Motor driver ICs
Reversible motor driver
The BA6418N is a reversible-motor driver with a maximum output current of 0.7A. Two logic inputs allow four output
modes: forward, reverse, stop (idling), and brake. Since logic and power sections have separate ground pins, the IC can
drive speed-variable, reversible motors by connecting an electronic governor circuit.
1) Small standby circuit current.
2) Wide range of operating voltage. (4.5 15V)
Block diagram
Absolute maximum ratings (Ta = 25C)
3) Interfaces with TTL devices.
4) Built-in thermal shutdown circuit.
Motor driver ICs
Input / output truth table
Electrical characteristics (unless otherwise noted, Ta = 25C, VCC = 9V)
Input / output circuit (Equivalent circuit)
Application example
Motor driver ICs
Thermal derating curve
Operation notes
(1) The quality of these products have been carefully
checked; however, use of the products with applied voltages, operating temperatures, or other parameters that
exceed the absolute maximum rating given may result in
the damage of the IC and the product it is used in. If the
IC is damaged, the short mode and open modes cannot
be specified, so if the IC is to be used in applications
where parameters may exceed the absolute maximum
ratings, then be sure to incorporate fuses, or other physical safety measures.
(2) GND potential
The potential for pin 1 must be kept lower than the potensials ofthe other pins regardless of the circumstances.
(3) Input pins
Voltage should never be applied to the input pins when
the VCC voltage is not applied to the IC. Similarly, when
VCC is applied, the voltage on each input pin should be
less than VCC and within the guaranteed range for the
electrical characteristics.
(4) Back-rush voltage
Depending on the ambient conditions, environment, or
motor characteristics, the back-rush voltage may fluctuate. Be sure to confirm that the back-rush voltage will not
adversely affect the operation of the IC.
(5) Large current line
Large currents are carried by the motor power supply and
motor ground for these ICs.
Therefore, the layout of the pattern of the PC board and
the constants of certain parameters for external components, such as the capacitor between the power supply
and ground, may cause this large output current to flow
back to the input pins, resulting in output oscillation or
other malfunctions. To prevent this, make sure that the
PC board layout and external circuit constants cause no
problems with the characteristics of these ICs.
(6) Power dissipation
The power dissipation will fluctuate depending on the
mounting conditions of the IC and the ambient environment. Make sure to carefully check the thermal design of
the application where these ICs will be used.
(7) Power consumption
The power consumption by the IC varies widely with the
power supply voltage and the output current. Give full
consideration to the power dissipation rating and the
thermal resistance data and transient thermal resistance
data, to provide a thermal design so that none of the ratings for the IC are exceeded.
(8) Current consumption
The ratio of current consumption (ICC1 versus ICC2) is 1 :
2 for the logic section GND (pins 2 and 5) and the power
section GND (pin 8).
Motor driver ICs
(9) ASO
Make sure that the output current and supply voltage do
not exceed the ASO values.
(10) Precautions for input mode switching
To ensure reliability, it is recommended that the mode
switching for the motor pass once through the open
(11) In-rush current
There are no circuits built into these ICs that prevent inrush currents. Therefore, it is recommended to place a
current limiting resistor or other physical countermeasure.
(12) Factors regarding the thermal, power supply, and
motor conditions
If the potential of the output pin sways greatly and goes
below the potential of ground, the operation of the IC may
malfunction or be adversely affected. In such a case,
place a diode between the output and ground, or other
measure, to prevent this.
(13) Minimum operating voltage applied between power
supply (pin 6) and COM (pin 8)
The minimum operating voltage applied between these
pins is 4V at an ambient temperature of 25C, but the
voltage increases by 8mV (typical) for each degree below 25C. Keep in mind this negative temperature dependence when setting the voltage at low ambient temperatures.
(14) Thermal shutdown circuit
When the thermal shutdown circuit is activated at the IC
junction temperature of about 175C (typical), all driver
outputs are turned OFF. There is a temperature difference of about 15C (typical) between the temperatures
at which the circuit is activated and deactivated.
(15) To eliminate motor noise, connect a capacitor between OUT1 (pin 9) and GND and between OUT2 (pin 7)
and GND. Alternatively, connect a capacitor between
OUT1 and OUT2, and also a diode between OUT1 and
GND and between OUT2 and GND (see Fig. 4).
Motor driver ICs
Electrical characteristic curves
External dimensions (Units: mm)