FPD85310 Panel Timing Controller General Description Features The FPD85310 Panel Timing Controller is an integrated FPD-Link based TFT-LCD timing controller. It resides on the flat panel display and provides the interface signal routing and timing control between graphics or video controllers and a TFT-LCD system. FPD-Link is a low power, low electromagnetic interference interface used between this controller and the host system. The FPD85310 chip links the panel’s system interface to the display via a ten wire LVDS data bus. That data is then routed to the source and gate display drivers. XGA and SVGA resolutions are supported. The FPD85310 is programmable via an optional external serial EEPROM. Reserved space in the EEPROM is available for display identification information. The system can access the EEPROM to read the display identification data or program initialization values used by the FPD85310. n FPD-Link System Interface utilizes Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS). n System programmable via EEPROM n Suitable for notebook and monitor applications n 8-bit or 6-bit system interface n XGA or SVGA capable n Supports single or dual port column drivers n Programmable outputs provide customized control for standard or in-house column drivers and row drivers n Fail-safe operation prevents panel damage with system clock failure n Programmable skew rate controlled outputs on CD interface for reduced EMI n Polarity pin reduces CD data bus switching n CMOS circuitry operates from a 3.3V supply System Diagram DS101086-1 TRI-STATE ® is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation. © 1999 National Semiconductor Corporation DS101086 www.national.com FPD85310 Panel Timing Controller September 1999 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) ESD Rating: (CZAP = 120 pF, RZAP = 1500Ω) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Supply Voltage (VDD) DC Input Voltage (VIN) DC Output Voltage (VOUT) Storage Temperature Range (TSTG) Lead Temperature (TL) (Soldering 10 sec.) −0.5V to VDD −0.5V to VDD Operating Conditions 4.1V +0.5V +0.5V Min 3.0 0 Supply Voltage (VDD) Operating Temp. Range (TA) −65˚C to +150˚C Max 3.6 70 Units V ˚C Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are those values beyond which the safety of the device cannot be guaranteed. They are not meant to imply that the devices should be operated at these limits. The table of “Electrical Characteristics” specifies conditions of device operation. 260˚C DC Electrical Characteristics Symbol MM = 200V, HBM = 2000V TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V ± 0.3V (unless otherwise specified) Parameter Conditions VOH Minimum High Level Output Voltage VDD = 3.0V, IOH = 1 mA VOL Maximum Low Level Output Voltage VDD = 3.0V, IOL = 1 mA VIH Minimum High Level Input Voltage VIL Maximum Low Level Input Voltage Min Max Units 2.4 V 0.4 V 2.0 V 0.8 V IIN Input Current VIN = VDD 10 µA IOZ Maximum TRI-STATE Output Leakage Current VIN = VDD, VIN = VSS 10 µA IDD Average Supply Current f = 65 MHz, CLOAD = 50 pF 312 mA VTHH Differential Input High Threshold Common Mode Voltage = +1.2V +100 mV VTHL Differential Input Low Threshold Common Mode Voltage = +1.2V Device Specifications Symbol -100 mV TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V (unless otherwise specified) Max Units RPLLS Receiver Phase Lock Loop Set Time Parameter Conditions Min 10 ms RCCS RxIN Channel-to-Channel Skew (Note 2) 700 ps Note 2: This limit assumes a maximum cable skew of 350 ps. Actual automated test equipment limit is 400 ps due to tester accuracy. DS101086-12 FIGURE 1. FPD85310 (Receiver) Phase Lock Loop Set Time www.national.com 2 Device Specifications TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V (unless otherwise specified) (Continued) DS101086-13 Note 3: Measurements at VDIFF = 0V Note 4: RCCS measured between earliest and latest LVDS edges Note 5: *RxIN3 pair (RxIN_3 ± ) is option for 24-bit color depth FIGURE 2. FPD85310 (Receiver) Channel-to-Channel Skew and Pulse Width DS101086-14 FIGURE 3. FPD85310’s (Receiver) Format of the Input Data Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Max Units SPsetup E/OSP from E/OCLK 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 8 SPhold E/OSP from E/OCLK 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 8 ns ns RGBsetup ER/EG/EB/OR/OG/OB from E/OCLK 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 8 ns RGBhold ER/EG/EB/OR/OG/OB from E/OCLK 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 8 ns CLKpw E/OCLK pulsewidth 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 11 ns CLKperiod E/OCLK period 65 MHz Video (Note 6) 25 ns Note 6: Timing applies to Dual Bus output modes. DS101086-15 FIGURE 4. Column Driver Bus AC Timing 3 www.national.com Device Specifications TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V (unless otherwise specified) (Continued) DS101086-16 FIGURE 5. Vertical Backporch Definition (Video Data from Host) DS101086-17 FIGURE 6. Horizontal Backporch Definition (Video Data from Host) DS101086-18 Internal Pixel Count final value = pixels per line/2 Maximum Internal Pixel Count = 1024 (32.5 MHz clocks) Internal Pixel Count is used to generate the horizontal_component for GPO generation See Figure 9 **Without Blanking control (GPO8), random data may be observed during 16 OCLK and discontinuous 1 OCLK before E/OSP, but it should not be affected to actual image. FIGURE 7. Internal Pixel Count Used for GPO Control Generation www.national.com 4 Device Specifications TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V (unless otherwise specified) (Continued) DS101086-19 LC = lines per frame count, LCmax = 2048 lines Internal Line Count is used to generate the vertical component for GPO generation See Figure 9 FIGURE 8. Internal Line Count Used for GPO Control Generation GPO Generation DS101086-20 GPO Combination Select DS101086-21 FIGURE 9. GPO Control Generation 5 www.national.com Device Specifications TA = 0˚C to 70˚C, VDD = 3.3V (unless otherwise specified) (Continued) FPD85310 Default Timing DS101086-22 Vertical Backporch = 35 Lines/Frame = ∼825 Pixels/Line = ∼1200 Horizontal Backporch = ∼100 Displayed pixels/line = 1024 (Valid data during ENAB High time) Displayed lines/frames = 768 Frequency = 65 MHz (or less) Block Diagram DS101086-3 www.national.com 6 Functional Description Programmable Skew Rates Programmable edge rates allow the Data, Polarity, Start Pulse, and Clock outputs to be adjusted for better impedance matching for noise and EMI reduction. Bits [7:6] of the Output Enable/Polarity Control Register control OSP and ESP outputs. The Output Drive Control register control the OCLK, ECLK, ORGB/OPOL, ERGB/EPOL outputs. FPD-LINK RECEIVER The LVDS based FPD-Link Receiver receives inputs video data and control timing. Four LVDS channels plus clock provide 24-bit color. Three LVDS channels can be used for 18-bit color. The video data is regenerated to a parallel data stream and routed to the 8 to 6 Bit Translator. When SPDZ is active (low) the FPD85310 is placed in a power down mode. The General Purpose Outputs (GPOs) continue outputting the programmed control sequence at a reduced frame rate. RSTZ initialized the chip with the default register values. EEPROM configuration data is loaded if EEPROM is detected. (EEPROM address 80H = “00”). Polarity Generation When enabled, a polarity indication is output for each data bus. If the number of transitions from pixel to pixel exceed 18 bits from 36 bits, the data is inverted and a polarity indication corresponding to that bus is set active. This requires the use of a CD with a polarity input and in “SKEWED” mode, OPOL and EPOL are separated for each skewing then two port CD need to be two polarity inputs. Polarity Generation is not supported in the single bus/single port CD configuration (SVGA configuration). The polarity function is enabled by setting bit 6 of the Output Format Control register (EEPROM address D2). The OCLK and ECLK polarity is also programmable. Inversion and TRI-STATE control of OCLK and ECLK is provided by bits [3:0] of the Output Enable/Polarity Control Register. The ERGB/ESP/EPOL and ORGB/OSP/OPAL outputs can be disabled (TRI-STATE) using bits [5:4] of the Output Enable/Polarity Control register. 8 to 6 Bit Translator 8-bit data is reduced to a 6-bit data path via a time multiplexed dithering technique or a simple truncation of the LSBs. This function is enabled via the Input Control Register bits 4 and 3. See Table 2 Input Format Control register. DATA ALIGNMENT This function delays and aligns data to match the CD/panel architect. The following programmable selections in the Output Format Control Register bits 0 and 1 provide support for various panel architectures. See Figures 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 for additional explanation. Programmable Positioning of CD Start Pulse The position of the CD Start Pulse is programmable. This allows use with column drivers having non-standard start pulse timing. The CD Start Pulse position is determined by bits [3:0] of the Output Format Control Register (EEPROM address D3). Dual Bus, Single Port CD Interface When interfacing two busses to a bank of single port column drivers, the RGB data must be aligned/delayed with respect to the size of the column drivers being used. The CD Size register is programmed to support single port column drivers of up to 384 outputs (128 pixels). Data Blanking Data, Polarity, Start Pulse and Clock can be blanked (forced to “0”) during horizontal and/or vertical blanking periods. GPO  is programmed to correspond to display periods. When GPO  is low, outputs are forced to “0”. This reduces amount of switching over the frame time thus reducing power. See GPO programming procedure in APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples. Dual Bus, Dual Port CD Interface When interfacing with dual port column drivers, data is simply output with odd and even data on separate outputs. Single Bus, Single Port CD Interface The single bus, single port column driver interface provides support of existing SVGA systems. All data is output on a single bus. The second bus can be turned off when using this configuration. Line Inversion When enabled (Bit 3 of the Output Format Register), the polarity of the output data is determined by GPO . Bit 4 defines the relationship between GPO  and the output data. Bit 5 provides a variation of this where the Odd and Even data is of different polarity. This could be used in a system with CDs on both top and bottom of the panel in which dot inversion is desired. Output Formatting The output formatting function provides several capabilities to reduce noise EMI and to generate customized timing. These capabilities are selectable/programmable via the Output Format Control, Output Enable/Polarity Control, and Output Drive Control Registers. See Table 2 for specific bit definitions. White Data The White Data function generates all “1” data beginning at line 769 and continuing until the beginning of the next frame. This function is controlled via D6 Register Bit 7. Data Bus Skewing This function aligns the two output channels in either a nonskewed data format (simultaneous switching) or a skewed data format. The skewed format delays the even channel data and control by 1⁄2 clock. This reduces the number of outputs which switch simultaneously. See Figures 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. Data Bus Skewing is enabled by setting bit 2 in the Output Format Control register. Timing Control The Timing Control function generates control to column drivers, row drivers, and power supply. The programmable GPOs provide for CD latch pulse, REV, and gate driver control generation. The GPOs allow the user to generate control anywhere within the frame data. Standard gate driver inter- 7 www.national.com Functional Description Fixed Vertical, Fixed Horizontal (Continued) The horizontal timing is fixed and determined by the Horizontal Backporch register. The vertical timing is also fixed and determined by the Vertical Backporch register. ENAB is ignored and is not necessary. face or custom gate interfaces can be implemented with the nine GPOs. Note that GPO  must be used for output blanking control. Five registers provide the timing definition for each GPO. The Horizontal Start register defines the output pixel number for which the GPO output goes active. The Horizontal duration register determines how many clocks the output will remain active during the line. The Vertical Start register defines at what line # the output becomes active, and the Vertical duration register defines how many lines the output remains active. Each output has a control register (bit 0) which defines the GPO polarity (active high or low). Another bit in the control register (bit 1) enables the “toggle” mode. This mode is useful in REV generation when alternating polarity is required from line to line. Frame to Frame polarity changes are made by programming an odd # in the vertical duration register when in “toggle” mode. Two of the General Purpose Outputs have additional capabilities. GPO  controls output blanking and must be used for this purpose. If output blanking is not desired, this register must be programmed to always be active. White data generation (all “1” data) at the end of each frame is generated when D6 register bit 7 is set. When this bit is set, white data is output after line #768 if GPO  is active. GPO  is capable of performing line inversion on the output data. Bits [5:3] of the Output Format Control register provides control for this function. See APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples. Fixed Vertical, ENAB Controlled Horizontal The horizontal timing is controlled by the ENAB timing. The vertical timing is fixed and determined by the Vertical Backporch register. ENAB Only In ENAB Only timing, VSYNC and HSYNC are ignored. All timing is derived from the ENAB signal. Failure Detection The FPD85310 detects the loss of (necessary) control from the system. VSYNC, HSYNC, ENAB, and CLK are monitored for failure conditions. Failure condition is detected whenever the input clock stops or when control necessary for the operational mode is inactive. Failure conditions result in outputting a default video stream to the panel. Depending on the mode, loss of CLK, ENAB, HSYNC and/or VSYNC will result in fail condition output timing. The FPD85310 has an internal oscillator used for input clock failure detection. If the input clock quits toggling, the internal oscillator generates the control timing to the column drivers and row drivers. The internal ring oscillator is disabled when a “1” is applied to the TEST  pin. This will, of course, disable the clock failure detection capability of the FPD85310. Further description of the failure detection modes is given in Table 4. SERIAL EEPROM INTERFACE The Serial EEPROM Interface controls the FPD85310 initialization. If the EEPROM is not present (EESD and EESC are pulled high), or if EEPROM address 80H is not “00”, the internal default values are used to initialize all programmable functions of the FPD85310. At power-up, the FPD85310 configures the internal programmable registers with data from the EEPROM. After the FPD85310 is initialized, the EEPROM can be accessed by the system in which display configuration and manufacturing information can be obtained. The EEPROM can be programmed “in system” providing quick evaluation of different display timing. External access to the EEPROM must be preceded by applying a “1” to pin TEST  in order to interrupt the FPD85310 download. The FPD85310 initialization data begins at EEPROM address 80H. The first 128 bytes (0-7F) are reserved for display identification data. A power-up delay can be programmed using bits [6:5] of the Input Format Control Register. This delays outputting (driving) of the data and control for up to 5 frame times after reset. The TEST  pin must be low for a power-up delay to occur. VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL REFERENCE GENERATOR AND FAILURE DETECTION This block provides Vertical and Horizontal Reference points for the Timing Control Function. VSYNC, HSYNC and ENAB along with programmable control from the input control register bits 0 and 1 (FIX HORIZONTAL and FIX VERTICAL) are used to determine when the video from the host is valid. Three input modes are supported. See Table 1. www.national.com 8 Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 1. Input Mode Definition INPUT FORMAT FIXED VERTICAL, FIXED HORIZONTAL determined by the INPUT CONTROL REGISTER bits [1:0] HORIZONTAL DATA START VERTICAL DATA START FIXED VERTICAL, FIXED HORIZONTAL (FIX VERTICAL = 1, FIX HORIZONTAL = 1) Programmable from HSYNC Falling Edge (# INPUT CLKS) Programmable from VSYNC Falling Edge (# HSYNC PERIODS) FIXED VERTICAL, ENAB HORIZONTAL (FIXED VERTICAL = 1, FIXED HORIZONTAL = 0) Data Valid during ENAB high (HSYNC is IGNORED) Programmable from VSYNC Falling Fdge (# HSYNC PERIODS) ENAB ONLY (FIXED VERTICAL = 0, FIXED HORIZONTAL = 0) Data Valid during ENAB High (HSYNC is IGNORED) First ENAB after ENAB low for greater than one line time (VSYNC is IGNORED) Note: INPUT CONTROL REGISTER bit “Enab Detection” provides for “auto-detection” of ENAB. When “1” and Enab is not toggling, the controller will automatically set the input mode to Fixed Vertical, Fixed Horizontal. 9 www.national.com Functional Description values are used. The following parameters are initialized at power up. Pullups must be used on EE_SD and EE_SC pins. (Continued) PROGRAMMABLE REGISTERS At power-up, data is read from an external EEPROM. If anything other than 00H is read back on the first EEPROM access (indicating EEPROM not present), the internal default TABLE 2. FPD85310 Programmable Register Definition Control Registers Output Format Control EEPROM Address D2 The control registers provide mode setting information to the input and output interfaces. [1:0] “00” = Dual Bus, Single port CD interface “01” = Dual Bus, Dual port CD interface “10” = Single Bus, Single port CD interface “11” = Not implemented (defaults to “10”)  “0” = Non-Skewed outputs “1” = Skewed outputs  “0” = Data inversion is disabled “1” = Data inversion is enabled  “0” = Data inversion when GPO is “0” “1” = Data inversion when GPO is “1”  “0” = Even and Odd data inversion when data inversion is enabled “1” = Odd data inversion determined by bit, Even data opposite of Odd data  “0” = Polarity Function disabled “1” = Polarity Function enabled  “0” = OPOL/EPOL = 0 when data is inverted [1:0] Odd Start Pulse Offset “1” = OPOL/EPOL = 1 when data is inverted D3 “00” = Start pulse 0 clocks before data “01” = Start pulse 1 clock before data “10” = Start pulse 2 clocks before data “11” = Start pulse 3 clocks before data [3:2] Even Start Pulse Offset “00” = Start pulse 0 clocks before data “01” = Start pulse 1 clock before data “10” = Start pulse 2 clocks before data “11” = Start pulse 3 clocks before data [7:4] Unused Pixels “0000” = no unconnected pixels at beginning of first CD “0001” = 1 unconnected pixel at beginning of first CD “0010” = 2 unconnected pixels at beginning of first CD ... ... “1111” = 15 unconnected pixels at beginning of first CD www.national.com 10 Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 2. FPD85310 Programmable Register Definition (Continued) Control Registers Output Enable/Polarity Control EEPROM Address DB The control registers provide mode setting information to the input and output interfaces.  OCLK Enable (1-On, 0-TRI-STATE)  OCLK Polarity (1-Per Datasheet, 0-Inverted)  ECLK Enable (1-On, 0-TRI-STATE)  ECLK Polarity (1-Per Datasheet, 0-Inverted)  ORGB/OSP/OPOL Enable (1-On, 0-TRI-STATE)  ERGB/ESP/EPOL Enable (1-On, 0-TRI-STATE) [7:6] OSP/ESP Control [7,6] Output 0,0 Lowest Drive 0,1 .. 1,0 .. 1,1 Highest Drive Output Drive Control D4 [1:0] OCLK Control [3:2] ECLK Control [5:4] ORGB/OPOL Control [7:6] ERGB/EPOL Control [A,B] CD Size D5 [7:0] Output 0,0 Lowest Drive 0,1 .. 1,0 .. 1,1 Highest Drive = # Data/CD This number defines how many contiguous pixels are output on the odd and even data channels for the single port CD interface. CD sizes of up to 128 pixel (384 channel) are supported. A minimum value of 20H must be programmed regardless of CD interface used. Input Format Control D6  Fix Vertical “0” = Vertical position dependent on first ENAB from VSYNC “1” = Vertical position dependent on Vertical Backporch Register  Fix Horizontal “0” = Horizontal position dependent on ENAB “1” = Horizontal position dependent on Horizontal Backporch Register *See Table 1 for valid mode combinations.  Enab detection “0” = Enab detection off “1” = Enab detection on (detects if Enab is toggling) Auto Mode switching when Enab detection = “1” Fix Vertical Fix Horizontal Enab Toggling 0 0 Yes ENAB ONLY 0 0 No FV/FH 1 0 Yes FV/ENAB HORIZ 1 0 No FV/FH 1 1 X FV/FH Operating Mode Note: Input sync. need to be proceeded before RSTZ goes “high” to determine the “Operating Mode” 11 www.national.com Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 2. FPD85310 Programmable Register Definition (Continued) Control Registers EEPROM Address The control registers provide mode setting information to the input and output interfaces.  Enable/Disable Virtual 8-bit (8-bit input only) “0” = Virtual 8-bit enabled “1” = Virtual 8-bit disabled (Truncate LSBs)  Eight/Six Bit Video “0” = Six Bit Video “1” = Eight Bit Video [6:5] Power-up Delay (TEST2 must be “0”) “00” = Outputs active after second VSYNC “01” = Outputs active after third VSYNC “10” = Outputs active after fourth VSYNC “11” = Outputs active after fifth VSYNC  White Data Generation “0” = No white data generation “1” = Enables white data generation during vertical blanking Vertical Backporch (11 bits) DA, D9 # of HSYNCS from VSYNC falling edge until start of video Horizontal Backporch (11 bits) D8, D7 # of 65 MHz clocks after the falling edge of HSYNC until start of video General Purpose Output Registers (9 sets) See Table 3 EEPROM Memory Map The GPO registers provide complete control over placement of control edges/strobes within the data frame. The GPO timing registers (Vertical Start, Vertical Duration, Horizontal Start, and Horizontal Duration) define the control timing relative to the internal line and pixel counters. The line counter corresponds to the line being displayed. The pixel counter corresponds to the pixel output each line. The Control Register provides polarity selection and/or generation of a line to line frame-to-frame alternating signal (REV). Each General Purpose Output can be uniquely configured. See the GPO programming examples for details. - GPO  provides for the data inversion function enabled by bit 3 of the Output Format Control Register - GPO  provides programmable data and clock blanking Vertical Start (11 bits) Line # at which GPO [X] control generation begins Vertical Duration (11 bits) # lines GPO [X] control generation continues (if “0”, Vertical component is always on) Horizontal Start (10 bits) Internal count (pixel counter) at which GPO [X] goes active to be triggered on rising edge of the OCLK Note: If control register  = “1”, start position will be moved by 1 pixel clock Horizontal Duration (11 bits) # Pixel Clocks/2 GPO [X] is active after Horizontal Start (if “0”, Horizontal component is always on) www.national.com 12 Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 2. FPD85310 Programmable Register Definition (Continued) Control Registers Control Register (5 bits) EEPROM Address The control registers provide mode setting information to the input and output interfaces. . Output polarity - defines active high or active low output “0” = normal output (active high) “1” = inverted output (active low) . Toggle circuit enable/disable “0” = Normal GPO output; Toggle circuitry disabled “1” = Toggle circuitry enabled; output transitions after 1 clock (pixel counter) whenever programmed rising edge of GPO occurs. When “toggle circuit” is enable, the value of “Horizontal Duration” register programming determine; “001h”∼’1 H-line-1’ = 1 H-line toggling, ’1 H-line’∼’2 H-line-1’ = 2 H-line toggling, etc. up to 11 bits are set. . Automatic Frame Size Detection GPO [0:1] “0” = Normal Operation “1” = Used with toggle circuitry to create a “continuous” REV signal. NOTE: The value of the vertical duration register is overwritten. GPO [2:8] “0” = Normal Operation “1” = Early Start capability (Vertical Duration = “00” is N/A, See Table 5) The value in the Vertical Start Register is subtracted from the total number of lines/frame (auto-detected) to determine the Vertical Start position. (It needs a full frame after RSTZ, then started with 1 frame delayed to compare to the other GPOs) [4:3] GPO [0:8] Combination Select* (Two GPOs or multi GPOs) “00” = Select GPO# as programmed. (no combination function) “01” = Select GPO# “ANDed” with GPO#-1 “10” = Select GPO# “ORed” with GPO#-1 “11” = Select GPO# and GPO#-1 on alternating frames (*If the transition of GPO#-1 effect the combined result, it should be delayed 1 OCLK, and GPO0 cannot be programmed by non-existing of “GPO-1”) (Examples) GPO#-1 AND GPO#, (GPO#-2 and GPO#-1) OR GPO# and etc. TABLE 3. EEPROM Memory Map Address Data (# bits) Default Values 0-7F DDC VESA DATA (HEX) 80 programmed to 00H for EEPROM auto detect 00 82,81 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 00,01 84,83 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 02,2D 86,85 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,01 88,87 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 03,02 89 gpo _cont_reg (5) 00 8B,8A gpo _pstart_reg (10) 00,14 8D,8C gpo _pcount_reg (11) 01,E0 8F,8E gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,02 91,90 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 03,00 92 gpo _cont_reg (5) 01 13 www.national.com Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 3. EEPROM Memory Map (Continued) Address Data (# bits) Default Values 94,93 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 00,01 96,95 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 02,9F 98,97 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 01,FD 9A,99 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 00,01 9B gpo _cont_reg (5) 01 9D,9C gpo _pstart_reg (10) 00,01 9F,9E gpo _pcount_reg (11) 02,9F A1,A0 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,FD A3,A2 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 00,01 A4 gpo _cont_reg (5) 01 A6,A5 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 00,01 A8,A7 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 02,9F AA,A9 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 03,22 AC,AB gpo _lcount__reg (11) 00,01 AD gpo _cont_reg (5) 01 AF,AE gpo _pstart_reg (10) 01,E0 B1,B0 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 00,28 B3,B2 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,01 B5,B4 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 00,00 B6 gpo _cont_reg (5) 01 B8,B7 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 02,0B BA,B9 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 00,14 BC,BB gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,01 BE,BD gpo _lcount_reg (11) 03,00 BF gpo _cont_reg (5) 00 C1,C0 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 02,0D C3,C2 gpo _pcount_reg (11) 00,0A C5,C4 gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,01 C7,C6 gpo _lcount_reg (11) 03,01 C8 gpo _cont_reg (5) 03 CA,C9 gpo _pstart_reg (10) 02,0D CC,CB gpo _pcount_reg (11) 00,0A CE,CD gpo _lstart_reg (11) 00,01 D0,CF gpo _lcount_reg (11) 03,01 D1 gpo _cont_reg (5) 02 D3,D2 output_format (16) 00,00 D4 output_drive (8) AA D5 cd_size (8) 67 D6 input_format (8) 01 www.national.com 14 Functional Description (Continued) TABLE 3. EEPROM Memory Map (Continued) Address Data (# bits) Default Values D8,D7 hbp_reg (11) 00,94 DA,D9 vbp_reg (11) 00,23 DB output_enable/polarity_control (8) BF FF–DC not used/not loaded — DS101086-4 Note 7: Programmable CD Size “n” (up to 128) Note 8: One or both clocks can be used Note 9: Unused clocks can be turned off Note 10: E/OCLK polarity is programmable FIGURE 10. Dual Bus Single Port Column Driver Interface (Non-skewed outputs) 15 www.national.com Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-5 Note 11: Programmable CD Size “n” (up to 128) Note 12: Data skewed to reduce simultaneous switching FIGURE 11. Dual Bus Single Port Column Driver Interface (Skewed outputs) www.national.com 16 Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-6 Note 13: One or both clocks can be used Note 14: Unused clock can be turned off FIGURE 12. Dual Bus Dual Port Column Driver Interface (Non-skewed outputs) 17 www.national.com Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-7 Note 15: Data skewed to reduce simultaneous switching FIGURE 13. Dual Bus Dual Port Column Driver Interface (Skewed outputs) www.national.com 18 Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-8 Note 16: ECLK/ERGB not used — These outputs can be disabled by setting bits 2 and 5 to “0” in the Output Enable/Polarity Control register. Note 17: Start pulse offset* (D3 [1:0]) is defined as below only in this mode. “00” — Start pulse 1 clock after 1st data “01” — Start pulse 1 clock before 1st data “10” — Start pulse 3 clocks before 1st data “11” — Start pulse 5 clocks before 1st data *Start pulse position can be adjusted precisely by unused pixels register (D3 [7:4]) Note 18: The Pcount and Pstart registers are programmed by 2 OCLK only in this mode. (Example) Pcount Register = “02”:4 OCLK duration FIGURE 14. Single Port Single Bus Column Driver Interface (SVGA Application) DS101086-9 Note 19: Total of eight GPOs for REV, LP, and Gate Driver Control (GPO  dedicated to blanking function) Note 20: GPO resolution is video clock/2 FIGURE 15. Standard or Custom Gate Driver Interface 19 www.national.com Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-10 Note 21: RSTZ transition Low-to-High occurs at the completion of the RPLLS delay or later as shown above. Note 22: All outputs* forced low in default timing of FPD85310 during power-up delay time. Note 23: All outputs** forced low in continuous download (every two frame) mode. Note 24: All outputs*** generate the signal for default values in FPD85310 and unknown values when use the EEPROM values during power-up delay time. Then NS recommend to use the continuous download mode. Note 25: EEPROM download occurs at first detected vertical blanking period. Note 26: Active outputs depends on INPUT FORMAT register bits [5:6]. INPUT FORMAT [5:6] VSYNC# at which outputs go active 00 Second VSYNC 01 Third VSYNC 10 Fourth VSYNC 11 Fifth VSYNC Note 27: When configured in ENAB Only Mode (EOM), VSYNC signals are unused except for timing EEPROM DownLoad Sequences. When configured with default values in Fixed Vertical mode, the VSYNC signal is generated any time ENAB remains low for more than 2 horizontal periods. During Power Up, before Reset has propagated, the EEPROM may receive spurious addressing that initiates a down load sequence, but the output data is often not captured for lack of timing alignment with VSYNC. In the case where EEPROM data is not captured during the initial (automatic) Reset or Power Up DownLoad sequence, Timing Controller outputs are indeterminate until the EEPROM data is successfully loaded, which always begins and is executed at the next VSYNC valid (low) cycle. Note 28: During Power Up sequences, false RSTZ signals are possible due to instability of the power supply level, typically within the 10 ms of operation. To avoid this situation, implementation of the circuit in Figure 17, or other functional equivalent, is recommended, (Figure 17). FIGURE 16. Power-up Sequence (INPUT FORMAT[6:5] = “01”) www.national.com 20 Functional Description (Continued) DS101086-11 FIGURE 17. Delay Circuit for Stable RSTZ FAILURE DETECTION TABLE 4. FPD85310 Failure Detection No Clock No VSYNC No HSYNC Fix Vertical/Horizontal (1) (2) (3) — Fix Vertical/ENAB Horizontal (1) (2) — (4) ENAB Only Mode (1) — — (5) Mode No ENAB (1) Wait (∼2) ms then output 2048 pixels/line and 2047 lines/frame. No esp/osp. No eclk/oclk. (2) Wait (∼2) ms then output input line time and 2047 lines/frame. With esp/osp. With eclk/oclk. (3) Wait (∼2) ms then output 2048 pixels/line and input frame time. With esp/osp. With eclk/oclk. (4) Wait (∼2) ms then output 2048 pixels/line and input frame time. No esp/osp. With eclk/oclk. (5) Wait (∼2) ms then output 2048 pixels/line and 2047 lines/frames. No esp/osp. With eclk/oclk. *default frame size is 2048 lines x 2048 pixels @ pixel rate of ∼25 MHz. *GPO control outputs are generated per programmed values. 21 www.national.com Connection Diagram DS101086-2 Order Number FPD85310VJD See NS Package Number VJD100A Pin Description Pin No: Pin Count Pin Name I/O Description SYSTEM INTERFACE 2 RXIN_0 ± LVDI FPD-Link data pair 0 2 RXIN_1 ± LVDI FPD-Link data pair 1 2 RXIN_2 ± LVDI FPD-Link data pair 2 2 RXIN_3 ± LVDI FPD-Link data pair 3 (used in 8-bit video applications) 2 RXCLK ± LVDI FPD-Link Clock 1 RSTZ I Reset, Active Low 1 SPDZ I System Power Down control input. Active Low; FPD-Link output are low, then FPD85310 goes to Failure detection mode. www.national.com 22 Pin Description (Continued) Pin No: Pin Count Pin Name I/O Description COLUMN DRIVER INTERFACE 1 ECLK POH Even CD Bus Clock 1 ESP POL Even Start Pulse 6 ER0..ER5 POL Even Red Bus: 6 EG0..EG5 POL Even Green Bus: 6 EB0..EB5 POL Even Blue Bus: 1 EPOL POL Even Polarity 1 OCLK POH Odd CD Bus Clock 1 OSP POL Odd Start Pulse 6 OR0..OR5 POL Odd Red Bus: 6 OG0..OG5 POL Odd Green Bus: 6 OB0..OB5 POL Odd Blue Bus: 1 OPOL POL Odd Polarity GPO[8:0] TO General Purpose Outputs 1 EE_SD I/TO EEPROM Serial Data 1 EE_SC I/TO EEPROM Clock GENERAL PURPOSE OUTPUTS 9 EEPROM INTERFACE POWER SUPPLY 1 VDDA P PLL and Bandgap Supply 1 GND1 G PLL Ground 1 GNDA G Bandgap Ground 1 VDDD P LVDS Receiver Supply 1 GNDD G LVDS Receiver Ground 10 VSSIO G IO Ground 9 VDDIO P IO Power 3 VSS G Digital Ground 3 VDD P Digital Power I Test/Configuration Pins. TEST — Must be “0” TEST — Must be “0” TEST TEST/CONFIGURATION 5 TEST[4–0] “0” — EEPROM init values loaded every 2 frames “1” — EEPROM init values loaded once at power-up TEST “0” — Ring Oscillator Enable “1” — Ring Oscillator Disable TEST — Must be “0” • I/TO • TO • POL • POH •I • LVDI •P •G — — — — — — — — TTL Input/TRI-STATE ® output TRI-STATE output Programmable (Low Drive) Programmable (High Drive) TTL Input Low Voltage Differential Input Power Ground 23 www.national.com 2. 3. 4. APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples The GPO control generation is based on the internal line count and pixel count shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8. Two programmable registers (Vertical Start and Vertical Duration) control the vertical component of the control signal. This establishes at what line and for how many lines the control signal will be active. Likewise, two programmable registers (Horizontal Start and Horizontal Duration) control the horizontal component of the control signal. The Horizontal register values determine at what pixel count the signal goes active and for how many pixel counts the signal stays active during each line. The Vertical Component enables the signal for however many lines programmed for and the Horizontal Component generates pulses within that vertical time period. Generally the following types of signals are generated: 1. A pulse every line A pulse once a frame (either in pixels or lines) Pulsed during active video (pulses are blanked during vertical blanking period of frame) Table 5 describes the programming requirements for general types of pulses generated. The GPO’s also have a “toggle mode”. This provides the capability to generate a “REVERSAL” signal used in most LCD applications. Bit 1 of the Control register is set to a 1 to enable toggle mode operation. The GPO is programmed so that a rising edge is produced when the control signal is required to toggle. This generally occurs once each line. Also, the # of edges generated per frame is programmed to be an odd #. This ensures that the control signal will alternate polarity from frame to frame. Examples of GPO programming to produce specific control signals are included in the following pages. DC (either 1 or 0) TABLE 5. GPO Pulse Generation Vertical Start Vertical Duration Horizontal Start Horizontal Duration = don’t care =0 =0 =0 Stuck 0 (When Output Polarity = 0) Stuck 1 (When Output Polarity = 1) Polarity control is in GPO Control Register bit 0 = don’t care =0 #A =0 Stuck 1 (When Output Polarity = 0) Stuck 0 (When Output Polarity = 1) Polarity control is in GPO Control Register bit 0 =don’t care =0 #A #B (Note 29) #A #B #C =0 #A #B #C #D (Note 29) Note 29: Pulses will occur every other line if Horizontal Duration is greater than a line time. www.national.com 24 GPO Output Pulse is generated every line beginning at ∼#A 32 MHz clocks from start of output line and lasting for #B 32 MHz clocks Pulse begins at line #A , clock #C and continues to line #(A+B) pixel #C (multi-line pulse) Pulse generation begins at line A and continues for #B lines. Each pulse begins at ∼pixel #C and lasts for D counts APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples (Continued) GPO Programming Example #1: Horizontal time (clocks/line) = 1300 dot clocks Generate a control signal which transitions high at the end of each line, has a pulsewidth of 3 µs, and remains low during the vertical blanking period. This control is used for the latch pulse to the column drivers. Vertical period (lines/frame) = 850 lines DS101086-23 Vertical control is active beginning at line 1 and remains active for 768 lines. GPO Vertical Start Register = 1 GPO Vertical Duration Register = 768d (300h) Positive pulse goes high each line at output clock 512 corresponding to when the last two pixels are output on OR, OG, OB, ER, EG, EB. Pulse remains high for 98 output clocks (98 x 30.8 ns/clock = 3.02 µs). (Dual Bus output clock = 32.5 MHz for 65 MHz XGA video, 1024 pixels/line, 768 displayed lines/frame). Note: 6 counts are added to the output start # because the GPO pixel count begins 6 clocks prior to the output data. GPO Horizontal Start Register = 518d (206h) GPO Horizontal Duration Register = 98d (62h) The control pulses are positive (bit  = 0) and the toggle circuitry is disabled (bit1  = 0). GPO Control Register = 0 25 www.national.com APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples (Continued) Horizontal time (clocks/line) = 1300 dot clocks Vertical period (lines/frame) = 850 lines GPO Programming Example #2: Generate a control signal which transitions low 20 output clocks after the beginning of each output line, has a pulsewidth (low) of 12 µs, and goes high during horizontal blanking. This control signal is used as an output enable for the gate drivers. DS101086-24 Control is active beginning at line 2 and remains active for 768 lines. GPO Vertical Start Register = 2 GPO Vertical Duration Register = 768d (300h) Negative pulse goes low each line at output clock 20 corresponding to when the 39/40 pixels are output on OR, OG, OB, ER, EG, EB. Pulse remains low for 390 output clocks (390 x 30.8 ns/clock = 12 µs). (Dual Bus output clock = 32.5 MHz for 65 MHz XGA video, 1024 pixels/line, 768 lines/ frame). Note: 6 counts are added to the output clock # because the GPO start count begins 6 clocks prior to the output data. GPO Horizontal Start Register = 26d (1ah) GPO Horizontal Duration Register = 390d (186h) The control pulses are negative (bit  = 1) and the toggle circuitry is disabled (bit1  = 0). GPO Control Register = 1 www.national.com 26 APPENDIX A: GPO Programming Examples (Continued) Horizontal time (clocks/line) = 1300 dot clocks Vertical period (lines/frame) = 850 lines GPO Programming Example #3: Generate a control signal which toggles during horizontal blanking and alternates polarity each frame. This control signal is used as the reversal signal. DS101086-25 Control is active beginning at line 1 and remains active for 769 lines. (Odd number programmed in Duration Register causes control signal to alternate polarity each frame) GPO Vertical Start Register = 1 GPO Vertical Duration Register = 769d (301h) Positive going pulse causes output to toggle. Edge occurs 20 output clocks after end of each line (1024/2 + 20 = 532). Pulse duration is not critical since the output will be in toggle mode. (Dual Bus output clock = 32.5 MHz for 65 MHz XGA video, 1024 pixels/line, 768 lines/frame). Note: 6 counts are added to the output start # because the GPO pixel count begins 6 clocks prior to the output data. GPO Horizontal Start Register = 538 (238h) GPO Horizontal Duration Register = 10d (0Ah) The control pulses are positive (bit  = 0) and the toggle circuitry is enabled (bit1  = 1). GPO Control Register = 2 (For a second control signal of opposite polarity, program another GPO Control Register with same count values with GPO Control Register = 3.) 27 www.national.com APPENDIX B: National Semiconductor FPD85310 REQUEST FORM OF MASK VERSION Company Name:_________________________________Dept:______________________ Tel: _____________________ Model Name (Application): ______________________________________________ Register Values: TABLE 6. Register Values for GPO[0:8]’s Programming Pin Name GPO8 GPO7 GPO6 GPO5 GPO4 GPO3 GPO2 GPO1 GPO0 Name of Signal for USER Address/Values (Hex.) Address 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 8A 8B 8C 8D 8E 8F 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 9A 9B 9C 9D 9E 9F A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 AA AB AC AD AE AF B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 BA BB BC BD BE BF C0 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 CA CB CC CD CE CF D0 D1 Remarks Value Address Value Address Value Address Value Address Value Address Value Address Value Address Value Address Value TABLE 7. Register Values for LCD Format Control Control Register Output_Format Address/Values (Hex.) Address D3 Value Address C/D_Size D2 D5 Address D7 Value Output_Enable/ Polarity_Control Address Output_Drive Input_Format Value HBP_REG Control Register D8 VBP_REG Address/Values (Hex.) Address Value Address Address Value DB Value 28 D6 Value Signature by Customer _____________________________Date _____________ www.national.com D4 D9 DA Remarks FPD85310 Panel Timing Controller Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Plastic Quad Flatpak, JEDEC NS Package Number VJD100A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 85 English Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 78 32 Français Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 93 58 Italiano Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-534 16 80 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. 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