01 DS2413 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch www.maxim-ic.com GENERAL DESCRIPTION FEATURES The DS2413 is a dual-channel programmable I/O 1Wire® chip. The PIO outputs are configured as opendrain and provide up to 20mA continuous sink capability and off-state operating voltage up to 28V. Control and sensing of the PIO pins is performed with a dedicated device-level command protocol. To provide a high level of fault tolerance in the end application, the 1-Wire IO and PIO pins are all capable of withstanding continuous application of voltages up to 28V max. Communication and operation of the DS2413 is performed with the single contact Maxim/Dallas 1-Wire serial interface. Open-Drain Programmable I/O Pins PIO Pins Support 20mA max Continuous Current Sink Supports 28V (max) PIO Pin Operating Voltage On-Resistance of PIO Pulldown Transistor 20Ω max; OFF Resistance 1MΩ min Parasitic Power Supply Through 1-Wire Communicates to Host with a Single Digital Signal at 14.9kb or 100kbps Using 1-Wire Protocol Unique 64-bit ROM Serial Number Factory Lasered Into Each Device Switchpoint Hysteresis and Filtering to Optimize Performance in the Presence of Noise 1-Wire IO Pin Supports 28V Absolute Maximum DC Level for Fault Conditions Operates Over a Wide 1-Wire Voltage Range of 2.8V to 5.25V from 0°C to +70°C High ESD Immunity of 1-Wire IO Pin: 8kV HBM Typical TSOC and TDFN Packages Available APPLICATIONS LED Control Accessory Identification and Control General Purpose Input/Output Key-Pick Systems Industrial Controllers System Monitoring TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT ORDERING INFORMATION VCC RPUP DS2413 LED R1 PIOA PX.Y IO R2 PIOB µC GND Switch Local Power Commands, Registers, and Modes are capitalized for clarity. PART DS2413P+ DS2413P+T&R DS2413Q+T&R TEMP RANGE 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C PIN-PACKAGE TSOC TSOC TDFN + Denotes a lead-free package/RoHS-compliant package. T&R = Tape and reel. PIN CONFIGURATION TSOC 1 2 3 TDFN 6 1 5 2 4 3 2413 ymrrF 1-Wire is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. DS 2413 ywwrr 6 5 4 Exposed Paddle Top View with Marking. TDFN Contacts Not Visible in this View. Note: Some revisions of this device may incorporate deviations from published specifications known as errata. Multiple revisions of any device may be simultaneously available through various sales channels. For information about device errata, click here: www.maxim-ic.com/errata. 1 of 18 REV: 110408 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Voltage on Any Pin to GND Maximum Current into IO Pin Maximum Current into PIO Pin Maximum Current Through GND Pins (Both Pins Tied Together) Operating Temperature Range Junction Temperature Storage Temperature Range Soldering Temperature -0.5V, +30V ±25mA ±30mA ±60mA 0°C to +70°C +150°C -55°C to +125°C See IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020A Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to the absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER IO PIN GENERAL DATA SYMBOL MIN MAX (Notes 5, 7, 8) 0.4 3.2 V VTH (Notes 5, 7, 9) 0.7 3.6 V 0.4 V V RPUP IL VHY VOL (Notes 5, 10) At 4mA Current Load (Note 11) Standard speed, RPUP = 2.2kΩ Recovery Time Overdrive speed, RPUP = 2.2kΩ tREC (Notes 1, 12) Overdrive speed, directly prior to reset pulse; RPUP = 2.2kΩ Rising-Edge Hold-off Time Standard speed tREH (Notes 5, 13) Overdrive speed Standard speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Standard speed (Note 14) Time slot Duration tSLOT Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V (Note 1, 5) (Note 14) Overdrive speed (Note 14) IO PIN, 1-Wire RESET, PRESENCE DETECT CYCLE Standard speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Standard speed (Note 14) Reset Low Time (Note 1) tRSTL Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Overdrive speed (Note 14) Standard speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Presence Detect High Standard speed tPDH Time (Notes 14, 15) Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Overdrive speed Standard speed, VPUP > 4.5V Standard speed Presence Detect Fall Time tFPD (Notes 5, 16) Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Overdrive speed Standard speed, VPUP > 4.5V Standard speed (Note 14) Presence Detect Low tPDL Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Time (Note 15) (Note 14) Overdrive speed (Note 14) 2 of 18 5.25 5.25 28 2.2 70 15 950 800 0.4 UNITS VTL 1-Wire Pullup Resistance 2.8 2.9 TYP CIO VIL VPUP Input Capacitance Input Low Voltage High-to-Low Switching Threshold Low-to-High Switching Threshold Switching Hysteresis Output Low Voltage CONDITIONS Standard speed Overdrive speed DC only; no 1-Wire communication (Notes 1, 2) VPUP ≤ 5.25V VPUP ≤ 3.30V V(IO) = 28V (Note 3) At 25°C (Notes 4, 5) (Notes 1, 6) 1-Wire Pullup Voltage (Note 1) Input Load Current TA = 0°C to +70°C 1.5 3.5 3.5 400 0.2 5 2 V kΩ µA pF V µs 5 0.5 5.0 Not applicable (0) µs 65 67 µs 9 10 480 600 48 63 15 15 2 2 0.24 0.24 0 0 60 60 960 960 80 80 66 68 7.0 8.2 1.4 1.6 0.7 0.9 240 260 8 25 8 32 µs µs µs µs DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch PARAMETER Presence Detect Sample Time (Notes 1, 20) SYMBOL tMSP CONDITIONS Standard speed, VPUP > 4.5V Standard speed Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V Overdrive speed MIN 67.4 69.6 7.7 9.1 TYP MAX 75 75 10 10 Standard speed, VPUP > 4.5V Standard speed (Note 14) Overdrive speed, VPUP ≥ 4.5V (Note 14) Overdrive speed (Note 14) Standard speed Overdrive speed 60 62 7 120 120 16 8 5 1 16 15 2 5 1 tRL + δ tRL + δ 15 - δ 2-δ 15 2 UNITS µs IO PIN, 1-Wire WRITE Write-0 Low Time (Notes 1, 17) Write-1 Low Time (Notes 1, 17) IO PIN, 1-Wire READ Read Low Time (Notes 1, 18) Read Sample Time (Notes 1, 18) PIO Pins Leakage Current Input Capacitance Output low voltage Input Low Voltage Input High Voltage (Note 21) Note 1: Note 2: Note 3: Note 4: Note 5: Note 6: Note 7: Note 8: Note 9: Note 10: Note 11: Note 12: Note 13: Note 14: Note 15: Note 16: Note 17: Note 18: Note 19: Note 20: Note 21: tW0L tW1L tRL tMSR Standard speed Overdrive speed Standard speed Overdrive speed ILP CP VOLP VILP Pin at 28V (Note 19) (Note 5) 20mA load current (Note 1) VIHP (Note 1) 8.5 24 µs µs µs 0.4 0.8 µA pF V V 28 V 100 VPUP – 0.3V µs System requirement. Full RPUP range guaranteed by design and simulation. not production tested. Production testing performed at a fixed RPUP value. Maximum allowable pullup resistance is a function of the number of 1-Wire devices in the system and 1-Wire recovery times. The specified value here applies to systems with only one device and with the minimum 1-Wire recovery times. For more heavily loaded systems, an active pullup such as that found in the DS2482-x00, DS2480B, or DS2490 may be required. The I-V characteristic is linear for voltages greater than 10V. Capacitance on the data pin could be 800pF when VPUP is first applied. If a 2.2kΩ resistor is used to pull up the data line, 2.5µs after VPUP has been applied the parasite capacitance will not affect normal communications. Guaranteed by design and simulation. Not production tested. The voltage on IO needs to be less than or equal to VILMAX whenever the master drives the line low. VTL and VTH are functions of the internal supply voltage, which is a function of VPUP and the 1-Wire Recovery Times. The VTH and VTL maximum specifications are valid at VPUPmax (5.25V). In any case, VTL < VTH < VPUP. Voltage below which, during a falling edge on IO, a logic 0 is detected. Voltage above which, during a rising edge on IO, a logic 1 is detected. After VTH is crossed during a rising edge on IO, the voltage on IO has to drop by at least VHY to be detected as logic '0'. The I-V characteristic is linear for voltages less than 1V. Applies to a single DS2413 attached to a 1-Wire line. The earliest recognition of a negative edge is possible at tREH after VTH has been previously reached. Highlighted numbers are NOT in compliance with legacy 1-Wire product standards. See comparison table below. tPDH is deemed to have ended when the voltage on IO drops below 80% of VPUP on the leading edge of the presence-detect low pulse. tPDL is deemed to have begun when the voltage on IO drops below 20% of VPUP on the leading edge of the pulse. Interval during the negative edge on IO at the beginning of a Presence Detect pulse between the time at which the voltage is 80% of VPUP and the time at which the voltage is 20% of VPUP. ε in Figure 12 represents the time required for the pullup circuitry to pull the voltage on IO up from VIL to VTH. The actual maximum duration for the master to pull the line low is tW1Lmax + tF - ε and tW0Lmax + tF - ε respectively. δ in Figure 12 represents the time required for the pullup circuitry to pull the voltage on IO up from VIL to the input high threshold of the bus master. The actual maximum duration for the master to pull the line low is tRLmax + tF. The I-V characteristic is linear for voltages greater than 7V. tMSP is a system required sample point and not directly production tested. Production testing is performed on related parameters tPDH and tPDL. Parameter tFPD is guaranteed by design and simulation, not production tested. Production tested for VIHP(min). VIHP(max) is guaranteed by design and simulation, not production tested. 3 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch LEGACY VALUES STANDARD SPEED OVERDRIVE SPEED MIN MAX MIN MAX 61µs (undef.) 7µs (undef.) 480µs (undef.) 48µs 80µs 15µs 60µs 2µs 6µs 60µs 240µs 8µs 24µs 60µs 120µs 6µs 16µs PARAMETER tSLOT (incl. tREC) tRSTL tPDH tPDL tW0L DS2413 VALUES STANDARD SPEED OVERDRIVE SPEED MIN MAX MIN MAX 67µs (undef.) 10µs (undef.) 600µs 960µs 63µs 80µs 15µs 68µs 2µs 8.2µs 60µs 260µs 8µs 32µs 62µs 120µs 8µs 16µs PIN DESCRIPTION NAME IO PIOA TSOC PIN # 2 6 TDFN PIN # 2 4 PIOB 4 6 GND1 GND2 1 5 3 5 NC 3 1 GND N/A EP FUNCTION 1-Wire bus interface. Open-drain, requires external pullup resistor. Programmable I/O pin, open-drain with weak pulldown, power-on default is off (PIOA = 1). Programmable I/O pin, open-drain with weak pulldown, power-on default is off (PIOB = 1). Ground reference 1 Ground reference 2; both GND pins must be connected in the application. Not connected Exposed Paddle. Solder evenly to the board’s ground plane for proper operation. See Application Note 3273 for additional information. DESCRIPTION The DS2413 combines two PIO pins and a fully featured 1-Wire interface in a single chip. PIO outputs are opendrain, operate at up to 28V and provide an on resistance of 20Ω max. A robust communication protocol ensures that PIO output changes occur error-free. Each DS2413 has a Registration Number that is 64 bits long. The Registration Number guarantees unique identification and is used to address the device in a multidrop 1-Wire network environment, where multiple devices reside on a common 1-Wire bus and operate independently of each other. Device power is supplied parasitically from the 1-Wire bus. The DS2413’s applications of include accessory identification and control, system monitoring, and general-purpose input/output. OVERVIEW The block diagram in Figure 1 shows the relationships between the major sections of the DS2413. The DS2413 has two main components: 64-bit Registration Number, and PIO Control. The hierarchical structure of the 1-Wire protocol is shown in Figure 2. The bus master must first provide one of the seven ROM Function Commands, 1) Read ROM, 2) Match ROM, 3) Search ROM, 4) Skip ROM, 5) Resume, 6) Overdrive-Skip ROM or 7) OverdriveMatch ROM. Upon completion of an Overdrive ROM command byte executed at standard speed, the device enters Overdrive mode where all subsequent communication occurs at a higher speed. The protocol required for these ROM function commands is described in Figure 10. After a ROM function command is successfully executed, the PIO functions become accessible and the master may provide one of the two PIO Function commands. The protocol for these commands is described in Figure 6. All data is read and written least significant bit first. Figure 1. Block Diagram Internal VDD PIOB PIOA IO 1-Wire Interface PIO Control 64-Bit Registration Number 4 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch 64-BIT LASERED ROM Each DS2413 has a unique ROM Registration Number that is 64 bits long, as shown in Figure 3. The first eight bits are a 1-Wire family code. The next 48 bits are a unique serial number. The last eight bits are a CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) of the first 56 bits. The 1-Wire CRC is generated using a polynomial generator consisting of a shift register and XOR gates as shown in Figure 4. The polynomial is X8 + X5 + X4 + 1. Additional information about the Dallas 1-Wire CRC is available in Application Note 27. The shift register bits are initialized to zero. Then starting with the LSB of the family code, one bit at a time is shifted in. After the 8th bit of the family code has been entered, then the serial number is entered. After the 48th bit of the serial number has been entered, the shift register contains the CRC value. Shifting in the eight bits of CRC should return the shift register to all zeros. Figure 2. Hierarchical Structure for 1-Wire Protocol DS2413 Command Level: 1-Wire ROM Function Commands (see Figure 10) DS2413-specific PIO Function Commands (see Figure 6) Available Commands: Command Codes: Data Field Affected: Read ROM Match ROM Search ROM Skip ROM Resume Overdrive Skip Overdrive Match 33h 55h F0h CCh A5h 3Ch 69h 64-bit Reg. #, RC-Flag 64-bit Reg. #, RC-Flag 64-bit Reg. #, RC-Flag RC-Flag RC-Flag RC-Flag, OD-Flag 64-bit Reg. #, RC-Flag, OD-Flag PIO Access Read PIO Access Write F5h 5Ah PIO Pins PIO Pins Figure 3. 64-Bit LASERED ROM MSB LSB 8-Bit CRC Code MSB 8-Bit Family Code (3Ah) 48-Bit Serial Number LSB MSB LSB MSB LSB Figure 4. 1-Wire CRC Generator 8 5 4 Polynomial = X + X + X + 1 st nd 1 STAGE X 0 rd 2 STAGE X 1 th 3 STAGE X 2 th 4 STAGE X 3 th 5 STAGE X 4 th 6 STAGE X 5 th 7 STAGE X 6 8 STAGE X 7 INPUT DATA 5 of 18 X 8 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch PIO STUCTURE Each PIO consists of an open-drain pulldown transistor with 28V capability. The transistor is controlled by the PIO Output Latch, as shown in Figure 5. The PIO Control unit connects the PIOs to the 1-Wire interface. Figure 5. PIO Simplified Logic Diagram PIO Pin State PIO Pin PIO Output Latch State. PIO Data PIO Clock D CLOCK Q Q PIO Output Latch PIO FUNCTION COMMANDS The PIO Function Flow Chart (Figure 6) describes the protocols necessary to access the PIO pins of the DS2413. Examples on how to use these functions are included at the end of this document. The communication between master and DS2413 takes place either at standard speed (default, OD = 0) or at Overdrive Speed (OD = 1). If not explicitly set into the Overdrive Mode, the DS2413 powers up in standard speed. PIO ACCESS READ [F5h] This command reads the PIO logical status and reports it together with the state of the PIO Output Latch in an endless loop. A PIO Access Read can be terminated at any time with a 1-Wire Reset. PIO Status Bit Assignment b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 PIOB Output Latch State Complement of b3 to b0 b2 PIOB Pin State b1 PIOA Output Latch State b0 PIOA Pin State The state of both PIO channels is sampled at the same time. The first sampling occurs during the last (most significant) bit of the command code F5h. The PIO status is then reported to the bus master. While the master receives the last (most significant) bit of the PIO status byte, the next sampling occurs and so on until the master generates a 1-Wire Reset. The sampling occurs with a delay of tREH+x from the rising edge of the MS bit of the previous byte, as shown in Figure 7. The value of "x" is approximately 0.2µs. Figure 7. PIO Access Read Timing Diagram MS 2 bits of previous byte LS 2 bits of PIO Status byte VTH IO tREH+x Sampling Point Notes: 1 The "previous byte" could be the command code or the data byte resulting from the previous PIO sample. 2 The sample point timing also applies to the PIO Access Write command, with the "previous byte" being the write confirmation byte (AAh). 6 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Figure 6. PIO Function Flow Chart From ROM Functions Flow Chart (Figure 10) Bus Master TX Memory Function Command F5h PIO Access Read? 5Ah PIO Access Write? N Y N Y Bus Master TX new PIO Output Data Byte Note 1) See the command description for the exact timing of the PIO pin sampling and updating. Bus Master TX inverted new PIO Output Data Byte N Transmission OK? Y DS2413 Samples 1) PIO Pin Status DS2413 Updates PIO Output Latch 1) Bus Master RX Confirmation AAh Bus Master RX “1”s Master TX Reset? Bus Master RX PIO Pin Status DS2413 Samples PIO Pin Status Bus Master RX PIO Pin Status Master TX Reset? N N Master TX Reset? Y Y Y To ROM Functions Flow Chart (Figure 10) 7 of 18 1) Y N DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch PIO ACCESS WRITE [5Ah] The PIO Access Write command writes to the PIO output latches, which control the pulldown transistors of the PIO channels. In an endless loop this command first writes new data to the PIO and then reads back the PIO status. This implicit read-after-write can be used by the master for status verification. A PIO Access Write can be terminated at any time with a 1-Wire Reset. PIO Output Data Bit Assignment b7 X b6 X b5 X b4 X b3 X b2 X b1 PIOB b0 PIOA After the command code the master transmits a PIO Output Data byte that determines the new state of the PIO output transistors. The first (least significant) bit is associated to PIOA; the next bit affects PIOB. The other 6 bits of the new state byte do not have corresponding PIO pins. These bits should always be transmitted as "1"s. To switch the output transistor on, the corresponding bit value is 0. To switch the output transistor off (non-conducting) the bit must be 1. This way the bit transmitted as the new PIO output state arrives in its true form at the PIO pin. To protect the transmission against data errors, the master must repeat the PIO Output Data byte in its inverted form. Only if the transmission was error-free will the PIO status change. The actual PIO transition to the new state occurs with a delay of tREH+x from the rising edge of the MS bit of the inverted PIO byte, as shown in Figure 8. The value of "x" is approximately 0.2µs. To inform the master about the successful communication of the PIO byte, the DS2413 transmits a confirmation byte with the data pattern AAh. While the MS bit of the confirmation byte is transmitted, the DS2413 samples the state of the PIO pins, as shown in Figure 7, and sends it to the master. The master can either continue writing more data to the PIO or issue a 1-Wire Reset to end the command. Figure 8. PIO Access Write Timing Diagram MS 2 bits of inverted PIO Output Data byte IO LS 2 bits of confirmation byte (AAh) VTH tREH+x PIO 1-Wire BUS SYSTEM The 1-Wire bus is a system that has a single bus master and one or more slaves. In all instances the DS2413 is a slave device. The bus master is typically a microcontroller. The discussion of this bus system is broken down into three topics: hardware configuration, transaction sequence, and 1-Wire signaling (signal types and timing). The 1-Wire protocol defines bus transactions in terms of the bus state during specific time slots, which are initiated on the falling edge of sync pulses from the bus master. HARDWARE CONFIGURATION The 1-Wire bus has only a single line by definition; it is important that each device on the bus be able to drive it at the appropriate time. To facilitate this, each device attached to the 1-Wire bus must have open-drain or tri-state outputs. The 1-Wire port of the DS2413 is open drain with an internal circuit equivalent to that shown in Figure 9. A multidrop bus consists of a 1-Wire bus with multiple slaves attached. The DS2413 supports both a Standard and Overdrive communication speed of 14.9kbps (max) and 100kbps (max), respectively. Note that legacy 1-Wire products support a standard communication speed of 16.3kbps and Overdrive of 142kbps. The value of the pullup resistor primarily depends on the network size and load conditions. The DS2413 requires a pullup resistor of 2.2kΩ (max) at any speed. 8 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch The idle state for the 1-Wire bus is high. If for any reason a transaction needs to be suspended, the bus MUST be left in the idle state if the transaction is to resume. If this does not occur and the bus is left low for more than 16µs (Overdrive speed) or more than 120µs (standard speed), one or more devices on the bus may be reset. Figure 9. Hardware Configuration BUS MASTER VPUP DS2413 1-Wire PORT RPUP RX DATA RX TX IL TX RX = RECEIVE Open Drain Port Pin TX = TRANSMIT 100 Ω MOSFET TRANSACTION SEQUENCE The protocol for accessing the DS2413 through the 1-Wire port is as follows: Initialization ROM Function Command PIO Function Command Data INITIALIZATION All transactions on the 1-Wire bus begin with an initialization sequence. The initialization sequence consists of a reset pulse transmitted by the bus master followed by presence pulse(s) transmitted by the slave(s). The presence pulse lets the bus master know that the DS2413 is on the bus and is ready to operate. For more details, see the 1Wire Signaling section. 1-Wire ROM FUNCTION COMMANDS Once the bus master has detected a presence, it can issue one of the seven ROM function commands that the DS2413 supports. All ROM function commands are 8 bits long. A list of these commands follows (refer to the flow chart in Figure 10). READ ROM [33h] This command allows the bus master to read the DS2413’s 8-bit family code, unique 48-bit serial number, and 8-bit CRC. This command can only be used if there is a single slave on the bus. If more than one slave is present on the bus, a data collision occurs when all slaves try to transmit at the same time (open drain produces a wired-AND result). The resultant family code and 48-bit serial number result in a mismatch of the CRC. MATCH ROM [55h] The Match ROM command, followed by a 64-bit ROM sequence, allows the bus master to address a specific DS2413 on a multidrop bus. Only the DS2413 that exactly matches the 64-bit ROM sequence, including the external address, responds to the following PIO Function command. All other slaves wait for a reset pulse. This command can be used with a single or multiple devices on the bus. 9 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch SEARCH ROM [F0h] When a system is initially brought up, the bus master might not know the number of devices on the 1-Wire bus or their device ID numbers. By taking advantage of the wired-AND property of the bus, the master can use a process of elimination to identify the device ID numbers of all slave devices. For each bit of the device ID number, starting with the least significant bit, the bus master issues a triplet of time slots. On the first slot, each slave device participating in the search outputs the true value of its device ID number bit. On the second slot, each slave device participating in the search outputs the complemented value of its device ID number bit. On the third slot, the master writes the true value of the bit to be selected. All slave devices that do not match the bit written by the master stop participating in the search. If both of the read bits are zero, the master knows that slave devices exist with both states of the bit. By choosing which state to write, the bus master branches in the ROM code tree. After one complete pass, the bus master knows the device ID number of a single device. Additional passes identify the device ID numbers of the remaining devices. Refer to Application Note 187: 1-Wire Search Algorithm for a detailed discussion, including an example. Since with the DS2413 the ROM CRC is not valid if one or more address inputs are tied to GND, it is recommended to do a double search when building a list of devices on the 1-Wire line. SKIP ROM [CCh] This command can save time in a single-drop bus system by allowing the bus master to access the PIO functions without providing the 64-bit ROM code. If more than one slave is present on the bus and, for example, a read command is issued following the Skip ROM command, data collision occurs on the bus as multiple slaves transmit simultaneously (open-drain pulldowns produce a wired-AND result). RESUME [A5h] To maximize the data throughput in a multidrop environment, the Resume function is available. This function checks the status of the RC bit and, if it is set, directly transfers control to the PIO functions, similar to a Skip ROM command. The only way to set the RC bit is through successfully executing the Match ROM, Search ROM, or Overdrive Match ROM command. Once the RC bit is set, the device can repeatedly be accessed through the Resume Command function. Accessing another device on the bus clears the RC bit, preventing two or more devices from simultaneously responding to the Resume Command function. OVERDRIVE SKIP ROM [3Ch] On a single-drop bus this command can save time by allowing the bus master to access the PIO functions without providing the 64-bit ROM code. Unlike the normal Skip ROM command, the Overdrive Skip ROM sets the DS2413 in the Overdrive mode (OD = 1). All communication following this command has to occur at Overdrive speed until a reset pulse of minimum 480µs duration resets all devices on the bus to standard speed (OD = 0). When issued on a multidrop bus, this command sets all Overdrive-supporting devices into Overdrive mode. To subsequently address a specific Overdrive-supporting device, a reset pulse at Overdrive speed has to be issued followed by a Match ROM or Search ROM command sequence. This speeds up the time for the search process. If more than one slave supporting Overdrive is present on the bus and the Overdrive Skip ROM command is followed by a Read command, data collision occurs on the bus as multiple slaves transmit simultaneously (open-drain pulldowns produce a wired-AND result). OVERDRIVE MATCH ROM [69h] The Overdrive Match ROM command followed by a 64-bit ROM sequence transmitted at Overdrive Speed allows the bus master to address a specific DS2413 on a multidrop bus and to simultaneously set it in Overdrive mode. Only the DS2413 that exactly matches the 64-bit ROM sequence responds to the subsequent PIO Function command. Slaves already in Overdrive mode from a previous Overdrive Skip or successful Overdrive Match command remain in Overdrive mode. All overdrive-capable slaves return to standard speed at the next Reset Pulse of minimum 480µs duration. The Overdrive Match ROM command can be used with a single or multiple devices on the bus. 10 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Figure 10-1. ROM Functions Flow Chart Bus Master TX Reset Pulse From Figure 10, 2 From PIO Functions Flow Chart (Figure 6) OD Reset Pulse ? nd Part N OD = 0 Y Bus Master TX ROM Function Command 33h Read ROM Command ? Y RC = 0 DS2413 TX Family Code (1 Byte) DS2413 TX Presence Pulse N 55h Match ROM Command ? F0h Search ROM Command ? N Y Y RC = 0 To Figure 10 nd CCh 2 Part Skip ROM Command ? N Y RC = 0 RC = 0 DS2413 TX Bit 0 Master TX Bit 0 DS2413 TX Bit 0 Master TX Bit 0 N Bit 0 Match ? N Bit 0 Match ? Y DS2413 TX Serial Number (6 Bytes) N Y DS2413 TX Bit 1 Master TX Bit 1 DS2413 TX Bit 1 Master TX Bit 1 N Bit 1 Match ? N Bit 1 Match ? Y Y DS2413 TX Bit 63 DS2413 TX CRC Byte Master TX Bit 63 DS2413 TX Bit 63 Master TX Bit 63 N Bit 63 Match ? N Bit 63 Match ? Y Y RC = 1 RC = 1 To PIO Functions Flow Chart (Figure 6) 11 of 18 To Figure 10 nd 2 Part From Figure 10 nd 2 Part DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Figure 10-2. ROM Functions Flow Chart (continued) st To Figure 10, 1 Part From Figure 10 st 1 Part A5h Resume Command ? 3Ch Overdrive Skip ROM ? N Y N Y 69h Overdrive Match ROM ? N Y RC = 0 ; OD = 1 RC = 0 ; OD = 1 N RC = 1 ? Master TX Bit 0 Y Master TX Reset ? N Y Bit 0 Match ? N Y Master TX Bit 1 Master TX Reset ? Y Bit 1 Match ? N Y N Master TX Bit 63 Bit 63 Match ? Y RC = 1 From Figure 10 st 1 Part To Figure 10 st 1 Part 12 of 18 N DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch 1-Wire SIGNALING The DS2413 requires strict protocols to ensure data integrity. The protocol consists of four types of signaling on one line: Reset Sequence with Reset Pulse and Presence Pulse, Write-Zero, Write-One, and Read-Data. Except for the Presence pulse, the bus master initiates all falling edges. The DS2413 can communicate at two different speeds, standard speed, and Overdrive Speed. If not explicitly set into the Overdrive mode, the DS2413 communicates at standard speed. While in Overdrive Mode the fast timing applies to all waveforms. To get from idle to active, the voltage on the 1-Wire line needs to fall from VPUP below the threshold VTL. To get from active to idle, the voltage needs to rise from VILMAX past the threshold VTH. The time it takes for the voltage to make this rise is seen in Figure 11 as 'ε' and its duration depends on the pullup resistor (RPUP) used and the capacitance of the 1-Wire network attached. The voltage VILMAX is relevant for the DS2413 when determining a logical level, not triggering any events. Figure 11 shows the initialization sequence required to begin any communication with the DS2413. A Reset Pulse followed by a Presence Pulse indicates the DS2413 is ready to receive data, given the correct ROM and PIO Function command. If the bus master uses slew-rate control on the falling edge, it must pull down the line for tRSTL + tF to compensate for the edge. A tRSTL duration of 480µs or longer exits the Overdrive Mode, returning the device to standard speed. If the DS2413 is in Overdrive Mode and tRSTL is no longer than 80µs, the device remains in Overdrive Mode. If the device is in Overdrive Mode and tRSTL is between 80µs and 480µs, the device will reset, but the communication speed is undetermined. Figure 11. Initialization Procedure: Reset and Presence Pulse MASTER TX “RESET PULSE” MASTER RX “PRESENCE PULSE” tMSP ε VPUP VIHMASTER VTH VTL VILMAX 0V tF tRSTL RESISTOR tPDH MASTER tPDL tRSTH tREC DS2413 After the bus master has released the line it goes into receive mode. Now the 1-Wire bus is pulled to VPUP through the pullup resistor, or in case of a DS2482-x00 or DS2480B driver, by active circuitry. When the threshold VTH is crossed, the DS2413 waits for tPDH and then transmits a Presence Pulse by pulling the line low for tPDL. To detect a presence pulse, the master must test the logical state of the 1-Wire line at tMSP. The tRSTH window must be at least the sum of tPDHMAX, tPDLMAX, and tRECMIN. Immediately after tRSTH is expired, the DS2413 is ready for data communication. In a mixed population network, tRSTH should be extended to minimum 480µs at standard speed and 48µs at Overdrive speed to accommodate other 1-Wire devices. 13 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Read/Write Time Slots Data communication with the DS2413 takes place in time slots, which carry a single bit each. Write-time slots transport data from bus master to slave. Read-time slots transfer data from slave to master. Figure 12 illustrates the definitions of the write- and read-time slots. All communication begins with the master pulling the data line low. As the voltage on the 1-Wire line falls below the threshold VTL, the DS2413 starts its internal timing generator that determines when the data line is sampled during a write-time slot and how long data is valid during a read-time slot. Figure 12. Read/Write Timing Diagram Write-One Time Slot tW1L VPUP VIHMASTER VTH VTL VILMAX 0V ε tF tSLOT RESISTOR MASTER Write-Zero Time Slot tW0L VPUP VIHMASTER VTH VTL VILMAX 0V ε tF tSLOT RESISTOR tREC MASTER Read-Data Time Slot tMSR tRL VPUP VIHMASTER VTH Master Sampling Window VTL VILMAX 0V δ tF tREC tSLOT RESISTOR MASTER 14 of 18 DS2413 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Master-to-Slave For a write-one time slot, the voltage on the data line must have crossed the VTH threshold before the write-one low time tW1LMAX is expired. For a write-zero time slot, the voltage on the data line must stay below the VTH threshold until the write-zero low time tW0LMIN is expired. For the most reliable communication, the voltage on the data line should not exceed VILMAX during the entire tW0L or tW1L window. After the VTH threshold has been crossed, the DS2413 needs a recovery time tREC before it is ready for the next time slot. Slave-to-Master A read-data time slot begins like a write-one time slot. The voltage on the data line must remain below VTL until the read low time tRL is expired. During the tRL window, when responding with a 0, the DS2413 starts pulling the data line low; its internal timing generator determines when this pulldown ends and the voltage starts rising again. When responding with a 1, the DS2413 does not hold the data line low at all, and the voltage starts rising as soon as tRL is over. The sum of tRL + δ (rise time) on one side and the internal timing generator of the DS2413 on the other side define the master sampling window (tMSRMIN to tMSRMAX) in which the master must perform a read from the data line. For the most reliable communication, tRL should be as short as permissible, and the master should read close to but no later than tMSRMAX. After reading from the data line, the master must wait until tSLOT is expired. This guarantees sufficient recovery time tREC for the DS2413 to get ready for the next time slot. Note that tREC specified herein applies only to a single DS2413 attached to a 1-Wire line. For multidevice configurations, tREC needs to be extended to accommodate the additional 1-Wire device input capacitance. Alternatively, an interface that performs active pullup during the 1-Wire recovery time such as the DS2482-x00 or DS2480B 1-Wire line drivers can be used. IMPROVED NETWORK BEHAVIOR (SWITCHPOINT HYSTERESIS) In a 1-Wire environment, line termination is possible only during transients controlled by the bus master (1-Wire driver). 1-Wire networks, therefore, are susceptible to noise of various origins. Depending on the physical size and topology of the network, reflections from end points and branch points can add up, or cancel each other to some extent. Such reflections are visible as glitches or ringing on the 1-Wire communication line. Noise coupled onto the 1-Wire line from external sources can also result in signal glitching. A glitch during the rising edge of a time slot can cause a slave device to lose synchronization with the master and, consequently, result in a search ROM command coming to a dead end or cause a device-specific function command to abort. For better performance in network applications, the DS2413 uses a new 1-Wire front end, which makes it less sensitive to noise and also reduces the magnitude of noise injected by the slave device itself. The 1-Wire front end of the DS2413 differs from traditional slave devices in four characteristics. 1) The falling edge of the presence pulse has a controlled slew rate. This provides a better match to the line impedance than a digitally switched transistor, converting the high-frequency ringing known from traditional devices into a smoother low-bandwidth transition. The slew-rate control is specified by the parameter tFPD, which has different values for standard and Overdrive speed. 2) There is additional low-pass filtering in the circuit that detects the falling edge at the beginning of a time slot. This reduces the sensitivity to high-frequency noise. This additional filtering does not apply at Overdrive speed. 3) There is a hysteresis at the low-to-high switching threshold VTH. If a negative glitch crosses VTH but does not go below VTH - VHY, it will not be recognized (Figure 13, Case A). The hysteresis is effective at any 1-Wire speed. 4) There is a time window specified by the rising edge hold-off time tREH during which glitches are ignored, even if they extend below VTH - VHY threshold (Figure 13, Case B, tGL < tREH). Deep voltage droops or glitches that appear late after crossing the VTH threshold and extend beyond the tREH window cannot be filtered out and are taken as the beginning of a new time slot (Figure 13, Case C, tGL ≥ tREH). Only devices that have the parameters tFPD, VHY, and tREH specified in their electrical characteristics use the improved 1-Wire front end. 15 of 18 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch Figure 13. Noise Suppression Scheme tREH VPUP tREH VTH VHY Case A Case B Case C 0V tGL tGL COMMAND-SPECIFIC 1-Wire COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL—LEGEND SYMBOL DESCRIPTION RST PD Select PIOR PIOW FF loop 1-Wire Reset Pulse generated by master. 1-Wire Presence Pulse generated by slave. Command and data to satisfy the ROM function protocol. Command "PIO Access Read". Command "PIO Access Write". Indefinite loop where the master reads FF bytes. COMMAND-SPECIFIC 1-Wire COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL—COLOR CODES Master to slave Slave to master PIO ACCESS READ (CANNOT FAIL) RST PD Select PIOR <PIO Status Byte> Continues until master sends Reset Pulse PIO ACCESS WRITE (SUCCESS) RST PD Select PIOW <PIO Output data> <PIO Output data> <AAh> Loop until master sends Reset Pulse PIO ACCESS WRITE (INVALID DATA BYTE) RST PD Select PIOW <PIO Output data> <invalid data byte> 16 of 18 FF loop <PIO Status Byte> DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch PIO ACCESS READ EXAMPLE Read the state of the PIOs 3 times. With only a single DS2413 connected to the bus master, the communication looks like this: MASTER MODE TX RX TX TX RX TX RX DATA (LSB FIRST) (Reset) (Presence) CCh F5h <3 data bytes> (Reset) (Presence) COMMENTS Reset pulse Presence pulse Issue “Skip ROM” command Issue “PIO Access Read” command Read 3 PIO samples Reset pulse Presence pulse PIO ACCESS WRITE EXAMPLE Set both PIOs to 0 and then set PIOA to 1. Both PIOs are pulled high to VCC or VPUP by a resistor. With only a single DS2413 connected to the bus master, the communication looks like this: MASTER MODE TX RX TX TX TX TX RX RX TX TX RX RX TX RX DATA (LSB FIRST) (Reset) (Presence) CCh 5Ah FCh 03h AAh F0h FDh 02h AAh C3h (Reset) (Presence) COMMENTS Reset pulse Presence pulse Issue “Skip ROM” command Issue “PIO Access Write” command Write new PIO output state Write inverted new PIO output state Read confirmation byte Read new PIO pin status Write new PIO output state Write inverted new PIO output state Read confirmation byte Read new PIO pin status Reset pulse Presence pulse Note: Usually, the PIO pin state and PIO Output Latch State are the same. To read from a PIO, the PIO Output Latch must be 1. If the PIO pin is then pulled low by a switch or external circuitry, the output latch state and pin state are different. PACKAGE INFORMATION For the latest package outline information, go to www.maxim-ic.com/Packages. PACKAGE TYPE 6 TSOC 6 TDFN DOCUMENT NO. 56-G2016-001 21-0137 17 of 18 PACKAGE CODE — T633+2 DS2413: 1-Wire Dual Channel Addressable Switch REVISION HISTORY REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES CHANGED • Remove epsilon from the tW1L spec in the EC table. • Apply EC table note 17 also to tWOL. • Add to EC table notes 17 and 18 the reference to Figure 12 and the text "The 112007 • • • • • 110408 actual maximum duration...." Show epsilon also in the write zero time slot graphic. Add note that the VTH and VTL maximum spec values apply at VPUP max (VTH and VTL are GBD, not tested). Added 3mm x 3mm x 0.8mm TDFN package. LF update, delete standard versions (with lead) from ordering info. Added Package Information Table. 1, 3, 4, 14, 17, 18 • Added “TDFN Packages Available” within the Features section. • Added new TDFN part number “DS2413Q+T&R,” and information to the Ordering Information table. • Removed the note to “Contact factory for availability of the TDFN package” from the Ordering Information table. 1 18 of 18 Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2007 Maxim Integrated Products MAXIM is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. DALLAS is a registered trademark of Dallas Semiconductor Corporation.