.
Most word or byte-oriented W register instructions
(including barrel shift instructions) have three
operands:
• The first source operand which is typically a
register ‘Wb’ without any address modifier
• The second source operand which is typically a
register ‘Ws’ with or without an address modifier
• The destination of the result which is typically a
register ‘Wd’ with or without an address modifier
However, word or byte-oriented file register instructions
have two operands:
• The file register specified by the value ‘f’
• The destination, which could either be the file
register ‘f’ or the W0 register, which is denoted as
‘WREG’
Most bit-oriented instructions (including
rotate/shift instructions) have two operands:
The literal instructions that involve data movement may
use some of the following operands:
simple
All instructions are a single word, except for certain
double-word instructions, which were made double-word instructions so that all the required information is available in these 48 bits. In the second word, the
8 MSbs are ‘0’s. If this second word is executed as an
instruction (by itself), it will execute as a NOP.
Most single-word instructions are executed in a single
instruction cycle, unless a conditional test is true or the
program counter is changed as a result of the instruction. In these cases, the execution takes two instruction
cycles, with the additional instruction cycle(s) executed
as a NOP. Notable exceptions are the BRA (unconditional/computed branch), indirect CALL/GOTO, all table
reads and writes, and RETURN/RETFIE instructions,
which are single-word instructions but take two or three
cycles.
Certain instructions that involve skipping over the subsequent instruction require either two or three cycles if
the skip is performed, depending on whether the
instruction being skipped is a single-word or two-word
instruction. Moreover, double-word moves require two
cycles. The double-word instructions execute in two
instruction cycles.
• The W register (with or without an address
modifier) or file register (specified by the value of
‘Ws’ or ‘f’)
• The bit in the W register or file register
(specified by a literal value or indirectly by the
contents of register ‘Wb’)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 221
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-1:
SYMBOLS USED IN OPCODE DESCRIPTIONS
Field
Description
#text
Means literal defined by “text”
(text)
Means “content of text”
[text]
Means “the location addressed by text”
{ }
Optional field or operation
<n:m>
Register bit field
.b
Byte mode selection
.d
Double-Word mode selection
.S
Shadow register select
.w
Word mode selection (default)
bit4
4-bit bit selection field (used in word addressed instructions) {0...15}
C, DC, N, OV, Z
MCU Status bits: Carry, Digit Carry, Negative, Overflow, Sticky Zero
Expr
Absolute address, label or expression (resolved by the linker)
f
File register address {0000h...1FFFh}
lit1
1-bit unsigned literal {0,1}
lit4
4-bit unsigned literal {0...15}
lit5
5-bit unsigned literal {0...31}
lit8
8-bit unsigned literal {0...255}
lit10
10-bit unsigned literal {0...255} for Byte mode, {0:1023} for Word mode
lit14
14-bit unsigned literal {0...16384}
lit16
16-bit unsigned literal {0...65535}
lit23
23-bit unsigned literal {0...8388608}; LSB must be ‘0’
None
Field does not require an entry, may be blank
PC
Program Counter
Slit10
10-bit signed literal {-512...511}
Slit16
16-bit signed literal {-32768...32767}
Slit6
6-bit signed literal {-16...16}
Wb
Base W register {W0..W15}
Wd
Destination W register { Wd, [Wd], [Wd++], [Wd--], [++Wd], [--Wd] }
Wdo
Destination W register 
{ Wnd, [Wnd], [Wnd++], [Wnd--], [++Wnd], [--Wnd], [Wnd+Wb] }
Wm,Wn
Dividend, Divisor working register pair (direct addressing)
Wn
One of 16 working registers {W0..W15}
Wnd
One of 16 destination working registers {W0..W15}
Wns
One of 16 source working registers {W0..W15}
WREG
W0 (working register used in file register instructions)
Ws
Source W register { Ws, [Ws], [Ws++], [Ws--], [++Ws], [--Ws] }
Wso
Source W register { Wns, [Wns], [Wns++], [Wns--], [++Wns], [--Wns], [Wns+Wb] }
DS39881D-page 222
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-2:
INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW
Assembly
Mnemonic
ADD
ADDC
AND
ASR
BCLR
BRA
BSET
BSW
BTG
BTSC
Assembly Syntax
Description
# of
Words
# of
Cycles
Status Flags
Affected
ADD
f
f = f + WREG
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADD
f,WREG
WREG = f + WREG
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADD
#lit10,Wn
Wd = lit10 + Wd
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADD
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb + Ws
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADD
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb + lit5
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADDC
f
f = f + WREG + (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADDC
f,WREG
WREG = f + WREG + (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADDC
#lit10,Wn
Wd = lit10 + Wd + (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADDC
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb + Ws + (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
ADDC
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb + lit5 + (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
AND
f
f = f .AND. WREG
1
1
N, Z
AND
f,WREG
WREG = f .AND. WREG
1
1
N, Z
AND
#lit10,Wn
Wd = lit10 .AND. Wd
1
1
N, Z
AND
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb .AND. Ws
1
1
N, Z
AND
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb .AND. lit5
1
1
N, Z
ASR
f
f = Arithmetic Right Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
ASR
f,WREG
WREG = Arithmetic Right Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
ASR
Ws,Wd
Wd = Arithmetic Right Shift Ws
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
ASR
Wb,Wns,Wnd
Wnd = Arithmetic Right Shift Wb by Wns
1
1
N, Z
ASR
Wb,#lit5,Wnd
Wnd = Arithmetic Right Shift Wb by lit5
1
1
N, Z
BCLR
f,#bit4
Bit Clear f
1
1
None
BCLR
Ws,#bit4
Bit Clear Ws
1
1
None
BRA
C,Expr
Branch if Carry
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
GE,Expr
Branch if Greater than or Equal
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
GEU,Expr
Branch if Unsigned Greater than or Equal
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
GT,Expr
Branch if Greater than
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
GTU,Expr
Branch if Unsigned Greater than
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
LE,Expr
Branch if Less than or Equal
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
LEU,Expr
Branch if Unsigned Less than or Equal
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
LT,Expr
Branch if Less than
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
LTU,Expr
Branch if Unsigned Less than
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
N,Expr
Branch if Negative
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
NC,Expr
Branch if Not Carry
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
NN,Expr
Branch if Not Negative
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
NOV,Expr
Branch if Not Overflow
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
NZ,Expr
Branch if Not Zero
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
OV,Expr
Branch if Overflow
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
Expr
Branch Unconditionally
1
2
None
BRA
Z,Expr
Branch if Zero
1
1 (2)
None
BRA
Wn
Computed Branch
1
2
None
BSET
f,#bit4
Bit Set f
1
1
None
BSET
Ws,#bit4
Bit Set Ws
1
1
None
BSW.C
Ws,Wb
Write C bit to Ws<Wb>
1
1
None
BSW.Z
Ws,Wb
Write Z bit to Ws<Wb>
1
1
None
BTG
f,#bit4
Bit Toggle f
1
1
None
BTG
Ws,#bit4
Bit Toggle Ws
1
1
None
BTSC
f,#bit4
Bit Test f, Skip if Clear
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
BTSC
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws, Skip if Clear
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 223
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-2:
INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED)
Assembly
Mnemonic
BTSS
BTST
BTSTS
Assembly Syntax
Description
# of
Words
# of
Cycles
Status Flags
Affected
BTSS
f,#bit4
Bit Test f, Skip if Set
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
BTSS
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws, Skip if Set
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
BTST
f,#bit4
Bit Test f
1
1
Z
BTST.C
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws to C
1
1
C
BTST.Z
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws to Z
1
1
Z
BTST.C
Ws,Wb
Bit Test Ws<Wb> to C
1
1
C
Z
BTST.Z
Ws,Wb
Bit Test Ws<Wb> to Z
1
1
BTSTS
f,#bit4
Bit Test then Set f
1
1
Z
BTSTS.C
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws to C, then Set
1
1
C
BTSTS.Z
Ws,#bit4
Bit Test Ws to Z, then Set
1
1
Z
CALL
CALL
lit23
Call Subroutine
2
2
None
CALL
Wn
Call Indirect Subroutine
1
2
None
CLR
CLR
f
f = 0x0000
1
1
None
CLR
WREG
WREG = 0x0000
1
1
None
CLR
Ws
Ws = 0x0000
1
1
None
Clear Watchdog Timer
1
1
WDTO, Sleep
CLRWDT
CLRWDT
COM
COM
f
f=f
1
1
N, Z
COM
f,WREG
WREG = f
1
1
N, Z
COM
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws
1
1
N, Z
CP
f
Compare f with WREG
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CP
Wb,#lit5
Compare Wb with lit5
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CP
Wb,Ws
Compare Wb with Ws (Wb – Ws)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CP0
CP0
f
Compare f with 0x0000
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CP0
Ws
Compare Ws with 0x0000
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CPB
CPB
f
Compare f with WREG, with Borrow
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CPB
Wb,#lit5
Compare Wb with lit5, with Borrow
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CPB
Wb,Ws
Compare Wb with Ws, with Borrow
(Wb – Ws – C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CPSEQ
CPSEQ
Wb,Wn
Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if =
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
CPSGT
CPSGT
Wb,Wn
Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if >
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
CPSLT
CPSLT
Wb,Wn
Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if <
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
CPSNE
CPSNE
Wb,Wn
Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if 
1
1
None
(2 or 3)
DAW
DAW
Wn
Wn = Decimal Adjust Wn
1
1
DEC
DEC
f
f = f –1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
DEC
f,WREG
WREG = f –1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
CP
C
DEC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws – 1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
DEC2
f
f=f–2
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
DEC2
f,WREG
WREG = f – 2
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
DEC2
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws – 2
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
DISI
DISI
#lit14
Disable Interrupts for k Instruction Cycles
1
1
None
DIV
DIV.SW
Wm,Wn
Signed 16/16-bit Integer Divide
1
18
N, Z, C, OV
DIV.SD
Wm,Wn
Signed 32/16-bit Integer Divide
1
18
N, Z, C, OV
DIV.UW
Wm,Wn
Unsigned 16/16-bit Integer Divide
1
18
N, Z, C, OV
DIV.UD
Wm,Wn
Unsigned 32/16-bit Integer Divide
1
18
N, Z, C, OV
EXCH
EXCH
Wns,Wnd
Swap Wns with Wnd
1
1
None
FF1L
FF1L
Ws,Wnd
Find First One from Left (MSb) Side
1
1
C
FF1R
FF1R
Ws,Wnd
Find First One from Right (LSb) Side
1
1
C
DEC2
DS39881D-page 224
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-2:
INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED)
Assembly
Mnemonic
GOTO
INC
INC2
Assembly Syntax
Description
# of
Words
# of
Cycles
Status Flags
Affected
GOTO
Expr
Go to Address
2
2
None
GOTO
Wn
Go to Indirect
1
2
None
INC
f
f=f+1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
INC
f,WREG
WREG = f + 1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
C, DC, N, OV, Z
INC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws + 1
1
1
INC2
f
f=f+2
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
INC2
f,WREG
WREG = f + 2
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
C, DC, N, OV, Z
INC2
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws + 2
1
1
IOR
f
f = f .IOR. WREG
1
1
N, Z
IOR
f,WREG
WREG = f .IOR. WREG
1
1
N, Z
IOR
#lit10,Wn
Wd = lit10 .IOR. Wd
1
1
N, Z
IOR
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb .IOR. Ws
1
1
N, Z
IOR
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb .IOR. lit5
1
1
N, Z
LNK
LNK
#lit14
Link Frame Pointer
1
1
None
LSR
LSR
f
f = Logical Right Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
LSR
f,WREG
WREG = Logical Right Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
LSR
Ws,Wd
Wd = Logical Right Shift Ws
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
LSR
Wb,Wns,Wnd
Wnd = Logical Right Shift Wb by Wns
1
1
N, Z
LSR
Wb,#lit5,Wnd
Wnd = Logical Right Shift Wb by lit5
1
1
N, Z
MOV
f,Wn
Move f to Wn
1
1
None
MOV
[Wns+Slit10],Wnd
Move [Wns+Slit10] to Wnd
1
1
None
MOV
f
Move f to f
1
1
N, Z
MOV
f,WREG
Move f to WREG
1
1
N, Z
MOV
#lit16,Wn
Move 16-bit Literal to Wn
1
1
None
MOV.b
#lit8,Wn
Move 8-bit Literal to Wn
1
1
None
MOV
Wn,f
Move Wn to f
1
1
None
MOV
Wns,[Wns+Slit10]
Move Wns to [Wns+Slit10]
1
1
MOV
Wso,Wdo
Move Ws to Wd
1
1
None
MOV
WREG,f
Move WREG to f
1
1
N, Z
MOV.D
Wns,Wd
Move Double from W(ns):W(ns+1) to Wd
1
2
None
MOV.D
Ws,Wnd
Move Double from Ws to W(nd+1):W(nd)
1
2
None
MUL.SS
Wb,Ws,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Signed(Ws)
1
1
None
MUL.SU
Wb,Ws,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Unsigned(Ws)
1
1
None
MUL.US
Wb,Ws,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Signed(Ws)
1
1
None
MUL.UU
Wb,Ws,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Unsigned(Ws)
1
1
None
MUL.SU
Wb,#lit5,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Unsigned(lit5)
1
1
None
MUL.UU
Wb,#lit5,Wnd
{Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Unsigned(lit5)
1
1
None
MUL
f
W3:W2 = f * WREG
1
1
None
NEG
f
f=f+1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
NEG
f,WREG
WREG = f + 1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
NEG
Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws + 1
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
NOP
No Operation
1
1
None
NOPR
No Operation
1
1
None
IOR
MOV
MUL
NEG
NOP
POP
POP
f
Pop f from Top-of-Stack (TOS)
1
1
None
POP
Wdo
Pop from Top-of-Stack (TOS) to Wdo
1
1
None
POP.D
Wnd
Pop from Top-of-Stack (TOS) to W(nd):W(nd+1)
1
2
None
Pop Shadow Registers
1
1
All
POP.S
PUSH
PUSH
f
Push f to Top-of-Stack (TOS)
1
1
None
PUSH
Wso
Push Wso to Top-of-Stack (TOS)
1
1
None
PUSH.D
Wns
Push W(ns):W(ns+1) to Top-of-Stack (TOS)
1
2
None
Push Shadow Registers
1
1
None
PUSH.S
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 225
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-2:
INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED)
Assembly
Mnemonic
Assembly Syntax
Description
# of
Words
# of
Cycles
Status Flags
Affected
PWRSAV
PWRSAV
#lit1
Go into Sleep or Idle mode
1
1
WDTO, Sleep
RCALL
RCALL
Expr
Relative Call
1
2
None
RCALL
Wn
Computed Call
1
2
None
REPEAT
REPEAT
#lit14
Repeat Next Instruction lit14 + 1 times
1
1
None
REPEAT
Wn
Repeat Next Instruction (Wn) + 1 times
1
1
None
RESET
RESET
Software Device Reset
1
1
None
RETFIE
RETFIE
Return from Interrupt
1
3 (2)
None
RETLW
RETLW
Return with Literal in Wn
1
3 (2)
None
RETURN
RETURN
Return from Subroutine
1
3 (2)
None
RLC
RLC
f
f = Rotate Left through Carry f
1
1
C, N, Z
RLC
f,WREG
WREG = Rotate Left through Carry f
1
1
C, N, Z
C, N, Z
RLNC
RRC
RRNC
#lit10,Wn
RLC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Rotate Left through Carry Ws
1
1
RLNC
f
f = Rotate Left (No Carry) f
1
1
N, Z
RLNC
f,WREG
WREG = Rotate Left (No Carry) f
1
1
N, Z
N, Z
RLNC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Rotate Left (No Carry) Ws
1
1
RRC
f
f = Rotate Right through Carry f
1
1
C, N, Z
RRC
f,WREG
WREG = Rotate Right through Carry f
1
1
C, N, Z
RRC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Rotate Right through Carry Ws
1
1
C, N, Z
RRNC
f
f = Rotate Right (No Carry) f
1
1
N, Z
RRNC
f,WREG
WREG = Rotate Right (No Carry) f
1
1
N, Z
RRNC
Ws,Wd
Wd = Rotate Right (No Carry) Ws
1
1
N, Z
SE
SE
Ws,Wnd
Wnd = Sign-Extended Ws
1
1
C, N, Z
SETM
SETM
f
f = FFFFh
1
1
None
SETM
WREG
WREG = FFFFh
1
1
None
SETM
Ws
Ws = FFFFh
1
1
None
SL
f
f = Left Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
SL
f,WREG
WREG = Left Shift f
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
SL
Ws,Wd
Wd = Left Shift Ws
1
1
C, N, OV, Z
SL
Wb,Wns,Wnd
Wnd = Left Shift Wb by Wns
1
1
N, Z
SL
Wb,#lit5,Wnd
Wnd = Left Shift Wb by lit5
1
1
N, Z
SUB
f
f = f – WREG
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUB
f,WREG
WREG = f – WREG
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUB
#lit10,Wn
Wn = Wn – lit10
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUB
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb – Ws
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUB
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb – lit5
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBB
f
f = f – WREG – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SL
SUB
SUBB
SUBR
SUBBR
SWAP
TBLRDH
SUBB
f,WREG
WREG = f – WREG – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBB
#lit10,Wn
Wn = Wn – lit10 – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBB
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb – Ws – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBB
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb – lit5 – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBR
f
f = WREG – f
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBR
f,WREG
WREG = WREG – f
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBR
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws – Wb
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBR
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = lit5 – Wb
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBBR
f
f = WREG – f – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBBR
f,WREG
WREG = WREG – f – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBBR
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Ws – Wb – (C)
1
1
C, DC, N, OV, Z
C, DC, N, OV, Z
SUBBR
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = lit5 – Wb – (C)
1
1
SWAP.b
Wn
Wn = Nibble Swap Wn
1
1
None
SWAP
Wn
Wn = Byte Swap Wn
1
1
None
TBLRDH
Ws,Wd
Read Prog<23:16> to Wd<7:0>
1
2
None
DS39881D-page 226
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 26-2:
INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED)
Assembly
Mnemonic
Assembly Syntax
Description
# of
Words
# of
Cycles
Status Flags
Affected
TBLRDL
TBLRDL
Ws,Wd
Read Prog<15:0> to Wd
1
2
None
TBLWTH
TBLWTH
Ws,Wd
Write Ws<7:0> to Prog<23:16>
1
2
None
TBLWTL
TBLWTL
Ws,Wd
Write Ws to Prog<15:0>
1
2
None
ULNK
ULNK
Unlink Frame Pointer
1
1
None
XOR
XOR
f
f = f .XOR. WREG
1
1
N, Z
XOR
f,WREG
WREG = f .XOR. WREG
1
1
N, Z
XOR
#lit10,Wn
Wd = lit10 .XOR. Wd
1
1
N, Z
XOR
Wb,Ws,Wd
Wd = Wb .XOR. Ws
1
1
N, Z
XOR
Wb,#lit5,Wd
Wd = Wb .XOR. lit5
1
1
N, Z
ZE
Ws,Wnd
Wnd = Zero-Extend Ws
1
1
C, Z, N
ZE
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 227
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 228
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
27.0
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
This section provides an overview of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family electrical characteristics. Additional information will
be provided in future revisions of this document as it becomes available.
Absolute maximum ratings for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are listed below. Exposure to these maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Functional operation of the device at these, or any other
conditions above the parameters indicated in the operation listings of this specification, is not implied.
Absolute Maximum Ratings(†)
Ambient temperature under bias.............................................................................................................-40°C to +135°C
Storage temperature .............................................................................................................................. -65°C to +150°C
Voltage on VDD with respect to VSS ......................................................................................................... -0.3V to +4.0V
Voltage on any combined analog and digital pin and MCLR, with respect to VSS ......................... -0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V)
Voltage on any digital only pin with respect to VSS .................................................................................. -0.3V to +6.0V
Voltage on VDDCORE with respect to VSS ................................................................................................. -0.3V to +3.0V
Maximum current out of VSS pin ...........................................................................................................................300 mA
Maximum current into VDD pin (Note 1)................................................................................................................250 mA
Maximum output current sunk by any I/O pin..........................................................................................................25 mA
Maximum output current sourced by any I/O pin ....................................................................................................25 mA
Maximum current sunk by all ports .......................................................................................................................200 mA
Maximum current sourced by all ports (Note 1)....................................................................................................200 mA
Note 1: Maximum allowable current is a function of device maximum power dissipation (see Table 27-1).
†NOTICE: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the
device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those
indicated in the operation listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for
extended periods may affect device reliability.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 229
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
27.1
DC Characteristics
FIGURE 27-1:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY VOLTAGE-FREQUENCY GRAPH (INDUSTRIAL)
3.00V
Voltage (VDDCORE)(1)
2.75V
2.75V
2.50V
PIC24FJ64GA004/32GA004/64GA002/32GA002
2.35V
2.25V
2.00V
32 MHz
16 MHz
Frequency
For frequencies between 16 MHz and 32 MHz, FMAX = (45.7 MHz/V) * (VDDCORE – 2V) + 16 MHz.
WHEN the voltage regulator is disabled, VDD and VDDCORE must be maintained so that
VDDCOREVDD3.6V.
Note 1:
FIGURE 27-2:
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY VOLTAGE-FREQUENCY GRAPH
(EXTENDED TEMPERATURE)
3.00V
Voltage (VDDCORE)(1)
2.75V
2.50V
2.75V
PIC24FJ64GA004/32GA004/64GA002/32GA002
2.35V
2.25V
2.00V
16 MHz
24 MHz
Frequency
For frequencies between 16 MHz and 24 MHz, FMAX = (22.9 MHz/V) * (VDDCORE – 2V) + 16 MHz.
Note 1:
DS39881D-page 230
WHEN the voltage regulator is disabled, VDD and VDDCORE must be maintained so that
VDDCOREVDD3.6V.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-1:
THERMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS
Rating
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Operating Junction Temperature Range
TJ
-40
—
+140
°C
Operating Ambient Temperature Range
TA
-40
—
+125
°C
PIC24FJ64GA004 Family:
Power Dissipation:
Internal Chip Power Dissipation:
PINT = VDD x (IDD –  IOH)
PD
PINT + PI/O
W
PDMAX
(TJ – TA)/JA
W
I/O Pin Power Dissipation:
PI/O =  ({VDD – VOH} x IOH) +  (VOL x IOL)
Maximum Allowed Power Dissipation
TABLE 27-2:
THERMAL PACKAGING CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Symbol
Typ
Max
Unit
Notes
Package Thermal Resistance, 300 mil SOIC
JA
49
—
°C/W
(Note 1)
Package Thermal Resistance, 6x6x0.9 mm QFN
JA
33.7
—
°C/W
(Note 1)
Package Thermal Resistance, 8x8x1 mm QFN
JA
28
—
°C/W
(Note 1)
Package Thermal Resistance, 10x10x1 mm TQFP
JA
39.3
—
°C/W
(Note 1)
Note 1:
Junction to ambient thermal resistance, Theta-JA (JA) numbers are achieved by package simulations.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 231
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-3:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: TEMPERATURE AND VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
Symbol
No.
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
VDD
2.2
—
3.6
V
Regulator enabled
VDD
VDDCORE
—
3.6
V
Regulator disabled
2.0
—
2.75
V
Regulator disabled
Characteristic
Conditions
Operating Voltage
DC10
Supply Voltage
VDDCORE
DC12
VDR
RAM Data Retention
Voltage(2)
1.5
—
—
V
DC16
VPOR
VDD Start Voltage
to ensure internal
Power-on Reset signal
—
VSS
—
V
DC17
SVDD
VDD Rise Rate
to ensure internal
Power-on Reset signal
0.05
—
—
V/ms
Note 1:
2:
0-3.3V in 0.1s
0-2.5V in 60 ms
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered without losing RAM data.
DS39881D-page 232
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-4:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: OPERATING CURRENT (IDD)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter No.
Typical(1)
Max
Operating Current (IDD): PMD Bits are
Units
Conditions
Set(2)
DC20
0.650
0.850
mA
-40°C
DC20a
0.650
0.850
mA
+25°C
DC20b
0.650
0.850
mA
+85°C
DC20c
0.650
0.850
mA
+125°C
DC20d
1.2
1.6
mA
-40°C
DC20e
1.2
1.6
mA
+25°C
DC20f
1.2
1.6
mA
+85°C
DC20g
1.2
1.6
mA
+125°C
DC23
2.6
3.4
mA
-40°C
DC23a
2.6
3.4
mA
+25°C
DC23b
2.6
3.4
mA
+85°C
DC23c
2.6
3.4
mA
+125°C
DC23d
4.1
5.4
mA
-40°C
DC23e
4.1
5.4
mA
+25°C
DC23f
4.1
5.4
mA
+85°C
DC23g
4.1
5.4
mA
+125°C
DC24
13.5
17.6
mA
-40°C
DC24a
13.5
17.6
mA
+25°C
DC24b
13.5
17.6
mA
+85°C
DC24c
13.5
17.6
mA
+125°C
DC24d
15
20
mA
-40°C
DC24e
15
20
mA
+25°C
DC24f
15
20
mA
+85°C
DC24g
15
20
mA
+125°C
DC31
13
17
A
-40°C
DC31a
13
17
A
+25°C
DC31b
20
26
A
+85°C
DC31c
40
50
A
+125°C
DC31d
54
70
A
-40°C
DC31e
54
70
A
+25°C
DC31f
95
124
A
+85°C
DC31g
120
260
A
+125°C
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
2.0V(3)
1 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
4 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.5V(3)
16 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
LPRC (31 kHz)
3.3V(4)
Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and
are not tested.
The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors, such as I/O pin loading
and switching rate, oscillator type, internal code execution pattern and temperature, also have an impact on the
current consumption. The test conditions for all IDD measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square
wave from rail to rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD.
MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU, SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No
peripheral modules are operating and all of the Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set.
On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD).
On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect
(BOD) are enabled.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 233
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-5:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: IDLE CURRENT (IIDLE)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
No.
Typical(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
Idle Current (IIDLE): Core Off, Clock On Base Current, PMD Bits are Set(2)
DC40
150
200
A
-40°C
DC40a
150
200
A
+25°C
DC40b
150
200
A
+85°C
DC40c
165
220
A
+125°C
DC40d
250
325
A
-40°C
DC40e
250
325
A
+25°C
DC40f
250
325
A
+85°C
+125°C
DC40g
275
360
A
DC43
0.55
0.72
mA
-40°C
DC43a
0.55
0.72
mA
+25°C
DC43b
0.55
0.72
mA
+85°C
DC43c
0.60
0.8
mA
+125°C
DC43d
0.82
1.1
mA
-40°C
DC43e
0.82
1.1
mA
+25°C
DC43f
0.82
1.1
mA
+85°C
DC43g
0.91
1.2
mA
+125°C
DC47
3
4
mA
-40°C
DC47a
3
4
mA
+25°C
DC47b
3
4
mA
+85°C
DC47c
3.3
4.4
mA
+125°C
DC47d
3.5
4.6
mA
-40°C
DC47e
3.5
4.6
mA
+25°C
DC47f
3.5
4.6
mA
+85°C
DC47g
3.9
5.1
mA
+125°C
DC50
0.85
1.1
mA
-40°C
DC50a
0.85
1.1
mA
+25°C
DC50b
0.85
1.1
mA
+85°C
DC50c
0.94
1.2
mA
+125°C
DC50d
1.2
1.6
mA
-40°C
DC50e
1.2
1.6
mA
+25°C
DC50f
1.2
1.6
mA
+85°C
1.3
1.8
mA
+125°C
DC50g
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
2.0V(3)
1 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
4 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.5V(3)
16 MIPS
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
FRC (4 MIPS)
3.3V(4)
Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and
are not tested.
The test conditions for all IIDLE measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square wave from rail to
rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD. MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU,
SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No peripheral modules are operating and all of the
Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set.
On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD).
On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect
(BOD) are enabled.
DS39881D-page 234
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-5:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: IDLE CURRENT (IIDLE) (CONTINUED)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
No.
Typical(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
Idle Current (IIDLE): Core Off, Clock On Base Current, PMD Bits are Set(2)
DC51
4
6
A
-40°C
DC51a
4
6
A
+25°C
DC51b
8
16
A
+85°C
DC51c
20
50
A
+125°C
DC51d
42
55
A
-40°C
DC51e
42
55
A
+25°C
DC51f
70
91
A
+85°C
DC51g
100
180
A
+125°C
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
2.0V(3)
LPRC (31 kHz)
3.3V(4)
Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and
are not tested.
The test conditions for all IIDLE measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square wave from rail to
rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD. MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU,
SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No peripheral modules are operating and all of the
Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set.
On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD).
On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect
(BOD) are enabled.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 235
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-6:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: POWER-DOWN CURRENT (IPD)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
No.
Typical(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
Power-Down Current (IPD): PMD Bits are Set, VREGS Bit is ‘0’(2)
DC60
0.1
1
A
-40°C
DC60a
0.15
1
A
+25°C
DC60m
2.2
7.4
A
+60°C
DC60b
3.7
12
A
+85°C
DC60j
15
50
A
+125°C
DC60c
0.2
1
A
-40°C
DC60d
0.25
1
A
+25°C
DC60n
2.6
15
A
+60°C
DC60e
4.2
25
A
+85°C
DC60k
16
100
A
+125°C
DC60f
3.3
9
A
-40°C
DC60g
3.5
10
A
+25°C
DC60o
6.7
22
A
+60°C
DC60h
9
30
A
+85°C
DC60l
36
120
A
+125°C
DC61
1.75
3
A
-40°C
DC61a
1.75
3
A
+25°C
DC61m
1.75
3
A
+60°C
DC61b
1.75
3
A
+85°C
DC61j
3.5
6
A
+125°C
DC61c
2.4
4
A
-40°C
DC61d
2.4
4
A
+25°C
DC61n
2.4
4
A
+60°C
DC61e
2.4
4
A
+85°C
+125°C
DC61k
4.8
8
A
DC61f
2.8
5
A
-40°C
DC61g
2.8
5
A
+25°C
DC61o
2.8
5
A
+60°C
DC61h
2.8
5
A
+85°C
5.6
10
A
+125°C
DC61l
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
2.0V(3)
2.5V(3)
Base Power-Down Current(5)
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
2.5V(3)
Watchdog Timer Current: IWDT(5)
3.3V(4)
Data in the Typical column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
Base IPD is measured with all peripherals and clocks shut down. All I/Os are configured as inputs and pulled
high. WDT, etc., are all switched off.
On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD).
On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect
(BOD) are enabled.
The  current is the additional current consumed when the module is enabled. This current should be added to
the base IPD current.
DS39881D-page 236
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-6:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: POWER-DOWN CURRENT (IPD) (CONTINUED)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
No.
Typical(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
Power-Down Current (IPD): PMD Bits are Set, VREGS Bit is ‘0’(2)
DC62
8
16
A
-40°C
DC62a
12
16
A
+25°C
DC62m
12
16
A
+60°C
DC62b
12
16
A
+85°C
DC62j
18
23
A
+125°C
DC62c
9
16
A
-40°C
DC62d
12
16
A
+25°C
DC62n
12
16
A
+60°C
DC62e
12.5
16
A
+85°C
DC62k
20
25
A
+125°C
DC62f
10.3
18
A
-40°C
DC62g
13.4
18
A
+25°C
DC62o
14.0
18
A
+60°C
DC62h
14.2
18
A
+85°C
DC62l
23
28
A
+125°C
DC63
2
—
A
-40°C
DC63a
2
—
A
+25°C
DC63b
6
—
A
+85°C
DC63c
2
—
A
-40°C
DC63d
2
—
A
+25°C
DC63e
7
—
A
+85°C
DC63f
2
—
A
-40°C
DC63g
3
—
A
+25°C
DC63h
7
—
A
+85°C
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
2.0V(3)
2.5V(3)
RTCC + Timer1 w/32 kHz Crystal:
RTCC ITI32(5)
3.3V(4)
2.0V(3)
2.5V(3)
RTCC + Timer1 w/Low-Power
32 kHz Crystal (SOCSEL<1:0> =
01): RTCC ITI32(5)
3.3V(4)
Data in the Typical column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
Base IPD is measured with all peripherals and clocks shut down. All I/Os are configured as inputs and pulled
high. WDT, etc., are all switched off.
On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD).
On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect
(BOD) are enabled.
The  current is the additional current consumed when the module is enabled. This current should be added to
the base IPD current.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 237
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-7:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: I/O PIN INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
DC CHARACTERISTICS
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Param
No.
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
I/O Pins
VSS
—
0.2 VDD
V
DI11
PMP Pins
VSS
—
0.15 VDD
V
DI15
MCLR
VSS
—
0.2 VDD
V
Sym
VIL
DI10
Characteristic
Conditions
Input Low Voltage(4)
DI16
OSCI (XT mode)
VSS
—
0.2 VDD
V
DI17
OSCI (HS mode)
VSS
—
0.2 VDD
V
2C™
Buffer
PMPTTL = 1
VSS
—
0.3 VDD
V
SMBus disabled
VSS
—
0.8
V
SMBus enabled
I/O Pins:
with Analog Functions
Digital Only
0.8 VDD
0.8 VDD
—
—
VDD
5.5
V
V
PMP Pins:
with Analog Functions
Digital Only
0.25 VDD + 0.8
0.25 VDD + 0.8
—
—
VDD
5.5
V
V
MCLR
0.8 VDD
—
VDD
V
DI26
OSCI (XT mode)
0.7 VDD
—
VDD
V
DI27
OSCI (HS mode)
0.7 VDD
—
VDD
V
DI28
2C
I/O Pins with I Buffer:
with Analog Functions
Digital Only
0.7 VDD
0.7 VDD
—
—
VDD
5.5
V
V
I/O Pins with SMBus
Buffer:
with Analog Functions
Digital Only
2.1
2.1
—
—
VDD
5.5
V
v
2.5V  VPIN  VDD
50
250
400
A
VDD = 3.3V, VPIN = VSS
DI18
I/O Pins with I
DI19
I/O Pins with SMBus
Buffer
VIH
DI20
DI21
DI25
DI29
DI30
Input High Voltage(4)
ICNPU CNxx Pull-up Current
IIL
PMPTTL = 1
Input Leakage Current(2,3)
DI50
I/O Ports
—
—
+1
A
VSS  VPIN  VDD,
Pin at high-impedance
DI51
Analog Input Pins
—
—
+1
A
VSS  VPIN  VDD,
Pin at high-impedance
DI55
MCLR
—
—
+1
A
VSS VPIN VDD
DI56
OSCI
—
—
+1
A
VSS VPIN VDD,
XT and HS modes
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
The leakage current on the MCLR pin is strongly dependent on the applied voltage level. The specified
levels represent normal operating conditions. Higher leakage current may be measured at different input
voltages.
Negative current is defined as current sourced by the pin.
Refer to Table 1-2 for I/O pin buffer types.
DS39881D-page 238
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-8:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: I/O PIN OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
VOL
DO10
All I/O pins
VOH
DO20
All I/O pins
Max
Units
—
—
0.4
V
—
—
0.4
V
IOL = 5.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V
—
—
0.4
V
IOL = 8.0 mA, VDD = 3.6V, 125°C
—
—
0.4
V
IOL = 4.5 mA, VDD = 2.0V, 125°C
IOH = -3.0 mA, VDD = 3.6V
Conditions
IOL = 8.5 mA, VDD = 3.6V
3
—
—
V
1.65
—
—
V
IOH = -1.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V
3
—
—
V
IOH = -2.5 mA, VDD = 3.6V, 125°C
1.65
—
—
V
IOH = -0.5 mA, VDD = 2.0V, 125°C
Data in “Typ” column is at 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not
tested.
TABLE 27-9:
DC CHARACTERISTICS: PROGRAM MEMORY
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Typ(1)
Output High Voltage
All I/O pins
DO26
Min
Output Low Voltage
All I/O pins
DO16
Note 1:
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Sym
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
Program Flash Memory
D130
EP
Cell Endurance
10000
—
—
E/W
D131
VPR
VDD for Read
VMIN
—
3.6
V
D132B
VPEW
VDDCORE for Self-Timed
Write
2.25
—
2.75
V
D133A
TIW
Self-Timed Write Cycle
Time
—
3
—
ms
D134
TRETD Characteristic Retention
20
—
—
Year
D135
IDDP
—
7
—
mA
Note 1:
Supply Current during
Programming
-40C to +125C
VMIN = Minimum operating voltage
Provided no other specifications are
violated
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 239
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-10: INTERNAL VOLTAGE REGULATOR SPECIFICATIONS
Operating Conditions: -40°C < TA < +125°C (unless otherwise stated)
Param
No.
Symbol
2:
Min
Typ
Max
Units
—
2.5
—
V
Comments
VRGOUT
Regulator Output Voltage
VBG
Band Gap Reference Voltage
—
1.23
—
V
CEFC
External Filter Capacitor Value
4.7
10
—
F
Series resistance < 3 Ohm
recommended;
< 5 Ohm required.
TVREG
Voltage Regulator Start-up
Time
—
10
—
s
POR, BOR or when
VREGS = 1
—
25
—
s
VREGS = 0,
WUTSEL<1:0> = 01(1)
—
190
—
s
VREGS = 0,
WUTSEL<1:0> = 11(2)
—
64
—
ms
DISVREG = VDD
TPWRT
Note 1:
Characteristics
Available only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h
or greater).
WUTSEL Configuration bits setting is applicable only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or
later. This specification also applies to all devices prior to revision level B whenever VREGS = 0.
DS39881D-page 240
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
27.2
AC Characteristics and Timing Parameters
The information contained in this section defines the PIC24FJ64GA004 family AC characteristics and timing
parameters.
TABLE 27-11: TEMPERATURE AND VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS – AC
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Operating voltage VDD range as described in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”.
AC CHARACTERISTICS
FIGURE 27-3:
LOAD CONDITIONS FOR DEVICE TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
Load Condition 1 – for all pins except OSCO
Load Condition 2 – for OSCO
VDD/2
CL
Pin
RL
VSS
CL
Pin
RL = 464
CL = 50 pF for all pins except OSCO
15 pF for OSCO output
VSS
TABLE 27-12: CAPACITIVE LOADING REQUIREMENTS ON OUTPUT PINS
Param
Symbol
No.
DO50
Characteristic
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
15
pF
In XT and HS modes when
external clock is used to drive
OSCI.
COSC2
OSCO/CLKO pin
—
—
DO56
CIO
All I/O Pins and OSCO
—
—
50
pF
EC mode.
DO58
CB
SCLx, SDAx
—
—
400
pF
In I2C™ mode.
Note 1:
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 241
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 27-4:
EXTERNAL CLOCK TIMING
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
OSCI
OS20
OS30
OS31
OS30
OS31
OS25
CLKO
OS40
OS41
TABLE 27-13: EXTERNAL CLOCK TIMING REQUIREMENTS
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
Sym
No.
OS10
Characteristic
FOSC External CLKI Frequency
(External clocks allowed
only in EC mode)
Oscillator Frequency
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0 to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
DC
4
DC
4
—
—
—
—
32
8
24
6
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
EC, -40°C  TA  +85°C
ECPLL, -40°C  TA  +85°C
EC, -40°C  TA  +125°C
ECPLL, -40°C  TA  +125°C
3
3
10
31
3
10
—
—
—
—
—
—
10
8
32
33
6
24
MHz
MHz
MHz
kHz
MHz
MHz
XT
XTPLL, -40°C  TA  +85°C
HS, -40°C  TA  +85°C
SOSC
XTPLL, -40°C  TA  +125°C
HS, -40°C  TA  +125°C
—
—
—
—
Conditions
OS20
TOSC TOSC = 1/FOSC
OS25
TCY
62.5
—
DC
ns
OS30
TosL, External Clock in (OSCI)
TosH High or Low Time
0.45 x TOSC
—
—
ns
EC
OS31
TosR, External Clock in (OSCI)
TosF Rise or Fall Time
—
—
20
ns
EC
OS40
TckR
CLKO Rise Time(3)
—
6
10
ns
OS41
TckF
CLKO Fall Time(3)
—
6
10
ns
Note 1:
2:
3:
Instruction Cycle Time(2)
See parameter OS10
for FOSC value
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
Instruction cycle period (TCY) equals two times the input oscillator time base period. All specified values are
based on characterization data for that particular oscillator type under standard operating conditions with
the device executing code. Exceeding these specified limits may result in an unstable oscillator operation
and/or higher than expected current consumption. All devices are tested to operate at “Min.” values with an
external clock applied to the OSCI/CLKI pin. When an external clock input is used, the “Max.” cycle time
limit is “DC” (no clock) for all devices.
Measurements are taken in EC mode. The CLKO signal is measured on the OSCO pin. CLKO is low for the
Q1-Q2 period (1/2 TCY) and high for the Q3-Q4 period (1/2 TCY).
DS39881D-page 242
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-14: PLL CLOCK TIMING SPECIFICATIONS (VDD = 2.0V TO 3.6V)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
OS50
Characteristic(1)
PLL Input Frequency
Range
FPLLI
Typ(2)
Max
Units
3
—
8
MHz
3
—
6
MHz
8
8
—
—
32
24
MHz
MHz
OS51
FSYS
OS52
TLOCK PLL Start-up Time
(Lock Time)
—
—
2
ms
OS53
DCLK
-2
1
2
%
Note 1:
2:
PLL Output Frequency
Range
Min
CLKO Stability (Jitter)
Conditions
ECPLL, HSPLL, XTPLL
modes, -40°C  TA  +85°C
ECPLL, HSPLL, XTPLL
modes, -40°C  TA  +125°C
-40°C  TA  +85°C
-40°C  TA  +125°C
Measured over 100 ms period
These parameters are characterized but not tested in manufacturing.
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
TABLE 27-15: AC CHARACTERISTICS: INTERNAL RC ACCURACY
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
-2
—
2
%
25°C
-5
—
5
%
-40°C  TA +125°C
Internal FRC Accuracy @ 8 MHz(1)
F20
FRC
Note 1:
3.0V  VDD  3.6V
Frequency calibrated at 25°C and 3.3V. OSCTUN bits can be used to compensate for temperature drift.
TABLE 27-16: INTERNAL RC ACCURACY
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
-15
—
15
%
25°C
-15
—
15
%
-40°C  TA +85°C
-20
—
20
%
125°C
LPRC @ 31 kHz(1)
F21
Note 1:
3.0V  VDD  3.6V
Change of LPRC frequency as VDD changes.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 243
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
FIGURE 27-5:
CLKO AND I/O TIMING CHARACTERISTICS
I/O Pin
(Input)
DI35
DI40
I/O Pin
(Output)
New Value
Old Value
DO31
DO32
Note: Refer to Figure 27-3 for load conditions.
TABLE 27-17: CLKO AND I/O TIMING REQUIREMENTS
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
DO31
TIOR
Port Output Rise Time
—
10
25
ns
DO32
TIOF
Port Output Fall Time
—
10
25
ns
DI35
TINP
INTx pin High or Low
Time (output)
20
—
—
ns
DI40
TRBP
CNx High or Low Time
(input)
2
—
—
TCY
Note 1:
Conditions
Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated.
DS39881D-page 244
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-18: ADC MODULE SPECIFICATIONS
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V
(unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Symbol
Characteristic
Min.
Typ
Max.
Units
Conditions
Device Supply
AD01
AVDD
Module VDD Supply
Greater of
VDD – 0.3
or 2.0
—
Lesser of
VDD + 0.3
or 3.6
V
AD02
AVSS
Module VSS Supply
VSS – 0.3
—
VSS + 0.3
V
Reference Inputs
AD05
VREFH
Reference Voltage High
AVSS + 1.7
—
AVDD
V
AD06
VREFL
Reference Voltage Low
AVSS
—
AVDD – 1.7
V
AD07
VREF
Absolute Reference
Voltage
AVSS – 0.3
—
AVDD + 0.3
V
Analog Input
AD10
VINH-VINL Full-Scale Input Span
VREFL
—
VREFH
V
AD11
VIN
Absolute Input Voltage
AVSS – 0.3
—
AVDD + 0.3
V
AD12
VINL
Absolute VINL Input
Voltage
AVSS – 0.3
AVDD/2
V
AD17
RIN
Recommended Impedance
of Analog Voltage Source
2.5K

—
—
(Note 2)
—
10-bit
ADC Accuracy
AD20b Nr
Resolution
—
10
—
bits
AD21b INL
Integral Nonlinearity
—
±1
<±2
LSb
VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V,
AVDD = VREFH = 3V
AD22b DNL
Differential Nonlinearity
—
±1
<±1.25
LSb
VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V,
AVDD = VREFH = 3V
AD23b GERR
Gain Error
—
±1
±3
LSb
VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V,
AVDD = VREFH = 3V
AD24b EOFF
Offset Error
—
±1
±2
LSb
VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V,
AVDD = VREFH = 3V
AD25b —
Monotonicity(1)
—
—
—
—
Note 1:
2:
Guaranteed
The ADC conversion result never decreases with an increase in the input voltage and has no missing codes.
Measurements taken with external VREF+ and VREF- used as the ADC voltage reference.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 245
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
TABLE 27-19: ADC CONVERSION TIMING REQUIREMENTS(1)
Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V
(unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C  TA  +85°C for Industrial
AC CHARACTERISTICS
-40°C  TA  +125°C for Extended
Param
No.
Symbol
Characteristic
Min.
Typ
Max.
Units
Conditions
TCY = 75 ns, AD1CON3
in default state
Clock Parameters
AD50
TAD
ADC Clock Period
75
—
—
ns
AD51
tRC
ADC Internal RC Oscillator
Period
—
250
—
ns
Conversion Rate
AD55
tCONV
Conversion Time
—
12
—
TAD
AD56
FCNV
Throughput Rate
—
—
500
ksps
AD57
tSAMP
Sample Time
—
1
—
TAD
AD61
tPSS
Sample Start Delay from setting
Sample bit (SAMP)
—
3
TAD
AVDD  2.7V
Clock Parameters
Note 1:
2
Because the sample caps will eventually lose charge, clock rates below 10 kHz can affect linearity
performance, especially at elevated temperatures.
DS39881D-page 246
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
28.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
28.1
Package Marking Information
Example
28-Lead SPDIP
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
28-Lead SSOP
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
24FJ16GA002
/SS e3
0810017
28-Lead SOIC (.300”)
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
28-Lead QFN
PIC24FJ16GA002/SO e3
0810017
Example
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
Legend: XX...X
Y
YY
WW
NNN
*
Note:
PIC24FJ16GA002
-I/SP e3
0810017
24FJ48GA
002/ML e3
0810017
Customer-specific information
Year code (last digit of calendar year)
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn)
This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 )
can be found on the outer packaging for this package.
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available
characters for customer-specific information.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 247
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
44-Lead QFN
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
44-Lead TQFP
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
DS39881D-page 248
Example
24FJ32GA
004-I/ML e3
0810017
Example
24FJ32GA
004-I/PT e3
0810017
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
28.2
Package Details
The following sections give the technical details of the packages.
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 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 257
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 258
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
APPENDIX A:
REVISION HISTORY
Revision A (March 2007)
Original data sheet for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of
devices.
Revision B (March 2007)
Changes to Table 26-8; packaging diagrams updated.
Revision C (January 2008)
• Update of electrical specifications to include DC
characteristics for Extended Temperature
devices.
• Update for A/D converter chapter to include
information on internal band gap voltage
reference.
• Added “Appendix B: “Additional Guidance for
PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Applications”.
• General revisions to incorporate corrections
included in document errata to date (DS80333).
Revision D (January 2010)
• Update of electrical specifications to include 60°C
specifications for power-down current to DC
characteristics.
• Removes references to JTAG programming
throughout the document.
• Other minor typographic corrections throughout.
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39881D-page 259
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
APPENDIX B:
ADDITIONAL
GUIDANCE FOR
PIC24FJ64GA004
FAMILY
APPLICATIONS
FIGURE B-1:
POWER REDUCTION
EXAMPLE FOR CONSTANT
VOLTAGE SUPPLIES
PIC24FJ64GA
VDD
B.1
Additional Methods for Power
Reduction
Devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family include a number of core features to significantly reduce the application’s power requirements. For truly power-sensitive
applications, it is possible to further reduce the
application’s power demands by taking advantage of
the device’s regulator architecture. These methods
help decrease power in two ways: by disabling the
internal voltage regulator to eliminate its power consumption, and by reducing the voltage on VDDCORE to
lower the device’s dynamic current requirements.
Using these methods, it is possible to reduce Sleep
currents (IPD) from 3.5 A to 250 nA (typical values,
refer to specifications DC60d and DC60g in
Table 27-6). For dynamic power consumption, the
reduction in VDDCORE from 2.5V, provided by the
regulator, to 2.0V can provide a power reduction of
about 30%.
When using a regulated power source or a battery with
a constant output voltage, it is possible to decrease
power consumption by disabling the regulator. In this
case (Figure B-1), a simple diode can be used to
reduce the voltage from 3V or greater to the 2V-2.5V
required for VDDCORE. This method is only advised on
power supplies, such as Lithium Coin cells, which
maintain a constant voltage over the life of the battery.
DS39881D-page 260
DISVREG
D1
3.0V
Coin Cell
2.3V
VDDCORE
VSS
A similar method can be used for non-regulated
sources (Figure B-2). In this case, it can be beneficial
to use a low quiescent current external voltage regulator. Devices such as the MCP1700 consume only 1 A
to regulate to 2V or 2.5V, which is lower than the
current required to power the internal voltage regulator.
FIGURE B-2:
POWER REDUCTION
EXAMPLE FOR
NON-REGULATED SUPPLIES
PIC24FJ64GA
VDD
DISVREG
3.3V
‘AA’
MCP1700
2.0V
VDDCORE
VSS
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
INDEX
A
C
A/D Converter
Analog Input Model ................................................... 198
Transfer Function...................................................... 199
Additional Guidance for Family Applications..................... 260
Assembler
MPASM Assembler................................................... 218
C Compilers
MPLAB C18.............................................................. 218
MPLAB C30.............................................................. 218
Code Examples
Basic Clock Switching Example ............................... 101
Configuring UART 1 Input and Output
Functions (PPS) ............................................... 110
Erasing a Program Memory Block.............................. 52
I/O Port Read/Write .................................................. 106
Initiating a Programming Sequence ........................... 53
Loading the Write Buffers ........................................... 53
Single-Word Flash Programming ............................... 54
Code Protection ................................................................ 214
Configuration Bits ............................................................. 207
Core Features....................................................................... 9
CPU
ALU............................................................................. 29
Control Registers........................................................ 28
Core Registers............................................................ 27
Programmer’s Model .................................................. 25
CRC
CRCXOR Register.................................................... 190
Operation in Power Save Modes.............................. 188
User Interface ........................................................... 188
Customer Change Notification Service............................. 265
Customer Notification Service .......................................... 265
Customer Support............................................................. 265
B
Block Diagrams
10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter............................. 192
Accessing Program Memory with
Table Instructions ............................................... 47
Addressable PMP Example ...................................... 174
CALL Stack Frame...................................................... 45
Comparator Operating Modes .................................. 201
Comparator Voltage Reference ................................ 205
CPU Programmer’s Model .......................................... 27
CRC Reconfigured for Polynomial ............................ 188
CRC Shifter Details................................................... 187
Data Access From Program Space
Address Generation ............................................ 46
I2C Module ................................................................ 152
Input Capture ............................................................ 133
Legacy PMP Example............................................... 174
On-Chip Regulator Connections ............................... 212
Output Compare ....................................................... 138
PIC24F CPU Core ...................................................... 26
PIC24FJ64GA004 Family (General) ........................... 12
PMP
Master Port Examples .............................. 174–176
PMP Module Overview ............................................. 167
PSV Operation ............................................................ 48
Reset System.............................................................. 55
RTCC ........................................................................ 177
Shared I/O Port Structure ......................................... 105
Simplified UART........................................................ 159
SPI Master/Frame Master Connection...................... 149
SPI Master/Frame Slave Connection........................ 149
SPI Master/Slave Connection (Enhanced
Buffer Mode) ..................................................... 148
SPI Master/Slave Connection (Standard Mode) ....... 148
SPI Slave/Frame Master Connection........................ 149
SPI Slave/Frame Slave Connection.......................... 149
SPIx Module (Enhanced Mode) ................................ 143
SPIx Module (Standard Mode).................................. 142
System Clock Diagram ............................................... 95
Timer1....................................................................... 125
Timer2 and Timer4 (16-Bit Modes) ........................... 129
Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 (32-Bit Mode)....................... 128
Timer3 and Timer5 (16-Bit Modes) ........................... 129
Watchdog Timer (WDT) ............................................ 214
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D
Data Memory
Address Space ........................................................... 33
Memory Map............................................................... 33
Near Data Space ........................................................ 34
Organization ............................................................... 34
SFR Space ................................................................. 34
Software Stack ........................................................... 45
Development Support ....................................................... 217
Device Features (Summary)............................................... 11
DISVREG Pin ................................................................... 212
Doze Mode ....................................................................... 104
E
Electrical Characteristics
A/D Specifications .................................................... 244
Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................... 229
Current Specifications ...................................... 233–237
I/O Pin Specifications ....................................... 238–239
Internal Clock Specifications .................................... 242
Load Conditions and Requirements for
AC Characteristics............................................ 240
Program Memory Specifications............................... 239
Thermal Operating Conditions.................................. 231
V/F Graphs ............................................................... 230
Voltage Ratings ........................................................ 232
Voltage Regulator Specifications.............................. 239
DS39881D-page 261
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
Equations
A/D Clock Conversion Period ................................... 198
Baud Rate Reload Calculation .................................. 153
Calculating the PWM Period ..................................... 136
Calculation for Maximum PWM Resolution............... 136
Device and SPI Clock Speed Relationship ............... 150
UART Baud Rate with BRGH = 0 ............................. 160
UART Baud Rate with BRGH = 1 ............................. 160
Errata .................................................................................... 8
F
Flash Configuration Words.................................. 32, 207–210
Flash Program Memory
and Table Instructions................................................. 49
Enhanced ICSP Operation.......................................... 50
Programming Algorithm .............................................. 52
RTSP Operation.......................................................... 50
Single-Word Programming.......................................... 54
I
I/O Ports
Analog Port Configuration ......................................... 106
Input Change Notification.......................................... 106
Open-Drain Configuration ......................................... 106
Parallel (PIO) ............................................................ 105
Peripheral Pin Select ................................................ 107
Pull-ups ..................................................................... 106
I2C
Clock Rates............................................................... 153
Peripheral Remapping Options ................................. 151
Reserved Addresses................................................. 153
Slave Address Masking ............................................ 153
Idle Mode .......................................................................... 104
Instruction Set
Overview ................................................................... 223
Summary................................................................... 221
Instruction-Based Power-Saving Modes ........................... 103
Inter-Integrated Circuit. See I2C........................................ 151
Internet Address................................................................ 265
Interrupts
Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) ...................... 61
and Reset Sequence .................................................. 61
Implemented Vectors .................................................. 63
Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) ........................................ 61
Registers ............................................................... 64–92
Setup and Service Procedures ................................... 93
Trap Vectors ............................................................... 62
Vector Table................................................................ 62
J
JTAG Interface .................................................................. 214
M
Microchip Internet Web Site .............................................. 265
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker, Librarian ................... 218
MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger.................................... 219
MPLAB ICE 2000 High-Performance Universal
In-Circuit Emulator .................................................... 219
MPLAB Integrated Development Environment
Software .................................................................... 217
MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer..................................... 219
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System................. 219
MPLINK Object Linker/MPLIB Object Librarian ................ 218
DS39881D-page 262
N
Near Data Space ................................................................ 34
O
Oscillator Configuration
Clock Switching ........................................................ 100
Sequence ......................................................... 101
Initial Configuration on POR ....................................... 96
Oscillator Modes ......................................................... 96
Output Compare
PWM Mode ............................................................... 136
Period and Duty Cycle Calculation ................... 137
Single Output Pulse Generation ............................... 135
P
Packaging
Details....................................................................... 249
Marking ..................................................................... 247
Parallel Master Port. See PMP. ........................................ 167
Peripheral Enable Bits ...................................................... 104
Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits.............................. 104
Peripheral Pin Select (PPS).............................................. 107
Available Peripherals and Pins ................................. 107
Configuration Control................................................ 109
Considerations for Use ............................................. 110
Input Mapping ........................................................... 107
Mapping Exceptions ................................................. 109
Output Mapping ........................................................ 108
Peripheral Priority ..................................................... 107
Registers .......................................................... 111–124
PICSTART Plus Development Programmer..................... 220
Pinout Descriptions....................................................... 13–18
PMP
Master Port Examples ...................................... 174–176
Power-Saving Features .................................................... 103
Power-up Requirements ................................................... 213
Product Identification System ........................................... 267
Program Memory
Access Using Table Instructions................................. 47
Address Construction ................................................. 45
Address Space ........................................................... 31
Flash Configuration Words ......................................... 32
Memory Map............................................................... 31
Organization ............................................................... 32
Program Space Visibility............................................. 48
Pulse-Width Modulation. See PWM.................................. 136
R
Reader Response............................................................. 266
Register Maps
A/D Converter (ADC) .................................................. 41
Clock Control .............................................................. 44
CPU ............................................................................ 35
CRC ............................................................................ 42
Dual Comparator ........................................................ 42
I2C .............................................................................. 38
ICN ............................................................................. 35
Input Capture .............................................................. 37
Interrupt Controller...................................................... 36
NVM............................................................................ 44
Output Compare ......................................................... 38
Pad Configuration ....................................................... 40
Parallel Master/Slave Port .......................................... 41
Peripheral Pin Select .................................................. 43
PMD............................................................................ 44
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PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
PORTA........................................................................ 40
PORTB........................................................................ 40
PORTC ....................................................................... 40
Real-Time Clock and Calendar (RTCC) ..................... 42
SPI .............................................................................. 39
Timers ......................................................................... 37
UART .......................................................................... 39
Registers
AD1CHS (A/D Input Select) ...................................... 196
AD1CON1 (A/D Control 1) ........................................ 193
AD1CON2 (A/D Control 2) ........................................ 194
AD1CON3 (A/D Control 3) ........................................ 195
AD1CSSL (A/D Input Scan Select) ........................... 197
AD1PCFG (A/D Port Configuration).......................... 197
ALCFGRPT (Alarm Configuration)............................ 181
ALMINSEC (Alarm Minutes and
Seconds Value) ................................................ 185
ALMTHDY (Alarm Month and Day Value) ................ 184
ALWDHR (Alarm Weekday and Hours Value).......... 184
CLKDIV (Clock Divider) .............................................. 99
CMCON (Comparator Control) ................................. 202
CORCON (Core Control) ............................................ 65
CORCON (CPU Control) ............................................ 29
CRCCON (CRC Control) .......................................... 189
CRCXOR (CRC XOR Polynomial)............................ 190
CVRCON (Comparator Voltage
Reference Control) ........................................... 206
CW1 (Flash Configuration Word 1)........................... 208
CW2 (Flash Configuration Word 2)........................... 210
DEVID (Device ID) .................................................... 211
DEVREV (Device Revision) ...................................... 211
I2CxCON (I2Cx Control) ........................................... 154
I2CxMSK (I2Cx Slave Mode Address Mask) ............ 158
I2CxSTAT (I2Cx Status) ........................................... 156
ICxCON (Input Capture x Control) ............................ 134
IECn (Interrupt Enable Control 0-4) ...................... 73–77
IFSn (Interrupt Flag Status 0-4) ............................ 68–72
INTCON1 (Interrupt Control 1).................................... 66
INTCON2 (Interrupt Control 2).................................... 67
IPCn (Interrupt Priority Control 0-18) .................... 78–92
MINSEC (RTCC Minutes and Seconds Value)......... 183
MTHDY (RTCC Month and Day Value) .................... 182
NVMCON (Flash Memory Control) ............................. 51
OCxCON (Output Compare x Control) ..................... 139
OSCCON (Oscillator Control) ..................................... 97
OSCTUN (FRC Oscillator Tune)............................... 100
PADCFG1 (Pad Configuration Control) ............ 173, 180
PMADDR (PMP Address) ......................................... 171
PMAEN (PMP Enable).............................................. 171
PMCON (PMP Control)............................................. 168
PMMODE (PMP Mode)............................................. 170
PMPSTAT (PMP Status)........................................... 172
RCFGCAL (RTCC Calibration
and Configuration) ............................................ 179
RCON (Reset Control) ................................................ 56
RPINRn (PPS Input Mapping 0-23) .................. 111–117
RPORn (PPS Output Mapping 0-12) ................ 118–124
SPIxCON1 (SPIx Control 1)...................................... 146
SPIxCON2 (SPIx Control 2)...................................... 147
SPIxSTAT (SPIx Status and Control) ....................... 144
SR (ALU STATUS) ............................................... 28, 65
T1CON (Timer1 Control)........................................... 126
TxCON (Timer2 and Timer4 Control)........................ 130
TyCON (Timer3 amd Timer5 Control)....................... 131
UxMODE (UARTx Mode).......................................... 162
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
UxRXREG (UARTx Receive) ................................... 166
UxSTA (UARTx Status and Control) ........................ 164
UxTXREG (UARTx Transmit)................................... 166
WKDYHR (RTCC Weekday and Hours Value) ........ 183
YEAR (RTCC Year Value)........................................ 182
Resets
Clock Source Selection .............................................. 57
Delay Times................................................................ 58
RCON Flags Operation .............................................. 57
SFR States ................................................................. 59
Revision History................................................................ 259
RTCC
Alarm Configuration.................................................. 186
Calibration ................................................................ 185
Register Mapping ..................................................... 178
S
Serial Peripheral Interface. See SPI. ................................ 141
SFR Space ......................................................................... 34
Slective Peripheral Power Control .................................... 104
Sleep Mode ...................................................................... 103
Software Simulator (MPLAB SIM) .................................... 218
Software Stack ................................................................... 45
T
Timer1 .............................................................................. 125
Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 ..................................................... 127
Timing Diagrams
CLKO and I/O Timing ............................................... 243
External Clock Timing............................................... 241
U
UART
Baud Rate Generator (BRG) .................................... 160
Break and Sync Sequence ....................................... 161
IrDA Support ............................................................. 161
Operation of UxCTS and UxRTS Control Pins ......... 161
Receiving.................................................................. 161
Transmitting.............................................................. 161
V
VDDCORE/VCAP pin............................................................ 212
Voltage Regulator (On-Chip) ............................................ 212
and BOR................................................................... 213
and POR................................................................... 212
Standby Mode .......................................................... 213
Tracking Mode.......................................................... 212
W
Watchdog Timer (WDT).................................................... 213
Winowed Operation .................................................. 214
WWW Address ................................................................. 265
WWW, On-Line Support ....................................................... 8
DS39881D-page 263
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
NOTES:
DS39881D-page 264
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at
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To register, access the Microchip web site at
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DS39881D-page 265
PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
READER RESPONSE
It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our documentation
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Literature Number: DS39881D
Questions:
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DS39881D-page 266
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PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
PIC 24 FJ 64 GA0 04 T - I / PT - XXX
Examples:
a)
Microchip Trademark
Architecture
b)
Flash Memory Family
Program Memory Size (KB)
Product Group
PIC24FJ32GA002-I/ML:
General purpose PIC24F, 32-Kbyte program
memory, 28-pin, Industrial temp.,
QFN package.
PIC24FJ64GA004-E/PT:
General purpose PIC24F, 64-Kbyte program
memory, 44-pin, Extended temp.,
TQFP package.
Pin Count
Tape and Reel Flag (if applicable)
Temperature Range
Package
Pattern
Architecture
24
= 16-bit modified Harvard without DSP
Flash Memory Family
FJ
= Flash program memory
Product Group
GA0 = General purpose microcontrollers
Pin Count
02
04
= 28-pin
= 44-pin
Temperature Range
E
I
= -40C to +125C (Extended)
= -40C to +85C (Industrial)
Package
SP
SO
SS
ML
PT
=
=
=
=
=
Pattern
Three-digit QTP, SQTP, Code or Special Requirements
(blank otherwise)
ES = Engineering Sample
SPDIP
SOIC
SSOP
QFN
TQFP
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DS39881D-page 267
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01/05/10
DS39881D-page 268
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