201892B.pdf

DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
General Description
Features
The AAT3689 BatteryManager is a highly integrated single cell lithium-ion/polymer battery charger IC designed
to operate with USB port and AC adapter inputs. It
requires a minimum number of external components.
• USB/AC Adapter System Power Charger
▪ USB: Programmable up to 500mA
▪ Adapter: Programmable up to 1.0A
• 4.0V to 5.5V Input Voltage Range
• Adapter Presence Automatically Disables USB Charging
• High Level of Integration With Internal:
▪ Charging Devices
▪ Reverse Blocking Diodes
▪ Current Sensing
• Automatic Recharge Sequencing
• Battery Temperature Monitoring
• Full Battery Charge Auto Turn-Off
• Over-Current Protection
• Over-Voltage Protection
• Emergency Thermal Protection
• Power On Reset and Soft Start
• 12-Pin 3x3 TDFN Package
The AAT3689 precisely regulates battery charge voltage
and current for 4.2V lithium-ion/polymer battery cells.
Adapter charge current rates may be programmed up to
1.0A. In the absence of an adapter and with a USB port
connected, the battery can also be charged by USB
power. The USB charge current can be programmed up
to 500mA. USB charging is disabled when an adapter is
present.
Battery temperature and charge state are fully monitored for fault conditions. In the event of an over-voltage or over-temperature failure, the device will automatically shut down, thus protecting the charging device,
control system, and the battery under charge. Status
monitor output pins are provided to indicate the battery
charge status by directly driving two external LEDs.
Applications
The AAT3689 is available in a Pb-free, thermally-enhanced,
space-saving 12-pin 3x3mm TDFN package and is rated
over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cellular Telephones
Digital Still Cameras
Hand-Held PCs
MP3 Players
Personal Data Assistants (PDAs)
Other Lithium-Ion/Polymer Battery-Powered Devices
Typical Application
Enable
EN
USB Input
BATT+
USB
BAT
USBSET
TS
C2
10μF
RSETUSB
AAT3689
BATTCT
CT
ADP Input
ADP
GND
ADPSET
RSETADP
STAT1
TEMP
STAT2
Battery Pack
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
1
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Pin Descriptions
Pin #
Name
Type
1, 10
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
USB
BAT
ADP
GND
EN
TS
STAT2
STAT1
In
In/Out
In
Ground
In
In/Out
Out
Out
9
CT
In/Out
11
12
EP
USBSET
ADPSET
In/Out
In/Out
Function
USB power supply input.
Battery charging and sensing.
Adapter power supply input.
Ground connection.
Enable pin. Logic high enables the IC.
Connect to 10k NTC thermistor.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED: active low, open-drain.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED: active low, open-drain.
Timing capacitor to adjust internal watchdog timer. Set maximum charge time for adapter
powered trickle, CC, and CV charge modes. The watchdog timer only sets the timers for
adapter battery charging; there is no timeout for the battery charging from the USB input.
If timing function is not needed, terminate this pin to ground.
Connect a resistor between this pin and GND to set the USB charging current.
Connect a resistor between this pin and GND to set the adapter charging current.
Exposed paddle (bottom); connect to GND directly beneath package.
Pin Configuration
TDFN33-12
(Top View)
2
USB
1
12
ADPSET
BAT
2
11
USBSET
ADP
3
10
USB
GND
4
9
CT
EN
5
8
STAT1
TS
6
7
STAT2
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Absolute Maximum Ratings1
Symbol
VP
VP
VN
TJ
TLEAD
Description
USB, ADP, <30ms, Duty Cycle <10%
USB, ADP Continuous
BAT, USBSET, ADPSET, STAT1, STAT2, TS, CT, EN
Operating Junction Temperature Range
Maximum Soldering Temperature (at leads)
Value
-0.3 to 7.0
-0.3 to 6.0
-0.3 to VP + 0.3
-40 to 150
300
Units
V
°C
Thermal Information2
Symbol
JA
PD
Description
Maximum Thermal Resistance
Maximum Power Dissipation
Value
Units
50
2.0
°C/W
W
1. Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation at conditions other than the operating conditions
specified is not implied. Only one Absolute Maximum Rating should be applied at any one time.
2. Mounted on an FR4 board.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
3
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Electrical Characteristics1
VADP = 5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Operation
VUSB, VADP
VU_DSBL
VUVLO
IOP
ISLEEP
Description
USB Port or Adapter Voltage Range
ADP Voltage Level to Disable USB Charging
Under-Voltage Lockout
Under-Voltage Lockout Hysteresis
Operating Current
Sleep Mode Current
ILeakage
Reverse Leakage Current from BAT Pin
Voltage Regulation
End of Charge Voltage Accuracy
VBAT_EOC1
VBAT/VBAT
EOC Voltage Tolerance
VMIN
Preconditioning Voltage Threshold
VRCH
Conditions
Min
4.0
4.25
Rising Edge
CC Charge Current = 500mA
VADP = 5V, USB = EN = GND
VUSB = 5V, ADP = EN = GND
VBAT = 4V, USB, ADP Pins Open
4.5
3.0
150
0.75
0.3
Max
Units
5.5
4.7
V
V
V
mV
mA
1.5
1
12
1.0
4.158
2.8
4.2
0.5
3.0
100
4.242
3.15
VIN = 5.5V
VIN = 5.5V
0.2
0.4
0.25
0.5
V
%
V
V
1000
mA
%
V
V
0.35
0.65


10
2.0
2.0
4000
2000
In CC Mode
In CC Mode
μA
μA
VBAT_EOC 0.1
Battery Recharge Voltage Threshold
Current Regulation
Charge Current
ICH
ICH/ICH
Charge Current Regulation Tolerance
VADPSET
ADPSET Pin Voltage
VUSBSET
USBSET Pin Voltage
KIADP
Current Set Factor: ICHARGE/IADPSET
KIUSB
Current Set Factor: ICHARGE/IUSBSET
Charging Devices
RDS(ON)A
Adapter Charging Transistor On Resistance
USB Charging Transistor
RDS(ON)U
Typ
1. The AAT3689 output charge voltage is specified over the 0° to 70°C ambient temperature range; operation over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range is guaranteed by design.
4
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Electrical Characteristics1
VADP = 5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Description
Logic Control / Protection
Input High Threshold (Adapter)
VEN(H)
Input High Threshold (USB)
Input Low Threshold
VEN(L)
IEN(H)
EN Input Current
TP
Preconditioning Time Out (ADP mode only)
Preconditioning and Constant Current Mode
TC
Time Out (ADP mode only)
Constant Voltage Mode Time Out (ADP
TV
mode only)
VSTAT
Output Low Voltage
ISTAT
STAT Pin Current Sink Capability
VOVP
Over-Voltage Protection Threshold
ITK/ICH
Pre-Charge Current
IOCP
Over-Current Protection Threshold
ITERM/ICHG
Charge Termination Threshold Current
ITS
Current Source from TS Pin
TS1
TS Hot Temperature Fault
TS2
TS Cold Temperature Fault
TOVSD
Over-Temperature Shutdown Threshold
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
1.6
2.2
Units
V
VEN = 5V
CCT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
0.4
10
25
V
μA
Minute
CCT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
3.0
Hour
CCT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
3.0
Hour
STAT Pin Sinks 4mA
Threshold
Hysteresis
Threshold
Hysteresis
0.4
70
310
2.2
8.0
4.4
10
105
7.5
80
330
15
2.3
10
145
90
350
2.4
V
mA
V
%
%ICHG_CC
%
μA
mV
V
mV
°C
1. The AAT3689 output charge voltage is specified over the 0° to 70°C ambient temperature range; operation over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range is guaranteed by design.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
5
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
IFASTCHARGE vs. RSET
Battery Voltage vs. Supply Voltage
4.242
4.221
1000
VBAT (V)
IFASTCHARGE (mA)
10000
ADP
USB
4.200
ADP
USB
100
4.179
10
1
10
100
4.158
4.5
1000
4.75
RSET (kΩ
Ω)
5.0
5.25
5.5
Supply Voltage (V)
Battery Recharge Voltage Threshold
vs. Temperature
End of Charge Voltage vs. Temperature
4.242
4.140
4.130
4.120
VRCH (V)
VBAT_EOC (V)
4.221
4.110
ADP
4.100
4.090
USB
4.080
4.070
ADP
4.200
USB
4.179
4.060
4.050
4.040
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
4.158
-50
100
-25
0
Temperature (°°C)
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°°C)
Preconditioning Voltage Threshold
vs. Temperature
Preconditioning Charge Current vs. Temperature
(RSETADP = 8.06kΩ
Ω; RSETUSB = 8.06kΩ)
120
3.05
60
3.04
VMIN (V)
USB
3.01
3.00
2.99
ADP
2.98
2.97
110
55
ADP
100
50
USB
90
45
2.96
80
2.95
-50
-25
0
25
50
Temperature (°°C)
6
75
100
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
Temperature (°C)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
40
100
ICH USB (mA)
3.02
ICH ADP (mA)
3.03
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
Fast Charge Current vs. Temperature
Adapter Charging Current vs. Battery Voltage
(RSETADP = 8.06kΩ
Ω; RSETUSB = 8.06kΩ)
1100
540
1080
530
500
1000
490
980
480
ADP
470
940
460
920
450
900
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
0.8
ICH (A)
510
1020
960
1.0
520
USB
1040
ICH USB (mA)
ICH ADP (mA)
1060
(RSETADP = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
1.2
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
440
100
2.5
2.9
3.3
Temperature (°C)
3.7
4.1
4.5
Battery Voltage (V)
USB Charging Current vs. Battery Voltage
(RSETUSB = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
Fast Charge Current vs. Adapter Supply Voltage
(RSETADP = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
600
1200
500
1000
400
800
ICH (mA)
ICH (mA)
VBAT = 3.3V
300
200
VBAT = 3.9V
600
VBAT = 3.5V
400
200
100
0
0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.0
4.5
4.5
Battery Voltage (V)
Fast Charge Current vs. USB Supply Voltage
(RSETUSB = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
5.5
6.0
Fast Charge Current vs. USB Supply Voltage
(RSETUSB = 42.4kΩ
Ω)
120
600
VBAT = 3.5V
VBAT = 3.3V
100
500
VBAT = 3.5V
VBAT = 3.9V
400
300
VBAT = 3.9V
60
200
40
100
20
0
4.0
VBAT = 3.3V
80
ICH (mA)
ICH (mA)
5.0
Adapter Supply Voltage (V)
0
4.25
4.5
4.75
5.0
5.25
5.5
USB Supply Voltage (V)
5.75
6.0
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
USB Supply Voltage (V)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
7
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
Fast Charge Current vs. USB Supply Voltage
VIH vs. Supply Voltage
(RSETUSB = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
EN Pin (Rising)
600
1.4
0°C
1.3
1.2
-40°C
1.1
70°C
400
VIH (V)
ICH (mA)
500
25°C
300
200
+25°C
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
+85°C
0.6
100
0.5
0.4
0
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.2
5.0
4.4
4.6
USB Supply Voltage (V)
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
6.0
Supply Voltage (V)
VIL vs. Supply Voltage
Adapter Mode Supply Current
vs. ADPSET Resistor
EN Pin (Falling)
1.4
0.80
1.3
0.70
1.2
0.60
1.1
-40°C
+25°C
IQ (mA)
VIH (V)
4.8
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Constant Current
0.50
0.40
0.30
Pre-Conditioning
0.20
0.6
+85°C
0.10
0.5
0.00
0.4
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
1
6.0
10
100
1000
ADPSET Resistor (kΩ
Ω)
Supply Voltage (V)
Counter Timeout vs. Temperature
CT Pin Capacitance vs. Counter Timeout
10
2.0
8
1.8
6
1.6
Capacitance (μ
μF)
Counter Timeout (%)
(CT = 0.1µF)
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
1.2
1.0
0.8
Precondition + Constant Current Timeout
or Constant Voltage Timeout
0.6
0.4
0.2
-10
0.0
-50
-25
0
25
50
Temperature (°°C)
8
Precondition Timeout
1.4
75
100
0
2
4
6
8
Time (hours)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
10
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
Temperature Sense Output Current
vs. Temperature
TS Pin Current (μA)
88
86
84
82
80
78
76
74
72
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°°C)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
9
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Functional Block Diagram
Reverse Blocking
USB
Current
Compare
USBSET
CV/
Precharge
Charge
Control
Constant
Current
UVLO
OverTemperature
Protection
Current
Compare
ADPSET
BAT
ADP
Reverse Blocking
80uA
Voltage
Sense
STAT1
STAT2
TS
Window
Comparator
Charge
Status
IC Enable
Watchdog
Timer
CT
EN
GND
Functional Description
The AAT3689 is a highly integrated single cell lithiumion/polymer battery charger IC designed to operate with
USB port and AC adapter inputs, while requiring a minimum number of external components. The AAT3689
precisely regulates battery charge voltage and current
for 4.2V lithium-ion/polymer battery cells.
The adapter charge input constant current level may be
programmed up to 1.0A for rapid charging applications.
In the absence of a high current adapter input source,
the AAT3689 may be powered from a USB port VBUS supply. The USB constant charge current can be externally
programmed for maximum constant current charge levels up to 500mA. The USB charge function is automatically disabled when an adapter input power source
greater than 4.5V is present.
Battery temperature and charge state are fully monitored for fault conditions. In the event of an over-voltage
or over-temperature failure, the device will automatically shut down, thus protecting the charging device,
control system, and the battery under charge. In addition to internal charge controller thermal protection, the
AAT3689 also provides a temperature sense feedback
function (TS pin) from the battery to shut down the
device in the event the battery exceeds its own thermal
limit during charging.
Charging Operation
Regardless of which charge input function is selected
(i.e., either the adapter input or USB input), the AAT3689
has four basic modes for the battery charge cycle: preconditioning/trickle charge; constant current/fast charge;
constant voltage; and end of charge (see Figure 1).
Status monitor output pins are provided to indicate the
battery charge status by directly driving two external
LEDs.
10
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Preconditioning
Trickle Charge
Phase
Constant Current
Charge Phase
Constant Voltage
Charge Phase
Charge Complete Voltage
I = Max CC
Regulated Current
Constant Current Mode
Voltage Threshold
Figure 1: Current vs. Voltage Profile During Charging Phases.
Battery Preconditioning
Constant Voltage Charging
Before the start of charging, the AAT3689 checks several conditions in order to assure a safe charging environment. The input supply must be above the minimum
operating voltage, or under-voltage lockout threshold
(VUVLO), for the charging sequence to begin. Also, the cell
temperature, as reported by a thermistor connected to
the TS pin from the battery, must be within the proper
window for safe charging. When these conditions have
been met and a battery is connected to the BAT pin, the
AAT3689 checks the state of the battery. If the cell voltage is below the Preconditioning Voltage Threshold
(VMIN), the AAT3689 begins preconditioning the cell.
The system transitions to a constant voltage charging
mode when the battery voltage reaches output charge
regulation threshold (VBAT_EOC) during the constant current fast charge phase. The regulation voltage level is
factory programmed to 4.2V (±1%). The charge current
in the constant voltage mode drops as the battery cell
under charge reaches its maximum capacity.
The battery preconditioning trickle charge current is equal
to the fast charge constant current divided by 10. For
example, if the programmed fast charge current is
500mA, then the preconditioning mode (trickle charge)
current will be 50mA. Cell preconditioning is a safety precaution for a deeply discharged battery and also aids in
limiting power dissipation in the pass transistor when the
voltage across the device is at the greatest potential.
Fast Charge / Constant Current Charging
The cell preconditioning continues until the voltage on
the BAT pin exceeds the Preconditioning Voltage
Threshold (VMIN). At this point, the AAT3689 begins the
constant-current fast charging phase. The fast charge
Constant Current (ICC) amplitude is determined by the
charge mode, ADP or USB, and is programmed by the
user via the RSETADP and RSETUSB resistors. The AAT3689
remains in constant current charge mode until the battery reaches the voltage regulation point, VBAT_EOC.
End of Charge Cycle Termination
and Recharge Sequence
When the charge current drops to 7.5% of the programmed fast charge current level in the constant voltage mode, the device terminates charging and goes into
a standby state. The charger will remain in a standby
state until the battery voltage decreases to a level below
the battery recharge voltage threshold (VRCH).
When the input supply is disconnected or drops below
UVLO or EN = 0, the charger will automatically enter
power-saving sleep mode. Consuming an ultra-low
0.3μA in sleep mode, the AAT3689 minimizes battery
drain when it is not charging. This feature is particularly
useful in applications where the input supply level may
fall below the battery charge or under-voltage lockout
level. In such cases where the AAT3689 input voltage
drops, the device will enter the sleep mode and automatically resume charging once the input supply has
recovered from its fault condition.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
11
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
System Operation Flow Chart
ADP
Yes
Power Select
Yes
UVLO
VP > VUVLO
Switch
On
No
No
USB
Sleep
Mode
No
ADP
Loop
Power On
Reset
Enable
USB
Loop
Timing
Fault Conditions
Monitor
OV, OT
Yes
Shutdown
Mode
No
Yes
Battery
Temp. Monitor
VTS1 < TS < VTS2
No
Expire
Battery
Temp. Fault
Charge
Safety
Timer
No
Recharge Test
VRCH > VBAT
Yes
Preconditioning Test
VMIN > VBAT
Yes
Low Current
Conditioning
Charge
Yes
Current
Charging
Mode
Yes
Voltage
Charging
Mode
Set
No
Current Phase Test
VEOC > VBAT
No
Voltage Phase Test
IBAT > ITERM
No
Charge
Charge
Completed
Completed
12
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Application Information
AC Adapter / USB System Power Charging
Adapter Mode
In the adapter mode, constant current charge levels up
to 1.0A may be programmed by the user. The AAT3689
system control will always select the adapter input over
the USB supply input whenever adapter voltage is present on the ADP pin. The AAT3689 will operate from the
adapter input over a 4.0V to 5.5V range.
The constant current fast charge current for the adapter
input mode is set by the RSETADP resistor connected
between the ADPSET pin and ground. Refer to Table 1
for recommended RSETADP values for a desired constant
current charge level. The precise charging function in
the adapter mode may be read from the status LEDs.
Please refer to the Battery Charge Status Indication discussion in this datasheet for further details.
Adapter Input Charge Inhibit and Resume
The AAT3689 has an under-voltage lockout and power
on reset feature so that if the input supply to the adapter pin drops below the UVLO threshold the charger will
suspend charging and shut down. When power is reapplied to the adapter pin or the UVLO condition recovers and VADP > VBAT, the system charge control will assess
the state of charge on the battery cell and will automatically resume charging in the appropriate mode for
the condition of the battery.
USB Mode
The AAT3689 provides an input for intelligent USB charging. When no voltage is present on the adapter input pin,
the charge controller will automatically switch to accepting power from the USB input. The USB charge may be
user programmed to any level between 50mA and
500mA by selecting the appropriate resistor values for
RSETUSB. Refer to Table 1 for recommended RSETUSB values
for the desired USB input constant current charge levels.
USB Input Charge Inhibit and Resume
The AAT3689 UVLO and power on reset feature will function when the USB input pin voltage level drops below
the UVLO threshold. At this point, the charger will suspend charging and shut down. When power is re-applied
to the USB pin or the UVLO condition recovers, the system charge control will assess the state of charge on the
battery cell and will automatically resume charging in
the appropriate mode for the condition of the battery.
ICC
ADP
RSET (kΩ)
USB
RSET (kΩ)
50
75
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
N/A
N/A
84.5
43.2
28.0
21.0
16.9
13.3
11.5
10.2
9.09
8.06
86.6
57.6
42.2
21.0
13.7
10.2
8.06
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Table 1: Resistor Values.
Enable / Disable
The AAT3689 provides an enable function to control the
charger IC on and off. The enable (EN) pin is active high.
When pulled to a logic low level, the AAT3689 will be
shut down and forced into the sleep state. Charging will
be halted regardless of the battery voltage or charging
state. When the device is re-enabled, the charge control
circuit will automatically reset and resume charging
functions with the appropriate charging mode based on
the battery charge state and measured cell voltage.
Programming Charge Current
The fast charge constant current charge level for both
Adapter and USB input modes are programmed with set
resistors placed between the ADPSET and USBSET pins
and ground. The accuracy of the fast charge is dominated by the tolerance of the set resistor used. For this
reason, 1% tolerance metal film resistors are recommended for the set resistor function.
ADP fast charge constant current levels from 100mA to
1.0A may be set by selecting the appropriate resistor
value from Table 1.
The USB charge may be set to any level between 50mA
and 500mA depending upon the system design requirements for a given USB charge application. Refer to Table
1 and Figure 2 for recommended RSETUSB values.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
13
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
The constant current provided to charge the timing
capacitor is very small, and this pin is susceptible to
noise and changes in capacitance value. Therefore, the
timing capacitor should be physically located on the
printed circuit board layout as closely as possible to the
CT pin. Since the accuracy of the internal timer is dominated by the capacitance value, 10% tolerance or better
ceramic capacitors are recommended. Ceramic capacitor
materials such as X7R and X5R type are a good choice
for this application.
IFASTCHARGE (mA)
10000
1000
ADP
100
USB
10
1
10
100
1000
Over-Voltage Protection
RSET (kΩ)
Figure 2: IFASTCHARGE vs. RSET.
Protection Circuitry
Programmable Watchdog Timer
The AAT3689 contains a watchdog timing circuit for the
adapter input charging mode. No watchdog timing functions are active for the USB input mode. Typically, a
0.1μF ceramic capacitor is connected between the CT pin
and ground. When a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor is used, the
device will time a shutdown condition if the trickle charge
mode exceeds 25 minutes or the combined trickle charge
plus fast charge mode exceeds three hours. When the
device transitions to the constant voltage mode, the timing counter is reset and will time out after three hours
and shut down the charger.
Mode
Time
Trickle Charge (TC) Time Out
Trickle Charge (TC) + Fast Charge (CC) Time
Out
Constant Voltage (VC) Mode Time Out
25 minutes
3 hours
3 hours
Table 2: Summary for a 0.1μF Used
for the Timing Capacitor.
The CT pin is driven by a constant current source and will
provide a linear response to increases in the timing
capacitor value. Thus, if the timing capacitor were to be
doubled from the nominal 0.1μF value, the time-out
times would be doubled.
If the programmable watchdog timer function is not
needed, it may be disabled by connecting the CT pin to
ground. The CT pin should not be left floating or unterminated, as this will cause errors in the internal timing control circuit.
14
An over-voltage event is defined as a condition where
the voltage on the BAT pin exceeds the maximum battery charge voltage and is set by the over-voltage protection threshold (VOVP). If an over-voltage condition
occurs, the AAT3689 charge control will shut down the
device until voltage on the BAT pin drops below the overvoltage protection threshold (VOVP). The AAT3689 will
resume normal charging operation after the over-voltage
condition is removed. During an over-voltage event, the
STAT LEDs will report a system fault.
Over-Temperature Shutdown
The AAT3689 has a thermal protection control circuit
which will shut down charging functions should the internal die temperature exceed the preset thermal limit
threshold.
Battery Temperature Fault Monitoring
In the event of a battery over-temperature condition, the
charge control will turn off the internal pass device. The
STAT LEDs will display a system fault. After the system
recovers from a temperature fault, the device will
resume charging operation.
The AAT3689 checks battery temperature before starting
the charge cycle, as well as during all stages of charging.
This is accomplished by monitoring the voltage at the TS
pin. This system is intended to use negative temperature
coefficient (NTC) thermistors, which are typically integrated into the battery package. Most commonly used
NTC thermistors used in battery packs are approximately 10kΩ at room temperature (25°C).
The TS pin has been specifically designed to source 80μA
of current to the thermistor. The voltage on the TS pin
that results from the resistive load should stay within a
window from 330mV to 2.30V. If the battery becomes
too hot during charging due to an internal fault, the
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
thermistor will heat up and reduce in value, thus pulling
the TS pin voltage lower than the TS1 threshold and the
AAT3689 will signal the fault condition.
Note: Red LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 2.0V @
2mA.
For connection to the USB supply:
If the use of the TS pin function is not required by the
system, it should be terminated to ground using a 10kΩ
resistor.
Battery Charge Status Indication
The AAT3689 has two status LED driver outputs. These
two LEDs can indicate simple functions such as no battery charge activity, battery charging, charge complete,
and charge fault.
Status Indicator Display
Simple system charging status may be displayed using
one or two LEDs in conjunction with the STAT1 and
STAT2 pins on the AAT3689. These two pins are simple
switches to connect the LED cathodes to ground. It is
not necessary to use both display LEDs if a user simply
wants to have a single lamp to show “charging” or “not
charging.” This can be accomplished by using the STAT1
pin and a single LED. Using two LEDs and both STAT pins
simply gives the user more information to the charging
states. Refer to Table 3 for LED display definitions.
The LED anodes should be connected to either VUSB or
VADP, depending upon the system design requirements.
The LEDs should be biased with as little current as necessary to create reasonable illumination; therefore, a
ballast resistor should be placed between the LED cathodes and the STAT1/2 pins. LED current consumption
will add to the overall thermal power budget for the
device package, so it is wise to keep the LED drive current to a minimum. 2mA should be sufficient to drive
most low-cost green or red LEDs. It is not recommended
to exceed 8mA for driving an individual status LED. The
required ballast resistor value can be estimated using
the following formulas:
For connection to the adapter supply:
RB(STAT1/2) =
VADP - VF(LED)
ILED(STAT1/2)
Example:
RB(STAT1) =
5.5V - 2.0V
= 1.75kΩ
2mA
RB(STAT1/2) =
VUSB - VF(LED)
ILED(STAT1/2)
Example:
RB(STAT2) =
5.0V - 3.2V
= 900Ω
2mA
Note: Green LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 3.2V @
2mA.
The status LED display conditions are described in Table
3.
Event Description
STAT1
STAT2
Charge Disabled or Low Supply
Charge Enabled Without Battery
Battery Charging
Charge Completed
Fault
Off
Flash1
On
Off
On
Off
Flash1
Off
On
On
Table 3: Status LED Display Conditions.
Capacitor Selection
Input Capacitor
In general, it is good design practice to place a decoupling capacitor between the ADP and USB pins and
ground. An input capacitor in the range of 1μF to 22μF
is recommended. If the source supply is unregulated, it
may be necessary to increase the capacitance to keep
the input voltage above the under-voltage lockout
threshold during device enable and when battery charging is initiated.
If the AAT3689 adapter input is to be used in a system
with an external power supply source, such as a typical
AC-to-DC wall adapter, then a CIN capacitor in the range
of 10μF should be used. A larger input capacitor in this
application will minimize switching or power bounce
effects when the power supply is “hot plugged.” Likewise,
a 10μF or greater input capacitor is recommended for
the USB input to help buffer the effects of USB source
power switching, noise, and input cable impedance.
1. Flashing rate depends on output capacitance.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
15
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Output Capacitor
The AAT3689 only requires a 1μF ceramic capacitor on
the BAT pin to maintain circuit stability. This value should
be increased to 10μF or more if the battery connection is
made any distance from the charger output. If the
AAT3689 is to be used in applications where the battery
can be removed from the charger, such as in the case of
desktop charging cradles, an output capacitor greater
than 10μF may be required to prevent the device from
cycling on and off when no battery is present.
Printed Circuit Board
Layout Considerations
For the best results, it is recommended to physically
place the battery pack as close to the AAT3689 BAT pin
as possible. To minimize voltage drops on the PCB, keep
the high current carrying traces adequately wide. For
maximum power dissipation of the AAT3689 TDFN package, the metal substrate should be solder bonded to the
board. It is also recommended to maximize the substrate contact to the PCB ground plane layer to further
increase local heat dissipation.
AAT3689 Evaluation Board Layout
Figure 3: AAT3689 Evaluation Board
Component Side Layout.
16
Figure 4: AAT3689 Evaluation Board
Solder Side Layout.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
AAT3689 Evaluation Board Schematic Diagram
ON/OFF
J1
1 2 3
DS1 (b)
USB
GRN
LED D2
BAV74LT1
DS1 (a)
ADP
J2
0
U1
BAV74LT1
BAT
TS
C1
10μF
C2
10μF
C3
10μF
RED
LED D1
R3
10K
5
EN
1
USB
STAT2
7
3
ADP
STAT1
8
2
BAT
USBSET
11
6
TS
ADPSET
12
9
CT
GND
USB
CT
C4
0.1μF
R5
1.5K
10
4
R1
8.06K
R4
1.5K
R2
8.06K
AAT3689
AAT3689 Evaluation Board Bill of Materials
Component
Part Number
U1
AAT3689IFP-4.2-T1
R1, R2
R3
R4, R5
C1, C2, C3
C4
JP1
JP2
D1
D2
DS1 (a, b)
Chip Resistor
Chip Resistor
Chip Resistor
GRM21BR61A106KE19
GRM188R71C104KA01
PRPN401PAEN
Chip Resistor
CMD15-21SRC/TR8
CMD15-21VGC/TR8
BAV74LT-A
Description
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Lithium-Ion/Polymer
Battery Charger;12-Pin 3x3 TDFN Package
8.06K, 1%, 1/4W; 0603
10K, 5%, 1/4W; 0603
1.5K, 5%, 1/4W; 0603
CER 10μF 10V 10% X5R 0805
CER 0.1μF 16V 10% X7R 0603
Conn. 3-pin Header, 2mm zip
0
Red LED; 1206
Green LED; 1206
Default Diode; SOT23-3
Manufacturer
Skyworks
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Murata
Murata
Sullins Electronics
Vishay
Chicago Miniature Lamp
Chicago Miniature Lamp
On Semi
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
17
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Ordering Information
Package
Marking1
Part Number (Tape and Reel)2
TDFN33-12
RQXYY
AAT3689IWP-4.2-T1
Skyworks Green™ products are compliant with
all applicable legislation and are halogen-free.
For additional information, refer to Skyworks
Definition of Green™, document number
SQ04-0074.
Package Information3
TDFN33-12
Index Area
0.43 ± 0.05
Detail "A"
C0.3
0.45 ± 0.05
2.40 ± 0.05
3.00 ± 0.05
0.1 REF
3.00 ± 0.05
1.70 ± 0.05
Top View
Bottom View
0.23 ± 0.05
Pin 1 Indicator
(optional)
0.05 ± 0.05
0.23 ± 0.05
0.75 ± 0.05
Detail "A"
Side View
All dimensions in millimeters.
1. XYY = assembly and date code.
2. Sample stock is generally held on part numbers listed in BOLD.
3. The leadless package family, which includes QFN, TQFN, DFN, TDFN and STDFN, has exposed copper (unplated) at the end of the lead terminals due to the manufacturing
process. A solder fillet at the exposed copper edge cannot be guaranteed and is not required to ensure a proper bottom solder connection.
18
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3689
0.5A/1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Copyright © 2012 Skyworks Solutions, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Information in this document is provided in connection with Skyworks Solutions, Inc. (“Skyworks”) products or services. These materials, including the information contained herein, are provided by Skyworks as a
service to its customers and may be used for informational purposes only by the customer. Skyworks assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials or the information contained herein. Skyworks may change its documentation, products, services, specifications or product descriptions at any time, without notice. Skyworks makes no commitment to update the materials or information and shall have no
responsibility whatsoever for conflicts, incompatibilities, or other difficulties arising from any future changes.
No license, whether express, implied, by estoppel or otherwise, is granted to any intellectual property rights by this document. Skyworks assumes no liability for any materials, products or information provided hereunder, including the sale, distribution, reproduction or use of Skyworks products, information or materials, except as may be provided in Skyworks Terms and Conditions of Sale.
THE MATERIALS, PRODUCTS AND INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE OR USE, MERCHANTABILITY, PERFORMANCE, QUALITY OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT; ALL SUCH WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. SKYWORKS DOES
NOT WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION, TEXT, GRAPHICS OR OTHER ITEMS CONTAINED WITHIN THESE MATERIALS. SKYWORKS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, STATUTORY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST REVENUES OR LOST PROFITS THAT MAY RESULT FROM
THE USE OF THE MATERIALS OR INFORMATION, WHETHER OR NOT THE RECIPIENT OF MATERIALS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Skyworks products are not intended for use in medical, lifesaving or life-sustaining applications, or other equipment in which the failure of the Skyworks products could lead to personal injury, death, physical or environmental damage. Skyworks customers using or selling Skyworks products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Skyworks for any damages resulting from such improper
use or sale.
Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Skyworks products, which may deviate from published specifications as a result of design defects, errors, or operation of products outside of published parameters or design specifications. Customers should include design and operating safeguards to minimize these and other risks. Skyworks assumes no liability for applications assistance, customer product
design, or damage to any equipment resulting from the use of Skyworks products outside of stated published specifications or parameters.
Skyworks, the Skyworks symbol, and “Breakthrough Simplicity” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Skyworks Solutions, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Third-party brands and names are for
identification purposes only, and are the property of their respective owners. Additional information, including relevant terms and conditions, posted at www.skyworksinc.com, are incorporated by reference.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
201892B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
19