SST SST89V516RD-33-I-QIF

FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
FEATURES:
• 8-bit 8051-Compatible Microcontroller (MCU)
with Embedded SuperFlash Memory
– Fully Software Compatible
– Development Toolset Compatible
– Pin-For-Pin Package Compatible
• SST89E516RD2 Operation
– 0 to 40 MHz at 5V
• SST89V516RD2 Operation
– 0 to 33 MHz at 3V
• 1 KByte Internal RAM
• Dual Block SuperFlash EEPROM
– 64 KByte primary block +
8 KByte secondary block
(128-Byte sector size for both blocks)
– Individual Block Security Lock with SoftLock
– Concurrent Operation during
In-Application Programming (IAP)
– Memory Overlay for Interrupt Support during IAP
• Support External Address Range up to 64
KByte of Program and Data Memory
• Three High-Current Drive Ports (16 mA each)
• Three 16-bit Timers/Counters
• Full-Duplex, Enhanced UART
– Framing Error Detection
– Automatic Address Recognition
• Ten Interrupt Sources at 4 Priority Levels
– Four External Interrupt Inputs
• Programmable Watchdog Timer (WDT)
• Programmable Counter Array (PCA)
• Four 8-bit I/O Ports (32 I/O Pins) and
One 4-bit Port
• Second DPTR register
• Low EMI Mode (Inhibit ALE)
• SPI Serial Interface
• Standard 12 Clocks per cycle, the device has an
option to double the speed to 6 clocks per cycle.
• TTL- and CMOS-Compatible Logic Levels
• Brown-out Detection
• Low Power Modes
– Power-down Mode with External Interrupt Wake-up
– Idle Mode
• Temperature Ranges:
– Commercial (0°C to +70°C)
– Industrial (-40°C to +85°C)
• Packages Available
– 40-contact WQFN (Port 4 feature not available)
– 44-lead PLCC
– 40-pin PDIP (Port 4 feature not available)
– 44-lead TQFP
• All non-Pb (lead-free) devices are RoHS compliant
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The SST89E516RDx and SST89V516RDx are members
of the FlashFlex family of 8-bit microcontroller products
designed and manufactured with SST’s patented and proprietary SuperFlash CMOS semiconductor process technology. The split-gate cell design and thick-oxide tunneling
injector offer significant cost and reliability benefits for SST’s
customers. The devices use the 8051 instruction set and
are pin-for-pin compatible with standard 8051 microcontroller devices.
The devices come with 72 KByte of on-chip flash
EEPROM program memory which is partitioned into 2
independent program memory blocks. The primary Block 0
occupies 64 KByte of internal program memory space and
the secondary Block 1 occupies 8 KByte of internal program memory space.
The 8-KByte secondary block can be mapped to the lowest
location of the 64 KByte address space; it can also be hidden from the program counter and used as an independent
EEPROM-like data memory.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
1/07
1
In addition to the 72 KByte of EEPROM program memory
on-chip and 1024 x8 bits of on-chip RAM, the devices can
address up to 64 KByte of external program memory
andup to 64 KByte of external RAM.
The flash memory blocks can be programmed via a standard 87C5x OTP EPROM programmer fitted with a special
adapter and the firmware for SST’s devices. During poweron reset, the devices can be configured as either a slave to
an external host for source code storage or a master to an
external host for an in-application programming (IAP) operation. The devices are designed to be programmed in-system and in-application on the printed circuit board for
maximum flexibility. The devices are pre-programmed with
an example of the bootstrap loader in the memory, demonstrating the initial user program code loading or subsequent
user code updating via the IAP operation. The sample
bootstrap loader is available for the user’s reference and
convenience only; SST does not guarantee its functionality
or usefulness. Chip-Erase or Block-Erase operations will
erase the pre-programmed sample code.
The SST logo, SuperFlash, and FlashFlex are registered trademarks of Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FEATURES: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
LIST OF FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
LIST OF TABLES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.0 FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.0 PIN ASSIGNMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1 Pin Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.0 MEMORY ORGANIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.1 Program Flash Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.2 Program Memory Block Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.3 Data RAM Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.4 Expanded Data RAM Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.5 Dual Data Pointers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.6 Special Function Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.0 FLASH MEMORY PROGRAMMING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.1 Product Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.2 In-Application Programming Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
5.0 TIMERS/COUNTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5.1 Timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5.2 Timer Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5.3 Programmable Clock-Out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
6.0 SERIAL I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
6.1 Full-Duplex, Enhanced UART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
6.2 Serial Peripheral Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
7.0 WATCHDOG TIMER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
8.0 PROGRAMMABLE COUNTER ARRAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
8.1 PCA Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
8.2 PCA Timer/Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
8.3 Compare/Capture Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
9.0 SECURITY LOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
9.1 Hard Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
2
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
9.2 SoftLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
9.3 Security Lock Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
9.4 Read Operation Under Lock Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
10.0 RESET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
10.1 Power-on Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
10.2 Software Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
10.3 Brown-out Detection Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
11.0 INTERRUPTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
11.1 Interrupt Priority and Polling Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
12.0 POWER-SAVING MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
12.1 Idle Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
12.2 Power-down Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
13.0 SYSTEM CLOCK AND CLOCK OPTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
13.1 Clock Input Options and Recommended Capacitor Values for Oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
13.2 Clock Doubling Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
14.0 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
14.1 DC Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
14.2 AC Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
15.0 PRODUCT ORDERING INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
15.1 Valid Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
16.0 PACKAGING DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1-1: Functional Block Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
FIGURE 2-1: Pin Assignments for 40-Contact WQFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
FIGURE 2-2: Pin Assignments for 40-pin PDIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
FIGURE 2-3: Pin Assignments for 44-lead TQFP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
FIGURE 2-4: Pin Assignments for 44-lead PLCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
FIGURE 3-1: Program Memory Organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
FIGURE 3-2: Internal and External Data Memory Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
FIGURE 3-3: Dual Data Pointer Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
FIGURE 6-1: Framing Error Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
FIGURE 6-2: UART Timings in Mode 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
FIGURE 6-3: UART Timings in Modes 2 and 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
FIGURE 6-4: SPI Master-slave Interconnection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
FIGURE 1: SPI Transfer Format with CPHA = 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
3
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
FIGURE 6-5: SPI Transfer Format with CPHA = 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
FIGURE 7-1: Block Diagram of Programmable Watchdog Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
FIGURE 8-1: PCA Timer/Counter and Compare/Capture Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
FIGURE 8-2: PCA Capture Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
FIGURE 8-3: PCA Compare Mode (Software Timer). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
FIGURE 8-4: PCA High Speed Output Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
FIGURE 8-5: PCA Pulse Width Modulator Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
FIGURE 8-6: PCA Watchdog Timer (Module 4 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
FIGURE 9-1: Security Lock Levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
FIGURE 10-1: Power-on Reset Circuit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
FIGURE 11-1: Interrupt Structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
FIGURE 13-1: Oscillator Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
FIGURE 14-1: IDD vs. Frequency for 3V SST89V516RDx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
FIGURE 14-2: IDD vs. Frequency for 5V SST89E516RDx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
FIGURE 14-3: External Program Memory Read Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
FIGURE 14-4: External Data Memory Read Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
FIGURE 14-5: External Data Memory Write Cycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
FIGURE 14-6: External Clock Drive Waveform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
FIGURE 14-7: Shift Register Mode Timing Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
FIGURE 14-8: AC Testing Input/Output Test Waveform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
FIGURE 14-9: Float Waveform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
FIGURE 14-10: A Test Load Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
FIGURE 14-11: IDD Test Condition, Active Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
FIGURE 14-12: IDD Test Condition, Idle Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
FIGURE 14-13: IDD Test Condition, Power-down Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
FIGURE 16-1: 40-contact Very-very-thin Quad Flat No-lead (WQFN). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
FIGURE 16-2: 40-pin Plastic Dual In-line Pins (PDIP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
FIGURE 16-3: 44-lead Plastic Lead Chip Carrier (PLCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
FIGURE 16-4: 44-lead Thin Quad Flat Pack (TQFP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 2-1: Pin Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
TABLE 3-1: SFCF Values for Program Memory Block Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
TABLE 3-2: SFCF Values Under Different Reset Conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
TABLE 3-3: External Data Memory RD#, WR# with EXTRAM bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
TABLE 3-4: FlashFlex SFR Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
TABLE 3-5: CPU related SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
TABLE 3-6: Flash Memory Programming SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
TABLE 3-7: Watchdog Timer SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
TABLE 3-8: Timer/Counters SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
TABLE 3-9: Interface SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
4
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 3-10: PCA SFRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
TABLE 4-1: Product Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
TABLE 4-2: IAP Address Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
TABLE 4-3: IAP Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
TABLE 5-1: Timer/Counter 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
TABLE 5-2: Timer/Counter 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
TABLE 5-3: Timer/Counter 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
TABLE 8-1: PCA Timer/Counter Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
TABLE 8-2: PCA Timer/Counter Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
TABLE 8-3: CMOD Values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
TABLE 8-4: PCA High and Low Register Compare/Capture Modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
TABLE 8-5: PCA Module Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
TABLE 8-6: PCA Module Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
TABLE 8-7: Pulse Width Modulator Frequencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
TABLE 9-1: Security Lock Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
TABLE 9-2: Security Lock Access Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
TABLE 11-1: Interrupt Polling Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
TABLE 12-1: Power Saving Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
TABLE 13-1: Recommended Values for C1 and C2 by Crystal Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
TABLE 13-2: Clock Doubling Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
TABLE 14-1: Operating Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
TABLE 14-2: Reliability Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
TABLE 14-3: AC Conditions of Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
TABLE 14-4: Recommended System Power-up Timings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
TABLE 14-5: Pin Impedance (VDD=3.3V, TA=25°C, f=1 Mhz, other pins open). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
TABLE 14-6: DC Electrical Characteristics for SST89E516RDx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
TABLE 14-7: DC Electrical Characteristics for SST89V516RDx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
TABLE 14-8: AC Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
TABLE 14-9: External Clock Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
TABLE 14-10: Serial Port Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
TABLE 14-11: Flash Memory Programming/Verification Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
TABLE 16-1: Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
5
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
1.0 FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS
8051
CPU Core
ALU,
ACC,
B-Register,
Instruction Register,
Program Counter,
Timing and Control
Interrupt
Control
Oscillator
Flash Control Unit
Watchdog Timer
SuperFlash
EEPROM
Primary
Block
64K x8
RAM
1K x8
8
I/O
I/O Port 0
Secondary
Block
8K x8
10 Interrupts
8
Security
Lock
I/O
I/O Port 1
8
I/O
I/O Port 2
8
Timer 0 (16-bit)
I/O
I/O Port 3
4
Timer 1 (16-bit)
I/O
I/O Port 4
Timer 2 (16-bit)
SPI
PCA
Enhanced
UART
1273 B1.0
FIGURE
1-1: Functional Block Diagram
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
6
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
(CEX2 / MOSI) P1.5
1
P0.3 (AD3)
P0.2 (AD2)
P0.1 (AD1)
P0.0 (AD0)
VDD
P1.0 (T2)
P1.1 (T2 EX)
P1.2 (ECI)
40
P0.4 (AD4)
(CEX3 / MISO) P1.6
P0.5 (AD5)
(CEX4 / SCK) P1.7
P0.6 (AD6)
RST
P0.7 (AD7)
(RXD) P3.0
Top View
(TXD) P3.1
(contacts facing down)
EA#
ALE/PROG#
(A12) P2.4
(A11) P2.3
P2.5 (A13)
(A10) P2.2
(T1) P3.5
(A9) P2.1
P2.6 (A14)
(A8) P2.0
(T0) P3.4
VSS
P2.7 (A15)
XTAL1
(INT1#) P3.3
XTAL2
PSEN#
(RD#) P3.7
(INT0#) P3.2
(WR#) P3.6
FIGURE
P1.3 (CEX0)
P1.4 (CEX1 / SS#)
2.0 PIN ASSIGNMENTS
1273 40-wqfn QI P1.0
2-1: Pin Assignments for 40-Contact WQFN
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
7
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
(T2) P1.0
1
40
VDD
(T2 EX) P1.1
2
39
P0.0 (AD0)
(ECI) P1.2
3
38
P0.1 (AD1)
(CEX0) P1.3
4
37
P0.2 (AD2)
(CEX1 / SS#) P1.4
5
36
P0.3 (AD3)
(CEX2 / MOSI) P1.5
6
35
P0.4 (AD4)
(CEX3 / MISO) P1.6
7
8
P0.6 (AD6)
(RXD) P3.0
34
40-pin PDIP
Top View 33
32
9
31
10
P0.5 (AD5)
(CEX4 / SCK) P1.7
(TXD) P3.1
11
30
ALE/PROG#
(INT0#) P3.2
12
29
PSEN#
(INT1#) P3.3
13
28
P2.7 (A15)
(T0) P3.4
14
27
P2.6 (A14)
(T1) P3.5
15
26
P2.5 (A13)
16
25
P2.4 (A12)
(RD#) P3.7
17
24
P2.3 (A11)
XTAL2
18
23
P2.2 (A10)
XTAL1
19
22
P2.1 (A9)
VSS
20
21
P2.0 (A8)
RST
(WR#) P3.6
P0.7 (AD7)
EA#
1273 40-pdip PI P2.0
P0.3 (AD3)
P0.2 (AD2)
P0.1 (AD1)
P0.0 (AD0)
VDD
P4.2/INT3#
P1.0 (T2)
P1.1 (T2 EX)
P1.2 (ECI)
P1.3 (CEX0)
2-2: Pin Assignments for 40-pin PDIP
P1.4 (SS# / CEX1)
FIGURE
44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34
1
33
P0.4 (AD4)
(CEX3 / MISO) P1.6
2
32
P0.5 (AD5)
(CEX4 / SCK) P1.7
3
31
P0.6 (AD6)
RST
4
30
P0.7 (AD7)
(RXD) P3.0
5
29
EA#
INT2#/P4.3
6
28
P4.1
(TXD) P3.1
7
27
ALE/PROG#
(INT0#) P3.2
8
26
PSEN#
(INT1#) P3.3
9
25
P2.7 (A15)
(T0) P3.4
10
24
P2.6 (A14)
(T1) P3.5
11
23
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
P2.5 (A13)
FIGURE
(A11) P2.3
(A10) P2.2
(A9) P2.1
(A8) P2.0
P4.0
VSS
XTAL1
XTAL2
(RD#) P3.7
(WR#) P3.6
44-lead TQFP
Top View
(A12) P2.4
(CEX2 / MOSI) P1.5
1273 44-tqfp TQJ P3.0
2-3: Pin Assignments for 44-lead TQFP
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
8
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
2 1 44 43 42 41 40
VDD
(CEX2 / MOSI) P1.5
7
39
P0.4 (AD4)
(CEX3 / MISO) P1.6
8
38
P0.5 (AD5)
(CEX4 / SCK) P1.7
9
37
P0.6 (AD6)
RST
10
36
P0.7 (AD7)
(RXD) P3.0
11
35
EA#
INT2#/P4.3
12
34
P4.1
44-lead PLCC
Top View
(T0) P3.4
16
30
P2.6 (A14)
(T1) P3.5
17
29
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
P2.5 (A13)
(A12) P2.4
P2.7 (A15)
(A11) P2.3
31
(A10) P2.2
15
(A9) P2.1
(INT1#) P3.3
(A8) P2.0
PSEN#
P4.0
32
VSS
ALE/PROG#
XTAL1
33
14
XTAL2
13
(RD#) P3.7
(TXD) P3.1
(INT0#) P3.2
(WR#) P3.6
FIGURE
P0.3 (AD3)
P1.0 (T2)
3
P0.2 (AD2)
P1.1 (T2 EX)
4
P0.1 (AD1)
P1.2 (ECI)
5
P0.0 (AD0)
P1.3 (CEX0)
6
P4.2/INT3#
P1.4 (SS# / CEX1)
Data Sheet
1273 44-plcc NJ P4.0
2-4: Pin Assignments for 44-lead PLCC
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
9
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
2.1 Pin Descriptions
TABLE
2-1: Pin Descriptions (1 of 2)
Symbol
Type1
P0[7:0]
I/O
Port 0: Port 0 is an 8-bit open drain bi-directional I/O port. As an output port each pin can
sink several LS TTL inputs. Port 0 pins float that have ‘1’s written to them, and in this state
can be used as high-impedance inputs. Port 0 is also the multiplexed low-order address and
data bus during accesses to external memory. In this application, it uses strong internal pullups when transitioning to VOH. Port 0 also receives the code bytes during the external host
mode programming, and outputs the code bytes during the external host mode verification.
External pull-ups are required during program verification.
P1[7:0]
I/O with internal
pull-ups
Port 1: Port 1 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-ups. The Port 1 output buffers can drive LS TTL inputs. Port 1 pins are pulled high by the internal pull-ups when “1”s
are written to them and can be used as inputs in this state. As inputs, Port 1 pins that are
externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups. P1[5, 6, 7] have
high current drive of 16 mA. Port 1 also receives the low-order address bytes during the
external host mode programming and verification.
P1[0]
I/O
P1[1]
I
T2EX: Timer/Counter 2 capture/reload trigger and direction control
P1[2]
I
ECI: PCA Timer/Counter External Input:
This signal is the external clock input for the PCA timer/counter.
P1[3]
I/O
CEX0: Compare/Capture Module External I/O
Each compare/capture module connects to a Port 1 pin for external I/O. When not used by
the PCA, this pin can handle standard I/O.
P1[4]
I/O
SS#: Master Input or Slave Output for SPI.
OR
CEX1: Compare/Capture Module External I/O
P1[5]
I/O
MOSI: Master Output line, Slave Input line for SPI
OR
CEX2: Compare/Capture Module External I/O
P1[6]
I/O
MISO: Master Input line, Slave Output line for SPI
OR
CEX3: Compare/Capture Module External I/O
P1[7]
I/O
SCK: Master clock output, slave clock input line for SPI
OR
CEX4: Compare/Capture Module External I/O
P2[7:0]
I/O with internal
pull-up
Port 2: Port 2 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 2 pins are pulled
high by the internal pull-ups when “1”s are written to them and can be used as inputs in this
state. As inputs, Port 2 pins that are externally pulled low will source current because of the
internal pull-ups. Port 2 sends the high-order address byte during fetches from external Program memory and during accesses to external Data Memory that use 16-bit address
([email protected]). In this application, it uses strong internal pull-ups when transitioning to
VOH. Port 2 also receives some control signals and high-order address bits during the external host mode programming and verification.
P3[7:0]
I/O with internal
pull-up
Port 3: Port 3 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. The Port 3 output buffers can drive LS TTL inputs. Port 3 pins are pulled high by the internal pull-ups when “1”s
are written to them and can be used as inputs in this state. As inputs, Port 3 pins that are
externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups. Port 3 also
receives some control signals and a partial of high-order address bits during the external
host mode programming and verification.
P3[0]
I
RXD: Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) - Receive input
P3[1]
O
TXD: UART - Transmit output
P3[2]
I
INT0#: External Interrupt 0 Input
Name and Functions
T2: External count input to Timer/Counter 2 or Clock-out from Timer/Counter 2
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
10
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
2-1: Pin Descriptions (Continued) (2 of 2)
Symbol
Type1
P3[3]
I
INT1#: External Interrupt 1 Input
P3[4]
I
T0: External count input to Timer/Counter 0
P3[5]
I
T1: External count input to Timer/Counter 1
P3[6]
O
WR#: External Data Memory Write strobe
P3[7]
O
RD#: External Data Memory Read strobe
PSEN#
I/O
Program Store Enable: PSEN# is the Read strobe to External Program Store. When the
device is executing from Internal Program Memory, PSEN# is inactive (VOH). When the
device is executing code from External Program Memory, PSEN# is activated twice each
machine cycle, except when access to External Data Memory while one PSEN# activation
is skipped in each machine cycle. A forced high-to-low input transition on the PSEN# pin
while the RST input is continually held high for more than ten machine cycles will cause the
device to enter External Host mode for programming.
RST
I
Reset: While the oscillator is running, a high logic state on this pin for two machine cycles
will reset the device. After a reset, if the PSEN# pin is driven by a high-to-low input transition
while the RST input pin is held high, the device will enter the External Host mode, otherwise
the device will enter the Normal operation mode.
EA#
I
External Access Enable: EA# must be driven to VIL in order to enable the device to fetch
code from the External Program Memory. EA# must be driven to VIH for internal program
execution. However, Security lock level 4 will disable EA#, and program execution is only
possible from internal program memory. The EA# pin can tolerate a high voltage2 of 12V.
ALE/PROG#
I/O
Address Latch Enable: ALE is the output signal for latching the low byte of the address
during an access to external memory. This pin is also the programming pulse input
(PROG#) for flash programming. Normally the ALE3 is emitted at a constant rate of 1/6 the
crystal frequency4 and can be used for external timing and clocking. One ALE pulse is
skipped during each access to external data memory. However, if AO is set to 1, ALE is disabled.
P4[3:0]5
I/O with internal
pull-ups
Port 4: Port 4 is an 4-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-ups. The port 4 output buffers can drive LS TTL inputs. Port 4 pins are pulled high by the internal pull-ups when ‘1’s are
written to them and can be used as inputs in this state. As inputs, port 4 pins that are externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups.
P4[0]
I/O
Name and Functions
Bit 0 of port 4
P4[1]
I/O
Bit 1 of port 4
P4[2] / INT3#
I/O
Bit 2 of port 4 / INT3# External interrupt 3 input
P4[3] / INT2#
I/O
Bit 3 of port 4 / INT2# External interrupt 2 input
XTAL1
I
Crystal 1: Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the internal clock generator
circuits.
XTAL2
O
Crystal 2: Output from the inverting oscillator amplifier
VDD
I
Power Supply
VSS
I
Ground
T2-1.0 1273
1. I = Input; O = Output
2. It is not necessary to receive a 12V programming supply voltage during flash programming.
3. ALE loading issue: When ALE pin experiences higher loading (>30pf) during the reset, the MCU may accidentally enter into modes
other than normal working mode. The solution is to add a pull-up resistor of 3-50 KΩ to VDD, e.g. for ALE pin.
4. For 6 clock mode, ALE is emitted at 1/3 of crystal frequency.
5. Port 4 is not present on the PDIP and WQFN packages.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
11
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
3.0 MEMORY ORGANIZATION
The device has separate address spaces for program and
data memory.
selection. Please refer to Figure 3-1 for the program memory configuration. Program bank selection is described in
the next section.
3.1 Program Flash Memory
The 64K x8 primary SuperFlash block is organized as 512
sectors, each sector consists of 128 Bytes.
There are two internal flash memory blocks in the device.
The primary flash memory block (Block 0) has 64 KByte.
The secondary flash memory block (Block 1) has 8 KByte.
Since the total program address space is limited to 64
KByte, the SFCF[1:0] bit are used to control program bank
The 8K x8 secondary SuperFlash block is organized as 64
sectors, each sector consists also of 128 Bytes.
For both blocks, the 7 least significant program address bits
select the byte within the sector. The remainder of the program address bits select the sector within the block.
EA# = 1
SFCF[1:0] = 00
EA# = 0
FFFFH
FFFFH
External
64 KByte
EA# = 1
SFCF[1:0] = 01, 10, 11
FFFFH
56 KByte
Block 0
64 KByte
Block 0
2000H
1FFFH
0000H
0000H
8 KByte
Block 1
0000H
1273 F01.0
FIGURE
3-1: Program Memory Organization
3.2 Program Memory Block Switching
The program memory block switching feature of the device allows either Block 1 or the lowest 8 KByte of Block 0 to be
used for the lowest 8 KByte of the program address space. SFCF[1:0] controls program memory block switching.
TABLE
3-1: SFCF Values for Program Memory Block Switching
SFCF[1:0]
Program Memory Block Switching
01, 10, 11
Block 1 is not visible to the program counter (PC).
Block 1 is reachable only via in-application programming from 0000H - 1FFFH.
00
Block 1 is overlaid onto the low 8K of the program address space; occupying address locations 0000H - 1FFFH.
When the PC falls within 0000H - 1FFFH, the instruction will be fetched from Block 1 instead of Block 0.
Outside of 0000H - 1FFFH, Block 0 is used. Locations 0000H - 1FFFH of Block 0 are reachable through
in-application programming.
T3-1.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
12
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
3.4 Expanded Data RAM Addressing
3.2.1 Reset Configuration of Program Memory
Block Switching
The SST89E/V516RDx have the capability of 1 KByte
RAM. See Figure 3-2.
Program memory block switching is initialized after reset
according to the state of the Start-up Configuration bit SC0.
The SC0 bit is programmed via an external host mode
command or an IAP Mode command. See Table 4-3.
The device has four sections of internal data memory:
1. The lower 128 Bytes of RAM (00H to 7FH) are
directly and indirectly addressable.
Once out of reset, the SFCF[0] bit can be changed dynamically by the program for desired effects. Changing SFCF[0]
will not change the SC0 bit.
2. The higher 128 Bytes of RAM (80H to FFH) are
indirectly addressable.
Caution must be taken when dynamically changing the
SFCF[0] bit. Since this will cause different physical memory
to be mapped to the logical program address space. The
user must avoid executing block switching instructions
within the address range 0000H to 1FFFH.
TABLE
3. The special function registers (80H to FFH) are
directly addressable only.
4. The expanded RAM of 768 Bytes (00H to 2FFH) is
indirectly addressable by the move external
instruction (MOVX) and clearing the EXTRAM bit.
(See “Auxiliary Register (AUXR)” in Section 3.6,
“Special Function Registers”)
3-2: SFCF Values Under Different Reset
Conditions
Since the upper 128 Bytes occupy the same addresses as
the SFRs, the RAM must be accessed indirectly. The RAM
and SFRs space are physically separate even though they
have the same addresses.
State of SFCF[1:0] after:
Power-on
or
External
Reset
WDT Reset
or
Brown-out
Reset
Software
Reset
U (1)
00
(default)
x0
10
P (0)
01
x1
11
SC01
When instructions access addresses in the upper 128
Bytes (above 7FH), the MCU determines whether to
access the SFRs or RAM by the type of instruction given. If
it is indirect, then RAM is accessed. If it is direct, then an
SFR is accessed. See the examples below.
T3-2.0 1273
1. P = Programmed (Bit logic state = 0),
U = Unprogrammed (Bit logic state = 1)
Indirect Access:
MOV
3.3 Data RAM Memory
@R0, #data
; R0 contains 90H
Register R0 points to 90H which is located in the upper
address range. Data in “#data” is written to RAM location
90H rather than port 1.
The data RAM has 1024 bytes of internal memory. The
RAM can be addressed up to 64KB for external data
memory.
Direct Access:
MOV
90H, #data
; write data to P1
Data in “#data” is written to port 1. Instructions that write
directly to the address write to the SFRs.
To access the expanded RAM, the EXTRAM bit must be
cleared and MOVX instructions must be used. The extra
768 bytes of memory is physically located on the chip and
logically occupies the first 768 bytes of external memory
(addresses 000H to 2FFH).
When EXTRAM = 0, the expanded RAM is indirectly
addressed using the MOVX instruction in combination
with any of the registers R0, R1 of the selected bank or
DPTR. Accessing the expanded RAM does not affect
ports P0, P3.6 (WR#), P3.7 (RD#), or P2. With
EXTRAM = 0, the expanded RAM can be accessed as
in the following example.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
address bits. This provides external paging capabilities.
Using MOVX @DPTR generates a 16-bit address. This
allows external addressing up the 64K. Port 2 provides the
high-order eight address bits (DPH), and Port 0 multiplexes
the low order eight address bits (DPL) with data. Both
MOVX @Ri and MOVX @DPTR generates the necessary
read and write signals (P3.6 - WR# and P3.7 - RD#) for
external memory use. Table 3-3 shows external data memory RD#, WR# operation with EXTRAM bit.
Expanded RAM Access (Indirect Addressing only):
MOVX
@DPTR, A
; DPTR contains 0A0H
DPTR points to 0A0H and data in “A” is written to address
0A0H of the expanded RAM rather than external memory.
Access to external memory higher than 2FFH using the
MOVX instruction will access external memory (0300H to
FFFFH) and will perform in the same way as the standard
8051, with P0 and P2 as data/address bus, and P3.6 and
P3.7 as write and read timing signals.
The stack pointer (SP) can be located anywhere within the
256 bytes of internal RAM (lower 128 bytes and upper 128
bytes). The stack pointer may not be located in any part of
the expanded RAM.
When EXTRAM = 1, MOVX @Ri and MOVX @DPTR will
be similar to the standard 8051. Using MOVX @Ri provides an 8-bit address with multiplexed data on Port 0.
Other output port pins can be used to output higher order
TABLE
3-3: External Data Memory RD#, WR# with EXTRAM bit
MOVX @DPTR, A or MOVX A, @DPTR
MOVX @Ri, A or MOVX A, @Ri
AUXR
ADDR < 0300H
ADDR >= 0300H
ADDR = Any
EXTRAM = 0
RD# / WR# not asserted
RD# / WR# asserted
RD# / WR# not asserted1
EXTRAM = 1
RD# / WR# asserted
RD# / WR# asserted
RD# / WR# asserted
T3-3.0 1273
1. Access limited to ERAM address within 0 to 0FFH; cannot access 100H to 02FFH.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
2FFH
Expanded
RAM
768 Bytes
FFH
80H
7FH
(Indirect Addressing)
000H
00H
FFFFH
(Indirect Addressing)
Upper 128 Bytes
Internal RAM
FFH
(Direct Addressing)
Special
Function
Registers
(SFRs)
80H
Lower 128 Bytes
Internal RAM
(Indirect & Direct
Addressing)
(Indirect Addressing)
FFFFH
(Indirect Addressing)
External
Data
Memory
External
Data
Memory
0300H
2FFH
Expanded RAM
000H
0000H
EXTRAM = 0
EXTRAM = 1
1273 F02.0
FIGURE
3-2: Internal and External Data Memory Structure
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
3.5 Dual Data Pointers
The device has two 16-bit data pointers. The DPTR Select (DPS) bit in AUXR1 determines which of the two data
pointers is accessed. When DPS=0, DPTR0 is selected; when DPS=1, DPTR1 is selected. Quickly switching
between the two data pointers can be accomplished by a single INC instruction on AUXR1. (See Figure 3-3)
AUXR1 / bit0
DPS
DPTR1
DPTR0
DPS = 0 → DPTR0
DPS = 1 → DPTR1
DPL
82H
DPH
83H
External Data Memory
1273 F03.0
FIGURE
3-3: Dual Data Pointer Organization
3.6 Special Function Registers
Most of the unique features of the FlashFlex microcontroller family are controlled by bits in special function registers (SFRs) located in the SFR memory map shown in Table 3-4. Individual descriptions of each SFR are provided
and reset values indicated in Tables 3-5 to 3-9.
TABLE
3-4: FlashFlex SFR Memory Map
8 BYTES
F8H
IP11
F0H
B1
E8H
IEA1
E0H
ACC1
D8H
CCON1
D0H
PSW1
C8H
T2CON1
C0H
WDTC1
B8H
IP1
SADEN
B0H
P31
SFCF
A8H
IE1
SADDR
A0H
P21
CH
CCAP0H
CCAP1H
CCAP2H
CCAP3H
CCAP4H
FFH
IP1H
CL
CCAP0L
CCAP1L
CCAP2L
CCAP3L
F7H
CCAP4L
EFH
E7H
CMOD
T2MOD
CCAPM0
RCAP2L
CCAPM1
CCAPM2
RCAP2H
TL2
CCAPM3
CCAPM4
DFH
SPCR
D7H
TH2
CFH
C7H
BFH
SFCM
SFAL
SFAH
SFDT
SPSR
SFST
IPH
B7H
XICON
AUXR1
AFH
P4
98H
SCON1
90H
P11
88H
TCON1
TMOD
TL0
TL1
80H
P01
SP
DPL
DPH
A7H
SBUF
9FH
97H
TH0
TH1
AUXR
WDTD
SPDR
8FH
PCON
87H
T3-4.0 1273
1. Bit addressable SFRs
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
3-5: CPU related SFRs
Symbol Description
Direct
Address
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
MSB
LSB
Reset
Value
ACC1
Accumulator
B1
B Register
F0H
PSW1
Program Status
Word
D0H
SP
Stack Pointer
81H
SP[7:0]
07H
DPL
Data Pointer
Low
82H
DPL[7:0]
00H
DPH
Data Pointer
High
83H
DPH[7:0]
00H
IE1
Interrupt Enable
A8H
EA
EC
ET2
ES
ET1
EX1
ET0
EX0
00H
IEA1
Interrupt
Enable A
E8H
-
-
-
-
EBO
-
-
-
xxxx0xxxb
IP1
Interrupt Priority
Reg
B8H
-
PPC
PT2
PS
PT1
PX1
PT0
PX0
x0000000b
IPH
Interrupt Priority
Reg High
B7H
-
PPCH
PT2H
PSH
PT1H
PX1H
PT0H
PX0H
x0000000b
IP11
Interrupt Priority
Reg A
F8H
-
-
-
-
PBO
PX3
PX2
-
xxxx0xxxb
IP1H
Interrupt Priority
Reg A High
F7H
-
-
-
-
PBOH
PX3H
PX2H
-
xxxx0xxxb
PCON
Power Control
87H
SMOD1
SMOD0
BOF
POF
GF1
GF0
PD
IDL
00010000b
AUXR
Auxiliary Reg
8EH
-
-
-
-
-
-
EXTRAM
AO
xxxxxxx00b
AUXR1
Auxiliary Reg 1
A2H
-
-
-
-
GF2
0
-
DPS
xxxx00x0b
XICON
External
Interrupt Control
AEH
-
EX3
IE3
IT3
0
EX2
IE2
IT2
00H
E0H
ACC[7:0]
00H
B[7:0]
CY
AC
F0
RS1
00H
RS0
OV
F1
P
00H
T3-5.0 1273
1. Bit Addressable SFRs
TABLE
3-6: Flash Memory Programming SFRs
Symbol Description
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
Direct
Address
MSB
LSB
IAPEN
SFCF
SuperFlash
Configuration
B1H
-
SFCM
SuperFlash
Command
B2H
FIE
SFAL
SuperFlash
Address Low
B3H
SuperFlash Low Order Byte Address Register - A7 to A0 (SFAL)
00H
SFAH
SuperFlash
Address High
B4H
SuperFlash High Order Byte Address Register - A15 to A8 (SFAH)
00H
SFDT
SuperFlash
Data
B5H
SuperFlash Data Register
00H
SFST
SuperFlash
Status
B6H
SB1_i
-
-
-
-
SWR BSEL
Reset
Value
FCM[6:0]
SB2_i
SB3_i
-
EDC_i
FLASH_BUSY
x0xxxx00b
00H
-
-
000x00xxb
T3-6.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
3-7: Watchdog Timer SFRs
Direct
Address
Symbol
Description
WDTC1
Watchdog Timer
Control
C0H
WDTD
Watchdog Timer
Data/Reload
85H
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
MSB
-
-
-
WDOUT
WDRE
WDTS
WDT
LSB
Reset
Value
SWDT
xxx00x00b
Watchdog Timer Data/Reload
00H
T3-7.0 1273
1. Bit Addressable SFRs
TABLE
3-8: Timer/Counters SFRs
Direct
Address
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
MSB
LSB
Reset
Value
Symbol
Description
TMOD
Timer/Counter
Mode Control
89H
TCON1
Timer/Counter
Control
88H
TH0
Timer 0 MSB
8CH
TL0
Timer 0 LSB
8AH
TL0[7:0]
00H
TH1
Timer 1 MSB
8DH
TH1[7:0]
00H
TL1
Timer 1 LSB
Timer 1
Timer 0
00H
GATE
C/T#
M1
M0
GATE
C/T#
M1
M0
TF1
TR1
TF0
TR0
IE1
IT1
IE0
IT0
TH0[7:0]
8BH
00H
00H
TL1[7:0]
00H
T2CON1 Timer / Counter 2
Control
C8H
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2#
CP/RL2#
00H
T2MOD
C9H
-
-
-
-
-
-
T2OE
DCEN
xxxxxx00b
Timer2
Mode Control
TH2
Timer 2 MSB
CDH
TH2[7:0]
00H
TL2
Timer 2 LSB
CCH
TL2[7:0]
00H
RCAP2H Timer 2
Capture MSB
CBH
RCAP2H[7:0]
00H
RCAP2L Timer 2
Capture LSB
CAH
RCAP2L[7:0]
00H
T3-8.0 1273
1. Bit Addressable SFRs
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
3-9: Interface SFRs
Symbol Description
SBUF
Serial Data Buffer
SCON1
Serial Port Control
Direct
Address
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
MSB
LSB
99H
98H
SBUF[7:0]
SM0/FE
SM1
SM2
REN
RESET
Value
Indeterminate
TB8
RB8
TI
RI
00H
SADDR Slave Address
A9H
SADDR[7:0]
00H
SADEN Slave Address
Mask
B9H
SADEN[7:0]
00H
SPCR
SPI Control
Register
D5H
SPIE
SPE
SPSR
SPI Status
Register
AAH
SPIF
WCOL
SPDR
SPI Data Register
86H
P01
Port 0
80H
P11
Port 1
90H
P21
Port 2
A0H
P31
Port 3
P42
Port 4
DORD MSTR CPOL CPHA SPR1 SPR0
04H
00H
SPDR[7:0]
00H
P0[7:0]
-
-
-
-
B0H
RD#
WR#
T1
T0
A5H
1
1
1
1
FFH
-
-
T2EX
T2
FFH
TXD
RXD
FFH
P4.1
P4.0
FFH
P2[7:0]
FFH
INT1# INT0#
P4.3
P4.2
T3-9.0 1273
1. Bit Addressable SFRs
2. P4 is similar to P1 and P3 ports
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 3-10: PCA SFRs
Direct
Address MSB
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
LSB
RESET
Value
Symbol
Description
CH
CL
PCA Timer/Counter
F9H
E9H
CCON1
PCA Timer/Counter
Control Register
D8H
CF
CR
-
CCF4
CCF3
CCF2
CCF1
CCF0
00x00000b
CMOD
PCA Timer/Counter
Mode Register
D9H
CIDL
WDTE
-
-
-
CPS1
CPS0
ECF
00xxx000b
CH[7:0]
CL[7:0]
00H
00H
CCAP0H PCA Module 0
CCAP0L Compare/Capture
Registers
FAH
CCAP0H[7:0]
00H
EAH
CCAP0L[7:0]
00H
CCAP1H PCA Module 1
CCAP1L Compare/Capture
Registers
FBH
CCAP1H[7:0]
00H
EBH
CCAP1L[7:0]
00H
CCAP2H PCA Module 2
CCAP2L Compare/Capture
Registers
FCH
CCAP2H[7:0]
00H
ECH
CCAP2L[7:0]
00H
CCAP3H PCA Module 3
CCAP3L Compare/Capture
Registers
FDH
CCAP3H[7:0]
00H
EDH
CCAP3L[7:0]
00H
CCAP4H PCA Module 4
CCAP4L Compare/Capture
Registers
FEH
CCAP4H[7:0]
00H
EEH
CCAP4L[7:0]
00H
CCAPM0 PCA
CCAPM1 Compare/Capture
Module Mode
CCAPM2
Registers
CCAPM3
CCAPM4
DAH
-
ECOM0 CAPP0 CAPN0 MAT0 TOG0 PWM0 ECCF0 x0000000b
DBH
-
ECOM1 CAPP1 CAPN1 MAT1 TOG1 PWM1 ECCF1 x0000000b
DCH
-
ECOM2 CAPP2 CAPN2 MAT2 TOG2 PWM2 ECCF2 x0000000b
DDH
-
ECOM3 CAPP3 CAPN3 MAT3 TOG3 PWM3 ECCF3 x0000000b
DEH
-
ECOM4 CAPP4 CAPN4 MAT4 TOG4 PWM4 ECCF4 x0000000b
T3-10.0 1273
1. Bit Addressable SFRs
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
20
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
SuperFlash Configuration Register (SFCF)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
B1H
-
IAPEN
-
-
-
-
SWR
BSEL
x0xxxx00b
Symbol
Function
IAPEN
Enable IAP operation
0: IAP commands are disabled
1: IAP commands are enabled
SWR
Software Reset
See Section 10.2, “Software Reset”
BSEL
Program memory block switching bit
See Figure 3-1 and Table 3-2
SuperFlash Command Register (SFCM)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
B2H
FIE
FCM6
FCM5
FCM4
FCM3
FCM2
FCM1
FCM0
00H
Symbol
Function
FIE
Flash Interrupt Enable.
0: INT1# is not reassigned.
1: INT1# is re-assigned to signal IAP operation completion.
External INT1# interrupts are ignored.
FCM[6:0]
Flash operation command
000_0001b Chip-Erase
000_1011b Sector-Erase
000_1101b Block-Erase
000_1100b Byte-Verify1
000_1110b Byte-Program
000_1111b Prog-SB1
000_0011b Prog-SB2
000_0101b Prog-SB3
000_1001b Prog-SC0
000_1000bEnable-Clock-Double
All other combinations are not implemented, and reserved for future use.
1. Byte-Verify has a single machine cycle latency and will not generate any INT1# interrupt regardless of FIE.
SuperFlash Address Registers (SFAL)
Location
7
6
B3H
5
4
3
2
1
0
SuperFlash Low Order Byte Address Register
Reset Value
00H
Symbol
Function
SFAL
Mailbox register for interfacing with flash memory block. (Low order address register).
SuperFlash Address Registers (SFAH)
Location
7
B4H
6
5
4
3
2
SuperFlash High Order Byte Address Register
1
0
Reset Value
00H
Symbol
Function
SFAH
Mailbox register for interfacing with flash memory block. (High order address register).
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
SuperFlash Data Register (SFDT)
Location
7
6
5
B5H
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
SuperFlash Data Register
00H
Symbol
Function
SFDT
Mailbox register for interfacing with flash memory block. (Data register).
SuperFlash Status Register (SFST) (Read Only Register)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
B6H
SB1_i
SB2_i
SB3_i
-
EDC_i
FLASH_BUSY
-
-
xxxxx0xxb
Symbol
Function
SB1_i
Security Bit 1 status (inverse of SB1 bit)
SB2_i
Security Bit 2 status (inverse of SB2 bit)
SB3_i
Security Bit 3 status (inverse of SB3 bit)
Please refer to Table 9-1 for security lock options.
EDC_i
Double Clock Status
0: 12 clocks per machine cycle
1: 6 clocks per machine cycle
FLASH_BUSY Flash operation completion polling bit.
0: Device has fully completed the last IAP command.
1: Device is busy with flash operation.
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S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Interrupt Enable (IE)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
A8H
EA
EC
ET2
ES
ET1
EX1
ET0
EX0
00H
Symbol
Function
EA
Global Interrupt Enable.
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
EC
PCA Interrupt Enable.
ET2
Timer 2 Interrupt Enable.
ES
Serial Interrupt Enable.
ET1
Timer 1 Interrupt Enable.
EX1
External 1 Interrupt Enable.
ET0
Timer 0 Interrupt Enable.
EX0
External 0 Interrupt Enable.
Interrupt Enable A (IEA)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
E8H
-
-
-
-
EBO
-
-
-
xxxx0xxxb
Symbol
Function
EBO
Brown-out Interrupt Enable.
1 = Enable the interrupt
0 = Disable the interrupt
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S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Interrupt Priority (IP)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
B8H
-
PPC
PT2
PS
PT1
PX1
PT0
PX0
x0000000b
Symbol
Function
PPC
PCA interrupt priority bit
PT2
Timer 2 interrupt priority bit
PS
Serial Port interrupt priority bit
PT1
Timer 1 interrupt priority bit
PX1
External interrupt 1 priority bit
PT0
Timer 0 interrupt priority bit
PX0
External interrupt 0 priority bit
Interrupt Priority High (IPH)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
B7H
-
PPCH
PT2H
PSH
PT1H
PX1H
PT0H
PX0H
x0000000b
Symbol
Function
PPCH
PCA interrupt priority bit high
PT2H
Timer 2 interrupt priority bit high
PSH
Serial Port interrupt priority bit high
PT1H
Timer 1 interrupt priority bit high
PX1H
External interrupt 1 priority bit high
PT0H
Timer 0 interrupt priority bit high
PX0H
External interrupt 0 priority bit high
Interrupt Priority 1 (IP1)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
F8H
1
-
-
1
PBO
PX3
PX2
1
1xx10001b
Symbol
Function
PBO
Brown-out interrupt priority bit
PX2
External Interrupt 2 priority bit
PX3
External Interrupt 3 priority bit
Interrupt Priority 1 High (IP1H)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
F7H
1
-
-
1
PBOH
PX3H
PX2H
1
1xx10001b
Symbol
Function
PBOH
Brown-out Interrupt priority bit high
PX2H
External Interrupt 2 priority bit high
PX3H
External Interrupt 3 priority bit high
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Auxiliary Register (AUXR)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
8EH
-
-
-
-
-
-
EXTRAM
AO
xxxxxx00b
Symbol
Function
EXTRAM
Internal/External RAM access
0: Internal Expanded RAM access within range of 00H to 2FFH using MOVX @Ri /
@DPTR. Beyond 300H, the MCU always accesses external data memory.
For details, refer to Section 3.4, “Expanded Data RAM Addressing” .
1: External data memory access.
AO
Disable/Enable ALE
0: ALE is emitted at a constant rate of 1/3 the oscillator frequency in 6 clock mode, 1/6 fOSC in
12 clock mode.
1: ALE is active only during a MOVX or MOVC instruction.
Auxiliary Register 1 (AUXR1)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
A2H
-
-
-
-
GF2
0
-
DPS
xxxx00x0b
Symbol
Function
GF2
General purpose user-defined flag.
DPS
DPTR registers select bit.
0: DPTR0 is selected.
1: DPTR1 is selected.
Watchdog Timer Control Register (WDTC)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
C0H
-
-
-
WDOUT
WDRE
WDTS
WDT
SWDT
xxx00000b
Symbol
Function
WDOUT
Watchdog output enable.
0: Watchdog reset will not be exported on Reset pin.
1: Watchdog reset if enabled by WDRE, will assert Reset pin for 32 clocks.
WDRE
Watchdog timer reset enable.
0: Disable watchdog timer reset.
1: Enable watchdog timer reset.
WDTS
Watchdog timer reset flag.
0: External hardware reset or power-on reset clears the flag.
Flag can also be cleared by writing a 1.
Flag survives if chip reset happened because of watchdog timer overflow.
1: Hardware sets the flag on watchdog overflow.
WDT
Watchdog timer refresh.
0: Hardware resets the bit when refresh is done.
1: Software sets the bit to force a watchdog timer refresh.
SWDT
Start watchdog timer.
0: Stop WDT.
1: Start WDT.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Watchdog Timer Data/Reload Register (WDTD)
Location
7
6
5
85H
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
Watchdog Timer Data/Reload
00H
Symbol
Function
WDTD
Initial/Reload value in Watchdog Timer. New value won’t be effective until WDT is set.
PCA Timer/Counter Control Register1 (CCON)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
D8H
CF
CR
-
CCF4
CCF3
CCF2
CCF1
CCF0
00x00000b
1. Bit addressable
Symbol
Function
CF
PCA Counter Overflow Flag
Set by hardware when the counter rolls over. CF flags an interrupt if bit ECF in CMOD
is set. CF may be set by either hardware or software, but can only cleared by software.
CR
PCA Counter Run control bit
Set by software to turn the PCA counter on. Must be cleared by software to turn the
PCA counter off.
-
Not implemented, reserved for future use.
Note: User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
CCF4
PCA Module 4 interrupt flag. Set by hardware when a match or capture occurs.
Must be cleared by software.
CCF3
PCA Module 3 interrupt flag. Set by hardware when a match or capture occurs.
Must be cleared by software.
CCF2
PCA Module 2 interrupt flag. Set by hardware when a match or capture occurs.
Must be cleared by software.
CCF1
PCA Module 1 interrupt flag. Set by hardware when a match or capture occurs.
Must be cleared by software.
CCF0
PCA Module 0 interrupt flag. Set by hardware when a match or capture occurs.
Must be cleared by software.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
PCA Timer/Counter Mode Register1 (CMOD)
Location
D9H
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
CIDL
WDTE
-
-
-
CPS1
CPS0
ECF
00xxx000b
1. Not bit addressable
Symbol
Function
CIDL
Counter Idle Control:
0: Programs the PCA Counter to continue functioning during idle mode
1: Programs the PCA Counter to be gated off during idle
WDTE
Watchdog Timer Enable:
0: Disables Watchdog Timer function on PCA module 4
1: Enables Watchdog Timer function on PCA module 4
-
Not implemented, reserved for future use.
Note: User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
CPS1
PCA Count Pulse Select bit 1
CPS0
PCA Count Pulse Select bit 2
CPS1 CPS0
Selected
PCA Input1
0
0
0
Internal clock, fOSC/6 in 6 clock mode (fOSC/12 in 12 clock mode)
0
1
1
Internal clock, fOSC/2 in 6 clock mode (fOSC/4 in 12 clock mode)
1
0
2
Timer 0 overflow
1
1
3
External clock at ECI/P1.2 pin
(max. rate = fOSC/4 in 6 clock mode, fOSC/8 in 12 clock mode)
1. fOSC = oscillator frequency
ECF
PCA Enable Counter Overflow interrupt:
0: Disables the CF bit in CCON
1: Enables CF bit in CCON to generate an interrupt
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
PCA Compare/Capture Module Mode Register1 (CCAPMn)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
DAH
-
ECOM0
CAPP0
CAPN0
MAT0
TOG0
PWM0
ECCF0
00xxx000b
DBH
-
ECOM1
CAPP1
CAPN1
MAT1
TOG1
PWM1
ECCF1
00xxx000b
DCH
-
ECOM2
CAPP2
CAPN2
MAT2
TOG2
PWM2
ECCF2
00xxx000b
DDH
-
ECOM3
CAPP3
CAPN3
MAT3
TOG3
PWM3
ECCF3
00xxx000b
-
ECOM4
CAPP4
CAPN4
MAT4
TOG4
PWM4
ECCF4
00xxx000b
DEH
1. Not bit addressable
Symbol
Function
-
Not implemented, reserved for future use.
Note: User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
ECOMn
Enable Comparator
0: Disables the comparator function
1: Enables the comparator function
CAPPn
Capture Positive
0: Disables positive edge capture on CEX[4:0]
1: Enables positive edge capture on CEX[4:0]
CAPNn
Capture Negative
0: Disables negative edge capture on CEX[4:0]
1: Enables negative edge capture on CEX[4:0]
MATn
Match: Set ECOM[4:0] and MAT[4:0] to implement the software timer mode
0: Disables software timer mode
1: A match of the PCA counter with this module’s compare/capture register causes the
CCFn bit in CCON to be set, flagging an interrupt.
TOGn
Toggle
0: Disables toggle function
1: A match of the PCA counter with this module’s compare/capture register causes the
the CEXn pin to toggle.
PWMn
Pulse Width Modulation mode
0: Disables PWM mode
1: Enables CEXn pin to be used as a pulse width modulated output
ECCFn
Enable CCF Interrupt
0: Disables compare/capture flag CCF[4:0] in the CCON register to generate an
interrupt request.
1: Enables compare/capture flag CCF[4:0] in the CCON register to generate an
interrupt request.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
SPI Control Register (SPCR)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
D5H
SPIE
SPE
DORD
MSTR
CPOL
CPHA
SPR1
SPR0
00H
Symbol
Function
SPIE
If both SPIE and ES are set to one, SPI interrupts are enabled.
SPE
SPI enable bit.
0: Disables SPI.
1: Enables SPI and connects SS#, MOSI, MISO, and SCK to pins P1.4, P1.5, P1.6, P1.7.
DORD
Data Transmission Order.
0: MSB first in data transmission.
1: LSB first in data transmission.
MSTR
Master/Slave select.
0: Selects Slave mode.
1: Selects Master mode.
CPOL
Clock Polarity
0: SCK is low when idle (Active High).
1: SCK is high when idle (Active Low).
CPHA
Clock Phase control bit. The CPHA bit with the CPOL bit control the clock and data
relationship between master and slave. See Figures 1 and 6-5.
0: Shift triggered on the leading edge of the clock.
1: Shift triggered on the trailing edge of the clock.
SPR1, SPR0
SPI Clock Rate Select bits. These two bits control the SCK rate of the device
configured as master. SPR1 and SPR0 have no effect on the slave. The relationship
between SCK and the oscillator frequency, fOSC, is as follows:
SPR1
SPR0
SCK = fOSC divided by
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
4
16
64
128
SPI Status Register (SPSR)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
AAH
SPIF
WCOL
-
-
-
-
-
-
00xxxxxxb
Symbol
Function
SPIF
SPI Interrupt Flag.
Upon completion of data transfer, this bit is set to 1.
If SPIE =1 and ES =1, an interrupt is then generated.
This bit is cleared by software.
WCOL
Write Collision Flag.
Set if the SPI data register is written to during data transfer.
This bit is cleared by software.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
SPI Data Register (SPDR)
Location
7
6
5
4
86H
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
SPDR[7:0]
00H
Power Control Register (PCON)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
87H
SMOD1
SMOD0
BOF
POF
GF1
GF0
PD
IDL
00010000b
Symbol
Function
SMOD1
Double Baud rate bit. If SMOD1 = 1, Timer 1 is used to generate the baud rate, and the
serial port is used in modes 1, 2, and 3.
SMOD0
FE/SM0 Selection bit.
0: SCON[7] = SM0
1: SCON[7] = FE,
BOF
Brown-out detection status bit, this bit will not be affected by any other reset. BOF
should be cleared by software. Power-on reset will also clear the BOF bit.
0: No brown-out.
1: Brown-out occurred
POF
Power-on reset status bit, this bit will not be affected by any other reset. POF should be
cleared by software.
0: No Power-on reset.
1: Power-on reset occurred
GF1
General-purpose flag bit.
GF0
General-purpose flag bit.
PD
Power-down bit, this bit is cleared by hardware after exiting from power-down mode.
0: Power-down mode is not activated.
1: Activates Power-down mode.
IDL
Idle mode bit, this bit is cleared by hardware after exiting from idle mode.
0: Idle mode is not activated.
1: Activates idle mode.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Serial Port Control Register (SCON)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
98H
SM0/FE
SM1
SM2
REN
TB8
RB8
TI
RI
00000000b
Symbol
Function
FE
Set SMOD0 = 1 to access FE bit.
0: No framing error
1: Framing Error. Set by receiver when an invalid stop bit is detected. This bit needs to
be cleared by software.
SM0
SMOD0 = 0 to access SM0 bit.
Serial Port Mode Bit 0
SM1
Serial Port Mode Bit 1
SM0
0
SM1
0
Mode
0
Description
Shift Register
0
1
1
0
1
2
8-bit UART
9-bit UART
1
1
3
9-bit UART
Baud Rate1
fOSC/6 (6 clock mode) or
fOSC/12 (12 clock mode)
Variable
fOSC/32 or fOSC/16 (6 clock mode)
or
fOSC/64 or fOSC/32 (12 clock mode)
Variable
1. fOSC = oscillator frequency
SM2
Enables the Automatic Address Recognition feature in Modes 2 or 3. If SM2 = 1 then RI
will not be set unless the received 9th data bit (RB8) is 1, indicating an address, and
the received byte is a given or broadcast address. In Mode 1, if SM2 = 1 then RI will not
be activated unless a valid stop bit was received. In Mode 0, SM2 should be 0.
REN
Enables serial reception.
0: to disable reception.
1: to enable reception.
TB8
The 9th data bit that will be transmitted in Modes 2 and 3. Set or clear by software as
desired.
RB8
In Modes 2 and 3, the 9th data bit that was received. In Mode 1, if SM2 = 0, RB8 is the
stop bit that was received. In Mode 0, RB8 is not used.
TI
Transmit interrupt flag. Set by hardware at the end of the 8th bit time in Mode 0, or at
the beginning of the stop bit in the other modes, in any serial transmission, Must be
cleared by software.
RI
Receive interrupt flag. Set by hardware at the end of the8th bit time in Mode 0, or
halfway through the stop bit time in the other modes, in any serial reception (except see
SM2). Must be cleared by software.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Timer/Counter 2 Control Register (T2CON)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
C8H
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2#
CP/RL2#
00H
Symbol
Function
TF2
Timer 2 overflow flag set by a Timer 2 overflow and must be cleared by software. TF2
will not be set when either RCLK or TCLK = 1.
EXF2
Timer 2 external flag set when either a capture or reload is caused by a negative
transition on T2EX and EXEN2 = 1. When Timer 2 interrupt is enabled, EXF2 = 1 will
cause the CPU to vector to the Timer 2 interrupt routine. EXF2 must be cleared by
software. EXF2 does not cause an interrupt in up/down counter mode (DCEN = 1).
RCLK
Receive clock flag. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for
its receive clock in modes 1 and 3. RCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflow to be used for
the receive clock.
TCLK
Transmit clock flag. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for
its transmit clock in modes 1 and 3. TCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflow to be used for
the transmit clock.
EXEN2
Timer 2 external enable flag. When set, allows a capture or reload to occur as a result
of a negative transition on T2EX if Timer 2 is not being used to clock the serial port.
EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore events at T2EX.
TR2
Start/stop control for Timer 2. A logic 1 starts the timer.
C/T2#
Timer or counter select (Timer 2)
0: Internal timer (OSC/6 in 6 clock mode, OSC/12 in 12 clock mode)
1: External event counter (falling edge triggered)
CP/RL2#
Capture/Reload flag. When set, captures will occur on negative transitions at T2EX if
EXEN2 = 1. When cleared, auto-reloads will occur either with Timer 2 overflows or
negative transitions at T2EX when EXEN2 = 1. When either RCLK = 1 or TCLK = 1,
this bit is ignored and the timer is forced to auto-reload on Timer 2 overflow.
Timer/Counter 2 Mode Control (T2MOD)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
C9H
-
-
-
-
-
-
T2OE
DCEN
xxxxxx00b
Symbol
Function
-
Not implemented, reserved for future use.
Note: User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
T2OE
Timer 2 Output Enable bit.
DCEN
Down Count Enable bit. When set, this allows Timer 2 to be configured as an up/down
counter.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
External Interrupt Control (XICON)
Location
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reset Value
AEH
-
EX3
IE3
IT3
0
EX2
IE2
IT2
00H
Symbol
Function
EX2
External Interrupt 2
Enable bit if set
IE2
Interrupt Enable
If IT2=1, IE2 is set/cleared automatically by hardware when interrupt is detected/
serviced.
IT2
External Interrupt 2 is falling-edge/low-level triggered when this bit is cleared by
software.
EX3
External Interrupt 3
Enable bit if set
IE3
Interrupt Enable
If IT3=1, IE3 is set/cleared automatically by hardware when interrupt is detected/
serviced.
IT3
External Interrupt3 is falling-edge/low-level triggered when this bit is cleared by
software.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
4.0 FLASH MEMORY PROGRAMMING
4.2.1 In-Application Programming Mode Clock
Source
The device internal flash memory can be programmed or
erased using In-Application Programming (IAP) mode
During IAP mode, both the CPU core and the flash controller unit are driven off the external clock. However, an internal oscillator will provide timing references for Program and
Erase operations. The internal oscillator is only turned on
when required, and is turned off as soon as the flash operation is completed.
4.1 Product Identification
The Read-ID command accesses the Signature Bytes that
identify the device and the manufacturer as SST. External
programmers primarily use these Signature Bytes in the
selection of programming algorithms.
TABLE
4.2.2 Memory Bank Selection for In-Application
Programming Mode
4-1: Product Identification
Address
Data
30H
BFH
SST89E516RD2/RD
31H
93H
SST89V516RD2/RD
31H
Manufacturer’s ID
With the addressing range limited to 16 bit, only 64 KByte
of program address space is “visible” at any one time. As
shown in Table 4-2, the bank selection (the configuration of
EA# and SFCF[1:0]), allows Block 1 memory to be overlaid
on the lowest 8 KByte of Block 0 memory, making Block 1
reachable. The same concept is employed to allow both
Block 0 and Block 1 flash to be accessible to IAP operations. Code from a block that is not visible may not be used
as a source to program another address. However, a block
that is not “visible” may be programmed by code from the
other block through mailbox registers.
Device ID
92H
T4-1.0 1273
4.2 In-Application Programming Mode
The device offers either 72 KByte of in-application programmable flash memory. During in-application programming, the CPU of the microcontroller enters IAP mode. The
two blocks of flash memory allow the CPU to execute user
code from one block, while the other is being erased or
reprogrammed concurrently. The CPU may also fetch code
from an external memory while all internal flash is being
reprogrammed. The mailbox registers (SFST, SFCM,
SFAL, SFAH, SFDT and SFCF) located in the special function register (SFR), control and monitor the device’s erase
and program process.
The device allows IAP code in one block of memory to program the other block of memory, but may not program any
location in the same block. If an IAP operation originates
physically from Block 0, the target of this operation is implicitly defined to be in Block 1. If the IAP operation originates
physically from Block 1, then the target address is implicitly
defined to be in Block 0. If the IAP operation originates from
external program space, then, the target will depend on the
address and the state of bank selection.
Table 4-3 outline the commands and their associated mailbox register settings.
4.2.3 IAP Enable Bit
The IAP enable bit, SFCF[6], enables in-application programming mode. Until this bit is set, all flash programming
IAP commands will be ignored.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
4-2: IAP Address Resolution
EA#
SFCF[1:0]
Address of IAP Inst.
Target Address
Block Being Programmed
1
00
>= 2000H (Block 0)
>= 2000H (Block 0)
None1
1
00
>= 2000H (Block 0)
< 2000H (Block 1)
Block 1
1
00
< 2000H (Block 1)
Any (Block 0)
Block 0
1
01, 10, 11
Any (Block 0)
>= 2000H (Block 0)
None1
1
01, 10, 11
Any (Block 0)
< 2000H (Block 1)
Block 1
0
00
From external
>= 2000H (Block 0)
Block 0
0
00
From external
< 2000H (Block 1)
Block 1
0
01, 10, 11
From external
Any (Block 0)
Block 0
T4-2.0 1273
1. No operation is performed because code from one block may not program the same originating block
4.2.4 In-Application Programming Mode
Commands
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
All of the following commands can only be initiated in the
IAP mode. In all situations, writing the control byte to the
SFCM register will initiate all of the operations. All commands will not be enabled if the security locks are enabled
on the selected memory block.
Set-Up
MOV SFDT, #55H
The Program command is for programming new data into
the memory array. The portion of the memory array to be
programmed should be in the erased state, FFH. If the
memory is not erased, it should first be erased with an
appropriate Erase command. Warning: Do not attempt to
write (program or erase) to a block that the code is currently fetching from. This will cause unpredictable program behavior and may corrupt program data.
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #01H
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #81H
SFST[2] indicates
operation completion
INT1 interrupt
indicates completion
1273 F05.0
4.2.4.1 Chip-Erase
The Chip-Erase command erases all bytes in both memory
blocks. This command is only allowed when EA#=0 (external memory execution). Additionally this command is not
permitted when the device is in level 4 locking. In all other
instances, this command ignores the Security Lock status
and will erase the security lock bits and re-map bits.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
4.2.4.4 Byte-Program
The Byte-Program command programs data into a single
byte. The address is determined by the contents of SFAH
and SFAL. The data byte is in SFDT.
4.2.4.2 Block-Erase
The Block-Erase command erases all bytes in one of two
memory blocks (Block 0 or Block 1). The selection of the
memory block to be erased is determined by the
SFCF[1:0]. The Block-Erase command sequence for
SST89x516RDx is as follows:
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
Program byte address
MOV SFAH, #byte_addressH
MOV SFAL, #byte_addressL
Select Block
Configure SFCF[1:0]*
Set-Up
MOV SFDT, #55H
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #0DH
SFST[2] indicates
operation completion
Move data to SFDT
MOV SFDT, #data
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #8DH
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #0EH
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #8EH
SFST[2] indicates
operation completion
INT1 interrupt
indicates completion
INT1 interrupt
indicates completion
1273 F06.0
* see Table 4-2
1273 F08.0
4.2.4.3 Sector-Erase
The Sector-Erase command erases all of the bytes in a
sector. The sector size for the flash memory blocks is 128
Bytes. The selection of the sector to be erased is determined by the contents of SFAH and SFAL.
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
Program sector address
MOV SFAH, #sector_addressH
MOV SFAL, #sector_addressL
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #0BH
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #8BH
SFST[2] indicates
operation completion
INT1 interrupt
indicates completion
1273 F07.0
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
4.2.4.5 Byte-Verify
The Byte-Verify command allows the user to verify that the
device has correctly performed an Erase or Program command. Byte-Verify command returns the data byte in SFDT
if the command is successful. The user is required to check
that the previous flash operation has fully completed before
issuing a Byte-Verify. Byte-Verify command execution time
is short enough that there is no need to poll for command
completion and no interrupt is generated.
4.2.4.7 Prog-SC0
Prog-SC0 command is used to program the SC0 bit. This
command only changes the SC0 bit and has no effect on
BSEL bit until after a reset cycle.
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
Program byte address
MOV SFAH, #byte_addressH
MOV SFAL, #byte_addressL
Set-up Program SC0
MOV SFAH, #5AH
MOV SFDT, #0AAH
SC0 bit previously in un-programmed state can be programmed by this command. The Prog-SC0 command
should reside only in Block 1 or external code memory.
MOV SFCM, #0CH
SFDT register
contains data
1273 F09.0
4.2.4.6 Prog-SB3, Prog-SB2, Prog-SB1
Prog-SB3, Prog-SB2, Prog-SB1 commands are used to
program the security bits (see Table 9-1). Completion of
any of these commands, the security options will be
updated immediately.
Program SC0
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #09H
Program SC0
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #89H
Polling SFST[2]
indicates completion
INT1# Interrupt
indicates completion
1273 F11.0
4.2.4.8 Enable-Clock-Double
Enable-Clock-Double command is used to make the MCU
run at 6 clocks per machine cycle. The standard (default) is
12 clocks per machine cycle (i.e. clock double command
disabled).
Security bits previously in un-programmed state can be
programmed by these commands. Prog-SB3, Prog-SB2
and Prog-SB1 commands should only reside in Block 1 or
external code memory.
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
IAP Enable
ORL SFCF, #40H
Set-up Enable-Clock-Double
MOV SFAH, #55H
MOV SFDT, #0AAH
Set-Up
MOV SFDT, #0AAH
Program SB1
MOV SFCM, #0FH
or
MOV SFCM, #8FH
OR
Program SB2
MOV SFCM, #03H
or
MOV SFCM, #83H
OR
Program Enable-Clock-Double
Polling scheme
MOV SFCM, #08H
Program SB3
MOV SFCM, #05H
or
MOV SFCM, #85H
Polling SFST[2]
indicates completion
Polling SFST[2]
indicates completion
INT1# Interrupt
indicates completion
Program Enable-Clock-Double
Interrupt scheme
MOV SFCM, #88H
INT1# Interrupt
indicates completion
1273 F12.0
1273 F10.0
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
4.2.6 Interrupt Termination
There are no IAP counterparts for the external host commands Select-Block0 and Select-Block1.
If interrupt termination is selected, (SFCM[7] is set), then
an interrupt (INT1) will be generated to indicate flash operation completion. Under this condition, the INT1 becomes an
internal interrupt source. The INT1# pin can now be used
as a general purpose port pin and it cannot be the source
of External Interrupt 1 during in-application programming.
4.2.5 Polling
A command that uses the polling method to detect flash
operation completion should poll on the FLASH_BUSY bit
(SFST[2]). When FLASH_BUSY de-asserts (logic 0), the
device is ready for the next operation.
In order to use an interrupt to signal flash operation termination. EX1 and EA bits of IE register must be set. The IT1
bit of TCON register must also be set for edge trigger
detection.
MOVC instruction may also be used for verification of the
Programming and Erase operation of the flash memory.
MOVC instruction will fail if it is directed at a flash block that
is still busy.
.
TABLE
4-3: IAP Commands1
SFCM [6:0]2
Operation
Chip-Erase3
Block-Erase5
Sector-Erase5
Byte-Program5
SFAH [7:0]
SFAL [7:0]
01H
55H
X4
X
0DH
55H
AH
X
0BH
X
AH6
AL7
0EH
DI8
AH
AL
0CH
DO8
AH
AL
Prog-SB19
0FH
AAH
X
X
Prog-SB29
03H
AAH
X
X
Prog-SB39
05H
AAH
X
X
Prog-SC09
09H
AAH
5AH
X
Enable-Clock-Double9
08H
AAH
55H
X
Byte-Verify
(Read)5
SFDT [7:0]
T4-3.0 1273
1. SFCF[6]=1 enables IAP commands; SFCF[6]=0 disables IAP commands.
2. Interrupt/Polling enable for flash operation completion
SFCM[7] = 1: Interrupt enable for flash operation completion
0: polling enable for flash operation completion
3. Chip-Erase only functions in IAP mode when EA#=0 (external memory execution) and device is not in level 4 locking.
4. X can be VIL or VIH, but no other value.
5. Refer to Table 4-2 for address resolution
6. AH = Address high order byte
7. AL = Address low order byte
8. DI = Data Input, DO = Data Output, all other values are in hex.
9. Instruction must be located in Block 1 or external code memory.
Note: DISIAPL pin in PLCC or TQFP will also disable IAP commands if it is externally pulled low when reset.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
5.0 TIMERS/COUNTERS
5.1 Timers
TABLE
TMOD
The device has three 16-bit registers that can be used as
either timers or event counters. The three timers/counters
are denoted Timer 0 (T0), Timer 1 (T1), and Timer 2 (T2).
Each is designated a pair of 8-bit registers in the SFRs.
The pair consists of a most significant (high) byte and least
significant (low) byte. The respective registers are TL0,
TH0, TL1, TH1, TL2, and TH2.
Used as
Timer
5.2 Timer Set-up
Used as
Counter
Refer to Table 3-8 for TMOD, TCON, and T2CON registers
regarding timers T0, T1, and T2. The following tables provide TMOD values to be used to set up Timers T0, T1, and
T2.
Mode
Function
Internal
Control1
External
Control2
0
13-bit Timer
00H
80H
1
16-bit Timer
10H
90H
2
8-bit Auto-Reload
20H
A0H
3
Does not run
30H
B0H
0
13-bit Timer
40H
C0H
1
16-bit Timer
50H
D0H
2
8-bit Auto-Reload
60H
E0H
3
Not available
-
1. The Timer is turned ON/OFF by setting/clearing bit
TR1 in the software.
2. The Timer is turned ON/OFF by the 1 to 0 transition
on INT1# (P3.3) when TR1 = 1 (hardware control).
TABLE
5-1: Timer/Counter 0
5-3: Timer/Counter 2
T2CON
TMOD
Used as
Timer
Used as
Counter
T5-2.0 1273
Except for the baud rate generator mode, the values given
for T2CON do not include the setting of the TR2 bit. Therefore, bit TR2 must be set separately to turn the timer on.
TABLE
5-2: Timer/Counter 1
External
Control2
Mode
Internal
Control1
External
Control2
16-bit Auto-Reload
00H
08H
Mode
Function
Internal
Control1
0
13-bit Timer
00H
08H
1
16-bit Timer
01H
09H
02H
Used as
Timer
0AH
16-bit Capture
01H
09H
Baud rate generator
receive and transmit
same baud rate
34H
36H
Receive only
24H
26H
2
8-bit Auto-Reload
3
Two 8-bit Timers
03H
0BH
0
13-bit Timer
04H
0CH
1
16-bit Timer
05H
0DH
Transmit only
14H
16H
2
8-bit Auto-Reload
06H
0EH
16-bit Auto-Reload
02H
0AH
3
Two 8-bit Timers
07H
0FH
16-bit Capture
03H
0BH
Used as
Counter
T5-1.0 1273
T5-3.0 1273
1. The Timer is turned ON/OFF by setting/clearing
bit TR0 in the software.
2. The Timer is turned ON/OFF by the 1 to 0 transition
on INT0# (P3.2) when TR0 = 1 (hardware control).
1. Capture/Reload occurs only on timer/counter overflow.
2. Capture/Reload occurs on timer/counter overflow and a 1
to 0 transition on T2EX (P1.1) pin except when Timer 2 is
used in the baud rate generating mode.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
5.3 Programmable Clock-Out
6.0 SERIAL I/O
A 50% duty cycle clock can be programmed to come out
on P1.0. This pin, besides being a regular I/O pin, has two
alternate functions. It can be programmed:
6.1 Full-Duplex, Enhanced UART
The device serial I/O port is a full-duplex port that allows
data to be transmitted and received simultaneously in
hardware by the transmit and receive registers, respectively, while the software is performing other tasks. The
transmit and receive registers are both located in the
Serial Data Buffer (SBUF) special function register. Writing to the SBUF register loads the transmit register, and
reading from the SBUF register obtains the contents of
the receive register.
1. to input the external clock for Timer/Counter 2, or
2. to output a 50% duty cycle clock ranging from 122
Hz to 8 MHz at a 16 MHz operating frequency (61
Hz to 4 MHz in 12 clock mode).
To configure Timer/Counter 2 as a clock generator, bit
C/#T2 (in T2CON) must be cleared and bit T20E in
T2MOD must be set. Bit TR2 (T2CON.2) also must be set
to start the timer.
The UART has four modes of operation which are selected
by the Serial Port Mode Specifier (SM0 and SM1) bits of
the Serial Port Control (SCON) special function register. In
all four modes, transmission is initiated by any instruction
that uses the SBUF register as a destination register.
Reception is initiated in mode 0 when the Receive Interrupt
(RI) flag bit of the Serial Port Control (SCON) SFR is
cleared and the Reception Enable/ Disable (REN) bit of the
SCON register is set. Reception is initiated in the other
modes by the incoming start bit if the REN bit of the SCON
register is set.
The Clock-Out frequency depends on the oscillator frequency and the reload value of Timer 2 capture registers
(RCAP2H, RCAP2L) as shown in this equation:
Oscillator Frequency
n x (65536 - RCAP2H, RCAP2L)
n=
2 (in 6 clock mode)
4 (in 12 clock mode)
Where (RCAP2H, RCAP2L) = the contents of RCAP2H
and RCAP2L taken as a 16-bit unsigned integer.
6.1.1 Framing Error Detection
In the Clock-Out mode, Timer 2 roll-overs will not generate
an interrupt. This is similar to when it is used as a baud-rate
generator. It is possible to use Timer 2 as a baud-rate generator and a clock generator simultaneously. Note, however, that the baud-rate and the Clock-Out frequency will
not be the same.
SM0/FE
SM1
SM2
REN
TB8
Framing Error Detection is a feature, which allows the
receiving controller to check for valid stop bits in modes 1,
2, or 3. Missing stops bits can be caused by noise in serial
lines or from simultaneous transmission by two CPUs.
Framing Error Detection is selected by going to the PCON
register and changing SMOD0 = 1 (see Figure 6-1). If a
stop bit is missing, the Framing Error bit (FE) will be set.
Software may examine the FE bit after each reception to
check for data errors. After the FE bit has been set, it can
only be cleared by software. Valid stop bits do not clear FE.
When FE is enabled, RI rises on the stop bit, instead of the
last data bit (see Figure 6-2 and Figure 6-3).
RB8
TI
RI
SCON
(98H)
Set FE bit if stop bit is 0 (framing error) (SMOD0 = 1)
SM0 to UART mode control (SMOD0 = 0)
SMOD1 SMOD0
BOF
POF
GF1
GF0
PD
IDL
PCON
(87H)
To UART framing error control
1273 F13.0
FIGURE
6-1: Framing Error Block Diagram
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
40
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
RXD
D0
D1
D2
Start
bit
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
Data byte
Stop
bit
RI
SMOD0=X
FE
SMOD0=1
1273 F14.0
FIGURE
6-2: UART Timings in Mode 1
RXD
D0
Start
bit
D1
D2
D3
D4
Data byte
D5
D6
D7
D8
Ninth
bit
Stop
bit
RI
SMOD0=0
RI
SMOD0=1
FE
SMOD0=1
1273 F15.0
FIGURE
6-3: UART Timings in Modes 2 and 3
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
41
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
6.1.2 Automatic Address Recognition
Slave 2
Automatic Address Recognition helps to reduce the MCU
time and power required to talk to multiple serial devices.
Each device is hooked together sharing the same serial
link with its own address. In this configuration, a device is
only interrupted when it receives its own address, thus
eliminating the software overhead to compare addresses.
1111 0011
SADEN =
1111 1001
GIVEN
= 1111 0XX1
6.1.2.1 Using the Given Address to Select Slaves
Any bits masked off by a 0 from SADEN become a “don’t
care” bit for the given address. Any bit masked off by a 1,
becomes ANDED with SADDR. The “don’t cares” provide
flexibility in the user-defined addresses to address more
slaves when using the given address.
This same feature helps to save power because it can be
used in conjunction with idle mode to reduce the system’s
overall power consumption. Since there may be multiple
slaves hooked up serial to one master, only one slave
would have to be interrupted from idle mode to respond to
the master’s transmission. Automatic Address Recognition
(AAR) allows the other slaves to remain in idle mode while
only one is interrupted. By limiting the number of interruptions, the total current draw on the system is reduced.
Shown in the example above, Slave 1 has been given an
address of 1111 0001 (SADDR). The SADEN byte has
been used to mask off bits to a given address to allow more
combinations of selecting Slave 1 and Slave 2. In this case
for the given addresses, the last bit (LSB) of Slave 1 is a
“don’t care” and the last bit of Slave 2 is a 1. To communicate with Slave 1 and Slave 2, the master would need to
send an address with the last bit equal to 1 (e.g. 1111
0001) since Slave 1’s last bit is a don’t care and Slave 2’s
last bit has to be a 1. To communicate with Slave 1 alone,
the master would send an address with the last bit equal to
0 (e.g. 1111 0000), since Slave 2’s last bit is a 1. See the
table below for other possible combinations.
There are two ways to communicate with slaves: a group of
them at once, or all of them at once. To communicate with a
group of slaves, the master sends out an address called
the given address. To communicate with all the slaves, the
master sends out an address called the “broadcast”
address.
AAR can be configured as mode 2 or 3 (9-bit modes) and
setting the SM2 bit in SCON. Each slave has its own SM2
bit set waiting for an address byte (9th bit = 1). The Receive
Interrupt (RI) flag will only be set when the received byte
matches either the given address or the broadcast
address. Next, the slave then clears its SM2 bit to enable
reception of the data bytes (9th bit = 0) from the master.
When the 9th bit = 1, the master is sending an address.
When the 9th bit = 0, the master is sending actual data.
Select Slave 1 Only
Slave 1
If mode 1 is used, the stop bit takes the place of the 9th bit.
Bit RI is set only when the received command frame
address matches the device’s address and is terminated
by a valid stop bit. Note that mode 0 cannot be used. Setting SM2 bit in the SCON register in mode 0 will have no
effect.
Given Address
Possible Addresses
1111 0X0X
1111 0000
1111 0100
Select Slave 2 Only
Slave 2
Given Address
Possible Addresses
1111 0XX1
1111 0111
1111 0011
Select Slaves 1 & 2
Each slave’s individual address is specified by SFR
SADDR. SFR SADEN is a mask byte that defines “don’t
care” bits to form the given address when combined with
SADDR. See the example below:
Slaves 1 & 2
Possible Addresses
1111 0001
1111 0101
If the user added a third slave such as the example below:
Slave 1
SADDR =
1111 0001
SADEN =
1111 1010
GIVEN
SADDR =
Slave 3
SADDR = 1111 1001
= 1111 0X0X
SADEN = 1111 0101
GIVEN
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
= 1111 X0X1
S71273-03-000
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
6.2 Serial Peripheral Interface
Select Slave 3 Only
Slave 2
Given Address
Possible Addresses
1111 X0X1
1111 1011
1111 1001
6.2.1 SPI Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The user could use the possible addresses above to select
slave 3 only. Another combination could be to select slave 2
and 3 only as shown below.
Select Slaves 2 & 3 Only
Slaves 2 & 3
Master or slave operation
10 MHz bit frequency (max)
LSB first or MSB first data transfer
Four programmable bit rates
End of transmission (SPIF)
Write collision flag protection (WCOL)
Wake up from idle mode (slave mode only)
Possible Addresses
6.2.2 SPI Description
1111 0011
The serial peripheral interface (SPI) allows high-speed synchronous data transfer between the SST89E/V516RDx
and peripheral devices or between several SST89E/
V516RDx devices.
More than one slave may have the same SADDR address
as well, and a given address could be used to modify the
address so that it is unique.
Figure 6-4 shows the correspondence between master
and slave SPI devices. The SCK pin is the clock output and
input for the master and slave modes, respectively. The SPI
clock generator will start following a write to the master
devices SPI data register. The written data is then shifted
out of the MOSI pin on the master device into the MOSI pin
of the slave device. Following a complete transmission of
one byte of data, the SPI clock generator is stopped and
the SPIF flag is set. An SPI interrupt request will be generated if the SPI Interrupt Enable bit (SPIE) and the Serial
Port Interrupt Enable bit (ES) are both set.
6.1.2.2 Using the Broadcast Address to Select Slaves
Using the broadcast address, the master can communicate
with all the slaves at once. It is formed by performing a logical OR of SADDR and SADEN with ‘0’s in the result treated
as “don’t cares”.
Slave 1
1111 0001 = SADDR
+1111 1010 = SADEN
1111 1X11 = Broadcast
An external master drives the Slave Select input pin, SS#/
P1[4], low to select the SPI module as a slave. If SS#/P1[4]
has not been driven low, then the slave SPI unit is not
active and the MOSI/P1[5] port can also be used as an
input port pin.
“Don’t cares” allow for a wider range in defining the broadcast address, but in most cases, the broadcast address will
be FFH.
On reset, SADDR and SADEN are “0”. This produces an
given address of all “don’t cares” as well as a broadcast
address of all “don’t cares.” This effectively disables Automatic Addressing mode and allows the microcontroller to
function as a standard 8051, which does not make use of
this feature.
MSB Master LSB
CPHA and CPOL control the phase and polarity of the SPI
clock. Figures 1 and 6-5 show the four possible combinations of these two bits.
MISO MISO
8-bit Shift Register
MSB Slave LSB
8-bit Shift Register
MOSI MOSI
SPI
Clock Generator
SCK
SCK
SS#
SS#
VDD VSS
FIGURE
1273 F16.0
6-4: SPI Master-slave Interconnection
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
43
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
6.2.3 SPI Transfer Formats
SCK Cycle #
(for reference)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
SCK (CPOL=0)
SCK (CPOL=1)
MOSI
(from Master)
MISO
(from Slave)
MSB
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
LSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
LSB
SS# (to Slave)
1273 F17.0
FIGURE 1: SPI Transfer Format with CPHA = 0
SCK Cycle #
(for reference)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
SCK (CPOL=0)
SCK (CPOL=1)
MOSI
(from Master)
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
MISO
(from Slave)
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
LSB
LSB
SS# (to Slave)
1273 F18.0
FIGURE
6-5: SPI Transfer Format with CPHA = 1
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
7.0 WATCHDOG TIMER
The device offers a programmable Watchdog Timer (WDT)
for fail safe protection against software deadlock and automatic recovery.
The WDTS flag bit is set by WDT overflow and is not
changed by WDT reset. User software can clear WDTS by
writing “1” to it.
To protect the system against software deadlock, the user
software must refresh the WDT within a user-defined time
period. If the software fails to do this periodical refresh, an
internal hardware reset will be initiated if enabled (WDRE=
1). The software can be designed such that the WDT times
out if the program does not work properly.
Figure 7-1 provides a block diagram of the WDT. Two SFRs
(WDTC and WDTD) control watchdog timer operation.
During idle mode, WDT operation is temporarily suspended, and resumes upon an interrupt exit from idle.
The time-out period of the WDT is calculated as follows:
Period = (255 - WDTD) * 344064 * 1/fCLK (XTAL1)
The WDT in the device uses the system clock (XTAL1) as
its time base. So strictly speaking, it is a watchdog counter
rather than a watchdog timer. The WDT register will increment every 344,064 crystal clocks. The upper 8-bits of the
time base register (WDTD) are used as the reload register
of the WDT.
CLK (XTAL1)
Counter
where WDTD is the value loaded into the WDTD register
and fOSC is the oscillator frequency.
344064
clks
WDT Reset
WDT Upper Byte
Internal Reset
Ext. RST
WDTC
WDTD
1273 F19.0
FIGURE
7-1: Block Diagram of Programmable Watchdog Timer
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
45
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
8.0 PROGRAMMABLE COUNTER ARRAY
PCA. External events associated with modules are shared
with corresponding Port 1 pins. Modules not using the port
pins can still be used for standard I/O.
The Programmable Counter Array (PCA) present on the
SST89E/V516RDx is a special 16-bit timer that has five 16bit capture/compare modules. Each of the modules can be
programmed to operate in one of four modes: rising and/or
falling edge capture, software timer, high-speed output, or
pulse width modulator. The 5th module can be programmed as a Watchdog Timer in addition to the other four
modes. Each module has a pin associated with it in port 1.
Module 0 is connected to P1.3 (CEX0), module 1 to P1[4]
(CEX1), module 2 to P1[5] (CEX2), module 3 to P1[6]
(CEX3), and module 4 to P1[7] (CEX4). PCA configuration
is shown in Figure 8-1.
Each of the five modules can be programmed in any of the
following modes:
•
•
•
•
•
8.2 PCA Timer/Counter
8.1 PCA Overview
The PCA timer is a free-running 16-bit timer consisting of
registers CH and CL (the high and low bytes of the count
values). The PCA timer is common time base for all five
modules and can be programmed to run at: 1/6 the oscillator frequency, 1/2 the oscillator frequency, Timer 0 overflow,
or the input on the ECI pin (P1.2). The timer/counter source
is determined from the CPS1 and CPS0 bits in the CMOD
SFR as follows (see “PCA Timer/Counter Mode Register
(CMOD)” on page 27):
PCA provides more timing capabilities with less CPU intervention than the standard timer/counter. Its advantages
include reduced software overhead and improved accuracy.
The PCA consists of a dedicated timer/counter which
serves as the time base for an array of five compare/capture modules. Figure 8-1 shows a block diagram of the
TABLE
Rising and/or falling edge capture
Software timer
High speed output
Watchdog Timer (Module 4 only)
Pulse Width Modulator (PWM)
8-1: PCA Timer/Counter Source
CPS1
CPS0
12 Clock Mode
6 Clock Mode
0
0
fOSC /12
fOSC /6
0
1
fOSC /4
fOSC /2
1
0
Timer 0 overflow
Timer 0 overflow
1
1
External clock at ECI pin
(maximum rate = fOSC /8)
External clock at ECI pin
(maximum rate = fOSC /4)
T8-1.0 1273
16 Bits Each
Module 0
P1.3/CEX0
Module 1
P1.4/CEX1
Module 2
P1.5/CEX2
Module 3
P1.6/CEX3
Module 4
P1.7/CEX4
16 Bits
PCA Timer/Counter
1273 F20.0
FIGURE
8-1: PCA Timer/Counter and Compare/Capture Modules
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
The table below summarizes various clock inputs at two common frequencies.
TABLE
8-2: PCA Timer/Counter Inputs
Clock Increments
PCA Timer/Counter Mode
Mode 0: fOSC/12
12 MHz
16 MHz
1 µsec
0.75 µsec
330 nsec
250 nsec
8-bit mode
256 µsec
192 µsec
16-bit mode
65 msec
49 µsec
1 to 255 µsec
0.75 to 191 µsec
0.66 µsec
0.50 µsec
Mode 1:
Mode 2: Timer 0
Overflows1
Timer 0 programmed in:
8-bit auto-reload
Mode 3: External Input MAX
T8-2.0 1273
1. In Mode 2, the overflow interrupt for Timer 0 does not need to be enabled.
The four possible CMOD timer modes with and without the overflow interrupt enabled are shown below. This list
assumes that PCA will be left running during idle mode.
TABLE
8-3: CMOD Values
CMOD Value
PCA Count Pulse Selected
Without Interrupt Enabled
With Interrupt Enabled
Internal clock, fOSC/12
00H
01H
Internal clock, fOSC/4
02H
03H
Timer 0 overflow
04H
05H
External clock at P1.2
06H
07H
T8-3.0 1273
The CCON register is associated with all PCA timer functions. It contains run control bits and flags for the PCA
timer (CF) and all modules. To run the PCA the CR bit (CCON.6) must be set by software. Clearing the bit, will turn
off PCA. When the PCA counter overflows, the CF (CCON.7) will be set, and an interrupt will be generated if the
ECF bit in the CMOD register is set. The CF bit can only be cleared by software. Each module has its own timer
interrupt or capture interrupt flag (CCF0 for module 0, CCF4 for module 4, etc.). They are set when either a match
or capture occurs. These flags can only be cleared by software. (See “PCA Timer/Counter Control Register
(CCON)” on page 26.)
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
8.3 Compare/Capture Modules
Bits CAPN (CCAPMn.4) and CAPP (CCAPMn.5) determine whether the capture input will be active on a positive
edge or negative edge. The CAPN bit enables the negative
edge that a capture input will be active on, and the CAPP
bit enables the positive edge. When both bits are set, both
edges will be enabled and a capture will occur for either
transition. The last bit in the register ECOM (CCAPMn.6)
when set, enables the comparator function. Table 8-5
shows the CCAPMn settings for the various PCA functions.
Each PCA module has an associated SFR with it. These
registers are: CCAPM0 for module 0, CCAPM1 for module
1, etc. Refer to “PCA Compare/Capture Module Mode Register (CCAPMn)” on page 28 for details. The registers each
contain 7 bits which are used to control the mode each
module will operate in. The ECCF bit (CCAPMn.0 where n
= 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 depending on module) will enable the CCF
flag in the CCON SFR to generate an interrupt when a
match or compare occurs. PWM (CCAPMn.1) enables the
pulse width modulation mode. The TOG bit (CCAPMn.2)
when set, causes the CEX output associated with the module to toggle when there is a match between the PCA
counter and the module’s capture/compare register. When
there is a match between the PCA counter and the module’s capture/compare register, the MATn (CCAPMn.3) and
the CCFn bit in the CCON register to be set.
TABLE
Symbol
There are two additional register associated with each of
the PCA modules: CCAPnH and CCAPnL. They are registers that hold the 16-bit count value when a capture occurs
or a compare occurs. When a module is used in PWM
mode, these registers are used to control the duty cycle of
the output. See Figure 8-1.
8-4: PCA High and Low Register Compare/Capture Modules
Description
CCAP0H PCA Module 0
CCAP0L Compare/Capture
Registers
CCAP1H PCA Module 1
CCAP1L Compare/Capture
Registers
CCAP2H PCA Module 2
CCAP2L Compare/Capture
Registers
CCAP3H PCA Module 3
CCAP3L Compare/Capture
Registers
CCAP4H PCA Module 4
CCAP4L Compare/Capture
Registers
Direct
Address MSB
Bit Address, Symbol, or Alternative Port Function
LSB
RESET
Value
FAH
CCAP0H[7:0]
00H
EAH
CCAP0L[7:0]
00H
FBH
CCAP1H[7:0]
00H
EBH
CCAP1L[7:0]
00H
FCH
CCAP2H[7:0]
00H
ECH
CCAP2L[7:0]
00H
FDH
CCAP3H[7:0]
00H
EDH
CCAP3L[7:0]
00H
FEH
CCAP4H[7:0]
00H
EEH
CCAP4L[7:0]
00H
T8-4.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
8-5: PCA Module Modes
Without Interrupt enabled
-1 ECOMy2 CAPPy2 CAPNy2 MATy2 TOGy2 PWMy2 ECCFy2 Module Code
-
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
No Operation
-
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
16-bit capture on positive-edge trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
16-bit capture on negative-edge trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
16-bit capture on positive/negative-edge
trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
Compare: software timer
-
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
Compare: high-speed output
-
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
Compare: 8-bit PWM
-
1
0
0
1
0 or 13
0
0
Compare: PCA WDT (CCAPM4 only)4
T8-5.0 1273
1.
2.
3.
4.
User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
y = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
A 0 disables toggle function. A 1 enables toggle function on CEX[4:0] pin.
For PCA WDT mode, also set the WDTE bit in the CMOD register to enable the reset output signal.
TABLE
8-6: PCA Module Modes
With Interrupt enabled
-1 ECOMy2 CAPPy2 CAPNy2 MATy2 TOGy2 PWMy2 ECCFy2 Module Code
-
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
16-bit capture on positive-edge trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
16-bit capture on negative-edge trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
16-bit capture on positive/negative-edge
trigger at CEX[4:0]
-
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
Compare: software timer
-
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
Compare: high-speed output
Compare: 8-bit PWM
Compare: PCA WDT (CCAPM4 only)6
-
1
0
0
0
0
1
X3
-
1
0
0
1
0 or 14
0
X5
T8-6.0 1273
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
User should not write ‘1’s to reserved bits. The value read from a reserved bit is indeterminate.
y = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
No PCA interrupt is needed to generate the PWM.
A 0 disables toggle function. A 1 enables toggle function on CEX[4:0] pin.
Enabling an interrupt for the Watchdog Timer would defeat the purpose of the Watchdog Timer.
For PCA WDT mode, also set the WDTE bit in the CMOD register to enable the reset output signal.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
8.3.1 Capture Mode
and CL) into the module’s capture registers (CCAPnL and
CCAPnH). If the CCFn bit for the module in the CCON
SFR and the ECCFn bit in the CCAPMn SFR are set, then
an interrupt will be generated. In the interrupt service routine, the 16-bit capture value must be saved in RAM before
the next event capture occurs. If a subsequent capture
occurred, the original capture values would be lost. After
flag event flag has been set by hardware, the user must
clear the flag in software. (See Figure 8-2)
Capture mode is used to capture the PCA timer/counter
value into a module’s capture registers (CCAPnH and
CCAPnL). The capture will occur on a positive edge, negative edge, or both on the corresponding module’s pin. To
use one of the PCA modules in the capture mode, either
one or both the CCAPM bits CAPN and CAPP for that
module must be set. When a valid transition occurs on the
CEX pin corresponding to the module used, the PCA hardware loads the 16-bit value of the PCA counter register (CH
CCON
CF
CR
CCF4
CCF3
CCF2
CCF1
CCF0
PCA Interrupt
PCA Timer/Counter
CL
CCAPnH
CCAPnL
Capture
CEXn
CCAPMn
n=0 to 4
ECOMn CAPPn CAPNn MATn
0
FIGURE
CH
0
TOGn
0
PWMn ECCFn
1273 F21.0
0
8-2: PCA Capture Mode
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
If necessary, a new 16-bit compare value can be loaded
into CCAPnH and CCAPnL during the interrupt routine.
The user should be aware that the hardware temporarily
disables the comparator function while these registers are
being updated so that an invalid match will not occur. Thus,
it is recommended that the user write to the low byte first
(CCAPnL) to disable the comparator, then write to the high
byte (CCAPnH) to re-enable it. If any updates to the registers are done, the user may want to hold off any interrupts
from occurring by clearing the EA bit. (See Figure 8-3)
8.3.2 16-Bit Software Timer Mode
The 16-bit software timer mode is used to trigger interrupt
routines, which must occur at periodic intervals. It is setup
by setting both the ECOM and MAT bits in the module’s
CCAPMn register. The PCA timer will be compared to the
module’s capture registers (CCAPnL and CCAPnH) and
when a match occurs, an interrupt will occur, if the CCFn
(CCON SFR) and the ECCFn (CCAPMn SFR) bits for the
module are both set.
CF
Write to
CCAPnL
CCF4
CCF3
CCF2
CCF1
CCF0
CCON
Reset
Write to
CCAPnH
1
CR
CCAPnH
PCA Interrupt
CCAPnL
0
Enable
Match
16-bit Comparator
CH
CL
PCA Timer/Counter
ECOMn CAPPn CAPNn
0
0
MATn
TOGn
0
PWMn ECCFn
CCAPMn
n=0 to 4
0
1273 F22.0
FIGURE
8-3: PCA Compare Mode (Software Timer)
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
High speed output mode is much more accurate than toggling pins since the toggle occurs before branching to an
interrupt. In this case, interrupt latency will not affect the
accuracy of the output. When using high speed output,
using an interrupt is optional. Only if the user wishes to
change the time for the next toggle is it necessary to
update the compare registers. Otherwise, the next toggle
will occur when the PCA timer rolls over and matches the
last compare value. (See Figure 8-4)
8.3.3 High Speed Output Mode
The high speed output mode is used to toggle a port pin
when a match occurs between the PCA timer and the preloaded value in the compare registers. In this mode, the
CEX output pin (on port 1) associated with the PCA module will toggle every time there is a match between the PCA
counter (CH and CL) and the capture registers (CCAPnH
and CCAPnL). To activate this mode, the user must set
TOG, MAT, and ECOM bits in the module’s CCAPMn SFR.
CF
Write to
CCAPnL
CCF4
CCF3
CCF2
CCF1
CCF0
CCON
Reset
Write to
CCAPnH
1
CR
CCAPnH
PCA Interrupt
CCAPnL
0
Enable
Match
16-bit Comparator
Toggle
CH
CEXn
CL
PCA Timer/Counter
ECOMn CAPPn CAPNn
0
0
MATn
TOGn
PWMn ECCFn
CCAPMn
n=0 to 4
0
1273 F23.0
FIGURE
8-4: PCA High Speed Output Mode
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
8.3.4 Pulse Width Modulator
loaded into the high byte (CCAPnH). Since writes to the
CCAPnH register are asynchronous, a new value written to
the high byte will not be shifted into CCAPnL for comparison until the next period of the output (when CL rolls over
from 255 to 00).
The Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) mode is used to generate 8-bit PWMs by comparing the low byte of the PCA
timer (CL) with the low byte of the compare register
(CCAPnL). When CL < CCAPnL the output is low. When
CL ≥ CCAPnL the output is high. To activate this mode, the
user must set the PWM and ECOM bits in the module’s
CCAPMn SFR. (See Figure 8-5 and Table 8-7)
To calculate values for CCAPnH for any duty cycle, use
the following equation:
In PWM mode, the frequency of the output depends on the
source for the PCA timer. Since there is only one set of CH
and CL registers, all modules share the PCA timer and frequency. Duty cycle of the output is controlled by the value
CCAPnH = 256(1 - Duty Cycle)
where CCAPnH is an 8-bit integer and Duty Cycle is a
fraction.
CCAPnH
CCAPnL
0
CL < CCAPnL
Enable
8-bit Comparator
CEXn
CL >= CCAPnL
1
CL
Overflow
PCA Timer/Counter
FIGURE
TABLE
ECOMn CAPPn CAPNn
MATn
TOGn
0
0
0
0
PWMn ECCFn
CCAPMn
n=0 to 4
0
1273 F24.0
8-5: PCA Pulse Width Modulator Mode
8-7: Pulse Width Modulator Frequencies
PWM Frequency
PCA Timer Mode
12 MHz
16 MHz
1/12 Oscillator Frequency
3.9 KHz
5.2 KHz
1/4 Oscillator Frequency
11.8 KHz
15.6 KHz
15.5 Hz
20.3 Hz
Timer 0 Overflow:
8-bit
16-bit
8-bit Auto-Reload
External Input (Max)
0.06 Hz
0.08 Hz
3.9 KHz to 15.3 Hz
5.2 KHz to 20.3 Hz
5.9 KHz
7.8 KHz
T8-7.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Use the code below to initialize the Watchdog Timer. Module 4 can be configured in either compare mode, and the
WDTE bit in CMOD must also be set. The user’s software
then must periodically change (CCAP4H, CCAP4L) to
keep a match from occurring with the PCA timer (CH, CL).
This code is given in the Watchdog routine below.
8.3.5 Watchdog Timer
The Watchdog Timer mode is used to improve reliability in
the system without increasing chip count (See Figure 8-6).
Watchdog Timers are useful for systems that are susceptible to noise, power glitches, or electrostatic discharge. It
can also be used to prevent a software deadlock. If during
the execution of the user’s code, there is a deadlock, the
Watchdog Timer will time out and an internal reset will
occur. Only module 4 can be programmed as a Watchdog
Timer (but still can be programmed to other modes if the
Watchdog Timer is not used).
;==============================================
Init_Watchdog:
MOVCCAPM4, #4CH; Module 4 in compare mode
MOVCCAP4L, #0FFH; Write to low byte first
To use the Watchdog Timer, the user pre-loads a 16-bit
value in the compare register. Just like the other compare
modes, this 16-bit value is compared to the PCA timer
value. If a match is allowed to occur, an internal reset will be
generated. This will not cause the RST pin to be driven high.
MOVCCAP4H, #0FFH; Before PCA timer counts up
; to FFFF Hex, these compare
; values must be changed.
ORLCMOD, #40H; Set the WDTE bit to enable the
; watchdog timer without
; changing the other bits in
; CMOD
In order to hold off the reset, the user has three options:
;==============================================
1. periodically change the compare value so it will
never match the PCA timer,
;Main program goes here, but call WATCHDOG periodically.
2. periodically change the PCA timer value so it will
never match the compare values, or
WATCHDOG:
;==============================================
CLR EA; Hold off interrupts
3. disable the watchdog timer by clearing the WDTE
bit before a match occurs and then re-enable it.
MOVCCAP4L, #00; Next compare value is within
MOVCCAP4H, CH; 65,535 counts of the
; current PCA
The first two options are more reliable because the Watchdog Timer is never disabled as in option #3. If the program
counter ever goes astray, a match will eventually occur and
cause an internal reset. The second option is also not recommended if other PCA modules are being used. Remember, the PCA timer is the time base for all modules;
changing the time base for other modules would not be a
good idea. Thus, in most application the first solution is the
best option.
CIDL
Write to
CCAP4L
RET
;==============================================
This routine should not be part of an interrupt service routine. If the program counter goes astray and gets stuck in an
infinite loop, interrupts will still be serviced and the watchdog
will keep getting reset. Thus, the purpose of the watchdog
would be defeated. Instead, call this subroutine from the
main program of the PCA timer.
WDTE
CPS1
CPS0
ECF
CMOD
Reset
Write to
CCAP4H
1
SETBEA; timer value
CCAP4H
CCAP4L
Module 4
0
Enable
Match
16-bit Comparator
CH
Reset
CL
PCA Timer/Counter
ECOMn CAPPn CAPNn
MATn
TOGn
0
1
X
0
PWMn ECCFn
0
CCAPM4
X
1273 F25.0
FIGURE
8-6: PCA Watchdog Timer (Module 4 only)
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
54
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
9.0 SECURITY LOCK
issued through the command mailbox register, SFCM, executed from a Locked (hard locked or soft locked) block, can
be operated on a soft locked block: Block-Erase, SectorErase, Byte-Program and Byte-Verify.
The security lock protects against software piracy and prevents the contents of the flash from being read by unauthorized parties. It also protects against code corruption
resulting from accidental erasing and programming to the
internal flash memory. There are two different types of
security locks in the device security lock system: hard lock
and SoftLock.
In external host mode, SoftLock behaves the same as a
hard lock.
9.3 Security Lock Status
9.1 Hard Lock
The three bits that indicate the device security lock
status are located in SFST[7:5]. As shown in Figure 91 and Table 9-1, the three security lock bits control the
lock status of the primary and secondary blocks of
memory. There are four distinct levels of security lock
status. In the first level, none of the security lock bits
are programmed and both blocks are unlocked. In the
second level, although both blocks are now locked and
cannot be programmed, they are available for read
operation via Byte-Verify. In the third level, three different options are available: Block 1 hard lock / Block 0
SoftLock, SoftLock on both blocks, and hard lock on
both blocks. Locking both blocks is the same as Level
2, Block 1 except read operation isn’t available. The
fourth level of security is the most secure level. It
doesn’t allow read/program of internal memory or boot
from external memory. For details on how to program
the security lock bits refer to the external host mode
and in-application programming sections.
When hard lock is activated, MOVC or IAP instructions executed from an unlocked or soft locked program address
space, are disabled from reading code bytes in hard locked
memory blocks (See Table 9-2). Hard lock can either lock
both flash memory blocks or just lock the 8 KByte flash
memory block (Block 1). All external host and IAP commands except for Chip-Erase are ignored for memory
blocks that are hard locked.
9.2 SoftLock
SoftLock allows flash contents to be altered under a secure
environment. This lock option allows the user to update
program code in the soft locked memory block through inapplication programming mode under a predetermined
secure environment. For example, if Block 1 (8K) memory
block is locked (hard locked or soft locked), and Block 0
memory block is soft locked, code residing in Block 1 can
program Block 0. The following IAP mode commands
UUU/NN
Level 1
PUU/SS
Level 2
UPU/SS
UUP/LS
Level 3
UPP/LL
PPU/LS
PUP/LL
UPP/LL
Level 4
PPP/LL
1273 F26.0
FIGURE
Note:
9-1: Security Lock Levels
P = Programmed (Bit logic state = 0), U = Unprogrammed (Bit logic state = 1), N = Not Locked, L = Hard locked, S = Soft locked
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
55
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
9-1: Security Lock Options
Security Lock Bits1,2
Security Status of:
Level
SFST[7:5]
SB1
SB21
1
000
U
U
U
Unlock
Unlock
No Security Features are Enabled.
2
100
P
U
U
SoftLock
SoftLock
MOVC instructions executed from
external program memory are disabled from fetching code bytes from
internal memory, EA# is sampled and
latched on Reset, and further programming of the flash is disabled.
3
011
101
U
P
P
U
P
P
Hard Lock
Hard Lock
Level 2 plus Verify disabled, both
blocks locked.
010
U
P
U
SoftLock
SoftLock
Level 2 plus Verify disabled. Code in
Block 1 may program Block 0 and vice
versa.
110
001
P
U
P
U
U
P
Hard Lock
SoftLock
Level 2 plus Verify disabled. Code in
Block 1 may program Block 0.
111
P
P
P
Hard Lock
Hard Lock
Same as Level 3 hard lock/hard lock,
but MCU will start code execution
from the internal memory regardless
of EA#.
4
SB31
Block 1
Block 0
Security Type
T9-1.0 1273
1. P = Programmed (Bit logic state = 0), U = Unprogrammed (Bit logic state = 1).
2. SFST[7:5] = Security Lock Status Bits (SB1_i, SB2_i, SB3_i)
9.4 Read Operation Under Lock Condition
The status of security bits SB1, SB2, and SB3 can be read
when the read command is disabled by security lock.
There are three ways to read the status.
1. External host mode: Read-back = 00H (locked)
2. IAP command: Read-back = previous SFDT data
3. MOVC: Read-back = FFH (blank)
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE
Level
9-2: Security Lock Access Table
SFST[7:5]
Source
Address1
Block 0/1
4
111b
(hard lock on both blocks)
External
Block 0/1
011b/101b
(hard lock on both blocks)
External
Block 0
001b/110b
(Block 0 = SoftLock,
Block 1 = hard lock)
Block 1
3
External
Block 0
010b
(SoftLock on both blocks)
Block 1
External
Block 0
2
100b
(SoftLock on both blocks)
Block 1
External
Block 0
1
000b
(unlock)
Block 1
External
Byte-Verify Allowed
MOVC Allowed
Target
Address2
External
IAP
516RDx
Block 0/1
N
N
Y
Host3
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
N
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
N
N
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
N
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
Y
Block 0
N
N
Y
Block 1
N
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0
N
Y
Y
Block 1
N
N
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
N
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
Y
Block 0
N
N
Y
Block 1
N
Y
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0
N
Y
Y
Block 1
N
N
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
N
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
Y
Block 0
Y
N
Y
Block 1
Y
Y
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0
Y
Y
Y
Block 1
Y
N
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
Y
N
N
External
N/A
N/A
Y
Block 0
Y
N
Y
Block 1
Y
Y
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0
Y
Y
Y
Block 1
Y
N
Y
External
N/A
N/A
N
Block 0/1
Y
Y
N
External
N/A
N/A
Y
T9-2.0 1273
1. Location of MOVC or IAP instruction
2. Target address is the location of the byte being read
3. External host Byte-Verify access does not depend on a source address.
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S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
10.0 RESET
VDD
A system reset initializes the MCU and begins program
execution at program memory location 0000H. The reset
input for the device is the RST pin. In order to reset the
device, a logic level high must be applied to the RST pin for
at least two machine cycles (24 clocks), after the oscillator
becomes stable. ALE, PSEN# are weakly pulled high during reset. During reset, ALE and PSEN# output a high level
in order to perform a proper reset. This level must not be
affected by external element. A system reset will not affect
the 1 KByte of on-chip RAM while the device is running,
however, the contents of the on-chip RAM during power up
are indeterminate. Following reset, all Special Function
Registers (SFR) return to their reset values outlined in
Tables 3-5 to 3-9.
+
10µF
VDD
RST
8.2K
SST89E/V516RDx
C2
XTAL2
XTAL1
C1
1273 F27.0
FIGURE
10-1: Power-on Reset Circuit
10.1 Power-on Reset
10.2 Software Reset
At initial power up, the port pins will be in a random state
until the oscillator has started and the internal reset algorithm has weakly pulled all pins high. Powering up the
device without a valid reset could cause the MCU to
start executing instructions from an indeterminate
location. Such undefined states may inadvertently corrupt the code in the flash.
The software reset is executed by changing SFCF[1]
(SWR) from “0” to “1”. A software reset will reset the program counter to address 0000H. All SFR registers will be
set to their reset values, except SFCF[1] (SWR), WDTC[2]
(WDTS), and RAM data will not be altered.
10.3 Brown-out Detection Reset
When power is applied to the device, the RST pin must be
held high long enough for the oscillator to start up (usually
several milliseconds for a low frequency crystal), in addition
to two machine cycles for a valid power-on reset. An example of a method to extend the RST signal is to implement a
RC circuit by connecting the RST pin to VDD through a 10
µF capacitor and to VSS through an 8.2KΩ resistor as
shown in Figure 10-1. Note that if an RC circuit is being
used, provisions should be made to ensure the VDD rise
time does not exceed 1 millisecond and the oscillator startup time does not exceed 10 milliseconds.
The device includes a brown-out detection circuit to protect
the system from severed supplied voltage VDD fluctuations.
SST89E516RDx internal brown-out detection threshold is
3.85V, SST89V516RDx brown-out detection threshold is
2.35V. For brown-out voltage parameters, please refer to
Table 14-6.
When VDD drops below this voltage threshold, the brownout detector triggers the circuit to generate a brown-out
interrupt but the CPU still runs until the supplied voltage
returns to the brown-out detection voltage VBOD. The
default operation for a brown-out detection is to cause a
processor reset.
For a low frequency oscillator with slow start-up time the
reset signal must be extended in order to account for the
slow start-up time. This method maintains the necessary
relationship between VDD and RST to avoid programming
at an indeterminate location, which may cause corruption
in the code of the flash. The power-on detection is
designed to work as power up initially, before the voltage
reaches the brown-out detection level. The POF flag in the
PCON register is set to indicate an initial power up condition. The POF flag will remain active until cleared by software. Please see Section 3.6, “Power Control Register
(PCON)” on page 30 for detailed information.
VDD must stay below VBOD at least four oscillator clock periods before the brown-out detection circuit will respond.
Brown-out interrupt can be enabled by setting the EBO bit
in IEA register (address E8H, bit 3). If EBO bit is set and a
brown-out condition occurs, a brown-out interrupt will be
generated to execute the program at location 004BH. It is
required that the EBO bit be cleared by software after the
brown-out interrupt is serviced. Clearing EBO bit when the
brown-out condition is active will properly reset the device.
If brown-out interrupt is not enabled, a brown-out condition
will reset the program to resume execution at location
0000H.
For more information on system level design techniques,
please review the FlashFlex MCU: Oscillator Circuit Design
Considerations application note.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
58
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
11.0 INTERRUPTS
11.1 Interrupt Priority and Polling Sequence
The device supports eight interrupt sources under a four level priority scheme. Table 11-1 summarizes the polling
sequence of the supported interrupts. Note that the SPI serial interface and the UART share the same interrupt
vector. (See Figure 11-1)
TABLE 11-1: Interrupt Polling Sequence
Description
Ext. Int0
Interrupt Flag
Vector
Address
Interrupt
Enable
Interrupt
Priority
Service
Priority
Wake-Up
Power-down
IE0
0003H
EX0
PX0/H
1(highest)
yes
no
Brown-out
-
004BH
EBO
PBO/H
2
T0
TF0
000BH
ET0
PT0/H
3
no
Ext. Int1
IE1
0013H
EX1
PX1/H
4
yes
T1
TF1
001BH
ET1
PT1/H
5
no
PCA
CF/CCFn
0033H
EC
PPCH
6
no
IE2
003BH
EX2
PX2/H
7
no
Ext. Int. 3
IE3
0043H
EX3
PX3/H
8
no
UART/SPI
TI/RI/SPIF
0023H
ES
PS/H
9
no
T2
TF2, EXF2
002BH
ET2
PT2/H
10
no
Ext. Int. 2
T11-1.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
59
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
IE & IEA
REGISTERS
IP/IPH/IPA/IPAH
REGISTERS
HIGHEST PRIORITY
INTERRUPT
0
INT0#
IT0
IE0
1
INTERRUPT
POLLING
SEQUENCE
BOF
TF0
0
INT1#
IT1
IE1
IT2
IE2
IT3
IE3
1
TF1
ECF
CF
CCFn
ECCFn
0
INT2#
1
0
INT3#
1
RI
TI
SPIF
SPIE
TF2
EXF2
INDIVIDUAL
ENABLES
GLOBAL
DISABLE
LOWEST PRIORITY
INTERRUPT
1273 F28.0
FIGURE
11-1: Interrupt Structure
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
60
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
12.0 POWER-SAVING MODES
12.2 Power-down Mode
The device provides two power saving modes of operation
for applications where power consumption is critical. The
two modes are idle and power-down, see Table 12-1.
The power-down mode is entered by setting the PD bit in
the PCON register. In the power-down mode, the clock is
stopped and external interrupts are active for level sensitive
interrupts only. SRAM contents are retained during powerdown, the minimum VDD level is 2.0V.
12.1 Idle Mode
The device exits power-down mode through either an
enabled external level sensitive interrupt or a hardware
reset. The start of the interrupt clears the PD bit and exits
power-down. Holding the external interrupt pin low restarts
the oscillator, the signal must hold low at least 1024 clock
cycles before bringing back high to complete the exit. Upon
interrupt signal being restored to logic VIH, the first instruction of the interrupt service routine will execute. A hardware
reset starts the device similar to power-on reset.
Idle mode is entered setting the IDL bit in the PCON register. In idle mode, the program counter (PC) is stopped. The
system clock continues to run and all interrupts and peripherals remain active. The on-chip RAM and the special function registers hold their data during this mode.
The device exits idle mode through either a system interrupt or a hardware reset. Exiting idle mode via system
interrupt, the start of the interrupt clears the IDL bit and
exits idle mode. After exit the Interrupt Service Routine, the
interrupted program resumes execution beginning at the
instruction immediately following the instruction which
invoked the idle mode. A hardware reset starts the device
similar to a power-on reset.
To exit properly out of power-down, the reset or external
interrupt should not be executed before the VDD line is
restored to its normal operating voltage. Be sure to hold
VDD voltage long enough at its normal operating level for
the oscillator to restart and stabilize (normally less than
10 ms).
TABLE 12-1: Power Saving Modes
Mode
Initiated by
State of MCU
Exited by
Idle Mode
Software
(Set IDL bit in PCON)
MOV PCON, #01H;
CLK is running.
Interrupts, serial port and timers/counters are active. Program Counter is stopped.
ALE and PSEN# signals at a
HIGH level during Idle. All
registers remain unchanged.
Enabled interrupt or hardware reset.
Start of interrupt clears IDL bit and
exits idle mode, after the ISR RETI
instruction, program resumes execution beginning at the instruction following the one that invoked idle mode. A
user could consider placing two or
three NOP instructions after the
instruction that invokes idle mode to
eliminate any problems. A hardware
reset restarts the device similar to a
power-on reset.
Power-down
Mode
Software
(Set PD bit in PCON)
MOV PCON, #02H;
CLK is stopped. On-chip
SRAM and SFR data is maintained. ALE and PSEN# signals at a LOW level during
power -down. External Interrupts are only active for level
sensitive interrupts, if
enabled.
Enabled external level sensitive interrupt or hardware reset. Start of interrupt clears PD bit and exits powerdown mode, after the ISR RETI
instruction program resumes execution
beginning at the instruction following
the one that invoked power-down
mode. A user could consider placing
two or three NOP instructions after the
instruction that invokes power-down
mode to eliminate any problems. A
hardware reset restarts the device similar to a power-on reset.
T12-1.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
61
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
13.0 SYSTEM CLOCK AND CLOCK OPTIONS
13.1 Clock Input Options and Recommended Capacitor Values for Oscillator
TABLE 13-1: Recommended Values for C1 and
C2 by Crystal Type
Shown in Figure 13-1 are the input and output of an internal inverting amplifier (XTAL1, XTAL2), which can be configured for use as an on-chip oscillator.
Crystal
C1 = C2
Quartz
20-30pF
Ceramic
40-50pF
T13-1.0 1273
When driving the device from an external clock source,
XTAL2 should be left disconnected and XTAL1 should be
driven.
More specific information about on-chip oscillator design
can be found in the FlashFlex Oscillator Circuit Design
Considerations application note.
At start-up, the external oscillator may encounter a higher
capacitive load at XTAL1 due to interaction between the
amplifier and its feedback capacitance. However, the
capacitance will not exceed 15 pF once the external signal
meets the VIL and VIH specifications.
13.2 Clock Doubling Option
By default, the device runs at 12 clocks per machine cycle
(x1 mode). The device has a clock doubling option to
speed up to 6 clocks per machine cycle. Please refer to
Table 13-2 for detail.
Crystal manufacturer, supply voltage, and other factors
may cause circuit performance to differ from one application to another. C1 and C2 should be adjusted appropriately for each design. Table 13-1, shows the typical values
for C1 and C2 vs. crystal type for various frequencies
Clock double mode can be enabled either via the external
host mode or the IAP mode. Please refer to Table 4-3 for
the IAP mode enabling commands (When set, the EDC#
bit in SFST register will indicate 6 clock mode.).
The clock double mode is only for doubling the internal system clock and the internal flash memory, i.e.
EA#=1. To access the external memory and the peripheral
devices, careful consideration must be taken. Also note
that the crystal output (XTAL2) will not be doubled.
XTAL2
C2
NC
External
Oscillator
Signal
C1
XTAL1
XTAL2
XTAL1
VSS
VSS
External Clock Drive
Using the On-Chip Oscillator
FIGURE 13-1: Oscillator Characteristics
1273 F29.0
TABLE 13-2: Clock Doubling Features
Device
Standard Mode (x1)
Clock Double Mode (x2)
Clocks per
Machine Cycle
Max. External Clock Frequency
(MHz)
Clocks per
Machine Cycle
Max. External Clock Frequency
(MHz)
SST89E516RDx
12
40
6
20
SST89V516RDx
12
33
6
16
T13-2.0 1273
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
62
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
14.0 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION
Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings (Applied conditions greater than those listed under “Absolute Maximum
Stress Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation
of the device at these conditions or conditions greater than those defined in the operational sections of this data
sheet is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum stress rating conditions may affect device reliability.)
Ambient Temperature Under Bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65°C to +150°C
Voltage on EA# Pin to VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5V to +14.0V
D.C. Voltage on Any Pin to Ground Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5V to VDD+0.5V
Transient Voltage (<20ns) on Any Other Pin to VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1.0V to VDD+1.0V
Maximum IOL per I/O Pins P1.5, P1.6, P1.7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20mA
Maximum IOL per I/O for All Other Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15mA
Package Power Dissipation Capability (TA = 25°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5W
Through Hole Lead Soldering Temperature (10 Seconds). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300°C
Surface Mount Solder Reflow Temperature1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260°C for 10 seconds
Output Short Circuit Current2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 mA
1. Excluding certain with-Pb 32-PLCC units, all packages are 260°C capable in both non-Pb and with-Pb solder versions.
Certain with-Pb 32-PLCC package types are capable of 240°C for 10 seconds; please consult the factory for the latest information.
2. Outputs shorted for no more than one second. No more than one output shorted at a time.
(Based on package heat transfer limitations, not device power consumption.
Note: This specification contains preliminary information on new products in production.
The specifications are subject to change without notice.
TABLE 14-1: Operating Range
Symbol
Description
TA
Ambient Temperature Under Bias
VDD
fOSC
Min.
Max
Unit
Standard
0
+70
Industrial
-40
+85
°C
°C
SST89E516RDx
4.5
5.5
V
SST89V516RDx
2.7
3.6
V
SST89E516RDx
0
40
MHz
SST89V516RDx
0
33
MHz
SST89E516RDx
.25
40
MHz
SST89V516RDx
.25
33
MHz
Supply Voltage
Oscillator Frequency
Oscillator Frequency for IAP
T14-1.0 1273
TABLE 14-2: Reliability Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Minimum Specification
Units
Test Method
NEND1
Endurance
10,000
Cycles
JEDEC Standard A117
100
Years
JEDEC Standard A103
100 + IDD
mA
TDR
1
ILTH1
Data Retention
Latch Up
JEDEC Standard 78
T14-2.0 1273
1. This parameter is measured only for initial qualification and after a design or process change that could affect this parameter.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
63
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 14-3: AC Conditions of Test
Input Rise/Fall Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 ns
Output Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CL = 100 pF
See Figures 14-8 and 14-10
T14-3.0 1273
TABLE 14-4: Recommended System Power-up Timings
Symbol
TPU-READ
Parameter
1
TPU-WRITE1
Minimum
Units
Power-up to Read Operation
100
µs
Power-up to Write Operation
100
µs
T14-4.0 1273
1. This parameter is measured only for initial qualification and after a design or process change that could affect this parameter
TABLE 14-5: Pin Impedance (VDD=3.3V, TA=25°C, f=1 Mhz, other pins open)
Parameter
Description
Test Condition
Maximum
CI/O1
I/O Pin Capacitance
VI/O = 0V
15 pF
Input Capacitance
VIN = 0V
CIN
1
LPIN2
Pin Inductance
12 pF
20 nH
T14-5.0 1273
1. This parameter is measured only for initial qualification and after a design or process change that could affect this parameter.
2. Refer to PCI spec.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
64
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
14.1 DC Electrical Characteristics
TABLE 14-6: DC Electrical Characteristics for SST89E516RDx
TA = -40°C to +85°C; VDD = 4.5-5.5V; VSS = 0V
Symbol
Parameter
VIL
Input Low Voltage
VIH
Input High Voltage
VIH1
Input High Voltage (XTAL1, RST)
VOL
Output Low Voltage (Ports 1.5, 1.6, 1.7)
VOL
Output Low Voltage (Ports 1, 2, 3)1
Test Conditions
Min
Max
4.5 < VDD < 5.5
-0.5
0.2VDD - 0.1
V
4.5 < VDD < 5.5
0.2VDD + 0.9
VDD + 0.5
V
4.5 < VDD < 5.5
0.7VDD
VDD + 0.5
V
1.0
V
VDD = 4.5V
IOL = 16mA
VOL1
VOH
VOH1
VDD = 4.5V
Output Low Voltage (Port 0, ALE, PSEN#)1,3
VBOD
Brown-out Detection Voltage
IIL
Logical 0 Input Current (Ports 1, 2, 3)
Logical 1-to-0 Transition Current (Ports 1, 2, 3)5
ILI
Input Leakage Current (Port 0)
RRST
RST Pull-down Resistor
CIO
Pin Capacitance6
IDD
Power Supply Current
0.3
V
IOL = 1.6mA2
0.45
V
IOL = 3.5mA2
1.0
V
IOL = 200µA2
0.3
V
IOL = 3.2mA2
0.45
V
VDD = 4.5V
Mode)4
ITL
IOL = 100µA2
VDD = 4.5V
Output High Voltage (Ports 1, 2, 3, ALE, PSEN#)4
Output High Voltage (Port 0 in External Bus
Units
IOH = -10µA
VDD - 0.3
V
IOH = -30µA
VDD - 0.7
V
IOH = -60µA
VDD - 1.5
V
IOH = -200µA
VDD - 0.3
V
IOH = -3.2mA
VDD - 0.7
VDD = 4.5V
3.85
V
4.15
V
VIN = 0.4V
-75
µA
VIN = 2V
-650
µA
0.45 < VIN < VDD-0.3
40
@ 1 MHz, 25°C
±10
µA
225
KΩ
15
pF
88
mA
50
mA
42
mA
IAP Mode
@ 40 MHz
Active Mode
@ 40 MHz
Idle Mode
@ 40 MHz
Power-down Mode (min. VDD = 2V)
TA = 0°C to +70°C
80
µA
TA = -40°C to +85°C
90
µA
T14-6.1 1273
1. Under steady state (non-transient) conditions, IOL must be externally limited as follows:
15mA
Maximum IOL per port pin:
Maximum IOL per 8-bit port:
26mA
Maximum IOL total for all outputs:71mA
If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification.
Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater than the listed test conditions.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
65
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
2. Capacitive loading on Ports 0 and 2 may cause spurious noise to be superimposed on the VOLs of ALE and Ports 1 & 3. The noise
due to external bus capacitance discharging into the Port 0 & 2 pins when the pins make 1-to-0 transitions during bus operations. In
the worst cases (capacitive loading > 100pF), the noise pulse on the ALE pin may exceed 0.8V. In such cases, it may be desirable to
qualify ALE with a Schmitt Trigger, or use an address latch with a Schmitt Trigger STROBE input.
3. Load capacitance for Port 0, ALE & PSEN#= 100pF, load capacitance for all other outputs = 80pF.
4. Capacitive loading on Ports 0 and 2 may cause the VOH on ALE and PSEN# to momentarily fall below the VDD - 0.7 specification
when the address bits are stabilizing.
5. Pins of Ports 1, 2, and 3 source a transition current when they are being externally driven from 1 to 0. The transition current reaches
its maximum value when VIN is approximately 2V.
6. Pin capacitance is characterized but not tested. EA# is 25pF (max).
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
66
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 14-7: DC Electrical Characteristics for SST89V516RDx
TA = -40°C to +85°C; VDD = 2.7-3.6V; VSS = 0V
Symbol
Parameter
VIL
Input Low Voltage
Test Conditions
Min
Max
Units
2.7 < VDD < 3.6
-0.5
0.7
V
VIH
VIH1
Input High Voltage
2.7 < VDD < 3.6
0.2VDD + 0.9
VDD + 0.5
V
Input High Voltage (XTAL1, RST)
2.7 < VDD < 3.6
0.7VDD
VDD + 0.5
V
VOL
Output Low Voltage (Ports 1.5, 1.6, 1.7)
1.0
V
IOL = 100µA2
0.3
V
1.6mA2
0.45
V
IOL = 3.5mA2
1.0
V
IOL = 200µA2
0.3
V
3.2mA2
0.45
V
VDD = 2.7V
IOL = 16mA
VOL
Output Low Voltage (Ports 1, 2,
3)1
VDD = 2.7V
IOL =
VOL1
Output Low Voltage (Port 0, ALE, PSEN#)1,3
VDD = 2.7V
IOL =
VOH
VOH1
Output High Voltage (Ports 1, 2, 3, ALE, PSEN#)4
VDD = 2.7V
Output High Voltage (Port 0 in External Bus Mode)4
VBOD
Brown-out Detection Voltage
IIL
Logical 0 Input Current (Ports 1, 2, 3)
ITL
Logical 1-to-0 Transition Current (Ports 1, 2, 3)5
ILI
Input Leakage Current (Port 0)
RRST
RST Pull-down Resistor
CIO
Pin Capacitance6
IDD
Power Supply Current
IOH = -10µA
VDD - 0.3
V
IOH = -30µA
VDD - 0.7
V
IOH = -60µA
VDD - 1.5
V
IOH = -200µA
VDD - 0.3
V
IOH = -3.2mA
VDD - 0.7
V
VDD = 2.7V
2.55
V
VIN = 0.4V
2.35
-75
µA
VIN = 2V
-650
µA
0.45 < VIN < VDD-0.3
±10
µA
225
KΩ
15
pF
47
mA
30
mA
@ 1 MHz, 25°C
IAP Mode
@ 33 MHz
Active Mode
@ 33 MHz
Idle Mode
@ 33 MHz
Power-down Mode (min. VDD = 2V)
21
mA
TA = 0°C to +70°C
45
µA
TA = -40°C to +85°C
55
µA
T14-7.1 1273
1. Under steady state (non-transient) conditions, IOL must be externally limited as follows:
Maximum IOL per port pin:
15mA
Maximum IOL per 8-bit port:
26mA
Maximum IOL total for all outputs: 71mA
If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater than the
listed test conditions.
2. Capacitive loading on Ports 0 and 2 may cause spurious noise to be superimposed on the VOLs of ALE and Ports 1 & 3. The noise
due to external bus capacitance discharging into the Port 0 & 2 pins when the pins make 1-to-0 transitions during bus operations. In
the worst cases (capacitive loading > 100pF), the noise pulse on the ALE pin may exceed 0.8V. In such cases, it may be desirable to
qualify ALE with a Schmitt Trigger, or use an address latch with a Schmitt Trigger STROBE input.
3. Load capacitance for Port 0, ALE & PSEN#= 100pF, load capacitance for all other outputs = 80pF.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
67
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
4. Capacitive loading on Ports 0 & 2 may cause the VOH on ALE and PSEN# to momentarily fall below the VDD - 0.7 specification when
the address bits are stabilizing.
5. Pins of Ports 1, 2, and 3 source a transition current when they are being externally driven from 1 to 0. The transition current reaches
its maximum value when VIN is approximately 2V.
6. Pin capacitance is characterized but not tested. EA# is 25pF (max).
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
68
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
30
Maximum Active IDD
25
Maximum Idle IDD
IDD (mA)
20
15
Typical Active IDD
5
Typical Idle IDD
0
5
FIGURE
1273 F30.0
10
10
15
20
25
Internal Clock Frequency (MHz)
30
35
14-1: IDD vs. Frequency for 3V SST89V516RDx
50
Maximum Active IDD
Maximum Idle IDD
30
20
1273 F31.0
IDD (mA)
40
Typical Active IDD
10
Typical Idle IDD
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Internal Clock Frequency (MHz)
FIGURE
14-2: IDD vs. Frequency for 5V SST89E516RDx
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
69
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
14.2 AC Electrical Characteristics
AC Characteristics: (Over Operating Conditions: Load Capacitance for Port 0, ALE#, and PSEN# = 100pF;
Load Capacitance for All Other Outputs = 80pF)
TABLE 14-8: AC Electrical Characteristics (1 of 2)
TA = -40°C to +85°C, VDD = [email protected], [email protected], VSS = 0V
Oscillator
33 MHz (x1 Mode)
16 MHz (x2 Mode)1
Symbol
Parameter
1/TCLCL
1/2TCLCL
TLHLL
TAVLL
x1 Mode Oscillator Frequency
x2 Mode Oscillator Frequency
ALE Pulse Width
Address Valid to ALE Low
TLLAX
Address Hold After ALE Low
40 MHz (x1 Mode)
20 MHz (x2 Mode)1
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Units
0
33
0
40
0
40
MHz
0
16
0
20
0
20
MHz
46
35
5
10
5
ALE Low to Valid Instr In
TLLPL
ALE Low to PSEN# Low
2TCLCL - 15
ns
TCLCL - 25 (3V)
ns
TCLCL - 15 (5V)
ns
TCLCL - 25 (3V)
ns
TCLCL - 15 (5V)
10
TLLIV
Variable
56
55
TPLPH
PSEN# Pulse Width
TPLIV
PSEN# Low to Valid Instr In
5
Input Instr Hold After PSEN#
Input Instr Float After PSEN#
TPXAV
TAVIV
PSEN# to Address valid
Address to Valid Instr In
PSEN# Low to Address Float
RD# Pulse Width
TWLWH
Write Pulse Width (WE#)
TRLDV
RD# Low to Valid Data In
TRHDX
TRHDZ
Data Hold After RD#
Data Float After RD#
ns
ns
60
35
3TCLCL - 55 (3V)
3TCLCL - 50 (5V)
0
25
17
TCLCL - 15 (5V)
TCLCL - 8
72
ns
10
ns
6TCLCL - 40 (3V)
6TCLCL - 30 (5V)
ns
120
6TCLCL - 40 (3V)
6TCLCL - 30 (5V)
ns
120
62
5TCLCL - 90 (3V)
0
5TCLCL - 50 (5V)
0
36
152
183
150
TAVWL
Address to RD# or WR# Low
66
116
60
46
70
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
90
3TCLCL - 25 (3V)
3TCLCL - 15 (5V)
ns
ns
ns
2TCLCL - 25 (3V)
ns
2TCLCL - 12 (5V)
ns
8TCLCL - 90 (3V)
ns
8TCLCL - 50 (5V)
ns
9TCLCL - 90 (3V)
ns
9TCLCL - 75 (5V)
ns
3TCLCL + 25 (3V)
3TCLCL + 15 (5V)
ns
4TCLCL - 75 (3V)
ns
4TCLCL - 30 (5V)
ns
S71273-03-000
70
ns
10
150
ALE Low to RD# or WR# Low
ns
5TCLCL - 60 (5V)
142
Address to Valid Data In
ns
65
142
0
ns
ns
5TCLCL - 80 (3V)
10
ns
ns
TCLCL - 5 (3V)
22
ALE Low to Valid Data In
TLLWL
ns
3TCLCL - 25 (3V)
3TCLCL - 15 (5V)
66
38
TAVDV
ns
TCLCL - 15 (5V)
75
TLLDV
4TCLCL - 45 (5V)
10
10
TPLAZ
TRLRH
ns
TCLCL - 25 (3V)
25
TPXIX
TPXIZ
ns
4TCLCL - 65 (3V)
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 14-8: AC Electrical Characteristics (Continued) (2 of 2)
TA = -40°C to +85°C, VDD = [email protected], [email protected], VSS = 0V
Oscillator
33 MHz (x1 Mode)
16 MHz (x2 Mode)1
Symbol
Parameter
TWHQX
Data Hold After WR#
Min
Max
40 MHz (x1 Mode)
20 MHz (x2 Mode)1
Min
Max
3
Data Valid to WR# High
TQVWX
Data Valid to WR# High to Low
Transition
TRLAZ
TWHLH
RD# Low to Address Float
RD# to WR# High to ALE High
Units
Max
10
ns
TCLCL - 20 (5V)
ns
7TCLCL - 70 (3V)
ns
125
7TCLCL - 50 (5V)
ns
5
TCLCL - 20
ns
142
0
5
Min
TCLCL - 27 (3V)
5
TQVWH
Variable
0
55
10
40
0
ns
TCLCL - 25 (3V)
TCLCL + 25 (3V)
ns
TCLCL - 15 (5V)
TCLCL + 15 (5V)
ns
T14-8.0 1273
1. Calculated values are for x1 Mode only
Explanation of Symbols Each timing symbol has 5 characters. The first character is always a ‘T’ (stands for
time). The other characters, depending on their positions, stand for the name of a signal or the logical status of that
signal. The following is a list of all the characters and what they stand for.
A:
C:
D:
H:
I:
L:
P:
Address
Clock
Input data
Logic level HIGH
Instruction (program memory contents)
Logic level LOW or ALE
PSEN#
Q:
R:
T:
V:
W:
X:
Z:
Output data
RD# signal
Time
Valid
WR# signal
No longer a valid logic level
High Impedance (Float)
For example:
TAVLL = Time from Address Valid to ALE Low
TLLPL = Time from ALE Low to PSEN# Low
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TLHLL
ALE
TAVLL
TLLIV
TLLPL
TPLPH
TPLIV
PSEN#
TPXAV
TPLAZ
TLLAX
PORT 0
TPXIZ
TPXIX
A0 - A7
A0 - A7
INSTR IN
TAVIV
PORT 2
A8 - A15
A8 - A15
1273 F32.0
FIGURE
14-3: External Program Memory Read Cycle
TLHLL
ALE
TWHLH
PSEN#
TLLDV
TRLRH
TLLWL
RD#
TLLAX
TAVLL
PORT 0
TRLDV
TRLAZ
TRHDZ
TRHDX
DATA IN
A0-A7 FROM RI or DPL
A0-A7 FROM PCL
INSTR IN
TAVWL
TAVDV
PORT 2
P2[7:0] or A8-A15 FROM DPH
A8-A15 FROM PCH
1273 F33.0
FIGURE
14-4: External Data Memory Read Cycle
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
72
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TLHLL
ALE
TWHLH
PSEN#
TWLWH
TLLWL
WR#
TLLAX
TAVLL
TQVWX
TWHQX
TQVWH
PORT 0
A0-A7 FROM RI or DPL
DATA OUT
A0-A7 FROM PCL
INSTR IN
TAVWL
PORT 2
P2[7:0] or A8-A15 FROM DPH
A8-A15 FROM PCH
1273 F34.0
FIGURE
14-5: External Data Memory Write Cycle
TABLE 14-9: External Clock Drive
Oscillator
12MHz
Symbol
1/TCLCL
TCLCL
TCHCX
TCLCX
TCLCH
TCHCL
Parameter
Oscillator Frequency
Min
40MHz
Max
Min
83
High Time
Low Time
Rise Time
Fall Time
Variable
Max
25
8.75
8.75
20
20
Min
0
Max
40
0.35TCLCL
0.35TCLCL
0.65TCLCL
0.65TCLCL
Units
MHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
10
10
T14-9.0 1273
VDD - 0.5
0.45 V
0.7VDD
TCHCX
0.2 VDD - 0.1
TCHCL
TCLCX
TCLCH
TCLCL
FIGURE
1273 F35.0
14-6: External Clock Drive Waveform
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
73
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TABLE 14-10: Serial Port Timing
Oscillator
12MHz
Symbol
Parameter
Min
40MHz
Max
Min
Variable
Max
Min
Max
Units
TXLXL
Serial Port Clock Cycle Time
1.0
0.3
12TCLCL
µs
TQVXH
Output Data Setup to Clock Rising Edge
700
117
10TCLCL - 133
ns
TXHQX
Output Data Hold After Clock Rising Edge
50
0
TXHDX
Input Data Hold After Clock Rising Edge
TXHDV
Clock Rising Edge to Input Data Valid
0
2TCLCL - 117
ns
2TCLCL - 50
ns
0
700
0
ns
117
10TCLCL - 133
ns
T14-10.0 1273
INSTRUCTION
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ALE
TXLXL
CLOCK
TXHQX
TQVXH
OUTPUT DATA
WRITE TO SBUF
INPUT DATA
0
1
2
TXHDV
VALID
3
4
5
6
TXHDX
VALID
VALID
7
SET TI
VALID
VALID
VALID
VALID
VALID
SET R I
CLEAR RI
1273 F36.0
FIGURE
VIHT
VILT
14-7: Shift Register Mode Timing Waveforms
VHT
VLT
1273 F37.0
AC Inputs during testing are driven at VIHT (VDD -0.5V) for Logic "1" and
VILT (0.45V) for a Logic "0". Measurement reference points for inputs and
outputs are at VHT (0.2VDD + 0.9) and VLT (0.2VDD - 0.1)
Note: VHT- VHIGH Test
VLT- VLOW Test
VIHT-VINPUT HIGH Test
VILT- VINPUT LOW Test
FIGURE
14-8: AC Testing Input/Output Test
Waveform
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
74
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
VLOAD +0.1V
VOH -0.1V
Timing Reference
Points
VLOAD
VOL +0.1V
VLOAD -0.1V
1273 F38.0
For timing purposes, a port pin is no longer floating when a 100 mV
change from load voltage occurs, and begins to float when a 100 mV
change from the loaded VOH/VOL level occurs. IOL/IOH = ± 20mA.
FIGURE
14-9: Float Waveform
TO TESTER
TO DUT
CL
1273 F39.0
FIGURE 14-10: A Test Load Example
VDD
VDD
IDD
VDD
P0
VDD
RST
EA#
SST89x516RDx
CLOCK
SIGNAL
(NC)
XTAL2
XTAL1
VSS
1273 F40.0
All other pins disconnected
FIGURE 14-11: IDD Test Condition,
Active Mode
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
75
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
VDD
VDD
VDD
IDD
VDD
VDD
RST
EA#
SST89x516RDx
CLOCK
SIGNAL
(NC)
VDD
P0
P0
RST
IDD
EA#
SST89x5xxRDx
(NC)
XTAL2
XTAL1
VSS
XTAL2
XTAL1
VSS
1273 F42.0
1273 F41.0
All other pins disconnected
All other pins disconnected
FIGURE 14-13: IDD Test Condition,
Power-down Mode
FIGURE 14-12: IDD Test Condition,
Idle Mode
TABLE 14-11: Flash Memory Programming/
Verification Parameters1
Parameter2
Max
Units
Chip-Erase Time
150
ms
Block-Erase Time
100
ms
Sector-Erase Time
30
ms
Byte-Program Time3
50
µs
Select-Block Program Time
500
ns
Re-map or Security bit Program Time
80
µs
T14-11.1 1273
1. For IAP operations, the program execution overhead
must be added to the above timing parameters.
2. Program and Erase times will scale inversely proportional
to programming clock frequency.
3. Each byte must be erased before programming.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
76
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
15.0 PRODUCT ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
SST89x516RDx-
Speed
XX
Suffix1
-
X
Suffix2
-
XX X
Environmental Attribute
E1 = non-Pb
F1 = non-Pb / non-Sn contact finish
Package Modifier
I = 40 pins
J = 44 pins
Package Type
P = PDIP
N = PLCC
Q = WQFN
TQ = TQFP
Operation Temperature
C = Commercial = 0°C to +70°C
I = Industrial = -40°C to +85°C
Operating Frequency
33 = 0-33MHz
40 = 0-40MHz
Feature Attribute
2 = Port 4 present
Feature Set and Flash Memory Size
516RD = C52 feature set + 64(72) KByte
Note: Number in parenthesis includes an additional 8 KByte
flash which can be enabled.
Voltage Range
E = 4.5-5.5V
V = 2.7-3.6V
Product Series
89 = C51 Core
1. Environmental suffix “E” denotes non-Pb solder.
Environmental suffix “F” denote non-Pb /non-Sn solder.
SST non-Pb / non-Sn solder devices are “RoHS Compliant”.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
77
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
15.1 Valid Combinations
Valid combinations for SST89E516RD2
SST89E516RD2-40-C-NJE
SST89E516RD2-40-C-TQJE
SST89E516RD2-40-I-NJE
SST89E516RD2-40-I-TQJE
Valid combinations for SST89V516RD2
SST89V516RD2-33-C-NJE
SST89V516RD2-33-C-TQJE
SST89V516RD2-33-I-NJE
SST89V516RD2-33-I-TQJE
Valid combinations for SST89E516RD
SST89E516RD-40-C-PIE
SST89E516RD-40-C-QIF
SST89E516RD-40-I-QIF
Valid combinations for SST89V516RD
SST89V516RD-33-C-PIE
SST89V516RD-33-C-QIF
SST89V516RD-33-I-QIF
Note: Valid combinations are those products in mass production or will be in mass production. Consult your SST sales
representative to confirm availability of valid combinations and to determine availability of new combinations.
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
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1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
16.0 PACKAGING DIAGRAMS
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
BOTTOM VIEW
See notes
2 and 3
0.2
Pin #1
Pin #1
0.5 BSC
6.00 ± 0.10
4.1
0.076
0.30
0.18
4.1
0.45
0.35
0.05 Max
6.00 ± 0.10
0.80
0.70
Note: 1. Complies with JEDEC JEP95 MO-220I, variant WJJD-5 except external paddle nominal dimensions.
1mm
2. From the bottom view, the pin #1 indicator may be either a 45-degree chamfer or a half-circle notch.
3. The external paddle is electrically connected to the die back-side and possibly to certain VSS leads.
40-wqfn-6x6-QI-0.0
This paddle can be soldered to the PC board; it is suggested to connect this paddle to the VSS of the unit.
Connection of this paddle to any other voltage potential can result in shorts and/or electrical malfunction of the device.
4. Untoleranced dimensions (shown with box surround) are nominal target dimensions.
5. All linear dimensions are in millimeters (max/min).
FIGURE
16-1: 40-contact Very-very-thin Quad Flat No-lead (WQFN)
SST Package Code: QI
40
CL
.600
.625
1
Pin #1 Identifier
.530
.557
2.020
2.070
.065
.075
12˚
4 places
.220 Max.
Base Plane
Seating Plane
.015 Min.
.063
.090
Note:
FIGURE
.045
.055
.015
.022
.100 BSC
.100 †
.200
0˚
15˚
.008
.012
.600 BSC
1. Complies with JEDEC publication 95 MS-011 AC dimensions (except as noted), although some dimensions may be more stringent.
† = JEDEC min is .115; SST min is less stringent
2. All linear dimensions are in inches (min/max).
40-pdip-PI-7
3. Dimensions do not include mold flash. Maximum allowable mold flash is .010 inches.
16-2: 40-pin Plastic Dual In-line Pins (PDIP)
SST Package Code: PI
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
79
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
TOP VIEW
.685
.695
.646 †
.656
Optional
Pin #1 Identifier
.042
.048
1
44
SIDE VIEW
.020 R.
MAX.
.042 x45˚
.056
.147
.158
.025 R.
.045
.013
.021
.042
.048
.685
.695
BOTTOM VIEW
.646 †
.656
.500
REF.
.026
.032
.590
.630
.050
BSC.
.100
.112
.050
BSC.
.165
.180
Note:
FIGURE
.020 Min.
.026
.032
44-plcc-NJ-7
1. Complies with JEDEC publication 95 MS-018 AC dimensions (except as noted), although some dimensions may be more stringent.
† = JEDEC min is .650; SST min is less stringent
2. All linear dimensions are in inches (min/max).
3. Dimensions do not include mold flash. Maximum allowable mold flash is .008 inches.
4. Coplanarity: 4 mils.
16-3: 44-lead Plastic Lead Chip Carrier (PLCC)
SST Package Code: NJ
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
80
1/07
FlashFlex MCU
SST89E516RD2 / SST89E516RD
SST89V516RD2 / SST89V516RD
Data Sheet
Pin #1 Identifier
44
34
1
33
.30
.45
10.00 ± 0.10
.80 BSC
12.00 ± 0.25
11
23
12
10.00 ± 0.10
.09
.20
22
12.00 ± 0.25
.95
1.05
1.2
max.
Note:
.05
.15
1. Complies with JEDEC publication 95 MS-026 ACB dimensions, although some dimensions may be more stringent.
2. All linear dimensions are in millimeters (min/max).
3. Coplanarity: 0.1 (±0.05) mm.
4. Package body dimensions do not include mold flash. Maximum allowable mold flash is .25mm.
FIGURE
0˚- 7˚
.45
.75
1.00 ref
44-tqfp-TQJ-7
1mm
16-4: 44-lead Thin Quad Flat Pack (TQFP)
SST Package Code: TQJ
TABLE 16-1: Revision History
Number
Description
Mar 2005
•
•
•
Initial Release of S71273 data sheet.
SST89E/V516RD2 devices were previously released in S71255-00-000
S71273 and
S71273(01): Added 40-WQFN (QI) package and associated MPNs
Added SST89E/V516RD PDIP devices and associated MPNs
Clarified the solder temperature profile under “Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings”
on page 63
Added RoHS compliance information on page 1 and in the “Product Ordering Information” on page 77
Removed references to External Host Mode programming
Corrected MPN breakdown definition for “2” to read “Port 4 present”
Corrected the SPI control Register definition for CPHA on page 29
01
•
Status change from Preliminary Specifications to Data sheet
Mar 2005
02
•
•
Removed NJ, TQJ, and PI from Valid Combinations on page 78
Removed valid combination SST89E516RD-40-I-PIE and SST89V516RD-33-I-PIE
on page 78
Oct 2006
03
•
Replaced FlashFlex51 with FlashFlex globally
Jan 2007
00
•
Date
•
•
•
•
Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. • 1171 Sonora Court • Sunnyvale, CA 94086 • Telephone 408-735-9110 • Fax 408-735-9036
www.SuperFlash.com or www.sst.com
©2007 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
S71273-03-000
81
1/07