MCP1640/B/C/D 0.65V Start-up Synchronous Boost Regulator with True Output Disconnect or Input/Output Bypass Option Features General Description • Up to 96% Typical Efficiency • 800 mA Typical Peak Input Current Limit: - IOUT > 100 mA @ 1.2V VIN, 3.3V VOUT - IOUT > 350 mA @ 2.4V VIN, 3.3V VOUT - IOUT > 350 mA @ 3.3V VIN, 5.0V VOUT • Low Start-up Voltage: 0.65V, typical 3.3V VOUT @ 1 mA • Low Operating Input Voltage: 0.35V, typical 3.3VOUT @ 1 mA • Adjustable Output Voltage Range: 2.0V to 5.5V • Maximum Input Voltage VOUT < 5.5V • Automatic PFM/PWM Operation (MCP1640C): - PFM Operation Disabled (MCP1640B/D) - PWM Operation: 500 kHz • Low Device Quiescent Current: 19 µA, typical PFM Mode • Internal Synchronous Rectifier • Internal Compensation • Inrush Current Limiting and Internal Soft-Start • Selectable, Logic Controlled, Shutdown States: - True Load Disconnect Option (MCP1640B) - Input to Output Bypass Option (MCP1640C/D) • Shutdown Current (All States): < 1 µA • Low Noise, Anti-Ringing Control • Overtemperature Protection • Available Packages: - 6-Lead SOT23 - 8-Lead 2x3 DFN The MCP1640/B/C/D is a compact, high-efficiency, fixed frequency, synchronous step-up DC-DC converter. It provides an easy-to-use power supply solution for applications powered by either one-cell, two-cell, or three-cell alkaline, NiCd, NiMH, one-cell Li-Ion or Li-Polymer batteries. Low-voltage technology allows the regulator to start up without high inrush current or output voltage overshoot from a low 0.65V input. High efficiency is accomplished by integrating the low resistance N-Channel Boost switch and synchronous P-Channel switch. All compensation and protection circuitry are integrated to minimize external components. For standby applications, the MCP1640 operates and consumes only 19 µA while operating at no load, and provides a true disconnect from input to output while shut down (EN = GND). Additional device options are available that operate in PWM-only mode and connect input to output bypass while shut down. A “true” load disconnect mode provides input to output isolation while disabled by removing the normal boost regulator diode path from input to output. A Bypass mode option connects the input to the output using the integrated low resistance P-Channel MOSFET, which provides a low bias keep-alive voltage for circuits operating in Deep Sleep mode. Both options consume less than 1 µA of input current. Output voltage is set by a small external resistor divider. Two package options are available, 6-Lead SOT23 and 8-Lead 2x3 DFN. Package Types Applications • One, Two and Three Cell Alkaline and NiMH/NiCd Portable Products • Single Cell Li-Ion to 5V Converters • Li Coin Cell Powered Devices • Personal Medical Products • Wireless Sensors • Handheld Instruments • GPS Receivers • Bluetooth Headsets • +3.3V to +5.0V Distributed Power Supply 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640 6-Lead SOT23 SW 1 GND 2 EN 3 6 VIN 5 VOUT 4 VFB MCP1640 8-Lead 2x3 DFN* 8 VIN VFB 1 SGND 2 PGND 3 EN 4 EP 9 7 VOUTS 6 VOUTP 5 SW * Includes Exposed Thermal Pad (EP); see Table 3-1. DS22234B-page 1 MCP1640/B/C/D L1 4.7 µH VIN 0.9V to 1.7V VOUT 3.3V @ 100 mA SW V OUT VIN ALKALINE + CIN 4.7 µF 976 K COUT 10 µF VFB EN 562 K - GND L1 4.7 µH VIN 3.0V to 4.2V LI-ION + VOUT 5.0V @ 300 mA SW V OUTS CIN 4.7 µF VIN VOUTP EN VFB 976 K COUT 10 µF 309 K - PGND SGND Efficiency vs. IOUT for 3.3VOUT 100.0 Efficiency (%) V IN = 2.5V 80.0 V IN = 0.8V V IN = 1.2V 60.0 40.0 0.1 1.0 10.0 100.0 1000.0 Output Current (mA) DS22234B-page 2 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 1.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS † Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not intended. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Absolute Maximum Ratings † EN, FB, VIN, VSW, VOUT - GND ........................... +6.5V EN, FB ...........<greater of VOUT or VIN > (GND - 0.3V) Output Short Circuit Current....................... Continuous Output Current Bypass Mode........................... 400 mA Power Dissipation ............................ Internally Limited Storage Temperature .........................-65oC to +150oC Ambient Temp. with Power Applied......-40oC to +85oC Operating Junction Temperature........-40oC to +125oC ESD Protection On All Pins: HBM........................................................ 3 kV MM........................................................ 300 V DC CHARACTERISTICS Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, IOUT = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. Boldface specifications apply over the TA range of -40oC to +85oC. Parameters Sym Min Typ Max Units Conditions Input Characteristics Minimum Startup Voltage VIN — 0.65 0.8 V Note 1 Minimum Input Voltage After Start-Up VIN — 0.35 — V Note 1 Output Voltage Adjust Range VOUT 2.0 5.5 V VOUT VIN; Note 2 Maximum Output Current IOUT 150 — mA 1.2V VIN, 2.0V VOUT 150 — mA 1.5V VIN, 3.3V VOUT 350 — mA 3.3V VIN, 5.0V VOUT 100 Feedback Voltage VFB 1.175 1.21 1.245 V — Feedback Input Bias Current IVFB — 10 — pA — Quiescent Current – PFM Mode IQPFM — 19 30 µA Measured at VOUT = 4.0V; EN = VIN, IOUT = 0 mA; Note 3 Quiescent Current – PWM Mode IQPWM — 220 — µA Measured at VOUT; EN = VIN IOUT = 0 mA; Note 3 Quiescent Current – Shutdown IQSHDN — 0.7 2.3 µA VOUT = EN = GND; Includes N-Channel and P-Channel Switch Leakage NMOS Switch Leakage INLK — 0.3 1 µA VIN = VSW = 5V; VOUT = 5.5V VEN = VFB = GND PMOS Switch Leakage IPLK — 0.05 0.2 µA VIN = VSW = GND; VOUT = 5.5V RDS(ON)N — 0.6 — VIN = 3.3V, ISW = 100 mA NMOS Switch ON Resistance Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 3.3 K resistive load, 3.3VOUT (1 mA). For VIN > VOUT, VOUT will not remain in regulation. IQ is measured from VOUT; VIN quiescent current will vary with boost ratio. VIN quiescent current can be estimated by: (IQPFM * (VOUT/VIN)), (IQPWM * (VOUT/VIN)). 220 resistive load, 3.3VOUT (15 mA). Peak current limit determined by characterization, not production tested. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 3 MCP1640/B/C/D DC CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED) Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, IOUT = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. Boldface specifications apply over the TA range of -40oC to +85oC. Parameters Sym Min Typ Max Units RDS(ON)P — 0.9 — NMOS Peak Switch Current Limit IN(MAX) 600 850 — mA VOUT Accuracy VOUT% -3 — +3 % Line Regulation VOUT/ VOUT) / VIN| -1 0.01 1 %/V Load Regulation VOUT / VOUT| -1 0.01 1 % Maximum Duty Cycle DCMAX 88 90 — % Switching Frequency fSW 425 EN Input Logic High VIH 500 — 575 — PMOS Switch ON Resistance Conditions VIN = 3.3V, ISW = 100 mA Note 5 Includes Line and Load Regulation; VIN = 1.5V VIN = 1.5V to 3V IOUT = 25 mA IOUT = 25 mA to 100 mA; VIN = 1.5V kHz %of VIN IOUT = 1 mA %of VIN IOUT = 1 mA VIL 90 — — 20 IENLK — 0.005 µA VEN = 5V Soft-start Time tSS — 750 — — µS EN Low to High, 90% of VOUT; Note 4 Thermal Shutdown Die Temperature TSD — 150 — C TSDHYS — 10 — C EN Input Logic Low EN Input Leakage Current Die Temperature Hysteresis Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 3.3 K resistive load, 3.3VOUT (1 mA). For VIN > VOUT, VOUT will not remain in regulation. IQ is measured from VOUT; VIN quiescent current will vary with boost ratio. VIN quiescent current can be estimated by: (IQPFM * (VOUT/VIN)), (IQPWM * (VOUT/VIN)). 220 resistive load, 3.3VOUT (15 mA). Peak current limit determined by characterization, not production tested. TEMPERATURE SPECIFICATIONS Electrical Specifications: Parameters Sym Min Typ Max Units Operating Junction Temperature Range TJ -40 — +125 °C Storage Temperature Range TA -65 — +150 °C TJ — — +150 °C Thermal Resistance, 5L-TSOT23 JA — 192 — °C/W Thermal Resistance, 8L-2x3 DFN JA — 93 — °C/W Conditions Temperature Ranges Maximum Junction Temperature Steady State Transient Package Thermal Resistances DS22234B-page 4 EIA/JESD51-3 Standard 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 2.0 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES Note: The graphs and tables provided following this note are a statistical summary based on a limited number of samples and are provided for informational purposes only. The performance characteristics listed herein are not tested or guaranteed. In some graphs or tables, the data presented may be outside the specified operating range (e.g., outside specified power supply range) and therefore outside the warranted range. Note: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = EN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, ILOAD = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. Efficiency (%) 80 22.5 VOUT = 3.3V 20.0 17.5 15.0 VOUT = 2.0V 70 VIN = 0.8V 60 VIN = 1.2V 50 40 30 PWM / PFM 20 12.5 PWM ONLY 10 0 0.01 10.0 -40 -25 -10 5 20 35 50 65 80 0.1 1 100 300 1000 V OUT = 3.3V V IN = 2.5V 90 VOUT = 5.0V V IN = 1.2V 80 Efficiency (%) IQ PWM Mode (µA) 100 FIGURE 2-4: 2.0V VOUT PFM / PWM Mode Efficiency vs. IOUT. FIGURE 2-1: VOUT IQ vs. Ambient Temperature in PFM Mode. 250 225 VOUT = 3.3V 200 70 VIN = 0.8V 60 VIN = 1.2V 50 40 30 PWM / PFM 20 175 PWM ONLY 10 0 0.01 150 -40 -25 -10 5 20 35 50 65 80 0.1 1 FIGURE 2-2: VOUT IQ vs. Ambient Temperature in PWM Mode. 100 VOUT = 5.0V VOUT = 3.3V VOUT = 5.0V VIN = 2.5V Efficiency (%) 80 VOUT = 2.0V 200 VIN = 1.2V 70 50 40 30 PWM / PFM PWM ONLY 10 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 VIN (V) FIGURE 2-3: Maximum IOUT vs. VIN. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. 5 VIN = 1.8V 60 20 100 0 1000 90 400 300 100 FIGURE 2-5: 3.3V VOUT PFM / PWM Mode Efficiency vs. IOUT. 600 500 10 IOUT (mA) Ambient Temperature (°C) IOUT (mA) 10 IOUT (mA) Ambient Temperature (°C) 275 VIN = 1.6V 90 VOUT = 5.0V VIN = 1.2V 25.0 IQ PFM Mode (µA) VOUT = 2.0V 100 27.5 0 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 IOUT (mA) FIGURE 2-6: 5.0V VOUT PFM / PWM Mode Efficiency vs. IOUT. DS22234B-page 5 MCP1640/B/C/D Note: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = EN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, ILOAD = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. 3.33 1.00 VIN = 1.2V IOUT = 15 mA VOUT = 3.3V 3.325 3.32 0.85 VIN = 1.8V Startup VIN (V) VOUT (V) 3.315 3.31 3.305 0.70 0.55 3.3 Shutdown VIN = 0.8V 3.295 0.40 3.29 0.25 3.285 -40 -25 -10 5 20 35 50 65 0 80 20 40 Ambient Temperature (°C) FIGURE 2-7: Temperature. 525 Switching Frequency (kHz) VIN = 1.5V 3.36 IOUT = 5 mA VOUT (V) 3.34 3.32 3.30 IOUT = 15 mA 3.28 IOUT = 50 mA 3.26 100 VOUT = 3.3V 520 515 510 505 500 495 490 485 480 -40 -25 -10 5 20 35 50 65 80 -40 -25 -10 Ambient Temperature (°C) FIGURE 2-8: Temperature. 5 20 35 50 65 80 Ambient Temperature (°C) 3.3V VOUT vs. Ambient FIGURE 2-11: Temperature. 3.40 FOSC vs. Ambient 4.5 TA = 85°C IOUT = 5 mA 4 3.36 VOUT = 5.0V 3.5 3 TA = 25°C 3.32 VIN (V) VOUT (V) 80 FIGURE 2-10: Minimum Start-up and Shutdown VIN into Resistive Load vs. IOUT. 3.3V VOUT vs. Ambient 3.38 60 IOUT (mA) 3.28 TA = - 40°C V OUT = 3.3V 2.5 2 VOUT = 2.0V 1.5 1 3.24 0.5 3.20 0 0.8 1.2 1.6 2 2.4 VIN (V) FIGURE 2-9: DS22234B-page 6 3.3V VOUT vs. VIN. 2.8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 IOUT (mA) FIGURE 2-12: PWM Pulse Skipping Mode Threshold vs. IOUT. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D Note: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = EN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, ILOAD = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. 10000 PWM / PFM PWM ONLY VOUT = 5.0V IIN (µA) 1000 VOUT = 3.3V VOUT = 2.0V 100 VOUT = 2.0V VOUT = 3.3V VOUT = 5.0V 10 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.7 2 2.3 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 VIN (V) FIGURE 2-13: VIN. Input No Load Current vs. FIGURE 2-16: MCP1640 3.3V VOUT PFM Mode Waveforms. Switch Resistance (Ohms) 5 4 P - Channel 3 2 1 N - Channel 0 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 > VIN or VOUT FIGURE 2-14: N-Channel and P-Channel RDSON vs. > of VIN or VOUT. FIGURE 2-17: MCP1640B 3.3V VOUT PWM Mode Waveforms. 16 VOUT = 5.0V 14 V OUT = 3.3V VOUT = 2.0V IOUT (mA) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 VIN (V) FIGURE 2-15: Current vs. VIN. PFM / PWM Threshold 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. FIGURE 2-18: Waveforms. MCP1640/B High Load DS22234B-page 7 MCP1640/B/C/D Note: Unless otherwise indicated, VIN = EN = 1.2V, COUT = CIN = 10 µF, L = 4.7 µH, VOUT = 3.3V, ILOAD = 15 mA, TA = +25°C. FIGURE 2-19: 3.3V Start-up After Enable. FIGURE 2-22: MCP1640B 3.3V VOUT Load Transient Waveforms. FIGURE 2-20: VENABLE. 3.3V Start-up when VIN = FIGURE 2-23: MCP1640B 2.0V VOUT Load Transient Waveforms. FIGURE 2-21: MCP1640 3.3V VOUT Load Transient Waveforms. DS22234B-page 8 FIGURE 2-24: Waveforms. 3.3V VOUT Line Transient 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 3.0 PIN DESCRIPTIONS The descriptions of the pins are listed in Table 3-1. TABLE 3-1: Pin Name PIN FUNCTION TABLE MCP1640/B/C/D MCP1640/B/C/D SOT23 2x3 DFN Description SW 1 5 Switch Node, Boost Inductor Input Pin GND 2 — Ground Pin EN 3 4 Enable Control Input Pin FB 4 1 Feedback Voltage Pin VOUT 5 — Output Voltage Pin VIN 6 8 Input Voltage Pin SGND — 2 Signal Ground Pin PGND — 3 Power Ground Pin VOUTS — 7 Output Voltage Sense Pin VOUTP — 6 Output Voltage Power Pin EP — 9 Exposed Thermal Pad (EP); must be connected to VSS. 3.1 Switch Node Pin (SW) Connect the inductor from the input voltage to the SW pin. The SW pin carries inductor current and can be as high as 800 mA peak. The integrated N-Channel switch drain and integrated P-Channel switch source are internally connected at the SW node. 3.2 Ground Pin (GND) The ground or return pin is used for circuit ground connection. Length of trace from input cap return, output cap return, and GND pin should be made as short as possible to minimize noise on the GND pin. In the SOT23-6 package, a single ground pin is used. 3.3 Enable Pin (EN) 3.6 Connect the input voltage source to VIN. The input source should be decoupled to GND with a 4.7 µF minimum capacitor. 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.10 3.5 Output Voltage Pin (VOUT) The output voltage pin connects the integrated P-Channel MOSFET to the output capacitor. The FB voltage divider is also connected to the VOUT pin for voltage regulation. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. Power Ground Pin (PGND) The power ground pin is used as a return for the highcurrent N-Channel switch. In the 2x3 DFN package, the PGND and SGND pins are connected externally. 3.9 The FB pin is used to provide output voltage regulation by using a resistor divider. The FB voltage will be 1.21V typical with the output voltage in regulation. Signal Ground Pin (SGND) The signal ground pin is used as a return for the integrated VREF and error amplifier. In the 2x3 DFN package, the SGND and power ground (PGND) pins are connected externally. The EN pin is a logic-level input used to enable or disable device switching, and lower quiescent current while disabled. A logic high (>90% of VIN) will enable the regulator output. A logic low (<20% of VIN) will ensure that the regulator is disabled. Feedback Voltage Pin (FB) Power Supply Input Voltage Pin (VIN) Output Voltage Sense Pin (VOUTS) The output voltage sense pin connects the regulated output voltage to the internal bias circuits. In the 2x3 DFN package, the VOUTS and output voltage power (VOUTP) pins are connected externally. Output Voltage Power Pin (VOUTP) The output voltage power pin connects the output voltage to the switch node. High current flows through the integrated P-Channel and out of this pin to the output capacitor and output. In the 2x3 DFN package, VOUTP and VOUTS are connected externally. 3.11 Exposed Thermal Pad (EP) There is no internal electrical connection between the Exposed Thermal Pad (EP) and the SGND and PGND pins. They must be connected to the same potential on the Printed Circuit Board (PCB). DS22234B-page 9 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 10 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 4.0 DETAILED DESCRIPTION 4.1 Device Option Overview The MCP1640/B/C/D family of devices is capable of low start-up voltage and delivers high efficiency over a wide load range for single cell, two cell, three cell alkaline, NiMH, NiCd and single cell Li-Ion battery inputs. A high level of integration lowers total system cost, eases implementation and reduces board area. The devices feature low startup voltage, adjustable output voltage, PWM/PFM mode operation, low IQ, integrated synchronous switch, internal compensation, low noise anti-ring control, inrush current limit, and soft start. There are two feature options for the MCP1640/B/C/D family: • PWM/PFM mode or PWM-Only mode • “True Output Disconnect” mode or Input Bypass mode 4.1.1 PWM/PFM MODE OPTION The MCP1640C devices use an automatic switchover from PWM to PFM mode for light load conditions to maximize efficiency over a wide range of output current. During PFM mode, higher peak current is used to pump the output up to the threshold limit. While operating in PFM or PWM mode, the P-Channel switch is used as a synchronous rectifier, turning off when the inductor current reaches 0 mA to maximize efficiency. In PFM mode, a comparator is used to terminate switching when the output voltage reaches the upper threshold limit. Once switching has terminated, the output voltage will decay or coast down. During this period, very low IQ is consumed from the device and input source, which keeps power efficiency high at light load. The disadvantages of PWM/PFM mode are higher output ripple voltage and variable PFM mode frequency. The PFM mode frequency is a function of input voltage, output voltage and load. While in PFM mode, the boost converter pumps the output up at a switching frequency of 500 kHz. 4.1.2 For noise immunity, the N-Channel MOSFET current sense is blanked for approximately 100 ns. With a typical minimum duty cycle of 100 ns, the MCP1640B/D continues to switch at a constant frequency under light load conditions. Figure 2-12 represents the input voltage versus load current for the pulse skipping threshold in PWM-Only mode. At lighter loads, the MCP1640B/D devices begin to skip pulses. 4.1.3 TRUE OUTPUT DISCONNECT MODE OPTION The MCP1640B devices incorporate a true output disconnect feature. With the EN pin pulled low, the output of the MCP1640B is isolated or disconnected from the input by turning off the integrated P-Channel switch and removing the switch bulk diode connection. This removes the DC path that is typical in boost converters, which allows the output to be disconnected from the input. During this mode, less than 1 µA of current is consumed from the input (battery). True output disconnect does not discharge the output, the output voltage is held up by the external COUT capacitance. 4.1.4 INPUT BYPASS MODE OPTION The MCP1640C/D devices incorporate the Input Bypass shutdown option. With the EN input pulled low, the output is connected to the input using the internal P-Channel MOSFET. In this mode, the current draw from the input (battery) is less than 1 µA with no load. The Input Bypass mode is used when the input voltage range is high enough for the load to operate in Sleep or low IQ mode. When a higher regulated output voltage is necessary to operate the application, the EN input is pulled high, enabling the boost converter. TABLE 4-1: Part Number MCP1640 PART NUMBER SELECTION PWM/ PWMTrue PFM Only Disconnect X MCP1640B MCP1640C MCP1640D Input Bypass X X X X X X X PWM-ONLY MODE OPTION The MCP1640B/D devices disable PFM mode switching, and operate only in PWM mode over the entire load range. During periods of light load operation, the MCP1640B/D continues to operate at a constant 500 kHz switching frequency, keeping the output ripple voltage lower than PFM mode. During PWM-Only mode, the MCP1640B/D P-Channel switch acts as a synchronous rectifier by turning off (to prevent reverse current flow from the output cap back to the input) in order to keep efficiency high. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 11 MCP1640/B/C/D 4.2 Functional Description Figure 4-1 depicts the functional block diagram of the MCP1640/B/C/D. The MCP1640/B/C/D is a compact, high-efficiency, fixed frequency, step-up DC-DC converter that provides an easy-to-use power supply solution for applications powered by either one-cell, two-cell, or three-cell alkaline, NiCd, or NiMH, or one-cell Li-Ion or Li-Polymer batteries. VOUT VIN INTERNAL BIAS IZERO DIRECTION CONTROL SW SOFT-START .3V GATE DRIVE AND SHUTDOWN CONTROL LOGIC EN 0V ILIMIT ISENSE GND OSCILLATOR SLOPE COMP. S PWM/PFM LOGIC 1.21V FB EA FIGURE 4-1: 4.2.1 MCP1640/B/C/D Block Diagram. LOW-VOLTAGE START-UP The MCP1640/B/C/D is capable of starting from a low input voltage. Start-up voltage is typically 0.65V for a 3.3V output and 1 mA resistive load. When enabled, the internal start-up logic turns the rectifying P-Channel switch on until the output capacitor is charged to a value close to the input voltage. The rectifying switch is current-limited during this time. After charging the output capacitor to the input voltage, the device starts switching. If the input voltage is below 1.6V, the device runs open-loop with a fixed duty cycle of 70% until the output reaches 1.6V. During this time, the boost switch current is limited to DS22234B-page 12 50% of its nominal value. Once the output voltage reaches 1.6V, normal closed-loop PWM operation is initiated. The MCP1640/B/C/D charges an internal capacitor with a very weak current source. The voltage on this capacitor, in turn, slowly ramps the current limit of the boost switch to its nominal value. The soft-start capacitor is completely discharged in the event of a commanded shutdown or a thermal shutdown. There is no undervoltage lockout feature for the MCP1640/B/C/D. The device will start up at the lowest possible voltage and run down to the lowest possible voltage. For typical battery applications, this may result in “motor-boating” (emitting a low-frequency tone) for deeply discharged batteries. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 4.2.2 PWM-ONLY MODE OPERATION In normal PWM operation, the MCP1640/B/C/D operates as a fixed frequency, synchronous boost converter. The switching frequency is internally maintained with a precision oscillator typically set to 500 kHz. The MCP1640B/D devices will operate in PWM-Only mode even during periods of light load operation. By operating in PWM-Only mode, the output ripple remains low and the frequency is constant. Operating in fixed PWM mode results in lower efficiency during light load operation (when compared to PFM mode (MCP1640C)). Lossless current sensing converts the peak current signal to a voltage to sum with the internal slope compensation. This summed signal is compared to the voltage error amplifier output to provide a peak current control command for the PWM signal. The slope compensation is adaptive to the input and output voltage. Therefore, the converter provides the proper amount of slope compensation to ensure stability, but is not excessive, which causes a loss of phase margin. The peak current limit is set to 800 mA typical. 4.2.3 PFM MODE OPERATION The MCP1640C devices are capable of operating in normal PWM mode and PFM mode to maintain high efficiency at all loads. In PFM mode, the output ripple has a variable frequency component that changes with the input voltage and output current. With no load, the quiescent current draw from the output is typically 19 µA. The PFM mode can be disabled in selected device options. PFM operation is initiated if the output load current falls below an internally programmed threshold. The output voltage is continuously monitored. When the output voltage drops below its nominal value, PFM operation pulses one or several times to bring the output back into regulation. If the output load current rises above the upper threshold, the MCP1640C transitions smoothly into PWM mode. 4.2.4 ADJUSTABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE The MCP1640/B/C/D output voltage is adjustable with a resistor divider over a 2.0V minimum to 5.5V maximum range. High value resistors are recommended to minimize quiescent current to keep efficiency high at light loads. 4.2.5 ENABLE PIN 4.2.6 INTERNAL BIAS The MCP1640/B/C/D gets its start-up bias from VIN. Once the output exceeds the input, bias comes from the output. Therefore, once started, operation is completely independent of VIN. Operation is only limited by the output power level and the input source series resistance. When started, the output will remain in regulation down to 0.35V typical with 1 mA output current for low source impedance inputs. 4.2.7 INTERNAL COMPENSATION The error amplifier, with its associated compensation network, completes the closed loop system by comparing the output voltage to a reference at the input of the error amplifier, and feeding the amplified and inverted signal to the control input of the inner current loop. The compensation network provides phase leads and lags at appropriate frequencies to cancel excessive phase lags and leads of the power circuit. All necessary compensation components and slope compensation are integrated. 4.2.8 SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION Unlike most boost converters, the MCP1640/B/C/D allows its output to be shorted during normal operation. The internal current limit, and overtemperature protection, limit excessive stress and protect the device during periods of short circuit, overcurrent and overtemperature. While operating in Bypass mode, the P-Channel current limit is inhibited to minimize quiescent current. 4.2.9 LOW NOISE OPERATION The MCP1640/B/C/D integrates a low noise anti-ring switch that damps the oscillations typically observed at the switch node of a boost converter when operating in the Discontinuous Inductor Current mode. This removes the high frequency radiated noise. 4.2.10 OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION Overtemperature protection circuitry is integrated into the MCP1640/B/C/D. This circuitry monitors the device junction temperature and shuts the device off if the junction temperature exceeds the typical +150oC threshold. If this threshold is exceeded, the device will automatically restart when the junction temperature drops by 10oC. The soft start is reset during an overtemperature condition. The enable pin is used to turn the boost converter on and off. The enable threshold voltage varies with input voltage. To enable the boost converter, the EN voltage level must be greater than 90% of the VIN voltage. To disable the boost converter, the EN voltage must be less than 20% of the VIN voltage. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 13 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 14 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 5.0 APPLICATION INFORMATION 5.1 Typical Applications The MCP1640/B/C/D synchronous boost regulator operates over a wide input and output voltage range. The power efficiency is high for several decades of load range. Output current capability increases with input voltage and decreases with increasing output voltage. The maximum output current is based on the N-Channel peak current limit. Typical characterization curves in this data sheet are presented to display the typical output current capability. 5.2 Adjustable Output Voltage Calculations To calculate the resistor divider values for the MCP1640/B/C/D, the following equation can be used. Where RTOP is connected to VOUT, RBOT is connected to GND and both are connected to the FB input pin. EQUATION 5-1: R TOP = R VOUT ---------------- – 1 BOT V FB Example A: VOUT = 3.3V VFB = 1.21V RBOT = 309 k RTOP = 533.7 k (Standard Value = 536 k) 5.3 Input Capacitor Selection The boost input current is smoothed by the boost inductor reducing the amount of filtering necessary at the input. Some capacitance is recommended to provide decoupling from the source. Low ESR X5R or X7R are well suited since they have a low temperature coefficient and small size. For most applications, 4.7 µF of capacitance is sufficient at the input. For high power applications that have high source impedance or long leads, connecting the battery to the input 10 µF of capacitance is recommended. Additional input capacitance can be added to provide a stable input voltage. Table 5-1 contains the recommended range for the input capacitor value. 5.4 Output Capacitor Selection The output capacitor helps provide a stable output voltage during sudden load transients and reduces the output voltage ripple. As with the input capacitor, X5R and X7R ceramic capacitors are well suited for this application. The MCP1640/B/C/D is internally compensated so output capacitance range is limited. See Table 5-1 for the recommended output capacitor range. While the N-Channel switch is on, the output current is supplied by the output capacitor COUT. The amount of output capacitance and equivalent series resistance will have a significant effect on the output ripple voltage. While COUT provides load current, a voltage drop also appears across its internal ESR that results in ripple voltage. Example B: VOUT = 5.0V EQUATION 5-2: VFB = 1.21V I RBOT = 309 k OUT = C OUT dV ------- dt RTOP = 967.9 k (Standard Value = 976 k) There are some potential issues with higher value resistors. For small surface mount resistors, environment contamination can create leakage paths that significantly change the resistor divider that effect the output voltage. The FB input leakage current can also impact the divider and change the output voltage tolerance. Where dV represents the ripple voltage and dt represents the ON time of the N-Channel switch (D * 1/ FSW). Table 5-1 contains the recommended range for the input and output capacitor value. TABLE 5-1: CAPACITOR VALUE RANGE CIN 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. COUT Min 4.7 µF 10 µF Max none 100 µF DS22234B-page 15 MCP1640/B/C/D 5.5 Inductor Selection The MCP1640/B/C/D is designed to be used with small surface mount inductors; the inductance value can range from 2.2 µH to 10 µH. An inductance value of 4.7 µH is recommended to achieve a good balance between inductor size, converter load transient response and minimized noise. TABLE 5-2: Part Number MCP1640/B/C/D RECOMMENDED INDUCTORS Value DCR (µH) (typ) ISAT (A) Size WxLxH (mm) Coilcraft® EPL2014-472 4.7 0.23 1.06 2.0x2.0x1.4 EPL3012-472 4.7 0.165 1.1 3.0x3.0x1.3 MSS4020-472 4.7 0.115 1.5 4.0x4.0x2.0 LPS6225-472 4.7 0.065 3.2 6.0x6.0x2.4 SD3110 4.7 0.285 0.68 3.1x3.1x1.0 SD3112 4.7 0.246 0.80 3.1x3.1x1.2 SD3114 4.7 0.251 1.14 3.1x3.1x1.4 SD3118 4.7 0.162 1.31 3.8x3.8x1.2 SD3812 4.7 0.256 1.13 3.8x3.8x1.2 SD25 4.7 0.0467 1.83 5.0x5.0x2.5 Value (µH) DCR (max) ISAT (A) Size WxLxH (mm) Coiltronics® Part Number Several parameters are used to select the correct inductor: maximum rated current, saturation current and copper resistance (ESR). For boost converters, the inductor current can be much higher than the output current. The lower the inductor ESR, the higher the efficiency of the converter, a common trade-off in size versus efficiency. Peak current is the maximum or limit, and saturation current typically specifies a point at which the inductance has rolled off a percentage of the rated value. This can range from a 20% to 40% reduction in inductance. As inductance rolls off, the inductor ripple current increases as does the peak switch current. It is important to keep the inductance from rolling off too much, causing switch current to reach the peak limit. 5.6 The MCP1640/B/C/D is available in two different packages, 6-Lead SOT23 and 8-Lead 2x3 DFN. By calculating the power dissipation and applying the package thermal resistance, (JA), the junction temperature is estimated. The maximum continuous junction temperature rating for the MCP1640/B/C/D is +125oC. To quickly estimate the internal power dissipation for the switching boost regulator, an empirical calculation using measured efficiency can be used. Given the measured efficiency, the internal power dissipation is estimated by Equation 5-3. EQUATION 5-3: Wurth Elektronik® WE-TPC Type TH 4.7 0.200 0.8 2.8x2.8x1.35 WE-TPC Type S 4.7 0.105 0.90 3.8x3.8x1.65 WE-TPC Type M 4.7 0.082 1.65 4.8x4.8x1.8 WE-TPC Type X 4.7 0.046 2.00 6.8x6.8x2.3 Value (µH) DCR (max) ISAT (A) Size WxLxH (mm) CMH23 4.7 0.537 0.70 2.3x2.3x1.0 CMD4D06 4.7 0.216 0.75 3.5x4.3x0.8 CDRH4D 4.7 0.09 0.800 4.6x4.6x1.5 B82462A2472 M000 4.7 0.084 2.00 6.0x6.0x2.5 B82462G4472 M 4.7 0.04 1.8 6.3x6.3x3.0 Part Number Sumida® EPCOS® DS22234B-page 16 Thermal Calculations V I OUT OUT ------------------------------------– V I = P Efficiency OUT OUT Dis The difference between the first term – input power, and the second term – power delivered, is the internal MCP1640/B/C/D power dissipation. This is an estimate, assuming that most of the power lost is internal to the MCP1640/B/C/D and not CIN, COUT and the inductor. There is some percentage of power lost in the boost inductor, with very little loss in the input and output capacitors. For a more accurate estimation of internal power dissipation, subtract the IINRMS2*LESR power dissipation. 5.7 PCB Layout Information Good printed circuit board layout techniques are important to any switching circuitry; and, switching power supplies are no different. When wiring the switching high current paths, short and wide traces should be used. Therefore it is important that the input and output capacitors be placed as close as possible to the MCP1640/B/C/D to minimize the loop area. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D The feedback resistors and feedback signal should be routed away from the switching node and the switching current loop. When possible, ground planes and traces should be used to help shield the feedback signal and minimize noise and magnetic interference. Via to GND Plane RBOT RTOP +VIN +VOUT CIN L MCP1640 1 GND GND FIGURE 5-1: COUT Via for Enable MCP1640/B/C/D SOT23-6 Recommended Layout. Wired on Bottom Plane L +VIN +VOUT COUT CIN GND MCP1640 RTOP 1 RBOT Enable GND FIGURE 5-2: MCP1640/B/C/D DFN-8 Recommended Layout. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 17 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 18 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 6.0 TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUITS L1 4.7 µH MANGANESE LITHIUM DIOXIDE BUTTON CELL + 2.0V TO 3.2V - VOUT 5.0V @ 5 mA SW V OUT VIN CIN 4.7 µF 976 K VFB EN COUT 10 µF 309 K ® FROM PIC MCU I/O Note: FIGURE 6-1: GND For applications that can operate directly from the battery input voltage during Sleep mode and require a higher voltage during Normal Run mode, the MCP1640C device provides input to output bypass when disabled. The PIC® microcontroller is powered by the output of the MCP1640C. One of its I/O pins is used to enable and disable the MCP1640C to control its bias voltage. While operating in Sleep mode, the MCP1640C input quiescent current is typically less than 1 uA. Manganese Lithium Coin Cell Application Using Bypass Mode. L1 10 µH VIN 3.3V To 4.2V LI-ION + - FIGURE 6-2: CIN 10 µF SW V VOUT 5.0V @ 350 mA OUTS VIN VOUTP EN VFB 976 K COUT 10 µF 309 K PGND SGND USB On-The-Go Powered by Li-Ion. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 19 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 20 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D 7.0 PACKAGING INFORMATION 7.1 Package Marking Information (Not to Scale) 6-Lead SOT-23 Example XXNN BZNN Package Marking MCP1640 BZNN MCP1640C BXNN MCP1640B BWNN MCP1640D BYNN 8-Lead DFN Example XXX YWW NN AHM 945 25 Package Marking Legend: XX...X Y YY WW NNN e3 * Note: MCP1640 AHM MCP1640C AHQ MCP1640C AHP MCP1640D AHR Customer-specific information Year code (last digit of calendar year) Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year) Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’) Alphanumeric traceability code Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn) This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3) can be found on the outer packaging for this package. In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available characters for customer-specific information. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 21 MCP1640/B/C/D /HDG3ODVWLF6PDOO2XWOLQH7UDQVLVWRU&+>[email protected] 1RWH )RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ b 4 N E E1 PIN 1 ID BY LASER MARK 1 2 3 e e1 D A A2 c φ L A1 L1 8QLWV 'LPHQVLRQ/LPLWV 1XPEHURI3LQV 0,//,0(7(56 0,1 1 120 0$; 3LWFK H %6& 2XWVLGH/HDG3LWFK H %6& 2YHUDOO+HLJKW $ ± 0ROGHG3DFNDJH7KLFNQHVV $ ± 6WDQGRII $ ± 2YHUDOO:LGWK ( ± 0ROGHG3DFNDJH:LGWK ( ± 2YHUDOO/HQJWK ' ± )RRW/HQJWK / ± )RRWSULQW / ± )RRW$QJOH ± /HDG7KLFNQHVV F ± /HDG:LGWK E ± 1RWHV 'LPHQVLRQV'DQG(GRQRWLQFOXGHPROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQV0ROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQVVKDOOQRWH[FHHGPPSHUVLGH 'LPHQVLRQLQJDQGWROHUDQFLQJSHU$60(<0 %6& %DVLF'LPHQVLRQ7KHRUHWLFDOO\H[DFWYDOXHVKRZQZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHV 0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ &% DS22234B-page 22 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D Note: For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at http://www.microchip.com/packaging 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 23 MCP1640/B/C/D /HDG3ODVWLF'XDO)ODW1R/HDG3DFNDJH0&±[[PP%RG\>')[email protected] 1RWH )RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ e D b N N L K E2 E EXPOSED PAD NOTE 1 NOTE 1 2 1 1 2 D2 BOTTOM VIEW TOP VIEW A A3 A1 NOTE 2 8QLWV 'LPHQVLRQ/LPLWV 1XPEHURI3LQV 0,//,0(7(56 0,1 1 120 0$; 3LWFK H 2YHUDOO+HLJKW $ 6WDQGRII $ &RQWDFW7KLFNQHVV $ 5() 2YHUDOO/HQJWK ' %6& 2YHUDOO:LGWK ( ([SRVHG3DG/HQJWK ' ± ([SRVHG3DG:LGWK ( ± E &RQWDFW/HQJWK / &RQWDFWWR([SRVHG3DG . ± ± &RQWDFW:LGWK %6& %6& 1RWHV 3LQYLVXDOLQGH[IHDWXUHPD\YDU\EXWPXVWEHORFDWHGZLWKLQWKHKDWFKHGDUHD 3DFNDJHPD\KDYHRQHRUPRUHH[SRVHGWLHEDUVDWHQGV 3DFNDJHLVVDZVLQJXODWHG 'LPHQVLRQLQJDQGWROHUDQFLQJSHU$60(<0 %6& %DVLF'LPHQVLRQ7KHRUHWLFDOO\H[DFWYDOXHVKRZQZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHV 5() 5HIHUHQFH'LPHQVLRQXVXDOO\ZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHIRULQIRUPDWLRQSXUSRVHVRQO\ 0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ && DS22234B-page 24 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D Note: For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at http://www.microchip.com/packaging 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 25 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 26 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D APPENDIX A: REVISION HISTORY Revision B (March 2011) The following is the list of modifications: 1. 2. Updated Table 5-2. Added the package markings tables Section 7.0 “Packaging Information”. in Revision A (February 2010) Original release of this document. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22234B-page 27 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 28 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. MCP1640/B/C/D PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, contact your local Microchip representative or sales office. PART NO. X X /XX Device Tape and Reel Temperature Range Package Device MCP1640: MCP1640T: MCP1640B: MCP1640BT: MCP1640C: MCP1640CT: MCP1640D: MCP1640DT: 0.65V, PWM/PFM True Disconnect, Sync Boost Regulator 0.65V, PWM/PFM True Disconnect, Sync Boost Regulator (Tape and Reel) 0.65V, PWM Only True Disconnect, Sync Boost Regulator 0.65V, PWM Only True Disconnect, Sync Boost Regulator (Tape and Reel) 0.65V, PWM/PFM Input to Output Bypass, Sync Boost Regulator 0.65V, PWM/PFM Input to Output Bypass, Sync Boost Regulator (Tape and Reel) 0.65V, PWM Only Input to Output Bypass, Sync Boost Regulator 0.65V, PWM Only Input to Output Bypass, Sync Boost Regulator (Tape and Reel) Temperature Range I = -40C to +85C (Industrial) Package CH = Plastic Small Outline Transistor (SOT-23), 6-lead MC = Plastic Dual Flat, No Lead (2x3 DFN), 8-lead Examples: a) MCP1640-I/MC: b) MCP1640T-I/MC: c) MCP1640B-I/MC: d) MCP1640BT-I/MC: e) MCP1640C-I/MC: f) MCP1640CT-I/MC: g) MCP1640D-I/MC: h) MCP1640DT-I/MC: i) MCP1640T-I/CHY: j) k) l) 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 8LD-DFN pkg. Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 6LD SOT-23 pkg. MCP1640BT-I/CHY: Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 6LD SOT-23 pkg. MCP1640CT-I/CHY: Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 6LD SOT-23 pkg. MCP1640DT-I/CHY: Tape and Reel, 0.65V, Sync Reg., 6LD SOT-23 pkg. DS22234B-page 29 MCP1640/B/C/D NOTES: DS22234B-page 30 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART, PIC32 logo, rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard, dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Omniscient Code Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit, PICtail, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2011, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. ISBN: 978-1-60932-829-0 Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified. 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. 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