ETC 103643

Technical Data Sheet
Product 648
Worldwide Version, October 1995
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
Used to bond cylindrical fitting parts, particularly where strength
at elevated temperatures is required. Applications include
holding gears and sprockets onto gearbox shafts and rotors on
electric motor shafts.
100
% of Full Strength on steel
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
LOCTITE® Product 648 is a single component anaerobic
retaining adhesive which develops high strength rapidly when
confined in the absence of air between close fitting metal
surfaces.
This product has high temperature resistance
properties.
0.05mm
75
0.25mm
50
0.15mm
25
0
5min 10min
30min 1hr
3hr
6hr
24hr
72hr
Cure Time, Hours
PROPERTIES OF UNCURED MATERIAL
Range
500
400 to 600
450
>100
300 to 600
TYPICAL CURING PERFORMANCE
Cure speed vs. substrate
The rate of cure will depend on substrate used. The graph
below shows shear strength developed with time on steel pins
and collars compared to different materials and tested
according to ISO 10123.
Cure speed vs. temperature
The rate of cure will depend on the ambient temperature. The
graph below shows shear strength developed with time on steel
pins and collars at different temperatures and tested according
to ISO 10123.
% of Full Strength on steel
Chemical Type
Appearance
Specific Gravity @ 25°C
Viscosity @ 25°C, mPa.s (cP)
Brookfield RVT
Spindle 2 @ 20 rpm
DIN 54453, MV
D = 129 s-1 after t=180secs
Flash Point (COC), °C
Typical
Value
Urethane methacrylate
Green, fluorescent liquid
1.13
100
75
22°C
50
25
0
5min 10min 30min 1hr
6hr
24hr
72hr
Cure speed vs. activator
Where cure speed is unacceptably long, or large gaps are
present, applying activator to the surface will improve cure
speed. The graph below shows shear strength developed with
time using ACTIVATOR N and T on zinc dichromated steel
pins and collars and tested according to ISO 10123.
Aluminium
Steel
50
Zinc Dichromate
25
100
0
5min10min
30min 1hr
3hr
6hr
24hr
72hr
Cure Time, Hours
Cure speed vs. bond gap
The rate of cure will depend on the bondline gap. The following
graph shows shear strength developed with time on steel pins
and collars at different controlled gaps and tested according to
ISO 10123.
% of Full Strength on steel
% of Full Strength on steel
3hr
Cure Time, Hours
100
75
5 °C
40°C
75
Act N
50
Act T
25
0
r
ato
ctiv
A
No
5min 10min 30min 1hr
3hr
6hr
24hr
72hr
Cure Time, Hours
TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF CURED MATERIAL
Physical Properties
Coefficient of thermal expansion, ASTM D696, K-1
Coefficient of thermal conductivity, ASTM C177, W.m1K-1
Specific Heat , kJ.kg-1K-1
-6
80 x 10
0.1
0.3
NOT FOR PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
THE TECHNICAL DATA CONTAINED HEREIN ARE INTENDED AS REFERENCE ONLY.
PLEASE CONTACT LOCTITE CORPORATION QUALITY DEPARTMENT FOR ASSISTANCE AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON SPECIFICATIONS FOR THIS PRODUCT.
ROCKY HILL, CT FAX: +1 (860)-571-5473
DUBLIN, IRELAND FAX: +353-(1)-451 - 9959
TDS 648 October 1995
PERFORMANCE OF CURED MATERIAL
(After 24 hr at 22°C on steel)
Typical
Value
26.5
(3900)
23
(3300)
Shear Strength, ISO 10123, N/mm²
(psi)
Shear Strength, DIN 54452, N/mm²
(psi)
Range
18 to 35
(2600 to 5100)
16 to 30
(2300 to 4400)
TYPICAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESISTANCE
Test Procedure :
Substrate:
Cure procedure:
% RT Strength
100
75
50
25
0
50
100
150
Temperature, °C
Heat Ageing
Aged at temperature indicated and tested at 22°C.
% Initial Strength, at RT
125
Storage
Product shall be ideally stored in a cool, dry location in
unopened containers at a temperature between 8°C to 28°C
(46°F to 82°F) unless otherwise labelled. Optimal storage is at
the lower half of this temperature range.
To prevent
contamination of unused product, do not return any material to
its original container. For further specific shelf life information,
contact your local Technical Service Centre.
Data Ranges
The data contained herein may be reported as a typical value
and/or range (based on the mean value ±2 standard
deviations). Values are based on actual test data and are
verified on a periodic basis.
150°C
100
This product is not normally recommended for use on plastics
(particularly thermoplastic materials where stress cracking of
the plastic could result). Users are recommended to confirm
compatibility of the product with such substrates.
Directions for use
For best performance surfaces should be clean and free of
grease. Ensure joint is completely filled with adhesive. For slip
fitted assemblies this is achieved by applying adhesive around
the pin and the leading edge of the collar and using a rotating
motion during assembly to ensure good coverage. For press
fitted assemblies adhesive should be applied thoroughly to
both bond surfaces and assembled at high press on rates. For
shrink fitted assemblies the adhesive should be coated onto
the pin, the collar should then be heated to create sufficient
clearance for free assembly. Parts should not be disturbed until
sufficient handling strength is achieved. For more detailed
information on using retaining adhesives contact your local
Technical Service Centre.
Shear Strength, ISO 10123
Steel Pins and Collars
1 week at 22°C
Hot Strength
Tested at temperature.
0
Where aqueous washing systems are used to clean the
surfaces before bonding, it is important to check for
compatibility of the washing solution with the adhesive. In
some cases these aqueous washes can affect the cure and
performance of the adhesive.
75
50
180°C
25
0
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
Hours
Chemical / Solvent Resistance
Aged under conditions indicated and tested at 22°C.
Solvent
Temp.
Motor Oil
Unleaded Petrol
Brake Fluid
Water/Glycol (50%/50%)
Ethanol
Acetone
125°C
22°C
22°C
87°C
22°C
22°C
% Initial Strength retained at
100 hr
500 hr
1000 hr
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
90
100
100
100
100
100
75
100
100
GENERAL INFORMATION
This product is not recommended for use in pure oxygen
and/or oxygen rich systems and should not be selected as
a sealant for chlorine or other strong oxidising materials.
Note
The data contained herein are furnished for information only
and are believed to be reliable.
We cannot assume
responsibility for the results obtained by others over whose
methods we have no control. It is the user's responsibility to
determine suitability for the user's purpose of any production
methods mentioned herein and to adopt such precautions as
may be advisable for the protection of property and of persons
against any hazards that may be involved in the handling and
use thereof. In light of the foregoing, Loctite Corporation
specifically disclaims all warranties expressed or implied,
including warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose, arising from sale or use of Loctite Corporationā€™s
products. Loctite Corporation specifically disclaims any liability
for consequential or incidental damages of any kind, including
lost profits. The discussion herein of various processes or
compositions is not to be interpreted as representation that
they are free from domination of patents owned by others or as
a licence under any Loctite Corporation patents that may cover
such processes or compositions. We recommend that each
prospective user test his proposed application before repetitive
use, using this data as a guide. This product may be covered
by one or more United States or foreign patents or patent
applications.
For safe handling information on this product, consult the
Material Safety Data Sheet, (MSDS).
Loctite is a Registered Trademark of Loctite Corporation, Hartford, CT 06106