AKM AKD4203

[AK4203]
AK4203
Stereo Cap-less LINE-Amp and Video-Amp
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AK4203 is an audio stereo cap-less line driver with 1-channel video driver. It eliminates the need for
large DC-blocking capacitors with a built-in Charge-pump circuit. The AK4203 achieves 2Vrms outputs
with excellent linearity 2Vrms output by single 3.3V power supply. The AK4203 is available in small 16-pin
TSSOP, saving the system space and cost.
FEATURE
Audio Line-Amp
† Differential Input
† Stereo Cap-less Amplifier (No DC-blocking capacitors required)
† Line-Out level: 2.0Vrms
† THD+N: -90dB
† S/N: 102dB
† Output gain: 6dB
† Low-pass Filter: fc= 130kHz
† Pop Noise Free Ground-referenced Output
Video Amp
† 1ch Stereo Cap-less Amplifier (No DC-blocking capacitors required)
† Integrated Video Amplifier (+6dB)
† Input Level: 1.5Vpp (max)
† SN: 75dB(typ), Bandwidth: 100kHz ∼ 6MHz
† LPF: -0.5dB@ 6.75MHz (typ), [email protected] (typ)
† Video Mute Function
† Power Supply: 3.0V ~ 3.6V
† Ta: −20 ∼ 85°C
† Package: 16TSSOP
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[AK4203]
■ Block Diagram
+
LIN+
LOUT
LIN-
-
Charge
Pump
+
RIN+
VDD1
VDD2
VSS1
CVEE
CP
CN
VSS2
ROUT
RIN-
VMUTE
VIN
Clamp
LPF
+
VOUT
Figure 1. AK4203 Block Diagram
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[AK4203]
■ Ordering Guide
−20 ∼ +85°C
16pin TSSOP (0.65mm pitch)
Evaluation board for AK4203
AK4203ET
AKD4203
■ Pin Layout
VIN
1
16
VDD2
VPDN
2
15
VSS2
CN
3
14
VOUT
CP
4
13
VEE
LINN
5
12
VSS1
LINP
6
11
VDD1
RINP
7
10
LOUT
RINN
8
9
ROUT
AK4203
Top
View
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[AK4203]
PIN/FUNCTION
No.
Pin Name
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
VIN
VPDN
CN
CP
LINN
LINP
RINP
RINN
I
I
I
O
I
I
I
I
ROUT
LOUT
O
O
11
VDD1
-
12
VSS1
-
13
VEE
O
14
15
VOUT
VSS2
O
-
16
VDD2
-
Function
Video Signal Input pin
Video Mute pin
Negative Charge Pump Capacitor Terminal pin
Positive Charge Pump Capacitor Terminal pin
Lch Audio Negative Input pin
Lch Audio Positive Input pin
Rch Audio Positive Input pin
Rch Audio Negative Input pin
Audio Output pin (R channel)
Audio Output pin (L channel)
Power Supply 1 pin, 3.0V∼3.6V
Connect to VSS1 with a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor in parallel with a 10μF 3.3V
electrolytic capacitor.
Ground 1 pin
Negative Voltage Output pin
Connect to VSS1 with a 10μF 3.3V electrolytic capacitor.
Video Signal Output pin
Ground 2 pin
Power Supply 2 pin, 3.0V∼3.6V
Connect to VSS2 with a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor in parallel with a 10μF 3.3V
electrolytic capacitor.
■ Handling of Unused Pin
The unused I/O pins must be processed appropriately as below.
Classification
Digital Input
Audio Input
Audio, Video Output
Pin Name
VPDN
LINP/N, RINP/N
AOUT, VOUT
Setting
VSS1
VSS1
Open
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ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
(VSS1=VSS2 =0V (Note 1))
Parameter
Power Supply
Symbol
VDD1
VDD2
IIN
VINA
VINV
Ta
Tstg
min
max
Unit
-0.3
4.0
V
Input Current (any pins except for supplies)
±10
Audio Input Voltage
(Note 4)
VEE -0.3
VDD1 +0.3
Video Input Voltage
-0.3
VDD2 +0.3
Ambient Operating Temperature
-20
85
Storage Temperature
-65
150
Note 1. All voltages are respect to ground.
Note 2. VSS1 and VSS2 must be connected to the same analog plane.
Note 3. VDD1 and VDD2 must be the same voltage.
Note 4. VEE: The VEE pin voltage
VEE is generated by the internal charge pump circuit. VEE voltage is “-VDD1 +0.2V” (typ).
mA
V
V
°C
°C
WARNING: Operation at or beyond these limits may result in permanent damage to the device.
Normal operation is not guaranteed at these extremes.
RECOMMEND OPERATING CONDITIONS
(VSS1=VSS2 =0V)
Parameter
Power Supply
Symbol
VDD1
VDD2
Note 3. VDD1 and VDD2 must be the same voltage.
min
3.0
3.0
typ
3.3
3.3
max
3.6
3.6
Unit
V
V
typ
max
Unit
18
30
mA
Note: AKM assumes no responsibility for the usage beyond the conditions in this datasheet.
ELECTICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Ta=25°C; VDD1= VDD2 = 3.3V; VSS1= VSS2 = 0V)
Power Supplies
Parameter
min
Power Supply (VDD1+VDD2)
Normal Operation (Note 5)
Note 5. No input and no load.
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ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS (Audio)
(Ta=25°C; VDD1=VDD2= 3.3V; VSS1=VSS2=0V; Input Signal Frequency =1kHz; Measurement band width=10Hz ∼
20kHz; RL =5kΩ, unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
min
typ
max
Unit
Output Level (Note 6)
2
Vrms
Gain
6
dB
THD+N (at 2Vrms output, VDD1≥3.135V)
90
dB
Dynamic Range (-60dBFS with A-weighted)
102
dB
S/N (A-weighted)
102
dB
Inter channel Isolation
100
dB
Output Offset Voltage
±0
±5
mV
LPF Frequency Response
-3dB
130
kHz
Note 6. VDD1≥3.135V, THD+N=-90dB.
ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS (Video)
(Ta=25°C; VDD1=VDD2= 3.3V; VSS1=VSS2=0V; unless otherwise specified, Note 7, Note 8)
Parameter
Conditions
min
typ
max
Unit
Input Signal
1.5
Vpp
Output Gain
Input=0.2Vp-p, 100kHz
6
dB
Output Signal
f=100kHz, THD=-30dB.
2.52
Vpp
Frequency Response
Response at 6.75MHz
-0.5
dB
Input=0.2Vpp, Sin Wave
Response at 27MHz
-43
dB
(0dB at 100kHz)
Group Delay Distortion
|GD3MHz–GD6MHz|
10
nsec
S/N (*)
BW= 100kHz to 6MHz.
81
dB
Load Resistance
R1+R2 (Note 9)
140
150
160
Ω
400
pF
Load Capacitance
C1 (Note 9)
15
pF
C2 (Note 9)
Note 7. The analog characteristics are specified at the pin of each output.
Note 8. Input Sync Tip Level=-0.43V∼-0.14V(the sync chip level based on the pedestal level)
Horizontal Line Sync Pulse=4.0μs ∼5.4μs, Equalizing Pulse=2.0μs ∼2.7μs, Serration Pulse=4.0μs ∼5.4μs
Note 9. Refer to the Figure 2.
*CCIR 567 weighting.
R1
75 Ω
VOUT
R2
C1
C2
max: 15pF
(C2)
75 Ω
max: 400pF
(C1)
Figure 2. Load Resistance R1+R2 and Load Capacitance C1/C2.
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OPERATION OVERVIEW
■ Charge Pump Circuit
Internal negative power supply circuit (Figure 3) supplies the negative voltage to the video amp and the video amp 0V
output is used for a pedestal level in Figure 4 and Figure 5. Therefore, the output coupling capacitor can be removed.
AK4203
VDD2
Charge
Pump
CP
CN
Negative Power
VSS1
(+)
1uF
C2
(+)
C1
VEE
10uF
Figure 3. Charge Pump Circuit
Note 10. C1 and C2 should be low ESR (Equivalent Series Resistance) capacitors. When those capacitors have the
polarity, each positive polarity pins should be connected to CP and VSS1 side.
AK4203
2 Vrms
0V
AOUTR
(AOUTL)
Figure 4. Audio Signal Output
AK4203
75Ω
VOUT
75Ω
0V
Figure 5. Video Signal Output
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[AK4203]
■ Audio Circuit Power-Up Sequence
When power supply pins of the AK4203 are fed, the audio circuit and charge pump are powered-up automatically as
shown below.
Power Supply
VDD1, VDD2
3.0V
Audio Analog
Circuit
Charge Pump
VEE
Power up
(1)
Power up VEE=Negative voltage
Power down VEE=0V
-1.85V
Audio Timer
Circuit
(2)
time A
LINP, N
RINP, N
LOUT
ROUT
Figure 6.System Reset Diagram
Note:
(1) When VDD1 and VDD2 are powered-up, audio analog output is connected to VSS internally via a mute switch.
The charge pump is powered-up in slow start mode and VEE reaches -1.85V in 0.4ms. Do not apply a negative voltage
to LINP/N and RINP/N pins until the charge pump output is stabilized.
(2) When the VEE reaches -1.85V, the audio timer circuit starts counting the “timeA” period (max. 15ms).
(3) After the “timeA” period, the mute switch is released and the audio output is enabled.
(4) No audible click noise occurs under normal conditions.
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[AK4203]
■ Video Circuit Power-Up Sequence
The video circuit of the AK4203 is powered-up when the VPDN pin becomes “H”.
Power Supply
VDD1, VDD2
3.0V
VPDN
Charge Pump
VEE
Video Circuit
Power down VEE=0V
Power up VEE=Negative voltage
Power up
Power down
Video Timer
Circuit
(1)
time B
VIN
VOUT
Video Input Signal
(2)
VSS2=0V
Video Output Signal
VSS2=0V
Figure 7. System Reset Diagram
Note:
(1) When the VPDN pin goes to “H”, the video timer circuit starts counting “time B” period (max. 100ms).
(2) After the “time B” period, the video output becomes enabled exiting 0V state.
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[AK4203]
SYSTEM DESIGN
Figure 8 shows the system connection diagram for the AK4203. An evaluation board [AKD4203] demonstrates the
optimum layout, power supply arrangements and measurement results.
Analog
3.3V
0.1u
Video In
75
μP
Audio In L
Audio In L
Audio In R
Audio In R
1u (1)
1u
1u
1u
1u
+
VIN
VDD2 16
2
VPDN
VSS2 15
3
CN
VOUT 14
4
CP
VEE 13
5
LINN
6
LINP
VDD1 11
7
RINP
AOUTL 10
8
RINN
AOUTR 9
1
AK4203
VSS1 12
0.1μ
+ 10μ
75
Video Out
+
10μF
0.1μ
+
10μ
220
220
Lch Out
Rch Out
Figure 8. Typical Connection Diagram
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[AK4203]
1. Grounding and Power Supply Decoupling
The AK4203 requires careful attention to power supply and grounding arrangements. VDD1 and VDD2 are usually
supplied from the analog supply in the system. If VDD1 and VDD2 are supplied separately, they must be powered-up at
the same time. VSS1 and VSS2 pins must be connected to the analog ground plane. System analog ground and digital
ground should be wired separately and connected together as close as possible to where the supplies are brought onto the
printed circuit board. Decoupling capacitors for high frequency should be placed as near as possible to the supply pin.
2. Notes for Drawing a Board
Analog input and output pins should be as near as possible in order to avoid unwanted coupling into the AK4203. Unused
pins should be open.
3. Analog Input
3-1. Audio Signal Input
The audio signal inputs are differential input. The output signal of LINP/RINP has the same phase. Connect a
capacitor about 1uF to each input pin for AC coupling.
3-2. Video Signal Input
Tip Sync level is fixed by an internal clamp circuit. Connect a capacitor about 0.1uF to the VIN pin for AC coupling.
4. Analog Output
4-1. Audio Signal Output
The audio signal outputs are single-ended output. The output rages to 2.0Vrms (typ) centered VSS (0V, typ) via
LPF. The DC offset is less than ±5mV.
4-2. Video Signal Output
The integrated 1-channel video amplifier has drivability for a load resistance of 150Ω. The output gain is +6dB (typ)
via LPF. DC offset is less than ±100mV.
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[AK4203]
PACKAGE
*5.0±0.1
0.17±0.05
9
1
8
0.13
M
0.22±0.1
6.4±0.2
*4.4±0.1
16
0.5±0.2
16pin TSSOP (Unit: mm)
0.65
0 ∼ 10°
1.1 MAX
0.10 S
0.1±0.1
S
NOTE: Dimension "*" does not include mold flash.
■ Package & Lead Frame Material
Package molding compound: Epoxy Resign, Halogen (Br, Cl) Free
Lead frame material: Cu Alloy
Lead frame surface treatment: Solder (Pb free) Plate
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[AK4203]
MARKING
4203ET
XXXYY
1)
2)
3)
Pin #1 indication
Date Code: XXXYY (5 digits)
XXX: Date Code
YY: Lot#
Marketing Code: 4203ET
REVISION HISTORY
Date (YY/MM/DD)
12/02/16
Revision
00
Reason
First Edition
Page
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Contents
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[AK4203]
IMPORTANT NOTICE
z These products and their specifications are subject to change without notice.
When you consider any use or application of these products, please make inquiries the sales office of Asahi Kasei
Microdevices Corporation (AKM) or authorized distributors as to current status of the products.
z Descriptions of external circuits, application circuits, software and other related information contained in this
document are provided only to illustrate the operation and application examples of the semiconductor products. You
are fully responsible for the incorporation of these external circuits, application circuits, software and other related
information in the design of your equipments. AKM assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third
parties arising from the use of these information herein. AKM assumes no liability for infringement of any patent,
intellectual property, or other rights in the application or use of such information contained herein.
z Any export of these products, or devices or systems containing them, may require an export license or other official
approval under the law and regulations of the country of export pertaining to customs and tariffs, currency exchange,
or strategic materials.
z AKM products are neither intended nor authorized for use as critical componentsNote1) in any safety, life support, or
other hazard related device or systemNote2), and AKM assumes no responsibility for such use, except for the use
approved with the express written consent by Representative Director of AKM. As used here:
Note1) A critical component is one whose failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to result,
whether directly or indirectly, in the loss of the safety or effectiveness of the device or system containing it, and
which must therefore meet very high standards of performance and reliability.
Note2) A hazard related device or system is one designed or intended for life support or maintenance of safety
or for applications in medicine, aerospace, nuclear energy, or other fields, in which its failure to function or
perform may reasonably be expected to result in loss of life or in significant injury or damage to person or
property.
z It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of AKM products, who distributes, disposes of, or otherwise places
the product with a third party, to notify such third party in advance of the above content and conditions, and the buyer
or distributor agrees to assume any and all responsibility and liability for and hold AKM harmless from any and all
claims arising from the use of said product in the absence of such notification.
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