NCP1014: 5 W, CCCV Cell Phone Battery Charger

DN06009/D
Design Note – DN06009/D
5 W, CCCV Cell Phone Battery Charger
Device
Application
Input Voltage
Output Power
Topology
I/O Isolation
NCP1014
Cell Phone Charger
90 to 270 Vac
5W
Flyback
Isolated
Other Specifications
Output Voltage
Ripple
Nominal Current
Max Current
Min Current
Others
Output 1
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
5.0 V
200 mV p/p
1.0 A
1.1 A
zero
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
PFC (Yes/No)
No
Minimum Efficiency
65%
Operating Temp. Range
Cooling Method/Supply
Orientation
0 to +60°C
Convection
CCCV (Constant Current – Constant Voltage) output load profile for typical battery charger.
Circuit Description
Key Features
This circuit presents a very simple, low cost, yet highly
effective 5 watt, off-line constant current – constant
voltage battery charger for cell phones or similar
applications. The circuit is designed around ON’s
NCP1014 integrated controller with internal mosfet in a
discontinuous mode flyback topology. Current and
voltage feedback are accomplished with a single
optocoupler as well as providing ac mains isolation. The
circuit provides a respectable output V/I load-line
characteristic for battery charging over typical
temperature variations. The use of an auxiliary Vcc
winding on T1, although not required because of the
1014’s DSS circuitry, guarantees very low standby (no
load) power consumption (< 300 mW). For maximum
simplicity a half-wave input rectifier (D1) is utilized and a
conducted EMI filter is provided by C1 and L1. If there
are very low output line frequency ripple and/or low ac
input constraints, a full bridge input rectifier is
recommended. The T1 flyback transformer design is
compliant enough for output voltage requirements from 4
to 6.5 volts.
y Extremely simple yet effective off-line battery charger
circuit.
y Constant current – constant voltage output load line
profile.
y Less than 300 mW standby (no load) input power if
auxiliary winding is used.
y Conducted EMI input filter.
y Adjustable output voltage and current with resistors.
y Monolithic, integrated current mode controller with
inherent over-current, over-temperature, and overvoltage protection.
September 2006, Rev. 1
www.onsemi.com
1
DN06009/D
Schematic
AC
input
1N4007
L1
T1
820uH
1
R1
C1
4.7nf
"x"
C2A
4.7uf,
400Vdc
x2
C2B
MBR350
7,8
C5
R2
1 nf
1 kV
150K
C4
470uf
6.3V
D3
Isense
0.68, 1W
R7
1N914A
3
2N2907
D5
R8
R6
2K
R5
2
4
4
[email protected]
_
Q1
2
3
+
Charger
Output
0.1uf
U1
C7
4
10
D4
NCP1014ST
10 nf
5,6
MUR160
C9
R4
D2
1
C6
U2
1
Jmpr
Vtrim
47
R3
100pf
+ C3
10uf
25V
1N5229B
D1
18, 2W
200
3
opto 2
NOTES:
1. Zener D5 and resistor R6 sets the output voltage. Vout = Vz + 0.9 volts approximately.
Use R6 instead of a jumper to incrementally raise output voltage higher than Vz + 0.9 value.
2. R4 sets current limit threshold. I limit = 0.65/R4
3. Schematic shows "generic" passive component types. Surface mount parts may have different ID prefixes.
4. L1 is Coilcraft RFB0807-821L or similar (820 uH, 300 mA).
NCP1014 Cell Phone Charger
5 Vout @ 1000 mA
ON Semiconductor
September 2006, Rev. 1
www.onsemi.com
2
DN06009/D
MAGNETICS DESIGN DATA SHEET
Project / Customer: ON Semiconductor - NCP1014 CC - CV battery charger
Part Description: 5 watt flyback transformer, 4 - 6 volts out
Schematic ID: T1
Core Type: EF16 (E16/8/5); 3C90 material or similar
Core Gap: Gap for 3.5 mH inductance
Inductance: 3.5 mH +/-5%
Bobbin Type: 8 pin horizontal mount for EF16
Windings (in order):
Winding # / type
Turns / Material / Gauge / Insulation Data
Vcc/Boost (2 - 3)
22 turns of #35HN spiral wound over 1 layer. Insulate
with 1 layer of tape (500V insulation to next winding)
Primary (1 - 4)
150 turns of #35HN over 3 layers. Insulate for 3 kV
to the next winding.
5V Secondary (5, 6 - 7, 8)
10 turns of #24HN spiral wound over one layer with
0.050" (1.3mm) end margins. Triple insulated #24
can be subsituted without end margins.
Vacuum varnish assembly
NOTE: Existing vendor for this specific part is Mesa Power Systems, Escondido, CA. 1-800-515-8514
Hipot: 3 kV from boost/primary to secondary
Lead Breakout / Pinout
Schematic
(Bottom View - facing pins)
1
8
7
4
4
6
5
3
2
1
5
6
7
8
3
1
2
© 2006 ON Semiconductor.
Disclaimer: ON Semiconductor is providing this design note “AS IS” and does not assume any liability arising from its use; nor
does ON Semiconductor convey any license to its or any third party’s intellectual property rights. This document is provided only to
assist customers in evaluation of the referenced circuit implementation and the recipient assumes all liability and risk associated
with its use, including, but not limited to, compliance with all regulatory standards. ON Semiconductor may change any of its
products at any time, without notice.
Design note created by Frank Cathell, e-mail: [email protected]
September 2006, Rev. 1
www.onsemi.com
3