DATASHEET

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ESIG
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T
R NE NT PAR
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D
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Digitally Controlled Potentiometer
NDE
M M E D R EPL A
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C
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0
R
1
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53
NOT OMMEN Data
September 5, 2006
ISL9 Sheet
R EC
ISL95711
(XDCP™)
FN8241.3
Terminal Voltage ±2.7V or ±5V, 128 Taps
I2C Serial Interface
Features
The Intersil ISL95711 is a digitally controlled potentiometer
(XDCP). The device consists of a resistor array, wiper
switches, a control section, and nonvolatile memory. The
wiper position is controlled by a I2C interface.
• I2C Serial Interface with Hardwire Slave Address Allows
Up to Four Devices per bus
The potentiometer is implemented by a resistor array
composed of 127 resistive elements and a wiper switching
network. The wiper terminal can be connected to either end
of the resistor array or at any one of the Tap Positions in
between, providing 128 steps of resolution between RL and
RH. The “position” of the wiper is determined by the value
assigned to the volatile Wiper Register (WR). This register
has an associated non-volatile Initial Value Register (IVR).
The value stored in the IVR will be written into the WR at
power-up, allowing wiper position recall after power
interruption. The WR and the IVR can be directly written to
and read from using standard I2C interface protocol. The
device is available in either a 10kor 50k version.
• 128 Wiper Tap Points
- Wiper position can be stored in nonvolatile memory and
recalled on power-up
The device can be used as a three-terminal potentiometer or
as a two-terminal variable resistor in a wide variety of
applications including:
• High Reliability
- Endurance, 200,000 data changes per bit
- Register data retention, 50 years
• Industrial and automotive control
• RTOTAL Values = 10k50k
• Parameter and bias adjustments
• Package
- 10 Ld MSOP
- Pb-free plus anneal (RoHS compliant)
• Non-Volatile Solid-State Potentiometer
• Amplifier bias and control
Pinout
• DCP Terminal Voltage, from V- to VCC
• 127 Resistive Elements
- Typical Rtotal tempco ±50ppm/°C
- Ratiometric Tempco ±4ppm/°C
- End to end resistance range ±20%
• Low Power CMOS
- Standby current, 1µA
- Active current, 200A max
- VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
- V- = -2.7V to -5.5V
ISL95711
(10 LD MSOP)
TOP VIEW
SDA
1
10
SCL
V-
2
9
VCC
GND
3
8
RL
A1
4
7
RW
5
6
RH
A0
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER (Notes 1, 2)
PART MARKING
RESISTANCE OPTION ()
TEMP. RANGE (°C)
PACKAGE (Pb-Free)
PKG. DWG. #
ISL95711WIU10Z
AKO
10k
-40 to +85
10 Ld MSOP
M10.118
ISL95711UIU10Z
AKQ
50k
-40 to +85
10 Ld MSOP
M10.118
NOTES:
1. Add “-T” suffix for tape and reel.
2. Intersil Pb-free plus anneal products employ special Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin plate
termination finish, which are RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil Pb-free products are
MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
XDCP is a trademark of Intersil, Inc. Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2005-2006. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL95711
Block Diagram
SDA
SCL
GND
VCC
7-BIT
WIPER
REGISTER
(VOLATILE)
RH
127
126
SDA
125
RH
SCL
CONTROL
AND
MEMORY
A1
7-BIT
NONVOLATILE
MEMORY
RW
A0
124
ONE
OF
128
TRANSFER
GATES
RESISTOR
ARRAY
DECODER
RL
2
STORE AND
RECALL
CONTROL
CIRCUITRY
VSIMPLE BLOCK DIAGRAM
A1
A0
1
0
RL
RW
SLAVE
ADDRESS
DECODE
DETAILED BLOCK DIAGRAM
Pin Descriptions
PIN NUMBER
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
Open drain Data I/O for I2C serial interface
1
SDA
2
V-
3
GND
4
A1
A1 and A0 are address select pins used to set the slave address for the I2C serial interface
5
A0
A1 and A0 are address select pins used to set the slave address for the I2C serial interface
6
RH
A fixed terminal for one end of the potentiometer resistor.
7
RW
The wiper terminal which is equivalent to the movable terminal of a potentiometer.
8
RL
A fixed terminal for one end of the potentiometer resistor.
9
VCC
Positive logic supply voltage
10
SCL
Clock input for the I2C serial interface
Negative supply voltage for the potentiometer wiper control
Ground
2
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Temperature under bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65C to +135C
Storage temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Voltage on SDA, SCL, A0, and A1
with respect to GND. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3 to VCC+0.3V
Voltage on V- (referenced to GND) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -6V
V = |V(RH)-V(RL)| . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12V
Lead temperature (soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300°C
IW (10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±6mA
VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -.03V to 6V
RH, RL, RW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V- to VCC
ESD (Mil-Std 883, Method 3015) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .>2kV
ESD Machine Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .>150V
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 3)
JA (°C/W)
MSOP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
+170
Recommended Operating Conditions
Temperature Range (Industrial) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +85°C
VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7V to 5.5V
V- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -2.7V to -5.5V
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional
operation of the device (at these or any other conditions above those listed in the operational sections of this specification) is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
NOTE:
3. JA is measured with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for details.
Analog Specifications
SYMBOL
RTOTAL
Over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise stated.
PARAMETER
RH to RL resistance
TEST CONDITIONS
RH,RL
RW
CH/CL/CW
ILkgDCP
UNIT
k
U option
50
k
-20
IDCP = 1mA
T = -40°C to +85°C
+20
±50
VV- = -5.5V; VCC = +5.5V,
wiper current = (VCC-V-)/RTOTAL
70
Potentiometer Capacitance (Note 13)
Leakage on RH, RL, RW pins
MAX
10
RH,RL terminal voltage
Wiper resistance
TYP
(Note 1)
W option
RH to RL resistance tolerance
TCR
Resistance Temperature Coefficient
(Notes 12, 13)
MIN
ppm/°C
VCC
V
200

10/10/
25
Voltage at pins; V- to VCC
%
0.1
pF
1
µA
-1
1
LSB
(Note 6)
-0.5
0.5
LSB
(Note 2)
LSB
(Note 2)
VOLTAGE DIVIDER MODE (V- @ RL; VCC @ RH; Voltage at RW = VRW unloaded)
INL
(Note 6)
Integral non-linearity
DNL
(Note 5)
Differential non-linearity
W, U options
ZSerror
(Note 3)
Zero-scale error
W option
0
1
4
U option
0
0.5
2
FSerror
(Note 4)
Full-scale error
W option
-4
-1
0
U option
-2
-1
0
TCV
(Notes 7, 13)
Ratiometric Temperature Coefficient
DCP Register set at 63d,
T = -40°C to +85°C
±4
LSB
(Note 2)
ppm/°C
RESISTOR MODE (Measurements between RW and RL with RH not connected, or between RW and RH with RL not connected)
RINL
(Note 11)
Integral non-linearity
DCP register set between 20 hex and 7F hex.
Monotonic over all tap positions
RDNL
(Note 10)
Differential non-linearity
W and U options
Roffset
(Note 9)
Offset
DCP Register set to 00 hex, W option
0
DCP Register set to 00 hex, U option
0
3
-1
1
MI
(Note 8)
-0.5
0.5
MI
(Note 8)
2
5
0.5
2
MI
(Note 8)
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Operating Specifications Over the recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
(Note 1)
MAX
UNITS
200
µA
ICC1
VCC supply current, volatile write/read fSCL = 400kHz;SDA = Open; (for I2C, Active,
Read and Volatile Write States only)
IV-1
V- supply current, volatile write/read
fSCL = 400kHz;SDA = Open; (for I2C, Active,
Read and Volatile Write States only)
ICC2
VCC supply current, non volatile write
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open; (for I2C, Active,
Nonvolatile Write State only)
IV-2
V- supply current, nonvolatile write
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open; (for I2C, Active,
Nonvolatile Write State only)
VCC current (standby)
VCC = +5.5V, I2C Interface in Standby State
1
µA
1
µA
V- current (standby)
VCC = +3.6V, I2C Interface in Standby State
V- = -5.5V, I2C Interface in Standby State
ICCSB
IV-SB
ILkgDig
tDCP
(Note 13)
Vpor
A
-100
200
-3
mA
-5
V- = -3.6V, I2C Interface in Standby State
-2
Leakage current, at pins SDA, SCL,
A0, and A1
Voltage at pin from GND to VCC
-10
DCP wiper response time
SCL falling edge of last bit of DCP Data Byte to
wiper change
Power-on recall for both V- and VCC
V-
µA
µA
10
1
V- ramp rate
tD
(Note 13)
Power-up delay
V
2.5
0.2
V
V/ms
3
VCC above Vpor, to DCP Initial Value Register
recall completed, and I2C Interface in standby
state
µA
µs
-2.5
VCC
V-Ramp
µA
ms
EEPROM SPECS
EEPROM Endurance
EEPROM Retention
Temperature  +75°C
200,000
Cycles
50
Years
SERIAL INTERFACE SPECS
VIL
A0, A1, SDA, and SCL input buffer
LOW voltage
-0.3
0.3*VCC
V
VIH
A0, A1, SDA, and SCL input buffer
HIGH voltage
0.7*VCC
VCC+
0.3
V
Hysteresis
VOL
Cpin
(Note 15)
fSCL
SDA and SCL input buffer hysteresis
0.05*
VCC
SDA output buffer LOW voltage,
sinking 4mA
0
V
0.4
V
A0, A1, SDA, and SCL pin capacitance
10
pF
SCL frequency
400
kHz
tIN
Pulse width suppression time at SDA
and SCL inputs
Any pulse narrower than the max spec is
suppressed.
50
ns
tAA
SCL falling edge to SDA output data
valid
SCL falling edge crossing 30% of VCC, until SDA
exits the 30% to 70% of VCC window.
900
ns
tBUF
Time the bus must be free before the
start of a new transmission
SDA crossing 70% of VCC during a STOP
condition, to SDA crossing 70% of VCC during
the following START condition.
1300
ns
tLOW
Clock LOW time
Measured at the 30% of VCC crossing.
1300
ns
tHIGH
Clock HIGH time
Measured at the 70% of VCC crossing.
600
ns
START condition setup time
SCL rising edge to SDA falling edge. Both
crossing 70% of VCC.
600
ns
tSU:STA
4
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Operating Specifications Over the recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
(Note 1)
MAX
UNITS
tHD:STA
START condition hold time
From SDA falling edge crossing 30% of VCC to
SCL falling edge crossing 70% of VCC.
600
ns
tSU:DAT
Input data setup time
From SDA exiting the 30% to 70% of VCC
window, to SCL rising edge crossing 30% of VCC
100
ns
tHD:DAT
Input data hold time
From SCL rising edge crossing 70% of VCC to
SDA entering the 30% to 70% of VCC window.
0
ns
tSU:STO
STOP condition setup time
From SCL rising edge crossing 70% of VCC, to
SDA rising edge crossing 30% of VCC.
600
ns
tHD:STO
STOP condition setup time
From SDA rising edge to SCL falling edge. Both
crossing 70% of VCC.
600
ns
Output data hold time
From SCL falling edge crossing 30% of VCC, until
SDA enters the 30% to 70% of VCC window.
0
ns
tR
(Note 15)
SDA and SCL rise time
From 30% to 70% of VCC
20 +
0.1 * Cb
250
ns
tF
(Note 15)
SDA and SCL fall time
From 70% to 30% of VCC
20 +
0.1 * Cb
250
ns
Cb
(Note 15)
Capacitive loading of SDA or SCL
Total on-chip and off-chip
10
400
pF
Rpu
(Note 15)
SDA and SCL bus pull-up resistor offchip
Maximum is determined by tR and tF.
For Cb = 400pF, max is about 2~2.5k.
For Cb = 40pF, max is about 15~20k.
1
tWC
(Notes 14)
Non-volatile Write cycle time
tDH
k
12
20
ms
tSU:A
A0, A1 setup time
Before START condition
600
ns
tHD:A
A0, A1 hold time
After STOP condition
600
ns
NOTES:
1. Typical values are for TA = +25°C and ±5V supply voltage.
2. LSB: [V(RW)127 – V(RW)0]/127. V(RW)127 and V(RW)0 are V(RW) for the DCP register set to 7F hex and 00 hex respectively. LSB is the
incremental voltage when changing from one tap to an adjacent tap.
3. ZS error = (V(RW)0 – V-)/LSB.
4. FS error = [V(RW)127 – VCC]/LSB.
5. DNL = [V(RW)i – V(RW)i-1]/LSB-1, for i = 1 to 127. i is the DCP register setting.
6. INL = V(RW)i – (i • LSB – V(RW)0)/LSB for i = 1 to 127.
Max  V  RW  i  – Min  V  RW  i 
10 6
7. TC V = ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------- Max  V  RW  i  + Min  V  RW  i    2 125°C
for i = 16 to 120 decimal. Max( ) is the maximum value of the wiper voltage and Min ( ) is the minimum value of the wiper voltage over the
temperature range.
8. MI = |R127 – R0|/127. R127 and R0 are the measured resistances for the DCP register set to 127d and 0 respectively.
9. Roffset = R0/MI, when measuring between RW and RL.
Roffset = R127/MI, when measuring between RW and RH.
10. RDNL = (Ri – Ri-1)/MI - 1, for i = 16 to 127.
11. RINL = [Ri – (MI • i) – R0]/MI, for i = 16 to 127.
6
 Max  Ri  – Min  Ri  
10
12. TC R = ----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------- Max  Ri  + Min  Ri    2 125°C
for i = 16 to 127d. Max( ) is the maximum value of the resistance and Min ( ) is the minimum value of the resistance over the temperature range.
13. This parameter is not 100% tested.
14. tWC is the minimum cycle time to be allowed for any non-volatile Write by the user, unless Acknowledge Polling is used. It is the time from a
valid STOP condition at the end of a Write sequence of a I2C serial interface Write operation, to the end of the self-timed internal non-volatile
write cycle.
15. These are I2C specific parameters and are not directly tested, however they are used during device testing to validate device specification.
5
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
SDA vs SCL Timing
tHIGH
tF
SCL
tLOW
tR
tSU:DAT
tSU:STA
tHD:DAT
tHD:STA
SDA
(INPUT TIMING)
tSU:STO
tAA
tDH
tBUF
SDA
(OUTPUT TIMING)
A0, A1 Pin Timing
STOP
START
SCL
Clk 1
SDA IN
tHD:A
tSU:A
A0, A1
Test Circuit
Equivalent Circuit
TEST POINT
RTOTAL
RL
RH
CW
CH
RW
CL
FORCE
CURRENT
RW
wiper register address and data from a I2C external master
device at the rising edge of the serial clock SCL, and it shifts
out data after each falling edge of the serial clock SCL.
Pin Descriptions
Potentiometer Pins
RH AND RL
SDA requires an external pull-up resistor, since it’s an open
drain input/output.
The high (RH) and low (RL) terminals of the ISL95711 are
equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical
potentiometer. RH and RH are referenced to the relative
position of the wiper and not the voltage potential on the
terminals. With WR set to 127, the wiper will be closest to
RH, and with the WR set to 00, the wiper is closest to RL
SCL requires an external pull-up resistor, since it’s an open
drain input.
RW
DEVICE ADDRESS (A1-A0)
Rw is the wiper terminal and is equivalent to the movable
terminal of a mechanical potentiometer. The position of the
wiper within the array is determined by the WR.
The Address inputs are used to set the least significant 2 bits
of the 7-bit I2C interface slave address. A match in the slave
address serial data stream must be made with the Address
input pins in order to initiate communication with the
ISL95711. A maximum of 4 ISL95711 devices may occupy
the I2C serial bus.
Bus Interface Pins
SERIAL DATA INPUT/OUTPUT (SDA)
SERIAL CLOCK (SCL)
This input is the serial clock of the I2C serial interface.
The SDA is a bidirectional serial data input/output pin for the
I2C interface. It receives device address, operation code,
6
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Typical Performance Curves
120
Irw=0.6mA
T=85ºC
T = 85ºC
0.6
80
60
Isb (µA)
WIPER RESISTANCE ()
100
T=25ºC
40
20
T=-40ºC
20
40
60
80
100
T = 25ºC
T = -40ºC
0.4
0.3
2.7
0
0
0.5
120
3.2
3.7
4.2
FIGURE 2. STANDBY ICC vs VCC
0.2
0.2
Vrh=5.5V, Vrl=-5.5V
Vrh=5.5V, Vrl=-5.5V
0.1
0.1
INL (LSB)
DNL (LSB)
5.2
Vcc, V
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 1. WIPER RESISTANCE vs TAP POSITION
[I(RW) = VCC/RTOTAL] for 10k (W)
0
-0.1
0
-0.1
Vrh=2.7V, Vrl=-2.7V
Vrh=2.7V, Vrl=-2.7V
-0.2
-0.2
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
20
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
40
60
80
100
120
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 3. DNL vs TAP POSITION IN VOLTAGE DIVIDER
MODE FOR 10k (W)
FIGURE 4. INL vs TAP POSITION IN VOLTAGE DIVIDER
MODE FOR 10k (W)
0
1.6
Vrh=2.7V, Vrl=-2.7V, 10k
-0.4
FSerror (LSB)
1.2
ZSerror (LSB)
4.7
0.8
Vrh=5.5V, Vrl=-5.5V, 10k
0.4
Vrh=5.5V, Vrl=-5.5V, 10k
-0.8
-1.2
-1.6
Vrh=2.7V, Vrl=-2.7V, 10k
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
TEMPERATURE (C)
FIGURE 5. ZSerror vs TEMPERATURE
7
80
-2
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (C)
FIGURE 6. FSerror vs TEMPERATURE
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
0.1
1
T=25ºC
T=25ºC
Vcc=2.7V, V-=-2.7V
0.8
Vcc=2.7V, V-=-2.7V
RINL (LSB)
RDNL (LSB)
0.05
0
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.05
0
Vcc=5.5V, V-=-5.5V
-0.1
Vcc=5.5V, V-=-5.5V
-0.2
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
20
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
60
80
100
120
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 8. INL vs TAP POSITION IN RHEOSTAT MODE FOR
10k (W)
FIGURE 7. DNL vs TAP POSITION IN RHEOSTAT MODE FOR
10k (W)
1
100
Idcp= 0.57mA
80
0.5
TCv (ppm/°C)
END TO END RTOTAL CHANGE (%)
40
0
Idcp= 1.16mA
-0.5
60
40
10k
20
50k
-1
-40
0
-20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (ºC)
16
36
56
76
96
116
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 10. TC FOR VOLTAGE DIVIDER MODE IN ppm
FIGURE 9. END TO END RTOTAL % CHANGE vs
TEMPERATURE
200
10k
TCr (ppm/°C)
150
100
50
50k
0
16
36
56
76
96
TAP POSITION (DECIMAL)
FIGURE 11. TC FOR RHEOSTAT MODE IN ppm
8
FIGURE 12. FREQUENCY RESPONSE (1.8MHz)
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
FIGURE 13. WIPER MOVEMENT
FIGURE 14. LARGE SIGNAL SETTLING TIME
Principles of Operation
DCP Description
The ISL95711 is an integrated circuit incorporating one DCP
with it’s associated register, non-volatile memory, and the
I2C serial interface providing direct communication between
a host and the potentiometer and memory. The resistor array
is comprised of individual resistors connected in series. At
either end of the array and between each resistor is an
electronic switch that transfers the potential at that point to
the wiper.
The DCP is implemented with a combination of resistor
elements and CMOS switches. The physical ends of the
DCP are equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical
potentiometer (RH and RL pins). The RW pin is connected to
intermediate nodes, and is equivalent to the wiper terminal
of a mechanical potentiometer. The position of the wiper
terminal is controlled by a 7-bit volatile Wiper Register (WR).
When the WR contains all zeroes (00h), the wiper terminal
(RW) is closest to its “Low” terminal (RL). When the WR
contains all ones (7Fh), the wiper terminal (RW) is closest to
its “High” terminal (RH). As the value of the WR increases
from all zeroes (00h) to all ones (7Fh), the wiper moves
monotonically from the position closest to RL to the position
closest to RH. At the same time, the resistance between RW
and RL increases monotonically, while the resistance
between RH and RW decreases monotonically.
The wiper, when at either fixed terminal, acts like its
mechanical equivalent and does not move beyond the last
position. That is, the counter does not wrap around when
clocked to either extreme.
The electronic switches on the device operate in a “make
before break” mode when the wiper changes tap positions.
When the device is powered-down, the last value stored in
the IVR will be maintained in the nonvolatile memory. When
power is restored, the contents of the IVR are recalled and
the wiper is set to that value.
The ISL95711 has dual supplies, VCC and V-. For proper
operation of the chip, it is recommended both power
supplies ramp up simultaneously to their final values within
20ms. The chip design gives priority to the V- supply
stabilization and then looks at VCC stabilization. As the Vsupply goes below -2.5V, the RW pin goes to the default
code of 64. As VCC also exceeds 2.5V (after V- < -2.5V), the
RW pin goes to the code stored in the EEPROM memory
value (this is referred as power on recall).
While the ISL95711 is being powered up, the WR is reset to
40h (64 decimal), which locates the RW at the center
between RL and RH. Soon after the power supply voltage
becomes large enough for reliable non-volatile memory
reading (~ ±2.5V), the ISL95711 reads the value stored on a
non-volatile Initial Value Register (IVR) and loads it into the
WR.
The WR and IVR can be read or written directly using the
I2C serial interface as described in the following sections.
Memory Description
The ISL95711 contains 1 non-volatile byte know as the Initial
Value Register (IVR). It is accessed by the I2C interface
operations with Address 00h. The IVR contains the value
which is loaded into the Volatile Wiper Register (WR) at
power-up.
The volatile WR, and the non-volatile IVR of a DCP are
accessed with the same address.
9
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
The Access Control Register (ACR) determines which byte
at address 00h is accessed (IVR or WR). The volatile ACR
must be set as follows:
When the ACR is all zeroes, which is the default at
power-up:
• A read operation to address 0 outputs the value of the
non-volatile IVR.
• A write operation to address 0 writes the same value to
the WR and IVR of the corresponding DCP.
When the ACR is 80h:
• A read operation to address 0 outputs the value of the
volatile WR.
• A write operation to address 0 only writes to the
corresponding volatile WR.
It is not possible to write to an IVR without writing the same
value to its corresponding WR.
00h and 80h are the only values that should be written to
address 2. All other values are reserved and must not be
written to address 2.
TABLE 1. MEMORY MAP
ADDRESS
NON-VOLATILE
VOLATILE
2
-
ACR
1
0
Reserved
IVR
WR
WR: Wiper Register, IVR: Initial value Register.
The ISL95711 is pre-programmed with 40h in the IVR.
and SCL lines for the START condition and does not respond
to any command until this condition is met (See Figure 15). A
START condition is ignored during the power-up sequence
and during internal non-volatile write cycles.
All I2C interface operations must be terminated by a STOP
condition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA while
SCL is HIGH (See Figure 15). A STOP condition at the end
of a read operation, or at the end of a write operation to
volatile bytes only places the device in its standby mode. A
STOP condition during a write operation to a non-volatile
byte, initiates an internal non-volatile write cycle. The device
enters its standby state when the internal non-volatile write
cycle is completed.
An ACK, Acknowledge, is a software convention used to
indicate a successful data transfer. The transmitting device,
either master or slave, releases the SDA bus after
transmitting eight bits. During the ninth clock cycle, the
receiver pulls the SDA line LOW to acknowledge the
reception of the eight bits of data (See Figure 16).
The ISL95711 responds with an ACK after recognition of a
START condition followed by a valid Identification Byte, and
once again after successful receipt of an Address Byte. The
ISL95711 also responds with an ACK after receiving a Data
Byte of a write operation. The master must respond with an
ACK after receiving a Data Byte of a read operation
A valid Identification Byte contains 01010 as the five MSBs,
and the following two bits matching the logic values present
at pins A1, and A0. The LSB is in the Read/Write bit. Its
value is “1” for a Read operation, and “0” for a Write
operation. (See Table 2.)
TABLE 2. IDENTIFICATION BYTE FORMAT
Logic values at pins A1, and A0 respectively
I2C Serial Interface
The ISL95711 supports a bidirectional bus oriented protocol.
The protocol defines any device that sends data onto the
bus as a transmitter and the receiving device as the receiver.
The device controlling the transfer is a master and the
device being controlled is the slave. The master always
initiates data transfers and provides the clock for both
transmit and receive operations. Therefore, the ISL95711
operates as a slave device in all applications.
0
1
0
(MSB)
1
0
A1
A0
R/W
(LSB)
Write Operation
Data states on the SDA line can change only during SCL
LOW periods. SDA state changes during SCL HIGH are
reserved for indicating START and STOP conditions (See
Figure 15). On power-up of the ISL95711 the SDA pin is in
the input mode.
A Write operation requires a START condition, followed by a
valid Identification Byte, a valid Address Byte, a Data Byte,
and a STOP condition. After each of the three bytes, the
ISL95711 responds with an ACK. At this time, if the Data
Byte is to be written only to volatile registers, then the device
enters its standby state. If the Data Byte is to be written also
to non-volatile memory, the ISL95711 begins its internal write
cycle to non-volatile memory. During the internal non-volatile
write cycle, the device ignores transitions at the SDA and
SCL pins, and the SDA output is at a high impedance state.
When the internal non-volatile write cycle is completed, the
ISL95711 enters its standby state (See Figure 17).
All I2C interface operations must begin with a START
condition, which is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA while
SCL is HIGH. The ISL95711 continuously monitors the SDA
The byte at address 02h determines if the Data Byte is to be
written to volatile or both volatile and non-volatile. (See
“Memory Description” on page 9.)
All communication over the I2C interface is conducted by
sending the MSB of each byte of data first.
Protocol Conventions
10
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Data Protection
Read Operation
A STOP condition acts as a protection of non-volatile
memory. A valid Identification Byte, Address Byte, and total
number of SCL pulses act as a protection of both volatile
and non-volatile registers. During a Write sequence, the
Data Byte is loaded into an internal shift register as it is
received. If the Address Byte is 0 or 2, the Data Byte is
transferred to the Wiper Register (WR) or to the Access
Control Register respectively, at the falling edge of the SCL
pulse that loads the last bit (LSB) of the Data Byte. If the
Address Byte is 0, and the Access Control Register is all
zeros (default), then the STOP condition initiates the internal
write cycle to non-volatile memory.
A Read operation consists of a three byte instruction
followed by one or more Data Bytes (See Figure 18). The
master initiates the operation issuing the following
sequence: a START, the Identification byte with the R/W bit
set to “0”, an Address Byte, a second START, and a second
Identification byte with the R/W bit set to “1”. After each of
the three bytes, the ISL95711 responds with an ACK; then
the ISL95711 transmits the Data Byte. The master then
terminates the read operation (issuing a STOP condition)
following the last bit of the Data Byte (See Figure 18).
The byte at address 02h determines if the Data Bytes being
read are from volatile or non-volatile memory. (See “Memory
Description”.)
SCL
SDA
START
DATA
STABLE
DATA
CHANGE
DATA
STABLE
STOP
FIGURE 15. VALID DATA CHANGES, START, AND STOP CONDITIONS
SCL FROM
MASTER
1
8
9
SDA OUTPUT FROM
TRANSMITTER
HIGH IMPEDANCE
HIGH IMPEDANCE
SDA OUTPUT FROM
RECEIVER
START
ACK
FIGURE 16. ACKNOWLEDGE RESPONSE FROM RECEIVER
WRITE
SIGNALS FROM
THE MASTER
SIGNAL AT SDA
SIGNALS FROM
THE ISL95711
S
T
A
R
T
IDENTIFICATION
BYTE
ADDRESS
BYTE
0 1 0 1 0 A1 A0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
S
T
O
P
DATA
BYTE
0
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 17. BYTE WRITE SEQUENCE
11
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
S
T
A
R
T
SIGNALS
FROM THE
MASTER
IDENTIFICATION
BYTE WITH
R/W=0
ADDRESS
BYTE
0 1 0 1 0 A1 A0 0
SIGNAL AT SDA
S
T
A IDENTIFICATION
R
BYTE WITH
T
R/W=1
A
C
K
SIGNALS FROM
THE SLAVE
S
T
O
P
A
C
K
0 1 0 1 0 A1 A0 1
0
0 0 0 0 0 0
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIRST READ
DATA BYTE
LAST READ
DATA BYTE
FIGURE 18. READ SEQUENCE
Communicating with the ISL95711
Register Description: IVR and WR
There are 3 register addresses in the ISL95711, of which two
can be used. Address 00h and address 02h are used to
control the device. Address 01h is reserved and should not
be used. Address 00h contains the non-volatile Initial Value
Register (IVR), and the volatile Wiper Register (WR).
Address 02h contains only a volatile word and is used as a
pointer to either the IVR or WR. See Table 1.
The ISL95711 has a single potentiometer. The wiper of the
potentiometer is controlled directly by the WR. Writes and
reads can be made directly to this register to control and
monitor the wiper position without any non-volatile memory
changes. This is done by setting address 02h to data 80h,
then writing the data.
The non-volatile IVR stores the power-up value of the wiper.
On power-up, the contents of the IVR are transferred to the
WR.
Register Descriptions: Access Control
The Access Control Register (ACR) is volatile and is at
address 02h. It is 8-bits, and only the MSB is significant, all
other bits should be zero (0). The ACR controls which word
is accessed at register 00h as follows:
To write to the IVR, first address 02h is set to data 00h, then
the data is written. Writing a new value to the IVR register
will set a new power-up position for the wiper. Also, writing to
this register will load the same value into the WR as the IVR.
So, if a new value is loaded into the IVR, not only will the
non-volatile IVR change, but the WR will also contain the
same value after the write, and the wiper position will
change. Reading from the IVR will not change the WR, if its
contents are different.
00h = Nonvolatile IVR
80h = Volatile WR
All other bits of the ACR should be written to as zeros. Only
the MSB can be either 0 or 1. Power-up default for this
address is 00h.
Example 1
Writing a new value (77h) to the IVR:
Write to ACR first
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
A
0
0
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
A
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
A
Then, write to IVR
0
1
0
1
0
NOTE: The WR will also reflect this new value since both registers get written to at the same time)
Example 2
Reading from the WR:
Write to the ACR first (to index the WR)
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
A
A
1
0
Then, Set the WR address
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
A
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Read from the WR
0
1
0
1
0
NOTE: A = acknowledge, x = data bit read
12
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
ISL95711
Mini Small Outline Plastic Packages (MSOP)
N
M10.118 (JEDEC MO-187BA)
10 LEAD MINI SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
E1
E
INCHES
SYMBOL
-B-
INDEX
AREA
1 2
0.20 (0.008)
A B C
TOP VIEW
4X 
0.25
(0.010)
R1
R
GAUGE
PLANE
SEATING
PLANE -CA
4X 
A2
A1
b
-H-
0.10 (0.004)
L
SEATING
PLANE
C
-A-
e
D
0.20 (0.008)
C
C
a
SIDE VIEW
CL
E1
0.20 (0.008)
C D
-B-
MILLIMETERS
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
A
0.037
0.043
0.94
1.10
-
A1
0.002
0.006
0.05
0.15
-
A2
0.030
0.037
0.75
0.95
-
b
0.007
0.011
0.18
0.27
9
c
0.004
0.008
0.09
0.20
-
D
0.116
0.120
2.95
3.05
3
E1
0.116
0.120
2.95
3.05
4
e
L1
MIN
0.020 BSC
0.50 BSC
-
E
0.187
0.199
4.75
5.05
-
L
0.016
0.028
0.40
0.70
6
L1
0.037 REF
0.95 REF
-
N
10
10
7
R
0.003
-
0.07
-
-
R1
0.003
-
0.07
-
-

5o
15o
5o
15o
-

0o
6o
0o
6o
-
END VIEW
Rev. 0 12/02
NOTES:
1. These package dimensions are within allowable dimensions of
JEDEC MO-187BA.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1994.
3. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate
burrs and are measured at Datum Plane. Mold flash, protrusion
and gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15mm (0.006 inch) per side.
4. Dimension “E1” does not include interlead flash or protrusions
and are measured at Datum Plane. - H - Interlead flash and
protrusions shall not exceed 0.15mm (0.006 inch) per side.
5. Formed leads shall be planar with respect to one another within
0.10mm (.004) at seating Plane.
6. “L” is the length of terminal for soldering to a substrate.
7. “N” is the number of terminal positions.
8. Terminal numbers are shown for reference only.
9. Dimension “b” does not include dambar protrusion. Allowable
dambar protrusion shall be 0.08mm (0.003 inch) total in excess
of “b” dimension at maximum material condition. Minimum space
between protrusion and adjacent lead is 0.07mm (0.0027 inch).
10. Datums -A -H- .
and - B -
to be determined at Datum plane
11. Controlling dimension: MILLIMETER. Converted inch dimensions are for reference only
For additional products, see www.intersil.com/en/products.html
Intersil products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9001 quality systems as noted
in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/en/support/qualandreliability.html
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
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13
FN8241.3
September 5, 2006
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