MICROCHIP HCS515

HCS515
KEELOQ® Code Hopping Decoder
FEATURES
DESCRIPTION
Security
The Microchip Technology Inc. HCS515 is a code hopping decoder designed for secure Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) systems. The HCS515 utilizes the patented code hopping system and high security learning
mechanisms to make this a canned solution when used
with the HCS encoders to implement a unidirectional
remote and access control systems. The HCS515 can
be used as a stand-alone decoder or in conjunction
with a microcontroller.
• Encrypted storage of manufacturer’s code
• Encrypted storage of encoder decryption keys
• Up to seven transmitters can be learned code
hopping technology
• Normal and secure learning mechanisms
Operating
• 4.5V – 5.5V operation
• Internal oscillator
• Auto bit rate detection
PACKAGE TYPE
PDIP, SOIC
1
14
NC
•
•
•
•
•
Stand-alone decoder
Internal EEPROM for transmitter storage
Synchronous serial interface
1 Kbit user EEPROM
14-pin DIP/SOIC package
NC
2
13
NC
VDD
3
12
Vss
S1
4
11
RF_IN
S0
5
10
S_CLK
Typical Applications
MCLR
6
9
S_DAT
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Automotive remote entry systems
Automotive alarm systems
Automotive immobilizers
Gate and garage openers
Electronic door locks
Identity tokens
Burglar alarm systems
NC
7
8
NC
HCS515
NC
Other
BLOCK DIAGRAM
RFIN
Reception Register
DECRYPTOR
EE_DAT
Compatible Encoders
All encoders and transponders configured for the following setting:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PWM modulation format (1/3-2/3)
TE in the range from 100 μs to 400 μs
10 x TE Header
28-bit Serial Number
16-bit Synchronization counter
Discrimination bits equal to Serial Number 8 LSbs
66- to 69-bit length code word.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
Internal
EEPROM
CONTROL
EE_CLK
OSCILLATOR
S_DAT
S_CLK
S0
S1
MCLR
The manufacturer’s code, encoder decryption keys,
and synchronization information are stored in
encrypted form in internal EEPROM. The HCS515
uses the S_DAT and S_CLK inputs to communicate
with a host controller device.
The HCS515 operates over a wide voltage range of
4.5V – 5.5V. The decoder employs automatic bit rate
detection, which allows it to compensate for wide vari-
DS40183E-page 1
HCS515
ations in transmitter data rate. The decoder contains
sophisticated error checking algorithms to ensure only
valid codes are accepted.
1.0
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Key Terms
The following is a list of key terms used throughout this
data sheet. For additional information on KEELOQ® and
Code Hopping, refer to Technical Brief 3 (TB003).
• RKE - Remote Keyless Entry
• Button Status - Indicates what button input(s)
activated the transmission. Encompasses the 4
button status bits S3, S2, S1 and S0 (Figure 7-2).
• Code Hopping - A method by which a code,
viewed externally to the system, appears to
change unpredictably each time it is transmitted.
• Code word - A block of data that is repeatedly
transmitted upon button activation (Figure 7-1).
• Transmission - A data stream consisting of
repeating code words (Figure 7-1).
• Crypt key - A unique and secret 64-bit number
used to encrypt and decrypt data. In a symmetrical block cipher such as the KEELOQ algorithm,
the encryption and decryption keys are equal and
will therefore be referred to generally as the crypt
key.
• Encoder - A device that generates and encodes
data.
• Encryption Algorithm - A recipe whereby data is
scrambled using a crypt key. The data can only be
interpreted by the respective decryption algorithm
using the same crypt key.
• Decoder - A device that decodes data received
from an encoder.
• Decryption algorithm - A recipe whereby data
scrambled by an encryption algorithm can be
unscrambled using the same crypt key.
• Learn – Learning involves the receiver calculating
the transmitter’s appropriate crypt key, decrypting
the received hopping code and storing the serial
number, synchronization counter value and crypt
key in EEPROM. The KEELOQ product family facilitates several learning strategies to be implemented on the decoder. The following are
examples of what can be done.
- Simple Learning
The receiver uses a fixed crypt key, common
to all components of all systems by the same
manufacturer, to decrypt the received code
word’s encrypted portion.
- Normal Learning
The receiver uses information transmitted
during normal operation to derive the crypt
key and decrypt the received code word’s
encrypted portion.
DS40183E-page 2
- Secure Learn
The transmitter is activated through a special
button combination to transmit a stored 60-bit
seed value used to generate the transmitter’s
crypt key. The receiver uses this seed value
to derive the same crypt key and decrypt the
received code word’s encrypted portion.
• Manufacturer’s code – A unique and secret 64bit number used to generate unique encoder crypt
keys. Each encoder is programmed with a crypt
key that is a function of the manufacturer’s code.
Each decoder is programmed with the manufacturer code itself.
1.1
HCS Encoder Overview
The HCS encoders have a small EEPROM array which
must be loaded with several parameters before use.
The most important of these values are:
• A crypt key that is generated at the time of production
• A 16-bit synchronization counter value
• A 28-bit serial number which is meant to be
unique for every encoder
The manufacturer programs the serial number for each
encoder at the time of production, while the ‘Key Generation Algorithm’ generates the crypt key (Figure 1-1).
Inputs to the key generation algorithm typically consist
of the encoder’s serial number and a 64-bit manufacturer’s code, which the manufacturer creates.
Note:
The manufacturer code is a pivotal part of
the system’s overall security. Consequently, all possible precautions must be
taken and maintained for this code.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
FIGURE 1-1:
CREATION AND STORAGE OF CRYPT KEY DURING PRODUCTION
Production
Programmer
HCS515
Transmitter
Serial Number
EEPROM Array
Serial Number
Crypt Key
Sync Counter
Manufacturer’s
Code
Key
Generation
Algorithm
The 16-bit synchronization counter is the basis behind
the transmitted code word changing for each transmission; it increments each time a button is pressed. Due
to the code hopping algorithm’s complexity, each increment of the synchronization value results in greater
than 50% of the bits changing in the transmitted code
word.
Figure 1-2 shows how the key values in EEPROM are
used in the encoder. Once the encoder detects a button
press, it reads the button inputs and updates the synchronization counter. The synchronization counter and
crypt key are input to the encryption algorithm and the
output is 32 bits of encrypted information. This data will
change with every button press, its value appearing
externally to ‘randomly hop around’, hence it is referred
to as the hopping portion of the code word. The 32-bit
hopping code is combined with the button information
and serial number to form the code word transmitted to
the receiver. The code word format is explained in
greater detail in Section 7.2.
FIGURE 1-2:
.
.
.
Crypt
Key
A receiver may use any type of controller as a decoder,
but it is typically a microcontroller with compatible firmware that allows the decoder to operate in conjunction
with an HCS515 based transmitter. Section 3.0
provides detail on integrating the HCS515 into a system.
A transmitter must first be ‘learned’ by the receiver
before its use is allowed in the system. Learning
includes calculating the transmitter’s appropriate crypt
key, decrypting the received hopping code and storing
the serial number, synchronization counter value and
crypt key in EEPROM.
In normal operation, each received message of valid
format is evaluated. The serial number is used to determine if it is from a learned transmitter. If from a learned
transmitter, the message is decrypted and the synchronization counter is verified. Finally, the button status is
checked to see what operation is requested. Figure 1-3
shows the relationship between some of the values
stored by the receiver and the values received from
the transmitter.
BUILDING THE TRANSMITTED CODE WORD (ENCODER)
EEPROM Array
Crypt Key
Sync Counter
KEELOQ®
Encryption
Algorithm
Serial Number
Button Press
Information
Serial Number
32 Bits
Encrypted Data
Transmitted Information
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 3
HCS515
FIGURE 1-3:
BASIC OPERATION OF RECEIVER (DECODER)
1 Received Information
EEPROM Array
Button Press
Information
Serial Number
2
32 Bits of
Encrypted Data
Manufacturer Code
Check for
Match
Serial Number
Sync Counter
Crypt Key
3
KEELOQ®
Decryption
Algorithm
Decrypted
Synchronization
Counter
4
Check for
Match
Perform Function
5 Indicated by
button press
NOTE: Circled numbers indicate the order of execution.
2.0
PIN ASSIGNMENT
PIN
Decoder
Function
I/O(1)
Buffer
Type(1)
1
NC
—
—
No connection
2
NC
—
—
No connection
3
VDD
—
—
Power connection
4
S1
O
TTL
S1 function output
5
S0
O
TTL
S0 function output
6
MCLR
I
ST
Master clear input
7
NC
—
—
No connection
8
NC
—
—
No connection
Description
9
S_DAT
I/O
TTL
Synchronous data from controller
10
S_CLK
I
TTL
Synchronous clock from controller
11
RF_IN
I
TTL
12
GND
—
—
Ground connection
13
NC
—
—
No connection
14
NC
—
—
No connection
Note:
Input from RF receiver
P = power, I = in, O = out, and ST = Schmitt Trigger input.
DS40183E-page 4
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
3.0
DECODER OPERATION
3.1
Learning a Transmitter to a
Receiver (Normal or Secure Learn)
Before the transmitter and receiver can work together,
the receiver must first ‘learn’ and store the following
information from the transmitter in EEPROM:
• A check value of the serial number
• The encoder decryption key
• The current synchronization counter value
The decoder must also store the manufacturer’s code
(Section 1.1) in protected memory. This code will
typically be the same for all of the decoders in a system.
The HCS515 has seven memory slots, and, consequently, can store up to seven transmitters. During the
learn procedure, the decoder searches for an empty
memory slot for storing the transmitter’s information.
When all of the memory slots are full, the decoder will
overwrite the last transmitter’s information. To erase all
of the memory slots at once, use the ERASE_ALL
command (C3H).
3.1.1
LEARNING PROCEDURE
Learning
is
initiated
by
sending
the
ACTIVATE_LEARN (D2H) command to the decoder.
The decoder acknowledges reception of the command
by pulling the data line high.
For the HCS515 decoder to learn a new transmitter, the
following sequence is required:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Activate the transmitter once.
Activate the transmitter a second time. (In
Secure Learning mode, the seed transmission
must be transmitted during the second stage of
learn by activating the appropriate buttons on
the transmitter.)
The HCS515 will transmit a learn-status string,
indicating that the learn was successful.
The decoder has now learned the transmitter.
Repeat steps 1-3 to learn up to seven
transmitters
Note 1: Learning will be terminated if two
nonsequential codes were received or
if two acceptable codes were not
decoded within 30 seconds.
2: If more than seven transmitters are
learned, the new transmitter will
replace the last transmitter learned. It
is, therefore, not possible to erase lost
transmitters by repeatedly learning
new transmitters. To remove lost or
stolen
transmitters,
ERASE_ALL
transmitters and relearn all available
transmitters.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
3: Learning a transmitter with an encoder
decryption key that is identical to a
transmitter already in memory
replaces the existing transmitter. In
practice, this means that all transmitters should have unique encoder
decryption keys. Learning a previously
learned transmitter does not use any
additional memory slots.
The following checks are performed by the decoder to
determine if the transmission is valid during learn:
• The first code word is checked for bit integrity.
• The second code word is checked for bit integrity.
• The encoder decryption key is generated according to the selected algorithm.
• The hopping code is decrypted.
• The discrimination value is checked.
• If all the checks pass, the key, serial number
check value, and synchronization counter values
are stored in EEPROM memory.
Figure 3-1 shows a flow chart of the learn sequence.
FIGURE 3-1:
LEARN SEQUENCE
Enter Learn
Mode
Wait for Reception
of a Valid Code
Wait for Reception
of Second
Non-Repeated
Valid Code
Generate Key
from Serial Number/
Seed Value
Use Generated Key
to Decrypt
Compare Discrimination
Value with Serial Number
Equal?
No
Yes
Learn Successful Store:
Serial Number Check Value
Encoder Decryption Key
Sync. Counter Value
Learn
Unsuccessful
Exit
DS40183E-page 5
HCS515
3.2
Validation of Codes
FIGURE 3-2:
Start
The decoder waits for a transmission and checks the
serial number to determine if it is a learned transmitter.
If it is, it takes the code hopping portion of the transmission and decrypts it, using the encoder decryption key.
It uses the discrimination value to determine if the
decryption was valid. If everything up to this point is
valid, the synchronization counter value is evaluated.
No
3.3
No
Validation Steps
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Search EEPROM to find the Serial Number
Check Value Match
Decrypt the Hopping Code
Compare the 10 bits of the discrimination value
with the lower 10 bits of serial number
Check if the synchronization counter value falls
within the first synchronization window.
Check if the synchronization counter value falls
within the second synchronization window.
If a valid transmission is found, update the
synchronization counter, else use the next
transmitter block, and repeat the tests.
Transmission
Received?
Yes
Validation consists of the following steps:
1.
DECODER OPERATION
Does
Ser # Check Val
Match?
Yes
Decrypt Transmission
No
Is
decryption
valid?
Yes
Is
Yes
Counter within
16?
Execute
Command
and
Update
Counter
No
Is
No Counter within
16K?
Yes
Save Counter
in Temp Location
DS40183E-page 6
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
3.4
Synchronization with Decoder
(Evaluating the Counter)
The KEELOQ technology patent scope includes a
sophisticated synchronization technique that does not
require the calculation and storage of future codes. The
technique securely blocks invalid transmissions while
providing transparent resynchronization to transmitters
inadvertently activated away from the receiver.
Figure 3-3 shows a 3-partition, rotating synchronization
window. The size of each window is optional but the
technique is fundamental. Each time a transmission is
authenticated, the intended function is executed and
the transmission's synchronization counter value is
stored in EEPROM. From the currently stored counter
value there is an initial "Single Operation" forward window of 16 codes. If the difference between a received
synchronization counter and the last stored counter is
within 16, the intended function will be executed on the
single button press and the new synchronization counter will be stored. Storing the new synchronization
counter value effectively rotates the entire synchronization window.
FIGURE 3-3:
A "Double Operation" (resynchronization) window further exists from the Single Operation window up to 32K
codes forward of the currently stored counter value. It
is referred to as "Double Operation" because a transmission with synchronization counter value in this window will require an additional, sequential counter
transmission prior to executing the intended function.
Upon receiving the sequential transmission the
decoder executes the intended function and stores the
synchronization counter value. This resynchronization
occurs transparently to the user as it is human nature
to press the button a second time if the first was unsuccessful.
The third window is a "Blocked Window" ranging from
the double operation window to the currently stored
synchronization counter value. Any transmission with
synchronization counter value within this window will
be ignored. This window excludes previously used,
perhaps code-grabbed transmissions from accessing
the system.
SYNCHRONIZATION WINDOW
Entire Window
rotates to eliminate
use of previously
used codes
Blocked
Window
(32K Codes)
Double Operation
(resynchronization)
Window
(32K Codes)
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
Stored
Synchronization
Counter Value
Single Operation
Window
(16 Codes)
DS40183E-page 7
HCS515
4.0
INTERFACING TO A
MICROCONTROLLER
edge by taking the clock line high. The decoder then
takes the data line low. The microcontroller can then
begin clocking a data stream out of the HCS515. The
data stream consists of:
The HCS515 interfaces to a microcontroller via a synchronous serial interface. A clock and data line are
used to communicate with the HCS515. The microcontroller controls the clock line. There are two groups of
data transfer messages. The first is from the decoder
whenever the decoder receives a valid transmission.
The decoder signals reception of a valid code by taking
the data line high (maximum of 500 ms) The microcontroller then services the request by clocking out a data
string from the decoder. The data string contains the
function code, the status bit, and block indicators. The
second is from the controlling microcontroller to the
decoder in the form of a defined command set.
START bit ‘0’.
2 status bits [REPEAT, Vlow].
4-bit function code [S3 S2 S1 S0].
STOP bit ‘1’.
4 bits indicating the number of transmitters
learned into the decoder [CNT3…CNT0].
• 4 bits indicating which block was used
[TX3…TX0].
• 64 bits of the received transmission with the hopping code decrypted.
•
•
•
•
•
Note:
Figure 4-1 shows the HCS515 decoder and the I/O
interface lines necessary to interface to a microcontroller.
4.1
The decoder will terminate the transmission of the data
stream at any point where the clock is kept low for longer than 1 ms. Therefore, the microcontroller can only
clock out the required bits. A maximum of 80 bits can
be clocked out of the decoder.
Valid Transmission Message
The decoder informs the microcontroller of a valid
transmission by taking the data line high for up to
500 ms. The controlling microcontroller must acknowl-
FIGURE 4-1:
Data is always clocked in/out Least
Significant bit (LSb) first.
HCS515 DECODER AND I/O INTERFACE LINES
X
X
VCC
1
2
3
4
5
6
X
NC
NC
7
NC
NC
VDD
VSS
S1
RF_IN
S0
S_CLK
MCLR
S_DAT
NC
NC
14
13
RF DATA
X
X
SYNC CLOCK
12
11
SYNC DATA
10
9
8
MICRO RESET
X
S0 OUTPUT
HCS515
S1 OUTPUT
FIGURE 4-2:
DECODER VALID TRANSMISSION MESSAGE
TACK
TACT
TCLKL
TCLKH
TDS
S_CLK
TCLA
TCLKH
TDHI
0
S_DAT
Decoder Signal Valid
Transmission
A
DS40183E-page 8
REPT VLOW S0
S1
S2
S3
1
CNT0
CNT3 TX0
TX3
RX0
Information
B
RX1
RX62 RX63
Received String
Ci
Cii
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
4.2
Command Mode
4.2.1
4.2.2
The HCS515 uses collision detection to prevent
clashes between the decoder and microcontroller.
Whenever the decoder receives a valid transmission
the following sequence is followed:
MICROCONTROLLER COMMAND
MODE ACTIVATION
The microcontroller command consists of four parts.
The first part activates the Command mode, the second part is the actual command, the third is the address
accessed, and the fourth part is the data. The microcontroller starts the command by taking the clock line
high for up to 500 ms. The decoder acknowledges the
start-up sequence by taking the data line high. The
microcontroller takes the clock line low, after which the
decoder will take the data line low, tri-state the data line
and wait for the command to be clocked in. The data
must be set up on the rising edge and will be sampled
on the falling edge of the clock line.
FIGURE 4-3:
COLLISION DETECTION
• The decoder first checks to see if the clock line is
high. If the clock line is high, the valid transmission notification is aborted, and the microcontroller Command mode request is serviced.
• The decoder takes the data line high and checks
that the clock line doesn’t go high within 50 μs. If
the clock line goes high, the valid transmission
notification is aborted and the Command mode
request is serviced.
• If the clock line goes high after 50 μs but before
500 ms, the decoder will acknowledge by taking
the data line low.
• The microcontroller can then start to clock out the
80-bit data stream of the received transmission.
MICROCONTROLLER COMMAND MODE ACTIVATION
TCLKL
TREQ
TCLKH
TSTART
TADDR
TCMD
TDATA
TDS
CLK
μC Data
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
TACK
TRESP
HCS515
Data
START Command
A
B
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
Command Byte
Address Byte
C
Data Byte
D
E
DS40183E-page 9
HCS515
4.2.3
COMMAND ACTIVATION TIMES
The command activation time (Table 4-1) is defined as
the maximum time the microcontroller has to wait for a
response from the decoder. The decoder will abort and
TABLE 4-1:
service the command request. The response time
depends on the state of the decoder when the Command mode is requested.
COMMAND ACTIVATION TIMES
Decoder State
Min
Max
While receiving transmissions
—
2.5 ms BPWMAX = 2.7 ms
During the validation of a received transmission
—
3 ms
During the update of the sync counters
—
40 ms
During learn
—
170 ms
4.2.4
DECODER COMMANDS
The command byte specifies the operation required by
the controlling microcontroller. Table 4-2 lists the commands.
TABLE 4-2:
DECODER COMMANDS
Instruction
Command Byte
Operation
READ
F0 HEX
Read a byte from user EEPROM
WRITE
E1 HEX
Write a byte to user EEPROM
ACTIVATE_LRN
D2 HEX
Activate a learn sequence on the decoder
ERASE_ALL
C3 HEX
Activate an erase all function on the decoder
PROGRAM
B4 HEX
Program manufacturer’s code and configuration byte
DS40183E-page 10
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
4.2.5
READ BYTE/S FROM USER
EEPROM
4.2.6
The read command (Figure 4-4) is used to read bytes
from the user EEPROM. The offset in the user
EEPROM is specified by the address byte, which is
truncated to 7 bits (C to D). After the address, a dummy
byte must be clocked in (D to E). The EEPROM data
byte is clocked out on the next rising edge of the clock
line with the Least Significant bit first (E to F). Sequential reads are possible by repeating sequence E to F
within 1 ms after the falling edge of the previous byte’s
Most Significant bit (MSb). During the sequential read,
the address value will wrap after 128 bytes. The
decoder will terminate the read command if no clock
pulses are received for a period longer than 1.2 ms.
FIGURE 4-4:
WRITE BYTE/S TO USER EEPROM
The write command (Figure 4-5) is used to write a location in the user EEPROM. The address byte is truncated to seven bits (C to D). The data is clocked in
Least Significant bit (LSb) first. The clock line must be
asserted to initiate the write. Sequential writes of bytes
are possible by clocking in the byte and then asserting
the clock line (D – F). The decoder will terminate the
write command if no clock pulses are received for a
period longer than 1.2 ms After a successful write
sequence, the decoder will acknowledge by taking the
data line high and keeping it high until the clock line
goes low.
READ BYTES FROM USER EEPROM
TRD
TRD
CLK
μC DATA
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
START Command
Address Byte
Command Byte
B
A
FIGURE 4-5:
MSB
LSB
Decoder DATA
C
Dummy Byte
Data Byte
D
E
F
WRITE BYTES TO USER EEPROM
TACK
TWR
TRESP
CLK
μC DATA
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
TACK2
Decoder DATA
START Command
A
B
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
Command Byte
Data Byte
Address Byte
C
D
Acknowledge
E
F
DS40183E-page 11
HCS515
4.2.7
ERASE ALL
asserted to activate the command. After a successful
completion of an erase all command, the data line is
asserted until the clock line goes low.
The erase all command (Figure 4-6) erases all the
transmitters in the decoder. After the command and two
dummy bytes are clocked in, the clock line must be
FIGURE 4-6:
ERASE ALL
TACK
TERA
TRESP
CLK
μC DATA
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
TACK2
Decoder DATA
START Command
A
4.2.8
Subcommand Byte
Command Byte
B
Acknowledge
D
C
ACTIVATE LEARN
E
F
Upon reception of the second transmission, the
decoder will respond with a learn status message
(Figure 4-9).
The activate learn command (Figure 4-7) is used to
activate a transmitter learning sequence on the
decoder. The command consists of a Command mode
activation sequence, a command byte, and two dummy
bytes. The decoder will respond by taking the data line
high to acknowledge that the command was valid and
that learn is active.
The learn status message after the second transmission consists of the following:
• 1 START bit.
• The function code [S3:S0] of the message is
zero, indicating that this is a status string.
• The RESULT bit indicates the result of the learn
sequence. The RESULT bit is set if successful
and cleared otherwise.
• The OVR bit will indicate whether an exiting transmitter is over written. The OVR bit will be set if an
existing transmitter is learned over.
• The [CNT3…CNT0] bits will indicate the number of
transmitters learned on the decoder.
• The [TX3…TX0] bits indicate the block number
used during the learning of the transmitter.
Upon reception of the first transmission, the decoder
will respond with a learn status message (Figure 4-8).
During learn, the decoder will acknowledge the reception of the first transmission by taking the data line high
for 60 ms. The controlling microcontroller can clock out
at most 8 bits, which will all be zeros. All of the bits of
the status byte are zero, and this is used to distinguish
between a learn time-out status string and the first
transmission received string. The controlling microcontroller must ensure that the clock line does not go high
60 ms after the falling edge of the data line, for this will
terminate learn.
FIGURE 4-7:
Dummy Byte
LEARN MODE ACTIVATION
TACK
TRESP
TLRN
CLK
μC DATA
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
TACK2
ecoder DATA
START Command
A
DS40183E-page 12
B
Command Byte
Dummy Byte
Dummy Byte
C
D
Acknowledge
E
F
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
FIGURE 4-8:
LEARN STATUS MESSAGE AFTER FIRST TRANSMISSION
TACT
TCLL
TCLKL
TCLKH
CLK
TCLH
TCLA
TDHI
0
Decoder
Data
0
Command Request
0
0
0
0
0
Status Byte
A
FIGURE 4-9:
0
B
C
LEARN STATUS MESSAGE AFTER SECOND TRANSMISSION
TACT
TCLKL
TCLL
TCLKH
CLK
TCLH
TCLA
TDHI
0
Decoder
DATA
OVR RSLT
0
0
Communications Request
A
4.3
0
1
CNT0
CNT3 TX0
RX0
Stand-Alone Mode
Learn mode can be aborted by taking the clock line
high until the data line goes high (LED switches on).
During learn, the data line will give feedback to the user
and, therefore, must not be connected to the relay drive
circuitry.
The Repeat bit must be cleared in the
configuration byte in Stand-alone
mode.
After taking the clock low and before a transmitter is
learned, any low-to-high change on the clock line may
terminate learn. This has learn implications when a
switch with contact bounce is used.
RX1
RX62 RX63
Decoded TX
B
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
TX3
Learn Status Bits
The HCS515 decoder can also be used in stand-alone
applications. The HCS515 will activate the data line for
up to 500 ms if a valid transmission was received, and
this output can be used to drive a relay circuit. To activate learn or erase all commands, a button must be
connected to the CLK input. User feedback is indicated
on an LED connected to the S_DAT output line. If the
CLK line is pulled high, using the learn button, the LED
will switch on. After the CLK line is kept high for longer
than 2 seconds, the decoder will switch the LED line off,
indicating that learn will be entered if the button is
released. If the CLK line is kept high for another 6 seconds, the decoder will activate an ERASE_ALL command.
Note:
0
CI
4.4
CII
Erase All Command and Erase
Command
The Table 4-3 describes two versions of the Erase All
command.
TABLE 4-3:
ERASE ALL COMMAND
Command
Byte
Subcommand
Byte
C3 HEX
00 HEX
Erase all
transmitters.
01 HEX
Erase all transmitters except 1. The
first transmitter in
memory is not
erased.
C3 HEX
Description
Subcommand 01 can be used where a transmitter with
permanent status is implemented in the microcontroller
software. Use of subcommand 01 ensures that the
permanent transmitter remains in memory even when
all other transmitters are erased. The first transmitter
learned after any of the following events is the first
transmitter in memory and becomes the permanent
transmitter:
1.
2.
Programming of the manufacturer’s code.
Erasing of all transmitters
(subcommand 00 only).
DS40183E-page 13
HCS515
4.5
Test Mode
4.
A special Test mode is activated after:
1.
2.
Because the synchronization counter value is ignored
in Test mode, any number of test transmitters can be
used, even if their synchronization counter values are
different.
Programming of the manufacturer’s code.
Erasing of all transmitters.
Test mode can be used to test a decoder before any
transmitters are learned on it. Test mode enables testing of decoders without spending the time to learn a
transmitter. Test mode is terminated after the first successful learning of an ordinary transmitter. In test
mode, the decoder responds to a test transmitter. The
test transmitter has the following properties:
1.
2.
3.
Synchronization counter value = any value
(synchronization information is ignored).
4.6
Power Supply Supervisor
Reliable operation of the HCS515 requires that the
contents of the EEPROM memory be protected against
erroneous writes. To ensure that erroneous writes do
not occur after supply voltage “brown-out” conditions,
the use of a proper power supply supervisor device is
imperative (Figure 4-11 and Figure 9-2).
Encoder decryption key = manufacturer’s code.
Serial number = any value.
Discrimination bits = lower 10 bits of the serial
number.
FIGURE 4-10: STAND-ALONE MODE LEARN/ERASE-ALL TIMING
TREQ
TLRN
TERA
TLRN
CLK
DATA
Learn Activation
A
Erase-All Activation
B
Successful
C
E
D
FIGURE 4-11: TYPICAL STAND-ALONE APPLICATION CIRCUIT
from RF Receiver
VDD
HCS515
X
X
VDD
MCP100-450
Voltage Supervisor
VI
RST
X
GND
10KΩ
OUTPUT1
VDD
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
NC
NC
VSS
RF_IN
S_CLK
S_DAT
NC
14
X
13
X
12
11
10
9
8 X
10KΩ
VDD
RELAY SPST
VDD
LEARN
10KΩ
OUTPUT0
10KΩ
LED
RELAY SPST
NPN
DS40183E-page 14
NC
NC
VDD
S1
S0
MCLR
NC
NPN
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
5.0
DECODER PROGRAMMING
The memory is divided between system memory that
stores the transmitter information (read protected) and
user memory (read/write). Commands to access the
user memory are described in Sections 4.2.5 and
4.2.6.
The following information stored in system memory
needs to be programmed before the decoder can be
used:
5.1
Configuration Byte
The decoder is configured during initialization by setting the appropriate bits in the configuration byte. The
following table list the options:
Bit
Mnemonic
Description
0
LRN_MODE
1
2
Not Used
3
4
5
6
7
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Learning mode selection
LRN_MODE = 0 – Normal
Learn
LRN_MODE = 1 – Secure
Learn
Reserved
Repeat Transmission enable
0 = Disable
1 = Enabled
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
• 64-bit manufacturer’s code
• Decoder configuration byte
Note 1: These memory locations are read protected and can only be written to using
the program command with the device
powered up.
2: The contents of the system memory is
encrypted by a unique 64-bit key that
is stored in the HCS515. To initialize
the system memory, the HCS515’s
program command must be used.
5.1.1
REPEAT
LRN_MODE
LRN_MODE selects between two learning modes. With
LRN_MODE = 0, the Normal (serial number derived)
mode is selected; with LRN_MODE = 1, the Secure
(seed derived) mode is selected. See Section 6.0 for
more detail on learning modes.
5.1.2
REPEAT
The HCS515 can be configured to indicate repeated
transmissions. In a stand-alone configuration, repeated
transmissions must be disabled.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 15
HCS515
5.2
Programming Waveform
5.3
The programming command consists of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
A total of 80 bits are clocked into the decoder. The 8-bit
command byte is clocked in first, followed by the 8-bit
configuration byte and the 64-bit manufacturer’s code.
The data must be clocked in Least Significant bit (LSb)
first. The decoder will then encrypt the manufacturer’s
code using the decoder’s unique 64-bit EEPROM
encoder decryption key. After completion of the programming EEPROM, the decoder will acknowledge by
taking the data line high (G to H). If the data line goes
high within 30 ms after the clock goes high, programming also fails.
Command Request Sequence (A to B)
Command Byte (B to C)
Configuration Byte (C to D)
Manufacturer’s Code Eight Data Bytes (D to G)
Activation and Acknowledge Sequence (G to H)
FIGURE 5-1:
PROGRAMMING WAVEFORM
TCLKL
TREQ
Programming Data String
TDATA
TDATA
TCLKH
TSTART
TDATA
TDATA
TACK
TWTH
TDS
CLK
μC Data
MSB
LSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
TWTL
TRESP
HCS515
Data
START Command Command Byte
A
B
TABLE 5-1:
Symbol
Configuration Byte
C
Least Significant Byte
E
D
Most Significant Byte Acknowledge
F
G
H
PROGRAMMING COMMAND
Parameters
Sugg. Value
Min.
Max.
Units
d.o.d.
100
0.005
500
ms
10
1000
μs
TREQ
Command request time
TRESP
Acknowledge time
TSTART
Command request to first command bit
100
20
1000
μs
TCLKH
Clock high time
100
20
1000
μs
TCLKL
Clock low time
100
20
1000
μs
TDS
Data hold time
50
14
1000
μs
TDATA
Command last bit to data first bit
TACK
Command acknowledge time
TWTH
TWTL
Note:
100
10
1000
μs
d.o.d.
30
240
ms
Acknowledge respond time
100
20
1000
μs
Clock low to next command
100
10
—
μs
d.o.d. - depends on decoder status
These parameters are characterized but not tested
DS40183E-page 16
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
6.0
KEY GENERATION
The HCS515 supports two learning schemes which are selected during the initialization of the system EEPROM. The
learning schemes are:
• Normal learn using the KEELOQ decryption algorithm
• Secure learn using the KEELOQ decryption algorithm
6.1
Normal (Serial Number derived) Learn using the Decryption Algorithm
This learning scheme uses the KEELOQ decryption algorithm and the 28-bit serial number of the transmitter to derive
the encoder decryption key. The 28-bit serial number is patched with predefined values as indicated below to form two
32-bit seeds.
SourceH = 60000000 00000000H + Serial Number | 28 bits
SourceL = 20000000 00000000H + Serial Number | 28 bits
Then, using the KEELOQ decryption algorithm and the manufacturer’s code the encoder decryption key is
derived as follows:
KeyH Upper 32 bits = F KEELOQ Decryption (SourceH) | 64-bit Manufacturer’s Code
KeyL Lower 32 bits = F KEELOQ Decryption (SourceL) | 64-bit Manufacturer’s Code
6.2
Secure (Seed Derived) Learn using the Decryption Algorithm
This scheme uses the secure seed transmitted by the encoder to derive the two input seeds. The decoder always uses
the lower 64 bits of the transmission to form a 60-bit seed. The upper 4 bits are always forced to zero.
For 32-bit seed encoders:
SourceH = Serial Number Lower 28 bits
SourceL = Seed 32 bits
For 48-bit seed encoders:
SourceH = Seed Upper 16 bits + Serial Number Upper 16 bits (with upper 4 bits set to zero) << 16
SourceL = Seed Lower 32 bits
For 60-bit seed encoders:
SourceH = Seed Upper 28 bits with upper 4 bits set to zero
SourceL = Seed Lower 32 bits
The KEELOQ decryption algorithm and the manufacturer’s code is used to derive the encoder decryption key as
follows:
KeyH Upper 32 bits = Decrypt (SourceH) 64-bit Manufacturer’s Code
KeyL Lower 32 bits = Decrypt (SourceL) 64-bit Manufacturer’s Code
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 17
HCS515
7.0
7.1
ENCODERS
7.2
Transmission Format (PWM)
The encoder transmission is made up of several parts
(Figure 7-1). Each transmission begins with a
preamble and a header, followed by the encrypted and
then the fixed data. The actual data is 66/69 bits, which
consist of 32 bits of encrypted data and 34/37 bits of
non-encrypted data. Each transmission is followed by
a guard period before another transmission can begin.
The code hopping portion provides up to four billion
changing code combinations and includes the button
status bits (based on which buttons were activated),
along with the synchronization counter value and some
discrimination bits. The non-code hopping portion is
comprised of the status bits, the function bits, and the
28-bit serial number. The encrypted and non-encrypted
combined sections increase the number of combinations to 7.38 x 1019.
FIGURE 7-1:
Code Word Organization
The HCS encoder transmits a 66/69-bit code word
when a button is pressed. The 66/69-bit word is constructed from a code hopping portion and a non-code
hopping portion (Figure 7-2).
The Encrypted Data is generated from four button bits,
two overflow counter bits, ten discrimination bits, and
the 16-bit synchronization counter value.
The Non-encrypted Data is made up from 2 status
bits, 4 function bits, and the 28/32-bit serial number.
TRANSMISSION FORMAT (PWM)
TE
TE
TE
LOGIC "0"
LOGIC "1"
TBP
50% Preamble
FIGURE 7-2:
10xTE
Header
Fixed Code
Portion
Guard
Time
CODE WORD ORGANIZATION
34 bits of Fixed Portion
Repeat VLOW
(1-bit) (1-bit)
MSb
Button
Status
S2 S1 S0 S3
Serial Number
(28 bits)
32 bits of Encrypted Portion
Button
Status
S2 S1 S0 S3
OVR
DISC
(2 bits) (10 bits)
Sync Counter
(16 bits)
66 Data bits
Transmitted
LSb first.
Repeat VLOW
(1-bit) (1-bit)
MSb
Encrypted
Portion
Button
Status
1 1 1 1
Serial Number
(28 bits)
SEED
(32 bits)
SEED replaces Encrypted Portion when all button inputs are activated at the same time.
DS40183E-page 18
LSb
LSb
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
8.0
DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
The PIC® microcontrollers and dsPIC® digital signal
controllers are supported with a full range of software
and hardware development tools:
• Integrated Development Environment
- MPLAB® IDE Software
• Compilers/Assemblers/Linkers
- MPLAB C Compiler for Various Device
Families
- HI-TECH C for Various Device Families
- MPASMTM Assembler
- MPLINKTM Object Linker/
MPLIBTM Object Librarian
- MPLAB Assembler/Linker/Librarian for
Various Device Families
• Simulators
- MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
• Emulators
- MPLAB REAL ICE™ In-Circuit Emulator
• In-Circuit Debuggers
- MPLAB ICD 3
- PICkit™ 3 Debug Express
• Device Programmers
- PICkit™ 2 Programmer
- MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
• Low-Cost Demonstration/Development Boards,
Evaluation Kits, and Starter Kits
8.1
MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment Software
The MPLAB IDE software brings an ease of software
development previously unseen in the 8/16/32-bit
microcontroller market. The MPLAB IDE is a Windows®
operating system-based application that contains:
• A single graphical interface to all debugging tools
- Simulator
- Programmer (sold separately)
- In-Circuit Emulator (sold separately)
- In-Circuit Debugger (sold separately)
• A full-featured editor with color-coded context
• A multiple project manager
• Customizable data windows with direct edit of
contents
• High-level source code debugging
• Mouse over variable inspection
• Drag and drop variables from source to watch
windows
• Extensive on-line help
• Integration of select third party tools, such as
IAR C Compilers
The MPLAB IDE allows you to:
• Edit your source files (either C or assembly)
• One-touch compile or assemble, and download to
emulator and simulator tools (automatically
updates all project information)
• Debug using:
- Source files (C or assembly)
- Mixed C and assembly
- Machine code
MPLAB IDE supports multiple debugging tools in a
single development paradigm, from the cost-effective
simulators, through low-cost in-circuit debuggers, to
full-featured emulators. This eliminates the learning
curve when upgrading to tools with increased flexibility
and power.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 19
HCS515
8.2
MPLAB C Compilers for Various
Device Families
The MPLAB C Compiler code development systems
are complete ANSI C compilers for Microchip’s PIC18,
PIC24 and PIC32 families of microcontrollers and the
dsPIC30 and dsPIC33 families of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful integration
capabilities, superior code optimization and ease of
use.
For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide
symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE
debugger.
8.3
HI-TECH C for Various Device
Families
The HI-TECH C Compiler code development systems
are complete ANSI C compilers for Microchip’s PIC
family of microcontrollers and the dsPIC family of digital
signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful
integration capabilities, omniscient code generation
and ease of use.
For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide
symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE
debugger.
The compilers include a macro assembler, linker, preprocessor, and one-step driver, and can run on multiple
platforms.
8.4
MPASM Assembler
The MPASM Assembler is a full-featured, universal
macro assembler for PIC10/12/16/18 MCUs.
The MPASM Assembler generates relocatable object
files for the MPLINK Object Linker, Intel® standard HEX
files, MAP files to detail memory usage and symbol
reference, absolute LST files that contain source lines
and generated machine code and COFF files for
debugging.
The MPASM Assembler features include:
8.5
MPLINK Object Linker/
MPLIB Object Librarian
The MPLINK Object Linker combines relocatable
objects created by the MPASM Assembler and the
MPLAB C18 C Compiler. It can link relocatable objects
from precompiled libraries, using directives from a
linker script.
The MPLIB Object Librarian manages the creation and
modification of library files of precompiled code. When
a routine from a library is called from a source file, only
the modules that contain that routine will be linked in
with the application. This allows large libraries to be
used efficiently in many different applications.
The object linker/library features include:
• Efficient linking of single libraries instead of many
smaller files
• Enhanced code maintainability by grouping
related modules together
• Flexible creation of libraries with easy module
listing, replacement, deletion and extraction
8.6
MPLAB Assembler, Linker and
Librarian for Various Device
Families
MPLAB Assembler produces relocatable machine
code from symbolic assembly language for PIC24,
PIC32 and dsPIC devices. MPLAB C Compiler uses
the assembler to produce its object file. The assembler
generates relocatable object files that can then be
archived or linked with other relocatable object files and
archives to create an executable file. Notable features
of the assembler include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Support for the entire device instruction set
Support for fixed-point and floating-point data
Command line interface
Rich directive set
Flexible macro language
MPLAB IDE compatibility
• Integration into MPLAB IDE projects
• User-defined macros to streamline
assembly code
• Conditional assembly for multi-purpose
source files
• Directives that allow complete control over the
assembly process
DS40183E-page 20
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
8.7
MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator allows code
development in a PC-hosted environment by simulating the PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs on an instruction
level. On any given instruction, the data areas can be
examined or modified and stimuli can be applied from
a comprehensive stimulus controller. Registers can be
logged to files for further run-time analysis. The trace
buffer and logic analyzer display extend the power of
the simulator to record and track program execution,
actions on I/O, most peripherals and internal registers.
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator fully supports
symbolic debugging using the MPLAB C Compilers,
and the MPASM and MPLAB Assemblers. The software simulator offers the flexibility to develop and
debug code outside of the hardware laboratory environment, making it an excellent, economical software
development tool.
8.8
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit
Emulator System
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System is
Microchip’s next generation high-speed emulator for
Microchip Flash DSC and MCU devices. It debugs and
programs PIC® Flash MCUs and dsPIC® Flash DSCs
with the easy-to-use, powerful graphical user interface of
the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE),
included with each kit.
The emulator is connected to the design engineer’s PC
using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and is connected
to the target with either a connector compatible with incircuit debugger systems (RJ11) or with the new highspeed, noise tolerant, Low-Voltage Differential Signal
(LVDS) interconnection (CAT5).
The emulator is field upgradable through future firmware
downloads in MPLAB IDE. In upcoming releases of
MPLAB IDE, new devices will be supported, and new
features will be added. MPLAB REAL ICE offers
significant advantages over competitive emulators
including low-cost, full-speed emulation, run-time
variable watches, trace analysis, complex breakpoints, a
ruggedized probe interface and long (up to three meters)
interconnection cables.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
8.9
MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger
System
MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger System is Microchip's most cost effective high-speed hardware
debugger/programmer for Microchip Flash Digital Signal Controller (DSC) and microcontroller (MCU)
devices. It debugs and programs PIC® Flash microcontrollers and dsPIC® DSCs with the powerful, yet easyto-use graphical user interface of MPLAB Integrated
Development Environment (IDE).
The MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger probe is connected to the design engineer's PC using a high-speed
USB 2.0 interface and is connected to the target with a
connector compatible with the MPLAB ICD 2 or MPLAB
REAL ICE systems (RJ-11). MPLAB ICD 3 supports all
MPLAB ICD 2 headers.
8.10
PICkit 3 In-Circuit Debugger/
Programmer and
PICkit 3 Debug Express
The MPLAB PICkit 3 allows debugging and programming of PIC® and dsPIC® Flash microcontrollers at a
most affordable price point using the powerful graphical
user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment (IDE). The MPLAB PICkit 3 is connected
to the design engineer's PC using a full speed USB
interface and can be connected to the target via an
Microchip debug (RJ-11) connector (compatible with
MPLAB ICD 3 and MPLAB REAL ICE). The connector
uses two device I/O pins and the reset line to implement in-circuit debugging and In-Circuit Serial Programming™.
The PICkit 3 Debug Express include the PICkit 3, demo
board and microcontroller, hookup cables and CDROM
with user’s guide, lessons, tutorial, compiler and
MPLAB IDE software.
DS40183E-page 21
HCS515
8.11
PICkit 2 Development
Programmer/Debugger and
PICkit 2 Debug Express
The PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer/Debugger is
a low-cost development tool with an easy to use interface for programming and debugging Microchip’s Flash
families of microcontrollers. The full featured
Windows® programming interface supports baseline
(PIC10F,
PIC12F5xx,
PIC16F5xx),
midrange
(PIC12F6xx, PIC16F), PIC18F, PIC24, dsPIC30,
dsPIC33, and PIC32 families of 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit
microcontrollers, and many Microchip Serial EEPROM
products. With Microchip’s powerful MPLAB Integrated
Development Environment (IDE) the PICkit™ 2
enables in-circuit debugging on most PIC® microcontrollers. In-Circuit-Debugging runs, halts and single
steps the program while the PIC microcontroller is
embedded in the application. When halted at a breakpoint, the file registers can be examined and modified.
The PICkit 2 Debug Express include the PICkit 2, demo
board and microcontroller, hookup cables and CDROM
with user’s guide, lessons, tutorial, compiler and
MPLAB IDE software.
8.12
MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
The MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer is a universal,
CE compliant device programmer with programmable
voltage verification at VDDMIN and VDDMAX for
maximum reliability. It features a large LCD display
(128 x 64) for menus and error messages and a modular, detachable socket assembly to support various
package types. The ICSP™ cable assembly is included
as a standard item. In Stand-Alone mode, the MPLAB
PM3 Device Programmer can read, verify and program
PIC devices without a PC connection. It can also set
code protection in this mode. The MPLAB PM3
connects to the host PC via an RS-232 or USB cable.
The MPLAB PM3 has high-speed communications and
optimized algorithms for quick programming of large
memory devices and incorporates an MMC card for file
storage and data applications.
DS40183E-page 22
8.13
Demonstration/Development
Boards, Evaluation Kits, and
Starter Kits
A wide variety of demonstration, development and
evaluation boards for various PIC MCUs and dsPIC
DSCs allows quick application development on fully functional systems. Most boards include prototyping areas for
adding custom circuitry and provide application firmware
and source code for examination and modification.
The boards support a variety of features, including LEDs,
temperature sensors, switches, speakers, RS-232
interfaces, LCD displays, potentiometers and additional
EEPROM memory.
The demonstration and development boards can be
used in teaching environments, for prototyping custom
circuits and for learning about various microcontroller
applications.
In addition to the PICDEM™ and dsPICDEM™ demonstration/development board series of circuits, Microchip
has a line of evaluation kits and demonstration software
for analog filter design, KEELOQ® security ICs, CAN,
IrDA®, PowerSmart battery management, SEEVAL®
evaluation system, Sigma-Delta ADC, flow rate
sensing, plus many more.
Also available are starter kits that contain everything
needed to experience the specified device. This usually
includes a single application and debug capability, all
on one board.
Check the Microchip web page (www.microchip.com)
for the complete list of demonstration, development
and evaluation kits.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
9.0
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Absolute Maximum Ratings†
Ambient temperature under bias............................................................................................................ -40°C to +125°C
Storage temperature .............................................................................................................................. -65 °C to +150°C
Voltage on any pin with respect to VSS (except VDD)......................................................................... -0.6V to VDD +0.6V
Voltage on VDD with respect to Vss ..................................................................................................................0 to +7.0V
Total power dissipation (Note) .............................................................................................................................700 mW
Maximum current out of VSS pin ...........................................................................................................................200 mA
Maximum current into VDD pin ..............................................................................................................................150 mA
Input clamp current, IIK (VI < 0 or VI > VDD) .........................................................................................................± 20 mA
Output clamp current, IOK (VO < 0 or VO >VDD) ..................................................................................................± 20 mA
Maximum output current sunk by any I/O pin..........................................................................................................25 mA
Maximum output current sourced by any I/O pin ....................................................................................................25 mA
Note:
†
Power dissipation is calculated as follows: PDIS = VDD x {IDD - ∑IOH} + ∑{(VDD–VOH) x IOH} + ∑(VOL x IOL)
NOTICE: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the
device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 23
HCS515
TABLE 9-1:
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
Commercial (C):
0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
Min.
Typ.(†)
Max.
Units
Conditions
VDD
Supply voltage
4.5
—
5.5
V
—
VPOR
VDD start voltage to
ensure RESET
—
Vss
—
V
—
SVDD
VDD rise rate to
ensure RESET
0.05*
—
—
V/ms
—
IDD
Supply current
—
1.8
2.
mA
FOSC = 4 MHz, VDD = 5.5V
IPD
Power-Down Current
—
10
50
μA
VDD = 4.5V
VIL
Input low voltage
VSS
—
V
MCLR = .2 VDD
VSS
—
0.8
V
VDD between 4.5V and 5.5V
VIH
Input high voltage
0.25 VDD + 0.8
—
VDD
VOL
Output low voltage
—
—
0.6
V
IOL = 8.5 mA, VDD = 4.5V
VOH
Output high voltage
VDD - 0.7
—
—
V
IOH = -3 mA, VDD = 4.5V
V
VDD between 4.5V and 5.5V
V
Except MCLR = 0.80 VDD
† Data in “Typ” column is at 5.0V, 25° C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance only
and are not tested.
* These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Note:
Negative current is defined as coming out of the pin.
TABLE 9-2:
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
TE
TOD
TMCLR
TOV
Parameters
Typ.
Max.
Units
Conditions
Transmit elemental period
65
—
660
μs
—
Output delay
48
75
237
ms
—
MCLR low time
150
—
—
ns
—
—
150
222
ms
—
Time output valid
Note:
Min.
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
FIGURE 9-1:
RESET WATCHDOG TIMER, OSCILLATOR START-UP TIMER AND POWER-UP
TIMER TIMING
VDD
MCLR
TMCLR
Tov
I/O Pins
DS40183E-page 24
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
9.1
AC Electrical Characteristics
9.1.1
VALID TRANSMISSION NOTIFICATION
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TDHI
Command request time
0.0050
—
500
ms
TCLA
Micro request acknowledge time
0.0050
—
1
ms
TACK
Decoder Acknowledge time
—
—
4
μs
TACT
Start Command mode to
first command bit
20
—
1200
μs
TCLKH
Clock high time
20
—
1000
μs
TCLKL
Clock low time
20
—
1000
μs
FCLK
Clock frequency
500
—
25000
Hz
Data hold time
14
—
1000
μs
TDS
Note:
9.1.2
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
COMMAND MODE ACTIVATION
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TREQ
Command request time
0.0050
—
500
ms
TRESP
Microcontroller request
acknowledge time
—
—
1
ms
Decoder acknowledge time
—
—
4
μs
TSTART
Start Command mode to first
command bit
20
—
1000
μs
TCLKH
Clock high time
20
—
1000
μs
TCLKL
Clock low time
20
—
1000
μs
FCLK
Clock frequency
500
—
25000
Hz
TACK
TDS
Data hold time
14
—
—
μs
TCMD
Command validate time
—
—
10
μs
TADDR
Address validate time
—
—
10
μs
Data validate time
—
—
10
μs
TDATA
Note:
9.1.3
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
READ FROM USER EEPROM COMMAND
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
TRD
Note:
Parameters
Decoder EEPROM read time
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
1000
—
2000
μs
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 25
HCS515
9.1.4
WRITE TO USER EEPROM COMMAND
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TWR
Write command activation time
Parameters
20
—
1000
μs
TACK
EEPROM write acknowledge time
—
—
10
ms
TRESP
Microcontroller acknowledge
response time
20
—
1000
μs
TACK2
Decoder response
acknowledge time
—
—
10
μs
Note:
9.1.5
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
ERASE ALL COMMAND
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TERA
Learn command activation time
20
—
1000
μs
TACK
Decoder acknowledge time
20
—
210
ms
Microcontroller acknowledge
response time
20
—
1000
μs
Decoder data line low
—
—
10
μs
TRESP
TACK2
Note:
9.1.6
Parameters
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
ACTIVATE LEARN COMMAND IN MICRO MODE
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70 °C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TLRN
Learn command activation time
20
—
1000
μs
TACK
Decoder acknowledge time
—
—
20
μs
Microcontroller acknowledge
response time
20
—
1000
μs
Decoder data line low
—
—
10
μs
TRESP
TACK2
Note:
9.1.7
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
ACTIVATE LEARN COMMAND IN STAND-ALONE MODE
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
—
—
100
ms
TREQ
Command request time
TLRN
Learn command activation time
—
—
2
s
TERA
Erase-all command activation time
—
—
6
s
Note:
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
DS40183E-page 26
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
9.1.8
LEARN STATUS STRING
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified):
Commercial (C): 0°C ≤TA ≤+70°C
Industrial (I):
-40°C ≤TA ≤+85°C
Symbol
Parameters
TDHI
Command request time
TCLA
Microcontroller command
request time
TACT
Decoder request acknowledge time
TCLH
Clock high hold time
TCLL
Clock low hold time
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
—
—
500
ms
0.005
—
500
ms
—
—
10
μs
1.2
ms
0.020
—
1.2
ms
TCLKH
Clock high time
20
—
1000
μs
TCLKL
Clock low time
20
—
1000
μs
FCLK
Clock frequency
500
—
25000
Hz
TDS
Data hold time
—
—
5
μs
Note:
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
FIGURE 9-2:
TYPICAL MICROCONTROLLER INTERFACE CIRCUIT
X
X
VDD
MCP100-450
Voltage Supervisor
VI G VO
N
D
RF
Receiver
HCS515
VDD
X
X
X
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
NC
NC
VDD
S1
S0
MCLR
NC
NC
NC
VSS
RF_IN
S_CLK
S_DAT
NC
14
X
13
X
12
11
10
9
8 X
RST
Microcontroller
CLK
DAT
10K
In-circuit
Programming
Probe Pads
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 27
HCS515
10.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
10.1
Package Marking Information
14-Lead PDIP
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
HCS515
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
0025NNN
14-Lead SOIC
Example
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
Legend:
Note:
*
XX...X
YY
WW
NNN
HCS515
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
0025NNN
Customer specific information*
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line thus limiting the number of available characters
for customer specific information.
Standard OTP marking consists of Microchip part number, year code, week code, and traceability code.
For OTP marking beyond this, certain price adders apply. Please check with your Microchip Sales Office.
For QTP devices, any special marking adders are included in QTP price.
DS40183E-page 28
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
10.2
Package Details
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© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 29
HCS515
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
DS40183E-page 30
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 31
HCS515
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DS40183E-page 32
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
APPENDIX A:
ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
Microchip’s Secure Data Products are covered by
some or all of the following:
Code hopping encoder patents issued in European
countries and U.S.A.
Secure learning patents issued in European countries,
U.S.A. and R.S.A.
REVISION HISTORY
Revision E (June 2011)
• Updated the following sections: Development Support, The Microchip Web Site, Reader Response
and HCS515 Product Identification System
• Added new section Appendix A
• Minor formatting and text changes were incorporated
throughout the document
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 33
HCS515
THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at
www.microchip.com. This web site is used as a means
to make files and information easily available to
customers. Accessible by using your favorite Internet
browser, the web site contains the following
information:
Users of Microchip products can receive assistance
through several channels:
• Product Support – Data sheets and errata,
application notes and sample programs, design
resources, user’s guides and hardware support
documents, latest software releases and archived
software
• General Technical Support – Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ), technical support requests,
online discussion groups, Microchip consultant
program member listing
• Business of Microchip – Product selector and
ordering guides, latest Microchip press releases,
listing of seminars and events, listings of
Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory
representatives
•
•
•
•
•
Distributor or Representative
Local Sales Office
Field Application Engineer (FAE)
Technical Support
Development Systems Information Line
Customers
should
contact
their
distributor,
representative or field application engineer (FAE) for
support. Local sales offices are also available to help
customers. A listing of sales offices and locations is
included in the back of this document.
Technical support is available through the web site
at: http://microchip.com/support
CUSTOMER CHANGE NOTIFICATION
SERVICE
Microchip’s customer notification service helps keep
customers current on Microchip products. Subscribers
will receive e-mail notification whenever there are
changes, updates, revisions or errata related to a
specified product family or development tool of interest.
To register, access the Microchip web site at
www.microchip.com. Under “Support”, click on
“Customer Change Notification” and follow the
registration instructions.
DS40183E-page 34
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
HCS515
READER RESPONSE
It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip
product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our
documentation can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at
(480) 792-4150.
Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this document.
TO:
Technical Publications Manager
RE:
Reader Response
Total Pages Sent ________
From: Name
Company
Address
City / State / ZIP / Country
Telephone: (_______) _________ - _________
FAX: (______) _________ - _________
Application (optional):
Would you like a reply?
Y
N
Device: HCS515
Literature Number: DS40183E
Questions:
1. What are the best features of this document?
2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs?
3. Do you find the organization of this document easy to follow? If not, why?
4. What additions to the document do you think would enhance the structure and subject?
5. What deletions from the document could be made without affecting the overall usefulness?
6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)?
7. How would you improve this document?
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 35
HCS515
HCS515 PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
HCS515 —
/P
Package:
P = Plastic DIP (300 mil Body), 14-lead
SL = Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 14-lead
Temperature
Range:
Device:
Blank = 0°C to +70°C
I = –40°C to +85°C
HCS515
HCS515T
DS40183E-page 36
Code Hopping Decoder
Code Hopping Decoder (Tape and Reel)
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR
WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION,
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC,
KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART,
PIC32 logo, rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of
Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other
countries.
FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor,
MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control
Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial
Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified
logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Omniscient Code
Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit,
PICtail, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total Endurance,
TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA are
trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the
U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2011, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
ISBN: 978-1-61341-227-5
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California
and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures
are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS40183E-page 37
Worldwide Sales and Service
AMERICAS
ASIA/PACIFIC
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Corporate Office
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 480-792-7200
Fax: 480-792-7277
Technical Support:
http://www.microchip.com/
support
Web Address:
www.microchip.com
Asia Pacific Office
Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor
Tower 6, The Gateway
Harbour City, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
India - Bangalore
Tel: 91-80-3090-4444
Fax: 91-80-3090-4123
India - New Delhi
Tel: 91-11-4160-8631
Fax: 91-11-4160-8632
Austria - Wels
Tel: 43-7242-2244-39
Fax: 43-7242-2244-393
Denmark - Copenhagen
Tel: 45-4450-2828
Fax: 45-4485-2829
India - Pune
Tel: 91-20-2566-1512
Fax: 91-20-2566-1513
France - Paris
Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20
Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79
Japan - Yokohama
Tel: 81-45-471- 6166
Fax: 81-45-471-6122
Germany - Munich
Tel: 49-89-627-144-0
Fax: 49-89-627-144-44
Atlanta
Duluth, GA
Tel: 678-957-9614
Fax: 678-957-1455
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Westborough, MA
Tel: 774-760-0087
Fax: 774-760-0088
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Fax: 630-285-0075
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Tel: 216-447-0464
Fax: 216-447-0643
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Fax: 972-818-2924
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Tel: 248-538-2250
Fax: 248-538-2260
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Santa Clara, CA
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Fax: 408-961-6445
Toronto
Mississauga, Ontario,
Canada
Tel: 905-673-0699
Fax: 905-673-6509
Australia - Sydney
Tel: 61-2-9868-6733
Fax: 61-2-9868-6755
China - Beijing
Tel: 86-10-8569-7000
Fax: 86-10-8528-2104
China - Chengdu
Tel: 86-28-8665-5511
Fax: 86-28-8665-7889
China - Chongqing
Tel: 86-23-8980-9588
Fax: 86-23-8980-9500
Korea - Seoul
Tel: 82-2-554-7200
Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or
82-2-558-5934
China - Hangzhou
Tel: 86-571-2819-3180
Fax: 86-571-2819-3189
Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 60-3-6201-9857
Fax: 60-3-6201-9859
China - Hong Kong SAR
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
Malaysia - Penang
Tel: 60-4-227-8870
Fax: 60-4-227-4068
China - Nanjing
Tel: 86-25-8473-2460
Fax: 86-25-8473-2470
Philippines - Manila
Tel: 63-2-634-9065
Fax: 63-2-634-9069
China - Qingdao
Tel: 86-532-8502-7355
Fax: 86-532-8502-7205
Singapore
Tel: 65-6334-8870
Fax: 65-6334-8850
China - Shanghai
Tel: 86-21-5407-5533
Fax: 86-21-5407-5066
Taiwan - Hsin Chu
Tel: 886-3-6578-300
Fax: 886-3-6578-370
China - Shenyang
Tel: 86-24-2334-2829
Fax: 86-24-2334-2393
Taiwan - Kaohsiung
Tel: 886-7-213-7830
Fax: 886-7-330-9305
China - Shenzhen
Tel: 86-755-8203-2660
Fax: 86-755-8203-1760
Taiwan - Taipei
Tel: 886-2-2500-6610
Fax: 886-2-2508-0102
China - Wuhan
Tel: 86-27-5980-5300
Fax: 86-27-5980-5118
Thailand - Bangkok
Tel: 66-2-694-1351
Fax: 66-2-694-1350
Italy - Milan
Tel: 39-0331-742611
Fax: 39-0331-466781
Netherlands - Drunen
Tel: 31-416-690399
Fax: 31-416-690340
Spain - Madrid
Tel: 34-91-708-08-90
Fax: 34-91-708-08-91
UK - Wokingham
Tel: 44-118-921-5869
Fax: 44-118-921-5820
China - Xian
Tel: 86-29-8833-7252
Fax: 86-29-8833-7256
China - Xiamen
Tel: 86-592-2388138
Fax: 86-592-2388130
China - Zhuhai
Tel: 86-756-3210040
Fax: 86-756-3210049
DS40183E-page 38
Korea - Daegu
Tel: 82-53-744-4301
Fax: 82-53-744-4302
05/02/11
© 2011 Microchip Technology Inc.