201893B.pdf

DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
General Description
Features
The AAT3690 BatteryManager is a highly integrated single-cell lithium-ion/polymer battery charger IC designed
to operate with USB port and AC adapter inputs. It
requires the minimum number of external components.
• USB/AC Adapter System Power Charger
▪ USB: Programmable up to 1.0A
▪ Adapter: Programmable up to 1.0A
• 4.0V to 5.5V Input Voltage Range
• Adapter Presence Automatically Disables USB
Charging
• High Level of Integration With Internal:
▪ Charging Devices
▪ Reverse Blocking Diodes
▪ Current Sensing
• Automatic Recharge Sequencing
• Digital Thermal Regulation in ADP Charge
• Charge Reduction Loop in USB Charge
• Battery Temperature Monitoring
• Full Battery Charge Auto Turn-Off
• Over-Current Protection
• Over-Voltage Protection
• Emergency Thermal Protection
• Power On Reset and Soft Start
• Serial Interface Status Reporting
• 12-Pin 3 × 3mm TDFN Package
The AAT3690 precisely regulates battery charge voltage
and current for 4.2V lithium-ion/polymer battery cells.
Adapter charge current rates can be programmed up to
1.0A. In the absence of an adapter and with a USB port
connected, the battery can also be charged by USB power.
The USB charge current can be programmed up to 1A. A
Charge Reduction Loop is also built in to allow users to
charge the battery with the available current from a USB
port, while keeping the port voltage regulated. USB
charging is disabled when an adapter is present.
Battery temperature and charge state are fully monitored for fault conditions. In the event of an over-voltage or over-temperature condition, the device will automatically shut down, thus protecting the charging device,
control system, and the battery under charge. Status
monitor output pins are provided to indicate the battery
charge status by directly driving two external LEDs.
The AAT3690 is available in a Pb-free, thermally-enhanced,
space-saving 12-pin 3 × 3mm TDFN package and is rated
over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cellular Telephones
Digital Still Cameras
Hand-Held PCs
MP3 Players
Personal Data Assistants (PDAs)
Other Lithium-Ion/Polymer Battery-Powered Devices
Typical Application
Enable
EN
USB Input
BATT+
USB
BAT
USBSET
RSETUSB
TS
AAT3690
C2
10µF
BATT-
CT
CT
ADP Input
ADP
GND
ADPSET
RSETADP
STAT1
STAT2
TEMP
Battery Pack
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
1
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Pin Descriptions
Pin #
Name
Type
1, 10
2
3
4
USB
BAT
ADP
GND
In
In/Out
In
Ground
5
EN
In
6
TS
In/Out
7
8
STAT2
STAT1
Out
Out
9
CT
In/Out
11
12
EP
USBSET
ADPSET
In/Out
In/Out
Function
USB power supply input.
Battery charging and sensing.
Adapter power supply input.
Ground connection.
Enable pin. Logic high enables the IC. When open, this pin is internally pulled up to
the higher voltage of ADP and USB inputs.
Connect to 10k NTC thermistor. When TS is open, the battery temperature sensing
function is disabled.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED: active low, open-drain.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED: active low, open-drain.
Timing capacitor to adjust internal watchdog timer. Set maximum charge time for
adapter powered CC and CV charge modes. The watchdog timer only sets the timers
for adapter battery charging; there is no timeout for the battery charging from the
USB input. If timing function is not needed, terminate this pin to ground.
Connect a resistor between this pin and GND to set USB charging current.
Connect a resistor between this pin and GND to set adapter charging current.
Exposed paddle (bottom); connect to GND directly beneath package.
Pin Configuration
TDFN33-12
(Top View)
USB
BAT
ADP
GND
EN
TS
2
1
12
2
11
3
10
4
9
5
8
6
7
ADPSET
USBSET
USB
CT
STAT1
STAT2
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Absolute Maximum Ratings1
Symbol
VP
VP
VN
TJ
TLEAD
Description
USB, ADP, <30ms, Duty Cycle <10%
USB, ADP Continuous
BAT, USBSEL, USBSET, ADPSET, STAT1, STAT2, TS, CT, EN
Operating Junction Temperature Range
Maximum Soldering Temperature (at leads)
Value
-0.3 to 7.0
-0.3 to 6.0
-0.3 to VP + 0.3
-40 to 150
300
Units
V
°C
Thermal Information2
Symbol
JA
PD
Description
Maximum Thermal Resistance
Maximum Power Dissipation
Value
Units
50
2.0
°C/W
W
1. Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation at conditions other than the operating conditions
specified is not implied. Only one Absolute Maximum Rating should be applied at any one time.
2. Mounted on a FR4 board.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
3
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Electrical Characteristics1
VADP = 5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Description
Operation
USB, ADP USB Port or Adapter Voltage Range
ADP Voltage Level to Disable USB Charging
VU_DSBL
VUVLO
Under-Voltage Lockout
Under-Voltage Lockout Hysteresis
IOP
Operating Current
Sleep Mode Current
ISLEEP
ILeakage
Reverse Leakage Current from BAT Pin
Voltage Regulation
VBAT_EOC
End of Charge Voltage Accuracy
VBAT/VBAT EOC Voltage Tolerance
VRCH
Conditions
4.0
4.25
Rising Edge
CC Charge Current = 500mA
VBAT = 4.25V
VBAT = 4V, USB, ADP Pins Open
4.158
Battery Recharge Voltage Threshold
VUSB_CHR
USB Charge Reduction Regulation
Current Regulation
ICH
Charge Current
ICH/ICH
Charge Current Regulation Tolerance
ADPSET Pin Voltage
VADPSET
VUSBSET
USBSET Pin Voltage
KIADP
Current Set Factor: ICHARGE/IADPSET
KIUSB
Current Set Factor: ICHARGE/IUSBSET
Charging Devices
RDS(ON)A
Adapter Charging Transistor On Resistance
RDS(ON)U
USB Charging Transistor On Resistance
Logic Control / Protection
VEN(H)
Input High Threshold
VEN(L)
Input Low Threshold
TC
Constant Current Mode Time Out (ADP mode only)
TV
Constant Voltage Mode Time Out (ADP mode only)
VSTAT
Output Low Voltage
ISTAT
STAT Pin Current Sink Capability
VOVP
Over-Voltage Protection Threshold
IOCP
Over-Current Protection Threshold
ITS
Charge Termination Threshold Current ITERM/ICHG
Current Source from TS Pin
TS1
TS Hot Temperature Fault
TS2
TS Cold Temperature Fault
TREG
TLOOP_IN
TLOOP_OUT
TOVSD
Min
Thermal Loop Regulation
Thermal Loop Entering Threshold
Thermal Loop Exiting Threshold
Over-Temperature Shutdown Threshold
4.3
ADP Input
USB Input
4.5
3.0
150
0.75
2.0
1.0
4.2
0.5
VBAT_EOC
- 0.1
4.5
100
50
Max
Units
5.5
4.7
V
V
V
mV
mA
μA
μA
1.5
5.0
4.242
0.2
0.4
0.25
0.5
4.64
V
1000
1000
mA
%
V
V
0.35
0.65
1.6
0.4
CCT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
CCT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
STAT Pin Sinks 4mA
3.0
3.0
0.4
8.0
4.4
105
Threshold
Hysteresis
Threshold
Hysteresis
70
310
2.2
7.5
80
330
15
2.3
10
90
110
85
145
V
%
V
10
2.0
2.0
4000
2000
In CC Mode
In CC Mode
VIN = 5.5V
VIN = 5.5V
Typ
90
350
2.4


V
V
Hour
Hour
V
mA
V
%
ICH_CC
%
μA
mV
V
mV
°C
°C
°C
°C
1. The AAT3690 output charge voltage is specified over the 0° to 70°C ambient temperature range; operation over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range is guaranteed by design.
4
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
Battery Voltage vs. Supply Voltage
IFASTCHARGE vs. RSET
4.242
4.221
1000
VBAT (V)
IFASTCHARGE (mA)
10000
ADP
USB
100
USB
4.200
ADP
4.179
4.158
4.5
10
1
10
100
1000
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
Supply Voltage (V)
RSET (kΩ)
Recharge Voltage vs. Temperature
End of Charge Voltage vs. Temperature
4.242
4.14
4.13
4.12
4.221
ADP
4.10
4.09
VBAT (V)
VRCH (V)
4.11
USB
4.08
4.07
ADP
4.200
USB
4.179
4.06
4.05
4.04
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
4.158
-50
100
-25
Temperature (°°C)
1100
540
1080
530
1000
490
980
480
ADP
470
940
460
920
450
0
25
1.0
50
Temperature (°C)
75
440
100
0.8
ICH (A)
ICH ADP (mA)
500
-25
100
1.2
ICH USB (mA)
510
1020
900
-50
75
(RADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
520
USB
960
50
Adapter Charging Current vs. Battery Voltage
(RADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω; RUSBSET = 8.06kΩ)
1040
25
Temperature (°°C)
Fast Charge Current vs. Temperature
1060
0
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
2.5
2.9
3.3
3.7
4.1
4.5
Battery Voltage (V)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
5
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
USB Charging Current vs. Battery Voltage
Adapter Fast Charge Current vs. Supply Voltage
(RADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
600
1200
500
1000
400
800
ICH (mA)
ICH (mA)
(RUSBSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
300
200
VBAT = 3.3V
VBAT = 3.9V
600
VBAT = 3.5V
400
200
100
0
2.5
3
3.5
4
0
4.5
4
4.5
5
Battery Voltage (V)
USB Fast Charge Current vs. Supply Voltage
(RUSBSET; USB = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
600
(RUSBSET; USB = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
600
VBAT = 3.3V
VBAT = 3.9V
ICH (mA)
ICH (mA)
500
VBAT = 3.5V
300
200
0°C
300
200
0
0
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
4.4
4.5
4.6
Supply Voltage (V)
VIL vs. Supply Voltage
EN Pin (Falling)
1.4
1.3
-40°C
1.1
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
-40°C
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.5
85°C
0.5
4.6
4.8
5
5.2
5.4
Supply Voltage (V)
25°C
0.7
85°C
0.6
5
1.2
25°C
VIH (V)
VIH (V)
4.9
EN Pin (Rising)
1.3
4.4
4.8
Supply Voltage (V)
1.4
4.2
4.7
VIH vs. Supply Voltage
1.2
6
70°C
25°C
400
100
100
0.4
6
USB Fast Charge Current vs. Supply Voltage
500
400
5.5
Supply Voltage (V)
5.6
5.8
6
0.4
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5
5.2
5.4
5.6
Supply Voltage (V)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
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5.8
6
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Typical Characteristics
USB Charge Current vs. Time
Adapter Mode Supply Current
vs. ADPSET Resistor
(RUSBSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
0.8
USB VBUS
(200mV/div)
0.7
USB Charge
Current
(100mA/div)
IQ (mA)
0.6
0.5
Constant Current
0.4
0.3
USB Peripheral
Current
Consumption
(100mA/div)
0.2
0.1
0.0
Charge Reduction
Mode Activated
1
10
100
0
1000
2
4
8
10
Time (sec)
ADPSET Resistor (kΩ
Ω)
Counter Timeout vs. Temperature
CT Pin Capacitance vs. Counter Timeout
(CT = 0.1μ
μF)
0.5
10
8
6
Capacitance (µF)
Counter Timeout (%)
6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
0.4
0.3
Constant Current Timeout
0.2
0.1
-8
-10
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°C)
0.0
0
2
4
6
8
10
Time (hours)
Temperature Sense Output Current
vs. Temperature
TS Pin Current (μA)
88
86
84
82
80
78
76
74
72
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°°C)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
7
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Functional Block Diagram
Reverse Blocking
USB
Current
Compare
USBSET
Charge
Reduction
Loop
CV
Charge
Control
Constant
Current
UVLO
OverTemperature
Protect
Current
Compare
ADPSET
BAT
ADP
Reverse Blocking
80μA
Voltage
Sense
STAT1
STAT2
TS
Window
Comparator
Charge
Status
IC enable
Watchdog
Timer
CT
EN
GND
Functional Description
The AAT3690 is a highly integrated single-cell lithiumion/polymer battery charger IC designed to operate with
USB port and AC adapter inputs, while requiring a minimum number of external components. The AAT3690
precisely regulates battery charge voltage and current
for 4.2V lithium-ion/polymer battery cells.
The adapter charge input constant current level can be
programmed up to 1.0A for rapid charging applications.
In the absence of a high-current adapter input source,
the AAT3690 can be powered from a USB port VBUS supply. The USB constant charge current can be externally
programmed for maximum constant current charge levels up to 1A.
The USB mode has an automatic Charge Reduction Loop
control to allow users to charge the battery with limited
available current from a USB port while maintaining the
regulated port voltage. This system assures the battery
8
charge function will not overload a USB port while charging if other system demands also share power with the
respective port supply. The USB charge function is automatically disabled when an adapter input power source
greater than 4.4V is present.
Status monitor output pins are provided to indicate the
battery charge status by directly driving two external
LEDs.
Battery temperature and charge state are fully monitored for fault conditions. In the event of an over-voltage
or over-temperature condition, the device will automatically shut down, thus protecting the charging device,
control system, and the battery under charge. In addition to internal charge controller thermal protection, the
AAT3690 also provides a temperature sense feedback
function (TS pin) from the battery to shut down the
device in the event the battery exceeds its own thermal
limit during charging.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Charging Operation
Regardless of which charge input function is selected
(i.e., either the adapter input or USB input), the AAT3690
has three basic modes for the battery charge cycle: constant current/fast charge; constant voltage; and end of
charge (see Figure 1).
Fast Charge / Constant Current Charging
When enabled, the AAT3690 begins constant-current
fast charging. The fast charge Constant Current (ICC)
amplitude is determined by the charge mode, ADP or
USB, and is programmed by the user via the RSETADP and
RSETUSB resistors. The AAT3690 remains in constant current charge mode until the battery reaches the voltage
regulation point, VBAT.
Constant Voltage Charging
The system transitions to a constant voltage charging
mode when the battery voltage reaches output charge
regulation threshold (VBAT) during the constant current
fast charge phase. The regulation voltage level is factory
programmed to 4.2V (±1%). The charge current in the
Constant Current
Charge Phase
constant voltage mode drops as the battery cell under
charge reaches its maximum capacity.
End of Charge Cycle Termination and
Recharge Sequence
When the charge current drops to 7.5% of the programmed fast charge current level in the constant voltage mode, the device terminates charging and goes into
a standby state. The charger will remain in a standby
state until the battery voltage decreases to a level below
the battery recharge voltage threshold (VRCH).
When the input supply is disconnected or drops below
UVLO or EN = 0, the charger will automatically enter
power-saving sleep mode. Consuming an ultra-low 2μA
in sleep mode, the AAT3690 minimizes battery drain
when it is not charging. This feature is particularly useful
in applications where the input supply level may fall
below the battery charge or under-voltage lockout level.
In such cases where the AAT3690 input voltage drops,
the device will enter the sleep mode and automatically
resume charging once the input supply has recovered
from its fault condition.
Constant Voltage
Charge Phase
Charge Complete Voltage
Regulated Current
I = Max CC
I = CC/10
Figure 1: Current vs. Voltage Profile During Charging Phases.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
9
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
System Operation Flowchart
ADP
Yes
Power Select
Yes
UVLO
VP > VUVLO
Switch
On
No
No
USB
ADP
Loop
Power
OnOn
Power
Reset
Reset
Sleep
Sleep
Mode
Mode
Enable
Thermal
Loop Enable
USB Loop
No
Timing
Fault
Conditions Monitor
OV, OT
Device Temp. Monitor
TJ > 110°C
Yes
Yes
Expire
Yes
Battery
Temp. Monitor
VTS1 < TS < VTS2
Thermal Loop
Current
Reduction in ADP
Charging Mode
Shutdown
Mode
No
No
Battery
Temp. Fault
Charge
Safety
Timer
Set
No
Recharge Test
VRCH > VBAT
Yes
Yes
Current
Charging
Mode
Yes
Voltage
Charging
Mode
Current Phase Test
VEOC > VBAT
No
Voltage Phase Test
IBAT > ITERM
Yes
No
Charge
Completed
10
USB
Loop
USB
Loop
Current
Current
Reduction
in USB
Reduction
in USB
Charging
Mode
Charging
Mode
USB Voltage
Regulation
Enable
USB Voltage Test
VUSB < 4.5V
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
No
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Application Information
AC Adapter/USB System Power Charging
Adapter Mode
In the adapter mode, constant current charge levels up
to 1.0A can be programmed by the user. The AAT3690
system control will always select the adapter input over
the USB supply input whenever adapter voltage is present on the ADP pin. The AAT3690 will operate from the
adapter input over a 4.0V to 5.5V range.
The constant current fast charge current for the adapter
input mode is set by the RSETADP resistor connected
between ADPSET and ground. Refer to Table 1 for recommended RSETADP values for a desired constant current
charge level. The precise charging function in the adapter mode may be read from the status LEDs. Please refer
to the Battery Charge Status Indication discussion in this
datasheet for further details.
Thermal Loop Control
Due to the integrated nature of the linear charging control pass device for the adapter mode, a special thermal
loop control system has been employed to maximize
charging current under all operating conditions. The
thermal management system measures the internal circuit die temperature and reduces the fast charge current
when the device exceeds a preset internal temperature
control threshold. Once the thermal loop control becomes
active, the fast charge current is initially reduced by a
factor of 0.44.
The initial thermal loop current can be estimated by the
following equation:
ITLOOP = ICC · 0.44
The thermal loop control re-evaluates the circuit die temperature every three seconds and adjusts the fast charge
current back up in small steps to the full fast charge current level or until an equilibrium current is discovered and
maximized for the given ambient temperature condition.
In the manner the thermal loop controls the system
charge level, the AAT3690 will always provide the highest
level of constant current in the fast charge mode possible
for any given ambient temperature condition.
Adapter Input Charge Inhibit and Resume
The AAT3690 has an under-voltage lockout and power on
reset feature so that if the input supply to the adapter
pin drops below the UVLO threshold the charger will sus-
pend charging and shut down. When power is re-applied
to the adapter pin or the UVLO condition recovers and
VADP > VBAT, the system charge control will assess the
state of charge on the battery cell and will automatically
resume charging in the appropriate mode for the condition of the battery.
USB Mode
The AAT3690 provides an input for intelligent USB charging. When no voltage is present on the adapter input pin,
the charge controller will automatically switch to accepting power from the USB input. The USB charge may be
user programmed to any level between 50mA and 1A by
selecting the appropriate resistor values for RSETUSB. Refer
to Table 1 for recommended RSETUSB values for the desired
USB input constant current charge levels.
USB Charge Reduction
In many instances, product system designers do not
know the real properties of a potential USB port used to
supply power to the battery charger. Typically, powered
USB ports found on desktop and notebook PCs should
supply up to 500mA. In the event a USB port being used
to supply the charger is unable to provide the programmed fast charge current or if the system under
charge must also share supply current with other functions, the AAT3690 will automatically reduce USB fast
charge current to maintain port integrity and protect the
host system.
ICC
ADP
RSET (k)
USB
RSET (k)
50
75
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
N/A
N/A
84.5
43.2
28.0
21.0
16.9
13.3
11.5
10.2
9.09
8.06
86.6
57.6
42.2
21.0
13.7
10.2
8.06
6.65
5.62
4.87
4.32
3.83
Table 1: Resistor Values.
The USB charge reduction system becomes active when
the voltage on the USB input falls below the USB charge
reduction threshold, which is typically 4.5V. The charge
reduction system will reduce the fast charge current
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201893B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • April 27, 2012
11
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
USB Input Charge Inhibit and Resume
The AAT3690 UVLO and power on reset feature will function when the USB input pin voltage level drops below
the UVLO threshold. At this point, the charger will suspend charging and shut down. When power is re-applied
to the USB pin or the UVLO condition recovers, the system charge control will assess the state of charge on the
battery cell and will automatically resume charging in
the appropriate mode for the condition of the battery.
10000
IFASTCHARGE (mA)
level in a linear fashion until the voltage sensed on the
USB input recovers above the charge reduction threshold
voltage.
1000
ADP
USB
100
10
1
10
100
1000
RSET (kΩ)
Figure 2: IFASTCHARGE vs. RSET.
Enable / Disable
The AAT3690 provides an enable function to control the
charger IC on and off. The enable (EN) pin is active high
and is internally pulled up to the higher voltage of ADP
and USB supplies. When pulled to a logic low level, the
AAT3690 will be shut down and forced into the sleep
state. Charging will be halted regardless of the battery
voltage or charging state. When the device is re-enabled,
the charge control circuit will automatically reset and
resume charging functions with the appropriate charging
mode based on the battery charge state and measured
cell voltage.
Programming Charge Current
The fast charge constant current charge level for both
Adapter and USB input modes are programmed with set
resistors placed between the ADPSET and USBSET pins
and ground. The accuracy of the fast charge is dominated by the tolerance of the set resistor used. For this
reason, 1% tolerance metal film resistors are recommended for the set resistor function.
ADP fast charge constant current levels from 100mA to
1.0A may be set by selecting the appropriate resistor
value from Table 1.
The USB charge may be set to any level between 50mA
and 1.0A depending upon the system design requirements for a given USB charge application. Refer to Table
1 and Figure 2 for recommended RSETUSB values.
12
Protection Circuitry
Programmable Watchdog Timer
The AAT3690 contains a watchdog timing circuit for the
adapter input charging mode. No watchdog timing functions are active for the USB input mode. Typically, a
0.1μF ceramic capacitor is connected between the CT pin
and ground. When a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor is used, the
device will time a shutdown condition if the fast charge
mode exceeds three hours. When the device transitions
to the constant voltage mode, the timing counter is reset
and will time out after three hours and shut down the
charger.
Mode
Time
Fast Charge (CC) Time Out
Constant Voltage (CV) Mode Time Out
3 hours
3 hours
Table 2: Summary for a 0.1μF
Used for the Timing Capacitor.
The CT pin is driven by a constant current source and will
provide a linear response to increases in the timing
capacitor value. Thus, if the timing capacitor were to be
doubled from the nominal 0.1μF value, the time-out
times would be doubled.
If the programmable watchdog timer function is not
needed, it may be disabled by connecting the CT pin to
ground. The CT pin should not be left floating or unterminated, as this will cause errors in the internal timing control circuit.
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DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
The constant current provided to charge the timing
capacitor is very small, and this pin is susceptible to
noise and changes in capacitance value. Therefore, the
timing capacitor should be physically located on the
printed circuit board layout as closely as possible to the
CT pin. Since the accuracy of the internal timer is dominated by the capacitance value, 10% tolerance or better
ceramic capacitors are recommended. Ceramic capacitor
materials such as X7R and X5R type are a good choice
for this application.
Over-Voltage Protection
An over-voltage event is defined as a condition where
the voltage on the BAT pin exceeds the maximum battery charge voltage and is set by the over-voltage protection threshold (VOVP). If an over-voltage condition
occurs, the AAT3690 charge control will shut down the
device until voltage on the BAT pin drops below the overvoltage protection threshold (VOVP). The AAT3690 will
resume normal charging operation after the over-voltage
condition is removed. During an over-voltage event, the
STAT LEDs will report a system fault.
Over-Temperature Shutdown
The AAT3690 has a thermal protection control circuit
which will shut down charging functions should the internal die temperature exceed the preset thermal limit
threshold.
Battery Temperature Fault Monitoring
In the event of a battery over-temperature condition, the
charge control will turn off the internal pass device. The
STAT LEDs will display a system fault. After the system
recovers from a temperature fault, the device will
resume charging operation.
The AAT3690 checks battery temperature before starting
the charge cycle, as well as during all stages of charging.
This is accomplished by monitoring the voltage at the TS
pin. This system is intended to use negative temperature
coefficient (NTC) thermistors, which are typically integrated into the battery package. Most commonly used
NTC thermistors used in battery packs are approximately 10k at room temperature (25°C).
The TS pin has been specifically designed to source 80μA
of current to the thermistor. The voltage on the TS pin
that results from the resistive load should stay within a
window from 335mV to 2.32V. If the battery becomes
too hot during charging due to an internal fault, the
thermistor will heat up and reduce in value, thus pulling
the TS pin voltage lower than the TS1 threshold and the
AAT3690 will signal the fault condition.
If the use of the TS pin function is not required by the
system, it can be left open or terminated to ground using
a 10k resistor.
Battery Charge Status Indication
The AAT3690 has two status LED driver outputs. These
two LEDs can indicate simple functions such as no battery charge activity, battery charging, charge complete,
and charge fault.
Status Indicator Display
Simple system charging status may be displayed using
one or two LEDs in conjunction with the STAT1 and
STAT2 pins on the AAT3690. These two pins are simple
switches to connect the LED cathodes to ground. It is not
necessary to use both display LEDs if a user simply
wants to have a single lamp to show “charging” or “not
charging.” This can be accomplished by using the STAT1
pin and a single LED. Using two LEDs and both STAT pins
simply gives the user more information to the charging
states. Refer to Table 3 for LED display definitions.
The LED anodes should be connected to either VUSB or
VADP, depending upon the system design requirements.
The LEDs should be biased with as little current as necessary to create reasonable illumination; therefore, a ballast
resistor should be placed between the LED cathodes and
the STAT1/2 pins. LED current consumption will add to the
overall thermal power budget for the device package, so
it is wise to keep the LED drive current to a minimum.
2mA should be sufficient to drive most low-cost green or
red LEDs. It is not recommended to exceed 8mA for driving an individual status LED. The required ballast resistor
value can be estimated using the following formulas:
For connection to the adapter supply:
VUSBCHR = 2.0V ÷
R12
R12 + R11
Example:
RB(STAT1/2) =
VADP - VF(LED)
ILED(STAT1/2)
Note: Red LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 2.0V @
2mA.
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DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
VBAT = Battery voltage as seen at the BAT pin
ICC = Maximum constant fast charge current programmed for the application
IOP = Quiescent current consumed by the charger IC for
normal operation
For connection to the USB supply:
RB(STAT1) =
5.5V - 2.0V
= 1.75kΩ
2mA
Example:
V
- VF(LED)
RB(STAT1/2) = USB
ILED(STAT1/2)
Note: Green LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 3.2V @
2mA.
The status LED display conditions are described in Table
3.
Event Description
STAT1
STAT2
Charge Disabled or Low Supply
Charge Enabled Without Battery
Battery Charging
Charge Completed
Fault
Off
Flash1
On
Off
On
Off
Flash1
Off
On
On
Table 3: Status LED Display Conditions.
Thermal Considerations
The AAT3690 is offered in a 3x3mm TDFN package which
can provide up to 2.0W of power dissipation when it is
properly bonded to a printed circuit board and has a
maximum thermal resistance of 50°C/W. Many considerations should be taken into account when designing the
printed circuit board layout, as well as the placement of
the charger IC package in proximity to other heat generating devices in a given application design. The ambient temperature around the charger IC will also have an
effect on the thermal limits of a battery charging application. The maximum limits that can be expected for a
given ambient condition can be estimated by the following discussion:
First, the maximum power dissipation for a given situation should be calculated:
Eq. 1: PD = [(VIN - VBAT) · ICC + (VIN · IOP)]
Where:
PD = Total power dissipation by the device
VIN = Either VADP or VUSB, depending on which mode is
selected
Next, the maximum operating ambient temperature for
a given application can be estimated based on the thermal resistance of the 3x3 TDFN package when sufficiently mounted to a PCB layout and the internal thermal
loop temperature threshold.
Eq. 2: TA = TJ - (θJA · PD)
Where:
TA = Ambient temperature in degrees C
TJ = Maximum device junction temperature below the
thermal loop threshold
PD = Total power dissipation by the device
JA = Package thermal resistance in °C/W
Example:
For an application where the fast charge current for the
adapter mode is set to 0.75A, VADP = 5.0V, and the worst
case battery voltage is 3.6V, what is the maximum ambient temperature where the thermal limiting will become
active?
Given:
VADP = 5.0V
VBAT = 3.6V
ICC = 0.75A
IOP = 0.75mA
TJ = 110°C
JA = 50°C/W
Using Equation 3, calculate the device power dissipation
for the stated condition:
Eq. 3: PD = (5.0V - 3.6V)(0.75A) + (5.0V · 0.75mA)
= 1.05375W
The maximum ambient temperature before the AAT3690
thermal loop becomes active can now be calculated
using Equation 4:
Eq. 4: TA = 110°C - (50°C/W · 1.05375W)
= 57.3125°C
1. Flashing rate depends on output capacitance.
14
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DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Output Capacitor
Therefore, under the stated conditions for this worst
case power dissipation example, the AAT3690 will enter
the thermal loop and lower the fast charge constant current when the ambient operating temperature rises
above 24.8°C.
The AAT3690 only requires a 1μF ceramic capacitor on
the BAT pin to maintain circuit stability. This value should
be increased to 10μF or more if the battery connection is
made any distance from the charger output. If the
AAT3690 is to be used in applications where the battery
can be removed from the charger, such as in the case of
desktop charging cradles, an output capacitor greater
than 10μF may be required to prevent the device from
cycling on and off when no battery is present.
Capacitor Selection
Input Capacitor
In general, it is good design practice to place a decoupling
capacitor between the ADP and USB pins and ground. An
input capacitor in the range of 1μF to 22μF is recommended. If the source supply is unregulated, it may be
necessary to increase the capacitance to keep the input
voltage above the under-voltage lockout threshold during
device enable and when battery charging is initiated.
Printed Circuit Board
Layout Considerations
For the best results, it is recommended to physically
place the battery pack as close to the AAT3690 BAT pin
as possible. To minimize voltage drops on the PCB, keep
the high current carrying traces adequately wide. For
maximum power dissipation of the AAT3690 TDFN package, the metal substrate should be solder bonded to the
board. It is also recommended to maximize the substrate contact to the PCB ground plane layer to further
increase local heat dissipation.
If the AAT3690 adapter input is to be used in a system
with an external power supply source, such as a typical
AC-to-DC wall adapter, then a CIN capacitor in the range
of 10μF should be used. A larger input capacitor in this
application will minimize switching or power bounce
effects when the power supply is “hot plugged.” Likewise,
a 10μF or greater input capacitor is recommended for
the USB input to help buffer the effects of USB source
power switching, noise, and input cable impedance.
ON/OFF
J1
1 2 3
DS1 (b)
BAV74LT1
USB
J2
GRN
LED D2
RED
LED D1
0
U1
ADP
DS1 (a)
BAV74LT1
BAT
TS
C1
10μF
C2
10μF
C3
10μF
R3
10K
5
EN
1
USB
STAT2
7
3
ADP
STAT1
8
2
BAT
USBSET
11
6
TS
ADPSET
12
9
CT
GND
USB
10
4
CT
C4
0.1μF
R4
1.5K
R5
1.5K
R1
8.06K
R2
8.06K
AAT3690
Figure 3: AAT3690 Evaluation Board Schematic.
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15
DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Figure 4: AAT3690 Evaluation Board
Top Side Layout.
Component
Part Number
U1
AAT3690IWP-4.2-T1
R1, R2
R3
R4, R5
C1, C2, C3
C4
JP1
JP2
D1
D2
DS1 (a, b)
Chip Resistor
Chip Resistor
Chip Resistor
GRM21BR61A106KE19
GRM188R71C104KA01
PRPN401PAEN
Chip Resistor
CMD15-21SRC/TR8
CMD15-21VGC/TR8
BAV74LT-A
Figure 5: AAT3690 Evaluation Board
Bottom Side Layout.
Description
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Lithium-Ion/ Polymer Battery
Charger; 12-Pin 3x3 TDFN Package
8.06K, 1%, 1/4W; 0603
10K, 5%, 1/4W; 0603
1.5K, 5%, 1/4W; 0603
CER 10μF 10V 10% X5R 0805
CER 0.1μF 16V 10% X7R 0603
Conn. 3-pin Header, 2mm zip
0
Red LED; 1206
Green LED; 1206
Default Diode; SOT23-3
Manufacturer
Skyworks
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Murata
Murata
Sullins Electronics
Vishay
Chicago Miniature Lamp
Chicago Miniature Lamp
On Semi
Table 4: AAT3690 Evaluation Board Bill of Materials.
16
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DATA SHEET
AAT3690
1.0A USB Port/Adapter Li-Ion/Polymer Battery Charger
Ordering Information
Package
Marking1
Part Number (Tape and Reel)2
TDFN33-12
RUXYY
AAT3690IWP-4.2-T1
Skyworks Green™ products are compliant with
all applicable legislation and are halogen-free.
For additional information, refer to Skyworks
Definition of Green™, document number
SQ04-0074.
Package Information3
TDFN33-12
Index Area
0.43 ± 0.05
0.1 REF
C0.3
0.45 ± 0.05
2.40 ± 0.05
3.00 ± 0.05
Detail "A"
3.00 ± 0.05
1.70 ± 0.05
Top View
Bottom View
0.23 ± 0.05
Pin 1 Indicator
(optional)
0.05 ± 0.05
0.23 ± 0.05
0.75 ± 0.05
Detail "A"
Side View
All dimensions in millimeters.
1. XYY = assembly and date code.
2. Sample stock is generally held on part numbers listed in BOLD.
3. The leadless package family, which includes QFN, TQFN, DFN, TDFN and STDFN, has exposed copper (unplated) at the end of the lead terminals due to the manufacturing
process. A solder fillet at the exposed copper edge cannot be guaranteed and is not required to ensure a proper bottom solder connection.
Copyright © 2012 Skyworks Solutions, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Information in this document is provided in connection with Skyworks Solutions, Inc. (“Skyworks”) products or services. These materials, including the information contained herein, are provided by Skyworks as a
service to its customers and may be used for informational purposes only by the customer. Skyworks assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials or the information contained herein. Skyworks may change its documentation, products, services, specifications or product descriptions at any time, without notice. Skyworks makes no commitment to update the materials or information and shall have no
responsibility whatsoever for conflicts, incompatibilities, or other difficulties arising from any future changes.
No license, whether express, implied, by estoppel or otherwise, is granted to any intellectual property rights by this document. Skyworks assumes no liability for any materials, products or information provided hereunder, including the sale, distribution, reproduction or use of Skyworks products, information or materials, except as may be provided in Skyworks Terms and Conditions of Sale.
THE MATERIALS, PRODUCTS AND INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE OR USE, MERCHANTABILITY, PERFORMANCE, QUALITY OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT; ALL SUCH WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. SKYWORKS DOES
NOT WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION, TEXT, GRAPHICS OR OTHER ITEMS CONTAINED WITHIN THESE MATERIALS. SKYWORKS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, STATUTORY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST REVENUES OR LOST PROFITS THAT MAY RESULT FROM
THE USE OF THE MATERIALS OR INFORMATION, WHETHER OR NOT THE RECIPIENT OF MATERIALS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Skyworks products are not intended for use in medical, lifesaving or life-sustaining applications, or other equipment in which the failure of the Skyworks products could lead to personal injury, death, physical or environmental damage. Skyworks customers using or selling Skyworks products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Skyworks for any damages resulting from such improper
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Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Skyworks products, which may deviate from published specifications as a result of design defects, errors, or operation of products outside of published parameters or design specifications. Customers should include design and operating safeguards to minimize these and other risks. Skyworks assumes no liability for applications assistance, customer product
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Skyworks, the Skyworks symbol, and “Breakthrough Simplicity” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Skyworks Solutions, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Third-party brands and names are for
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17