ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 - Summary

ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833
UHF ASK/FSK Transceiver
SUMMARY DATASHEET
Features
● AVR® microcontroller core with 1Kbyte SRAM and 24Kbyte RF library in firmware
(ROM)
● Atmel® ATA5831: 20Kbyte of user flash
● Atmel ATA5832: 20Kbyte of user ROM
● Atmel ATA5833: No user memory — RF library in firmware only
● Supported frequency ranges
● Low-band 310MHz to 318MHz, 418MHz to 477MHz
● High-band 836MHz to 956MHz
● 315.00MHz/433.92MHz/868.30MHz and 915.00MHz with one 24.305MHz crystal
● Low current consumption
● 9.8mA for RXMode (low-band), 1.2mA for 21ms cycle three-channel polling
● 9.4mA/13.8mA for TXMode (low-band, Pout = 6dBm/10dBm)
● Typical OFFMode current of 5nA (maximum 600nA at Vs = 3.6V and T = 85°C)
● Programmable output power –12dBm to +14.5dBm (0.4dB step)
● Supports the 0dBm class of ARIB STD-T96
● ASK shaping to reduce spectral bandwidth of modulated PA output signal
● Input 1dB compression point
● –48dBm (full sensitivity level)
● –20dBm (active antenna damping)
● Programmable channel frequency with fractional-N PLL
● 93Hz resolution for low-band
● 185Hz resolution for high-band
● FSK deviation ±0.375kHz to ±93kHz
● FSK sensitivity (Manchester coded) at 433.92MHz
●
●
●
●
–108.5dBm at 20Kbit/s
–111dBm at 10Kbit/s
–114dBm at 5Kbit/s
–122.5dBm at 0.75Kbit/s
f = ± 20kHz
f = ± 10kHz
f = ± 5kHz
f = ± 0.75kHz
BWIF = 165kHz
BWIF = 165kHz
BWIF = 165kHz
BWIF = 25kHz
● ASK sensitivity (Manchester coded) at 433.92MHz
This is a summary document.
The complete document is
available under NDA. For more
information, please contact
your local Atmel sales office.
● –110.5dBm at 20Kbit/s
● –125dBm at 0.5Kbit/s
BWIF = 80kHz
BWIF = 25kHz
● Programmable Rx-IF bandwidth 25kHz to 366kHz (approximately 10% steps)
9285FS-RKE-07/15
● Blocking (BWIF = 165kHz): 64dBc at frequency offset = 1MHz and 48dBc at 225kHz
● High image rejection: 55dB at 315MHz/433.92MHz and 47dB at 868.3MHz/915MHz without calibration
● Supported data rate in buffered mode 0.5Kbit/s to 80Kbit/s (120Kbit/s NRZ)
● Supports pattern-based wake-up and start of frame identification
● Flexible service configuration concept with on-the-fly (OTF) modification (in IDLEMode) of SRAM service parameters
(data rate, …)
● Each service consists of
● One service-specific configuration part
● Three channel-specific configuration parts
● Three service configurations are located in EEPROM
● Two service configurations are located in SRAM and can be modified via SPI or embedded application software
● Digital RSSI with very high relative accuracy of ±1dB thanks to digitized IF processing
● Programmable clock output derived from crystal frequency
● 1024byte EEPROM data memory for transceiver configuration
● SPI interface for Rx/Tx data access and transceiver configuration
● 500Kbit SPI data rate for short periods on SPI bus and host controller
● On demand services (SPI or API) without polling or telegram reception
● Temperature measurement
● Self check and calibration with temperature measurement
● Configurable EVENT signal indicates the status of the IC to an external microcontroller
● Automatic antenna tuning at Tx center frequency for loop antenna
● Automatic low-power channel polling
● Flexible polling configuration concerning timing, order and participating channels
● Fast Rx/Tx reaction time
● Power-up (typical 1.5ms OFFMode -> TXMode, OFFMode -> RXMode)
● RXMode <-> TXMode switching (typical 500µs)
● Supports mixed ASK/FSK telegrams
● Non-byte aligned data reception and transmission
● Software customization
● Antenna diversity with external switch via GPIO control
● Antenna diversity with internal SPDT switch
● Supply voltage ranges 1.9V to 3.6V and 2.4V to 5.5V
● Temperature range –40°C to +105°C
● ESD protection at all pins (±4kV HBM, ±200V MM, ±750V FCDM)
● Small 55mm QFN32 package/pitch 0.5mm, wettable flanks
● Backward package and pin-to-pin compatibility with Atmel® ATA5830N and Atmel ATA5780N
● Backward RF matching compatibility with Atmel ATA5830N and Atmel ATA5780N (RF redesign not needed)
● Suitable for applications governed by EN 300 220 and FCC part 15, title 47
2
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
1.
General Product Description
1.1
Introduction
The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 is a highly integrated, low-power UHF ASK/FSK RF transceiver with an integrated AVR®
microcontroller. It is package and pin-to-pin compatible with the previous generation of RF devices (Atmel ATA5830N and
Atmel ATA5780N).
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is partitioned into three sections; an RF front end, a digital baseband and the low-power 8-bit AVR
microcontroller. The product is designed for the ISM frequency bands in the ranges of 310MHz to 318MHz, 418MHz to
477MHz and 836MHz to 956MHz. The external part count is kept to a minimum due to the very high level of integration in
this device. By combining outstanding RF performance with highly sophisticated baseband signal processing, robust
wireless communication can be easily achieved. The receive path uses a low-IF architecture with an integrated double
quadrature receiver and digitized IF processing. This results in high image rejection and excellent blocking performance. The
transmit path uses a closed loop fractional-N modulator with Gauss shaping and pre-emphasis functionality for high data
rates. In addition, highly flexible and configurable baseband signal processing allows the transceiver to operate in several
scanning, wake-up and automatic self-polling scenarios. For example, during polling the IC can scan for specific message
content (IDs) and save valid telegram data in the FIFO buffer for later retrieval. The device integrates two receive paths that
enable a parallel search for two telegrams with different modulations, data rates, wake-up conditions, etc.
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 implements a flexible service configuration concept and supports up to 15 channels. The channels
are grouped into five service configurations with three channels each. Three service configurations are located in the
EEPROM. Two service configurations are located in the SRAM to allow on-the-fly modifications during IDLEMode via SPI
commands or application software. The application software is located in the flash for Atmel ATA5831 or in the ROM for
Atmel ATA5832. Highly configurable and autonomous scanning capability enables flexible polling scenarios with up to 15
channels. The configuration of the transceiver is stored in a 1024byte EEPROM. The SPI interface enables external control
and device reconfiguration.
Table 1-1.
Program Memory Comparison of Atmel ATA5831/2/3 Devices
Device
Atmel Firmware ROM
User Flash
User ROM
Atmel ATA5831
24Kbyte
20Kbyte
-
Atmel ATA5832
24Kbyte
-
20Kbyte
Atmel ATA5833
24Kbyte
-
-
In the Atmel ATA5831 the internal microcontroller with 20Kbyte user flash can be used to add custom extensions to the
Atmel firmware. The Atmel ATA5832 provides 20Kbyte user ROM as a replacement for the 20Kbyte flash for high-volume
applications. The Atmel ATA5833 embeds only the firmware ROM without user memory.
The debugWIRE and ISP interface are available for programming purposes.
Compatibility to the Atmel ATA5780N, Atmel ATA5830N and Atmel ATA5781/2/3
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is pin-to-pin compatible with the Atmel ATA5830N transceiver, the Atmel ATA5780N receiver and
the Atmel ATA5781/2/3 receivers. The Rx performance of the receivers matches that of the transceivers.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
3
1.2
System Overview
Figure 1-1. Circuit Overview
SRC, FRC
Oscillators
Supply
Reset
AVR CPU
EEPROM
Tx DSP
Flash
RF_OUT
ROM
RF
Front End
SRAM
AVR
Peripherals
Rx DSP
RFIN
DATA BUS
XTO
XTAL
Port B (8)
Port C (6)
PB[7..0]
(SPI)
PC[5..0]
Figure 1-1 shows an overview of the main functional blocks of the Atmel® ATA5831/2/3. External control of the
Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is performed through the SPI pins SCK, MOSI, MISO, and NSS on port B. The configuration of the
Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is stored in the EEPROM and a large portion of the functionality is defined by the firmware located in the
ROM and processed by the AVR®. An SPI command can trigger the AVR to configure the hardware according to settings
that are stored in the EEPROM and start up a given system mode (e.g., RXMode, TXMode or PollingMode). Internal events
such as “Start of Telegram” or “FIFO empty” are signaled to an external microcontroller on pin 28 (PB6/EVENT).
During the start-up of a service, the relevant part of the EEPROM content is copied to the SRAM. This allows faster access
by the AVR during the subsequent processing steps and eliminates the need to write to the EEPROM during runtime
because parameters can be modified directly in the SRAM. As a consequence the user does not need to observe the
EEPROM read/write cycle limitations.
It is important to note that all PWRON and NPWRON pins (PC1..5, PB4, PB7) are active in OFFMode. This means that even
if the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is in OFFMode and the DVCC voltage is switched off, the power management circuitry within the
Atmel ATA5831/2/3 biases these pins with VS.
AVR ports can be used as button inputs, external LNA supply voltage (RX_ACTIVE), LED drivers, EVENT pin, switching
control for additional SPDT switches, general purpose digital inputs, or wake-up inputs, etc. Some functionality of these ports
is already implemented in the firmware and can be activated by adequate EEPROM configurations. Other functionality is
available only through custom software residing in the 20Kbyte flash program memory (Atmel ATA5831) or in the 20Kbyte
user ROM program memory (Atmel ATA5832).
4
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
Pinning
ATEST_IO2
AGND
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
1
ANT_TUNE
5
SPDT_TX
6
RF_OUT
7
VS_PA
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Note:
The exposed die pad is connected to the internal die.
Table 1-2.
Pin Description
15
16
PC2
4
PC1
SPDT_ANT
Atmel
ATA5831
ATA5832
ATA5833
PC0
3
VS
SPDT_RX
AVCC
2
XTAL2
RFIN_HB
exposed die pad
XTAL1
RFIN_LB
ATEST_IO1
Figure 1-2. Pin Diagram
TEST_EN
1.3
24
PB2
23
PB1
22
PB0
21
DGND
20
DVCC
19
PC5
18
PC4
17
PC3
Pin No.
Pin Name
Type
Description
1
RFIN_LB
Analog
LNA input for low-band frequency range (< 500MHz)
2
RFIN_HB
Analog
LNA input for high-band frequency range (> 500MHz)
3
SPDT_RX
Analog
Rx switch output (damped signal output)
4
SPDT_ANT
Analog
Antenna input (RXMode) and output (TXMode) of the SPDT switch
5
ANT_TUNE
Analog
Antenna tuning input
6
SPDT_TX
Analog
TXMode input of the SPDT switch
7
RF_OUT
Analog
Power amplifier output
8
VS_PA
Analog
Power amplifier supply
3V application supply voltage input
5V application internal voltage regulator output
9
TEST_EN
–
Test enable, connected to GND in application
10
XTAL1
Analog
Crystal oscillator pin 1 (input)
11
XTAL2
Analog
Crystal oscillator pin 2 (output)
12
AVCC
Analog
RF front end supply regulator output
13
VS
Analog
Main supply voltage input
14
PC0
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C0
: PCINT8 / NRESET / DebugWIRE
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
5
Table 1-2.
6
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin No.
Pin Name
Type
Description
15
PC1
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C1
: NPWRON1 / PCINT9 / EXT_CLK
16
PC2
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C2
: NPWRON2 / PCINT10 / TRPA
17
PC3
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C3
: NPWRON3 / PCINT11 / TMDO / TxD
18
PC4
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C4
: NPWRON4 / PCINT12 / INT0 / TMDI / RxD
19
PC5
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port C5
: NPWRON5 / PCINT13 / TRPB / TMDO_CLK
20
DVCC
–
Digital supply voltage regulator output
21
DGND
–
Digital ground
22
PB0
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B0
: PCINT0 / CLK_OUT
23
PB1
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B1
: PCINT1 / SCK
24
PB2
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B2
: PCINT2 / MOSI (SPI master out slave in)
25
PB3
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B3
: PCINT3 / MISO (SPI master in slave out)
26
PB4
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B4
: PWRON / PCINT4 / LED1
(strong high side driver)
27
PB5
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B5
: PCINT5 / INT1 / NSS
28
PB6
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B6
: PCINT6 / EVENT (firmware controlled
external microcontroller event flag)
29
PB7
Digital
Main
Alternate
: AVR Port B7
: NPWRON6/ PCINT7/ RX_ACTIVE (strong high
side driver) / LED0 (strong low side driver)
30
AGND
–
Analog ground
31
ATEST_IO2
–
RF front end test I/O 2 connected to GND in application
32
ATEST_IO1
–
RF front end test I/O 1 connected to GND in application
GND
–
Ground/backplane on exposed die pad
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
1.4
Typical Applications
The transceiver is designed to be used in the following application areas:
● Remote keyless entry system (RKE)
●
●
●
●
●
●
Tire pressure monitoring system (TPM, TPMS)
Remote start system (RS)
Remote control systems, e.g., garage door openers
Smart RF applications
Telemetering systems
Typical 3V Application with External Microcontroller
Figure 1-3. Typical 3V Application with External Microcontroller
IRQ
NSS
MISO
RFIN_LB
26
25
PB3
27
PB4
28
PB5
ATEST ATEST
_IO1 _IO2
29
PB6
30
PB7
1
31
AGND
32
24
PB2
23
2
PB1
RFIN_HB
22
3
SPDT_RX
PB0
Atmel
ATA5831
ATA5832
ATA5833
4
SPDT_ANT
5
ANT_TUNE
6
20
DVCC
SPDT_TX
PC5
RF_OUT
PC4
18
VS_PA
PC3
17
9
10
11
12
13
14
CLK_IN
15
Microcontroller
PC2
PC1
PC0
VS
AVCC
XTAL2
TEST
_EN
SCK
DGND
7
8
MOSI
21
19
XTAL1
1.4.1
Passive entry go system (PEG)
16
Wake/Monitor
VS = 3V
VDD
Figure 1-3 shows a key fob application circuit with an external host microcontroller for the 315MHz or 433.92MHz band
running from a 3V lithium cell. The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 stays in OFFMode until NPWRON1 (PC1) is used to wake it up. In
OFFMode the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 draws typically less than 5nA (600nA maximum at 3.6V/85°C).
In OFFMode all Atmel ATA5831/2/3 AVR® ports PB0..PB7 and PC0..PC5 are switched to input. PC0..PC5 and PB7 have
internal pull-up resistors ensuring that the voltage at these ports is VS. PB0..PB6 are tri-state inputs and require additional
consideration. PB1, PB2, and PB5 have defined voltages since they are connected to the output of the external
microcontroller. PB4 is connected to ground to avoid unwanted power-ups. PB0, PB3 and PB6 do not require external
circuitry since the internal circuit avoids transverse currents in OFFMode. The external microcontroller has to tolerate the
floating inputs. Otherwise additional pull-down resistors are required on these floating lines.
Typically, the key fob buttons are connected to the external microcontroller and the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 wake-up is done by
pulling NPWRON1 (pin 15) to ground. If there are not enough ports for button inputs on the microcontroller, it is possible to
connect up to four additional buttons to the ports PC2..PC5. In this case, the occurrence of a port event (button pressed)
generates an event on pin 28. The corresponding port event is available in the event registers.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
7
A PCB trace loop antenna is typically used in this type of application. An internal antenna tuning procedure tunes the
resonant frequency of this loop antenna to the Tx frequency. This is accomplished with an integrated variable capacitor on
the ANT_TUNE pin. RF_OUT and RF_IN are optimally matched to the SPDT_TX and SPDT_RX pins of the integrated
Rx/Tx switch. The SPDT_ANT pin has an impedance of 50 for both the Rx and Tx functions. The DC output voltage of the
power amplifier is required at the SPDT_TX pin for proper operation. Also, the RFIN pin needs a DC path to ground, which is
easily achieved with the matching shunt inductor. The impedance of the loop antenna is transformed to 50 with three
capacitors, two of them external and one built-in at the ANT_TUNE pin.
Together with the fractional-N PLL within the Atmel® ATA5831/2/3, an external crystal is used to fix the Rx and Tx frequency.
Accurate load capacitors for this crystal are integrated to reduce the system part count and cost. Only four supply blocking
capacitors are needed to decouple the different supply voltages AVCC, DVCC, VS, and VS_PA of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3.
The exposed die pad is the RF and analog ground of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3. It is connected directly to AGND via a fused
lead. For applications operating in the 868.3MHz or 915MHz frequency bands a High-Band RF input, RFIN_HB, is supplied
and must be used instead of RFIN_LB.
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is controlled using specific SPI commands via the SPI interface, and an internal EEPROM for
application specific configurations.
1.4.2
Typical 3V Stand-Alone Application
Figure 1-4. Typical 3V Stand-alone Application
VS
VS
RFIN_LB
25
PB3
26
PB4
28 27
PB5
29
PB6
30
PB7
1
31
AGND
32
ATEST TEST
_IO1 _IO2
24
PB2
2
23
RFIN_HB
PB1
3
SPDT_RX
PB0
Atmel
ATA5831
ATA5832
4
SPDT_ANT
5
ANT_TUNE
21
DGND
20
DVCC
6
19
SPDT_TX
PC5
RF_OUT
PC4
VS_PA
PC3
7
18
9
10
11
12
13
14 15
PC2
PC1
PC0
VS
AVCC
TEST
_EN
XTAL2
17
XTAL1
8
22
16
VS
VS = 3V
Figure 1-4 shows a stand-alone key fob application circuit for 315MHz or 433.92MHz running from a 3V lithium cell. The
Atmel ATA5831/2 stays in OFFMode until one of the NPWRON ports PC1..PC5 is pulled to ground level, waking up the
circuit. The NPWRON ports PC1..PC5 have internal 50k pull-up resistors and can be left open if not used.
The user application software within the 20Kbyte flash (Atmel ATA5831) or the 20Kbyte user ROM (Atmel ATA5832) is used
to control the Atmel ATA5831/2 transceiver together with the firmware in the 24Kbyte ROM. The Atmel ATA5833 is not
suitable for this application. The RF and decoupling circuitry is similar to Figure 1-3 on page 7.
8
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
In this application, an LED is connected to PB7. Alternatively, an additional wake-up button can be used on PB7 instead of
an LED. An LED can also be connected to PB4. However, note the additional pull-down resistor connected in parallel that is
needed to prevent transverse currents in OFFMode. This special case only applies to PB4 because of its active input
characteristics (PWRON).
Typical 5V Application Circuit with External Microcontroller
Figure 1-5. Typical 5V Application Circuit with External Microcontroller
IRQ
NSS
VS
RFIN_LB
26
MISO
25
PB3
27
PB4
28
PB5
ATEST ATEST
_IO1 _IO2
29
PB6
30
PB7
1
31
AGND
32
24
PB2
2
Optional
Harmonic Filter
23
RFIN_HB
PB1
3
22
SPDT_RX
SPDT_ANT
5
PB0
Atmel
ATA5831
ATA5832
ATA5833
4
ANT_TUNE
6
20
DVCC
SPDT_TX
PC5
RF_OUT
PC4
18
VS_PA
PC3
17
9
10
11
12
13
14
CLK_IN
15
Microcontroller
PC2
PC1
PC0
VS
AVCC
XTAL2
TEST
_EN
SCK
DGND
7
8
MOSI
21
19
XTAL1
1.4.3
16
VS = 5V
VDD
Figure 1-5 shows a typical vehicle side application circuit with an external host microcontroller running from a 5V voltage
regulator. In contrast to the 3V application with external microcontroller, the pin PB4 (PWRON) is directly connected to VS
and the Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 enters the IDLEMode after power-on. In this configuration the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can work
autonomously and the microcontroller stays powered down to keep current consumption low while remaining sensitive to RF
telegrams.
To achieve a low current in IDLEMode the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can be configured in the EEPROM to work with the RC
oscillators. The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can also be configured for autonomous multi-channel and multi-application PollingMode.
The external microcontroller is notified by an event on pin 28 (EVENT) if an appropriate RF message is received. Until this
event, the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 periodically switches to RXMode, checks the different services and channels configured in the
EEPROM, and returns to power-down while the external host microcontroller is still in deep sleep mode to keep average
current low. Once a valid RF message is detected, it can be buffered inside of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 to enable a
microcontroller wake-up and retrieval of buffered data.
In applications using the 2.4V to 5.5V supply (VS) it is important to note that only Atmel ATA5831/2/3 ports PB0..PB7,
PC0..PC5, and the external host microcontroller use this supply. The power amplifier of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is limited to
3.6V, therefore, an internal LDO delivers 2.2V or 3.0V supply voltage in TXMode on pin VS_PA. The capacitor on pin VS_PA
is needed to stabilize this regulator and decouple the power amplifier supply voltage. The ports PC0..PC5 have internal
50k pull-up resistors and can be left open. The ANT_TUNE pin must be left open.
As in the 3V applications, RF_OUT and RF_IN are matched to SPDT_TX and SPDT_RX by absorbing the parasitics of the
SPDT switch into the matching network, hence the SPDT_ANT is a 50 Rx and Tx port. The harmonic suppression can be
improved by using an optional filter on the antenna side.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
9
1.4.4
Typical 5V Application Circuit with One-wire-control
Figure 1-6. Typical 5V Application Circuit with One-wire-control
VS
RFIN_LB
26
25
PB3
27
PB4
28
PB5
29
PB6
30
PB7
1
31
AGND
32
ATEST ATEST
_IO1 _IO2
24
PB2
2
Optional
Harmonic Filter
23
RFIN_HB
PB1
3
SPDT_RX
PB0
Atmel
ATA5831
ATA5832
4
SPDT_ANT
5
ANT_TUNE
21
DGND
TXD
Atmel
ATA6625
LIN
LIN
GND
20
DVCC
6
SPDT_TX
PC5
19
NRES
EN
VCC
VS
18
7
RF_OUT
PC4
VS_PA
PC3
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
PC2
PC1
PC0
VS
AVCC
TEST
_EN
XTAL2
17
XTAL1
8
RXD
22
12V
Battery
+
16
VS
VS = 5V
Figure 1-6 shows a typical vehicle side application circuit running from a 5V voltage regulator delivered from the LIN
transceiver Atmel® ATA6625 device. The application can be connected directly to the wiring harness of the vehicle. In this
case, the pin PB4 (PWRON) is connected directly to VS and the Atmel ATA5831/2 enters the IDLEMode after power-up of
the Atmel ATA6625 and stays there after the software in the flash asserts the EN pin on Atmel ATA6625 to HIGH. The
system can be completely switched on or off with a command via the one-wire bus. This application is used when the
external host microcontroller must be separated over a certain distance from the Atmel ATA5831/2 such as systems having
remote antennas integrated into window glass. In these scenarios, the Atmel ATA5831/2 can work autonomously and
communicate to the external host microcontroller via a one-wire bus.
Together with 24Kbyte ROM firmware, the application software within the flash is used for controlling the Atmel ATA5831/2
and Atmel ATA6625. A simplified LIN-compliant physical layer can be used for one-wire communication. The Atmel
ATA5831/2 does not natively support one-wire commands. However, one-wire communication can be implemented through
the use of application flash software (Atmel ATA5831) or application software in user ROM (Atmel ATA5832). The Atmel
ATA5833 is not suitable for this application.
Please refer to the note in the previous example (Figure 1-5 on page 9) regarding the use of a 2.4V to 5.5V supply and its
distribution within the Atmel ATA5831/2. Ports PC0..PC2 have internal 50k pull-up resistors and can be left open.
However, ports PB1, PB2, and PB5 must be connected to ground. The ANT_TUNE pin has to be left open. Notes about RF
decoupling and supply circuitry are the same as the application shown in Figure 1-5 on page 9.
10
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
2.
System Functional Description
2.1
Overview
2.1.1
Service-based Concept
The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 is a highly configurable UHF transceiver. The configuration is stored in an internal 1024-byte
EEPROM. The master system control is performed by firmware. General chip-wide settings are loaded from the EEPROM to
hardware registers during system initialization. During start-up of a transmit or receive mode the specific settings are loaded
from the EEPROM or SRAM to the current service in the SRAM and from there to the corresponding hardware registers.
A complete configuration set of the transceiver is called “service” and includes RF settings, demodulation settings, and
telegram handling information. Each service contains three channels which differ in the RF receive or transmit frequencies.
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 supports five services which can be configured in various ways to meet customer requirements.
Three service configurations are located in the EEPROM space. They are fixed configurations which should not be changed
during runtime.
Two service configurations are located in the SRAM space and can be modified by USER SW in a flash application or by an
SPI command during IDLEMode.
A service consists of
● One service-specific configuration part
●
Three channel-specific configuration parts
Further configurations for PollingMode and RSSI are available and can be modified in IDLEMode via an SPI command
and/or User SW. Figure 2-1 gives an overview on the service based-concept.
Figure 2-1. Service-based Concept Overview
EEPROM
SRAM
EEPROM Polling Configuration
eepPollLoopConf
System
Initialization
SRAM Polling Configuration
pollConfig
Service 0
eepServices [0]
Channel 0
Channel 1
Service 3
sramServices [0]
Channel 2
Channel 0
Service 1
eepServices [1]
Channel 0
Channel 1
Channel 1
Channel 2
SPI
Service 4
sramServices [1]
Channel 2
Channel 0
Service 2
eepServices [2]
Channel 0
Channel 1
Channel 1
Channel 2
RSSI Threshold Configuration
for Each Channel
rssiThreshold [][]
Channel 2
Service S
currentService
Channel
Atmel ATA5831/2/3 Hardware
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
11
2.1.2
Supported Telegrams
The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 supports the transmission and reception of a wide variety of telegrams and protocols. Generally no
special structure is required from a telegram to be received or transmitted by the Atmel ATA5831/2/3. However, designated
hardware and software features are built in for the blocks that are depicted in Figure 2-2. Using this structure or parts of it
can increase the sensitivity and robustness of the broadcast.
Figure 2-2. Telegram Structure
Desync
Preamble
Data Payload
Checksum
Stop Sequence
Desync:
The de-synchronization is usually a coding violation with a length of several symbols that should provoke a defined restart of
the receiver. The use of a de-synchronization leads to more deterministic receiver behavior, reducing the required preamble
length. This can be favorable in timing-critical and energy-critical applications.
Preamble:
The preamble is a pattern that is sent before the actual data payload to synchronize the receiver and provide the starting
point of the payload. A very regular pattern (e.g., 1-0-1-0...) is recommended for synchronization (“wake-up pattern, WUP”,
sometimes also called “pre-burst”) while a unique, well-defined pattern of up to 32 symbols is required to mark the start of
the data payload (“start frame identifier, SFID” or “start bit”). In polling scenarios the WUP can be tens or hundreds of ms
long.
Data Payload:
The data payload contains the actual information content of the telegram. It can be NRZ or Manchester-coded. The length of
the payload is application dependent, typically 1..64 bytes.
Checksum:
A checksum can be calculated across the data payload to verify that the data have been received correctly. A typical
example is an 8-bit CRC checksum. Data bits at the beginning of the payload can be excluded from the CRC calculation.
Stop Sequence:
The stop sequence is a short data pattern (typically 2 to 6 symbols) to mark the end of the telegram. A coding violation can
be used to prevent additional (non-deterministic) data from being received.
12
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
2.2
Operating Modes Overview
This section gives an overview of the operating modes supported by the Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 as shown in Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3. Operating Modes Overview
OFFMode
Power-on
Invalid
wake-up
WDR
EXTR
Init fails
System Initialization
TCMode
Init done
System Error Loop
IDLEMode
PollingMode
TXMode
RXMode
After connecting the supply voltage to the VS pin, the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 always starts in OFFMode. All internal circuits are
disconnected from the power supply. Therefore, no SPI communication is supported. The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can be woken
up by activating the PWRON pin or one of the NPWRONx pins. This triggers the power-on sequence. After the system
initialization the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 reaches the IDLEMode.
The IDLEMode is the basic system mode supporting SPI communication and transitions to all other operating modes. There
are two options of the IDLEMode requiring configuration in the EEPROM settings:
● IDLEMode(RC) with low power consumption using the fast RC (FRC) oscillator for processing
●
IDLEMode(XTO) with active crystal oscillator for high accuracy clock output or timing measurements
The transmit mode (TXMode) enables data transmission using the selected service/channel configurations. It is usually
enabled by the SPI command “Set System Mode”, or directly after power-on, when selected in the EEPROM setting.
The receive mode (RXMode) provides data reception on the selected service/channel configuration. The precondition for
data reception is a valid preamble. The receiver continuously scans for a valid telegram and receives the data if all preconfigured checks are successful. The RXMode is usually enabled by the SPI command “Set System Mode”, or directly after
power-on, when selected in the EEPROM setting.
In PollingMode the receiver is activated for a short period of time to check for a valid telegram on the selected
service/channel configurations. The receiver is deactivated if no valid telegram is found and a sleep period with very low
power consumption elapses. This process is repeated periodically in accordance with the polling configuration. The initial
settings are stored in the EEPROM and copied during firmware initialization to the SRAM. This allows modification of the
PollingMode timing and service/channel configuration during IDLEMode.
The tune and check mode (TCMode) offers calibration and self-checking functionality for the VCO and FRC oscillators as
well as for antenna tuning, temperature measurement, and polling cycle accuracy. This mode is activated via the SPI
command “Calibrate and Check”. When selected in the EEPROM settings, tune and check tasks are also used during
system initialization after power-on. Furthermore, they can also be activated periodically during PollingMode.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
13
Table 2-1 shows the relations between the operating modes and their corresponding power supplies, clock sources, and
sleep mode settings.
Table 2-1.
Operation Mode
AVR Sleep Mode
OFFMode
-
DVCC
AVCC
VS_PA
XTO
SRC
FRC
off
off
off
off
off
off
IDLEMode(RC)
Active mode
Power-down(1)
off
off
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
off
IDLEMode(XTO)
Active mode
Power-down(1)
on
on
off
off
on
on
on
on
off
off
TXMode
Active mode
on
on(2)
on
on
off
RXMode
Active mode
on
off
on
on
off
PollingMode(RC)
- Active period
- Sleep period
Active mode
Power-down(1)
on
off
off
off
on
off
on
on
on
off
PollingMode(XTO)
- Active period
- Sleep period
Active mode
Power-down(1)
on
on
off
off
on
on
on
on
off
off
Notes:
14
Operating Modes versus Power Supplies and Oscillators
on
1.
During IDLEMode(RC) and IDLEMode(XTO) the AVR® microcontroller enters sleep mode to reduce current
consumption. The sleep mode of the microcontroller section can be defined in the EEPROM. The power-down
mode is recommended for keeping current consumption low.
2.
Only activated at 5V applications. This is selectable in the EEPROM setting.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
3.
Hardware Description
3.1
Overview
The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 consists of an analog front end, digital signal processing blocks (DSP), an 8-bit AVR® sub-system
and various supply modules such as oscillators and power regulators. A hardware block diagram of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3
is shown in Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1. Block Diagram
AVCC
Sequencer
State
Machine
RF Front End
Front-end
Registers
RFIN_LB
LNA, Mixer
IF AMP
16 Bit Sync
Timer
SPDT_RX
SPDT
SPDT_ANT
Damping
ANT_TUNE
Antenna
Tuning
VS_PA
Supplies
and
Reset
Voltage
Monitor
Clock
Management
Debug
Wire
Rx DSP
D
Temp (ϑ)
RF_OUT
Watchdog
Timer
DVCC
AVR SubSystem
A
RFIN_HB
SPDT_TX
SRC, FRC
Oscillators
VS
Power
Amplifier
Support
FIFO
8 Bit
Async
Timers 2x
AVR CPU
Data
FIFO
Tx
Modulator
NVM Controller
16 Bit
Async
Timers
2x
IRQ
Fractional
N-PLL
ROM
24kB
Flash
20kB(1)
CRC
EEPROM
1152B
SRAM
1kByte
Tx DSP
DATA BUS
XTO
XTAL1
XTAL2
Port B (8)
SPI
PB[7:0]
Port C (6)
PC[5:0]
(1) 20kByte Flash for Atmel ATA5831, 20kByte user ROM for Atmel ATA5832, no user memory for Atmel ATA5833
Together with the fractional-N PLL, the crystal oscillator (XTO) generates the local oscillator (LO) signal for the mixer in
RXMode. The RF signal comes either from the Low-Band input (RFIN_LB) or from the High-Band input (RFIN_HB) and is
amplified by the low-noise amplifier (LNA) and down-converted by the mixer to the intermediate frequency (IF) using the LO
signal. A 10dB IF amplifier with low-pass filter characteristic is used to achieve enhanced system sensitivity without affecting
blocking performance.
After the mixer, the IF signal is sampled using a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC).
Within the Rx digital signal processing (Rx DSP) the received signal from the ADC is filtered by a digital channel filter and
demodulated. Two data receive paths, path A and path B, are included in the Rx DSP after the digital channel filter. In
addition, the receive path can be configured to provide the digital output of an internal temperature sensor (Temp()).
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
15
In TXMode the fractional-N PLL generates the Tx frequency. The power amplifier (PA) generates an RF output power signal
programmable from –10dBm to +14dBm at RF_OUT. The FSK modulation is performed by changing the frequency setting of
the fractional-N PLL dynamically with Tx digital signal processing (Tx DSP). Digital preemphasis and digital Gauss filtering
can be activated in the Tx DSP in order to achieve higher data rates or reduce occupied bandwidth. The ASK modulation is
performed by switching the power amplifier on and off. An ASK shaping filter is available to reduce the transmitted bandwidth
of the modulated PA output signal. The shaping filter can also be used at the start and end of an FSK transmission.
With the single pole double throw (SPDT) switch the RF signal from the antenna is switched to RFIN in RXMode and from
RF_OUT to the antenna in TXMode. An adjustable capacitor and an RF level detector on ANT_TUNE are used to tune the
center frequency of loop antennas to reduce tolerances and capacitive proximity effects.
The system is controlled by an AVR® CPU with 24KB firmware ROM and 20KB user flash for the Atmel® ATA5831, or with
20KB user ROM for the Atmel ATA5832. 1024-byte EEPROM, 1024-byte SRAM, and other peripherals are supporting the
transceiver handling. Two GPIO ports, PB[7:0] and PC[5:0], are available for external digital connections, for example, as an
alternate function the SPI interface is connected to port B. The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 is controlled by the EEPROM
configuration and SPI commands and the functional behavior is mainly determined by firmware in the ROM. Much of the
configuration can be modified by the EEPROM settings. The firmware running on the AVR gives access to the hardware
functionality of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3. Extensions to this firmware can be added in the 20KB of flash memory for the Atmel
ATA5831. The Rx DSP and Tx DSP registers are addressed directly and accessible from the AVR. A set of sequencer state
machines is included to perform Rx and Tx path operations (such as enable, disable, receive, transmit) which require a
defined timing parallel to the AVR program execution.
The power management contains low-dropout (LDO) regulators and reset circuits for the supply voltages VS, AVCC, DVCC,
and VS_PA of the Atmel ATA5831/2/3. In OFFMode all the supply voltages AVCC, DVCC, and VS_PA (VS_PA is used only
for 2.5V to 5.5V operation) are switched off to achieve very low current consumption. The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can be
powered up by activating the PWRON pin or one of the NPWRON[6:1] pins because they are still active in OFFMode. The
AVCC domain can be switched on and off independently from DVCC. The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 includes two idle modes. In
IDLEMode(RC) only the DVCC voltage regulator, the FRC and SRC oscillators are active and the AVR uses a power-down
mode to achieve low current consumption. The same power-down mode can be used during the inactive phases of the
PollingMode. In IDLEMode(XTO) the AVCC voltage domain as well as the XTO are additionally activated.
An integrated watchdog timer is available to restart the Atmel ATA5831/2/3 when it is not served within the configured timeout period.
3.2
Receive Path
3.2.1
Overview
The receive path consists of a low-noise amplifier (LNA), mixer, IF amplifier, analog-to-digital converter (ADC), and an Rx
digital signal processor (Rx DSP). The fractional-N PLL and the XTO deliver the local oscillator frequency in RXMode. The
receive path is controlled by the RF front-end registers.
Two separate LNA inputs, one for Low-Band and one for High-Band, are provided to obtain optimum performance matching
for each frequency range and to allow multi-band applications. A radio frequency (RF) level detector at the LNA output and a
switchable damping included into the single-pole double-trough (SPDT) switch is used in the presence of large blockers to
achieve enhanced system blocking performance.
The mixer converts the received RF signal to a low intermediate frequency (IF) of about 250kHz. A double-quadrature
architecture is used for the mixer to achieve high image rejection. Additionally, the third-order suppression of the local
oscillator (LO) harmonics makes receiving without a front-end SAW filter less critical, such as in a car key fob application.
An IF amplifier provides additional gain and improves the receiver sensitivity by 2-3dB. Because of built-in filter function, the
in-band compression is degraded by 10dB, while the out-of-band compression remains unchanged.
The ADC converts the IF signal into the digital domain. Due to the high effective resolution of the ADC, the channel filter and
received signal strength indicator (RSSI) can be realized in the digital signal domain. Therefore, no analog gain control
(AGC) potentially leading to critical timing issues or analog filtering is required in front of the ADC. This leads to a receiver
front end with excellent blocking performance up to the 1dB compression point of the LNA and mixer, and a steep digital
channel filter can be used.
The Rx DSP performs the channel filtering and converts the digital output signal of the ADC to the baseband for
demodulation. Due to the digital realization of these functions the Rx DSP can be adapted to the needs of many different
applications. Channel bandwidth, data rate, modulation type, wake-up criteria, signal checks, clock recovery, and many
other properties are configurable. The RSSI value is realized completely in the digital signal domain, enabling very high
relative and absolute accuracy that is only deteriorated by the gain errors of the LNA, mixer, and ADC.
16
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
Two independent receive paths A and B are integrated in the Rx DSP after the channel filter and allow the use of different
data rates, modulation types, and protocols without the need to power up the receive path more than once to decide which
signal should be received. This results in a reduced polling current in several applications.
The integration of remote keyless entry (RKE), passive entry and go (PEG) and tire-pressure monitoring systems (TPM) into
one module is simplified because completely different protocols can be supported and a low polling current is achieved. It is
even possible to configure different receive RF bands for different applications by using the two LNA inputs. For example, a
TPM receiver can be realized at 433.92MHz while a PEG system uses the 868MHz ISM band with multi-channel
communication.
3.2.2
Rx Digital Signal Processing (Rx DSP)
The Rx digital signal processing (DSP) block performs the digital filtering, decoding, checking, and byte-wise buffering of the
Rx samples that are derived from the ADC as shown in Figure 3-2. The Rx DSP provides the following outputs:
● Raw demodulated data at the TRPA/B pins
●
●
●
Decoded data at the TMDO and TMDO_CLK pins
Buffered data bytes toward the data FIFO and ID check block
Auxiliary information about the signal such as the received signal strength indication (RSSI) and the frequency offset
of the received signal from the selected center frequency (RXFOA/B)
Figure 3-2. Rx DSP Overview
RXFOA
ADC
Data
Channel
Filter
Demod
&
Check
TRPA
TMDO_A
TMDO_CLK_A
Frame
Sync A
Path
A
Rx
Buffer A
Data
Byte
=
Data
FIFO
Frame
Sync B
Path
B
Rx
Buffer B
Data
Byte
=
RSSI
RXFOB
RSSI
Buffer
TRPB
Support
FIFO
TMDO_B
TMDO_CLK_B
ID
Check
=
The channel filter determines the receiver bandwidth. Its output is used for both receiving paths A and B, making it
necessary to configure the filter to match both paths. The receiving paths A and B are identical and consist of an ASK/FSK
demodulator with attached signal checks, a frame synchronizer which supports pattern-based searches for the telegram
start and a 1-byte hardware buffer with integrated CRC checker for the received data.
Depending on the signal checks, one path is selected which writes the received data to the data FIFO and optionally to the
ID check block.
The RSSI values are determined by the demodulator and written via the RSSI buffer to the support FIFO where the latest
16 values are stored for further processing.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
17
3.3
Transmit Path
The Atmel® ATA5831/2/3 integrates a transmitter that is capable of sending data with various options:
● Frequency bands 310MHz to 318MHz, 418MHz to 477MHz, 836MHz to 956MHz
●
●
●
●
●
Data rates up to 80kBit/s Manchester or 120Ksym/s NRZ in buffered and transparent mode
ASK or FSK modulation
Transparent or buffered mode
ASK shaping filter
Gauss-shaping digital filter
This section describes the hardware blocks that are integrated to perform the transmit functionality.
Figure 3-3 shows a block diagram of the transmit data path.
Figure 3-3. Transmit Data Path
TX DSP
Analog Frontend
FFREQ2
FSCR. TXMOD
Pin 18/ TMDI
TX Modulator
Configuration Registers
00
01
10
11
FSK
ASK
1
0
1
Gauss
Filter
0
0
CRC
DFIFO
Stop Sequ
Shift Register
Manch.
Code
Preemphasis
Filter
1
PLL
Power
Amp
0
RFOUT
FFREQ1
Control State Machine
SFIFO
1
on/off
1
ASK
Shaping
Filter
0
The transmission data source can be selected from a register bit, the transparent input pin 18 (TMDI), and the Tx modulator
that fetches the data from the DFIFO and SFIFO.
If ASK/OOK modulation is selected, the data stream is used to directly switch the power amplifier on and off. The transmitted
carrier frequency is set by the PLL frequency synthesizer.
If FSK modulation is selected, the data stream is used to switch between two frequencies that are generated by the PLL
frequency synthesizer. The power amplifier is constantly on. Power ramping (ASK shaping) can be used during on and off
switching. To reduce the occupied bandwidth a digital Gauss-shaping filter can be enabled. For data rates above 20kHz
Manchester or 40kHz NRZ-coding a digital preemphasis filter has to be enabled to compensate for the PLL loop filter.
18
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
3.4
AVR Controller
3.4.1
AVR Controller Sub-System
The AVR® controller sub-system consists of the AVR CPU core, its program memory, and a data bus with data memory and
peripheral blocks attached. The receive path and the transmit path also have their user interfaces connected to the data bus.
CPU Core
The main function of the CPU core is to ensure correct program execution. For this reason, the CPU core must be able to
access memories, perform calculations, control peripherals, and handle interrupts.
Figure 3-4. Architectural Overview
Data Bus 8-bit
ROM
Flash
Program
Memory
Program
Counter
Status and
Control
32 x 8
General
Purpose
Registers
Instruction
Register
Interrupt
Unit
SPI
Unit
Instruction
Decoder
Control Lines
Indirect Addressing
Watchdog
Timer
Direct Addressing
3.4.2
ALU
Clock
Management
I/O Module 1
Data
SRAM
I/O Module n
EEPROM
PortN
In order to maximize performance and parallelism, the AVR uses a Harvard architecture—with separate memories and
buses for program and data. Instructions in the program memory are executed with single-level pipelining. While one
instruction is being executed, the next instruction is prefetched from the program memory. This concept enables instructions
to be executed in every clock cycle. The program memory is in-system reprogrammable flash memory and ROM.
The fast-access register file contains 32  8-bit general purpose working registers with a single clock cycle access time.
This allows a single-cycle arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) operation. In a typical ALU operation, two operands are output from
the register file, the operation is executed, and the result is stored back in the register file – in one clock cycle.
Six of the 32 registers can be used as three 16-bit indirect address register pointers for data space addressing, enabling
efficient address calculations. One of these address pointers can also be used as an address pointer for lookup tables in the
flash program memory. Referred to as ‘X,’ ‘Y,’ and ‘Z’ registers, these higher 16-bit function registers are described later in
this section.
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
19
The ALU supports arithmetic and logic operations between registers or between a constant and a register. Single register
operations can also be executed in the ALU. After an arithmetic operation, the status register is updated to reflect
information about the result of the operation.
The program flow is provided by conditional and unconditional jump and call instructions which are able to directly address
the entire address space. Most AVR® instructions have a single 16-bit word format. Every program memory address
contains a 16- or 32-bit instruction.
The program memory space is divided in two sections, the boot program section and the application program section. Both
sections have dedicated lock bits for write and read/write protection. The store program memory (SPM) instruction that
writes into the application flash memory section must reside in the boot program section.
During interrupts and subroutine calls, the return address of the program counter (PC) is stored on the stack. The stack is
effectively allocated in the general data SRAM—the stack size is thus only limited by the total SRAM size and the usage of
the SRAM. All user programs must initialize the stack pointer (SP) in the reset routine before subroutines or interrupts are
executed. The SP is read/write accessible in the I/O space. The data SRAM can easily be accessed through the five different
addressing modes supported in the AVR architecture.
The memory spaces in the AVR architecture are all linear and regular memory maps.
A flexible interrupt module has its control registers in the I/O space with an additional global interrupt enable bit in the status
register. All interrupts have a separate interrupt vector in the interrupt vector table. The interrupts have priority in accordance
with their interrupt vector position. The lower the interrupt vector address, the higher the priority.
The I/O memory space contains 64 addresses for CPU peripheral functions as control registers, SPI, and other I/O functions.
The I/O memory can be accessed directly, or as the data space locations following those of the register file, 0x20 - 0x5F. In
addition, the circuit has extended I/O space from 0x60 - 0x1FF and SRAM where only the ST/STS/STD and LD/LDS/LDD
instructions can be used.
20
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
3.5
Power Management
The IC has four power domains:
1. VS
– Unregulated battery voltage input
2.
DVCC
– Internally regulated digital supply voltage. Typical value is 1.35V.
3.
AVCC
– Internally regulated RF front end and XTO supply. Typical value is 1.85V.
4.
VS_PA
– Power amplifier supply: Depending on the battery voltage range (VS), the following application
modes are available:
●
Connected externally to the battery in 3V applications (VS = VS_PA = 1.9V…3.6V).
●
Generated by an internal 3V regulator in 3V/5V applications
●
●
VS = 3.2V to 5.5V; VS_PA = 3V
●
VS = 1.9V to 3.2V; VS_PA = VS – 200mV
Generated by an internal 2.2V regulator in 3V/5V applications
●
VS = 2.4V to 5.5V; VS_PA = 2.2V
●
VS = 1.9V to 2.4V; VS_PA = VS – 200mV
®
The Atmel ATA5831/2/3 can be operated from VS= 1.9V to 3.6V (3V applications) and from VS = 2.4V to 5.5V
(5V application).
Figure 3-5. Power Supply Management
2.2µF
220nF
22nF
AVCC
VS
DVCC
Power Management (common reference, Voltage Monitor)
VS_PA regulator
DVCC regulator
AVCC regulator
Data Bus
RFIN_LB
RFIN_HB
AVR CPU, AVR peripherals,
Memories, RxDSP, TxDSP
and FRC/SRC
SPDT_RX
SPDT_ANT
RF front end
and XTO
ANT_TUNE
SPDT_TX
RF_OUT
Port B
SPI
Port C
VS_PA
(only 3V operation)
68nF
PB7
XTAL1
... Level shifter
PB4
XTAL2
VS
PC5
...
PC1
...
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
21
4.
Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
Package
Remarks
ATA5831-WNQW
QFN32
5mm x 5mm, 6k tape and reel, PB-free, wettable flanks
ATA5832-nnn-WNQW
QFN32
5mm x 5mm, 6k tape and reel, PB-free, wettable flanks,
nnn = Customer ROM identifier
ATA5833-WNQW
QFN32
5mm x 5mm, 6k tape and reel, PB-free, wettable flanks
5.
Package Information
Top View
D
32
1
E
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
PIN 1 ID
Dimensions in mm
8
A
Side View
A3
A1
Two Step Singulation process
Partially Plated Surface
Bottom View
D2
9
16
17
8
COMMON DIMENSIONS
E2
(Unit of Measure = mm)
1
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
0.8
0.85
0.9
A1
A3
0
0.16
0.035
0.21
0.05
0.26
24
32
Z
25
e
L
Z 10:1
D
4.9
5
5.1
D2
3.5
3.6
3.7
5.1
E
4.9
5
E2
3.5
3.6
3.7
L
0.35
0.4
0.45
b
0.2
0.25
0.3
e
NOTE
0.5
b
10/18/13
TITLE
Package Drawing Contact:
[email protected]
22
Package: VQFN_5x5_32L
Exposed pad 3.6x3.6
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
GPC
DRAWING NO.
REV.
6.543-5124.03-4
1
6.
Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this
document.
Revision No.
History
9285FS-RKE-07/15
Section 2.2 “Operating Modes Overview” on page 13 updated
9285ES-RKE-08/14
Put datasheet in the latest template
9285DS-RKE-12/13
9285CS-RKE-06/13
Section 4 “Ordering Information” on page 22 updated
Section 5 “Package Information” on page 22 updated
Section 4 “Ordering Information” on page 22 updated
Section 5 “Package Information” on pages 22 to 23 updated
Features on pages 1 to 2 updated
9285BS-RKE-06/13
Figures 1-5 “Typical 5V Application Circuit with External Microcontroller” on page 9
updated
Figures 1-6 “Typical 5V Application Circuit with One-wire-control” on page 10 updated
ATA5831/ATA5832/ATA5833 [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9285FS–RKE–07/15
23
XXXXXX
Atmel Corporation
1600 Technology Drive, San Jose, CA 95110 USA
T: (+1)(408) 441.0311
F: (+1)(408) 436.4200
|
www.atmel.com
© 2015 Atmel Corporation. / Rev.: 9285FS–RKE–07/15
Atmel®, Atmel logo and combinations thereof, Enabling Unlimited Possibilities®, AVR®, and others are registered trademarks or trademarks of Atmel Corporation in U.S.
and other countries. Other terms and product names may be trademarks of others.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this document is provided in connection with Atmel products. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property right
is granted by this document or in connection with the sale of Atmel products. EXCEPT AS SET FORTH IN THE ATMEL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALES LOCATED ON THE
ATMEL WEBSITE, ATMEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER AND DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY WARRANTY RELATING TO ITS PRODUCTS
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, SPECIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES
FOR LOSS AND PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF INFORMATION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ATMEL HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Atmel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this
document and reserves the right to make changes to specifications and products descriptions at any time without notice. Atmel does not make any commitment to update the information
contained herein. Unless specifically provided otherwise, Atmel products are not suitable for, and shall not be used in, automotive applications. Atmel products are not intended,
authorized, or warranted for use as components in applications intended to support or sustain life.
SAFETY-CRITICAL, MILITARY, AND AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS DISCLAIMER: Atmel products are not designed for and will not be used in connection with any applications where
the failure of such products would reasonably be expected to result in significant personal injury or death (“Safety-Critical Applications”) without an Atmel officer's specific written
consent. Safety-Critical Applications include, without limitation, life support devices and systems, equipment or systems for the operation of nuclear facilities and weapons systems.
Atmel products are not designed nor intended for use in military or aerospace applications or environments unless specifically designated by Atmel as military-grade. Atmel products are
not designed nor intended for use in automotive applications unless specifically designated by Atmel as automotive-grade.
Similar pages