English

BL6810
BL6810
Power Line Communication
Microcontroller
Datasheet
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BL6810
Catalog
1
Overview .............................................................................................................................................................. 5
1.1
BL6810 Features .................................................................................................................................. 5
1.2
BL6810 Block Diagram ......................................................................................................................... 5
1.3
Applications ......................................................................................................................................... 6
1.4
BL6810 Microcontroller ....................................................................................................................... 6
1.4.1
Fully Compatible with the 8051 ................................................................................................... 6
1.4.2
High Speed ................................................................................................................................... 6
1.4.3
On-chip Memory .......................................................................................................................... 6
1.4.4
Carrier Communication ................................................................................................................ 7
1.4.5
UART ............................................................................................................................................ 7
2 Electrical Characteristics ...................................................................................................................................... 7
2.1
Limit Parameter ................................................................................................................................... 7
2.2
Operating Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 8
2.3
DC Electrical Characteristics ................................................................................................................. 9
3 Package and Pin Configuration ............................................................................................................................ 9
3.1
Pin Diagrams ........................................................................................................................................ 9
3.2
Package Outlines ................................................................................................................................ 10
3.3
Pin Configuration ............................................................................................................................... 11
4 Microcontroller .................................................................................................................................................. 12
4.1
Instruction Set .................................................................................................................................... 13
4.2
Memory Organization ........................................................................................................................ 13
4.2.1
Program Memory ....................................................................................................................... 13
4.2.2
Data Memory ............................................................................................................................. 14
4.2.3
General Purpose Registers ......................................................................................................... 14
4.2.4
Stack ........................................................................................................................................... 15
4.2.5
Special Function Registers.......................................................................................................... 16
4.3
Multiplication and Division Unit(MDU) ........................................................................................ 18
5 FLASH Memory .................................................................................................................................................. 20
6 Clock .................................................................................................................................................................. 20
7 Interrupt............................................................................................................................................................. 20
7.1
Interrupt Source and Vector .............................................................................................................. 21
8 UART .................................................................................................................................................................. 23
8.1
UART0 Mode ...................................................................................................................................... 23
8.2
Mode0................................................................................................................................................ 25
8.3
Mode1................................................................................................................................................ 25
8.4
Mode2................................................................................................................................................ 26
8.5
Mode3................................................................................................................................................ 26
9 Timer .................................................................................................................................................................. 27
9.1
Timer0 and Timer1............................................................................................................................. 27
9.2
Timer2 ................................................................................................................................................ 30
10
Watchdog ................................................................................................................................................... 32
11
SPI .............................................................................................................................................................. 33
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BL6810
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
System Block ...................................................................................................................................... 33
Sequence Diagram ............................................................................................................................. 34
Download Processes .......................................................................................................................... 34
Upload Processes ............................................................................................................................... 34
12
Chip Work Mode ........................................................................................................................................ 35
12.1
SOC Mode .......................................................................................................................................... 35
12.2
Device Mode ...................................................................................................................................... 35
13
Application Notes....................................................................................................................................... 36
13.1
Communication Block Description ..................................................................................................... 36
13.2
SPI Description ................................................................................................................................... 37
13.3
BL6810 Expand Register ..................................................................................................................... 39
13.3.1 Chip ID ........................................................................................................................................ 39
13.3.2 The period of line voltage .......................................................................................................... 39
13.3.3 AGC Control................................................................................................................................ 39
13.3.4 Transmission Control.................................................................................................................. 40
13.3.5 Frequency/Rate Select ............................................................................................................... 40
13.3.6 Transmit Power Control ............................................................................................................. 40
13.3.7 Sending Data .............................................................................................................................. 40
13.3.8 Sending Status............................................................................................................................ 41
13.3.9 Receive Status ............................................................................................................................ 41
13.3.10
Carrier 1 Frame Phase ........................................................................................................ 41
13.3.11
Carrier 1 Interrupt Information .......................................................................................... 42
13.3.12
Carrier 1 Received Data...................................................................................................... 42
13.3.13
Carrier 1 Parity ................................................................................................................... 42
13.3.14
Carrier 2 Frame Phase ........................................................................................................ 42
13.3.15
Carrier 2 Interrupt Information .......................................................................................... 43
13.3.16
Carrier 2 Received Data...................................................................................................... 43
13.3.17
Carrier 2 Parity ................................................................................................................... 43
13.3.18
Carrier 3 Frame Phase ........................................................................................................ 43
13.3.19
Carrier 3 Interrupt Information .......................................................................................... 44
13.3.20
Carrier 3 Received Data...................................................................................................... 44
13.3.21
Carrier 3 Parity ................................................................................................................... 44
13.3.22
Carrier 4 Frame Phase ........................................................................................................ 44
13.3.23
Carrier 4 Interrupt Information .......................................................................................... 45
13.3.24
Carrier 4 Received Data...................................................................................................... 45
13.3.25
Carrier 4 Parity ................................................................................................................... 45
13.3.26
Receiving Status and Mask................................................................................................. 45
13.3.27
REC_INT_STATUS ................................................................................................................ 46
13.3.28
Receiving SNR Calc. Status ................................................................................................. 46
13.3.29
Receiving Signal Power ...................................................................................................... 46
13.3.30
Receiving Signal Noise........................................................................................................ 47
13.3.31
CRC Initial Register ............................................................................................................. 47
13.3.32
CRC Input Data ................................................................................................................... 47
13.3.33
CRC Data............................................................................................................................. 47
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BL6810
13.3.34
13.3.35
13.3.36
13.3.37
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RS Coding Register ............................................................................................................. 48
RS Control Register............................................................................................................. 48
User Flash Control Register ................................................................................................ 49
Write Protect Register ........................................................................................................ 50
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BL6810
1 Overview
The BL6810 is a fully integrated narrow-band power line communication chip. It supports four
channels’ BPSK/DSSS modulation/demodulation and has multi-frequency, multi-rate features,
supports adaptive signal receiving. The BL6810 integrated 51mcu core and compatible with
EIA709.2 and DL/T-645, can be used in low-voltage power line carrier automatic meter reading
(AMR), smart home control, remote streetlight monitoring, industrial control and other
applications.
1.1
BL6810 Features

Operating Voltage:5V

Integrated 8051 core, compatible with the 8051 instruction set and bus structure

Modulation mode: BPSK/DSSS

Three communication rates: 5.48k/365bps(DSSS15)/87bps(DSSS63) adaptive receiving

Four channels: 131.58k/263.16k/312.5k/416.67kHz adaptive receiving

Support phase detection

On-chip analog band pass filter

On-chip high-performance digital narrowband filter

On-chip 66dB low noise AGC

On-chip RS hardware codec, with forward error correction capabilities

Hardware CRC16

Received signal strength indication, SNR indication, support for routing algorithm
1.2
BL6810 Block Diagram
BL6810 Block Diagram
HPF
PreDriver
Reference
Gen
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AGC
Power monitor
LPF
5M,12Bit ADC
LPF
5M,12Bit DAC
Crystal
Oscillator
Regulator
IOs/Uart
PLC Transceiver
(BPSK,DSSS15,DSSS63)
4 carriers
MCU
Controller
Configuration &
Status Registers
SPI
Interface
SRAM
Flash
Memory
CRC
RS
Codec
Flash
Controller
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BL6810
1.3
Applications

Automatic meter reading

Smart home

Street lighting control

Intelligent building control

Industrial automation control

Solar control
1.4
1.4.1
BL6810 Microcontroller
Fully Compatible with the 8051
BL6810 core is fully compatible with MCS-51TM’s instruction set. You can use the standard 803x
/ 805x assemblers and compilers for software development. It has a standard 8052 peripheral
component, including three 16-bit counter/timers, a full-duplex UART with enhanced baud rate
configuration, 3840 Bytes SRAM, 28KBytes Flash and 512 Bytes user Flash.
1.4.2
High Speed
The instruction execution speed of BL6810 is greatly improved with pipeline structure. In the
8051, all instructions cost 12 or 24 system clock cycles except for MUL and DIV, and the maximum
system clock frequency is 12-24MHz. For BL6810 core, most single-byte instruction execution time
is just one system clock cycle.
1.4.3
On-chip Memory
BL6810 has a standard 8051 program and data address configuration. It includes 256 bytes of
data RAM, of which the upper 128 bytes is dual-mapped. The upper 128 bytes of RAM can be
accessed by indirect addressing, but the 128 bytes’ SFR can be accessed by direct addressing. The
lower 128 bytes of RAM can be accessed by both indirect and direct addressing. The first 32 bytes is
served for four general register banks, and the next 16 bytes can be either addressable by byte or by
bit.
External data memory is 3840 Bytes, program memory contains 28K Bytes of FLASH.
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BL6810
1.4.4
Carrier Communication
Carrier communication unit use 12bit ADC and DAC (sampling frequency of 5MHz) that
integrates with low-noise 66dB gain-adjustable automatic gain controller and achieves industry
leading sensitivity as high as 0.5 u V. It can supports adaptively four carrier frequencies: 131.58k,
263.16k, 312.5k, 416.67 kHz; also three communication data rate: 5.48kbps, 365bps, and 87bps.
1.4.5
UART
BL6810 has a full duplex UART with enhanced baud rate configuration. Serial bus only needs
very little CPU intervention for it is all implemented by hardware and also can be interrupted.
2 Electrical Characteristics
2.1
Limit Parameter
Parameter
Min.
Max.
Units
Environment Temperature
-55
125
℃
Storage Temperature
-55
150
℃
-0.3
Vdd+0.3
V
-0.3
6.0
V
Maximum current of VDD to GND
500
mA
Maximum output current of I/O
100
mA
The voltage of any port I/O pins or
RST pin relative to GND
The voltage of VDD pin relative to
DGND
Note: Exceeding the limit parameters listed above may cause permanent damage to the device. The reliability will
be reduced under the conditions of the maximum allowable value or above the maximum allowable value for a
long time.
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BL6810
2.2
Operating Parameters
Parameter
Description
Symbol
Condition
Units
Min.
Typ.
Max.
BWbpf
Receiving band pass
Filter bandwidth
Spectrum
Analyzer
Sweep
VINmin
Input Sensitivity
Differential
Input
5
uV
VINmax
Maximum input
amplitude
Differential
Input
400
mV
AGC_range
AGC range
66
dB
AGC_step
AGC minimum step
Voffs_RX_in
Input Bias
AGC=66dB
0.1
mV
Voffs_RX_in
Input Bias
AGC=0dB
20
mV
Voutmax
Output amplitude
Load=1MΩ
110-550
0
KHz
2.2
dB
±1.5
V
Fc=131.58kHz
HD2
Second harmonic
263.16kHz
312.5kHz
40
dB
40
dB
400
pF
416.67kHz
Fc=131.58kHz
HD3
Third harmonic
263.16kHz
312.5kHz
416.67kHz
CLTX_OUT
Output capacitive
load
RLTX_OUT
Output resistive load
Ω
200
131.58
Fc
263.16
Carrier Frequency
KHz
312.5
416.67
Data Rate
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Data Rate
BPSK
5480
DS15
365
DS63
87
bps
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BL6810
2.3
DC Electrical Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Supply Voltage
VDD
Operating Frequency
F
Operating Temperature
TA
Operating Current
I
Specification
Min.
Typ.
Max.
4.5
5
5.5
20
-40
Units
V
MHz
+85
35
C
mA
3 Package and Pin Configuration
22
21
20
SCK
OSCI
23
DGND
OSCO
24
DVDD
NC_P
Pin Diagrams
19
18
17
NC3
25
16
SCS
NC_N
26
15
SDI
TX
27
14
SDO
AVDD
28
13
INT
AGND
29
12
RXD
VREF
30
11
TXD
RXP
31
10
ZX
RXN
32
9
TDS
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RSTB
4
5
6
7
8
TCK
3
TDI
2
TDO
1
MODE
BL6810
TEST
3.1
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BL6810
3.2
Package Outlines
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BL6810
3.3
Pin Configuration
BL6810 is packaged with LQPF32.
Pin
No.
Pin Name
Pin Type
Description
1
NC
Not used
2
MODE
I
0: device mode, 1: SOC mode
3
RSTB
I
Driving this pin low resets the MCU
SOC mode: Flash programming Interface ,
6
TDO
IO
cannot be used for GPIO
Device mode: NC
SOC mode: Flash programming Interface ,
7
TDI
IO
cannot be used for GPIO
Device mode: NC
SOC mode: Flash programming Interface ,
8
TCK
IO
cannot be used for GPIO
Device mode: NC
SOC mode: Flash programming Interface,can
9
TDS
O
be used as P37(only for output)
Device mode: NC
10
ZX
IO
Zero detect input
11
TXD
IO
UART output,can be used as P31
12
RXD
IO
UART input,can be used as P30
SOC:P36
13
INT
IO
Device mode:Usually high level, output low
level after receiving power line data.
14
SDO
IO
15
SDI
IO
16
SCS
IO
17
SCK
IO
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SOC mode:P35;
Device mode:SPI output
SOC mode:P34;
Device mode:SPI input
SOC mode:P33;
Device mode:SPI chip select
SOC mode:P32;
Device mode:SPI clock
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BL6810
18
DGND
IO
Digital GND
19
DVDD
IO
Digital VDD
22
OSCI
I
Oscillator Input
23
OSCO
O
Oscillator Output
24
NC
IO
Not connected
25
NC
IO
Not connected
26
NC
IO
Not connected
27
TX
O
Carrier Output
28
AVDD
IO
Analog VDD
29
AGND
IO
Analog GND
The reference voltage. This pin provides the
30
VREF
IO
required bias current for internal circuit by
connecting an external 180k ohm resistor to
ground.
31
RXP
I
PLC signal input(Positive Differential terminal)
32
RXN
I
PLC signal input(Negative Differential terminal)
Note:All the output pins are Open-drain,which requires 4.7kΩ pull-up resistor.
4 Microcontroller
MCU core is enhanced 8051 microcontroller and compatible with MCS-51TM instruction set,
you can use the standard 803x / 805x assemblers and compilers for software development. The
series MCU has all the standard 8051 MCU peripherals.
BL6810 microcontroller core has the organizational structure and peripherals with standard
8051, In addition to increased custom peripherals and functions. It greatly enhances its handling
capacity. BL6810 core has the following characteristics:
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BL6810

Fully compatible with MCS-51 instruction set

10MHz clock frequency

3840 Bytes SRAM

28K Bytes Flash

Expanded interrupt processing system
4.1
Instruction Set
BL6810 controller instruction set is fully compatible with the standard MCS-51TM instruction
set. You can use standard development tools to develop BL6810 8051 software. All BL6810
instructions are similar with MCS-51TM products on the binary code and functions, including
opcode, addressing modes and effect on PSW flags.
4.2
Memory Organization
BL6810 memory organization is similar with standard 8051 memory organization. There are two
separate memory spaces: program memory and data memory. Program memory size is 28KB. RAM
data memory including internal and external (on-chip) RAM, the internal RAM size is 256B, external
(on-chip) RAM size is 3584B. At the same time, the chip also includes a user 512Bytes Flash, the
user can store the data.
BL6810 have a group dedicated expansion register for power line carrier communications.
0x6FFF
Internal Data Memory
(256B)
Program
0xFF
Memory
(28KB)
0x80
0x7F
0x0000
4.2.1
0x00
Upper 128
SFR
Bytes
Memory
Lower 128
Bytes
Program Memory
BL6810 supports 28KB program memory and allocated addresses 0x0000 to 0x6FFF.
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BL6810
4.2.2
Data Memory
BL6810 have 256 bytes internal RAM and allocated 0x00 to 0xFF. The lower 128 bytes use for
general register and temp register, it can be accessed by direct or indirect addressing modes. Four
general register bank are allocated addresses 0x00 to 0x1F, there are eight 8-bits registers in each
bank. The following 16 bytes can be accessed by byte or bit from 0x20 to 0x2F.
Upper 128 bytes can only be accessed by indirect addressing. The storage bank and the Special
Function Registers (SFR) occupy the same address space, but physically separate from SFR space.
When addressing above 0x7F, addressing mode determines if the CPU access the upper 128 bytes
data memory or access SFR. Using direct addressing mode instructions will access the SFR space,
using instruction indirect addressing above 0x7F address will access the upper 128 bytes data
memory.
4.2.3
General Purpose Registers
The lower 32 bytes data memory from address 0x00 to 0x1F can be use for four
general-purpose registers. Each bank has eight 8-bit registers, called R0 - R7. Only one of them can
be selected at the same time. PSW.3 and PSW.4 bits are used to select the active register bank. Fast
switching is allowed when entering subroutines or interrupt service routine. Indirect addressing
mode uses R0 and R1 as indirect address register.
In addition to the data memory accessed by bytes, 16 data memory data units from 0x20 to
0x2F can be accessed by bits. Each bit has a bit address from 0x00 to 0x7F. The byte at address 0x20
Bit-0 allocated 0x00, bit-7 allocated 0x07. The byte at address 0x2F Bit-7 allocated 0x7F. If it is bit
addressing or byte addressing can be decided by instruction type.
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BL6810
Bank 0
Bank 1
Bank 2
Bank 3
Address
Register
Address
Register
Address
Register
Address
Register
00H
R0
08H
R0
10H
R0
18H
R0
01H
R1
09H
R1
11H
R1
19H
R1
02H
R2
0AH
R2
12H
R2
1AH
R2
03H
R3
0BH
R3
13H
R3
1BH
R3
04H
R4
0CH
R4
14H
R4
1CH
R4
05H
R5
0DH
R5
15H
R5
1DH
R5
06H
R6
0EH
R6
16H
R6
1EH
R6
07H
R7
0FH
R7
17H
R7
1FH
R7
4.2.4
Stack
Stack can be located in the 256-byte data memory and specified by the stack pointer(SP,0x81).
SP points to the location last used. Next data will be stored in the SP + 1, then SP is incremented.
After resetting the stack pointer is initialized to address 0x07, therefore the first data pushed into
the stack will be stored in the address 0x08, which is also the first register (R0) on bank 1. If you use
more than one register bank, SP should be initialized to location data memory which is not used for
data storage. Stack depth up to 256 bytes.
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BL6810
4.2.5
Special Function Registers
Directly addressable memory space from 0x80 to 0xFF is called the special function registers
(SFR). SFR can control the resources and peripheral of BL6810 and data exchange with these
resources and peripherals. BL6810 has all SFR of standard 8051, also added some SFR used for
configuring and accessing proprietary subsystem. This allows the instruction set is compatible with
MCS - 51 tm under the premise of adding new functionality.
Anytime the 0x80 ~ 0xFF memory space accessing by the direct addressing mode is for SFR.
Addresses ending in 0x0 or 0x8 SFR (e.g. P0, TCON, P1, SCON, IE, etc.) as well as byte addressable or
bit addressable, others SFR byte-addressable only.
SFR Memory Map
Address
0/8
1/9
F8
SSC_DAT
SSC_ADR
F0
B
E8
E
ACC
D8
EXT_DAT
D0
PSW
C8
T2CON
2/A
3/B
4/C
5/D
6/E
7/F
MD0
MD1
MD2
MD3
MD4
MD5
ARCON
EXT_ADR
DATA_BUF
ADCON
T2MOD
TL2
TH2
C0
B8
IP0
S0RELH
B0
P3
A8
IEN0
A0
P2
98
S0CON
90
P1
88
TCON
TMOD
TL0
TL1
80
P0
SP
DPL
DPH
S0RELL
S0BUF
DPS
WDTCON
WDTDATA
TH0
TH1
CKCON
DPL1
DPH1
PCON
SFR
Register
Address
Reset
Description
P0
80h
FFH
Port 0
SP
81H
07H
Stack Point
DPL
82H
00H
Data Pointer Low
DPH
83H
00H
Data Pointer High
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BL6810
DPL1
84H
00H
Data Pointer Low 1
DPH1
85H
00H
Data Pointer High 1
PCON
87H
00H
Power Control Register
TCON
88H
00H
Counter / Timer control register
TMOD
89H
00H
Counter / Timer mode register
TL0
8AH
00H
Counter / Timer0 Low
TL1
8BH
00H
Counter / Timer1 Low
TH0
8CH
00H
Counter / Timer0 High
TH1
8DH
00H
Counter / Timer1 High
CKCON
8EH
01H
CPU external data bus delay control
P1
90H
FFH
Port 1
Data Pointer Select Register
DPS
92H
00H
DPS.0 = “0”: for DPTR
DPS.0 =”1”: for DPTR1
WDTCON
95H
00H
Watchdog control register
WDTREL
96H
00H
Watchdog data register
S0CON
98H
00H
UART0 control register
S0BUF
99H
00H
UART0 data buffer
P2
A0H
00H
Port 2
IEN0
A8H
00H
Interrupt Enable register
S0RELL
AAH
00H
UART0 baud register low
P3
B0H
FFH
Port 3
IP0
B8H
00H
Interrupt priority register
S0RELH
BAH
00H
UART0 baud register high
PSW
D0H
00H
Program Status Word
EXT_DAT
D8H
00H
Extended register data
EXT_ADR
D9H
00H
Extended register address
DATA_BUF
DAH
00H
PLC send data buffer (SOC mode)
ADCON
DCH
00H
UART0 baud control register
ACC
E0H
00H
Accumulator
MD0
E9H
00H
Multiplication and division register 0
MD1
EAH
00H
Multiplication and division register1
MD2
EBH
00H
Multiplication and division register 2
MD3
ECH
00H
Multiplication and division register 3
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BL6810
4.3
MD4
EDH
00H
Multiplication and division register 4
MD5
EEH
00H
Multiplication and division register 5
ARCON
EFH
00H
Arithmetic Control Register
B
F0H
00H
B register
SSC_DAT
F8H
00H
User FLASH Data
SSC_ADR
F9H
00H
User FLASH Address
Multiplication and Division Unit(MDU)
MDU can significantly increase the speed of an unsigned 16-bit multiplication and 32 division,
shifting operating. The following table shows the implementation of the characteristics of these
operations. MDU does not contain state flag of operation completed. With a NOP delay for waiting
necessary operation time in order to define the operation end time is the most effective way to use
MDU, calculating the clock starts from the last data written.
Operations
Result
Reminder
Clock Time
32-bits divided by 16-bits
32bit
16bit
17
16-bits divided by 16-bits
16bit
16bit
9
16-bits multiplied by 16-bits
16bit
10
32-bits normalized
3-20
32-bits Shift
3-18
MDU work by accessing operands and operating results of MD0-MD5 and ARCON.
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
MDEF
MDOV
SLR
SC4
SC3
SC2
SC1
SC0
ARCON:Arithmetic Control Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xEF
位 7:MDEF(MDU Error Flag)
MDU error flag, indicates an operation error execution (when one of the new
arithmetic operation is interrupted or restart).
位 6:MDOV(MDU Overflow flag)
When divisor is zero or multiplication result exceeds 0x0000FFFFh, MDOV bit is set to
1.
位 5:SLR (Shift direction control bit)
0:Left Shift
1:Right Shift
位 4-0:SC4-0 (Shift Count)
SC[4:0] = 0,Normalization function
SC[4:0] ≠ 0,Shift function
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BL6810
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Bit7
Bit6
Bit5
Bit4
Bit3
MD0-MD5:Multiplication and division data register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xE9-0xEE
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R/W
Bit2
R/W
Bit1
R/W
Bit0
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BL6810
5 FLASH Memory
A 28K Bytes internal Flash is provided primarily for storing and executing 8051 MCU code. It can
be programmed to programming interface.
We provide the programming tools “Flash Programming Utility” too, code programming
through custom programming interface. More detail please refer to "Programming Guide".
6 Clock
A 20MHz external oscillator input is provided to hook to an external crystal. Internal oscillator
time base signal is provided by the internal oscillator circuit and external quartz crystal, after an
internal divide, MCU work at 10MHz.
7 Interrupt
BL6810 includes an extended interrupt system supporting five interrupt sources, including the
three timer interrupts; an UART interrupt and a PLC receive interrupt (external interrupt 1). Each
interrupt source hold one or more interrupt flag in an SFR. When a peripheral or external source
meets a valid interrupt condition, the corresponding interrupt flag is set to logic 1.
If an interrupt source is enabled, the interrupt will generate when interrupt flag is set. Once the
current instruction is executed, CPU generates an LCALL to a predetermined address to begin
execution of an interrupt service routine (ISR). Each ISR must end with RETI instruction and return
to the next instruction before executing the interrupt. If the interrupt is not enabled, the hardware
interrupt flag will be ignored, and program is to continue. If interrupt flag is set or not will not be
effected by interrupt enable or disable.
Each interrupt source can be enabled or disabled by an SFR (IEN0) relevant interrupt enable bit ,
but EA bit (IEN0.7) must be set to '1', to ensure that each individual interrupt enable bits are valid.
Regardless of each interrupt enable bit setting, clearing EA bit will disable all interrupts.
Some interrupt flag is automatically cleared when the CPU enters ISR, but most of the interrupt
flag is not cleared by hardware and must be cleared before the ISR return by software. If an
interrupt flag still remains set after the CPU completed the return from interrupt (RETI) instruction,
it will immediately generate a new interrupt request, CPU will re-enter the ISR after executing the
next instruction.
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BL6810
7.1
Interrupt Source and Vector
MCU supports 16 interrupt sources. Software can simulate an interrupt by any one interrupt
flag is set to logic 1. If the interrupt flag is enabled, the system will generate an interrupt request,
CPU interrupt flag will jump to the corresponding ISR address. The following table lists BL6810
interruption.
Source
Timer 0 overflow
PLC Receive Interrupt
Timer 1 overflow
Vector
000BH
0013H
001BH
No.
1
2
3
UART0
0023H
4
Timer 2 overflow
0033H
6
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
EA
ET2
ES0
ET1
IEN0:Interrupt Enable Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xA8
All bits: 0(Disable) 1(Enable)
位 7:EA (Enable all the Interrupts)
位 6:ET2 (Timer2 Interrupt Enable)
位 5:NC
位 4:ES0 (UART0 Interrupt Enable)
位 3:ET1 (Timer1 Interrupt Enable)
位 2:EX1 (PLC Receive Interrupt Enable)
位 1:ET0 (Timer0 Interrupt Enable)
位 0:NC
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PT2
PS0
PT1
IP0:Interrupt priority register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xB8
All bits: 0(low priority) 1(high priority)
位 7:NC
位 6:PT2 (Timer2 interrupt priority)
位 5:NC
位 4:PS0 (UART0 interrupt priority)
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Flag
TF0 (TCON.5)
IE1 (TCON.3)
TF1 (TCON.7)
RI0 (SCON0.0)
TI0 (SCON0.1)
TF2H (T2CON.7)
Enable
ET0 (IEN0.1)
EX1 (IEN0.2)
ET1 (IEN0.3)
ES (IEN0.4)
ET2 (IEN0.6)
R/W
EX1
R/W
ET0
R/W
R/W
PX1
R/W
PT0
R/W
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BL6810
位 3:PT1 (Timer1 interrupt priority)
位 2:PX1 (PLC interrupt priority)
位 1:PT0 (Timer0 interrupt priority)
位 0:NC
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BL6810
8 UART
BL6810 provides an asynchronous, full duplex UART. It supports standard 8051 model 0,1,2,3
with an enhanced baud rate generator circuit. Multiple clock sources can be used to generate
standard baud rates. Receive data buffer mechanism allows UART0 start to receive the second byte
before read the first byte. UART0 has two related SFRs: Serial Control Register (SCON0) and Serial
Data Buffer (SBUF0). SBUF0 can be accessed for sending and receiving. To write SBUF0 will
automatically access the transmit register and to read SBUF0 will automatic access to the receive
register.
If the UART0 interrupt is enabled, the Interrupt will be occurred when sending was completed
(SCON0 TI0 is set in '1') or receives data bytes (SCON0 RI0 is set in '1'). Hardware will not clear the
interrupt flag when MCU jump to the interrupt service routine. The interrupt flag must be cleared
by software.
8.1
UART0 Mode
UART0 supports four operating modes (one synchronous mode and three asynchronous modes)
by setting S0CON register. Four modes provide different communication protocols and baud rates.
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
SM0
SM1
SM2
REN
TB8
RB8
TI0
RI0
S0CON:UART0 Control Register
Reset:00000000
SFR Address:0x98
位 7:SM0(URAT0 Operating Mode Select)
位 6:SM1(URAT0 Operating Mode Select)
位 5:SM2(Multiprocessor Communication Enable)
Mode0:SM2=0
Mode1:SM2=0,Ignore stop bit
SM2=1,stop bit=1,RI0 activated
Mode2/3:
SM2=0,Ignore bit8
SM2=1,bit8=1,RI0 activated
位 4:REN(Receive Enable)
0:UART0 Disable
1:UART0 Enable
位 3:TB8(bit8 transmit bit)
This bit is assigned to bit8 of Modes 2 and 3 and set or cleared by software.
位 2:RB8(bit8 receive bit)
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BL6810
This bit is assigned to bit8 of Modes 2 and 3. At Mode0, this bit will be set to the
receiving stop bit.
位 1:TI0(Transmit Interrupt Flag)
When UART0 transmitted one byte (send bit7 at mode0, send stop bit at others
modes), this bit is set by hardware. If UART0 interrupt is enabled, the location of an
MCU will jump to UART0 interrupt service routine when this bit was set to 1. This bit
must be manually cleared by software.
位 0:RI0(Receive Interrupt Flag)
When UART0 received one byte, this bit is set by hardware. If UART0 interrupt is
enabled, the location of an MCU will jump to UART0 interrupt service routine when
this bit was set to 1. This bit must be manually cleared by software.
SM0
0
SM1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Mode
Mode 0:shift register
Baud Rate
fclk/12
Based on Bd(ADCON.7) and smod
Mode 1:Asynchronous 8bit
(PCON.7)
Mode 2:Asynchronous 9bit Based on smod(PCON.7)
Based on Bd(ADCON.7)和 smod
Mode 3:Asynchronous 9bit
(PCON.7)
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
BD
ADCON:UART0 Baud Rate Control Register
Reset:00000000
SFR Address:0xDC
位 7:BD(URAT0 Variable baud rate selection bits)
0:UART0 Select the baud rate by S0REL register
1:UART0 Select the baud rate by Timer1
位 6-0:NC
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
BIT2
R/W
BIT1
R/W
BIT0
R/W
BIT3
R/W
BIT2
R/W
BIT1
R/W
BIT0
S0RELH:UART0 Baud Rate High Register
Reset:00000000
SFR Address:0xBA
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
BIT7
BIT6
BIT5
BIT4
S0RELL:UART0 Baud Rate Low Register
Reset:00000000
SFR Address:0xAA
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BL6810
8.2
Mode0
Mode0 provides synchronous, half-duplex communication. Transmit and receive data on RX0
pin, TX0 pin provides transmit and receive shift clock.
Data transmission begins when performing a write S0BUF register instructions. Transmit and
receive data are 8-bits, LSB first, the interrupt flag TI0 will be set at the end of the eighth bit. The
data will be received when the receive enable bit REN is set to 1 and receive interrupt flag RI0 is
cleared. RI0 flag is set after the eighth bit being shifted and the receiving process stops, until
software clears RI0. An interruption will be occurred after TI0 or RI0 is set if the interrupt is enable.
Mode0 baud rate calculation formula::
Baud Rate = fclk/12
8.3
Mode1
Mode1 provides a standard asynchronous, full duplex communication. Each data byte using 10
bits: 1 start bit, 8 data bits (LSB first) and a stop bit. Data transmits from TX0 pin and receives at RX0
pin. 8 data bits stored in S0BUF, stop bit put in RB8.
Transmission starts after executed a command to write a byte to S0BUF register. When sending
end, TI0 interrupt flag is set. Data reception can begin when REN Receive Enable bit is set to 1. the
data byte will be loaded into the receiving register S0BUF after receiving the stop bit if meet the
following conditions: RI0 is 0, and stop bit is 1 when SM2 is 1. That means the last time reception
was done and interrupt was cleared, the shift has been moved to the stop bit.
Then the 8-bits data is stored in S0BUF, stop bit is stored in RB8, RI0 flag is set. At the same time,
if interrupts are enabled, the interrupt occurred when TI0 or RI0 was set.
Mode1 baud rate calculation formula:
adcon.7=0: baud rate
=
adcon.7=1: baud rate
=
t1ov=
2 ∗1
32
(Timer1 must be set to Mode2)
2 ∗
64∗(210 −0)
122 ∗
12∗(256−ℎ1)
For example, using 20M crystal oscillator (internal default divided to 10M), each baud rate
configuration as follows:
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BL6810
8.4
Baud Rate
TH1
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
0xEA
0xF5
0xF5
0xBF
0xDF
0xF0
PCON
0x00
0x00
0x80
0x88
0x88
0x88
Mode2
Mode 2 provides asynchronous, full duplex communication. Each data byte using 11 bits: 1 start
bit, 8 data bits (LSB first), a programmable bit (bit8) and one stop bit. Mode2 supports
multiprocessor communications and hardware address recognition. When sending, bit8 that
determined by the TB8 values can be assigned to the parity symbol P, or used for multiprocessor
communications. When receiving, bit8 is put in RB8, the stop bit is ignored.
Transmission starts after executed a command to write a byte to S0BUF register. When sending
end, TI0 interrupt flag is set. Data reception can begin when REN Receive Enable bit is set to 1. The
data byte will be loaded into the receiving register S0BUF after receiving the stop bit if RI0 is 1 and
meet the following conditions:
1. SM2 is 0, means 8-bits data received, bit8 is 0 or bit8 is parity bit.
2. SM2 is 1, bit8 is 1 and the address received matches the address of UART0.
Then the 8-bits data is stored in S0BUF, stop bit is stored in RB8, RI0 flag is set. At the same time,
if interrupts are enabled, the interrupt occurred when TI0 or RI0 was set.
Mode2 baud rate calculation formula:
smod(PCON.7) = 0 : baud rate = fclk/64;
smod(PCON.7) = 1 : baud rate = fclk/32
8.5
Mode3
Model3 uses transport protocol of Mode2, baud rate is the same as the model1. Each data byte
using 11 bits: 1 start bit, 8 data bits (LSB first), a programmable bit (bit8) and one stop bit
The baud rate calculation formula of Mode3 is the same as Mode1.
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BL6810
9 Timer
BL6810 supports 3 16-bits timer/counter. Two of them are compatible with the standard 8051
counter / timers, the other one is a 16-bits auto-reload timer can be used as a general purpose
timer. These timers can be used to measure time intervals, count external events and generate
periodic interrupt requests. Timer0 and Timer1 are nearly identical, there are four operating modes.
Timer2 can be used as a 16 or two 8-bit auto-reload timer.
9.1
Timer0 and Timer1
Each counter/timer is a 16-bit register being accessed in the form of two bytes: a low byte (TL0
or TL1) and a high byte (TH0 or TH1). Counter/timer control register (TCON) can enable Timer0 and
Timer1 and show theirs state. By setting IEN register ET0 to 1 to enable the timer0 interrupt and
setting ET1 position to 1 to enable the Timer1 interrupt. These two counter/timers have four
operating modes, by setting the mode select bits in counter/timer mode (TMOD) register to select
the operating mode, each timer can be configured independently. Four modes of operation are
identical to the standard 8051.
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
TF1
TR1
TF0
TR0
IE1
IT1
IE0
IT0
TCON:Timer control register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0x88
位 7:TF1 (Timer1 overflow flag)
0:Timer1 does not overflow
1:Timer1 overflow
Cleared by hardware when processor vectors to interrupt routine. Set by hardware on
timer/counter overflow, when the timer 1 register overflows.
位 6:TR1 (Timer1 Run Control bit)
0:Disable Timer1
1:Enable Timer1
位 5:TF0 (Timer0 overflow flag)
0:Timer0 does not overflow
1:Timer0 overflow
Cleared by hardware when processor vectors to interrupt routine. Set by hardware on
timer/counter overflow, when the timer 0 register overflows.
位 4:TR0 (Timer0 Run Control bit)
0:Disable Timer0
1:Enable Timer0
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BL6810
位 3:IE1 (Interrupt 1 Edge Flag)
Cleared by hardware when interrupt is processed if edge-triggered
hardware when external interrupt is detected on INT1# pin.
位 2:IT1 (Interrupt 1 Type Control Bit)
Clear to select low level active (level triggered) for external interrupt
select falling edge active (edge triggered) for external interrupt 1.
0:/INT1 level triggered
1:/INT1 edge triggered
位 1:IE0 (Interrupt 0 Edge Flag)
Cleared by hardware when interrupt is processed if edge-triggered
hardware when external interrupt is detected on INT0# pin.
位 0:IT0 (Interrupt 0 Type Control Bit)
Clear to select low level active (level triggered) for external interrupt
select falling edge active (edge triggered) for external interrupt 0.
0:/INT0 level triggered
1:/INT0 edge triggered
(see IT1).Set by
1 (INT1#).Set to
(see IT0).Set by
0 (INT0#).Set to
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
GATE1
C/T1
T1M1
T1M0
GATE0
C/T0
T0M1
T0M0
TMOD:Timer/Counter 0 and 1 Modes
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0x89
位 7:GATE1(Timer 1 Gating Control Bit)
0: enable timer 1 whenever the TR1 bit is set.
1: enable timer 1 only while the INT1# pin is high and TR1 bit is set.
位 6:C/T1 (Timer 1 Counter/Timer Select Bit)
0: timer operation: timer 1 counts the divided-down system clock.
1: Counter operation: timer 1 counts negative transitions on external pin T1.
位 5:T1M1(Timer 1 Mode Select Bits)
位 4:T1M0(Timer 1 Mode Select Bits)
T1M1
T1M0
Mode
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Mode 0: 8-bit timer/counter (TH1) with 5-bit
presale (TL1).
Mode 1: 16-bit timer/counter.
Mode 2: 8-bit auto-reload timer/counter
(TL1). Reloaded from TH1 at overflow.
Mode 3: timer 1 halted. Retains count.
位 3:GATE0(Timer 0 Gating Control Bit)
0: enable timer 0 whenever the TR0 bit is set.
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BL6810
1: enable timer 0 only while the INT0# pin is high and TR0 bit is set.
位 2:C/T0 (Timer 0 Counter/Timer Select Bit)
0: timer operation: timer 0 counts the divided-down system clock.
1: Counter operation: timer 0 counts negative transitions on external pin T0.
位 1:T0M1(Timer 0 Mode Select Bits)
位 0:T0M0(Timer 0 Mode Select Bits)
T0M1
T01M0
Mode
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Mode 0: 8-bit timer/counter (TH0) with 5-bit
presale (TL0).
Mode 1: 16-bit timer/counter.
Mode 2: 8-bit auto-reload timer/counter (TL0).
Reloaded from TH0 at overflow.
Mode 3: TL0 is an 8-bit timer/counter.
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
SMOD
SMOD2
PCON:Power Configuration Register
Reset: 01111111
SFR Address: 0x87
位 7:SMOD(UART baud rate select bit)
位 6:NC
位 5:NC
位 4:NC
位 3:SMOD2(Timer 1 clock select)
0:fclk/12
1:fclk
位 2:NC
位 1:NC
位 0:NC
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R/W
R/W
R/W
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BL6810
9.2
Timer2
It is a 16-bit timer/counter: the count is maintained by two 8-bit timer registers: TH2 and TL2.
Timer 2 includes the following enhancements:
Auto-reload mode (up or down counter)
Programmable clock-output
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
TF2
TR2
TCON2:Timer 2 Control Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xC8
位 7:NC
位 6:NC
位 5:TF2 (Timer 2 Overflow Flag)
0:Timer 2 does not overflow
1:Timer 2 overflow
Must be cleared by software.
Set by hardware on timer 2 overflow.
位 4:TR2 (Timer 2 Run Control bit)
0:Disable Timer 2
1:Enable Timer 2
位 3:NC
位 2:NC
位 1:NC
位 0:NC
R/W
R/W
R/W
GATE2
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
C/T2
R/W
T2M1
R/W
T2M0
TMOD2:Timer 2 Mode Control Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0xC9
位 7:NC
位 6:NC
位 5:NC
位 4:NC
位 3:GATE2(Timer 2 Gating Control Bit)
0: Enable timer 2 whenever the TR2 bit is set.
1: Invalid
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BL6810
位 2:C/T2 (Timer/Counter 2 Select bit)
0: timer operation (input from internal clock system: FOSC).
1: Invalid
位 1:T2M1(Timer 2 Mode Select Bits)
位 0:T2M0(Timer 2 Mode Select Bits)
T0M1
T01M0
Mode
Invalid
0
0
Mode 1: 16-bits counter/timer
0
1
1
0
Mode 2:8-bits auto-reload counter/timer
Invalid
1
1
Note: The function of GATE2 is identical with TR2 but opposite polarity. It means to turn off
Timer 2 by GATE2=1 or TR2=0.
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BL6810
10 Watchdog
Watchdog can be used by configuring the WDTCON register. Watchdog maximum timeout is
104ms. If interval time of two write operating for WDTDATA register exceed the specified time, WDT
will generate a reset. You can configure and enable / disable WDT by software. After system reset
the watchdog is enabled.
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
EWDT
RWDT
WDT2
WDTCON:Watchdog Control Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0x95
位 7:EWDT(Watchdog Control bit)
0:Watchdog disable
1:Watchdog enable
位 6:RWDT(Watchdog Overflow Control bit)
0:Watchdog overflow as interrupt
1:Watchdog overflow as reset
位 5:NC
位 4:NC
位 3:NC
位 2:WDT2:(Watch Clock Select bit)
位 1:WDT1:(Watch Clock Select bit)
位 0:WDT0:(Watch Clock Select bit)
WDT2
WDT1
WDT0
Clock Select
0
0
0
fclk/32
0
0
1
fclk/64
0
1
0
fclk/128
0
1
1
fclk/256
1
0
0
fclk/512
1
0
1
fclk/1024
1
1
0
fclk/2048
1
1
1
fclk/4096
R/W
-
R/W
-
R/W
-
R/W
-
R/W
-
R/W
-
R/W
WDT1
R/W
WDT0
R/W
-
R/W
-
WDTCON:Watchdog Data Register
Reset: 00000000
SFR Address: 0x96
Used for loading into watchdog counter
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BL6810
11 SPI
The SPI interface is only available when the BL6810 is set to Device mode, BL6810 SPI interface
only use as a slave device. SPI interface is mainly used for data transmission between concentrator
modules and the host STM32.

full-duplex serial bus

only use as a slave device

three-line mode

clock is provided by the master device, the maximum clock rate is 250k

transfer 8-bit data, high byte first
11.1 System Block
MISO
MOSI
SCK
GPIO
SDO
SDI
SCK
SCS
BL6810
GPIO
SDO
SDI
SCK
SCS
BL6810
GPIO
SDO
SDI
SCK
SCS
STM32
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BL6810
11.2 Sequence Diagram
The default configuration CPOL=1,CPHA=1,the same in STM32.
11.3 Download Processes
STM32 pull down the chip select port SCL of BL6810 for data transmission request. The data will
be stored in the SPIBUF register of BL6810. Then the data in BL6810's SPIBUF transferred to the
STM32 SPIBUF register too, completed the data exchange at the end. In Device mode, the data
transmission from STM32 to BL6810 related with extended registers.
11.4 Upload Processes
After BL6810 received data frame transferred from power line, each byte will be stored in
DATABUF register according to the order. When BL6810 got the first byte and transmitted it to
SPIBUF, INT pin will output low automatic for telling STM32 it is time to take the data. STM32 should
receive the data in SPIBUF immediately otherwise it will be overwritten by subsequent bytes and
data frame will miss. At BPSK mode (5.48kbps), the valid time of each byte is about 1.46ms.
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BL6810
12 Chip Work Mode
BL6810 supports two work modes, SOC mode and Device mode.
12.1 SOC Mode
SOC mode is typically used for meter modules or II collector. We can use 8051 core for data
reception and transmission process. Such as application layer data framing, parsing, routing
established at the network layer, the data forwarding, and the PHY layer of the data transmission
and reception processing can be completed by BL6810. Code will be written by chip programming
interface.
12.2 Device Mode
Device mode is typically used for concentrator modules. Now BL6810 only used as a channel for
PHY layer data transmitting and receiving and communicating with STM32 with SPI interface. The
host transmits the control byte and data to expand registers of BL6810 through SPI interface.
BL6810 will process this data base on control byte automatic. At this situation, no need to write any
code into BL6810 and all control code for concentrator module are stored in the host computer.
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BL6810
13 Application Notes
13.1 Communication Block Description
The mainly analog modules in BL6810 include high-pass filter (HPF), a variable gain amplifier
(VGA), low pass filter (LPF), AD converter (ADC), DA converter (DAC), the output low pass filter
(TX_LPF) and ClassAB PA.
In RX section, HPF is used to filter out low frequency signals below 100 KHz, VGA provides
0-66dB voltage gain. LPF is an anti-aliasing filter, ADC quantified analog signals to 12BIT for digital
module. In TX section, 12-bits digital signal provided by the transmission module is converted to
analog signal by DAC. When the analog signal passed the LPF, it will be send to power line by the
ClassAB driving circuit
BL6810 Analog Front End
The 12-bits digital signal output from ADC passes through a high-performance band pass filter
to filter out-of-band noise, the signal down-sampling, down-sampling signal and its 90-degree shift
signal are put into COSTAS loop and locked. The locked signal was put into FRAME LOCK module for
signal extracting after interpolating and processing by matched filter. The process of sending the
signal is relatively simply, the data need to send is written to communication module and
modulated at carriers, and is send to DAD after passed shaping filter. At the end the data is output
after passed LPF and Pre-Driver.
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BL6810
BL6810 Communication Receive Module
13.2 SPI Description
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a four-wire serial communication protocol developed by
Motorola. SPI protocol is master-slave mode, this mode usually has a master device and one or
more slave devices. The following diagram shows the device SPI interface.
The master device controls the data transmission by supporting shift clock and slave enable
signal. The slave enable signal is an optional high and low level, it can activate the serial input and
output of slave device (without clock). If slave enable signal absent, the communication between
master and salve device is determined by shift clock. At this moment, the slave device must remain
active throughout and only one slave device should exist.
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BL6810
Port
Name
RST
CLK
Input/
Output
IN
IN
Bit
side
1
1
ADR
OUT
7
DBI
IN
8
DBO
OUT
8
WENA
SCS
SCK
SI
SO
SOE
OUT
IN
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
1
1
1
1
1
1
Synchronization/
Function Description
Asynchronization
Asynchronization Internal system reset signal
Synchronization
Clock (10MHz)
Externally accessible register bank
Synchronization
address bus input
Externally accessible register bank data
Synchronization
bus output
Externally accessible register bank data
Synchronization
bus input
Externally accessible register bank
Synchronization
synchronous write enable
Asynchronization SPI chip select
Asynchronization SPI Serial Clock Input
Asynchronization SPI Serial data Input
Synchronization
SPI Serial data output
Synchronization
SPI Serial data output enable control
Sequence Diagram:
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BL6810
13.3 BL6810 Expand Register
In SOC mode, MCU access registers associated with communication by accessing the SFR
addresses 0xd9 and 0xd8, expand registers are not directly accessible. The expand register address
is stored in 0xd9, the data read or written from expand register is stored in 0xd8. In addition, the
expand register is write-protected. 0xff should be written into 0xd8 and 0xd9 for releasing the write
protection before write operation. If there is a request to send data, MCU should write the data to
be transmitted to 0xda. At Device mode, data to be transmitted should be written to 0x13.
13.3.1 Chip ID
Name
Address
Chip ID
0x00
Initial
value
0xa1
Type
Description
RO
chip ID
13.3.2 The period of line voltage
Name
Address
Line period
0x02
Initial
value
0x00
Type
RO
Description
The period of line voltage,0.1ms/LSB
13.3.3 AGC Control
Name
AGC_CTR
Address
0x09
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
Type
RW
Description
[4:0]: control signals for AGC
[7]: manual
[6:5]: reserved
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BL6810
13.3.4 Transmission Control
Name
XT_CTRL
Address
0x10
Initial
value
0x00
Type
RW
Description
[7]: transmit/receive control
1: transmit
0: receive
[6]: longhead
[5:3]: reserved
[2]: PD_DAC
[1]: XMT_PHASE_ENA, sending by zero cross
[0]: XMT_PIFP, sending fire program data
13.3.5 Frequency/Rate Select
Name
XT_SEL
13.3.6
Name
XT_AMP
Address
0x11
Initial
value
0x10
Type
Description
RW
[7:4]: XMT_CH, carrier frequency selection
[4]: 131.58KHz. 1: on; 0: off
[5]: 263.16KHz. 1: on; 0: off
[6]: 312.50KHz. 1: on; 0: off
[7]: 416.67KHz. 1: on; 0: off
[1:0]: XMT_RATE, data rate selection
00: 5.48Kbps
01: 783bps
10: 87bps
11: reserved
Transmit Power Control
Address
0x12
Initial
value
0x80
Type
Description
RW
transmit power control
0x00: minimum
0x80: maximum
Type
Description
RW
Device mode,sending data
13.3.7 Sending Data
Name
Address
XT_DATA
0x13
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
40 / 50
BL6810
13.3.8 Sending Status
Name
XT_STATUS
13.3.9
Address
0x14
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RW
[0]: XMT_EMPTY, buffer data is being sent out,
hardware set and clear
[1]: XMT_EXPIRE, data sending expire,
software clear
[2]: XMT_SUCCESS, software clear
[3]: reserved
[7]: frame end enable
[6:4]: reserved
Receive Status
Name
Address
Initial value
Type
Rec_Status
0x25
0x00
RO
Description
receive status:
[7]: reserved
[6]: active high for dsss63
[5]: active high for dsss15
[4]: active high for bpsk
[3]: receive data interrupt status of channel3
[2]: receive data interrupt status of channel2
[1]: receive data interrupt status of channel1
[0]: receive data interrupt status of channel0
13.3.10 Carrier 1 Frame Phase
Name
FPHASE_Carrier1
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Address
0x26
Initial value
0x00
Type
RO
Description
the phase at frame sync
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BL6810
13.3.11 Carrier 1 Interrupt Information
Name
INTMSG_Carrier1
Address
0x27
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
[7:0]: message
0: training code
1: frame head detection
2: byte receiving
3: frame end received success
4: frame head failure
5: frame end failure
6: fire update frame head detection
7: zero crossing frame head detection
13.3.12 Carrier 1 Received Data
Name
Address
DATA_Carrier1
0x28
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
received data
13.3.13 Carrier 1 Parity
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
Parity_Carrier1
0x29
0x00
RO
[2:0]: received compliment data [P, 0, 1]
[7:3]: reserved
13.3.14 Carrier 2 Frame Phase
Name
Address
FPHASE_Carrier2
0x2a
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
the phase at frame sync
42 / 50
BL6810
13.3.15 Carrier 2 Interrupt Information
Name
INTMSG_Carrier2
Address
0x2b
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
[7:0]: message
0: training code
1: frame head detection
2: byte receiving
3: frame end received success
4: frame head failure
5: frame end failure
6: fire update frame head detection
7: zero crossing frame head detection
13.3.16 Carrier 2 Received Data
Name
Address
DATA_Carrier2
0x2c
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
received data
13.3.17 Carrier 2 Parity
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
Parity_Carrier2
0x2d
0x00
RO
[2:0]: received compliment data [P, 0, 1]
[7:3]: reserved
13.3.18 Carrier 3 Frame Phase
Name
Address
FPHASE_Carrier3
0x2e
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
the phase at frame sync
43 / 50
BL6810
13.3.19 Carrier 3 Interrupt Information
Name
INTMSG_Carrier3
Address
0x2f
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
[7:0]: message
0: training code
1: frame head detection
2: byte receiving
3: frame end received success
4: frame head failure
5: frame end failure
6: fire update frame head detection
7: zero crossing frame head detection
13.3.20 Carrier 3 Received Data
Name
Address
DATA_Carrier3
0x30
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
received data
13.3.21 Carrier 3 Parity
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
Parity_Carrier3
0x31
0x00
RO
[2:0]: received compliment data [P, 0, 1]
[7:3]: reserved
13.3.22 Carrier 4 Frame Phase
Name
Address
FPHASE_Carrier4
0x32
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
the phase at frame sync
44 / 50
BL6810
13.3.23 Carrier 4 Interrupt Information
Name
INTMSG_Carrier4
Address
0x33
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
[7:0]: message
0: training code
1: frame head detection
2: byte receiving
3: frame end received success
4: frame head failure
5: frame end failure
6: fire update frame head detection
7: zero crossing frame head detection
13.3.24 Carrier 4 Received Data
Name
Address
DATA_Carrier4
0x34
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
received data
13.3.25 Carrier 4 Parity
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
Parity_Carrier2
0x35
0x00
RO
[2:0]: received compliment data [P, 0, 1]
[7:3]: reserved
13.3.26 Receiving Status and Mask
Name
STATUS_MASK_Carrier
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Address
0x36
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RW
[7]: receiving status channel 3
[6]: receiving status channel 2
[5]: receiving status channel 1
[4]: receiving status channel 0
[3]: receive channel3 mask
[2]: receive channel2 mask
[1]: receive channel1 mask
[0]: receive channel0 mask
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13.3.27 REC_INT_STATUS
Name
FRec_Status
Address
0x37
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RO
[7]: reserved
[6]: active high for dsss63
[5]: active high for dsss15
[4]: active high for BPSK
[3]: fire program interrupt status of channel3
[2]: fire program interrupt status of channel2
[1]: fire program interrupt status of channel1
[0]: fire program interrupt status of channel0
13.3.28 Receiving SNR Calc. Status
Name
Address
SNRCAL_CTRL_STATUS
0x40
Initial
value
0x00
Type
Description
RW
[7]: Force_SNR_CALC. force SNR
calculation
[5:4]: channel select:
00: channel 0
01: channel 1
10: channel 2
11: channel 3
[3:0]: SNR_VALID. End indication of SNR
calculation set to 1 by hardware, reset
to 0 by software
Note: POS and PON will be generated automatic after data frame transmission ending.
13.3.29 Receiving Signal Power
Name
Address
POS[15:8]
POS[7:0]
0x41
0x42
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
0x00
Type
Description
RO
RO
power of signal
power of signal
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BL6810
13.3.30 Receiving Signal Noise
Name
Address
PON[15:8]
PON[7:0]
0x43
0x44
Initial
value
0x00
0x00
Type
Description
RO
RO
power of noise
power of noise
13.3.31 CRC Initial Register
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
CRC_INIT
0x45
0x00
RW
[0]: CRC initialization
[7:1]: reserved
Type
Description
RW
CRC input data
Type
Description
RO
RO
CRC data
CRC data
13.3.32 CRC Input Data
Name
Address
CRC_DATAIN
0x46
Initial
value
0x00
13.3.33 CRC Data
Name
Address
CRC_VALUE[15:8]
CRC_VALUE [7:0]
0x47
0x48
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
Initial
value
0x00
0x00
47 / 50
BL6810
13.3.34 RS Coding Register
Name
Address
RSDATA[0]
RSDATA[1]
RSDATA[2]
RSDATA[3]
RSDATA[4]
RSDATA[5]
RSDATA[6]
RSDATA[7]
RSDATA[8]
RSDATA[9]
RSDATA[10]
RSDATA[11]
RSDATA[12]
RSDATA[13]
RSDATA[14]
RSDATA[15]
RSDATA[16]
RSDATA[17]
RSDATA[18]
RSDATA[19]
0x4a
0x4b
0x4c
0x4d
0x4e
0x4f
0x50
0x51
0x52
0x53
0x54
0x55
0x56
0x57
0x58
0x59
0x5a
0x5b
0x5c
0x5d
Initial
value
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
Type
Description
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
source data for RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
destination data after RS coding
Type
Description
RW
[7]: RS_BUF_CLR
[6]: CODE_ENA
[5]: DECODE_ENA
[4]: CODE_OVER
[3]: DECODE_OVER
[2]: DECODE_ERR
[1:0]: reserved
13.3.35RS Control Register
Name
RS_CTRL
Address
0x5e
Initial
value
0x00
Note: The source data can be form by 1-10 bytes at RS coding. But the destination data formed by
10 bytes. If source data is less than 10 bytes, RS buffer must be cleared. The source and destination
data should be transmitted together.
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
48 / 50
BL6810
13.3.36 User Flash Control Register
Name
Address
ADR_NVR_ADDRL
ADR_NVR_ADDRH
ADR_NVR_WD
ADR_NVR_RD
0xf0
0xf1
0xf2
0xf3
Initial
value
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
Type
Description
RW
RW
RW
RO
Low address
High address
Write data
Read data
Control byte
"2a", page erase
ADR_NVR_CTRL
0xf4
0x00
RW
"10", read
"01", write
1. NVR can read and write address from 0x000 to 0x1FF, total is 512 bytes
2. Low address written first, and then written high address. The whole process can’t be interrupted,
otherwise the operation may fail. Advised to turn off interrupts.
3. Address increase 1 automatic.
4. CPU is in suspended state when writing operation, and recovery after completed, no need to
use software delay
The sample application for reading and writing a byte
unsigned char ifp_nvr_read(unsigned char addr_h, unsigned char addr_l) /*using 0*/
{
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_ADDRL;
SSC_DAT = addr_l;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_ADDRH;
SSC_DAT = addr_h;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_CTRL;
SSC_DAT = 0x10;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_RD;
return SSC_DAT;
}
void ifp_nvr_write(unsigned char addr_h, unsigned char addr_l, unsigned char dt) /*using 0*/
{
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_ADDRL;
SSC_DAT = addr_l;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_ADDRH;
SSC_DAT = addr_h;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_WD;
SSC_DAT = dt;
SSC_ADR = ADR_NVR_CTRL;
SSC_DAT = 0x01;
}
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
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BL6810
13.3.37 Write Protect Register
Name
Address
Initial
value
Type
Description
ADR_WPTD
0xff
0x00
RW
write 0xff to allow CSR operation
Must write 0xFF to this register before operate expand register
EXT_ADR = ADR_WPTD;
EXT_DAT = 0xFF;
Shanghai Belling Corp., Ltd.
50 / 50