a FEATURES AC PERFORMANCE Unity-Gain Bandwidth: 40 MHz Fast Settling: 110 ns to 0.01% Slew Rate: 300 V/ms Full Power Bandwidth: 4.7 MHz for 20 V p-p into a 500 V Load Wideband, Unity-Gain Stable, Fast Settling Op Amp AD841 CONNECTION DIAGRAMS Plastic DIP (N) Package TO-8 (H) Package and Cerdip (Q) Package DC PERFORMANCE Input Offset Voltage: 1 mV max Input Voltage Noise: 13 nV/√Hz typ Open-Loop Gain: 45 V/mV into a 1 kV Load Output Current: 50 mA min Supply Current: 12 mA max APPLICATIONS High Speed Signal Conditioning Video and Pulse Amplifiers Data Acquisition Systems Line Drivers Active Filters Available in 14-Pin Plastic DIP Hermetic Cerdip, 12-Pin TO-8 Metal Can and 20-Pin LCC Packages Chips and MIL-STD-883B Parts Available LCC (E) Package PRODUCT DESCRIPTION The AD841 is a member of the Analog Devices family of wide bandwidth operational amplifiers. This high speed/high precision family includes, among others, the AD840, which is stable at a gain of 10 or greater, and the AD842, which is stable at a gain of two or greater and has 100 mA minimum output current drive. These devices are fabricated using Analog Devices’ junction isolated complementary bipolar (CB) process. This process permits a combination of dc precision and wideband ac performance previously unobtainable in a monolithic op amp. In addition to its 40 MHz unity-gain bandwidth product, the AD841 offers extremely fast settling characteristics, typically settling to within 0.01% of final value in 110 ns for a 10 volt step. Unlike many high frequency amplifiers, the AD841 requires no external compensation. It remains stable over its full operating temperature range. It also offers a low quiescent current of 12 mA maximum, a minimum output current drive capability of 50 mA, a low input voltage noise of 13 nV/√Hz and low input offset voltage of 1 mV maximum. The 300 V/µs slew rate of the AD841, along with its 40 MHz gain bandwidth, ensures excellent performance in video and pulse amplifier applications. This amplifier is well suited for use in high frequency signal conditioning circuits and wide bandwidth active filters. The extremely rapid settling time of the REV. B Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. AD841 makes it the preferred choice for data acquisition applications which require 12-bit accuracy. The AD841 is also appropriate for other applications such as high speed DAC and ADC buffer amplifiers and other wide bandwidth circuitry. APPLICATION HIGHLIGHTS 1. The high slew rate and fast settling time of the AD841 make it ideal for DAC and ADC buffers, and all types of video instrumentation circuitry. 2. The AD841 is a precision amplifier. It offers accuracy to 0.01% or better and wide bandwidth performance previously available only in hybrids. 3. The AD841’s thermally balanced layout and the speed of the CB process allow the AD841 to settle to 0.01% in 110 ns without the long “tails” that occur with other fast op amps. 4. Laser wafer trimming reduces the input offset voltage to 1 mV max on the K grade, thus eliminating the need for external offset nulling in many applications. Offset null pins are provided for additional versatility. 5. The AD841 is an enhanced replacement for the HA2541. One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. Tel: 617/329-4700 Fax: 617/326-8703 AD841–SPECIFICATIONS (@ +258C and 615 V dc, unless otherwise noted) Model Conditions Min 2 AD841J Typ Max 0.8 INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE TMIN–TMAX Offset Drift Input Offset Current 0.1 TMIN–TMAX VCM = ± 10 V TMIN–TMAX 610 86 80 OPEN-LOOP GAIN VO = ± 10 V RLOAD ≥ 500 Ω TMIN–TMAX 25 12 RLOAD ≥ 500 Ω TMIN–TMAX VOUT = ± 10 V ± 10 50 OUTPUT RESISTANCE FREQUENCY RESPONSE Unity Gain Bandwidth Full Power Bandwidth3 Rise Time4 Overshoot4 Slew Rate4 Settling Time – 10 V Step 0.1 200 2 f = 1 kHz 10 Hz to 10 MHz Current 3.5 8 10 0.4 0.5 AD841S1 Typ 0.5 1.0 3.3 Max Units 2.0 5.5 mV mV µV/°C 8 12 0.4 0.6 µA µA µA µA 35 3.5 5 6 0.2 0.3 0.1 Differential Mode INPUT VOLTAGE NOISE Wideband Noise OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Min 35 3.5 TMIN–TMAX INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE Common Mode Common-Mode Rejection 0.5 2.0 5.0 35 INPUT BIAS CURRENT INPUT CHARACTERISTICS Input Resistance Input Capacitance AD841K Min Typ Max 200 2 610 103 100 12 100 15 47 610 86 80 12 109 15 47 45 45 25 20 25 12 ± 10 50 200 2 kΩ pF 12 110 V dB dB 15 47 nV/√Hz µV rms 45 V/mV V/mV ± 10 50 V mA Open Loop 5 5 5 Ω VOUT = 90 mV p-p VO = 20 V p-p RLOAD ≥ 500 Ω AV = –1 AV = –1 AV = –1 AV = –1 to 0.1% to 0.01% 40 40 40 MHz 4.7 10 10 300 MHz ns % V/µs 3.1 200 4.7 10 10 300 3.1 200 4.7 10 10 300 3.1 200 90 110 00 110 90 110 ns ns OVERDRIVE RECOVERY –Overdrive +Overdrive 200 700 200 700 200 700 ns ns DIFFERENTIAL GAIN Differential Phase f = 4.4 MHz f = 4.4 MHz 0.03 0.022 0.03 0.022 0.03 0.022 % Degree POWER SUPPLY Rated Performance Operating Range Quiescent Current Power Supply Rejection Ratio ±5 ± 15 11 TMIN–TMAX VS = ± 5 V to ± 18 V TMIN–TMAX 86 80 ± 18 12 14 100 TEMPERATURE RANGE Rated Performance5 0 PACKAGE OPTIONS LCC (E-20A) Cerdip (Q-14) Plastic (N-14) TO-8 (H-12) Chips AD841JQ AD841JN AD841JH AD841J CHIPS ±5 11 90 86 +75 ± 15 ± 18 12 14 100 0 ±5 11 86 80 +75 AD841KQ AD841KN AD841KH ± 15 –55 ± 18 12 16 100 +125 V V mA mA dB dB °C AD841SE, AD841SE/883B AD841SQ, AD841SQ/883B AD841SH, AD841SH/883B AD841S CHIPS NOTES 1 Standard Military Drawing Available: 5962-89641012A – (SE/883B); 5962-8964101CA – (SQ/883B). 2 Input offset voltage specifications are guaranteed after 5 minutes at T A = +25°C. 3 Full power bandwidth = Slew Rate/2 π VPEAK. 3 Refer to Figure 19. 4 “S” grade TMIN–TMAX specifications are tested with automatic test equipment at T A = –55°C and TA = +125°C. All min and max specifications are guaranteed. Specifications shown in boldface are tested on all production units. Specifications subject to change without notice. –2– REV. B AD841 NOTES 1 Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. 2 Maximum internal power dissipation is specified so that T J does not exceed +175°C at an ambient temperature of +25°C. Thermal Characteristics: θJC θJA θSA Cerdip Package 35°C/W 110°C/W 38°C/W Recommended Heat Sink: TO-8 Package 30°C/W 100°C/W 37°C/W Aavid Engineering© #602B Plastic Package 30°C/W 100°C/W LCC Package 35°C/W 150°C/W ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS 1 Supply Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ± 18 V Internal Power Dissipation2 TO-8 (H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 W Plastic (N) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 W Cerdip (Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 W Input Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ± Vs Differential Input Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ± 6 V Storage Temperature Range Q, H, E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –65°C to +150°C N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .–65°C to +125°C Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +175°C Lead Temperature Range (Soldering 60 sec) . . . . . . . . +300°C METALIZATION PHOTOGRAPH Contact factory for latest dimensions. Dimensions shown in inches and (mm). REV. B –3– AD841–Typical Characteristics (at +258C and VS = 615 V, unless otherwise noted) Figure 1. Input Common-Mode Range vs. Supply Voltage Figure 2. Output Voltage Swing vs. Supply Voltage Figure 3. Output Voltage Swing vs. Load Resistance Figure 4. Quiescent Current vs. Supply Voltage Figure 5. Input Bias Current vs. Temperature Figure 6. Output Impedance vs. Frequency Figure 7. Quiescent Current vs. Temperature Figure 8. Short-Circuit Current Limit vs. Temperature Figure 9. Gain Bandwidth Product vs. Temperature –4– REV. B AD841 Figure 10. Open-Loop Gain and Phase Margin vs. Frequency Figure 13. Common-Mode Rejection vs. Frequency Figure 16. Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency REV. B Figure 11. Open-Loop Gain vs. Supply Voltage Figure 14. Large Signal Frequency Response Figure 17. Slew Rate vs. Temperature –5– Figure 12. Power Supply Rejection vs. Frequency Figure 15. Output Swing and Error vs. Settling Time Figure 18. Input Voltage Noise Spectral Density AD841 Figure 19a. Inverting Amplifier Configuration (DIP Pinout) Figure 20a. Unity-Gain Buffer Amplifier Configuration (DIP Pinout) OFFSET NULLING The input offset voltage of the AD841 is very low for a high speed op amp, but if additional nulling is required, the circuit shown in Figure 21 can be used. Figure 19b. Inverter Large Signal Pulse Response Figure 20b. Buffer Large Signal Pulse Response Figure 19c. Inverter Small Signal Pulse Response Figure 20c. Buffer Small Signal Pulse Response INPUT CONSIDERATIONS An input resistor (RIN in Figure 20) is recommended in circuits where the input to the AD841 will be subjected to transient or continuous overload voltages exceeding the ± 6 V maximum differential limit. This resistor provides protection for the input transistors by limiting the maximum current that can be forced into the input. For high performance circuits it is recommended that a resistor (RB in Figures 19 and 20) be used to reduce bias current errors by matching the impedance at each input. The output voltage error caused by the offset current is more than an order of magnitude less than the error present if the bias current error is not removed. AD841 SETTLING TIME Figures 22 and 24 show the settling performance of the AD841 in the test circuit shown in Figure 23. Figure 21. Offset Nulling (DIP Pinout) Settling time is defined as: The interval of time from the application of an ideal step function input until the closed-loop amplifier output has entered and remains within a specified error band. This definition encompasses the major components which comprise settling time. They include (1) propagation delay through the amplifier; (2) slewing time to approach the final output value; (3) the time of recovery from the overload associated with slewing and (4) linear settling to within the specified error band. –6– REV. B Applying the AD841 Figure 24. AD841 Settling Demonstrating No Settling Tails Figure 22. AD841 0.01% Settling Time Expressed in these terms, the measurement of settling time is obviously a challenge and needs to be done accurately to assure the user that the amplifier is worth consideration for the application. GROUNDING AND BYPASSING In designing practical circuits with the AD841, the user must remember that whenever high frequencies are involved, some special precautions are in order. Circuits must be built with short interconnect leads. Large ground planes should be used whenever possible to provide a low resistance, low inductance circuit path, as well as minimizing the effects of high frequency coupling. Sockets should be avoided because the increased interlead capacitance can degrade bandwidth. Feedback resistors should be of low enough value to assure that the time constant formed with the circuit capacitances will not limit the amplifier performance. Resistor values of less than 5 kΩ are recommended. If a larger resistor must be used, a small (<10 pF) feedback capacitor in parallel with the feedback resistor, RF, may be used to compensate for these stray capacitances and optimize the dynamic performance of the amplifier in the particular application. Power supply leads should be bypassed to ground as close as possible to the amplifier pins. A 2.2 µF capacitor in parallel with a 0.1 µF ceramic disk capacitor is recommended. Figure 23. Settling Time Test Circuit Measurement of the AD841’s 0.01% settling in 110 ns was accomplished by amplifying the error signal from a false summing junction with a very high speed proprietary hybrid error amplifier specially designed to enable testing of small settling errors. The device under test was driving a 500 Ω load. The input to the error amp is clamped in order to avoid possible problems associated with the overdrive recovery of the oscilloscope input amplifier. The error amp gains the error from the false summing junction by 10, and it contains a gain vernier to fine trim the gain. CAPACITIVE LOAD DRIVING ABILITY Like all wideband amplifiers, the AD841 is sensitive to capacitive loading. The AD841 is designed to drive capacitive loads of up to 20 pF without degradation of its rated performance. Capacitive loads of greater than 20 pF will decrease the dynamic performance of the part although instability should not occur unless the load exceeds 100 pF (for a unity-gain follower). A resistor in series with the output can be used to decouple larger capacitive loads. Figure 24 shows the “long term” stability of the settling characteristics of the AD841 output after a 10 V step. There is no evidence of settling tails after the initial transient recovery time. The use of a junction isolated process, together with careful layout, avoids these problems by minimizing the effects of transistor isolation capacitance discharge and thermally induced shifts in circuit operating points. These problems do not occur even under high output current conditions. REV. B Figure 25 shows a typical configuration for driving a large capacitive load. The 51 Ω output resistor effectively isolates the high frequency feedback from the load and stabilizes the circuit. Low frequency feedback is returned to the amplifier summing junction via the low pass filter formed by the 51 Ω resistor and the load capacitance, CL. –7– C1242–15–11/88 AD841 Figure 27. Overdrive Recovery Figure 25. Circuit for Driving a Large Capacitive Load USING A HEAT SINK The AD841 draws less quiescent power than most precision high speed amplifiers and is specified for operation without a heat sink. However, when driving low impedance loads, the current to the load can be 4 to 5 times the quiescent current. This will create a noticeable temperature rise. Improved performance can be achieved by using a small heat sink such as the Aavid Engineering #602B. Figure 28. Overdrive Recovery Test Circuit TERMINATED LINE DRIVER The AD841 functions very well as a high speed line driver of either terminated or unterminated cables. Figure 26 shows the AD841 driving a doubly terminated cable in a follower configuration. The AD841 maintains a typical slew rate of 300 V/µs, which means it can drive a ± 10 V, 4.7 MHz signal or a ± 3 V, 15.9 MHz signal. OUTLINE DIMENSIONS Dimensions shown in inches and (mm). 14-Pin Plastic (N) Package 14-Pin Cerdip (Q) Package The termination resistor, RT, (when equal to the characteristic impedance of the cable) minimizes reflections from the far end of the cable. A back-termination resistor (RBT, also equal to the characteristic impedance of the cable) may be placed between the AD841 output and the cable in order to damp any stray signals caused by a mismatch between RT and the cable’s characteristic impedance. This will result in a “cleaner” signal, but since 1/2 the output voltage will be dropped across RBT, the op amp must supply double the output signal required if there is no back termination. Therefore the full power bandwidth is cut in half. 12-Lead Metal Can Package (TO-8 Style) E-20A 20-Terminal Leadless Ceramic Chip Carrier Figure 26. Line Driver Configuration OVERDRIVE RECOVERY Figure 27 shows the overdrive recovery capability of the AD841. Typical recovery time is 200 ns from negative overdrive and 700 ns from positive overdrive. –8– REV. B PRINTED IN U.S.A. If termination is not used, cables appear as capacitive loads. If this capacitive load is large, it should be decoupled from the AD841 by a resistor in series with the output (see above: Driving a Capacitive Load).