LF353 Wide Bandwidth Dual JFET Input Operational Amplifier General Description Features These devices are low cost, high speed, dual JFET input operational amplifiers with an internally trimmed input offset voltage (BI-FET II™ technology). They require low supply current yet maintain a large gain bandwidth product and fast slew rate. In addition, well matched high voltage JFET input devices provide very low input bias and offset currents. The LF353 is pin compatible with the standard LM1558 allowing designers to immediately upgrade the overall performance of existing LM1558 and LM358 designs. n n n n n n n n n n n These amplifiers may be used in applications such as high speed integrators, fast D/A converters, sample and hold circuits and many other circuits requiring low input offset voltage, low input bias current, high input impedance, high slew rate and wide bandwidth. The devices also exhibit low noise and offset voltage drift. Typical Connection Internally trimmed offset voltage: Low input bias current: Low input noise voltage: Low input noise current: Wide gain bandwidth: High slew rate: Low supply current: High input impedance: Low total harmonic distortion : Low 1/f noise corner: Fast settling time to 0.01%: 10 mV 50pA 25 nV/√Hz 0.01 pA/√Hz 4 MHz 13 V/µs 3.6 mA 1012Ω ≤0.02% 50 Hz 2 µs Connection Diagram Dual-In-Line Package 00564917 Top View Order Number LF353M, LF353MX or LF353N See NS Package Number M08A or N08E 00564914 Simplified Schematic 1/2 Dual 00564916 BI-FET II™ is a trademark of National Semiconductor Corporation. © 2003 National Semiconductor Corporation DS005649 www.national.com LF353 Wide Bandwidth Dual JFET Input Operational Amplifier December 2003 LF353 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Small Outline Package If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Power Dissipation (Note 2) Operating Temperature Range 150˚C Differential Input Voltage ± 30V ± 15V Input Voltage Range (Note 3) Output Short Circuit Duration Continuous Storage Temperature Range −65˚C to +150˚C Lead Temp. (Soldering, 10 sec.) 260˚C Soldering Information Dual-In-Line Package Soldering (10 sec.) 260˚C 220˚C ESD Tolerance (Note 8) 0˚C to +70˚C Tj(MAX) 215˚C Infrared (15 sec.) See AN-450 “Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability” for other methods of soldering surface mount devices. ± 18V Supply Voltage Vapor Phase (60 sec.) 1000V θJA M Package TBD Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. Electrical Characteristics state DC and AC electrical specifications under particular test conditions which guarantee specific performance limits. This assumes that the device is within the Operating Ratings. Specifications are not guaranteed for parameters where no limit is given, however, the typical value is a good indication of device performance. DC Electrical Characteristics (Note 5) Symbol Parameter Conditions LF353 MIn Units Typ Max 5 10 VOS Input Offset Voltage RS=10kΩ, TA=25˚C ∆VOS/∆T Average TC of Input Offset Voltage RS=10 kΩ 10 IOS Input Offset Current Tj=25˚C, (Notes 5, 6) 25 100 4 nA IB Input Bias Current Tj=25˚C, (Notes 5, 6) 50 200 pA 8 nA RIN Input Resistance Tj=25˚C AVOL Large Signal Voltage Gain VS= ± 15V, TA=25˚C Over Temperature 13 Tj≤70˚C Tj≤70˚C 25 mV mV µV/˚C pA 1012 Ω 100 V/mV VO= ± 10V, RL=2 kΩ Over Temperature VO Output Voltage Swing VS= ± 15V, RL=10kΩ VCM Input Common-Mode Voltage VS= ± 15V 15 ± 12 ± 11 Range V/mV ± 13.5 V +15 V −12 V CMRR Common-Mode Rejection Ratio RS≤ 10kΩ 70 100 dB PSRR Supply Voltage Rejection Ratio (Note 7) 70 100 dB IS Supply Current 3.6 6.5 mA AC Electrical Characteristics (Note 5) Symbol Parameter Conditions LF353 Min Amplifier to Amplifier Coupling TA=25˚C, f=1 Hz−20 kHz Typ Units Max −120 dB 13 V/µs 4 MHz (Input Referred) Slew Rate VS= ± 15V, TA=25˚C 8.0 GBW Gain Bandwidth Product VS= ± 15V, TA=25˚C 2.7 en Equivalent Input Noise Voltage TA=25˚C, RS=100Ω, in Equivalent Input Noise Current Tj=25˚C, f=1000 Hz SR 16 f=1000 Hz www.national.com 2 0.01 LF353 AC Electrical Characteristics (Continued) (Note 5) Symbol Parameter Conditions LF353 Min THD Total Harmonic Distortion Typ Units Max < 0.02 AV=+10, RL=10k, VO=20Vp−p, BW=20 Hz-20 kHz % Note 2: For operating at elevated temperatures, the device must be derated based on a thermal resistance of 115˚C/W typ junction to ambient for the N package, and 158˚C/W typ junction to ambient for the H package. Note 3: Unless otherwise specified the absolute maximum negative input voltage is equal to the negative power supply voltage. Note 4: The power dissipation limit, however, cannot be exceeded. Note 5: These specifications apply for VS= ± 15V and 0˚C≤TA≤+70˚C. VOS, IBand IOS are measured at VCM=0. Note 6: The input bias currents are junction leakage currents which approximately double for every 10˚C increase in the junction temperature, Tj. Due to the limited production test time, the input bias currents measured are correlated to junction temperature. In normal operation the junction temperature rises above the ambient temperature as a result of internal power dissipation, PD. Tj=TA+θjA PD where θjA is the thermal resistance from junction to ambient. Use of a heat sink is recommended if input bias current is to be kept to a minimum. Note 7: Supply voltage rejection ratio is measured for both supply magnitudes increasing or decreasing simultaneously in accordance with common practice. VS = ± 6V to ± 15V. Note 8: Human body model, 1.5 kΩ in series with 100 pF. Typical Performance Characteristics Input Bias Current Input Bias Current 00564918 00564919 Supply Current Positive Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit 00564921 00564920 3 www.national.com LF353 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Negative Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit Positive Current Limit 00564922 00564923 Negative Current Limit Voltage Swing 00564925 00564924 Output Voltage Swing Gain Bandwidth 00564926 www.national.com 00564927 4 LF353 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Bode Plot Slew Rate 00564929 00564928 Distortion vs. Frequency Undistorted Output Voltage Swing 00564931 00564930 Open Loop Frequency Response Common-Mode Rejection Ratio 00564933 00564932 5 www.national.com LF353 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Power Supply Rejection Ratio Equivalent Input Noise Voltage 00564935 00564934 Open Loop Voltage Gain (V/V) Output Impedance 00564936 00564937 Inverter Settling Time 00564938 www.national.com 6 LF353 Pulse Response Small Signal Non-Inverting Small Signaling Inverting 00564905 00564904 Large Signal Non-Inverting Large Signal Inverting 00564907 00564906 Current Limit (RL = 100Ω) 00564908 supply voltages. However, neither of the input voltages should be allowed to exceed the negative supply as this will cause large currents to flow which can result in a destroyed unit. Exceeding the negative common-mode limit on either input will force the output to a high state, potentially causing a reversal of phase to the output. Exceeding the negative common-mode limit on both inputs will force the amplifier output to a high state. In neither case does a latch occur Application Hints These devices are op amps with an internally trimmed input offset voltage and JFET input devices (BI-FET II). These JFETs have large reverse breakdown voltages from gate to source and drain eliminating the need for clamps across the inputs. Therefore, large differential input voltages can easily be accommodated without a large increase in input current. The maximum differential input voltage is independent of the 7 www.national.com LF353 Application Hints or that the unit is not inadvertently installed backwards in a socket as an unlimited current surge through the resulting forward diode within the IC could cause fusing of the internal conductors and result in a destroyed unit. (Continued) since raising the input back within the common-mode range again puts the input stage and thus the amplifier in a normal operating mode. Exceeding the positive common-mode limit on a single input will not change the phase of the output; however, if both inputs exceed the limit, the output of the amplifier will be forced to a high state. The amplifiers will operate with a common-mode input voltage equal to the positive supply; however, the gain bandwidth and slew rate may be decreased in this condition. When the negative common-mode voltage swings to within 3V of the negative supply, an increase in input offset voltage may occur. Each amplifier is individually biased by a zener reference which allows normal circuit operation on ± 6V power supplies. Supply voltages less than these may result in lower gain bandwidth and slew rate. The amplifiers will drive a 2 kΩ load resistance to ± 10V over the full temperature range of 0˚C to +70˚C. If the amplifier is forced to drive heavier load currents, however, an increase in input offset voltage may occur on the negative voltage swing and finally reach an active current limit on both positive and negative swings. Precautions should be taken to ensure that the power supply for the integrated circuit never becomes reversed in polarity As with most amplifiers, care should be taken with lead dress, component placement and supply decoupling in order to ensure stability. For example, resistors from the output to an input should be placed with the body close to the input to minimize “pick-up” and maximize the frequency of the feedback pole by minimizing the capacitance from the input to ground. A feedback pole is created when the feedback around any amplifier is resistive. The parallel resistance and capacitance from the input of the device (usually the inverting input) to AC ground set the frequency of the pole. In many instances the frequency of this pole is much greater than the expected 3 dB frequency of the closed loop gain and consequently there is negligible effect on stability margin. However, if the feedback pole is less than approximately 6 times the expected 3 dB frequency a lead capacitor should be placed from the output to the input of the op amp. The value of the added capacitor should be such that the RC time constant of this capacitor and the resistance it parallels is greater than or equal to the original feedback pole time constant. Detailed Schematic 00564909 www.national.com 8 LF353 Typical Applications Three-Band Active Tone Control 00564939 00564940 Note 1: All controls flat. Note 2: Bass and treble boost, mid flat. Note 3: Bass and treble cut, mid flat. Note 4: Mid boost, bass and treble flat. Note 5: Mid cut, bass and treble flat. • All potentiometers are linear taper • Use the LF347 Quad for stereo applications 9 www.national.com LF353 Typical Applications (Continued) Improved CMRR Instrumentation Amplifier 00564941 Fourth Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter 00564942 www.national.com 10 LF353 Typical Applications (Continued) Fourth Order High Pass Butterworth Filter 00564943 11 www.national.com LF353 Typical Applications (Continued) Ohms to Volts Converter 00564944 www.national.com 12 LF353 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Order Number LF353M or LF353MX NS Package Number M08A Molded Dual-In-Line Package Order Number LF353N NS Package N08E 13 www.national.com LF353 Wide Bandwidth Dual JFET Input Operational Amplifier Notes LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. BANNED SUBSTANCE COMPLIANCE National Semiconductor certifies that the products and packing materials meet the provisions of the Customer Products Stewardship Specification (CSP-9-111C2) and the Banned Substances and Materials of Interest Specification (CSP-9-111S2) and contain no ‘‘Banned Substances’’ as defined in CSP-9-111S2. National Semiconductor Americas Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] Tel: 1-800-272-9959 www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Customer Support Center Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Support Center Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Customer Support Center Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 Email: [email protected] Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.