MAXIM DS3104GN+

Rev: 072407
DS3104-SE
Line Card Timing IC with
Synchronous Ethernet Support
General Description
The DS3104-SE is a low-cost, feature-rich timing IC for
line cards with synchronous Gigabit Ethernet (GbE),
10-Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE), and Fast Ethernet ports.
ITU-T recommendation G.8261 (formerly G.pactiming)
specifies that network synchronization can be carried
over packet links by synchronizing the bit clock of the
physical layer as is currently done on SONET/SDH
links. The DS3104-SE enables synchronization in
Ethernet line cards in both the transmit and receive
directions.
Features
♦
Timing Card to Line Card Path
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
In the transmit direction, the device accepts traditional
SONET/SDH system clocks such as 19.44MHz from
redundant system timing cards and synthesizes
frequency-locked xMII clock rates, such as the 125MHz
GTX_CLK for GbE GMIIs. Each Ethernet PHY then
synthesizes a transmit bit clock that is frequency-locked
to the xMII clock, and thus to the system clock and
network clock. In the receive direction, each PHY
divides down the recovered bit clock to produce the
receive xMII clock. The DS3104-SE accepts the xMII
clock from any of several Ethernet ports and forwards a
frequency-locked system clock, such as 19.44MHz, to
the system timing cards. SONET/SDH ports are also
supported.
♦
Line Card to Timing Card Path
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Ordering Information
PART
DS3104GN
DS3104GN+
TEMP RANGE
PIN-PACKAGE
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
81 CSBGA (10mm)2
81 CSBGA (10mm)2
+Denotes a lead-free/RoHS-compliant package.
Up to 8 Input Clocks: 4 CMOS/TTL (≤ 125MHz)
and 4 LVDS/LVPECL/CMOS/TTL (≤ 156.25MHz)
Hitless Reference Switching, Automatic or Manual
Frequency Conversion Between Ethernet
MII/GMII/XGMII and SONET/SDH Rates
Two Output Clocks to Master and Slave Timing
Cards (CMOS/TTL or LVDS/LVPECL)
General
Applications
Line Cards with Any Mix of Synchronous Ethernet and
SONET/SDH Ports in WAN Equipment Including
MSPPs, Ethernet Switches, Routers, DSLAMs, and
Wireless Base Stations
Two Input Clocks from Master and Slave Timing
Cards (LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL)
Optional Frame Sync Inputs and Outputs
Continuous Input Clock Quality Monitoring
Hitless Reference Switching, Automatic or Manual
Holdover on Loss of All Inputs
Programmable PLL Bandwidth, 0.1Hz to 400Hz
Frequency Conversion Between SONET/SDH
Rates and Ethernet MII/GMII/XGMII Rates
Up to 7 Output Clocks: 3 CMOS/TTL (≤ 125MHz),
2 LVDS/LVPECL (≤ 312.50MHz), and 2 Dual
CMOS/TTL and LVDS/LVPECL
♦
♦
♦
Suitable Line Card IC for Stratum 3/3E/4, SMC,
SEC
Numerous Input Clock Frequencies Supported
Ethernet xMII: 2.5, 25, 125, 156.25MHz
SONET/SDH: 6.48, N x 19.44, N x 51.84MHz
PDH: N x DS1, N x E1, N x DS2, DS3, E3
Frame Sync: 2kHz, 4kHz, 8kHz
Custom: Any Multiple of 2kHz Up to 131.072MHz,
Any Multiple of 8kHz Up to 155.52MHz
Numerous Output Clock Frequencies
Supported
Ethernet xMII: 2.5, 25, 125, 156.25, 312.5MHz
SONET/SDH: 6.48, N x 19.44, N x 51.84MHz
PDH: N x DS1, N x E1, N x DS2, DS3, E3
Other: 10, 10.24, 13, 30.72MHz
Frame Sync: 2kHz, 8kHz
Custom Clock Rates: Any Multiple of 2kHz Up to
77.76MHz, Any Multiple of 8kHz Up to
311.04MHz
Internal Compensation for Master Clock
Oscillator
SPI™ Processor Interface
1.8V Operation with 2.5V/3.3V I/O (5V Tolerant)
________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
1
Some revisions of this device may incorporate deviations from published specifications known as errata.
Multiple revisions of any device may be simultaneously available through various sales channels. For
information about device errata, go to: www.maxim-ic.com/errata. For pricing, delivery, and ordering
information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table of Contents
1.
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE ..........................................................................................................6
2.
APPLICATION EXAMPLE ...............................................................................................................7
3.
BLOCK DIAGRAM ...........................................................................................................................8
4.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................................9
5.
DETAILED FEATURES .................................................................................................................11
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
INPUT CLOCK FEATURES ...............................................................................................................11
TIMING CARD TO LINE CARD DPLL FEATURES (T0 DPLL)..............................................................11
LINE CARD TO TIMING CARD DPLL FEATURES (T4 DPLL)..............................................................11
OUTPUT APLL FEATURES .............................................................................................................12
OUTPUT CLOCK FEATURES ............................................................................................................12
GENERAL FEATURES .....................................................................................................................12
6.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS ......................................................................................................................13
7.
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................17
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................17
DEVICE IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION .....................................................................................18
LOCAL OSCILLATOR AND MASTER CLOCK CONFIGURATION.............................................................18
INPUT CLOCK CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................................19
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.5
INPUT CLOCK MONITORING ............................................................................................................21
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.5.3
7.6
T0 DPLL State Machine ....................................................................................................................... 26
T4 DPLL State Machine ....................................................................................................................... 29
Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................................ 31
Damping Factor.................................................................................................................................... 31
Phase Detectors................................................................................................................................... 31
Loss of Phase Lock Detection ............................................................................................................. 32
Phase Build-Out ................................................................................................................................... 33
Input to Output (Manual) Phase Adjustment........................................................................................ 33
Phase Recalibration ............................................................................................................................. 33
Frequency and Phase Measurement................................................................................................... 34
Input Jitter Tolerance ........................................................................................................................... 35
Jitter and Wander Transfer .................................................................................................................. 35
Output Jitter and Wander ..................................................................................................................... 36
OUTPUT CLOCK CONFIGURATION...................................................................................................37
7.8.1
7.8.2
7.9
Priority Configuration............................................................................................................................ 22
Automatic Selection Algorithm ............................................................................................................. 22
Forced Selection .................................................................................................................................. 23
Ultra-Fast Reference Switching ........................................................................................................... 23
External Reference Switching Mode.................................................................................................... 24
Output Clock Phase Continuity During Reference Switching .............................................................. 24
DPLL ARCHITECTURE AND CONFIGURATION ..................................................................................25
7.7.1
7.7.2
7.7.3
7.7.4
7.7.5
7.7.6
7.7.7
7.7.8
7.7.9
7.7.10
7.7.11
7.7.12
7.7.13
7.8
Frequency Monitoring .......................................................................................................................... 21
Activity Monitoring ................................................................................................................................ 21
Selected Reference Activity Monitoring ............................................................................................... 21
INPUT CLOCK PRIORITY, SELECTION AND SWITCHING .....................................................................22
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.6.5
7.6.6
7.7
Signal Format Configuration ................................................................................................................ 19
Frequency Configuration...................................................................................................................... 20
Signal Format Configuration ................................................................................................................ 37
Frequency Configuration...................................................................................................................... 37
FRAME AND MULTIFRAME ALIGNMENT ............................................................................................45
7.9.1
Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 45
2
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.9.2
7.9.3
7.9.4
7.9.5
7.9.6
7.9.7
7.9.8
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
8.
Resampling .......................................................................................................................................... 45
Enable .................................................................................................................................................. 45
Qualification ......................................................................................................................................... 46
Output Clock Alignment ....................................................................................................................... 46
Frame Sync Monitor............................................................................................................................. 46
SYNCn Pins ......................................................................................................................................... 46
Other Configuration Options ................................................................................................................ 47
MICROPROCESSOR INTERFACE ..................................................................................................47
RESET LOGIC .............................................................................................................................51
POWER-SUPPLY CONSIDERATIONS .............................................................................................51
INITIALIZATION............................................................................................................................51
REGISTER DESCRIPTIONS .........................................................................................................52
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
9.
STATUS BITS .................................................................................................................................52
CONFIGURATION FIELDS ................................................................................................................52
MULTIREGISTER FIELDS .................................................................................................................52
REGISTER DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................................53
JTAG TEST ACCESS PORT AND BOUNDARY SCAN .............................................................116
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
10.
JTAG DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................116
JTAG TAP CONTROLLER STATE MACHINE DESCRIPTION .............................................................117
JTAG INSTRUCTION REGISTER AND INSTRUCTIONS ......................................................................119
JTAG TEST REGISTERS ..............................................................................................................120
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................121
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
DC CHARACTERISTICS .............................................................................................................121
INPUT CLOCK TIMING ...............................................................................................................125
OUTPUT CLOCK TIMING ............................................................................................................125
SPI INTERFACE TIMING ............................................................................................................126
JTAG INTERFACE TIMING .........................................................................................................128
RESET PIN TIMING ...................................................................................................................129
11.
PIN ASSIGNMENTS ....................................................................................................................130
12.
PACKAGE INFORMATION .........................................................................................................132
13.
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS .........................................................................................133
14.
TRADEMARK ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ....................................................................................134
15.
DATA SHEET REVISION HISTORY............................................................................................135
3
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
List of Figures
Figure 2-1. Typical Application Example ..................................................................................................................... 7
Figure 3-1. DS3104-SE Functional Diagram ............................................................................................................... 8
Figure 7-1. DPLL Block Diagram ............................................................................................................................... 25
Figure 7-2. T0 DPLL State Transition Diagram ......................................................................................................... 27
Figure 7-3. T4 DPLL State Transition Diagram ......................................................................................................... 30
Figure 7-4. FSYNC 8kHz Options.............................................................................................................................. 44
Figure 7-5. SPI Clock Phase Options ........................................................................................................................ 49
Figure 7-6. SPI Bus Transactions.............................................................................................................................. 50
Figure 9-1. JTAG Block Diagram............................................................................................................................. 116
Figure 9-2. JTAG TAP Controller State Machine .................................................................................................... 118
Figure 10-1. Recommended Termination for LVDS Pins ........................................................................................ 123
Figure 10-2. Recommended Termination for LVPECL Signals on LVDS Input Pins .............................................. 123
Figure 10-3. Recommended Termination for LVPECL-Compatible Output Pins .................................................... 124
Figure 10-4. SPI Interface Timing Diagram ............................................................................................................. 127
Figure 10-5. JTAG Timing Diagram......................................................................................................................... 128
Figure 10-6. Reset Pin Timing Diagram .................................................................................................................. 129
Figure 11-1. Pin Assignment Diagram..................................................................................................................... 131
4
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
List of Tables
Table 1-1. Applicable Telecom Standards................................................................................................................... 6
Table 6-1. Input Clock Pin Descriptions .................................................................................................................... 13
Table 6-2. Output Clock Pin Descriptions.................................................................................................................. 14
Table 6-3. Global Pin Descriptions ............................................................................................................................ 15
Table 6-4. SPI Bus Mode Pin Descriptions ............................................................................................................... 15
Table 6-5. JTAG Interface Pin Descriptions .............................................................................................................. 16
Table 6-6. Power-Supply Pin Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 16
Table 7-1. Input Clock Capabilities ............................................................................................................................ 19
Table 7-2. Locking Frequency Modes ....................................................................................................................... 20
Table 7-3. Default Input Clock Priorities .................................................................................................................... 22
Table 7-4. Damping Factors and Peak Jitter/Wander Gain....................................................................................... 31
Table 7-5. T0 DPLL Adaptation for the T4 DPLL Phase Measurement Mode .......................................................... 35
Table 7-6. Output Clock Capabilities ......................................................................................................................... 37
Table 7-7. Digital1 Frequencies................................................................................................................................. 39
Table 7-8. Digital2 Frequencies................................................................................................................................. 39
Table 7-9. APLL Frequency to Output Frequencies (T0 APLL and T4 APLL) .......................................................... 40
Table 7-10. T0 APLL Frequency Configuration ......................................................................................................... 40
Table 7-11. T0 APLL2 Frequency Configuration ....................................................................................................... 40
Table 7-12. T4 APLL Frequency Configuration ......................................................................................................... 41
Table 7-13. OC1–OC7 Output Frequency Selection ................................................................................................. 41
Table 7-14. Standard Frequencies for Programmable Outputs ................................................................................ 42
Table 7-15. External Frame Sync Source ................................................................................................................. 47
Table 8-1. Register Map ............................................................................................................................................ 53
Table 9-1. JTAG Instruction Codes ......................................................................................................................... 119
Table 9-2. JTAG ID Code ........................................................................................................................................ 120
Table 10-1. Recommended DC Operating Conditions ............................................................................................ 121
Table 10-2. DC Characteristics................................................................................................................................ 121
Table 10-3. CMOS/TTL Pins ................................................................................................................................... 122
Table 10-4. LVDS/LVPECL Input Pins .................................................................................................................... 122
Table 10-5. LVDS Output Pins ................................................................................................................................ 122
Table 10-6. LVPECL Level-Compatible Output Pins............................................................................................... 123
Table 10-7. Input Clock Timing................................................................................................................................ 125
Table 10-8. Input Clock to Output Clock Delay ....................................................................................................... 125
Table 10-9. Output Clock Phase Alignment, Frame Sync Alignment Mode............................................................ 125
Table 10-10. SPI Interface Timing ........................................................................................................................... 126
Table 10-11. JTAG Interface Timing........................................................................................................................ 128
Table 10-12. Reset Pin Timing ................................................................................................................................ 129
Table 11-1. Pin Assignments Sorted by Signal Name............................................................................................. 130
Table 12-1. CSBGA Package Thermal Properties, Natural Convection ................................................................. 132
5
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
1.
Standards Compliance
Table 1-1. Applicable Telecom Standards
SPECIFICATION
ANSI
T1.101
TIA/EIA-644-A
ETSI
EN 300 417-6-1
EN 300 462-3-1
EN 300 462-5-1
IEEE
IEEE 1149.1
ITU-T
G.783
G.813
G.823
G.824
G.825
G.8261
G.8262
TELCORDIA
GR-253-CORE
GR-378-CORE
GR-499-CORE
GR-1244-CORE
SPECIFICATION TITLE
Synchronization Interface Standard, 1999
Electrical Characteristics of Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) Interface Circuits, 2001
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic Requirements of Transport Functionality of
Equipment; Part 6-1: Synchronization Layer Functions, v1.1.3 (1999-05)
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic Requirements for Synchronization Networks;
Part 3-1: The Control of Jitter and Wander within Synchronization Networks, v1.1.1 (1998-05)
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic Requirements for Synchronization Networks;
Part 5-1: Timing Characteristics of Slave Clocks Suitable for Operation in Synchronous Digital
Hierarchy (SDH) Equipment, v1.1.1 (1998-05)
Standard Test Access Port and Boundary-Scan Architecture, 1990
ITU G.783 Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Equipment Functional
Blocks (10/2000 plus Amendment 1 06/2002 and Corrigendum 2 03/2003)
Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC) (03/2003)
The Control of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are Based on the 2048kbps
Hierarchy (03/2000)
The Control of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are Based on the 1544kbps
Hierarchy (03/2000)
The Control of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are Based on the
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (03/2000)
Timing and Synchronization Aspects in Packet Networks (05/2006, prepublished)
Timing Characteristics of Synchronous Ethernet Equipment Slave Clock (EEC) (06/2007,
prepublished)
SONET Transport Systems: Common Generic Criteria, Issue 3, September 2000
Generic Requirements for Timing Signal Generators, Issue 2, February 1999
Transport Systems Generic Requirements (TSGR) Common Requirements, Issue 2,
December 1998
Clocks for the Synchronized Network: Common Generic Criteria, Issue 2, December 2000
6
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
2.
Application Example
Figure 2-1. Typical Application Example
holdover,
phase build-out,
frequency conversion
4-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card
Synchronization clock flow only.
10-Gigabit and Fast Ethernet ports and SONET/SDH
ports also supported.
19.44 MHz CMOS/TTL
DS3104-SE
OC1
OC2
OC3
T0 DPLL
Input Clock
Selector,
Divider,
Monitor
Input Clock
Selector,
Divider,
Monitor
T4 DPLL
OC4
IC3
IC4
IC8
IC9
IC1
IC2
OC5
from Master
and Slave
Timing Cards
to Backplane
and Timing
Cards
125 MHz CMOS/TTL
to GigE
optical
components
GigE
PHY
TX GMII
RX GMII
GigE
MAC
from SONET/SDH framers
on the card (if any)
frequency conversion
RX_CLK
to GigE
optical
components
GigE
PHY
TX GMII
RX GMII
GigE
MAC
RX_CLK
to GigE
optical
components
GigE
PHY
TX GMII
RX GMII
GigE
MAC
RX_CLK
to GigE
optical
components
GigE
PHY
TX GMII
RX GMII
GigE
MAC
RX_CLK
7
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
3.
Block Diagram
Figure 3-1. DS3104-SE Functional Diagram
IC1 POS/NEG
IC2 POS/NEG
IC3
IC4
IC5 POS/NEG
IC6 POS/NEG
IC8
IC9
(Frequency Conversion)
PLL Bypass
T0 DPLL
(Filtering, Holdover,
Hitless Switching,
Frequency Conversion)
FSYNC
MFSYNC
WDT
GPIO[4:1]
SRFAIL
LOCK
SRCSW
SONSDH
CPOL
CPHA
CS
SCLK
SDI
SDO
INTREQ/SRFAIL
RST*
(SPI Serial)
and HW Control and Status Pins
TEST
(Muxes,
7 DFS Blocks,
3 APLLs,
Output Dividers)
Master Clock
Generator
Microprocessor Port
JTAG
Output
Clock
Synthesizer
and
Selector
WDT
Input
Clock
Selector,
Divider
and
Monitor
SYNC1
SYNC2
SYNC3
JTRST*
JTMS
JTCLK
JTDI
JTDO
OC1
OC2
OC3
OC4
OC5
OC1B
OC2B
OC3B
OC4B
OC5B
OC4 POS/NEG
OC5 POS/NEG
OC6 POS/NEG
OC7 POS/NEG
T4 DPLL
REFCLK
Local
Oscillator
8
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
4.
Detailed Description
Figure 3-1 illustrates the blocks described in this section and how they relate to one another. Section 5 provides a
detailed feature list.
The DS3104-SE is a complete line card timing IC for systems with SONET/SDH or Synchronous Ethernet ports. At
the core of this device are two digital phase-locked loops (DPLLs) labeled T0 and T4 1. DPLL technology makes
uses of digital-signal processing (DSP) and digital-frequency synthesis (DFS) techniques to implement PLLs that
are precise, flexible, and have consistent performance over voltage, temperature, and manufacturing process
variations. The DS3104-SE’s DPLLs are digitally configurable for input and output frequencies, loop bandwidth,
damping factor, pull-in/hold-in range, and a variety of other factors. Both DPLLs can directly lock to many common
telecom frequencies and also can lock at 8kHz to any multiple of 8kHz up to 156.25MHz. The DPLLs can also
tolerate and filter significant amounts of jitter and wander.
In typical line card applications, the T0 DPLL takes reference clock signals from two redundant system timing
cards, monitors both, selects one and uses that reference to produce a variety of clocks that are needed to time the
outgoing traffic interfaces of the line card (SONET/SDH, Synchronous Ethernet, etc.). To perform this role in a
variety of systems with diverse performance requirements, the T0 DPLL has a sophisticated feature set and is
highly configurable. T0 can automatically transition among free-run, locked and holdover states all without software
intervention. In free-run, T0 generates a stable, low-noise clock with the same frequency accuracy as the external
oscillator connected to the REFCLK pin. With software calibration the DS3104-SE can even improve the accuracy
to within ±0.02ppm. When at least one input reference clock has been validated, T0 transitions to the locked state
in which its output clock accuracy is equal to the accuracy of the input reference. While in the locked state, T0
acquires an average frequency value to use as the holdover frequency. When its selected reference fails, T0 can
very quickly detect the failure and enter the holdover state to avoid affecting its output clock. From holdover it can
automatically switch to another input reference, again without affecting its output clock (hitless switching).
Switching among input references can be either revertive or nonrevertive. When all input references are lost, T0
stays in holdover in which it generates a stable low-noise clock with initial frequency accuracy equal to its stored
holdover value and drift performance determined by the quality of the external oscillator. T0 can also perform
phase build-outs and fine-granularity output clock phase adjustments.
The T4 DPLL has a much less demanding role to play and therefore is much simpler than T0. Often T4 is used as
a frequency converter to create a clock derived from one of the incoming traffic interfaces of the line card. This
clock (often 19.44MHz, 38.88MHz, or 8kHz) is sent across the system backplane to the system’s timing cards
where a timing card IC creates a frequency-locked derived DS1- or E1-rate clock to be sent to a nearby BITS
Timing Signal Generator (TSG, Telcordia terminology) or Synchronization Supply Unit (SSU, ITU-T terminology) or
uses it as the system clock reference in a line-timed mode of operation. In other applications T4 is phase-locked to
T0 and used as a frequency converter to produce additional output clock rates for use within the line card, such as
NxDS1, NxE1, NxDS2, DS3, E3, 125MHz for Synchronous Gigabit Ethernet, or 156.25MHz for Synchronous 10G
Ethernet. T4 can also be configured as a measuring tool to measure the frequency of an input reference or the
phase difference between two input references.
At the front end of both the T0 and T4 DPLLs is the Input Clock Selector, Divider, and Monitor (ICSDM) block. This
block continuously monitors as many as 8 different input clocks of various frequencies for activity and frequency
accuracy. In addition, ICSDM maintains separate input clock priority tables for the T0 and T4 DPLLs and can
automatically select and provide the highest priority valid clock to each DPLL without any software intervention.
The ICSDM block can also divide the selected clock down to a lower rate as needed by the DPLL.
The Output Clock Synthesizer and Selector (OCSS) block shown in Figure 3-1 and in more detail in Figure 7-1
contains three output APLLs—T0 APLL, T0 APLL2 and T4 APLL—and their associated DFS engines and output
divider logic plus several additional DFS engines. The APLL DFS blocks do frequency translation, creating clocks
1
These names are adapted from output ports of the SETS function specified in ITU and ETSI standards such as ETSI EN 300 462-2-1.
Although strictly speaking these names are appropriate only for timing card ICs such as the DS3100 that can serve as the SETS function, the
names have been carried over to the DS3104-SE so that all of the products in Maxim’s timing IC product line have consistent nomenclature.
9
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
of other frequencies that are phase/frequency locked to the output clock of the associated DPLL. The APLLs
multiply the clock rates from the APLL DFS blocks and simultaneously attenuate jitter. Altogether the output blocks
of the DS3104-SE can produce more than 90 different output frequencies including common SONET/SDH, PDH
and Synchronous Ethernet rates plus 2kHz and 8kHz frame sync pulses.
The entire chip is clocked from the external oscillator connected to the REFCLK pin. Thus the free-run and
holdover stability of the DS3104-SE is entirely a function of the stability of the external oscillator, the performance
of which can be selected to match the application: XO or TCXO. The 12.8MHz clock from the external oscillator is
multiplied by 16 by the Master Clock Generator block to create the 204.8MHz master clock used by the rest of the
device. Since every block on the device depends on the master clock and therefore the local oscillator clock for
proper operation, the master clock generator has a watchdog timer (WDT) function that can be used to signal a
local microprocessor in the event of a local oscillator clock failure.
10
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
5.
Detailed Features
5.1
Input Clock Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
5.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5.3
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Eight input clocks: four CMOS/TTL (≤ 125MHz) and four LVDS/LVPECL/CMOS/TTL (≤ 156.25MHz)
CMOS/TTL Input clocks accept any multiple of 2kHz up to 125MHz
LVDS/LVPECL inputs accept any multiple of 2kHz up to 131.072MHz, any multiple of 8kHz up to
155.52MHz plus 156.25MHz
All input clocks are constantly monitored by programmable activity monitors
Fast activity monitor can disqualify the selected reference after two missing clock cycles
Three optional 2/4/8kHz frame-sync inputs for frame-sync signals from master and slave timing cards and
an optional backup timing source
Timing Card to Line Card DPLL Features (T0 DPLL)
High-resolution DPLL plus two or three low-jitter output APLLs
Sophisticated state machine automatically transitions between free-run, locked, and holdover states
Revertive or nonrevertive reference selection algorithm
Programmable bandwidth from 0.1Hz to 400Hz
Separately configurable acquisition bandwidth and locked bandwidth
Programmable damping factor to balance lock time with peaking: 1.2, 2.5, 5, 10 or 20
Multiple phase detectors: phase/frequency, early/late, and multicycle
Phase/frequency locking (±360° capture) or nearest-edge phase locking (±180° capture)
Multicycle phase detection and locking (up to ±8191UI) improves jitter tolerance and lock time
Phase build-out in response to reference switching
Less than 5 ns output clock phase transient during phase build-out
Output phase adjustment up to ±200ns in 6ps steps with respect to selected input reference
High-resolution frequency and phase measurement
Holdover frequency averaging over 1 second interval
Fast detection of input clock failure and transition to holdover mode
Low-jitter frame sync (8kHz) and multiframe sync (2kHz) aligned with output clocks
Line Card to Timing Card DPLL Features (T4 DPLL)
High-resolution DPLL plus low-jitter output APLL
Programmable bandwidth from 18Hz to 70Hz
Programmable damping factor to balance lock time with peaking: 1.2, 2.5, 5, 10, or 20
Multiple phase detectors: phase/frequency, early/late, and multicycle
Phase/frequency locking (±360° capture) or nearest-edge phase locking (±180° capture)
Multicycle phase detection and locking (up to ±8191UI) improves jitter tolerance and lock time
2kHz and 8kHz frame syncs with programmable polarity and pulse width
Can operate independently or locked to T0 DPLL
Phase detector can be used to measure phase difference between two input clocks
Optional PLL bypass mode provides input clock monitoring, selection, and optional frequency division but
bypasses the DPLL and APLL when they aren’t needed (e.g., dividing an input clock to 8kHz)
High-resolution frequency and phase measurement
11
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
5.4
•
•
•
•
5.5
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5.6
•
•
•
•
•
Output APLL Features
Three separate clock-multiplying, jitter attenuating APLLs can simultaneously produce SONET/SDH rates,
Fast/Gigabit Ethernet rates and 10G Ethernet rates, all locked to a common reference clock
The T0 APLL, always connected to the T0 DPLL, has frequency options suitable for Nx19.44MHz, NxDS1,
NxE1, Nx25MHz and Nx62.5MHz
The T4 APLL can be connected to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL and has frequency options suitable
for Nx19.44MHz, NxDS1, NxE1, NxDS2, DS3, E3, Nx10MHz, Nx10.24MHz, Nx13MHz, Nx25MHz, and
Nx62.5MHz
The T0 APLL2, always connected to the T0 DPLL, produces 312.5MHz for 10G Synchronous Ethernet
applications
Output Clock Features
Seven output clocks: three CMOS/TTL (≤ 125MHz), two LVDS/LVPECL (≤ 312.50MHz), and two dual
CMOS/TTL and LVDS/LVPECL
Output clock rates include 2kHz, 8kHz, NxDS1, NxE1, DS2, DS3, E3, 6.48MHz, 19.44MHz, 38.88MHz,
51.84MHz, 77.76MHz, 155.52MHz, 311.04MHz, 2.5MHz, 25MHz, 125MHz, 156.25MHz, 312.50MHz,
10MHz, 10.24MHz, 13MHz, 30.72MHz and various multiples and submultiples of these rates
Custom clock rates also available: any multiple of 2kHz up to 77.76MHz and any multiple of 8kHz up to
311.04MHz
Three independent output APLLs support simultaneous generation of 155.52MHz for SONET/SDH,
125MHz for Gigabit Ethernet, and 156.25/312.5MHz for 10G Ethernet (plus various multiples/submultiples
of each)
All outputs have < 1ns peak-to-peak output jitter; outputs from APLLs have < 0.5ns peak-to-peak
Each CMOS/TTL clock output has two leads, the standard output (e.g., OC1) with a 3.3V power supply,
and the “B” output (e.g., OC1B) connected to the VDDIOB power supply for optional 2.5V output signal
levels.
8kHz frame sync and 2kHz multiframe sync outputs have programmable polarity and pulse width and can
be disciplined by a 2kHz or 8kHz sync input
General Features
Operates from a single external 12.800MHz local oscillator (XO or TCXO)
On-chip watchdog circuit for the local (REFCLK) oscillator
SPI serial microprocessor interface
Four general-purpose I/O pins
Register set can be write-protected
12
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
6.
Pin Descriptions
Table 6-1. Input Clock Pin Descriptions
PIN NAME(1)
TYPE(2)
REFCLK
I
IC1POS,
IC1NEG
IDIFF
IC2POS,
IC2NEG
IDIFF
IC3
IPD
IC4
IPD
IC5POS,
IC5NEG
IDIFF
IC6POS,
IC6NEG
IDIFF
IC8
IPD
IC9
IPD
SYNC1
IPD
PIN DESCRIPTION
Reference Clock. Connect to a 12.800MHz, high-accuracy, high-stability, low-noise local
oscillator (XO or TCXO). See Section 7.3.
Input Clock 1. LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 8kHz).
LVDS/LVPECL: See Table 10-4, Figure 10-1 and Figure 10-2.
CMOS/TTL: Bias IC1NEG to 1.4V and connect the single-ended signal to IC1POS.
Input Clock 2. LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 8kHz).
LVDS/LVPECL: See Table 10-4, Figure 10-1 and Figure 10-2.
CMOS/TTL: Bias IC2NEG to 1.4V and connect the single-ended signal to IC2POS.
This input can be associated with the SYNC3 pin.
Input Clock 3. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 8kHz). This input can be
associated with the SYNC1 pin.
Input Clock 4. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 8kHz). This input can be
associated with the SYNC2 pin.
Input Clock 5. LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 19.44MHz).
LVDS/LVPECL: See Table 10-4, Figure 10-1 and Figure 10-2.
CMOS/TTL: Bias IC5NEG to 1.4V and connect the single-ended signal to IC5POS.
This input can be associated with the SYNC1 pin.
Input Clock 6. LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 19.44MHz).
LVDS/LVPECL: See Table 10-4, Figure 10-1 and Figure 10-2.
CMOS/TTL: Bias IC6NEG to 1.4V and connect the single-ended signal to IC6POS.
This input can be associated with the SYNC2 pin.
Input Clock 8. CMOS/TTL. Programmable input reference (default 19.44MHz).
Input Clock 9. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 19.44MHz). This input can be
associated with the SYNC3 pin.
Frame Sync1 Input. 2kHz, 4kHz, or 8kHz.
FSCR3:SOURCE ! = 11XX
This pin is the external frame sync input associated with any input pin using the
FSCR3:SOURCE field.
FSCR3:SOURCE = 11XX
This pin is the external frame sync signal associated with IC3 or IC5 depending on
which one is currently selected and the setting of FSCR1.SYNCSRC[1:0].
Frame Sync2 Input. 2kHz, 4kHz, or 8kHz.
SYNC2
SYNC3
IPD
IPU
FSCR3:SOURCE ! = 11XX
This pin is not used for the EXTERNAL FRAME SYNC signal.
FSCR3:SOURCE = 11XX
This pin is the external frame sync signal associated with IC4 or IC6 depending on
which one is currently selected and the setting of FSCR1.SYNCSRC[1:0].
Frame Sync3 Input. 2kHz, 4kHz, or 8kHz.
FSCR3:SOURCE ! = 11XX
This pin is not used for the external frame sync signal.
FSCR3:SOURCE = 11XX
This pin is the external frame sync signal associated with IC9 or IC2 depending on
which one is currently selected and the setting of FSCR1.SYNCSRC[1:0].
13
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 6-2. Output Clock Pin Descriptions
PIN NAME(1)
TYPE(2)
OC1
O
Output Clock 1. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 25MHz)
OC2
O
Output Clock 2. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 62.5MHz).
OC3
O
Output Clock 3. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 77.76MHz)
OC4
O
Output Clock 4. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 125MHz)
OC5
O
Output Clock 5. CMOS/TTL. Programmable frequency (default 155.52MHz).
OC4POS,
OC4NEG
ODIFF
OC5POS,
OC5NEG
ODIFF
OC6POS,
OC6NEG
ODIFF
OC7POS,
OC7NEG
ODIFF
OC1B/
GPIO1
O3
OC2B/
GPIO2
O3
OC3B/
GPIO3
O3
OC4B
O3
OC5B
O3
FSYNC
O3
MFSYNC
O3
PIN DESCRIPTION
Output Clock 4. LVDS/LVPECL. These pins present the same clock as the OC4 pin but in
differential signal format. The output mode is selected by MCR8.OC4SF[1:0]. See Table 10-5,
Table 10-6, Figure 10-1, and Figure 10-3.
Output Clock 5. LVDS/LVPECL. These pins present the same clock as the OC5 pin but in
differential signal format. The output mode is selected by MCR8.OC5SF[1:0]. See Table 10-5,
Table 10-6, Figure 10-1, and Figure 10-3.
Output Clock 6. LVDS/LVPECL. Programmable frequency (default 156.25MHz LVDS). The
output mode is selected by MCR8.OC6SF[1:0]. See Table 10-5, Table 10-6, Figure 10-1, and
Figure 10-3.
Output Clock 7. LVDS/LVPECL. Programmable frequency (default 312.5MHz LVDS). The
output mode is selected by MCR8.OC7SF[1:0]. See Table 10-5, Table 10-6, Figure 10-1, and
Figure 10-3.
Output Clock 1B/General-Purpose IO 1. CMOS/TTL. (default CLK1B, disabled) This pin is
programmable as an output clock pin or a GPIO pin using OCR6.OC1BEN. When programmed
as a clock output pin (OC1BEN = 1) it presents the same clock as the OC1 pin. This pin is
powered from the VDDIOB power supply pin.
Output Clock 2B/General-Purpose IO 2. CMOS/TTL. (default CLK2B, disabled) This pin is
programmable as an output clock pin or a GPIO pin using OCR6.OC2BEN. When programmed
as a clock output pin (OC2BEN = 1) it presents the same clock as the OC2 pin. This pin is
powered from the VDDIOB power supply pin.
Output Clock 3B/General-Purpose IO 3. CMOS/TTL. (default CLK3B, disabled) This pin is
programmable as an output clock pin or a GPIO pin using OCR6.OC3BEN. When programmed
as a clock output pin (OC3BEN = 1) it presents the same clock as the OC3 pin. This pin is
powered from the VDDIOB power supply pin.
Output Clock 4B. CMOS/TTL (default off). When enabled (OCR6.OC4BEN = 1), this pin
presents the same clock as the OC4 pin. This pin is powered from the VDDIOB power pin.
Output Clock 5B. CMOS/TTL (default off) . When enabled (OCR6.OC5BEN = 1), this pin
presents the same clock as the OC5 pin. This pin is powered from the VDDIOB power pin.
FSYNC. CMOS/TTL. 8kHz frame sync or clock (default 50% duty cycle clock, noninverted). The
pulse polarity and width are selectable using FSCR1.8KINV and FSCR1.8KPUL.
MFSYNC. CMOS/TTL. 2kHz frame sync or clock (default 50% duty cycle clock, noninverted).
The pulse polarity and width are selectable using FSCR1.2KINV and FSCR1.2KPUL.
14
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 6-3. Global Pin Descriptions
PIN NAME(1)
TYPE(2)
RST
IPU
SRCSW
IPD
TEST
IPD
WDT
I/O
SONSDH/
GPIO4
I/OPD
SRFAIL
O
LOCK
O
INTREQ/LOS
O3
PIN DESCRIPTION
Reset (Active Low). When this global asynchronous reset is pulled low, all internal circuitry is
reset to default values. The device is held in reset as long as RST is low. RST should be held
low for at least two REFCLK cycles after the external oscillator has stabilized and is providing
valid clock signals.
Source Switching. Fast source-switching control input. See Section 7.6.5. The value of this pin
is latched into MCR10:EXTSW when RST goes high. After RST goes high this pin can be used
to select between IC3/IC5 and IC4/IC6, if enabled.
Factory Test Mode Select. Wire this pin to VSS for normal operation.
Watchdog Timer Pin. Analog node for the REFCLK watchdog timer. Connect to a resistor (R)
to VDDIO and a capacitor (C) to ground. Suggested values are R = 20kΩ and C = 0.01μF. See
Section 7.3.
SONET/SDH Frequency Select Input or GPIO4 Pin. When RST goes high the state of this pin
sets the reset-default state of MCR3:SONSDH, MCR6:DIG1SS and MCR6:DIG2SS. After RST
goes high this pin can be used as a general-purpose I/O pin. GPCR:GPIO4D configures this
pin as an input or an output. GPCR:GPIO4O specifies the output value. GPSR:GPIO4 indicates
the state of the pin.
Reset latched values:
0 = SDH rates (N x 2.048MHz)
1 = SONET rates (N x 1.544MHz)
SRFAIL Status. When MCR10:SRFPIN = 1, this pin follows the state of the SRFAIL latched
status bit in the MSR2 register. This gives the system a very fast indication of the failure of the
current reference. When MCR10:SRFPIN = 0, SRFAIL is disabled (low).
T0 DPLL LOCK Status. When MCR1.LOCKPIN = 1, this pin indicates the lock state of the T0
DPLL. When MCR1.LOCKPIN = 0, LOCK is disabled (low).
0 = Not Locked
1 = Locked
Interrupt Request/Loss of Signal. Programmable (default: INTREQ). The INTCR:LOS bit
determines whether the pin is indicates interrupt requests or loss of signal (i.e. loss of selected
reference).
INTCR:LOS = 0: INTREQ mode
The behavior of this pin is configured in the INTCR register. Polarity can be active high or
active low. Drive action can be push-pull or open drain. The pin can also be configured as
a general-purpose output if the interrupt request function is not needed.
INTCR:LOS = 1: LOS mode
This pin indicates the real-time state of the selected reference activity monitor (see Section
7.5.3). This function is most useful when external switching mode (Section 7.6.5) is enabled
(MCR10:EXTSW = 1).
Table 6-4. SPI Bus Mode Pin Descriptions
See Section 7.10 for functional description and Section 10.4 for timing specifications.
PIN NAME(1)
TYPE(2)
PIN DESCRIPTION
CS
IPU
Chip Select. This pin must be asserted (low) to read or write internal registers.
SCLK
SDI
SDO
I
I
O
CPHA
I
CPOL
IPD
Serial Clock. SCLK is always driven by the SPI bus master.
Serial Data Input. The SPI bus master transmits data to the device on this pin.
Serial Data Output. The device transmits data to the SPI bus master on this pin.
Clock Phase. See Figure 7-5.
0 = Data is latched on the leading edge of the SCLK pulse.
1 = Data is latched on the trailing edge of the SCLK pulse.
Clock Polarity. See Figure 7-5.
0 = SCLK is normally low and pulses high during bus transactions.
1 = SCLK is normally high and pulses low during bus transactions.
15
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 6-5. JTAG Interface Pin Descriptions
See Section 9 for functional description and Section 10.5 for timing specifications.
PIN NAME(1)
TYPE(2)
JTRST
IPU
JTCLK
I
JTDI
IPU
JTDO
O3
JTMS
IPU
PIN DESCRIPTION
JTAG Test Reset (Active Low). Asynchronously resets the test access port (TAP) controller. If
not used, JTRST can be held low or high.
JTAG Clock. Shifts data into JTDI on the rising edge and out of JTDO on the falling edge. If
not used, JTCLK can be held low or high.
JTAG Test Data Input. Test instructions and data are clocked in on this pin on the rising edge
of JTCLK. If not used, JTDI can be held low or high.
JTAG Test Data Output. Test instructions and data are clocked out on this pin on the falling
edge of JTCLK. If not used, leave floating.
JTAG Test Mode Select. Sampled on the rising edge of JTCLK and is used to place the port
into the various defined IEEE 1149.1 states. If not used connect to VDDIO or leave floating.
Table 6-6. Power-Supply Pin Descriptions
PIN NAME(1)
VDD
VDDIO
VDDIOB
VSS
VDD_OC45
VSS_OC45
VDD_OC67
VSS_OC67
AVDD_PLL1
AVSS_PLL1
AVDD_PLL2
AVSS_PLL2
AVDD_PLL3
AVSS_PLL3
AVDD_PLL4
AVSS_PLL4
TYPE(2)
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
PIN DESCRIPTION
Core Power Supply. 1.8V ±10%.
I/O Power Supply. 3.3V ±5%.
Power for Pins OC1B through OC5B. Voltage can be from 2.5V ±5% to 3.3V ±5%.
Ground Reference
Power Supply for Differential Outputs OC4POS/NEG and OC5POS/NEG. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for Differential Outputs OC4POS/NEG and OC5POS/NEG
Power Supply for Differential Outputs OC6POS/NEG and OC7POS/NEG. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for LVDS Differential Outputs OC6POS/NEG and OC7POS/NEG
Power Supply for Master Clock Generator APLL. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for Master Clock Generator APLL
Power Supply for T0 APLL. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for T0 APLL
Power Supply for T4 APLL. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for T4 APLL
Power Supply for T0 APLL2. 1.8V ±10%.
Return for T0 APLL2
Note 1: All pin names with an overbar (e.g., RST) are active low.
Note 2: All pins, except power and analog pins, are CMOS/TTL unless otherwise specified in the pin description.
PIN TYPES
I = input pin
IDIFF = input pin that is LVDS/LVPECL differential signal compatible
IPD = input pin with internal 50kΩ pulldown
IPU = input pin with internal 50kΩ pullup
I/O = input/output pin
IOPD = input/output pin with internal 50kΩ pulldown
IOPU = input/output pin with internal 50kΩ pullup
O = output pin
O3 = output pin that can tri-stated (i.e., placed in a high-impedance state)
ODIFF = output pin that is LVDS/LVPECL differential signal compatible
P = power-supply pin
Note 3: All digital pins, except OCn, are I/O pins in JTAG mode. OCn pins do not have JTAG functionality.
16
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.
Functional Description
7.1
Overview
The DS3104-SE has eight input clocks pins and three frame-sync input pins. The device can output as many as
nine different clock frequencies on 16 output clock pins. There are two separate DPLLs in the device: the highperformance T0 DPLL and the simpler the T4 DPLL. Both DPLLs can generate output clocks. See Figure 3-1.
Four of the input clock pins are single-ended and can accept clock signals from 2kHz to 125MHz. The other four
are differential inputs that can accept clock signals up to 156.25MHz. The differential inputs can be configured to
accept differential LVDS or LVPECL signals or single-ended CMOS/TTL signals.
Each input clock can be monitored continually for activity, and each can be marked unavailable or given a priority
number. Separate input priority numbers are maintained for the T0 DPLL and the T4 DPLL. Except in special
modes, the highest priority valid input is automatically selected as the reference for each path. SRFAIL is set or
cleared based on activity and/or frequency of the selected input.
Both the T0 DPLL and the T4 DPLL can directly lock to many common telecom and datacom frequencies,
including, but not limited to 8kHz, DS1, E1, 10MHz, 19.44MHz, and 38.88MHz as well as Ethernet frequencies
including 25MHz, 62.5MHz, 125MHz and 156.25MHz. The DPLLs can also lock to multiples of the standard directlock frequencies including 8kHz.
The T0 DPLL is the high-performance path with all the features needed for synchronizing a line card to dual
redundant system timing cards. The T4 DPLL is a simpler auxiliary path typically used to provide a clock derived
from an incoming line rate to system timing cards. The T4 APLL can be connected to either the T4 DPLL or the T0
DPLL to provide more low-jitter output frequencies from the T0 DPLL. There is also a dedicated low-jitter APLL
output that operates at 312.5MHz for 10G Ethernet applications.
Using the optional PLL bypass, the T4 selected reference, after any frequency division, can be directly output on
any of the OC1 to OC7 output clock pins.
Both DPLLs have these features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Automatic reference selection based on input activity and priority
Optional manual reference selection/forcing
Adjustable PLL characteristics, including bandwidth, pull-in range, and damping factor
Ability to lock to several common telecom and Ethernet frequencies plus multiples of any standard
direct lock frequency.
Frequency conversion between input and output using digital frequency synthesis
Combined performance of a stable, consistent digital PLL and low-jitter analog output PLLs
The T0 DPLL has these additional features not available in the T4 DPLL:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A full state machine for automatic transitions among free-run, locked, and holdover states
Nonrevertive reference switching mode
Phase build-out for reference switching (“hitless”)
Output vs. input phase offset control
13 bandwidth selections from 0.1Hz to 400Hz (vs. six selections for the T4 DPLL)
Noise rejection circuitry for low-frequency references
Output phase alignment to input frame sync signal
Instant digital one-second averaging and free-run holdover modes
The T4 DPLL has these additional features not available in the T0 DPLL:
•
•
Three bandwidth selections limited to 18Hz to 70Hz
Optional mode to measure the phase difference between two input clocks
17
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Typically, the internal state machine controls the T0 DPLL, but manual control by system software is also available.
The T4 DPLL has a simpler state machine that software cannot directly control. In either DPLL, however, software
can override the DPLL logic using manual reference selection.
The output and feedback synthesizers are locked to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL. Most of the output signals
that are locked to the same DPLL are always aligned to the falling edge at 2kHz.
The outputs of the T0 DPLL and the T4 DPLL can be connected to seven output DFS engines. See Figure 7-1.
Three of these output DFS engines are associated with high-speed APLLs that multiply the DPLL clock rate and
filter DPLL output jitter. The outputs of the APLLs are divided down to make a wide variety of possible frequencies
available at the output clock pins. T0 APLL and T0 APLL2 are always locked to the T0 DPLL, while the T4 APLL
can lock to either the T4 DPLL or the T0 DPLL. The output frequencies from the T0 DPLL can be synchronized to
an input 2, 4, or 8kHz sync signal (SYNC1, SYNC2, or SYNC3 input pins).
The OC1 to OC7 output clocks can be configured for a variety of different frequencies that are frequency and
phase locked to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL. The OC6 and OC7 outputs are LVDS/LVPECL, OC4 and OC5
are available in both LVDS/LVPECL and 3.3V CMOS, OC1 to OC3 are 3.3V CMOS. There are five outputs OC1B
to OC5B that can be 3.3V or 2.5V CMOS outputs. Altogether more than 60 output frequencies are possible,
ranging from 2kHz to 312.5MHz. The FSYNC output clock is always 8kHz, and the MFSYNC output clock is always
2kHz.
7.2
Device Identification and Protection
The 16-bit read-only ID field in the ID1 and ID2 registers is set to 0C20h = 3104 decimal. The device revision can
be read from the REV register. Contact the factory to interpret this value and determine the latest revision. The
register set can be protected from inadvertent writes using the PROT register.
7.3
Local Oscillator and Master Clock Configuration
The T0 DPLL, the T4 DPLL and the output DFS engines operate from a 204.8MHz master clock. The master clock
is synthesized from a 12.800MHz clock originating from a local oscillator attached to the REFCLK pin. The stability
of the T0 DPLL in free-run or holdover is equivalent to the stability of the local oscillator. Selection of an appropriate
local oscillator is therefore of crucial importance if the telecom standards listed in Table 1-1 are to be met. Simple
XOs can be used in less stringent cases, but TCXOs or even OCXOs may be required in the most demanding
applications. Careful evaluation of the local oscillator component is necessary to ensure proper performance.
Contact Maxim at [email protected] for recommended oscillators.
The stability of the local oscillator is very important, but its absolute frequency accuracy is less important because
the DPLLs can compensate for frequency inaccuracies when synthesizing the 204.8MHz master clock from the
local oscillator clock. The MCLKFREQ field in registers MCLK1 and MCLK2 specifies the frequency adjustment to
be applied. The adjust can be from -771ppm to +514ppm in 0.0196229ppm (i.e., ~0.02ppm) steps.
The DS3104-SE has a watchdog circuit that causes an interrupt on the INTREQ pin when the local oscillator
attached to the REFCLK pin is significantly off frequency. The watchdog interrupt is not maskable, but is subject to
the INTCR register settings. When the watchdog circuit activates, reads of any and all registers in the device will
return 00h to indicate the failure. In response to the activation of the INTREQ pin or during periodic polling, if
system software ever reads 00h from the ID registers (which are hard-coded to 0C20h = 3104 decimal) then it can
conclude that the local oscillator attached to that DS3104-SE has failed. For proper operation of the watchdog
timer, connect the WDT pin to a 10kΩ resistor (R) to VDDIO and a 0.01μF capacitor (C) to VSS.
18
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.4
Input Clock Configuration
The DS3104-SE has eight input clocks, IC1 to IC6 and IC8 and IC9. Table 7-1 provides summary information about
each clock, including signal format and available frequencies. The device tolerates a wide range of duty cycles on
input clocks, out to a minimum high time or minimum low time of 3ns or 30% of the clock period, whichever is
smaller.
7.4.1 Signal Format Configuration
Inputs with CMOS/TTL signal format accept both TTL and 3.3V CMOS levels. One key configuration bit that affects
the available frequencies is the SONSDH bit in MCR3. When SONSDH = 1 (SONET mode), the 1.544MHz
frequency is available. When SONSDH = 0 (SDH mode), the 2.048MHz frequency is available. During reset the
default value of this bit is latched from the SONSDH pin.
Input clocks IC1, IC2, IC5, and IC6 can be configured to accept LVDS, LVPECL, or CMOS/TTL signals by using
the proper set of external components. The recommended LVDS termination is shown in Figure 10-1 while the
recommended LVPECL termination is shown in Figure 10-2. The electrical specifications for these inputs are listed
in Table 10-4. To configure these differential inputs to accept single-ended CMOS/TTL signals, use a voltagedivider to bias the ICxNEG pin to approximately 1.4V and connect the single-ended signal to the ICxPOS pin. If a
differential input is not used it should be configured left floating (one input is internally pulled high and the other
internally pulled low). (See also MCR5:IC5SF and IC6SF.)
Table 7-1. Input Clock Capabilities
INPUT CLOCK
IC1
IC2
IC3
IC4
IC5
IC6
IC8
IC9
SIGNAL FORMATS
LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL
LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL
CMOS/TTL
CMOS/TTL
LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL
LVDS/LVPECL or CMOS/TTL
CMOS/TTL
CMOS/TTL
FREQUENCIES (MHz)
(2)
Up to 156.25
Up to 156.25 (2)
Up to 125 (1)
Up to 125 (1)
Up to 156.25 (2)
Up to 156.25 (2)
Up to 125 (1)
Up to 125 (1)
DEFAULT FREQUENCY
8kHz
8kHz
8kHz
8kHz
19.44MHz
19.44MHz
19.44MHz
19.44MHz
Note 1: Available frequencies for CMOS/TTL input clocks are: 2kHz, 4kHz, 8kHz, 1.544MHz (SONET mode), 2.048MHz (SDH mode),
6.312MHz, 6.48MHz, 19.44MHz, 25.0MHz, 25.92MHz, 38.88MHz, 51.84MHz, 62.5MHz, 77.76MHz, and any multiple of 2kHz up to 125MHz.
Note 2: Available frequencies for LVDS/LVPECL input clocks include all CMOS/TTL frequencies in Note 1 plus any multiple of 8kHz up to
155.52MHz and 156.25MHz.
19
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.4.2 Frequency Configuration
Input clock frequencies are configured in the FREQ field of the ICR registers. The DIVN and LOCK8K bits of these
same registers specify the locking frequency mode, as shown in Table 7-2.
Table 7-2. Locking Frequency Modes
DIVN
LOCK8K
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
LOCKING FREQUENCY
MODE
Direct Lock
LOCK8K
DIVN
Alternate Direct Lock
7.4.2.1 Direct Lock Mode
In direct lock mode, the DPLLs lock to the selected reference at the frequency specified in the corresponding ICR
register. Direct lock mode can only be used for input clocks with these specific frequencies: 2kHz, 4kHz, 8kHz,
1.544MHz, 2.048MHz, 5MHz, 6.312MHz, 6.48MHz, 19.44MHz, 25.92MHz, 31.25MHz, 38.88MHz, 51.84MHz,
77.76MHz, and 155.52MHz. For the 155.52MHz case, the input clock is internally divided by two, and the DPLL
direct-locks at 77.76MHz. The DIVN mode can be used to divide an input down to any of these frequencies except
155.52MHz.
MTIE figures may be marginally better in direct lock mode because the higher frequencies allow more frequent
phase updates.
7.4.2.2 Alternate Direct Lock Mode
Alternate direct lock mode is the same as direct lock mode except an alternate list of direct lock frequencies is used
(see the FREQ field definition in the ICR register description). The alternate frequencies are included to support
clock rates found in Ethernet, CMTS, wireless, and GPS applications. The alternate frequencies are: 10MHz,
25MHz, 62.5MHz, 125MHz, and 156.25MHz. The frequencies 62.5MHz, 125MHz, and 156.25MHz are internally
divided down to 31.25MHz, while 10MHz and 25MHz are internally divided down to 5MHz.
7.4.2.3 LOCK8K Mode
In LOCK8K mode, an internal divider is configured to divide the selected reference down to 8kHz. The DPLL locks
to the 8kHz output of the divider. LOCK8K mode can only be used for input clocks with the standard direct lock
frequencies: 8kHz, 1.544MHz, 2.048MHz, 5MHz, 6.312MHz, 6.48MHz, 19.44MHz, 25.0MHz, 25.92MHz,
31.25MHz, 38.88MHz, 51.84MHz, 62.5MHz, 77.76MHz, and 155.52MHz. LOCK8K mode is enabled for a particular
input clock by setting the LOCK8K bit in the corresponding ICR register. LOCK8K mode cannot be used with 5MHz
input clocks.
LOCK8K mode gives a greater tolerance to input jitter when the multicycle phase detector is disabled because it
uses lower frequencies for phase comparisons. The clock edge to lock to on the selected reference can be
configured using the 8KPOL bit in the TEST1 register. For 2kHz and 4kHz clocks the LOCK8K bit is ignored and
direct-lock mode is used.
7.4.2.4 DIVN Mode
In DIVN mode, an internal divider is configured from the value stored in the DIVN registers. The DIVN value must
be chosen so that when the selected reference is divided by DIVN+1, the resulting clock frequency is the same as
the standard direct lock frequency selected in the FREQ field of the ICR register. The DPLL locks to the output of
the divider. DIVN mode can only be used for input clocks whose frequency is less than or equal to 155.52MHz. The
DIVN register field can range from 0 to 65,535 inclusive. The same DIVN+1 factor is used for all input clocks
configured for DIVN mode. Note that although the DIVN divider is able to divide down clock rates as high as
155.52MHz, the CMOS/TTL inputs are only rated for a maximum clock rate of 125MHz.
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________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.5
Input Clock Monitoring
Each input clock is continuously monitored for activity. Activity monitoring is described in Sections 7.5.2 and 7.5.3.
The valid/invalid state of each input clock is reported in the corresponding real-time status bit in registers VALSR1
or VALSR2. When the valid/invalid state of a clock changes, the corresponding latched status bit is set in registers
MSR1 or MSR2, and an interrupt request occurs if the corresponding interrupt enable bit is set in registers IER1 or
IER2. Input clocks marked invalid cannot be automatically selected as the reference for either DPLL. If the T4
DPLL does not have any valid input clocks available, the T4NOIN status bit is set to 1 in MSR3.
7.5.1 Frequency Monitoring
The DS3104-SE monitors the frequency of each input clock and invalidates any clock whose frequency is more
than 10,000ppm away from nominal. The frequency range monitor can be disabled by clearing the MCR1.FREN
bit. The frequency range measurement uses the internal 204.8MHz master clock as the frequency reference.
7.5.2 Activity Monitoring
Each input clock is monitored for activity and proper behavior using a leaky bucket accumulator. A leaky bucket
accumulator is similar to an analog integrator: the output amplitude increases in the presence of input events and
gradually decays in the absence of events. When events occur infrequently, the accumulator value decays fully
between events and no alarm is declared. When events occur close enough together, the accumulator increments
faster than it can decay and eventually reaches the alarm threshold. After an alarm has been declared, if events
occur infrequently enough, the accumulator can decay faster than it is incremented and eventually reaches the
alarm clear threshold. The leaky bucket events come from the frequency range and fast activity monitors.
The leaky bucket accumulator for each input clock can be assigned one of four configurations (0 through 3) in the
BUCKET field of the ICR registers. Each leaky bucket configuration has programmable size, alarm declare
threshold, alarm clear threshold, and decay rate, all of which are specified in the LBxy registers.
Activity monitoring is divided into 128ms intervals. The accumulator is incremented once for each 128ms interval in
which the input clock is inactive for more than two cycles (more than four cycles for 155.52MHz, 156.25MHz,
125MHz, 62.5MHz, 25MHz and 10MHz input clocks). Thus the “fill” rate of the bucket is at most 1 unit per 128ms,
or approximately 8 units/second. During each period of 1, 2, 4 or 8 intervals (programmable), the accumulator
decrements if no irregularities occur. Thus the “leak” rate of the bucket is approximately 8, 4, 2, or 1 units/second.
A leak is prevented when a fill event occurs in the same interval.
When the value of an accumulator reaches the alarm threshold (LBxU register), the corresponding ACT alarm bit is
set to 1 in the ISR registers, and the clock is marked invalid in the VALSR registers. When the value of an
accumulator reaches the alarm clear threshold (LBxL register), the activity alarm is cleared by clearing the clock’s
ACT bit. The accumulator cannot increment past the size of the bucket specified in the LBxS register. The decay
rate of the accumulator is specified in the LBxD register. The values stored in the leaky bucket configuration
registers must have the following relationship at all times: LBxS ≥ LBxU > LBxL.
4
When the leaky bucket is empty, the minimum time to declare an activity alarm in seconds is LBxU / 8 (where the
‘x’ in ‘LBxU’ is the leaky bucket configuration number, 0 to 3). The minimum time to clear an activity alarm in
seconds is 2^LBxD x (LBxS – LBxL) / 8. As an example, assume LBxU = 8, LBxL = 1, LBxS = 10, and LBxD = 0.
The minimum time to declare an activity alarm would be 8 / 8 = 1 second. The minimum time to clear the activity
alarm would be 2^0 x (10 – 1) / 8 = 1.125 seconds.
7.5.3 Selected Reference Activity Monitoring
The input clock that each DPLL is currently locked to is called the selected reference. The quality of a DPLL’s
selected reference is exceedingly important, since missing cycles and other anomalies on the selected reference
can cause unwanted jitter, wander or frequency offset on the output clocks. When anomalies occur on the selected
reference they must be detected as soon as possible to give the DPLL opportunity to temporarily disconnect from
the reference until the reference is available again. By design, the regular input clock activity monitor (Section
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________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.5.2) is too slow to be suitable for monitoring the selected reference. Instead, each DPLL has its own fast activity
monitor that detects that the frequency is within range (approximately 10,000ppm) and detects inactivity within
approximately two missing reference clock cycles (approximately four missing cycles for 156.25MHz, 155.52MHz,
125MHz, 62.5MHz, 25MHz, and 10MHz references).
When the T0 DPLL detects a no-activity event, it immediately enters mini-holdover mode to isolate itself from the
selected reference and sets the SRFAIL bit in MSR2. The setting of the SRFAIL bit can cause an interrupt request
if the corresponding enable bit is set in IER2. If MCR10:SRFPIN = 1, the SRFAIL output pin follows the state of the
SRFAIL status bit. Optionally, a no-activity event can also cause an ultra-fast reference switch (see Section 7.6.4).
When PHLIM1:NALOL = 0 (default), the T0 DPLL does not declare loss-of-lock during no-activity events. If the
selected reference becomes available again before any alarms are declared by the activity monitor, then the T0
DPLL continues to track the selected reference using nearest-edge locking (±180°) to avoid cycle slips. When
NALOL = 1, the T0 DPLL declares loss-of-lock during no-activity events. This causes the T0 DPLL state machine
to transition to the loss-of-lock state, which sets the MSR2:STATE bit and causes an interrupt request if enabled. If
the selected reference becomes available again before any alarms are declared by the activity monitor, then the T0
DPLL tracks the selected reference using phase/frequency locking (±360°) until phase lock is reestablished.
When the T4 DPLL detects a no-activity event, its behavior is similar to the T0 DPLL with respect to the
PHLIM1:NALOL control bit. Unlike the T0 DPLL, however, the T4 DPLL does not set the SRFAIL status bit. If
NALOL = 1, the T4 DPLL clears the OPSTATE:T4LOCK status bit, which sets MSR3:T4LOCK and causes an
interrupt request if enabled.
7.6
Input Clock Priority, Selection and Switching
7.6.1 Priority Configuration
During normal operation, the selected reference for the T0 DPLL and the selected reference for the T4 DPLL are
chosen automatically based on the priority rankings assigned to the input clocks in the input priority registers (IPR1
to IPR5). Each of these registers has priority fields for one or two input clocks. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11
register, the IPR registers specify the input clock priorities for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, the IPR registers
specify the input clock priorities for the T4 DPLL. The default input clock priorities, for both PLLs, are shown in
Table 7-3.
Any unused input clock should be given the priority value 0, which disables the clock and marks it as unavailable
for selection. Priority 1 is highest while priority 15 is lowest. The same priority can be given to two or more clocks.
Table 7-3. Default Input Clock Priorities
INPUT CLOCK
IC1
IC2
IC3
IC4
IC5
IC6
IC8
IC9
T0 DPLL
DEFAULT
PRIORITY
0 (off)
1
2
3
0 (off)
0 (off)
4
5
T4 DPLL
DEFAULT
PRIORITY
0 (off)
1
2
3
0 (off)
0 (off)
5
0 (off)
7.6.2 Automatic Selection Algorithm
The real-time valid/invalid state of each input clock is maintained in the VALSR1 and VALSR2 registers. The
selected reference can be marked invalid for phase lock, frequency, or activity. Other input clocks can be
invalidated for frequency or activity.
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________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
The reference selection algorithm for each DPLL chooses the highest-priority valid input clock to be the selected
reference. To select the proper input clock based on these criteria, the selection algorithm maintains a priority table
of valid inputs. The top three entries in this table and the selected reference are displayed in the PTAB1 and
PTAB2 registers. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, these registers indicate the highest priority input clocks
for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, they indicate the highest priority input clocks for the T4 DPLL.
If two or more input clocks are given the same priority number then those inputs are prioritized among themselves
using a fixed circular list. If one equal-priority clock is the selected reference but becomes invalid then the next
equal-priority clock in the list becomes the selected reference. If an equal-priority clock that is not the selected
reference becomes invalid, it is simply skipped over in the circular list. The selection among equal-priority inputs is
inherently nonrevertive, and revertive switching mode (see next paragraph) has no effect in the case where
multiple equal-priority inputs have the highest priority.
An important input to the selection algorithm for the T0 DPLL is the REVERT bit in the MCR3 register. In revertive
mode (REVERT = 1), if an input clock with a higher priority than the selected reference becomes valid, the higher
priority reference immediately becomes the selected reference. In nonrevertive mode (REVERT = 0), the higher
priority reference does not immediately become the selected reference but does become the highest priority
reference in the priority table (REF1 field in the PTAB1 register). (The selection algorithm always switches to the
highest-priority valid input when the selected reference goes invalid, regardless of the state of the REVERT bit.)
For many applications, nonrevertive mode is preferred for the T0 DPLL because it minimizes disturbances on the
output clocks due to reference switching. The T4 DPLL always operates in revertive mode.
In nonrevertive mode, planned switchover to a newly-valid higher priority input clock can be done manually under
software control. The validation of the new higher priority clock sets the corresponding status bit in the MSR1 or
MSR2 register, which can drive an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if needed. System software can then
respond to this change of state by briefly enabling revertive mode (toggling REVERT high then back low) to drive
the switchover to the higher priority clock.
7.6.3 Forced Selection
The T0FORCE field in the MCR2 register and the T4FORCE field in the MCR4 register provide a way to force a
specified input clock to be the selected reference for the T0 and T4 DPLLs, respectively. In both T0FORCE and
T4FORCE, values of 0 and 15 specify normal operation with automatic reference selection. Values from 1 to 6 and
8 and 9 specify the input clock to be the forced selection; other values will cause no input to be selected. Internally,
forcing is accomplished by giving the specified clock the highest priority (as specified in PTAB1:REF1). In revertive
mode (MCR3:REVERT = 1) the forced clock automatically becomes the selected reference (as specified in
PTAB1:SELREF) as well. In nonrevertive mode (T0 DPLL only) the forced clock only becomes the selected
reference when the existing selected reference is invalidated or made unavailable for selection. In both revertive
and nonrevertive modes when an input is forced to be the highest priority, the normal highest priority input (when
no input is forced) is listed as the second-highest priority (PTAB2:REF2) and the normal second-highest priority
input is listed as the third-highest priority (PTAB2:REF3).
When the T4 DPLL is used to measure the phase difference between the T0 DPLL selected reference and another
reference input by setting the T0CR1:T4MT0 bit, the T4FORCE field in the MCR4 register can be used to select the
other reference input.
7.6.4 Ultra-Fast Reference Switching
By default, disqualification of the selected reference and switchover to another reference occurs when the activity
monitor’s inactivity alarm threshold has been crossed, a process that takes on the order of hundreds of
milliseconds or seconds. For the T0 DPLL, an option for extremely fast disqualification and switchover is also
available. When ultra-fast switching is enabled (MCR10:UFSW = 1), if the fast activity monitor detects
approximately two missing clock cycles it declares the reference failed by forcing the leaky bucket accumulator to
its upper threshold (see Section 7.5.2) and initiates reference switching. This is in addition to setting the SRFAIL bit
in MSR2 and optionally generating an interrupt request, as described in Section 7.5.3. When ultra-fast switching
occurs, the T0 DPLL transitions to the prelocked 2 state, which allows switching to occur faster by bypassing the
loss-of-lock state. The device should be in nonrevertive mode when ultra-fast switching is enabled. If the device is
23
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
in revertive mode, ultra-fast switching could cause excessive reference switching when the highest priority input is
intermittent.
7.6.5 External Reference Switching Mode
In this mode the SRCSW input pin controls reference switching between two clock inputs. This mode is enabled by
setting the EXTSW bit to 1 in the MCR10 register. In this mode, if the SRCSW pin is high, the T0 DPLL is forced to
lock to input IC3 (if the priority of IC3 is nonzero in IPR2) or IC5 (if the priority of IC3 is zero) whether or not the
selected input has a valid reference signal. If the SRCSW pin is low the T0 DPLL is forced to lock to input IC4 (if
the priority of IC4 is nonzero in IPR2) or IC6 (if the priority of IC4 is zero) whether or not the selected input has a
valid reference signal. During reset the default value of the EXTSW bit is latched from the SRCSW pin. If external
reference switching mode is enabled during reset, the default frequency tolerance (DLIMIT registers) is configured
to ±80ppm rather than the normal default of ±9.2ppm.
In external reference switching mode the device is simply a clock switch, and the T0 DPLL is forced to lock onto the
selected reference whether it is valid or not. Unlike forced reference selection (Section 7.6.3) this mode controls the
PTAB1:SELREF field directly and is, therefore, not affected by the state of the MCR3:REVERT bit. During external
reference switching mode, only PTAB1:SELREF is affected; the REF1, REF2, and REF3 fields in the PTAB
registers continue to indicate the highest, second-highest, and third-highest priority valid inputs chosen by the
automatic selection logic. External reference switching mode only affects the T0 DPLL.
7.6.6 Output Clock Phase Continuity During Reference Switching
If phase build-out is enabled (PBOEN = 1 in MCR10) or the DPLL frequency limit (DLIMIT) is set to less than
±30ppm, the device always complies with the GR-1244-CORE requirement that the rate of phase change must be
less than 81ns per 1.326ms during reference switching.
24
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.7
DPLL Architecture and Configuration
Both T0 and T4 are digital PLLs with separate analog PLLs (APLLs) as the output stage. This architecture
combines the benefits of both PLL types. See Figure 7-1.
Figure 7-1. DPLL Block Diagram
PLL Bypass
T4 selected
reference
T4
PFD and
Loop Filter
0
Locking
Frequency
1
T0CR1:T4MT0
T4
Foward
DFS
T4
Feedback
DFS
2K8K
DFS
DIG12
DFS
MCR7:DIG1SRC
T0CR1:LKT4T0
MCR7:DIG2SRC
T0CR1:LKT4T0
T0
PFD and
Loop Filter
T0
Foward
DFS
T0
Feedback
DFS
Locking
Frequency
ICRn:FREQ[3:0]
DIG1
MCR6:DIG1SS
MCR6:DIG1F[1:0]
DIG12
DFS
T0 selected
reference
2K8K
FSCR1:2K8KSRC
T0CR1:LKT4T0
ICRn:FREQ[3:0]
T4 DPLL
2
DIG2
MCR6:DIG2SS
MCR6:DIG2F[1:0]
MCR6:DIG2AF
T4
APLL
DFS
T4
Output
APLL
APLL
Output
Dividers
OCRm:OFREQn[3:0]
OCR5:AOFn
T0CR1:T4APT0
T0CR1:LKT4T0 T4CR1:T4FREQ[3:0]
T0CR1:T0FT4[2:0]
T0
Output
APLL
APLL
Output
Dividers
T0
APLL2
DFS
T0
Output
APLL2
APLL
Output
Dividers
FSYNC
DFS
2
T0
APLL
DFS
OC1, OC2,
OC3, OC4,
OC5, OC6,
OC7
T0CR1:T0FREQ[2:0]
SYNC2K
SYNC2K
T0 DPLL
OUTPUT DFS
FSCR2:INDEP
FSYNC,
MFSYNC
OCR4:FSEN, MFSEN
FSCR1:8KINV, 2KINV
FSCR1:8KPOL, 2KPOL
Digital PLLs have two key benefits: (1) stable, repeatable performance that is insensitive to process variations,
temperature, and voltage; and (2) flexible behavior that is easily programmed via configuration registers. DPLLs
use digital frequency synthesis (DFS) to generate various clocks. In DFS a high-speed master clock (204.8MHz) is
multiplied up from the 12.800MHz local oscillator clock applied to the REFCLK pin. This master clock is then
digitally divided down to the desired output frequency. The DFS output clock has jitter of about 1ns pk-pk.
25
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
The analog PLLs filter the jitter from the DPLLs, reducing the 1ns pk-pk jitter to less than 0.5ns pk-pk and 60ps
RMS, typical, measured broadband (10Hz to 1GHz).
The DPLLs in the device are configurable for many PLL parameters including bandwidth, damping factor, input
frequency, pull-in/hold-in range, input-to-output phase offset, phase build-out, and more. No knowledge of loop
equations or gain parameters is required to configure and operate the device. No external components are
required for the DPLLs or the APLLs except the high-quality local oscillator connected to the REFCLK pin.
The T0 DPLL to T0 APLL path is the main path through the device. The T0 DPLL has a full freerun/locked/holdover state machine and full programmability. The T4 DPLL to T4 APLL path is a simpler frequency
converter/synthesis path, lacking the low bandwidth settings, phase build-out, and phase adjustment controls found
in the T0 DPLL.
7.7.1 T0 DPLL State Machine
The T0 DPLL has three main timing modes: locked, holdover and free-run. The control state machine for the T0
DPLL has states for each timing mode as well as three temporary states: prelocked, prelocked 2 and loss-of-lock.
The state transition diagram is shown in Figure 7-2. Descriptions of each state are given in the paragraphs below.
During normal operation the state machine controls state transitions. When necessary, however, the state can be
forced using the T0STATE field of the MCR1 register.
Whenever the T0 DPLL changes state, the STATE bit in MSR2 is set, which can cause an interrupt request if
enabled. The current T0 DPLL state can be read from the T0STATE field of the OPSTATE register.
7.7.1.1 Free-Run State
Free-run mode is the reset default state. In free-run all output clocks are derived from the 12.800 MHz local
oscillator attached to the REFCLK pin. The frequency of each output clock is a specific multiple of the local
oscillator. The frequency accuracy of each output clock is equal to the frequency accuracy of the master clock,
which can be calibrated using the MCLKFREQ field in registers MCLK1 and MCLK2 (see Section 7.3). The state
machine transitions from free-run to the prelocked state when at least one input clock is valid.
7.7.1.2 Prelocked State
The prelocked state provides a 100-second period (default value of PHLKTO register) for the DPLL to lock to the
selected reference. If phase lock (see Section 7.7.6) is achieved for 2 seconds during this period then the state
machine transitions to locked mode.
If the DPLL fails to lock to the selected reference within the phase-lock timeout period specified by PHLKTO then a
phase lock alarm is raised (corresponding LOCK bit set in the ISR register), invalidating the input (ICn bit goes low
in VALSR registers). If another input clock is valid then the state machine re-enters the prelocked state and tries to
lock to the alternate input clock. If no other input clocks are valid for two seconds, then the state machine
transitions back to the free-run state.
In revertive mode (REVERT = 1 in MCR3), if a higher priority input clock becomes valid during the phase-lock
timeout period then the state machine re-enters the prelocked state and tries to lock the higher priority input.
If a phase-lock timeout period longer than 100 seconds is required for locking, then the PHLKTO register must be
configured accordingly.
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________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 7-2. T0 DPLL State Transition Diagram
Free-Run
select ref
(001)
Reset
(selected reference invalid > 2s
OR out of lock >100s)
AND no valid input clock
[selected reference invalid OR
out of lock >100s OR
(revertive mode AND valid higher-priority input)]
AND valid input clock available
all input clocks evaluated
at least one input valid
Pre-locked
wait for <=100s
(110)
phase-locked to
selected reference > 2s
[selected reference invalid OR
(revertive mode AND valid higher-priority input)]
AND valid input clock available
phase-locked
to selected
reference > 2s
Locked
(100)
phase-lock regained
on selected reference
within 100s
loss-of-lock on
selected reference
selected reference invalid > 2s
AND
no valid input clock available
[selected reference invalid OR
(selected reference invalid > 2s
(revertive mode AND valid higher-priority input)
OR out of lock >100s) AND
OR out of lock >100s] AND
Pre-locked 2
Loss-of-Lock
no valid input clock available
valid input clock available
wait for <=100s
wait for <=100s
(101)
(111)
[selected reference invalid OR
out of lock >100s OR
(revertive mode AND valid higher-priority input)]
AND valid input clock available
Holdover
select ref
(010)
(selected reference invalid > 2s
OR out of lock >100s) AND
no valid input clock available
all input clocks evaluated
at least one input valid
Notes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
An input clock is valid when it has no activity alarm and no phase lock alarm (see the VALSR registers and the ISR registers).
All input clocks are continuously monitored for activity.
Only the selected reference is monitored for loss of lock.
Phase lock is declared internally when the DPLL has maintained phase lock continuously for approximately 1 to 2 seconds.
To simply the diagram, the phase-lock timeout period is always shown as 100s, which is the default value of the PHLKTO register.
Longer or shorter timeout periods can be specified as needed by writing the appropriate value to the PHLKTO register.
When selected reference is invalid and the DPLL is not in free-run or holdover, the DPLL is in a temporary holdover state.
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7.7.1.3 Locked State
The T0 DPLL state machine can reach the locked state from the prelocked, prelocked 2, or loss-of-lock states
when the DPLL has locked to the selected reference for at least 2 seconds (see Section 7.7.6). In the locked state
the output clocks track the phase and frequency of the selected reference.
If the MCR1.LOCKPIN bit is set, the LOCK pin is driven high when the T0 DPLL is in the locked state.
While in the locked state, if the selected reference is so impaired that an activity alarm is raised (corresponding
ACT bit set in the ISR register), then the selected reference is invalidated (ICn bit goes low in VALSR registers),
and the state machine immediately transitions to either the prelocked 2 state (if another valid input clock is
available) or, after being invalid for 2 seconds, to the holdover state (if no other input clock is valid).
If loss-of-lock (see Section 7.7.6) is declared while in the locked state then the state machine transitions to the lossof-lock state.
7.7.1.4 Loss-of-Lock State
When the loss-of-lock detectors (see Section 7.7.6) indicate loss of phase lock, the state machine immediately
transitions from the locked state to the loss-of-lock state. In the loss-of-lock state the DPLL tries for 100 seconds
(default value of PHLKTO register) to regain phase lock. If phase lock is regained during that period for more than
2 seconds, the state machine transitions back to the locked state.
If, during the phase-lock timeout period specified by PHLKTO, the selected reference is so impaired that an activity
alarm is raised (corresponding ACT bit set in the ISR registers), then the selected reference is invalidated (ICn bit
goes low in VALSR registers), and after being invalid for 2 seconds the state machine transitions to either the
prelocked 2 state (if another valid input clock is available) or the holdover state (if no other input clock is valid).
If phase lock cannot be regained by the end of the phase-lock timeout period then a phase lock alarm is raised
(corresponding LOCK bit set in the ISR registers), the selected reference is invalidated (ICn bit goes low in VALSR
registers), and the state machine transitions to either the prelocked 2 state (if another valid input clock is available)
or, after being invalid for 2 seconds, to the holdover state (if no other input clock is valid).
7.7.1.5 Prelocked 2 State
The prelocked and prelocked 2 states are similar. The prelocked 2 state provides a 100-second period (default
value of PHLKTO register) for the DPLL to lock to the new selected reference. If phase lock (see Section 7.7.6) is
achieved for more than 2 seconds during this period then the state machine transitions to locked mode.
If the DPLL fails to lock to the new selected reference within the phase-lock timeout period specified by PHLKTO
then a phase lock alarm is raised (corresponding LOCK bit set in the ISR registers), invalidating the input (ICn bit
goes low in VALSR registers). If another input clock is valid then the state machine re-enters the prelocked 2 state
and tries to lock to the alternate input clock. If no other input clocks are valid for 2 seconds, the state machine
transitions to the holdover state.
In revertive mode (REVERT = 1 in MCR3), if a higher priority input clock becomes valid during the phase-lock
timeout period then the state machine re-enters the prelocked 2 state and tries to lock to the higher priority input.
If a phase-lock timeout period longer than 100 seconds is required for locking, then the PHLKTO register must be
configured accordingly.
7.7.1.6 Holdover State
The device reaches the holdover state when it declares its selected reference invalid for 2 seconds and has no
other valid input clocks available. During holdover the T0 DPLL is not phase locked to any input clock but instead
generates its output frequency from stored frequency information acquired while it was in the locked state. When at
least one input clock has been declared valid the state machine immediately transitions from holdover to the
prelocked 2 state and tries to lock to the highest priority valid clock.
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________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.7.1.6.1 Automatic Holdover
For automatic holdover (FRUNHO = 0 in MCR3), the device can be further configured for instantaneous mode or
averaged mode. In instantaneous mode (AVG = 0 in HOCR3), the holdover frequency is set to the DPLL’s current
frequency 50 to 100 ms before entry into holdover (i.e., the value of the FREQ field in the FREQ1, FREQ2 and
FREQ3 registers when MCR11:T4T0 = 0). The FREQ field is the DPLL’s integral path and therefore is an average
frequency with a rate of change inversely proportional to the DPLL bandwidth. The DPLL’s proportional path is not
used in order to minimize the effect of recent phase disturbances on the holdover frequency.
In averaged mode (AVG = 1 in HOCR3 and FRUNHO = 1 in MCR3), the holdover frequency is set to an internally
averaged value. During locked operation the frequency indicated in the FREQ field is internally averaged over a
one-second period. The T0 DPLL indicates that it has acquired a valid holdover value by setting the HORDY status
bit in VALSR2 (real-time status) and MSR4 (latched status). If the T0 DPLL must enter holdover before the
one-second average is available, an instantaneous value 50ms to 100ms old from the integral path is used instead.
7.7.1.6.2 Free-Run Holdover
For free-run holdover (FRUNHO = 1 in MCR3), the output frequency accuracy is generated with the accuracy of
the external oscillator frequency. The actual frequency is the frequency of the external oscillator plus the value of
the MCLK offset specified in the MCLKFREQ field in registers MCLK1 and MCLK2 (see Section 7.3). When
MCR3.FRUNHO is set the HOCR3:AVG bit is ignored.
7.7.1.7 Mini-Holdover
When the selected reference fails, the fast activity monitor (Section 7.5.3) isolates the T0 DPLL from the reference
within one or two clock cycles to avoid adverse effects on the DPLL frequency. When this fast isolation occurs, the
DPLL enters a temporary mini-holdover mode, with a frequency equal to an instantaneous value 50ms to 100 ms
old from the integral path of the loop filter. Mini-holdover lasts until the selected reference becomes active or the
state machine enters the holdover state. If the free-run holdover mode is set (FRUNHO = 1 in MCR3), the miniholdover frequency accuracy is exactly the same as the external oscillator accuracy plus the offset set by the
MCLKFREQ field in registers MCLK1 and MCLK2 (see Section 7.3).
7.7.2 T4 DPLL State Machine
The T4 DPLL state machine is similar to the T0 DPLL, as shown in Figure 7-3. The T4 DPLL states are similar to
the equivalent states of the T0 DPLL but the only state indicator is the T4LOCK bit in the OPSTATE register. Note
that the T4 DPLL only operates in revertive switching mode. The full-holdover and mini-holdover modes are
instantaneous (see the first paragraph of Section 7.7.1.6.1).
29
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 7-3. T4 DPLL State Transition Diagram
Reset
Free-Run
selected reference
inactive > 2 sec
selected reference active
Pre-locked
phase-locked to
selected reference
> 2 sec
selected reference switch
Locked
selected reference
inactive > 2sec
selected reference
phase-locked > 2sec
phase-lock regained
on selected reference
> 2 sec
loss-of-lock on
selected reference
selected reference
inactive > 2 sec
selected reference switch
Pre-locked 2
Loss-of-Lock
Holdover
selected reference
inactive > 2 sec
selected reference active
30
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.7.3 Bandwidth
The bandwidth of the T4 DPLL is configured in the T4BW register to be 18Hz to 70Hz.
The bandwidth of the T0 DPLL is configured in the T0ABW and T0LBW registers for various values from 0.1Hz to
400Hz. The AUTOBW bit in the MCR9 register controls automatic bandwidth selection. When AUTOBW = 1, the
T0 DPLL uses the T0ABW bandwidth during acquisition (not phase locked) and the T0LBW bandwidth when phase
locked. When AUTOBW = 0 the T0 DPLL uses the T0LBW bandwidth all the time, both during acquisition and
when phase locked.
When LIMINT = 1 in the MCR9 register, the DPLL’s integral path is limited (i.e., frozen) when the DPLL reaches
minimum or maximum frequency. Setting LIMINT = 1 minimizes overshoot when the DPLL is pulling in.
7.7.4 Damping Factor
The damping factor for the T0 DPLL is configured in the DAMP field of the T0CR2 register, while the damping
factor of the T4 DPLL is configured in the DAMP field of the T4CR2 register. The reset default damping factors for
both DPLLs are chosen to give a maximum jitter/wander gain peak of approximately 0.1dB. Available settings are a
function of DPLL bandwidth (configured in the T4BW, T0ABW, and T0LBW registers). See Table 7-4.
Table 7-4. Damping Factors and Peak Jitter/Wander Gain
BANDWIDTH
(Hz)
DAMP[2:0]
VALUE
DAMPING
FACTOR
GAIN PEAK
(dB)
0.1 to 4
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
5
0.1
8
1
2, 3, 4, 5
1
2
3, 4, 5
1
2
3
4, 5
1
2
3
4
5
2.5
5
1.2
2.5
5
1.2
2.5
5
10
1.2
2.5
5
10
20
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.06
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.06
0.03
18
35
70 to 400
7.7.5 Phase Detectors
Phase detectors are used to compare a PLL’s feedback clock with its input clock. Several phase detectors are
available in the T0 and T4 DPLLs:
•
•
•
Phase/frequency detector (PFD)
Early/late phase detector (PD2) for fine resolution
Multicycle phase detector (MCPD) for large input jitter tolerance and/or faster lock times
These detectors can be used in combination to give fine phase resolution combined with large jitter tolerance. As
with the rest of the DPLL logic, the phase detectors operate at input frequencies up to 77.76MHz. The multicycle
phase detector detects and remembers phase differences of many cycles (up to 8191UI). When locking to 8kHz or
lower, the normal phase/frequency detectors are always used.
31
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
The T0 DPLL phase detectors can be configured for normal phase/frequency locking (±360° capture) or nearestedge phase locking (±180° capture). With nearest-edge detection the phase detectors are immune to occasional
missing clock cycles. The DPLL automatically switches to nearest-edge locking when the multicycle phase detector
is disabled and the other phase detectors determine that phase lock has been achieved. Setting D180 = 1 in the
TEST1 register disables nearest-edge locking and forces the T0 DPLL to use phase/frequency locking. The T4
DPLL always has nearest edge locking enabled.
The early/late phase detector, also known as phase detector 2, is enabled and configured in the PD2* fields of
registers T0CR2 and T0CR3 for the T0 DPLL and registers T4CR2 and T4CR3 for the T4 DPLL. The reset default
settings of these registers are appropriate for all operating modes. Adjustments only affect small signal overshoot
and bandwidth.
The multicycle phase detector is enabled by setting MCPDEN = 1 in the PHLIM2 register. The range of the
MCPD—from ±1UI up to ±8191UI—is configured in the COARSELIM field of PHLIM2. The MCPD tracks phase
position over many clock cycles, giving high jitter tolerance. Thus the use of the MCPD is an alternative to the use
of LOCK8K mode for jitter tolerance. When a DPLL is direct locking to 8kHz, 4kHz, or 2kHz or in LOCK8K mode,
the multicycle phase detector is automatically disabled.
When USEMCPD = 1 in PHLIM2, the MCPD is used in the DPLL loop, giving faster pull-in but more overshoot. In
this mode the loop has similar behavior to LOCK8K mode. In both cases large phase differences contribute to the
dynamics of the loop. When enabled by MCPDEN = 1, the MCPD tracks the phase position whether or not it is
used in the DPLL loop.
When the input clock is divided before being sent to the phase detector, the divider output clock edge gets aligned
to the feedback clock edge before the DPLL starts to lock to a new input clock signal or after the input clock signal
has a temporary signal loss. This helps ensure locking to the nearest input clock edge which reduces output
transients and decreases lock times.
7.7.6 Loss of Phase Lock Detection
Loss of phase lock can be triggered by any of the following in both the T0 and T4 DPLLs:
•
•
•
•
The fine phase lock detector (measures phase between input and feedback clocks)
The coarse phase lock detector (measures whole cycle slips)
Hard frequency limit detector
Inactivity detector
The fine phase lock detector is enabled by setting FLEN = 1 in the PHLIM1 register. The fine phase limit is
configured in the FINELIM field of PHLIM1.
The coarse phase lock detector is enabled by setting CLEN = 1 in the PHLIM2 register. The coarse phase limit is
configured in the COARSELIM field of PHLIM2. This coarse phase lock detector is part of the multicycle phase
detector (MCPD) described in Section 7.7.5. The COARSELIM field sets both the MCPD range and the coarse
phase limit, since the two are equivalent. If loss of phase lock should not be declared for multiple-UI input jitter then
the fine phase lock detector should be disabled and the coarse phase lock detector should be used instead.
The hard frequency limit detector is enabled by setting FLLOL = 1 in the DLIMIT3 register. The hard limit for the T0
DPLL is configured in registers DLIMIT1 and DLIMIT2. The T4 DPLL hard limit is fixed at ±80ppm. When the DPLL
frequency reaches the hard limit, loss-of-lock is declared. The DLIMIT3 register also has the SOFTLIM field to
specify a soft frequency limit. Exceeding the soft frequency limit does not cause loss-of-lock to be declared. When
the T0 DPLL frequency reaches the soft limit the T0SOFT status bit is set in the OPSTATE register. When the T4
DPLL frequency reaches the soft limit the T4SOFT status bit is set in OPSTATE. Both the SOFT and HARD alarm
limits have hysteresis as required by GR-1244.
The inactivity detector is enabled by setting NALOL = 1 in the PHLIM1 register. When this detector is enabled the
DPLL declares loss-of-lock after one or two missing clock cycles on the selected reference. See Section 7.5.3.
32
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
When the T0 DPLL declares loss of phase lock, the state machine immediately transitions to the loss-of-lock state,
which sets the STATE bit in the MSR2 register and requests an interrupt if enabled.
When the T4 DPLL declares loss of phase lock, the T4LOCK bit is cleared in the OPSTATE register, which sets the
T4LOCK bit in the MSR3 register and requests an interrupt if enabled.
7.7.7 Phase Build-Out
7.7.7.1 Automatic Phase Build-Out in Response to Reference Switching
When MCR10:PBOEN = 0, phase build-out is not performed during reference switching. The T0 DPLL always
locks to the selected reference at zero degrees of phase. With PBO disabled, transitions from a failed reference to
the next highest priority reference and transitions from holdover or free-run to locked mode cause phase transients
on output clocks as the T0 DPLL jumps from its previous phase to the phase of the new selected reference.
When MCR10:PBOEN = 1, phase build-out is performed during reference switching (or exiting from holdover). With
PBO enabled, if the selected reference fails and another valid reference is available then the device enters a
temporary holdover state in which the phase difference between the new reference and the output is measured
and fed into the DPLL loop to absorb the input phase difference. Similarly, during transitions from full-holdover,
mini-holdover or free-run to locked mode, the phase difference between the new reference and the output is
measured and fed into the DPLL loop to absorb the input phase difference. After a PBO event, regardless of the
input phase difference, the output phase transient is less than or equal to 5ns.
Any time that PBO is enabled it can also be frozen at the current phase offset by setting MCR10:PBOFRZ = 1.
When PBO is frozen the T0 DPLL ignores subsequent phase build-out events and maintains the current phase
offset between inputs and outputs.
Disabling PBO while the T0 DPLL is not in the free-run or holdover states (locking or locked) will cause a phase
change on the output clocks while the DPLL switches to tracking the selected reference with 0 degrees of phase
error. The rate of phase change on the output clocks depends on the DPLL bandwidth. Enabling PBO (which
includes un-freezing) while locking or locked also causes a PBO event.
7.7.7.2 PBO Phase Offset Adjustment
An uncertainty of up to 5ns is introduced each time a phase build-out event occurs. This uncertainty results in a
phase hit on the output. Over a large number of phase build-out events the mean error should be zero. The PBOFF
register specifies a small fixed offset for each phase build-out event to skew the average error toward zero and
eliminate accumulation of phase shifts in one direction.
7.7.8 Input to Output (Manual) Phase Adjustment
When phase build-out is disabled (PBOEN = 0 in MCR10), the OFFSET registers can be used to adjust the phase
of the T0 DPLL output clocks with respect to the selected reference when locked. Output phase offset can be
adjusted over a ±200ns range in 6ps increments. This phase adjustment occurs in the feedback clock so that the
output clocks are adjusted to compensate. The rate of change is therefore a function of DPLL bandwidth. Simply
writing to the OFFSET registers with phase build-out disabled causes a change in the input to output phase, which
can be considered to be a delay adjustment. Changing the OFFSET adjustment while in free-run or holdover state
will not cause an output phase offset until it exits the state and enters one of the locking states.
7.7.9 Phase Recalibration
When a phase buildout occurs, either automatic or manual, the feedback frequency synthesizer does not get an
internal alignment signal to keep it aligned with the output dividers, and therefore the phase difference between
input and output may become incorrect. Setting the FSCR3:RECAL bit periodically causes a recalibration process
to be executed which corrects any phase error that may have occurred.
33
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
During the recalibration process the device puts the DPLL into mini-holdover, internally ramps the phase offset to
zero, resets all clock dividers, ramps the phase offset to the value stored in the OFFSET registers, and then
switches the DPLL out of mini-holdover. If the OFFSET registers are written during the recalibration process, the
process will ramp the phase offset to the new offset value.
7.7.10 Frequency and Phase Measurement
When the T4 DPLL is not needed to generate an output frequency locked to an input clock it can measure precise
frequency by locking onto any input. It can also measure phase between the T0 selected reference and any input
by setting the T0CR1.T4MT0 bit. The T4 APLL can still be used to clean up jitter on a synthesized clock from the
T0 DPLL. When the T0CR1.T4MT0 bit is set the T4 DPLL goes to the free-run state.
Accurate measurement of frequency and phase can be accomplished using the DPLLs. The T0 DPLL is always
monitoring its selected reference, but the T4 DPLL can be configured as a high-resolution phase monitor. The
REFCLK signal accuracy after being adjusted with MCLKFREQ is used for the frequency reference. Software can
then connect the T4 DPLL to various input clocks on a rotating basis to measure phase between the T0 DPLL input
and another input. See the T4FORCE field of MCR4.
DPLL frequency measurements can be read from the FREQ field spanning registers FREQ1, FREQ2 and FREQ3.
This field indicates the frequency of the selected reference for either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL, depending on
the setting of the T4T0 bit in MCR11. This frequency measurement has a resolution of 0.0003068ppm over a
±80ppm range. The value read from the FREQ field is the DPLL’s integral path value, which is an averaged
measurement with an averaging time inversely proportional to DPLL bandwidth.
DPLL phase measurements can be read from the PHASE field spanning registers PHASE1 and PHASE2. This
field indicates the phase difference seen by the phase detector for either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL, depending
on the setting of the T4T0 bit in MCR11. This phase measurement has a resolution of approximately 0.703 degrees
and is internally averaged with a -3dB attenuation point of approximately 100Hz. Thus for low DPLL bandwidths the
PHASE field gives input phase wander in the frequency band from the DPLL corner frequency up to 100Hz. This
information could be used by software to compute a crude MTIE measurement.
For the T0 DPLL the PHASE field always indicates the phase difference between the selected reference and the
internal feedback clock. The T4 DPLL, however, can be configured to measure the phase difference between two
input clocks. When T0CR1:T4MT0 = 1, the T4 DPLL locking capability is disabled and the T4 phase detector is
configured to compare the T0 DPLL selected reference with the T4 DPLL selected reference. Any input clock can
then be forced to be the T4 DPLL selected reference using the T4FORCE field of MCR4. This feature can be used,
for example, to measure the phase difference between the T0 DPLL’s selected reference and its next highest
priority reference. Software could compute MTIE and TDEV with respect to the T0 DPLL selected reference for any
or all of the other input clocks.
When comparing the phase of the T0 and T4 selected references by setting T0CR1:T4MT0 = 1, several details
must be kept in mind. In this mode, the T4 path receives a copy of the T0 selected reference, either directly or
through a divider to 8kHz. If the T4 selected reference is divided down to 8kHz using LOCK8K or DIVN modes (see
Section 7.4.2), then the copy of the T0 selected reference is also divided down to 8kHz. If the T4 selected
reference is configured for direct-lock mode, then the copy of the T0 selected reference is not divided down and
must be the same frequency as the T4 selected reference. See Table 7-5 for more details. (While T0CR1:T4MT0 =
1, the T0 path continues to lock to the T0 selected reference in the manner specified in the corresponding ICR
register.)
34
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 7-5. T0 DPLL Adaptation for the T4 DPLL Phase Measurement Mode
LOCKING MODE
FOR T4
SELECTED
REFERENCE
LOCKING
MODE FOR T0
SELECTED
REFERENCE
LOCKING
MODE FOR
COPY OF T0
SELECTED REF
FREQUENCY OF THE
T4 SELECTED REF
FOR T4MT0 PHASE
MEASUREMENT
FREQUENCY OF THE
T0 SELECTED REF
FOR T4MT0 PHASE
MEASUREMENT
LOCK8K or
DIVN(8K)
DIRECT
LOCK8K
8kHz
8kHz
LOCK8K or
DIVN(8K)
LOCK8K
LOCK8K
8kHz
8kHz
LOCK8K or
DIVN(8K)
DIVN (8K)
DIVN
8kHz
8kHz
LOCK8K or
DIVN(8K)
DIVN (not 8K)
DIRECT
8kHz
8kHz
DIVN (not 8K)
Any
DIRECT
Same as the T4 forced
ref input frequency
Same as the T0 selected
ref input frequency(1)
DIRECT
Any
DIRECT
Same as the T4 forced
ref input frequency
Same as the T0 selected
ref input frequency(1)
Note 1: In this case the T0 select reference must be the same frequency as the T4 selected reference.
Note 2: If the T4 selected reference frequency is 8kHz and the T0 selected reference is a different frequency, the two references can be
compared by configuring the T4 selected reference for 8kHz and LOCK8K mode. This forces the copy of the T0 selected reference to be divided
down to 8kHz using either LOCK8K or DIVN mode.
Note 3: DIVN(8K) means that the FREQ field is set to 8kHz, DIVN(not 8K) means the FREQ field is not set to 8kHz.
7.7.11 Input Jitter Tolerance
The device is compliant with the jitter tolerance requirements of the standards listed in Table 1-1. When using the
±360°/±180° PFD, jitter can be tolerated up to the point of eye closure. Either LOCK8K mode (see Section 7.4.2.2)
or the multicycle phase detector (see Section 7.7.5) should be used for high jitter tolerance.
7.7.12 Jitter and Wander Transfer
The transfer of jitter and wander from the selected reference to the output clocks has a programmable transfer
function that is determined by the DPLL bandwidth. (See Section 7.7.3.) In the T0 DPLL, the 3dB corner frequency
of the jitter transfer function can be set to any of 13 positions from 0.1Hz to 400Hz. In the T4 DPLL the 3dB corner
frequency of the jitter transfer function can be set to various values from 18Hz to 70Hz.
During locked mode, the transfer of wander from the local oscillator clock (connected to the REFCLK pin) to the
output clocks is not significant as long as the DPLL bandwidth is set high enough to allow the DPLL to quickly
compensate for oscillator frequency changes. During free-run and holdover modes, local oscillator wander has a
much more significant effect. See Section 7.3.
35
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.7.13 Output Jitter and Wander
Several factors contribute to jitter and wander on the output clocks, including:
•
•
•
Jitter and wander amplitude on the selected reference (while in the locked state)
The jitter/wander transfer characteristic of the device (while in the locked state)
The jitter and wander on the local oscillator clock signal (especially wander while in the
holdover state)
The DPLL in the device has programmable bandwidth (see Section 7.7.3). With respect to jitter and wander, the
DPLL behaves as a low-pass filter with a programmable pole. The bandwidth of the DPLL is normally set low
enough to strongly attenuate jitter. The wander and jitter attenuation depends on the DPLL bandwidth chosen.
Over time frequency changes in the local oscillator can cause a phase difference between the selected reference
and the output clocks. This is especially true at lower frequency DPLL bandwidths because the DPLL’s rate of
change may be slower than the oscillator’s rate of change. Oscillators with better stability will minimize this effect.
In the most demanding applications an OCXO may be required rather than a TCXO.
36
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.8
Output Clock Configuration
A total of 18 output clock pins, OC1 to OC5, OC1B to OC5B, OC4POS/NEG to OC7POS/NEG and FSYNC and
MFSYNC are available on the device. Output clocks OC1 to OC7 are individually configurable for a variety of
frequencies derived from either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL. OC1B to OC5B are powered from a dedicated IO
power pin which can be set to any voltage from 2.2V to 3.3V. Output clocks FSYNC and MFSYNC serve as 8kHz
frame sync and 2kHz multiframe sync outputs, respectively. Table 7-6 provides more detail on the capabilities of
the output clock pins.
Table 7-6. Output Clock Capabilities
OUTPUT
CLOCK
OC1
OC2
OC3
OC4
OC5
OC1B
OC2B
OC3B
OC4B
OC5B
OC4
OC5
OC6
OC7
FSYNC
MFSYNC
SIGNAL
FORMAT
FREQUENCIES SUPPORTED
CMOS/TTL
3.3V powered
CMOS/TTL
2.5V or 3.3V
powered
Frequency selection per Section 7.8.2.3 and Table 7-7 to Table 7-13.
LVDS/LVPECL
CMOS/TTL
8kHz frame sync with programmable pulse width and polarity.
2kHz multiframe sync with programmable pulse width and polarity.
7.8.1 Signal Format Configuration
Output clocks OC4, OC5, OC6, and OC7 are LVDS-compatible, LVPECL level-compatible outputs. The type of
output can be selected or the output can be disabled using the OCnSF configuration bits in the MCR8 register. The
LVPECL level-compatible mode generates a differential signal that is large enough for most LVPECL receivers.
Some LVPECL receivers have a limited common mode signal range which can be accommodated for by using an
AC coupled signal. The LVDS electrical specifications are listed in Table 10-5, and the recommended LVDS
termination is shown in Figure 10-1. The LVPECL level-compatible electrical specifications are listed in Table 10-6,
and the recommended LVPECL receiver termination is shown in Figure 10-3. These differential outputs can be
easily interfaced to LVDS, LVPECL and CML inputs on neighboring ICs using a few external passive components.
See Maxim App Note HFAN-1.0 for details.
The other output clocks are CMOS/TTL signal format.
7.8.2 Frequency Configuration
The frequency of output clocks OC1 to OC7 is a function of the settings used to configure the components of the
T0 and T4 PLL paths. These components are shown in the detailed block diagram of Figure 7-1.
The DS3104-SE uses digital frequency synthesis (DFS) to generate various clocks. In DFS a high-speed master
clock (204.8MHz) is divided down to the desired output frequency by adding a number to an accumulator. The DFS
output is a coding of the clock output phase which is used by a special circuit to determine where to put the edges
of the output clock between the clock edges of the master clock. The edges of the output clock, however, are not
ideally located in time resulting in jitter with an amplitude typically less than 1ns pk-pk.
37
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.8.2.1 T0 and T4 DPLL Details
See Figure 7-1. The T0 and T4 forward DFS blocks use the 204.8MHz master clock and DFS technology to
synthesize internal clocks from which the output and feedback clocks are derived. The T4 DPLL only has a single
DFS output clock signal for both the output clocks and the feedback clock, whereas there are two DFS output clock
signals in the T0 DPLL, one for the output clocks and one for the feedback clock.
In the T0 DPLL the feedback clock signal output handles phase build-out or any phase offset configured in the
OFFSET registers. Thus the T0 DPLL output clock signals and the feedback clock signal are frequency locked but
may have a phase offset. The T0 and T4 feedback DFS blocks are always connected to the T0 forward DFS and
the T4 forward DFS, respectively. The feedback DFS blocks synthesize the appropriate locking frequencies for use
by the phase-frequency detectors (PFDs). See Section 7.4.2.
7.8.2.2 Output DFS and APLL Details
See Figure 7-1. The output clock frequencies are determined by two 2kHz/8kHz DFS blocks, two DIG12 DFS
blocks, and three APLL DFS blocks. Four of the DFS blocks can be connected to either the T0 DPLL or the T4
DPLL, three are always connected to the T0 DPLL. The T0 APLL, the T0 APLL2 and the T4 APLL (and their output
dividers) get their frequency references from three associated APLL DFS blocks. All of the output DFS blocks are
connected to the T0 DPLL when MCR4:LKT4T0 = 1.
The 2K8K DFS and FSYNC DFS blocks generate both 2kHz and 8kHz signals which have about 1ns pk-pk jitter.
The FSYNC (8kHz) and MFSYNC(2 kHz) signals come from the FSYNC DFS block, which is always connected to
the T0 DPLL when not in independent mode (FSCR2:INDEP = 1). The 2kHz and 8kHz signals available on output
clocks OC1 to OC7 come from the 2K8K DFS, which can be connected to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL
depending on FSCR1:2K8KSRC and MCR4:LKT4T0.
The DIG1 DFS can generate an NxDS1 or NxE1 signal with about 1ns pk-pk jitter. The DIG2 DFS can generate an
NxDS1, NxE1, 6.312MHz, 10MHz, or Nx19.44MHz clock with approximately 1ns pk-pk jitter. Each DIG12 DFS can
be connected to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL using MCR7:DIG1SRC or MCR7:DIG2SRC and
MCR4:LKT4T0. The frequency of the DIG1 clock is configured by the DIG1SS bit in MCR6 and the DIG1F[1:0] field
in MCR7. The frequency of the DIG2 clock is configured by the DIG2AF and DIG2SS bits in MCR6 and the
DIG2F[1:0] field in MCR7. DIG1 and DIG2 can be independently configured for any of the frequencies shown in
Table 7-7 and Table 7-8, respectively.
The APLL DFS blocks and their associated output APLLs and output dividers can generate many different
frequencies. The T0 APLL DFS and the T0 APLL2 DFS are always connected to the T0 DPLL. The T4 APLL DFS
can be connected to either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL depending on T0CR1:T4APT0 and MCR4:LKT4T0. The
T0 APLL frequencies that can be generated are listed in Table 7-10. The T0 APLL2 frequency is always
312.500MHz. The T4 APLL frequencies that can be generated are listed in Table 7-12. The output frequencies that
can be generated from the APLL circuits are listed in Table 7-9.
The T4 APLL is disabled and powered down when T4CR1:T4FREQ = 0000 and T0CR1:T4APT0 = 0. In this mode
all outputs connected to the T4 APLL are driven low.
Together the T0 APLL, T0 APLL2 and T4 APLL can simultaneously generate SONET/SDH clock rates, Gigabit
Ethernet clock rates (e.g., 125MHz) and 10G Ethernet clock rates (e.g., 156.25MHz), all locked to the same
selected reference. This capability supports mixed SONET/SDH and Synchronous Ethernet line cards.
38
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.8.2.3 OC1 to OC7 Configuration
The following is a step-by-step procedure for configuring the frequencies of output clocks OC1 through OC7:
1) Determine whether the T4 APLL must be independent of the T0 DPLL or not. If the T4 APLL
must be independent, set T4APT0 = 0 in register T0CR1. If the T4 APLL must be locked to the
T0 DPLL then set T4APT0 = 1.
2) Use Table 7-9 to select a set of output frequencies for each APLL, T0 and T4. Each APLL can
only generate one set of output frequencies. (In SONET/SDH equipment the T0 APLL is
typically configured for a frequency of 311.04MHz to get 19.44MHz and/or 38.88MHz output
clocks to distribute to system line cards.)
3) Determine from Table 7-9 the T0 and T4 APLL frequencies required for the frequency sets
chosen in step 2.
4) Configure the T0FREQ field in register T0CR1 as shown in Table 7-10 for the T0 APLL
frequency determined in step 3. Configure the T4FREQ field in register T4CR1 as shown in
Table 7-12 for the T4 APLL frequency determined in step 3. If the T4 APLL is locked to the T0
DPLL, the T4APT0 and T0FT4 fields in T0CR1 must also be configured as shown in Table
7-12.
5) Using Table 7-9 and Table 7-13, configure the frequencies of output clocks OC1 through OC7
in the OFREQn fields of registers OCR1 through OCR4 and the AOFn bit in the OCR5 register.
Table 7-14 lists all standard frequencies for the output clocks and specifies how to configure the T0 APLL and/or
the T4 APLL to obtain each frequency. Table 7-14 also indicates the expected jitter amplitude for each frequency.
Table 7-7. Digital1 Frequencies
DIG1F[1:0]
SETTING IN
MCR7
00
01
10
11
00
01
10
11
DIG1SS
SETTING IN
MCR6
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
2.048
4.096
8.192
16.384
1.544
3.088
6.176
12.352
JITTER
(pk-pk ns,
typ)
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
Table 7-8. Digital2 Frequencies
DIG2AF
SETTING
IN MCR6
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
DIG2F[1:0]
SETTING
IN MCR7
00
10
00
01
00
01
10
11
00
01
10
11
DIG2SS
SETTING
IN MCR6
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
6.312
10.000
19.440
38.880
2.048
4.096
8.192
16.384
1.544
3.088
6.176
12.352
JITTER
(pk-pk
ns, typ)
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
39
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 7-9. APLL Frequency to Output Frequencies (T0 APLL and T4 APLL)
APLL
FREQUENCY
312.500
311.040
274.944
250.000
178.944
160.000
148.224
131.072
122.880
104.000
100.992
98.816
98.304
APLL /
2
156.250
155.520
137.472
125.000
89.472
80.000
74.112
65.536
61.440
52.000
50.496
49.408
49.152
APLL /
4
—
77.760
68.376
62.500
44.736
40.000
37.056
32.768
30.720
26.000
25.248
24.704
24.576
APLL /
5
62.500
62.208
—
50.000
—
32.00
—
—
24.576
20.800
—
—
—
APLL /
6
—
51.840
45.824
—
29.824
—
24.704
—
20.48
—
16.832
—
16.384
APLL /
8
—
38.880
34.368
31.250
22.368
20.000
18.528
16.384
15.360
13.000
12.624
12.352
12.288
APLL /
10
31.250
31.104
—
25.000
—
16.000
—
—
12.288
10.400
—
—
—
APLL /
12
—
25.920
22.912
—
14.912
—
12.352
—
10.240
—
8.416
—
8.192
APLL /
16
—
19.440
17.184
—
11.184
10.000
9.264
8.192
7.680
6.500
6.312
6.176
6.144
APLL /
20
—
15.552
—
12.500
—
8.000
—
—
6.144
5.200
—
—
—
APLL /
48
—
6.480
5.728
—
3.728
—
3.088
—
2.560
—
2.104
—
2.048
APLL /
64
—
4.860
4.296
—
2.796
2.500
2.316
2.048
1.920
—
1.578
1.544
1.536
Note: All frequencies in MHz. Common telecom, datacom and synchronization frequencies are in bold type.
Table 7-10. T0 APLL Frequency Configuration
T0 APLL
FREQUENCY (MHz)
311.04
311.04
98.304
131.072
148.224
98.816
100.992
250.000
T0 APLL DFS
FREQUENCY (MHz)
77.76
77.76
24.576
32.768
37.056
24.704
25.248
62.5
T0 APLL
FREQUENCY MODE
77.76MHz
77.76MHz
12 x E1
16 x E1
24 x DS1
16 x DS1
4 x 6312kHz
GbE ÷ 16
T0FREQ[2:0] SETTING
IN T0CR1
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
OUTPUT JITTER
(pk-pk, ns, typ)
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
Table 7-11. T0 APLL2 Frequency Configuration
T0 APLL2
FREQUENCY (MHz)
T0 APLL2 DFS
FREQUENCY(MHz)
OUTPUT JITTER
(pk-pk, ns, typ)
312.500
62.500
<0.5
40
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 7-12. T4 APLL Frequency Configuration
T4 APLL
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
Disabled
311.04
98.304
131.072
148.224
98.816
274.944
178.944
100.992
250.000
122.88
160.000
104.000
98.304
250.000
131.072
148.224
98.816
100.992
T4 APLL DFS
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
77.76
77.76
24.576
32.768
37.056
24.704
68.736
44.736
25.248
62.500
30.720
40.000
26.000
24.576
62.500
32.768
37.056
24.704
25.248
T4 APLL
FREQUENCY
MODE
Squelched
77.76MHz
12 x E1
16 x E1
24 x DS1
16 x DS1
2 x E3
DS3
4 x 6312kHz
GbE ÷ 16
3 x 10.24
4 x 10
2 x 13
T0 12 x E1
T0 GbE ÷ 16
T0 16 x E1
T0 24 x DS1
T0 16 x DS1
T0 4 x 6312kHz
T4APT0
SETTING IN
T0CR1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
T4FREQ[3:0]
SETTING IN
T4CR1
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
T0FT4[2:0]
SETTING IN
T0CR1
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
000
001
010
100
110
111
OUTPUT
JITTER
(pk-pk, ns, typ)
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
< 0.5
Table 7-13. OC1–OC7 Output Frequency Selection
AOF
BIT
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
OFREQ(1)
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
OC1
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital2
Digital1
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 64
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T0 / 64
T4 / 20
T4 / 12
T4 / 10
T02 / 10
T02 / 5
T4SELREF
OC2
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital2
Digital1
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 64
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T0 / 64
T4 / 20
T4 / 12
T4 / 10
T4 / 5
T4 / 2
T4SELREF
OC3
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital2
Digital1
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 64
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T0 / 64
T4 / 20
T4 / 12
T4 / 10
T4 / 5
T4 / 2
T4SELREF
FREQUENCY
OC4
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital2
Digital1
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 2
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T0 / 2
T0 / 1
T4 / 10
T02 / 10
T02 / 2
T02 / 1
T4SELREF
OC5
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital2
Digital1
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 2
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T0 / 2
T0 / 1
T4 / 10
T02 / 10
T02 / 2
T02 / 1
T4SELREF
OC6
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
T0 / 2
Digital1
T0 / 1
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 64
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T4 / 5
T4 / 2
T4 / 1
T02 / 5
T02 / 2
T02 / 1
T4SELREF
OC7
Disabled
2kHz
8kHz
Digital 2
T0 / 2
T0 / 48
T0 / 16
T0 / 12
T0 / 8
T0 / 6
T0 / 4
T4 / 64
T4 / 48
T4 / 16
T4 / 8
T4 / 4
Disabled
T4 / 5
T4 / 2
T4 / 1
T02 / 5
T02 / 2
T02 / 1
T4SELREF
Note 1: The value of the OFREQn field (in the OCR1 through OCR4 registers) corresponding to output clock OCn.
Note 2: T0 = T0 APLL. T02 = T0 APLL2. T4 = T4 APLL.
41
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 7-14. Standard Frequencies for Programmable Outputs
T0 APLL
T4 APLL
FREQUENCY (MHz)
OFREQn
T0FREQ
2kHz
8kHz
1.536
1.544
1.544
1.578
2.048
2.048
2.048
2.104
2.316
2.500
2.560
2.796
3.088
3.088
3.728
4.096
4.296
4.860
5.200
5.728
6.144
6.144
6.176
6.176
6.312
6.312
6.480
8.000
8.192
8.192
8.192
8.416
9.264
10.000
10.000
10.240
10.400
11.184
12.288
12.288
12.352
12.352
12.352
12.500
12.624
13.000
15.360
15.552
T4FT0
T4FREQ
2kHz
8kHz
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
not OC6 from DIG2
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
not OC6 from DIG2
not OC6 from T0 APLL
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
not OC6 from T0 APLL
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
not OC4, OC5
not OC4, OC5
not OC6 from DIG2
not OC6 from T0 APLL
not OC6 from DIG2
not OC4, OC5
not OC4, OC5 from T4 APLL
not OC4 to OC7 from T0 APLL
OC1-OC3 only
12 x E1
12 x E1
12 x E1
50
0.50
DIG1,DIG2
100
1.00
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
APLL/64
50
0.50
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
APLL/64
50
0.50
12 x E1
12 x E1
12 x E1
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/48
100
50
1.00
0.50
16 x E1
16 x E1
16 x E1
APLL/64
50
0.50
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
APLL/48
50
0.50
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
APLL/64
50
0.50
4 x 10
3 x 10.24
DS3
2 x E3
APLL/64
APLL/48
APLL/64
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/48
APLL/48
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/64
50
50
50
100
50
50
100
50
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.50
77.76
77.76
APLL/64
50
0.50
12 x E1
12 x E1
2 x 13
2 x E3
3 x 10.24
12 x E1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
4 x 6.312
77.76
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
77.76
4 x 10
16 x E1
16 x E1
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
APLL/20
APLL/48
APLL/20
APLL/16
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/16
DIG2
APLL/16
APLL/48
APLL/20
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/12
APLL/16
APLL/12
APLL/16
DIG2
APLL/16
APLL/12
APLL/10
APLL/16
APLL/8
APLL/10
APLL/12
APLL/8
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/20
APLL/8
APLL/8
APLL/8
APLL/20
50
50
50
50
100
50
100
50
60
50
100
50
50
50
50
100
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
100
50
50
50
50
50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.50
1.00
0.50
0.6
0.50
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
DS3
not OC6 from DIG2
not OC6
12 x E1
16 x E1
4 x 6.312
24 x DS1
not OC6
OC1-OC3 only
not OC6, OC7
4 x 10
3 x 10.24
3 x 10.24
DS3
12 x E1
2 x 13
12 x E1
12 x E1
24 x DS1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
4 x 6.312
GbE ÷ 16
4 x 6.312
GbE ÷ 16
4 x 6.312
2 x 13
3 x 10.24
77.76
not OC6, OC7
not OC6 from DIG2
OC1-OC3 only
OC1-OC3 only
APLL/64
16 x DS1
OC1-OC3 only
not OC6 from T0 APLL
OC1-OC3 only
not OC6 from DIG2
JITTER
(TYP)
RMS pk-pk
(ps)
(ns)
100
1.00
100
1.00
42
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
T0 APLL
T4 APLL
FREQUENCY (MHz)
OFREQn
T0FREQ
16.000
16.384
16.384
16.384
16.832
17.184
18.528
19.440
19.440
20.000
20.800
22.368
24.576
24.576
24.704
24.704
25.000
25.248
25.920
26.000
30.720
31.104
31.250
31.250
32.000
32.768
34.368
37.056
38.880
40.000
44.736
49.152
49.408
50.000
50.496
51.840
52.000
61.440
62.208
62.500
62.500
65.536
68.736
74.112
77.76
80.000
89.472
98.304
98.816
100.992
104.000
T4FT0
not OC6, OC7
not OC6 from DIG2
T4FREQ
4 x 10
24 x DS1
4 x 10
16 x E1
2 x E3
24 x DS1
77.76
4 x 10
DS3
APLL/10
DIG1,DIG2
APLL/6
APLL/8
APLL/6
APLL/16
APLL/8
DIG2
APLL/16
APLL/8
APLL/5
APLL/8
APLL/4
APLL/5
APLL/6
APLL/4
APLL/10
APLL/4
APLL/12
APLL/4
APLL/4
APLL/10
APLL/8
APLL/10
APLL/5
APLL/4
APLL/8
APLL/4
APLL/8
APLL/4
APLL/4
12 x E1
12 x E1
12 x E1
APLL/2
50
0.50
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
APLL/2
50
0.50
GbE ÷ 16
GbE ÷ 16
APLL/5
50
0.50
4 x 6.312
4 x 6.312
APLL/2
50
0.50
GbE ÷ 16
GbE ÷ 16
2 x 13
3 x 10.24
77.76
GbE ÷ 16
APLL/6
APLL/2
APLL/2
APLL/5
APLL/4
APLL/5
60
50
50
50
50
50
0.6
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
16 x E1
16 x E1
16 x E1
APLL/2
50
0.50
2 x E3
APLL/4
50
0.50
24 x DS1
APLL/2
50
0.50
77.76
4 x 10
DS3
APLL/4
APLL/2
APLL/2
50
50
50
0.50
0.50
0.50
12 x E1
16 x E1
4 x 6.312
16 x E1
16 x E1
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
2 x E3
24 x DS1
not OC6
77.76
OC2, OC3, OC6, OC7 only
12 x E1
12 x E1
OC2, OC3, OC6, OC7 only
24 x DS1
16 x DS1
77.76
4 x 10
2 x 13
DS3
12 x E1
3 x 10.24
16 x DS1
GbE ÷ 16
4 x 6.312
16 x DS1
GbE ÷ 16
4 x 6.312
GbE ÷ 16
GbE ÷ 16
2 x 13
3 x 10.24
77.76
GbE ÷ 16
16 x E1
16 x E1
24 x DS1
77.76
not OC6, OC7
4 x 6.312
77.76
not OC6, OC7
OC1,OC4,OC5 from T0 APLL2
OC2, OC3, OC6, OC7 only
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
OC2, OC3, OC6, OC7 only
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
4 x 6.312
77.76
not OC1, OC2
not OC1, OC2
OC2, OC3, OC6, OC7 only
OC1, OC6, OC7 from T0 APLL2
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
24 x DS1
24 x DS1
77.76
not OC1, OC2
not OC1, OC2
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
OC6, OC7 only from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
OC6, OC7 only from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
OC6, OC7 only from T4 APLL
OC6, OC7 only
JITTER
(TYP)
RMS pk-pk
(ps)
(ns)
50
0.50
100
1.00
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
100
1.00
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
50
0.50
12 x E1
12 x E1
12 x E1
APLL/1
50
0.50
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
16 x DS1
APLL/1
50
0.50
4 x 6312 kHz
4 x 6312 kHz
4 x 6312 kHz
APLL/1
50
0.50
2 x 13
APLL/1
50
0.50
43
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
T0 APLL
T4 APLL
FREQUENCY (MHz)
OFREQn
T0FREQ
122.880
125.000
131.072
137.472
148.224
155.520
156.250
160.000
178.944
250.000
274.944
311.040
312.500
OC6, OC7 only
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
OC6, OC7 only from T4 APLL
OC6, OC7 only
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
OC6, OC7 only from T4 APLL
not OC1-OC3 from T0 APLL
not OC1, OC2 from T4 APLL
OC4-OC7 only from T0 APLL2
OC6, OC7 only
OC6, OC7 only
OC4-OC7 only
OC6, OC7 only
OC4-OC7 only
OC4-OC7 only from T0 APLL2
T4FT0
T4FREQ
3 x 10.24
APLL/1
JITTER
(TYP)
RMS pk-pk
(ps)
(ns)
50
0.50
GbE ÷ 16
GbE ÷ 16
GbE ÷ 16
APLL/2
50
0.50
16 x E1
16 x E1
16 x E1
APLL/1
50
0.50
2 x E3
APLL/2
50
0.50
24 x DS1
APLL/1
50
0.50
77.76
APLL/2
60
0.6
4 x 10
DS3
APLL/2
APLL/1
APLL/1
APLL/1
50
50
50
50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
APLL/1
APLL/2
50
50
0.50
0.50
24 x DS1
77.76
GbE ÷ 16
77.76
24 x DS1
7.8.2.4 FSYNC and MFSYNC Configuration
The FSYNC output is enabled by setting FSEN = 1 in the OCR4 register, while the MFSYNC output is enabled by
setting MFSEN = 1 in OCR4. When disabled, these pins are driven low.
When 8KPUL = 0 in FSCR1, FSYNC is configured as an 8kHz clock with 50% duty cycle. When 8KPUL = 1,
FSYNC is an 8kHz frame sync that pulses low once every 125μs with pulse width equal to one cycle of output
clock OC3. When 8KINV = 1 in FSCR1, the clock or pulse polarity of FSYNC is inverted.
When 2KPUL = 0 in FSCR1, MFSYNC is configured as an 2kHz clock with 50% duty cycle. When 2KPUL = 1,
MFSYNC is a 2kHz frame sync that pulses low once every 500μs with pulse width equal to one cycle of output
clock OC3. When 2KINV = 1 in FSCR1, the clock or pulse polarity f MFSYNC is inverted.
If either 8KPUL = 1 or 2KPUL = 1, then output clock OC3 must be generated from the T0 DPLL and must be
configured for a frequency of 1.544MHz or higher or the FSYNC/MFSYNC pulses may not be generated correctly.
Figure 7-4 shows how the 8KPUL and 8KINV control bits affect the FSYNC output. The 2KPUL and 2KINV bits
have an identical effect on MFSYNC.
Figure 7-4. FSYNC 8kHz Options
OC3 output clock
FSYNC, 8KPUL=0, 8KINV=0
FSYNC, 8KPUL=0, 8KINV=1
FSYNC, 8KPUL=1, 8KINV=0
FSYNC, 8KPUL=1, 8KINV=1
44
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.8.2.5 Custom Output Frequencies
In addition to the many standard frequencies available in the device, any of the seven output DFS blocks can be
configured to generate a custom frequency. Possible custom frequencies include any multiple of 2kHz up to
77.76MHz and any multiple of 8kHz up to 311.04MHz. (An APLL must be used to achieve frequencies above
77.76MHz.) Any of the programmable output clocks can be configured to output the custom frequency or
submultiples thereof. Contact the factory at [email protected] for help with custom frequencies.
7.9
Frame and Multiframe Alignment
In addition to receiving and locking to clocks such as 19.44MHz from system timing cards, the DS3104-SE can also
receive and align its outputs to 2kHz multiframe sync or 8kHz frame sync signals from system timing cards. In this
mode of operation, both a higher speed clock (such as 6.48MHz or 19.44MHz) and a frame (or multiframe) sync
signal from each timing card are passed to the line cards. The higher speed clock from each timing card is
connected to a regular input clock pin on the DS3104-SE, such as IC3 or IC4, while the frame sync signal is
connected to a SYNCn input pin on the DS3104-SE, such as SYNC1 or SYNC2. The DS3104-SE locks to the
higher speed clock from one of the timing cards and samples the frame sync signal on the associated SYNCn pin.
The DS3104-SE then uses the SYNCn signal to falling-edge align some or all of the output clocks. Only the falling
edge of the SYNCn signal has significance. A 4kHz or 8kHz clock can also be used on the SYNCn pins without any
changes to the register configuration, but only output clocks of 8kHz and above are aligned in this case. Phase
build-out should be disabled (PBOEN = 0 in MCR10) when using SYNCn signals.
When FSCR3.SOURCE! = 11XX, the frame sync signal can only come from the SYNC1 pin. When
FSCR3.SOURCE = 11XX, the frame sync signal comes from one of SYNC1, SYNC2, or SYNC3. See Section
7.9.3.
7.9.1 Sampling
By default the SYNCn signal is first sampled on the rising edge of the selected reference. This gives the most
margin, given that the SYNCn signal is falling-edge aligned with the selected reference since both come from the
same timing card. The expected timing of the SYNCn signal with respect to the sampling clock can be adjusted
from 0.5 cycles early to 1 cycle late using the FSCR2:PHASEn[1:0] field.
7.9.2 Resampling
The SYNCn signal is then resampled by an internal clock derived from the T0 DPLL. The resampling resolution is a
function of the frequency of the selected reference and FSCR2:OCN. When OCN = 0, the resampling resolution is
6.48MHz, which gives the highest sampling margin and also aligns clocks at 6.48MHz and multiples thereof. When
OCN = 1, if the selected reference is 19.44MHz the resampling resolution is 19.44MHz. If the selected reference is
38.88 MHz the resampling resolution is 38.88MHz. The selected reference must be either 19.44MHz or 38.88MHz.
7.9.3 Enable
The SYNCn signal is only allowed to align output clocks if the T0 DPLL is locked and the SYNCn signal is enabled
and qualified.
When FSCR3:SOURCE[3:0]! = 11XX, external frame sync on the SYNC1 pin can be enabled automatically or
manually. When MCR3:AEFSEN = 1, external frame sync is enabled automatically when EFSEN = 1 and the T0
DPLL is locked to the input clock specified by FSCR3:SOURCE[3:0]. When AEFSEN = 0, external frame sync is
enabled manually when MCR3:EFSEN = 1 and disabled when EFSEN = 0. In manual mode when EFSEN = 1,
FSCR3:SOURCE[3:0] is ignored and external frame sync is always enabled regardless of which input clock is the
selected reference.
When FSCR3:SOURCE[3:0] = 11XX, external frame sync from the SYNCn pins can be enabled when EFSEN = 1
and the associated input clock becomes the selected reference. MCR3:AEFSEN can be used to automatically
disable EFSEN when the selected reference changes. See Section 7.9.7.
45
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.9.4 Qualification
The SYNCn signal is qualified when it has consistent phase and correct frequency. Specifically, it is qualified when
its significant edge has been found at exact 2kHz boundaries (when resampled as described above) for 64 cycles
in a row. It is disqualified when one significant edge is not found at the 2kHz boundary. If there is no SYNCn signal
or a bad SYNCn signal, and external frame sync is enabled, the SYNCn signal will never get qualified and the 2kHz
output will simply free-run at its current 2kHz alignment.
7.9.5 Output Clock Alignment
When the T0 DPLL is locked, external frame sync is enabled and the SYNCn signal is qualified, the SYNCn signal
can be used to falling-edge align the T0 DPLL derived output clocks. Output clocks FSYNC and MFSYNC share a
2kHz alignment generator, while the rest of the T0 DPLL derived output clocks share a second 2kHz alignment
generator. When external frame sync is not enabled or the SYNCn signal is not qualified, these 2Hz alignment
generators free-run with their existing 2kHz alignments. When external frame sync is enabled and the SYNCn
signal is qualified, the FSYNC/MFSYNC 2kHz alignment generator is always synchronized by SYNCn, and
therefore FSYNC and MFSYNC are always falling-edge aligned with SYNCn. When FSCR2:INDEP = 0, the T0
DPLL 2kHz alignment generator is also synchronized with the FSYNC/MFSYNC 2kHz alignment generator to
falling-edge align all T0-derived output clocks with SYNCn. When INDEP = 1, the T0 DPLL 2-kHz alignment
generator is not synchronized with the FSYNC/MFSYNC 2kHz alignment generator and continues to free-run with
its existing 2kHz alignment. This avoids any disturbance on the T0 DPLL derived output clocks when SYNCn has a
change of phase position.
7.9.6 Frame Sync Monitor
The frame sync monitor signal OPSTATE:FSMON operates in two modes, depending on the setting of the enable
bit (MCR3:EFSEN).
When EFSEN = 1 (external frame sync enabled) the OPSTATE:FSMON bit is set when SYNCn is not qualified and
cleared when SYNCn is qualified. If SYNCn is disqualified then both 2kHz alignment generators are immediately
disconnected from SYNCn to avoid phase movement on the T0-derived outputs clocks. When OPSTATE:FSMON
is set, the latched status bit MSR3:FSMON is also set, which can cause an interrupt if enabled in the IER3 register.
If SYNCn immediately stabilizes at a new phase and proper frequency, then it is requalified after 64 2kHz cycles
(nominally 32ms). Unless system software intervenes, after SYNCn is requalified the 2kHz alignment generators
will synchronize with SYNCn’s new phase alignment, causing a sudden phase movement on the output clocks.
System software can avoid this sudden phase movement on the output clocks by responding to the FSMON
interrupt within the 32ms window with appropriate action, which might include disabling external frame sync
(MCR3:EFSEN = 0) to prevent the resynchronization of the 2kHz alignment generators with SYNCn, forcing the T0
DPLL into holdover (MCR1:T0STATE = 010) to avoid affecting the output clocks with any other phase hits, and
possibly even disabling the master timing card and promoting the slave timing card to master since the 2kHz signal
from the master should not have such phase movements.
When EFSEN = 0 (external frame sync disabled) OPSTATE:FSMON is set when the negative edge of the resampled SYNCn signal is outside of the window determined by FSCR3:MONLIM relative to the MFSYNC negative
edge (or positive edge if MFSYNC is inverted) and clear when within the window. When OPSTATE:FSMON is set,
the latched status bit MSR3:FSMON is also set, which can cause an interrupt if enabled in the IER3 register.
7.9.7 SYNCn Pins
The external frame sync signal can be automatically selected from one to three separate SYNC[1:3] pins
depending on the setting of FSCR1:SYNCSRC[2:0] and which input clock is the T0 DPLL selected reference. If no
associated input pin is selected as the T0 DPLL input reference, the internal SYNCn signal is inactive and will not
be qualified. This function is enabled by setting FSCR3.SOURCE = 11XX.
46
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 7-15. External Frame Sync Source
SYNCSRC[2:0]
0XX
1X0
10X
1X1
11X
SELECTED
REFERENCE
IC3 or IC5
IC4 or IC6
IC9 or IC2
IC3
IC4
IC9
IC5
IC6
IC2
EXTERNAL FRAME
SYNC SOURCE
SYNC1
SYNC2
SYNC3
SYNC1
SYNC2
SYNC3
SYNC1
SYNC2
SYNC3
There are three PHASEn[1:0] (n = 1, 2, 3) select fields in the FSCR2 register. PHASE1[1:0] is associated with
SYNC1, PHASE2[1:0] is associated with SYNC2, and PHASE3[1:0] is associated with SYNC3. All three SYNCn
inputs can have their timing adjusted to account for frame sync signal vs. clock signal delay differences in each
path.
When this function is enabled with FSCR3.SOURCE = 11XX, MCR3.AEFSEN, and MCR3.EFSEN, the monitoring
and qualification function described in Section 7.9.4 is only performed on the selected SYNCn input pin.
7.9.8 Other Configuration Options
FSYNC and MFSYNC are always produced from the T0 DPLL. Output clocks OC1 to OC7 can also be configured
as 2kHz or 8kHz outputs, derived from either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL (as specified by the 2K8KSRC bit in
FSCR1). If needed, the T4 DPLL can be used as a separate DPLL for the frame sync path by configuring it for a
2kHz input and 2kHz and/or 8kHz frame sync outputs.
7.10
Microprocessor Interface
The device presents an SPI interface on the CS, SCLK, SDI, and SDO pins. SPI is a widely used master/slave bus
protocol that allows a master device and one or more slave devices to communicate over a serial bus. The
DS3104-SE is always a slave device. Masters are typically microprocessors, ASICs or FPGAs. Data transfers are
always initiated by the master device, which also generates the SCLK signal. The DS3104-SE receives serial data
on the SDI pin and transmits serial data on the SDO pin. SDO is high impedance except when the DS3104-SE is
transmitting data to the bus master.
Bit Order. When both bit 3 and bit 4 are low at device address 3FFFh, the register address and all data bytes are
transmitted MSB first on both SDI and SDO. When either bit 3 or bit 4 is set to 1 at device address 3FFFh, the
register address and all data bytes are transmitted LSB first on both SDI and SDO. The reset default setting and
Motorola SPI convention is MSB first.
Clock Polarity and Phase. The CPOL pin defines the polarity of SCLK. When CPOL = 0, SCLK is normally low
and pulses high during bus transactions. When CPOL = 1, SCLK is normally high and pulses low during bus
transactions. The CPHA pin sets the phase (active edge) of SCLK. When CPHA = 0, data is latched in on SDI on
the leading edge of the SCLK pulse and updated on SDO on the trailing edge. When CPHA = 1, data is latched in
on SDI on the trailing edge of the SCLK pulse and updated on SDO on the following leading edge. SCLK does not
have to toggle between access, i.e., when CS is high. See Figure 7-5.
Device Selection. Each SPI device has its own chip-select line. To select the DS3104-SE, pull its CS pin low.
Control Word. After CS is pulled low, the bus master transmits the control word during the first sixteen SCLK
cycles. In MSB-first mode the control word has the form:
R/W A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7
A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 BURST
47
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
where A[13:0] is the register address, R/W is the data direction bit (1 = read, 0 = write), and BURST is the burst bit
(1 = burst access, 0 = single-byte access). In LSB-first mode the order of the 14 address bits is reversed. In the
discussion that follows, a control word with R/W = 1 is a read control word, while a control word with R/W = 0 is a
write control word.
Single-Byte Writes. See Figure 7-6. After CS goes low, the bus master transmits a write control word with BURST
= 0 followed by the data byte to be written. The bus master then terminates the transaction by pulling CS high.
Single-Byte Reads. See Figure 7-6. After CS goes low, the bus master transmits a read control word with BURST
= 0. The DS3104-SE then responds with the requested data byte. The bus master then terminates the transaction
by pulling CS high.
Burst Writes. See Figure 7-6. After CS goes low, the bus master transmits a write control word with BURST = 1
followed by the first data byte to be written. The DS3104-SE receives the first data byte on SDI, writes it to the
specified register, increments its internal address register, and prepares to receive the next data byte. If the master
continues to transmit, the DS3104-SE continues to write the data received and increment its address counter. After
the address counter reaches 3FFFh it rolls over to address 0000h and continues to increment.
Burst Reads. See Figure 7-6. After CS goes low, the bus master transmits a read control word with BURST = 1.
The DS3104-SE then responds with the requested data byte on SDO, increments its address counter, and
prefetches the next data byte. If the bus master continues to demand data, the DS3104-SE continues to provide
the data on SDO, increment its address counter, and prefetch the following byte. After the address counter reaches
3FFFh it rolls over to address 0000h and continues to increment.
Early Termination of Bus Transactions. The bus master can terminate SPI bus transactions at any time by
pulling CS high. In response to early terminations, the DS3104-SE resets its SPI interface logic and waits for the
start of the next transaction. If a write transaction is terminated prior to the SCLK edge that latches the LSB of a
data byte, the data byte is not written.
Design Option: Wiring SDI and SDO Together. Because communication between the bus master and the
DS3104-SE is half-duplex, the SDI and SDO pins can be wired together externally to reduce wire count. To support
this option, the bus master must not drive the SDI/SDO line when the DS3104-SE is transmitting.
AC Timing. See Table 10-10 and Figure 10-4 for AC timing specifications for the SPI interface.
48
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 7-5. SPI Clock Phase Options
CS
SCLK
CPOL = 0, CPHA = 0
SCLK
CPOL = 0, CPHA = 1
SCLK
CPOL = 1, CPHA = 0
SCLK
CPOL = 1, CPHA = 1
SDI/SDO
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
LSB
CLOCK EDGE USED FOR DATA CAPTURE (ALL MODES)
49
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 7-6. SPI Bus Transactions
Single-Byte Write
CS
SDI
R/W Register Address Burst
0 (Write)
Data Byte
0 (single-byte)
SDO
Single-Byte Read
CS
SDI
R/W Register Address Burst
1 (Read)
0 (single-byte)
Data Byte
SDO
Burst Write
CS
SDI
R/W Register Address Burst Data Byte 1
0 (Write)
Data Byte N
1 (burst)
SDO
Burst Read
CS
SDI
R/W Register Address Burst
1 (Read)
1 (burst)
Data Byte 1
Data Byte N
50
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
7.11 Reset Logic
The device has three reset controls: the RST pin, the RST bit in MCR1, and the JTAG reset pin JTRST. The RST
pin asynchronously resets the entire device, except for the JTAG logic. When the RST pin is low all internal
registers are reset to their default values, including those fields which latch their default values from, or based on,
the states of configuration input pins when the RST goes high. The RST pin must be asserted once after powerup while the external oscillator is stabilizing.
The MCR1:RST bit resets the entire device (except for the microprocessor interface, the JTAG logic, and the RST
bit itself), but when RST is active, the register fields with pin-programmed defaults do not latch their values from, or
based on, the corresponding input pins. Instead these fields are reset to the default values that were latched when
the RST pin was last active.
Maxim recommends holding RST low while the external oscillator starts up and stabilizes. An incorrect reset
condition could result if RST is released before the oscillator has started up completely.
Important: System software must wait at least 100µs after reset (RST pin or RST bit) is deasserted before
initializing the device as described in Section 7.13.
7.12 Power-Supply Considerations
Due to the dual-power-supply nature of the DS3104-SE, some I/Os have parasitic diodes between a 1.8V supply
and a 3.3V supply. When ramping power supplies up or down, care must be taken to avoid forward-biasing these
diodes because it could cause latchup. Two methods are available to prevent this. The first method is to place a
Schottky diode external to the device between the 1.8V supply and the 3.3V supply to force the 3.3V supply to be
less than one parasitic diode drop below the 1.8V supply. The second method is to ramp up the 3.3V supply first
and then ramp up the 1.8V supply.
7.13
Initialization
After power-up or reset, a series of writes must be done to the DS3104-SE to tune it for optimal performance. This
series of writes is called the initialization script. Each die revision of the DS3104-SE has a different initialization
script. Download the latest initialization scripts from the DS3104-SE web page at www.maxim-ic.com/DS3104-SE,
or email [email protected]
51
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
8.
Register Descriptions
The DS3104-SE has an overall address range from 000h to 1FFh. Table 8-1 in Section 8.4 shows the register map.
In each register, bit 7 is the MSB and bit 0 is the LSB. Register addresses not listed and bits marked “—“ are
reserved and must be written with 0. Writing other values to these registers may put the device in a factory test
mode resulting in undefined operation. Bits labeled “0” or “1” must be written with that value for proper operation.
Register fields with underlined names are read-only fields; writes to these fields have no effect. All other fields are
read-write. Register fields are described in detail in the register descriptions that follow Table 8-1.
8.1
Status Bits
The device has two types of status bits. Real-time status bits are read-only and indicate the state of a signal at the
time it is read. Latched status bits are set when a signal changes state (low-to-high, high-to-low, or both, depending
on the bit) and cleared when written with a logic 1 value. Writing a 0 has no effect. When set, some latched status
bits can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if enabled to do so by corresponding interrupt enable bits.
ISR#.LOCK# are special-case latched status bits because they cannot create an interrupt request on the INTREQ
pin and a “write 0” is needed to clear them.
8.2
Configuration Fields
Configuration fields are read-write. During reset, each configuration field reverts to the default value shown in the
register definition. Configuration register bits marked “—” are reserved and must be written with 0.
8.3
Multiregister Fields
Multiregister fields—such as FREQ[18:0] in registers FREQ1, FREQ2 and FREQ3—must be handled carefully to
ensure that the bytes of the field remain consistent. A write access to a multiregister field is accomplished by
writing all the registers of the field in any order, with no other accesses to the device in between. If the write
sequence is interrupted by another access, none of the bytes are written and the MSR4:MRAA latched status bit is
set to indicate the write was aborted. A read access from a multiregister field is accomplished by reading the
registers of the field in any order, with no other accesses to the device in between. When one register of a
multiregister field is read, the other register(s) in the field are frozen until after they are all read. If the read
sequence is interrupted by another access, the registers of the multibyte field are unfrozen and the MSR4:MRAA
bit is set to indicate the read was aborted. For best results, interrupt servicing should be disabled in the
microprocessor before a multiregister access and then enabled again after the access is complete. The
multiregister fields are:
FIELD
FREQ[18:0]
MCLKFREQ[15:0]
HARDLIM[9:0]
DIVN[15:0]
OFFSET[15:0]
PHASE[15:0]
REGISTERS
FREQ1, FREQ2, FREQ3
MCLK1, MCLK2
DLIMIT1, DLIMIT2
DIVN1, DIVN2
OFFSET1, OFFSET2
PHASE1, PHASE2
ADDRESSES
07, 0C, 0D
3C, 3D
41, 42
46, 47
70, 71
77, 78
TYPE
Read-Only
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read-Only
52
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
8.4
Register Definitions
Table 8-1. Register Map
Note: Register names are hyperlinks to register definitions. Underlined fields are read-only.
ADDR
REGISTER
00h
01
02
03
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
20
21
22
23
24
25
27
28
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
ID1
ID2
REV
TEST1
MSR1
MSR2
FREQ3
MSR3
OPSTATE
PTAB1
PTAB2
FREQ1
FREQ2
VALSR1
VALSR2
ISR1
ISR2
ISR3
ISR4
ISR5
MSR4
IPR1
IPR2
IPR3
IPR4
IPR5
ICR1
ICR2
ICR3
ICR4
ICR5
ICR6
ICR8
ICR9
VALCR1
VALCR2
MCR1
MCR2
MCR3
MCR4
MCR5
OCR6
MCR6
MCR7
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID[7:0]
ID[15:8]
REV[7:0]
PALARM
IC8
STATE
—
FSMON
FSMON
IC8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
D180
—
—
IC6
SRFAIL
—
—
—
T4LOCK
—
T4LOCK T0SOFT
REF1[3:0]
REF3[3:0]
RA
IC5
—
—
T4NOIN
T4SOFT
0
IC4
—
—
—
—
FREQ[7:0]
FREQ[15:8]
IC5
IC4
—
—
LOCK2
—
LOCK4
—
LOCK6
—
LOCK8
—
—
—
—
—
—
IC6
HORDY
—
—
ACT2
—
ACT4
—
ACT6
—
ACT8
—
—
HORDY
MRAA
PRI2[3:0]
PRI4[3:0]
PRI6[3:0]
PRI8[3:0]
—
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
DIVN
LOCK8K
BUCKET[1:0]
IC8
—
IC6
IC5
IC4
—
—
—
—
—
RST
—
FREN
LOCKPIN
—
—
—
—
—
AEFSEN
LKATO XOEDGE MANHO
EFSEN
LKT4T0
—
—
—
RSV4
RSV3
RSV2
RSV1
IC2SF
—
OC5EN
OC4EN OC5BEN OC4BEN
DIG2AF
DIG2SS
DIG1SS
—
—
DIG2F[1:0]
DIG1F[1:0]
—
8KPOL
IC3
—
0
IC2
—
FREQ[18:16]
—
—
T0STATE[2:0]
SELREF[3:0]
REF2[3:0]
0
IC1
IC9
—
IC3
IC2
IC1
—
—
IC9
—
ACT1
LOCK1
—
ACT3
LOCK3
—
ACT5
LOCK5
—
—
—
—
ACT9
LOCK9
—
—
—
PRI1[3:0]
PRI3[3:0]
PRI5[3:0]
—
PRI9[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
FREQ[3:0]
IC3
IC2
IC1
—
—
IC9
T0STATE[2:0]
T0FORCE[3:0]
SONSDH
—
REVERT
T4FORCE[3:0]
IC1SF
IC6SF
IC5SF
OC3BEN OC2BEN OC1BEN
—
—
—
—
DIG2SRC DIG1SRC
53
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
ADDR
3A
3B
3C
3D
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
4B
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
70
71
REGISTER
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
MCR8
OC5SF
OC4SF
OC7SF
OC6SF
MCR9
AUTOBW
—
—
—
LIMINT
—
—
—
MCLK1
MCLKFREQ[7:0]
MCLK2
MCLKFREQ[15:8]
HOCR3
AVG
—
—
—
—
DLIMIT1
HARDLIM[7:0]
DLIMIT2
—
—
—
—
—
—
HARDLIM[9:8]
IER1
IC8
—
IC6
IC5
IC4
IC3
IC2
IC1
IER2
STATE
SRFAIL
—
—
—
—
—
IC9
IER3
FSMON T4LOCK
—
T4NOIN
—
—
—
—
DIVN1
DIVN[7:0]
DIVN2
DIVN[15:0]
MCR10
—
SRFPIN
UFSW
EXTSW PBOFRZ
PBOEN
—
—
MCR11
—
—
—
T4T0
—
—
—
—
DLIMIT3
FLLOL
SOFTLIM[6:0]
IER4
—
HORDY
—
—
—
—
—
—
OCR5
—
AOF7
AOF6
AOF5
AOF4
AOF3
AOF2
AOF1
LB0U
LB0U[7:0]
LB0L
LB0L[7:0]
LB0S
LB0S[7:0]
LB0D
—
—
—
—
—
—
LB0D[1:0]
LB1U
LB1U[7:0]
LB1L
LB1L[7:0]
LB1S
LB1S[7:0]
LB1D
—
—
—
—
—
—
LB1D[1:0]
LB2U
LB2U[7:0]
LB2L
LB2L[7:0]
LB2S
LB2S[7:0]
LB2D
—
—
—
—
—
—
LB2D[1:0]
LB3U
LB3U[7:0]
LB3L
LB3L[7:0]
LB3S
LB3S[7:0]
LB3D
—
—
—
—
—
—
LB3D[1:0]
OCR1
OFREQ2[3:0]
OFREQ1[3:0]
OCR2
OFREQ4[3:0]
OFREQ3[3:0]
OCR3
OFREQ6[3:0]
OFREQ5[3:0]
OCR4
MFSEN
FSEN
—
—
OFREQ7[3:0]
T4CR1
—
—
—
—
T4FREQ[3:0]
T0CR1
T4MT0
T4APT0
T0FT4[2:0]
T0FREQ[2:0]
T4BW
—
—
—
—
—
—
T4BW[1:0]
T0LBW
—
—
—
RSV1
T0LBW[3:0]
T0ABW
—
—
—
RSV1
T0ABW[3:0]
T4CR2
—
PD2G8K[2:0]
—
DAMP[2:0]
T0CR2
—
PD2G8K[2:0]
—
DAMP[2:0]
T4CR3
PD2EN
—
PD2G[2:0]
T0CR3
PD2EN
—
PD2G[2:0]
GPCR
GPIO4D GPIO3D GPIO2D GPIO1D GPIO4O
GPIO3O GPIO2O GPIO1O
GPSR
—
—
—
—
GPIO4
GPIO3
GPIO2
GPIO1
OFFSET1
OFFSET[7:0]
OFFSET2
OFFSET[15:8]
54
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
ADDR
REGISTER
BIT 7
72
73
74
76
77
78
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
PBOFF
PHLIM1
PHLIM2
PHMON
PHASE1
PHASE2
PHLKTO
FSCR1
FSCR2
FSCR3
INTCR
PROT
—
FLEN
CLEN
NW
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
—
NALOL
1
MCPDEN USEMCPD
—
—
PHLKTOM[1:0]
2K8KSRC
INDEP
OCN
RECAL
—
—
PBOFF[5:0]
—
—
FINELIM[2:0]
—
COARSELIM[3:0]
—
—
PHASE[7:0]
PHASE[15:8]
PHLKTO[5:0]
SYNCSRC
8KINV
8KPUL
2KINV
2KPUL
PHASE3[1:0]
PHASE2[1:0]
PHASE1[1:0]
MONLIM[2:0]
SOURCE[3:0]
—
—
LOS
GPO
OD
POL
PROT[7:0]
Register Map Color Coding
Device Identification and Protection
Local Oscillator and Master Clock Configuration
Input Clock Configuration
Input Clock Monitoring
Input Clock Selection
DPLL Configuration
DPLL State
Output Clock Configuration
Frame/Multiframe Sync Configuration
55
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
ID1
Device Identification Register, LSB
00h
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
ID[7:0]
0
0
1
0
Bits 7 to 0: Device ID (ID[7:0]). ID[15:0] = 0C20h = 3104 decimal.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
ID2
Device Identification Register, MSB
01h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
0
Bit 3
ID[15:8]
1
Bits 7 to 0: Device ID (ID[15:8]). See the ID1 register description.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
REV
Device Revision Register
02h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
REV[7:0]
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Device Revision (REV[7:0]). Contact the factory to interpret this value and determine the latest
revision.
56
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
PALARM
0
TEST1
Test Register 1 (Not Normally Used)
03h
Bit 6
D180
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
RA
1
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
8KPOL
1
Bit 1
0
0
Bit 0
0
0
Bit 7: Phase Alarm (PALARM). This real-time status bit indicates the state of the T0 DPLL phase lock detector.
See Section 7.7.6. (Note: This is not the same as T0STATE = Locked.)
0 = T0 DPLL phase-lock parameters are met (FLEN, CLEN, NALOL, FLLOL)
1 = T0 DPLL loss of phase lock
Bit 6: Disable 180 (D180). When locking to a new reference, the T0 DPLL first tries nearest-edge locking (±180°)
for the first two seconds. If unsuccessful it then tries full phase/frequency locking (±360°). Disabling the nearestedge locking can reduce lock time by up to two seconds but may cause an unnecessary phase shift (up to 360°)
when the new reference is close in frequency/phase to the old reference. See Section 7.7.5.
0 = normal operation: try nearest-edge locking then phase/frequency locking
1 = phase/frequency locking only
Bit 4: Resync Analog Dividers (RA). When this bit is set the analog output dividers are always synchronized to
ensure that low-frequency outputs are in sync with the higher frequency clock from the DPLL.
0 = synchronized for the first two seconds after power-up
1 = always synchronized
Bits 3, 1, and 0: Leave set to zero (test control).
Bit 2: 8kHz Edge Polarity (8KPOL). Specifies the input clock edge to lock to on the selected reference when it is
configured for LOCK8K mode. See Section 7.4.2.
0 = Falling edge
1 = Rising edge
57
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
IC8
1
MSR1
Master Status Register 1
05h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
IC6
1
Bit 4
IC5
1
Bit 3
IC4
1
Bit 2
IC3
1
Bit 1
IC2
1
Bit 0
IC1
1
Bits 7 and 5 to 0: Input Clock Status Change (IC8 and IC[6:1]). Each of these latched status bits is set to 1
when the corresponding VALSR1 status bit changes state (set or cleared). Each bit is cleared when written with a 1
and not set again until the VALSR1 bit changes state again. When one of these latched status bits is set it can
cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the corresponding interrupt enable bit is set in the IER1 register.
See Section 7.5 for input clock validation/invalidation criteria.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
STATE
0
MSR2
Master Status Register 2
06h
Bit 6
SRFAIL
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
IC9
1
Bit 7: T0 DPLL State Change (STATE). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the operating state of the T0 DPLL
changes. STATE is cleared when written with a 1 and not set again until the operating state changes again. When
STATE is set it can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the STATE interrupt enable bit is set in the
IER2 register. The current operating state can be read from the T0STATE field of the OPSTATE register. See
Section 7.7.1.
Bit 6: Selected Reference Failed (SRFAIL). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the selected reference to the
T0 DPLL fails, (i.e., no clock edges in two UI). SRFAIL is cleared when written with a 1. When SRFAIL is set it can
cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the SRFAIL interrupt enable bit is set in the IER2 register. SRFAIL
is not set in free-run mode or holdover mode. See Section 7.5.3.
Bit 0: Input Clock Status Change (IC9). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the corresponding VALSR status
bit changes state (set or cleared). Each bit is cleared when written with a 1 and not set again until the VALSR2 bit
changes state again. When this latched status bit is set it can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the
corresponding interrupt enable bit is set in the IER2 register. See Section 7.5 for input clock validation/invalidation
criteria.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
FREQ3
Frequency Register 3
07h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
FREQ[18:16]
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 2 to 0: Current DPLL Frequency (FREQ[18:16]). See the FREQ1 register description.
58
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
FSMON
0
MSR3
Master Status Register 3
08h
Bit 6
T4LOCK
1
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
T4NOIN
1
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 7: Frame Sync Input Monitor Alarm (FSMON). This latched status bit is set to 1 when OPSTATE:FSMON
transitions from 0 to 1. FSMON is cleared when written with a 1. When FSMON is set it can cause an interrupt
request on the INTREQ pin if the FSMON interrupt enable bit is set in the IER3 register. See Section 7.9.
Bit 6: T4 DPLL Lock Status Change (T4LOCK). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the lock status of the T4
DPLL (OPSTATE:T4LOCK) changes (becomes locked when previously unlocked or becomes unlocked when
previously locked). T4LOCK is cleared when written with a 1 and not set again until the T4 lock status changes
again. When T4LOCK is set it can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the T4LOCK interrupt enable bit
is set in the IER3 register. See Section 7.7.6.
Bit 4: T4 No Valid Inputs Alarm (T4NOIN). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the T4 DPLL has no valid
inputs available. T4NOIN is cleared when written with a 1 unless the T4 DPLL still has no valid inputs available.
When T4NOIN is set it can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the T4NOIN interrupt enable bit is set
in the IER3 register. See Section 7.5.
59
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
FSMON
1
OPSTATE
Operating State Register
09h
Bit 6
T4LOCK
0
Bit 5
T0SOFT
0
Bit 4
T4SOFT
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
T0STATE[2:0]
0
Bit 0
1
Bit 7: Frame Sync Input Monitor Alarm (FSMON). This real-time status bit indicates the current status of the
frame sync input monitor. See Section 7.9.6.
0 = no alarm
1 = alarm
Bit 6: T4 DPLL Lock Status (T4LOCK). This real-time status bit indicates the current phase lock status of the T4
DPLL. See Sections 7.5.3 and 7.7.6.
0 = not locked to selected reference
1 = locked to selected reference
Bit 5: T0 DPLL Frequency Soft Alarm (T0SOFT). This real-time status bit indicates whether or not the T0 DPLL is
tracking its reference within the soft alarm limits specified in the SOFT[6:0] field of the DLIMIT3 register. See
Section 7.7.6.
0 = No alarm; frequency is within the soft alarm limits
1 = Soft alarm; frequency is outside the soft alarm limits
Bit 4: T4 DPLL Frequency Soft Alarm (T4SOFT). This real-time status bit indicates whether or not the T4 DPLL is
tracking its reference within the soft alarm limits specified in the SOFT[6:0] field of the DLIMIT3 register. See
Section 7.7.6.
0 = No alarm; frequency is within the soft alarm limits
1 = Soft alarm; frequency is outside the soft alarm limits
Bits 2 to 0: T0 DPLL Operating State (T0STATE[2:0]). This real-time status field indicates the current state of the
T0 DPLL state machine. Values not listed below correspond to invalid (unused) states. See Section 7.7.1.
001 = Free-run
010 = Holdover
100 = Locked
101 = Prelocked 2
110 = Prelocked
111 = Loss-of-lock
60
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
PTAB1
Priority Table Register 1
0Ah
Bit 6
Bit 5
REF1[3:0]
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
SELREF[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Highest Priority Valid Reference (REF1[3:0]). This real-time status field indicates the highest-priority
valid input reference. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, this field indicates the highest priority reference for
the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, it indicates the highest priority reference for the T4 DPLL. Note that an input
reference cannot be indicated in this field if it has been marked invalid in the VALCR1 or VALCR2 register. When
the T0 DPLL is in nonrevertive mode (REVERT = 0 in the MCR3 register) this field may not have the same value
as the SELREF[3:0] field. See Section 7.6.2.
0000 = No valid input reference available
0001 = Input IC1
0010 = Input IC2
0011 = Input IC3
0100 = Input IC4
0101 = Input IC5
0110 = Input IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Input IC8
1001 = Input IC9
1010 to 1111 = {unused values}
Bits 3 to 0: Selected Reference (SELREF[3:0]). This real-time status field indicates the current selected
reference. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, this field indicates the selected reference for the T0 DPLL. When
T4T0 = 1, it indicates the selected reference for the T4 DPLL. Note that an input clock cannot be indicated in this
field if it has been marked invalid in the VALCR1 or VALCR2 register. When the T0 DPLL is in nonrevertive mode
(REVERT = 0 in the MCR3 register) this field may not have the same value as the REF1[3:0] field. See Section
7.6.2.
0000 = No source currently selected
0001 = Input IC1
0010 = Input IC2
0011 = Input IC3
0100 = Input IC4
0101 = Input IC5
0110 = Input IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Input IC8
1001 = Input IC9
1010 to 1111 = {unused values}
61
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
PTAB2
Priority Table Register 2
0Bh
Bit 6
Bit 5
REF3[3:0]
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
REF2[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Third Highest Priority Valid Reference (REF3[3:0]). This real-time status field indicates the third
highest priority validated input reference. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, this field indicates the third
highest priority reference for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, it indicates the third highest reference for the T4 DPLL.
Note that an input reference cannot be indicated in this field if it has been marked invalid in the VALCR1 or
VALCR2 register. See Section 7.6.2.
0000 = Less than three valid sources available
0001 = Input IC1
0010 = Input IC2
0011 = Input IC3
0100 = Input IC4
0101 = Input IC5
0110 = Input IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Input IC8
1001 = Input IC9
1010 to 1111 = {unused values}
Bits 3 to 0: Second Highest Priority Valid Reference (REF2[3:0]). This real-time status field indicates the
second highest priority validated input reference. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, this field indicates the
second highest priority reference for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, it indicates the second highest reference for the
T4 DPLL. Note that an input reference cannot be indicated in this field if it has been marked invalid in the VALCR1
or VALCR2 register. See Section 7.6.2.
0000 = Less than two valid sources available
0001 = Input IC1
0010 = Input IC2
0011 = Input IC3
0100 = Input IC4
0101 = Input IC5
0110 = Input IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Input IC8
1001 = Input IC9
1010 to 1111 = {unused values}
62
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
FREQ1
Frequency Register 1
0Ch
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
FREQ[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Note: The FREQ1, FREQ2, and FREQ3 registers must be read consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: Current DPLL Frequency (FREQ[7:0]). The full 19-bit FREQ[18:0] field spans this register, FREQ2
and FREQ3. FREQ is a two’s-complement signed integer that expresses the current frequency as an offset with
respect to the master clock frequency (see Section 7.3). When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, FREQ indicates
the current frequency offset of the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, FREQ indicates the current frequency offset of the T4
path. Because the value in this register field is derived from the DPLL integral path, it can be considered an
average frequency with a rate of change inversely proportional to the DPLL bandwidth. If LIMINT = 1 in the MCR9
register, the value of FREQ freezes when the DPLL reaches its minimum or maximum frequency. The frequency
offset in ppm is equal to FREQ[18:0] x 0.0003068. See Section 7.7.1.6.
Application Note: Frequency measurements are relative, i.e., they measure the frequency of the selected reference
with respect to the local oscillator. As such, when a frequency difference exists, it is difficult to distinguish whether
the selected reference is off frequency or the local oscillator is off frequency. In systems with timing card
redundancy, the use of two timing cards, master and slave, can address this difficulty. Both master and slave have
separate local oscillators, and each measures the selected reference. These two measurements provide the
necessary information to distinguish which reference is off frequency, if we make the simple assumption that at
most one reference has a significant frequency deviation at any given time (i.e., a single point of failure). If both
master and slave indicate a significant frequency offset, then the selected reference must be off frequency. If the
master indicates a frequency offset but the slave does not, then the master’s local oscillator must be off frequency.
Likewise, if the slave indicates a frequency offset but the master does not, then slave’s local oscillator must be off
frequency.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
FREQ2
Frequency Register 2
0Dh
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
FREQ[15:8]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Current DPLL Frequency (FREQ[15:8]). See the FREQ1 register description.
63
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
IC8
0
VALSR1
Input Clock Valid Status Register 1
0Eh
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
IC6
0
Bit 4
IC5
0
Bit 3
IC4
0
Bit 2
IC3
0
Bit 1
IC2
0
Bit 0
IC1
0
Bits 7 and 5 to 0: Input Clock Valid Status (IC8 and IC[6:1]). Each of these real-time status bits is set to 1 when
the corresponding input clock is valid. An input is valid if it has no active alarms (ACT = 0, LOCK = 0 in the
corresponding ISR register). See also the MSR1 register and Section 7.5.
0 = Invalid
1 = Valid
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
VALSR2
Input Clock Valid Status Register 2
0Fh
Bit 6
HORDY
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
IC9
0
Bit 6: Holdover Frequency Ready (HORDY). This real-time status bit is set to 1 when the T0 DPLL has a
holdover value that has been averaged over the one-second holdover averaging period. See the related latched
status bit in MSR4 and Section 7.7.1.6.
Bit 0: Input Clock Valid Status (IC9). This bit has the same behavior as the bits in VALSR1 but for the IC9 clock.
64
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
ISR1
Input Status Register 1
10h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
ACT2
1
Bit 4
LOCK2
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
ACT1
1
Bit 0
LOCK1
0
Bit 5: Activity Alarm for Input Clock 2 (ACT2). This real-time status bit is set to 1 when the leaky bucket
accumulator for IC2 reaches the alarm threshold specified in the LBxU register (where ‘x’ in ‘LBxU’ is specified in
the BUCKET field of ICR1). An activity alarm clears the IC2 status bit in the VALSR1 register, invalidating the IC2
clock. See Section 7.5.2.
Bit 4: Phase Lock Alarm for Input Clock 2 (LOCK2). This status bit is set to 1 if IC2 is the selected reference and
the T0 DPLL cannot phase lock to IC2 within the duration specified in the PHLKTO register (default = 100
seconds). A phase lock alarm clears the IC2 status bit in VALSR1, invalidating the IC2 clock. If LKATO = 1 in
MCR3 then LOCK2 is automatically cleared after a timeout period of 128 seconds. LOCK2 is a read/write bit.
System software can clear LOCK4 by writing 0 to it, but writing 1 is ignored. See Section 7.7.1.
Bit 1: Activity Alarm for Input Clock 1 (ACT1). This bit has the same behavior as the ACT2 bit but for the IC1
input clock.
Bit 0: Phase Lock Alarm for Input Clock 1 (LOCK1). This bit has the same behavior as the LOCK2 bit but for the
IC1 input clock.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
ISR2
Input Status Register 2
11h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
ACT4
1
Bit 4
LOCK4
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
ACT3
1
Bit 0
LOCK3
0
Bit 5: Activity Alarm for Input Clock 4 (ACT4). This real-time status bit is set to 1 when the leaky bucket
accumulator for IC4 reaches the alarm threshold specified in the LBxU register (where ‘x’ in ‘LBxU’ is specified in
the BUCKET field of ICR4). An activity alarm clears the IC4 status bit in the VALSR1 register, invalidating the IC4
clock. See Section 7.5.2.
Bit 4: Phase Lock Alarm for Input Clock 4 (LOCK4). This status bit is set to 1 if IC4 is the selected reference and
the T0 DPLL cannot phase lock to IC4 within the duration specified in the PHLKTO register (default = 100
seconds). A phase lock alarm clears the IC4 status bit in VALSR1, invalidating the IC4 clock. If LKATO = 1 in
MCR3 then LOCK4 is automatically cleared after a timeout period of 128 seconds. LOCK4 is a read/write bit.
System software can clear LOCK4 by writing 0 to it, but writing 1 is ignored. See Section 7.7.1.
Bit 1: Activity Alarm for Input Clock 3 (ACT3). This bit has the same behavior as the ACT4 bit but for the IC3
input clock.
Bit 0: Phase Lock Alarm for Input Clock 3 (LOCK3). This bit has the same behavior as the LOCK4 bit but for the
IC3 input clock.
65
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
ISR3
Input Status Register 3
12h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
ACT6
1
Bit 4
LOCK6
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
ACT5
1
Bit 0
LOCK5
0
This register has the same behavior as the ISR1and ISR2 registers, but for input clocks IC5 and IC6.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
ISR4
Input Status Register 4
13h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
ACT8
1
Bit 4
LOCK8
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 1
ACT9
1
Bit 0
LOCK9
0
This register has the same behavior as the ISR1and ISR2 registers, but for input clock IC8.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
ISR5
Input Status Register 5
14h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
This register has the same behavior as the ISR1and ISR2 registers, but for input clock IC9.
66
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Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
MSR4
Master Status Register 4
17h
Bit 6
HORDY
0
Bit 5
MRAA
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 6: Holdover Frequency Ready (HORDY). This latched status bit is set to 1 when the T0 DPLL has a holdover
value that has been averaged over the 1-second holdover averaging period. HORDY is cleared when written with a
1. When HORDY is set it can cause an interrupt request on the INTREQ pin if the HORDY interrupt enable bit is
set in the IER4 register. See Section 7.7.1.6.
Bit 5: Multiregister Access Aborted (MRAA). This latched status bit is set to 1 when a multibyte access (read or
write) is interrupted by another access to the device. MRAA is cleared when written with a 1. MRAA cannot cause
an interrupt to occur. See Section 8.3.
67
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Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default (T0)
Default (T4)
IPR1
Input Priority Register 1
18h
Bit 7
0
0
Bit 6
Bit 5
PRI2[3:0]
0
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
1
1
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
PRI1[3:0]
0
0
0
0
Bit 0
0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Priority for Input Clock 2 (PRI2[3:0]). Priority 0001 is highest; priority 1111 is lowest. When
MCR11:T4T0 = 0, PRI2 configures IC2’s priority for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, PRI2 configures IC2’s priority for
the T4 path. See Section 7.6.1.
0000 = IC2 unavailable for selection.
0001–1111= IC2 relative priority
Bits 3 to 0: Priority for Input Clock 1 (PRI1[3:0]). Priority 0001 is highest; priority 1111 is lowest. When
MCR11:T4T0 = 0, PRI1 configures IC1’s priority for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, PRI1 configures IC1’s priority for
the T4 path. See Section 7.6.1.
0000 = IC1 unavailable for selection.
0001–1111= IC1 relative priority
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default (T0)
Default (T4)
IPR2
Input Priority Register 2
19h
Bit 7
0
0
Bit 6
Bit 5
PRI4[3:0]
0
1
0
1
Bit 4
Bit 3
1
1
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
PRI3[3:0]
0
1
0
1
Bit 0
0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Priority for Input Clock 4 (PRI4[3:0]). Priority 0001 is highest; priority 1111 is lowest. When
MCR11:T4T0 = 0, PRI4 configures IC4’s priority for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, PRI4 configures IC4’s priority for
the T4 path. See Section 7.6.1.
0000 = IC4 unavailable for selection
0001–1111= IC4 relative priority
Bits 3 to 0: Priority for Input Clock 3 (PRI3[3:0]). Priority 0001 is highest; priority 1111 is lowest. When
MCR11:T4T0 = 0, PRI3 configures IC3’s priority for the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, PRI3 configures IC3’s priority for
the T4 path. See Section 7.6.1.
0000 = IC3 unavailable for selection
0001–1111= IC3 relative priority
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default (T0)
Default (T4)
IPR3
Input Priority Register 3
1Ah
Bit 7
0
0
Bit 6
Bit 5
PRI6[3:0]
0
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
PRI5[3:0]
0
0
0
0
Bit 0
0
0
These registers have the same behavior as IPR2 but for input clocks IC5 and IC6.
68
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default (T0)
Default (T4)
IPR4
Input Priority Register 4
1Bh
Bit 7
0
0
Bit 6
Bit 5
PRI8[3:0]
1
0
1
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
0
—
0
1
0
0
0
0
These registers have the same behavior as IPR2 but for input clock IC8.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default (T0)
Default (T4)
IPR5
Input Priority Register 5
1Ch
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
0
0
0
0
—
0
0
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
PRI9[3:0]
1
0
0
0
Bit 0
1
0
These registers have the same behavior as IPR2 but for input clock IC9.
69
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Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
DIVN
0
ICR1, ICR2, ICR3, ICR4, ICR5, ICR6, ICR8, ICR9
Input Configuration Register 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9
20h, 21h, 22h, 23h, 24h, 25h, 27h, 28h
Bit 6
LOCK8K
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
BUCKET[1:0]
0
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
FREQ[3:0]
see below
Bit 0
Note: These registers are identical in function. ICRx is the control register for input clock ICx.
Bit 7: DIVN Mode (DIVN). When DIVN is set to 1 and LOCK8K = 0, the input clock is divided down by a
programmable predivider. The resulting output clock is then passed to the DPLL. All input clocks for which DIVN =
1 are divided by the factor specified in DIVN1 and DIVN2. When DIVN = 1 and LOCK8K = 0 in an ICR register, the
FREQ field of that register must be set to the input frequency divided by the divide factor. When DIVN = 1 and
LOCK8K = 1 in an ICR register, the FREQ field of that register is decoded as the alternate frequencies. See
Sections 7.4.2.2 and 7.4.2.4.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit 6: LOCK8K Mode (LOCK8K). When LOCK8K is set to 1 and DIVN = 0, the input clock is divided down by a
preset predivider. The resulting output clock, which is always 8kHz, is then passed to the DPLL. LOCK8K is
ignored when DIVN = 0 and FREQ[3:0] = 1001 (2kHz) or 1010 (4kHz). In addition, LOCK8K mode cannot be used
with 5MHz input clocks. When DIVN = 1 and LOCK8K = 1 in an ICR register, the FREQ field of that register is
decoded as the alternate frequencies. See Sections 7.4.2.2 and 7.4.2.3
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bits 5 to 4: Leaky Bucket Configuration (BUCKET[1:0]). Each input clock has leaky bucket accumulator logic in
its activity monitor. The LBxy registers at addresses 50h to 5Fh specify four different leaky bucket configurations.
Any of the four configurations can be specified for the input clock. See Section 7.5.2.
00 = leaky bucket configuration 0
01 = leaky bucket configuration 1
10 = leaky bucket configuration 2
11 = leaky bucket configuration 3
Bits 3 to 0: Input Clock Frequency (FREQ[3:0]). When DIVN = 0 and LOCK8K = 0 (standard direct-lock mode),
this field specifies the input clock’s nominal frequency for direct-lock operation. When DIVN = 0 and LOCK8K = 1
(LOCK8K mode) this field specifies the input clock’s nominal frequency for LOCK8K operation. When DIVN = 1 and
LOCK8K = 0 (DIVN mode), this field specifies the frequency after the DIVN divider (i.e., input frequency divided by
DIVN + 1). When DIVN = 1 and LOCK8K = 1 (alternate direct-lock frequencies), this field specifies the input clock’s
nominal frequency for direct-lock operation.
DIVN = 0 or LOCK8K = 0: (Standard direct-lock mode, LOCK8K mode, or DIVN mode)
0000 = 8kHz
0001 = 1544 or 2048kHz (as determined by SONSDH bit in the MCR3 register)
0010 = 6.48MHz
0011 = 19.44MHz
0100 = 25.92MHz
0101 = 38.88MHz
0110 = 51.84MHz
0111 = 77.76MHz
1000 = 155.52MHz (only valid for LVDS inputs)
1001 = 2kHz
1010 = 4kHz
1011 = 6312kHz
1100 = 5MHz
1101 = 31.25 MHz (not a multiple of 8 kHz and therefore not valid for LOCK8K mode)
1110 to 1111 = undefined
70
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
DIVN = 1 and LOCK8K = 1: (Alternate direct-lock frequency decode)
0000 = 10MHz (internally divided down to 5MHz)
0001 = 25MHz (internally divided down to 5MHz)
0010 = 62.5MHz (internally down to 31.25MHz)
0011 = 125MHz (internally down to 31.25MHz)
0100 = 156.25MHz (differential inputs only. internally divided down to 31.25MHz)
0101 to 1111 = undefined
FREQ[3:0] Default Values:
ICR1 – ICR4:0000b
ICR5 – ICR9:0011b
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
IC8
1
VALCR1
Input Clock Valid Control Register 1
30h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
IC6
1
Bit 4
IC5
1
Bit 3
IC4
1
Bit 2
IC3
1
Bit 1
IC2
1
Bit 0
IC1
1
Bits 7 and 5 to 0: Input Clock Valid Control (IC8 and IC[6:1]). These control bits can be used to force input
clocks to be considered invalid. If a clock is invalidated by one of these control bits it will not appear in the priority
table in the PTAB1 and PTAB2 registers, even if the clock is otherwise valid. These bits are useful when system
software needs to force clocks to be invalid in response to OAM commands. Note that setting a VALCR bit low has
no effect on the corresponding bit in the VALSR registers. See Sections 7.6.2.
0 = Force invalid
1 = Don’t force invalid; determine validity normally
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
VALCR2
Input Clock Valid Control Register 2
31h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
IC9
1
Bit 0: Input Clock Valid Control (IC9). This bit has the same behavior as the bits in VALCR1 but for the IC9 input
clock.
71
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Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
RST
0
MCR1
Master Configuration Register 1
32h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
FREN
1
Bit 4
LOCKPIN
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
T0STATE[2:0]
0
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: Device Reset (RST). When this bit is high the entire device is held in reset, and all register fields, except the
RST bit itself, are reset to their default states. When RST is active, the register fields with pin-programmed defaults
do not latch their values from the corresponding input pins. Instead these fields are reset to the default values that
were latched from the pins when the RST pin was last active. See Section 7.11.
0 = Normal operation
1 = Reset
Bit 5: Frequency Range Detect Enable (FREN). When this bit is high the frequency of each input clock is
measured and used to quickly declare the input inactive.
0 = Frequency Range Detect disabled
1 = Frequency Range Detect enabled
Bit 4: T0 DPLL LOCK Pin Enable (LOCKPIN). When this bit is high the LOCK pin indicates when the T0 DPLL
state machine is in the LOCK state (OPSTATE.T0STATE = 100).
0 = LOCK pin is not driven
1 = LOCK pin is driven high when the T0 DPLL is in the Lock state
Bits 2 to 0: T0 DPLL State Control (T0STATE[2:0]). This field allows the T0 DPLL state machine to be forced to
a specified state. The state machine will remain in the forced state, and therefore cannot react to alarms and other
events, as long as T0STATE is not equal to 000. See Section 7.7.1.
000 = Automatic (normal state machine operation)
001 = Free-run
010 = Holdover
011 = {unused value}
100 = Locked
101 = Prelocked 2
110 = Prelocked
111 = Loss-of-lock
72
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
MCR2
Master Configuration Register 2
33h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
T0FORCE[3:0]
1
1
Bit 0
1
Bits 3 to 0: T0 DPLL Force Selected Reference (T0FORCE[3:0]). This field provides a way to force a specified
input clock to be the selected reference for the T0 DPLL. Internally this is accomplished by forcing the clock to have
the highest priority (as specified in PTAB1:REF1). In revertive mode (MCR3:REVERT = 1) the forced clock
automatically becomes the selected reference (as specified in PTAB1:SELREF) as well. In nonrevertive mode the
forced clock only becomes the selected reference when the existing selected reference is invalidated or made
unavailable for selection.
When a reference is forced, the activity monitor for that input and the T0 DPLL’s loss-of-lock timeout logic all
continue to operate and affect the relevant ISR, VALSR and MSR register bits. However, when the reference is
declared invalid the T0 DPLL is not allowed to switch to another input clock. The T0 DPLL continues to respond to
the fast activity monitor, transitioning to mini-holdover in response to short-term events and to full holdover in
response to longer events. See Section 7.6.3.
0000 = Automatic source selection (normal operation)
0001 = Force to IC1
0010 = Force to IC2
0011 = Force to IC3
0100 = Force to IC4
0101 = Force to IC5
0110 = Force to IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Force to IC8
1001 = Force to IC9
1010 to 1110 = {unused values}
1111 = Automatic source selection (normal operation)
73
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
AEFSEN
1
MCR3
Master Configuration Register 3
34h
Bit 6
LKATO
1
Bit 5
XOEDGE
0
Bit 4
FRUNHO
0
Bit 3
EFSEN
1
Bit 2
SONSDH
see below
Bit 1
—
1
Bit 0
REVERT
0
Bit 7: Auto External Frame Sync Enable (AEFSEN). This bit has two modes depending on the SOURCE field of
FSCR3. See Section 7.9.
SOURCE! = 11XX:
0 = EFSEN bit (bit 3 below) enables and disables the external frame sync on the SYNCn pin
1 = The external frame sync is enabled when EFSEN = 1 and the T0 DPLL is locked to the input clock
specified in the SOURCE field of FSCR3.
SOURCE = 11XX:
0 = External frame sync enabled according to EFSEN bit.
1 = When the selected reference changes the EFSEN bit clears and the external frame sync is disabled.
(EFSEN bit must be set to enable it again.)
Bit 6: Phase Lock Alarm Timeout (LKATO). This bit controls how phase alarms on input clocks can be
terminated. Phase alarms are indicated by the LOCK bits in ISR registers.
0 = Phase alarms on input clocks can only be cancelled by software.
1 = Phase alarms are automatically cancelled after a timeout period of 128 seconds.
Bit 5: Local Oscillator Edge (XOEDGE). This bit specifies the significant clock edge of the local oscillator clock
signal on the REFCLK input pin. The faster edge should be selected for best jitter performance. See Section 7.3.
0 = Rising edge
1 = Falling edge
Bit 4: Free-Run Holdover (FRUNHO). When this bit is set to 1 the T0 DPLL holdover frequency is set to 0ppm so
the output frequency accuracy is set by the external oscillator accuracy. This effects both mini-holdover and the
holdover state.
0 = Digital holdover
1 = Free-run holdover, 0ppm
Bit 3: External Frame Sync Enable (EFSEN). When this bit is set to 1 the T0 DPLL looks for a frame sync pulse
on the SYNCn pin(s). When FSCR3.SOURCE = 11XX the function of this bit can be modified according to the
setting of the AEFSEN bit. See the AEFSEN bit description above for more information. See Section 7.9.
0 = Disable external frame sync; ignore SYNCn pin(s)
1 = Enable external frame sync on SYNCn pin(s)
Bit 2: SONET or SDH Frequencies (SONSDH). This bit specifies the clock rate for input clocks with FREQ = 0001
in the ICR registers (20h to 28h). During reset the default value of this bit is latched from the SONSDH pin. See
Section 7.4.2.
0 = 2048kHz
1 = 1544kHz
Bit 0: Revertive Mode (REVERT). This bit configures the T0 DPLL for revertive or nonrevertive operation. (The T4
DPLL is always revertive). In revertive mode, if an input clock with a higher priority than the selected reference
becomes valid, the higher priority reference immediately becomes the selected reference. In nonrevertive mode the
higher priority reference does not immediately become the selected reference but does become the highest-priority
reference in the priority table (REF1 field in the PTAB1 register). See Section 7.6.2.
74
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
LKT4T0
0
MCR4
Master Configuration Register 4
35h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
T4FORCE[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: Lock T4 to T0 (LKT4T0). When this bit is set to 1 (and T0CR1:T4APT0 = 0) all output clocks are generated
from the T0 DPLL, and the T4CR1:T4FREQ field selects the frequency of the T4 APLL. See Section 7.8.2.2. When
LKT4T0 = 0, the T4 APLL can be locked to either the T4 DPLL or the T0 DPLL depending on the setting of
T0CR1:T4APT0.
0 = T4 APLL can lock to either T4 or the T0 DPLL
1 = T4 APLL always locked to the T0 DPLL
Bits 3 to 0: T4 DPL Force Selected Reference (T4FORCE[3:0]). This field provides a way to force a specified
input clock to be the selected reference for the T4 DPLL. Internally this is accomplished by forcing the clock to have
the highest priority (as specified in PTAB1:REF1). Since the T4 DPLL always operates in revertive mode, the
forced clock automatically becomes the selected reference (as specified in PTAB1:SELREF) as well.
When a reference is forced, the activity monitor for that input continues to operate and affect the relevant ISR,
VALSR and MSR register bits. However, when the reference is declared invalid, the T4 DPLL is not allowed to
switch to another input clock. See Section 7.6.3.
0000 = Automatic source selection (normal operation)
0001 = Force to IC1
0010 = Force to IC2
0011 = Force to IC3
0100 = Force to IC4
0101 = Force to IC5
0110 = Force to IC6
0111 = {unused value}
1000 = Force to IC8
1001 = Force to IC9
1010 to 1110 = {unused value}
1111 = Automatic source selection (normal operation)
75
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
RSV4
0
MCR5
Master Configuration Register 5
36h
Bit 6
RSV3
0
Bit 5
RSV2
0
Bit 4
RSV1
0
Bit 3
IC2SF
0
Bit 2
IC1SF
0
Bit 1
IC6SF
0
Bit 0
IC5SF
0
Bits 7 to 4: Reserved Bit 4 to 1 (RSV[4:1]). These bits are reserved for future use, and can be written to and read
back.
Bit 3: Input Clock 2 Signal Format (IC2SF). For backward compatibility this bit can be written to and read back,
but it does not affect the IC2POS/NEG inputs pins. See Section 7.4.1.
Bit 2: Input Clock 1 Signal Format (IC1SF). For backward compatibility this bit can be written to and read back,
but it does not affect the IC1POS/NEG inputs pins. See Section 7.4.1.
Bit 1: Input Clock 6 Signal Format (IC6SF). For backward compatibility this bit can be written to and read back,
but it does not affect the IC6POS/NEG inputs pins. See Section 7.4.1.
Bit 0: Input Clock 5 Signal Format (IC5SF). For backward compatibility this bit can be written to and read back,
but it does not affect the IC5POS/NEG inputs pins. See Section 7.4.1.
76
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
OCR6
Output Configuration Register 6
37h
Bit 6
OC5EN
1
Bit 5
OC4EN
1
Bit 4
OC5BEN
0
Bit 3
OC4BEN
0
Bit 2
OC3BEN
0
Bit 1
OC2BEN
0
Bit 0
OC1BEN
0
Bit 6: OC5 Output Enable (OC5EN). Enables the OC5 output pin.
0 = Output clock pin disabled, drives low.
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR3.OFREQ5.
Bit 5: OC4 Output Enable (OC4EN). Enables the OC4 output pin.
0 = Output clock pin disabled, drives low.
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR2.OFREQ4.
Bit 4: OC5B Output Enable (OC5BEN). Enables the OC5B output pin.
0 = Output clock pin disabled, drives low.
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR3.OFREQ5.
Bit 3: OC4B Output Enable (OC4BEN). Enables the OC4B output pin.
0 = Output clock pin disabled, drives low.
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR2.OFREQ4.
Bit 2: OC3B Output Enable (OC3BEN). Selects GPIO3 or OC3B function for the OC3B/GPIO3pin.
0 = GPIO3 functionality .
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR2.OFREQ3.
Bit 1: OC2B Output Enable (OC2BEN). Selects GPIO2 or OC2B function for the OC2B/GPIO2pin.
0 = GPIO2 functionality .
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR1.OFREQ2.
Bit 0: OC1B Output Enable (OC1BEN). Selects GPIO1 or OC1B function for the OC1B/GPIO1pin.
0 = GPIO1 functionality .
1 = Output clock pin controlled by OCR1.OFREQ1.
77
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
DIG2AF
0
MCR6
Master Configuration Register 6
38h
Bit 6
DIG2SS
see below
Bit 5
DIG1SS
see below
Bit 4
—
1
Bit 3
—
1
Bit 2
—
1
Bit 1
—
1
Bit 0
—
1
Bit 7: Digital Alternate Frequency (DIG2AF). Selects alternative frequencies.
0 = Digital2 NxE1 or NxDS1 frequency specified by DIG2SS and MCR7:DIG2F.
1 = Digital2 6.312MHz, 10MHz, or Nx19.44MHz frequency specified by DIG2SS and MCR7:DIG2F.
Bit 6: Digital2 SONET or SDH Frequencies (DIG2SS). This bit specifies whether the clock rates generated by the
Digital2 clock synthesizer are multiples of 1.544MHz (SONET-compatible) or multiples of 2.048MHz (SDHcompatible) or alternate frequencies. The specific multiple is set in the DIG2F field of the MCR7 register. When
RST = 0 the default value of this bit is latched from the SONSDH pin.
DIG2AF = 0:
0 = Multiples of 2048kHz
1 = Multiples of 1544kHz
DIG2AF = 1:
6.312MHz, 10 MHz or Nx19.44MHz
Bit 5: Digital1 SONET or SDH Frequencies (DIG1SS). This bit specifies whether the clock rates generated by the
Digital1 clock synthesizer are multiples of 1544kHz (SONET compatible) or multiples of 2048kHz (SDH
compatible). The specific multiple is set in the DIG1F field of the MCR7 register. When RST = 0 the default value of
this bit is latched from the SONSDH pin.
0 = Multiples of 2048kHz
1 = Multiples of 1544kHz
78
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
MCR7
Master Configuration Register 7
39h
Bit 7
Bit 6
DIG2F[1:0]
0
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
DIG1F[1:0]
0
0
Bit 3
—
1
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
DIG2SRC
0
Bit 0
DIG1SRC
0
Bits 7 to 6: Digital2 Frequency (DIG2F[1:0]). This field, MCR6:DIG2SS and MCR6:DIG2AF configure the
frequency of the Digital2 clock synthesizer.
DIG2AF = 0
DIG2SS = 1
00 = 1544kHz
01 = 3088kHz
10 = 6176kHz
11 = 1235 kHz
DIG2SS = 0
00 = 2048kHz
01 = 4096kHz
10 = 8192kHz
11 = 16384kHz
DIG2AF = 1
DIG2SS = 1
00 = 19.44MHz
01 = 38.88MHz
10 = undefined
11 = undefined
DIG2SS = 0
00 = 6.312MHz
01 = undefined
10 = 10MHz
11 = undefined
Bits 5 to 4: Digital1 Frequency (DIG1F[1:0]). This field and MCR6:DIG1SS configure the frequency of the
Digital1 clock synthesizer.
DIG1SS = 1
00 = 1544kHz
01 = 3088kHz
10 = 6176kHz
11 = 12352kHz
DIG1SS = 0
00 = 2048kHz
01 = 4096kHz
10 = 8192kHz
11 = 16384kHz
Bit 1: Digital2 Source (DIG2SRC). This bit selects which DPLL the Digital 2 DFS is connected to. When
MCR4:LKT4T0 = 1 it is always connected to the T0 DPLL.
0 = the T0 DPLL
1 = the T4 DPLL
Bit 0: Digital1 Source (DIG1SRC). This bit selects which DPLL the Digital 1 DFS is connected to. When
MCR4:LKT4T0 = 1 it is always connected to the T0 DPLL.
0 = the T0 DPLL
1 = the T4 DPLL
79
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
MCR8
Master Configuration Register 8
3Ah
Bit 7
Bit 6
OC5SF[1:0]
0
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
OC4SF[1:0]
0
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
OC7SF[1:0]
0
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
OC6SF[1:0]
0
0
Bits 7 to 6: Output Clock 5 Signal Format (OC5SF[1:0]). See Section 7.8.1.
00 = Output disabled (default)
01 = 3V LVPECL level compatible
10 = 3V LVDS compatible
11 = 3V LVDS compatible
Bits 5 to 4: Output Clock 4 Signal Format (OC4SF[1:0]). See Section 7.8.1.
00 = Output disabled (default)
01 = 3V LVPECL level compatible
10 = 3V LVDS compatible
11 = 3V LVDS compatible
Bits 3 to 2: Output Clock 7 Signal Format (OC7SF[1:0]). See Section 7.8.1.
00 = Output disabled (default)
01 = 3V LVPECL level compatible
10 = 3V LVDS compatible
11 = 3V LVDS compatible
Bits 1 to 0: Output Clock 6 Signal Format (OC6SF[1:0]). See Section 7.8.1.
00 = Output disabled (default)
01 = 3V LVPECL level compatible
10 = 3V LVDS compatible
11 = 3V LVDS compatible
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
AUTOBW
1
MCR9
Master Configuration Register 9
3Bh
Bit 6
—
1
Bit 5
—
1
Bit 4
—
1
Bit 3
LIMINT
1
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
1
Bit 0
—
1
Bit 7: Automatic Bandwidth Selection (AUTOBW). See Section 7.7.3.
0 = Always selects locked bandwidth from the T0LBW register
1 = Automatically selects either locked bandwidth (T0LBW register) or acquisition bandwidth (T0ABW
register) as appropriate
Bit 3: Limit Integral Path (LIMINT). When this bit is set to 1, the T0 DPLL’s integral path is limited (i.e., frozen)
when the DPLL reaches minimum or maximum frequency, as set by the HARDLIM field in DLIMIT1 and DLIMIT2.
When the integral path is frozen, the current DPLL frequency in registers FREQ1, FREQ2 and FREQ3 is also
frozen. Setting LIMINT = 1 minimizes overshoot when the DPLL is pulling in. See Section 7.7.3.
0 = Do not freeze integral path at min/max frequency
1 = Freeze integral path at min/max frequency
80
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
MCLK1
Master Clock Frequency Adjustment Register 1
3Ch
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
1
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
MCLKFREQ[7:0]
1
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
1
Note: The MCLK1 and MCLK2 registers must be read consecutively and written consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: Master Clock Frequency Adjustment (MCLKFREQ[7:0]). The full 16-bit MCLKFREQ[15:0] field
spans this register and MCLK2. MCLKFREQ is an unsigned integer that adjusts the frequency of the internal
204.8MHz master clock with respect to the frequency of the local oscillator clock on the REFCLK pin by up to
+514ppm and -771ppm. The master clock adjustment has the effect of speeding up the master clock with a positive
adjustment and slowing it down with a negative adjustment. For example, if the oscillator connected to REFCLK
has an offset of +1ppm the adjustment should be -1ppm to correct the offset.
The formulas below translate adjustments to register values and vice versa. The default register value of 39,321
corresponds to 0ppm. See Section 7.3.
MCLKFREQ[15:0] = adjustment_in_ppm / 0.0196229 + 39,321
adjustment_in_ppm = ( MCLKFREQ[15:0] – 39,321 ) x 0.0196229
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
MCLK2
Master Clock Frequency Adjustment Register 2
3Dh
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
1
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
MLCKFREQ[15:8]
1
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
1
Bits 7 to 0: Master Clock Frequency Adjustment (MCLKFREQ[15:8]). See the MCLK1 register description.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
AVG
1
HOCR3
Holdover Configuration Register 3
40h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
1
0
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
0
Note: See Section 8.3 for important information about writing and reading this register.
Bit 7: Averaging (AVG). When this bit is set to 1 the T0 DPLL uses the averaged frequency value during holdover
mode. When FRUNHO = 1 in the MCR3 register, this bit is ignored. See Section 7.7.1.6.
0 = Not averaged frequency; holdover frequency is either free-run (FRUNHO = 1) or instantaneously frozen
1 = Averaged frequency over the last 1 second while locked to the input
81
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
DLIMIT1
DPLL Frequency Limit Register 1
41h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
1
1
Bit 4
Bit 3
HARDLIM[7:0]
1
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
0
The DLIMIT1 and DLIMIT2 registers must be read consecutively and written consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: DPLL Hard Frequency Limit (HARDLIM[7:0]). The full 10-bit HARDLIM[9:0] field spans this register
and DLIMIT2. HARDLIM is an unsigned integer that specifies the hard frequency limit or pull-in/hold-in range of the
T0 DPLL. When frequency limit detection is enabled by setting FLLOL = 1 in the DLIMIT3 register, if the DPLL
frequency exceeds the hard limit the DPLL declares loss-of-lock. The hard frequency limit in ppm is
±HARDLIM[9:0] x 0.0782. The default value is normally ±9.2ppm. If external reference switching mode is enabled
during reset (see Section 7.6.5), the default value is configured to ±79.794ppm (3FFh). See Section 7.7.6.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
DLIMIT2
DPLL Frequency Limit Register 1
42h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
HARDLIM[9:8]
0
0
Bits 1 to 0: DPLL Hard Frequency Limit (HARDLIM[9:8]). See the DLIMIT1 register description.
82
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
IC8
0
IER1
Interrupt Enable Register 1
43h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
IC6
0
Bit 4
IC5
0
Bit 3
IC4
0
Bit 2
IC3
0
Bit 1
IC2
0
Bit 0
IC1
0
Bits 7 and 5 to 0: Interrupt Enable for Input Clock Status Change (IC8 and IC[6:1]). Each of these bits is an
interrupt enable control for the corresponding bit in the MSR1 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
STATE
0
IER2
Interrupt Enable Register 2
44h
Bit 6
SRFAIL
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
IC9
0
Bit 7: Interrupt Enable for T0 DPLL State Change (STATE). This bit is an interrupt enable for the STATE bit in
the MSR2 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
Bit 6: Interrupt Enable for Selected Reference Failed (SRFAIL). This bit is an interrupt enable for the SRFAIL bit
in the MSR2 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
Bit 0: Interrupt Enable for Input Clock Status Change (IC9). This bit is an interrupt enable control for the IC9 bit
in the MSR2 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
83
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
FSMON
0
IER3
Interrupt Enable Register 3
45h
Bit 6
T4LOCK
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
T4NOIN
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 7: Interrupt Enable for Frame Sync Input Monitor Alarm (FSMON). This bit is an interrupt enable for the
FSMON bit in the MSR3 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
Bit 6: Interrupt Enable for the T4 DPLL Lock Status Change (T4LOCK). This bit is an interrupt enable for the
T4LOCK bit in the MSR3 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
Bit 4: Interrupt Enable for T4 No Valid Inputs Alarm (T4NOIN). This bit is an interrupt enable for the T4NOIN bit
in the MSR3 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
84
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
DIVN1
DIVN Register 1
46h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
1
1
1
Bit 4
Bit 3
DIVN[7:0]
1
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
1
Note: The DIVN1 and DIVN2 registers must be read consecutively and written consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: DIVN Factor (DIVN[7:0]). The full 16-bit DIVN[15:0] field spans this register and DIVN2. This field
contains the integer value used to divide the frequency of input clocks that are configured for DIVN mode. The
frequency is divided by DIVN[15:0] + 1. See Section 7.4.2.4.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
DIVN2
DIVN Register 2
47h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
1
Bit 4
Bit 3
DIVN[15:8]
1
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
1
Bits 7 to 0: DIVN Factor (DIVN[15:8]). See the DIVN1 register description.
85
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
1
MCR10
Master Configuration Register 10
48h
Bit 6
SRFPIN
0
Bit 5
UFSW
0
Bit 4
EXTSW
see below
Bit 3
PBOFRZ
0
Bit 2
PBOEN
1
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 6: SRFAIL Pin Enable (SRFPIN). When this bit is set to 1, the SRFAIL pin is enabled. When enabled the
SRFAIL pin follows the state of the SRFAIL status bit in the MSR2 register. This gives the system a very fast
indication of the failure of the current reference. See Section 7.5.3.
0 = SRFAIL pin disabled (not driven)
1 = SRFAIL pin enabled
Bit 5: Ultra-Fast Switching Mode (UFSW). See Section 7.6.4.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled. The current reference source is disqualified after less than three missing clock cycles.
Bit 4: External Reference Switching Mode (EXTSW). This bit enables external reference switching mode. In this
mode, if the SRCSW pin is high the T0 DPLL is forced to lock to input IC3 (if the priority of IC3 is nonzero) or IC5 (if
the priority of IC3 is zero) whether or not the selected input has a valid reference signal. If the SRCSW pin is low
the device is forced to lock to input IC4 (if the priority of IC4 is nonzero) or IC6 (if the priority of IC4 is zero) whether
or not the selected input has a valid reference signal. During reset the default value of this bit is latched from the
SRCSW pin. This mode only controls the T0 DPLL. The T4 DPLL is not affected. See Section 7.6.5.
0 = Normal operation
1 = External switching mode
Bit 3: Phase Build-Out Freeze (PBOFRZ). This bit freezes the current input-output phase relationship and does
not allow further phase build-out events to occur. This bit affects phase build-out in response to reference switching
(Section 7.7.7.1).
0 = Not frozen
1 = Frozen
Bit 2: Phase Build-Out Enable (PBOEN). When this bit is set to 1 a phase build-out event occurs every time the
T0 DPLL changes to a new reference, including exiting the holdover and free-run states. When this bit is set to 0,
the T0 DPLL locks to the new source with zero degrees of phase difference. See Section 7.7.7.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
MCR11
Master Configuration Register 11
4Bh
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
T4T0
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 4: T4 or T0 Path Select (T4T0). This bit specifies which path is being accessed when reads or writes are made
to the following registers: PTAB1, PTAB2, FREQ1, FREQ2, FREQ3, IPR1, IPR2, IPR3, IPR4, IPR5, PHASE1, and
PHASE2.
0 = T0 path
1 = T4 path
86
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
FLLOL
1
DLIMIT3
DPLL Frequency Limit Register 3
4Dh
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
Bit 3
SOFTLIM[6:0]
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
0
Bit 7: Frequency Limit Loss of Lock (FLLOL). When this bit is set to 1, the T0 DPLL and the T4 DPLL internally
declare loss-of-lock when their hard limits are reached. The T0 DPLL hard frequency limit is set in the
HARDLIM[9:0] field in the DLIMIT1 and DLIMIT2 registers. The T4 DPLL hard frequency limit is fixed at ±80ppm.
See Section 7.7.6.
0 = DPLL declares loss-of-lock normally
1 = DPLL also declares loss-of-lock when the hard frequency limit is reached
Bits 6 to 0: DPLL Soft Frequency Limit (SOFTLIM[6:0]). This field is an unsigned integer that specifies the soft
frequency limit for the T0 DPLL and the T4 DPLL. The soft limit is only used for monitoring; exceeding this limit
does not cause loss-of-lock. The limit in ppm is ±SOFTLIM[6:0] x 0.628. The default value is ±8.79ppm. When the
T0 DPLL frequency reaches the soft limit the T0SOFT status bit is set in the OPSTATE register. When the T4
DPLL frequency reaches the soft limit the T4SOFT status bit is set in OPSTATE. See Section 7.7.6.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
IER4
Interrupt Enable Register 4
4Eh
Bit 6
HORDY
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
—
0
Bit 0
—
0
Bit 6: Interrupt Enable for Holdover Frequency Ready (HORDY). This bit is an interrupt enable for the HORDY
bit in the MSR4 register.
0 = Mask the interrupt
1 = Enable the interrupt
87
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
OCR5
Output Configuration Register 1
4Fh
Bit 6
AOF7
0
Bit 5
AOF6
0
Bit 4
AOF5
0
Bit 3
AOF4
0
Bit 2
AOF3
0
Bit 1
AOF2
0
Bit 0
AOF1
0
Bit 6: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 7 (AOF7). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR4.OFREQ7
field for the OC7 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 5: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 6 (AOF6). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR3.OFREQ6
field for the OC6 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 4: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 5 (AOF5). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR3.OFREQ5
field for the OC5 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 3: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 4 (AOF4). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR2.OFREQ4
field for the OC4 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 2: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 3 (AOF3). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR2.OFREQ3
field for the OC3 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 1: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 2 (AOF2). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR1.OFREQ2
field for the OC2 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
Bit 0: Alternate Output Frequency Mode Select 1 (AOF1). This bit controls the decoding of the OCR1.OFREQ1
field for the OC1 pin.
0 = Standard decodes
1 = Alternate decodes
88
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB0U
Leaky Bucket 0 Upper Threshold Register
50h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
LB0U[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket 0 Upper Threshold (LB0U[7:0]). When the leaky bucket accumulator is equal to the
value stored in this field, the activity monitor declares an activity alarm by setting the input clock’s ACT bit in the
appropriate ISR register. Registers LB0U, LB0L, LB0S and LB0D together specify leaky bucket configuration 0.
See Section 7.5.2.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB0L
Leaky Bucket 0 Lower Threshold Register
51h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
LB0L[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket 0 Lower Threshold (LB0L[7:0]). When the leaky bucket accumulator is equal to the
value stored in this field, the activity monitoring logic clears the activity alarm (if previously declared) by clearing the
input clock’s ACT bit in the appropriate ISR register. Registers LB0U, LB0L, LB0S, and LB0D together specify
leaky bucket configuration 0. See Section 7.5.2.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB0S
Leaky Bucket 0 Size Register
52h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
LB0S[7:0]
0
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket 0 Size (LB0S[7:0]). This field specifies the maximum value of the leaky bucket. The
accumulator cannot increment past this value. Registers LB0U, LB0L, LB0S, and LB0D together specify leaky
bucket configuration 0. See Section 7.5.2.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
LB0D
Leaky Bucket 0 Decay Rate Register
53h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
LB0D[1:0]
0
1
Bits 1 to 0: Leaky Bucket 0 Decay Rate (LB0D[1:0]). This field specifies the decay or “leak” rate of the leaky
bucket accumulator. For each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 128ms intervals in which no irregularities are detected on the
input clock, the accumulator decrements by 1. Registers LB0U, LB0L, LB0S, and LB0D together specify leaky
bucket configuration 0. See Section 7.5.2.
00 = decrement every 128ms (8 units/second)
01 = decrement every 256ms (4 units/second)
10 = decrement every 512ms (2 units/second)
11 = decrement every 1024ms (1 unit/second)
89
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB1U, LB2U, LB3U
Leaky Bucket 1/2/3 Upper Threshold Register
54h, 58h, 5Ch
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
0
Bit 3
LBxU[7:0]
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
1
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket ‘x’ Upper Threshold (LBxU[7:0]). See the LB0U register description.
Registers LB1U, LB1L, LB1S, and LB1D together specify leaky bucket configuration 1.
Registers LB2U, LB2L, LB2S, and LB2D together specify leaky bucket configuration 2.
Registers LB3U, LB3L, LB3S, and LB3D together specify leaky bucket configuration 3.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB1L, LB2L, LB3L
Leaky Bucket 1/2/3 Lower Threshold Register
55h, 59h, 5Dh
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
0
Bit 3
LBxL[7:0]
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket ‘x’ Lower Threshold (LBxL[7:0]). See the LB0L register description.
Registers LB1U, LB1L, LB1S, and LB1D together specify leaky bucket configuration 1.
Registers LB2U, LB2L, LB2S, and LB2D together specify leaky bucket configuration 2.
Registers LB3U, LB3L, LB3S, and LB3D together specify leaky bucket configuration 3.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
LB1S, LB2S, LB3S
Leaky Bucket 1/2/3 Size Register
56h, 5Ah, 5Eh
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
0
0
Bit 3
LBxS[7:0]
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Leaky Bucket ‘x’ Size (LBxS[7:0]). See the LB0S register description.
Registers LB1U, LB1L, LB1S, and LB1D together specify leaky bucket configuration 1.
Registers LB2U, LB2L, LB2S, and LB2D together specify leaky bucket configuration 2.
Registers LB3U, LB3L, LB3S, and LB3D together specify leaky bucket configuration 3.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
LB1D, LB2D, LB3D
Leaky Bucket 1/2/3 Decay Rate Register
57h, 5Bh, 5Fh
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
—
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
LBxD[1:0]
0
1
Bits 1 to 0: Leaky Bucket ‘x’ Decay Rate (LBxD[1:0]). See the LB0D register description.
Registers LB1U, LB1L, LB1S, and LB1D together configure leaky bucket algorithm 1.
Registers LB2U, LB2L, LB2S, and LB2D together configure leaky bucket algorithm 2.
Registers LB3U, LB3L, LB3S, and LB3D together configure leaky bucket algorithm 3.
90
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
OCR1
Output Configuration Register 1
60h
Bit 6
Bit 5
OFREQ2[3:0]
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
OFREQ1[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Output Frequency of OC2 (OFREQ2[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock OC2.
The frequencies of the T0 APLL and the T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The Digital1
and Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3. The decode of this field is
controlled by the value of the OCR5.AOF2 bit.
AOF2 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 64
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF2 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 64
0010 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 20
0011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 12
0100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 10
0101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 5
0110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
Bits 3 to 0: Output Frequency of OC1 (OFREQ1[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock OC1.
The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The Digital1 and
Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3. The decode of this field is controlled
by the value of the OCR5.AOF1 bit.
AOF1 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
91
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 64
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF1 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 64
0010 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 20
0011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 12
0100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 10
0101 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 10
0110 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 5
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
92
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
OCR2
Output Configuration Register 2
61h
Bit 6
Bit 5
OFREQ4[3:0]
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
OFREQ3[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Output Frequency of OC4 (OFREQ4[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock OC4.
The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The Digital1 and
Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3. The decode of this field is controlled
by the value of the OCR5.AOF4 bit.
AOF4 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF4 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 2
0010 = T0 APLL frequency
0011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 10
0100 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 10
0101 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 2
0110 = T0 APLL2 frequency
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
Bits 3 to 0: Output Frequency of OC3 (OFREQ3[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock OC3.
The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The Digital1 and
Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3.The decode of this field is controlled
by the value of the OCR5.AOF3 bit.
AOF3 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
93
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 64
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF3 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 64
0010 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 20
0011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 12
0100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 10
0101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 5
0110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
94
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
OCR3
Output Configuration Register 3
62h
Bit 6
Bit 5
OFREQ6[3:0]
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
OFREQ5[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bits 7 to 4: Output Frequency of OC6 (OFREQ6[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock output
OC6. The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The
Digital1 and Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3.The decode of this field
is controlled by the value of the OCR5.AOF6 bit.
AOF6 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 2
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 64
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF6 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 5
0010 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
0011 = T4 APLL frequency
0100 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 5
0101 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 2
0110 = T0 APLL2 frequency
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
Bits 3 to 0: Output Frequency of OC5 (OFREQ5[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock OC5.
The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The Digital1 and
Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3. The decode of this field is controlled
by the value of the OCR5.AOF5 bit.
AOF5 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2 kHz
0010 = 8 kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = Digital1 (see Table 7-7)
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
95
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF5 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 2
0010 = T0 APLL frequency
0011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 10
0100 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 10
0101 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 2
0110 = T0 APLL2 frequency
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
96
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
MFSEN
1
OCR4
Output Configuration Register 4
63h
Bit 6
FSEN
1
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
OFREQ7[3:0]
0
0
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: MFSYNC Enable (MFSEN). This configuration bit enables the 2kHz output on the MFSYNC pin. See Section
7.8.2.4.
0 = Disabled, driven low
1 = Enabled, output is 2kHz
Bit 6: FSYNC Enable (FSEN). This configuration bit enables the 8kHz output on the FSYNC pin. See Section
7.8.2.4.
0 = Disabled, driven low
1 = Enabled, output is 8kHz
Bits 3 to 0: Output Frequency of OC7 (OFREQ7[3:0]). This field specifies the frequency of output clock output
OC7. The frequencies of the T0 APLL and T4 APLL are configured in the T0CR1 and T4CR1 registers. The
Digital1 and Digital2 frequencies are configured in the MCR7 register. See Section 7.8.2.3. The decode of this field
is controlled by the value of the OCR5.AOF7 bit.
AOF7 = 0: (standard decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = 2kHz
0010 = 8kHz
0011 = Digital2 (see Table 7-8)
0100 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 2
0101 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 48
0110 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 16
0111 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 12
1000 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 8
1001 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 6
1010 = T0 APLL frequency divided by 4
1011 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 64
1100 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 48
1101 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 16
1110 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 8
1111 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 4
AOF7 = 1: (alternate decodes)
0000 = Output disabled (i.e., low)
0001 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 5
0010 = T4 APLL frequency divided by 2
0011 = T4 APLL frequency
0100 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 5
0101 = T0 APLL2 frequency divided by 2
0110 = T0 APLL2 frequency
0111 = T4 selected reference (after dividing)
1000 to 1111 = undefined
97
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
T4CR1
T4 DPLL Configuration Register 1
64h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
T4FREQ[3:0]
1
0
Bit 0
1
Bits 3 to 0: T4 APLL Frequency (T4FREQ[3:0]). When T0CR1:T4APT0 = 0, the T4 APLL DFS is connected to
the T4 DPLL, and this field configures the T4 APLL DFS frequency. The T4 APLL DFS frequency affects the
frequency of the T4 APLL which in turn affects the available output frequencies on the output clock pins (see the
OCR registers). See Section 7.8.2.
T4FREQ[3:0]
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101–1111
T4 APLL DFS FREQUENCY
APLL output disabled
77.76MHz
24.576MHz (12 x E1)
32.768MHz (16 x E1)
37.056MHz (24 x DS1)
24.704MHz (16 x DS1)
68.736MHz (2 x E3)
44.736MHz (DS3)
25.248MHz (4 x 6312kHz)
62.500MHz (GbE ÷ 16)
30.720MHz (3 x 10.24)
40.000MHz (4 x 10MHz)
26.000MHz (2 x 13MHz)
{unused values}
T4 APLL FREQUENCY (4 x T4 APLL DFS)
Disabled, output is low
311.04MHz (4 x 77.76MHz)
98.304MHz (48 x E1)
131.072MHz (64 x E1)
148.224MHz (96 x DS1)
98.816MHz (64 x DS1)
274.944MHz (8 x E3)
178.944MHz (4 x DS3)
100.992MHz (16 x 6312kHz)
250.000MHz (GbE ÷ 4)
122.880MHz (12 x 10.24)
160.000MHz (16 x 10MHz)
104.000MHz (8 x 13MHz)
{unused values}
98
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
T0CR1
T0 DPLL Configuration Register 1
65h
Bit 7
T4MT0
0
Bit 6
T4APT0
1
Bit 5
0
Bit 4
T0FT4[2:0]
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
1
0
Bit 1
T0FREQ[2:0]
0
Bit 0
1
Bit 7: T4 Measure T0 Phase (T4MT0). When this bit is set to 1 the T4 DPLL goes to the free-run mode, and the T4
phase detector is configured to measure the phase difference between the selected T0 DPLL input clock and the
selected the T4 DPLL input clock. See Section 7.7.10.
0 = Normal operation for the T4 path
1 = Enable T4-measure-T0-phase mode
Bit 6: T4 APLL Source from T0 (T4APT0). When this bit is set to 0, the T4 APLL DFS is connected to the T4
DPLL, and T4CR1:T4FREQ configures the T4 APLL DFS frequency. The T4 APLL DFS frequency affects the
frequency of the T4 APLL which in turn affects the available output frequencies on the output clock pins (see the
OCR registers). When this bit is set to 1, the T4 APLL DFS is connected to the T0 DPLL rather than the T4 DPLL,
and the frequency of the T4 APLL DFS is configured by the T0CR1:T0FT4[2:0] field below. See Section 7.8.2.
0 = T4 APLL locks to T4 DPLL
1 = T4 APLL locks to T0 DPLL
Bits 5 to 3: T0 Frequency to T4 APLL (T0FT4[2:0]). When the T4APT0 bit is set to 1, this field specifies the
frequency of the T4 APLL DFS. This frequency can be different than the frequency specified by T0CR1:T0FREQ.
See Section 7.8.2.
T0FT4
000 =
001 =
010 =
011 =
100 =
101 =
110 =
111 =
T4 APLL DFS FREQUENCY
24.576MHz (12 x E1)
62.500MHz (GbE ÷ 16)
32.768MHz (16 x E1)
{unused value}
37.056MHz (24 x DS1)
{unused value}
24.704MHz (16 x DS1)
25.248MHz (4 x 6312kHz)
T4 APLL FREQUENCY (4 x T4 APLL DFS)
98.304MHz (48 x E1)
250.000MHz (GbE ÷ 4)
131.072MHz (64 x E1)
{unused value}
148.224MHz (96 x DS1)
{unused value}
98.816MHz (64 x DS1)
100.992MHz (16 x 6312kHz)
Bits 2 to 0: T0 DPLL Output Frequency (T0FREQ[2:0]). This field configures the T0 APLL DFS frequency. The
T0 APLL DFS frequency affects the frequency of the T0 APLL, which in turn affects the available output
frequencies on the output clock pins (see the OCR registers). See Section 7.8.2.
T0FREQ
000 =
001 =
010 =
011 =
100 =
101 =
110 =
111 =
T0 APLL DFS FREQUENCY
77.76MHz
77.76MHz
24.576MHz (12 x E1)
32.768MHz (16 x E1)
37.056MHz (24 x DS1)
24.704MHz (16 x DS1)
25.248MHz (4 x 6312kHz)
62.500MHz (GbE ÷ 16)
T0 APLL FREQUENCY (4 x T0 APLL DFS)
311.04MHz (4 x 77.76MHz)
311.04MHz (4 x 77.76MHz)
98.304MHz (48 x E1)
131.072MHz (64 x E1)
148.224MHz (96 x DS1)
98.816MHz (64 x DS1)
100.992MHz (16 x 6312kHz)
250.000MHz (GbE ÷ 4)
99
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
0
0
T4BW
T4 Bandwidth Register
66h
Bit 6
0
0
Bit 5
0
0
Bit 4
0
0
Bit 3
0
0
Bit 2
0
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4BW[1:0]
0
0
Bits 2 to 0: T4 DPLL Bandwidth (T4BW[2:0]). See Section 7.7.3.
000 = 18Hz
001 = 35Hz
010 = 70Hz
011 = {unused value, undefined}
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
T0LBW
T0 DPLL Locked Bandwidth Register
67h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
RSV1
0
Bit 3
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
T0LBW[3:0]
1
0
Bit 0
1
Bit 4: Reserved Bit 1 (RSV1). This bit is reserved for future use, it can be written to and read back.
Bits 3 to 0: T0 DPLL Locked Bandwidth (T0LBW[3:0]). This field configures the bandwidth of the T0 DPLL when
locked to an input clock. When AUTOBW = 0 in the MCR9 register, the T0LBW bandwidth is used for acquisition
and for locked operation. When AUTOBW = 1, T0ABW bandwidth is used for acquisition while T0LBW bandwidth
is used for locked operation. See Section 7.7.3.
1000 = 0.1Hz
1001 = 0.3Hz
1010 = 0.6Hz
1011 = 1.2Hz
1100 = 2.5Hz
1101 = 4Hz (default)
1110 = 8Hz
1111 = 18Hz
0000 = 35Hz
0001 = 70Hz
0010 = {unused values, undefined}
0011 = 18Hz
0100 = 120Hz
0101 = 250Hz
0110 = 400Hz
0111 = 18Hz
100
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
T0ABW
T0 DPLL Acquisition Bandwidth Register
69h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
RSV1
0
Bit 3
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
T0ABW[3:0]
1
1
Bit 0
1
Bit 4: Reserved Bit 1 (RSV1). This bit is reserved for future use, it can be written to and read back.
Bits 3 to 0: T0 DPLL Acquisition Bandwidth (T0ABW[3:0]). This field configures the bandwidth of the T0 DPLL
when acquiring lock. When AUTOBW = 0 in the MCR9 register, the T0LBW bandwidth is used for acquisition and
for locked operation. When AUTOBW = 1, T0ABW bandwidth is used for acquisition while T0LBW bandwidth is
used for locked operation. See Section 7.7.3.
1000 = 0.1Hz
1001 = 0.3Hz
1010 = 0.6Hz
1011 = 1.2Hz
1100 = 2.5Hz
1101 = 4Hz
1110 = 8Hz
1111 = 18Hz (default)
0000 = 35Hz
0001 = 70Hz
0010 = {unused values, undefined}
0011 = 18Hz
0100 = 120Hz
0101 = 250Hz
0110 = 400Hz
0111 = 18Hz
101
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
T4CR2
T4 Configuration Register 2
6Ah
Bit 7
—
0
Bit 6
0
Bit 5
PD2G8K[2:0]
0
Bit 4
1
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
DAMP[2:0]
1
Bit 0
1
Bits 6 to 4: Phase Detector 2 Gain 8kHz (PD2GA8K[2:0]). This field specifies the gain of the T4 phase detector 2
with an input clock of 8kHz or less. This value is only used if automatic gain selection is enabled by setting PD2EN
= 1 in the T4CR3 register. See Section 7.7.5.
Bits 2 to 0: Damping Factor (DAMP[2:0]). This field configures the damping factor of the T4 DPLL. Damping
factor is a function of both DAMP[2:0] and the T4 DPLL bandwidth (T4BW register). The default value corresponds
to a damping factor of 5. See Section 7.7.4.
001 =
010 =
011 =
100 =
101 =
000, 110, and 111 =
18Hz
1.2
2.5
5
5
5
35Hz
≥ 70Hz
1.2
1.2
2.5
2.5
5
5
10
10
10
20
{unused values}
The gain peak for each damping factor is shown below:
DAMPING
FACTOR
1.2
2.5
5.0
10
20
GAIN PEAK (dB)
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.06
0.03
102
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
T0CR2
T0 Configuration Register 2
6Bh
Bit 6
0
Bit 5
PD2G8K[2:0]
0
Bit 4
1
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
DAMP[2:0]
1
Bit 0
1
Bits 6 to 4: Phase Detector 2 Gain, 8kHz (PD2G8K[2:0]). This field specifies the gain of the T0 phase detector 2
with an input clock of 8kHz or less. This value is only used if automatic gain selection is enabled by setting PD2EN
= 1 in the T0CR3 register. See Section 7.7.5.
Bits 2 to 0: Damping Factor (DAMP[2:0]). This field configures the damping factor of the T0 DPLL. Damping
factor is a function of both DAMP[2:0] and the T0 DPLL bandwidth (T0ABW and T0LBW). The default value
corresponds to a damping factor of 5. See Section 7.7.4.
001 =
010 =
011 =
100 =
101 =
000, 110, and 111 =
≤ 4Hz
5
5
5
5
5
8Hz
2.5
5
5
5
5
18Hz
35Hz
1.2
1.2
2.5
2.5
5
5
5
10
5
10
{unused values}
≥ 70Hz
1.2
2.5
5
10
20
The gain peak for each damping factor is shown below:
DAMPING
FACTOR
1.2
2.5
5.0
10
20
GAIN PEAK (dB)
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.06
0.03
103
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
PD2EN
1
T4CR3
T4 Configuration Register 3
6Ch
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0
0
0
—
1
0
Bit 1
PD2G[2:0]
1
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: Phase Detector 2 Gain Enable (PD2EN). When this bit is set to 1, the T4 phase detector 2 is enabled and
the gain is determined by the input locking frequency. If the frequency is greater than 8kHz, the gain is set by the
PD2G field. If the frequency is less or equal to 8kHz, the gain is set by the PD2G8K field in the T4CR2 register.
See Section 7.7.5.
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
Bits 2 to 0: Phase Detector 2 Gain (PD2G[2:0]). This field specifies the gain of the T4 phase detector 2 when the
input frequency is greater than 8kHz. This value is only used if automatic gain selection is enabled by setting
PD2EN = 1. See Section 7.7.5.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
PD2EN
1
T0CR3
T0 Configuration Register 3
6Dh
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0
0
0
—
1
0
Bit 1
PD2G[2:0]
1
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: Phase Detector 2 Gain Enable (PD2EN). When this bit is set to 1, the T0 phase detector 2 is enabled and
the gain is determined by the input locking frequency. If the frequency is greater than 8kHz, the gain is set by the
PD2G field. If the frequency is less or equal to 8kHz, the gain is set by the PD2G8K field in the T0CR2 register.
See Section 7.7.5.
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
Bits 2 to 0: Phase Detector 2 Gain (PD2G[2:0]). This field specifies the gain of the T0 phase detector 2 when the
input frequency is greater than 8kHz. This value is only used if automatic gain selection is enabled by setting
PD2EN = 1. See Section 7.7.5.
104
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
GPIO4D
0
GPCR
GPIO Configuration Register
6Eh
Bit 6
GPIO3D
0
Bit 5
GPIO2D
0
Bit 4
GPIO1D
0
Bit 3
GPIO4O
0
Bit 2
GPIO3O
0
Bit 1
GPIO2O
0
Bit 0
GPIO1O
0
Bit 7: GPIO4 Direction (GPIO4D). This bit configures the data direction for the GPIO4 pin. When GPIO4 is an
input its current state can be read from GPSR:GPIO4. When GPIO4 is an output, its value is controlled by the
GPIO4O configuration bit.
0 = Input
1 = Output
Bit 6: GPIO3 Direction (GPIO3D). This bit configures the data direction for the GPIO3 pin. When GPIO3 is an
input its current state can be read from GPSR:GPIO3. When GPIO3 is an output, its value is controlled by the
GPIO3O configuration bit.
0 = Input
1 = Output
Bit 5: GPIO2 Direction (GPIO2D). This bit configures the data direction for the GPIO2 pin. When GPIO2 is an
input its current state can be read from GPSR:GPIO2. When GPIO2 is an output, its value is controlled by the
GPIO2O configuration bit.
0 = Input
1 = Output
Bit 4: GPIO1 Direction (GPIO1D). This bit configures the data direction for the GPIO1 pin. When GPIO1 is an
input its current state can be read from GPSR:GPIO1. When GPI13 is an output, its value is controlled by the
GPIO1O configuration bit.
0 = Input
1 = Output
Bit 3: GPIO4 Output Value (GPIO4O). When GPIO4 is configured as an output (GPIO4D = 1) then this bit
specifies the output value.
0 = Low
1 = High
Bit 2: GPIO3 Output Value (GPIO3O). When GPIO3 is configured as an output (GPIO3D = 1) then this bit
specifies the output value.
0 = Low
1 = High
Bit 1: GPIO2 Output Value (GPIO2O). When GPIO2 is configured as an output (GPIO2D = 1) then this bit
specifies the output value.
0 = Low
1 = High
Bit 0: GPIO1 Output Value (GPIO1O). When GPIO1 is configured as an output (GPIO1D = 1) then this bit
specifies the output value.
0 = Low
1 = High
105
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
GPSR
GPIO Status Register
6Fh
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
GPIO4
0
Bit 2
GPIO3
0
Bit 1
GPIO2
0
Bit 0
GPIO1
0
Bit 3: GPIO4 State (GPIO4). This bit indicates the current state of the GPIO4 pin.
0 = low
1 = high
Bit 2: GPIO3 State (GPIO3). This bit indicates the current state of the GPIO3 pin.
0 = low
1 = high
Bit 2: GPIO2 State (GPIO2). This bit indicates the current state of the GPIO2 pin.
0 = low
1 = high
Bit 1: GPIO1 State (GPIO1). This bit indicates the current state of the GPIO1 pin.
0 = low
1 = high
106
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
OFFSET1
Phase Offset Register 1
70h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
OFFSET[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
The OFFSET1 and OFFSET2 registers must be read consecutively and written consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: Phase Offset (OFFSET[7:0]). The full 16-bit OFFSET[15:0] field spans this register and the OFFSET2
register. OFFSET is a two’s-complement signed integer that specifies the desired phase offset between the output
clocks and the selected input reference. The phase offset in picoseconds is equal to OFFSET[15:0] x
actual_internal_clock_period / 211. If the internal clock is at its nominal frequency of 77.76MHz then the phase
offset equation simplifies to OFFSET[15:0] x 6.279ps. If, however, the DPLL is locked to a reference whose
frequency is +1ppm from ideal, for example, then the actual internal clock period is 1ppm shorter and the phase
offset is 1ppm smaller. When the OFFSET field is written, the phase of the output clocks is automatically ramped to
the new offset value to avoid loss of synchronization. To adjust the phase offset without changing the phase of the
output clocks, use the recalibration process enabled by FSCR3:RECAL. The OFFSET field is ignored when phase
build-out is enabled (PBOEN = 1 in the MCR10 register) and when the DPLL is not locked. See Section 7.7.8.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
OFFSET2
Phase Offset Register 2
71h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
OFFSET[15:8]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Bits 7 to 0: Phase Offset (OFFSET[15:8]). See the OFFSET1 register description.
107
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
PBOFF
Phase Build-Out Offset Register
72h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
0
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
PBOFF[5:0]
0
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
Bits 5 to 0: Phase Build-Out Offset Register (PBOFF[5:0]). An uncertainty of up to 5ns is introduced each time a
phase build-out event occurs. This uncertainty results in a phase hit on the output. Over a large number of phase
build-out events the mean error should be zero. The PBOFF field specifies a fixed offset for each phase build-out
event to skew the average error toward zero. This field is a two’s-complement signed integer. The offset in
nanoseconds is PBOFF[5:0] x 0.101. Values greater than 1.4ns or less than -1.4ns can cause internal math errors
and should not be used. See Section 7.7.7.2.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
FLEN
1
PHLIM1
Phase Limit Register 1
73h
Bit 6
NALOL
0
Bit 5
1
1
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
—
0
Bit 2
0
Bit 1
FINELIM[2:0]
1
Bit 0
0
Bit 7: Fine Phase Limit Enable (FLEN). This configuration bit enables the fine phase limit specified in the
FINELIM[2:0] field. The fine limit must be disabled for multi-UI jitter tolerance (see PHLIM2 fields). This field
controls both T0 and T4. See Section 7.7.6.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit 6: No-Activity Loss of Lock (NALOL). The T0 and the T4 DPLLs can detect that an input clock has no activity
very quickly (within two clock cycles). When NALOL = 0, loss-of-lock is not declared when clock cycles are missing,
and nearest edge locking (±180°) is used when the clock recovers. This gives tolerance to missing cycles. When
NALOL = 1, loss-of-lock is indicated as soon as no activity is detected, and the device switches to phase/frequency
locking (±360°). This field controls both T0 and T4. See Sections 7.5.3 and 7.7.6.
0 = No activity does not trigger loss-of-lock
1 = No activity does trigger loss-of-lock
Bit 5: Leave set to 1 (test control).
Bits 2 to 0: Fine Phase Limit (FINELIM[2:0]). This field specifies the fine phase limit window, outside of which
loss-of-lock is declared. The FLEN bit enables this feature. The phase of the input clock has to be inside the fine
limit window for two seconds before phase lock is declared. Loss-of-lock is declared immediately if the phase of the
input clock is outside the phase limit window. The default value of 010 is appropriate for most situations. This field
controls both T0 and T4. See Section 7.7.6.
000 = Always indicates loss of phase lock—do not use
001 = Small phase limit window, ±45 to ±90°
010 = Normal phase limit window, ±90 to ±180° (default)
100, 101, 110, 111 = Proportionately larger phase limit window
108
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
CLEN
1
PHLIM2
Phase Limit Register 2
74h
Bit 6
MCPDEN
0
Bit 5
USEMCPD
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
COARSELIM[3:0]
1
0
Bit 0
1
Bit 7: Coarse Phase Limit Enable (CLEN). This configuration bit enables the coarse phase limit specified in the
COARSELIM[3:0] field. This field controls both T0 and T4. See Section 7.7.6.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit 6: Multicycle Phase Detector Enable (MCPDEN). This configuration bit enables the multicycle phase detector
and allows the DPLL to tolerate large-amplitude jitter and wander. The range of this phase detector is the same as
the coarse phase limit specified in the COARSELIM[3:0] field. This field controls both T0 and T4. See Section
7.7.5.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit 5: Use Multicycle Phase Detector in the DPLL Algorithm (USEMCPD). This configuration bit enables the
DPLL algorithm to use the multicycle phase detector so that a large phase measurement drives faster DPLL pull-in.
When USEMCPD = 0, phase measurement is limited to ±360°, giving slower pull-in at higher frequencies but with
less overshoot. When USEMCPD = 1, phase measurement is set as specified in the COARSELIM[3:0] field, giving
faster pull-in. MCPDEN should be set to 1 when USEMCPD = 1. This field controls both T0 and T4. See Section
7.7.5.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bits 3 to 0: Coarse Phase Limit (COARSELIM[3:0]). This field specifies the coarse phase limit and the tracking
range of the multicycle phase detector. The CLEN bit enables this feature. If jitter tolerance greater than 0.5UI is
required and the input clock is a high frequency signal then the DPLL can be configured to track phase errors over
many UI using the multicycle phase detector. This field controls both T0 and T4. See Section 7.7.5 and 7.7.6.
0000 = ±1UI
0001 = ±3UI
0010 = ±7UI
0011 = ±15UI
0100 = ±31UI
0101 = ±63UI
0110 = ±127UI
0111 = ±255UI
1000 = ±511UI
1001 = ±1023UI
1010 = ±2047UI
1011 = ±4095UI
1100 to 1111 = ±8191UI
109
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
NW
0
PHMON
Phase Monitor Register
76h
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
—
0
1
Bit 7: Low-Frequency Input Clock Noise Window (NW). For 2kHz, 4kHz, or 8kHz input clocks, this configuration
bit enables a ±5% tolerance noise window centered around the expected clock edge location. Noise-induced edges
outside this window are ignored, reducing the possibility of phase hits on the output clocks. This only applies to the
T0 DPLL and should be enabled only when the T0 DPLL is locked to an input and the 180 phase detector is being
used.
0 = All edges are recognized by the T0 DPLL
1 = Only edges within the ±5% tolerance window are recognized by the T0 DPLL
110
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
PHASE1
Phase Register 1
77h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
PHASE[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Note: The PHASE1 and PHASE2 registers must be read consecutively. See Section 8.3.
Bits 7 to 0: Current DPLL Phase (PHASE[7:0]). The full 16-bit PHASE[15:0] field spans this register and the
PHASE2 register. PHASE is a two’s-complement signed integer that indicates the current value of the phase
detector. The value is the output of the phase averager. When T4T0 = 0 in the MCR11 register, PHASE indicates
the current phase of the T0 DPLL. When T4T0 = 1, PHASE indicates the current phase of the T4 DPLL. The
averaged phase difference in degrees is equal to PHASE x 0.707. See Section 7.7.10.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
PHASE2
Phase Register 2
78h
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
0
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
PHASE[15:8]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
Bits 7 to 0: Current DPLL Phase (PHASE[15:8]). See the PHASE1 register description.
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
PHLKTO
Phase Lock Timeout Register
79h
Bit 7
Bit 6
PHLKTOM[1:0]
0
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
1
1
Bit 3
Bit 2
PHLKTO[5:0]
0
0
Bits 7 to 6: Phase Lock Timeout Multiplier (PHLKTOM[1:0]). This field is an unsigned integer that specifies the
resolution of the phase lock timeout field PHLKTO[5:0].
00 = 2 seconds
01 = 4 seconds
10 = 8 seconds
11 = 16 seconds
Bits 5 to 0: Phase Lock Timeout (PHLKTO[5:0]). This field is an unsigned integer that, together with the
PHLKTOM[1:0] field, specifies the length of time that the T0 DPLL attempts to lock to an input clock before
declaring a phase lock alarm (by setting the corresponding LOCK bit in the ISR registers). The timeout period in
seconds is PHLKTO[5:0] x 2^(PHLKTOM[1:0]+1). The state machine remains in the prelocked, prelocked 2, or
phase-lost modes for the specified time before declaring a phase alarm on the selected input. See Section 7.7.1.
111
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
2K8KSRC
0
FSCR1
Frame Sync Configuration Register 1
7Ah
Bit 6
0
Bit 5
SYNCSRC[2:0]
0
Bit 4
0
Bit 3
8KINV
0
Bit 2
8KPUL
0
Bit 1
2KINV
0
Bit 0
2KPUL
0
Bit 7: 2kHz/8kHz Source (2K8KSRC). This configuration bit specifies the source for the 2kHz and 8kHz outputs
available on clock outputs. When MCR4:LKT4T0 = 1 it is always connected to the T0 DPLL. See Section 7.8.2.3.
0 = T0 DPLL
1 = T4 DPLL
Bit 6 to 4: SYNC123 Source (SYNCSRC). This field determines whether the SYNC1, SYNC2, or SYNC3 pins are
associated with the selected input clock or forced to be associated with a specific input clock. See Section 7.9.3.
0XX = SYNC[1:3] pins associated with T0 DPLL selected reference IC3 or IC5, IC4 or IC6, IC9, or IC2
1X0 = SYNC1 pin associated with IC3, SYNC2 pin associated with IC4
1X1 = SYNC1 pin associated with IC5, SYNC2 pin associated with IC6
10X = SYNC3 pin associated with IC9
11X = SYNC3 pin associated with IC2
Bit 3: 8kHz Invert (8KINV). When this bit is set to 1 the 8kHz signal on clock output FSYNC is inverted. See
Section 7.8.2.4.
0 = FSYNC not inverted
1 = FSYNC inverted
Bit 2: 8kHz Pulse (8KPUL). When this bit is set to 1, the 8kHz signal on clock output FSYNC is pulsed rather than
50% duty cycle. In this mode output clock OC3 must be enabled, and the pulse width of FSYNC is equal to the
clock period of OC3. See Section 7.8.2.4.
0 = FSYNC not pulsed; 50% duty cycle
1 = FSYNC pulsed, with pulse width equal to OC3 period
Bit 1: 2kHz Invert (2KINV). When this bit is set to 1 the 2kHz signal on clock output MFSYNC is inverted. See
Section 7.8.2.4.
0 = MFSYNC not inverted
1 = MFSYNC inverted
Bit 0: 2kHz Pulse (2KPUL). When this bit is set to 1, the 2kHz signal on clock output MFSYNC is pulsed rather
than 50% duty cycle. In this mode output clock OC3 must be enabled, and the pulse width of MFSYNC is equal to
the clock period of OC3. See Section 7.8.2.4.
0 = MFSYNC not pulsed; 50% duty cycle
1 = MFSYNC pulsed, with pulse width equal to OC3 period
112
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
INDEP
0
FSCR2
Frame Sync Configuration Register 2
7Bh
Bit 6
OCN
0
Bit 5
Bit 4
PHASE3[1:0]
0
0
Bit 3
Bit 2
PHASE2[1:0]
0
0
Bit 1
Bit 0
PHASE1[1:0]
0
0
Bit 7: Independent Frame Sync and Multiframe Sync (INDEP). When this bit is set to 0, the 8kHz frame sync on
FSYNC and the 2kHz multiframe sync on MFSYNC are aligned with the other output clocks when synchronized
with the SYNCn input. When this bit is 1, the frame sync and multiframe sync are independent of the other output
clocks, and their edge position may change without disturbing the other output clocks. See Section 7.9.5.
0 = FSYNC and MFSYNC are aligned with other output clocks; all are synchronized by the SYNCn input
1 = FSYNC and MFSYNC are independent of the other clock outputs; only FSYNC and MFSYNC are
synchronized by the SYNCn input
Bit 6: Sync OC-N Rates (OCN). See Section 7.9.2.
0 = SYNCn is sampled with a 6.48MHz resolution; the selected reference must be 6.48MHz
1 = If the selected reference is 19.44MHz, SYNCn is sampled at 19.44MHz and output alignment is to
19.44MHz. If the selected reference is 38.88MHz, SYNCn is sampled at 38.88MHz. The selected
reference must be either 19.44MHz or 38.88MHz
Bits 5 to 4: External Sync Sampling Phase 3 (PHASE3[1:0]). This field adjusts the sampling of the SYNC3 input
pin. Normally the falling edge of SYNC3 is aligned with the falling edge of the selected reference. All UI numbers
listed below are UI of the sampling clock. See Section 7.9.1.
00 = Coincident
01 = 0.5UI early
10 = 1UI late
11 = 0.5UI late
Bits 3 to 2: External Sync Sampling Phase 2 (PHASE2[1:0]). This field adjusts the sampling of the SYNC2 input
pin. Normally the falling edge of SYNC2 is aligned with the falling edge of the selected reference. All UI numbers
listed below are UI of the sampling clock. See Section 7.9.1.
00 = Coincident
01 = 0.5UI early
10 = 1UI late
11 = 0.5UI late
Bits 1 to 0: External Sync Sampling Phase 1 (PHASE1[1:0]). This field adjusts the sampling of the SYNC1 input
pin. Normally the falling edge of SYNC1 is aligned with the falling edge of the selected reference. All UI numbers
listed below are UI of the sampling clock. See Section 7.9.1.
00 = Coincident
01 = 0.5UI early
10 = 1UI late
11 = 0.5UI late
113
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
RECAL
0
FSCR3
Frame Sync Configuration Register 3
7Ch
Bit 6
0
Bit 5
MONLIM[2:0]
1
Bit 4
Bit 3
0
1
Bit 2
Bit 1
SOURCE[3:0]
0
1
Bit 0
1
Bit 7: Phase Offset Recalibration (RECAL). When set to 1 this configuration bit causes a recalibration of the
phase offset between the output clocks and the selected reference. This process puts the DPLL into mini holdover,
internally ramps the phase offset to zero, resets all clock dividers, ramps the phase offset to the value stored in the
OFFSET registers, and then switches the DPLL out of mini holdover. Unlike simply writing the OFFSET registers,
the RECAL process causes no change in the phase offset of the output clocks. RECAL is automatically reset to 0
when recalibration is complete. See Section 7.7.8.
0 = Normal operation
1 = Phase offset recalibration
Bits 6 to 4: Sync Monitor Limit (MONLIM[2:0]). This field configures the sync monitor limit. When the external
frame sync input is misaligned with respect to the MFSYNC output by the specified number of resampling clock
cycles then a frame sync monitor alarm is declared in the FSMON bit of the OPSTATE register. See Section 7.9.6.
000 = ± 1UI
001 = ± 2UI
010 = ± 3UI
011 = ± 4UI
100 = ± 5UI
101 = ± 6UI
110 = ± 7UI
111 = ± 8UI
Bits 3 to 0: Sync Reference Source (SOURCE[3:0]). There are two modes of external frame sync operation, a
mode using a single input pin (SYNC1) and a mode using three input pins (SYNC1, SYNC2, and SYNC3).
When SOURCE = 11XX one of The SYNC1, SYNC2, and SYNC3 pins is selected as the external sync reference
depending on which input clock is selected for T0. See Section 7.9.7.
When SOURCE! = 11XX and automatic external frame sync is enabled (AEFSEN = 1 in the MCR3 register), the
external sync reference on the SYNC1 pin is enabled when the T0 DPLL is locked to the input clock specified by
the SOURCE field. See Section 7.9.
0000 = {unused value, undefined}
0001 = IC1
0010 = IC2
0011 = IC3
0100 = IC4
0101 = IC5
0110 = IC6
0111 = {unused value, undefined}
1000 = IC8
1001 = IC9
1010 to 1011 = {unused value, undefined}
11XX = SYNC1, SYNC2, and SYNC3 enabled (see Section 7.9.7)
114
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
Bit 7
—
0
INTCR
Interrupt Configuration Register
7Dh
Bit 6
—
0
Bit 5
—
0
Bit 4
—
0
Bit 3
LOS
0
Bit 2
GPO
0
Bit 1
OD
1
Bit 0
POL
0
Bit 3: INTREQ Pin Mode (LOS). When GPO = 0 this bit selects the function of the INTREQ pin.
0 = The INTREQ/LOS pin indicates interrupt requests
1 = The INTREQ/LOS pin indicates the real-time state of the selected reference activity monitor (see
Section 7.5.3). This function is most useful when external switching mode (Section 7.6.5) is enabled
(MCR10:EXTSW = 1).
Bit 2: INTREQ Pin General-Purpose Output Enable (GPO). When set to 1 this bit configures the interrupt
request pin to be a general-purpose output whose value is set by the POL bit.
0 = INTREQ is function determined by the LOS bit
1 = INTREQ is a general-purpose output
Bit 1: INTREQ Pin Open-Drain Enable (OD).
When GPO = 0:
0 = INTREQ is driven in both inactive and active states
1 = INTREQ is driven high or low in the active state but is high impedance in the inactive state
When GPO = 1:
0 = INTREQ is driven as specified by POL
1 = INTREQ is high impedance and POL has no effect
Bit 0: INTREQ Pin Polarity (POL).
When GPO = 0:
0 = INTREQ goes low to signal an interrupt request or LOS = 1 (active low)
1 = INTREQ goes high to signal interrupt request or LOS = 1 (active high)
When GPO = 1:
0 = INTREQ driven low
1 = INTREQ driven high
Register Name:
Register Description:
Register Address:
Bit #
Name
Default
PROT
Protection Register
7Eh
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
1
0
0
Bit 4
Bit 3
PROT[7:0]
0
0
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
0
1
Bits 7 to 0: Protection Control (PROT[7:0]). This field can be used to protect the rest of the register set from
inadvertent writes. In protected mode writes to all other registers are ignored. In single unprotected mode, one
register (other than PROT) can be written, but after that write the device reverts to protected mode (and the value
of PROT is internally changed to 00h). In fully unprotected mode all register can be written without limitation. See
Section 7.2.
1000 0101 = Fully unprotected mode
1000 0110 = Single unprotected mode
All other values = Protected mode
115
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
9.
JTAG Test Access Port and Boundary Scan
9.1
JTAG Description
The DS3104-SE supports the standard instruction codes SAMPLE/PRELOAD, BYPASS, and EXTEST. Optional
public instructions included are HIGHZ, CLAMP, and IDCODE. Figure 9-1 shows a block diagram. The DS3104-SE
contains the following items, which meet the requirements set by the IEEE 1149.1 Standard Test Access Port and
Boundary Scan Architecture:
Test Access Port (TAP)
TAP Controller
Instruction Register
Bypass Register
Boundary Scan Register
Device Identification Register
The TAP has the necessary interface pins, namely JTCLK, JTRST, JTDI, JTDO, and JTMS. Details on these pins
can be found in Table 6-5. Details about the boundary scan architecture and the TAP can be found in IEEE 1149.11990, IEEE 1149.1a-1993, and IEEE 1149.1b-1994.
Figure 9-1. JTAG Block Diagram
BOUNDARY
SCAN
REGISTER
MUX
DEVICE
IDENTIFICATION
REGISTER
BYPASS
REGISTER
INSTRUCTION
REGISTER
SELECT
TEST ACCESS PORT
CONTROLLER
10k
JTDI
10k
JTMS
TRI-STATE
10k
JTCLK
JTRST
IC8
116
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
9.2
JTAG TAP Controller State Machine Description
This section discusses the operation of the TAP controller state machine. The TAP controller is a finite state
machine that responds to the logic level at JTMS on the rising edge of JTCLK. Each of the states denoted in
Figure 9-2 is described in the following paragraphs.
Test-Logic-Reset. Upon device power-up, the TAP controller starts in the Test-Logic-Reset state. The instruction
register contains the IDCODE instruction. All system logic on the device operates normally.
Run-Test-Idle. Run-Test-Idle is used between scan operations or during specific tests. The instruction register and
all test registers remain idle.
Select-DR-Scan. All test registers retain their previous state. With JTMS low, a rising edge of JTCLK moves the
controller into the Capture-DR state and initiates a scan sequence. JTMS high moves the controller to the SelectIR-SCAN state.
Capture-DR. Data can be parallel-loaded into the test register selected by the current instruction. If the instruction
does not call for a parallel load or the selected test register does not allow parallel loads, the register remains at its
current value. On the rising edge of JTCLK, the controller goes to the Shift-DR state if JTMS is low or to the Exit1DR state if JTMS is high.
Shift-DR. The test register selected by the current instruction is connected between JTDI and JTDO and data is
shifted one stage toward the serial output on each rising edge of JTCLK. If a test register selected by the current
instruction is not placed in the serial path, it maintains its previous state.
Exit1-DR. While in this state, a rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS high puts the controller in the Update-DR state,
which terminates the scanning process. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low puts the controller in the Pause-DR
state.
Pause-DR. Shifting of the test registers is halted while in this state. All test registers selected by the current
instruction retain their previous state. The controller remains in this state while JTMS is low. A rising edge on
JTCLK with JTMS high puts the controller in the Exit2-DR state.
Exit2-DR. While in this state, a rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS high puts the controller in the Update-DR state
and terminates the scanning process. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low puts the controller in the Shift-DR
state.
Update-DR. A falling edge on JTCLK while in the Update-DR state latches the data from the shift register path of
the test registers into the data output latches. This prevents changes at the parallel output because of changes in
the shift register. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low puts the controller in the Run-Test-Idle state. With JTMS
high, the controller enters the Select-DR-Scan state.
Select-IR-Scan. All test registers retain their previous state. The instruction register remains unchanged during this
state. With JTMS low, a rising edge on JTCLK moves the controller into the Capture-IR state and initiates a scan
sequence for the instruction register. JTMS high during a rising edge on JTCLK puts the controller back into the
Test-Logic-Reset state.
Capture-IR. The Capture-IR state is used to load the shift register in the instruction register with a fixed value. This
value is loaded on the rising edge of JTCLK. If JTMS is high on the rising edge of JTCLK, the controller enters the
Exit1-IR state. If JTMS is low on the rising edge of JTCLK, the controller enters the Shift-IR state.
Shift-IR. In this state, the instruction register’s shift register is connected between JTDI and JTDO and shifts data
one stage for every rising edge of JTCLK toward the serial output. The parallel register and the test registers
remain at their previous states. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS high moves the controller to the Exit1-IR state.
A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low keeps the controller in the Shift-IR state, while moving data one stage
through the instruction shift register.
117
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Exit1-IR. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low puts the controller in the Pause-IR state. If JTMS is high on the
rising edge of JTCLK, the controller enters the Update-IR state and terminates the scanning process.
Pause-IR. Shifting of the instruction register is halted temporarily. With JTMS high, a rising edge on JTCLK puts
the controller in the Exit2-IR state. The controller remains in the Pause-IR state if JTMS is low during a rising edge
on JTCLK.
Exit2-IR. A rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS high puts the controller in the Update-IR state. The controller loops
back to the Shift-IR state if JTMS is low during a rising edge of JTCLK in this state.
Update-IR. The instruction shifted into the instruction shift register is latched into the parallel output on the falling
edge of JTCLK as the controller enters this state. Once latched, this instruction becomes the current instruction. A
rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low puts the controller in the Run-Test-Idle state. With JTMS high, the controller
enters the Select-DR-Scan state.
Figure 9-2. JTAG TAP Controller State Machine
Test-Logic-Reset
1
0
0
Run-Test/Idle
1
Select
DR-Scan
1
0
1
0
1
Capture-DR
Capture-IR
0
0
Shift-DR
Shift-IR
0
1
1
1
Exit1-IR
0
0
Pause-DR
Pause-IR
0
1
0
1
0
Exit2-DR
Exit2-IR
1
1
Update-DR
1
0
1
Exit1- DR
0
1
Select
IR-Scan
0
Update-IR
1
0
118
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
9.3
JTAG Instruction Register and Instructions
The instruction register contains a shift register as well as a latched parallel output and is 3 bits in length. When the
TAP controller enters the Shift-IR state, the instruction shift register is connected between JTDI and JTDO. While in
the Shift-IR state, a rising edge on JTCLK with JTMS low shifts data one stage toward the serial output at JTDO. A
rising edge on JTCLK in the Exit1-IR state or the Exit2-IR state with JTMS high moves the controller to the UpdateIR state. The falling edge of that same JTCLK latches the data in the instruction shift register to the instruction
parallel output. Table 9-1 shows the instructions supported by the DS3104-SE and their respective operational
binary codes.
Table 9-1. JTAG Instruction Codes
INSTRUCTIONS
SAMPLE/PRELOAD
BYPASS
EXTEST
CLAMP
HIGHZ
IDCODE
SELECTED REGISTER
Boundary Scan
Bypass
Boundary Scan
Bypass
Bypass
Device Identification
INSTRUCTION CODES
010
111
000
011
100
001
SAMPLE/PRELOAD. SAMPLE/RELOAD is a mandatory instruction for the IEEE 1149.1 specification. This
instruction supports two functions. First, the digital I/Os of the device can be sampled at the boundary scan
register, using the Capture-DR state, without interfering with the device’s normal operation. Second, data can be
shifted into the boundary scan register through JTDI using the Shift-DR state.
EXTEST. EXTEST allows testing of the interconnections to the device. When the EXTEST instruction is latched in
the instruction register, the following actions occur: (1) Once the EXTEST instruction is enabled through the
Update-IR state, the parallel outputs of the digital output pins are driven. (2) The boundary scan register is
connected between JTDI and JTDO. (3) The Capture-DR state samples all digital inputs into the boundary scan
register.
BYPASS. When the BYPASS instruction is latched into the parallel instruction register, JTDI is connected to JTDO
through the 1-bit bypass register. This allows data to pass from JTDI to JTDO without affecting the device’s normal
operation.
IDCODE. When the IDCODE instruction is latched into the parallel instruction register, the device identification
register is selected. The device ID code is loaded into the device identification register on the rising edge of JTCLK,
following entry into the Capture-DR state. Shift-DR can be used to shift the ID code out serially through JTDO.
During Test-Logic-Reset, the ID code is forced into the instruction register’s parallel output.
HIGHZ. All digital outputs are placed into a high-impedance state. The bypass register is connected between JTDI
and JTDO.
CLAMP. All digital output pins output data from the boundary scan parallel output while connecting the bypass
register between JTDI and JTDO. The outputs do not change during the CLAMP instruction.
119
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
9.4
JTAG Test Registers
IEEE 1149.1 requires a minimum of two test registers—the bypass register and the boundary scan register. An
optional test register, the identification register, has been included in the device design. It is used with the IDCODE
instruction and the Test-Logic-Reset state of the TAP controller.
Bypass Register. This is a single 1-bit shift register used with the BYPASS, CLAMP, and HIGHZ instructions to
provide a short path between JTDI and JTDO.
Boundary Scan Register. This register contains a shift register path and a latched parallel output for control cells
and digital I/O cells. BSDL files are available at www.maxim-ic.com/TechSupport/telecom/bsdl.htm.
Identification Register. This register contains a 32-bit shift register and a 32-bit latched parallel output. It is
selected during the IDCODE instruction and when the TAP controller is in the Test-Logic-Reset state. The device
identification code for the DS3104-SE is shown in Table 9-2.
Table 9-2. JTAG ID Code
DEVICE
REVISION
DEVICE CODE
MANUFACTURER CODE
REQUIRED
DS3104-SE
Consult factory
0000000010100010
00010100001
1
120
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
10.
Electrical Characteristics
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Voltage Range on Any Pin with Respect to VSS (except VDD)…….………………………………………..-0.3V to +5.5V
Supply Voltage Range (VDD) with Respect to VSS…….………….………………………………………..-0.3V to +1.98V
Supply Voltage Range (VDDIO) with Respect to VSS…………….………………………………………….-0.3V to +3.63V
Ambient Operating Temperature Range…………………………………………………………………….-40°C to +85°C
Junction Operating Temperature Range…………………………………………………………………..-40°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature Range………………………………………………………………………………..-55°C to +125°C
Soldering Temperature…………………………………………………………See IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 Specification
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only,
and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is
not implied. Exposure to the absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device. Ambient operating temperature range
when device is mounted on a four-layer JEDEC test board with no airflow.
Note: The typical values listed in the tables of Section 10 are not production tested.
10.1 DC Characteristics
Table 10-1. Recommended DC Operating Conditions
PARAMETER
Supply Voltage, Core
Supply Voltage, I/O
Ambient Temperature Range
Junction Temperature Range
SYMBOL
VDD
VDDIO
TA
TJ
CONDITIONS
MIN
1.62
3.135
-40
-40
TYP
1.8
3.3
MAX
1.98
3.465
+85
+125
UNITS
V
V
°C
°C
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Table 10-2. DC Characteristics
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Supply Current, Core
Supply Current, I/O
Supply Current from VDD_OC45
When Outputs OC4 and OC5 Enabled
Supply Current from VDD_OC67
When Outputs OC6 and OC7 Enabled
Input Capacitance
Output Capacitance
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
IDD
(Notes 1, 2)
160
185
mA
IDDIO
(Notes 1, 2)
29
45
mA
IDDOC45
(Note 3)
16
mA
IDDOC67
(Note 3)
16
mA
CIN
5
pF
COUT
7
pF
Note 1:
12.800MHz clock applied to REFCLK and 19.44 MHz clock applied to one CMOS/TTL input clock pin. One 19.44MHz CMOS/TTL
output clock pin driving 100pF load; all other inputs at VDDIO or grounded; all other outputs disabled and open.
Note 2:
TYP current measured at VDD = 1.8V and VDDIO = 3.3V, MAX current measured at VDD = 1.98V and VDDIO = 3.465V.
Note 3:
19.44MHz output clock frequency, driving the load shown in Figure 10-1.
121
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 10-3. CMOS/TTL Pins
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Input High Voltage
Input Low Voltage
SYMBOL
VIH
VIL
MIN
2.0
-0.3
TYP
MAX
5.5
+0.8
UNITS
V
V
IIL
(Note 1)
-10
+10
μA
IILPU
(Note 1)
-85
+10
μA
IILPD
(Note 1)
-10
+85
μA
ILO
(Note 1)
-10
+10
μA
2.4
VDDIO
V
2.0
VDDIOB
V
0
0.4
V
MAX
VDDIO
UNITS
V
0
2.4
V
Input Leakage
Input Leakage, Pins with Internal
Pullup Resistor (50kΩ typ)
Input Leakage, Pins with Internal
Pulldown Resistor (50kΩ typ)
Output Leakage (when High
Impedance)
CONDITIONS
Output High Voltage (IO = -4.0mA)
VOH
Output High Voltage (IO = -4.0mA)
VOH
Output Low Voltage (IO = +4.0mA)
VOL
Note 1:
0V < VIN < VDDIO for all other digital inputs.
Note 2:
For OC1B through OC5B when VDDIOB = 2.5V.
(Note 2)
Table 10-4. LVDS/LVPECL Input Pins
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Input Voltage Tolerance
SYMBOL
VTOL
CONDITIONS
(Note 1)
TYP
Input Voltage Range
VIN
Input Differential Voltage
VID
0.1
1.4
V
VIDTH
-100
+100
mV
Input Differential Logic Threshold
Note 1:
VID = 100mV
MIN
0
The device can tolerate this range of voltages w.r.t. VSS on its ICxPOS and ICxNEG pins without being damaged. Proper
operation of the differential input circuitry is only guaranteed when the other specifications in this table are met.
Table 10-5. LVDS Output Pins
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Output High Voltage
Output Low Voltage
Differential Output Voltage
Output Offset (Common Mode) Voltage
Difference in Magnitude of Output
Differential Voltage for Complementary
States
SYMBOL
VOHLVDS
VOLLVDS
VODLVDS
VOSLVDS
VDOSLVDS
CONDITIONS
(Note 1)
(Note 1)
25°C (Note 1)
MIN
TYP
MAX
1.6
0.9
247
1.125
350
1.25
454
1.375
UNITS
V
V
mV
V
25
mV
Note 1:
With 100Ω load across the differential outputs.
Note 2:
The differential outputs can easily be interfaced to LVDS, LVPECL, and CML inputs on neighboring ICs using a few external
passive components. See Maxim App Note HFAN-1.0 for details.
122
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Table 10-6. LVPECL Level-Compatible Output Pins
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Differential Output Voltage
Output Offset (Common Mode) Voltage
Difference in Magnitude of Output
Differential Voltage for Complementary
States
SYMBOL
VODPECL
VOSPECL
CONDITIONS
MIN
595
25°C (Note 1)
TYP
700
0.8
VDOSPECL
MAX
930
UNITS
mV
V
50
mV
Note 1:
With 100Ω load across the differential outputs.
Note 2:
The differential outputs can easily be interfaced to LVDS, LVPECL, and CML inputs on neighboring ICs using a few external
passive components. See Maxim App Note HFAN-1.0 for details.
Figure 10-1. Recommended Termination for LVDS Pins
50Ω
LVDS
DRIVER
50Ω
ICnPOS
100Ω
(5%)
iICnNEG
DS3104
LVDS
IO
50Ω
OCnPOS
50Ω
OCnNEG
100Ω
(5%)
LVDS
RCVR
Figure 10-2. Recommended Termination for LVPECL Signals on LVDS Input Pins
3.3V
130Ω
130Ω
50 Ω
LVPECL
DRIVER
ICnPOS
50 Ω
ICnNEG
82Ω
DS3104
LVDS
inputs
82Ω
GND
123
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 10-3. Recommended Termination for LVPECL-Compatible Output Pins
3.3V
DS3104
LVPECL
levelcompatible
outputs
82Ω
OCnPOS
OCnNEG
82Ω
50 Ω
50 Ω
PECL
RCVR
.01 uF
130Ω
130Ω
GND
124
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
10.2 Input Clock Timing
Table 10-7. Input Clock Timing
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C)
PARAMETER
Input Clock Period, CMOS/TTL Input Pins
SYMBOL
tCYC
MIN
8ns (125MHz)
Input Clock Period, LVDS/LVPECL Input Pins
tCYC
6.4ns (156.25MHz)
Input Clock High, Low Time
t H, t L
3ns or 30% of tCYC,
whichever is smaller
TYP
MAX
500μs (2kHz)
500μs (2kHz)
10.3 Output Clock Timing
Table 10-8. Input Clock to Output Clock Delay
INPUT
FREQUENCY
OUTPUT
FREQUENCY
8kHz
6.48MHz
19.44MHz
25.92MHz
38.88MHz
51.84MHz
77.76MHz
155.52MHz
8kHz
6.48MHz
19.44MHz
25.92MHz
38.88MHz
51.84MHz
77.76MHz
155.52MHz
DELAY, INPUT CLOCK
EDGE TO OUTPUT
CLOCK EDGE (ns)
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
0.0 ± 1.5
Table 10-9. Output Clock Phase Alignment, Frame Sync Alignment Mode
OUTPUT
FREQUENCY
8kHz (FSYNC)
2kHz
8kHz
1.544MHz
2.048MHz
44.736MHz
34.368MHz
6.48MHz
19.44MHz
25.92MHz
38.88MHz
51.84MHz
77.76MHz
155.52MHz
311.04MHz
DELAY, MFSYNC FALLING EDGE TO
OUTPUT CLOCK FALLING EDGE (ns)
0.0 ± 0.5
0.0 ± 0.5
0.0 ± 0.5
0.0 ± 1.25
0.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25
-2.0 ± 1.25ns
See Section 7.9 for details on frame sync alignment and the SYNC[1:3] pins.
125
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
10.4
SPI Interface Timing
Table 10-10. SPI Interface Timing
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C) (See Figure 10-4.)
PARAMETER (Note 1)
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
6
MHz
SCLK Frequency
fBUS
SCLK Cycle Time
tCYC
100
ns
CS Setup to First SCLK Edge
tSUC
15
ns
CS Hold Time After Last SCLK Edge
tHDC
15
ns
SCLK High Time
tCLKH
50
ns
SCLK Low Time
tCLKL
50
ns
SDI Data Setup Time
tSUI
5
ns
SDI Data Hold Time
tHDI
15
ns
SDO Enable Time (High-Impedance to Output Active)
tEN
0
ns
SDO Disable Time (Output Active to High-Impedance)
tDIS
25
ns
SDO Data Valid Time
tDV
50
ns
SDO Data Hold Time After Update SCLK Edge
tHDO
Note 1:
5
ns
All timing is specified with 100pF load on all SPI pins.
126
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 10-4. SPI Interface Timing Diagram
CPHA = 0
CS
tSUC
tHDC
tCYC
tCLKL
SCLK,
CPOL=0
tCLKH
tCLKL
SCLK,
CPOL=1
tSUI
tCLKH
tHDI
SDI
tDV
tDIS
SDO
tEN
tHDO
CPHA = 1
CS
tSUC
SCLK,
CPOL=0
SCLK,
CPOL=1
tHDC
tCYC
tCLKL
tCLKH
tCLKL
tSUI
tCLKH
tHDI
SDI
tDV
tDIS
SDO
tEN
tHDO
127
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
10.5 JTAG Interface Timing
Table 10-11. JTAG Interface Timing
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C.) (See Figure 10-5.)
PARAMETER
JTCLK Clock Period
SYMBOL
t1
MIN
TYP
1000
t2/t3
50
500
JTCLK to JTDI, JTMS Setup Time
t4
50
ns
JTCLK to JTDI, JTMS Hold Time
t5
50
ns
JTCLK to JTDO Delay
t6
2
50
ns
JTCLK to JTDO High-Impedance Delay (Note 2)
t7
2
50
ns
JTRST Width Low Time
t8
100
JTCLK Clock High/Low Time (Note 1)
Note 1:
Clock can be stopped high or low.
Note 2:
Not tested during production test.
MAX
UNITS
ns
ns
ns
Figure 10-5. JTAG Timing Diagram
t1
t2
t3
JTCLK
t4
t5
JTDI, JTMS, JTRST
t6
t7
JTDO
JTRST
t8
128
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
10.6 Reset Pin Timing
Table 10-12. Reset Pin Timing
(VDD = 1.8V ±10%; VDDIO = 3.3V ±5%, TA = -40°C to +85°C) (See Figure 10-6.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
RST Low Time (Note 1)
t1
1000
ns
SONSDH, SRCSW Setup Time to RST
t2
0
ns
SONSDH, SRCSW Hold Time from RST
t3
50
ns
Note 1:
TYP
MAX
UNITS
RST should be held low while the REFCLK oscillator stabilizes. It is recommended to force RST low during power-up. The
1000ns minimum time applies if the RST pulse is applied any time after the device has powered up and the oscillator has
stabilized.
Figure 10-6. Reset Pin Timing Diagram
t1
RST
t2
SONSDH
SRCSW
X
t3
VALID
X
129
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
11.
Pin Assignments
Table 11-1 below lists pin assignments sorted in alphabetical order by pin name. Figure 11-1 shows pin
assignments arranged by pin number.
Table 11-1. Pin Assignments Sorted by Signal Name
PIN NAME
PIN NUMBER
PIN NAME
PIN NUMBER
AVDD_PLL1
AVDD_PLL2
AVDD_PLL3
AVDD_PLL4
AVSS_PLL1
AVSS_PLL2
AVSS_PLL3
AVSS_PLL4
CPHA
CPOL
CS
FSYNC
IC1NEG
IC1POS
IC2NEG
IC2POS
IC3
IC4
IC5NEG
IC5POS
IC6NEG
IC6POS
IC8
IC9
INTREQ/LOS
JTCLK
JTDI
JTDO
JTMS
JTRST
LOCK
MFSYNC
OC1
OC1B/GPIO1
OC2
OC2B/GPIO2
B2
C2
F2
F3
A1
C3
F1
G2
E7
D7
D9
H1
J5
H5
J7
H7
J8
J9
J4
H4
J6
H6
F9
G9
B1
A9
A8
C8
E9
F8
G7
J1
B8
B4
A7
A5
OC3
OC3B/GPIO3
OC4
OC4B
OC4NEG
OC4POS
OC5
OC5B
OC5NEG
OC5POS
OC6NEG
OC6POS
OC7NEG
OC7POS
REFCLK
RST
SCLK
SDI
SDO
SONSDH/GPIO4
SRCSW
SRFAIL
SYNC1
SYNC2
SYNC3
TEST
VDD
VDD_OC45
VDD_OC67
VDDIO
VDDIOB
VSS
VSS_OC45
VSS_OC67
WDT
B7
B5
A3
A6
D1
D2
A4
B6
E1
E2
J2
H2
J3
H3
C1
B9
C9
E8
C7
B3
G1
F7
H8
H9
G8
A2
C5, E6, G6
E3
G5
C4, D6, F6, G3
C6
D4, D5, E4, E5, F4, F5
D3
G4
D8
130
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
Figure 11-1. Pin Assignment Diagram
1
A AVSS_PLL1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
TEST
OC4
OC5
OC2B/
GPIO2
OC4B
OC2
JTDI
JTCLK
SONSDH/
GPIO4
OC1B/
GPIO1
OC3B/
GPIO3
OC5B
OC3
OC1
RST
VDDIO
VDD
VDDIOB
SDO
JTDO
SCLK
B
INTREQ/
LOS
AVDD_PLL1
C
REFCLK
AVDD_PLL2 AVSS_PLL2
D
OC4NEG
OC4POS
VSS_OC45
VSS
VSS
VDDIO
CPOL
WDT
CS
E
OC5NEG
OC5POS
VDD_OC45
VSS
VSS
VDD
CPHA
SDI
JTMS
F AVSS_PLL3 AVDD_PLL3 AVDD_PLL4
VSS
VSS
VDDIO
SRFAIL
JTRST
IC8
G
SRCSW
AVSS_PLL4
VDDIO
VSS_OC67
VDD_OC67
VDD
LOCK
SYNC3
IC9
H
FSYNC
OC6POS
OC7POS
IC5POS
IC1POS
IC6POS
IC2POS
SYNC1
SYNC2
J
MFSYNC
OC6NEG
OC7NEG
IC5NEG
IC1NEG
IC6NEG
IC2NEG
IC3
IC4
High-Speed Analog
Low-Speed Analog
High-Speed Digital
Low-Speed Digital
VDDIO 3.3V
VDDIOB 3.3V or 2.5V
VDD 1.8V
Analog VDD 1.8V
VSS
Analog VSS
N.C. = No Connection. Lead is not connected to anything inside the device.
131
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
12.
Package Information
The latest package outline drawing for the 10mm x 10mm, 81-lead CSBGA package is 56-G6009-001 and can be
found on the Maxim website at www.maxim-ic.com/DallasPackInfo.
Table 12-1. CSBGA Package Thermal Properties, Natural Convection
PARAMETER
Ambient Temperature (Note 1)
Junction Temperature
Theta-JA (θJA) (Note 2)
Theta-JB (θJB)
Theta-JC (θJC)
Psi-JB
Psi-JT
MIN
-40°C
-40°C
TYP
MAX
+85°C
+125°C
33.8°C/W
18.2°C/W
9.0°C/W
17.8°C/W
0.22°C/W
Note 1:
The package is mounted on a four-layer JEDEC standard test board with no airflow and dissipating maximum power.
Note 2:
Theta-JA (θJA) is the junction to ambient thermal resistance, when the package is mounted on a four-layer JEDEC standard
test board with no airflow and dissipating maximum power.
132
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
13.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
AIS
AMI
APLL
BITS
BPV
DFS
DPLL
ESF
EXZ
GbE
I/O
LOS
LVDS
LVPECL
MTIE
OCXO
OOF
PBO
PFD
PLL
ppb
ppm
pk-pk
RMS
RAI
RO
R/W
SDH
SEC
SETS
SF
SONET
SSM
SSU
STM
TDEV
TCXO
UI
UIP-P
XO
alarm indication signal
alternate mark inversion
analog phase locked loop
building integrated timing supply
bipolar violation
digital frequency synthesis
digital phase locked loop
extended superframe
excessive zeros
gigabit ethernet
input/output
loss of signal
low-voltage differential signal
low-voltage positive emitter-coupled logic
maximum time interval error
oven controlled crystal oscillator
out of frame alignment
phase build-out
phase/frequency detector
phase locked loop
parts per billion
parts per million
peak-to-peak
root-mean-square
remote alarm indication
read-only
read/write
synchronous digital hierarchy
SDH equipment clock
synchronous equipment timing source
superframe
synchronous optical network
synchronization status message
synchronization supply unit
synchronous transport module
time deviation
temperature-compensated crystal oscillator
unit interval
unit interval, peak to peak
crystal oscillator
133
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
14.
Trademark Acknowledgements
SPI is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.
Motorola is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.
Telcordia is a registered trademark of Telcordia Technologies, Inc.
134
________________________________________________________________________________________ DS3104-SE
15.
Data Sheet Revision History
REVISION
DATE
DESCRIPTION
060507
Initial data sheet release.
070507
(Page 1) Corrected typo in Features bullet, Programmable PLL Bandwidth, from 1Hz to 0.1Hz
(0.1Hz to 400Hz).
(Page 6) Added reference to G.8262 to Table 1-1.
(Page 14). In the OC3B pin description in Table 6-2, corrected typo by changing OC2BEN to
OC3BEN.
(Page 15) In Table 6-3, changed pin name INTREQ/SRFAIL to INTREQ/LOS and changed the
pin description to clarify its non-INTREQ function.
(Page 16) In Table 6-6, corrected AVDD_PLL4 and AVSS_PLL4 descriptions to say they are
the power supply for T0 APLL2 rather than T0 APLL.
(Page 52) In Section 7.11, emphasized the need for RST pin assertion and added requirement
to least 100µs after reset is deasserted before initializing the device.
071807
(Page 58) In the MSR2:SRFAIL bit description, deleted references to the INTREQ/SRFAIL pin
and to INTCR:SRFAIL.
(Page 75) In the MCR4 register description header, corrected typo by renaming bit 6 from
“T4DIGFB” to “—“.
(Page 107) Deleted reference to nonexistent PMPBEN bit in the OFFSET1 register.
(Page 115) Changed INTCR:SRFAIL to LOS and changed its bit description to clarify function.
Updated references to this bit in other INTCR bit descriptions.
(Page 130) In Table 11-1, changed INTREQ to INTREQ/LOS.
(Page 131) In Figure 11-1, changed INTREQ to INTREQ/LOS.
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are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600
© 2007 Maxim Integrated Products
135
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.