200W Resonant Power Supply Reference Design Using the
DGD2113 Gate Driver
LLC Converter is becoming a popular converter choice due to its high efficiency and low EMI noise, benefitting
from Zero Voltage Switching (ZVS). LLC converters are found in power supplies of 100W – 500W, levels
commonly used for LCD TVs, hence we present a Reference Design for a 200W Resonant Power Supply with
the DGD2113 Gate Driver.
An ease of design and shortened development time are the highlights of this reference design, with 92%
efficiency at full load. LLC converter transformers utilize the magnetizing inductance and leakage inductance of
the transformer to produce the resonant circuit, and this can be difficult to implement. Hence an off-the-shelf
transformer lies at the heart of the LLC converter.
The DGD2110/DGD2113 High Voltage gate driver IC provides the drive to the high-side and low- side gate of
the MOSFETs. With the gate driver IC, development is made easier with a lower BOM count, since a high
voltage floating transformer drive is not required.
LLC Converter Specifications
Minimum Input Voltage
Nominal Input Voltage
Maximum Input Voltage
Output Voltage
Maximum Output Current
Resonant Switching Frequency
Mains under-voltage protection
VON = 360 , VOFF = 300
Circuit Description
In a typical LCD TV power supply, a Power Factor Correction (PFC) circuit is included between the AC line
voltage and the LLC converter circuit. This PFC functions to correct the power factor that is altered from the
SMPS but also the output of the PFC is a high voltage DC line (typically between 380V and 400V). Hence the
operating conditions of this reference design is VIN = 380VDC - 420VDC, which falls at the optimal level for PFC
and LLC converter circuits.
The half-bridge implements the power switching function of the LLC converter with the DGD2113, high-side
low-side gate driver, providing the gate drive for 16A MOSFETs (STF18N55M5). The 600V floating well of the
DGD2113 functions in a bootstrap operation (by C6) providing the supply for the high-side driver. Other
important features of the DGD2113 are under voltage lockout (UVLO) for VCC and VBS, and a high-side driver
with good performance with -VS undershoot. As is typical for a half bridge, the VS line is the output of the halfbridge, driving the LLC transformer. As seen in Figure 10, with the conditions of VHV = 400V and at full load, IS
is very close to a sinusoidal current displaying the resonant nature of the LLC converter (VS is the voltage at
the primary winding input and IS is the transformer current).
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Figure 1: Schematic of the 200W resonant power supply using the DGD2113 gate driver
Transformer and secondary
LLC resonant transformers can be particularly difficult to design and implement with accuracy because the
magnetizing inductance and leakage inductance of the transformer are the inductance of the LLC circuit itself.
For short development time, ease of design, and high performance, the Magnetica 1860.0113 resonant switch
mode transformer was used. These transformers have reinforced insulation and provide a high power/volume
ratio. Magnetica is RoHS and ISO9001 qualified. Schottky rectifier diodes are used in the secondary to minimize
power dissipation and a secondary filter is used to decrease output noise. The transformer has a 300W
capability, and the 16A MOSFETs can take the extra current, so if increased power capability is necessary,
higher current secondary diodes and a higher current secondary inductor would need to be chosen.
Feedback and control
The feedback is based off the industry standard TL431 regulator using an opto-isolator. This configuration was
chosen as suggested by the controller manufacture to match the resonant controller, the ICE1HS01G-1. This
resonant controller converts feedback voltage to input signals to the DGD2113. But in contrast to a typical PWM
controller, the ICE1HS01G-1 varies frequency of the control signals and maintains duty cycle (to near 50%, with
a built in dead time). Other features of this controller, and hence the whole power supply, is over current
protection, over load protection, and mains under voltage protection. A typical gain response of an LLC
converter can be seen in Figure 2. If operating at 100kHz, for example, and the input voltage is decreased, the
controller will decrease the frequency of the control input. This can be seen in figure 8, operating at full load, but
with an input voltage of 380V, and an operating frequency of 80kHz. At nominal input voltage (400V) and full
load, the operating frequency is 90kHz, which is decided by the resonant capacitor (C15) and inherent leakage
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and magnetizing inductance of the transformer. For optimal performance of the Magnetica transformer, the
resonant capacitor C15 must be a polypropylene film capacitor.
Figure 2: Gain response of typical LLC converter
Figure 3: Photograph of the Resonant Power Supply board Layout
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Figure 4: Layout (top layer) of the Resonant Power Supply board
Figure 5: Layout (bottom layer) of the Resonant Power Supply board
The graphs and scope shots below show the performance of the Resonant Power Supply Reference Design.
Figure 6 is a graph showing the efficiency vs. output power. As is typical of LLC converters, efficiency of >90%
is easily achieved and for this design, efficiencies of >90% is achieved for loads of 70W to 200W, with an
efficiency of 92% at full load. As can be seen in Figure 7, regulation is very tight over full load with less than
0.2% change over the full load conditions. Efficiency and regulation over line voltage is not shown because
there is negligible change in either efficiency or regulation over the varied line voltage of 380VDC to 420VDC.
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Figure 6: Efficiency vs. output power (VIN = 400V)
Figure 7: Regulation vs. output power (VIN = 400V)
Operation at Full and Low load
Figures 8 – 13 shows the operation of the power supply by monitoring the VS and IS while varying load and
input voltage (VIN). In the optimal operating point, you would expect the transformer primary current (IS) to
be sinusoidal. Hence figure 10 shows the LLC converter’s optimal operating point of Vin = 400V, for a
resonant frequency of about 90kHz. Also LLC converters work less efficiently at lower loads where they are
unable to maintain ZCS and ZVS. Figures 9, 11, and 13 show the significant difference in shape of IS
showing the lack of soft switching. And lastly, looking at the three full load pictures (Figure 8, 10, and 12), you
see a frequency of operation of 80kHz for Vin = 380V and increasing frequency as input voltage is increased.
This follows the expected gain response for this type of converter; as you decrease voltage; more gain is
needed to maintain the same output voltage so the controller lowers the switching frequency as the LLC
converter gain response is higher at lower frequencies (see Figure 8). The LLC converter power supply
provides high efficiency over wide load, but the input voltage is limited.
Conditions for Figures below: Vout = 24V, Full Load at 220W, Low Load 2.3W
Figure 8: Operation at full load, VIN = 380V,
(VS = green and IS = purple)
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Figure 9: Operation at low load, VIN = 380V,
(VS = green and IS = purple)
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Figure 10: Operation at full load, VIN = 400V
Figure 11: Operation at low load, VIN = 400V
Figure 12: Operation at full load, VIN = 420V
Figure 13: Operation at low load, VIN = 420V
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Turn on at Full and Low Load
Figure 14: Turn on at full load, VIN = 400V
Figure 15: Turn on at low load, VIN = 400V
No Load Power Consumption
A 200W Resonant Power Supply Reference Design with the DGD2113 High-Side, Low-Side Gate Driver was
discussed and the evaluation data was presented. This reference design is suited for LCD TV applications,
provides greater than 90% efficiency and very tight regulation over wide loads and is highlighted because of its
ease of design and short development time.
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