A1242: Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall-Effect Latch

A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Discontinued Product
This device is no longer in production. The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: October 31, 2011
Recommended Substitutions:
• for the A1242ELHLT-I2-T use the A1244LLHLX-I2-T
• for the A1242ELHLT-I1-T use the A1244LLHLX-I1-T
• for the A1242LLHLT-I2-T use the A1244LLHLX-I2-T
• for the A1242LLHLT-I1-T use the A1244LLHLX-I1-T
• for the A1242EUA-I1-T and A1242LUA-I1-T use the A1244LUA-I1-T
• for the A1242LUA-I2-T use the A1244LUA-I2-T
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Features and Benefits
Description
▪ Chopper stabilization
▫ Superior temperature stability
▫ Extremely low switchpoint drift
▫ Insensitive to physical stress
▪ Reverse battery protection
▪ Solid-state reliability
▪ Small size
▪ Robust EMC capability
▪ High ESD ratings (HBM)
The A1242 Hall effect latch is a two-wire latch especially
suited for operation over extended temperature ranges, from
–40 to +150°C. Superior high-temperature performance is
made possible through the Allegro® patented dynamic offset
cancellation technique, which reduces the residual offset
voltage normally caused by device overmolding, temperature
dependencies, and thermal stress.
Packages: 3 pin SOT23W (suffix LH), and
3 pin SIP (suffix UA)
The current-switching output technique allows for the reduction
in cost in the wiring harness because only two connections to
the device are required. The current-switching output structure
also inherently provides more immunity against EMC/ESD
transients. These devices have low magnetic thresholds, thereby
enabling more flexibility in the magnetic circuit design.
The Hall effect latch will be in the high output current state
in the presence of a magnetic South Pole field of sufficient
magnitude and will remain in this state until a sufficient North
Pole field is present.
The A1242 includes the following on a single silicon chip:
a voltage regulator, Hall-voltage generator, small-signal
amplifier, chopper stabilization, Schmitt trigger, and a current
source output. Advanced BiCMOS wafer fabrication processing
takes advantage of low-voltage requirements, component
Continued on the next page…
Not to scale
Functional Block Diagram
VCC
Regulator
To All Subcircuits
Amp
Sample and Hold
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
Clock/Logic
Low-Pass
Filter
GND
Package UA Only
1242-DS, Rev. 6
GND
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Description (continued)
matching, very low input-offset errors and small component
geometries.
provide magnetically optimized solutions for most applications.
Package LH is a SOT23W, a miniature low-profile surface-mount
package, while package UA is a three-pin ultramini SIP for through-
Suffix ‘L-’ devices are rated for operation over a temperature range
of –40°C to +150°C; suffix ‘E-’ devices are rated for operation over
a temperature range of –40°C to +85°C. Two A1242 package styles
hole mounting. Each package is available lead (Pb) free, with 100%
matte tin plated leadframes.
Selection Guide
Part Number
Packaging*
Mounting
A1242ELHLT-I1-T
7-in. reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1242ELHLT-I2-T
A1242EUA-I1-T
Bulk, 500 pieces/bag
A1242LLHLT-I1-T
7-in. reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1242LLHLT-I2-T
A1242LUA-I1-T
Bulk, 500 pieces/bag
A1242LUA-I2-T
*Contact Allegro for additional packing options.
3-pin SOT23W surface mount
3-pin SIP through hole
3-pin SOT23W surface mount
3-pin SIP through hole
Low Current, ICC(L)
(mA)
5.0 to 6.9
2.0 to 5.0
5.0 to 6.9
5.0 to 6.9
2.0 to 5.0
5.0 to 6.9
2.0 to 5.0
Ambient, TA
(°C)
BRP(MIN)
(G)
BOP(MAX)
(G)
–80
80
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Unit*
Supply Voltage
VCC
28
V
Reverse Supply Voltage
VRCC
–18
V
Magnetic Flux Density
B
Unlimited
G
Range E
–40 to 85
ºC
Range L
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
–40 to 150
ºC
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Storage Temperature
*1 G (gauss) = 0.1 mT (millitesla)
Pin-out Diagrams
LH Package
UA Package
3
Terminal List
Name
VCC
GND
NC
Number
Function
Package LH Package UA
1
1
Connects power supply to chip
3
2,3
Ground
2
–
No internal connection
NC
1
2
1
2
3
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS over full operating voltage and temperature ranges, unless otherwise specified
Characteristic
Min.
Typ.1
Max.
Units
3.5
–
24
V
-I1, B < BRP
5
–
6.9
mA
-I2, B < BRP
2
–
5
mA
ICC(H)
-I1 and -I2, B > BOP
12
–
17
mA
dI/dt
RS = 100 Ω, CS = 20 pF, no bypass capacitor
–
36
–
mA/μs
–
200
–
kHz
–
–
25
μs
Symbol
Test Conditions
Electrical Characteristics
Supply Voltage2 3
Supply Current
Output Slew Rate4
VCC
ICC(L)
Chopping Frequency
fC
Power-On Time
tPO
Power-On State5
POS
Operating, TJ < 165°C
VCC > VCC(MIN)
tPO < tPO(max), dVCC / dt > 25 mV / μs
–
ICC(H)
–
–
Supply Zener Clamp Voltage
VZ(supply)
ICC = 20 mA; TA = 25°C
28
–
–
V
Supply Zener Current6
IZ(supply)
VS = 28 V
–
–
20
mA
IRCC
VRCC = –18 V
–
–
2.5
mA
BOP
South pole adjacent to branded face of device
5
32
80
G
Release Point
BRP
North pole adjacent to branded face of device
–80
–32
–5
G
Hysteresis
BHYS
BOP – BRP
40
64
110
G
Reverse Battery Current
Magnetic Characteristics7
Operate Point
1
Typical values are at TA = 25°C and VCC = 12 V. Performance may vary for individual units, within the specified maximum and minimum limits.
2 Maximum voltage must be adjusted for power dissipation and junction temperature; see Power Derating section.
3V
CC represents the generated voltage between the VCC pin and the GND pin.
4 The value of dI is the difference between 90% of I
CC(H) and 10% of ICC(L), and the value of dt is time period between those two
points. The value of dI/dt depends on the value of the bypass capacitor, if one is used, with greater capacitances resulting in lower
rates of change.
5 For t > t
PO(max), and BRP < B < BOP, POS is undefined.
6 Maximum current limit is equal to the maximum I
CCL(max) + 3 mA.
7 Magnetic flux density, B, is indicated as a negative value for north-polarity magnetic fields, and as a positive value for south-polarity
magnetic fields. This so-called algebraic convention supports arithmetic comparison of north and south polarity values, where the relative strength of the field is indicated by the absolute value of B, and the sign indicates the polarity of the field (for example, a –100 G
field and a 100 G field have equivalent strength, but opposite polarity).
DEVICE QUALIFICATION PROGRAM
Contact Allegro for information.
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) PERFORMANCE
Contact Allegro for information.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS may require derating at maximum conditions, see application information
Characteristic
Symbol
RθJA
Package Thermal Resistance
Test Conditions*
Package LH, minimum-K PCB (single layer, single-sided with
copper limited to solder pads)
Package LH, low-K PCB (single layer, double-sided with
0.926 in2 copper area)
Package UA, minimum-K PCB (single layer, single-sided with
copper limited to solder pads)
Value Units
228
ºC/W
110
ºC/W
165
ºC/W
*Additional information available on the Allegro Web site.
Maximum Allowable VCC (V)
Power Derating Curve
TJ(max) = 165°C; ICC = ICC(max)
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
VCC(max)
Low-K PCB, Package LH
(R JA = 110 °C/W)
Minimum-K PCB, Package UA
(R JA = 165 °C/W)
Minimum-K PCB, Package LH
(R JA = 228 °C/W)
20
40
60
80
100
VCC(min)
120
140
160
180
Temperature (°C)
Power Dissipation, P D (mW)
Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Low-K PCB, Package LH
(R JA = 110 °C/W)
Min-K PCB, Package UA
(R JA = 165 °C/W)
Min-K PCB, Package LH
(R JA = 228 °C/W)
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
Temperature (°C)
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Characteristic Data
Supply Current (Low) versus Ambient Temperature
(1242- I1)
Supply Current (Low) versus Supply Voltage
(A1242-I1)
7.0
7.0
6.8
6.8
6.6
6.6
6.4
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.75
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.6
ICC(L) (mA)
ICC(L) (mA)
6.4
TA (°C)
-40
25
85
150
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.6
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.0
5.0
-50
0
50
100
0
150
5
10
TA (°C)
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.5
4.0
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.75
3.5
3.0
ICC(L) (mA)
ICC(L) (mA)
20
25
Supply Current (Low) versus Supply Voltage
(A1242-I2)
Supply Current (Low) versus Ambient Temperature
(1242- I2)
4.0
TA (°C)
-40
25
150
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.5
2.0
2.0
-50
0
50
100
0
150
5
10
15
20
25
VCC (V)
T A (°C)
Supply Current (High) versus Ambient Temperature
17
17
16
16
15
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.75
14
ICC(H) (mA)
ICC(H) (mA)
15
VCC (V)
Supply Current (High) versus Supply Voltage
15
TA (°C)
-40
25
85
150
14
13
13
12
12
-50
0
50
TA (°C)
100
150
0
5
10
15
20
25
VCC (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Operate Point versus Supply Voltage
80
65
65
50
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.5
35
BOP (G)
B OP (G)
Operate Point versus Ambient Temperature
80
20
50
TA (°C)
-40
25
150
35
20
5
5
-50
0
50
100
0
150
5
10
TA (°C)
20
25
Release Point versus Supply Voltage
-5
-5
-20
-20
-35
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.5
-50
BRP (G)
B RP (G)
Release Point versus Ambient Temperature
-65
-35
TA (°C)
150
25
-40
-50
-65
-80
-80
-50
0
50
100
150
0
5
10
15
20
25
VCC (V)
TA (°C)
Hysteresis versus Ambient Temperature
Hysteresis versus Supply Voltage
110
110
100
100
90
90
80
Vcc (V)
24
12
3.5
70
60
Bhys (G)
Bhys (G)
15
VCC (V)
80
TA (°C)
-40
25
150
70
60
50
50
40
40
-50
0
50
TA (°C)
100
150
0
5
10
15
20
25
VCC (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Functional Description
• Hall-Effect IC Applications Guide, AN27701,
• Guidelines for Designing Subassemblies
Using Hall-Effect Devices, AN27703.1
• Soldering Methods for Allegro Products – SMD and ThroughHole, AN26009
All are provided in Allegro Electronic Data Book, AMS-702 and
the Allegro Web site: www.allegromicro.com.
I+
Installation of CBYP must ensure that the traces that connect it to
the A1242 pins are no greater than 5 mm in length.
All high-frequency interferences conducted along the supply
lines are passed directly to the load through CBYP , and it serves
only to protect the A1242 internal circuitry. As a result, the load
ECU (electronic control unit) must have sufficient protection,
other than CBYP, installed in parallel with the A1242.
ICC(L)
0
B–
B+
BHYS
Figure 1. Switching Behavior of the A1242. On the horizontal axis, the
B+ direction indicates increasing south polarity magnetic field strength,
and the B– direction indicates decreasing south polarity field strength
(including the case of increasing north polarity).
V+
A series resistor on the supply side, RS (not shown), in combination with CBYP, creates a filter for EMI pulses.
When determining the minimum VCC requirement of the A1242
device, the voltage drops across RS and the ECU sense resistor,
RSENSE, must be taken into consideration. The typical value for
RSENSE is approximately 100 Ω.
0
BRP
The A1242 should be protected by an external bypass capacitor, CBYP, connected between the supply, VCC, and the ground,
GND, of the device. CBYP reduces both external noise and the
noise generated by the chopper-stabilization function. As shown
in figure 2, a 0.01 μF capacitor is typical.
ICC
.
Typical Application Circuit
Switch to High
ICC(H)
Switch to Low
The output, ICC, of the A1242 switches to the high current state
when a magnetic field perpendicular to the Hall element exceeds
the operate point threshold, BOP. Note that the device latches,
that is, a south pole of sufficient strength towards the branded
surface of the device switches the device output to ICC(H). The
device retains its output state if the south pole is removed. When
the magnetic field is reduced to below the release point threshold, BRP, the device output goes to the low current state. The difference between the magnetic operate and release points is called
the hysteresis of the device, BHYS. This built-in hysteresis allows
clean switching of the output even in the presence of external
mechanical vibration and electrical noise.
Extensive applications information on magnets and Hall-effect
devices is available in:
BOP
Operation
VCC
B
A1242
GND
CBYP
0.01 uF
GND
B
A
A
Package UA Only
B
Maximum separation 5 mm
RSENSE
ECU
Figure 2. Typical Application Circuit
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Chopper Stabilization Technique
When using Hall-effect technology, a limiting factor for
switchpoint accuracy is the small signal voltage developed
across the Hall element. This voltage is disproportionally small
relative to the offset that can be produced at the output of the
Hall element. This makes it difficult to process the signal while
maintaining an accurate, reliable output over the specified operating temperature and voltage ranges.
Chopper stabilization is a unique approach used to minimize
Hall offset on the chip. The patented Allegro technique, namely
Dynamic Quadrature Offset Cancellation, removes key sources
of the output drift induced by thermal and mechanical stresses.
This offset reduction technique is based on a signal modulationdemodulation process. The undesired offset signal is separated
from the magnetic field-induced signal in the frequency domain,
through modulation. The subsequent demodulation acts as a
modulation process for the offset, causing the magnetic field
induced signal to recover its original spectrum at baseband,
while the DC offset becomes a high-frequency signal. The
magnetic sourced signal then can pass through a low-pass filter,
while the modulated DC offset is suppressed. This configuration
is illustrated in Figure 3.
The chopper stabilization technique uses a 200 kHz high
frequency clock. For demodulation process, a sample and hold
technique is used, where the sampling is performed at twice the
chopper frequency (400 kHz). This high-frequency operation
allows a greater sampling rate, which results in higher accuracy
and faster signal-processing capability. This approach desensitizes the chip to the effects of thermal and mechanical stresses,
and produces devices that have extremely stable quiescent Hall
output voltages and precise recoverability after temperature
cycling. This technique is made possible through the use of a
BiCMOS process, which allows the use of low-offset, low-noise
amplifiers in combination with high-density logic integration
and sample-and-hold circuits.
The repeatability of magnetic field-induced switching is affected
slightly by a chopper technique. However, the Allegro high
frequency chopping approach minimizes the affect of jitter and
makes it imperceptible in most applications. Applications that
are more likely to be sensitive to such degradation are those
requiring precise sensing of alternating magnetic fields; for
example, speed sensing of ring-magnet targets. For such applications,
Allegro recommends its digital device families with lower sensitivity to jitter. For more information on those devices, contact
your Allegro sales representative.
Regulator
Hall Element
Amp
Sample and
Hold
Clock/Logic
Low-Pass
Filter
Figure 3. Chopper stabilization circuit (dynamic quadrature offset cancellation)
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Power Derating
Power Derating
The device must be operated below the maximum junction
temperature of the device, TJ(max). Under certain combinations of
peak conditions, reliable operation may require derating supplied power or improving the heat dissipation properties of the
application. This section presents a procedure for correlating
factors affecting operating TJ. (Thermal data is also available on
the Allegro MicroSystems Web site.)
The Package Thermal Resistance, RJA, is a figure of merit summarizing the ability of the application and the device to dissipate
heat from the junction (die), through all paths to the ambient air.
Its primary component is the Effective Thermal Conductivity,
K, of the printed circuit board, including adjacent devices and
traces. Radiation from the die through the device case, RJC, is
relatively small component of RJA. Ambient air temperature,
TA, and air motion are significant external factors, damped by
overmolding.
The effect of varying power levels (Power Dissipation, PD), can
be estimated. The following formulas represent the fundamental
relationships used to estimate TJ, at PD.
PD = VIN × IIN
(1)

T = PD × RJA
Example: Reliability for VCC at TA = 150°C, package LH, using
minimum-K PCB.
Observe the worst-case ratings for the device, specifically:
RJA = 228°C/W, TJ(max) = 165°C, VCC(max) = 24 V, and
ICC(max) = 17 mA.
Calculate the maximum allowable power level, PD(max). First,
invert equation 3:
Tmax = TJ(max) – TA = 165 °C – 150 °C = 15 °C
This provides the allowable increase to TJ resulting from internal
power dissipation. Then, invert equation 2:
PD(max) = Tmax ÷ RJA = 15°C ÷ 228 °C/W = 66 mW
Finally, invert equation 1 with respect to voltage:
VCC(est) = PD(max) ÷ ICC(max) = 66 mW ÷ 17 mA = 3.9 V
The result indicates that, at TA, the application and device can
dissipate adequate amounts of heat at voltages ≤VCC(est).
Compare VCC(est) to VCC(max). If VCC(est) ≤ VCC(max), then reliable operation between VCC(est) and VCC(max) requires enhanced
RJA. If VCC(est) ≥ VCC(max), then operation between VCC(est) and
VCC(max) is reliable under these conditions.
(2)
TJ = TA + ΔT
(3)
For example, given common conditions such as: TA= 25°C,
VCC = 12 V, ICC = 6 mA, and RJA = 165 °C/W, then:
PD = VCC × ICC = 12 V × 6 mA = 72 mW

T = PD × RJA = 72 mW × 165 °C/W = 12°C
TJ = TA + T = 25°C + 12°C = 37°C
A worst-case estimate, PD(max), represents the maximum allowable power level (VCC(max), ICC(max)), without exceeding TJ(max),
at a selected RJA and TA.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Package LH, 3-Pin (SOT-23W)
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
1.49 D
4°±4°
3
A
+0.020
0.180–0.053
0.96 D
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Gauge Plane
8X 10° REF
B
PCB Layout Reference View
Branded Face
1.00 ±0.13
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.95 BSC
0.40 ±0.10
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference dwg. 802840)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm REF
B
Reference land pattern layout
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads; adjust as necessary
to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D
Hall element, not to scale
NNT
1
C
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
A1242
Two-Wire Chopper-Stabilized Hall Effect Latch
Package UA, 3-Pin SIP
+0.08
4.09 –0.05
45°
B
C
E
2.04
1.52 ±0.05
1.44 E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
3.02 –0.05
E
Branded
Face
45°
1
2.16
MAX
D Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
0.79 REF
A
0.51
REF
NNT
1
2
3
+0.03
0.41 –0.06
15.75 ±0.51
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference DWG-9049)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B Gate burr area
C Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
+0.05
0.43 –0.07
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
1.27 NOM
Copyright ©2005-2010, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that the
information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in life support devices or systems, if a failure of an Allegro product can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of that life support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use;
nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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