MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface _______________General Description ____________________________Features The MAX1204 is a 10-bit data-acquisition system specifically designed for use in applications with mixed +5V (analog) and +3V (digital) supply voltages. It operates with a single +5V analog supply or dual ±5V analog supplies, and combines an 8-channel multiplexer, internal track/hold, and serial interface with high conversion speed and low power consumption. o 8-Channel Single-Ended or 4-Channel Differential Inputs o Operates from +5V Single or ±5V Dual Supplies o User-Adjustable Output Logic Levels (2.7V to 5.25V) o Low Power: 1.5mA (Operating Mode) 2µA (Power-Down Mode) o Internal Track/Hold, 133kHz Sampling Rate o Internal 4.096V Reference o SPI/MICROWIRE/TMS320-Compatible 4-Wire Serial Interface o Software-Configurable Unipolar/Bipolar Inputs o 20-Pin PDIP/SSOP o Pin-Compatible 12-Bit Upgrade: MAX1202 A 4-wire serial interface connects directly to SPI/MICROWIRE® devices without external logic, and a serial strobe output allows direct connection to TMS320-family digital signal processors. The MAX1204 uses either the internal clock or an external serial-interface clock to perform successive-approximation analog-to-digital conversions. The serial interface operates at up to 2MHz. The MAX1204 features an internal 4.096V reference and a reference-buffer amplifier that simplifies gain trim. It also has a VL pin that supplies power to the digital outputs. Output logic levels (3V, 3.3V, or 5V) are determined by the value of the voltage applied to this pin. A hard-wired SHDN pin and two software-selectable power-down modes are provided. Accessing the serial interface automatically powers up the device. A quick turn-on time allows the MAX1204 to be shut down between conversions, enabling the user to optimize supply currents. By customizing power-down between conversions, supply current can drop below 10µA at reduced sampling rates. The MAX1204 is available in 20-pin SSOP and PDIP packages, and is specified for the commercial and extended temperature ranges. ______________Ordering Information TOP MARK PART TEMP RANGE PINPACKAGE MAX1204ACPP+ 0°C to +70°C 20 PDIP MAX1204BCPP+ 0°C to +70°C 20 PDIP ±1 MAX1204ACAP+ 0°C to +70°C 20 SSOP ±1/2 MAX1204BCAP+ 0°C to +70°C 20 SSOP ±1 ±1/2 Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet. +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package. __________________Pin Configuration ________________________Applications 5V/3V Mixed-Supply Systems TOP VIEW Data Acquisition CH0 1 Process Control CH1 2 Battery-Powered Instruments CH2 3 Medical Instruments + 20 VDD 19 SCLK 18 CS MAX1204 CH3 4 CH4 5 16 SSTRB CH5 6 15 DOUT CH6 7 14 VL CH7 8 13 GND VSS 9 12 REFADJ 11 REF SHDN 10 Typical Operating Circuit appears on last page. MICROWIRE is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corp. 17 DIN PDIP/SSOP For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maximintegrated.com. 19-1179; Rev 1; 1/12 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS VDD to GND ..............................................................-0.3V to +6V VL................................................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) VSS to GND...............................................................+0.3V to -6V VDD to VSS ..............................................................-0.3V to +12V CH0–CH7 to GND ............................(VSS - 0.3V) to (VDD + 0.3V) CH0–CH7 Total Input Current...........................................±20mA REF to GND ................................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) REFADJ to GND .........................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) Digital Inputs to GND .................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) Digital Outputs to GND .................................-0.3V to (VL + 0.3V) Digital Output Sink Current .................................................25mA Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) PDIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) .....................889mW SSOP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) .....................640mW Operating Temperature Ranges MAX1204_C_P .....................................................0°C to +70°C MAX1204_E_P ..................................................-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-60°C to +150°C Soldering Temperature (reflow) .......................................+260°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VDD = +5V ±5%, VL = 2.7V to 3.6V; VSS = 0V or -5V ±5%; fSCLK = 2.0MHz, external clock (50% duty cycle); 15 clocks/conversion cycle (133ksps); 4.7µF capacitor at REF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS DC ACCURACY (Note 1) Resolution 10 Relative Accuracy (Note 2) INL Differential Nonlinearity DNL Offset Error Gain Error (Note 3) Gain Temperature Coefficient Bits MAX1204A ±0.5 MAX1204B ±1.0 No missing codes over temperature ±1.0 MAX1204A ±1.0 MAX1204B ±2.0 MAX1204A ±1.0 MAX1204B ±2.0 External reference, 4.096V Channel-to-Channel Offset Matching LSB LSB LSB LSB ±0.8 ppm/°C ±0.1 LSB DYNAMIC SPECIFICATIONS (10kHz sine-wave input, 4.096VP-P, 133ksps, 2.0MHz external clock, bipolar input mode) Signal-to-Noise + Distortion Ratio SINAD 66 dB Total Harmonic Distortion (up to the 5th harmonic) THD -70 dB Spurious-Free Dynamic Range SFDR 70 dB Channel-to-Channel Crosstalk VIN = 4.096VP-P, 65kHz (Note 4) -75 dB Small-Signal Bandwidth -3dB rolloff 4.5 MHz 800 kHz Full-Power Bandwidth 2 Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (VDD = +5V ±5%, VL = 2.7V to 3.6V; VSS = 0V or -5V ±5%; fSCLK = 2.0MHz, external clock (50% duty cycle); 15 clocks/conversion cycle (133ksps); 4.7µF capacitor at REF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS CONVERSION RATE Conversion Time (Note 5) tCONV Track/Hold Acquisition Time tACQ Internal clock External clock, 2MHz, 12 clocks/conversion 5.5 10 6 1.5 µs µs Aperture Delay 10 ns Aperture Jitter <50 ps Internal Clock Frequency External Clock-Frequency Range 1.7 MHz External compensation mode, 4.7µF 0.1 2.0 Internal compensation mode (Note 6) 0.1 0.4 0 2.0 Used for data transfer only MHz ANALOG INPUT Input Voltage Range, SingleEnded and Differential (Note 7) Unipolar, VSS = 0V Multiplexer Leakage Current On/off leakage current, VCH_ = ±5V Input Capacitance (Note 6) VREF Bipolar, VSS = -5V ±VREF / 2 ±0.01 ±1 16 V µA pF INTERNAL REFERENCE REF Output Voltage TA = +25°C 4.076 4.096 4.116 V 30 mA MAX1204AC ±30 ±50 MAX1204AE ±30 ±60 MAX1204B ±30 REF Short-Circuit Current VREF Temperature Coefficient Load Regulation (Note 8) Capacitive Bypass at REF 0mA to 0.5mA output load 2.5 Internal compensation mode 0 External compensation mode 4.7 Capacitive Bypass at REFADJ mV µF 0.01 REFADJ Adjustment Range ppm/°C µF ±1.5 % EXTERNAL REFERENCE AT REF (Buffer disabled, VREF = 4.096V) 2.50 Input Voltage Range Input Current 200 Input Resistance REF Input Current in Shutdown REFADJ Buffer Disable Threshold Maxim Integrated VDD + 50mV 12 1.5 VSHDN = 0V VDD 50mV 350 20 V µA kΩ 10 µA V 3 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) VDD = +5V ±5%, VL = 2.7V to 3.6V; VSS = 0V or -5V ±5%; fSCLK = 2.0MHz, external clock (50% duty cycle); 15 clocks/conversion cycle (133ksps); 4.7µF capacitor at REF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS EXTERNAL REFERENCE AT REFADJ Capacitive Bypass at REF Internal compensation mode 0 External compensation mode 4.7 Reference-Buffer Gain µF 1.68 REFADJ Input Current V/V ±50 POWER REQUIREMENTS VDD 5 ±5% Negative Supply Voltage VSS 0 or -5 ±5% Negative Supply Current 4 µA Positive Supply Voltage Positive Supply Current µA IDD ISS Logic Supply Voltage VL Logic Supply Current (Notes 6, 10) IVL V V Operating mode 1.5 2.5 Fast power-down (Note 9) 30 70 Full power-down (Note 9) 2 10 Operating mode and fast power-down 50 Full power-down 10 2.70 VL = VDD = 5V mA µA µA 5.25 V 10 µA Positive Supply Rejection (Note 11) PSR VDD = 5V ±5%; external reference, 4.096V; full-scale input ±0.06 ±0.5 mV Negative Supply Rejection (Note 11) PSR VSS = -5V ±5%; external reference, 4.096V; full-scale input ±0.01 ±0.5 mV Logic Supply Rejection (Note 12) PSR External reference, 4.096V; full-scale input ±0.06 ±0.5 mV Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VDD = +5V ±5%, VL = 2.7V to 5.25V; VSS = 0V or -5V ±5%; fSCLK = 2.0MHz, external clock (50% duty cycle); 15 clocks/conversion cycle (133ksps); 4.7µF capacitor at REF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS DIGITAL INPUTS: DIN, SCLK, CS, SHDN DIN, SCLK, CS Input High Voltage DIN, SCLK, CS Input Low Voltage DIN, SCLK, CS Input Hysteresis DIN, SCLK, CS Input Leakage VIH 2.0 V VIL VHYST IIN VIN = 0V or VDD DIN, SCLK, CS Input Capacitance CIN (Note 6) SHDN Input High Voltage VSH VDD - 0.5 SHDN Input Mid-Voltage VSM 1.5 SHDN Voltage, Open VFLT SHDN Input Low Voltage VSL SHDN Input Current, High ISH SHDN = VDD SHDN Input Current, Low ISL VSHDN = 0V -4.0 SHDN = open -100 SHDN Maximum Allowed Leakage, Mid-Input 0.8 V ±1 µA 15 pF 0.15 SHDN = open V V VDD - 1.5 2.75 V V 0.5 V 4.0 µA µA 100 nA DIGITAL OUTPUTS: DOUT, SSTRB (VL = 2.7V to 3.6V) Output Voltage Low VOL Output Voltage High VOH Three-State Leakage Current Three-State Output Capacitance IL COUT ISINK = 3mA 0.4 ISINK = 6mA ISOURCE = 1mA 0.3 VL - 0.5 V V CS = VL CS = VL (Note 6) ±10 µA 15 pF DIGITAL OUTPUTS: DOUT, SSTRB (VL = 4.75V to 5.25V) Output Voltage Low VOL Output Voltage High VOH Three-State Leakage Current Three-State Output Capacitance Maxim Integrated IL COUT ISINK = 5mA 0.4 ISINK = 8mA ISOURCE = 1mA VCS = 5V VCS = 5V (Note 6) 0.3 4 V V ±10 µA 15 pF 5 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (VDD = +5V ±5%, VL = 2.7V to 3.6V, VSS = 0V or -5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER Acquisition Time SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN tACQ 1.5 DIN to SCLK Setup tDS 100 DIN to SCLK Hold tDH SCLK Fall to Output Data Valid tDO CLOAD = 100pF CS Fall to Output Enable tDV CS Rise to Output Disable tTR TYP MAX UNITS µs ns 0 ns 240 ns CLOAD = 100pF 240 ns CLOAD = 100pF 240 ns 20 CS to SCLK Rise Setup tCSS 100 ns CS to SCLK Rise Hold tCSH 0 ns SCLK Pulse Width High tCH 200 ns SCLK Pulse Width Low SCLK Fall to SSTRB tCL tSSTRB 200 ns CLOAD = 100pF 240 ns CS Fall to SSTRB Output Enable (Note 6) tSDV External clock mode only, CLOAD = 100pF 240 ns CS Rise to SSTRB Output Disable (Note 6) tSTR External clock mode only, CLOAD = 100pF 240 ns SSTRB Rise to SCLK Rise (Note 6) tSCK Internal clock mode only 0 ns Tested at VDD = 5.0V; VSS = 0V; unipolar input mode. Relative accuracy is the analog value’s deviation (at any code) from its theoretical value after the full-scale range is calibrated. Note 3: Internal reference, offset nulled. Note 4: On-channel grounded; sine-wave applied to all off-channels. Note 5: Conversion time is defined as the number of clock cycles multiplied by the clock period; clock has 50% duty cycle. Note 6: Guaranteed by design. Not subject to production testing. Note 7: Common-mode range for analog inputs is from VSS to VDD. Note 8: External load should not change during the conversion for specified accuracy. Note 9: Shutdown supply current is measured with VL at 3.3V, and with all digital inputs tied to either VL or GND (Figure 12c); REFADJ = GND. Note 10: Logic supply current is measured with the digital outputs (DOUT and SSTRB) disabled (CS high). When the outputs are active (CS low), the logic supply current depends on fSCLK, and on the static and capacitive load at DOUT and SSTRB. Note 11: Measured at VSUPPLY +5% and VSUPPLY -5% only. Note 12: Measured at VL = 2.7V and VL = 3.6V. Note 1: Note 2: 6 Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (VDD = 5V ±5%; VL = 2.7V to 3.6V; fSCLK = 2.0MHz, external clock (50% duty cycle); 15 clocks/conversion cycle (133ksps); 4.7µF capacitor at REF; TA = +25°C; unless otherwise noted.) 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.0 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.5 6 REFADJ = GND SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 1.8 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 1.8 MAX1204 TOC02 2.0 MAX1204 TOC01 2.0 SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE MAX1204 TOC03 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 5 4 3 2 1 0 -60 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) -20 20 60 100 140 TEMPERATURE (°C) -60 -20 20 60 100 140 TEMPERATURE (°C) ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN NAME 1–8 CH0–CH7 9 VSS FUNCTION Sampling Analog Inputs Negative Supply Voltage. Tie VSS to -5V ±5% or GND. Three-Level Shutdown Input. Pulling SHDN low shuts the MAX1204 down to 10µA (max) supply current; otherwise, the MAX1204 is fully operational. Pulling SHDN to VDD puts the reference-buffer amplifier in internal compensation mode. Letting SHDN float puts the reference-buffer amplifier in external compensation mode. 10 SHDN 11 REF 12 REFADJ 13 GND 14 VL 15 DOUT Serial-Data Output. Data is clocked out at SCLK’s falling edge. High impedance when CS is high. 16 SSTRB Serial-Strobe Output. In internal clock mode, SSTRB goes low when the MAX1204 begins the analogto-digital conversion and goes high when the conversion is finished. In external clock mode, SSTRB pulses high for one clock period before the MSB decision. High impedance when CS is high (external clock mode). 17 DIN Serial-Data Input. Data is clocked in at SCLK’s rising edge. 18 CS Active-Low Chip Select. Data is not clocked into DIN unless CS is low. When CS is high, DOUT is high impedance. 19 SCLK 20 VDD Maxim Integrated Reference Buffer Output/ADC Reference Input. In internal reference mode, the reference buffer provides a 4.096V nominal output, externally adjustable at REFADJ. In external reference mode, disable the internal buffer by pulling REFADJ to VDD. Input to the Reference-Buffer Amplifier. Tie REFADJ to VDD to disable the reference-buffer amplifier. Ground; IN- Input for Single-Ended Conversions Supply Voltage for Digital Output Pins. Voltage applied to VL determines the positive output swing of the Digital Outputs (DOUT, SSTRB). Serial-Clock Input. SCLK clocks data in and out of serial interface. In external clock mode, SCLK also sets the conversion speed. (Duty cycle must be 40% to 60% in external clock mode.) Positive Supply Voltage, +5V ±5% 7 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface +3.3V 3kΩ DOUT DOUT 3kΩ CLOAD CLOAD GND GND a. High-Z to VOH and VOL to VOH b. High-Z to VOL and VOH to VOL Figure 1. Load Circuits for Enable Time +3.3V 3kΩ DOUT DOUT CS SCLK 18 19 DIN 17 SHDN 10 CH0 CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 CH5 CH6 CH7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 GND 13 INPUT SHIFT REGISTER INT CLOCK CONTROL LOGIC OUTPUT SHIFT REGISTER ANALOG INPUT MUX CLOAD GND CLOAD GND a. VOH to High-Z REFADJ REF DOUT SSTRB CLOCK IN SAR ADC OUT 20 REF 20k A ≈ 1.68 14 9 12 11 16 T/H +2.44V REFERENCE 3kΩ 15 +4.096V VDD VL VSS MAX1204 b. VOL to High-Z Figure 2. Load Circuits for Disable Time Figure 3. Block Diagram _______________Detailed Description GND during a conversion. To do this, connect a 0.1µF capacitor from IN- (of the selected analog input) to GND. The MAX1204 uses a successive-approximation conversion technique and input track/hold (T/H) circuitry to convert an analog signal to a 10-bit digital output. A flexible serial interface provides easy interface to 3V microprocessors (µPs). Figure 3 is the MAX1204 block diagram. Pseudo-Differential Input Figure 4 shows the analog-to-digital converter’s (ADC’s) analog comparator’s sampling architecture. In single-ended mode, IN+ is internally switched to CH0–CH7 and IN- is switched to GND. In differential mode, IN+ and IN- are selected from pairs of CH0/CH1, CH2/CH3, CH4/CH5, and CH6/CH7. Configure the channels using Tables 3 and 4. In differential mode, IN- and IN+ are internally switched to either of the analog inputs. This configuration is pseudo-differential such that only the signal at IN+ is sampled. The return side (IN-) must remain stable within ±0.5 LSB (±0.1 LSB for best results) with respect to 8 During the acquisition interval, the channel selected as the positive input (IN+) charges capacitor CHOLD. The acquisition interval spans three SCLK cycles and ends on the falling SCLK edge after the input control word’s last bit is entered. The T/H switch opens at the end of the acquisition interval, retaining charge on CHOLD as a sample of the signal at IN+. The conversion interval begins with the input multiplexer switching CHOLD from the positive input (IN+) to the negative input (IN-). In single-ended mode, IN- is simply GND. This unbalances node ZERO at the comparator’s input. The capacitive DAC adjusts during the remainder of the conversion cycle to restore node ZERO to 0V within the limits of 10-bit resolution. This action is equivalent to transferring a charge of 16pF x [(VIN+) - (VIN-)] from CHOLD to the binary-weighted capacitive DAC, which in turn forms a digital representation of the analog input signal. Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Track/Hold The T/H enters tracking mode on the falling clock edge after the fifth bit of the 8-bit control word is shifted in. The T/H enters hold mode on the falling clock edge after the eighth bit of the control word is shifted in. IN- is connected to GND if the converter is set up for single-ended inputs, and the converter samples the “+” input. IN- connects to the “-” input if the converter is set up for differential inputs, and the difference of ⏐|N+ - IN-⏐ is sampled. The positive input connects back to IN+ at the end of the conversion, and CHOLD charges to the input signal. The time required for the T/H to acquire an input signal is a function of how quickly its input capacitance is charged. If the input signal’s source impedance is high, acquisition time increases and more time must be allowed between conversions. The acquisition time, tACQ, is the maximum time the device takes to acquire the signal, and is also the minimum time needed for the signal to be acquired. It is calculated by the following: tACQ = 7 x (RS + RIN) x 16pF where RIN = 9kΩ, RS = the source impedance of the input signal, and tACQ is never less than 1.5µs. Note that source impedances below 4kΩ do not significantly affect the ADC’s AC performance. Higher source VL +3V impedances can be used if an input capacitor is connected to the analog inputs, as shown in Figure 5. Note that the input capacitor forms an RC filter with the input source impedance, limiting the ADC’s signal bandwidth. CAPACITIVE DAC REF CH0 CH1 INPUT MUX – ZERO 16pF CH2 CH3 COMPARATOR CHOLD + 9k RIN CSWITCH CH4 CH5 HOLD TRACK CH6 CH7 T/H SWITCH GND SINGLE-ENDED MODE: DIFFERENTIAL MODE: AT THE SAMPLING INSTANT, THE MUX INPUT SWITCHES FROM THE SELECTED IN+ CHANNEL TO THE SELECTED IN– CHANNEL. IN+ = CHO–CH7, IN- = GND. IN+ AND IN- SELECTED FROM PAIRS OF CH0/CH1, CH2/CH3, CH4/CH5, CH6/CH7. Figure 4. Equivalent Input Circuit VDD +5V OSCILLOSCOPE 0.1µF 0.1µF GND 0V TO 4.096V ANALOG 0.01µF INPUT MAX1204 CH7 SCLK VSS SSTRB CS DOUT SCLK +3V DIN 2MHz OSCILLATOR CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 SSTRB C2 0.01µF REFADJ DOUT REF SHDN N.C. C1 4.7µF FULL-SCALE ANALOG INPUT Figure 5. Quick-Look Circuit Maxim Integrated 9 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Table 1a. Unipolar Full Scale and Zero Scale REFERENCE Internal External ZERO SCALE Table 1b. Bipolar Full Scale, Zero Scale, and Negative Full Scale FULL SCALE 0V +4.096V at REFADJ 0V VREFADJ x 1.68 at REF 0V VREF REFERENCE Internal External at REFADJ at REF Input Bandwidth The ADC’s input tracking circuitry has a 4.5MHz small-signal bandwidth. Therefore, it is possible to digitize high-speed transient events and measure periodic signals with bandwidths exceeding the ADC’s sampling rate by using undersampling techniques. To avoid high-frequency signals being aliased into the frequency band of interest, anti-alias filtering is recommended. Analog Input Range and Input Protection Internal protection diodes, which clamp the analog inputs to VDD and VSS, allow the analog input pins to swing from (VSS - 0.3V) to (VDD + 0.3V) without damage. However, for accurate conversions near full scale, the inputs must not exceed VDD by more than 50mV, or be lower than VSS by 50mV. If the analog input exceeds 50mV beyond the supplies, do not forward bias the protection diodes of off-channels over 2mA, as excessive current degrades on-channel conversion accuracy. The full-scale input voltage depends on the voltage at REF (Tables 1a and 1b). Quick Look Use the circuit of Figure 5 to quickly evaluate the MAX1204’s analog performance. The MAX1204 requires that a control byte be written to DIN before each conversion. Tying DIN to +3V feeds in control byte $FF hex, 10 NEGATIVE ZERO FULL SCALE FULL SCALE SCALE -4.096V/2 0V +4.096V / 2 -1/2 VREFADJ x 1.68 0V +1/2 VREFADJ x 1.68 -1/2 VREF 0V +1/2 VREF which triggers single-ended unipolar conversions on CH7 in external clock mode without powering down between conversions. In external clock mode, the SSTRB output pulses high for one clock period before the most significant bit of the conversion result shifts out of DOUT. Varying the analog input to CH7 alters the sequence of bits from DOUT. A total of 15 clock cycles per conversion is required. All SSTRB and DOUT output transitions occur on SCLK’s falling edge. How to Start a Conversion Clocking a control byte into DIN starts conversion on the MAX1204. With CS low, each rising edge on SCLK clocks a bit from DIN into the MAX1204’s internal shift register. After CS falls, the first logic “1” bit defines the control byte’s MSB. Until this first “start” bit arrives, any number of logic “0” bits can be clocked into DIN with no effect. Table 2 shows the control-byte format. The MAX1204 is fully compatible with MICROWIRE and SPI devices. For SPI, select the correct clock polarity and sampling edge in the SPI control registers: set CPOL = 0 and CPHA = 0. MICROWIRE and SPI both transmit a byte and receive a byte at the same time. Using the Typical Operating Circuit, the simplest software interface requires only three 8-bit transfers to perform a conversion (one 8-bit transfer to configure the ADC, and two more 8-bit transfers to clock out the conversion result). Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Bit 7 (MSB) Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 (LSB) START SEL 2 SEL 1 SEL 0 UNI/BIP SGL/DIF PD1 PD0 Bit Name 7 (MSB) START 6 5 4 SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 3 UNI/BIP 1 = unipolar, 0 = bipolar. Selects unipolar or bipolar conversion mode. In unipolar mode, an analog input signal from 0V to VREF can be converted; in bipolar mode, the signal can range from -VREF / 2 to +VREF / 2. 2 SGL/DIF 1 = single ended, 0 = differential. Selects single-ended or differential conversions. In singleended mode, input signal voltages are referred to GND. In differential mode, the voltage difference between two channels is measured. (Tables 3 and 4.) 1 0 (LSB) MAX1204 Table 2. Control-Byte Format Description The first logic 1 bit after CS goes low defines the beginning of the control byte. These three bits select which of the eight channels is used for the conversion (Tables 3 and 4). Selects clock and power-down modes. PD1 PD0 Mode 0 0 Full power-down (IDD = 2µA, internal reference) 0 1 Fast power-down (IDD = 30µA, internal reference) 1 0 Internal clock mode 1 1 External clock mode PD1 PD0 Table 3. Channel Selection in Single-Ended Mode (SGL/DIF = 1) SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 CH0 0 0 0 + 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 CH5 CH6 CH7 GND – + – + – + – + – + – + – + – Table 4. Channel Selection in Differential Mode (SGL/DIF = 0) SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 CH0 CH1 0 0 0 + – 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 Maxim Integrated – CH2 CH3 + – CH4 CH5 + – CH6 CH7 + – – + + – + – + 11 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Simple Software Interface Make sure the CPU’s serial interface runs in master mode so the CPU generates the serial clock. Choose a clock frequency from 100kHz to 2MHz. 1) Set up the control byte for external clock mode and call it TB1. TB1’s format should be: 1XXXXX11 binary, where the Xs denote the particular channel and conversion mode selected. 2) Use a general-purpose I/O line on the CPU to pull CS on the MAX1204 low. 3) Transmit TB1 and simultaneously receive a byte and call it RB1. Ignore RB1. 4) Transmit a byte of all zeros ($00 hex) and simultaneously receive byte RB2. 5) Transmit a byte of all zeros ($00 hex) and simultaneously receive byte RB3. 6) Pull CS on the MAX1204 high. Figure 6 shows the timing for this sequence. Bytes RB2 and RB3 contain the result of the conversion padded with one leading zero, two trailing sub-bits (S1 and S0), and three trailing zeros. Total conversion time is a function of the serial clock frequency and the amount of idle time between 8-bit transfers. To avoid excessive T/H droop, make sure that the total conversion time does not exceed 120µs. Digital Output In unipolar input mode, the output is straight binary (Figure 15); for bipolar inputs, the output is two’scomplement (Figure 16). Data is clocked out at SCLK’s falling edge in MSB-first format. The digital output logic level is adjusted with the VL pin. This allows DOUT and SSTRB to interface with 3V logic without the risk of overdrive. The MAX1204’s digital inputs are designed to be compatible with 3V CMOS logic as well as 5V logic. Internal and External Clock Modes The MAX1204 can use either an external serial clock or the internal clock to perform the successiveapproximation conversion. In both clock modes, the external clock shifts data in and out of the MAX1204. The T/H acquires the input signal as the last three bits of the control byte are clocked into DIN. Bits PD1 and 12 PD0 of the control byte program the clock mode. Figures 7–10 show the timing characteristics common to both modes. External Clock In external clock mode, the external clock not only shifts data in and out, but it also drives the A/D conversion steps. SSTRB pulses high for one clock period after the last bit of the control byte. Successive-approximation bit decisions are made and appear at DOUT on each of the next 12 SCLK falling edges (Figure 6). SSTRB and DOUT go into a high-impedance state when CS goes high; after the next CS falling edge, SSTRB outputs a logic low. Figure 8 shows the SSTRB timing in external clock mode. The conversion must complete in some minimum time or droop on the sample-and-hold can degrade conversion results. Use internal clock mode if the clock period exceeds 10µs or if serial-clock interruptions could cause the conversion interval to exceed 120µs. Internal Clock In internal clock mode, the MAX1204 generates its own conversion clock. This frees the µP from running the SAR conversion clock, and allows the conversion results to be read back at the processor’s convenience, at any clock rate from zero to 2MHz. SSTRB goes low at the start of the conversion, then goes high when the conversion is complete. SSTRB is low for a maximum of 10µs, during which time SCLK should remain low for best noise performance. An internal register stores data while the conversion is in progress. SCLK clocks the data out at this register at any time after the conversion is complete. After SSTRB goes high, the next falling clock edge produces the MSB of the conversion at DOUT, followed by the remaining bits in MSB-first format (Figure 9). CS does not need to be held low once a conversion is started. Pulling CS high prevents data from being clocked into the MAX1204 and three-states DOUT, but it does not adversely affect an internal clock-mode conversion already in progress. When internal clock mode is selected, SSTRB does not go high impedance when CS goes high. Figure 10 shows the SSTRB timing in internal clock mode. Data can be shifted in and out of the MAX1204 at clock rates up to 2.0MHz if the acquisition time, tACQ, is kept above 1.5µs. Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface CS tACQ SCLK 1 DIN 4 8 UNI/ BIP SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 SGL/ DIF PD1 12 16 20 24 PD0 START SSTRB RB3 RB2 RB1 B9 MSB DOUT ADC STATE B8 B7 B6 ACQUISITION 1.5µs (SCLK = 2MHz) IDLE B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 LSB S1 S0 CONVERSION FILLED WITH ZEROS IDLE Figure 6. 24-Bit External-Clock-Mode Conversion Timing (Microwire/SPI Compatible) ••• CS tCSH tCSS tCH tCL tCSH ••• SCLK tDS tDH ••• DIN tDV tDO tTR ••• DOUT Figure 7. Detailed Serial-Interface Timing CS SSTRB ••• ••• ••• ••• tSTR tSDV tSSTRB SCLK ••• tSSTRB ••• PD0 CLOCKED IN Figure 8. External Clock-Mode SSTRB Detailed Timing Maxim Integrated 13 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface CS SCLK 1 2 3 4 5 SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 UNI/ DIP DIN 7 8 SGL/ PD1 DIF PD0 6 9 10 11 12 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 START SSTRB tCONV B9 MSB DOUT ACQUISITION 1.5µs (SCLK = 2MHz) IDLE ADC STATE CONVERSION 10µs MAX B8 B7 B0 LSB S1 S0 FILLED WITH ZEROS IDLE Figure 9. Internal Clock Mode Timing CS • • • tCONV tCSS tSCK tCSH SSTRB • • • tSSTRB SCLK • • • PD0 CLOCK IN NOTE: KEEP SCLK LOW DURING CONVERSION FOR BEST NOISE PERFORMANCE. Figure 10. Internal Clock Mode SSTRB Detailed Timing Data Framing CS’s falling edge does not start a conversion on the MAX1204. The first logic high clocked into DIN is interpreted as a start bit and defines the first bit of the control byte. A conversion starts on SCLK’s falling edge after the eighth bit of the control byte (the PD0 bit) is clocked into DIN. The start bit is defined as: The first high bit clocked into DIN with CS low anytime the converter is idle; (e.g., after VDD is applied). or The first high bit clocked into DIN after bit 3 (B3) of a conversion in progress appears at DOUT. 14 If a falling edge on CS forces a start bit before B3 becomes available, the current conversion is terminated and a new one started. Thus, the fastest the MAX1204 can run is 15 clocks/conversion. Figure 11a shows the serial-interface timing necessary to perform a conversion every 15 SCLK cycles in external clock mode. If CS is low and SCLK is continuous, guarantee a start bit by first clocking in 16 zeros. Most microcontrollers (µCs) require that conversions occur in multiples of eight SCLK clocks; 16 clocks per conversion is typically the fastest that a µC can drive the MAX1204. Figure 11b shows the serial-interface timing necessary to perform a conversion every 16 SCLK cycles in external clock mode. Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface CS 1 8 15 1 8 15 1 SCLK S DIN S CONTROL BYTE 0 DOUT S CONTROL BYTE 1 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 S1 S0 CONTROL BYTE 2 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 S1 S0 CONVERSION RESULT 1 CONVERSION RESULT 0 SSTRB Figure 11a. External Clock Mode, 15 Clocks/Conversion Timing CS ••• SCLK ••• DIN S DOUT S CONTROL BYTE 0 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 S1 S0 CONVERSION RESULT 0 ••• CONTROL BYTE 1 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 ••• CONVERSION RESULT 1 Figure 11b. External Clock Mode, 16 Clocks/Conversion Timing __________ Applications Information Power-On Reset When power is first applied and if SHDN is not pulled low, internal power-on reset circuitry activates the MAX1204 in internal clock mode, ready to convert with SSTRB = high. After the power supplies are stabilized, the internal reset time is 100µs. No conversions should be performed during this phase. SSTRB is high on power-up, and if CS is low, the first logical 1 on DIN is interpreted as a start bit. Until a conversion takes place, DOUT shifts out zeros. Reference-Buffer Compensation In addition to its shutdown function, SHDN also selects internal or external compensation. The compensation affects both power-up time and maximum conversion speed. Compensated or not, the minimum clock rate is 100kHz due to droop on the sample-and-hold. Maxim Integrated Float SHDN to select external compensation. The Typical Operating Circuit uses a 4.7µF capacitor at REF. A value of 4.7µF or greater ensures stability and allows converter operation at the 2MHz full clock speed. External compensation increases power-up time (see the section Choosing Power-Down Mode, and Table 5). Internal compensation requires no external capacitor at REF, and is selected by pulling SHDN high. Internal compensation allows for the shortest power-up times, but is only available using an external clock up to 400kHz. Power-Down Choosing Power-Down Mode You can save power by placing the converter in a low-current shutdown state between conversions. Select full power-down or fast power-down mode via bits 1 and 0 of the DIN control byte with SHDN high or open (Tables 2 and 6). Pull SHDN low at any time to shut down the converter completely. SHDN overrides bits 1 and 0 of the control byte. 15 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Full power-down mode turns off all chip functions that draw quiescent current, reducing IDD and ISS typically to 2µA. Fast power-down mode turns off all circuitry except the bandgap reference. With fast power-down mode, the supply current is 30µA. Power-up time can be shortened to 5µs in internal compensation mode. The IDD shutdown current can increase if any digital input (DIN, SCLK, CS) is held high in either power-down mode. The actual shutdown current depends on the state of the digital inputs, the voltage applied to the digital inputs (VIH), the supply voltage (VDD), and the operating temperature. Figure 12c shows the maximum IDD increase for each digital input held high in power-down mode for different operating conditions. This current is cumulative, so if all three digital inputs are held high, the additional shutdown current is three times the value shown in Figure 12c. In both software power-down modes, the serial interface remains operational, but the ADC does not convert. Table 5 shows how the choice of reference-buffer compensation and power-down mode affects both power-up delay and maximum sample rate. In external compensation mode, power-up time is 20ms with a 4.7µF compensation capacitor (200ms with a 33µF capacitor) when the capacitor is initially fully discharged. From fast power-down, start-up time can be eliminated by using low-leakage capacitors that do not discharge more than 1/2 LSB while shut down. In power-down, the capacitor has to supply the current into the reference (typically 1.5µA) and the transient currents at power-up. Figures 12a and 12b show the various power-down sequences in both external and internal clock modes. Software Power-Down Software power-down is activated using bits PD1 and PD0 of the control byte. As shown in Table 6, PD1 and PD0 also specify clock mode. When software powerdown is asserted, the ADC continues to operate in the last specified clock mode until the conversion is complete. The ADC then powers down into a low quiescent-current state. In internal clock mode, the interface remains active and conversion results can be clocked out even though the MAX1204 has already entered a software power-down. The first logical 1 on DIN is interpreted as a start bit and powers up the MAX1204. Following the start bit, the control byte also determines clock and power-down modes. For example, if the control byte contains PD1 = 1, the chip remains powered up. If PD1 = 0, power-down resumes after one conversion. Table 5. Typical Power-Up Delay Times REFERENCE BUFFER REFERENCE-BUFFER COMPENSATION MODE REFERENCE CAPACITOR (µF) POWER-DOWN MODE POWER-UP DELAY (µs) MAXIMUM SAMPLING RATE (ksps) Enabled Internal — Fast 5 26 Enabled Internal — Full 300 26 Enabled External 4.7 Fast/Full See Figure 14c 133 Disabled — — Fast 2 133 Disabled — — Full 2 133 Table 6. Software Shutdown and Clock Mode 16 DEVICE MODE Table 7. Hard-Wired Shutdown and Compensation Mode SHDN STATE DEVICE MODE REFERENCE-BUFFER COMPENSATION PD1 PD0 1 1 External clock mode VDD Enabled Internal compensation 1 0 Internal clock mode Open Enabled External compensation 0 1 Fast power-down mode 0 0 Full power-down mode GND Full Power-Down N/A Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface CLOCK MODE INTERNAL EXTERNAL EXTERNAL SHDN SETS FAST POWER-DOWN MODE SETS EXTERNAL CLOCK MODE DIN S X X X X X 1 1 SETS EXTERNAL CLOCK MODE S X X X X X 0 1 DOUT DATA VALID (10 + 2 DATA BITS) MODE POWERED UP S X X X X X 1 1 DATA VALID (10 + 2 DATA BITS) DATA INVALID POWERED UP FAST POWER-DOWN FULL POWERDOWN POWERED UP Figure 12a. Timing Diagram for Power-Down Modes (External Clock) CLOCK MODE DIN INTERNAL CLOCK MODE S X X X X X 1 0 S X X X X X 0 0 DOUT SSTRB MODE SETS FULL POWER-DOWN SETS INTERNAL CLOCK MODE S DATA VALID DATA VALID CONVERSION CONVERSION POWERED UP FULL POWER-DOWN POWERED UP Figure 12b. Timing Diagram for Power-Down Modes (Internal Clock) Hardware Power-Down The SHDN pin places the converter into full power-down mode. Unlike the software power-down modes, conversion is not completed; it stops coincidentally with SHDN being brought low. There is no power-up delay if an external reference, which is not shut down, is used. SHDN also selects internal or external reference compensation (Table 7). Power-Down Sequencing The MAX1204’s automatic power-down modes can save considerable power when operating at less than maximum sample rates. The following sections discuss the various power-down sequences. Maxim Integrated Lowest Power at up to 500 Conversions per Channel per Second Figure 14a depicts MAX1204’s power consumption for one or eight channel conversions using full power-down mode and internal reference compensation. A 0.01µF bypass capacitor at REFADJ forms an RC filter with the internal 20kΩ reference resistor, with a 0.2ms time constant. To achieve full 10-bit accuracy, 10 time constants (or 2ms in this example) are required for the reference buffer to settle. When exiting FULLPD, waiting this 2ms in FASTPD mode (instead of just exiting FULLPD mode and returning to normal operating mode) reduces power consumption by a factor of 10 or more (Figure 13). 17 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Lowest Power at Higher Throughputs Figure 14b shows power consumption with externalreference compensation in fast power-down, with one and eight channels converted. The external 4.7µF compensation requires a 50µs wait after power-up. This circuit combines fast multichannel conversion with the lowest power consumption possible. Full power-down mode can increase power savings in applications where the MAX1204 is inactive for long periods of time, but where intermittent bursts of high-speed conversions are required. External and Internal References The MAX1204 can be used with an internal or external reference. An external reference can be connected directly at the REF terminal or at the REFADJ pin. SUPPLY CURRENT PER INPUT (µA) 40 35 (VDD - VIH) = 2.55V 30 An internal buffer is designed to provide 4.096V at REF for the MAX1204. Its internally trimmed 2.44V reference is buffered with a 1.68 nominal gain. Internal Reference The MAX1204’s full-scale range with internal reference is 4.096V with unipolar inputs and ±2.048V with bipolar inputs. The internal reference voltage is adjustable to ±1.5% with the circuit of Figure 17. External Reference An external reference can be placed at either the input (REFADJ) or the output (REF) of the MAX1204’s internal buffer amplifier. The REFADJ input impedance is typically 20kΩ. At REF, the input impedance is a minimum of 12kΩ for DC currents. During conversion, an external reference at REF must deliver up to 350µA DC load current and have an output impedance of 10Ω or less. If the reference has higher output impedance or is noisy, bypass it close to the REF pin with a 4.7µF capacitor. Using the buffered REFADJ input makes buffering of the external reference unnecessary. To use the direct REF input, disable the internal buffer by tying REFADJ to V DD . In power-down, the input bias current to REFADJ can be as much as 25µA with REFADJ tied to VDD. Pull REFADJ to GND to minimize the input bias current in power-down. 25 20 15 (VDD - VIH) = 2.25V 10 (VDD - VIH) = 1.95V 5 Transfer Function and Gain Adjust 0 Figure 15 depicts the nominal, unipolar input/output (I/O) transfer function, and Figure 16 shows the bipolar I/O transfer function. Code transitions occur halfway between successive integer LSB values. Output coding is binary with 1 LSB = 4mV (4.096V/1024) for unipolar operation and 1 LSB = 4mV [(4.096V/2 -4.096V/2)/1024] for bipolar operation. -60 -20 20 60 100 140 TEMPERATURE (°C) Figure 12c. Additional IDD Shutdown Supply Current vs. VIH for Each Digital Input at a Logic 1 COMPLETE CONVERSION SEQUENCE 2ms WAIT DIN CH1 (ZEROS) 1 00 FULLPD 1 01 FASTPD 1 (ZEROS) CH7 11 NOPD 1 00 FULLPD 1 01 FASTPD 2.5V REFADJ 0V 4V τ = RC = 20kΩ x CREFADJ REF 0V tBUFFEN ≈ 15µs Figure 13. MAX1204 FULLPD/FASTPD Power-Up Sequence 18 Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface FULL POWER-DOWN 8 CHANNELS 3.0 MAX186-14A 2ms FASTPD WAIT 400kHz EXTERNAL CLOCK INTERNAL COMPENSATION 2.5 POWER-UP DELAY (ms) AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 1000 100 1 CHANNEL 10 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 1 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 TIME IN SHUTDOWN (sec) CONVERSIONS PER CHANNEL PER SECOND Figure 14a. MAX1204 Supply Current vs. Sample Rate/Second, FULLPD, 400kHz Clock Figure 14c. Typical Power-Up Delay vs. Time in Shutdown Layout, Grounding, Bypassing For best performance, use printed circuit boards. Wire-wrap boards are not recommended. Board layout should ensure that digital and analog signal lines are separated from each other. Do not run analog and digital (especially clock) lines parallel to one another, or digital lines underneath the ADC package. Figure 18 shows the recommended system-ground connections. Establish a single-point analog ground (star ground point) at GND. Connect all other analog grounds to this ground. No other digital system ground should be connected to this single-point analog ground. The ground return to the power supply should be low impedance and as short as possible for noise-free operation. FAST POWER-DOWN AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 10,000 8 CHANNELS 1000 1 CHANNEL 100 2MHz EXTERNAL CLOCK EXTERNAL COMPENSATION 50µs WAIT 10 0 2k 4k 6k 8k 10k 12k 14k 16k 18k CONVERSIONS PER CHANNEL PER SECOND Figure 14b. MAX1204 Supply Current vs. Sample Rate/Second, FASTPD, 2MHz Clock Figure 17, the Reference-Adjust Circuit, shows how to adjust ADC gain in applications that use the internal reference. The circuit provides ±1.5% (±16 LSBs) of gain-adjustment range. Maxim Integrated High-frequency noise in the VDD power supply may affect the high-speed comparator in the ADC. Bypass these supplies to the single-point analog ground with 0.1µF and 4.7µF bypass capacitors close to the MAX1204. Minimize capacitor lead lengths for best supply-noise rejection. If the +5V power supply is very noisy, a 10Ω resistor can be connected as a lowpass filter, as shown in Figure 18. 19 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface OUTPUT CODE +5V MAX1204 FULL-SCALE TRANSITION 11 . . . 111 510kΩ 100kΩ 11 . . . 110 12 REFADJ 11 . . . 101 24kΩ 0.01µF FS = +4.096V 1 LSB = FS 1024 Figure 17. Reference-Adjust Circuit 00 . . . 011 00 . . . 010 00 . . . 001 00 . . . 000 0 1 2 3 SUPPLIES FS INPUT VOLTAGE (LSBs) FS - 3/2 LSB +5V -5V +3V GND +3V DGND Figure 15. Unipolar Transfer Function, 4.096V = Full Scale R* = 10Ω VDD OUTPUT CODE MAX1204 011 . . . 111 011 . . . 110 000 . . . 010 GND FS = +4.096V 2 1 LSB = +4.096V 1024 VSS VL DIGITAL CIRCUITRY *OPTIONAL Figure 18. Power-Supply Grounding Connection 000 . . . 001 000 . . . 000 111 . . . 111 111 . . . 110 111 . . . 101 100 . . . 001 100 . . . 000 -FS 0V +FS - 1 LSB INPUT VOLTAGE (LSBs) Figure 16. Bipolar Transfer Function, ±4.096V/2 = Full Scale 20 Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface TMS320CL3x to MAX1204 Interface Figure 19 shows an application circuit to interface the MAX1204 to the TMS320 in external clock mode. Figure 20 is the timing diagram for this interface circuit. Use the following steps to initiate a conversion in the MAX1204 and to read the results. XF CS CLKX 1) The TMS320 should be configured with CLKX (transmit clock) as an active-high output clock and CLKR (TMS320 receive clock) as an active-high input clock. The TMS320’s CLKX and CLKR are tied together with the MAX1204’s SCLK input. SCLK TMS320LC3x CLKR 2) The MAX1204’s CS is driven low by the TMS320’s XF_ I/O port to enable data to be clocked into the MAX1204’s DIN. 3) Write an 8-bit word (1XXXXX11) to the MAX1204 to initiate a conversion and place the device into external clock mode. Refer to Table 2 to select the proper XXXXX bit values for your specific application. 4) The MAX1204’s SSTRB output is monitored via the TMS320’s FSR input. A falling edge on the SSTRB output indicates that the conversion is in progress and data is ready to be received from the MAX1204. 5) The TMS320 reads in one data bit on each of the next 16 rising edges of SCLK. These data bits represent the 10-bit conversion result followed by two sub-bits and four trailing bits, which should be ignored. MAX1204 DX DIN DR DOUT FSR SSTRB Figure 19. MAX1204 to TMS320 Serial Interface 6) Pull CS high to disable the MAX1204 until the next conversion is initiated. CS SCLK DIN START SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 UNI/BIP SGL/DIF PD1 PD0 HIGH IMPEDANCE SSTRB DOUT MSB LSB HIGH IMPEDANCE Figure 20. TMS320 Serial-Interface Timing Diagram Maxim Integrated 21 MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface _Ordering Information (continued) PART TEMP RANGE PINPACKAGE MAX1204AEPP+ -40°C to +85°C 20 PDIP __________Typical Operating Circuit TOP MARK +5V MAX1204BEPP+ -40°C to +85°C 20 PDIP ±1 MAX1204AEAP+ -40°C to +85°C 20 SSOP ±1/2 MAX1204BEAP+ -40°C to +85°C 20 SSOP ±1 VDD CH0 ±1/2 0V to 4.096V ANALOG INPUTS SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO VSS C4 0.1µF GND I/O CS C1 4.7µF C2 0.01µF CPU VSS REF ___________________Chip Information VDD C3 0.1µF VL MAX1204 CH7 +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package. +3V SCLK SCK (SK) DIN MOSI (SO) DOUT REFADJ MISO (SI) SSTRB VSS SHDN PROCESS: BiCMOS Package Information For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status. 22 PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE OUTLINE NO. LAND PATTERN NO. 20 PDIP P20+3 21-0043 — 20 SSOP A20+2 21-0056 90-0094 Maxim Integrated MAX1204 5V, 8-Channel, Serial, 10-Bit ADC with 3V Digital Interface Revision History REVISION NUMBER REVISION DATE 0 1/97 Initial release — 1 1/12 Remove military grade packages. 22 DESCRIPTION PAGES CHANGED Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance. Maxim Integrated 160 Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA 1-408-601-1000 ________________________________ 23 © 2012 Maxim Integrated The Maxim logo and Maxim Integrated are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.