AD ADSP

Blackfin
Embedded Processor
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
FEATURES
PERIPHERALS
®
Up to 400 MHz high-performance Blackfin processor
Two 16-bit MACs, two 40-bit ALUs, four 8-bit video ALUs,
40-bit shifter
RISC-like register and instruction model for ease of
programming and compiler-friendly support
Advanced debug, trace, and performance monitoring
Wide range of operating voltages. See Operating Conditions
on Page 23
168-ball CSP_BGA
176-lead LQFP with exposed pad
IEEE 802.3-compliant 10/100 Ethernet MAC with IEEE 1588
support (ADSP-BF518 only)
Parallel peripheral interface (PPI), supporting ITU-R 656
video data formats
2 dual-channel, full-duplex synchronous serial ports
(SPORTs), supporting 8 stereo I2S channels
12 peripheral DMAs, 2 mastered by the Ethernet MAC
2 memory-to-memory DMAs with external request lines
Event handler with 56 interrupt inputs
2 serial peripheral interfaces (SPI)
Removable storage interface (RSI) controller for MMC, SD,
SDIO, and CE-ATA
2 UARTs with IrDA® support
Two-wire interface (TWI) controller
Eight 32-bit timers/counters with PWM support
Three-phase 16-bit center-based PWM unit
32-bit general-purpose counter
Real-time clock (RTC) and watchdog timer
32-bit core timer
40 general-purpose I/Os (GPIOs)
Debug/JTAG interface
On-chip PLL capable of 0.5ⴛto 64ⴛ frequency multiplication
MEMORY
116K bytes of on-chip memory
External memory controller with glueless support for SDRAM
and asynchronous 8-bit and 16-bit memories
Optional 4 Mbit on-chip SPI flash with boot option
Flexible booting options from internal SPI flash, OTP memory, external SPI/parallel memories, or from SPI/UART host
devices
Code security with LockboxTM secure technology
One-time-programmable (OTP) memory
Memory management unit providing memory protection
RTC
WATCHDOG TIMER
OTP
PERIPHERAL
ACCESS BUS
COUNTER
JTAG TEST AND EMULATION
3-PHASE PWM
TIMER7–0
B
TWI
INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
SPORT1-0
RSI (SDIO)
L1
INSTRUCTION
MEMORY
L1
DATA
MEMORY
DMA
CONTROLLER
PORTS
PPI
UART1–0
16
DMA CORE BUS
EXTERNAL ACCESS BUS
EXTERNAL PORT
FLASH, SDRAM CONTROL
DMA
EXTERNAL
BUS
EMAC
SPI1
BOOT
ROM
SPI0
4 Mbit SPI Flash
(See Table 1)
Blackfin and the Blackfin logo are registered trademarks of Analog Devices, Inc.
Rev. PrE
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication
or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106 U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113
© 2009 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Description ................................................. 3
Booting Modes ................................................... 17
Portable Low-Power Architecture ............................. 3
Instruction Set Description .................................... 18
System Integration ................................................ 3
Development Tools .............................................. 18
Processor Peripherals ............................................. 3
Blackfin Processor Core .......................................... 3
Designing an Emulator-Compatible
Processor Board (Target) ................................... 19
Memory Architecture ............................................ 5
Related Documents .............................................. 19
DMA Controllers .................................................. 9
Lockbox Secure Technology Disclaimer .................... 19
Real-Time Clock ................................................... 9
Signal Descriptions ................................................. 20
Watchdog Timer ................................................ 10
Specifications ........................................................ 23
Timers ............................................................. 10
Operating Conditions ........................................... 23
3-phase PWM .................................................... 10
Electrical Characteristics ....................................... 25
General-Purpose (GP) Counter .............................. 11
Absolute Maximum Ratings ................................... 26
Serial Ports ........................................................ 11
Package Information ............................................ 26
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Ports ...................... 11
ESD Sensitivity ................................................... 26
UART Ports ...................................................... 11
Timing Specifications ........................................... 27
TWI Controller Interface ...................................... 12
Output Drive Currents ......................................... 49
RSI Interface ...................................................... 12
Power Dissipation ............................................... 51
10/100 Ethernet MAC .......................................... 12
Test Conditions .................................................. 51
IEEE 1588 Support .............................................. 13
Thermal Characteristics ........................................ 54
Ports ................................................................ 13
176-Lead LQFP Lead Assignment ............................... 55
Parallel Peripheral Interface (PPI) ........................... 14
168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball assignment ............................ 57
Code Security with Lockbox Secure Technology ......... 14
Outline Dimensions ................................................ 60
Dynamic Power Management ................................ 14
Surface Mount Design .......................................... 61
Voltage Regulation Interface .................................. 16
Ordering Guide ..................................................... 62
Clock Signals ..................................................... 16
REVISION HISTORY
03/09—Revision PrE:
Numerous small clarifications and corrections throughout
document.
Updated 176-lead LQFP package outline, clarifying location of
exposed pad on bottom of package........................ Page 60
Rev. PrE |
Page 2 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors are
members of the Blackfin family of products, incorporating the
Analog Devices/Intel Micro Signal Architecture (MSA).
Blackfin processors combine a dual-MAC state-of-the-art signal
processing engine, the advantages of a clean, orthogonal RISClike microprocessor instruction set, and single-instruction, multiple-data (SIMD) multimedia capabilities into a single
instruction-set architecture.
PORTABLE LOW-POWER ARCHITECTURE
Memory (bytes)
ADSP-BF518F
– –
– 1
1 1
1 1
2 2
2 2
2 2
8 8
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 –
1 1
3 3
40 40
32K
16K
ADSP-BF518
–
–
1
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
–
1
3
40
ADSP-BF516F
–
–
–
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
1
1
3
40
ADSP-BF516
–
–
–
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
–
1
3
40
ADSP-BF514F
Feature
IEEE-1588
Ethernet MAC
RSI
TWI
SPORTs
UARTs
SPIs
GP Timers
Watchdog Timers
RTC
PPI
Internal 4 Mbit SPI flash
Rotary Counter
3-phase PWM Pairs
GPIOs
L1 Instruction SRAM
L1 Instruction
SRAM/Cache
L1 Data SRAM
L1 Data SRAM/Cache
L1 Scratchpad
L3 Boot ROM
Maximum Speed Grade
Package Options
ADSP-BF514
SYSTEM INTEGRATION
ADSP-BF512F
Table 1. Processor Comparison
ADSP-BF512
The processors are completely code compatible with other
Blackfin processors.
Blackfin processors provide world-class power management
and performance. They are produced with a low power and low
voltage design methodology and feature on-chip dynamic
power management, which is the ability to vary both the voltage
and frequency of operation to significantly lower overall power
consumption. This capability can result in a substantial reduction in power consumption, compared with just varying the
frequency of operation. This allows longer battery life for
portable appliances.
–
1
1
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
1
1
3
40
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
–
1
3
40
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
8
1
1
1
1
1
3
40
PROCESSOR PERIPHERALS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors contain a
rich set of peripherals connected to the core via several high
bandwidth buses, providing flexibility in system configuration
as well as excellent overall system performance (see Figure 1 on
Page 4). The processors contain dedicated network communication modules and high speed serial and parallel ports, an
interrupt controller for flexible management of interrupts from
the on-chip peripherals or external sources, and power management control functions to tailor the performance and power
characteristics of the processor and system to many application
scenarios.
All of the peripherals, except for the general-purpose I/O, rotary
counter, TWI, three-phase PWM, real-time clock, and timers,
are supported by a flexible DMA structure. There are also separate memory DMA channels dedicated to data transfers
between the processor's various memory spaces, including
external SDRAM and asynchronous memory. Multiple on-chip
buses provide enough bandwidth to keep the processor core
running along with activity on all of the on-chip and external
peripherals.
32K
32K
4K
32K
400 MHz
176-Lead LQFP
168-Ball CSP_BGA
By integrating a rich set of industry-leading system peripherals
and memory, Blackfin processors are the platform of choice for
next-generation applications that require RISC-like programmability, multimedia support, and leading-edge signal
processing in one integrated package.
Rev. PrE |
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors are
highly integrated system-on-a-chip solutions for the next generation of embedded network connected applications. By
combining industry-standard interfaces with a high performance signal processing core, cost-effective applications can be
developed quickly, without the need for costly external components. The system peripherals include an IEEE-compliant 802.3
10/100 Ethernet MAC with IEEE-1588 support (ADSPBF518/ADSP-BF518F only), an RSI controller, a TWI controller, two UART ports, two SPI ports, two serial ports (SPORTs),
nine general purpose 32-bit timers (eight with PWM capability),
three-phase PWM for motor control, a real-time clock, a watchdog timer, and a parallel peripheral interface (PPI).
BLACKFIN PROCESSOR CORE
As shown in Figure 1 on Page 4, the Blackfin processor core
contains two 16-bit multipliers, two 40-bit accumulators, two
40-bit ALUs, four video ALUs, and a 40-bit shifter. The computation units process 8-, 16-, or 32-bit data from the register file.
Page 3 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
The compute register file contains eight 32-bit registers. When
performing compute operations on 16-bit operand data, the
register file operates as 16 independent 16-bit registers. All
operands for compute operations come from the multiported
register file and instruction constant fields.
ADDRESS ARITHMETIC UNIT
L3
B3
M3
I2
L2
B2
M2
I1
L1
B1
M1
I0
L0
B0
M0
SP
FP
P5
DAG1
P4
P3
DAG0
P2
32
32
P1
P0
TO MEMORY
DA1
DA0
I3
32
PREG
32
RAB
SD
LD1
LD0
32
32
32
ASTAT
32
32
SEQUENCER
R7.H
R6.H
R7.L
R6.L
R5.H
R5.L
R4.H
R4.L
R3.H
R3.L
R2.H
R2.L
R1.H
R1.L
R0.H
R0.L
16
ALIGN
16
8
8
8
8
DECODE
BARREL
SHIFTER
40
40
A0
32
40
40
A1
LOOP BUFFER
CONTROL
UNIT
32
DATA ARITHMETIC UNIT
Figure 1. Blackfin Processor Core
The 40-bit shifter can perform shifts and rotates and is used to
support normalization, field extract, and field deposit
instructions.
Each MAC can perform a 16-bit by 16-bit multiply in each
cycle, accumulating the results into the 40-bit accumulators.
Signed and unsigned formats, rounding, and saturation
are supported.
The ALUs perform a traditional set of arithmetic and logical
operations on 16-bit or 32-bit data. In addition, many special
instructions are included to accelerate various signal processing
tasks. These include bit operations such as field extract and population count, modulo 232 multiply, divide primitives, saturation
and rounding, and sign/exponent detection. The set of video
instructions include byte alignment and packing operations,
16-bit and 8-bit adds with clipping, 8-bit average operations,
and 8-bit subtract/absolute value/accumulate (SAA) operations.
Also provided are the compare/select and vector search
instructions.
For certain instructions, two 16-bit ALU operations can be performed simultaneously on register pairs (a 16-bit high half and
16-bit low half of a compute register). If the second ALU is used,
quad 16-bit operations are possible.
Rev. PrE |
The program sequencer controls the flow of instruction execution, including instruction alignment and decoding. For
program flow control, the sequencer supports PC relative and
indirect conditional jumps (with static branch prediction), and
subroutine calls. Hardware is provided to support zero-overhead looping. The architecture is fully interlocked, meaning that
the programmer need not manage the pipeline when executing
instructions with data dependencies.
The address arithmetic unit provides two addresses for simultaneous dual fetches from memory. It contains a multiported
register file consisting of four sets of 32-bit index, modify,
length, and base registers (for circular buffering), and eight
additional 32-bit pointer registers (for C-style indexed stack
manipulation).
Page 4 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Blackfin processors support a modified Harvard architecture in
combination with a hierarchical memory structure. Level 1 (L1)
memories are those that typically operate at the full processor
speed with little or no latency. At the L1 level, the instruction
memory holds instructions only. The two data memories hold
data, and a dedicated scratchpad data memory stores stack and
local variable information.
0xFFFF FFFF
CORE MMR REGISTERS (2M BYTES)
0xFFE0 0000
SYSTEM MMR REGISTERS (2M BYTES)
0xFFC0 0000
RESERVED
0xFFB0 1000
SCRATCHPAD SRAM (4K BYTES)
0xFFB0 0000
RESERVED
0xFFA1 4000
In addition, multiple L1 memory blocks are provided, offering a
configurable mix of SRAM and cache. The memory management unit (MMU) provides memory protection for individual
tasks that may be operating on the core and can protect system
registers from unintended access.
0xFFA1 0000
RESERVED
0xFFA0 8000
INSTRUCTION BANK B SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFFA0 4000
INSTRUCTION BANK A SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFFA0 0000
RESERVED
0xFF90 8000
The architecture provides three modes of operation: user mode,
supervisor mode, and emulation mode. User mode has
restricted access to certain system resources, thus providing a
protected software environment, while supervisor mode has
unrestricted access to the system and core resources.
DATA BANK B SRAM / CACHE (16K BYTES)
0xFF90 4000
DATA BANK B SRAM (16K BYTES)
0xFF90 0000
RESERVED
0xFF80 8000
DATA BANK A SRAM / CACHE (16K BYTES)
0xFF80 4000
DATA BANK A SRAM (16K BYTES)
The Blackfin processor instruction set has been optimized so
that 16-bit opcodes represent the most frequently used instructions, resulting in excellent compiled code density. Complex
DSP instructions are encoded into 32-bit opcodes, representing
fully featured multifunction instructions. Blackfin processors
support a limited multi-issue capability, where a 32-bit instruction can be issued in parallel with two 16-bit instructions,
allowing the programmer to use many of the core resources in a
single instruction cycle.
0xFF80 0000
RESERVED
0xEF00 8000
0xEF00 0000
RESERVED
0x2040 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 3 (1M BYTES)
0x2030 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 2 (1M BYTES)
0x2020 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 1 (1M BYTES)
0x2010 0000
ASYNC MEMORY BANK 0 (1M BYTES)
0x2000 0000
SDRAM MEMORY (16M BYTES - 128M BYTES)
0x0000 0000
Figure 2. ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Internal/External Memory Map
MEMORY ARCHITECTURE
The on-chip L1 memory system is the highest-performance
memory available to the Blackfin processor. The off-chip memory system, accessed through the external bus interface unit
(EBIU), provides expansion with SDRAM, flash memory, and
SRAM, optionally accessing up to 132M bytes of
physical memory.
The memory DMA controller provides high-bandwidth datamovement capability. It can perform block transfers of code or
data between the internal memory and the external
memory spaces.
Internal (On-Chip) Memory
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors have
three blocks of on-chip memory providing high-bandwidth
access to the core.
Rev. PrE |
RESERVED
0x08 00 0000
EXTERNAL MEMORY MAP
BOOT ROM (32K BYTES)
The Blackfin processor assembly language uses an algebraic syntax for ease of coding and readability. The architecture has been
optimized for use in conjunction with the C/C++ compiler,
resulting in fast and efficient software implementations.
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors view
memory as a single unified 4G byte address space, using 32-bit
addresses. All resources, including internal memory, external
memory, and I/O control registers, occupy separate sections of
this common address space. The memory portions of this
address space are arranged in a hierarchical structure to provide
a good cost/performance balance of some very fast, low-latency
on-chip memory as cache or SRAM, and larger, lower-cost and
performance off-chip memory systems. See Figure 2.
INTERNAL MEMORY MAP
INSTRUCTION BANK C SRAM/CACHE (16K BYTES)
The first block is the L1 instruction memory, consisting of
48K bytes SRAM, of which 16K bytes can be configured as a
four-way set-associative cache. This memory is accessed at full
processor speed.
The second on-chip memory block is the L1 data memory, consisting of up to two banks of up to 32K bytes each. Each memory
bank is configurable, offering both cache and SRAM functionality. This memory block is accessed at full processor speed.
The third memory block is a 4K byte scratchpad SRAM which
runs at the same speed as the L1 memories, but is only accessible
as data SRAM and cannot be configured as cache memory.
External (Off-Chip) Memory
External memory is accessed via the EBIU. This 16-bit interface
provides a glueless connection to a bank of synchronous DRAM
(SDRAM) as well as up to four banks of asynchronous memory
devices including flash, EPROM, ROM, SRAM, and memory
mapped I/O devices.
The SDRAM controller can be programmed to interface to up
to 128M bytes of SDRAM. A separate row can be open for each
SDRAM internal bank and the SDRAM controller supports up
to four internal SDRAM banks, improving overall performance.
Page 5 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
The asynchronous memory controller can be programmed to
control up to four banks of devices with very flexible timing
parameters for a wide variety of devices. Each bank occupies a
1M byte segment regardless of the size of the devices used, so
that these banks are only contiguous if each is fully populated
with 1M byte of memory.
Preliminary Technical Data
Booting
The processors contain a small on-chip boot kernel, which configures the appropriate peripheral for booting. If the processors
are configured to boot from boot ROM memory space, the processor starts executing from the on-chip boot ROM. For more
information, see Booting Modes on Page 17.
Flash Memory
Event Handling
The ADSP-BF512F/ADSP-BF514F/ADSP-BF516F/
ADSP-BF518F processors contain a SPI flash memory within
the package of the processor and connected to SPI0.
The SPI flash memory has a 4M bit capacity and 1.8V (nominal)
operating voltage. The program/erase endurance is 100,000
cycles per block, and this memory has greater than 100 years
data retention capability. Also included are support for software
write protection and support for fast erase and byte-program.
The event controller handles all asynchronous and synchronous
events to the processor. The processors provide event handling
that supports both nesting and prioritization. Nesting allows
multiple event service routines to be active simultaneously. Prioritization ensures that servicing of a higher-priority event takes
precedence over servicing of a lower-priority event. The controller provides support for five different types of events:
• Emulation – An emulation event causes the processor to
enter emulation mode, allowing command and control of
the processor through the JTAG interface.
The processors internally connect to the flash memory die with
the MOSI, MISO, SPISSEL, and SPI_CLK signals similar to an
external SPI flash. To further provide a secure processing environment, these internally connected signals are not exposed
outside of the package. For this reason, programming the
ADSP-BF51xF flash memory is performed by running code on
the processor. It cannot be programmed from external signals
and data transfers between the SPI flash and the processor cannot be probed externally.
• Reset – This event resets the processor.
• Nonmaskable Interrupt (NMI) – The NMI event can be
generated by the software watchdog timer or by the NMI
input signal to the processor. The NMI event is frequently
used as a power-down indicator to initiate an orderly shutdown of the system.
• Exceptions – Events that occur synchronously to program
flow; that is, the exception is taken before the instruction is
allowed to complete. Conditions such as data alignment
violations and undefined instructions cause exceptions.
One-Time Programmable Memory
The processors have 64K bits of one-time programmable nonvolatile memory that can be programmed by the developer only
one time. It includes the array and logic to support read access
and programming. Additionally, its pages can be write
protected.
OTP enables developers to store both public and private data
on-chip. In addition to storing public and private key data for
applications requiring security, it also allows developers to store
completely user-definable data such as customer ID, product
ID, and MAC address. Hence generic parts can be shipped
which are then programmed and protected by the developer
within this non-volatile memory.
I/O Memory Space
The processors do not define a separate I/O space. All resources
are mapped through the flat 32-bit address space. On-chip I/O
devices have their control registers mapped into memorymapped registers (MMRs) at addresses near the top of the
4G byte address space. These are separated into two smaller
blocks, one which contains the control MMRs for all core functions, and the other which contains the registers needed for
setup and control of the on-chip peripherals outside of the core.
The MMRs are accessible only in supervisor mode and appear
as reserved space to on-chip peripherals.
Rev. PrE |
• Interrupts – Events that occur asynchronously to program
flow. They are caused by input signals, timers, and other
peripherals, as well as by an explicit software instruction.
Each event type has an associated register to hold the return
address and an associated return-from-event instruction. When
an event is triggered, the state of the processor is saved on the
supervisor stack.
The event controller consists of two stages, the core event controller (CEC) and the system interrupt controller (SIC). The
core event controller works with the system interrupt controller
to prioritize and control all system events. Conceptually, interrupts from the peripherals enter into the SIC, and are then
routed directly into the general-purpose interrupts of the CEC.
Core Event Controller (CEC)
The CEC supports nine general-purpose interrupts (IVG15–7),
in addition to the dedicated interrupt and exception events. Of
these general-purpose interrupts, the two lowest-priority
interrupts (IVG15–14) are recommended to be reserved for
software interrupt handlers, leaving seven prioritized interrupt
inputs to support the peripherals of the processors. Table 2
describes the inputs to the CEC, identifies their names in the
event vector table (EVT), and lists their priorities.
Page 6 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
ing the appropriate values into the interrupt assignment
registers (SIC_IARx). Table 3 describes the inputs into the SIC
and the default mappings into the CEC.
Table 2. Core Event Controller (CEC)
Priority
(0 is Highest) Event Class
EVT Entry
0
Emulation/Test Control
EMU
1
Reset
RST
2
Nonmaskable Interrupt
NMI
3
Exception
EVX
4
Reserved
—
5
Hardware Error
IVHW
6
Core Timer
IVTMR
7
General-Purpose Interrupt 7
IVG7
8
General-Purpose Interrupt 8
IVG8
9
General-Purpose Interrupt 9
IVG9
10
General-Purpose Interrupt 10
IVG10
11
General-Purpose Interrupt 11
IVG11
12
General-Purpose Interrupt 12
IVG12
13
General-Purpose Interrupt 13
IVG13
14
General-Purpose Interrupt 14
IVG14
15
General-Purpose Interrupt 15
IVG15
Event Control
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors provide a
very flexible mechanism to control the processing of events. In
the CEC, three registers are used to coordinate and control
events. Each register is 16 bits wide.
• CEC interrupt latch register (ILAT) – Indicates when
events have been latched. The appropriate bit is set when
the processor has latched the event and cleared when the
event has been accepted into the system. This register is
updated automatically by the controller, but it may be written only when its corresponding IMASK bit is cleared.
• CEC interrupt mask register (IMASK) – Controls the
masking and unmasking of individual events. When a bit is
set in the IMASK register, that event is unmasked and is
processed by the CEC when asserted. A cleared bit in the
IMASK register masks the event, preventing the processor
from servicing the event even though the event may be
latched in the ILAT register. This register may be read or
written while in supervisor mode. (Note that general-purpose interrupts can be globally enabled and disabled with
the STI and CLI instructions, respectively.)
System Interrupt Controller (SIC)
• CEC interrupt pending register (IPEND) – The IPEND
register keeps track of all nested events. A set bit in the
IPEND register indicates the event is currently active or
nested at some level. This register is updated automatically
by the controller but may be read while in supervisor mode.
The system interrupt controller provides the mapping and routing of events from the many peripheral interrupt sources to the
prioritized general-purpose interrupt inputs of the CEC.
Although the processors provide a default mapping, the user
can alter the mappings and priorities of interrupt events by writTable 3. Peripheral Interrupt Assignment
Peripheral Interrupt Event
General Purpose
Interrupt (at Reset)
Peripheral
Interrupt ID
Default Core
Interrupt ID
SIC Registers
PLL Wakeup Interrupt
IVG7
0
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA Error 0 (generic)
IVG7
1
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMAR0 Block Interrupt
IVG7
2
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMAR1 Block Interrupt
IVG7
3
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMAR0 Overflow Error
IVG7
4
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMAR1 Overflow Error
IVG7
5
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
PPI Error
IVG7
6
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
MAC Status
IVG7
7
0
IAR0
IMASK0 and ISR0
SPORT0 Status
IVG7
8
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
SPORT1 Status
IVG7
9
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
PTP Error Interrupt
IVG7
10
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
Reserved
IVG7
11
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
UART0 Status
IVG7
12
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
UART1 Status
IVG7
13
0
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
RTC
IVG8
14
1
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA 0 Channel (PPI)
IVG8
15
1
IAR1
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA 3 Channel (SPORT0 RX)
IVG9
16
2
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
Rev. PrE |
Page 7 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 3. Peripheral Interrupt Assignment (Continued)
Peripheral Interrupt Event
General Purpose
Interrupt (at Reset)
Peripheral
Interrupt ID
Default Core
Interrupt ID
SIC Registers
DMA 4 Channel (SPORT0 TX/RSI)
IVG9
17
2
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA 5 Channel (SPORT1 RX/SPI1)
IVG9
18
2
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA 6 Channel (SPORT1 TX)
IVG9
19
2
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
TWI
IVG10
20
3
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA 7 Channel (SPI0)
IVG10
21
3
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA8 Channel (UART0 RX)
IVG10
22
3
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA9 Channel (UART0 TX)
IVG10
23
3
IAR2
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA10 Channel (UART1 Rx)
IVG10
24
3
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA11 Channel (UART1 Tx)
IVG10
25
3
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
OTP Memory Interrupt
IVG11
26
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
GP Counter
IVG11
27
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA1 Channel (MAC RX)
IVG11
28
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
Port H Interrupt A
IVG11
29
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
DMA2 Channel (MAC TX)
IVG11
30
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
Port H Interrupt B
IVG11
31
4
IAR3
IMASK0 and ISR0
Timer 0
IVG12
32
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 1
IVG12
33
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 2
IVG12
34
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 3
IVG12
35
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 4
IVG12
36
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 5
IVG12
37
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 6
IVG12
38
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Timer 7
IVG12
39
5
IAR4
IMASK1 and ISR1
Port G Interrupt A
IVG12
40
5
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
Port G Interrupt B
IVG12
41
5
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
MDMA Stream 0
IVG13
42
6
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
MDMA Stream 1
IVG13
43
6
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
Software Watchdog Timer
IVG13
44
6
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
Port F Interrupt A
IVG13
45
6
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
Port F Interrupt B
IVG13
46
6
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
SPI0 Status
IVG7
47
0
IAR5
IMASK1 and ISR1
SPI1 Status
IVG7
48
0
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
Reserved
IVG7
49
0
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
Reserved
IVG7
50
0
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
RSI Interrupt0
IVG10
51
3
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
RSI Interrupt1
IVG10
52
3
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
PWM Trip Interrupt
IVG10
53
3
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
PWM Sync Interrupt
IVG10
54
3
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
PTP Status Interrupt
IVG10
55
3
IAR6
IMASK1 and ISR1
Rev. PrE |
Page 8 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
The SIC allows further control of event processing by providing
three pairs of 32-bit interrupt control and status registers. Each
register contains a bit corresponding to each of the peripheral
interrupt events shown in Table 3 on Page 7.
• SIC interrupt mask registers (SIC_IMASKx) – Control the
masking and unmasking of each peripheral interrupt event.
When a bit is set in these registers, that peripheral event is
unmasked and is processed by the system when asserted. A
cleared bit in the register masks the peripheral event, preventing the processor from servicing the event.
The 2-D DMA capability supports arbitrary row and column
sizes up to 64K elements by 64K elements, and arbitrary row
and column step sizes up to ±32K elements. Furthermore, the
column step size can be less than the row step size, allowing
implementation of interleaved data streams. This feature is
especially useful in video applications where data can be deinterleaved on the fly.
Examples of DMA types supported by the DMA controller
include:
• A single, linear buffer that stops upon completion
• SIC interrupt status registers (SIC_ISRx) – As multiple
peripherals can be mapped to a single event, these registers
allow the software to determine which peripheral event
source triggered the interrupt. A set bit indicates the
peripheral is asserting the interrupt, and a cleared bit indicates the peripheral is not asserting the event.
• A circular, auto-refreshing buffer that interrupts on each
full or fractionally full buffer
• SIC interrupt wakeup enable registers (SIC_IWRx) – By
enabling the corresponding bit in these registers, a peripheral can be configured to wake up the processor, should the
core be idled when the event is generated. For more information see Dynamic Power Management on Page 14.
In addition to the dedicated peripheral DMA channels, there are
two memory DMA channels that transfer data between the various memories of the processor system. This enables transfers of
blocks of data between any of the memories—including external
SDRAM, ROM, SRAM, and flash memory—with minimal processor intervention. Memory DMA transfers can be controlled
by a very flexible descriptor-based methodology or by a standard register-based autobuffer mechanism.
Because multiple interrupt sources can map to a single generalpurpose interrupt, multiple pulse assertions can occur simultaneously, before or during interrupt processing for an interrupt
event already detected on this interrupt input. The IPEND register contents are monitored by the SIC as the interrupt
acknowledgement.
The appropriate ILAT register bit is set when an interrupt rising
edge is detected (detection requires two core clock cycles). The
bit is cleared when the respective IPEND register bit is set. The
IPEND bit indicates that the event has entered into the processor pipeline. At this point the CEC recognizes and queues the
next rising edge event on the corresponding event input. The
minimum latency from the rising edge transition of the generalpurpose interrupt to the IPEND output asserted is three core
clock cycles; however, the latency can be much higher, depending on the activity within and the state of the processor.
DMA CONTROLLERS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors have
multiple, independent DMA channels that support automated
data transfers with minimal overhead for the processor core.
DMA transfers can occur between the processor's internal
memories and any of its DMA-capable peripherals. Additionally, DMA transfers can be accomplished between any of the
DMA-capable peripherals and external devices connected to the
external memory interfaces, including the SDRAM controller
and the asynchronous memory controller. DMA-capable
peripherals include the Ethernet MAC, RSI, SPORTs, SPIs,
UARTs, and PPI. Each individual DMA-capable peripheral has
at least one dedicated DMA channel.
The processors’ DMA controller supports both one-dimensional (1-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) DMA transfers. DMA
transfer initialization can be implemented from registers or
from sets of parameters called descriptor blocks.
Rev. PrE |
• 1-D or 2-D DMA using a linked list of descriptors
• 2-D DMA using an array of descriptors, specifying only the
base DMA address within a common page
The processors also have an external DMA controller capability
via dual external DMA request signals when used in conjunction with the external bus interface unit (EBIU). This
functionality can be used when a high speed interface is
required for external FIFOs and high bandwidth communications peripherals. It allows control of the number of data
transfers for memory DMA. The number of transfers per edge is
programmable. This feature can be programmed to allow memory DMA to have an increased priority on the external bus
relative to the core.
REAL-TIME CLOCK
The real-time clock (RTC) provides a robust set of digital watch
features, including current time, stopwatch, and alarm. The
RTC is clocked by a 32.768 kHz crystal external to the processors. The RTC peripheral has a dedicated power supply so that it
can remain powered up and clocked even when the rest of the
processor is in a low-power state. The RTC provides several
programmable interrupt options, including interrupt per second, minute, hour, or day clock ticks, interrupt on
programmable stopwatch countdown, or interrupt at a programmed alarm time.
The 32.768 kHz input clock frequency is divided down to a 1 Hz
signal by a prescaler. The counter function of the timer consists
of four counters: a 60-second counter, a 60-minute counter, a
24-hour counter, and an 32,768-day counter.
When enabled, the alarm function generates an interrupt when
the output of the timer matches the programmed value in the
alarm control register. There are two alarms: The first alarm is
for a time of day. The second alarm is for a day and time of
that day.
Page 9 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
The stopwatch function counts down from a programmed
value, with one-second resolution. When the stopwatch is
enabled and the counter underflows, an interrupt is generated.
pulse width modulator (PWM) or timer output, as an input to
clock the timer, or as a mechanism for measuring pulse widths
and periods of external events. These timers can be synchronized to an external clock input to the several other associated
PF signals, an external clock input to the PPI_CLK input signal,
or to the internal SCLK.
Like the other peripherals, the RTC can wake up the processor
from sleep mode upon generation of any RTC wakeup event.
Additionally, an RTC wakeup event can wake up the processor
from deep sleep mode or cause a transition from the hibernate
state.
Connect RTC signals RTXI and RTXO with external components as shown in Figure 3.
RTXI
The timers can generate interrupts to the processor core providing periodic events for synchronization, either to the system
clock or to a count of external signals.
RTXO
R1
In addition to the eight general-purpose programmable timers,
a ninth timer is also provided. This extra timer is clocked by the
internal processor clock and is typically used as a system tick
clock for generation of operating system periodic interrupts.
X1
C1
The timer units can be used in conjunction with the two UARTs
to measure the width of the pulses in the data stream to provide
a software auto-baud detect function for the respective serial
channels.
C2
3-PHASE PWM
Features of the 3-phase PWM generation unit are:
• 16-bit center-based PWM generation unit
SUGGESTED COMPONENTS:
X1 = ECL IPTEK EC38J (THROUGH-HOLE PACKAGE) OR
EPSON MC405 12 pF LOAD (SURFACE-MOUNT PACKAGE)
C1 = 22 pF
C2 = 22 pF
R1 = 10 MΩ
NOTE: C1 AND C2 ARE SPECIFIC TO CRYSTAL SPECI FIED FOR X1.
CONTACT CRYSTAL MANUFACTURER FOR DETAILS. C1 AND C2
SPECIFICATIONS ASSUME BOARD TRACE CAPACITANCE OF 3 pF.
• Programmable PWM pulse width
• Single/double update modes
• Programmable dead time and switching frequency
• Twos-complement implementation which permits smooth
transition to full ON and full OFF states
Figure 3. External Components for RTCT
• Possibility to synchronize the PWM generation to an external synchronization
WATCHDOG TIMER
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors include a
32-bit timer that can be used to implement a software watchdog
function. A software watchdog can improve system availability
by forcing the processor to a known state through generation of
a hardware reset, nonmaskable interrupt (NMI), or generalpurpose interrupt, if the timer expires before being reset by software. The programmer initializes the count value of the timer,
enables the appropriate interrupt, then enables the timer.
Thereafter, the software must reload the counter before it
counts to zero from the programmed value. This protects the
system from remaining in an unknown state where software,
which would normally reset the timer, has stopped running due
to an external noise condition or software error.
If configured to generate a hardware reset, the watchdog timer
resets both the core and the processor peripherals. After a reset,
software can determine if the watchdog was the source of the
hardware reset by interrogating a status bit in the watchdog
timer control register.
The timer is clocked by the system clock (SCLK), at a maximum
frequency of fSCLK.
TIMERS
There are nine general-purpose programmable timer units in
the ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors. Eight
timers have an external signal that can be configured either as a
Rev. PrE |
• Special provisions for BDCM operation (crossover and
output enable functions)
• Wide variety of special switched reluctance (SR) operating
modes
• Output polarity and clock gating control
• Dedicated asynchronous PWM shutdown signal
The processors integrate a flexible and programmable 3-phase
PWM waveform generator that can be programmed to generate
the required switching patterns to drive a 3-phase voltage
source inverter for ac induction (ACIM) or permanent magnet
synchronous (PMSM) motor control. In addition, the PWM
block contains special functions that considerably simplify the
generation of the required PWM switching patterns for control
of the electronically commutated motor (ECM) or brushless dc
motor (BDCM). Software can enable a special mode for
switched reluctance motors (SRM).
The six PWM output signals consist of three high-side drive signals (PWM_AH, PWM_BH, and PWM_CH) and three
low-side drive signals (PWM_AL, PWM_BL, and PWM_CL).
The polarity of the generated PWM signal be set with software,
so that either active HI or active LO PWM patterns can be
produced.
The switching frequency of the generated PWM pattern is programmable using the 16-bit PWMTM register. The PWM
generator can operate in single update mode or double update
Page 10 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
mode. In single update mode the duty cycle values are programmable only once per PWM period, so that the resultant PWM
patterns are symmetrical about the midpoint of the PWM
period. In the double update mode, a second updating of the
PWM registers is implemented at the midpoint of the PWM
period. In this mode, it is possible to produce asymmetrical
PWM patterns that produce lower harmonic distortion in
3-phase PWM inverters.
• DMA operations with single-cycle overhead – Each SPORT
can automatically receive and transmit multiple buffers of
memory data. The processor can link or chain sequences of
DMA transfers between a SPORT and memory.
GENERAL-PURPOSE (GP) COUNTER
• Multichannel capability – Each SPORT supports 128 channels out of a 1024-channel window and is compatible with
the H.100, H.110, MVIP-90, and HMVIP standards.
A 32-bit GP counter is provided that can sense 2-bit quadrature
or binary codes as typically emitted by industrial drives or manual thumb wheels. The counter can also operate in generalpurpose up/down count modes. Then, count direction is either
controlled by a level-sensitive input signal or by two edge
detectors.
A third input can provide flexible zero marker support and can
alternatively be used to input the push-button signal of thumb
wheels. All three signals have a programmable debouncing
circuit.
An internal signal forwarded to the GP timer unit enables one
timer to measure the intervals between count events. Boundary
registers enable auto-zero operation or simple system warning
by interrupts when programmable count values are exceeded.
SERIAL PORTS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors incorporate two dual-channel synchronous serial ports (SPORT0 and
SPORT1) for serial and multiprocessor communications. The
SPORTs support the following features:
• I2S capable operation.
• Bidirectional operation – Each SPORT has two sets of independent transmit and receive signals, enabling eight
channels of I2S stereo audio.
• Buffered (8-deep) transmit and receive ports – Each port
has a data register for transferring data words to and from
other processor components and shift registers for shifting
data in and out of the data registers.
• Clocking – Each transmit and receive port can either use an
external serial clock or generate its own, in frequencies
ranging from (fSCLK/131,070) Hz to (fSCLK/2) Hz.
• Word length – Each SPORT supports serial data words
from 3 to 32 bits in length, transferred most-significant-bit
first or least-significant-bit first.
• Framing – Each transmit and receive port can run with or
without frame sync signals for each data word. Frame sync
signals can be generated internally or externally, active high
or low, and with either of two pulse widths and early or late
frame sync.
• Interrupts – Each transmit and receive port generates an
interrupt upon completing the transfer of a data word or
after transferring an entire data buffer, or buffers,
through DMA.
SERIAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE (SPI) PORTS
The processors have two SPI-compatible ports (SPI0 and SPI1)
that enable the processor to communicate with multiple SPIcompatible devices.
The SPI interface uses three signals for transferring data: two
data signals (master output-slave input–MOSI, and master
input-slave output–MISO) and a clock signal (serial
clock–SCK). An SPI chip select input signal (SPIxSS) lets other
SPI devices select the processor, and multiple SPI chip select
output signals let the processor select other SPI devices. The SPI
select signals are reconfigured general-purpose I/O signals.
Using these signals, the SPI port provides a full-duplex, synchronous serial interface, which supports both master/slave
modes and multimaster environments.
The SPI port baud rate and clock phase/polarities are programmable, and it has an integrated DMA channel, configurable to
support transmit or receive data streams. The SPI’s DMA channel can only service unidirectional accesses at any given time.
The SPI port clock rate is calculated as:
f SCLK
SPI Clock Rate = ----------------------------------2 × SPI_BAUD
Where the 16-bit SPI_BAUD register contains a value of 2
to 65,535.
During transfers, the SPI port simultaneously transmits and
receives by serially shifting data in and out on its two serial data
lines. The serial clock line synchronizes the shifting and sampling of data on the two serial data lines.
UART PORTS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors provide
two full-duplex universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter
(UART) ports, which are fully compatible with PC-standard
UARTs. Each UART port provides a simplified UART interface
to other peripherals or hosts, supporting full-duplex, DMA-supported, asynchronous transfers of serial data. A UART port
• Companding in hardware – Each SPORT can perform
A-law or μ-law companding according to ITU recommendation G.711. Companding can be selected on the transmit
and/or receive channel of the SPORT without
additional latencies.
Rev. PrE |
Page 11 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
includes support for five to eight data bits, one or two stop bits,
and none, even, or odd parity. Each UART port supports two
modes of operation:
• PIO (programmed I/O) – The processor sends or receives
data by writing or reading I/O mapped UART registers.
The data is double-buffered on both transmit and receive.
Preliminary Technical Data
RSI INTERFACE
The removable storage interface (RSI) controller acts as the host
interface for multi-media cards (MMC), secure digital memory
cards (SD Card), secure digital input/output cards (SDIO), and
CE-ATA hard disk drives. The following list describes the main
features of the RSI controller.
• DMA (direct memory access) – The DMA controller transfers both transmit and receive data. This reduces the
number and frequency of interrupts required to transfer
data to and from memory. The UART has two dedicated
DMA channels, one for transmit and one for receive. These
DMA channels have lower default priority than most DMA
channels because of their relatively low service rates.
• Support for a single MMC, SD memory, SDIO card or CEATA hard disk drive
• Support for 1-bit and 4-bit SD modes
• Support for 1-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit MMC modes
• Support for 4-bit and 8-bit CE-ATA hard disk drives
• A ten-signal external interface with clock, command, and
up to eight data lines
Each UART port's baud rate, serial data format, error code generation and status, and interrupts are programmable:
• Card detection using one of the data signals
• Supporting bit rates ranging from (fSCLK/1,048,576) to
(fSCLK/16) bits per second.
• Card interface clock generation from SCLK
• Supporting data formats from seven to 12 bits per frame.
• SDIO interrupt and read wait features
• Both transmit and receive operations can be configured to
generate maskable interrupts to the processor.
• CE-ATA command completion signal recognition and
disable
10/100 ETHERNET MAC
The UART port’s clock rate is calculated as:
f SCLK
UART Clock Rate = ---------------------------------------------16 × UART_Divisor
Where the 16-bit UART_Divisor comes from the UART_DLH
(most significant 8 bits) and UART_DLL (least significant
8 bits) registers.
In conjunction with the general-purpose timer functions, autobaud detection is supported.
The capabilities of the UARTs are further extended with support for the infrared data association (IrDA®) serial infrared
physical layer link specification (SIR) protocol.
The ADSP-BF516/BF518 processors offer the capability to
directly connect to a network by way of an embedded fast Ethernet media access controller (MAC) that supports both 10-BaseT
(10M bits/sec) and 100-BaseT (100M bits/sec) operation. The
10/100 Ethernet MAC peripheral on the processor is fully compliant to the IEEE 802.3-2002 standard and it provides
programmable features designed to minimize supervision, bus
use, or message processing by the rest of the processor system.
Some standard features are:
• Support of MII and RMII protocols for external PHYs
• Full duplex and half duplex modes
• Data framing and encapsulation: generation and detection
of preamble, length padding, and FCS
TWI CONTROLLER INTERFACE
The processors include a two wire interface (TWI) module for
providing a simple exchange method of control data between
multiple devices. The TWI is compatible with the widely used
I2C® bus standard. The TWI module offers the capabilities of
simultaneous master and slave operation, support for both 7-bit
addressing and multimedia data arbitration. The TWI interface
utilizes two signals for transferring clock (SCL) and data (SDA)
and supports the protocol at speeds up to 400k bits/sec. The
TWI interface signals are compatible with 5 V logic levels.
• Media access management (in half-duplex operation): collision and contention handling, including control of
retransmission of collision frames and of back-off timing
• Flow control (in full-duplex operation): generation and
detection of pause frames
• Station management: generation of MDC/MDIO frames
for read-write access to PHY registers
• SCLK operating range down to 25 MHz (active and sleep
operating modes)
Additionally, the processor’s TWI module is fully compatible
with serial camera control bus (SCCB) functionality for easier
control of various CMOS camera sensor devices.
• Internal loopback from transmit to receive
Some advanced features are:
• Buffered crystal output to external PHY for support of a
single crystal system
• Automatic checksum computation of IP header and IP
payload fields of Rx frames
• Independent 32-bit descriptor-driven receive and transmit
DMA channels
Rev. PrE |
Page 12 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
• Frame status delivery to memory through DMA, including
frame completion semaphores for efficient buffer queue
management in software
• Multiple input clock sources (SCLK, MII clock, external
clock up to 50 MHz)
• Tx DMA support for separate descriptors for MAC header
and payload to eliminate buffer copy operations
• Auxiliary snapshot to time stamp external events
• Programmable pulse per second (PPS) output
PORTS
• Convenient frame alignment modes support even 32-bit
alignment of encapsulated receive or transmit IP packet
data in memory after the 14-byte MAC header
• Programmable Ethernet event interrupt supports any combination of:
Because of the rich set of peripherals, the processors group the
many peripheral signals to four ports—port F, port G, port H,
and port J. Most of the associated pins/balls are shared by multiple signals. The ports function as multiplexer controls.
• Selected receive or transmit frame status conditions
General-Purpose I/O (GPIO)
• PHY interrupt condition
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors have 40
bidirectional, general-purpose I/O (GPIO) signals allocated
across three separate GPIO modules—PORTFIO, PORTGIO,
and PORTHIO, associated with Port F, Port G, and Port H,
respectively. Each GPIO-capable signal shares functionality
with other peripherals via a multiplexing scheme; however, the
GPIO functionality is the default state of the device upon
power-up. Neither GPIO output nor input drivers are active by
default. Each general-purpose port signal can be individually
controlled by manipulation of the port control, status, and
interrupt registers:
• Wakeup frame detected
• Selected MAC management counter(s) at half-full
• DMA descriptor error
• 47 MAC management statistics counters with selectable
clear-on-read behavior and programmable interrupts on
half maximum value
• Programmable receive address filters, including a 64-bin
address hash table for multicast and/or unicast frames, and
programmable filter modes for broadcast, multicast, unicast, control, and damaged frames
• Advanced power management supporting unattended
transfer of receive and transmit frames and status to/from
external memory via DMA during low-power sleep mode
• System wakeup from sleep operating mode upon magic
packet or any of four user-definable wakeup frame filters
• Support for 802.3Q tagged VLAN frames
• Programmable MDC clock rate and preamble suppression
• In RMII operation, seven unused signals may be configured as GPIO signals for other purposes
IEEE 1588 SUPPORT
The IEEE 1588 standard is a precision clock synchronization
protocol for networked measurement and control systems. The
ADSP-BF518/ADSP-BF518F processors include hardware support for IEEE 1588 with an integrated precision time protocol
synchronization engine (PTP_TSYNC). This engine provides
hardware assisted time stamping to improve the accuracy of
clock synchronization between PTP nodes. The main features of
the PTP_SYNC engine are:
• Support for both IEEE 1588-2002 and IEEE 1588-2008 protocol standards
• Hardware assisted time stamping capable of 12.5 ns
resolution
• Lock adjustment
• Programmable PTM message support
• Dedicated interrupts
• GPIO direction control register – Specifies the direction of
each individual GPIO signal as input or output.
• GPIO control and status registers – The processor employs
a “write one to modify” mechanism that allows any combination of individual GPIO signals to be modified in a single
instruction, without affecting the level of any other GPIO
signals. Four control registers are provided. One register is
written in order to set signal values, one register is written
in order to clear signal values, one register is written in
order to toggle signal values, and one register is written in
order to specify a signal value. Reading the GPIO status
register allows software to interrogate the sense of the
signals.
• GPIO interrupt mask registers – The two GPIO interrupt
mask registers allow each individual GPIO signal to function as an interrupt to the processor. Similar to the two
GPIO control registers that are used to set and clear individual signal values, one GPIO interrupt mask register sets
bits to enable interrupt function, and the other GPIO interrupt mask register clears bits to disable interrupt function.
GPIO signals defined as inputs can be configured to generate hardware interrupts, while output signals can be
triggered by software interrupts.
• GPIO interrupt sensitivity registers – The two GPIO interrupt sensitivity registers specify whether individual signals
are level- or edge-sensitive and specify—if edge-sensitive—
whether just the rising edge or both the rising and falling
edges of the signal are significant. One register selects the
type of sensitivity, and one register selects which edges are
significant for edge-sensitivity.
• Programmable alarm
Rev. PrE |
Page 13 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
PARALLEL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE (PPI)
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors provide a
parallel peripheral interface (PPI) that can connect directly to
parallel A/D and D/A converters, ITU-R-601/656 video encoders and decoders, and other general-purpose peripherals. The
PPI consists of a dedicated input clock signal, up to three frame
synchronization signals, and up to 16 data signals.
Preliminary Technical Data
CODE SECURITY WITH LOCKBOX SECURE
TECHNOLOGY
A security system consisting of a blend of hardware and software provides customers with a flexible and rich set of code
security features with Lockbox secure technology. Key features
include:
• OTP memory
In ITU-R-656 modes, the PPI receives and parses a data stream
of 8-bit or 10-bit data elements. On-chip decode of embedded
preamble control and synchronization information
is supported.
Three distinct ITU-R-656 modes are supported:
• Active video only mode – The PPI does not read in any
data between the End of Active Video (EAV) and Start of
Active Video (SAV) preamble symbols, or any data present
during the vertical blanking intervals. In this mode, the
control byte sequences are not stored to memory; they are
filtered by the PPI.
• Vertical blanking only mode – The PPI only transfers vertical blanking interval (VBI) data, as well as horizontal
blanking information and control byte sequences on
VBI lines.
• Entire field mode – The entire incoming bitstream is read
in through the PPI. This includes active video, control preamble sequences, and ancillary data that may be embedded
in horizontal and vertical blanking intervals.
• Unique chip ID
• Code authentication
• Secure mode of operation
The security scheme is based upon the concept of authentication of digital signatures using standards-based algorithms and
provides a secure processing environment in which to execute
code and protect assets.
DYNAMIC POWER MANAGEMENT
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors provide
four operating modes, each with a different performance/power
profile. In addition, dynamic power management provides the
control functions to dynamically alter the processor core supply
voltage, further reducing power dissipation. When configured
for a 0 volt core supply voltage, the processor enters the hibernate state. Control of clocking to each of the processor
peripherals also reduces power consumption. See Table 4 for a
summary of the power settings for each mode.
Though not explicitly supported, ITU-R-656 output functionality can be achieved by setting up the entire frame structure
(including active video, blanking, and control information) in
memory and streaming the data out the PPI in a frame sync-less
mode. The processor’s 2-D DMA features facilitate this transfer
by allowing the static frame buffer (blanking and control codes)
to be placed in memory once, and simply updating the active
video information on a per-frame basis.
Table 4. Power Settings
The general-purpose modes of the PPI are intended to suit a
wide variety of data capture and transmission applications. The
modes are divided into four main categories, each allowing up
to 16 bits of data transfer per PPI_CLK cycle:
• Data receive with internally generated frame syncs
System
Clock
(SCLK)
Core
Power
Full On
Enabled No
Enabled Enabled On
Active
Enabled/ Yes
Disabled
Enabled Enabled On
Sleep
Enabled —
Disabled Enabled On
Deep Sleep
Disabled —
Disabled Disabled On
Hibernate
Disabled —
Disabled Disabled Off
Full-On Operating Mode—Maximum Performance
• Data receive with externally generated frame syncs
• Data transmit with internally generated frame syncs
• Data transmit with externally generated frame syncs
These modes support ADC/DAC connections, as well as video
communication with hardware signalling. Many of the modes
support more than one level of frame synchronization. If
desired, a programmable delay can be inserted between assertion of a frame sync and reception/transmission of data.
Rev. PrE |
Mode/State PLL
Core
PLL
Clock
Bypassed (CCLK)
In the full-on mode, the PLL is enabled and is not bypassed,
providing capability for maximum operational frequency. This
is the power-up default execution state in which maximum performance can be achieved. The processor core and all enabled
peripherals run at full speed.
Active Operating Mode—Moderate Power Savings
In the active mode, the PLL is enabled but bypassed. Because the
PLL is bypassed, the processor’s core clock (CCLK) and system
clock (SCLK) run at the input clock (CLKIN) frequency. In this
mode, the CLKIN to CCLK multiplier ratio can be changed,
although the changes are not realized until the full-on mode is
entered. DMA access is available to appropriately configured
L1 memories.
Page 14 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
In the active mode, it is possible to disable the PLL through the
PLL control register (PLL_CTL). If disabled, the PLL must be
re-enabled before transitioning to the full-on or sleep modes.
Sleep Operating Mode—High Dynamic Power Savings
The sleep mode reduces dynamic power dissipation by disabling
the clock to the processor core (CCLK). The PLL and system
clock (SCLK), however, continue to operate in this mode. Typically an external event or RTC activity wakes up the processor.
When in the sleep mode, asserting wakeup causes the processor
to sense the value of the BYPASS bit in the PLL control register
(PLL_CTL). If BYPASS is disabled, the processor transitions to
the full on mode. If BYPASS is enabled, the processor transitions to the active mode.
System DMA access to L1 memory is not supported in
sleep mode.
Deep Sleep Operating Mode—Maximum Dynamic Power
Savings
The deep sleep mode maximizes dynamic power savings by disabling the clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and to all
synchronous peripherals (SCLK). Asynchronous peripherals,
such as the RTC, may still be running but cannot access internal
resources or external memory. This powered-down mode can
only be exited by assertion of the reset interrupt (RESET) or by
an asynchronous interrupt generated by the RTC. When in deep
sleep mode, an RTC asynchronous interrupt causes the processor to transition to the Active mode. Assertion of RESET while
in deep sleep mode causes the processor to transition to the full
on mode.
Hibernate State—Maximum Static Power Savings
The hibernate state maximizes static power savings by disabling
the voltage and clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and system
blocks (SCLK). Any critical information stored internally
(memory contents, register contents, etc.) must be written to a
non-volatile storage device prior to removing power if the processor state is to be preserved. Writing b#00 to the FREQ bits in
the VR_CTL register also causes EXT_WAKE to transition low,
which can be used to signal an external voltage regulator to shut
down.
SDRAM. The SCKELOW bit in the VR_CTL register controls
whether or not SDRAM operates in self-refresh mode, which
allows it to retain its content while the processor is in hibernation and through the subsequent reset sequence.
Power Savings
As shown in Table 5, the processors support up to six different
power domains, which maximizes flexibility while maintaining
compliance with industry standards and conventions. By isolating the internal logic of the processor into its own power
domain, separate from the RTC and other I/O, the processor
can take advantage of dynamic power management without
affecting the RTC or other I/O devices. There are no sequencing
requirements for the various power domains, but all domains
must be powered according to the appropriate Specifications
table for processor Operating Conditions; even if the feature/peripheral is not used.
Table 5. Power Domains
Power Domain
VDD Range
All internal logic, except RTC, Memory, OTP
VDDINT
RTC internal logic and crystal I/O
VDDRTC
Memory logic
VDDMEM
OTP logic
VDDOTP
Optional internal flash
VDDFLASH
All other I/O
VDDEXT
The dynamic power management feature of the processor
allows both the processor’s input voltage (VDDINT) and clock frequency (fCCLK) to be dynamically controlled.
The power dissipated by a processor is largely a function of its
clock frequency and the square of the operating voltage. For
example, reducing the clock frequency by 25% results in a 25%
reduction in dynamic power dissipation, while reducing the
voltage by 25% reduces dynamic power dissipation by more
than 40%. Further, these power savings are additive, in that if
the clock frequency and supply voltage are both reduced, the
power savings can be dramatic, as shown in the following
equations.
Since VDDEXT is still supplied in this mode, all of the external signals three-state, unless otherwise specified. This allows other
devices that may be connected to the processor to still have
power applied without drawing unwanted current.
The Ethernet module can signal an external regulator to wake
up using EXT_WAKE. If PF15 does not connect as a PHYINT
signal to an external PHY device, it can be pulled low by any
other device to wake the processor up. The processor can also be
woken up by a real-time clock wakeup event or by asserting the
RESET pin. All hibernate wakeup events initiate the hardware
reset sequence. Individual sources are enabled by the VR_CTL
register. The EXT_WAKE signal is provided to indicate the
occurrence of wakeup events.
Power Savings Factor
V DDINTRED 2
f CCLKRED
T RED
= -------------------------- ×  -------------------------------- ×  --------------- 
f CCLKNOM
V DDINTNOM
T NOM
% Power Savings = ( 1 – Power Savings Factor ) × 100%
where the variables in the equations are:
With the exception of the VR_CTL and the RTC registers, all
internal registers and memories lose their content in the hibernate state. State variables may be held in external SRAM or
Rev. PrE |
Page 15 of 62 |
fCCLKNOM is the nominal core clock frequency
fCCLKRED is the reduced core clock frequency
VDDINTNOM is the nominal internal supply voltage
VDDINTRED is the reduced internal supply voltage
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
TNOM is the duration running at fCCLKNOM
BLACKFIN
TRED is the duration running at fCCLKRED
CLKOUT
VOLTAGE REGULATION INTERFACE
TO PLL CIRCUITRY
EN
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors require
an external voltage regulator to power the VDDINT domain. To
reduce standby power consumption in the hibernate state, the
external voltage regulator can be signaled through EXT_WAKE
to remove power from the processor core. EXT_WAKE is hightrue for power-up and may be connected directly to the lowtrue shut down input of many common regulators.
CLKBUF
EN
CLKIN
XTAL
330⍀*
FOR OVERTONE
OPERATION ONLY:
The Power Good (PG) input signal allows the processor to start
only after the internal voltage has reached a chosen level. In this
way, the startup time of the external regulator is detected after
hibernation. For a complete description of the PG functionality,
refer to the ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference.
18 pF*
18 pF*
NOTE: VALUES MARKED WITH * MUST BE CUSTOMIZED
DEPENDING ON THE CRYSTAL AND LAYOUT. PLEASE
ANALYZE CAREFULLY.
CLOCK SIGNALS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors can be
clocked by an external crystal, a sine wave input, or a buffered,
shaped clock derived from an external clock oscillator.
If an external clock is used, it should be a TTL compatible signal
and must not be halted, changed, or operated below the specified frequency during normal operation. This signal is
connected to the processor CLKIN signal. When an external
clock is used, the XTAL pin/ball must be left unconnected.
Alternatively, because the processor includes an on-chip oscillator circuit, an external crystal may be used. For fundamental
frequency operation, use the circuit shown in Figure 4. A parallel-resonant, fundamental frequency, microprocessor-grade
crystal is connected across the CLKIN and XTAL pins/balls. The
on-chip resistance between the CLKIN pin/ball and the XTAL
pin/ball is in the 500 kΩ range. Further parallel resistors are typically not recommended. The two capacitors and the series
resistor shown in Figure 4 fine tune phase and amplitude of the
sine frequency.
The capacitor and resistor values shown in Figure 4 are typical
values only. The capacitor values are dependent upon the crystal
manufacturers’ load capacitance recommendations and the PCB
physical layout. The resistor value depends on the drive level
specified by the crystal manufacturer. The user should verify the
customized values based on careful investigations on multiple
devices over temperature range.
Figure 4. External Crystal Connections
25 MHz or 50 MHz crystal may be applied directly to the processor. The 25 MHz or 50 MHz output of CLKBUF can then be
connected to an external Ethernet MII or RMII PHY device.
The Blackfin core runs at a different clock rate than the on-chip
peripherals. As shown in Figure 5, the core clock (CCLK) and
system peripheral clock (SCLK) are derived from the input
clock (CLKIN) signal. An on-chip PLL is capable of multiplying
the CLKIN signal by a programmable 0.5× to 64× multiplication
factor (bounded by specified minimum and maximum VCO
frequencies). The default multiplier is 5×, but it can be modified
by a software instruction sequence.
On-the-fly frequency changes can be effected by simply writing
to the PLL_DIV register. The maximum allowed CCLK and
SCLK rates depend on the applied voltages VDDINT, VDDEXT, and
VDDMEM, the VCO is always permitted to run up to the frequency
specified by the part’s speed grade. The CLKOUT signal reflects
the SCLK frequency to the off-chip world. It belongs to the
SDRAM interface, but it functions as reference signal in other
timing specifications as well. While active by default, it can be
disabled using the EBIU_SDGCTL and EBIU_AMGCTL
registers.
A third-overtone crystal can be used for frequencies above 25
MHz. The circuit is then modified to ensure crystal operation
only at the third overtone, by adding a tuned inductor circuit as
shown in Figure 4. A design procedure for third-overtone operation is discussed in detail in application note (EE-168) Using
Third Overtone Crystals with the ADSP-218x DSP on the Analog
Devices website (www.analog.com)—use site search on
“EE-168.”
“FINE” ADJUSTMENT
REQUIRES PLL SEQUENCING
CLKIN
Page 16 of 62 |
÷ 1, 2, 4, 8
CCLK
÷ 1 to 15
SCLK
VCO
SCLK ≤ CCLK
SCLK ≤ 80 MHz
The CLKBUF signal is an output signal, which is a buffered version of the input clock. This signal is particularly useful in
Ethernet applications to limit the number of required clock
sources in the system. In this type of application, a single
Rev. PrE |
PLL
0.5× to 64×
“COARSE” ADJUSTMENT
ON-THE-FLY
Figure 5. Frequency Modification Methods
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
All on-chip peripherals are clocked by the system clock (SCLK).
The system clock frequency is programmable by means of the
SSEL3–0 bits of the PLL_DIV register. The values programmed
into the SSEL fields define a divide ratio between the PLL output
(VCO) and the system clock. SCLK divider values are 1 through
15. Table 6 illustrates typical system clock ratios.
by proper OTP programming at pre-boot time. The BMODE
bits of the reset configuration register, sampled during poweron resets and software-initiated resets, implement the modes
shown in Table 8.
Note that the divisor ratio must be chosen to limit the system
clock frequency to its maximum of fSCLK. The SSEL value can be
changed dynamically without any PLL lock latencies by writing
the appropriate values to the PLL divisor register (PLL_DIV).
BMODE2–0 Description
Table 6. Example System Clock Ratios
Signal Name
SSEL3–0
Example Frequency Ratios
Divider Ratio (MHz)
VCO/SCLK
VCO
SCLK
0001
1:1
50
50
0110
6:1
300
50
1010
10:1
400
40
Table 8. Booting Modes
000
Idle - No boot
001
Boot from 8- or 16-bit external flash memory
010
Boot from internal SPI memory
011
Boot from external SPI memory (EEPROM or flash)
100
Boot from SPI0 host
101
Boot from OTP memory
110
Boot from SDRAM
111
Boot from UART0 Host
The core clock (CCLK) frequency can also be dynamically
changed by means of the CSEL1–0 bits of the PLL_DIV register.
Supported CCLK divider ratios are 1, 2, 4, and 8, as shown in
Table 7. This programmable core clock capability is useful for
fast core frequency modifications.
Table 7. Core Clock Ratios
Signal Name
CSEL1–0
Example Frequency Ratios
Divider Ratio (MHz)
VCO/CCLK
VCO
CCLK
00
1:1
300
300
01
2:1
300
150
10
4:1
400
100
11
8:1
200
25
The maximum CCLK frequency not only depends on the part's
speed grade (see Page 62), it also depends on the applied VDDINT
voltage. See Table 11 for details. The maximal system clock rate
(SCLK) depends on the chip package and the applied VDDINT,
VDDEXT, and VDDMEM voltages (see Table 14 on Page 24).
BOOTING MODES
The processor has several mechanisms (listed in Table 8) for
automatically loading internal and external memory after a
reset. The boot mode is defined by three BMODE input bits
dedicated to this purpose. There are two categories of boot
modes. In master boot modes the processor actively loads data
from parallel or serial memories. In slave boot modes the processor receives data from external host devices.
The boot modes listed in Table 8 provide a number of mechanisms for automatically loading the processor’s internal and
external memories after a reset. By default, all boot modes use
the slowest meaningful configuration settings. Default settings
can be altered via the initialization code feature at boot time or
Rev. PrE |
Page 17 of 62 |
• Idle/no boot mode (BMODE = 0x0) — In this mode, the
processor goes into idle. The idle boot mode helps recover
from illegal operating modes, such as when the user has
mis configured the OTP memory.
• Boot from 8-bit or 16-bit external flash memory
(BMODE = 0x1) — In this mode, the boot kernel loads the
first block header from address 0x2000 0000 and—depending on instructions containing in the header—the boot
kernel performs 8-bit or 16-bit boot or starts program execution at the address provided by the header. By default, all
configuration settings are set for the slowest device possible
(3-cycle hold time, 15-cycle R/W access times, 4-cycle
setup).
The ARDY is not enabled by default, but it can be enabled
by OTP programming. Similarly, all interface behavior and
timings can be customized by OTP programming. This
includes activation of burst-mode or page-mode operation.
In this mode, all signals belonging to the asynchronous
interface are enabled at the port muxing level.
• Boot from internal SPI memory (BMODE = 0x2) — The
processor uses SPI0 to load from code previously loaded to
the 4 Mbit internal SPI flash. Only available on the ADSPBF512F/ADSP-BF514F/ADSP-BF516F/ADSP-BF518F.
• Boot from external SPI EEPROM or flash (BMODE = 0x3)
— 8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit or 32-bit addressable devices are
supported. The processor uses the PG15 GPIO signal (at
SPI0SSEL2) to select a single SPI EEPROM/flash device
connected to the SPI0 interface; then submits a read command and successive address bytes (0x00) until a valid 8-,
16-, 24-, or 32-bit addressable device is detected. Pull-up
resistors are required on the SSEL and MISO signals. By
default, a value of 0x85 is written to the SPI0_BAUD
register.
• Boot from SPI0 host device (BMODE = 0x4) — The processor operates in SPI slave mode and is configured to
receive the bytes of the LDR file from an SPI host (master)
agent. In the host, the HWAIT signal must be interrogated
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
The boot ROM also features C-callable function entries that can
be called by the user application at run time. This enables second-stage boot or boot management schemes to be
implemented with ease.
by the host before every transmitted byte. A pull-up
resistor is required on the SPI0SS input. A pull-down on
the serial clock may improve signal quality and booting
robustness.
• Boot from OTP memory (BMODE = 0x5) — This provides
a stand-alone booting method. The boot stream is loaded
from on-chip OTP memory. By default the boot stream is
expected to start from OTP page 0x40 on and can occupy
all public OTP memory up to page 0xDF. This is 2560
bytes. Since the start page is programmable the maximum
size of the boot stream can be extended to 3072 bytes.
• Boot from SDRAM (BMODE = 0x6) This is a warm boot
scenario, where the boot kernel starts booting from address
0x0000 0010. The SDRAM is expected to contain a valid
boot stream and the SDRAM controller must be configured
by the OTP settings.
• Boot from UART0 host (BMODE = 0x7) — Using an autobaud handshake sequence, a boot-stream formatted
program is downloaded by the host. The host selects a bit
rate within the UART clocking capabilities.
When performing the autobaud, the UART expects a [email protected]
(0x40) character (eight bits data, one start bit, one stop bit,
no parity bit) on the RX0 signal to determine the bit rate.
The UART then replies with an acknowledgement composed of 4 bytes (0xBF—the value of UART0_DLL and
0x00—the value of UART0_DLH). The host can then
download the boot stream. To hold off the host the Blackfin
processor signals the host with the boot host wait
(HWAIT) signal. Therefore, the host must monitor
HWAIT before every transmitted byte.
INSTRUCTION SET DESCRIPTION
The Blackfin processor family assembly language instruction set
employs an algebraic syntax designed for ease of coding and
readability. The instructions have been specifically tuned to provide a flexible, densely encoded instruction set that compiles to
a very small final memory size. The instruction set also provides
fully featured multifunction instructions that allow the programmer to use many of the processor core resources in a single
instruction. Coupled with many features more often seen on
microcontrollers, this instruction set is very efficient when compiling C and C++ source code. In addition, the architecture
supports both user (algorithm/application code) and supervisor
(O/S kernel, device drivers, debuggers, ISRs) modes of operation, allowing multiple levels of access to core
processor resources.
The assembly language, which takes advantage of the processor’s unique architecture, offers the following advantages:
• Seamlessly integrated DSP/MCU features are optimized for
both 8-bit and 16-bit operations.
• A multi-issue load/store modified-harvard architecture,
which supports two 16-bit MACs or four 8-bit ALUs plus
two load/store plus two pointer updates per cycle.
• All registers, I/O, and memory are mapped into a unified
4G byte memory space, providing a simplified programming model.
For each of the boot modes, a 16-byte header is first read from
an external memory device. The header specifies the number of
bytes to be transferred and the memory destination address.
Multiple memory blocks may be loaded by any boot sequence.
Once all blocks are loaded, program execution commences from
the address stored in the EVT1 register.
Prior to booting, the pre-boot routine interrogates the OTP
memory. Individual boot modes can be customized or even disabled based on OTP programming. External hardware,
especially booting hosts may watch the HWAIT signal to determine when the pre-boot has finished and the boot kernel starts
the boot process. By programming OTP memory, the user can
instruct the preboot routine to also customize the PLL, the
SDRAM Controller, and the Asynchronous Interface.
The boot kernel differentiates between a regular hardware reset
and a wakeup-from-hibernate event to speed up booting in the
later case. Bits 6-4 in the system reset configuration (SYSCR)
register can be used to bypass pre-boot routine and/or boot kernel in case of a software reset. They can also be used to simulate
a wakeup-from-hibernate boot in the software reset case.
The boot process can be further customized by “initialization
code.” This is a piece of code that is loaded and executed prior to
the regular application boot. Typically, this is used to configure
the SDRAM controller or to speed up booting by managing
PLL, clock frequencies, wait states, or serial bit rates.
Rev. PrE |
• Microcontroller features, such as arbitrary bit and bit-field
manipulation, insertion, and extraction; integer operations
on 8-, 16-, and 32-bit data-types; and separate user and
supervisor stack pointers.
• Code density enhancements, which include intermixing of
16-bit and 32-bit instructions (no mode switching, no code
segregation). Frequently used instructions are encoded
in 16 bits.
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS
The ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processors are supported with a complete set of CROSSCORE® software and
hardware development tools, including Analog Devices emulators and VisualDSP++® development environment. The same
emulator hardware that supports other Blackfin processors also
fully emulates the ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
processors.
EZ-KIT Lite Evaluation Board
For evaluation of the processors, use the EZ-KIT Lite® board
being developed by Analog Devices. The board comes with onchip emulation capabilities and is equipped to enable software
development. Multiple daughter cards are available.
Page 18 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
DESIGNING AN EMULATOR-COMPATIBLE
PROCESSOR BOARD (TARGET)
The Analog Devices family of emulators are tools that every system developer needs in order to test and debug hardware and
software systems. Analog Devices has supplied an IEEE 1149.1
JTAG Test Access Port (TAP) on each JTAG processor. The
emulator uses the TAP to access the internal features of the processor, allowing the developer to load code, set breakpoints,
observe variables, observe memory, and examine registers. The
processor must be halted to send data and commands, but once
an operation has been completed by the emulator, the processor
system is set running at full speed with no impact on
system timing.
To use these emulators, the target board must include a header
that connects the processor’s JTAG port to the emulator.
For details on target board design issues including mechanical
layout, single processor connections, multiprocessor scan
chains, signal buffering, signal termination, and emulator pod
logic, see (EE-68) Analog Devices JTAG Emulation Technical
Reference on the Analog Devices website (www.analog.com)—
use site search on “EE-68.” This document is updated regularly
to keep pace with improvements to emulator support.
RELATED DOCUMENTS
The following publications that describe the ADSP-BF512/
ADSP-BF514/ADSP-BF516/ADSP-BF518 processors (and
related processors) can be ordered from any Analog Devices
sales office or accessed electronically on our website:
• Getting Started With Blackfin Processors
• ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) Blackfin Processor
Hardware Reference
• ADSP-BF53x/BF56x Blackfin Processor Programming
Reference
• ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) Blackfin Processor
Anomaly List
LOCKBOX SECURE TECHNOLOGY DISCLAIMER
Analog Devices products containing Lockbox Secure Technology are warranted by Analog Devices as detailed in the Analog
Devices Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale. To our knowledge, the Lockbox Secure Technology, when used in accordance
with the data sheet and hardware reference manual specifications, provides a secure method of implementing code and data
safeguards. However, Analog Devices does not guarantee that
this technology provides absolute security. ACCORDINGLY,
ANALOG DEVICES HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL
EXPRESS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES THAT THE LOCKBOX SECURE TECHNOLOGY CANNOT BE BREACHED,
COMPROMISED OR OTHERWISE CIRCUMVENTED AND
IN NO EVENT SHALL ANALOG DEVICES BE LIABLE FOR
ANY LOSS, DAMAGE, DESTRUCTION OR RELEASE OF
DATA, INFORMATION, PHYSICAL PROPERTY OR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.
Rev. PrE |
Page 19 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
SIGNAL DESCRIPTIONS
The processors’ signal definitions are listed in Table 9. In order
to maintain maximum function and reduce package size and
signal count, some signals have dual, multiplexed functions. In
cases where signal function is reconfigurable, the default state is
shown in plain text, while the alternate function is shown in
italics.
All pins are three-stated during and immediately after reset,
with the exception of the external memory interface, asynchronous and synchronous memory control, and the buffered XTAL
output pin (CLKBUF). On the external memory interface, the
control and address lines are driven high, with the exception of
CLKOUT, which toggles at the system clock rate.
All I/O signals have their input buffers disabled with the exception of the signals noted in the data sheet that need pull-ups or
pull downs if unused.
The SDA (serial data) and SCL (serial clock) pins/balls are open
drain and therefore require a pullup resistor. Consult version
2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.
It is strongly advised to use the available IBIS models to ensure
that a given board design meets overshoot/undershoot and signal integrity requirements. If no IBIS simulation is performed, it
is strongly recommended to add series resistor terminations for
all Driver Types A, C and D. The termination resistors should
be placed near the processor to reduce transients and improve
signal integrity. The resistance value, typically 33 Ω or 47 Ω,
should be chosen to match the average board trace impedance.
Additionally, adding a parallel termination to CLKOUT may
prove useful in further enhancing signal integrity. Be sure to
verify overshoot/undershoot and signal integrity specifications
on actual hardware.
Table 9. Signal Descriptions
Type Function
Driver
Type1
O
Address Bus
A
DATA15–0
I/O
Data Bus
A
ABE1–0/SDQM1–0
O
Byte Enable or Data Mask
A
AMS1–0
O
Bank Select
A
ARE
O
Asynchronous Memory Read Enable
A
AWE
O
Write Enable for Async
A
SRAS
O
SDRAM Row Address Strobe
A
SCAS
O
SDRAM Column Address Strobe
A
Signal Name
EBIU
ADDR19–1
SWE
O
SDRAM Write Enable
A
SCKE
O
SDRAM Clock Enable
A
CLKOUT
O
SDRAM Clock Output
B
SA10
O
SDRAM A10 Signal
A
SMS
O
SDRAM Bank Select
A
PF0/ETxD2/PPI D0/SPI1SEL2/TACLK6
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit D2/PPI Data 0/SPI1 Slave Select 2/Timer6 Alternate
Clock
C
PF1/ERxD2/PPI D1/PWM AH/TACLK7
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive D2/PPI Data 1/PWM AH Output/Timer7 Alternate Clock C
PF2/ETxD3/PPI D2/PWM AL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Transmit D3/PPI Data 2/PWM AL Output
PF3/ERxD3/PPI D3/PWM BH/TACLK0
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Data Receive D3/PPI Data 3/PWM BH Output/Timer0 Alternate C
Clock
PF4/ERxCLK/PPI D4/PWM BL/TACLK1
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive Clock/PPI Data 4/PWM BL Out/Timer1 Alternate CLK
C
PF5/ERxDV/PPI D5/PWM CH/TACI0
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Receive Data Valid/PPI Data 5/PWM CH Out
/Timer0 Alternate Capture Input
C
Port F: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
C
PF6/COL/PPI D6/PWM CL/TACI1
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Collision/PPI Data 6/PWM CL Out/Timer1 Alternate Capture Input C
PF7/SPI0SEL1/PPI D7/PWMSYNC
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Select 1/PPI Data 7/PWM Sync
C
PF8/MDC/PPI D8/SPI1SEL4
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Management Channel Clock/PPI Data 8/SPI1 Slave Select 4
C
PF9/MDIO/PPI D9/TMR2
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet Management Channel Serial Data/PPI Data 9/Timer 2
C
Rev. PrE |
Page 20 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 9. Signal Descriptions
Signal Name
Type Function
Driver
Type1
PF10/ETxD0/PPI D10/TMR3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Transmit D0/PPI Data 10/Timer 3
C
PF11/ERxD0/PPI D11/PWM AH/TACI3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Receive D0/PPI Data 11/PWM AH output
/Timer3 Alternate Capture Input
C
PF12/ETxD1/PPI D12/PWM AL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit D1/PPI Data 12/PWM AL Output
C
PF13/ERxD1/PPI D13/PWM BH
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Receive D1/PPI Data 13/PWM BH Output
C
PF14/ETxEN/PPI D14/PWM BL
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII Transmit Enable/PPI Data 14/PWM BL Out
C
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII PHY Interrupt/PPI Data 15/Alternate PWM Sync
C
PG0/MIICRS/RMIICRS/HWAIT 3/SPI1SEL3
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Carrier Sense/HWAIT/SPI1 Slave Select3
C
PG1/ERxER/DMAR1/PWM CH
I/O
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Receive Error/DMA Req 1/PWM CH Out
C
GPIO/Ethernet MII or RMII Reference Clock/DMA Req 0/PWM CL Out
C
2
PF15 /RMII PHYINT/PPI D15/PWM_SYNCA
Port G: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
PG2/MIITxCLK/RMIIREF_CLK/DMAR0/PWM CL I/O
PG3/DR0PRI/RSI_DATA0/SPI0SEL5/TACLK3
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Primary Rx Data/RSI Data 0/SPI0 Slave Select 5/Timer3 Alternate CLK C
PG4/RSCLK0/RSI_DATA1/TMR5/TACI5
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Rx Clock/RSI Data 1/Timer 5/Timer5 Alternate Capture Input
D
PG5/RFS0/RSI_DATA2/PPICLK/TMRCLK
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Rx Frame Sync/RSI Data 2/PPI Clock/External Timer Reference
C
PG6/TFS0/RSI_DATA3/TMR0/PPIFS1
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Frame Sync/RSI Data 3/Timer0/PPI Frame Sync1
C
PG7/DT0PRI/RSI_CMD/TMR1/PPIFS2
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Primary Data/RSI Command/Timer 1/PPI Frame Sync2
C
PG8/TSCLK0/RSI_CLK/TMR6/TACI6
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Tx Clock/RSI Clock/Timer 6/Timer6 Alternate Capture Input
D
PG9/DT0SEC/UART0TX/TMR4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Secondary Tx Data/UART0 Transmit/Timer 4
C
PG10/DR0SEC/UART0RX/TACI4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT0 Secondary Rx Data/UART0 Receive/Timer4 Alternate Capture Input C
PG11/SPI0SS/AMS2/SPI1SEL5/TACLK2
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Device Select/Asynchronous Memory Bank Select 2/SPI1 Slave
Select 5/Timer2 Alternate CLK
C
PG12/SPI0SCK/PPICLK/TMRCLK/PTP_PPS
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Clock/PPI Clock/External Timer Reference/PTP Pulse Per Second Out
D
PG13/SPI0MISO4/TMR0/PPIFS1/
PTP_CLKOUT
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Master In Slave Out/Timer0/PPI Frame Sync1/PTP Clock Out
C
PG14/SPI0MOSI/TMR1/PPIFS2/PWM TRIP
/PTP_AUXIN
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Master Out Slave In/Timer 1/PPI Frame Sync2/PWM Trip/PTP Auxiliary
Snapshot Trigger Input
C
PG15/SPI0SEL2/PPIFS3/AMS3
I/O
GPIO/SPI0 Slave Select 2/PPI Frame Sync3/Asynchronous Memory Bank Select 3
C
PH0/DR1PRI/SPI1SS/RSI_DATA4
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Primary Rx Data/SPI1 Device Select/RSI Data 4
C
PH1/RFS1/SPI1MISO/RSI_DATA5
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Rx Frame Sync/SPI1 Master In Slave Out/RSI Data 5
C
PH2/RSCLK1/SPI1SCK/RSI DATA6
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Rx Clock/SPI1 Clock/RSI Data 6
D
Port H: GPIO and Multiplexed Peripherals
PH3/DT1PRI/SPI1MOSI/RSI DATA7
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Primary Tx Data/SPI1 Master Out Slave In/RSI Data 7
C
PH4/TFS1/AOE/SPI0SEL3/CUD
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Tx Frame Sync/Asynchronous Memory Output Enable/SPI0 Slave
Select 3/Counter Up Direction
C
PH5/TSCLK1/ARDY/PTP_EXT_CLKIN/CDG
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Tx Clock/Asynchronous Memory Hardware Ready Control/
External Clock for PTP TSYNC/Counter Down Gate
D
PH6/DT1SEC/UART1TX/SPI1SEL1/CZM
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Secondary Tx Data/UART1 Transmit/SPI1 Slave Select 1
/Counter Zero Marker
C
PH7/DR1SEC/UART1RX/TMR7/TACI2
I/O
GPIO/SPORT1 Secondary Rx Data/UART1 Receive/Timer 7/Timer2 Alternate Clock C
Input
Rev. PrE |
Page 21 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 9. Signal Descriptions
Signal Name
Driver
Type1
Type Function
Port J
PJ0:SCL
E
I/O 5V TWI Serial Clock (This signal is an open-drain output and requires a pull-up
resistor. Consult version 2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.)
PJ1:SDA
I/O 5V TWI Serial Data (This signal is an open-drain output and requires a pull-up resistor. E
Consult version 2.1 of the I2C specification for the proper resistor value.)
Real Time Clock
RTXI
I
RTC Crystal Input (This ball should be pulled low when not used.)
RTXO
O
RTC Crystal Output
TCK
I
JTAG Clock
TDO
O
JTAG Serial Data Out
TDI
I
JTAG Serial Data In
TMS
I
JTAG Mode Select
TRST
I
JTAG Reset (This signal should be pulled low if the JTAG port is not used.)
EMU
O
Emulation Output
CLKIN
I
Clock/Crystal Input
XTAL
O
Crystal Output
CLKBUF
O
Buffered XTAL Output
RESET
I
Reset
NMI
I
Non-maskable Interrupt (This signal should be pulled high when not used.)
BMODE2-0
I
Boot Mode Strap 2-0
PG
I
Power Good
EXT_WAKE
O
Wake up Indication
JTAG Port
C
C
Clock
C
Mode Controls
Voltage Regulation Interface
Power Supplies
F
ALL SUPPLIES MUST BE POWERED
See Operating Conditions on Page 23.
VDDEXT
P
I/O Power Supply
VDDINT
P
Internal Power Supply
VDDRTC
P
Real Time Clock Power Supply
VDDFLASH
P
Internal SPI Flash Power Supply
VDDMEM
P
MEM Power Supply
VPPOTP
P
OTP Programming Voltage
VDDOTP
P
OTP Power Supply
VSS
G
Ground for All Supplies
1
See Output Drive Currents on Page 49 for more information about each driver type.
When driven low, the PF15 signal can be used to wake up the processor from the hibernate state, either in normal GPIO mode or in Ethernet mode as PHYINT. If the pin/ball
is used for wake up, enable the feature with the PHYWE bit in the VR_CTL register, and pull-up the signal with a resistor.
3
Boot host wait is a GPIO signal toggled by the boot kernel. The mandatory external pull-up/pull-down resistor defines the signal polarity.
4
A pull-up resistor is required for the boot from external SPI EEPROM or flash (BMODE = 0x3).
2
Rev. PrE |
Page 22 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
SPECIFICATIONS
Note that component specifications are subject to change
without notice.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Parameter
VDDINT Internal Supply Voltage1
VDDEXT2 External Supply Voltage3
VDDRTC4 RTC Power Supply Voltage
VDDMEM5 MEM Supply Voltage
VDDFLASH4 Internal SPI Flash Supply
Voltage
VDDOTP OTP Supply Voltage
VPPOTP OTP Programming Voltage
For Reads2
For Writes6
VIH
High Level Input Voltage7, 8
VIH
High Level Input Voltage7, 8
VIH
High Level Input Voltage7, 8
VIHTWI
High Level Input Voltage
Low Level Input Voltage7, 8
VIL
VIL
Low Level Input Voltage7, 8
VIL
Low Level Input Voltage7, 8
VILTWI
Low Level Input Voltage
TJ
Junction Temperature
TJ
Junction Temperature
TJ
Junction Temperature
Conditions
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 1.90 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 2.75 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 3.6 V
VDDEXT = 1.90 V/2.75 V/3.6 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 1.7 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 2.25 V
VDDEXT/VDDMEM = 3.0 V
VDDEXT = minimum
168-Ball CSP_BGA @ TAMBIENT = 0°C to +70°C
176-Lead LQFP @ TAMBIENT = 0°C to +70°C
176-Lead LQFP @ TAMBIENT = –40°C to +85°C
Min
tbd
1.70
2.25
1.70
1.7
Nominal
tbd
1.8, 2.5 or 3.3
1.8, 2.5 or 3.3
1.8
Max
tbd
3.6
3.6
3.6
1.9
Unit
V
V
V
V
V
2.25
2.5
2.75
V
2.75
7.1
3.6
3.6
3.6
VBUSTWI9
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.3 x VBUSTWI10
+105
+105
+105
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
°C
°C
°C
2.25
2.5
6.9
7.0
1.1
1.7
2.0
0.7 x VBUSTWI
–0.3
–0.3
–0.3
–0.3
0
0
–40
The expected nominal value is 1.4V ± 5% and initial customer designs should design with a programmable regulator that can be adjusted from 0.95V to 1.5V in 50mV steps.
Must remain powered (even if the associated function is not used).
3
VDDEXT is the supply to the GPIO.
4
If not used, power with VDDEXT.
5
Pins/balls that use VDDMEM are DATA15–0, ADDR19–1, ABE1–0, ARE, AWE, AMS1–0, SA10, SWE, SCAS, CLKOUT, SRAS, SMS, SCKE. These pins/balls are not tolerant
to voltages higher than VDDMEM. When using any of the asynchronous memory signals AMS3–2, ARDY, or AOE VDDMEM and VDDEXT must be shorted externally because these
signals are multiplexed with GPIO.
6
The VDDOTP voltage for writes must only be applied when programming OTP memory. There is a finite amount of cumulative time that this voltage may be applied (dependent
on voltage and junction temperature) over the lifetime of the part. Please see Table 17 on Page 26 for details.
7
Bidirectional pins/balls (PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0) and input pins/balls (RTXI, TCK, TDI, TMS, TRST, CLKIN, RESET, NMI, and BMODE2–0) of the ADSPBF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) are 3.3 V tolerant (always accept up to 3.6 V maximum VIH). Voltage compliance (on outputs, VOH) is limited by the VDDEXT supply voltage.
8
Parameter value applies to all input and bidirectional pins/balls except SDA and SCL.
9
The VIHTWI min and max value vary with the selection in the TWI_DT field of the NONGPIO_DRIVE register. See VBUSTWI min and max values in Table 11.
10
SDA and SCL are pulled up to VBUSTWI. See Table 10.
1
2
Rev. PrE |
Page 23 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 10 shows settings for TWI_DT in the NONGPIO_DRIVE
register. Set this register prior to using the TWI port.
Table 10. TWI_DT Field Selections and VDDEXT/VBUSTWI
TWI_DT
000 (default)
001
010
011
100
101
110
111 (reserved)
VDDEXT Nominal
3.3
1.8
2.5
1.8
3.3
1.8
2.5
–
VBUSTWI Minimum
2.97
1.27
2.97
2.97
4.5
2.25
2.25
–
VBUSTWI Nominal
3.3
1.8
3.3
3.3
5
2.5
2.5
–
VBUSTWI Maximum
3.63
2.35
3.63
3.63
5.5
2.75
2.75
–
Unit
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
–
Table 11 describes the timing requirements for the processor
clocks. Take care in selecting MSEL, SSEL, and CSEL ratios so as
not to exceed the maximum core clock and system clock.
Table 13 describes phase-locked loop operating conditions.
Table 11. Core Clock (CCLK) Requirements—400 MHz Speed Grade1
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =TBD V Minimum)
400
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
1
The speed grade of a given part is printed on the chip’s package as shown in Figure 6 on Page 26 and can also be seen on the Ordering Guide on Page 62. It stands for the
maximum allowed CCLK frequency at VDDINT = TBD V and the maximum allowed VCO frequency at any supply voltage.
Table 12. Core Clock (CCLK) Requirements—300 MHz Speed Grade1
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =TBD V Minimum)
300
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT =TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
fCCLK
Core Clock Frequency (VDDINT = TBD V Minimum)
TBD
MHz
1
The speed grade of a given part is printed on the chip’s package as shown in Figure 6 on Page 26 and can also be seen on the Ordering Guide on Page 62. It stands for the
maximum allowed CCLK frequency at VDDINT = TBD V and the maximum allowed VCO frequency at any supply voltage.
Table 13. Phase-Locked Loop Operating Conditions
Parameter
fVCO
1
Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) Frequency
Min
Max
50
Speed Grade1 MHz
Unit
The speed grade of a given part is printed on the chip’s package as shown in Figure 6 on Page 26 and can also be seen on the Ordering Guide on Page 62. It stands for the
maximum allowed CCLK frequency at VDDINT = TBD V and the maximum allowed VCO frequency at any supply voltage.
Table 14. Maximum SCLK Conditions
Parameter1
VDDEXT = 3.3 V, 2.5 V, or 1.8 V Unit
fSCLK
CLKOUT/SCLK Frequency (VDDINT ≥ TBD V)
80
MHz
fSCLK
CLKOUT/SCLK Frequency (VDDINT < TBD V)
TBD
MHz
1
fSCLK must be less than or equal to fCCLK and is subject to additional restrictions for SDRAM interface operation. See Table 22 on Page 30.
Rev. PrE |
Page 24 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
Test Conditions
Min
1.35
VOH
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 1.7 V, IOH = –0.5 mA
VOH
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 2.25 V, IOH = –0.5 mA 2.0
Typical
Max
Unit
V
V
VOH
High Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 3.0 V, IOH = –0.5 mA
VOL
Low Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 1.7 V/2.25 V/3.0 V,
IOL = 2.0 mA
0.4
V
VOLTWI
Low Level Output Voltage
VDDEXT /VDDMEM = 1.7 V/2.25 V/3.0 V,
IOL = 2.0 mA
TBD
V
V
IIH
High Level Input Current1
VDDEXT /VDDMEM =3.6 V, VIN = 3.6 V
10.0
μA
1
2.4
V
IIL
Low Level Input Current
VDDEXT /VDDMEM =3.6 V, VIN = 0 V
10.0
μA
IIHP
High Level Input Current JTAG2
VDDEXT = 3.6 V, VIN = 3.6 V
75.0
μA
IOZH
Three-State Leakage Current3
IOZHTWI
IOZL
VDDEXT /VDDMEM= 3.6 V, VIN = 3.6 V
10.0
μA
4
VDDEXT =3.0 V, VIN = 5.5 V
10.0
μA
3
VDDEXT /VDDMEM= 3.6 V, VIN = 0 V
10.0
μA
Three-State Leakage Current
Three-State Leakage Current
5
CIN
Input Capacitance
IDDHIBERNATE
Total Current for All Domains in
Hibernate State
IDDRTC
Total Current for VDDRTC in Hibernate VDDRTC = 3.3 V, @TJ = 25°C
State
fIN = 1 MHz, TAMBIENT = 25°C, VIN = 2.5 V
VDDEXT=VDDMEM=VDDRTC= 3.3 V,
VDDOTP=VPPOTP= 2.5 V, VDDINT = 0 V,
CLKIN=0 MHz, @TJ = 25°C
1
Applies to input balls.
Applies to JTAG input balls (TCK, TDI, TMS, TRST).
3
Applies to three-statable balls.
4
Applies to bidirectional balls SCL and SDA.
5
Applies to all signal balls.
6
Guaranteed, but not tested.
2
Rev. PrE |
Page 25 of 62 |
March 2009
TBD
6
TBD
pF
TBD
μA
TBD
μA
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
PACKAGE INFORMATION
Stresses greater than those listed in Table 15 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only.
Functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions greater than those indicated in the operational sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum
rating conditions for extended periods may affect device
reliability.
The information presented in Figure 6 and Table 18 provides
details about the package branding for the processor. For a complete listing of product availability, see Ordering Guide on
Page 62.
a
Table 15. Absolute Maximum Ratings
ADSP-BF51x
tppZccc
Parameter
Rating
Internal Supply Voltage (VDDINT)
TBD V to +TBD V
External (I/O) Supply Voltage (VDDEXT)
–0.3 V to +3.8 V
Input Voltage1, 2
–0.5 V to +3.6 V
Input Voltage1, 3
–0.5 V to +5.5 V
Output Voltage Swing
Load Capacitance
vvvvvv.x n.n
#yyww country_of_origin
B
Figure 6. Product Information on Package
–0.5 V to VDDEXT +0.5 V
4
200 pF
Storage Temperature Range
Junction Temperature Underbias
–65°C to +150°C
Brand Key
Field Description
+110ºC
ADSP-BF51x
Product Name
t
Temperature Range
pp
Package Type
Z
Lead Free Option
ccc
See Ordering Guide
vvvvvv.x
Assembly Lot Code
1
Applies to 100% transient duty cycle. For other duty cycles see Table 16.
Applies only when VDDEXT is within specifications. When VDDEXT is outside specifications, the range is VDDEXT ± 0.2 Volts.
3
Applies to signals SCL, SDA.
4
For proper SDRAM controller operation, the maximum load capacitance is 50 pF
(at 3.3 V) or 30 pF (at 2.5 V) for ADDR19–1, DATA15–0, ABE1–0/SDQM1–0,
CLKOUT, SCKE, SA10, SRAS, SCAS, SWE, and SMS.
2
Table 16. Maximum Duty Cycle for Input Transient Voltage1
VIN Min (V)
VIN Max (V)
Maximum Duty Cycle
TBD
TBD
100 %
TBD
TBD
40%
TBD
TBD
25%
TBD
TBD
15%
TBD
TBD
10%
1
Table 18. Package Brand Information
n.n
Silicon Revision
#
RoHS Compliance Designator
yyww
Date Code
ESD SENSITIVITY
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device.
Charged devices and circuit boards can discharge
without detection. Although this product features
patented or proprietary protection circuitry, damage
may occur on devices subjected to high energy ESD.
Therefore, proper ESD precautions should be taken to
avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
Applies to all signal pins/balls with the exception of CLKIN, XTAL, VROUT.
When programming OTP memory on the ADSPBF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processor, the VPPOTP pin/ball
must be set to the write value specified in the Operating Conditions on Page 23. There is a finite amount of cumulative time
that the write voltage may be applied (dependent on voltage and
junction temperature) to VPPOTP over the lifetime of the part.
Therefore, maximum OTP memory programming time for the
processor is shown in Table 17.
Table 17. Maximum OTP Memory Programming Time
Temperature
VPPOTP Voltage (V) 25°C
85°C
110°C
125°C
6.9
TBD sec
TBD sec TBD sec TBD sec
7.0
2400 sec
TBD sec TBD sec TBD sec
7.1
1000 sec
TBD sec TBD sec TBD sec
Rev. PrE |
Page 26 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
Clock and Reset Timing
Table 19 and Figure 7 describe clock and reset operations. Per
Absolute Maximum Ratings on Page 26, combinations of
CLKIN and clock multipliers must not select core/peripheral
clocks in excess of 400 MHz/80 MHz.
Table 19. Clock and Reset Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
20.0
100.0
ns
Timing Requirements
tCKIN
CLKIN Period1
2
tCKINL
CLKIN Low Pulse
tCKINH
CLKIN High Pulse2
tBUFDLAY
CLKIN to CLKBUF Delay
tWRST
RESET Asserted Pulse Width Low3
10.0
ns
10.0
ns
10
11 tCKIN
ns
ns
1
Combinations of the CLKIN frequency and the PLL clock multiplier must not exceed the allowed fVCO, fCCLK, and fSCLK settings discussed in Table 11 through Table 14.
Applies to bypass mode and non-bypass mode.
3
Applies after power-up sequence is complete. At power-up, the processor’s internal phase-locked loop requires no more than 2000 CLKIN cycles, while RESET is asserted,
assuming stable power supplies and CLKIN (not including start-up time of external clock oscillator).
2
tCKIN
CLKIN
tCKINL
tCKINH
tBUFDLAY
tBUFDLAY
CLKBUF
tWRST
RESET
Figure 7. Clock and Reset Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 27 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
Table 20. Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSDAT
DATA15–0 Setup Before CLKOUT
2.1
ns
tHDAT
DATA15–0 Hold After CLKOUT
0.8
ns
tSARDY
ARDY Setup Before CLKOUT
4.0
ns
tHARDY
ARDY Hold After CLKOUT
0.0
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDO
Output Delay After CLKOUT1
tHO
Output Hold After CLKOUT 1
1
6.0
ns
0.8
ns
Output pins/balls include AMS3–0, ABE1–0, ADDR19–1, AOE, ARE.
SETUP
2 CYCLES
PROGRAMMED READ ACCESS
4 CYCLES
HOLD
1 CYCLE
ACCESS EXTENDED
3 CYCLES
CLKOUT
tDO
tHO
AMSx
ABE1–0
ABE, ADDRESS
ADDR19–1
AOE
tDO
tHO
ARE
tHARDY
tSARDY
tHARDY
ARDY
tSARDY
tSDAT
tHDAT
DATA15–0
READ
Figure 8. Asynchronous Memory Read Cycle Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 28 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Table 21. Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSARDY
ARDY Setup Before CLKOUT
4.0
ns
tHARDY
ARDY Hold After CLKOUT
0.0
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDDAT
DATA15–0 Disable After CLKOUT
tENDAT
DATA15–0 Enable After CLKOUT
1.0
1
tDO
Output Delay After CLKOUT
tHO
Output Hold After CLKOUT 1
1
6.0
Output pins/balls include AMS3–0, ABE1–0, ADDR19–1, DATA15–0, AOE, AWE.
SETUP
2 CYCLES
PROGRAMMED WRITE
ACCESS 2 CYCLES
ACCESS
EXTENDED
1 CYCLE
HOLD
1 CYCLE
CLKOUT
t DO
t HO
AMSx
ABE1–0
ABE, ADDRESS
ADDR19–1
tDO
tHO
AWE
t HARDY
t SARDY
ARDY
tSARDY
t ENDAT
DATA15–0
ns
6.0
0.8
t DDAT
WRITE DATA
Figure 9. Asynchronous Memory Write Cycle Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 29 of 62 |
March 2009
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
SDRAM Interface Timing
Table 22. SDRAM Interface Timing
VDDMEM = 1.8 V
Parameter
Min
Max
VDDMEM = 2.5/3.3 V
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSSDAT
Data Setup Before CLKOUT
1.5
1.5
ns
tHSDAT
Data Hold After CLKOUT
0.8
0.8
ns
12.5
12.5
ns
Switching Characteristics
tSCLK
CLKOUT Period1
tSCLKH
CLKOUT Width High
2.5
2.5
ns
tSCLKL
CLKOUT Width Low
2.5
2.5
ns
tDCAD
Command, Address, Data Delay After CLKOUT2
tHCAD
Command, Address, Data Hold After CLKOUT2
tDSDAT
Data Disable After CLKOUT
tENSDAT
Data Enable After CLKOUT
1
2
4.4
1.0
4.4
1.0
4.4
1.0
4.4
1.0
The tSCLK value is the inverse of the fSCLK specification discussed in Table 14. Package type and reduced supply voltages affect the best-case value listed here.
Command pins/balls include: SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SDQM, SMS, SA10, SCKE.
tSCLK
tSCLKH
CLKOUT
tSSDAT
tSCLKL
tHSDAT
DATA (IN)
tDCAD
tENSDAT
tDSDAT
tHCAD
DATA (OUT)
tDCAD
COMMAND, ADDRESS
(OUT)
tHCAD
NOTE: COMMAND = SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SDQM, SMS, SA10, SCKE.
Figure 10. SDRAM Interface Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 30 of 62 |
March 2009
ns
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
External DMA Request Timing
Table 23 and Figure 11 describe the External DMA Request
operations.
Table 23. External DMA Request Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Parameters
tDR
DMARx Asserted to CLKOUT High Setup
6.0
ns
tDH
CLKOUT High to DMARx Deasserted Hold Time
0.0
ns
tDMARACT
DMARx Active Pulse Width
1.0 × tSCLK
ns
tDMARINACT
DMARx Inactive Pulse Width
1.75 × tSCLK
ns
CLKOUT
tDR
DMAR0/1
(Active Low)
DMAR0/1
(Active High)
tDH
tDMARACT
tDMARINACT
tDMARACT
tDMARINACT
Figure 11. External DMA Request Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 31 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing
Table 24 and Figure 12 on Page 32, Figure 18 on Page 38, and
Figure 19 on Page 39 describe parallel peripheral interface
operations.
Table 24. Parallel Peripheral Interface Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
PPI_CLK Width1
tPCLKW
tPCLK
PPI_CLK Period
1
6.4
ns
16.0
ns
Timing Requirements - GP Input and Frame Capture Modes
tSFSPE
External Frame Sync Setup Before PPI_CLK
(Nonsampling Edge for Rx, Sampling Edge for Tx)
6.7
ns
tHFSPE
External Frame Sync Hold After PPI_CLK
1.0
ns
tSDRPE
Receive Data Setup Before PPI_CLK
3.5
ns
tHDRPE
Receive Data Hold After PPI_CLK
1.5
ns
Switching Characteristics - GP Output and Frame Capture Modes
tDFSPE
Internal Frame Sync Delay After PPI_CLK
tHOFSPE
Internal Frame Sync Hold After PPI_CLK
tDDTPE
Transmit Data Delay After PPI_CLK
tHDTPE
Transmit Data Hold After PPI_CLK
1
8.8
1.7
PPI_CLK frequency cannot exceed fSCLK/2
DATA1 IS
SAMPLED
DATA0 IS
SAMPLED
PPI_CLK
POLC = 0
PPI_CLK
POLC = 1
tSFSPE
t
ns
9.0
1.8
HFSPE
POLS = 1
PPI_FS1
POLS = 0
POLS = 1
PPI_FS2
POLS = 0
tSDRPE
t
HDRPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 12. PPI GP Rx Mode with External Frame Sync Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 32 of 62 |
March 2009
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
DATA
DRIVING/
FRAME
SYNC
SAMPLING
EDGE
DATA
DRIVING/
FRAME
SYNC
SAMPLING
EDGE
PPI_CLK
POLC = 0
PPI_CLK
POLC = 1
t
HFSPE
tSFSPE
POLS = 1
PPI_FS1
POLS = 0
POLS = 1
PPI_FS2
POLS = 0
tDDTPE
t
HDTPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 13. PPI GP Tx Mode with External Frame Sync Timing
FRAME
SYNC IS
DRIVEN
OUT
DATA0
IS
SAMPLED
POLC = 0
PPI_CLK
PPI_CLK
POLC = 1
tDFSPE
tHOFSPE
POLS = 1
PPI_FS1
POLS = 0
POLS = 1
PPI_FS2
POLS = 0
tSDRPE
tHDRPE
PPI_DATA
Figure 14. PPI GP Rx Mode with Internal Frame Sync Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 33 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
FRAME
SYNC IS
DRIVEN
OUT
Preliminary Technical Data
DATA0 IS
DRIVEN
OUT
PPI_CLK
POLC = 0
PPI_CLK
POLC = 1
t
DFSPE
tHOFSPE
POLS = 1
PPI_FS1
POLS = 0
POLS = 1
PPI_FS2
POLS = 0
t
DDTPE
t
HDTPE
PPI_DATA
DATA0
Figure 15. PPI GP Tx Mode with Internal Frame Sync Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 34 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
SD/SDIO Controller Timing
Table 25 and Figure 16 describe SD/SDIO Controller Timing.
Table 26 and Figure 17 describe SD/SDIO controller (high
speed) timing.
Table 25. SD/SDIO Controller Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
Input Setup Time
tISU
Input Hold Time
tIH
Switching Characteristics
Clock Frequency Data Transfer Mode
fPP
Clock Frequency Identification Mode
fOD
tWL
Clock Low Time
Clock High Time
tWH
Clock Rise Time
tTLH
tTHL
Clock Fall Time
Output Delay Time During Data Transfer Mode
tODLY
Output Delay Time During Identification Mode
tODLY
1
Min
7.2
2
0
01/100
15
15
–1
–1
0 kHz means to stop the clock. The given minimum frequency range is for cases where a continuous clock is required.
tPP
VOH
(MIN)
tWL
tWH
VOL
(MAX)
SD_CLK
tTLH
tISU
tTHL
tIH
INPUT 1
OUTPUT
2
1 Input includes SD_Dx and SD_CMD
2 Output includes SD_Dx and SD_CMD
Max
tODLY(MAX)
tODLY(MIN)
Figure 16. SD/SDIO Controller Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 35 of 62 |
March 2009
Unit
ns
ns
20
400
10
10
14
50
MHz
kHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 26. SD/SDIO Controller Timing (High Speed Mode)
Parameter
Timing Requirements
Input Setup Time
tISU
Input Hold Time
tIH
Switching Characteristics
Clock Frequency Data Transfer Mode
fPP
tWL
Clock Low Time
Clock High Time
tWH
Clock Rise Time
tTLH
tTHL
Clock Fall Time
Output Delay Time During Data Transfer Mode
tODLY
Output Hold Time
tOH
Min
7.2
2
0
9.5
9.5
2.5
tPP
tWL
tWH
SD_CLK
tTLH
tTHL
tISU
tIH
1
OUTPUT
2
1 Input includes SD_Dx and SD_CMD
2 Output includes SD_Dx and SD_CMD
ns
ns
40
3
3
2
1.5 V
INPUT
Max Unit
tOH
tODLY
Figure 17. SD/SDIO Controller Timing (High-Speed Mode)
Rev. PrE |
Page 36 of 62 |
March 2009
MHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Serial Ports
Table 27 through Table 30 on Page 38 and Figure 18 on Page 38
through Figure 19 on Page 39 describe serial port operations.
Table 27. Serial Ports—External Clock
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSFSE
TFSx/RFSx Setup Before TSCLKx/RSCLKx1
3.0
ns
tHFSE
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx1
3.0
ns
3.0
ns
3.6
ns
1
tSDRE
Receive Data Setup Before RSCLKx
tHDRE
Receive Data Hold After RSCLKx1
tSCLKEW
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Width
5.4
ns
tSCLKE
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Period
8.0
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDFSE
TFSx/RFSx Delay After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated TFSx/RFSx)2
tHOFSE
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated TFSx/RFSx)
tDDTE
Transmit Data Delay After TSCLKx1
tHDTE
1
2
Transmit Data Hold After TSCLKx
1
12.0
0.0
ns
12.0
1
ns
0.0
ns
ns
Referenced to sample edge.
Referenced to drive edge.
Table 28. Serial Ports—Internal Clock
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSFSI
TFSx/RFSx Setup Before TSCLKx/RSCLKx1
11.3
ns
tHFSI
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx1
–1.5
ns
11.3
ns
–1.5
ns
1
tSDRI
Receive Data Setup Before RSCLKx
tHDRI
Receive Data Hold After RSCLKx1
tSCLKEW
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Width
5.4
ns
tSCLKE
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Period
18.0
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDFSI
TFSx/RFSx Delay After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated TFSx/RFSx)2
tHOFSI
TFSx/RFSx Hold After TSCLKx/RSCLKx (Internally Generated TFSx/RFSx)
tDDTI
Transmit Data Delay After TSCLKx1
tHDTI
Transmit Data Hold After TSCLKx
tSCLKIW
TSCLKx/RSCLKx Width
1
2
1
3.0
−4.0
ns
3.0
1
ns
ns
−1.8
ns
5.4
ns
Referenced to sample edge.
Referenced to drive edge.
Table 29. Serial Ports—Enable and Three-State
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Switching Characteristics
tDTENE
Data Enable Delay from External TSCLKx1
tDDTTE
Data Disable Delay from External TSCLKx
tDTENI
Data Enable Delay from Internal TSCLKx
1
tDDTTI
Data Disable Delay from Internal TSCLKx1
1
0.0
1
10.0
ns
3.0
ns
–2.0
Referenced to drive edge.
Rev. PrE |
ns
Page 37 of 62 |
March 2009
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 30. External Late Frame Sync
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
10.0
ns
Switching Characteristics
Data Delay from Late External TFSx or External RFSx with MCE = 1, MFD = 01, 2
tDDTLFSE
1, 2
Data Enable from Late FS or MCE = 1, MFD = 0
tDTENLFSE
0.0
ns
1
MCE = 1, TFSx enable and TFSx valid follow tDDTENFS and tDDTLFSE.
2
If external RFSx/TFSx setup to RSCLKx/TSCLKx > tSCLKE/2 then tDDTTE/I and tDTENE/I apply, otherwise tDDTLFSE and tDTENLFS apply.
DATA RECEIVE—INTERNAL CLOCK
DATA RECEIVE—EXTERNAL CLOCK
DRIVE
EDGE
SAMPLE
EDGE
DRIVE
EDGE
SAMPLE
EDGE
tSCLKIW
tSCLKEW
RSCLKx
RSCLKx
tDFSI
tDFSE
tHOFSI
tSFSI
tHFSI
RFSx
tHOFSE
tSFSE
tHFSE
tSDRE
tHDRE
RFSx
tSDRI
tHDRI
DRx
DRx
NOTE: EITHER THE RISING EDGE OR FALLING EDGE OF RSCLKx OR TSCLKx CAN BE USED AS THE ACTIVE SAMPLING EDGE.
DATA TRANSMIT—INTERNAL CLOCK
DRIVE
EDGE
DATA TRANSMIT—EXTERNAL CLOCK
DRIVE
EDGE
SAMPLE
EDGE
tSCLKIW
SAMPLE
EDGE
tSCLKEW
TSCLKx
TSCLKx
tDFSI
tHOFSI
tDFSE
tSFSI
tHFSI
TFSx
tHOFSE
tSFSE
TFSx
tDDTI
tDDTE
tHDTI
tHDTE
DTx
DTx
NOTE: EITHER THE RISING EDGE OR FALLING EDGE OF RSCLKx OR TSCLKx CAN BE USED AS THE ACTIVE SAMPLING EDGE.
Figure 18. Serial Ports
Rev. PrE |
Page 38 of 62 |
March 2009
tHFSE
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
EXTERNAL RFSx WITH MCE = 1, MFD = 0
DRIVE
RSCLKx
SAMPLE
DRIVE
tSFSE/I
tHOFSE/I
RFSx
tDDTTE/I
tDTENE/I
tDTENLFS
1ST BIT
DTx
2ND BIT
tDDTLFSE
LATE EXTERNAL TFSx
DRIVE
TSCLKx
SAMPLE
DRIVE
tHOFSE/I
tSFSE/I
TFSx
tDDTTE/I
tDTENE/I
tDTENLFS
DTx
1ST BIT
2ND BIT
tDDTLFSE
Figure 19. External Late Frame Sync
Rev. PrE |
Page 39 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
Table 31 and Figure 20 describe SPI port master operations.
Table 31. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSSPIDM
Data Input Valid to SCK Edge (Data Input Setup)
11.6
ns
tHSPIDM
SCK Sampling Edge to Data Input Invalid
–1.5
ns
Switching Characteristics
tSDSCIM
SPISELx low to First SCK Edge
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICHM
Serial Clock High Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLM
Serial Clock Low Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLK
Serial Clock Period
4 × tSCLK
ns
tHDSM
Last SCK Edge to SPISELx High
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPITDM
Sequential Transfer Delay
2 × tSCLK
ns
tDDSPIDM
SCK Edge to Data Out Valid (Data Out Delay)
0
6
ns
tHDSPIDM
SCK Edge to Data Out Invalid (Data Out Hold)
–1.0
4.0
ns
SPIxSELy
(OUTPUT)
tSDSCIM
tSPICHM
tSPICLM
tSPICLM
tSPICHM
tSPICLK
tHDSM
SCKx
(CPOL = 0)
(OUTPUT)
SCKx
(CPOL = 1)
(OUTPUT)
tHDSPIDM
MOSIx
(OUTPUT)
tDDSPIDM
MSB
LSB
CPHA=1
LSB
VALID
MSB
VALID
MISOx
(INPUT)
tHDSPIDM
MOSIx
(OUTPUT)
CPHA=0
MISOx
(INPUT)
tHSPIDM
tSSPIDM
tDDSPIDM
MSB
LSB
tHSPIDM
tSSPIDM
LSB
VALID
MSB
VALID
Figure 20. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Master Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 40 of 62 |
March 2009
tSPITDM
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
Table 32 and Figure 21 describe SPI port slave operations.
Table 32. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirements
tSPICHS
Serial Clock High Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLS
Serial Clock Low Period
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPICLK
Serial Clock Period
4 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tHDS
Last SCK Edge to SPISS Not Asserted
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSPITDS
Sequential Transfer Delay
2 × tSCLK –1.5
ns
tSDSCI
SPISS Assertion to First SCK Edge
2 × tSCLK
ns
tSSPID
Data Input Valid to SCK Edge (Data Input Setup)
1.6
ns
tHSPID
SCK Sampling Edge to Data Input Invalid
1.6
ns
Switching Characteristics
tDSOE
SPISS Assertion to Data Out Active
0
8.5
ns
tDSDHI
SPISS Deassertion to Data High Impedance
0
8.5
ns
tDDSPID
SCK Edge to Data Out Valid (Data Out Delay)
10
ns
tHDSPID
SCK Edge to Data Out Invalid (Data Out Hold)
0
ns
SPIxSS
(INPUT)
tSPICHS
tSPICLS
tSPICLS
tSPICHS
tSPICLK
tHDS
tSPITDS
SCKx
(CPOL = 0)
(INPUT)
tSDSCI
SCKx
(CPOL = 1)
(INPUT)
tDDSPID
tHDSPID
tDSOE
MISOx
(OUTPUT)
tDSDHI
tDDSPID
MSB
CPHA=1
tHSPID
tSSPID
MOSIx
(INPUT)
LSB
MSB
VALID
tDSOE
LSB
VALID
tHDSPID
MISOx
(OUTPUT)
tDDSPID
tHDSPID
MSB
LSB
tHSPID
CPHA=0
tSSPID
MOSIx
(INPUT)
MSB
VALID
LSB
VALID
Figure 21. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Port—Slave Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 41 of 62 |
March 2009
tDSDHI
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
General-Purpose Port Timing
Table 33 and Figure 22 describe general-purpose
port operations.
Table 33. General-Purpose Port Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Requirement
tWFI
General-Purpose Port Signal Input Pulse Width
tSCLK + 1
ns
Switching Characteristics
tGPOD
General-Purpose Port Signal Output Delay from CLKOUT Low
0
9.66
ns
Min
Max
Unit
12.64
ns
CLKOUT
tGPOD
GPP OUTPUT
tWFI
GPP INPUT
Figure 22. General-Purpose Port Timing
Timer Clock Timing
Table 34 and Figure 23 describe timer clock timing.
Table 34. Timer Clock Timing
Parameter
Switching Characteristic
tTODP
Timer Output Update Delay After PPICLK High
PPI CLOCK
tTODP
TIMER OUTPUT
Figure 23. Timer Clock Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 42 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Timer Cycle Timing
Table 35 and Figure 24 describe timer expired operations. The
input signal is asynchronous in “width capture mode” and
“external clock mode” and has an absolute maximum input frequency of (fSCLK/2) MHz.
Table 35. Timer Cycle Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Characteristics
tWL
Timer Pulse Width Input Low (Measured In SCLK Cycles)1
tWH
Timer Pulse Width Input High (Measured In SCLK Cycles)
tTIS
Timer Input Setup Time Before CLKOUT Low2
tTIH
Timer Input Hold Time After CLKOUT Low
1
2
1 × tSCLK
ns
1 × tSCLK
ns
5
ns
–2
ns
Switching Characteristics
tHTO
Timer Pulse Width Output (Measured In SCLK Cycles)
tTOD
Timer Output Update Delay After CLKOUT High
1
2
1 × tSCLK
(232–1)tSCLK
ns
8.1
ns
The minimum pulse widths apply for TMRx signals in width capture and external clock modes. They also apply to the PF15 or PPI_CLK signals in PWM output mode.
Either a valid setup and hold time or a valid pulse width is sufficient. There is no need to resynchronize programmable flag inputs.
CLKOUT
tTOD
TIMER OUTPUT
tHTO
tTIS
tTIH
TIMER INPUT
tWH, tWL
Figure 24. Timer Cycle Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 43 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
Table 36. Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
Parameter
Timing Requirements
tWCOUNT
Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Input Pulse Width
tCIS
Counter Input Setup Time Before CLKOUT Low1
tCIH
Counter Input Hold Time After CLKOUT Low1
1
VDDEXT = 1.8 V
Min
Max
VDDEXT = 2.5/3.3 V
Min
Max
Unit
tSCLK + 1
4.0
4.0
tSCLK + 1
4.0
4.0
ns
ns
ns
Either a valid setup and hold time or a valid pulse width is sufficient. There is no need to resynchronize counter inputs.
CLK OUT
tCIS
tCIH
CUD/CDG/CZM
tWCOUNT
Figure 25. Up/Down Counter/Rotary Encoder Timing
10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing
Table 37 through Table 42 and Figure 26 through Figure 31
describe the 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller operations.
Table 37. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Receive Signal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
tERXCLKF
ERxCLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
None
25 MHz + 1%
fSCLK + 1%
ns
tERXCLKW
ERxCLK Width (tERxCLK = ERxCLK Period)
tERxCLK x 35%
tERxCLK x 65%
ns
tERXCLKIS
Rx Input Valid to ERxCLK Rising Edge (Data In Setup)
7.5
ns
tERXCLKIH
ERxCLK Rising Edge to Rx Input Invalid (Data In Hold)
7.5
ns
1
MII inputs synchronous to ERxCLK are ERxD3–0, ERxDV, and ERxER.
Table 38. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Transmit Signal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
tETF
ETxCLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
None
25 MHz + 1%
fSCLK + 1%
ns
tETXCLKW
ETxCLK Width (tETxCLK = ETxCLK Period)
tETxCLK x 35%
tETxCLK x 65%
ns
tETXCLKOV
ETxCLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Valid (Data Out Valid)
20
ns
tETXCLKOH
ETxCLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Invalid (Data Out Hold)
1
0
MII outputs synchronous to ETxCLK are ETxD3–0.
Rev. PrE |
Page 44 of 62 |
March 2009
ns
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 39. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Receive Signal
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
tEREFCLKF
REF_CLK Frequency (fSCLK = SCLK Frequency)
None
50 MHz + 1%
2 x fSCLK + 1%
ns
tEREFCLKW
EREF_CLK Width (tEREFCLK = EREFCLK Period)
tEREFCLK x 35%
tEREFCLK x 65%
ns
tEREFCLKIS
Rx Input Valid to RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge (Data In Setup)
4
ns
tEREFCLKIH
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Rx Input Invalid (Data In Hold)
2
ns
1
RMII inputs synchronous to RMII REF_CLK are ERxD1–0, RMII CRS_DV, and ERxER.
Table 40. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Transmit Signal
Parameter1
Min
tEREFCLKOV
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Valid (Data Out Valid)
tEREFCLKOH
RMII REF_CLK Rising Edge to Tx Output Invalid (Data Out Hold)
1
Max
Unit
8.1
ns
2
ns
RMII outputs synchronous to RMII REF_CLK are ETxD1–0.
Table 41. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII/RMII Asynchronous Signal
Parameter1, 2
Min
Max
Unit
tECOLH
COL Pulse Width High
tETxCLK x 1.5
tERxCLK x 1.5
ns
tECOLL
COL Pulse Width Low
tETxCLK x 1.5
tERxCLK x 1.5
ns
tECRSH
CRS Pulse Width High
tETxCLK x 1.5
ns
tECRSL
CRS Pulse Width Low
tETxCLK x 1.5
ns
1
MII/RMII asynchronous signals are COL, CRS. These signals are applicable in both MII and RMII modes. The asynchronous COL input is synchronized separately to both
the ETxCLK and the ERxCLK, and must have a minimum pulse width high or low at least 1.5 times the period of the slower of the two clocks.
2
The asynchronous CRS input is synchronized to the ETxCLK, and must have a minimum pulse width high or low at least 1.5 times the period of ETxCLK.
Table 42. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Station Management
Parameter1
Min
Max
Unit
tMDIOS
MDIO Input Valid to MDC Rising Edge (Setup)
11.5
ns
tMDCIH
MDC Rising Edge to MDIO Input Invalid (Hold)
11.5
ns
tMDCOV
MDC Falling Edge to MDIO Output Valid
25
ns
tMDCOH
MDC Falling Edge to MDIO Output Invalid (Hold)
–1
ns
1
MDC/MDIO is a 2-wire serial bidirectional port for controlling one or more external PHYs. MDC is an output clock whose minimum period is programmable as a multiple
of the system clock SCLK. MDIO is a bidirectional data line.
tERXCLK
ERxCLK
tERXCLKW
ERxD3-0
ERxDV
ERxER
tERXCLKIS
tERXCLKIH
Figure 26. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Receive Signal
Rev. PrE |
Page 45 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
tETXCLK
MII TxCLK
tETXCLKW
tETXCLKOH
ETxD3-0
ETxEN
tETXCLKOV
Figure 27. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Transmit Signal
tREFCLK
ERxCLK
tREFCLKW
ERxD1-0
ERxDV
ERxER
tERXCLKIS
tERXCLKIH
Figure 28. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Receive Signal
tREFCLK
RMII REF_CLK
tEREFCLKOH
ETxD1-0
ETxEN
tEREFCLKOV
Figure 29. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: RMII Transmit Signal
MII CRS, COL
tECRSH
tECOLH
tECRSL
tECOLL
Figure 30. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: Asynchronous Signal
Rev. PrE |
Page 46 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
MDC (OUTPUT)
tMDCOH
MDIO (OUTPUT)
tMDCOV
MDIO (INPUT)
tMDIOS
tMDCIH
Figure 31. 10/100 Ethernet MAC Controller Timing: MII Station Management
Rev. PrE |
Page 47 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
JTAG Test And Emulation Port Timing
Table 43 and Figure 32 describe JTAG port operations.
Table 43. JTAG Port Timing
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Timing Parameters
tTCK
TCK Period
20
ns
tSTAP
TDI, TMS Setup Before TCK High
4
ns
tHTAP
TDI, TMS Hold After TCK High
4
ns
tSSYS
System Inputs Setup Before TCK High1
4
ns
tHSYS
System Inputs Hold After TCK High1
5
ns
2
4
TCK
TRST Pulse Width (measured in TCK cycles)
tTRSTW
Switching Characteristics
tDTDO
TDO Delay from TCK Low
tDSYS
System Outputs Delay After TCK Low3
0
1
10
ns
12
ns
System Inputs = DATA15–0, SCL, SDA, TFS0, TSCLK0, RSCLK0, RFS0, DR0PRI, DR0SEC, PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0, MDIO, TCK, TD1, TMS, TRST, RESET, NMI,
BMODE2–0.
2
50 MHz Maximum
3
System Outputs = DATA15–0, ADDR19–1, ABE1–0, ARE, AWE, AMS1–0, SRAS, SCAS, SWE, SCKE, CLKOUT, SA10, SMS, SCL, SDA, TSCLK0, TFS0, RFS0, RSCLK0,
DT0PRI, DT0SEC, PF15–0, PG15–0, PH7–0, MDC, MDIO, TD0, EMU.
tTCK
TCK
tSTAP
tHTAP
TMS
TDI
tDTDO
TDO
tSSYS
tHSYS
SYSTEM
INPUTS
tDSYS
SYSTEM
OUTPUTS
Figure 32. JTAG Port Timing
Rev. PrE |
Page 48 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
OUTPUT DRIVE CURRENTS
150
150
100
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
Figure 33 through Figure 44 show typical current-voltage characteristics for the output drivers of the processors. The curves
represent the current drive capability of the output drivers as a
function of output voltage. See Table 9 on Page 20 for information about which driver type corresponds to a particular
pin/ball.
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
100
–150
50
0.5
TBD
0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
Figure 35. Drive Current B (Low VDDEXT)
–50
150
100
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 33. Drive Current A (Low VDDEXT)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
–150
1.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
–100
50
TBD
0
–50
150
–100
100
–150
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
50
TBD
Figure 36. Drive Current B (High VDDEXT)
0
150
–50
100
–100
–150
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 34. Drive Current A (High VDDEXT)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
0
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
–150
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 37. Drive Current C (Low VDDEXT)
Rev. PrE |
Page 49 of 62 |
March 2009
Preliminary Technical Data
150
150
100
100
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
–150
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
–150
3.0
0
0.5
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
150
150
100
100
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
TBD
0
–50
–100
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
–150
3.0
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 39. Drive Current D (Low VDDEXT)
Figure 42. Drive Current E (High VDDEXT)
150
150
100
100
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
2.0
50
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
–150
1.5
Figure 41. Drive Current E (Low VDDEXT)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
Figure 38. Drive Current C (High VDDEXT)
–150
1.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
50
TBD
0
–50
–100
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
–150
0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 40. Drive Current D (High VDDEXT)
Figure 43. Drive Current F (Low VDDEXT)
Rev. PrE |
Page 50 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
The output enable time tENA is the interval from the point when a
reference signal reaches a high or low voltage level to the point
when the output starts driving as shown on the right side of
Figure 46.
150
SOURCE CURRENT (mA)
100
50
REFERENCE
SIGNAL
TBD
0
tDIS_MEASURED
tDIS
–50
VOH
(MEASURED)
–100
–150
tENA_MEASURED
tENA
VOL
(MEASURED)
VOH (MEASURED) ⴚ ⌬V
VOH(MEASURED)
VTRIP (HIGH)
VOL (MEASURED) + ⌬V
VTRIP (LOW)
VOL (MEASURED)
tDECAY
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
tTRIP
3.0
SOURCE VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT STOPS DRIVING
Figure 44. Drive Current F (High VDDEXT)
OUTPUT STARTS DRIVING
HIGH IMPEDANCE STATE
POWER DISSIPATION
Figure 46. Output Enable/Disable
Total power dissipation has two components: one due to internal circuitry (PINT) and one due to the switching of external
output drivers (PEXT).
See the ADSP-BF51x Blackfin Processor Hardware Reference
Manual for definitions of the various operating modes and for
instructions on how to minimize system power.
The time tENA_MEASURED is the interval, from when the reference signal switches, to when the output voltage reaches VTRIP(high) or
VTRIP(low). VTRIP(high) is 2.0 V and VTRIP(low) is 1.0 V for
VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 2.5 V/3.3 V. Time tTRIP is the interval
from when the output starts driving to when the output reaches
the VTRIP(high) or VTRIP(low) trip voltage.
Many operating conditions can affect power dissipation. System
designers should refer to (EE-TBD) Estimating Power for
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) Blackfin Processors on the
Analog Devices website (www.analog.com)—use site search on
“EE-TBD.” That document provides detailed information for
optimizing your design for lowest power.
Time tENA is calculated as shown in the equation:
TEST CONDITIONS
Output signals are considered to be disabled when they stop
driving, go into a high impedance state, and start to decay from
their output high or low voltage. The output disable time tDIS is
the difference between tDIS_MEASURED and tDECAY as shown on the left
side of Figure 46.
t DIS = t DIS_MEASURED – t DECAY
All timing parameters appearing in this data sheet were measured under the conditions described in this section. Figure 45
shows the measurement point for AC measurements (except
output enable/disable). The measurement point VMEAS is VDDEXT/2
or VDDMEM/2 for VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 2.5 V/3.3 V.
INPUT
OR
OUTPUT
V MEAS
VMEAS
t ENA = t ENA_MEASURED – t TRIP
If multiple signals (such as the data bus) are enabled, the measurement value is that of the first signal to start driving.
Output Disable Time Measurement
The time for the voltage on the bus to decay by ΔV is dependent
on the capacitive load CL and the load current IL. This decay time
can be approximated by the equation:
t DECAY = ( C L ΔV ) ⁄ I L
Figure 45. Voltage Reference Levels for AC
Measurements (Except Output Enable/Disable)
Output Enable Time Measurement
Output signals are considered to be enabled when they have
made a transition from a high impedance state to the point
when they start driving.
The time tDECAY is calculated with test loads CL and IL, and with
ΔV equal to 0.5 V for VDDEXT/VDDMEM (nominal) = 2.5 V/3.3 V.
The time tDIS_MEASURED is the interval from when the reference signal switches, to when the output voltage decays ΔV from the
measured output high or output low voltage.
Example System Hold Time Calculation
To determine the data output hold time in a particular system,
first calculate tDECAY using the equation given above. Choose ΔV
to be the difference between the ADSP-
Rev. PrE |
Page 51 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F) processor’s output voltage and
the input threshold for the device requiring the hold time. CL is
the total bus capacitance (per data line), and IL is the total leakage or three-state current (per data line). The hold time will be
tDECAY plus the various output disable times as specified in the
Timing Specifications on Page 27 (for example tDSDAT for an
SDRAM write cycle as shown in SDRAM Interface Timing on
Page 30).
TBD
Capacitive Loading
Output delays and holds are based on standard capacitive loads:
30 pF on all pins/balls (see Figure 47). VLOAD is 1.5 V for VDDEXT
(nominal) = 2.5 V/3.3 V. Figure 48 on Page 52 through
Figure 55 on Page 53 show how output rise time varies with
capacitance. The delay and hold specifications given should be
derated by a factor derived from these figures. The graphs in
these figures may not be linear outside the ranges shown.
Figure 48. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver A at EVDDMIN
TESTER PIN ELECTRONICS
50:
VLOAD
T1
DUT
OUTPUT
45:
TBD
70:
ZO = 50:(impedance)
TD = 4.04 r 1.18 ns
50:
4pF
0.5pF
2pF
400:
NOTES:
THE WORST CASE TRANSMISSION LINE DELAY IS SHOWN AND CAN BE USED
FOR THE OUTPUT TIMING ANALYSIS TO REFELECT THE TRANSMISSION LINE
EFFECT AND MUST BE CONSIDERED. THE TRANSMISSION LINE (TD), IS FOR
LOAD ONLY AND DOES NOT AFFECT THE DATA SHEET TIMING SPECIFICATIONS.
ANALOG DEVICES RECOMMENDS USING THE IBIS MODEL TIMING FOR A GIVEN
SYSTEM REQUIREMENT. IF NECESSARY, A SYSTEM MAY INCORPORATE
EXTERNAL DRIVERS TO COMPENSATE FOR ANY TIMING DIFFERENCES.
Figure 49. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver A at EVDDMAX
Figure 47. Equivalent Device Loading for AC Measurements
(Includes All Fixtures)
TBD
Figure 50. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver B at EVDDMIN
Rev. PrE |
Page 52 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
TBD
TBD
Figure 51. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver B at EVDDMAX
Figure 54. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver D at EVDDMIN
TBD
TBD
Figure 52. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver C at EVDDMIN
Figure 55. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver D at EVDDMAX
TBD
Figure 53. Typical Rise and Fall Times (10%–90%) versus Load Capacitance
for Driver C at EVDDMAX
Rev. PrE |
Page 53 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
Table 44. Thermal Characteristics for SQ-176-2 Package
To determine the junction temperature on the application
printed circuit board use:
Parameter
Condition
Typical
Unit
θJA
0 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
θJMA
1 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
θJMA
2 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
where:
θJC
Not Applicable
TBD
ⴗC/W
TJ = Junction temperature (ⴗC)
ΨJT
0 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
TCASE = Case temperature (ⴗC) measured by customer at top
center of package.
ΨJT
1 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
ΨJT
2 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
T J = T CASE + ( Ψ JT × P D )
ΨJT = From Table 45
Table 45. Thermal Characteristics for BC-168-1 Package
PD = Power dissipation (see Power Dissipation on Page 51 for
the method to calculate PD)
Values of θJA are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations. θJA can be used for a first
order approximation of TJ by the equation:
T J = T A + ( θ JA × P D )
where:
TA = Ambient temperature (ⴗC)
Values of θJC are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations when an external heat sink
is required.
Parameter
Condition
Typical
Unit
θJA
0 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
θJMA
1 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
θJMA
2 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
θJC
Not Applicable
TBD
ⴗC/W
ΨJT
0 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
ΨJT
1 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
ΨJT
2 Linear m/s Airflow
TBD
ⴗC/W
Values of θJB are provided for package comparison and printed
circuit board design considerations.
In Table 45, airflow measurements comply with JEDEC standards JESD51-2 and JESD51-6, and the junction-to-board
measurement complies with JESD51-8. The junction-to-case
measurement complies with MIL-STD-883 (Method 1012.1).
All measurements use a 2S2P JEDEC test board.
The LQFP-EP package requires thermal trace squares and thermal vias, to an embedded ground plane, in the PCB. The paddle
must be connected to ground for proper operation to data sheet
specifications. Refer to JEDEC standard JESD51-5 for more
information.
Rev. PrE |
Page 54 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
176-LEAD LQFP LEAD ASSIGNMENT
Table 46 lists the LQFP leads by lead number. Table 47 on
Page 56 lists the LQFP by signal mnemonic.
Table 46. 176-Lead LQFP Pin Assignment (Numerically by Lead Number)
Lead No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
1
Signal
GND
GND
PF9
PF8
PF7
PF6
VDDEXT
VPPOTP
VDDOTP
PF5
PF4
PF3
PF2
VDDINT
GND
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
PF1
PF0
PG15
PG14
GND
VDDINT
VDDEXT
PG13
PG12
PG11
PG10
VDDFLASH
VDDINT
PG9
PG8
PG7
PG6
VDDEXT
PG5
PG4
PG3
PG2
BMODE2
BMODE1
BMODE0
GND
GND
Lead No.
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
Signal
GND
GND
PG1
PG0
VDDEXT
TDO
EMU
TDI
TCK
TRST
TMS
D15
D14
D13
VDDMEM
D12
D11
D10
VDDINT
D9
D8
D7
GND
VDDMEM
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
VDDMEM
D0
A19
A18
VDDINT
A17
A16
VDDMEM
GND
A15
A14
A13
GND
GND
Lead No.
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
Signal
GND
GND
A12
A11
A10
A9
VDDMEM
A8
A7
VDDINT
GND
VDDINT
A6
A5
A4
VDDMEM
A3
A2
A1
ABE1
ABE0
SA10
GND
VDDMEM
SWE
SCAS
SRAS
VDDINT
GND
SMS
SCKE
AMS1
ARE
AWE
AMS0
VDDMEM
CLKOUT
VDDFLASH
NC1
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
EXT_WAKE
GND
GND
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. PrE |
Page 55 of 62 |
March 2009
Lead No.
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
Signal
GND
GND
PG
VDDEXT
GND
VDDINT
GND
RTXO
RTXI
VDDRTC
CLKIN
XTAL
VDDEXT
RESET
NMI
VDDEXT
GND
CLKBUF
GND
VDDINT
PH7
PH6
PH5
PH4
GND
VDDEXT
PH3
PH2
PH1
PH0
GND
VDDINT
PF15
PF14
PF13
PF12
GND
VDDEXT
PF11
SDA
SCL
PF10
GND
GND
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 47. 176-Lead LQFP Pin Assignment (Alphabetically by Signal Mnemonic)
Lead No.
107
106
105
103
102
101
97
96
94
93
92
91
86
85
84
81
80
78
77
109
108
123
120
121
122
42
41
40
150
143
125
76
74
73
72
71
70
69
66
65
64
62
61
60
1
Signal
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
A18
A19
ABE0
ABE1
AMS0
AMS1
ARE
AWE
BMODE0
BMODE1
BMODE2
CLKBUF
CLKIN
CLKOUT
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
D10
D11
D12
Lead No.
58
57
56
51
130
1
2
15
22
43
44
45
46
67
83
87
88
89
90
99
111
131
132
133
134
137
139
149
151
157
163
169
175
176
127
147
19
18
13
12
11
10
6
5
Signal
D13
D14
D15
EMU
EXT_WAKE
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC1
NMI
PF0
PF1
PF2
PF3
PF4
PF5
PF6
PF7
Lead No.
4
3
174
171
168
167
166
165
135
48
47
39
38
37
36
34
33
32
31
28
27
26
25
21
20
162
161
160
159
156
155
154
153
146
141
140
110
114
119
173
172
118
115
113
Signal
PF8
PF9
PF10
PF11
PF12
PF13
PF14
PF15
PG
PG0
PG1
PG2
PG3
PG4
PG5
PG6
PG7
PG8
PG9
PG10
PG11
PG12
PG13
PG14
PG15
PH0
PH1
PH2
PH3
PH4
PH5
PH6
PH7
RESET
RTXI
RTXO
SA10
SCAS
SCKE
SCL
SDA
SMS
SRAS
SWE
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. PrE |
Page 56 of 62 |
March 2009
Lead No.
53
52
50
117
55
54
7
24
35
49
128
129
136
145
148
158
170
16
17
29
126
14
23
30
63
79
98
100
116
138
152
164
59
68
75
82
95
104
112
124
9
142
8
144
Signal
TCK
TDI
TDO
GND
TMS
TRST
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDEXT
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDFLASH
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDINT
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDMEM
VDDOTP
VDDRTC
VPPOTP
XTAL
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
168-BALL CSP_BGA BALL ASSIGNMENT
Table 48 lists the CSP_BGA by ball number. Table 49 on
Page 58 lists the CSP_BGA balls by signal mnemonic.
Table 48. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Assignment (Numerically by Ball Number)
Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name
A1
GND
C1
PF4
E10
VDDINT
H1
PG12
K6
VDDMEM
N1
BMODE1
A2
SCL
C2
PF7
E12
VDDMEM
H2
PG13
K7
VDDMEM
N2
PG1
A3
SDA
C3
PF8
E13
ARE
H3
PG11
K8
VDDMEM
N3
TDO
A4
PF13
C4
PF10
E14
AWE
H5
VDDEXT
K9
VDDMEM
N4
TRST
A5
PF15
C5
VDDEXT
F1
PF0
H6
GND
K10
VDDMEM
N5
TMS
A6
PH2
C6
VDDEXT
F2
PF1
H7
GND
K12
A8
N6
D13
A7
PH1
C7
PF11
F3
VDDINT
H8
GND
K13
A2
N7
D9
A8
PH5
C8
VDDEXT
F5
VDDEXT
H9
GND
K14
A1
N8
D5
A9
PH6
C9
VDDINT
F6
GND
H10
VDDINT
L1
PG5
N9
D1
A10
PH7
C10
VDDEXT
F7
GND
H12
A3
L2
PG3
N10
A18
A11
CLKBUF
C11
RTXI
F8
GND
H13
ABE0
L3
PG2
N11
A16
A12
XTAL
C12
RTXO
F9
GND
H14
SCAS
L12
A9
N12
A14
A13
CLKIN
C13
PG
F10
VDDINT
J1
PG10
L13
A6
N13
A11
A14
GND
C14
NC1
F12
SMS
J2
VDDFLASH
L14
A4
N14
A7
B1
VDDOTP
D1
PF3
F13
SCKE
J3
PG9
M1
PG4
P1
GND
B2
GND
D2
PF5
F14
AMS1
J5
VDDMEM
M2
BMODE2
P2
TDI
B3
PF9
D3
VPPOTP
G1
PG15
J6
GND
M3
BMODE0
P3
TCK
B4
PF12
D12
VDDFLASH
G2
PG14
J7
GND
M4
PG0
P4
D15
B5
PF14
D13
CLKOUT
G3
VDDINT
J8
GND
M5
EMU
P5
D14
B6
PH0
D14
AMS0
G5
VDDEXT
J9
GND
M6
D12
P6
D11
B7
PH3
E1
VDDFLASH
G6
GND
J10
VDDINT
M7
D10
P7
D8
B8
PH4
E2
PF2
G7
GND
J12
A15
M8
D2
P8
D7
B9
VDDEXT
E3
PF6
G8
GND
J13
ABE1
M9
D0
P9
D6
B10
RESET
E5
VDDEXT
G9
GND
J14
SA10
M10
A17
P10
D4
B11
NMI
E6
VDDEXT
G10
VDDINT
K1
PG6
M11
A13
P11
D3
B12
VDDRTC
E7
VDDINT
G12
SWE
K2
PG8
M12
A12
P12
A19
B13
VDDEXT
E8
VDDINT
G13
SRAS
K3
PG7
M13
A10
P13
GND
B14
EXT_WAKE
E9
VDDINT
G14
GND
K5
VDDMEM
M14
A5
P14
GND
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. PrE |
Page 57 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Table 49. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Assignment (Alphabetically by Signal Mnemonic)
Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name Ball No. Signal Name
K14
A1
A11
CLKBUF
G6
GND
C7
PF11
A9
PH6
G5
VDDEXT
K13
A2
A13
CLKIN
G7
GND
B4
PF12
A10
PH7
H5
VDDEXT
H12
A3
D13
CLKOUT
G8
GND
A4
PF13
B10
RESET
D12
VDDFLASH
L14
A4
M9
D0
G9
GND
B5
PF14
C11
RTXI
E1
VDDFLASH
M14
A5
N9
D1
H6
GND
A5
PF15
C12
RTXO
J2
VDDFLASH
L13
A6
M8
D2
H7
GND
C13
PG
J14
SA10
C9
VDDINT
N14
A7
P11
D3
H8
GND
M4
PG0
H14
SCAS
E7
VDDINT
K12
A8
P10
D4
H9
GND
N2
PG1
F13
SCKE
E8
VDDINT
L12
A9
N8
D5
J6
GND
L3
PG2
A2
SCL
E9
VDDINT
M13
A10
P9
D6
J7
GND
L2
PG3
A3
SDA
E10
VDDINT
N13
A11
P8
D7
J8
GND
M1
PG4
F12
SMS
F3
VDDINT
M12
A12
P7
D8
J9
GND
L1
PG5
G13
SRAS
F10
VDDINT
M11
A13
N7
D9
P1
GND
K1
PG6
G12
SWE
G3
VDDINT
N12
A14
M7
D10
P13
GND
K3
PG7
P3
TCK
G10
VDDINT
J12
A15
P6
D11
P14
GND
K2
PG8
P2
TDI
H10
VDDINT
N11
A16
M6
D12
C14
NC1
J3
PG9
N3
TDO
J10
VDDINT
M10
A17
N6
D13
B11
NMI
J1
PG10
G14
GND
E12
VDDMEM
N10
A18
P5
D14
F1
PF0
H3
PG11
N5
TMS
J5
VDDMEM
P12
A19
P4
D15
F2
PF1
H1
PG12
N4
TRST
K5
VDDMEM
H13
ABE0
M5
EMU
E2
PF2
H2
PG13
B9
VDDEXT
K6
VDDMEM
J13
ABE1
B14
EXT_WAKE
D1
PF3
G2
PG14
B13
VDDEXT
K7
VDDMEM
D14
AMS0
A1
GND
C1
PF4
G1
PG15
C5
VDDEXT
K8
VDDMEM
F14
AMS1
A14
GND
D2
PF5
B6
PH0
C6
VDDEXT
K9
VDDMEM
E13
ARE
B2
GND
E3
PF6
A7
PH1
C8
VDDEXT
K10
VDDMEM
E14
AWE
F6
GND
C2
PF7
A6
PH2
C10
VDDEXT
B1
VDDOTP
M3
BMODE0
F7
GND
C3
PF8
B7
PH3
E5
VDDEXT
B12
VDDRTC
N1
BMODE1
F8
GND
B3
PF9
B8
PH4
E6
VDDEXT
D3
VPPOTP
M2
BMODE2
F9
GND
C4
PF10
A8
PH5
F5
VDDEXT
A12
XTAL
1
This pin must not be connected.
Rev. PrE |
Page 58 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
Figure 56 shows the top view of the CSP_BGA ball configuration. Figure 57 shows the bottom view of the CSP_BGA
ball configuration.
A1 BALL PAD CORNER
A
B
NC
C
D
E
F
KEY
G
H
V
DDINT
J
K
V
DDEXT
L
GND
V
I/O
V
DDMEM
DDRTC
V
M
DDFLASH
N
P
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14
TOP VIEW
Figure 56. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Configuration (Top View)
A1 BALL PAD CORNER
A
B
C
NC
D
KEY
E
V
F
DDINT
GND
V
I/O
V
DDMEM
G
V
H
DDEXT
J
V
DDFLASH
K
L
M
N
P
14 13 12 11 10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
BOTTOM VIEW
Figure 57. 168-Ball CSP_BGA Ball Configuration (Bottom View)
Rev. PrE |
Page 59 of 62 |
March 2009
DDRTC
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions in Figure 58 are shown in millimeters.
26.20
26.00 SQ
25.80
0.75
0.60
0.45
1.60
MAX
NOTE: THE EXPOSED PAD IS REQUIRED TO BE ELECTRICALLY AND
THERMALLY CONNECTED TO VSS. IMPLEMENT THIS BY
SOLDERING THE EXPOSED PAD TO A VSS PCB LAND THAT IS
THE SAME SIZE AS THE EXPOSED PAD. THE VSS PCB LAND
SHOULD BE ROBUSTLY CONNECTED TO THE VSS PLANE IN
THE PCB WITH AN ARRAY OF THERMAL VIAS FOR BEST
PERFORMANCE.
24.10
24.00 SQ
23.90
133
132
176
1
133
132
176
1
1.00 REF
PIN 1
5.80 REF
SQ
EXPOSED
PAD
TOP VIEW
(PINS DOWN)
12°
1.45
1.40
1.35
0.15
0.10
0.05
0.20
0.15
0.09
7°
0°
SEATING
PLANE
0.08 MAX
COPLANARITY
BOTTOM VIEW
(PINS UP)
89
44
45
VIEW A
88
0.50
BSC
LEAD PITCH
89
44
88
0.27
0.22
0.17
VIEW A
ROTATED 90° CCW
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-026-BGA-HD
Figure 58. 176-Lead Low Profile Quad Flat Package [LQFP_EP]
(SQ-176-2)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Rev. PrE |
Page 60 of 62 |
March 2009
45
EXPOSED PAD IS CENTERED ON
THE PACKAGE.
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
A1 BALL
CORNER
12.10
12.00 SQ
11.90
A1 BALL
CORNER
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
10.40
BSC SQ
0.80
BSC
TOP VIEW
1.70
1.60
1.45
BOTTOM VIEW
DETAIL A
0.70
DETAIL A
1.36
1.26
1.16
0.34 NOM
0.29 MIN
0.56
SEATING
PLANE
0.50
COPLANARITY
0.45
0.20
0.40
BALL DIAMETER
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-275-GGAB-1.
Figure 59. 168-Ball Chip Scale Package Ball Grid Array [CSP_BGA]
(BC-168-1)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
SURFACE MOUNT DESIGN
Table 50 is provided as an aide to PCB design. For industrystandard design recommendations, refer to IPC-7351, Generic
Requirements for Surface Mount Design and Land Pattern
Standard.
Table 50. BGA Data for Use with Surface-Mount Design
Package
Ball Attach Type
Solder Mask Opening
Ball Pad Size
168-Ball CSP_BGA
Solder Mask Defined
TBD mm diameter
TBD mm diameter
Rev. PrE |
Page 61 of 62 |
March 2009
ADSP-BF512/BF514/BF516/BF518(F)
Preliminary Technical Data
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1
ADSP-BF518KSWZ-ENG
1
2
Temperature Range2
0°C to +70°C
Speed Grade (Max)
400 MHz
Flash Memory
n/a
Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
Referenced temperature is ambient temperature.
©2009 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
PR08155-0-3/09(PrE)
Rev. PrE |
Page 62 of 62 |
March 2009
Package Description
176-Lead LQFP_EP
Package Option
SQ-176-2