www.cadeka.com SPT5240 10-bit, 400 MWPS Current Output Digital-to-Analog Converter Features Description • 400 MWPS update rate • Complementary current outputs • +3.3 V power supply • Low power dissipation: 149mW (typ) @ƒCLK = 400MHz and 12mA output • Excellent AC performance: SFDR = 58dBc for ƒCLK = 400MHz and ƒOUT = 1.27 MHz • Internal reference The SPT5240 is a 10-bit digital-to-analog converter that performs at an update rate of 400M words per second. The architecture achieves excellent high-frequency performance with very low power dissipation. This makes it ideal for all types of battery-operated equipment requiring high-speed digital-to-analog conversion. Applications The SPT5240 operates over an extended industrial temperature range from -40°C to +85°C and is available in a 32-lead LQFP package. • Battery-operated devices • Portable RF devices • Set top boxes • Video displays • Broadband RF • High-speed test equipment Functional Block Diagram PWD ISET D0 – D9 DVDD AVDD Reference Circuit 10 Bits 10-bit Current Output DAC IOP ION CLK DGND AGND REV. 1 June 2003 DATA SHEET SPT5240 Electrical Specifications (TA = 25°C, AVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, ƒOUT = 1.27MHz, ƒCLK = 400MHz, Clock Duty Cycle = 50%, IOUT = 20mA, RL = 50Ω; unless otherwise noted) Parameter Conditions Test Level Min Typ Max Units DC Performance Resolution 10 Bits Differential Linearity Error (DLE) DC at ION I -1 Integral Linearity Error (ILE) DC at ION I -4 Offset Error DC at both outputs I -.005 Full Scale Error DC at both outputs I -15 +15 %FS Gain Error DC at both outputs I -15 +15 %FS ±1.34 2 LSB 4 LSB +.005 %FS Maximum Full Scale Output Current V 30 mA Output Compliance Voltage V 1.5 V V 250 kΩ V ±300 ppm FS/°C Output Impedance Full-scale output Gain Error Tempco AC Performance Maximum Clock Rate IV 400 MHz Glitch Energy Major code transition V 7 pV-s Settling Time (tsettling) See Figure 1, major code trans. V 7.5 ns Output Rise Time V 1.3 ns Output Fall Time V 1.5 ns V 1.8 ns Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) V 58 dBc Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) V -55 dBc VIH Minimum V 2 V VIL Maximum V 1 V Logic “1” Current I -10 +10 µA Logic “0” Current I -10 +10 µA Output Delay Time (tD) See Figure 1 Digital and Clock Data Input Input Setup Time (tS) See Figure 1 V 1 ns Input Hold Time (tH) See Figure 1 V 1 ns V -29 dBFS Clock Feedthrough TEST LEVEL CODES All electrical characteristics are subject to the following conditions: All parameters having min/max specifications are guaranteed. The Test Level column indicates the specific device testing actually performed during production and Quality Assurance inspection. LEVEL I IV V 2 TEST PROCEDURE 100% production tested at the specified temperature. Parameter is guaranteed by design or characterization data. Parameter is a typical value for information purposes only. REV. 1 June 2003 SPT5240 DATA SHEET Electrical Specifications (Continued) (TA = 25°C, AVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, ƒOUT = 1.27MHz, ƒCLK = 400MHz, Clock Duty Cycle = 50%, IOUT = 20mA, RL = 50Ω; unless otherwise noted) Parameter Conditions Test Level Min Typ Max Units AVDD = DVDD IV 3.0 +3.3 3.6 AVDD 25MHz Clock V 9.5 mA DVDD 25MHz Clock V 200 µA 20mA IOUT IV 12mA IOUT V Power Supply Requirements Supply Voltage V Supply Current Sleep Mode Power Dissipation 170 195 149 215 mW mW TEST LEVEL CODES All electrical characteristics are subject to the following conditions: All parameters having min/max specifications are guaranteed. The Test Level column indicates the specific device testing actually performed during production and Quality Assurance inspection. LEVEL I IV V TEST PROCEDURE 100% production tested at the specified temperature. Parameter is guaranteed by design or characterization data. Parameter is a typical value for information purposes only. REV. 1 June 2003 3 DATA SHEET SPT5240 Absolute Maximum Ratings (beyond which the device may be damaged) Parameter Min Max Units AVDD 3.7 V DVDD 3.7 V Supply Voltage Voltage Difference between AGND and DGND -0.5 0.5 V Voltage Difference between AVDD and DVDD -0.5 0.5 V D0 – D9 -0.5 DVDD +0.5 V CLK -0.5 DVDD +0.5 V Junction Temperature 150 °C Lead, soldering (10 seconds) 260 °C +150 °C Input Voltages Storage Temperature Thermal Resistance (ΘJA) for 32 lead LQFP -65 64 °C/W Note: Operation at any Absolute Maximum Rating is not implied. See Electrical Specifications for proper nominal applied conditions in typical applications. 4 REV. 1 June 2003 SPT5240 DATA SHEET Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = 25°C, AVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, ƒOUT = 1.27MHz, ƒCLK = 400MHz, Clock Duty Cycle = 50%, IOUT = 20mA, RL = 50Ω; unless otherwise noted) AC Performance vs. Temperature AC Performance vs. Clock Frequency 65 65 Clock frequency = 327MHz 60 SFDR THD THD 50 55 SNR dB dB 60 SFDR 55 45 50 40 35 SNR 45 30 40 25 0 100 200 300 400 500 -50 600 -25 0 50 75 Intergral Nonlinearity vs. Code AC Performance vs. VDD 2.0 65 60 SFDR 55 THD 1.5 LSB's dB 25 Temperature (°C) Clock Frequency (MHz) 50 1.0 0.5 45 SNR 40 0 -0.5 35 3.0 3.3 0 3.6 128 256 384 512 640 768 896 1024 Code VDD (V) Differential Nonlinearity vs. Code AVDD, DVDD vs. Clock Frequency 0.6 45 AVDD 0.4 35 mA LSB's 0.2 0 -0.2 25 15 DVDD -0.4 5 -0.6 0 128 256 384 512 Code REV. 1 June 2003 640 768 896 1024 40 105 205 245 328 400 Clock (MHz) 5 DATA SHEET Specification Definitions Differential Linearity Error (DLE) or Differential Nonlinearity (DNL) In an ideal DAC, output transitions between two adjacent codes are 1 LSB apart. Differential Linearity Error is the deviation, expressed in LSBs, from this ideal value. Integral Linearity Error (ILE) or Integral Nonlinearity (INL) The ideal transfer for a DAC is a straight line drawn between "zero-scale" output and "full-scale" output. ILE is the deviation of the output from the straight line. The deviation of the output at each code is measured and compared to the ideal output at that code. ILE may also be expressed as a sum of DLE starting from code 0…0 to the code that ILE measurement is desired. Monotonic A digital-to-analog converter is considered monotonic if the analog output never decreases as the code value at the input increases. A DLE less than -1 LSB would indicate a non-monotonic DAC. Offset Error The deviation, from ideal, at the DAC output when set to zero-scale. In the current output DAC there should be no current flow at zero-scale. Therefore, Offset Error is the amount of current measured with the DAC set to zero-scale. Full-Scale Error The ideal maximum full-scale current output of the DAC is determined by the value of RSET. Full-scale error is the deviation of the output from ideal with the offset error included. Gain Error The ideal maximum full-scale current output of the DAC is determined by the value of RSET. Gain error is the deviation of the output from ideal with the offset error removed. Full-Scale Output The maximum current output available for a given value of RSET. In the SPT5240 IOP is full-scale at code 1111111111 and ION is full-scale at code 0000000000. Zero-Scale Output The minimum current output, ideally zero amps. In the SPT5240 IOP is zero-scale at code 0000000000 and ION is zero-scale at code 1111111111. 6 SPT5240 Compliance Voltage The maximum terminal output voltage for which the device will provide the specified current output characteristics. Harmonic 1. Of a sinusoidal wave, an integer multiple of the frequency of the wave. Note: The frequency of the sine wave is called the fundamental frequency or the first harmonic, the second harmonic is twice the fundamental frequency, the third harmonic is three times the fundamental frequency, etc. 2. Of a periodic signal or other periodic phenomenon, such as an electromagnetic wave or a sound wave, a component frequency of the signal that is an integer multiple of the fundamental frequency. Note: The fundamental frequency is the reciprocal of the period of the periodic phenomenon. Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) The ratio of the sum of the power of first 9 harmonics above the fundamental frequency to the power of the fundamental frequency. Usually expressed in dBc. Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) The ratio of the fundamental sinusoidal power to the power of the single largest harmonic or spurious signal within the range of the 9th harmonic. Clock Feedthrough The ratio of the full-scale output to the peak-to-peak noise generated at the DAC output by input clock transitions. Expressed in dBFS. Major Code Transition The DAC code transition between 011…1 and 100…0 is referred to as major code transition. This transition often involves maximum number of internal circuit elements to switch states, resulting in worst DLE, ILE, glitch, etc. Glitch Energy A glitch is a switching transient that appears in the output of a DAC during a code transition. Glitch energy is measured as a product of the output voltage and time duration for major code transition, expressed in pV-s. Output Rise Time The amount of time for the output to change from 10% to 90% of the full-scale voltage, for a positive full scale transition from zero-scale to full-scale. Output Fall Time The amount of time for the output to change from 90% to 10% of the full-scale voltage, for a negative full scale transition from full-scale to zero-scale. REV. 1 June 2003 SPT5240 DATA SHEET D3 DVDD DGND D4 D5 DVDD D6 D7 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 Pin Assignments 32 Pin Configuration D2 1 24 D8 D1 2 23 DGND DVDD 3 22 D9 21 DGND 20 PWD SPT5240SIT 32-pin LQFP 15 16 ISET N/C 17 AVDD 8 14 AGND AGND AGND 13 18 ION 7 12 DGND 11 AVDD IOP 19 AGND 6 10 CLK AGND 5 9 4 AVDD D0 DGND Analog Outputs IOP DAC current output. Full-scale output at 11…11 input code. Complementary current output. Full-scale output ION at 00…00 input code. Digital Inputs D0 – D9 Digital inputs (D0 = LSB). PWD Power down mode pin. Active high. Internally pulled down. CLK Clock input pin. Data is latched on the rising edge. Reference ISET Full-scale adjust control. Connection for reference-current setting resistor. Power AGND DGND AVDD DVDD N/C Theory of Operation outputs of the decoders are latched using a second bank of master-slave latches whose outputs then drive differential current switches, which steer the appropriate current to the IOP or ION outputs. The SPT5240 is a 10-bit 400 MWPS digital-to-analog converter. It integrates a DAC core with a bandgap reference and operates from a +3.3V power supply. The analog (AVDD) and digital (DVDD) power supplies are separated on chip to allow flexibility in the interface board. The analog (AGND) and digital (DGND) are separated on chip. Circuit board ground planes should be separated and tied together with a ferrite bead. The DAC architecture is a compound differential current output DAC consisting of a 6-bit fully segmented DAC for the MSBs and a 4-bit fully segmented DAC for the LSBs. The input cell, followed by a master-slave latch, buffers the digital inputs. A 6:64 decoder decodes the digital data for the MSBs, and a 4:16 decoder does so for the LSBs. The N Analog Supply Ground. Digital Supply Ground. Analog +3.3V supply. Digital +3.3V supply. No Connect N+1 CLK tH tS Digital Inputs N+1 N N+2 N+3 tD VOP 1 LSB N-2 N-1 N N+1 VON 1 LSB tsettling NOTE: Not to scale. For definition purposes only. Figure 1: Timing Diagram REV. 1 June 2003 7 DATA SHEET SPT5240 IOUT Adjust Sleep Mode Select RSET Clock In CLK ISET PWD VOP IOP 50Ω 10-bit Data Bus SPT5240 AVDD AGND DVDD DGND 50Ω ION 0.01µF 0.01µF 0.1µF 0.1µF FB 10µF + + +D3.3V 10µF VON Notes: 1. FB = Ferrite Bead across analog and digital ground planes. Place as close to DAC as feasible. 2. Minimum resistance (RSET) from ISET to ground relsults in maximum current output. 3. PWD pin has an internal pull-down resistor. Set pin high to initate sleep mode. 4. Outputs (IOP and ION) require minimum 5Ω load. +A3.3V Figure 2: Typical Interface Circuit Diagram Typical Interface Circuit The SPT5240 requires few external components to achieve the stated performance. Figure 2 shows the typical interface requirements when used in normal circuit operation. The following sections provide descriptions of the major functions and outline performance criteria to consider for achieving optimal performance. Digital Inputs The SPT5240 has a 10-bit-wide parallel data input designed to work at +3.3V CMOS levels. Fast edges and low transients provide for improved performance. Clock Input The SPT5240 is driven by a single-ended clock circuit. In order to achieve best performance at the highest throughput, a clock generation circuit should provide fast edges and low jitter. Input Protection All I/O pads are protected with an on-chip protection circuit. This circuit provides robust ESD protection in excess of 3,000 volts, in human body model, without sacrificing speed. 8 Power Supplies and Grounding The SPT5240 may be operated in the range of 3.0 to 3.6 volts. Normal operation is recommended to be separate analog and digital supplies operating at +3.3 volts. All power supply pins should be bypassed as close to the package as possible with the smallest capacitor closest to the device. Analog and digital ground planes should be connected together with a ferrite bead as shown in Figure 2 and as close to the DAC as possible. Sleep Mode To conserve power, the SPT5240 incorporates a power down function. This function is controlled by the signal on pin PWD. When PWD is set high, the SPT5240 enters the sleep mode. The analog outputs are both set to zero current output, resulting in less than 10mA current draw from the analog supply. For minimum power dissipation, data and clock inputs should be set to logic low or logic high. Reference The SPT5240 utilizes an on-chip bandgap reference to set full-scale output current level. The current reference to the DAC circuitry is set by the external resistance value between the ISET pin and analog ground. REV. 1 June 2003 SPT5240 DATA SHEET Analog Outputs The SPT5240 provides differential current outputs which provide an output level based on the value of RSET at maximum output code (see Figure 3). The required value of RSET may be calculated using the formulas: 35 RSET Steps = 2.75kΩ IOUT (mA) 30 LSB = IFS/1023 25 20 15 10 Then: 5 RSET = 1.111 – (1000 • LSB) 4 • LSB 0 60.3 11.2 RSET Value (kΩ) Where IFS is the desired full-scale current output. Figure 3: RSET vs. IOUT Each output requires a minimum 5Ω load to analog ground. The typical circuit utilizes 50Ω loads to develop voltage for the output transformer (refer to EB5240 data sheet). Table 1: Input Data Format Input Code D9 – D0 Analog Output ION IOP 0000000000 FS 0 1111111111 0 FS Sleep XXXXXXXXXX 0 0 X indicates either data state. Package Dimensions LQFP-32 A INCHES G B H C D I J E Symbol A B C D E F G H I J K L Min 0.346 0.272 0.346 0.272 0.031 0.012 0.053 0.002 0.037 0° 0.020 Max 0.362 0.280 0.362 0.280 Typ 0.016 0.057 0.006 0.041 0.007 7° 0.030 MILLIMETERS Min Max 8.80 9.20 6.90 7.10 8.80 9.20 6.90 7.10 0.80 BSC 0.30 0.40 1.35 1.45 0.05 0.15 0.95 1.05 0.17 0° 7° 0.50 0.75 F K L REV. 1 June 2003 9 SPT5240 DATA SHEET Ordering Information Model Part Number Package Container Pack Qty SPT5240 SPT5240SIT 32-pin LQFP Tray – Temperature range for all parts: -40°C to +85°C.