CQ 330F

Sensing Products Division
1-105 Kanda Jinbocho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8101, Japan
Mar 27, 2015
CQ-3 Series Application Note
0. Overview
This document provides board layout tips of Asahi’s current sensor CQ-3 series (including
CQ-330x), in order to make the system work properly. This application note is intended to be used
for inverter applications.
This document consists of 4 sections.
1. Layout Guide of Primary Conductors
2. Layout Guide of Signal Paths
3. Layout Guide of Radiation Fins
4. Others
1. Primary Conductors
CQ-3xxx
3. Radiation Fins
2. Signal Paths
Figure 1. Layout points of CQ-3 series
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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1. Layout Guide of Primary Conductors
1.1. Wide and Short Traces
The traces of primary conductors should be wide and short as possible to reduce the
resistance of primary conductor, which causes the heat-up of primary conductors and current
sensor. It is better to make the width over 0.5mm per 1Arms when the thickness of trace layer is
0.070mm. This recommended width can be narrowed in inverse proportion to the number of
trace layers used as primary conductors. It is recommended to design land pattern for conductor
pins with reference to Figure 2, in order to avoid short-circuit.
Figure 2. Recommended land pattern of CQ-3 series
Wide and short layout is also effective to reduce the stray inductance and capacitance of the
primary conductors. These stray parameters cause the delay of current waveform and make the
controllability of inverter systems worse.
1.2. Straight Traces
The traces of primary conductors are recommended to be drawn left to right straightly (See
Figure 3a). When the traces cannot be drawn left to right because of the restriction of the board
layout, the traces should be drawn toward the opposite side of signal pins (Figure 3b). Please
be aware that sensitivity is slightly different by ~1% between Figure 3a and 3b. If the traces are
drawn toward the signal pins, the sensitivity of the current sensor will change by ~8% at worst
because of the interference of the curved traces (Figure 3c). This layout is also not
recommended from a viewpoint of the interference to the signal paths.
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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CQ-3xxx
CQ-3xxx
CQ-3xxx
(a) Straight (recommended)
(b) Curved to non-signal side
(c) Curved to signal side
(not recommended)
Figure 3. Current traces of CQ-3 series
1.3. Current Direction
Current direction should be considered to get the proper output. The output of CQ-3 series will
normally increase when the current flows from left to right, and will decrease when the current
flows from right to left (see Figure 4). If this relation is not fit to an inverter system, layouts of
primary conductor should be changed to realize the opposite current direction.
CQ-3xxx
(Top view)
CQ-3xxx
(Top view)
(a) VOUT > Vof
(b) VOUT < Vof
Figure 4. The relation between sensor output and current direction in CQ-3 series
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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2. Layout Guide of Signal Paths
Pin names and functions of CQ-3 series are described as follows.
Table 1. Pin description
No.
Name
I/O
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TAB1
TEST1
VDD
TEST2
VSS
VOUT
TEST3
TAB2
PWR
GND
O
-
Radiation pin (connect to ground)
Test pin (connect to ground)
Power supply pin (5V)
Test pin (connect to VDD)
Ground pin (0V)
Analog output pin
Test pin (connect to ground)
Radiation pin (connect to ground)
CQ-3xxx
1
2 3 4 5 6 7
8
Figure 5. Pin diagram
2.1. Wide and Short Traces
The traces from VDD and VOUT pin should be wide and short as possible to reduce the
interference of switching noises from the power lines.
2.2. Shielded by Ground
The traces from VDD and VOUT pin should be surrounded by the ground plane to reduce the
interference of switching noises from the power lines.
2.3. Noise Filters
It is recommended to insert the 0.1µF bypass capacitor between the VDD and VSS pins to
reduce the power-line noises. This bypass capacitor should be placed close by the CQ-3 series.
It is better to insert another electrolytic capacitor with large capacitance to protect the CQ-3
series from an instant decrease of power supply.
In the case that there are large noises on the output, low-pass filters can be inserted to the
VOUT path. This filter is recommended to be places near the MCU. Please be careful when
designing the filter so as to keep the output response time required by the system.
2.4. Grounding
To avoid the unexpected operation, test pins (TEST1, TEST3) should be directly connected to
ground with a short trace.
In many cases of inverter systems, the ground of MCU is separated from the main power
ground to avoid the influence from the noises from switching power supply. In these cases, VSS
pin of CQ-3 series should be connected to the ground of MCU, not the main power ground.
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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TEST1, TEST3 traces should be directly connected to VSS
with a short trace
OUT, VDD traces should be wide and short
and surrounded by the ground plane
CQ-3xxx
TEST3
OUT
OUT
CF
N
RF
P
0.1u
TEST2
100u/10V
VSS
GND
+
+5V
VDD
TEST1
VSS trace should be connected
to the MCU ground
Bypass capacitor should be
placed near CQ-3xxx
Output filter should be
placed near MCU
Figure 6. Circuit example of CQ-3 series
2.5. Isolation
For the assurance of working voltage of 240V, the package of CQ-3 series is designed to have
>5mm creepage / clearance distance between primary conductors and signal paths, which
satisfies the requirement from the safety standards of IEC/UL60950-1 (for reinforced isolation)
or UL508.
If the system is required to have the isolation determined by safety standards, PCB must be
also designed to have the required creepage / clearance distance between the traces for
primary conductors and the traces for signal paths. This required distance will differ by the
safety standards.
3. Layout Guide of Radiation Fins
CQ-3 series have two TAB pins for thermal radiation. This will reduce the temperature increase
inside the package when primary current is applied through CQ-3 series. For getting better
radiation performance, these two TAB pins should be directly connected to wide ground plane.
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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4. Others
4.1. Interference from Other Current Lines
CQ-3 series are detecting magnetic flux density generated from the primary current, so are
inevitably interfered from external magnetic fields. Especially in a design of board layout, care
should be taken when placing other current lines around CQ-3 series. Here, other current lines
mean all the current lines except the primary conductor for CQ-3 series themselves.
Basically the output error will decrease if other current lines are separated from CQ-3 series,
but this relationship differs depending on the direction. Figure 7 shows the definition of direction.
Distance A represents the distance toward the parallel direction of pins to pins, and distance B
represents the distance toward the vertical direction of pins to pins.
Figure 8 shows the relationship between the output error and the distance from CQ-3 series
to other current lines. Legends in graphs represent the current value which flows through the
other current line.
For example, to restrict the interference to 400mA (it is equal to 2% at 20A primary current)
when the current value of the other current line is also 20A, distance A > 6mm and distance B >
5mm are required.
Distance A
Distance B
Distance A ... Distance from the edge of lead frame
Distance B ... Distance from the edge of mold
Figure 7. The definition of Distance
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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Other current line's current value
800
20A
700
15A
Output Error(mA)
600
10A
500
5A
400
300
200
100
0
0
10
20
30
40
distance A(mm)
(a) Distance A
Other current line's current value
800
20A
700
15A
Output Error(mA)
600
10A
500
5A
400
300
200
100
0
0
10
20
30
40
distance B(mm)
(b) Distance B
Figure 8. The relationship between output error and distance
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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4.2. Power Supply
CQ-3 series have a ratiometric output, which is the variable output proportional to the change
ratio of the supply voltage to the typical value (VDD=5.0V). If the output of CQ-3 series is
designed to be input to the A/D converter, this ratiometric output can be helpful to neglect the
convert error caused by the reference voltage change in the A/D converter.
In the case that the reference voltage of A/D converter is 5.0V, the recommended circuit of the
power supply is shown in Figure 9a. The power supply of the CQ-3 series and the reference
voltage of the A/D converter should be connected directly. In this case, even if the reference
voltage changes, the output voltage of CQ-3 series also changes by the same ratio as the
reference voltage, which will cancel the convert error.
In the case that the reference voltage of A/D converter is below 5.0V, the reference voltage
should be dropped from 5.0V supply voltage by the resistive divider (Figure 9b). For example, in
the case of VREF=3.3V, R1 is 4.7kΩ and R2 is 9.1kΩ. The voltage drop by a DC/DC converter or
an LDO is not recommended, because these methods will cut the noise included in the 5.0V line.
This will make the convert error worse.
In the both case, the board trace between the supply voltage pin of CQ-3 series and the
reference voltage pin of A/D converter should be short in order to avoid the signal delay caused
by the parasitic of the trace.
5.0V
5.0V
R1
as short as possible
VREF
VDD
CQ-3xxx
VOUT AIN
VSS
A/D
VDD
CQ-3xxx
VOUT
as short as possible
(a) VDD=VREF
AIN
R2
VSS
VSS
VREF
R2
R1
A/D
VSS
(b) VDD>VREF
Figure 9. Recommended circuits for supply voltage
4.3. Interference from Other Magnetic Parts
CQ-3 series are also interfered by the nearby magnetic parts such as a mechanical relay and
a transformer. To avoid the interference, it is recommended to avoid placing magnetic parts near
the CQ-3 series and to check whether the sensitivity of CQ-3 series changes on the actual PCB.
4.4. Heat Generation
CQ-3 series must be used under the condition within the derating curve shown in Figure 10. If
CQ-3 series are placed near the electric parts which produce much heat such as IPM, confirm
that the ambient temperature does not exceed beyond the derating curve. (e.g. if the maximum
primary current is 10A, the ambient temperature must not exceed 90°C)
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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Figure 10. Derating curve of CQ-3 series
4.5. About FAQ
FAQ is on published on AKM web site.
Please access here (http://www.akm.com/akm/en/product/add/magnetic_sensors/0073/)
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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Disclaimer
This document is only for reference. Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation will not be liable for
any damage and loss resulting from the use of this document.
CQ-3 Series Application Note (rev.3)
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