AKM AK4533

[ASAHI KASEI]
AK4533
Audio Codec with Touch Screen Controller
Featues
[ADC]
• 1ch mono16-bit ADC (For Microphone)
st
• 1 MIC Amplifier: 20dB Fixed Gain
nd
• 2 Amplifier: from -8dB to +27.5dB (0.5dB step)
• AGC function
• Analog Performance:
- S/N: 82dBA @ fs=44.1kHz, MIC_GAIN=20dB(AGC=off, 0dB)
[Sampling Frequency]
Audio : from 8kHz to 44.1kHz
[DAC]
• 2ch(stereo) DAC
• Single End output
• Digital Attenuator
• Analog Performance
- S/N: [email protected]= 44.1kHz
[Touch Screen/Battery Check]
• SAR type A/D Converter: 12bit(10bit accuracy)
S/H circuit
4-1 Multiplex (2ch :Touch Screen, 2ch : Check for the battery)
• Low Power Current: 20mA
• Low Voltage Operation
- Analog, Digital: 3.0V
• Small Package: 48pin LQFP
[General Description]
The AK4533 is audio codec with touch screen controller. The AK4533 incorporates several functions into one-chip; the
position detection of the touch screen, the measurement of battery voltage, the record of the voice, and the playback of audio
data.
The AK4533 has monaural A/D converter with AGC, and stereo D/A converter with digital attenuator. As codec can operate
from 8kHz to 44.1kHz, the AK4533 can playback the sound like MP3 with high quality. On-chip digital attenuator with 1.5dB
step can control DAC volume without the increase of CPU load. As AGC with 0.5dB step automatically controls voice input
level to the appropriate level, the voice can be recorded clearly. As the AK4533 also has on-chip 20dB fixed gain preamplifier
in addition to AGC, no other external preamplifier for microphone is required.
The AK4533 controls the voltages which are supplied to two pairs of electrode of touch screen. As the AK4533 also has
12bit/100kHz sampling SAR type A/D converter, it is possible to detect the pressed location by two A/D conversions. 12 bit
digital code is output through serial interface. The AK4533 also has 2 analog channels as the input of Touch Screen A/D
converter. The main purpose is for the measurement of the battery voltage.
As the AK4533 is small package, and can operate from 2.7V with low power consumption, it is suitable for mobile products,
especially PDA.
<Revision 0.9a>
0
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
MICOUT AIN
VCOMAD
AFILT
VCOM
MCLK
AGC
(IPGA)
+20dB
MICIN
Audio
16bit
ADC
I/F
16bit
DAC
LOUT
SCLK
LRCK
SDI
SDO
DATT
ROUT
Audio &
Panel
Control
Registers
CCLK
CS
CDTI
CDTO
TSX_TOP
Touch
TSX_BTM
TSY_TOP
TPVREFIN
VREF
Control
Panel
Control
TSY_BTM
12bit
ADC
BTI_1
BTI_2
Touch
Panel
I/F
INT
PW
TADE
TADCK
TADRDY
TADOUT
VD
DGND
VA
AGND
PDB
RESETB
BLOCK DIAGRAM
<Revision 0.9a>
1
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„Pin Configuration
26
NC
27
VA1
28
AGND1
29
VCOM
30
VCOMAD
31
AFILT
32
AIN
33
MICOUT
34
MICIN
35
TPVREFIN
BTI_1
BTI_2
36
25
NC
37
24
ROUT
TSX_TOP
38
23
LOUT
TSX_BTM
39
22
NC
VA2
40
21
VB
AGND2
41
20
TST3
TSY_TOP
42
19
TST2
TSY_BTM
43
18
TST1
NC
44
17
TST0
INT
45
16
PDB
TADRDY
46
15
RESETB
TADOUT
47
14
MCLK
TADCK
48
13
SDI
CS
CCLK
CDTI
CDTO
8
9
10
11
12
NC
TADE
7
LRCK
6
SCLK
5
SDO
4
VD
3
DGND
2
NC
<Revision 0.9a>
1
2
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
PIN/FUNCTION
No.
Signal Name
Power Supply
7
DGND
8
VD
21 VB
26 VA1
27 AGND1
40 VA2
41 AGND2
Reset/Power Down
15 RESETB
16
PDB
Audio CODEC
9
SDO
10 SCLK
I/O
-
Digital Ground
Digital Power Supply : +3V
Power Supply(Bulk) : +3V
Analog Power Supply : +3V
Analog Ground
Analog Power Supply : +3V
Analog Ground
I
Reset Pin
The device is powered down except for VCOM when this pin is “L”. All
registers are cleared and are set to default values.
Power down Pin
All blocks including VCOM are powered down when this pin is set to “L”.
I
O
O
11
LRCK
O
13
14
SDI
MCLK
I
I
23
LOUT
O
24
ROUT
O
28
VCOM
O
29
VCOMAD
O
30
AFILT
I
31
AIN
I
32
MICOUT
O
33
MICIN
I
<Revision 0.9a>
Description
Audio ADC Serial Data Output
Audio data Serial Output/Input Clock : 32fs
The device outputs ADC data through SDO pin at the falling edge of SCLK
clock. The device latches DAC (input) data through SDI pin at the rising
edge of SCLK clock.
Left/Right channel Select Clock, 1fs
H: Left channel, L: Right channel
When both of ADC block and DAC block go into power-down mode, this pin
outputs “L”. Either of block is active, the device outputs LRCK clock.
Audio DAC Serial Data Input
Master Clock Input
256fs or 512fs, which is selected by MSEL bit in the Control Register, master
clock is input to this pin.
DAC Left Channel Analog Output
Note) Load resistance must be greater than 10KΩ. Load capacitance must
be less than 50pF.
DAC Right channel Analog Output
Note) Load resistance must be greater than 10KΩ. Load capacitance must
be less than 50pF.
Analog Common Voltage Output
Reference voltage of all analog circuit block (VA/2)
Connect 4.7uF and 0.1uF capacitors
Analog Common Voltage Output for ADC
Reference voltage of ADC block
Connect 4.7uF and 0.1uF capacitors
Anti aliasing Filter for A/D Input
Connect 1nF capacitor.
Analog Input
Input inverting analog signal which is output from MICOUT pin
1uF capacitor is connected between MICOUT pin and AIN pin.
Microphone Analog Output
Output inverting analog signal with 20dB gain of MICIN signal.
Microphone Analog Input
Input analog signal from microphone
3
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
No.
Signal Name
I/O
Audio & Touch Panel Control I/F
3
CS
I
4
CCLK
I
5
CDTI
I
6
CDTO
O
Touch Screen & watch Power-supply
34 TPVREFIN
I
35
BTI_1
I
36
BTI_2
I
38
TSX_TOP
I/O
39
TSX_BTM
I/O
42
TSY_TOP
I/O
43
TSY_BTM
I/O
<Revision 0.9a>
Description
Control Data Chip Select
When read/write Touch Screen/Audio Control Data, set CS pin to “H”.
Read/Write operation requires 16 CCLK cycles. CS pin must be set to “L”
once per one Read/Write operation.
Audio/Touch Screen Data Control Clock Input
Clock signal used for Touch Screen/Audio control I/F.
Touch Screen/Audio Control Data Input
Control data is input to CDTI pin. The device latches data at the rising edge
of CCLK.
Touch Screen/Audio Control Data Output
Control data is output through CDTO pin. The device outputs data at the
falling edge of CCLK.
Touch Screen Reference Voltage Input
The TPVREFIN voltage is referenced as full scale of Touch Screen A/D
converter(TSADC)
This pin should be connected to 4.7uF and 0.1uF capacitors. Note that
maximum voltage is VA.
Battery level check Input_1
Note that maximum voltage is VA.
Battery level check Input_2
Note that maximum voltage is VA.
Touch Screen X_ TOP plate Voltage supply
„Measurement of the position on X axis: This pin supplies the voltage to the
top side of the touch screen(normal mode -> VA, reverse mode -> AGND)
„ Measurement of the position on Y axis: The Input to Touch Screen A/D
converter(TSADC)
„Powerdown Mode : OPEN
„Pen Waiting Mode: OPEN
Touch Screen X_ BOTTOM plate Voltage supply
„Measurement of the position on X axis: This pin supplies the voltage to the
bottom side of the touch screen(normal mode -> AGND, reverse mode ->
VA)
„ Measurement of the position on Y axis: OPEN
„Powerdown Mode : OPEN
„ Pen Waiting Mode: This pin is connected to AGND through the resister.
Touch Screen Y_ TOP plate Voltage supply
„Measurement of the position on Y axis: This pin supplies the voltage to the
top side of the touch screen(normal mode -> VA, reverse mode -> AGND)
„ Measurement of the position on X axis: The Input to Touch Screen A/D
converter(TSADC)
„Powerdown Mode : OPEN
„Pen Waiting Mode: OPEN
Touch Screen Y_ BOTTOM plate Voltage supply
„Measurement of the position on Y axis: This pin supplies the voltage to the
bottom side of the touch screen(normal mode -> AGND, reverse mode ->
VA)
„ Measurement of the position on X axis: OPEN
„Powerdown Mode : OPEN
„ Pen Waiting Mode: Supplies VA.
4
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
No.
2
Signal Name
TADE
I/O
I
45
INT
O
46
TADRDY
O
47
TADOUT
O
48
TADCK
I
Miscellaneous
17 TST0
-
18
TST1
-
19
TST2
-
20
TST3
-
1
12
22
25
37
44
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
-
<Revision 0.9a>
Description
Touch Panel A/D Data Chip Enable Pin
This pin enables the output of Touch Screen A/D converter when it goes to
“H”. ADC starts tracking at the rising edge. A/D Conversion and the output
require 16 TADCK clock cycles. This pin should be set to “L” once per one
A/D conversion.
Interrupt
This pin is “H” ONLY when the touch screen is pressed. In other cases, the
pin is “L”.
Touch Screen A/D data Output Ready
When Touch Screen A/D converter is ready to output data, TADRDY pin goes
to “H”. This pin goes back to “L” after 12 bit data is output.
Touch Screen A/D Data Output
MSB of A/D data is output at the rising edge of TADRDY is “H”. Other bits of
data are output at the falling edge of TADCK clock
Touch Panel ADC Clock
This clock is used for A/D conversion and for the output of data One A/D
conversion needs 16 TADCK clock cycle.
Test pin 0
Should be Connected to DGND.
Test pin 1
Should be Connected to DGND.
Test pin 2
Should be Connected to DGND.
Test pin 3
Should be Connected to DGND.
Non Connection
Non Connection
Non Connection
Non Connection
Non Connection
Non Connection
5
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
AGND, DGND=0V
Parameter
Power Supplies
Analog
Digital
Input Current (any pins except for supplies)
Analog Input Voltage
Note2)
Digital Input Voltage
Note2)
Touch Panel Drive Current
Ambient Temperature
All voltages with respect to ground.
Symbol
Min
max
Units
VA
VD
IIN
VINA
VIND
IOUTDRV
Ta
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
6.0
6.0(VA+0.3)
±10
6.0(VA+0.3)
6.0(VA+0.3)
50
70
V
V
mA
V
V
mA
°C
-10
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
AGND, DGND=0V
Parameter
Power Supplies
Analog
Digital
Symbol
min
typ
max
Units
VA
VD
2.7
2.7
3.0
3.0
3.63
VA
V
V
All voltages with respect to ground.
<Revision 0.9a>
6
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS
Ta=25°C, AVdd=DVdd=3.0V, signal=1kHz, Sampling Frequency : Fs=44.1kHz Measurement frequency=20 ∼ 20kHz
unless otherwise specified
Parameter
min
typ
Max
Units
Mono(1ch) ADC
Resolution
16
Bits
S/N (A weighting)
82
dBA
@ MIC gain=20dB, IPGA=0dB
S/(N+D)
77
dB
@ MIC gain=20dB, IPGA=0dB, Ain= - 1dBFS
Input voltage Range
0.06*VA
Vp-p
@ MIC gain=20dB, IPGA=0dB
MIC Amplifier
Input Impedance
30
k:
Gain(Fixed)
20
dB
AGC(IPGA)
Step Size
0.5
dB
Gain Control Range
-8
27.5
dB
Stereo(2ch)DAC:
Resolution
16
Bits
S/N (A weighting)
@fs=44.1kHz, Fin=1kHz, noise band=20kHz, 256fs_mode
88
dBA
( Reference ) @fs=8kHz, fin=1kHz, noise band=20kHz,
84
dBA
512fs_mode
S/(N+D)
84
dB
@fs=44.1kHz, Fin=1kHz, noise band=20kHz, 256fs_mode
Output Voltage
0.6*VA
Vp-p
Voltage Reference (Audio)
VCOM,VCOMAD
0.5*VA
V
ADC for Touch Panel
Resolution
12
Bits
Integral Linearity Error @100kHz
1.5
LSB
@ External Rin=500Ω, FS=3V(TP mode)
Differential Linearity Error @100kHz
1
LSB
@ External Rin=500Ω, FS=3V(TP mode)
Touch Panel Driver (ADC mode)
10
ON- Resistance (Top side) @VA=3V, RL=300Ω
Ω
10
ON- Resistance (Bottom side) @VA=3V, RL=300Ω
Ω
10
mA
( Reference ) Drive Current @VA=3V, RL=300Ω
Touch Panel Driver (Pen waiting State)
Pull down Resistance for TSX_Bottom
20
kΩ
TPVREFIN (VRIN)
2.5
VA
V
Power Supply Current (VA+VD)
Total Power ON (exclude TP_Drive current)
20
mA
Audio ADC + GAMP +IPGA (exclude VCOM)
9
mA
Audio DAC (2channel) (exclude VCOM)
9
mA
Touch Panel ADC (exclude TP_Drive current, VCOM)
1.2
mA
VCOM (RESTB=L)
0.37
mA
10
mA
Touch Panel Driver Current @VA=3V, RL=300Ω
Full Power Down (PDB=L)
3
uA
<Revision 0.9a>
7
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
FILTER CHARACTERISTICS
Ta=25°C,AVdd=DVdd=3.0V, Signal=1kHz, fs=44.1kHz
Parameter
Symbol
min
Typ
max
Units
ADC Digital Filter (LPF)
Pass band
PB
0
17.64
kHz
r0.2dB
Stop band
SB
26.46
2795.94
kHz
Stop band Attenuation
SA
70
dB
Absolute Delay
16.1
1/fs
(Note 1)
ADC Digital Filter (HPF)
Frequency Response
FR
-3dB
6.89
Hz
-0.5dB
19.3
Hz
-0.1dB
45.0
Hz
DAC Digital Filter
Pass band
PB
0
17.64
kHz
r0.2dB
Stop band
SB
26.46
326.34
kHz
Stop band Attenuation
SA
70
dB
Absolute Delay
(No te 1)
14.8
1/fs
DAC Digital Filter + Analog Filter
FR
dB
Frequency Response 0 ∼ 17.64kHz
±1.0
Note 1: Absolute delay time caused by digital filter only (not including analog delta sigma, digital delta sigma, and
analog post filter.)
ADC DF: to the LRCK rising edge before data is output.
DAC DF: from the next LRCK rising edge after both channel data is set.
DC CHARACTERISTICS (Logic I/O)
Ta=25°C,VA=VD=3.0V
Parameter
“H” level input voltage
Symbol
VIH
“L” level input voltage
VIL
“H” level output voltage
“L” level output voltage
<Revision 0.9a>
(@ Iout = -400uA)
(@ Iout= 400uA)
VOH
VOL
min
0.7xVD
Typ
-
VD-0.4
-
-
max
Units
V
0.3xVD
0.4
V
V
V
8
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
SWITCHING CHARACHTERISTICS
Ta= -10°C ∼ 70°C, AVdd=DVdd=2.7V ∼ 3.63V, CL=20pF
Parameter
Symbol
min
Audio
Master Clock Timing
4.096
fMCLK
MCLK_SEL=”L” (512fs mode)
5.6448
fMCLK
MCLK_SEL=”H” (256fs mode)
40
duty_MCLK
Pulse Width duty
fs
LRCK Frequency
8
MCLK_SEL=”L” (fMCLK/512)
22.05
MCLK_SEL=”H” (fMCLK/256)
LRCK duty
duty_LRCK
Serial Interface Timing
fSCLK
SCLK Frequency
40
duty_SCLK
SCLK duty
100
tSD_H
SDI Hold Time after “SCLK rising”
100
tSD_S
SDI Setup Time for “SCLK rising”
tLR_SDO
SDO(MSB) delay from “LRCK rising”
tSC_SDO
SDO delay from “SCLK falling”
-40
tLR_SCF
LRCK change to “SCLK falling”
Control Interface Timing
500
tCCK
CCLK Period
200
tCCKL
CCLK Pulse Width Low
200
tCCKH
CCLK Pulse Width High
100
tCDH
CDTI Hold Time after “CCLK rising”
100
tCDS
CDTI Setup Time for “CCLK rising”
200
tCSW
CS Low Level Time (for next command)
200
tCSS
“CS rising” to “CCLK rising” time
0(TBD)
tCSH
“CCLK falling” to “CS falling” time
0
tDCD
CDTO delay from “CCLK falling”
tCCL
16CCLK ↓ to CDTO =“L”
Touch Panel (A/D Converter)
Conversion Rate
TADCK
frequency
fTADCK
0.1
duty
duty_TADCK
45
TADE
“H” Level Period
16
Setup Time for “TADCLK rising”
tTADES
225
Hold Time after “TADCLK rising”
tTADEH
225
“L” Level Time for next Conversion
tTADE_LW
200
Tracking Time
tTRK
1.5
tTADD
TADOUT delay time from TADCLK ↓
TADRDY
“H” Level Period
tRDYD
TADCK ↓ to TADRDY change
Others
PDB Low Pulse Width
tPDB
200
RESETB Low Pulse Width
tRESETB
200
Input signal Rise/fall time (VIL to VIH)
(CS,CCLK,TADE,TADCK, MCLK)
<Revision 0.9a>
Typ
max
Units
50
11.2896
11.2896
60
MHz
MHz
%
50
22.05
44.1
-
kHz
kHz
%
32
50
-
60
-
fs
%
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
150
150
40
2000
-
100
100
50
12
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
125
kHz
2
55
MHz
%
150
cycle
ns
ns
ns
us
ns
50
cycle
ns
ns
ns
15
ns
9
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
1/fMCLK
MCLK
50%
1/fSCLK
SCLK
50%
1/fs
LRCK
50%
1/fTADCK
TADCK
50%
Figure 1. Clock Timing
VOH
LRCK
VOL
VOH
SCLK
VOL
tLR_SDO
tSC_SDO
VOH
SDO
VOL
tSD_S
tSD_H
VIH
SDI
VIL
Figure 2. Audio Stream Data Interface Timing
<Revision 0.9a>
10
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
tCSW
VIH
CS
VIL
tCSS
tCCK
VIH
CCLK
VIL
tCDS
CDTI
tCCKH
tCDH
Read/Write
tCCKL
A2
VIH
A1
VIL
CDTO
“Low Level”
Figure 3. Control Data Interface Timing (Read/Write)
VIH
CS
VIL
tCSH
VIH
CCLK
CDTI
VIL
D3
CDTO
D2
D1
D0
“Low Level”
Figure 4. Control Data Interface Timing (Write Timing)
<Revision 0.9a>
11
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
“ H”
CS
CCLK
CDTI
A1
A0
tDCD
CDTO
D7
D6
Figure 5. Control Data Interface Timing (Read Timing <1>)
CS
CCLK
VIL
“Low Level”
CDTI
tCCL
CDTO
D3
D2
D1
D0
VOL
Figure 6. Control Data Interface Timing (Read Timing <2>)
<Revision 0.9a>
12
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
TADE
tTADES
fTADCK
TADCK
tRDYD
tTRK
TADRDY
tTADD
TADOUT
D11
D10
Figure 7. Touch Screen A/D Interface Timing <1>
VIH
TADE
VIL
tTADEH
VIH
TADCK
VIL
VOH
TADRDY
tRDYD
TADOUT
D5
D4
D2
D1
VOL
D0
Figure 8. Touch Screen A/D Interface Timing <2>
<Revision 0.9a>
13
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Overview
The AK4533 consists of three blocks; Audio A/D Converter, Audio D/A Converter, and Touch Screen A/D Converter. These blocks
operate independently. The following describes the overview of the device.
(1) 1 channel 16 bit audio A/D converter:
„ 64fs oversampling ∆-Σ type
„ On-chip decimation LPF and digital HPF
„ Audio Format: 2's complement, MSB first, serial output
„ Fixed Gain Amplifier for microphone input: +20dB
„ Input Programmable Gain Amplifier (IPGA) with automatic gain control (AGC) function
-8dB to +20dB, 0.5dB/step
„ Input signal range of ADC scales with the supply voltage: 0.6 x VA (excluding fixed gain amplifier)
„ Power down control independent with DAC block and Touch panel block
(2) 2 channel 16 bit audio D/A converter:
„ 128fs/256fs oversampling ∆-Σ type
„ 8 times interpolation digital filter
„ 2nd order SCF: single-ended
„ Audio format: 2's complement, MSB first, serial input
„ Digital ATT: 0dB to -22.5dB, 1.5dB/step
„ Output signal range of DAC scales with the supply voltage: 0.6 x VA
„ Power down control independent with L channel and R channel
(3) 1ch 12bit A/D converter for Touch Screen and Battery Measurement
„ 12bit Resolution, Successive Approximation Resistor (SAR) type
„ Two pairs of touch screen driver: X-axis and Y-axis
- Measurement of X-axis position: TSY_TOP pin is automatically selected.
- Measurement of Y-axis position: TSX_TOP pin is automatically selected.
„ Power Down Mode
- A/D converter goes to power down state
- Touch Screen Driver is open state.
„ Waiting State for Pen Interrupt
- TSY_BTM is connected to VA, and TSY_TOP is open state
- TSX_TOP is open state, and TSX_BTM is connected to AGND through internal resistor. When the touch
screen is pressed, the device outputs INT signal.
„ Measurement of Battery Voltage
- 2ch BTI inputs
- Full scale of BTI input is TPVREFIN
(4) Control Registers
„ 4-wire I/F: 8bit/word, 8words
„ The registers are set to default value by RESETB pin ("L" level)
„ This interface is used for IPGA (AGC), PD control, mode selection of Touch Screen
(5) Pin Control
„ PDB pin
- When PDB pin is "L", all blocks in the device including VCOM buffer goes to power-down state.
- Internal registers are set to default value.
- ADC for Touch Screen is power-down state (Pen Interrupt function is disabled).
- All digital output pins is "L".
- When PDB pin goes to "H", power-down state is cleared, and the device is ready to normal operation.
- VCOM buffer start to operation after exiting power-down state.
- It takes time for VCOM to settle the appropriate voltage through external capacitor. ([email protected])
„ RESETB pin
- All blocks in the device except for VCOM Buffer is power-down state when RESETB pin is "L".
- When RESETB pin is "L", internal registers are set to default value.
- ADC for Touch Screen is power-down state (Pen Interrupt function is disabled).
- All digital output pin is "L", and A/T I/F is NOT available when RESETB is "L".
<Revision 0.9a>
14
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Audio Block Diagram
Figure 9 shows audio codec block diagram
MICOUT
MICIN
LOUT
ROUT
20dB fixed
AMP
CTF &
Out Buff
CTF &
Out Buff
AIN
AFILT
-8dB to 27.5dB
AGC
1bit SC DAC
& 2nd order
4th order
Σ ∆ modulator
(64 times oversampling)
1/64 times 4th order
decimation digital filter
fs
8fs
128fs/
256fs
Digital Σ ∆ modulator
4th order,
128/256 time oversampling
1bit SC DAC
& 2nd order
16bit
2ch
8 times interpolation
digital filter(LPF type)
Digital ATT
0 to 22.5dB
fs
fs
Figure 9. Audio Codec Block Diagram
<Revision 0.9a>
15
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
General Description
„ Input/Output Interface
The AK4533 has the following three I/O interface:
(1) Audio Streaming Interface (AS I/F)
AS I/F is used to transport audio streams (A/D data and D/A data). 5-wire are used for AS I/F; MCLK, SCLK , LRCK, SDO, and
SDI
(2) Audio/Touch Screen Control Interface (A/T I/F)
A/T I/F is used to access internal registers for controlling audio function such as volume control or touch screen function. 4-wire
are used for A/T I/F; CCLK, CS, CDTO, and CDTI
(3) Touch Screen Interface (TS I/F)
TS I/F is used to transmit A/D data that is output from 12bit Touch Screen A/D converter. 4-wire are used for TS I/F; TADE,
TADCK, TADRDY, and TADOUT.
Audio Streaming I/F
MCLK
SCLK
LRCK
Processor
SDO
SDI
Audio/Touch Screen Control I/F
CCLK
CS
CDTO
CDTI
TADE
Touch Panel I/F
TADCK
TADRDY
TADOUT
Figure 10. AK4533 Three Interfaces
<Revision 0.9a>
16
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
(a) Audio Streaming I/F (AS I/F)
Audio data is transported by the control of 5-wire; MCLK, SCLK, LRCK, SDO, and SDI.
256fs or 512fs clock is input to MCLK pin as master clock for audio codec. The write the appropriate value to MSEL bit in the register
0h through A/T I/F is needed before master clock is input to the device. If the sampling frequency (fs) is equal to or less than 22.05kHz,
MSEL bit should be set to "0", which selects 512fs mode to suppress out-band noise. If fs is more than 22.05kHz, MSEL bit must be set
to "1", which select 256fs mode.
Note that MSEL bit should be set under power-down state (ADPD = "1", DALPD="1", DARPD="1")
Bit clock is 32fs that is synchronized to master clock, and is output via SCLK pin. Audio frame signal is also output via LRCK pin, and
its frequency is fs. The device keeps LRCK signal high level for 1/2fs period in which left channel data is input to or output from the
device, and keeps LRCK signal low level for 1/2fs period in which right channel data is input to the device. If at least one of ADPD bit,
DALPD bit, or DARPD bit is "0", LRCK signal and SCLK signal are output from the device. If all of the above bits are "1", SCLK and
LRCK are fixed to "L" level.
A/D data is 1 channel, and is output via SDO pin while LRCK is "H". A/D data format is 2's complement, 16 bit, and MSB first. SDO
is "L" while LRCK is "L". As A/D data is output at the falling edge of SCLK, A/D data should be latched at the rising edge of SCLK.
Left channel D/A data and right channel D/A data should be input in the first half of Ts and in the second half of Ts respectively. The
device latches D/A data at the rising edge of SCLK, D/A data must be input to SDI pin at the falling edge of SCLK. D/A data format is
2's complement, 16 bit, and MSB first.
1/32fs period
Frame Period (Ts=1/fs)
SLCK(o)
LRCK(o)
SDO (o)
D15 D14
D2 D1 D0
ADC Data
SDI(i)
D1 D0 D15 D14
D2 D1 D0 D15 D14
D2 D1 D0
Rch DAC Data
Lch DAC Data
Figure 11. Audio Streaming Data Timing
Table 1 shows the relationship between Sampling frequency (fs) and master clock frequency.
Sampling Frequency (fs)
44.1kHz
22.05kHz
11.025kHz
8.0kHz
MSEL bit
“1”(256fs mode)
“0”(512fs mode)
“0”(512fs mode)
“0”(512fs mode)
MCLK
11.2896MHz
11.2896MHz
5.6448MHz
4.096MHz
SCLK (32fs)
1.4112MHz
705.6kHz
352.8kHz
256kHz
LRCK (1fs)
44.1kHz
22.05kHz
11.025kHz
8.0kHz
Table 1. The relationship between sampling frequency and master clock frequency
<Revision 0.9a>
17
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
(b) Audio/Touch Screen Control Interface(A/T I/F)
The AK4533 incorporates 4 pin (CCLK, CS, CDTO, and CDTI) digital serial interface that links it to the external controller. This
interface is used to access to the internal register. T/C I/F protocol has 16 bit field, and consists of three groups; one write/read bit, three
address bits, and eight control bits. Data format is MSB first.
„ Write to the register
A/T interface is enabled by the CS pin = "H". In this mode, internal registers may be either written to or read from 4-wire uP interface.
The device can recognizes the write request by the first bit = "1". Address and data is also clocked in via CDTI pin at the rising edge of
CCLK. For write operation the control data is latched at the rising edge of 16th CCLK, after high-to-low transition. When more than
16 CCLK is input, the device ignores the CCLK. CS can be returned to "L" at the same time of 16th falling edge of CCLK. CS pin
should be "L" once after the write cycle terminates.
For read operation, the device can recognizes the read request by the first bit = "0". Address is clocked in via CDTI pin at the rising
edge of CCLK. The AK4533 outputs the addressed value via CDTO pin from the 8th falling edge of CCLK. At the 16th falling edge
of CCLK, CDTO outputs "L". When more than 16 CCLK is input, CDTO still outputs "L". CS can be returned to "L" at the same time
of 16th falling edge of CCLK. CS pin should be "L" once after the write cycle terminates.
CCLK, CS, and CDTI should be "L" while the device is idle state. CDTO is "L" under idle state.
("Idle state" means that the read/write operation is NOT executed)
1
CCLK(i)
“L”
CS(i)
“L”
CDTI(i)
“L”
8
“1” A2 A1 A0
9
16
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
“L”
(1) Write to the register
1
CCLK(i)
“L”
CS(i)
“L”
CDTI(i)
“L”
CDTO(o)
“L”
8
16
9
“0” A2 A1 A0
“L”
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
“L”
(2)Read from the register
A2-A0:
Address
D7-D0:
Data
Figure 12. Audio/Touch Screen Control Interface Timing
<Revision 0.9a>
18
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Table 2 shows the control registers. (See " „Touch Screen Control Register " for the detail of 07h register)
Note that MCLK should be present when a register is accessed.
Addr
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
AGC
X
X
X
X
X
TH1
TH0
AGC Control
LSTEP1
LSTEP0
X
X
RSTEP1 RSTEP0
RWT1
RWT0
Limit/Recovery Control
X
IPGA6
IPGA5
IPGA4
IPGA3
IPGA2
IPGA1
IPGA0
IPGA Control
X
REF6
REF5
REF4
REF3
REF2
REF1
REF0
Recovery Reference Level
Mute
X
X
X
M3
M2
M1
M0
DATT Control
MSEL
X
X
X
X
DARPD
DALPD
ADPD
Audio Powerdown &
Clock Control
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Reserve
TSPD
PW
X
X
D3
D2
D1
D0
Touch Screen Control
(The value of the registers is cleared and is set to default value when PDB pin or RESETB is set to "L".)
Default
03
01
10
36
00
07
00
80
Table 2. The AK4533 Register Map
AGC Control
When AGC bit is set to "0", AGC operation is inhibited. IPGA can be changed by writing to IPGA Control Register directly if AGC bit
is "0". When AGC bit is set to "1", AGC function is activated.
Before AGC operation, related registers, 00h - 03h, and MSEL (05h), should be set to appropriate value. (TH1/TH0 bits and AGC bit
can be set at the same time.)
Note that MSEL bit must be changed under power-down state (D0, D1, and D2 is set to "1")
When AGC operation starts, the AK4533 uses the value of IPGA Control Register as initial value. After that, IPGA value is updated
automatically. When the read of 02h register is executed, the AK4533 outputs the value which is updated by AGC circuit. Note that the
value is not the same as the value that was stored at the start of AGC operation. The write operation to 02h register is ignored.
When ADC is set to power-down mode (ADPD="1"), 00h - 03h registers are set to default values. After power-down mode is cleared
(ADPD = "0"), the write to the register is enabled. The period (516Ts@ MSEL="1", [email protected]=“0”) is required until VREFAD
is stable. The write to the registers is possible in this initial period, but AGC function is disabled for this period. The AK4533 initiates
AGC operation automatically after the end of the period.
Addr = 00h
AGC:
AGC Operation Enable
(0: Disable
1: Enable)
“1”: AGC Operation ”0”: Gain can be changed directly through A/T I/F
<Revision 0.9a>
19
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ Overview of AGC operation
The AK4533 detects and compares the analog input level of ADC per 64fs. The AK4533 has three zones for AGC operation; Limit
Zone, Recovery Zone, and Insensitive Zone. At first, AGC circuit detects the zone in which the signal level is, and detects how long the
signal is in that zone.
If the signal level enters in Limit Zone that is specified by TH0 bit and TH1 bit, AGC automatically decreases IPGA value per the step
that is specified by LSTEP0 bit and LSTEP1 bit to suppress the signal.
If the signal is in Recovery Zone in the period that is called as "Recovery Time", AGC automatically increases IPGA value per the step
that is specified by RSTEP0 bit and RSTEP1 bi to amplify the signal. Recovery Time is specified by RWT0 bit, RWT1 bit and MSEL
bit.
If the signal level is in Insensitive Zone, which is named for the area between Limit Zone and Recovery Zone, AGC does nothing, and
Recovery Counter is cleared.
Reference level of Limit Zone and Recovery Zone can be changed by the combination of TH0 bit and TH1 bit as Table 3.
Addr = 00h
default
TH1-0:
TH1
0
0
1
1
TH0
0
1
0
1
AGC Level
The Range of Limit Zone
ADC_INPUT ≥-8.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≥-6.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≥-4.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≥-2.0dBFS
The Range of Recovery Zone
ADC_INPUT ≤ -10.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≤ -8.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≤ -6.0dBFS
ADC_INPUT ≤ -4.0dBFS
Senseless Zone
-8.0dBFS > ADC_INPUT > -10.0dBFS
-6.0dBFS > ADC_INPUT > -8dBFS
-4.0dBFS > ADC_INPUT > -6dBFS
-2.0dBFS > ADC_INPUT > -4.0dBFS
Table 3. Setting of Limit/Recovery Zone
„Limit Operation
When signal enters Limit Zone, IPGA value is actually updated when the signal crosses the signal ground. As the special case, if the
signal doesn't cross the ground within the timeout period that is specified by the Table 4 although the input signal entered Limit Zone
once, the AK4533 forces to decrease IPGA value after the specified timeout passes.
MSEL
“L”
60Ts
8kHz
11.025kHz
22.05kHz
44.1kHz
Zero-Cross Timeout
7.5ms
5.4ms
2.7ms
NA
“H”
124Ts
8kHz
11.025kHz
22.05kHz
44.1kHz
NA
NA
NA
2.8ms
Table 4. Zero-Cross Timeout Table for Limit Operation.
Addr = 01h
LSTEP1-0:
ATT Step at Limit Operation
LSTEP0 bit and LSTEP1 bit specify the decrement step size of IPGA value at Limit operation. For example, if the current value of
IPGA is 0x46, and if LSTEP0 and LSTEP1 are "11", IPGA is updated to 0x42.
default
LSTEP1
0
0
1
1
<Revision 0.9a>
LSTEP0
0
1
0
1
ATT STEP
0.5dB
1.0dB
1.5dB
2.0dB
20
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„Recovery Operation
Recovery Time is defined as a reset cycle of Recovery Counter (RC). The cycle can be changed by the combination of MSEL bit,
RWT0 bit, and RWT1 bit. Input signal enters Recovery Zone from other Zones, RC initiates counting. If the signal exits from
Recovery Zone at lease once, RC is reset. When RC's value exceeds Recovery Time, the AK4533 is ready to update IPGA value, and
RC is reset and counts again from "zero". IPGA value is actually updated once just after the signal crosses the ground. Therefore, the
update cycle will change. Note that the update is one time in one Recovery Time and that the update of IPGA value is disabled until
ROC is "zero" even if the signal crosses the ground several times. The AK4533 compares the IPGA value and Recovery Reference
Level at the update timing. If IPGA value is greater than Recovery Reference Level, IPGA value is forced to Recovery Reference
Level.
When the input signal enters Recovery Zone from any other Zones at the first time, the AK4533 waits for one Recover Time without
updating of IPGA. After that, the AK4533 updates IPGA per one Recovery Time at zero-crossing point.
If the signal doesn't cross the ground, the AK4533 forces to update IPGA value after the time of Table 5 passes.
MSEL
“L”
252Ts
8kHz
11.025kHz
22.05kHz
44.1kHz
Zero-Cross Timeout
“H”
508Ts
8kHz
11.025kHz
22.05kHz
44.1kHz
31.5ms
22.9ms
11.4ms
NA
NA
NA
NA
11.5ms
Table 5. Zero-Cross Timeout Table for Recovery Time
Addr = 01h
RSTEP-0:
Recovery GAIN Step
RSTEP0 bit and RSTEP1 bit specify the increment step size of IPGA value at Recovery operation. For example, if the current value of
IPGA is 0x42, and if RSTEP0 and RSTEP1 are "11", IPGA is set to 0x46.
Default
RSTEP1
0
0
1
1
Addr = 01h
Default
RSTEP0
0
1
0
1
GAIN STEP
0.5dB
1.0dB
1.5dB
2.0dB
RWT1-0:
Recovery Time
MSEL
RWT1
RWT0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
<Revision 0.9a>
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
8kHz
32ms
64ms
128ms
256ms
-
256Ts
512Ts
1024Ts
2048Ts
512Ts
1024Ts
2048Ts
4096Ts
Recovery Time
11.025kHz
23ms
46ms
93ms
185ms
-
22.05kHz
11.6ms
23ms
46ms
93ms
-
44.1kHz
11.6ms
23ms
46ms
93ms
21
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Addr = 02h
IPGA6-0:
IPGA Control
When AGC bit is set to "0", IPGA value can be changed by the write operation to this register via A/T I/F directly.
When AGC bit is set to "1", The write to IPGA register is ignored. The AK4533 outputs updated value when the read operation is
processed.
IPGA6-0
Default
Addr = 03h
DATA (HEX)
47
46
45
44
43
42
:
10
:
06
05
04
03
02
01
00
REF6-0:
GAIN (dB)
27.5
27.0
26.5
26.0
25.5
25.0
:
0.0
:
-5.0
-5.5
-6.0
-6.5
-7.0
-7.5
-8
STEP
0.5dB
Recovery Reference Level
This value specifies the upper reference level of Recovery Operation when AGC is activated.
IPGA value is forced to set the same value as Recovery Reference Level when IPGA tries to exceed Recovery Reference Level under
Recovery Operation. Therefore, IPGA is not greater than Recovery Reference Level.
Write the appropriate value when AGC bit is set to "0". Must NOT change this value while AGC is active.
REF6-0
DATA (HEX)
default
<Revision 0.9a>
47
46
45
:
36
:
10
:
06
05
04
03
02
01
00
Reference
Level (dB)
27.5
27.0
26.5
:
19.0
:
0.0
:
-5.0
-5.5
-6.0
-6.5
-7.0
-7.5
-8
STEP
0.5dB
22
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Addr = 04h
Mute
Mute Control
When the Mute bit is set to "1", input data to D/A converter is forced to set to zero regardless of D/A data from SDI pin. When the
Mute bit is set to "0", D/A data is enabled. When reset, default value of Mute bit is "0".
Addr = 04h
M3-0:
Digital ATT Output Control
These bits control the attenuation level of DAC output. Step size of ATT is approximately 1.5dB. This value is still preserved even if
DALPD bit and/or DARPD bit are set and/or reset.
DATA (HEX)
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
default
DATT (dB)
0
1.48
2.95
4.43
6.02
7.5
8.97
10.45
12.04
13.52
14.99
16.47
18.06
19.54
21.01
22.49
STEP
1.5dB
Figure 13 describes the recovery operation.
Recovery Operation Cycle
Recovery Operation Cycle
Limit
Operation
Recovery Operation
Inhibited State
Recovery Operation Cycle
Timeout
Recovery Operation
Inhibited State
Recovery
Ready
Recovery
Ready
Recovery
Recovery
Ready
Inhibited
Zero-Cross
IPGA
Ready t Update
IPGA value
IPGA=2F
IPGA=30
IPGA=31
Figure 13. The Flow of Recovery Operation
<Revision 0.9a>
23
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
MCLK Control
Master Clock frequency for audio codec is input to MCLK pin.
If sampling frequency is equal to or less than 22.05kHz, MSEL bit should be set to "0", requiring 512fs clock as MCLK pin. If
sampling frequency is more than 22.05kHz, MSEL bit should be "1", requiring 256fs clock as MCLK pin. When MSEL bit is changed,
MSEL bit must be written with all "1" of ADPD bit, DALPD bit and DARPD bit (power-down state). In addition to this, master clock,
MCLK should be stopped.
MSEL: Selection of 256/512fs
“0”: 512fs
Default
“1”: 256fs
Power-down Control
ADPD, DALPD, and DARPD can control power-down state of ADC and DAC. The AK4533 can power down Left channel of DAC
and Right channel DAC independently.
ADPD:
A/D Converter Power-down Enable
(0: Disable
1: Enable)
The write "1" to ADPD bit enables IPGA block and ADC to power down, and 00h - 03h registers are reset to default value.
The AK4533 ignores the write operation to 00h -03h registers.
The read operation is possible (The AK4533 outputs default value)
The write "0" to ADPD bit enables normal operation of ADC block.
The period (516Ts@ MSEL="1", 260Ts@ MSEL="0" is required until VREFAD is stable. The write to the registers is
possible in this initial period, but AGC function is disabled for this period. The AK4533 initiates AGC operation
automatically after the end of the period.
DALPD: Left Channel D/A Converter Power-down Enable
(0: Disable
1: Enable)
The write "1" to DALPD bit enables Left Channel D/A converter to power down. DALPD bit is set to "0", Left Channel of
D/A converter goes to normal state.
DARPD: Right Channel D/A Converter Power-down Enable
(0: Disable
1: Enable)
The write "1" to DARPD bit enables Right Channel D/A converter to power down. DARPD bit is set to "0", Right Channel
of D/A converter goes to normal state.
<Revision 0.9a>
24
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ System Clock and Power-up Timing
MCLK, the master clock, must be present while ADC or/and DAC is under normal operation. Otherwise, excessive current may result
from abnormal operation of internal dynamic logic. Clock should be stopped after power-down state.
PDB pin must be set to "H" first, and then, RESETB pin must be set to "H". After RESETB pin is cleared, ADC, and DAC are still in
power-down mode. In order to activate ADC and/or DAC, write DALPD bit, DARPD bit and/or ADPD bit to "0" through A/T I/F.
Note that MCLK must be present when ADC and/or DAC is under normal operation.
MCLK should be present when all registers except for MSEL bit should be accessed. MSEL bit should be updated without MCLK
input.
MCLK can be stopped after RESETB = "L" or all of ADPD, DALPD, and DARPD are set to "1".
Power
Supply
PDB
RESETB
Internal
State
All Block
Powerdown
Powerdown
Registers are default value
ADC and DAC are
except for VCOM
A/D, D/A is powered down
normal operation
LRCK
MCLK
CS
CCLK
CDTI
MSEL=” 1”
ADPD=” 0”
DALPD=” 0”
DARPD=” 0”
in case that fs is more than 22.05kHz
Figure 14. Power-up Timing (1)
<Revision 0.9a>
25
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
tRSTD
tPDD
Power
Supply
PDB
RESETB
A/D:
Internal State
All block
Power-down
Power-down
except for VCOM
D/A:
Internal State
All block
Power-down
Power-down
except for VCOM
Registers are Default Value
A/D is power-down state
Registers are Default Value
D/A is power-down state
Figure 15. Power-up Timing (2)
t2
t4
t3
t1
MCLK
LRCK
SCLK
CS
CCLK
CDTI
D2
D1
Power-down
D0
Initialize Time
Normal Operation
Power-down
tIAD
tIDA
Figure 16. Power-down Timing (1)
<Revision 0.9a>
26
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
Parameter
Audio
from Power stable to PDBÇ
from PDB Ç to RESETBÇ
from RESETBÈ to PDBÈ
Clear Power-down mode
from MCLK input to 16CCLKÈ
from 16CCLKÈ to LRCKÇ
Initialize Time Note 4)
A/D (MSEL=”L”)
A/D (MSEL=”H”)
D/A
Power Down
from 16CCLKÈ to LRCK stop (”L”)
from 16CCLKÈ to SCLK Stop (”L”)
from 16CCLKÈ to MCLK stop
tMCLK= 1/fMCLK
Ts=1/fs
Symbol
min
Typ
tPDD
tRSTD
0 Note1)
0 Note 2)
0 Note 2)
4 Note 3)
t1
t2
1
max
Units
ms
ms
1
tMCLK
tMCLK
tIAD
tIAD
tIDA
260
516
2
Ts
Ts
Ts
t3
t3
t4
10
10
ns
ns
tMCLK
0
Note 1) VA, VD pins and PDB pins can be powered at the same time. However, PDB should NOT be powered before VA and VD.
Otherwise, the device may be damaged, and the device may be destroyed at worst case.
Note 2) PDB pin and RESETB can be set to "H" at the same time. But note that the pop noise occurs at the transition of PDB. Keeping
PDB pin high is suggested for preventing pop noise while the device is powered. Power management can be controlled by RESETB
pin.
Note 3) The time in which VCOM settles to 95% of VDD with 4.7 µF and 0.1 µF capacitors.
Note 4) ADC initialization cycle, which takes 516@ MSEL="H", or 260Ts@TSEL-"L", starts after exiting ADC's power-down mode.
In this cycle, the write to the register is possible, but the device disables AGC function. The device enables AGC automatically after this
initialization cycle completes. DAC initialization cycle is 2Ts.
<Revision 0.9a>
27
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ A/D Converter for Touch Screen
The AK4533 has 12 bit resolution Successive Approximation Resistor (SAR) A/D converter for touch screen, and the
measurement of buttery voltage.
As A/D converter uses capacitive redistribution architecture, internal capacitors also operate as sample/hold circuit.
TSY_TOP pin or TSX_TOP pin, which is used for detecting the pressed position, is selected as analog input to ADC.
VA is referred to as full scale of ADC. When BTI_1 pin, or BTI_2 pin is selected for the measurement of buttery
voltage as analog input to A/D converter, TPVREFIN is referred to as full scale of ADC.
Tracking time, which is defined as the time to store the charge into internal capacitors, depends on the output
impedance (Rin) of touch screen. If Rin is 500 Ω, at least 1.5 µs is required for tracking time. The AK4533 uses 3
TADCK cycles for tracking: If TADCK is 2MHz, tracking time is 0.5µs * 3 cycles = 1.5µs. If Rin is larger value at the
measurement of buttery voltage, not only enough tracking time is required, but also the clock frequency of TADCK
should be lower than 2MHz.
Data format of Touch Screen A/D converter is binary as Table 6.
Input Voltage
Output Code
(VREF-1.5LSB) - VREF
FFF
(VREF-2.5LSB) - (VREF-1.5LSB)
FFE
----------------0.5LSB - 1.5LSB
001
0 - 0.5LSB
000
VREF : VA or TPVREFIN
Table 6. Data format
Figure 17 shows the touch screen controller block, and the connection between touch screen and the AK4533. Two
times of A/D conversion is needed to detect the pressed position: one is for X-axis, and another is for Y-axis. A pair of
terminals of touch screen is biased while another terminal is hi-Z state. ADC measures the voltage that is induced to
TOP side of hi-Z terminals. For example, if TSX_TOP and TSX BTM are biased to VA, and AGND respectively, the
ADC can output the dot on X-axis by measuring TSY_TOP voltage.
TSX_TOP
SCLK
Control
Logic
TSY_TOP
Touch
Screen
CS
SDTI
TSX_BTM
SDTO
TSY_BTM
Battery1
VA
TPVREFIN
Battery2
BTI_1
VREF
BTI_2
12bit
ADC
(SAR type)
AIN
TADE
TADCK
TADRDY
TADOUT
INT
PW
Figure 17. Connection between AK4533 and Touch Screen
<Revision 0.9a>
28
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
The interface of touch screen controller block shares with audio control interface. (For the detail of read/write
sequence, please see "Figure 12. Audio/Touch Screen Control Interface Timing")
„ Touch Screen Control Register
Addr
07
Touch Screen Control
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
TSPD
PW
X
X
D3
D2
D1
D0
Default
80
Table 7. Touch Screen Control Register
D3:D0 Selection of Input Channel/Output Channel
Table 8 describes the relationship between D3:D0 bits and the states of TSX_TOP, TSX_BTM, TSY_TOP, TSY_BTM,
AIN, and VREF.
As TSX_TOP, TSX_BTM, TSY_TOP, and TSY_BTM can output one of the three voltage level, VA, AGND, and Hi-Z
by the combination of D3:D0 bits, touch screen control block is very flexible. For example, there are two ways to
measure the x-axis spot as No.1 configuration or No.2 configuration in Table 8.
No
.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Touch Screen
Control Register(07h)
D7
D6
D3 D2 D1
D0
The State of Touch Screen
Terminals
TSX_
TSX_
TSY_
TSY_
TOP
BTM
TOP
BTM
Analog
Input
AIN
VREF
Input
VREF
(TSPD)
(PW)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
X
X
X
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
X
X
X
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
VA
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
OPEN
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
VA
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
AGND_R
OPEN
OPEN
VA
AGND
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
VA
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
AGND
OPEN
OPEN
VA
TSY_TOP
TSY_TOP
TSX_TOP
TSX_TOP
X
X
X
X
BTI_1
BTI_2
BTI_1
VA
VA
VA
VA
VA
VA
VA
VA
TPVREFIN
TPVREFIN
TPVREFIN
11
0
1
1
X
X
1
OPEN
AGND_R
OPEN
VA
BTI_2
TPVREFIN
12
1
1
X
X
X
X
OPEN
AGND_R
OPEN
VA
X
X
13
1
0
X
X
X
X
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
X
X
VA
AGND
OPEN
BTI_1,BTI_2
TPVREFIN
AGND_R
Note
X-axis Measurement
X-axis Measurement
Y-axis Measurement
Y-axis Measurement
Discharge
Discharge
Discharge
Battery Measurement
Battery Measurement
Pen Waiting &
Battery Measurement
Pen Waiting &
Battery Measurement
Pen Waiting &
Power Down State
Power Down State
(Default)
Power Supply Voltage
Analog Ground
Hi-Z state
Measurement of Buttery Voltage
External Reference Voltage
TSX_BTM is connected to AGND through internal resistor.
Table 8. The relationship between input/output channel and D3:D0 bits
<Revision 0.9a>
29
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
TSPD
Power-down Control of Touch Screen
If TSPD is set to "1", Touch Screen block including ADC goes to power-down mode regardless of D3,D2,D1,and D0
bits.
TSPD=”1”
Power Down
TSPD=”0”
Normal Operation
PW
Waiting State for Interrupt
If PW bit is set to "1", the AK4533 goes to waiting state which can notify whether the touch screen is pressed or not.
If the touch screen is pressed under this state, INT signal goes to "H", and goes to "L" when the pen is released. INT
pin is "L" while the screen is not pressed. If PW bit is set to "0", INT pin is "L" regardless of pressing or releasing.
PW= “1” Interrupt Enable
PW= “0” Interrupt Disable
<Revision 0.9a>
30
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ Interface for Touch Screen A/D Converter
A/D data for Touch Screen is controlled by 4-wire I/F, TADE, TADCK, TADRDY, and TADOUT.
The rising transition on TADE pin initiates a conversion cycle. Tracking and A/D conversion takes 16 TADCK with
TADE "H" state.
First 3 TADCK is for tracking time. At the falling edge of 4th TADCK, TADRDY goes "H", which shows that most
significant bit (MSB) is ready to output on TADOUT, and the AK4533 outputs MSB at the same time on TADOUT.
The AK4533 continues to output A/D data serially at the falling edge of TADCK. At the 15th falling edge of TADCK,
the AK4533 outputs least significant bit (LSB). TADOUT can be returned to "L" at the falling edge of 16th TADCK.
TADE must be set to "L" per completion of one A/D conversion cycle. TADE can be set to "L" at the same time of the
falling edge of 16th TADCK.
If 17 or more TADCK is input to the device, the output of TADOUT is "L".
Tracking
Conversion
TADE(i)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
TADCK(i)
TADRDY(o)
TADOUT(o)
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
Figure 18. The Timing of Touch Screen A/D Converter
„ Measurement Sequence
Figure 19 shows the case in which TPX_TOP and TPY_BTM terminals are supplied by VA and AGND respectively,
and in which ADC measures the voltage on TPY_TOP pin. The write 0x00 to 07h register via A/T I/F activates this
configuration. A/D data should be read through TC I/F after the input voltages to touch screen are stable.
The value must NOT be written to 07h register while TADE is "H".
<Revision 0.9a>
31
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
“L”
CCLK(i)
CS(i)
“L”
CDTI(i)
“L”
“1” “1” “1” “1”
D7 D6
D3 D2 D1 D0
TADE(i)
TADCK(i)
TADRDY(o)
TADOUT(o)
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
Figure 19. Control Sequence of Touch Screen
<Revision 0.9a>
32
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ Power Down of Touch Screen
When the TSPD bit in Touch Screen Control register (07h) is set to "1", touch screen driver and A/D converter goes to
power-down mode. As the register value is still preserved in power-down mode, the register can be accessed under
power-down mode.
„ Waiting State for Pen Interrupt and INT Signal
When the PW bit in Touch Screen Control register (07h) is set to "1", the AK4533 goes to the state which waits for the
interrupt caused by touching the screen. INT pin outputs "H" through internal schmitt trigger buffer while the
screen is being touched. INT signal can notify to the external circuit that the screen is touched.
The AK4533 supplies VA to TSY_BTM with keeping TSY_TOP and TSX_TOP open state under Waiting State for
Pen Interrupt. And TSX_BTM is connected to AGND through the internal resistor, Ro.
If the screen is not touched, the current doesn't flow from Y-Plate to X-Plate because two plates are not connected, and TSX_BTM is
"L" because this terminal is connected to AGND through Ro.
When the screen is touched, the current flows from Y-Plate to X-Plate. As the resistor value of touch screen is much smaller than that
of Ro, the level of TSX_BTM is "H". This INT signal can be used as the interrupt signal to the micro controller. When the screen is
touched, INT goes "H", and returned "L" when the pen is released.
TSX_BTM
PW
touched
TSX_TOP
TPY_TOP
Ro
released
VA
TPY_BTM
INT
INT
Processor
Figure 20. Waiting for Pen Interrupt
<Revision 0.9a>
33
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ Measurement of Battery Voltage
The voltage that is divided by the appropriate registers is input to BTI_1 pin or BTI_2 pin in order to measure battery voltage.
TPVREFIN is referred to as full scale.
A/T I/F is used for the selection of input channels, BTI_1 or BTI_2. The input voltage to BTI_1 and BTI_2 must NOT exceed VA
voltage.
If the impedance of input signal is high, enough tracking time is required to charge the internal capacitors through BTI_1 or BIT_2.
And if the input impedance of TPVREFIN is high, clock frequency of TADCK must be low.
<The relationship between BIT_1/2 input impedance and tracking time>
For example, if the external battery voltage that is divided by two 30k Ω resistors is input to BTI_1 or BTI_2, the input impedance is 15
k Ω. In this case, tracking times should be at least 50µs. If the input impedance is 30 k Ω, tracking time should be at least 100 µs.
<The relationship between TPVREFIN and TADCK>
For example, external reference voltage that is divided by 10 k Ω and 30k Ω is input to TPVREFIN, input impedance of TPVREFIN is
about 7.5k Ω. In this case, the clock frequency of TADCK should be 160kHz or less.
As full-scale error increases with high input impedance, high input impedance is not suggested. If the full scale error and long
conversion time can be ignored, high input impedance may be used.
As the measurement of battery voltage and detecting pen interrupt can be controlled independently, micro-controller can knows the
interrupt while the battery measurement.
TPVREFIN
battery 1
battery 2
BT1
12bit
ADC
BT2
Figure 21. Block Diagram of Battery Measurement
<Revision 0.9a>
34
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
TADE(i)
Tracking
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
TADCK(i)
TADRDY(o)
TADOUT(o)
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7
D5
Figure 22. The relationship between BIT_1/2 input impedance and tracking time
<Revision 0.9a>
35
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
„ System Diagram
Figure 23shows the system diagram. VA and VD should be powered at the same time, or VA should be powered earlier than VD. In order to achieve this sequence, VD is supplied from VA via
10 Ω resistor as shown in Figure 23. The voltage should not be supplied to the input pins including TPVREFIN, BTI_1, and BTI_2 before VA and VD are powered.
Analog
VA=3.0V
4.7uF
4.7uF
4.7uF
+
AGND2
AGND1
0.1uF
+
VB
4.7uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
+
10Ω
VA1
VA2
0.1uF
+
VD
DGND
AFILT
1nF
TPX_TOP
VCOM
+
TPX_BTM
4.7uF
0.1uF
TPY_TOP
VA
TPY_BTM
VCOMAD
+
4.7uF
Touch
Screen
0.1uF
TPVREFIN
MIC
MICIN
MICOUT
1uF
BTI_1
AIN
BTI_2
1uF
LOUT
INT
TADOUT
TADRDY
TADE
CDTO
CDTI
CS
CCLK
SDI
SDO
LRCK
SCLK
MCLK
PDB
ROUT
TADCK
1uF
47k
RESETB
AMP
47k
Processor/Gate Array
Figure 23. The AK4533 System Diagram
<Revision 0.9a>
36
July 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK4533]
Package
48pin LQFP(Unit:mm)
1.70Max
9.0 ± 0.2
0.10 ± 0.07
7.0
1.4TYP
25
24
48
13
7.0
37
1
9.0 ± 0.2
36
12
0.17 ± 0.05
0.5
0.19 ± 0.05
0.10 M
0° ∼ 10°
0.10
0.5 ± 0.2
<Rev. 0.8>
- 37 March 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK4533]
Marking
AK4533VQ
XXXXXXX
JAPAN
1
1) Pin #1 indication
2) Date Code: XXXXXXX (7 digits)
3) Marking Code: AK4533VQ
4) Country of Origin
5) Asahi Kasei Logo
<Rev. 0.8>
- 38 March 00
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK4533]
IMPORTANT NOTICE
• These products and their specifications are subject to change without notice. Before considering any use or
application, consult the Asahi Kasei Microsystems Co., Ltd. (AKM) sales office or authorized distributor
concerning their current status.
• AKM assumes no liability for infringement of any patent, intellectual property, or other right in the application or
use of any information contained herein.
• Any export of these products, or devices or systems containing them, may require an export license or other
official approval under the law and regulations of the country of export pertaining to customs and tariffs,
currency exchange, or strategic materials.
• AKM products are neither intended nor authorized for use as critical components in any safety, life support, or
other hazard related device or system, and AKM assumes no responsibility relating to any such use, except with
the express written consent of the Representative Director of AKM. As used here:
(a) A hazard related device or system is one designed or intended for life support or maintenance of safety or
for applications in medicine, aerospace, nuclear energy, or other fields, in which its failure to function or
perform may reasonably be expected to result in loss of life or in significant injury or damage to person or
property.
(b)A critical component is one whose failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to result,
whether directly or indirectly, in the loss of the safety or effectiveness of the device or system containing it,
and which must therefore meet very high standards of performance and reliability.
• It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of an AKM product who distributes, disposes of, or otherwise
places the product with a third party to notify that party in advance of the above content and conditions, and the
buyer or distributor agrees to assume any and all responsibility and liability for and hold AKM harmless from any
and all claims arising from the use of said product in the absence of such notification.
<Rev. 0.8>
- 39 March 00