19-1069; Rev 0; 6/96 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches ____________________________Features ♦ Available in SOT23-5 Package ♦ +2V to +12V Single-Supply Operation ♦ Guaranteed On-Resistance: 20Ω with +5V Supply 10Ω with +12V Supply ♦ Guaranteed Low Off-Leakage Currents: 1nA at +25°C 20nA at +85°C ♦ Guaranteed Low On-Leakage Currents: 2nA at +25°C 40nA at +85°C ♦ Low Charge Injection: 10pC ♦ Fast Switching Speed: tON = 150ns, tOFF = 100ns ♦ Break-Before-Make Operation: tON > tOFF at +5V ________________________Applications ♦ TTL/CMOS-Logic Compatible with +5V Supply Battery-Operated Equipment Audio and Video Signal Routing ______________Ordering Information Low-Voltage Data-Acquisition Systems Communications Circuits PCMCIA Cards Cellular Phones PART TEMP. RANGE MAX4514CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP PIN-PACKAGE MAX4514CSA MAX4514CUK MAX4514C/D 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 8 SO 5 SOT23-5 Dice* Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet. * Contact factory for dice specifications. Modems __________________________________________________________Pin Configurations TOP VIEW COM 1 8 NO COM 1 8 NC N.C. 2 7 GND N.C. 2 7 GND N.C. 3 6 IN N.C. 3 6 IN 5 N.C. 5 N.C. V+ 4 MAX4514 DIP/SO MAX4515 DIP/SO INPUT N.C. = NOT INTERNALLY CONNECTED V+ 4 LOW HIGH SWITCH STATE MAX4515 MAX4514 ON OFF OFF ON COM 1 5 V+ 5 V+ 4 IN NC 2 NO 2 GND 3 COM 1 MAX4514 SOT23-5 4 IN GND 3 MAX4515 SOT23-5 MARKING INFORMATION (SOTs only) LOT SPECIFIC CODE XX XX AE = MAX4514 AF = MAX4515 ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1 For free samples & the latest literature: http://www.maxim-ic.com, or phone 1-800-998-8800 MAX4514/MAX4515 _______________General Description The MAX4514/MAX4515 are single-pole/single-throw (SPST), CMOS, low-voltage, single-supply analog switches with very low switch on-resistance. The MAX4514 is normally open (NO). The MAX4515 is normally closed (NC). These CMOS switches can operate continuously with a single supply between +2V and +12V. Each switch can handle rail-to-rail analog signals. The off-leakage current maximum is only 1nA at +25°C or 20nA at +85°C. All digital inputs have 0.8V to 2.4V logic thresholds, ensuring TTL/CMOS-logic compatibility when using a +5V supply. For pin-compatible parts for use with dual supplies, see the MAX4516/MAX4517. MAX4514/MAX4515 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (Voltages Referenced to GND) V+ ..............................................................................-0.3V, +13V Voltage into Any Terminal (Note 1)...............-0.3V to (V+ + 0.3V) or ±20mA (whichever occurs first) Continuous Current into Any Terminal..............................±20mA Peak Current, NO_ or COM_ (pulsed at 1ms,10% duty cycle)....................................±30mA ESD per Method 3015.7 ..................................................>2000V Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C) ....727mW 8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/°C above +70°C).................471mW 5-Pin SOT23-5 (derate 7.1mW/°C above +70°C) .........571mW 8-Pin CERDIP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C).........640mW Operating Temperature Ranges MAX4514C_ _/MAX4515C_ _ ..............................0°C to +70°C MAX4514E_ _/MAX4515E_ _ ............................-40°C to +85°C MAX4514MJA/MAX4515MJA .........................-55°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C Note 1: Voltages exceeding V+ or GND on any signal terminal are clamped by internal diodes. Limit forward-diode current to maximum current rating. Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS— +5V Supply (V+ = +4.5V to +5.5V, VINH = 2.4V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP MAX (Note 2) UNITS ANALOG SWITCH Analog Signal Range COM to NO or NC On-Resistance VCOM, VNO, VNC RON 0 V+ = 5V, VCOM = 3.5V, ICOM = 1mA TA = +25°C 10 TA = TMIN to TMAX COM to NO or NC On-Resistance Flatness ∆RON VCOM = 1V, 2V, 3V; ICOM = 1mA TA = +25°C NO or NC Off-Leakage Current (Note 3) INO(OFF) INC(OFF) V+ = 5.5V, VCOM = 1V, VNO or VNC = 4.5V TA = +25°C COM Off-Leakage Current (Note 3) V+ = 5.5V, VCOM = 1V, VNO or VNC = 4.5V TA = +25°C ICOM(OFF) COM On-Leakage Current (Note 3) V+ = 5.5V, VCOM = 4.5V, VNO or VNC = 4.5V TA = +25°C ICOM(ON) TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = TMIN to TMAX V 20 Ω 25 1 TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = TMIN to TMAX V+ 3 5 -1 0.01 1 C, E -20 20 M -100 100 C, E -20 20 M -100 100 C, E -40 40 M -200 200 -1 -2 0.01 0.01 Ω nA 1 nA 2 nA DIGITAL I/O Input Logic High VIH 2.4 V+ V Input Logic Low VIL 0 0.8 V 1 µA Input Current Logic High or Low IIH, IIL VIN = V+, 0V -1 0.03 SWITCH DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2 Turn-On Time tON Figure 2 Turn-Off Time tOFF Figure 2 TA = +25°C 30 TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = +25°C 150 240 20 TA = TMIN to TMAX _______________________________________________________________________________________ 100 150 ns ns Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches MAX4514/MAX4515 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS— +5V Supply (continued) (V+ = +4.5V to +5.5V, VINH = 2.4V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP MAX (Note 2) UNITS SWITCH DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS Charge Injection (Note 4) Q Off Isolation VISO CL = 1nF, VNO = 0V, RS = 0Ω, TA = +25°C, Figure 1 2 RL = 50Ω, CL = 15pF, VNO = 1VRMS, f = 100kHz, TA = +25°C, Figure 3 10 pC ≤-90 dB NO or NC Off Capacitance CNO(OFF), CNC(OFF) f = 1MHz, TA = +25°C, Figure 4 14 pF COM Off Capacitance CCOM(OFF) f = 1MHz, TA = +25°C, Figure 4 14 pF COM On Capacitance CCOM(ON) f = 1MHz, TA = +25°C, Figure 4 30 pF POWER SUPPLY V+ Supply Current I+ TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX VIN = 0V or V+ -1 -10 1 10 µA ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS— +12V Supply (V+ = +11.4V to +12.6V, VINH = 5V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP MAX (Note 2) UNITS ANALOG SWITCH Analog Signal Range COM to NO or NC On-Resistance VCOM, VNO, VNC RON NO, NC Off-Leakage Current (Note 3) COM Off-Leakage Current (Note 3) COM On-Leakage Current (Note 3) I(NO)OFF I(NC)OFF ICOM(OFF) 0 VCOM = 10V, ICOM = 1mA TA = +25°C 5 TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = +25°C VCOM = 10V, VNO = +1V VCOM = 10V, VNO or VNC = 1V TA = TMIN to TMAX VCOM = 10V TA = TMIN to TMAX 10 Ω 15 -2 2 -50 50 M -200 200 -2 2 C, E -50 50 M -200 200 -4 4 C, E -100 100 M -400 400 TA = +25°C ICOM(ON) V C, E TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX V+ nA nA nA DIGITAL I/O Input Logic High VINH 5 V+ V Input Logic Low VINL 0 0.8 V 1 µA Input Current Logic High or Low IINH, IINL VIN = V+, 0V I+ IN = 0V or V+ -1 0.03 POWER SUPPLY V+ Supply Current TA = +25°C -2 2 TA = TMIN to TMAX -20 20 µA _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS— +3V Supply (V+ = +3V to +3.6V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP MAX (Note 2) UNITS ANALOG SWITCH VCOM, VNO, VNC Analog Signal Range COM to NO or NC On-Resistance 0 TA = +25°C VCOM = 1.5V, INO = 1mA, V+ = 3V RON 20 TA = TMIN to TMAX V+ V 50 Ω 75 DIGITAL I/O Input Logic High VINH 2.4 V+ Input Logic Low VINL 0 0.80 V 1 µA Input Current Logic High or Low IINH, IINL VIN = V+, 0V -1 0.03 V SWITCH DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS Turn-On Time (Note 4) tON Figure 2 Turn-Off Time (Note 4) tOFF Figure 2 Charge Injection (Note 4) TA = +25°C 45 150 TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = +25°C 30 100 TA = TMIN to TMAX Q CL = 1nF, Figure 1 I+ IN = 0V or V+ ns 240 ns 150 TA = +25°C 4 10 pC POWER SUPPLY V+ Supply Current Note 2: Note 3: Note 4: Note 5: TA = +25°C -1 1 TA = TMIN to TMAX -10 10 µA The algebraic convention is used in this data sheet; the most negative value is shown in the minimum column. Leakage parameters are 100% tested at maximum-rated hot operating temperature, and are guaranteed by correlation at +25°C. Guaranteed, not production tested. SOT packaged parts are 100% tested at +25°C. Limits at maximum and minimum rated temperature are guaranteed by design and correlation limits at +25°C. __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (V+ = +5V, GND = 0V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) ON-RESISTANCE vs. VCOM OVER TEMPERATURE ON-RESISTANCE vs. VCOM V+ = +2V MAX4514/15-03 30 MAX4514/15-02 V+ = +5V 25 CHARGE INJECTION vs. VCOM 100 MAX4514/15-01 30 25 20 15 V+ = +3V V+ = +5V 10 V+ = +9V 10 5 10 V+ = +12V VNO/NC, V+ = +12V 0 TA = +25°C 5 TA = 0°C TA = -55°C 1 0 1 2 3 VCOM (V) 4 VNO/NC, V+ = +3V -5 0 4 VNO/NC, V+ = +10V VNO/NC, V+ = +5V 15 Q (pC) TA = +125°C TA = +85°C TA = +70°C RON (Ω) 20 RON (Ω) MAX4514/MAX4515 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches 5 -10 0 2 4 6 VCOM (V) 8 10 12 0 2 4 6 VCOM (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 8 10 12 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches ON/OFF-LEAKAGE vs. TEMPERATURE 10 LOSS (dB) ICOM(ON) 1 0.1 0.01 MAX4514/15-05 ICOM(OFF) -20 40 -30 -40 -50 -60 30 20 10 ON PHASE 0 -10 -70 -80 0.001 0.00001 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 TEMPERATURE (°C) -30 -40 -50 50Ω IN AND OUT, V+ = +5V 1 10 -60 100 1000 FREQUENCY (MHz) TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION vs. FREQUENCY TON/TOFF vs. VSUPPLY 600Ω IN/OUT, V+ = +5V MAX4514/15-07 200 MAX4514/15-06 100 180 160 10 140 TON/TOFF (ns) THD (%) -20 OFF ISOLATION -90 -100 -110 -120 0.0001 0.001 0.01 0.1 0.0001 60 50 ON LOSS -10 PHASE (DEGREES) V+ = +5.5V ON/OFF LEAKAGE (nA) FREQUENCY RESPONSE 0 MAX4514/15-04 100 1 120 TON 100 80 60 0.1 TOFF 40 20 0 0.01 10 100 1000 10,000 0 100,000 2 4 6 8 10 12 V+ SUPPLY (V) FREQUENCY (Hz) ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN MAX4514 DIP/SO MAX4515 SOT23-5 DIP/SO NAME FUNCTION SOT23-5 1 1 1 1 COM Analog Switch Common Terminal 2, 3, 5 — 2, 3, 5 — N.C. No Connect (not internally connected) 4 5 4 5 V+ Positive Supply-Voltage Input (analog and digital) 6 4 6 4 IN Digital Control Input 7 3 7 3 GND 8 2 — — NO Analog Switch (normally open) — — 8 2 NC Analog Switch (normally closed) Ground Note: NO, NC, and COM pins are identical and interchangeable. Any may be considered as an input or an output; signals pass equally well in both directions. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 MAX4514/MAX4515 ____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (V+ = +5V, GND = 0V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) MAX4514/MAX4515 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches __________Applications Information Power-Supply Considerations The MAX4514/MAX4515 construction is typical of most CMOS analog switches, except that they have only two supply pins: V+ and GND. V+ and GND drive the internal CMOS switches and set their analog voltage limits. Reverse ESD-protection diodes are internally connected between each analog-signal pin and both V+ and GND. One of these diodes conducts if any analog signal exceeds V+ or GND. Virtually all the analog leakage current comes from the ESD diodes to V+ or GND. Although the ESD diodes on a given signal pin are identical and therefore fairly well balanced, they are reverse biased differently. Each is biased by either V+ or GND and the analog signal. This means their leakages will vary as the signal varies. The difference in the two diode leakages to the V+ and GND pins constitutes the analog-signal-path leakage current. All analog leakage current flows between each pin and one of the supply terminals, not to the other switch terminal. This is why both sides of a given switch can show leakage currents of the same or opposite polarity. There is no connection between the analog-signal paths and V+ or GND. V+ and GND also power the internal logic and logiclevel translators. The logic-level translators convert the logic levels to switched V+ and GND signals to drive the analog signal gates. Logic-Level Thresholds The logic-level thresholds are CMOS/TTL compatible when V+ is +5V. As V+ is raised, the level threshold increases slightly. When V+ reaches +12V, the level threshold is about 3.0V—above the TTL guaranteed high-level minimum of 2.8V, but still compatible with CMOS outputs. Do not connect the MAX4514/MAX4515’s V+ to +3V and then connect the logic-level pins to logic-level signals that operate from +5V supply. Output levels can exceed +3V and violate the absolute maximum ratings, damaging the part and/or external circuits. High-Frequency Performance In 50Ω systems, signal response is reasonably flat up to 250MHz (see Typical Operating Characteristics). Above 20MHz, the on response has several minor peaks that are highly layout dependent. The problem is not in turning the switch on; it’s in turning it off. The off-state switch acts like a capacitor and passes higher frequencies with less attenuation. At 10MHz, off isolation is about -45dB in 50Ω systems, decreasing (approximately 20dB per decade) as frequency increases. Higher circuit impedances also make off isolation decrease. Off isolation is about 3dB above that of a bare IC socket, and is due entirely to capacitive coupling. ______________________________________________Test Circuits/Timing Diagrams V+ V+ VIN IN MAX4514 MAX4515 COM GND 50Ω NO or NC V+ VNO or VNC = 0V VIN 0V MAX4514 MAX4515 VOUT CL 1000pF ∆VOUT VOUT ∆VOUT IS THE MEASURED VOLTAGE DUE TO CHARGE TRANSFER ERROR Q WHEN THE CHANNEL TURNS OFF. Q = ∆VOUT x CL Figure 1. Charge Injection 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches V+ V+ NO 0V VNO MAX4514 VIN 50% VIN V+ VNO PEAK COM IN 90% 90% VOUT VOUT GND 50Ω 35pF 300Ω 0V tON tOFF V+ V+ NC 0V VNC MAX4515 VIN 50% VIN V+ VNC PEAK COM IN GND 50Ω 90% VOUT 300Ω 90% VOUT 35pF 0V tOFF tON Figure 2. Switching Times V+ V+ V+ 10nF VIN NO OR NC MAX4514 IN MAX4515 COM NETWORK ANALYZER 50Ω 50Ω V+ V+ VOUT GND MEAS 50Ω REF 50Ω AS REQUIRED IN NO or NC MAX4514 MAX4515 COM GND 1MHz CAPACITANCE ANALYZER MEASUREMENTS ARE STANDARDIZED AGAINST SHORT AT SOCKET TERMINALS. OFF ISOLATION IS V OFF ISOLATION = 20log OUT MEASURED BETWEEN COM AND “OFF” TERMINAL VIN ON EACH SWITCH. ON LOSS IS MEASURED BETWEEN COM AND “ON” TERMINAL ON EACH SWITCH. SIGNAL VOUT ON LOSS = 20log DIRECTION THROUGH SWITCH IS REVERSED; WORST VIN VALUES ARE RECORDED. Figure 3. Off Isolation and On Loss Figure 4. NO, NC, and COM Capacitance _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 MAX4514/MAX4515 _________________________________Test Circuits/Timing Diagrams (continued) _Ordering Information (continued) PART TEMP. RANGE ___________________Chip Topography PIN-PACKAGE MAX4514EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX4514ESA MAX4514EUK MAX4514MJA MAX4515CPA -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 8 SO 5 SOT23-5 8 CERDIP** 8 Plastic DIP MAX4515CSA MAX4515CUK MAX4515C/D MAX4515EPA 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 8 SO 5 SOT23-5 Dice* 8 Plastic DIP MAX4515ESA MAX4515EUK MAX4515MJA -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 8 SO 5 SOT23-5 8 CERDIP** GND IN 0.046" (1.17mm) NO OR NC *Contact factory for dice specifications. **Contact factory for availability. COM V+ 0.031" (0.79mm) TRANSISTOR COUNT: 19 SUBSTRATE IS INTERNALLY CONNECTED TO V+ __________________________________________________Tape-and-Reel Information E D P0 W P2 B0 t D1 F P NOTE: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM. AND FOLLOW EIA481-1 STANDARD. K0 A0 A0 3.200±0.102 E 1.753±0.102 P0 3.988 B0 3.099±0.102 F3.505±0.051 P010 40.005±0.203 P2 2.007 ±0.051 +0.102 +0.000 D 1.499 D1 0.991 +0.254 +0.000 K0 P 1.397±0.102 3.988 ±0.102 t ±0.102 0.254 ±0.127 W8.001 +0.305 -0.102 5 SOT23-5 MAX4514/MAX4515 Low-Voltage, Low-On-Resistance, SPST, CMOS Analog Switches Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 8 ___________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (408) 737-7600 © 1996 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.