DS14C335 +3.3V Supply TIA/EIA-232 3 x 5 Driver/Receiver General Description Features The DS14C335 is three driver, five receiver device which conforms to TIA/EIA-232-E and CCITT V.28 standard specifications. This device employs an internal DC-DC converter to generate the necessary output levels from a +3.3V power supply. A SHUTDOWN (SD) mode reduces the supply current to 10 µA maximum. In the SD mode, one receiver is active, allowing ring indicator (RI) to be monitored. PC Board space consumption is minimized by the availability of Shrink Small Outline Packaging (SSOP). This device’s low power requirement and small footprint makes it an ideal choice for Laptop and Notebook applications. n Conforms to TIA/EIA-232-E and CCITT V.28 specifications n Operates with single +3.3V power supply n Low power requirement — ICC 20 mA maximum n SHUTDOWN mode — ICX 10 µA maximum n One Receiver (R5) active during SHUTDOWN n Operates up to 128 kbps — Lap-Link ® Compatible n Flow through pinout n 4V/µs minimum Slew Rate guaranteed n Inter-operates with +5V UARTs n Available in 28-lead SSOP EIAJ Type II package Connection Diagram Functional Diagram DS14C335 DS011734-1 Order Number DS14C335MSA See NS Package Number MSA28 DS011734-2 Lap-Link ® is a registered trademark of Traveling Software. © 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation DS011734 www.national.com DS14C335 +3.3V Supply TIA/EIA-232 3 x 5 Driver/Receiver March 2000 DS14C335 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Maximum Package Power Dissipation @ +25˚C SSOP MSA Package 1286 mW Derate MSA Package 10.3 mW/˚C above +25˚C ESD Rating (HBM, 1.5 kΩ, 100 pF) ≥ 2.0 kV If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Supply Voltage (VCC) V+ Pin V− Pin Input Voltage (DIN, SD) Driver Output Voltage Receiver Input Voltage Receiver Output Voltage Junction Temperature Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (Soldering 4 sec.) Short Circuit Duration (DOUT) −0.3V to + 6V (VCC−0.3V) to +14V +0.3V to −14V −0.3V to + 5.5V (V+ + 0.3V) to (V− −0.3V) ± 25V −0.3V to (VCC+ 0.3V) +150˚C −65˚C to +150˚C Recommended Operating Conditions Min 3.0 Supply Voltage (VCC) DC-DC Converter Capacitors 0.47 (C1–C5) Operating Free Air Temperature (TA) DS14C335 0 Max 3.6 Units V µF +70 ˚C +260˚C continuous Electrical Characteristics (Notes 2, 3) Over recommended operating conditions, SD = 0.8V, unless otherwise specified. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units DEVICE CHARACTERISTICS V+ Positive Power Supply No Load DIN = 0.8V +9.3 V V− Negative Power Supply C1–C5 = 0.47 µF DIN = 2.0V −9.0 V ICC Supply Current No Load 11.5 20 mA ICX SHUTDOWN Supply Current RL = 3 kΩ, SD = VCC, 5.5V 1.0 10 µA VIH High Level Enable Voltage VIL Low Level Enable Voltage IIH High Level Enable Current 2.0V ≤ VIN ≤ 5.5V IIL Low Level Enable Current GND ≤ VIN ≤ 0.8V SD 2.0 V GND 0.8 V +2.0 µA −2.0 µA DRIVER CHARACTERISTICS VIH High Level Input Voltage VIL Low Level Input Voltage IIH High Level Input Current 2.0V ≤ VIN ≤ 5.5V IIL Low Level Input Current GND ≤ VIN ≤ 0.8V −1.0 VOH High Level Output Voltage RL = 3 kΩ +5.0 VOL Low Level Output Voltage IOS+ Output High Short DIN 2.0 V GND 0.8 V +1.0 µA µA +7.1 V −6.3 −5.0 V VO = 0V, VIN = 0.8V (Note 7) −40 −16.5 −8 mA VO = 0V, VIN = 2.0V (Note 7) 6 12.3 40 mA Circuit Current IOS− Output Low Short Circuit Current RO Output Resistance −2V ≤ VO ≤ +2V, VCC = GND = 0V Ω 300 RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS (Note 4) VTH Input High Threshold Voltage www.national.com R1–R5, SD = 0.8V 1.4 2 2.4 V (Continued) Over recommended operating conditions, SD = 0.8V, unless otherwise specified. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units 2.0 2.8 V RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS (Note 4) R5, 2.0V ≤ SD ≤ 5.5V VTL Input Low Threshold Voltage VHY Hysteresis RIN Input Resistance IIN Input Current R1–R5, SD = 0.8V 0.4 1.1 V R5, 2.0V ≤ SD ≤ 5.5V 0.1 0.5 V 50 300 mV VIN = ± 3V to ± 15V 3.0 3.8 VIN = +15V VIN = +3V 7.0 kΩ 2.14 5.0 mA 0.43 1.0 mA VIN = −3V −1.0 −0.43 mA −2.14 mA VIN = −15V −5.0 VOH High Level Output Voltage VIN = −3V, IOH = −1 mA 2.4 VIN = −3V, IOH = −100 µA 2.8 VOL Low Level Output Voltage VIN = +3V, IOL = +2 mA 3.1 V 3.28 V 0.23 0.4 V Switching Characteristics (Note 2) Over recommended operating conditions, SD = 0.8V, unless otherwise specified. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units 0.1 0.6 1.0 µs 0.1 0.6 1.0 µs 0 0.2 µs DRIVER CHARACTERISTICS tPLH Propagation Delay LOW to HIGH tPHL Propagation Delay HIGH to LOW tSK Skew |tPLH–tPHL| SR1 Output Slew Rate RL = 3 kΩ to 7 kΩ, CL = 50 pF (Figure 2) 4 13 30 V/µs SR2 Output Slew Rate RL = 3 kΩ, CL = 2500 pF (Figure 2) 4 10 30 V/µs tPLS Propagation Delay LOW to SD (Figures 5, 6) RL = 3 kΩ CL = 50 pF tPSL Propagation Delay SD to LOW tPHS Propagation Delay HIGH to SD tPSH Propagation Delay SD to HIGH RL = 3 kΩ CL = 50 pF (Figures 1, 2) 0.48 ms 1.88 ms 0.62 ms 1.03 ms RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS tPLH Propagation Delay LOW to HIGH tPHL Propagation Delay HIGH to LOW tSK Skew |tPLH–tPHL| tPLS Propagation Delay LOW to SD tPSL Propagation Delay SD to LOW tPHS Propagation Delay HIGH to SD tPSH Propagation Delay SD to HIGH CL = 50 pF (Figures 3, 3) 0.1 0.4 1.0 µs 0.1 0.6 1.0 µs 0.2 0.8 µs (Figures 7, 8) RL = 1 kΩ CL = 50 pF R1–R4 Only 0.13 µs 1.0 µs 0.19 µs 0.58 µs Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are those values beyond which the safety of the device cannot be guaranteed. They are not meant to imply that the devices should be operated at these limits. The tables of “Electrical Characteristics” specify conditions for device operation. Note 2: Typical values are given for VCC = 3.3V and TA = +25˚C. Note 3: Current into device pins is defined as positive. Current out of device pins is defined as negative. All voltages are referenced to ground unless otherwise specified. Note 4: Receiver characteristics are guaranteed for SD = 0.8V. When SD = 2.0V, receiver five (R5) is active and meets receiver parameters in SHUTDOWN (SD) mode, unless otherwise specified. Note 5: Generator characteristics for driver input: f = 64 kHz (128 kbits/sec), tr = tf < 10 ns, VIH = 3V, VIL = 0V, duty cycle = 50%. Note 6: Generator characteristics for receiver input: f = 64 kHz (128 kbits/sec), tr = tf = 200 ns, VIH = 3V, VIL = −3V, duty cycle = 50%. 3 www.national.com DS14C335 Electrical Characteristics (Notes 2, 3) DS14C335 Switching Characteristics (Note 2) (Continued) Note 7: Only one driver output shorted at a time. Parameter Measurement Information DS011734-3 FIGURE 1. Driver Propagation Delay and Slew Rate Test Circuit DS011734-4 FIGURE 2. Driver Propagation Delay and Slew Rate Timing DS011734-5 FIGURE 3. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit DS011734-6 FIGURE 4. Receiver Propagation Delay Timing DS011734-7 FIGURE 5. Driver SHUTDOWN (SD) Delay Test Circuit www.national.com 4 DS14C335 Parameter Measurement Information (Continued) DS011734-8 FIGURE 6. Driver SHUTDOWN (SD) Delay Timing DS011734-9 FIGURE 7. Receiver SHUTDOWN (SD) Delay Test Circuit DS011734-10 FIGURE 8. Receiver SHUTDOWN (SD) Delay Timing Pin Descriptions VCC (Pin 3). Power supply pin for the device, +3.3V ( ± 0.3V). V+ (Pin 1). Positive supply for TIA/EIA-232-E drivers. Recommended external capacitor — 0.47 µF (16V). This supply is not intended to be loaded externally. V− (Pin 25). Negative supply for TIA/EIA-232-E drivers. Recommended external capacitor — 0.47 µF (16V). This supply is not intended to be loaded externally. C1+, C1− (Pins 6, 24). External capacitor connection pins. Recommended capacitor — 0.47 µF (6.3V). C2+, C2− (Pins 2, 4). External capacitor connection pins. Recommended capacitor — 0.47 µF (16V). C3+, C3− (Pins 28, 26). External capacitor connection pins. Recommended capacitor — 0.47 µF (6.3V). SHUTDOWN (SD) (Pin 23). A High on the SHUTDOWN pin will lower the total ICC current to less than 10 µA, providing a low power state. In this mode receiver R5 remains active. The SD pin should be driven or tied low (GND) to disable the shutdown mode. DIN 1–3 (Pins 7, 8, 9). Driver input pins are JEDEC 3.3V standard compatible. DOUT 1–3 (Pins 22, 21, 20). Driver output pins conform to TIA/ElA-232 -E levels. RIN 1–5 (Pins 19, 18, 17, 16, 15). Receiver input pins accept TIA/EIA-232-E input voltages ( ± 25V). Receivers guarantees hysteresis of TBD mV. Unused receiver input pins may be left open. Internal input resistor (5 kΩ) pulls input LOW, providing a failsafe HIGH output. ROUT 1–5 (Pins 10, 11, 12, 13, 14). Receiver output pins are JEDEC 3.3V standard compatible. GND (Pin 27). Ground Pin. 5 www.national.com DS14C335 Application Information 9-Pin SERIAL PORT APPLICATION Ring Indicator (RI) is used to inform the DTE that an incoming call is coming from a remote DCE. When the DS14C335 is in SHUTDOWN (SD) mode, receiver five (R5) remains active and monitors RI circuit. This active receiver (R5) alerts the DTE to switch the DS14C335 from SHUTDOWN to active mode. In a typical Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) to Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment (DCE) 9-pin de-facto interface implementation, 2 data lines and 6 control lines are required. The data lines are TXD and RXD and the control lines are RTS, DTR, DSR, DCD, CTS and RI. The DS14C335 is a 3 x 5 Driver/Receiver and offers a single chip solution for the DTE interface as shown in Figure 9. DS011734-11 FIGURE 9. Typical DTE Application MOUSE DRIVING The DS14C335 was tested for drive current under the following mouse driving conditions: • Two driver outputs set at VOH and their outputs were tied together (paralleled), sourcing current to supply the V+ terminal of the mouse electronics • One driver output set at VOL to sink the current from the V− terminal of the mouse electronics EXTERNAL DC-DC CONVERTOR COMPONENTS The DS14C335 with it’s unique DC-DC Convertor triples the power supply voltage (3.0V) to +9.3V and then inverts it to a −9V potential. This unique convertor ONLY requires 5 external surface mount 0.47 µF capacitors. The five identical components were chosen to simplify PCB layout and the procurement of components. The DS14C335’s DC-DC Convertor also provides a larger signal swing (higher at RS-232 standard data rates) which translates to more noise margin for the rejection of ground potential differences, induced noise, and crosstalk compared to other DC-DC convertor schemes which only provide limited signal swing and limited noise margin. • One receiver was used to accept data from the mouse • Power Supply Voltage (VCC): 3.0V to 3.6V Completion of the testing (performed by National’s Data Transmission Applications Group and a major PC manufacturer) concluded that the DS14C335 and it’s DC-DC Convertor supplied adequate drive capability to power a typical PC mouse. The mouse tested was specified with the following conditions: 10 mA at +6V 5.0 mA at −6V Since driver current is limited, it is recommended that newer lower power mice be specified for battery powered applications. Using older high power mice is wasteful of precious battery charge. www.national.com DC-DC CONVERTOR CAPACITORS The use of polarized capacitors is not required. However, if they are used, the polarity indicated in the DS14C335 Functional Diagram must be honored for proper operation. Surface mount capacitors or ceramic capacitors may be used, however, for optimal efficiency, capacitors with a low effective series resistance (ESR) should be used. Values in the low Ohms(Ω) is normally acceptable. INTEROPERATION WITH +5V UARTs The DS14C335 provides full RS-232 driver output levels and a single chip solution for the popular 9-pin defacto serial port. This device may be used in either pure +3V applications or 6 POWER DISSIPATION IN REAL RS-232 APPLICATIONS (Continued) The DS14C335 DC-DC Convertor uses special circuitry that helps limit the increase in power supply current as frequency increases. A complete description of power dissipation and calculations for RS-232 applications can be found in National Application Note AN-914 titled “Understanding Power Requirements in RS-232 Applications”. Typical performance curves are also located in this datasheet for quick reference. mixed power supplied +3V/+5V applications. The Driver Input (DIN) and ShutDown (SD) input pins can directly accept full +5V levels without the need for any external components. The Receiver Output (ROUT) is specified at 2.4V minimum while sourcing 1 mA. This level is compatible with standard TTL thresholds. For a complete discussion on “Interoperation of the DS14C335 with +5V UARTs” please see National Application Note AN-876. Typical Performance Characteristics Supply Current vs Frequency vs Driver Loads Supply Current vs Frequency vs Driver Loads DS011734-12 Supply Power vs Data Rate DS011734-13 Supply Current vs Frequency (Receiver) DS011734-14 DS011734-15 7 www.national.com DS14C335 Application Information DS14C335 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Driver Output vs Data Rate DS011734-16 www.national.com 8 DS14C335 +3.3V Supply TIA/EIA-232 3 x 5 Driver/Receiver Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Order Number DS14C335MSA NS Package Number MSA28 LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. 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