PHILIPS LPC2129FBD64

LPC2119/LPC2129
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers; 128/256 kB ISP/IAP
Flash with 10-bit ADC and CAN
Rev. 03 — 22 December 2004
Product data
1. General description
The LPC2119/LPC2129 are based on a 16/32 bit ARM7TDMI-S™ CPU with real-time
emulation and embedded trace support, together with 128/256 kilobytes (kB) of
embedded high speed flash memory. A 128-bit wide memory interface and a unique
accelerator architecture enable 32-bit code execution at maximum clock rate. For
critical code size applications, the alternative 16-bit Thumb® Mode reduces code by
more than 30 % with minimal performance penalty.
With their compact 64 pin package, low power consumption, various 32-bit timers,
4-channel 10-bit ADC, 2 advanced CAN channels, PWM channels and 46 GPIO lines
with up to 9 external interrupt pins these microcontrollers are particularly suitable for
automotive and industrial control applications as well as medical systems and
fault-tolerant maintenance buses. With a wide range of additional serial
communications interfaces, they are also suited for communication gateways and
protocol converters as well as many other general-purpose applications.
2. Features
2.1 Key features
■ 16/32-bit ARM7TDMI-S microcontroller in a tiny LQFP64 package.
■ 16 kB on-chip Static RAM.
■ 128/256 kB on-chip Flash Program Memory. 128-bit wide interface/accelerator
enables high speed 60 MHz operation.
■ In-System Programming (ISP) and In-Application Programming (IAP) via on-chip
boot-loader software. Flash programming takes 1 ms per 512 byte line. Single
sector or full chip erase takes 400 ms.
■ EmbeddedICE-RT interface enables breakpoints and watch points. Interrupt
service routines can continue to execute while the foreground task is debugged
with the on-chip RealMonitor™ software.
■ Embedded Trace Macrocell enables non-intrusive high speed real-time tracing of
instruction execution.
■ Two interconnected CAN interfaces with advanced acceptance filters.
■ Four channel 10-bit A/D converter with conversion time as low as 2.44 µs.
■ Multiple serial interfaces including two UARTs (16C550), Fast I2C (400 kbits/s)
and two SPIs
■ 60 MHz maximum CPU clock available from programmable on-chip
Phase-Locked Loop with settling time of 100 µs.
■ Vectored Interrupt Controller with configurable priorities and vector addresses.
■ Two 32-bit timers (with four capture and four compare channels), PWM unit (six
outputs), Real Time Clock and Watchdog.
LPC2119/LPC2129
Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
■ Up to forty-six 5 V tolerant general purpose I/O pins. Up to nine edge or level
sensitive external interrupt pins available.
■ On-chip crystal oscillator with an operating range of 1 MHz to 30 MHz.
■ Two low power modes, Idle and Power-down.
■ Processor wake-up from Power-down mode via external interrupt.
■ Individual enable/disable of peripheral functions for power optimization.
■ Dual power supply:
◆ CPU operating voltage range of 1.65 V to 1.95 V (1.8 V ±0.15 V).
◆ I/O power supply range of 3.0 V to 3.6 V (3.3 V ± 10 %) with 5 V tolerant I/O
pads.
3. Ordering information
Table 1:
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
LPC2119FBD64
LQFP64
plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; SOT314-2
body 10 × 10 × 1.4 mm
LPC2129FBD64
LQFP64
plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; SOT314-2
body 10 × 10 × 1.4 mm
3.1 Ordering options
Table 2:
Part options
Type number
Flash memory
RAM
CAN
Temperature
range (°C)
LPC2119FBD64
128 kB
16 kB
2 channels
−40 to +85
LPC2129FBD64
256 kB
16 kB
2 channels
−40 to +85
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9397 750 13146
Product data
Rev. 03 — 22 December 2004
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LPC2119/LPC2129
Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
ARM7TDMI-S
AHB BRIDGE
ARM7 LOCAL BUS
INTERNAL SRAM
CONTROLLER
16 kB
SRAM
SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS
PLL
system
clock
XTAL2
RST
V3
V1.8
VSS
XTAL1
TEST/DEBUG
INTERFACE
EMULATION TRACE
MODULE
RTCK
TRST(1)
TMS(1)
TCK(1)
TDI(1)
TDO(1)
4. Block diagram
VECTORED INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
AMBA AHB
(Advanced High-performance Bus)
INTERNAL
FLASH
CONTROLLER
128/256 kB
FLASH
AHB
DECODER
AHB TO VPB
VPB
BRIDGE
DIVIDER
APB
EINT0*
EINT1*
I2C SERIAL
INTERFACE
EXTERNAL
INTERRUPTS
EINT2*
EINT3*
SCL*
SDA*
SCK*
8 x CAP*
CAPTURE/
COMPARE
TIMER0/TIMER1
8 x MAT*
SPI SERIAL
INTERFACE 0 & 1
MOSI*
MISO*
SSEL*
TxD0,1*
PWM1..6*
RxD0,1*
PWM0
UART0/UART1
MODEM CONTROL
(6 PINS)*
P0 (30 PINS)
GENERAL
PURPOSE I/O
REAL TIME CLOCK
10-BIT
A/D CONVERTER
WATCHDOG
TIMER
CAN INTERFACE 0 & 1
ACCEPTANCE FILTERS
SYSTEM
CONTROL
P1.31:16
Ain3:0*
RD2:1*
TD2:1*
002aaa662
*Shared with GPIO
(1) When test/debug interface is used, GPIO/other function sharing these pins are not available.
Fig 1. Block diagram.
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9397 750 13146
Product data
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LPC2119/LPC2129
Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
5. Pinning information
49 V18
50 VSS
51 V3
52 P1.30/TMS
53 P0.18/CAP1.3/MISO1/MAT1.3
54 P0.19/MAT1.2/MOSI1/CAP1.2
55 P0.20/MAT1.3/SSEL1/EINT3
56 P1.29/TCK
57 RESET
58 VSSA_PLL
59 VSSA
60 P1.28/TDI
61 XTAL2
62 XTAL1
handbook, full pagewidth
63 V18A
64 P1.27/TD0
5.1 Pinning
P0.21/PWM5/CAP1.3 1
48 P1.20/TRACESYNC
P0.22/CAP0.0/MAT0.0 2
47 P0.17/CAP1.2/SCK1/MAT1.2
P0.23/RD2 3
46 P0.16/EINT0/MAT0.2/CAP0.2
P1.19/TRACEPKT3 4
45 P0.15/RI1/EINT2
P0.24/TD2 5
44 P1.21/PIPESTAT0
VSS 6
43 V3
V3A 7
42 VSS
P1.18/TRACEPKT2 8
41 P0.14/DCD1/EINT1
LPC2119/LPC2129
P0.25/RD1 9
40 P1.22/PIPESTAT1
TD1 10
39 P0.13/DTR1/MAT1.1
P0.27/AIN0/CAP0.1/MAT0.1 11
38 P0.12/DSR1/MAT1.0
P1.17/TRACEPKT1 12
37 P0.11/CTS1/CAP1.1
P0.28/AIN1/CAP0.2/MAT0.2 13
36 P1.23/PIPESTAT2
P0.29/AIN2/CAP0.3/MAT0.3 14
35 P0.10/RTS1/CAP1.0
P0.30/AIN3/EINT3/CAP0.0 15
34 P0.9/RxD1/PWM6/EINT3
P1.16/TRACEPKT0 16
P1.24/TRACECLK 32
P0.7/SSEL0/PWM2/EINT2 31
P0.6/MOSI0/CAP0.2 30
P0.5/MISO0/MAT0.1 29
P1.25/EXTIN0 28
P0.4/SCK0/CAP0.1 27
P0.3/SDA/MAT0.0/EINT1 26
VSS 25
P1.26/RTCK 24
V3 23
P0.2/SCL/CAP0.0 22
P0.1/RxD0/PWM3/EINT0 21
P1.31/TRST 20
P0.0/TxD0/PWM1 19
VSS 18
V18 17
33 P0.8/TxD1/PWM4
002aaa663
Fig 2. Pinning.
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9397 750 13146
Product data
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LPC2119/LPC2129
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
5.2 Pin description
Table 3:
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
P0.0 to P0.31
19, 21, 22,
I/O
26, 27,
29-31, 33-35,
37-39, 41,
45-47, 53-55,
1-3, 5, 9, 11,
13-15
Port 0: Port 0 is a 32-bit bi-directional I/O port with individual direction
controls for each bit. The operation of port 0 pins depends upon the pin
function selected via the Pin Connect Block. Pins 26 and 31 of port 0 are not
available.
P0.0
19
O
TxD0 — Transmitter output for UART0.
O
PWM1 — Pulse Width Modulator output 1.
P0.1
21
I
RxD0 — Receiver input for UART0.
O
PWM3 — Pulse Width Modulator output 3.
I
EINT0 — External interrupt 0 input
I/O
SCL — I2C clock input/output. Open drain output (for I2C compliance).
I
CAP0.0 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 0.
I/O
SDA — I2C data input/output. Open drain output (for I2C compliance).
O
MAT0.0 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 0.
I
EINT1 — External interrupt 1 input.
I/O
SCK0 — Serial clock for SPI0. SPI™ clock output from master or input to
slave.
I
CAP0.1 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 1.
I/O
MISO0 — Master In Slave OUT for SPI0. Data input to SPI master or data
output from SPI slave.
O
MAT0.1 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 1.
I/O
MOSI0 — Master Out Slave In for SPI0. Data output from SPI master or data
input to SPI slave.
I
CAP0.2 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 2.
P0.2
P0.3
P0.4
P0.5
P0.6
P0.7
22
26
27
29
30
31
P0.8
33
P0.9
34
P0.10
35
Type
Description
I
SSEL0 — Slave Select for SPI0. Selects the SPI interface as a slave.
O
PWM2 — Pulse Width Modulator output 2.
I
EINT2 — External interrupt 2 input.
O
TxD1 — Transmitter output for UART1.
O
PWM4 — Pulse Width Modulator output 4.
I
RxD1 — Receiver input for UART1.
O
PWM6 — Pulse Width Modulator output 6.
I
EINT3 — External interrupt 3 input.
O
RTS1 — Request to Send output for UART1.
I
CAP1.0 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 0.
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9397 750 13146
Product data
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LPC2119/LPC2129
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
Table 3:
Pin description…continued
Symbol
Pin
Type
Description
P0.11
37
I
CTS1 — Clear to Send input for UART1.
I
CAP1.1 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 1.
P0.12
P0.13
P0.14
38
39
41
I
DSR1 — Data Set Ready input for UART1.
O
MAT1.0 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 0.
O
DTR1 — Data Terminal Ready output for UART1.
O
MAT1.1 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 1.
I
DCD1 — Data Carrier Detect input for UART1.
I
EINT1 — External interrupt 1 input.
Note: LOW on this pin while RESET is LOW forces on-chip boot-loader to
take control of the part after reset.
P0.15
45
P0.16
46
P0.17
P0.18
P0.19
P0.20
P0.21
47
53
54
55
1
I
RI1 — Ring Indicator input for UART1.
I
EINT2 — External interrupt 2 input.
I
EINT0 — External interrupt 0 input.
O
MAT0.2 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 2.
I
CAP0.2 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 2.
I
CAP1.2 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 2.
I/O
SCK1 — Serial Clock for SPI1. SPI clock output from master or input to slave.
O
MAT1.2 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 2.
I
CAP1.3 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 3.
I/O
MISO1 — Master In Slave Out for SPI1. Data input to SPI master or data
output from SPI slave.
O
MAT1.3 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 3.
O
MAT1.2 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 2.
I/O
MOSI1 — Master Out Slave In for SPI1. Data output from SPI master or data
input to SPI slave.
I
CAP1.2 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 2.
O
MAT1.3 — Match output for Timer 1, channel 3.
I
SSEL1 — Slave Select for SPI1. Selects the SPI interface as a slave.
I
EINT3 — External interrupt 3 input.
O
PWM5 — Pulse Width Modulator output 5.
I
CAP1.3 — Capture input for Timer 1, channel 3.
I
CAP0.0 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 0.
P0.22
2
O
MAT0.0 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 0.
P0.23
3
I
RD2 — CAN2 receiver input.
P0.24
5
O
TD2 — CAN2 transmitter output.
P0.25
39
O
RD1 — CAN1 receiver input.
P0.27
11
I
AIN0 — A/D converter, input 0. This analog input is always connected to its
pin.
I
CAP0.1 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 1.
O
MAT0.1 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 1.
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9397 750 13146
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LPC2119/LPC2129
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
Table 3:
Pin description…continued
Symbol
Pin
Type
Description
P0.28
13
I
AIN1 — A/D converter, input 1. This analog input is always connected to its
pin.
I
CAP0.2 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 2.
O
MAT0.2 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 2.
I
AIN2 — A/D converter, input 2. This analog input is always connected to its
pin.
I
CAP0.3 — Capture input for Timer 0, Channel 3.
O
MAT0.3 — Match output for Timer 0, channel 3.
I
AIN3 — A/D converter, input 3. This analog input is always connected to its
pin.
I
EINT3 — External interrupt 3 input.
I
CAP0.0 — Capture input for Timer 0, channel 0.
P0.29
P0.30
14
15
P1.0 to P1.31
16, 12, 8, 4,
48, 44, 40,
36, 32, 28,
24, 64, 60,
56, 52, 20
I/O
Port 1: Port 1 is a 32-bit bi-directional I/O port with individual direction
controls for each bit. The operation of port 1 pins depends upon the pin
function selected via the Pin Connect Block. Pins 0 through 15 of port 1 are
not available.
P1.16
16
O
TRACEPKT0 — Trace Packet, bit 0. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.17
12
O
TRACEPKT1 — Trace Packet, bit 1. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.18
8
O
TRACEPKT2 — Trace Packet, bit 2. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.19
4
O
TRACEPKT3 — Trace Packet, bit 3. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.20
48
O
TRACESYNC — Trace Synchronization. Standard I/O port with internal
pull-up.
Note: LOW on this pin while RESET is LOW, enables pins P1.25:16 to
operate as Trace port after reset.
P1.21
44
O
PIPESTAT0 — Pipeline Status, bit 0. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.22
40
O
PIPESTAT1 — Pipeline Status, bit 1. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.23
36
O
PIPESTAT2 — Pipeline Status, bit 2. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.24
32
O
TRACECLK — Trace Clock. Standard I/O port with internal pull-up.
P1.25
28
I
EXTIN0 — External Trigger Input. Standard I/O with internal pull-up.
P1.26
24
I/O
RTCK — Returned Test Clock output. Extra signal added to the JTAG port.
Assists debugger synchronization when processor frequency varies.
Bi-directional pin with internal pull-up.
Note: LOW on this pin while RESET is LOW, enables pins P1.31:26 to
operate as Debug port after reset.
P1.27
64
O
TDO — Test Data out for JTAG interface.
P1.28
60
I
TDI — Test Data in for JTAG interface.
P1.29
56
I
TCK — Test Clock for JTAG interface.
P1.30
52
I
TMS — Test Mode Select for JTAG interface.
P1.31
20
I
TRST — Test Reset for JTAG interface.
TD1
10
O
TD1 — CAN1 transmitter output.
RESET
57
I
External Reset input: A LOW on this pin resets the device, causing I/O ports
and peripherals to take on their default states, and processor execution to
begin at address 0. TTL with hysteresis, 5 V tolerant.
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LPC2119/LPC2129
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
Table 3:
Pin description…continued
Symbol
Pin
Type
Description
XTAL1
62
I
Input to the oscillator circuit and internal clock generator circuits.
XTAL2
61
O
Output from the oscillator amplifier.
VSS
6, 18, 25, 42, I
50
Ground: 0 V reference.
VSSA
59
I
Analog Ground: 0 V reference. This should nominally be the same voltage
as VSS, but should be isolated to minimize noise and error.
VSSA_PLL
58
I
PLL Analog Ground: 0 V reference. This should nominally be the same
voltage as VSS, but should be isolated to minimize noise and error.
V18
17, 49
I
1.8 V Core Power Supply: This is the power supply voltage for internal
circuitry.
V18A
63
I
Analog 1.8 V Core Power Supply: This is the power supply voltage for
internal circuitry. This should be nominally the same voltage as V18 but should
be isolated to minimize noise and error.
V3
23, 43, 51
I
3.3 V Pad Power Supply: This is the power supply voltage for the I/O ports.
V3A
7
I
Analog 3.3 V Pad Power Supply: This should be nominally the same
voltage as V3 but should be isolated to minimize noise and error.
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
6. Functional description
Details of the LPC2119/LPC2129 systems and peripheral functions are described in
the following sections.
6.1 Architectural overview
The ARM7TDMI-S is a general purpose 32-bit microprocessor, which offers high
performance and very low power consumption. The ARM® architecture is based on
Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) principles, and the instruction set and
related decode mechanism are much simpler than those of microprogrammed
Complex Instruction Set Computers. This simplicity results in a high instruction
throughput and impressive real-time interrupt response from a small and
cost-effective processor core.
Pipeline techniques are employed so that all parts of the processing and memory
systems can operate continuously. Typically, while one instruction is being executed,
its successor is being decoded, and a third instruction is being fetched from memory.
The ARM7TDMI-S processor also employs a unique architectural strategy known as
Thumb, which makes it ideally suited to high-volume applications with memory
restrictions, or applications where code density is an issue.
The key idea behind Thumb is that of a super-reduced instruction set. Essentially, the
ARM7TDMI-S processor has two instruction sets:
• The standard 32-bit ARM set.
• A 16-bit Thumb set.
The Thumb set’s 16-bit instruction length allows it to approach twice the density of
standard ARM code while retaining most of the ARM’s performance advantage over a
traditional 16-bit processor using 16-bit registers. This is possible because Thumb
code operates on the same 32-bit register set as ARM code.
Thumb code is able to provide up to 65 % of the code size of ARM, and 160 % of the
performance of an equivalent ARM processor connected to a 16-bit memory system.
6.2 On-Chip Flash program memory
The LPC2119/LPC2129 incorporate a 128 kB and 256 kB Flash memory system
respectively. This memory may be used for both code and data storage.
Programming of the Flash memory may be accomplished in several ways. It may be
programmed In System via the serial port. The application program may also erase
and/or program the Flash while the application is running, allowing a great degree of
flexibility for data storage field firmware upgrades, etc. When on-chip bootloader is
used, 120/248 kB of Flash memory is available for user code.
The LPC2119/LPC2129 Flash memory provides a minimum of 100,000 erase/write
cycles and 20 years of data retention.
On-chip bootloader (as of revision 1.60) provides Code Read Protection (CRP) for the
LPC2119/LPC2129 on-chip Flash memory. When the CRP is enabled, the JTAG
debug port and ISP commands accessing either the on-chip RAM or Flash memory
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
are disabled. However, the ISP Flash Erase command can be executed at any time
(no matter whether the CRP is on or off). Removal of CRP is achieved by erasure of
full on-chip user Flash. With the CRP off, full access to the chip via the JTAG and/or
ISP is restored.
6.3 On-Chip static RAM
On-Chip static RAM may be used for code and/or data storage. The SRAM may be
accessed as 8-bits, 16-bits, and 32-bits. The LPC2119/LPC2129 provide 16 kB of
static RAM.
6.4 Memory map
The LPC2119/LPC2129 memory maps incorporate several distinct regions, as shown
in the following figures.
In addition, the CPU interrupt vectors may be re-mapped to allow them to reside in
either Flash memory (the default) or on-chip static RAM. This is described in Section
6.20 “System control”.
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4.0 GB
0xFFFF FFFF
AHB PERIPHERALS
0xF000 0000
0xEFFF FFFF
3.75 GB
VPB PERIPHERALS
3.5 GB
0xE000 0000
0xDFFF FFFF
3.0 GB
0xC000 0000
RESERVED ADDRESS SPACE
2.0 GB
0x8000 0000
0x7FFF FFFF
BOOT BLOCK (RE-MAPPED FROM
ON-CHIP FLASH MEMORY
0x7FFF E000
0x7FFF DFFF
RESERVED ADDRESS SPACE
0x4001 0000
0x4000 3FFF
16 KBYTE ON-CHIP STATIC RAM
0x4000 0000
0x3FFF FFFF
1.0 GB
RESERVED ADDRESS SPACE
0x0004 0000
0x0003 FFFF
256 KBYTE ON-CHIP FLASH MEMORY (LPC2129)
128 KBYTE ON-CHIP FLASH MEMORY (LPC2119)
0.0 GB
0x0002 0000
0x0001 FFFF
0x0000 0000
002aaa664
Fig 3. LPC2119/LPC2129 memory map.
6.5 Interrupt controller
The Vectored Interrupt Controller (VIC) accepts all of the interrupt request inputs and
categorizes them as FIQ, vectored IRQ, and non-vectored IRQ as defined by
programmable settings. The programmable assignment scheme means that priorities
of interrupts from the various peripherals can be dynamically assigned and adjusted.
Fast Interrupt reQuest (FIQ) has the highest priority. If more than one request is
assigned to FIQ, the VIC combines the requests to produce the FIQ signal to the
ARM processor. The fastest possible FIQ latency is achieved when only one request
is classified as FIQ, because then the FIQ service routine can simply start dealing
with that device. But if more than one request is assigned to the FIQ class, the FIQ
service routine can read a word from the VIC that identifies which FIQ source(s) is
(are) requesting an interrupt.
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Vectored IRQs have the middle priority. Sixteen of the interrupt requests can be
assigned to this category. Any of the interrupt requests can be assigned to any of the
16 vectored IRQ slots, among which slot 0 has the highest priority and slot 15 has the
lowest.
Non-vectored IRQs have the lowest priority.
The VIC combines the requests from all the vectored and non-vectored IRQs to
produce the IRQ signal to the ARM processor. The IRQ service routine can start by
reading a register from the VIC and jumping there. If any of the vectored IRQs are
requesting, the VIC provides the address of the highest-priority requesting IRQs
service routine, otherwise it provides the address of a default routine that is shared by
all the non-vectored IRQs. The default routine can read another VIC register to see
what IRQs are active.
6.5.1
Interrupt sources
Table 4 lists the interrupt sources for each peripheral function. Each peripheral device
has one interrupt line connected to the Vectored Interrupt Controller, but may have
several internal interrupt flags. Individual interrupt flags may also represent more than
one interrupt source.
Table 4:
Interrupt sources
Block
Flag(s)
VIC channel #
WDT
Watchdog Interrupt (WDINT)
0
-
Reserved for software interrupts only
1
ARM Core
Embedded ICE, DbgCommRx
2
ARM Core
Embedded ICE, DbgCommTx
3
Timer 0
Match 0 - 3 (MR0, MR1, MR2, MR3)
4
Capture 0 - 3 (CR0, CR1, CR2, CR3)
Timer 1
Match 0 - 3 (MR0, MR1, MR2, MR3)
UART0
Rx Line Status (RLS)
5
Capture 0 - 3 (CR0, CR1, CR2, CR3)
6
Transmit Holding Register empty (THRE)
Rx Data Available (RDA)
Character Time-out Indicator (CTI)
UART1
Rx Line Status (RLS)
7
Transmit Holding Register empty (THRE)
Rx Data Available (RDA)
Character Time-out Indicator (CTI)
Modem Status Interrupt (MSI)
PWM0
Match 0 - 6 (MR0, MR1, MR2, MR3, MR4, MR5, MR6)
8
I2 C
SI (state change)
9
SPI0
SPIF, MODF
10
SPI1
SPIF, MODF
11
PLL
PLL Lock (PLOCK)
12
RTC
RTCCIF (Counter Increment), RTCALF (Alarm)
13
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Table 4:
Interrupt sources…continued
Block
Flag(s)
VIC channel #
System Control External Interrupt 0 (EINT0)
14
External Interrupt 1 (EINT1)
15
External Interrupt 2 (EINT2)
16
External Interrupt 3 (EINT3)
17
A/D
A/D Converter
18
CAN
CAN1, CAN2 and Acceptance Filter
19-23
6.6 Pin connect block
The pin connect block allows selected pins of the microcontroller to have more than
one function. Configuration registers control the multiplexers to allow connection
between the pin and the on chip peripherals. Peripherals should be connected to the
appropriate pins prior to being activated, and prior to any related interrupt(s) being
enabled. Activity of any enabled peripheral function that is not mapped to a related
pin should be considered undefined.
The Pin Control Module contains three registers as shown in Table 5.
Table 5:
Address
Name
Description
Access
0xE002C000
PINSEL0
Pin function select register 0
Read/Write
0xE002C004
PINSEL1
Pin function select register 1
Read/Write
0xE002C014
PINSEL2
Pin function select register 2
Read/Write
6.7 Pin function select register 0 (PINSEL0 - 0xE002C000)
The PINSEL0 register controls the functions of the pins as per the settings listed in
Table 6. The direction control bit in the IODIR register is effective only when the GPIO
function is selected for a pin. For other functions, direction is controlled automatically.
Settings other than those shown in Table 6 are reserved, and should not be used
Table 6:
Pin function select register 0 (PINSEL0 - 0xE002C000)
PINSEL0
Pin name
Value
1:0
P0.0
0
3:2
5:4
P0.1
P0.2
Function
Value after Reset
0
GPIO Port 0.0
0
0
1
TxD (UART0)
1
0
PWM1
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.1
0
1
RxD (UART0)
1
0
PWM3
1
1
EINT0
0
0
GPIO Port 0.2
0
1
SCL
(I2C)
1
0
Capture 0.0 (Timer 0)
1
1
Reserved
0
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Table 6:
Pin function select register 0 (PINSEL0 - 0xE002C000)…continued
PINSEL0
Pin name
Value
7:6
P0.3
0
9:8
11:10
13:12
15:14
17:16
19:18
21:20
23:22
25:24
P0.4
P0.5
P0.6
P0.7
P0.8
P0.9
P0.10
P0.11
P0.12
Function
Value after Reset
0
GPIO Port 0.3
0
0
1
SDA
(I2C)
1
0
Match 0.0 (Timer 0)
1
1
EINT1
0
0
GPIO Port 0.4
0
1
SCK (SPI0)
1
0
Capture 0.1 (Timer 0)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.5
0
1
MISO (SPI0)
1
0
Match 0.1 (Timer 0)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.6
0
1
MOSI (SPI0)
1
0
Capture 0.2 (Timer 0)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.7
0
1
SSEL (SPI0)
1
0
PWM2
1
1
EINT2
0
0
GPIO Port 0.8
0
1
TxD UART1
1
0
PWM4
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.9
0
1
RxD (UART1)
1
0
PWM6
1
1
EINT3
0
0
GPIO Port 0.10
0
1
RTS (UART1)
1
0
Capture 1.0 (Timer 1)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.11
0
1
CTS (UART1)
1
0
Capture 1.1 (Timer 1)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.12
0
1
DSR (UART1)
1
0
Match 1.0 (Timer 1)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
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Table 6:
Pin function select register 0 (PINSEL0 - 0xE002C000)…continued
PINSEL0
Pin name
Value
27:26
P0.13
0
29:28
31:30
P0.14
P0.15
Function
Value after Reset
0
GPIO Port 0.13
0
0
1
DTR (UART1)
1
0
Match 1.1 (Timer 1)
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.14
0
1
DCD (UART1)
1
0
EINT1
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.15
0
1
RI (UART1)
1
0
EINT2
1
1
Reserved
0
0
6.8 Pin function select register 1 (PINSEL1 - 0xE002C004)
The PINSEL1 register controls the functions of the pins as per the settings listed in
Table 7. The direction control bit in the IODIR register is effective only when the GPIO
function is selected for a pin. For other functions direction is controlled automatically.
Settings other than those shown in the table are reserved, and should not be used.
Table 7:
Pin function select register 1 (PINSEL1 - 0xE002C004)
PINSEL1
Pin Name
Value
1:0
P0.16
0
3:2
5:4
7:6
9:8
P0.17
P0.18
P0.19
P0.20
Function
Value after
Reset
0
GPIO Port 0.16
0
0
1
EINT0
1
0
Match 0.2 (Timer 0)
1
1
Capture 0.2 (Timer 0)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.17
0
1
Capture 1.2 (Timer 1)
1
0
SCK (SPI1)
1
1
Match 1.2 (Timer 1)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.18
0
1
Capture 1.3 (Timer 1)
1
0
MISO (SPI1)
1
1
Match 1.3 (Timer 1)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.19
0
1
Match 1.2 (Timer 1)
1
0
MOSI (SPI1)
1
1
Capture 1.2 (Timer 1)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.20
0
1
Match 1.3 (Timer 1)
1
0
SSEL (SPI1)
1
1
EINT3
0
0
0
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Table 7:
Pin function select register 1 (PINSEL1 - 0xE002C004)…continued
PINSEL1
Pin Name
Value
11:10
P0.21
0
13:12
15:14
17:16
19:18
21:20
23:22
25:24
27:26
29:28
P0.22
P0.23
P0.24
P0.25
P0.26
P0.27
P0.28
P0.29
P0.30
Function
Value after
Reset
0
GPIO Port 0.21
0
0
1
PWM5
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Capture 1.3 (Timer 1)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.22
0
1
Reserved
1
0
Capture 0.0 (Timer 0)
1
1
Match 0.0 (Timer 0)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.23
0
1
RD2 (CAN controller 2)
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.24
0
1
TD2 (CAN controller 2)
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.25
0
1
RD1 (CAN controller 1)
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
0
0
Reserved
0
1
Reserved
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
0
0
GPIO Port 0.27
0
1
AIN0 (A/D input 0)
1
0
Capture 0.1 (Timer 0)
1
1
Match 0.1 (Timer 0)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.28
0
1
AIN1 (A/D input 1)
1
0
Capture 0.2 (Timer 0)
1
1
Match 0.2 (Timer 0)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.29
0
1
AIN2 (A/D input 2)
1
0
Capture 0.3 (Timer 0)
1
1
Match 0.3 (Timer 0)
0
0
GPIO Port 0.30
0
1
AIN3 (A/D input 0)
1
0
EINT3
1
1
Capture 0.0 (Timer 0)
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
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Table 7:
Pin function select register 1 (PINSEL1 - 0xE002C004)…continued
PINSEL1
Pin Name
Value
Function
Value after
Reset
31:30
P0.31
0
0
Reserved
0
0
1
Reserved
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
6.9 Pin function select register 2 (PINSEL2 - 0xE002C014)
The PINSEL2 register controls the functions of the pins as per the settings listed in
Table 8. The direction control bit in the IODIR register is effective only when the GPIO
function is selected for a pin. For other functions direction is controlled automatically.
Settings other than those shown in the table are reserved, and should not be used.
Table 8:
Pin function select register 2 (PINSEL2 - 0xE002C014)
PINSEL2 bits
Description
Reset value
1:0
Reserved
-
2
When 0, pins P1.31:26 are GPIO pins. When 1,
P1.31:26 are used as Debug port.
0
3
When 0, pins P1.25:16 are used as GPIO pins. When 0
1, P1.25:16 are used as Trace port.
31:4
31:30
Reserved
-
6.10 General purpose parallel I/O
Device pins that are not connected to a specific peripheral function are controlled by
the GPIO registers. Pins may be dynamically configured as inputs or outputs.
Separate registers allow setting or clearing any number of outputs simultaneously.
The value of the output register may be read back, as well as the current state of the
port pins.
6.10.1
Features
• Direction control of individual bits.
• Separate control of output set and clear.
• All I/O default to inputs after reset.
6.11 10-bit A/D converter
The LPC2119/LPC2129 each contain single 10-bit successive approximation analog
to digital converter with four multiplexed channels.
6.11.1
Features
•
•
•
•
Measurement range of 0 V to 3 V.
Capable of performing more than 400,000 10-bit samples per second.
Burst conversion mode for single or multiple inputs.
Optional conversion on transition on input pin or Timer Match signal.
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6.12 CAN controllers and acceptance filter
The LPC2119/LPC2129 each contain two CAN controllers. The Controller Area network
(CAN) is a serial communications protocol which efficiently supports distributed real-time
control with a very high level of security. Its domain of application ranges from high speed
networks to low cost multiplex wiring.
6.12.1
Features
•
•
•
•
•
Data rates up to 1 Mbit/s on each bus.
32-bit register and RAM access.
Compatible with CAN specification 2.0B, ISO 11898-1.
Global Acceptance Filter recognizes 11 and 29-bit Rx identifiers for all CAN buses.
Acceptance Filter can provide FullCAN-style automatic reception for selected
Standard identifiers.
6.13 UARTs
The LPC2119/LPC2129 each contain two UARTs. One UART provides a full modem
control handshake interface, the other provides only transmit and receive data lines.
6.13.1
Features
•
•
•
•
•
16 byte Receive and Transmit FIFOs.
Register locations conform to ‘550 industry standard.
Receiver FIFO trigger points at 1, 4, 8, and 14 bytes
Built-in baud rate generator.
Standard modem interface signals included on UART1.
6.14 I2C serial I/O controller
I2C is a bi-directional bus for inter-IC control using only two wires: a serial clock line
(SCL), and a serial data line (SDA). Each device is recognized by a unique address
and can operate as either a receiver-only device (e.g. an LCD driver or a transmitter
with the capability to both receive and send information (such as memory).
Transmitters and/or receivers can operate in either master or slave mode, depending
on whether the chip has to initiate a data transfer or is only addressed. I2C is a
multi-master bus, it can be controlled by more than one bus master connected to it.
I2C implemented in LPC2119/LPC2129 supports bit rate up to 400 kbit/s (Fast I2C).
6.14.1
Features
• Standard I2C compliant bus interface.
• Easy to configure as Master, Slave, or Master/Slave.
• Programmable clocks allow versatile rate control.
• Bidirectional data transfer between masters and slaves.
• Multi-master bus (no central master).
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• Arbitration between simultaneously transmitting masters without corruption of
serial data on the bus.
• Serial clock synchronization allows devices with different bit rates to communicate
via one serial bus.
• Serial clock synchronization can be used as a handshake mechanism to suspend
and resume serial transfer.
• The I2C bus may be used for test and diagnostic purposes.
6.15 SPI serial I/O controller
The LPC2119/LPC2129 each contain two SPIs. The SPI is a full duplex serial
interface, designed to be able to handle multiple masters and slaves connected to a
given bus. Only a single master and a single slave can communicate on the interface
during a given data transfer. During a data transfer the master always sends a byte of
data to the slave, and the slave always sends a byte of data to the master.
6.15.1
Features
• Compliant with Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) specification.
• Synchronous, Serial, Full Duplex, Communication.
• Combined SPI master and slave.
• Maximum data bit rate of one eighth of the input clock rate.
6.16 General purpose timers
The Timer is designed to count cycles of the peripheral clock (PCLK) and optionally
generate interrupts or perform other actions at specified timer values, based on four
match registers. It also includes four capture inputs to trap the timer value when an
input signal transitions, optionally generating an interrupt. Multiple pins can be
selected to perform a single capture or match function, providing an application with
‘or’ and ‘and’, as well as ‘broadcast’ functions among them.
6.16.1
Features
• A 32-bit Timer/Counter with a programmable 32-bit Prescaler.
• Four 32-bit capture channels per timer that can take a snapshot of the timer value
when an input signal transitions. A capture event may also optionally generate an
interrupt.
• Four 32-bit match registers that allow:
– Continuous operation with optional interrupt generation on match.
– Stop timer on match with optional interrupt generation.
– Reset timer on match with optional interrupt generation.
• Four external outputs per timer corresponding to match registers, with the following
capabilities:
– Set LOW on match.
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– Set HIGH on match.
– Toggle on match.
– Do nothing on match.
6.17 Watchdog timer
The purpose of the Watchdog is to reset the microcontroller within a reasonable
amount of time if it enters an erroneous state. When enabled, the Watchdog will
generate a system reset if the user program fails to ‘feed’ (or reload) the Watchdog
within a predetermined amount of time.
6.17.1
Features
• Internally resets chip if not periodically reloaded.
• Debug mode.
• Enabled by software but requires a hardware reset or a Watchdog reset/interrupt to
be disabled.
• Incorrect/Incomplete feed sequence causes reset/interrupt if enabled.
• Flag to indicate Watchdog reset.
• Programmable 32-bit timer with internal pre-scaler.
• Selectable time period from (tpclk × 256 × 4) to (tpclk × 232 × 4) in multiples of
tpclk × 4.
6.18 Real time clock
The Real Time Clock (RTC) is designed to provide a set of counters to measure time
when normal or idle operating mode is selected. The RTC has been designed to use
little power, making it suitable for battery powered systems where the CPU is not
running continuously (Idle mode).
6.18.1
Features
• Measures the passage of time to maintain a calendar and clock.
• Ultra Low Power design to support battery powered systems.
• Provides Seconds, Minutes, Hours, Day of Month, Month, Year, Day of Week, and
Day of Year.
• Programmable Reference Clock Divider allows adjustment of the RTC to match
various crystal frequencies.
6.19 Pulse width modulator
The PWM is based on the standard Timer block and inherits all of its features, although
only the PWM function is pinned out on the LPC2119/LPC2129. The Timer is designed
to count cycles of the peripheral clock (PCLK) and optionally generate interrupts or
perform other actions when specified timer values occur, based on seven match
registers. The PWM function is also based on match register events.
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The ability to separately control rising and falling edge locations allows the PWM to
be used for more applications. For instance, multi-phase motor control typically
requires three non-overlapping PWM outputs with individual control of all three pulse
widths and positions.
Two match registers can be used to provide a single edge controlled PWM output.
One match register (MR0) controls the PWM cycle rate, by resetting the count upon
match. The other match register controls the PWM edge position. Additional single
edge controlled PWM outputs require only one match register each, since the
repetition rate is the same for all PWM outputs. Multiple single edge controlled PWM
outputs will all have a rising edge at the beginning of each PWM cycle, when an MR0
match occurs.
Three match registers can be used to provide a PWM output with both edges
controlled. Again, the MR0 match register controls the PWM cycle rate. The other
match registers control the two PWM edge positions. Additional double edge
controlled PWM outputs require only two match registers each, since the repetition
rate is the same for all PWM outputs.
With double edge controlled PWM outputs, specific match registers control the rising
and falling edge of the output. This allows both positive going PWM pulses (when the
rising edge occurs prior to the falling edge), and negative going PWM pulses (when
the falling edge occurs prior to the rising edge).
6.19.1
Features
• Seven match registers allow up to six single edge controlled or three double edge
controlled PWM outputs, or a mix of both types.
• The match registers also allow:
– Continuous operation with optional interrupt generation on match.
– Stop timer on match with optional interrupt generation.
– Reset timer on match with optional interrupt generation.
• Supports single edge controlled and/or double edge controlled PWM outputs.
Single edge controlled PWM outputs all go HIGH at the beginning of each cycle
unless the output is a constant LOW. Double edge controlled PWM outputs can
have either edge occur at any position within a cycle. This allows for both positive
going and negative going pulses.
• Pulse period and width can be any number of timer counts. This allows complete
flexibility in the trade-off between resolution and repetition rate. All PWM outputs
will occur at the same repetition rate.
• Double edge controlled PWM outputs can be programmed to be either positive
going or negative going pulses.
• Match register updates are synchronized with pulse outputs to prevent generation
of erroneous pulses. Software must ‘release’ new match values before they can
become effective.
• May be used as a standard timer if the PWM mode is not enabled.
• A 32-bit Timer/Counter with a programmable 32-bit Prescaler.
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6.20 System control
6.20.1
Crystal oscillator
The oscillator supports crystals in the range of 1 MHz to 30 MHz. The oscillator
output frequency is called fosc and the ARM processor clock frequency is referred to
as cclk for purposes of rate equations, etc. fosc and cclk are the same value unless
the PLL is running and connected. Refer to Section 6.20.2 “PLL” for additional
information.
6.20.2
PLL
The PLL accepts an input clock frequency in the range of 10 MHz to 25 MHz. The
input frequency is multiplied up into the range of 10 MHz to 60 MHz with a Current
Controlled Oscillator (CCO). The multiplier can be an integer value from 1 to 32 (in
practice, the multiplier value cannot be higher than 6 on this family of microcontrollers
due to the upper frequency limit of the CPU). The CCO operates in the range of
156 MHz to 320 MHz, so there is an additional divider in the loop to keep the CCO
within its frequency range while the PLL is providing the desired output frequency.
The output divider may be set to divide by 2, 4, 8, or 16 to produce the output clock.
Since the minimum output divider value is 2, it is insured that the PLL output has a
50 % duty cycle.The PLL is turned off and bypassed following a chip Reset and may
be enabled by software. The program must configure and activate the PLL, wait for
the PLL to Lock, then connect to the PLL as a clock source. The PLL settling time is
100 µs.
6.20.3
Reset and wake-up timer
Reset has two sources on the LPC2119/LPC2129: the RESET pin and Watchdog
Reset. The RESET pin is a Schmitt trigger input pin with an additional glitch filter.
Assertion of chip Reset by any source starts the Wake-up Timer (see Wake-up Timer
description below), causing the internal chip reset to remain asserted until the
external Reset is de-asserted, the oscillator is running, a fixed number of clocks have
passed, and the on-chip Flash controller has completed its initialization.
When the internal Reset is removed, the processor begins executing at address 0,
which is the Reset vector. At that point, all of the processor and peripheral registers
have been initialized to predetermined values.
The wake-up timer ensures that the oscillator and other analog functions required for
chip operation are fully functional before the processor is allowed to execute
instructions. This is important at power on, all types of Reset, and whenever any of
the aforementioned functions are turned off for any reason. Since the oscillator and
other functions are turned off during Power-down mode, any wake-up of the
processor from Power-down mode makes use of the Wake-up Timer.
The Wake-up Timer monitors the crystal oscillator as the means of checking whether
it is safe to begin code execution. When power is applied to the chip, or some event
caused the chip to exit Power-down mode, some time is required for the oscillator to
produce a signal of sufficient amplitude to drive the clock logic. The amount of time
depends on many factors, including the rate of VDD ramp (in the case of power on),
the type of crystal and its electrical characteristics (if a quartz crystal is used), as well
as any other external circuitry (e.g. capacitors), and the characteristics of the
oscillator itself under the existing ambient conditions.
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6.20.4
External interrupt inputs
The LPC2119/LPC2129 include up to nine edge or level sensitive External Interrupt
Inputs as selectable pin functions. When the pins are combined, external events can
be processed as four independent interrupt signals. The External Interrupt Inputs can
optionally be used to wake up the processor from Power-down mode.
6.20.5
Memory Mapping Control
The Memory Mapping Control alters the mapping of the interrupt vectors that appear
beginning at address 0x00000000. Vectors may be mapped to the bottom of the
on-chip Flash memory, or to the on-chip static RAM. This allows code running in
different memory spaces to have control of the interrupts.
6.20.6
Power Control
The LPC2119/LPC2129 support two reduced power modes: Idle mode and
Power-down mode. In Idle mode, execution of instructions is suspended until either a
Reset or interrupt occurs. Peripheral functions continue operation during Idle mode
and may generate interrupts to cause the processor to resume execution. Idle mode
eliminates power used by the processor itself, memory systems and related
controllers, and internal buses.
In Power-down mode, the oscillator is shut down and the chip receives no internal
clocks. The processor state and registers, peripheral registers, and internal SRAM
values are preserved throughout Power-down mode and the logic levels of chip
output pins remain static. The Power-down mode can be terminated and normal
operation resumed by either a Reset or certain specific interrupts that are able to
function without clocks. Since all dynamic operation of the chip is suspended,
Power-down mode reduces chip power consumption to nearly zero.
A Power Control for Peripherals feature allows individual peripherals to be turned off if
they are not needed in the application, resulting in additional power savings.
6.20.7
VPB bus
The VPB divider determines the relationship between the processor clock (CCLK)
and the clock used by peripheral devices (PCLK). The VPB divider serves two
purposes. The first is to provide peripherals with the desired PCLK via VPB bus so
that they can operate at the speed chosen for the ARM processor. In order to achieve
this, the VPB bus may be slowed down to 1⁄2 to 1⁄4 of the processor clock rate.
Because the VPB bus must work properly at power-up (and its timing cannot be
altered if it does not work since the VPB divider control registers reside on the VPB
bus), the default condition at reset is for the VPB bus to run at 1⁄4 of the processor
clock rate. The second purpose of the VPB divider is to allow power savings when an
application does not require any peripherals to run at the full processor rate. Because
the VPB divider is connected to the PLL output, the PLL remains active (if it was
running) during Idle mode.
6.21 Emulation and debugging
The LPC2119/LPC2129 support emulation and debugging via a JTAG serial port. A
trace port allows tracing program execution. Debugging and trace functions are
multiplexed only with GPIOs on Port 1. This means that all communication, timer and
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Product data
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Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
interface peripherals residing on Port 0 are available during the development and
debugging phase as they are when the application is run in the embedded system
itself.
6.21.1
Embedded ICE
Standard ARM EmbeddedICE® logic provides on-chip debug support. The debugging
of the target system requires a host computer running the debugger software and an
EmbeddedICE protocol convertor. EmbeddedICE protocol convertor converts the
Remote Debug Protocol commands to the JTAG data needed to access the ARM
core.
The ARM core has a Debug Communication Channel function built-in. The debug
communication channel allows a program running on the target to communicate with
the host debugger or another separate host without stopping the program flow or
even entering the debug state. The debug communication channel is accessed as a
co-processor 14 by the program running on the ARM7TDMI-S core. The debug
communication channel allows the JTAG port to be used for sending and receiving
data without affecting the normal program flow. The debug communication channel
data and control registers are mapped in to addresses in the EmbeddedICE logic.
6.21.2
Embedded trace
Since the LPC2119/LPC2129 have significant amounts of on-chip memory, it is not
possible to determine how the processor core is operating simply by observing the
external pins. The Embedded Trace Macrocell™ provides real-time trace capability for
deeply embedded processor cores. It outputs information about processor execution
to the trace port.
The ETM is connected directly to the ARM core and not to the main AMBA system
bus. It compresses the trace information and exports it through a narrow trace port.
An external trace port analyzer must capture the trace information under software
debugger control. Instruction trace (or PC trace) shows the flow of execution of the
processor and provides a list of all the instructions that were executed. Instruction
trace is significantly compressed by only broadcasting branch addresses as well as a
set of status signals that indicate the pipeline status on a cycle by cycle basis. Trace
information generation can be controlled by selecting the trigger resource. Trigger
resources include address comparators, counters and sequencers. Since trace
information is compressed the software debugger requires a static image of the code
being executed. Self-modifying code can not be traced because of this restriction.
6.21.3
RealMonitor™
RealMonitor is a configurable software module, developed by ARM Inc., which
enables real time debug. It is a lightweight debug monitor that runs in the background
while users debug their foreground application. It communicates with the host using
the DCC (Debug Communications Channel), which is present in the EmbeddedICE
logic. The LPC2119/LPC2129 contain a specific configuration of RealMonitor
software programmed into the on-chip Flash memory.
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Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
7. Limiting values
Table 9:
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).[1]
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Max
Unit
V18
Supply voltage, internal rail
−0.5
+2.5
V
V3
Supply voltage, external rail
−0.5
+3.6
V
V3A
Analog 3.3 V pad supply voltage
−0.5
4.6
V
AVIN
Analog input voltage on A/D related
pins
−0.5
5.1
V
Vi
DC input voltage, 5 V tolerant I/O
pins[2][3]
−0.5
6.0
V
Vi
DC input voltage, other I/O pins[2][4]
−0.5
V3 + 0.5 V
-
100
mA
-
100
mA
−65
150
°C
1.5
-
W
I
I
DC supply current per supply
pin[5]
DC ground current per ground
pin[5]
temperature[6]
Tstg
Storage
P
Power dissipation (based on
package heat transfer, not device
power consumption)
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
The following applies to the Limiting values:
a) Stresses above those listed under Limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device.
This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any conditions other
than those described in Section 8 “Static characteristics” and Section 9 “Dynamic characteristics”
of this specification is not implied.
b) This product includes circuitry specifically designed for the protection of its internal devices from
the damaging effects of excessive static charge. Nonetheless, it is suggested that conventional
precautions be taken to avoid applying greater than the rated maximum.
c) Parameters are valid over operating temperature range unless otherwise specified. All voltages
are with respect to VSS unless otherwise noted.
Including voltage on outputs in 3-state mode.
Only valid when the V3 supply voltage is present.
Not to exceed 4.6 V.
The peak current is limited to 25 times the corresponding maximum current.
Dependent on package type.
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9397 750 13146
Product data
Min
Rev. 03 — 22 December 2004
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Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
8. Static characteristics
Table 10: Static characteristics
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C for commercial, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ[1]
Max
Unit
1.65
1.8
1.95
V
V18
Supply voltage
V3
External rail supply voltage
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
V3A
Analog 3.3 V pad supply
voltage
2.5
3.3
3.6
V
Standard Port pins, RESET, RTCK
IIL
Low level input current, no
pull-up
Vi = 0
-
-
3
µA
IIH
High level input current, no
pull down
Vi = V3
-
-
3
µA
IOZ
3-state output leakage, no
pull-up/down
Vo = 0, Vo = V3
-
-
3
µA
Ilatchup
I/O latch-up current
−(0.5 V3) < V < (1.5 V3)
100
-
-
mA
0
-
5.5
V
Tj < 125 °C
Vi
Input voltage[2][3][4]
Vo
Output voltage, output active
0
-
V3
V
VIH
High level input voltage
2.0
-
-
V
VIL
Low level input voltage
-
-
0.8
V
Vhys
Hysteresis voltage
-
0.4
-
V
VOH
High level output
voltage[5]
IOH = −4 mA
V3 − 0.4
-
-
V
VOL
Low level output voltage[5]
IOL = −4 mA
-
-
0.4
V
IOH
High level output current[5]
VOH = V3 − 0.4 V
−4
-
-
mA
IOL
Low level output
current[5]
VOL = 0.4 V
4
-
-
mA
IOH
High level short circuit
current[6]
VOH = 0
-
-
−45
mA
IOL
Low level short circuit
current[6]
VOL = V3
-
-
50
mA
IPD
Pull-down current
Vi = 5 V[7]
10
50
150
µA
IPU
Pull-up current (applies to
P1.16 - P1.25)
Vi = 0
−15
−50
−85
µA
V3 < Vi< 5 V[7]
0
0
0
µA
Active Mode
V18 = 1.8 V, cclk = 60 MHz,
Tamb = 25 °C, code
-
60
-
mA
V18 = 1.8 V, Tamb = +25 °C,
-
10
-
µA
V18 = 1.8 V, Tamb = +85 °C
-
110
500
µA
I18
while(1){}
executed from FLASH, no active
peripherals
Power-down Mode
I2C pins
VIH
High level input voltage
VTOL is from 4.5 V to 5.5 V
0.7VTOL
-
-
V
VIL
Low level input voltage
VTOL is from 4.5 V to 5.5 V
-
-
0.3VTOL
V
Vhys
Hysteresis voltage
VTOL is from 4.5 V to 5.5 V
-
0.5VTOL
-
V
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Product data
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Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
Table 10: Static characteristics…continued
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C for commercial, unless otherwise specified.
Conditions
Min
Typ[1]
Max
Unit
IOL = 3 mA
-
-
0.4
V
Vi = V3
-
2
4
µA
Vi = 5 V
-
10
22
µA
X1 input Voltages
0
-
V18
X2 output Voltages
0
-
V18
endurance (write and erase)
100,000
-
-
cycles
data retention
20
-
-
years
Symbol Parameter
voltage[5]
VOL
Low level output
Ilkg
Input leakage to VSS
Oscillator pins
On-chip Flash program memory
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
Typical ratings are not guaranteed. The values listed are at room temperature (+25 ˚C), nominal supply voltages. Pin capacitance is
characterized but not tested.
Including voltage on outputs in 3-state mode.
V3 supply voltages must be present.
3-state outputs go into 3-state mode when V3 is grounded.
Accounts for 100 mV voltage drop in all supply lines.
Only allowed for a short time period.
Minimum condition for Vi = 4.5 V, maximum condition for Vi = 5.5 V.
Table 11: A/D converter DC electrical characteristics
V3A = 2.5 V to 3.6 V unless otherwise specified; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C unless otherwise specified; A/D converter frequency
4.5 MHz.
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
AVIN
Analog input voltage
0
V3A
V
CIN
Analog input capacitance
-
1
pF
DLe
Differential non-linearity[1][2][3]
-
±1
LSB
ILe
Integral non-linearity[1][4]
-
±2
LSB
-
±3
LSB
-
±0.5
%
-
±4
LSB
OSe
Offset
error[1][5]
error[1][6]
Ge
Gain
Ae
Absolute error[1][7]
[1]
Conditions: VSSA = 0 V, V3A = 3.3 V.
[2]
[3]
[4]
The A/D is monotonic, there are no missing codes.
The differential non-linearity (DLe) is the difference between the actual step width and the ideal step width. See Figure 4.
The integral no-linearity (ILe) is the peak difference between the center of the steps of the actual and the ideal transfer curve after
appropriate adjustment of gain and offset errors. See Figure 4.
The offset error (OSe) is the absolute difference between the straight line which fits the actual curve and the straight line which fits the
ideal curve. See Figure 4.
The gain error (Ge) is the relative difference in percent between the straight line fitting the actual transfer curve after removing offset
error, and the straight line which fits the ideal transfer curve. See Figure 4.
The absolute voltage error (Ae) is the maximum difference between the center of the steps of the actual transfer curve of the
non-calibrated A/D and the ideal transfer curve. See Figure 4.
[5]
[6]
[7]
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9397 750 13146
Product data
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Philips Semiconductors
Single-chip 16/32-bit microcontrollers
gain
error
EG
offset
error
EO
1023
1022
1021
1020
1019
1018
(2)
7
code
out
(1)
6
5
(5)
4
(4)
3
(3)
2
1 LSB
(ideal)
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
VIA (LSBideal)
1 LSB =
offset
error
EO
VDDA − VSSA
1024
002aaa668
(1) Example of an actual transfer curve.
(2) The ideal transfer curve.
(3) Differential non-linearity (DLe).
(4) Integral non-linearity (ILe).
(5) Center of a step of the actual transfer curve.
Fig 4. A/D conversion characteristics.
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9. Dynamic characteristics
Table 12: Characteristics
Tamb = 0 °C to +70 °C for commercial, −40 °C to +85 °C for industrial, V18, V3 over specified ranges[1]
Min
Typ[1]
Max
Unit
Oscillator frequency supplied by an
external oscillator (signal generator)
1
-
50
MHz
External clock frequency supplied by
an external crystal oscillator
1
-
30
MHz
External clock frequency if on-chip
PLL is used
10
-
25
MHz
External clock frequency if ISP is
used for initial code download
10
-
25
MHz
tC
Oscillator clock period
20
-
1000
ns
tCHCX
Clock HIGH time
tc × 0.4
-
-
ns
tCLCX
Clock LOW time
tc × 0.4
-
-
ns
tCLCH
Clock rise time
-
-
5
ns
tCHCL
Clock fall time
-
-
5
ns
tRISE
Port output rise time (except P0.2,
P0.3)
-
10
-
ns
tFALL
Port output fall time (except P0.2,
P0.3)
-
10
-
ns
Output fall time from VIH to VIL
20 +
0.1 × Cb[2]
-
-
ns
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
External Clock
fosc
Port Pins
I2C pins
tf
[1]
[2]
Parameters are valid over operating temperature range unless otherwise specified.
Bus capacitance Cb in pF, from 10 pF to 400 pF.
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Product data
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9.1 Timing
VDD - 0.5 V
0.45 V
0.2 VDD + 0.9
0.2 VDD - 0.1 V
tCHCX
tCHCL
tCLCX
tCLCH
tC
002aaa416
Fig 5. External clock timing.
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Product data
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10. Package outline
LQFP64: plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 10 x 10 x 1.4 mm
SOT314-2
c
y
X
A
48
33
49
32
ZE
e
E HE
A
A2
(A 3)
A1
wM
θ
bp
pin 1 index
64
Lp
L
17
detail X
16
1
ZD
e
v M A
wM
bp
D
B
HD
v M B
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
mm
1.6
0.20
0.05
1.45
1.35
0.25
0.27
0.17
0.18
0.12
10.1
9.9
10.1
9.9
0.5
HD
HE
12.15 12.15
11.85 11.85
L
Lp
v
w
y
1
0.75
0.45
0.2
0.12
0.1
Z D (1) Z E (1)
1.45
1.05
1.45
1.05
θ
7o
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT314-2
136E10
MS-026
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
00-01-19
03-02-25
Fig 6. SOT314-2 (LQFP64).
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11. Revision history
Table 13:
Revision history
Rev Date
03
20041222
CPCN
Description
-
Product data (9397 750 13146)
Modifications:
•
•
•
•
•
Section 6.2 “On-Chip Flash program memory” on page 9; updated text.
Section 6.20.2 “PLL” on page 22; updated text.
Section 6.20.7 “VPB bus” on page 23; updated text.
Table 9 “Limiting values” on page 25; updated text.
Table 10 “Static characteristics” on page 26; added On-chip Flash program memory
specs.
02
20040202
-
Preliminary data (9397 750 12806)
01
20031118
-
Preliminary data (9397 750 12328)
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12. Data sheet status
Level
Data sheet status[1]
Product status[2][3]
Definition
I
Objective data
Development
This data sheet contains data from the objective specification for product development. Philips
Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification in any manner without notice.
II
Preliminary data
Qualification
This data sheet contains data from the preliminary specification. Supplementary data will be published
at a later date. Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification without notice, in
order to improve the design and supply the best possible product.
III
Product data
Production
This data sheet contains data from the product specification. Philips Semiconductors reserves the
right to make changes at any time in order to improve the design, manufacturing and supply. Relevant
changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process Change Notification (CPCN).
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued data sheet before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The product status of the device(s) described in this data sheet may have changed since this data sheet was published. The latest information is available on the Internet at
URL http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
[3]
For data sheets describing multiple type numbers, the highest-level product status determines the data sheet status.
13. Definitions
Short-form specification — The data in a short-form specification is
extracted from a full data sheet with the same type number and title. For
detailed information see the relevant data sheet or data handbook.
Limiting values definition — Limiting values given are in accordance with
the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). Stress above one or
more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device.
These are stress ratings only and operation of the device at these or at any
other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of the
specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods
may affect device reliability.
Application information — Applications that are described herein for any
of these products are for illustrative purposes only. Philips Semiconductors
make no representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for
the specified use without further testing or modification.
performance. When the product is in full production (status ‘Production’),
relevant changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process
Change Notification (CPCN). Philips Semiconductors assumes no
responsibility or liability for the use of any of these products, conveys no
licence or title under any patent, copyright, or mask work right to these
products, and makes no representations or warranties that these products are
free from patent, copyright, or mask work right infringement, unless otherwise
specified.
15. Licenses
Purchase of Philips I2C components
Purchase of Philips I2C components conveys a license
under the Philips’ I2C patent to use the components in the
I2C system provided the system conforms to the I2C
specification defined by Philips. This specification can be
ordered using the code 9398 393 40011.
14. Disclaimers
Life support — These products are not designed for use in life support
appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these products can
reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Philips Semiconductors
customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so
at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips Semiconductors for any
damages resulting from such application.
Right to make changes — Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to
make changes in the products - including circuits, standard cells, and/or
software - described or contained herein in order to improve design and/or
16. Trademarks
ARM — is a registered trademark of ARM, Inc.
ARM7TDMI-S — is a trademark of ARM, Inc.
EmbeddedICE — is a registered trademark of ARM, Inc.
Embedded Trace Macrocell — is a trademark of ARM, Inc.
RealMonitor — is a trademark of ARM, Inc.
SPI — is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.
Thumb — is a registered trademark of ARM, Inc.
Contact information
For additional information, please visit http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
For sales office addresses, send e-mail to: [email protected]
Product data
Fax: +31 40 27 24825
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Contents
1
2
2.1
3
3.1
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.10.1
6.11
6.11.1
6.12
6.12.1
6.13
6.13.1
6.14
6.14.1
6.15
6.15.1
6.16
6.16.1
6.17
6.17.1
6.18
6.18.1
6.19
6.19.1
6.20
6.20.1
6.20.2
6.20.3
6.20.4
6.20.5
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Key features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Architectural overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
On-Chip Flash program memory . . . . . . . . . . . 9
On-Chip static RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Memory map. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Interrupt controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Interrupt sources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Pin connect block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Pin function select register 0 (PINSEL0
- 0xE002C000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Pin function select register 1 (PINSEL1
- 0xE002C004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Pin function select register 2 (PINSEL2
- 0xE002C014). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
General purpose parallel I/O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
10-bit A/D converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
CAN controllers and acceptance filter . . . . . . 18
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
UARTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
I2C serial I/O controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
SPI serial I/O controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
General purpose timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Watchdog timer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Real time clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Pulse width modulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
System control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Crystal oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
PLL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Reset and wake-up timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
External interrupt inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Memory Mapping Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2004.
Printed in the U.S.A.
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior
written consent of the copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or
contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No
liability will be accepted by the publisher for any consequence of its use. Publication
thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent- or other industrial or
intellectual property rights.
Date of release: 22 December 2004
Document order number: 9397 750 13146
6.20.6
6.20.7
6.21
6.21.1
6.21.2
6.21.3
7
8
9
9.1
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Power Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VPB bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emulation and debugging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Embedded ICE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Embedded trace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RealMonitor™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
26
29
30
31
32
33
33
33
33
33