To our customers, Old Company Name in Catalogs and Other Documents On April 1st, 2010, NEC Electronics Corporation merged with Renesas Technology Corporation, and Renesas Electronics Corporation took over all the business of both companies. Therefore, although the old company name remains in this document, it is a valid Renesas Electronics document. We appreciate your understanding. Renesas Electronics website: http://www.renesas.com April 1st, 2010 Renesas Electronics Corporation Issued by: Renesas Electronics Corporation (http://www.renesas.com) Send any inquiries to http://www.renesas.com/inquiry. Notice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. All information included in this document is current as of the date this document is issued. Such information, however, is subject to change without any prior notice. Before purchasing or using any Renesas Electronics products listed herein, please confirm the latest product information with a Renesas Electronics sales office. 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DATA SHEET PHOTOCOUPLER PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 HIGH ISOLATION VOLTAGE SINGLE TRANSISTOR TYPE MULTI PHOTOCOUPLER SERIES −NEPOC Series− DESCRIPTION The PS2501-1, -4 and PS2501L-1, -4 are optically coupled isolators containing a GaAs light emitting diode and an NPN silicon phototransistor. The PS2501-1, -4 are in a plastic DIP (Dual In-line Package) and the PS2501L-1, -4 are lead bending type (Gullwing) for surface mount. FEATURES • High isolation voltage (BV = 5 000 Vr.m.s.) • High collector to emitter voltage (VCEO = 80 V) • High-speed switching (tr = 3 μs TYP., tf = 5 μs TYP.) PIN CONNECTION (Top View) PS2501-1, PS2501L-1 4 3 • Ordering number of tape product: PS2501L-1-F3: 2 000 pcs/reel 1. Anode 2. Cathode 3. Emitter 4. Collector • Safety standards • UL approved: No. E72422 1 2 PS2501-4, PS2501L-4 APPLICATIONS 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 • Power supply • Telephone/FAX. • FA/OA equipment 1 • Programmable logic controller 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1, 3, 5, 7. Anode 2, 4, 6, 8. Cathode 9, 11, 13, 15. Emitter 10, 12, 14, 16. Collector The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Before using this document, please confirm that this is the latest version. Not all products and/or types are available in every country. Please check with an NEC Electronics sales representative for availability and additional information. Document No. PN10225EJ05V0DS (5th edition) Date Published February 2010 NS Printed in Japan The mark <R> shows major revised points. The revised points can be easily searched by copying an "<R>" in the PDF file and specifying it in the "Find what:" field. 1988, 2010 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 PACKAGE DIMENSIONS (UNIT : mm) DIP Type PS2501-1 PS2501-4 4.6±0.35 3 1 2 19.8±0.5 16 9 1 8 6.5±0.5 6.5±0.5 4 0 to 15° +0.1 0.25 –0.05 1.25±0.15 3.5±0.3 3.2±0.4 4.15±0.4 7.62 3.5±0.3 3.2±0.4 4.15±0.4 7.62 0 to 15° +0.1 0.25 –0.05 0.50±0.10 1.25±0.15 0.50±0.10 0.25 M 0.25 M 2.54 2.54 Lead Bending Type PS2501L-1 PS2501L-4 4.6±0.35 3 1 2 19.8±0.5 16 9 1 8 0.9±0.25 9.60±0.4 1.25±0.15 0.25 M 2.54 1.25±0.15 0.25 M 2.54 0.15 PHOTOCOUPLER CONSTRUCTION Parameter Unit (MIN.) Air Distance 7 mm Outer Creepage Distance 7 mm Inner Creepage Distance 3.5 mm Isolation Distance 0.3 mm 2 Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 0.15 0.1 +0.1 –0.05 0.25 +0.1 –0.05 3.5±0.3 0.1 +0.1 –0.05 0.25 +0.1 –0.05 6.5±0.5 6.5±0.5 4 3.5±0.3 <R> 0.9±0.25 9.60±0.4 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 <R> MARKING EXAMPLE PS2501-1 PS2501-4 No. 1 pin Mark No. 1 pin Mark 2501 MJ031 M J Assembly Lot 0 31 N Pb-Free Pb-Free and Halogen Free J Country Assembled Type Number Assembly Lot 0 31 Week Assembled Year Assembled (Last 1 Digit) In-house Code CTR Rank Code Week Assembled Year Assembled (Last 1 Digit) In-house Code CTR Rank Code Package PS2501-4 NJ031 Made in Japan Made in Taiwan New PKG J K New PKG R Y Package New PKG Made in Japan J *1 *1 Special version Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 3 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 <R> ORDERING INFORMATION Part Number Order Number Solder Plating Packing Style Safety Standard Specification Pb-Free Approval PS2501-1 PS2501-1-A Magazine case 100 pcs PS2501L-1 PS2501L-1-A PS2501L-1-F3 PS2501L-1-F3-A Embossed Tape 2 000 pcs/reel PS2501-4 PS2501-4-A Magazine case 20 pcs PS2501L-4 PS2501L-4-A PS2501-1 PS2501-1Y-A Special version PS2501L-1 PS2501L-1Y-A (Pb-Free and PS2501L-1-F3 PS2501L-1Y-F3-A Halogen Free) Standard products Number PS2501-1 (UL approved) Magazine case 100 pcs PS2501-4 Standard products (UL approved) Embossed Tape 2 000 pcs/reel *1 For the application of the Safety Standard, following part number should be used. 4 Application Part Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS PS2501-1 *1 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (Unless otherwise specified, TA = 25°C) Ratings Parameter Diode Symbol PS2501-4, PS2501L-4 Unit Reverse Voltage VR 6 V Forward Current (DC) IF 80 mA/ch Power Dissipation Derating Power Dissipation *1 Peak Forward Current Transistor PS2501-1, PS2501L-1 ΔPD/°C 1.5 1.2 mW/°C PD 150 120 mW/ch IFP 1 A/ch Collector to Emitter Voltage VCEO 80 V Emitter to Collector Voltage VECO 7 V IC 50 mA/ch Collector Current Power Dissipation Derating Power Dissipation Isolation Voltage *2 ΔPC/°C 1.5 1.2 mW/°C PC 150 120 mW/ch BV 5 000 Vr.m.s. Operating Ambient Temperature TA −55 to +100 °C Storage Temperature Tstg −55 to +150 °C *1 PW = 100 μs, Duty Cycle = 1% *2 AC voltage for 1 minute at TA = 25°C, RH = 60% between input and output. Pins 1-2 shorted together, 3-4 shorted together (PS2501-1, PS2501L-1). Pins 1-8 shorted together, 9-16 shorted together (PS2501-4, PS2501L-4). Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 5 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C) Parameter Diode Transistor Symbol Conditions Forward Voltage VF IF = 10 mA Reverse Current IR VR = 5 V Terminal Capacitance Ct V = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz ICEO VCE = 80 V, IF = 0 mA CTR IF = 5 mA, VCE = 5 V VCE (sat) IF = 10 mA, IC = 2 mA Collector to Emitter Dark MIN. TYP. MAX. Unit 1.17 1.4 V 5 μA 50 pF 100 nA 600 % 0.3 V Current Coupled Current Transfer Ratio 80 300 *1 (IC/IF) Collector Saturation Voltage Isolation Resistance RI-O VI-O = 1.0 kVDC Isolation Capacitance CI-O V = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz *2 Rise Time tr *2 tf Fall Time 10 VCC = 10 V, IC = 2 mA, RL = 100 Ω Ω 11 0.5 pF 3 μs 5 *1 CTR rank ( * : only PS2501-1, PS2501L-1) <R> K* : 300 to 600 (%) L* : 200 to 400 (%) M* : 80 to 240 (%) D* : 100 to 300 (%) H* : 80 to 160 (%) W* : 130 to 260 (%) Q* : 100 to 200 (%) N : 80 to 600 (%) *2 Test circuit for switching time Pulse Input IF VCC PW = 100 μs Duty Cycle = 1/10 Input ton 50 Ω VOUT RL = 100 Ω td toff ts 90% Output 10% tr 6 Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS tf PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Unless otherwise specified, TA = 25°C) DIODE POWER DISSIPATION vs. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE Transistor Power Dissipation PC (mW) Diode Power Dissipation PD (mW) 150 PS2501-1 PS2501L-1 100 PS2501-4 PS2501L-4 1.5 mW/°C 50 1.2 mW/°C 0 25 50 75 TRANSISTOR POWER DISSIPATION vs. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE 100 125 150 100 PS2501-4 PS2501L-4 1.2 mW/°C 0 150 25 75 50 100 125 150 Ambient Temperature TA (°C) COLLECTOR CURRENT vs. COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE FORWARD CURRENT vs. FORWARD VOLTAGE 100 70 50 TA = +100°C +60°C +25°C 60 Collector Current IC (mA) Forward Current IF (mA) 1.5 mW/°C 50 Ambient Temperature TA (°C) 10 5 0°C –25°C –50°C 1 0.5 50 40 50 30 mA 20 mA A m 10 20 IF = 5 mA 10 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 0 1.5 2 4 6 8 10 Forward Voltage VF (V) Collector to Emitter Voltage VCE (V) COLLECTOR TO EMITTER DARK CURRENT vs. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE COLLECTOR CURRENT vs. COLLECTOR SATURATION VOLTAGE 40 50 mA 20 mA 10 mA 10 000 VCE = 80 V 40 V 24 V 10 V 5V 1 000 Collector Current IC (mA) Collector to Emitter Dark Current ICEO (nA) PS2501-1 PS2501L-1 100 10 1 – 50 –25 0 25 50 75 100 10 2 mA IF = 1 mA 1 0.5 0.1 0 Ambient Temperature TA (°C) Remark 5 mA 5 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Collector Saturation Voltage VCE (sat) (V) The graphs indicate nominal characteristics. Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 7 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO vs. FORWARD CURRENT 1.2 450 VCE = 5 V 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 Normalized to 1.0 at TA = 25°C, IF = 5 mA, VCE = 5 V 0.2 0 –50 –25 0 25 50 75 Current Transfer Ratio CTR (%) Normalized Current Transfer Ratio CTR NORMALIZED CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO vs. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE 400 350 Sample A B C D 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 100 0.05 0.1 1 5 10 50 Forward Current IF (mA) Ambient Temperature TA (°C) SWITCHING TIME vs. LOAD RESISTANCE SWITCHING TIME vs. LOAD RESISTANCE 50 1 000 IC = 2 mA, VCC = 10 V, CTR = 290% tf IF = 5 mA, VCC = 5 V, CTR = 290% tf tr 10 Switching Time t ( μ s) Switching Time t ( μ s) 0.5 td ts 1 ts 100 10 tr 0.1 10 50 100 1 100 5 k 10 k 500 1 k Load Resistance RL (Ω) LONG TERM CTR DEGRADATION –5 100 Ω –15 RL = 1 kΩ IF = 5 mA 1.0 CTR (Relative Value) Normalized Gain GV 50 k 100 k 1.2 IF = 5 mA, VCE = 5 V –10 5 k 10 k Load Resistance RL (Ω) FREQUENCY RESPONSE 0 td 500 1 k 0.8 TA = 25°C 0.6 TA = 60°C 0.4 0.2 –20 300 Ω 0.5 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 Frequency f (kHz) Remark 8 0 102 103 Time (Hr) The graphs indicate nominal characteristics. Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 104 105 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 TAPING SPECIFICATIONS (UNIT : mm) 1.55±0.1 4.5 MAX. 10.3±0.1 7.5±0.1 φ 1.5 +0.1 –0 16.0±0.3 2.0±0.1 4.0±0.1 1.75±0.1 Outline and Dimensions (Tape) 4.0±0.1 5.3±0.1 8.0±0.1 0.4 Tape Direction PS2501L-1-F3 Outline and Dimensions (Reel) 2.0±0.5 φ 21.0±0.8 φ 100±1.0 R 1.0 φ 330±2.0 2.0±0.5 φ 13.0±0.2 17.5±1.0 21.5±1.0 Packing: 2 000 pcs/reel Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 15.9 to 19.4 Outer edge of flange 9 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 NOTES ON HANDLING 1. Recommended soldering conditions (1) Infrared reflow soldering • Peak reflow temperature 260°C or below (package surface temperature) • Time of peak reflow temperature 10 seconds or less • Time of temperature higher than 220°C 60 seconds or less • Time to preheat temperature from 120 to 180°C 120±30 s • Number of reflows Three • Flux Rosin flux containing small amount of chlorine (The flux with a maximum chlorine content of 0.2 Wt% is recommended.) Package Surface Temperature T (°C) Recommended Temperature Profile of Infrared Reflow (heating) to 10 s 260°C MAX. 220°C to 60 s 180°C 120°C 120±30 s (preheating) Time (s) (2) Wave soldering • Temperature 260°C or below (molten solder temperature) • Time 10 seconds or less • Preheating conditions 120°C or below (package surface temperature) • Number of times One (Allowed to be dipped in solder including plastic mold portion.) • Flux Rosin flux containing small amount of chlorine (The flux with a maximum chlorine content of 0.2 Wt% is recommended.) (3) Soldering by soldering iron • Peak temperature (lead part temperature) 350°C or below • Time (each pins) 3 seconds or less • Flux Rosin flux containing small amount of chlorine (The flux with a maximum chlorine content of 0.2 Wt% is recommended.) (a) Soldering of leads should be made at the point 1.5 to 2.0 mm from the root of the lead. (b) Please be sure that the temperature of the package would not be heated over 100°C. 10 Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 (4) Cautions • Fluxes Avoid removing the residual flux with freon-based and chlorine-based cleaning solvent. 2. Cautions regarding noise Be aware that when voltage is applied suddenly between the photocoupler’s input and output or between collector-emitters at startup, the output transistor may enter the on state, even if the voltage is within the absolute maximum ratings. 3. Measurement conditions of current transfer ratios (CTR), which differ according to photocoupler Check the setting values before use, since the forward current conditions at CTR measurement differ according to product. When using products other than at the specified forward current, the characteristics curves may differ from the standard curves due to CTR value variations or the like. This tendency may sometimes be obvious, especially below IF = 1 mA. Therefore, check the characteristics under the actual operating conditions and thoroughly take variations or the like into consideration before use. USAGE CAUTIONS 1. Protect against static electricity when handling. 2. Avoid storage at a high temperature and high humidity. Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS 11 PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 • The information in this document is current as of February, 2010. The information is subject to change without notice. For actual design-in, refer to the latest publications of NEC Electronics data sheets, etc., for the most up-to-date specifications of NEC Electronics products. Not all products and/or types are available in every country. Please check with an NEC Electronics sales representative for availability and additional information. • No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written consent of NEC Electronics. NEC Electronics assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document. • NEC Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of third parties by or arising from the use of NEC Electronics products listed in this document or any other liability arising from the use of such products. No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of NEC Electronics or others. • Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided for illustrative purposes in semiconductor product operation and application examples. The incorporation of these circuits, software and information in the design of a customer's equipment shall be done under the full responsibility of the customer. NEC Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by customers or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software and information. • While NEC Electronics endeavors to enhance the quality and safety of NEC Electronics products, customers agree and acknowledge that the possibility of defects thereof cannot be eliminated entirely. In addition, NEC Electronics products are not taken measures to prevent radioactive rays in the product design. When customers use NEC Electronics products with their products, customers shall, on their own responsibility, incorporate sufficient safety measures such as redundancy, fire-containment and anti-failure features to their products in order to avoid risks of the damages to property (including public or social property) or injury (including death) to persons, as the result of defects of NEC Electronics products. • NEC Electronics products are classified into the following three quality grades: "Standard", "Special" and "Specific". The "Specific" quality grade applies only to NEC Electronics products developed based on a customerdesignated "quality assurance program" for a specific application. The recommended applications of an NEC Electronics product depend on its quality grade, as indicated below. Customers must check the quality grade of each NEC Electronics product before using it in a particular application. "Standard": Computers, office equipment, communications equipment, test and measurement equipment, audio and visual equipment, home electronic appliances, machine tools, personal electronic equipment and industrial robots. "Special": Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.), traffic control systems, anti-disaster systems, anti-crime systems, safety equipment and medical equipment (not specifically designed for life support). "Specific": Aircraft, aerospace equipment, submersible repeaters, nuclear reactor control systems, life support systems and medical equipment for life support, etc. The quality grade of NEC Electronics products is "Standard" unless otherwise expressly specified in NEC Electronics data sheets or data books, etc. If customers wish to use NEC Electronics products in applications not intended by NEC Electronics, they must contact an NEC Electronics sales representative in advance to determine NEC Electronics' willingness to support a given application. (Note) (1) "NEC Electronics" as used in this statement means NEC Electronics Corporation and also includes its majority-owned subsidiaries. (2) "NEC Electronics products" means any product developed or manufactured by or for NEC Electronics (as defined above). M8E0904E 12 Data Sheet PN10225EJ05V0DS PS2501-1,-4,PS2501L-1,-4 Caution GaAs Products This product uses gallium arsenide (GaAs). GaAs vapor and powder are hazardous to human health if inhaled or ingested, so please observe the following points. • Follow related laws and ordinances when disposing of the product. If there are no applicable laws and/or ordinances, dispose of the product as recommended below. 1. Commission a disposal company able to (with a license to) collect, transport and dispose of materials that contain arsenic and other such industrial waste materials. 2. Exclude the product from general industrial waste and household garbage, and ensure that the product is controlled (as industrial waste subject to special control) up until final disposal. • Do not burn, destroy, cut, crush, or chemically dissolve the product. • Do not lick the product or in any way allow it to enter the mouth.