19-2504; Rev 0; 7/02 MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits Windows 95/98 is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp. Features ♦ Single-Supply Operation ♦ Output Level Range Up to 64dBmV (MAX3505) ♦ Gain Programmable in 0.5dB Steps ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Transmit-Disable Mode Shutdown Mode Control Software Available for Download Fully Assembled and Tested Surface-Mount Board Ordering Information PART TEMP RANGE IC PACKAGE MAX3503EVKIT -40°C to +85°C 20 QFN MAX3505EVKIT -40°C to +85°C 20 QFN Component List DESIGNATION QTY DESCRIPTION DESIGNATION QTY DESCRIPTION B1–B5 5 0Ω resistors (0805) L1 1 0Ω resistor (0805) C1 1 10µF ±10%, 16V min tantalum capacitor AVX TAJC106K016 R1 1 49.9Ω_±1% resistor (0402) R2 1 86.6Ω ±1% resistor (0805) 6 0.1µF ±10% ceramic capacitors (0603) Murata GRM188R71C104K R3 1 43.2Ω ±1% resistor (0805) C6, C7 2 1000pF ±10% ceramic capacitors (0603) Murata GRM188R71H102K R4, R5, R6, R14, R16, R17, R19, R25, R26, R27, R29, R30 12 Open C8 1 Open R7–R13, R15, R20–R24 13 100Ω ±5% resistors (0603) 11 100pF ±10% ceramic capacitors (0603) Murata GRM1885C1H101K R18, R28 2 100kΩ ±5% resistors (0603) 1 SMA connector, PC mount EFJohnson 142-0701-201 or Digi-Key J500-ND T1 1 Transformer, 1 to 1 M/A Com ETC1-1T T2 1 1 DB25 connector, right angle, female Digi-Key A2102-ND AMP 745783-4 Transformer, 1 to 1 Toko 458PT-1457 U1 1 MAX3503EGP QFN20 MAX3505EGP QFN20 1 SMA connector, edge mount EFJohnson 142-0701-801 or Digi-Key J502-ND Note: Cut center pin to approximately 1/16in length. U2 1 Octal buffer Texas Instruments SN74LVTH244ADBR VCC, GND, TP1, IN1, IN2 5 Test points Digi-Key 5000K-ND None 1 MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kit circuit board, rev 3 None 1 MAX3503 data sheet MAX3505 data sheet None 1 MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits data sheet C2–C5, C9, C15 C10–C14, C16–C21 J1 J2 J3 JU1–JU8 JU1–JU8 8 8 3-pin headers, 0.1in centers Digi-Key S1012-36-ND Shunts Digi-Key S9000-ND ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 General Description The MAX3503/MAX3505 evaluation kits (EV kits) simplify evaluation of the MAX3503 and MAX3505 CATV upstream amplifiers. The kits include a data interface that can be programmed through the parallel port of a standard PC. Software (Windows 95/98® compatible) is available at www.maxim-ic.com/TechSupport/other.htm to facilitate this function. This software allows programming of all available features through a simple user interface. Access to the device input and output is provided through 50Ω SMA connectors. The input is terminated with 50Ω. The output circuit includes a 75Ω to 50Ω minimum-loss pad for use with 50Ω equipment. Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits Component Suppliers PHONE FAX AVX SUPPLIER 843-448-9411 843-448-1943 www.avxcorp.com WEBSITE M/A-COM 978-442-5000 978-442-4178 www.macom.com Murata 814-237-1431 814-238-0490 www.murata.com Toko 800-745-8656 — www.tokoam.com Table 1. Jumper Setting Functions JUMPER FUNCTION SHORT PIN1 to PIN2 SHORT PIN2 to PIN3 JU1 PC port buffer Disabled Enabled JU2 SDA input PC port control N/A JU3 SCLK input PC port control N/A JU4 CS input PC port control N/A JU5 Sets the method of control for TXEN PC port control Manual control through JU6 JU6 Sets the manual control state of TXEN Logic 1 state (VCC) Logic 0 state (GND) JU7 Sets the method of control for SHDN PC port control Manual control through JU8 JU8 Sets the manual control state of SHDN Logic 1 state (VCC) Logic 0 state (GND) Quick Start The MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits are fully assembled and factory tested. Follow the instructions in the Connections and Setup section. Note that the output circuit includes a minimum-loss pad used to bring the load impedance up to 75Ω. This must be accounted for in all measurements (see the Output Circuit section). Also note that an input transformer is supplied to allow differential input drive from a single-ended source. This transformer is not required in the application. Test Equipment Required • DC supply capable of delivering 5.25V and 400mA of continuous current • HP 8648 (or equivalent) signal source capable of generating 40dBmV up to 200MHz • HP 8561E (or equivalent) spectrum analyzer with a minimum 200MHz frequency range • Two digital multimeters (DMMs) to monitor VCC and ICC, if desired • Lowpass filters to attenuate harmonic output of signal sources, if harmonic measurements are desired • IBM PC or compatible with Windows 95/98 installed • Male-to-male 25-pin parallel cable, wired straight through • Low-noise amplifier with 40dB gain from 5MHz to 100MHz for noise measurement • Oscilloscope with 200MHz bandwidth • Network analyzer, such as the HP 8753D, which can be used to measure gain vs. frequency. Connections and Setup 1) Connect the power supply (preset to 3.3V for MAX3503 and 5V for MAX3505) to the pins labeled VCC and GND on the circuit board. Connect the 50Ω signal source to INPUT (preset the signal source for -13dBm (34dBmV across a 50Ω load)), and terminate OUTPUT with a spectrum analyzer 50Ω input impedance. If using a signal source with a source impedance other than 50Ω, or if a different input impedance is required, replace resistor (R1) with a resistor of the appropriate value. 2) Connect the 25-pin male-to-male cable between the parallel port of the PC and the 25-pin female connector on the EV kit board. 3) See Table 1 for board jumper settings. Set all jumpers to enable PC port control, unless otherwise stated. 4) Turn on the power supply. Turn on the PC and the test equipment. 5) Run the software program. • 0V to 3.3V pulse generator for transient measurement 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits Using the Software The MAX3503/MAX3505 use a serial data interface (SDI) to set gain. Some method of communicating with the SDI is required to use the MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits. A microprocessor, pattern generator, or PC can be used. Software and supporting documentation for programming the part through the parallel port of a PC is available at www.maxim-ic.com/TechSupport/other.htm. Gain Adjustment The valid gain codes are 0 to 127 (decimal). The nominal change in gain is 0.5dB per gain code. Gain codes are set exclusively by programming the SDI. Highpower (HP) mode and low-noise (LN) mode can be controlled only through the PC interface. Refer to the MAX3503 or MAX3505 data sheet for details. Shutdown and Transmit Enable Jumpers JU5 through JU8 determine how shutdown and transmit-enable features are controlled. Pin 2 of JU5 and JU7 are connected directly to the device. If an external source, such as a modulator chip or microprocessor, is used to control these features, make the connection to pin 2 of JU5 and JU7. If manual control of shutdown and transmit enable is desired, shunt pins 2 and 3 of jumper JU5 and pins 2 and 3 of jumper JU7. This allows TXEN and SHDN to be controlled by JU6 and JU8, respectively. JU6 and JU8 are used to place either VCC or ground at SHDN or TXEN. Pin 3 of JU6 and JU8 is ground, and pin 1 is VCC. To control the TXEN and SHDN features using the software, shunt pin 1 and pin 2 of JU5 and JU7. Manual Control of Serial Data Interface If using a source other than a PC to control the serial data interface (SDI) of the MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits, such as a digital pattern generator or microprocessor, remove the shunts on jumpers JU2, JU3, and JU4. Access to the SDI is available through these jumpers. Termination pads are provided (R4, R5, R6). Solder an appropriate resistor to these pads, if desired. Refer to the MAX3503 or MAX3505 data sheet for a description of the SDI. To control the SDI using the software, shunt pin 1 and pin 2 of JU2, JU3, and JU4. Input Circuit input resistor. This allows the input to be driven with single-ended 50Ω test equipment. The balun generates a differential signal, because rated performance is specified with a differential input drive, typically from a differential lowpass filter. If the MAX3503 or MAX3505 is to be driven single ended, the input balun must be removed and the undriven input connected to ground through a 0.1µF blocking capacitor. Output Circuit The MAX3503 and MAX3505 have differential outputs. This architecture helps suppress second-order distortion (harmonics). To convert to a single-ended output, a 1:1 transformer (T2) is used. Because most test equipment is supplied with a 50Ω input impedance, a minimum-loss pad is provided on the output of the transformer to increase the load impedance to a nominal 75Ω. This places the proper load on the device but reduces the measured output voltage level by 7.5dB. Note: When making measurements with the EV kits, add 7.5dB to all measurements of voltage gain and output voltage level, including noise, to arrive at the correct value for a 75Ω system. For use with 75Ω test equipment: 1) Remove the 50Ω output SMA connector and replace it with a 75Ω connector. 2) Remove R3 and replace it with a 0Ω resistor or lowinductance short. 3) Remove R2. 4) Use a 75Ω cable. Analysis Harmonic Distortion A filter is needed to reject the harmonics generated by the signal source. For this example, a lowpass filter with an approximate 25MHz to 35MHz cutoff frequency is required. This filter must reject at least 20dB of signal at 40MHz. 1) Set the 50Ω signal source for 20MHz and -13dBm. 2) Adjust the amplitude to account for the insertion loss in the filter. 3) With a spectrum analyzer, verify that the second and third harmonics generated by the source are suppressed by at least 70dBc. The input circuits of the MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits are configured with a 1:1 balun, terminated with a 49.9Ω _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 Detailed Description Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits 4) Connect the filter between INPUT of the EV kit and the output of the signal source, ensuring that the proper terminations are being used for this filter. 5) Connect a spectrum analyzer to OUTPUT. 6) Set the center frequency for 40MHz and the span for 50MHz or greater. 7) Adjust the reference level so that the fundamental (20MHz tone) is within 10dB to 20dB of the reference level. If the fundamental is less than 10dB below the reference level, the harmonic distortion of the spectrum analyzer might prevent accurate measurement of the distortion. 8) Set the gain to 27dB. (Refer to the MAX3503 or MAX3505 data sheet for details.) 9) Measure the level of the fundamental, second, and third harmonics on the spectrum analyzer. These readings are measured in dBm. To convert from dBm to dBmV in a 50Ω system, use the following equation: X(dBmV) = Y(dBm) + 47dB (50Ω system) 5) Using a convenient method, trigger the oscilloscope from the pulse generator 6) A rising- and falling-edge transient should appear on the scope’s CRT. Multiply the value of the measured transient by 2.37 to account for the presence of the minimum-loss pad. The gain can now be changed to show the output transient’s dependence on gain. Output Noise Use a spectrum analyzer to measure output noise. A postamplifier with less than 10dB noise figure and greater than 40dB gain within the band of interest is needed. 1) Turn on the power supply. 2) Terminate the input with 50Ω. 3) Using the software, set the device to transmit mode with approximately 27dB of gain. 4) Connect the output of the postamplifier to the spectrum analyzer and the input to OUTPUT on the EV kits. Set the spectrum analyzer as follows: • Center frequency: 35MHz • Span: 60MHz 10) Add 7.5dB to this value to account for the attenuation of the minimum-loss pad, in dBmV, for a 75Ω load. The gain now can be calculated in dB, and the harmonic distortion can be calculated in dBc. Switching Transients To measure the transmit-enable and transmit-disable transients, the TXEN pin is driven from an external source. No input signal is applied, and the output is viewed on an oscilloscope. 1) Connect OUTPUT to the oscilloscope’s 50Ω input. Set the scope’s time base to 5µs/div and the vertical scale to 5mV/div. 2) Set the pulse generator as follows: • Amplitude: 3.3V • Duty cycle: 50% • Rise/fall time: 100ns • Reference: -50dBm • Scale: 10dB/div • IF bandwidth: 1kHz 5) Power up the postamplifier. If the spectrum analyzer being used has a noise-marker function, enable it. Otherwise, subtract 10log (RBW) from the measured power. Move this marker to 42MHz. Read the value of the noise density from the spectrum analyzer. This noise value is a combination of the output noise of the MAX3503 or MAX3505, the gain of the postamplifier, and the noise figure of the postamplifier. With the specified noise figure of 10dB, the noise contribution of the postamplifier can be ignored. The minimum-loss pad reduces the actual measured value by 7.5dB. Use the following equation to arrive at the output noise in a 160kHz bandwidth: • Pulse width: 25µs • Offset: 1.65V Do not drive the TXEN pin below 0V or above 3.6V. VNOISE = PNOISE + 47dB + 7.5dB + 10 ✕ log (160,000) - GAMP 3) Turn on the power supply. 4) Remove the shunt from jumper JU5 (TXEN), and connect the output of the pulse generator to pin 2 of this jumper. 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits Layout Considerations The MAX3503/MAX3505 EV kits’ PC board can be a guide for board layout. Pay close attention to thermal design and to the output network. The MAX3503/ MAX3505 package exposed paddle (EP) conducts heat out of the part and provides a low-impedance electrical connection. The EP must be attached to the PC board ground plane with a low thermal and electrical impedance contact. Ideally, this is provided by soldering the backside package contact directly to a top metal ground plane on the PC board. Alternatively, the EP can be connected to a ground plane using an array of plated vias directly below the EP. The output circuit that connects OUT+ and OUT- (pins 14 and 12) to the output transformer (T2) should be as symmetrical as possible to reduce second-order distortion. In addition, keep the capacitance of this path low to minimize gain rolloff at high frequencies. Functional Diagram TXEN SHDN VCC BIAS CONTROL MAX3503 MAX3505 HIGH POWER OUTCEXT IN+ OUT+ INLOW NOISE D/A CONVERTER SERIAL DATA INTERFACE CS SDA SCLK GND _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 where: VNOISE = MAX3503/MAX3505 output noise in dBmV measured in a 160kHz bandwidth PNOISE = Noise density in dBm/Hz read from the spectrum analyzer GAMP = Gain of the postamplifier in dB 6 C21 100pF C20 100pF C19 100pF C18 100pF C17 100pF IN2 IN1 J2-6 J2-4 J2-3 J2-2 C1 10µF R25 OPEN R24 100Ω R23 100Ω R22 100Ω R21 100Ω R20 100Ω 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 GND 2Y1 1A4 2Y2 1A3 2Y3 1A2 2Y4 1A1 1OE C2 0.1µF U2 SN74LVT244A SMA INPUT J1 2A1 1Y4 2A2 1Y3 2A3 1Y2 2A4 1Y1 2OE VCC R1 49.9Ω B2 0Ω B4 0Ω B3 0Ω B1 0Ω 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 TP1 R15 100Ω R13 100Ω R12 100Ω R11 100Ω R10 100Ω R9 100Ω R8 100Ω R7 100Ω 4 VCC4 C14 100pF J2-5 J2-8 C15 0.1µF 3 2 T1 M/A-COM ETC1-1T 1 5 VCC4 VCC3 VCC2 VCC1 VCC J2-15 J2-10 J2-7 C13 100pF C12 100pF C11 100pF C10 100pF C16 100pF R14 OPEN VCC4 C7 1000pF C6 1000pF SCLK SDA Figure 1. MAX3503/MAX3505 EV Kits Schematic _______________________________________________________________________________________ VCC4 JU7 VCC4 JU5 JU3 JU2 JU4 CS JU8 JU6 SHDN OUT- N.C. OUT+ VCC 16 CEXT R5 OPEN R6 OPEN SHDN 10 TXEN 9 17 N.C. SDA 6 CS 8 MAX3503 MAX3505 U1 18 N.C. N.C. SCLK 7 19 N.C. GND IN- GND IN+ VCC 20 N.C. VCC R4 OPEN 5 4 3 2 1 TXEN J2-13 VCC1 VCC C3 0.1µF JU1 R28 100kΩ R18 100kΩ 11 12 13 14 15 C5 0.1µF J2-17 J2-16 J2-14 J2-12 J2-11 J2-9 J2-1 C4 0.1µF VCC2 VCC3 C9 0.1µF 1 R26 OPEN R27 OPEN R29 OPEN R16 OPEN R17 OPEN R19 OPEN R30 OPEN B5 0Ω 2 3 2 1 J2-25 J2-24 J2-23 J2-22 J2-21 J2-20 J2-19 J2-18 T2 458PT-1457 4 5 C8 OPEN L1 IND0805 OΩ R2 86.6Ω R3 43.2Ω SMA OUTPUT J3 Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 1.0" Figure 2. MAX3503/MAX3505 EV Kits Component Placement Guide—Component Side _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 Evaluate: MAX3503/MAX3505 MAX3503/MAX3505 Evaluation Kits 1.0" 1.0" Figure 3. MAX3503/MAX3505 EV Kits PC Board Layout— Solder Side Figure 4. MAX3503/MAX3505 EV Kits PC Board Layout— Component Side Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 8 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2002 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.