LE AVAILAB DS1621 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat FEATURES § § § § § § § § § PIN ASSIGNMENT Temperature measurements require no external components Measures temperatures from -55°C to +125°C in 0.5°C increments. Fahrenheit equivalent is -67°F to 257°F in 0.9°F increments Temperature is read as a 9-bit value (2-byte transfer) Wide power supply range (2.7V to 5.5V) Converts temperature to digital word in less than 1 second Thermostatic settings are user definable and nonvolatile Data is read from/written via a 2-wire serial interface (open drain I/O lines) Applications include thermostatic controls, industrial systems, consumer products, thermometers, or any thermal sensitive system 8-pin DIP or SO package (150mil and 208mil) Functional Diagrams SDA 1 8 VDD SCL 2 7 A0 TOUT 3 6 A1 GND 4 5 A2 DS1621S 8-PIN SO (150mil) DS1621V 8-PIN SO (208mil) SDA 1 8 VDD SCL 2 7 A0 TOUT 3 6 A1 GND 4 5 A2 DS1621 8-PIN DIP (300mil) PIN DESCRIPTION SDA SCL GND TOUT A0 A1 A2 VDD - 2-Wire Serial Data Input/Output - 2-Wire Serial Clock - Ground - Thermostat Output Signal - Chip Address Input - Chip Address Input - Chip Address Input - Power Supply Voltage DESCRIPTION The DS1621 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat provides 9-bit temperature readings, which indicate the temperature of the device. The thermal alarm output, TOUT, is active when the temperature of the device exceeds a user-defined temperature TH. The output remains active until the temperature drops below user defined temperature TL, allowing for any hysteresis necessary. User-defined temperature settings are stored in nonvolatile memory so parts may be programmed prior to insertion in a system. Temperature settings and temperature readings are all communicated to/from the Pin Configurations appear at end of data sheet. DS1621 over a simple 2-wireat serial interface. Functional Diagrams continued end of data sheet. UCSP is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maximintegrated.com. 090905 DS1621 ORDERING INFORMATION ORDERING NUMBER DS1621 DS1621+ DS1621S DS1621S+ DS1621S/T&R DS1621S+T&R DS1621V DS1621V+ DS1621V/T&R DS1621V+T&R PACKAGE MARKING DS1621 DS1621 (See Note) DS1621 DS1621 (See Note) DS1621 DS1621 (See Note) DS1621V DS1621V (See Note) DS1621V DS1621V (See Note) DESCRIPTION DS1621 in 300 mil DIP DS1621 in Lead-Free 300 mil DIP DS1621 in 150 mil SOIC DS1621 in Lead-Free 150 mil SOIC DS1621 in 150 mil SO, 2500 Piece Tape-and-Reel DS1621 in Lead-Free 150 mil SO, 2500 Piece Tape-and-Reel DS1621 in 208 mil SOIC DS1621 in Lead-Free 208 mil SOIC DS1621 in 208 mil SO, 2500 Piece Tape-and-Reel DS1621 in Lead-Free 208 mil SO, 2500 Piece Tape-and-Reel Note: A “+” symbol will also be marked on the package near the Pin 1 indicator. Table 1. DETAILED PIN DESCRIPTION PIN 1 2 3 SYMBOL SDA SCL TOUT 4 5 6 7 8 GND A2 A1 A0 VDD DESCRIPTION Data input/output pin for 2-wire serial communication port. Clock input/output pin for 2-wire serial communication port. Thermostat output. Active when temperature exceeds TH; will reset when temperature falls below TL. Ground pin. Address input pin. Address input pin. Address input pin. Supply voltage input power pin. (2.7V to 5.5V) OPERATION Measuring Temperature A block diagram of the DS1621 is shown in Figure 1. The DS1621 measures temperature using a bandgap-based temperature sensor. A delta-sigma analog-todigital converter (ADC) converts the measured temperature to a digital value that is calibrated in °C; for °F applications, a lookup table or conversion routine must be used. The temperature reading is provided in a 9-bit, two’s complement reading by issuing the READ TEMPERATURE command. Table 2 describes the exact relationship of output data to measured temperature. The data is transmitted through the 2-wire serial interface, MSB first. The DS1621 can measure temperature over the range of -55°C to +125°C in 0.5°C increments. 2 of 16 DS1621 Figure 1. DS1621 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM STATUS REGISTER & CONTROL LOGIC SCL SDA TEMPERATURE SENSOR ADDRESS AND I/O CONTROL HIGH TEMP TRIGGER, TH A0 A1 A2 LOW TEMP TRIGGER, TL DIGITAL COMPARATOR/LOGIC 3 of 16 TOUT DS1621 Table 2. TEMPERATURE/DATA RELATIONSHIPS TEMPERATURE DIGITAL OUTPUT (Binary) 01111101 00000000 00011001 00000000 00000000 10000000 00000000 00000000 11111111 10000000 11100111 00000000 11001001 00000000 +125°C +25°C +½°C +0°C -½°C -25°C -55°C DIGITAL OUTPUT (Hex) 7D00h 1900h 0080h 0000h FF80h E700h C900h Since data is transmitted over the 2-wire bus MSB first, temperature data may be written to/read from the DS1621 as either a single byte (with temperature resolution of 1°C) or as two bytes. The second byte would contain the value of the least significant (0.5°C) bit of the temperature reading as shown in Table 1. Note that the remaining 7 bits of this byte are set to all "0"s. Temperature is represented in the DS1621 in terms of a ½°C LSB, yielding the following 9-bit format: Figure 2. TEMPERATURE, TH, and TL FORMAT MSB 1 LSB 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T = -25°C Higher resolutions may be obtained by reading the temperature and truncating the 0.5°C bit (the LSB) from the read value. This value is TEMP_READ. A Read Counter command should be issued to yield the COUNT_REMAIN value. The Read Slope command should then be issued to obtain the COUNT_PER_C value. The higher resolution temperature may be then be calculated by the user using the following: TEMPERATURE=TEMP_READ-0.25 + (COUNT _ PER _ C - COUNT _ REMAIN ) COUNT _ PER _ C The DS1621 always powers up in a low power idle state, and the Start Convert T command must be used to initiate conversions. The DS1621 can be programmed to perform continuous consecutive conversions (continuous-conversion mode) or to perform single conversions on command (one-shot mode). The conversion mode is programmed through the 1SHOT bit in the configuration register as explained in the Operation and Control section of this datasheet. In continuous conversion mode, the DS1621 begins continuous conversions after a Start Convert T command is issued. Consecutive conversions continue to be performed until a Stop Convert T command is issued, at which time the device goes into a low-power idle state. Continuous conversions can be restarted at any time using the Start Convert T command. 4 of 16 DS1621 In one-shot mode, the DS1621 performs a single temperature conversion when a Start Convert T command is issued. When the conversion is complete, the device enters a low-power idle state and remains in that state until a single temperature conversion is again initiated by a Start Convert T command. Thermostat Control In its operating mode, the DS1621 functions as a thermostat with programmable hysteresis as shown in Figure 3. The thermostat output updates as soon as a temperature conversion is complete. When the DS1621’s temperature meets or exceeds the value stored in the high temperature trip register (TH), the output becomes active and will stay active until the temperature falls below the temperature stored in the low temperature trigger register (TL). In this way, any amount of hysteresis may be obtained. The active state for the output is programmable by the user so that an active state may either be a logic "1" (VDD) or a logic "0" (0V). This is done using the POL bit in the configuration reagister as explained in the Operation and Control section of this datasheet. Figure 3. THERMOSTAT OUTPUT OPERATION DQ (Thermostat output, Active = High) TL TH T (°C) OPERATION AND CONTROL The DS1621 must have temperature settings resident in the TH and TL registers for thermostatic operation. A configuration/status register also determines the method of operation that the DS1621 will use in a particular application, as well as indicating the status of the temperature conversion operation. The configuration register is defined as follows: MSb DONE Bit 6 THF Bit5 TLF Bit 4 NVB Bit 3 X Bit 2 X Bit 1 POL LSb 1SHOT where DONE = Conversion Done bit. “1” = Conversion complete, “0” = Conversion in progress. THF = Temperature High Flag. This bit will be set to “1” when the temperature is greater than or equal to the value of TH. It will remain “1” until reset by writing “0” into this location or removing power from the device. This feature provides a method of determining if the DS1621 has ever been subjected to temperatures above TH while power has been applied. 5 of 16 DS1621 TLF = Temperature Low Flag. This bit will be set to “1” when the temperature is less than or equal to the value of TL. It will remain “1” until reset by writing “0” into this location or removing power from the device. This feature provides a method of determining if the DS1621 has ever been subjected to temperatures below TL while power has been applied. NVB = Nonvolatile Memory Busy flag. “1” = Write to an E2 memory cell in progress, “0” = nonvolatile memory is not busy. A copy to E2 may take up to 10 ms. POL = Output Polarity Bit. “1” = active high, “0” = active low. This bit is nonvolatile. 1SHOT = One Shot Mode. If 1SHOT is “1”, the DS1621 will perform one temperature conversion upon receipt of the Start Convert T protocol. If 1SHOT is “0”, the DS1621 will continuously perform temperature conversions. This bit is nonvolatile. X = Reserved. For typical thermostat operation the DS1621 will operate in continuous mode. However, for applications where only one reading is needed at certain times or to conserve power, the one-shot mode may be used. Note that the thermostat output (TOUT) will remain in the state it was in after the last valid temperature conversion cycle when operating in one-shot mode. 2-WIRE SERIAL DATA BUS The DS1621 supports a bidirectional 2-wire bus and data transmission protocol. A device that sends data onto the bus is defined as a transmitter, and a device receiving data as a receiver. The device that controls the message is called a “master." The devices that are controlled by the master are “slaves." The bus must be controlled by a master device which generates the serial clock (SCL), controls the bus access, and generates the START and STOP conditions. The DS1621 operates as a slave on the 2-wire bus. Connections to the bus are made via the open-drain I/O lines SDA and SCL. The following bus protocol has been defined (See Figure 4): § Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy. § During data transfer, the data line must remain stable whenever the clock line is HIGH. Changes in the data line while the clock line is high will be interpreted as control signals. Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been defined: Bus not busy: Both data and clock lines remain HIGH. Start data transfer: A change in the state of the data line, from HIGH to LOW, while the clock is HIGH, defines a START condition. Stop data transfer: A change in the state of the data line, from LOW to HIGH, while the clock line is HIGH, defines the STOP condition. Data valid: The state of the data line represents valid data when, after a START condition, the data line is stable for the duration of the HIGH period of the clock signal. The data on the line must be changed during the LOW period of the clock signal. There is one clock pulse per bit of data. 6 of 16 DS1621 Each data transfer is initiated with a START condition and terminated with a STOP condition. The number of data bytes transferred between START and STOP conditions is not limited and is determined by the master device. The information is transferred byte-wise and each receiver acknowledges with a ninth-bit. Within the bus specifications a regular mode (100kHz clock rate) and a fast mode (400kHz clock rate) are defined. The DS1621 works in both modes. Acknowledge: Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte. The master device must generate an extra clock pulse which is associated with this acknowledge bit. A device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse in such a way that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge related clock pulse. Of course, setup and hold times must be taken into account. A master must signal an end of data to the slave by not generating an acknowledge bit on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this case, the slave must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate the STOP condition. Figure 4. DATA TRANSFER ON 2-WIRE SERIAL BUS Figure 4 details how data transfer is accomplished on the 2-wire bus. Depending upon the state of the R/W bit, two types of data transfer are possible: 1. Data transfer from a master transmitter to a slave receiver. The first byte transmitted by the master is the slave address. Next follows a number of data bytes. The slave returns an acknowledge bit after each received byte. 2. Data transfer from a slave transmitter to a master receiver. The first byte, the slave address, is transmitted by the master. The slave then returns an acknowledge bit. Next follows a number of data bytes transmitted by the slave to the master. The master returns an acknowledge bit after all received bytes other than the last byte. At the end of the last received byte, a ‘not acknowledge’ is returned. The master device generates all of the serial clock pulses and the START and STOP conditions. A transfer is ended with a STOP condition or with a repeated START condition. Since a repeated START condition is also the beginning of the next serial transfer, the bus will not be released. 7 of 16 DS1621 The DS1621 may operate in the following two modes: 1. Slave receiver mode: Serial data and clock are received through SDA and SCL. After each byte is received an acknowledge bit is transmitted. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer. Address recognition is performed by hardware after reception of the slave address and direction bit. 2. Slave transmitter mode: The first byte is received and handled as in the slave receiver mode. However, in this mode the direction bit will indicate that the transfer direction is reversed. Serial data is transmitted on SDA by the DS1621 while the serial clock is input on SCL. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer. SLAVE ADDRESS A control byte is the first byte received following the START condition from the master device. The control byte consists of a 4-bit control code; for the DS1621, this is set as 1001 binary for read and write operations. The next 3 bits of the control byte are the device select bits (A2, A1, A0). They are used by the master device to select which of eight devices are to be accessed. These bits are in effect the 3 least significant bits of the slave address. The last bit of the control byte (R/ W ) defines the operation to be performed. When set to a “1” a read operation is selected, when set to a “0” a write operation is selected. Following the START condition the DS1621 monitors the SDA bus checking the device type identifier being transmitted. Upon receiving the 1001 code and appropriate device select bits, the slave device outputs an acknowledge signal on the SDA line. 8 of 16 DS1621 Figure 5. 2-WIRE SERIAL COMMUNICATION WITH DS1621 9 of 16 DS1621 COMMAND SET Data and control information is read from and written to the DS1621 in the format shown in Figure 5. To write to the DS1621, the master will issue the slave address of the DS1621 and the R/ W bit will be set to “0”. After receiving an acknowledge, the bus master provides a command protocol. After receiving this protocol, the DS1621 will issue an acknowledge and then the master may send data to the DS1621. If the DS1621 is to be read, the master must send the command protocol as before and then issue a repeated START condition and the control byte again, this time with the R/ W bit set to “1” to allow reading of the data from the DS1621. The command set for the DS1621 as shown in Table 3 is as follows: Read Temperature [AAh] This command reads the last temperature conversion result. The DS1621 will send 2 bytes, in the format described earlier, which are the contents of this register. Access TH [A1h] If R/ W is “0” this command writes to the TH (HIGH TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command, the next 2 bytes written to the DS1621, in the same format as described for reading temperature, will set the high temperature threshold for operation of the TOUT output. If R/ W is “1” the value stored in this register is read back. Access TL [A2h] If R/ W is “0” this command writes to the TL (LOW TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command, the next 2 bytes written to the DS1621, in the same format as described for reading temperature, will set the high temperature threshold for operation of the TOUT output. If R/ W is “1” the value stored in this register is read back. Access Config [ACh] If R/ W is “0” this command writes to the configuration register. After issuing this command, the next data byte is the value to be written into the configuration register. If R/ W is “1” the next data byte read is the value stored in the configuration register. Read Counter [A8h] This command reads the value Count_Remain. This command is valid only if R/ W is “1”. Read Slope [A9h] This command reads the value Count_Per_C. This command is valid only if R/ W is “1”. Start Convert T [EEh] This command begins a temperature conversion. No further data is required. In one-shot mode the temperature conversion will be performed and then the DS1621 will remain idle. In continuous mode this command will initiate continuous conversions. Stop Convert T [22h] This command stops temperature conversion. No further data is required. This command may be used to halt a DS1621 in continuous conversion mode. After issuing this command, the current temperature measurement will be completed and the DS1621 will remain idle until a Start Convert T is issued to resume continuous operation. 10 of 16 DS1621 Table 3. DS1621 COMMAND SET 2-WIRE BUS DATA AFTER ISSUING INSTRUCTION DESCRIPTION PROTOCOL PROTOCOL TEMPERATURE CONVERSION COMMANDS Read Temperature Read last converted temperature AAh <read 2 bytes data> value from temperature register. Read Counter Reads value of Count_Remain A8h <read data> Read Slope Reads value of the A9h <read data> Count_Per_C Start Convert T Initiates temperature EEh idle conversion. Stop Convert T Halts temperature conversion. 22h idle THERMOSTAT COMMANDS Access TH Reads or writes high A1h <write data> temperature limit value into TH register. Access TL Reads or writes low A2h <write data> temperature limit value into TL register. Access Config Reads or writes configuration ACh <write data> data to configuration register. NOTES 1 1 2 2 2 NOTES: 1. In continuous conversion mode a Stop Convert T command will halt continuous conversion. To restart the Start Convert T command must be issued. In one-shot mode a Start Convert T command must be issued for every temperature reading desired. 2. Writing to the E2 requires a maximum of 10ms at room temperature. After issuing a write command, no further writes should be requested for at least 10ms. 11 of 16 DS1621 MEMORY FUNCTION EXAMPLE Example: Bus master sets up DS1621 for continuous conversion and thermostatic function. BUS MASTER MODE TX TX RX TX RX TX DS1621 MODE RX RX TX RX TX RX DATA (MSB FIRST) START <address,0> ACK ACh ACK 02h RX TX TX RX TX RX TX TX RX RX TX RX TX RX ACK START <address,0> ACK A1h ACK 28h RX TX TX RX ACK 00h RX TX TX RX TX RX TX TX RX RX TX RX TX RX ACK START <address,0> ACK A2h ACK 0Ah RX TX TX RX ACK 00h RX TX TX RX TX RX TX TX RX RX TX RX TX RX ACK START <address,0> ACK EEh ACK STOP COMMENTS Bus Master initiates a START condition. Bus Master sends DS1621 address; R/ W = 0. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends Access Config command protocol. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sets up DS1621 for output polarity active high, continuous conversion. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master generates a repeated START condition. Bus Master sends DS1621 address; R/ W = 0. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends Access TH command. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends first byte of data for TH limit of +40°C. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends second byte of data for TH limit of +40°C. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master generates a repeated START condition. Bus Master sends DS1621 address; R/ W = 0. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends Access TL command. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends first byte of data for TL limit of +10°C. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends second byte of data for TL limit of +10°C. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master generates a repeated START condition. Bus Master sends DS1621 address; R/ W = 0. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master sends Start Convert T command protocol. DS1621 generates acknowledge bit. Bus Master initiates STOP condition. 12 of 16 DS1621 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS* Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Soldering Temperature -0.5V to +6.0V -55°C to +125°C -55°C to +125°C See IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020A Specification * This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect reliability. RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS PARAMETER Supply Voltage SYMBOL VDD MIN 2.7 TYP DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER Thermometer Error Thermometer Resolution Low Level Input Voltage High Level Input Voltage Pulse width of spikes which must be suppressed by the input filter Low Level Output Voltage SYMBOL TERR UNITS V NOTES 1 (-55°C to +125°C; VDD = 2.7V to 5.5V) CONDITION 0°C to 70°C 3.0V£VDD£5.5V 0°C to 70°C 2.7V£VDD£3.0V -55°C to +0°C and 70°C to 125°C MIN TYP MAX UNITS ±½ °C ±1 °C ±2 °C 12 bits VIL 0.5 0.3 VDD V VIH 0.7 VDD VDD+0.3 V tSP Fast Mode 0 50 ns VOL1 3 mA Sink Current 6 mA Sink Current 0.4<VI/O<0.9VDD 0 0.4 V 0 0.6 V -10 10 µA 10 pF VOL2 Input Current each I/O Pin I/O Capacitance MAX 5.5 CI/O 13 of 16 NOTES 2 DS1621 Active Supply Current Standby Supply Current Thermostat Output (TOUT) Output Voltage ICC Temperature Conversion -55°C to +85°C Temperature Conversion +85°C to +125°C E2 Write Communication Only 1000 1250 1 mA Source 4 mA Sink 3, 4 1 µA 3, 4 0.4 V V 400 110 ISTBY VOH VOL µA 2.4 14 of 16 DS1621 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER Temperature Conversion Time NV Write Cycle Time SCL Clock Frequency Bus Free Time Between a STOP and START Condition Hold Time (Repeated) START Condition Low Period of SCL Clock High Period of SCL Clock Setup Time for a Repeated START Condition Data Hold Time Data Setup Time (-55°C to +125°C; VDD = 2.7V to 5.5V) SYMBOL TTC CONDITION tWR 0°C to 70°C fSCL Fast Mode Standard Mode Fast Mode Standard Mode 0 0 1.3 4.7 tHD:STA Fast Mode Standard Mode 0.6 4.0 µs TLOW Fast Mode Standard Mode Fast Mode Standard Mode Fast Mode Standard Mode 1.3 4.7 0.6 4.0 0.6 4.7 µs Fast Mode Standard Mode Fast Mode Standard Mode Fast Mode Standard Mode 0 0 100 250 20+0.1CB tBUF THIGH tSU:STA tHD:DAT tSU:DAT Rise Time of Both tR SDA and SCL Signals Fall Time of both tF Fast Mode SDA and SCL Standard Mode Signals Setup time for tSU:STO Fast Mode STOP Condition Standard Mode Capacitative Load Cb for each Bus Line All values referred to VIH=0.9 VDD and VIL=0.1 VDD. AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER Input Capacitance SYMBOL CI MIN MIN TYP MAX 750 UNITS ms NOTES 4 10 ms 10 400 100 KHz µs 5 µs µs 0.9 20+0.1CB µs 6, 7 ns 8 300 1000 ns 9 300 300 ns 9 0.6 4.0 µs 400 pF (-55°C to +125°C; VDD = 2.7V to 5.5V) TYP 5 15 of 16 MAX UNITS pF NOTES DS1621 NOTES: 1. All voltages are referenced to ground. 2. I/O pins of fast mode devices must not obstruct the SDA and SCL lines if VDD is switched off. 3. ICC specified with TOUT pin open. 4. ICC specified with VCC at 5.0V and SDA, SCL = 5.0V, 0°C to 70°C. 5. After this period, the first clock pulse is generated. 6. A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300ns for the SDA signal (referred to the VIH MIN of the SCL signal) in order to bridge the undefined region of the falling edge of SCL. 7. The maximum tHD:DAT has only to be met if the device does not stretch the LOW period (tLOW) of the SCL signal. 8. A fast mode device can be used in a standard mode system, but the requirement tSU:DAT >250ns must then be met. This will automatically be the case if the device does not stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal. If such a device does stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal, it must output the next data bit to the SDA line tRMAX + tSU:DAT = 1000 + 250 = 1250ns before the SCL line is released. 9. CB —total capacitance of one bus line in pF. 10. Writing to the nonvolatile memory should only take place in the 0°C to 70°C temperature range. TIMING DIAGRAM Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance. Maxim Integrated 160 Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA 1-408-601-1000 © 2005 Maxim Integrated 16 The Maxim logo and Maxim Integrated are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.